GEOGRAPHY

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GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY


Essential Elements

1. Location (Where?)

2. Place (What?)

3. Physical Systems

4. Human Systems

5. Human/Environment Interaction

6. Uses


Location

Where is it?

Latitude and Longitude

Latitude:

Parallels circle the earth

parallel to the Equator

Measures north and south

of the Equator

Longitude

Meridians circle the earth

from pole to pole

Measures east and west

from the Prime Meridian

(Greenwich, England)

Globes and Maps


Places and Regions

What a place is like:

Geographers group places into regions

3 types:

Formal

Functional

Perceptual


Formal Region

Regions characterized by humans:

Language

Religion

Nationality

Common physical property:

Climate

Landforms

Vegetation


Functional Region

Concentrated on a common focal point:

Transportation hub

Economic link


Perceptual Region

Reflects peoples’ feelings or attitudes

Defined by subjective images of an area

Examples:

New England

Corn Belt

Bible Belt

The South


Physical Systems

How the earth’s surface is shaped by:

Hurricanes

Volcanoes

Earthquakes

Glaciers

Relationship between plants and animals that

depend on each other

How do the physical characteristics of where we live

affect our lives?


Human Systems

How people have shaped our world

Boundary lines

Settlements

Movement

Name the places from which your family or ancestors

moved. What were the reasons why they left their

homes to live in another place?


Environment and Society

The relationship between people and their natural

surroundings

How people affect and change the environment

What are some examples of how humans use the

environment in which they live?

What are examples of ways they modify

environments?


Uses

Who?

Geographers

What?

Helps us understand

People

Places

Environments

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