Geography

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Geography

Geography


Geographers use imaginary lines to divide the

earth into different sections

Equator

circles the middle of the earth

divides earth in half creating:

Northern Hemisphere

Southern Hemisphere

Prime Meridian

runs north to south

Divides earth in half creating:

Eastern Hemisphere

Western Hemisphere


Lines on globes and

maps that cross

each other to form

a grid system

Helps to easily

locate places

Provides Absolute

Location

Uses degrees (°) and

minutes (‘)

Pinpoints a precise

spot.

Latitude:

Parallel to Equator

Equator is at 0°

Measures distance

north or south of

Equator

Longitude:

Circle the earth from

pole to pole

Measures east or west

of 0° - Prime Meridian

Prime Meridian: Royal

Observatory,

Greenwich, England


A round scale model of the earth

Gives a true picture of the continents and

bodies of water

Accurately represent distance and direction


Flat drawing of all

or part of the

earth’s surface

Can show small

areas in great detail

Can also display:

Political boundaries

Population densities

Voting returns

Technology:

Geographic

Information Systems

(GIS)

Software layers map

data from satellite

images

Global Positioning

System (GPS)

Helps consumers and

mapmakers locate

places based on

coordinates via

satellites.


Projection: way of showing the earth on a

flat piece of paper

Common Projections:

Goode’s

Robinson

Winkel Tripel

Mercator


Map Key:

Explains lines, symbols, and colors used on a map

Scale:

A measuring line

Helps you figure distance on a map

Compass Rose:

Symbol that tells the cardinal directions:

north, south, east, west


General Purpose

Map

Shows a wide range

of general

information about

an area

Two most common

Physical

Political

Physical Map:

Shows landforms

(green/brown) and

water features

(blue)

Mountains

Rivers

Deserts

Shows elevation

Key explains color and

symbols


Political Map

Names and

boundaries of

countries

Location of cities

Man-made features

Identifies major

physical features

Special Purpose

Map/Thematic

Emphasizes on

subject or theme

Climate

Natural resources

Historical information

Battles

Territorial changes

Population density

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