Grandmaster Ken MacKenzie - Taekwondo Times

Grandmaster Ken MacKenzie - Taekwondo Times

Grandmaster Ken MacKenzie - Taekwondo Times


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Get Grounded

Techniques for Real Life


Kubotan Keychain

Pocket Self-Defense

School Yourself

Math & Martial Arts


Ken MacKenzie

Hapkido’s American Son

Get Grounded

Techniques for Real Life


Kubotan Keychain

Pocket Self-Defense

School Yourself

Math & Martial Arts


Ken MacKenzie

Hapkido’s American Son


November 2009 / Volume 29 No. 6 / Issue Number 172

Publisher & CEO

Woojin Jung

Managing Editor

Laura Stolpe

Creative Director

Elizabeth Brown

Business Director

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Copy Editors

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Web Site Manager

Midwest Dedicated


John Lee


C. M. Griffin

Doug Cook

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Karen Eden

Master Rondy

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Tae Yun Kim

Tom Kurz


Andy Mencia

Chuck Thornton

Dan Allebach

Erik Richardson

Jim Tatone

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Linda Dobson Porter

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Stephen DiLeo

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Vice Presidents

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He-Young Kimm

General Advisors

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Public Relations

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General Education

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Event Coordinator

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Martial Art Tech.

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News Director

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Marketing Director

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Kwang Jo Choi

Jae Chul Sin

David Moon

Jin Suk Yang (WTF)

Yong Son Ri (ITF)




Changsub Shin


Bum Ju Lee


Robin Rafferty


Ricardo Desimone

South America:

Jose Luis Giarone


Tam Fook Chee


36 Rolling with Confidence

Katie Simmons has Spina Bifida and

Scoliosis, but that doesn’t stop her. Now

that she is training in the martial art of

Choi Kwang Do, her confidence has skyrocketed.

Read on as she tells her story in

her own words.

51 Grandmaster Ken MacKenzie:

Hapkido’s Founder Ji Han Jae’s American Son

Learn about Grandmaster Ken MacKenzie, the

right hand man of Grandmaster Ji Han Jae, the

founder of Hapkido.

60 Remembering Master Lee Kyo Woon

Read about the master who brought TKD

to the islands of Hawaii from Dr. Andy

Mencia, one of his direct students.

Learn how he quickly built a strong

program in Hawaii, which helped foster

the resentment and jealousy that

found him gunned down early in his


64 Math & Martial Arts

Get technical with your TKD. Find out how a little

math can go a long way in your martial arts training.

70 Is Your Program Grounded?

Ground fighting isn’t just for MMA. It’s

a practical lesson in self-defense that

no student should be without. Find the

techniques you’ve been missing right


Cover Photo by Laura Smulktis of ‘Legacy Photography’


Cover photo by Bill Bly.

76 The Kubotan Keychain:

Pocket Self-Defense

Learn about this highly recommended tool for

self-defense. Check out techniques that even a

novice can use to fight off an attacker with the

Kubotan keychain.

91 CKD Goes Global

Looking for a change in your school? The martial art

of Choi Kwang Do has successfully converted schools

around the world to their program while maintaining

their student enrollment. Read on to find out more.


42 Heart to Heart / Who am I?

46 Traditions / Revelations

69 MMA & You / MMA & TMA

74 Stretch Yourself / Treating Worn-Out Joints

81 Woman of the Times / I am Un-Offendable

84 The Supplement / How Fit Are You?

87 East Meets West / It Takes a Dojang to Raise a Black Belt

98 The Last Word / A Little Bit of Knowledge


11 Publisher Page / Keep a Watchful Eye

13 Readers’ Forum / Your Turn



News / Martial Arts News

TKDT Schools of the Month / October & November

24 Killer Kicks / Awesome Pics from Readers

26 Big Break / Amazing Breaks from You

29 Black Belt Beginnings / Inspiration

94 Martial Arts Directory / Schools Near You

96 Correspondent Page / Our Global Community

97 Calendar of Events / Events Happening Soon

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Kwon Do in the Olympic Games are two reasons that the preside

both federations are important to everyone in the Tae Kwon Do c

The elections may directly affect the current Olympic status of Ta

Do and the ongoing

merger between

the ITF and WTF.

Tae Kwon Do

Times urges you to

pay close attention.




TAE KWON DO TIMES, Volume 29, Number Five (ISSN 0741-028X) is published bi-monthly, (January, March, May, July, September, and November) by Tri-Mount Publications, Inc., Corporate Headquarters, circulation and

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Keep a Watchful Eye

The Presidential Elections of the ITF & WTF

In October of 2009, the two largest global organizations for Tae Kwon Do, the World Taekwondo Federation

(WTF) and the International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) will be holding presidential elections for each of their

organizations. While the WTF will be holding their elections in Copenhagen, Denmark, at the 2009 WTF World

Taekwondo Championships, the ITF will be holding their elections in St. Petersburg, Russia, at the 16 th ITF

World Taekwon-Do Championships. These elections should be watched closely by the international Tae Kwon Do


On the ITF side, the presidential election seems to be already decided, with Professor Chang Ung, the current

ITF President, being unchallenged at this time. While Professor Ung has certainly proved himself to be a great

leader for the ITF and a strong member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), it is still uncertain as to

why no one else has stepped up to run for President of the ITF. An opposing candidate should not be seen as a

threat to the current president, but as an opportunity to once again prove that Professor Ung is the best person for

the position.

On the WTF side, there are four different possible candidates to be elected. The first being the current

President, Chungwon Choue. A Korean native, he seems to have the influence and personality needed to handle

the position. Next, there is Soo Nam Park. Also a Korean native, he is very versed in Tae Kwon Do, runs a strong

German Tae Kwon Do publication, and is a current WTF Vice President. Next, there is Dr. Nat Indrapana of

Thailand, currently an IOC member as well, he also holds the position of a WTF Vice President. The final candidate

is Anthanasios Pragalos of Greece, the current President of the European Taekwondo Union. All four men

are definitely fine candidates. But, the diversity of the geography of the candidates

certainly begs the question: Can the Korean art of Tae Kwon Do be led by

someone not of Korean descent? Certainly, Tae Kwon Do is the national martial

art of Korea, but it has been shared throughout the world and become

the martial art of so many. Can Tae Kwon Do as represented by the WTF,

something that is so inherently Korean, be led by someone not Korean? It is

a tough question to answer, but one that will certainly arise when the elections

are taking place this October.

These presidential elections are something we should all keep a close eye

on. The possibility for merging the two organizations and the status of Tae

Kwon Do in the Olympic Games are two reasons that the presidential elections for

both federations are important to everyone in the Tae Kwon Do community.

The elections may directly affect the current Olympic status of Tae Kwon

Do and the ongoing

merger between the

ITF and WTF. Tae

Kwon Do Times

urges you to pay

close attention.

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 13

Master Ott & GM MacKenzie


Flowering Warrior 2009 Summer News

Olympia, WA—A special visit of the founder and president of the National Korean

Martial Arts Association (NKMAA), Grandmaster Rudy Timmerman, and the United

States Director of the NKMAA, Master Kevin Janisse was planned at the Temple of

Certain Victory, run by Chief-Master Robert Ott in Olympia, Washington. The two

renowned martial artists came to teach and share knowledge with Master Ott’s students.

Grandmaster Timmerman instructed types of Ki breathing techniques along with various

strikes, low kicks and self-defense maneuvers. Master Janisse instructed the group in Jang

Bong exercises and ended the workshop with sword cutting techniques. Learning from

such great Moosa left the students in awe.

Chief-Master Robert Ott then headed to the East Coast for a seminar with Grandmaster

Ken MacKenzie. During this seminar, the students trained hard and focused on Master

Ott’s specialized martial arts teachings. Then it was back to the Northwest for the Super

Summer Seminar at the Temple of Certain Victory. The first special guest instructor was Chief-

Master Daniel Sijtsma from Holland, Europe, who is the founder of the Korean martial art of Pro

Nung Hapkido, which translates into the ‘way of intuition.’ The following seminar was taught by the

Head special guest, Master Steve Seo, who is the son of Grandmaster In Sun Seo, and who currently

holds the title of Prime Official Instructional Director of the World Han Min Jok Hapkido Federation.

This seminar had over 40 participants who came from five different countries and eight different states in

the U.S.

Sin Moo Hapkido in the Balkans & Austria

Atco, NJ—Grandmaster Ken MacKenzie, ninth-dan and President of

the World Sin Moo Hapkido Federation under Founder DoJuNim Ji Han

Jae, was the featured instructor for the first Croatian Sin Moo Hapkido

Instructors Seminar in June 2009. The event, hosted by Colonel Mladen

Kuznik (sixth-dan, Croatian Headmaster for Hapkido), was held in Zagreb,

Croatia. Held at the Balkan Headquarters Dojang for both Hapkido and

TKD, the seminar was attended by masters, instructors, and students representing

Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Serbia. Master Mladen

Kuznik officially joined forces with DoJuNim Ji Han Jae’s World Sin Moo

Hapkido Federation in a federation-flag presentation and certificate ceremony

headed up by Grandmaster MacKenzie. Guest instructors for the

event included Chief-Master Scott E. Yates (New Jersey, USA) and Master

Soo Moo Hapkido in Austria

Perry Zmugg (Graz, Austria).

In the city of Graz (Arnold Schwarzenegger’s hometown), the annual Austrian Sin Moo Hapkido seminar was also

held in June. Hosted by Master Perry Zmugg, Chief-Master Scott Yates was the featured speaker. Chief-Master Yates

offered 22 hours of training for the participants. Additionally, a special

four-hour workshop was given on full-contact fighting by Grandmaster

Ken MacKenzie. Official World Sin Moo Hapkido Federation flags and

patches were presented by Yates and MacKenzie to Master Zmugg and

Master Juri Fleischmann of Gaggenau, Germany.

General Choi Memorial in North Korea

North Korea—On the recent anniversary of General Choi Hong Hi’s

death, his wife and Tae Kwon Do brethren paid homage to him at his

gravesite in North Korea. Considered to be the founder of Tae Kwon

Do, General Choi Hong Hi, former President of the ITF, passed in 2002.

ITF Goodwill Mission to Vietnam

Ottawa, Canada—ITF President, Dr. Chang Ung, sent an ITF delegation

of Senior Master Phap Lu, ITF Secretary General, and Master Phu

Honoring Gen. Choi

Nguyen, Vietnam native from Canada, to Vietnam on a goodwill mission to reactivate the ITF in

Vietnam. The mission included a seminar with more than 150 ITF instructors. The ITF delegation also met with the high

sports authorities and Olympic officials in Vietnam to discuss the possibility of the nation rejoining the ITF. Vietnam was

one of the nine founding member countries when the ITF was formed in 1966.

14 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

Black Dragon Fighting Society Re-Emerges

Nashville, TN—In July 2009, after 35 years, many of the original members of

the Black Dragon Fighting Society (BDFS) came together at a reunion hosted by

the U.S. Martial Arts Hall of Fame. These historic figures included Hanshi Frank

Dux, Grandmaster Ashida Kim, Grandmaster Vic Moore, Grandmaster Lawrence

Day, Grandmaster Ronald Peirce, and current Family Head of the Original BDFS,

Grandmaster Doug Dwyer. A small band of brothers, The Black Dragon Fighting

Society came together to tell of the old days and to let the world know they were

back with their original mission. These martial art renegades were known and are

still known for demanding equality; their history is full of such, true and little known

tales, such as decades ago when they forcefully took over a “Whites Only” hotel

hosting the United States Karate Association World Championship. Outnumbered ten

to one, the BDFS prevailed enabling its founding member Victor Moore to participate.

Being Black, Moore was not allowed into the whites only hotel or the tournament.

Victor Moore’s performance was so clearly superior than the competition of the day

that he became “The First Black USKA World Karate Champion.”


Left to Right: Grandmaster Lawrence

Day, Hanshi Frank Dux , Chris

Bashaw,Grandmaster Ronald Peirce,

Grandmaster Vic Moore, Grandmaster

Doug Dwyer, and Grandmaster Ashida


World Youth Taekwondo Camp

Seoul, Korea—A ten-member TKD team from Uzbekistan arrived in Korea in July 2009 to receive training at a Korean

university in Busan in preparation for the World Youth Taekwondo Camp in Seoul and Muju, North Jeolla Province.

Also, a 21-member Russian TKD delegation traveled to Jeonju, North Jeolla Province, for the team’s training at the twoyear

Jeonju Vision University. Eleven athletes from Kazakhstan also arrived to undergo training at the Busan campus

of Dong-A University in Busan. Seven other countries are scheduled to send their young athletes, aged between 14 and

17, to Korea for their free training at Korean universities prior to the opening of the World Youth Taekwondo Camp,

which is jointly organizing by the World Taekwondo Federation and the Taekwondo Promotion Foundation. About 250

people, including 160 young athletes and three Olympic medalists, from 37 countries

are expected to participate in the inaugural World Youth Taekwondo Camp.

Training in Korea

Daegu City, South Korea—The Korea Jung Ki Hapkido & Kuhapdo Association

of America, under the direction of Master Mike D’Aloia and Master Sheryl Glidden

embarked on their annual training trip to Grandmaster Lim, Hyun Soo’s Jung

Ki Kwan in Daegu City, South Korea, the birthplace of Hapkido. The masters and

students practiced basic and advanced Jung Ki Hapkido exercises and techniques. In

addition, the participants practiced Chung Suk Kuhapdo (sword). Grandmaster Lim is a

long time disciple and a successor to Founder Choi, Yong Sul.

Training camp


A Great Training Camp

Sequim, WA—Donn Schucker, President of the Schucker

Martial Arts Association, runs a tight camp. Held in St. Peters,

Missouri, this annual camp is three and half days of solid training. Practitioners

can participate in any or all of the hourly sessions. From TKD and Judo to Tai

Chi and MMA, from Jeet Kune Do and Jujitsu to a plethora of weapons, these

clinics are hosted by the best instructors in the business. This year, Dr. Greg

Lawton offered a ten-hour certification program on Martial Arts Sports

Medicine. The program gave students and instructors alike, practical

information on targeting vulnerabilities, identifying, grading and preventing

injuries, and a multitude of healing practices.

Chosun Trains at Buddhist Temple

Warwick, NY—Master Doug Cook of Chosun Taekwondo Academy and his

students recently visited Won Kak Sa Temple, a Buddhist retreat situated among

the rolling meadows of Salisbury Mills. There, they trained in Zen meditation.

“Meditation has been used in the martial arts of Korea, China and Japan for centuries,”

stated Cook. “ Aside from meditative practice, the Chosun students, joined

by members of several local TKD schools, executed advanced forms. At session’s

close, Master Cook and black belt Lisa Ehrenreich, coordinator of the event, presented

director Gi Kwan Sunim with a plaque in recognition of his knowledge and


GM Passmore in the Sahara

GM Lim &

KJKHKA members

World Kuk Sool Association Celebrates 50 Years

Belton, SC—In October 2008, the World Kuk Sool Association celebrated

the 50 year anniversary of the founding of Kuk Sool Won by Grandmaster

In Hyuk Suh, in Houston, Texas. The celebration included the 2008 World

Choson students at WonKakSa Temple

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 15

Self-defense training at Clemson

Championship Tournament, and a spectacular demonstration performed by Kuk

Sool Won Masters and Instructors from around the globe.

The 50 Year Anniversary Celebration and 2008 World Championship was

preceded by black belt testing at the Kuk Sool Won Ranch in Tomball, Texas.

Candidates for the first-degree black belt all the way up to candidates for the level

of Master Instructor (fifth-degree) participated in the testing. Kuk Sool Won black

belt candidates are required to test on a quarterly basis while in the testing cycle,

which must be administered and overseen by a Kuk Sool Won Master Instructor. It is

a requirement that their final test prior to promotion be in the presence of Grandmaster

Suh himself.

Freshman Women Learn to Kick Butt

Clemson, SC—In July 2009, the Clemson University WISE (Women in Science and

Engineering) Experience program welcomed 37 young ladies who are incoming freshman

science, math and engineering majors for a one-week camp. As part of

the WISE Experience program, Suzanne Ellenberger, Chief Instructor of

Choi Kwang Do Martial Arts at Clemson University, was asked to put on

a program of basic self-defense techniques for approximately 50 participants.

The students were taught how to throw a proper punch and execute

proper kicks. In addition, numerous Choi Kwang Do close range defense

techniques were taught and practiced on each other and Assistant Instructor

Gary Holcomb.

Specially Challenged Tournament a Success

Aurora, CO—Writer, motivational speaker and Tae Kwon Do columnist Master

Karen Eden was the guest of honor at the All-Star Specially Challenged Martial Arts

Tournament in Houston, Texas. In July, 65 specially challenged competitors from eight

different states competed in this first-of-a-kind tournament sanctioned by the AAU. “I

get truly touched by witnessing the joy on these guys’ faces when they accomplish what

many have said and they themselves had believed,” says Master David Lieder, school

owner and sponsor of the event.

All-Star Martial Arts school in Cypress, Texas, is one of only two known schools in the

country that has a curriculum specifically designed for specially challenged students. David

Lieder and his family teach wheelchair sparring, forms and weapons from a sitting position.

“This was incredible to watch,” says Master Eden. “I highly recommend that anyone with a love

for martial arts, experience a tournament like this. It’ll change your entire perspective.”

Third Annual Korean Martial Arts Festival

Crestview, FL—In April, martial artists traveled from ten different states and two providences of

Canada to attend the Third Annual Korean Martial Arts Festival. Hosted at Gordon Martial Arts, the

first night had three sessions that ran concurrently every hour to give the participants the opportunity

to train in various arts and subjects. The next morning started out with a demo from the session leaders

and then Grandmaster Timmerman (Canada) of World Kidohae Federation (WKF) and National

Specially challenged competitor

Libby Henley of, Cypress, Texas

acknowledges the crowd after

winning a gold medal.

Korean Martial Art Association (NKMAA) did a two-hour group session on joint locks and 12” sticks. Three more sessions

with Grandmaster McMurray (Texas) of WKF and House of Discipline did a group session on rope and belt techniques.

The final day was another round of three sessions and then one last group session with Grandmaster Timmerman doing a

group session on soft breaking.

Several styles were represented with TKD, Hapkido, Kuk Sool, Tang Soo, and Krav Maga. Master Troy Trudeau

(Tennessee) lead his sessions on using the cane. With an Arnis flavor, Master Monty Hendrix (North Carolina) gave a

session using short sticks and another on leg locks. Master Kevin Janisse (Oregon) did a session on pressure points with

Hapkido applications. Master Steve Kincade (Mississippi) did his sessions on Teuk Gong Moo Sool. Master Thomas

Gordon (Florida) did sessions on close quarter defense. Master Wesley Wing (Florida) lead the session on spinning kicks.

Master Chris DuFour (Florida) lead the session on Tang Soo conditioning board session. Fifth-degree Master Gregory

Bledsoe (Florida) lead the session on board breaking. Finally, Mr. Calvin Longton (Florida) lead a Krav Maga based session

on gun defense.

AKA Grand Nationals

Naperville, IL—The AKA Grand Nationals kicked off its 44 th year as the event returned once again to the Galt House

Hotel in Louisville, Kentucky. Some of the top names in sport martial art competitions such as Andrew Cabilan from

Canada, Kalman Csoka, Caitlin Dechelle, and Mackensi Emory were in attendance. Top teams were also in abundance

with Team AKA, Team Full Circle, Team Straight-Up, Team Prorank and Team John Paul Mitchell there.

16 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

Mickey Fecchinello winner of Jr. Black Belt

Forms Warrior Cup

Friday night kicked off the events with all the extreme and musical divisions as well as Jr. Black belt

weapons divisions and team divisions. Saturday morning started the day with traditional weapons followed

by the traditional forms, creative forms and sparring. The Night Time Finals kicked off with some great

music, a laser light show and an opening performance from Sideswipe Performance Team starring original

members Matt Mullins and Craig Henningsen.

The final event of the evening set high anticipations for the onlookers. The Adult Black Belt Weapons

Warrior Cup had the crowd on edge as the favorite; Kalman Csoka took to the stage. Through a series of

unfortunate events, which included a drop from Kalman during a signature sword roll, a tangle of the double

chain whip chain from Pat Underwood and a small stumble of the bo from Ross Levine, the competition

came down to Caitlin Dechelle and senior veteran competitor Jeff Liotta. Jeff executed a powerful performance

of a traditional bo form, but it was Caitlin’s extreme sword form which ended up winning the judges

over for the Warrior Cup win. Congratulations to all competitors for an outstanding show.

Chosun Hosts GM Richard Chun

Warwick, NY—He may not be as well known to the general public as Chuck Norris or Bruce Lee, but to

those in the martial arts community, Grandmaster Richard Chun is a true pioneer with thousands of students

worldwide. A ninth-degree black belt in the Korean discipline of TKD, Chun along with Master Doug Cook

of the Chosun Taekwondo Academy, taught a two-hour seminar at the Warwick Town Park in upstate New

York. The grandmaster focused on basic technique, self-defense, kicking

drills and classic forms. The training session was attended by 70 students

originating from schools in Orange County and as distant as Kings, Ulster

and Westchester Counties. Master Doug Cook, owner and head instructor

of the Chosun Taekwondo Academy and a columnist for TaeKwonDo

Times stated, “We were fortunate indeed to attract so many talented students,

masters and grandmasters to our event. The large attendance is truly

a testimony to the dedication of those who study traditional TKD with

passion.” One of the original five international master instructors to immigrate

to America in the 1960s, Chun and his family were forced to flee

their home and settle on Cheju Island when Communist forces invaded

Seoul, during the Korean War. Later, Grandmaster Richard Chun studied

at the famed Moo Duk Kwan or Institute of Martial Virtue in Seoul under

Chong Soo Hong. He is the author of five books and currently serves as

president of the United States Taekwondo Association.

GM Chun at Chosun

Sin Moo Hapkido 2nd Annual Global Conference

San Francisco, CA—The Sin Moo Hapkido Legacy Group hosted its 2 nd Annual

Global Conference in August 2009, in San Francisco. This international event had

participants from Austria, Brazil, Canada, Columbia, France, Mexico and all over

the U.S. The event was coordinated by Frank Croaro and the Sin Moo Hapkido

Legacy board members. The three-day conference started off with candidates

testing for first and second-degree black belts. Day two participants were able

to choose from a wide array of classes taught by the groups masters and grandmaster

instructors. Class topics included throw defenses, cane techniques, Hapkido

counters, meditations, clothing grabs, and traditional Sin Moo Hapkido techniques.

The event also celebrated the 25 th Anniversary of Sin Moo Hapkido and the 60 th

Anniversary of Do Ju Nim, Ji Han Jae’s contributions to martial arts, who made a

special appearance and taught special meditation and Sin Moo Hapkido philosophy.

He also explained Hapkido history and development of the art. A Banquet

was also held and hosted by John Beluschak and Farshad Azad. The Legacy Group

honored its founding board members, awarded rank certification to the examinees

and presented the founder with a special award recognizing his contributions.

TKD Team Visits Kentucky

Louisville, KY—Grandmaster Jung Oh Hwang and the students of Hwang’s

Martial Arts brought the internationally-acclaimed Yong In University Tae

Kwon Do Demonstration Team to Louisville as part of a fundraiser for Wayside

Christian Mission, with a goal to raise $10,000 and collect 200 six-pound cans

of food. Over 2000 people attended the program in July 2009 at Bellarmine

University’s Knights Hall. Demonstrations by graduating students from Hwang’s

Martial Arts three summer camps opened the program, followed by demonstration

teams from each of the four Louisville campuses. Each demonstration featured

choreographed martial arts skills, as well as free-form movements. The Yong In

team capped the afternoon with a high-flying display of board-breaking, kicking

techniques, and tightly-synchronized forms.

2nd Annual Global Conference

TKD team in Kentucky

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 17

Dan testing participants


CKD Dan Testing

Kennesaw, GA—Recently, Choi Kwang Do celebrated a record-breaking, packed

house event. At the standing room only IL and EE dan belt testing, there were nearly

100 adult and child participants. An additional 44 black belts participated in gup

testing. In addition to the local attendees, Mr. Raniero del Federico, Choi Kwang Do

school owner from Argentina was present. Also in attendance were four visiting dignitaries:

Dr. Varo D. Barragan, fourth-dan TKD from Panama, two student TKD instructors

also from Panama, and Mr. Dennis Vargas Mendez, TKD instructor from Costa Rica, who

have recently been training with Grandmaster Kwang Jo Choi.

Newly promoted black belts

Canada Promotions

Montréal, Canada—In July 2009, Master Alain Dumaine, seventh-degree black belt,

promoted 11 of his students to first-degree black belts. Aged 11 to 21, everyone succeeded,

with some receiving their junior black belt. After an entire day of performing patterns, selfdefense,

breaking and a theory exam, the eager candidates received their rewards.

American Street Karate Promotion

Baumholder, Germany—Chaplain’s Assistant Master Sgt.

Terry Montang was recently promoted to third-degree black belt in

American Street Karate in Baumholder, Germany, by Grandmaster

Danny Passmore of Texas. The certification was presented on base in

Germany where MSGT Montang teaches weekly classes in A.S.K. He is

also a life-long wrestler, trainer and coach. MSGT Montang’s son, Ethan,

is the 130-pound European Wrestling Champion.


MSGT Montang & GM Passmore

Obituary for Grandmaster Kwang Sik Myung

“I have spent all of my life learning Hapkido, practicing Hapkido, teaching Hapkido, and researching Hapkido. I

have a much greater love, appreciation and interest in the Art than I did when I was younger and I will continue with

Hapkido for the rest of my life…”

—GM Myung

Los Angeles, CA—Kwang Sik Myung was born in North Korea but lived in Seoul for

most of his early life. He started his training in 1948, at the age of eight with exposure

to Kumdo through his father, and in Kong Soo Do attaining his Chodan at the age of 12.

He began his studies of what would be called Hapkido as a junior high school student,

with founder Young Sool Choi. For the years to follow, Hapkido became a way of life for

him. In 1968, soon after demonstrating Hapkido in Vietnam, Myung returned to South

Korea to found the Korea Yon Moo Kwan Association and later the World Hapkido

Federation in 1973 upon moving to the United States. As a pioneer, he saw the need for

a worldwide community and expression of his beloved art. He was a teacher for life,

passionately sharing his amazing skill with all levels of martial artists, relishing its true

beauty. He was an embodiment of Hapkido (harmony or love energy way) in his manner,

his personality, his grace and power with his art. In 1990, he was awarded a tenth-degree

black belt through the Korea Hapkido Association, its highest honor.

Grandmaster Myung may be best known through the martial arts community for his

GM Myung

extensive work on preserving the art of Hapkido through his books, videos and seminars.

He was truly at the forefront of his time for preserving and sharing his art through

the most modern methods available to him. In 1969, he published the first book on Hapkido and later a complete and

authoritative catalogue of book and videos. As the founder of the World Hapkido Federation, and as a teacher at his main

dojang in Tustin, California, he led many through an enjoyable journey through black belt and instructor level. He has

many dedicated students and family members who will miss him greatly. He is survived by his wife, daughter, son and

four grandchildren.

Some of his top students were the Mix family, Master Wilfredo Sellas, Master Michael Paleologos, Master Daniel Sng,

Master Roberto Proo, Master Demid Momet, Master Jose Manuel Reyes Perez, Instructor Pablo Peralta Barrera, Master

Michael Sirota, Master Emilio Iglesias, Master Nathan Robinson, Master Vince Sperduto, Master Yon Son Kim, Master

Richard Elzerman, Master John Tesch, Master Carlton Lundy, Master Roe Jai Myung, Master Joe Connelly, Master Dan

Paulson, Master Frank Babcock, Master Donald Han, and Master Tim Shin.

18 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

Our January 2010 issue will mark the 30th Anniversary of the largest print Tae Kwon Do

magazine in the world!

Don’t miss out on this special issue which will feature a complete history of the past 30 years

of TKD, our annual and prestigious Hall of Fame inductees and so much more!

Come celebrate with us by logging on to www.taekwondotimes.com and congratulate your

favorite magazine on a wonderful 30 years of Tae Kwon Do news and stories!

TKDT School of the Month

White Tiger


White Tiger is located in Cary, North Carolina.

This custom designed facility offers four training

rooms: the Phoenix, Tiger, Tortoise and the

Dragon dojangs. The facility is also equipped with

a full weight room, tanning, suspended running

track, supervised childcare center with a 20-foot

spiral slide, rock climbing wall, cargo nets, zip-line

and flipping harness. The locker rooms are complete

with showers and cedar saunas. The school

was designed utilizing the principles of Feng Shui.

The calming Zen sand garden tops the hectic

office, while the 30-foot bamboo garden is surrounded

by the Koi Pond Cafe in the heart of the

school. Spectators enjoy stadium seating, surround

sound, Wi-Fi and closed circuit TV. The Masters’

lounge includes an outdoor grilling station and the

spacious patio overlooks to the wooded lot leading

to the creek below. There are indoor and outdoor

jacuzzis and a sun room with a projection theater.

The facility was designed and is owned and

operated by Master Rondy. She uses her former

Korean Tiger Professional Team experience to

continuously recruit Korean Team members for

instruction blended with American management


In addition to a wide variety of classes, White

Tiger students are involved with various teams

including the Leadership Team, Management

Team, Counselor Team (for camps and children’s

activities), the Redman Team (adrenaline stress

response training), Demonstration Team, Elite

Competition Team (national and international levels)

and the Community Care Team which raises

thousands of dollars for charitable causes.

To view the actual construction of the building and

have a virtual tour, visit: www.whitetigertkd.com.

(Left) Rock wall

(Below) Cargo Net

Testing on the main floor


20 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

(Right) Limo

(Left) Cafe and


Class room

(Left) Weightroom

(Right) Moon


taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 21

TKDT School of the Month



American Taekwondo and Hapkido Academy

(ATHA) at the United States Military Academy

in West Point, New York, offers Tae Kwon Do,

Hoshinsul and Hapkido training to the children

of West Point Military Academy families. Masters

Mary and Jan Brown are celebrating their ten

year anniversary as the dojang’s senior instructors.

Master Jan Brown is a fourth generation teacher

and practitioner of Chung Do Kwan in the lineage

of the Kwan’s founder Great Grandmaster Won

Kuk Lee. The Browns emphasize the practical

application of the traditions, philosophies and techniques

contained in their program’s comprehensive

curriculum. The motto, “We engineer confidence

through practical application of technique,” demonstrates

the emphasis on practical application.

The ATHA is affiliated with the American

Chung Do Kwan Limited. In this family-run organization,

the Browns have found a dedicated group

of professional, caring and compassionate martial


Tae Kwon Do rank testing is conducted in accordance

with the Kukkiwon standards. Additionally,

students perform classic poomsae that were practiced

when the Kwans were established. Hapkido

training and rank testing is conducted encompassing

the World Hapkido Association and World

Kido Federation standards.

The Browns have successfully created a studentcentered

culture with the objective to cultivate wellrounded

martial artists.

A speed break demonstrated by Travis.

Master Mary Brown and son Jeremy make adjustments

during basic technique walking line drills.

Kyokpa, elbow strike, demonstrated by Thomas.

22 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

Hoshinsul concepts and principles are

being taught by Master Jan Brown.

Zoe and Burkley executing advanced one-steps.

Hoshinsul, defense against a wrist lock,

demonstrated by Brandon and Jeremy.

A rainbow of belt colors and the smiling faces of the

ATHA family.

Thomas and Burkley executing advanced one-steps.

Students practice basic techniques during walking

line drills.

Students build muscle memory while executing Komo

#1 poomsae.

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 23

Submit your Killer Kick photos, along with

your name, age, rank and location to

press@taekwondotimes.com or mail to:

Lewis Ryan, age 7, South


TKD Times

Attn: Killer Kicks

3950 Wilson Ave SW

Cedar Rapids, IA 52404 USA

Kevin Sciullo, 2nd dan, Wexford, PA

South Wales

Destiny Vergara,

age 7, New York

South Korea

Master DoHyun Chang (Korea, now in TN) & Master

Hyuk Jong Ju (Korea, now in Kansas City), former

White Tiger instructors & Tiger Team members.

Photographer: Rondy McKee

24 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

South Korea

Master WooHyun Cho & Korean Tiger Team

(Korea, now in Georgia)

Rhoda Hernando, age 17, California

Graham Conolly, Ireland


taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 25

Big Break

Master Carol L. Griffis, 4th dan, Nashville, Tennessee

GM Klaus Schuhmacher,


Curt Frantz, 4th dan, Cary, North Carolina

Photo by Eric Frantz.


Dwayne C. Vines 2nd dan, Lakeland, Florida

26 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com


Submit your Big Break photos,

along with your name, age, rank

and location to

press@taekwondotimes.com or

mail to:

TKD Times

Attn: Big Break

3950 Wilson Ave SW

Cedar Rapids, IA 52404 USA

Master DoHyun Chang performing with Korean

Tigers (Korea, now in TN) former White Tiger

instructor. The technique was called the superman

jump, punching 2 boards at the end before

landing in a cat roll.

South Korea

Master Alexandre B. Gomes, 6th dan, Brazil

Nicolas Gonzales, Puerto Rico

Photo by Hafizawaty Odusanya, Odusanya Photography.

Puerto Rico

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 27

Focus On Our Readers...

Black Belt Beginnings tells the inspiring and motivational

stories of students climbing the rank system and achieving

black belt. To submit your story of 750 words or less,

email it to press@taekwondotimes.com.

My Long and Winding Road

By Linda Dobson Porter

I started martial arts back in 1986 for the

same reason a lot of women married to black

belts did...I did not want to be a martial arts

widow. I trained in Tang Soo Do in the Boston

area. My teacher was a great big guy with an

even bigger heart. He made learning martial

arts fun, but was strict and commanded respect

in an egoless way.

I remember being so excited when I put on

my brand new dobak. It was way too big and

felt as if it had been dunked in starch. Trying

to learn basic form one was such a trip! I had

Son Liam & Linda Dobson Porter

a really hard time getting all the moves down

and it made no sense to turn all the way in the

other direction. I was so frustrated with it!

I was so hysterically bad! I trained hard and

learned everything I could and after about six

years got my red belt.

Flash forward 22 years. (I finally figured

out basic form one!) I moved to western

Massachusetts, divorced in 1994 and took four

years off from training. I found another martial

arts school, originally for my then six-year-old

son, Liam. I went to several classes with him

and became hooked myself. The style was different,

Japanese, but the forms were the same. I

stayed with my teacher for six years, having to

start over again, but that was okay. I

eventually moved on to another teacher

and on to my black belt.

During my time in martial arts, I

have met some amazing people; some

with unbelievably outrageous egos

who made it almost a personal goal to

create physical pain and then berate

you if you “reacted.” One student actually

suffered a broken femur! Others

were kind and truly great martial artists.

I have a wonderful teacher and

two “big brothers” that have pretty

much taken my son and me under

their wing. They are always available

for advice, training, and belt tests. The

fact that they teach an entirely different

style from us matters not.

I was to stay at this school for six

years and then realized that I wanted

to teach. I had since remarried and

my husband didn’t study martial arts,

but wrestled in high school and college.

He convinced me that we could

taekwondotimes.com /July 2009

convert the space in our barn to a training area.

I now own and operate Raven Moon Martial

Arts in Bernardston, Massachusetts. My son

Liam has been training with me all along and

recently tested for his second black stripe on

his brown belt. As the mom of a soon-to-be

black belt, I want to be careful that I am not

too easy on him, and I also want to be fair. My

son is working on overcoming an undiagnosed

learning disability. He has a great team at his

high school and they have worked diligently

with him and us to help him learn in his own

style. He makes his own action figures, mostly

Star Wars, and even has a space to display

them at a local comic book store.

I am amazed and impressed with my students,

who have never done any martial arts

before. They are learning quickly and rarely,

if ever, miss class. In the “old days,” I did a

lot of tournament sparring. Now, I am content

to watch my students spar and have all

the fun! One of my students has Asperger’s

Syndrome, a form of Autism. He has worked

very hard since he joined us nine months ago

and recently tested for his first green stripe on

his yellow belt. I believe that the discipline of

martial arts has been a huge factor in his success.

His mom reported that this year was the

first year that his report card showed all As and


There is nothing more amazing to me than

to watch my students overcome a difficulty in

class, especially with forms. I tell them to let go

and trust their body, don’t think too much, just

let go.

A New Beginning

By Master Chuck Thornton

Being a martial arts teacher for many years,

sometimes the daily operations of running a

business can get to us. We start to wonder and

question why we chose this profession in the

first place. Then 4:00 rolls around, you walk

into the classroom and you see the smiling

faces of your students. They are ready, willing

and able to learn life skills that they will carry

with them throughout their existence. This not

only warms our hearts but brings a smile to our

faces every day.

One particular student has inspired me to

write about her. Her name is Galyna and she is

15 years old. She is from the Ukraine and was

adopted by Jim and Dana Hale. Although she

has only been training at USA Tiger for ten

months, you can see the limitless potential with

which this delightful young woman has been


Galyna’s life has been anything but easy.

She never had a relationship with her parents.


To submit your story email it to


15-year-old Galyna

November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

Galyna moved to the U.S. from the Ukraine.

Her mother died from kidney disease and her

father abandoned her and her siblings. When

she heard that someone wanted her to be

in their family she was really excited. When

the Hales arrived in Odessa, they couldn’t

believe what they saw. The housing for

these children was appalling. Their play

area was pathetic and the children had

no privacy in their rooms. There was

no air conditioning and being such a

large facility it is very hard to heat in

the winter. Before Galyna agreed to be

adopted, she had to know if she would

be able to continue her relationships

with her older sisters. The Hales

reassured Galyna they wouldn’t have it

any other way.

Shortly after moving to the U.S.,

Galyna began her martial arts training.

She thought it would be nice to start

something new in her life. When

she first came to class she was very

shy and self conscious and she was

uncomfortable in class when people were

watching. She felt that they would not

like her and was afraid they would think

she was different. It wasn’t long before I noticed

her confidence increasing. She started leading

classes and was even holding pads and helping

me teach the younger students. Galyna’s sweet

and confident persona is a good combination.

The kids love her and Master Justice and I see

a bright future ahead.

Here we are, many belts later. Galyna has

developed into a well-rounded martial artist.

Her kicks are strong and precise. Her boxing,

fast and ferocious. Her weapons, graceful yet

powerful. Her breaking, dynamic and enjoyable.

You would never know she ever had any

insecurities. Galyna said the things she likes

most about training in the martial arts besides

everything, is that it makes her work hard,

improves her mind, and makes her stronger.

Not only that, she likes that it makes her feel

good about herself.

Galyna’s life has completely changed for the

better. She has a new home and a loving family

that supports her. Galyna is very happy she

started training in the martial arts. So what

does the future hold for this talented young

student? She will continue her training and

start competing through the AAU in forms

and sparring. She has expressed interest in

films and she wants to earn her black belt and

become a full-time instructor. From where I

am sitting, there is no doubt about it, she will

accomplish these goals.

“The gift of adoption has been an

indescribable joy for our family.”—Jim Hale

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Master Thornton is a Martial Arts

Business Consultant and Co-Owner of USA Tiger in Richmond,

Virginia. Visit his Web site at www.usatigerma.com.

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009

My Martial Arts Story

By Zion James Duke (age 10)

My dad used to teach Tae Kwon Do at our

local YMCA and I would watch the classes and

sometimes volunteer to help by holding focus

mitts, targets and kick shields. Tae Kwon Do

looked like a lot of fun, so I finally asked my

dad if I could join the class. He told me that

if I started, I had to keep going and earn my

black belt. I promised my dad that I would not

quit and he allowed me to join the class.

Roundhouse and turning side kicks quickly

became the techniques I liked the most. I

remember when it came time for me to test for

my yellow belt and I had to break a board. I

was confident that I could break the board and

I did! I felt awesome when I got my new belt

and certificate.

Our team traveled to tournaments and I

would watch the competition but I did not

Zion and his trophies

10-year-old Zion (Left)

participate. I would get nervous just thinking

about it. Our team did pretty well and my dad

would tell me that I could compete

when I felt I was ready. Two years of

watching tournaments followed and I

kept working hard. In 2007, our family

opened a dojang and my new school

included new friends and new equipment.

In 2008, our team traveled to

Walker’s Annual Tournament of

Champions in Bloomington, Illinois. I

entered the forms division as an orange

belt. I got bored waiting for our division

to start and then they called our

names and it was finally time to compete!

I got nervous. I barely remember

doing my form but when it was over I

got third place. My dad was waiting for

me after they announced the winners

and he started to cry. I asked him what

was wrong and he said, “Nothing Son,

I’m just so proud of you.”

In 2009, I competed in several tournaments.

My dad had helped me create

a Jang Bong form because I wanted to

perform in the weapons division. My

November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

Why Train in a Traditional

Martial Art?

By Jim Tatone

Zion (2nd from left) at a tournament.

first tournament performing Jang Bong Hyung,

I received first place! I also received two other

awards for breaking and forms. I was excited!

My next tournament I signed up for weapons

and forms again. I met a really nice kid

named Lucas, who was also a green belt. He

took first place and I got second, but I made a

new friend.

I entered Grandmaster Soo Kim’s Open

Taekwondo Championship in Peoria, Illinois,

in the weapons, forms and breaking divisions. I

got first in forms, second in weapons and third

in breaking. I have won eight awards so far and

I plan on continuing to compete until I have

won more than my dad!

I am working towards achieving my blue belt

and help my dad teach on Saturday mornings.

I am the Assistant Coach for the Tiny Tiger

Taekwondo program at our dojang. I enjoy

working with the little kids and helping lower

belts learn their requirements and techniques.

Jang Bong is still my favorite thing to practice.

Thank you for reading my story. I hope it

encourages you to learn more about Tae Kwon


When someone is contemplating taking up

martial arts, there are many choices and options

available. There is a great variety of different

styles of traditional martial arts to choose from,

such as Karate, Tae Kwon Do, Hapkido, Judo,

Jiu-Jitsu, Aikido, Kung Fu, and many more

variations than one can imagine. There are the

reality self-defense schools like Krav Maga, and

there are more and more Mixed Martial Arts

schools. They all have something to offer, and

certainly a grappling style is not at all like a

striking style, so how does a potential student

determine what is right for them? They need

to consider all of their options, and what their

objectives are, and visit the different schools to

observe for themselves.

For my training, I was researching many

styles and schools in the area. I was not

impressed with some of the places that I visited,

which ranged from Tang Soo Do, Krav

Maga, Tae Kwon Do, Hapkido, and boxing/

kickboxing/fight training. My son Nick was

taking Tae Kwon Do, but his teacher wasn’t

consistently there to teach, so we found a small

studio in Canoga Park, California, named

Rifkin Pro Karate. We met Master Rifkin, and

he explained his mix of Karate, Tae Kwon Do,

and Aikido to us. He was very humble and

unassuming, and was both in excellent shape

and very proficient at his art. I was concerned

that Nick had already been learning Tae Kwon

Do, and he would have different material to

learn, but Master Rifkin assured us that he

would catch on.

As Nick was taking his lessons, I became

more impressed with Master Rifkin’s ability to

teach, and to bring a then four-year-old into his

class with older kids and keep them all chal-

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009

lenged. I could see he was a great teacher, but

was unsure whether I should start this program

for myself.

I then read an editorial in a magazine, in

which the author stated, “Never mind the style;

pick the instructor.” It was this article that convinced

me to sign up with Master Rifkin. That

was over six years ago. It was a great decision,

and that decision has made me a martial artist

for life.

My son Nick started his training at four

years old at Rifkin Pro Karate; he achieved

junior black belt at age ten. He is the youngest

student to achieve this rank at this school. He

is a great example for his fellow students.

People train in martial arts for many reasons:

health and fitness, weight loss, self-defense,

sport/competition, focus, discipline, and confidence

building. Some schools focus on just

one of these, but the beauty of a traditional

art is that it encompasses all of these elements.

You can be in a class, and although everyone is

doing the same material, they can all be doing it

for their own personal reasons. While you will

all be doing the same material, you can choose

what are the most important elements to you,

and focus on those.

I might be a little biased, but I believe that

Rifkin Pro Karate Center (RPKC) is a step

above the rest. That little dojo in Canoga Park

has been transformed into a top quality school

facility with two huge floors and a weight

room. Not only do we have superb instructors

in Master Rifkin, Mr. Dang, Mr. Layton, and

Ms. Smith, but we have very dedicated students

that are supportive of each other. I truly love

seeing my fellow students improve, and am

inspired by their efforts. I am now a black belt

and an instructor at RPKC, assisting my fellow

students to reach their goals. This is why I

train in a traditional martial art in general, and

Rifkin Professional Karate Center in particular.

Jim with son Nick doing forms.

November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

Rolling with Confidence

By Kathryn Simmons

Sitting in Chemistry class one day amidst

learning about alpha and beta particles, I first

heard about Choi Kwang Do at Clemson

University. One of my classmates had joined the

Clemson Choi Kwang Do Club and had already

begun learning the different techniques under

Dr. Suzanne Ellenberger in order to test for his

senior white belt. I was instantly curious because

martial arts had always appealed to me—I

thought it looked cool. Plus, I had never taken

any type of self-defense classes, so the only way

I truly knew how to defend myself was by either

punching really hard (now I know after training,

I would not have been punching the proper way)

or running them over with my wheelchair. I just

did not think I could learn the craft because

of my limited mobility. I was born with Spina

Bifida, and then was diagnosed with Scoliosis

when I was 13. However, after discussing my

concerns with Dr. Ellenberger, I quickly came to

the realization that there is more I can do than I

previously thought.

Not only was I able to learn different techniques,

but also had an incredible time. It was

amazing to see that everyone was like a big

family; we were able to cut up and have a good

time while we each learned our patterns and

prepared for testing. I have chosen to continue

training under Dr. Ellenberger and with Choi

Kwang Do because of these reasons and as a

result of what it has done for me. Choi Kwang

Do has improved me physically and mentally. I

have been able to become stronger so I can use

my legs in order to execute kicks. Eventually, I

hope to become more physically fit and even lose

weight. Becoming part of the team has improved

my mentality. There were times throughout the

school year when I was completely stressed, had

built up anger, or just needed to get out for a

little while. Going to practice and eventually belt

testing, opened me up to new avenues where I

now channel my feelings, and in such a way that

is beneficial to my health. Choi Kwang Do helps

clear my head so I am ready to take on whatever

is set in front of me next.

Typically, I am both a shy and outspoken

person. However, Choi Kwang Do has allowed

me to step out of my comfort bubble and meet

36 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

GM Choi at CKD Class

Kathryn training

new people. When I went to CKD headquarters

in Kennesaw, Georgia, I met numerous people

whom I have found to contain the same familylike

attitude I experienced during practices.

There was always someone willing to help if a

mistake was made, and I sure made them. Each

time I tested for the next belt, I would be nervous

at the beginning, afraid to make an error.

Eventually, my nerves died down because I knew

that it was alright if I made a mistake. This gives

me room to improve and do better next time.

Considering I train and test in my wheelchair,

I know I cannot do every kick or every move.

As a result, some of the techniques are altered

to have the same effect, but in a way so I can do

them. I remember on certain occasions where I

was required to kick, it was quite hilarious to see

the surprised reactions of some people, including

Grandmaster Woo (Don Woo, eighth-degree

black belt) and Sajonim (Kwang Jo Choi, founder

of Choi Kwang Do). Because I am in a wheelchair,

they were not expecting to see me execute

the kicks in that particular way, but in an altered

form using my hands instead.

I further enjoyed becoming certified as an

Assistant Instructor and also training with

Grandmaster Choi. During the certification, I

was given the opportunity to role play, first as a

seven-year-old girl and then as an instructor. It

was a tremendous experience in itself to see how

much work goes into it even when assisting.

Instructors have to be prepared for virtually anything

at all times.

When training with Sajonim, I had the

chance to improve some of the techniques I

previously learned, including strikes, punches,

and kicks. It was a remarkable atmosphere,

filled with respect, serenity, and order. The

family-like attitudes I came across in my practices

at Clemson and during each testing, was

felt at headquarters as well. After the training,

I was able to learn and practice some words in

Korean. A future goal of mine is to be able to

learn and pronounce each term correctly, which

will be vital when I test for my black belt.

Choi Kwang Do has allowed me to enhance

the control I have over my emotions,

which is healthier rather than bottling

them up. I love being able to use the

In Class

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 37

Kathryn’s confidence has skyrocketed with CKD

air shields to do this during practices and each

testing; they make it more realistic rather than

just hitting air. I have become stronger physically

as well. Some of the usual stretches are more

difficult for me to do. They have been replaced

with one where I am extending my legs for a

certain amount of time. It begins to hurt after

about a minute; however, combining this stretch

with what walking I am able to do will hopefully

build my legs up more and make them stronger

than ever. Learning this form of martial arts, I

also have a better peace of mind because I know

that I can protect myself if necessary. Currently

a yellow belt, I can hardly wait to continue training

in September when the semester begins

under Dr. Ellenberger, Grandmaster Woo, and

Sajonim, so that I may attain my black belt one

day in the near future.

“Katie was a student in my two semester

chemistry class at Clemson University last

year. She came to class as a shy freshman who

seemed somewhat unsure of herself. However,

even though the class was large, more than

100 students, I came to know her because she

was always present in the center of the front

row. Katie also came to see me during my office

hours to get clarification on points made during

class. It was in my office that Katie became

initially aware of and then interested in Choi

Kwang Do because I have pictures and a large

poster hanging on the walls of my office of my

Clemson Choi Kwang Do students. I remember

clearly one day after class, she quietly asked me

if I thought she could join the Clemson Choi

Kwang Do Club. When I told her that she absolutely

could join us, because Choi Kwang Do is

the martial art for everyone, there was an expression

of sheer joy on her face. Throughout the

year, and especially after she began training with

us, I have seen Katie blossom from that shy,

unsure freshman to a confident young lady with

an infectious smile. I have no doubt that Katie

will earn her black

belt and be successful

in her life endeavors.”


Ellenberger, Ph.D.,

Clemson University

Choi Kwang Do

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Kathryn Simmons is a sophomore

English major at Clemson University. After obtaining her Master

of Fine Arts (MFA), she wants to work for a magazine and then

eventually an editing and publishing company. She hopes to earn

her black belt in Choi Kwang Do and continue training.

38 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

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Heart to Heart

Dear Readers & Fellow Martial Artists,

Typically, we tend to sit down and reflect on our lives

during the winter months, when our pace of life slows

down a bit and there is less activity outside, when nature

turns out the lights a lot earlier. But I encourage us all

to take a few minutes now and then, even throughout

all the hustle and bustle of the summer months, when

we seem to race from one activity to another. Take some

time out for yourself. Ask yourself why you are doing

the things you are doing. Is it because you want to? Do

you feel obligated? Are you bored?

And ask yourself the very important question: Who

am I?

Hear me out—and read on. This is not as simple as

it seems.

This is a question that is unique to human consciousness,

certainly fundamental, sometimes difficult, but

absolutely essential if you wish to express your fullest

potential in life. Suppose I were to tell you that you are

aware of only a limited portion of yourself, that you may

not have yet discovered your self, your true self, and that

you have yet to touch upon an enormous creative power

within you that can reshape your life completely.

Who am I?

A quick answer may bring this response, “I am an

engineer.” Or, “I am a person who likes people; I am full

of stress and anxiety; I am a mother; I am a nobody;

I am athletic; I am intellectual; I am shy…” Note how

often we tend to describe ourselves with positive or

negative personality characteristics that we’ve developed

or acquired over the

years and have

accepted as being

“us.” Most of us

do not look

much deeper

than that.

So, ask

“Who am I?”

now. What

do you want

to become?

Where are

you today?




accomplished or failed to accomplish? Do you have the

career you want, the relationships you want? Do you like

who you are? Are you happy? Have you realized your

dreams and goals?

The truth is you are exactly where you are because of

the way you answered, “Who am I?” Why? Because how

you answer the question determines what choices you

make for yourself moment to moment, every day of your


You choose only what you believe is possible to choose,

and these choices determine what you do with your

life and who you become. If you believe you are shy, for

instance, you will not choose to be a performer, even if

your talent and inner desire are obvious. If you believe

you aren’t a good student, you may not choose a course

of study that could lead you to the job you’d really like. It

is very important then, to know the absolute truth about

yourself and your capabilities.

So, we are here together to ask the question; Who am


If you are satisfied with your life at this moment, the

question may hold no interest for you right now. If, on the

other hand, you find yourself holding dreams that feel so

true, yet somehow out of reach that you feel unfulfilled,

frustrated, alienated, empty; a feeling you haven’t done

what you want. If there is more that you desire, more that

you want to accomplish; if you feel that even though your

life is satisfactory, in most respects, you nevertheless have

a yearning to realize a deeper sense of joy, peace, and purpose;

then it is time to extend your vision of who you are.

No matter who you are, no matter where you are, no matter

what obstacles and limitations exist around you at this

moment, you can change your life, your health, and your

state of mind completely. You can decide who you want to


Who are you? Waiting quietly within you is a presence,

a force, a state of consciousness that gives you power to

overcome mental and physical limitations in your life;

power to harmonize and change discordant situations;

power to create and to achieve goals; power to experience

peace and joy regardless of the circumstances around you;

power to be who you really are.

I call this consciousness your Silent Master. When you

find this consciousness, within yourself, you take control

of your life. Before, you may have been drifting through

life. Now, you are driving through life. You experience a

new freedom, peace of mind, creativity, and harmony that

makes your life fulfilling, purposeful, joyous and dynamic.

You find yourself glad to be alive every day for the sheer

pleasure of experiencing life, of experiencing yourself!

I teach the art of Jung SuWon that will awaken you to

this powerful presence within, to enable you to recognize

and bring forth your Silent Master! Who is more qualified

to tell you who you are than your real self? You are

asking for your real self to show you that it is you. When

you ask, “Who am I?” you are subtly asking two questions:

42 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

By Tae Yun Kim

Grandmaster Tae Yun Kim is the founder and head of Jung SuWon. She is also the founder and CEO of Lighthouse Worldwide Solutions, a high-tech

computer control and monitoring industry located in the Silicon Valley. Grandmaster Kim is a best-selling author and motivational speaker.

First, Who am I, the self that I know, and second, who is

the “I” of the Silent Master? Of course, you are one!

Who am I? Remember, you are asking for something

incredibly simple and profoundly natural, something as

close as your own being, yet something as infinite as the

universe. Your Silent Master knows this question, and

knows the answer. Now you, through your mediation, can

also know, to make real your unity with your Silent Master.

This meditation requires much repetition and patient listening.

The understanding that results from it often doesn’t

happen all at once. The growing awareness can be so subtle

that you don’t realize you’re getting it until you have it.

But this meditation is the one that can be full of joyful

surprises. It’s definitely one that enlightens you in its own

way, in its own time. But imagine the results, imagine the

joy of day by day growing into a fuller understanding of

who you are—really, and the power you really have.

It’s this simple: your real self awaits your knowing. Let

it come slowly, like the dawn, if it must. For now, you, the

warrior, can know: You are one with the Universal Life

Force. The power that created galaxies, that formed oceans

of space, air, water, and consciousness, is the same power

that flows through you and beats your heart and gives you

consciousness! As this power flows through you, you, as

an individual focus of this power, co-create with this Life

Force, this universal Consciousness that knows only ideas

expressing Universal Love! And with this love, you create

expressions of peace, harmony, balance, joy, beauty, fulfillment,

and completeness. Then, wearing your clothing of

material form, you look out upon these expressions with

your physical senses and experience the challenge and the

victory of those earthly creations. And you say, “We are


Although you know that you are of this creation, you

know you exist apart from it. You know that you are the

sun behind the sun; that your fire burns eternally behind

everything that is known as time, and everything that

is known as place, and everything that is known as this

Universe. And your fire is infinite Love, Awareness, Truth,

Consciousness, which speaks to you and says, “Before you

are, I am. And I am You.”

Give this a try, my readers. Find a nice shady spot, or

some favorite place to read and ponder and meditate.

Always remember, the power is in you, it is your personal

choice what you do in your life!

He Can Do, She Can Do, Why Not Me!

From my heart to yours,

Dr. Tae Yun Kim

Great Grandmaster, Jung SuWon

taekwondotimes.com /January 2008


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Not long ago, I was reviewing poomsae with a

group of senior black belts, third-dan and up. One

in particular had been performing an advanced, traditional

form for many months. During the class, I

interrupted her to suggest a modification in stance.

After politely allowing me to finish my comment, the

student asked if the motion had been changed from

the time it had first been demonstrated to her. “No,”

I replied, “you are simply ready to receive a more

detailed understanding of this poomsae coupled with

its purpose and intent.” I then went on to make what

appeared to be a minor correction that significantly

improved the form overall. My grandmaster does

the same to me even now. Yet rather than question

his action, I smile and think how fortunate I am to

be drilling down in the hope of revealing the very

essence of Tae Kwon Do doctrine. And so the cycle

continues, as it has from the beginning, from master

to disciple, over the course of centuries.

Improvements, refinements and ultimately, revelations

are all fundamental conditions of meaningful,

traditional Tae Kwon Do training. These progressive

states of learning apply not only to the novice,

but even more so to the advanced practitioner.

Adjustments to basic technique, poomsae, hyung

or tul, self-defense and sparring, should be considered

a pathway to perfection rather than a road to

confusion and its accompanied stress. In the end, if

embraced with an open mind, modifications chisel

away at superfluous movement resulting in a profound

sense of enlightenment signaled by a heightened

stage of proficiency.

It can be said that Tae Kwon Do is taught most

effectively through a series of ever-diminishing circles

with the outermost shell representing the most elementary

understanding of a technique. Subsequently,

each successive circle brings the practitioner increasingly

closer to the technique’s core. This arduous, yet

fulfilling process, requires great patience and humility;

humility in the sense that the worthy student

must not view a modification merely as a change

indiscriminately propagated at the whim of a careless

instructor, but rather as a stepping stone on the

long journey to excellence, a reward earned through

diligent, mindful practice. To the curious, Western

mind, this process of distillation is often difficult to

grasp. Customarily, we are not content with unexplained

actions but frequently require detailed, verbal

clarification with a focus on finality in almost everything

we do. Yet, in terms of Asian martial culture

partially based on Confucian philosophy, training

without question is common; accepting technical

refinements with gratitude rather than query is the


To better understand this concept let us examine

for a moment the procedure for teaching the jab/

reverse punch. First, a proper fist must be formed; a

structure with which a great majority of beginners

are clearly unfamiliar. Then, a stable platform or

stance from which to execute this combination must

be developed. Finally, efficient use of body mechanics

needs to be explained. Most instructors I have

had the honor of working with go to great extremes

to clarify this formula, all the while realizing that

the novice can assimilate only so much information

in a given session. Yet, undoubtedly the white belt

in the formative stages of training barely scratches

the surface of this skill. Refinements are made until,

rather than merely throwing out the hands, the

student, at some future point in time, automatically

assumes a sturdy defense stance, begins to pivot the

hips, focuses on penetrating the target, executes the

combination, and further amplifies the strikes with ki

(internal energy) and confidence. If this process proceeds

without the instructor constructively correcting

the technique in compounded phases, increasing the

practitioner’s proximity to the kernel of the technique

and thus experiencing a catharsis of sorts, something

is amiss.

Nevertheless, the principle of enlightenment

through revelations attached to ever-diminishing

circles is nowhere more evident

than in poomsae training.

In times past, instruction

in Korean

poomsae, Japanese

kata, or Chinese

taolu, was often

limited to four

or five forms

over the course

of the martial

artist’s entire

lifetime giving the

practitioner ample

opportunity to learn

the required motions

correctly and in great detail,

going deep rather than wide.

In fact, great masters historically

recommended learning

poomsae Sip Soo (ten hands)

46 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

By Doug Cook

for the power and speed it generates, Chulki Cho

Dan (iron horse) for building a competent horse

stance, and, in the case of Karate-Do, kata Sanchin

(three battles), for internal and external strength,

to the exclusion of all others. This concept has

profound implications when viewed through the

lens of the offensive and defensive possibilities

embedded within formal exercises. These can be

interpreted in any number of ways dependent upon

the martial wisdom of the teacher in tandem with

a supreme willingness on the part of the student to

learn. Consequently, it would be virtually impossible

to demonstrate each component of a poomsae

within the scope of a single training session or even

a year’s worth of classes for that matter. Bit by bit,

excessive movement is chipped away, refinements

are polished, and hidden techniques are revealed

that principally must be viewed as revelations rather

than indiscriminate changes.

At the culmination of class, traditional Tae Kwon

Do schools everywhere frequently recite a student

oath. Ours includes a principle that represents a

central pillar of martial arts philosophy: establish

trust between teacher and student. In satisfying

this standard, it is the teacher’s responsibility to

transmit traditional, pure-form Tae Kwon Do skills

on to others worthy of the art unblemished by personal

preference. The competent instructor must

execute this in a manner that satisfies the spirit as

well as the human mind and body, particularly in

the case of poomsae, hyung or tul. If a technique is

taught before the spirit is prepared to accept it in

its fullness, it will be at best misunderstood or at

worst, taken for granted, diminished, and potentially

abused. By the same token, it is the student’s

obligation to absorb technical attributes with an

open mind, a degree at a time, with a vengeance,

until the true heart of the skill is realized. If these

gradual enhancements are viewed as refinements

rather than changes in routine, then an authentic

accumulation of knowledge will occur. If not, the

questioning mind will eclipse the potential for

enlightenment through the revelation of meaningful

martial doctrine and technique.

Master Doug Cook, a fifth-dan black belt, is head instructor of

the Chosun Taekwondo Academy located in Warwick, New York,

a senior student of Grandmaster Richard Chun, and author of

the best-selling books entitled: Taekwondo…Ancient Wisdom for

the Modern Warrior, and Traditional Taekwondo…Core Techniques,

History and Philosophy, published by YMAA of Boston.

His third book, Taekwondo–A Path to Excellence, focusing on the

rewards and virtues of Tae Kwon Do, will be released in 2009.He

can be reached for discussions or seminars at chosuntkd@yahoo.

com or www.chosuntkd.com.

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Hapkido’s Founder Ji Han Jae’s American Son

An Interview by Master Dan Allebach

Grandmaster Kenneth P. MacKenzie is a certified ninth-dan black belt in Korean Sin Moo Hapkido. In addition,

he holds a master rank in Tae Kwon Do and various black belts in other traditional martial arts. He

lives in southern New Jersey and, while operating his five full-time martial arts academies, serves DoJuNim

Ji Han Jae as the President to the World Sin Moo Hapkido Federation. Having given over 1000 public presentations

and seminars, and as an international seminar instructor and motivational speaker, Grandmaster

MacKenzie has been seen around the world in newspapers, magazines, books, and on television. He holds

a B.A. Degree in Law & Justice and has studied at Drexel University and Glassboro State. His volunteer

experience includes that with the YMCA, Red Cross and Big Brothers/Big Sisters organization. It has been

announced that Grandmaster MacKenzie has been nominated by DoJuNim Ji Han Jae for promotion to

tenth-dan black belt and is among a selected few who will lead Sin Moo Hapkido into the 21 st century.

Dan Allebach: Grandmaster MacKenzie, what

can you tell me about your earliest beginnings and

interests in the martial arts?

GM MacKenzie: I remember as a preschooler,

watching wide-eyed the Yudo ( Judo) classes at

my local YMCA on the eastside of Indianapolis.

I wanted so badly to join the classes, however my

parents didn’t allow it. Over the years, I was persistent

in asking again and again for permission.

My favorite movies as a youngster included Billy

Jack (I later met Tom “Billy Jack” Laughlin in Las

Vegas and we shared a memorable lunch together)

and Bruce Lee’s Game of Death featuring DoJuNim

Ji Han Jae. Both films highlighted Korean Hapkido.

Little did I know that Hapkido was to become my

art and Ji Han Jae to become my personal teacher...

it’s funny how karma works! Early on, I had studied

some boxing and wrestling. What I really wanted,

however, was to study traditional Asian martial arts.

As a young boy, I developed a number of illnesses

and was hospitalized numerous times. I had four

surgeries during those young years, one related to

the serious bone disease osteomyelitis, in which

I nearly lost my left leg. The doctors were able to

save my leg, but, the damage was extensive. It was

at this time that my parents, in an effort to encourage

me to rehabilitate my leg, finally allowed me to

train in the martial arts. This was in the 1970s and

what I was to learn was then called ‘Korean Karate.’

It included Tae Kwon Do (Song Moo Kwan lineage),

Hapkido, and kickboxing. This proved to be

the perfect therapy! In the beginning, learning the

martial arts was very painful and difficult. With my

leg pain constant and extreme, and major challenges

with balance, strength and flexibility, quitting would

have been the easy choice. My passion for what I

was learning along with my innate drive to achieve

my black belt, disallowed quitting as an option…I

was in this for the long haul!

Photo by Laura Smulktis

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 51

When did you first realize that, perhaps Korean

martial arts would become a lifetime pursuit for


What had once been an interest, soon progressed

beyond even a hobby. In an era where it was still a

mystery to most of the public, the martial arts had

indeed become and would remain my lifestyle. At

the age of eleven or twelve, I knew that it was for

me. I had selected the martial arts as my ‘Do’ (way

or path), and they had chosen me back. By the age

of fourteen, I had already set my sights on someday

becoming an instructor, and I dreamt of owning my

own school.

follow, I learned a lot about myself. I learned to

train harder every day, to build greater knowledge,

and to push my limits. Without a doubt, I learned

the most from those matches where I was not the

victor, always going back to the drawing board and

seeking to better myself.

In my early days of competition, I traveled with

champions such as Steve Ayscue, Bob Ott, Carl

Hettinger, and Dan Allebach. I used tournaments

as a ‘measuring stick,’ allowing myself to evaluate my

own level of skill and conditioning. Soon, I began

winning…and winning big. I went on to win over

500 matches, hundreds of trophies, several national

titles, and numerous grand championship titles in

both fighting and breaking (Kyuk-Pah). While I

did both contact and point fighting, the full-contact

events seemed more realistic and were always my

favorite! While many of my opponents went down

for the count…over twenty years of competition, I

was never either knocked down or out.

In 1995, I achieved a world record break, going

through 28 concrete blocks using a double knifehand

strike. I later went on to win three gold medals

and world titles in Korea in full-contact Hapkido


As a promoter, I hosted the ‘Best of the Best’

Nationals for ten years. I now host the annual Gold

Medal TaeKwon-Do and Hapkido Federation’s ‘All-

Star’ tournament every winter and continue to support

outside events as both a referee and arbitrator.

Were you a martial arts competitor and what are

your feelings about tournament competition?

It is important for martial artists to challenge

themselves. The competitive spirit is part of the human

spirit. For achievers, it’s what drives us on and

allows us to discover our greatness in life. While the

biggest competition is always with ourselves and

from the inside, being challenged by another forces

us to reach down deep within, pulling out our very

best spiritually, mentally and physically. As martial

artists, we must strive to be better today than yesterday.

This is how we grow as individuals.

I remember my first tournament. I lost my very

first match. With that match, and the many to

Ji Han Jae & Ken MacKenzie

52 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

What important masters have influenced you?

That’s a big question with an even bigger answer.

The most important influence on me as a martial

artist has without a doubt been DoJuNim Ji Han

Jae (founder of Hapkido and Sin Moo Hapkido). I

have enjoyed training under him for my entire adult

life. He considers me his “American Son” and true


I was also very fortunate to have experienced

training with General Choi Hong Hi, Tae Kwon

Do’s founder at an ITF training event and dinner

in Arizona. This was a great honor indeed. Other

strong influences would include Grandmaster

Jhoon Rhee (father of Tae Kwon Do in America),

Grandmaster Hee Il Cho, Dr. He-Young Kimm

(Han Mu Do), World Champion Bill Wallace, and

World Champion Joe Lewis. My earliest instructors,

Harry Watson (under Song Moo Kwan

Grandmaster Byung Hoon Park), Danny Doyle,

Ray Doman, Bruce Hart, Sr., Master Richard Kenvin,

Master Carl Beaman, and Professor Frankie

DeFelice gave me a solid foundation. In addition,

a number of my contemporaries, including Masters

John Godwin, Robert Ott, Scott Yates, Perry

Zmugg and Juri Fleischmann, have allowed me to

expand as a martial arts master. Senior Grandmaster

Rudy Timmerman of Canada has paved the way

and demonstrated to me the joys and possibilities of

a lifetime in Korean martial arts. Martial arts business

guru Fred Mertens has supported my growth

as an academy operator. World famous master and

mentor Robert Ott is my true martial arts brother

and has shown me the true meaning of pilsung and

the indomitable spirit.

Outside of your primary style of Sin Moo Hapkido,

what other martial

arts systems have

you experienced?

First, allow me to

make a point. Mastery

is paramount. I

believe that the chop

suey approach to

martial arts can be

flawed. It’s difficult

to become the jack of

all trades. Digging deep into one may be the wiser

choice. While I was fortunate that my first school

taught Tae Kwon Do, Hapkido, kickboxing and Jiu-

Jitsu, and that the arts seemingly worked together

in harmony, I recommend narrowing down one’s

focus and education in the arts.

Sin Moo Hapkido is my primary style. I have enjoyed

both good fortune and opportunity as a firstgeneration

Hapkido/Sin Moo Hapkido student

under the founder. For me, there has and continues

to be no better privilege than to learn directly under

and from the source. For comparison, I have also

experienced Hapkido under other varied and elder

masters, many while in Korea.

I have experienced and appreciated other Hapkido-related

arts such as Han Mu Do and Kuk

Sool. Having trained in and taught the art since

the 1970s, I am also a master-instructor in Korean

Tae Kwon Do and have studied both the ITF and

WTF (including at the Kukkiwon) styles. I have

enjoyed learning more about Tang Soo Do from

Hall-of-Famer, Master John Godwin and had the

honor of meeting Grandmaster Jae Chul Shin and

the late Grandmaster Hwang Kee. As a full-contact

fighter in the 1980s, I trained in Burmese Bando,

Muay Thai, American kickboxing and French Savate,

becoming one of the first Americans certified

in that art.

While in South Korea, I trained in TaeKyun,

Mu Yee Eh Ship Sha Bahn, Yudo (Olympic Training

Headquarters), Olympic-Style WTF Tae Kwon

Do, Sun-Do, Sun Moo Do, Kum Do, Kuk-Sool,

and Buldo Moo Sool.

In North Korea, I experienced pure ITF Tae

Kwon Do and trained alongside the North Korean

athletes at the Tae Kwon Do Palace. While there,

our team gave the first-ever Hapkido/Sin Moo

Hapkido demonstration

in North

Korea and toured

the ITF museum.

Visiting Japan, I

experienced Daito

Ryu Aiki-Jitsu,

KyoKushin Kai

Karate-Do, Aikido

at the Aikido

Hombu in Tokyo,

GM MacKenzie, GM Lim, GM Ji Han Jae & Dr. Kimm

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 53

ITF Tae Kwon Do at the Japan ITF headquarters,

and Kodokan Judo.

While in China, I enjoyed Tai Chi, Shaolin Kung

Fu at the Shaolin Temple, and Gung Fu in Beijing.

I know that your relationship and position with

Hapkido’s founder, DoJuNim Ji Han Jae, is a close

and unique one. Can you elaborate?

DoJuNim Ji Han Jae and I first met back in the

1980s (DoJuNim says 1985), an encounter that he

refers to with fondness and a smile. Forever seeking

the secrets to the martial arts, I attended a large

event in the northeast and had immediately recognized

DoJuNim’s face from the Bruce Lee movie

Game of Death. He was the guy with the gold belt!

At the time, I was a 280-pound full-contact fighter

who owned and operated his own dojang. Viewing

one of DoJuNim’s basic techniques, I asked what

I thought to be a simple question: “Sir, does that

technique work on even a large person?” Much to

my dismay, the question was taken as a challenge.

Moments later, I experience more pain than I had

ever imagined. I couldn’t believe that a man of such

slight physical stature was able to inflict such pain

on me, and with such lightning speed and accuracy.

In physical agony, I was more than intrigued. I was

hooked and had to learn more.

I continued to attend every session that DoJu-

Nim Ji Han Jae offered. He kept a curious eye on

me, too. On the last night of the three-day event,

DoJuNim asked me to sit with him. He went on to

explain that the night prior he had seen us together

in a dream. He suggested that it was our destiny

and that our relationship was to expand greatly. He

was right. I soon began following him around the

country and world. Every time, I would show him

my Sin Moo Hapkido skills and my ambition to

further master them. In turn, and partly because of

my ‘Nak-Bup’ experience and ability to fall well, he

would choose me as his partner every time.

On one occasion, and in front of a wide audience

of martial arts students and masters, DoJuNim told

me, “just as every student wants the best teacher…

every teacher wants the best student too.” He would

go on to announce that this represented our unique

relationship. Hungry to learn, I took his words to

heart. DoJuNim appreciated my dedication, loyalty

and quest for both knowledge and training. I appreciated

his generous instruction and wisdom and

was eager to support him in spreading the art.

In the mid 1990s, DoJuNim decided to relocate

to New Jersey so that he could be closer to me, my

schools and students. I flew to California and drove

his packed van over 3000 miles across country. The

opportunity of having DoJuNim so close has been

one of good fortune. I am proud to have hosted

over 125 seminars with DoJuNim, and trained in

many more. Along with Masters Scott Yates and

John Godwin, I have had the opportunity to enjoy

more hands-on training hours with DoJuNim than

anyone worldwide.

Honoring DoJuNim Ji Han Jae, my students and

I have hosted World Sin Moo Hapkido Federation

banquets and founded the annual International

Hapkido Summit. In the 1990s, I served as the

Secretary General for Korea Sin-Moo Hapkido

and President of the North American Sin Moo

Hapkido, since replaced by the new governing body,

the World Sin Moo Hapkido Federation. With the

help of my black belts, I have organized large scale

events for DoJuNim celebrating his: 60 th birthday;

50 th anniversary in the martial arts; 70 th birthday

and; 50 th anniversary of Hapkido. At the 2009 International

Hapkido Summit, Sin Moo Hapkido’s

25 th anniversary was recognized.

Perhaps the greatest honor bestowed upon me is

that DoJuNim considers me to be and calls me his


In 2005, DoJuNim bestowed upon me the title

of Chung Kwan Jang (highest Grandmaster). More

Awarding Ji Han Jae the Gold Federation pin

54 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

ecently, I have accepted greater responsibility as the

President of the World Sin Moo Hapkido Federation,

a position requiring greater service to the

extended Hapkido/Sin Moo Hapkido family.

In your youth, did you ever imagine that you would

someday become a grandmaster in the arts?

Too many people live with limited thinking and a

lack of belief in their own potential. You must first

believe. Only then can you achieve! I remember

being told as a teenager that, because I was not

Korean-born, I could never become a master. I have

never believed in such limitations! Rather than fixate

on impossibilities, I search for possibilities.

The black belt represents a firm grasp on the basics.

Many traditional schools in and out of Korea

only consider you a real martial artist once you have

attained black belt status. Mastery is the ability to

perform, fully teach and scientifically explain every

movement, theory, etc. One cannot become a master

until he or she has promoted at least 24 students

to the black belt level, one representing each hour

of the day. The privilege of grandmaster is reserved,

and rightly so, for those few who have truly dedicated

their lives to the pursuit of excellence in their

martial art. They must have attained a certain age,

level of maturity and wisdom, along with many

years of formal study in the arts. In addition, they

must have produced a minimum of six masters

from the ground up, their own students. It is the

responsibility of black belts, masters and grandmasters

to expand and propagate their respective arts.

In my experience, reaching these levels was not

the primary focal point. Instead, it was the pursuit

of excellence and daily challenges that excited and

motivated me. The thrill was in the journey itself.

With high rank comes great responsibility. Masters

and grandmasters must always respect their positions

as role models, mentors, and leaders. In many

cases, we are like second-parents to our students.

In addition, it is our responsibility to serve and care

for the elder grandmasters, in my case DoJuNim Ji

Han Jae, and to serve as curators for our arts.

In my years as a martial artist, I have never

requested a belt promotion. In my opinion, this

action would have been dishonorable. It was always

my instructor’s decision to suggest and nominate

promotions. Several years ago, DoJuNim promoted

me to my


black belt

in Korean

Sin Moo


I reflected

back upon

my long

and personal



that I still

have a lot

in front of me. I also realized that this was cuttingedge,

as I am both American-born and Caucasian.

The moral of the story is this: We are all born with

a set of tools…it’s what you do with them that

makes the difference.

What can you tell me about your ‘MacKenzie’s’


At the age of only 19, I first opened my dojang

(MacKenzie’s TaeKwon-Do & Hapkido Institute)

on November 12, 1983. It was located in a local

YMCA. At that time, it was open to only children

and was the first in the United States to specialize

as such.

Today, my schools serve nearly 1000 active

students ranging in age from three to 85. With a

compliment of eight full-time staff and multiple

part-timers at five locations, I offer specialized

programs for preschoolers, children, teens, boys

and girls, men and women. I am proud to teach

some 175 black belts weekly along with 15 active

master-instructors, including Scott Yates, a World

Hapkido Games gold medalist and the youngest

ever to have attained eighth-dan under DoJuNim Ji

Han Jae. My schools also serve as the official headquarters

for Sin Moo Hapkido. Partnering with

Masters Scott Barnabie and Dan Allebach, and

with the support of talented Masters Bob Turley,

Dr. Mark Fabi, Bill Taylor, Jeff & Tina Blackman,

Andrew Lesser, and Rich Williams, I have enjoyed

the expansion of my New Jersey based organization


I also have students who maintain professional

sister-schools including Pierson’s TaeKwon-Do &

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 55

Hapkido in New Jersey and LaVoice’s Lion’s Den in

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is nice to know that we

have so positively impacted the lives of thousands,

with most Tae Kwon Do and Hapkido schools in

southern New Jersey able to trace their lineage back

to my organization.

Do you feel that children can really learn the martial


Yes, of course. My first school was only open to

youth. It was the first martial arts school in the

United States dedicated specifically to children.

Of course since then, we have expanded to all age

groups. Even as a teen, I recognized the benefits

to youth: focus, goal setting, self-discipline, selfcontrol

and self-confidence. Over 10,000 children

have gone through my program since 1983, many

of which have gone on to great achievements in life.

I now have black belts who have graduated from

every Ivy league university, and several from the

likes of the Naval Academy at Annapolis, etc….all

a true testament to the benefits of Hapkido training

for youth. I have always approached my youth

programs much as I imagine the ancient Hwa-Rang

(flowering youth) of the Silla Dynasty must have. I

believe in building the whole person, with patience,

one step at a time.

My own son and daughters have also studied

the martial arts. My son Dustin, now 17, has been

training since the age of two under my top student,

Chief Master Scott Yates. This relationship allowed

for Dustin to enjoy a normal student-teacher relationship

with Master Yates while sharing his joy of

training with me, simply as ‘the dad.’

Years ago, Hapkido was deemed appropriate

only for students age 13 and older. In 1994, based

on the recognized success of my youth programs,

DoJuNim put me in charge of developing a viable

Sin Moo Hapkido program for kids. An ongoing

experiment and always evolving, the all new World

Sin Moo Hapkido Federation children’s curriculum

takes into account the need for extra safety

measures, spotting, tumbling, and age-appropriate

training. The evolution of this curriculum was

completed by Masters Yates, Zmugg and myself,

in Graz, Austria in June 2009. Today’s generation

of Sin Moo Hapkido kids represent the future. I

expect them to take the art to the next level.

How do you feel that success and being a professional

martial artist makes you a better martial


Living the life of the full time martial arts professional

has enabled me to spend all of my time

perfecting my craft while sharing it with others.

I have enjoyed the freedom and time to dedicate

to reading, writing, research, curriculum development,

meditation, and practice. Financial freedom

has allowed me to travel, help others, give generous

donations, grant scholarships, and provide my family

with a life of dignity and opportunity. Success

is often the result of the combination of hard work

and working smart. As the popular martial artist,

businessman and motivational speaker Chief Master

Robert Ott (www.CertainVictory.com) says,

“You must first learn to take care of yourself before

you can effectively take care of others.” This is good


Have you trained in Korea?

Yes, indeed I have. My first trip to South Korea was

in 1997. I was invited and most honored to join

Dr. He-Young Kimm’s Hapkido and Han Mu Do

group in touring, training and competing in Korea.

I returned with Dr. Kimm in 1999 and again in

2002 with DoJuNim, each year winning the gold

medal at the World Hapkido Championships. I

recall DoJuNim telling me at the World Championships

that “Lions make lions, and rabbits make

rabbits.” What he was telling me was that I could

not allow myself to be defeated and still claim to be

among his top students. Losing was not an option.

At TaeKyun Headquarters in South Korea

56 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

For this reason,

I have

never lost in



In 2005,

I joined Dr.

Kimm and



Jung, Tae-


Times Publisher,

on a

special and

rare ambassadorship


DPR North

Korea for

Photo by Laura Smulktis the 50 th


of Tae

Kwon Do. There, we visited the Presidential Palace,

Children’s Performing School, Tae Kwon Do Palace

(ITF), Tan-Gun’s Tomb, and a Buddhist temple.

Six of my students and I performed the ITF tul

(pattern) Tan-Gun at the foot of the tomb honoring

Korea’s legendary founder. I also participated in

a meeting between other Tae Kwon Do, Hapkido

and Han Mu Do leading masters representing both

the ITF and WTF. Discussions included improved

relations and future cooperation between the two

Tae Kwon Do governing bodies. In 2006, I returned

with colleagues to South Korea, where we toured

the entire country and participated in seminars

with Grandmaster In Sun Seo. During that trip, I

was able to assist Chief Master Robert Ott, who

is blind, in ‘seeing’ the sights through my eyes. This

experience in fact ‘opened’ my eyes and allowed me

to truly experience the beautiful people, mountains,

rivers, landscape, art, architecture, traditional garb,

etc., in great detail as never before.

There were two distinct things that occurred that

seemed to have opened the doors to the world

for me. The first was becoming DoJuNim Ji Han

Jae’s worldwide assistant. The second was winning

the gold medals at the World Hapkido Games in

1997, 1999 and 2002. My travels have afforded

me the opportunity to further my training, experience

other cultures and languages, compete, and

teach Hapkido worldwide. To date, I have visited

the following countries: South Korea; DPR North

Korea; China; Japan; Finland; Sweden; Denmark;

Holland/Netherlands; England; Italy; Germany;

Austria; Slovenia; Croatia and; Canada. I have

additionally traveled to 45 states within the U.S.

I have found that the martial arts can serve as ‘the

common language’ amongst people. This remains

true even when politics, religion, and language

serve as barriers. The martial arts really do have

the power to break down walls, and ironically, to

ultimately bring people together!

What are some of your most memorable moments

in the martial arts?

There are so many! Among the most memorable

are all of the long talks with DoJuNim Ji Han Jae

on Hapkido history, his life experiences, philosophy,

techniques and planning. I would also include:

earning my black belt ranks (the old-fashioned

way); winning gold medals at the World Hapkido

Games and the All-Korean Martial Arts World

Championships in full-contact fighting; winning

my last full-contact kickboxing fight with Bill ‘Superfoot’

Wallace as my cornerman; meeting, training

with and enjoying dinner with General Choi

I understand that your Sin Moo Hapkido training

has led you to travel the world. Where have you

been and why?

GM MacKenzie & Master Ott

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 57

Hong Hi; creating memorable moments for both

myself and students each and every day; teaching,

mentoring and guiding students towards their black

belts and ultimate success in life.

Outside of the martial arts, what other things,

including family and friends are important to you?

Do you enjoy any hobbies?

With his children, Tabby, Heidi & Dustin

My children are the most important thing in the

world to me. When people ask who I consider

myself to be, my answer is simple: ”I am both a

father and a martial artist.” Before you can understand

others, you must first know yourself. It is

good to know who you are. My son Dustin (17) is

a Tae Kwon Do black belt and is working towards

his Sin Moo Hapkido rank. My daughters Heidi

(15) and Tabby (13) are beautiful and are talented

athletes. I am fortunate that each of my kids are

honest, loving, academically inclined and physically

gifted…I am indeed a proud father! Through thick

and thin, it is your family that is always there. Both

my mother, Babs, who I lost to cancer in 2007, and

my stepfather, Don McDermott, were always there

to support me every step of the way. My father D.

Kenneth MacKenzie and stepmother Elisa are my

biggest fans. I thank my mother for my stubborn

and persistent nature and my father for my physical

gifts. I am also rich in that I am surrounded by the

best of friends.

My first hobby is everything martial arts. I collect

historical pieces, traditional weapons and have accumulated

a vast library. I have over 1000 books, more

than 450 of which are martial arts books, many

signed by the author. My grandmother was a librarian

and I learned to value literature at a young age.

I have also always been a classic car enthusiast.

My current collection includes a 1954 Austin

Healey 100-4 BN1, a 1955 Chevy, and a 1968

Jaguar XKE. I hope to someday race vintage cars.

In addition, I have two other unusual hobbies: Collecting

WWII memorabilia and pinball machines.

I am also an avid swimmer, and enjoy motorcycles,

camping, skateboarding and traveling.

What is your vision of the future for Korean martial


While Tae Kwon Do gained great popularity and

continues to thrive, I believe that Hapkido/Sin-

Moo Hapkido is just coming into its own. In the

coming decade, I look for Sin Moo Hapkido to gain

wider appeal.

As the President of the ‘World Sin Moo Hapkido

Federation’ (www.WorldSinMooHapkidoFederation.com),

DoJuNim Ji Han Jae’s world governing

body for Hapkido, I intend on expanding the art,

and bringing unity to the many Hapkido/Sin Moo

Hapkido factions.

Regarding the future, we all have some good

work to do ahead of us. As many academics would

agree, mankind faces greater global challenges today

than in any other time in recorded history. Disease,

war, poverty, starvation, downward-spiraling global

economies, global warming, etc., are but a few of the

real concerns. Even with this, the martial arts spirit

remains one of unshakable optimism.

Optimism dictates that the best is still to come.

Together, one student at a time, I believe that we

as martial artists and teachers can take the lead in

rebuilding this world…a better world, one student

at a time.

For more complete histories on Hapkido/Sin Moo

Hapkido and DoJuNim Ji Han Jae, membership information

and event schedules, etc., please log onto:


58 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com


The World SinMoo Hapkido Federation

Do Ju Nim

Ji, Han Jae

Honorary Chairman

“DoJuNim” (Honorable Founder of Korean Hapkido)

Ji, Han Jae

10th Degree Blackbelt / Supreme Grandmaster

Over 50 Years in the Martial Arts

Bodyguard to South Korea’s President Park

Instructor to many of the World’s Top Master-Instructors

Starred in Bruce Lee’s “Game of Death”, “Lady Kung-Fu”,

“Fist of the Unicorn Palm” and “Hapkido”

Founder / DoJuNim: Korean Hapkido

Founder / DoJuNim: SinMoo Hapkido

World SinMoo Hapkido Federation (Honorary Chairman)

Kwang Jang Nim

Ken MacKenzie

President / 9 th Dan

“The Future of Hapkido”

Chief-Master Scott Yates

For Information on Individual and School Charter Memberships Log Onto:


Technical Support – Manuals – Curriculum – Certification

Uniforms - Seminars – Direct Link to the Founder – Networking

Training Opportunity – Rank Advancement – Instructor Accreditation

Member Newsletter – Dojang Operational Support

Note: The World SinMoo Hapkido Federation is the official governing body for SinMoo Hapkido world-wide as sanctioned by DoJuNim Ji, Han Jae

PO Box 262, Atco, New Jersey, 08004, U.S.A. 1(856) 719-1411

World SinMoo Hapkido Federation…..Unifying Hapkido Worldwide!

By Andrew Mencia

Imagine yourself living in your own country surrounded by

family and close friends and enjoying the company of a beautiful

wife who you recently married. Suddenly, you are asked to

relocate to Hawaii and to take the responsibility of putting

together a full Taekwon-do military Oh Do Kwan program.

By the way, when you arrive to this island, you learn that the

request was coming from a stoic general and you don’t know

any black belts to assist in getting this enormous task off the


Master Lee

Major General Harry Brooks was transferred from Korea

to lead the 25 th Infantry Division in Hawaii. Major General Brooks fell in love with “combat football”

and Taekwon-Do and he was determined to bring these disciplines to his new post.

To accomplish his goals, Major General Brooks requested from the U.S. and the Korean

Armies to provide him with the best qualified master to carry on this task in Hawaii. Master Lee

Kyo Woon was deployed to Hawaii with his young wife and a colossal responsibility. His English

was extremely limited, but his administrative abilities, determination and leadership were admirable.

Like a true leader with Special Forces tactics and experience, this young master coordinated

a meeting with a handful of black belts. During this meeting, the small audience listened to his

plans and objectives as explained by Master Lee in his

very limited English. When Master Lee expressed his

requirement that in order for anyone to be part of his

team, everyone would have to go back to white belt

and learn his training program right from beginner

level, his audience was reduced to one man. This did

not discourage the young foreigner; he concluded his

first experience by saying, “I will find more humble

people to join us.”

Master Lee’s wife was very disappointed and feeling

homesick. She suggested telling Major General

Brooks to find some American instructor and to

return back to Korea. Master Lee answered his wife

that she could go back if she was not willing to sacrifice

with her husband; but he would not back away

from his responsibilities without putting up a fight


60 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

Mr. Mcgee and I (Dr. Mencia) believed in Master Lee’s approach and all three of us began

organizing a program that was then approved by Major General Harry Brooks. The General gave

Master Lee an old warehouse of some 10,000 square feet, which Master Lee was responsible for,

making it functional to initiate Master Lee’s Tae Kwon Do training program. The warehouse was so

dilapidated that the initial training was done out in the open.

Master Lee instructed us to start by dusting and scrubbing “our new house” as he would refer to

this old warehouse. In the early 1970s, floor mats were nonexistent, hence Master Lee improvised

by using heavy rubber mats. When the Hawaiian sun was at its best, this warehouse was like a

natural sauna. One day during training, we observed an Army truck pulling into our warehouse.

We saw Master Lee jump from the front seat and start walking, swinging his arms like he used

to. “Mencia, get guys and take truck things,” he ordered in his broken English. We understood to

unload the truck.

The load was old parachutes. Master Lee instructed us to spread this material and he invented a

low ceiling made up of multicolor parachute cloth. When the job was completed, we could not stop

laughing, but the next day when that burning Hawaiian sun was upon us, we looked at Master Lee

with such admiration and respect for his intelligence and devotion to his students.

He would train his students so hard that many times we did not know where the energy to stand

on our feet was coming from. I remember Mr. McGee leaning over to me and saying, “Master Lee is

a slave driver.” Then, when Mr. McGee least expected, Master Lee was feeding us Korean food and

treating Mr. McGee’s pain with acupressure technique. Our love for this man grew so strong, that

he became a father figure to most of us who were closest to him.

Our instructor training would begin before sunrise, with a six to eight mile run followed by

stretching and body hardening. By nine a.m., the soldiers assigned to Tae Kwon Do would report

for training until 11:45 a.m., only to return for more at 1:00 p.m. until 4:30 p.m. Then, from 5:00

p.m. to 9:00 p.m., Master Lee continued training the civilian and military dependents. Saturdays

and Sundays were training by invitation only. Those students that were in the program and showed

good potential to become black belts were selected.

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 61

Weekends were also demo days. Every weekend,

Master Lee arranged a demo at some park in Honolulu

or other gathering place on the island or we were demonstrating

at some TV station. I learned to drive by driving

Master Lee’s Volkswagen van all over town. We were living

such busy lives that the months and years would go

by at light speed, but that was part of Master Lee’s magic.

Master Lee and his elite group were well known at all

Hawaiian open championship circles. When full-contact

fighting was introduced to Hawaii, Master Lee was contacted

to provide competitors to face the top ranking competitors

that were coming from the mainland, including

top ranking Bill “Superfoot” Wallace. When the first few

fights started, Master Lee’s black belts were going for the

“kill,” knocking out the opponents at the first round. The

promoter came to Master Lee asking him to instruct his

black belts to show a little more showmanship. Master Lee

responded by saying, “This is true Korean fighting and that

is your show.” Mr. Bill Wallace fought Mr. Auggie Evans

(now a Tae Kwon Do master living on the west coast).

Master Park Jung Tae, Gen. Choi, and

Andy Mencia

Gen. Choi visits Master Lee in Hawaii

Master Lee Kyo Woon hosted demonstrations for several

Generals that were invited by General Brooks. Master

Lee also hosted then Vice President Gerald Ford and his Secretary of Defense.

Master Lee was very devoted to the Oh Do Kwan System and he spent all his adult life

teaching the military both in his native country of Korea and in the USA. Different from other

Korean instructors, Master Lee was of the belief that Oh Do Kwan was created by the same

person who gave birth to what the world knows as Tae Kwon Do; hence, if Oh Do Kwan was

one of the roots to the tree, we should maintain our loyalty to the tree that is there to protect

the root from harm. When the young master had over 2,500 active practitioners in Hawaii, he

and I invited the true founder to visit Hawaii. In the early 1970s, General Choi Hong Hi was

received to the island with full military protocols.

In 1974, Master Lee Kyo Woon was asked to lead with his students the demonstration to

commemorate the first anniversary of Master Bruce Lee’s death. In less than five years, this

young master who was a graduate in Oriental philosophy in his homeland, but who arrived to a

62 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

strange land and culture, had developed

a monster of an organization in Hawaii.

Of course, jealousy will tag along,

especially in the Japanese styles that were

dominating Hawaii and were very influential

politically on the island. For every

competition to which he was invited,

Master Lee would make his internal

selection of his best students. “Competition

is an honor,” Master Lee would

teach his members. Master Lee would

sweep through open tournaments taking

home most of the awards. He was a very

proud Korean who taught not only his

national art of self-defense, but made

sure his students were exposed to Korean history, culture and language.

He was a man of fairness and transparency. I remember an incident where a 180-pound

American was bullying a 115-pound Japanese student. Both were students of Master Lee. Master

Lee called both into his office and stood in front of the six-foot, ten-inch American and told him,

“If I find you disobeying Won Hyo’s principles as it relates to friendship, you will have to bear

with me. Now give each other a hug and go and restudy Won Hyo.” Master Lee believed that any

form of discrimination would only weaken an organization. “As long as we express our differences

with respect to others, we can then and only then,

appreciate and learn from each other.”

In 1976, Master Lee and his wife were blessed

with a baby boy. Master Lee asked me to help him

buy a “safe” car for his family. He bought a Grand

Marquis that was so big that Master Lee asked

me to drive it home. Although he was thinking of

the safety of his family, the martial arts community

thought of this as his showing off his money

and power, and this was the furthest from the


A few months later, the young master who arrived

to this country leaving everything and everyone

close to him behind in Korea, was ambushed

by the Japanese mafia in the parking lot of a

restaurant. The police reported to me, since Master

Lee’s wife spoke no English, that at least four

gunmen shot the master from different angles.

Over thirty years have passed, and today there

are still people that have been influenced by his

teachings and keep his philosophies alive.

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 63

By Erik Richardson

Over the course of centuries, the greatest

martial artists have been working to solve a very

complex set of physics problems, even though

they rarely thought of it in terms of physics,

about using the mass of the human body to create

the maximum amount of force. In trying to

understand a lot of areas of life, a little science

goes a long way. It is similarly true that a little

math can go a long way in understanding science.

We will look at a key equation from physics

involving mass and energy, and we will see how it

relates to the ongoing experiment to improve our

training and our success in martial arts.

Mass, Speed & Energy

At the heart of the physics of martial arts is

a simple equation for calculating kinetic energy.

We can think of any of the strikes and blocks

in martial arts in terms of energy. Energy just

means how much work something can do—

meaning the size of an object it could move and

how far it could move it. The “kinetic” part of

kinetic energy comes from the Greek word for

motion. Kinetic energy is the amount of work

something can do because it is in motion. The

equation for the kinetic energy of an object


KE = ½ m.v 2

In this equation, m stands for the

mass of an object, and v stands for its


There are a couple of important things to

notice right away. The first is that the kinetic

energy of an object depends on both its mass and

its velocity (speed). In physics, the velocity means

both the speed and direction of an object. But

since we are looking simply at forward movement

in these cases, it works better to use speed and

velocity interchangeably.

The second thing to notice is that the velocity

counts for significantly more than the mass. To

appreciate the impact of the difference, let’s look

at three different scenarios. The first is throwing

a baseball at 40 miles per hour (mph); the second

would be increasing the size by 40 percent , such

as throwing a softball at 40 mph; and the third

scenario would be increasing the speed by 40

percent, like throwing a baseball at 56 mph.

1. Baseball @ 40 mph:

½ . (.1417kg) . (17.8 meters/second) 2 = 22.44

Joules ( J)

2. Softball @ 40 mph:

½ . (.2kg) . (17.8 m/s) 2 = 31.93 J

3. Baseball @ 56 mph:

½ . (.1417kg) . (25.03 m/s) 2 =

44.39 J

Joules is a measurement

of energy. By comparing

these numbers we

can see that increasing

the mass by 40 percent

64 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

only results in about a 40 percent increase in

energy, but increasing the speed by 40 percent results

in an energy increase of 96 percent—almost

double. What’s more, it will keep increasing, and

a baseball thrown at 80 mph would show a 400

percent increase.

Importance of Technique

Predictably, the math becomes much more

complex when we talk about punches than

baseballs, because you have to factor in the mass

of the fist, the mass of the arm, and the distances

traveled by each part of the arm, etc. (Consider,

for instance, your bicep area does not travel as

far toward the target as the wrist area.) However,

the basic principle holds, and the single greatest

impact to your martial arts effectiveness is to be

had in training to improve your speed, which

comes from a combination of factors, including

efficiency of technique.

As one example of this, consider the importance

of positioning yourself so that at the point

of contact your arm is slightly bent. The reasoning

behind this is that once your arm is completely

extended, the forward speed will drop to

zero as you begin the recoil. If you hit when the

arm is no longer speeding forward, the energy

delivered will drop radically.




In addition to

training to improve

your speed and technique,

the same variables

of kinetic energy help us to

understand the relative merits of

kicks versus punches. While a

number of different studies have

been done, and a diverse range

of values have resulted, a good

basic comparison is provided by

using a maximum speed for a

forward punch of eight meters/

second (m/s) and for a front snap

kick of 12 m/s.

The difficulty of pinning down any

calculations mentioned above is highlighted

by a 2005 study in the British

Journal of Sports Medicine, involving

the force generated by Olympic boxers

from different weight classes. While the human

arm is, on average, approximately seven percent

of total body weight, the effective mass of the

punches thrown was only 2.9 kg, which would

only equal seven percent of someone weighing

92 lbs. (Of course, being elite Olympic-level

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 65

Changing your Fitness Level

athletes, their average punch speed was over nine

m/s, but that is outside the meaningful range for

us mere mortals!)

We can, however, draw some useful information

from the comparative speed and mass of

kicks versus punches, since the human leg is

about 14 percent of total body mass, we start

to appreciate, in reflecting back on the equations

earlier, that a kick with twice the mass of

a punch, moving at 50 percent greater speed,

would result in significantly higher kinetic energy

at the point of contact. In fact, if you do the math

(with a punch at 2.9, as in the study mentioned,

and a leg at twice that amount), you will see that

it is six times as much! That means that it is

well worth significantly more time and effort to

improve your kicking speed and techniques as a

percentage of your overall training schedule.

There is a saying in boxing that, “80 percent

of fighting is conditioning, and 80 percent of

conditioning is running.” Now while that general

guideline may or may not be based on physics,

it does point the way to a couple of additional

results that follow from our new understanding

the equation for kinetic energy—namely that

conditioning counts for a lot. In order to set the

stage for these two principles, we must think

about the kinetic energy equation from the other

end, so to speak. So far, we have been looking at

the value of what comes out of the striking technique,

but the same equation tells us how much

energy has to go into the technique. That is, how

much energy does it take to get x mass moving at

y speed. (Yes, it would be nice if a punch created

more energy than we put into it, but it doesn’t

work that way!)

The first conditioning factor to consider is the

impact of dropping any extra weight you may be

carrying around. Because fat tissue stored on our

arms and legs adds mass without exerting more

66 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

force, then a given amount of force applied to a

larger mass must result in a slower speed. True,

fat does burn to provide energy, but it does not

translate to strength or speed of our strikes. To

illustrate this, consider the following analogy: if

you are exerting your full force, can you push a

car with two loaded fuel tanks faster, or the same

car with one full tank and one empty tank? If we

drop that extra fat we’re lugging around, then the

same exertion in our martial arts practice would

result in significant gains to the speed of our

punches and kicks.

The second conditioning factor to consider is

the impact of adding extra muscle to your frame.

Now it is true that this will add mass to your

strikes, but in this case, you will not be adding

dead weight, like the fuel tank example. Adding

muscle is more like putting a bigger engine

in your car, because while it adds weight, it also

generates more speed and power. If you look at

research data on boxers, power-lifters, even if you

just compare the example above of kicking versus

punching, you will see that the increased mass

has an impact. But because increased muscle

mass affects the same fast-twitch fibers that help

determine muscle speed, there is the added result

of increasing our speed—which means a squared

result in energy delivered.

Naturally, there are many other equations that

come into play in the quest to perfect our various

martial arts. In addition to energy delivered,

there are factors like distance (a kick has to travel

farther than a jab), the probability of landing

(hence fewer spinning back kicks in certain kinds

of competition), the relative energy expenditure

of high-power versus low-power strikes, the

effects of centrifugal and centripetal forces, and

so on and so on. We hope this has given you a

new line of thinking that can help you bring out

more of your potential every time you hit the

mat to tweak the variables of your solution to the

ancient physics problem of using your mass to

generate maximum energy.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Erik Richardson is a Certified

Sports Nutritionist in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He teaches math

at the elementary and college level, and he is currently the Director

of Richardson Ideaworks, which focuses on personal and

small business consulting.

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 67

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Dr. Jerry Beasley is professor of Exercise, Sport and Health at Radford University in Virginia, where he has headed the martial arts program since 1973. He has two new

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Many of the people who will read this column have already taken sides.

They feel that MMA (mixed martial arts) and TMA (traditional martial

arts) are two opposing groups each competing for acceptance in the martial

arts market. My opinion is that MMA is so different from TMA that

you miss the point if you confuse the two or are threatened by one group

as opposed to the other. Here’s why.

MMA introduced the theme of “reality fighting” in sports competition.

In reality fighting opponents fight to the knockout using whatever skills

work. There is no need to identify styles or systems. There are no masters,

no grandmasters and no chain of command. If a skill or method works,

it is used. MMA is a sport for the moment. We watch it, we enjoy it, we

speculate about it and then we forget about it. Many of us also learn from


It is true that the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) began as a

venue to promote Gracie Jujitsu as the one and only superior style. Rorion

Gracie and Art Davies developed the UFC in 1993 and matched fighters

from various styles against their hand-picked representative for the

Brazilian style of Jujitsu. His name was Royce Gracie. Between 1993 and

1995, Royce Gracie became the only three-time UFC tournament winner.

Royce then began to fight exclusively in challenge matches in which he

continued to win.

The original UFC theme, “There are no rules,” may have attracted

viewers that looked forward to an event in which blood letting and

knockouts were common fare, but it also attracted government scrutiny.

Senator John McCain called the reality fighting presented in the UFC

“human cockfighting.” The controversial fighting events were banned in

most states and eventually lost rights to the lucrative Pay-Per-View market.

The fact is that the “no rules” position attracted the barroom brawler

type epitomized by Tank Abbott. Abbott was a slugger with no style or

affiliations. He came to knockout the opponent or get knocked out in the


Interestingly enough, when CBS decided recently to enter the lucrative

market for MMA sports programming they pinned their hopes on a

former “street fighter” named Kimbo Slice. Kimbo had gained a reputation

as being the tough guy in some of the most often viewed videos on

Youtube. When Slice was knocked out by a younger and smaller opponent

in the MMA ring, his defeat sank an entire MMA organization.

Look for Kimbo Slice to reemerge in the next season of The Ultimate

Fighter on Spike TV.

Near the mid-1990s, it became evident that the style versus style comparisons

were losing their appeal. The street fighter types recruited by the

UFC were equally unable to hold the viewer’s interest. To win acceptance

from government sanctioning offices and earn back the Pay-Per-View

market, the UFC developed rules and regulations to ensure the safety of

the fighters. Commentators for the UFC had introduced the term “mixed

martial arts” to indicate a fighter who represented no particular style. The

true MMA fighter trained to perfect his personal stand up and grappling

game and supplemented his progress with proper nutrition and fitness


In the MMA scheme of things the term “style” represents “limitations.”

Bruce Lee had made the same type of observations in the late 1960s.

When I say my style is Tae Kwon Do, for example, I am saying that I am

limited to the kicks, punches, blocks, and forms that are taught in my

style. At this point the reader may be thinking, “Okay, he’s insulting my

style.” Not true. Remember, I have been a martial artist for over 40 years.

I have trained in MMA instruction and promoted MMA seminars. I can

see the easily identified differences in the two concepts.

The MMA sport martial artist identifies the body as the superior

weapon. The MMA stylist seeks the finest training in stand up and

ground. They seek to develop a muscular and fit body, often times

adorned with body art. Like the samurai of old they are trained to fight.

To accomplish the goals of their training they must engage in competitions

to determine who, on a given day, will win a contest within the

framework of selected rules. Sport fighters train to win!

The traditional martial artist takes a different view of his/her art. The

traditional martial artist identifies the mind as the superior weapon. The

traditionalist trains the mind through character development, discipline,

and self-denial. The goal of the traditionalist is to first avoid the fight,

but if necessary to fight in the confidence that victory can be measured

in many ways. While the MMA sport fighter is expected to engage in his

sport for up to ten years, the traditionalist trains for life.

MMA is very different than TMA. While MMA represents instant

gratification, TMA thrives on deferred gratification. MMA is just

right for today’s society, seeking the good life here and now. Others

take a different view. TMA teaches us to invest in our lifetime. Work

hard now and reap the benefits later. Indeed, TMA teaches that the

hard work we do now is enjoyable.

As a graduate student at Virginia Tech in the late 1970s, I

researched the social expectations of the traditional martial instructor.

I found that the physical skills associated with traditional styles have

always varied. To argue that my style has the best skills is folly. Skills

are little more than the carrot we wave in front of the student. What

the TMA dojang offers the student is a selected and organized peer

group. The TMA peer groups have identified certain values as being

most important. Hard work, dedication to a goal, honesty, integrity,

and indomitable spirit are exemplified by those in the group. Join the

TMA peer group and you will adopt the same values. Become part of

TMA and you become a leader.

Again and again, I found that students who had properly internalized

the values of a TMA school learned to set goals and accomplish

objectives to ensure the attainment of those goals. What we offer parents

is a select peer group that will assist their child in the attainment

of self confidence, self regulation, self discipline and an appreciation

for authority. But how do we attract the student whose only goal is to

shave his head like Chuck Liddell and develop his ground game?

In a national survey conducted for my graduate school research, I

found that physical skill have always varied even among proponents

of the same arts. To limit your choices to the position that we must

practice a skill one way and only one way is wrong. The UFC continues

to teach us that we must adapt our physical skills to the environment.

We can adapt the MMA skills to our TMA programs and have

the best of both worlds. Embrace MMA. MMA is not the enemy of

TMA. Learn the mount and guard. Discover the most effective clinch

position. Discover for yourself how a representative of your art could

defend against the MMA fighter. Don’t let stubborn pride allow you

to miss the opportunity that MMA offers.

At this year’s Karate College, the Brazilian Jujitsu and MMA classes

were among the most popular courses offered. Reality-based martial

arts classes came in a close second. Traditional martial arts classes

ranked third in terms of popularity. To be competitive in today’s market

we have to keep up with the trends. It’s easy to add MMA skills

to the TMA curriculum. You can teach

a basic one leg takedown to a side

mount and arm bar submission

just like you would teach any

other one-step sparring drill. If

you haven’t started researching

the new directions being

taken by martial arts today,

get started.

MMA and You

By Dr. Jerry Beasley

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 69

By Ste





The student

mounts the

“Bob” bag in

the same fashion

he would

mount an opponent.

Student is free

to rain down

strikes with full

power. Student

learns how to

generate force

without the use

of his hips.

Where is it written that striking arts must

remain standing? That is a common misconception.

Somewhere along the way, the martial arts

community ordained standup as the world of strikers

and the ground as the exclusive domain of grapplers.

However, nothing could be further from the


The first recorded Olympic wrestling match

occurred in 708 B.C., but wrestling as an art may

have existed over 4,000 years ago in China. The

history of standup striking is also quite lengthy;

as early as 50 B.C., Koreans were practicing the

ancient striking art of Taek Kyon, which is the

forerunner to modern day Tae Kwon Do. The

fact is that determining which art was first may be

impossible, but more importantly, it may be irrelevant.

To ancient warriors, whether the fight was

decided by blows or by grappling was most certainly

not as important as winning the fight, which

at that time, meant surviving to fight another

day. The evolution of martial arts is about selfdefense,

a fact often lost in the hype of modern-day

competition. Based on that premise, fighters today

should be no less concerned about survival than

warriors of the past. Martial artists should not isolate

their thinking to any preconceived restrictions

about their particular style; in self-defense there are

no rules about which techniques to use and where

to use them.

Generally, standup styles like TKD limit their

training to striking only when on their feet. While

it is not true that all fights either go to the ground

or remain standing, it is true that all fights have the

possibility of either circumstance. Why would any

instructor or student want to gamble with their

life? In fact, Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) fighters

have proven that striking on the ground can

be extremely devastating. Consider the number

of matches that end in a knockout resulting from

“ground ‘n pound” tactics. With just a little adjustment

in technique and a big adjustment in strategy,

standup arts like TKD can be very effective on the


At first, when strikers hit the ground, a strange

spell comes over them and they forget to use all of

their hard-earned skills—knees, elbows, punches,

etc. Mr. Jim Del Real, chief instructor of the

Penn State Korean Karate club, suggests that the

most difficult challenge for students or instructors

is mental, not physical. Del Real is a former

Professional Karate Association (PKA) full-contact

fighter and he knows only too well the effects of

employing powerful strikes on the ground. Strikers

need to go back to their roots and remember that

the quality of techniques, not quantity, has more to

do with the outcome of a fight.

According to Del Real, the greatest challenge

students and instructors face is to let go of their

pride and accept that no single art is perfect or has

70 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

all of the answers. Only those that have been forced

to change schools (or styles) can know the difficulty

in learning something new, based on a completely

different philosophy. Initially, there will be resistance.

Forcing students to train on the ground, who

are used to sparring and practicing self-defense

only on their feet, will be a challenge; however, until

students face their fears and begin to learn ground

tactics, they are not complete. The simple truth is

that standup striking and ground striking are flip

sides of the same coin. Mr. Del Real is quick to

point out, “Anything you can do on your feet, you

can do on the ground.”

Noting the differences between the stand up

game and the ground game is essential in determining

adjustments in technique. First, students

will realize that mobility on the ground is relatively

restricted. Hip motion, which is the key

method that a striker generates power, is greatly

reduced. Second, blocks are not as effective; and

third, head movement is limited, creating more of a

stationary target and thus, increased vulnerability.

The differences, however, are not all bad. In a top

position, gravity becomes your ally. Additionally,

the ground plays an important role in what

self-defense experts call the “hammer and anvil”

effect. With the ground supporting the opponent’s

head, the concussion or force of a blow is magnified

by the fact that there is no recoil for the target. In

this case, the head absorbs the full impact of the

strike. Finally, Mr. Del Real notes that perhaps the

greatest difference students will find with ground

fighting is that everyone is equal. For fighters that

understand the ground game, an opponent’s advantage

in height, weight and reach no longer pose as

much of a threat.

In order for standup strikers to know what techniques

work, it is important to have an understanding

of the different tactical positions commonly

used by ground fighters. While it is true that some

positions are better suited for attacking, ground

strikes can be launched in just about any situation,

and from all angles.

The most common position on the ground is

the full-guard. Grapplers will lie on their back and

use their legs to immobilize their opponent’s hips

while at the same time trying to control the head

and reduce striking space. A very similar tactic is

Student positions

for sidecontrol.

He then extends

his leg to

prepare for a

knee strike.

Student executes

a knee

strike with full

power to the

side of the bag.

The anatomical

correctness of

a “Bob” bag

helps to create

a realistic scenario.

called the half-guard, and as its name suggests, it is

characterized by both legs controlling only one of

the opponent’s legs which essentially results in less

control of the hips.

Side-control is literally where one fighter is on

top of another, chest pressed against each other

in perpendicular fashion so that the person on

the top restricts the movement of the one on the

bottom. This is an excellent situation for the top

fighter to launch knee strikes to the ribs of an


Perhaps the only position designed specifically

for attacking is called the top full-mount. Simply

put, the top fighter has a completely dominate

advantage by sitting on the opponent above the

hips and beyond the control of the bottom fighter’s

legs. This allows the top fighter to throw unobstructed

strikes at the opponent’s head, usually

ending the fight.

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 71

Top position

fighter is

controlled in



He then forces

his body upward

to create



he follows with

an elbow to

his opponent’s


With regard to distance, striking on the ground

is no different than the standup game. Striking

range is striking range. The issue is really one of

mobility; the space needed to achieve striking range

is easier to create when standing. A standup fighter

can change range by stepping forward and back,

altering a stance, or leaning to a side. Movement

will force openings that can be quickly exploited

with a well placed strike. Since one of the primary

defenses on the ground is to restrict mobility, the

capability (or the decision) to move may not be

there. Additionally, experienced ground fighters are

well aware of how to reduce the range by controlling

an opponent’s head. So what is the take-home

message? Finding the range to strike is more difficult

on the ground and the ability to do so may

determine the effectiveness of each blow. That

is why so many MMA fighters constantly try to

achieve a full-mount. This position creates ample

space while leaving the bottom fighter totally


What is the best way to create space? There

are a number of ways, two of which are the most

popular. First, when initially closing in on a downed

opponent, the striker can dive in with hopes of

connecting on the way down. This is risky as the

fighter on the ground has an opportunity to either

move out of the way or, more likely, will execute an

up-kick to the approaching striker. Diving in as a

tactic is generally something found in sport MMA

and not recommended for self-defense.

The second approach assumes the striker is

on top in the opponent’s full-guard as the latter

attempts to keep the range close for grappling.

One technique that a top position fighter

can use is called “posturing up.” It requires some

level of strength as the striker tries to elevate his

or her upper body, creating the necessary space to

attack. This maneuver is then immediately followed

up by strikes to the bottom position fighter’s head

and torso.

Asking what works is a loaded question. Most

fighters will tell you that the best technique is

the one that lands; however, some are clearly better

than others. For martial artists, according to

Mr. Del Real, the first rule to remember is that

there are no rules for self-defense—ever! Given

that strikers may have to work for the needed distance

that comes naturally while standing, it is no

surprise that Del Real endorses short, powerful

strikes. For him, there are three specific techniques

that produce the best results; elbows, European

uppercuts, and knee strikes.

Elbows are an excellent choice because they can

generate enormous power in a very short distance

from almost any angle. In addition, elbow strikes

are notorious for cutting opponents and inflicting

serious soft tissue damage. This technique is at the

top of the list because it is equally effective from

either the top or bottom position.

A close cousin of the elbow strike is the

European uppercut, which Mr. Del Real describes

as a boxing uppercut using the forearm as a striking

surface instead of the fist. The advantage of

72 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

this technique is that it can be thrown from a

range of only a few inches, yet with devastating

results. Using the forearm against an opponent’s

chin, nose, or throat is an anatomical mismatch,

favoring the striker.

Finally, one of the most powerful strikes on the

ground should come as no surprise because it is

also one of the most powerful strikes on the feet—

the knee strike. This technique is most effective

from the top position side-mount. The amount of

damage a knee strike does to a downed fighter is

hard to imagine, especially when in self-defense, all

targets are fair game.

Mr. Del Real notes that a couple of staple strikes

for standup stylists are not a smart choice on the

ground. A jab or a cross punch requires too much

space to generate ample power. More importantly,

when a striker punches and extends the arm, skilled

grapplers will seize the opportunity to attack with a

submission attempt.

Training for ground striking can be separated

into two categories. First, there are specific fitness

exercises that will improve a striker’s ability to

deliver power without the use of his or her hips.

Second, certain drills will help students understand

the technical challenges of space and limited mobility.

Mr. Del Real encourages students to increase

strength in their core and shoulders to replace

the use of hip rotation employed in standup

strikes. Specifically, he endorses Roman chair situps,

knee-ups (from a suspended position), and

various types of push-ups.

From a technical perspective, one of the best

ways to practice “ground n’ pound” (without losing

students), is to use a free-standing heavy bag or a

“Bob” bag. Simply remove the bag and place it flat

on the ground so students can mount it and rain

down blows. Striking without the use of your hips

is a real wakeup call for most standup martial artists.

For many striking arts familiar with standup

encounters, the prospect of ending up on the

ground has always been a dilemma. The good news

is that it doesn’t have to be that way! With a little

adjustment in strategy and training, strikers can be

just as effective on the ground. According to Mr.

Del Real, the determining factor is really the student’s

ability to put their pride in their back pocket

and accept a new approach. Like everything in life,

progress is measured by the ability to accept change

and adapt.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Stephen DiLeo is a fourth-degree

black belt in Tae Kwon Do and a first-degree black belt in

Tang Soo Do. He is one of the chief instructors at the Altoona

Academy of Tae Kwon-Do with over 30 years experience and

has taught at numerous seminars and summer camps. Mr. DiLeo

is also a freelance writer and photographer.


allows the bottom


fighter to control



Half-guard allows

control of

only one side

of the top position



shows top

position fighter

fully dominating


taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 73

Stretch Yourself

Osteoarthritis causes wearing out of a joint’s cartilage,

either from chronic abuse or from a sudden

trauma that unfavorably affected the joint’s mechanics.

Whether from hardening of the subchondral bone* or

from overloading muscles stabilizing the joint, the end

result is destruction of the articular cartilage, pain and

eventually loss of motion.

You can have osteoarthritis and not know it. The

affected joint may be fairly painless—just less stable

or less mobile than it should, and muscles around it

may be sore often. Or the joint may be painful too.

Destruction of the joint’s cartilage can progress quite

far without pain because the cartilage is not innervated

(has no pain receptors). Joint tissues that are

innervated, and send pain signals when irritated, are

the fibrous connective tissue of the joint’s capsule, the

muscles around the joint, and the bone underneath

the cartilage. So, when the cartilage is worn through,

the bone will hurt. Before that happens, the person

may feel pain in some parts of the joint impinging on

others due to poor muscular control (e.g., impingement

of the shoulder joint), as well as the soreness of

muscles overworked by compensating for poor joint

mechanics. Eventually the person may feel tightness

in the joint caused by increased volume of the joint’s

fluid, which distends the joint’s capsule. Distention of

the joint’s capsule causes inhibition (switching off ) of

muscles controlling the joint, and that leads to their


In any case, the pain is easy to deal with—there is

a multitude of painkilling pills and creams. Killing the

pain alone does nothing to stop the arthritic changes

in the joint, but it may permit arthritis sufferers to do

exercises that slow down or stop the progress of the

disease. What concerns the arthritis sufferers most is

the damage to the joint’s cartilage and the

resulting loss of stability and eventually

mobility of the joint. Yes,

at some stage of cartilage damage

the joint loses stability—

becomes lax—and seems

more mobile (e.g., the knee

may bend too much to the

sides or the front). Later

on though, the joint loses

mobility and eventually, in

the worst case, may become

fused. How does this happen?

While in some spots

the cartilage is worn away,

in some others it grows and

eventually blocks the joint.

This is not visible on

X-rays—not until

the overgrown

cartilage calcifies. Before that happens, both the worn-out

and overgrown cartilage can be revealed by MRI. (X-rays

of arthritic joints show only altered position of bones,

which indicates the amount of change in the cartilage but

does not show the cartilage itself.)

But back to the arthritis sufferers…Knowing that the

cartilage in the affected joint or joints is worn out, most

look for ways to restore it. They eat supplements, apply

creams and ointments, even have medication injected into

the joints. Of the supplements, glucosamine and chondroitin

are shown to do no harm, but there is little proof

of them helping. No cream or ointment can penetrate the

joint’s capsule to bring in the building materials, so the

best they can do is lower the pain and reduce inflammation.

After an injection into the joint’s cavity, the cartilage

may begin to grow, but not so selectively. The undamaged

cartilage, growing in the “wrong places,” will grow even

more—and the joint will be further blocked. This excessive,

uneven growth may have striking results in the knee

joints: Not only will their mobility be reduced but also

the legs may bend drastically, even more than 45 degrees,

either out (bow legs) or in (x-legs), and in the worst cases

one leg out and one leg in. Many people fall for miraculous

medicines, ancient or modern, from shamans or space

labs, that promise to selectively grow the cartilage where

it is damaged (and perhaps eat it away where it is not

needed). There are ways of selectively stimulating growth

of worn-out cartilage and removing the overgrown cartilage—but

these are not simple procedures like injections.

These are surgical procedures: Both the prolotherapy to

stimulate growth of the cartilage and the abrading of the

excessive growth require arthroscopy. They are not very

effective either; after all, people still get their knees and

hips replaced.

So what should you do to restore function of an

arthritic joint? First, stop any exercise or activity that

causes pain and inflammation (pain = damage = inflammation).

If an exercise causes any discomfort in the joint

during or after performing it, then it is not good and has

to go. Second, stop the inflammation. Inflammation damages

all tissues of the joint (cartilage, ligaments, tendons)

and causes atrophy of the muscles stabilizing and controlling

the joint. A long-lasting inflammation can cause

permanent destruction of muscles that cannot be brought

back to life by any means (e.g., fatty atrophy—muscle

fibers dying and being replaced by fat). Inflammation may

be stopped by creams, ointments, or gels such as Voltaren,

prescription anti-inflammatory drugs, and in the worst

cases by cortisol injections. Whatever it takes, the inflammation

has to be stopped for two reasons:

* To stop the damage

* To make the patient realize how it feels to not have the


74 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

By Thomas Kurz

Some arthritis sufferers recognize a big flare-up but not a

low-level, continuous inflammation. They think that what

they feel is normal and keep on exercising and damaging

the joint. After a successful anti-inflammatory treatment,

they realize how the joint should feel when it is not

inflamed, so they can monitor their activity using that

feeling. Third, restore proper joint mechanics as much as

possible. Without doing this the joint will be damaged

again, the cycle of damage-inflammation-damage will

return, and the joint will be lost. Only after restoring the

proper joint mechanics can it be safe to exercise it.

The most effective methods of restoring proper joint

mechanics are those based on specific manual tests of the

joint’s function (actually of muscles controlling the joint)

that reveal the cause of dysfunction and at the same time

suggest a treatment. The treatment is done immediately

after each test, and then the muscles are tested again to

see if they control the joint correctly. The procedure is

repeated within one treatment session until the best possible

result is obtained. (Often several treatment sessions

are needed to get the desired result—because old habits

are hard to break and the patient’s neuromuscular system

tends to slip back into the old ways.) This is how dysfunctional

joints and other injuries are treated by specialists of

Applied Kinesiology, Active Release Techniques, Muscle

Activation Techniques, and Sports Chiropractic. To learn

more about those specialties, visit websites of their governing





or are rehabbing after a surgery, it is best if the MAT

specialist you see is also a physical therapist. Anybody can

take MAT courses, but physical therapists (and surgeons

too, obviously) understand all implications of an injury.

They know properties of damaged tissues, regularities of

healing, and what can go wrong.

*Footnote: Healthy bone under the cartilage has some give, so

compressive forces acting on the joint are absorbed by both the

cartilage and the bone. When excessively loaded, the bone loses

that give; the cartilage alone has to absorb the pressure, so it

breaks down.

Thomas Kurz is an athlete, a physical education teacher, and a

Judo instructor and coach. He studied at the University School of

Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland (Akademia Wychowania

Fizycznego). He is the author of Stretching Scientifically, Science

of Sports Training: How to Plan and Control Training for Peak

Performance, Secrets of Stretching, and Basic Instincts of Self-

Defense. He also writes articles for Stadion News, a quarterly

newsletter that is available from Stadion Publishing (stadion.com

or stretching.info). For self-defense tips visit self-defense.info. If

you have any questions on training you can post them at Stadion’s

Sports and Martial Arts Training Discussion at stadion.com/


“This training is going to make believers out of all of you,” stated Sgt. Ed Thurston of the Fitchburg,

Massachusetts Police Department. Between his thumb and forefinger he dangled a five and a half inch

hard plastic club. The shaft was rounded and grooved. The butt of each end was flat. On one end, keys

were attached. “I have personally used this tool to take down and subdue a perpetrator who had about fifty

pounds of muscle on me and was loaded on angel dust. It was a struggle, but he wound up cuffed and a lot

more compliant than when the altercation first began.”

Sgt. Thurston continued, “This little device, class, is called a Kubotan. I also like to call it an attitude

adjuster.” I was soon to find out why. As a civilian martial arts instructor, I was honored to be invited to

this workshop. Sgt. Thurston was a certified Kubotan Instructor at the police academy. Over the next four

days of intensive training, the Sergeant would indeed make “believers” out of this entire class of students.

By Norman Mclinden

—John Adams, writer of the Declaration of

Independence and second President of the United


76 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

The Kubotan Keychain is a handy, versatile tool of self-defense. A civilian can

use it to keep an attacker at bay just by slashing with the key end. It can also be

used for powerful, blunt strikes. In the hands of well-trained law enforcement

officers, it can be used to restrain suspects without causing excessive physical


The Kubotan is said to be derived from the Yawara stick, used in some traditional

Japanese systems. Korean stylists can relate its strikes and joint locks to the

dan-bong. However, the Kubotan as a keychain was developed and trademarked

by Takayuki Kubota.

Tak Kubota was born in Kumamoto, Japan, and holds the title of Soke or

Grandmaster for his development of the Gosoku Ryū style of Karate. He was a

self-defense instructor for the Tokyo police department in the 1950s where he

was renowned for his expertise in practical applications of Karate. Kubota has

devoted his life to learning, creating and teaching the application of self-defense

techniques to military, law enforcement and civilian personnel. He is the president

and founder of the International Karate Association, Inc., and the inventor of the

Kubotan self-defense keychain. The word Kubotan is a combination of Tak’s surname,

Kubota, and baton.

Tak Kubota originally developed the Kubotan as a means of restraining a

violent perpetrator without causing unnecessary injury. Kubota made the keychain

popular in the mid 1970s when he started training the LAPD. Use of the

self-defense tool spread rapidly throughout the law enforcement community and

eventually became well known in civilian self-defense workshops.

Kubotans can be made of wood, aluminum or hard plastic. They are five and

a half inches in length and a half inch in diameter. A fob at the end allows you

to attach your keys. With modernization of the tool, Kubotans began to come

in a variety of colors with flat or pointed tips. My personal preference is a solid

black hard plastic with a flat butt. This is the original trademarked design of Tak


taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 77

—Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Roman playwright

We have all seen home videos taken of police using batons to bring a

suspect under control. Most often the public does not know the back story

leading up to this display of force. Policemen just come across as using

unnecessary violence. The other impact is the alleged criminal fails to comply

even after repeated strikes.

A well-trained policeman using a Kubotan will usually have immediate

compliance from a suspect. A few solid joint locks applying pressure to the

nerve clusters will have the offender rapidly in handcuffs and obeying all

orders given by the law enforcement official.

From what I have seen and experienced, we can throw away those

tasers and batons and give a well-trained officer a Kubotan. Attitude will

be adjusted immediately. The perpetrator will soon be shouting, “Don’t

Kubotan me, Bro!!”

— Miyamoto Musashi, samuri and author of The Book of Five Rings

In self-defense, immediate direct action is important. At a typical

Kubotan training, students are taught to hold the tool correctly, and then

slash across an attacker’s face with the keys. This is a good strategy. A quick

slash to the face and run! As with any type of weapon training, the student

must realize their weapon is an extension of their body. Slashing the keys

78 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

to the vulnerable areas of the face requires some precision. Practice makes

perfect. The best way to start a civilian workshop is teaching this slashing

motion. However, for striking you do not have to be this accurate.

One may think of the urban myth where bouncers and tough guys

clenched a roll of quarters in their fists to boost their punching power.

Holding a Kubotan in your fist will align your knuckles correctly and enhance

your striking power. You also have the advantage of striking with the butt of

the Kubotan.

There are literally no wrong strikes. Once educated in a few valid striking

points, the student can move naturally to jabbing the face, chest, groin areas.

Hit hard to the closest part of the body the attacker presents to you. Jabbing

the butt of a Kubotan into an assailant’s pectoral area is a painful shock and

can allow one the advantage of stunning and running.

A continuous series of strikes is a painful experience for any attacker.

Nerve clusters run close to the surface of the body. The main thing for the

student of self-defense to do is react, slash, strike, stun and run.

—Oscar Wilde, Irish poet and novelist

On the last day of my training, I was required to use my Kubotan to contain

and control one of my fellow students. As luck would have it, I drew a

partner who was half a foot taller than me with powerful arms and wrists. He

smiled as my test started. I could tell by his look he was not going to go down

easily. I locked the Kubotan to his wrist and he started bucking and resisting

like a wild mustang. His resistance died down as I rolled the hard plastic implement to his radial nerve.

After what seemed like a long struggle, I had my partner subdued and handcuffed and more than willing to

comply with my direct orders. I noticed that my partner was sweating a lot more then I was.

Sgt. Ed, the instructor, smiled at my final work. He asked my partner if it was worth resisting so much.

He got a very subdued “No sir” from my training buddy. Then the Sergeant inquired of me, “Are you a

believer now?” I nodded in the affirmative, fully realizing how important this tool, this Kubotan, was.

Yes, I am a believer in the Kubotan keychain. It is self-defense in your pocket and a magnificent tool for

police action and civilian self-defense. Attend a workshop taught by a well-trained professional and you too

will be a “believer.”

The author suggests those interested in Kubotan and law enforcement training visit Soke Tak Kubota’s

Web site at the International Karate Association at ikakarate.com.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Master Norman Mclinden is a seventh-dan black belt in Tae Kwon Do. He holds a fifth-degree black belt

in the Joe Lewis Fighting System and is a certified Kubotan Instructor. McLinden is the owner and Master Instructor of NorthEastern

Tae Kwon Do Academy, located in Bellingham, Massachusetts. He can be reached at nmclinden@msn.com.

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 79

I am “un-offendable.” At least that’s what I keep

telling myself every time someone offends me.

A good friend of mine who literally mentored

me in the TV business, told me straight up when I

got my first TV break, “If you really want to make

it in this business, you’re going to have to learn how

to smile and keep your mouth shut.” It was the best

advice I ever got, and I soon found out why.

What a funny business. It seems you get hired

because you’re deemed “better” than all the other

candidates out there. Sometimes, you have to beat

out hundreds of other talents to just get a shot at a

major market position. Then once you get that job, all

they do is tell you how you’re not “measuring up.” You

get viewers calling in telling you how much they hate

your outfit or hair-do. If you let it, you’ll go home and

that business will just suck the soul right out of your


But not if you can learn how to smile and keep

your mouth shut. It’s a real battle over the flesh to do

it, but it teaches you how to not be offended. In the

long run, I’ve never seen it not pay off.

Those of you who have dogs know exactly what

I’m talking about when I say that man’s best friend

cannot be offended. I used to come home and head

straight for the bathroom. Seconds later, there was my

dog, busting through the door. I used to yell, “If you’re

going to do that, the least you

can do is close the door

behind you!” It didn’t

matter what I

said. Poncho, my

mischievous wiener

dog, would

just stand

there with his

tail wagging,

because, like

all dogs, he was


Webster’s defines “offense” as something that

offends or displeases. In our martial arts training,

offense is the opposite of defense. More simply

put, offense is the attack mode. Yet, we don’t find

offense in being offensive because that’s just the

way it is. In their basic process, the martial arts are

the tactical training of offense and defense.

I remember when I was an orange belt. We had

a guest instructor from Korea teaching class that

week. He was really into hook-kicks, and I really

couldn’t do them. So the next night, I thought

I would be the good student, come in early and

personally ask him for help with this kick before

class. He didn’t speak much English, but he did

pull out a chair and say, “200 times each leg.”

Though I never did ask this particular instructor

for help again, his actions didn’t offend me, because

I fully understood that he was trying to help me

become a better martial artist.

I wonder if we can apply that same principle

to those in our own lives whom we find offensive.

Could it be that they have been placed as

a teacher on our own stage to make us a better

person? As a “master,” I have discovered that those

who have offended me have forced me to look more

closely at the things that I have not yet “mastered.”

The most offensive people in my life have

also taught me the hardest hitting lessons of my

life. Like how to be patient, tolerant and have

unconditional love.

All I know is, when I smiled and kept my

mouth shut on the job, whoever was being offensive

toward me had no other choice but to go

away. What else was there to say? By the way, I

also have a pretty mean hook-kick!

Karen Eden is a fourth-degree black belt and master in the art of

Tang Soo Do. She is also a published author, former radio personality

and TV journalist, who has appeared on CNN, FOX National,

and Animal Planet. She has also appeared in two major Hollywood

productions. Karen has written for and appeared in many martial

arts publications over the years. Her books include The Complete

Idiot’s Guide to Tae Kwon Do (Penguin Books) and I Am a Martial

Artist (Century Martial Arts). She is also the poet behind the popular

I Am a Martial Artist product line, also available through Century

Martial Arts, and Dojo Darling martial arts wear, available through

Karatedepot.com. Master Eden currently teaches at-risk youth

through the Salvation Army in Denver, Colorado. For contact or booking

information, email her at sabomnim@toast.net.

Woman of the Times

By Karen Eden

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 81

I am “un-offendable.” At least that’s what I keep

telling myself every time someone offends me.

A good friend of mine who literally mentored

me in the TV business, told me straight up when I

got my first TV break, “If you really want to make

it in this business, you’re going to have to learn how

to smile and keep your mouth shut.” It was the best

advice I ever got, and I soon found out why.

What a funny business. It seems you get hired

because you’re deemed “better” than all the other

candidates out there. Sometimes, you have to beat

out hundreds of other talents to just get a shot at a

major market position. Then once you get that job, all

they do is tell you how you’re not “measuring up.” You

get viewers calling in telling you how much they hate

your outfit or hair-do. If you let it, you’ll go home and

that business will just suck the soul right out of your


But not if you can learn how to smile and keep

your mouth shut. It’s a real battle over the flesh to do

it, but it teaches you how to not be offended. In the

long run, I’ve never seen it not pay off.

Those of you who have dogs know exactly what

I’m talking about when I say that man’s best friend

cannot be offended. I used to come home and head

straight for the bathroom. Seconds later, there was my

dog, busting through the door. I used to yell, “If you’re

going to do that, the least you

can do is close the door

behind you!” It didn’t

matter what I

said. Poncho, my

mischievous wiener

dog, would

just stand

there with his

tail wagging,

because, like

all dogs, he was


Webster’s defines “offense” as something that

offends or displeases. In our martial arts training,

offense is the opposite of defense. More simply

put, offense is the attack mode. Yet, we don’t find

offense in being offensive because that’s just the

way it is. In their basic process, the martial arts are

the tactical training of offense and defense.

I remember when I was an orange belt. We had

a guest instructor from Korea teaching class that

week. He was really into hook-kicks, and I really

couldn’t do them. So the next night, I thought

I would be the good student, come in early and

personally ask him for help with this kick before

class. He didn’t speak much English, but he did

pull out a chair and say, “200 times each leg.”

Though I never did ask this particular instructor

for help again, his actions didn’t offend me, because

I fully understood that he was trying to help me

become a better martial artist.

I wonder if we can apply that same principle

to those in our own lives whom we find offensive.

Could it be that they have been placed as

a teacher on our own stage to make us a better

person? As a “master,” I have discovered that those

who have offended me have forced me to look more

closely at the things that I have not yet “mastered.”

The most offensive people in my life have

also taught me the hardest hitting lessons of my

life. Like how to be patient, tolerant and have

unconditional love.

All I know is, when I smiled and kept my

mouth shut on the job, whoever was being offensive

toward me had no other choice but to go

away. What else was there to say? By the way, I

also have a pretty mean hook-kick!

Karen Eden is a fourth-degree black belt and master in the art of

Tang Soo Do. She is also a published author, former radio personality

and TV journalist, who has appeared on CNN, FOX National,

and Animal Planet. She has also appeared in two major Hollywood

productions. Karen has written for and appeared in many martial

arts publications over the years. Her books include The Complete

Idiot’s Guide to Tae Kwon Do (Penguin Books) and I Am a Martial

Artist (Century Martial Arts). She is also the poet behind the popular

I Am a Martial Artist product line, also available through Century

Martial Arts, and Dojo Darling martial arts wear, available through

Karatedepot.com. Master Eden currently teaches at-risk youth

through the Salvation Army in Denver, Colorado. For contact or booking

information, email her at sabomnim@toast.net.

Woman of the Times

By Karen Eden

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 81

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The Supplement

We all have a myriad of reasons for getting involved

in martial arts. One goal many of us share is to

lose weight and achieve a greater level of fitness. It is

relatively easy to monitor weight loss by simply using

a bathroom scale or paying attention to the way your

jeans fit. On the other hand, fitness requires more effort

to measure.

Because martial arts training is typically medium

to high intensity and lasts for at least an hour in most

cases, it burns a maximum number of calories per

workout and is therefore great for anyone who wants

to lose weight fast. The average number of calories

burned while participating in an hour-long martial

arts class is approximately 700 calories per hour for

a 155 pound person. (Of course, this depends on the

form of martial arts that you practice and the intensity

of the workout, but this is an average number). This

compares to a 150 pound person running six miles per

hour (a ten-minute mile) for one hour.

However, a person’s weight is not necessarily an

indication of fitness level. Many people equate thinness

with being fit and conversely, overweight with

being out of shape. You can be overweight and still

be relatively fit. But it depends on whether the extra

weight you carry is muscle or fat. Even thin people are

at increased risk of heart disease if they are not active.

So, how can you determine just how fit you are?

The intensity at which you exercise reflects the

amount of oxygen your body uses to do an exercise

and the number of calories you burn while doing it.

Consider these simple strategies for monitoring how

hard you’re exercising and getting the most out of

your workouts. The quick and easy method is the “talk

test” and the more scientific method is “target heart

rate.” As a general rule, moderate-intensity activity is

best. If you exercise too lightly, you may not meet your

fitness or weight loss goals, but if you push yourself

too hard, you may increase your risk of soreness,

injury and burnout.

The talk test is a fast and easy method

used for measuring exercise intensity. By

judging your ability to talk during your

workout, you can determine how hard you’re

working. If you can carry on a conversation

of brief sentences but you cannot sing a

song, you’re probably exercising in the

recommended moderate-intensity

range. If you get out of breath

quickly, you’re probably

working too hard, especially

if you have to stop and catch

your breath. Experts generally

suggest that you should not be

breathless during your workouts.

However, if you’re doing interval training or a short,

high intensity workout, being somewhat breathless is

okay. Obviously, if you feel dizzy or lightheaded, you

should slow down or stop exercising.

If you want hard numbers then determining your target

heart rate and measuring your pulse is the way to go.

The harder you exercise, the faster your heart pumps.

As you get fitter and as your heart gets stronger, harder

bouts of exercise become easier, so your heart rate may

not be as high doing the same workout once you have

trained to do it. Target heart rates let you measure your

initial fitness level and monitor your progress in a fitness

program. This approach requires measuring your pulse

periodically as you exercise. To measure your pulse, stop

your exercise, place two fingers on the thumb side of

your wrist, or place your index and third fingers on your

neck to the side of your windpipe. When you feel your

pulse, look at your watch and count the number of beats

in 15 seconds. Multiply this number by 4 to get your

heart rate per minute.

Your maximum heart rate is about 220 minus your

age. The table shows estimated target heart rates for

different ages. Look for the age category nearest yours

and read across to find your target heart rate. When

starting an exercise program, aim at the lowest part of

your target zone (50 percent) during the first few weeks

and gradually build up to the higher part of your target

zone (75 percent). After six months or more of regular

exercise, you may be able to exercise comfortably at up

to 85 percent of your maximum heart rate. However,

you don’t have to exercise that hard to stay in shape.

Suzanne Ellenberger holds the rank of EE dan in Choi Kwang

Do martial arts. She works at Clemson University in South

Carolina, where she teaches both freshman chemistry courses

and a class in Choi Kwang Do martial arts. Suzanne also leads

the Clemson University Choi Kwang Do Club.

Average Maximum

Heart Rate

100 %

Target HR Zone


50–85 %

20 years 100–170 beats per minute 200 beats per minute

25 years 98–166 beats per minute 195 beats per minute

30 years 95–162 beats per minute 190 beats per minute

35 years 93–157 beats per minute 185 beats per minute

40 years 90–153 beats per minute 180 beats per minute

45 years 88–149 beats per minute 175 beats per minute

50 years 85–145 beats per minute 170 beats per minute

55 years 83–140 beats per minute 165 beats per minute

60 years 80–136 beats per minute 160 beats per minute

65 years 78–132 beats per minute 155 beats per minute

70 years 75–128 beats per minute 150 beats per minute

84 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

By Suzanne R. Ellenberger, Ph.D

TaeKwonDo Association

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The subway is the best way to travel in Seoul. It is clean, safe

and easy to navigate and the stops are called out verbally in Korean,

English and Japanese. Even if you do own a car and can afford the

gas prices, which are three times higher than in the U.S., it is still

extremely crowded on the roads and almost impossible to find a

parking space in the city.

One day, Master Chang and I were riding the subway to our car,

on the way home from training. The subway was not particularly

crowded at the time. Two young women were talking while standing,

sharing the support of a pole. One woman had a baby snugly

tied to her back in a sling. The other woman had a toddler playing

around her legs. The women were engrossed in conversation and

the toddler made his way over to the subway door. He quickly

found the crack separating the doors and was trying to work his

little fingers into the rubber edging. I was pretty sure the little

tyke was not actually capable of opening the door on the speeding

subway car. But then again, you know we have child safety locks on

everything in our country. Do other countries incorporate the same

construction guidelines for safety? It was unnerving at any rate. I

was watching the mother hoping she would notice and do something,

but she was deep into the discussion. I was uncomfortable

saying something myself, knowing the child would not understand

a foreigner. I would probably terrify him and make him try harder

to open the door and jump to escape. So I made Master Chang do


Master Chang looked over and saw what the kid was up to. I

expected him to turn to the child and say something like, “Ha jee

ma! (Stop it!)” With lightning speed, Master Chang spun around

and snap kicked the child in the rear end. Beautiful kick, nicely

executed, perfect snap...enough to lift the child from the floor

momentarily. Like any instructor who has taught a sparring class

and witnessed a student taking an unexpected blow, maybe a little

too hard, he sucks in a deep breath...your heart stops...time slows

to a crawl…you wait. Will the student kihap and come out fighting

or will you hear the blood-curdling scream of fear/surprise/pain/


No such luck, it was the mommy scream. Now Mommy (finally),

and everyone else on the subway notices the little boy. Mommy

spins on her heels, looks at her son bawling (from surprise more

than from actual pain), and looks at the guy who obviously had

something to do with it. Again, time slowed to a crawl...how will

Mommy react? Will she scream? Will the entire subway crowd

gang up and jump us? Is she going to slap him? Is she going to call

her lawyer?

Still completely clueless to the situation, the mother and her

talkative friend both turned completely toward Master Chang and

bowed saying, “Gam-sa-hom-nee-da (Thank you).”

Totally not expecting that response, I quickly asked Master

Chang for an explanation. “I am an adult and he was a little boy.

The mother trusts that an adult would never purposely harm a

child, but will teach them a lesson when needed.” That mother

knew that whatever her child did, required whatever punishment

he received.

This was not an isolated incident. Another time, I saw my Tae

Kwon Do instructor discipline a couple of teenagers smoking outside

the dojang. “Are they students here?” I asked, “Do you know

them? Who are they?” My instructor said he did not know them,

but that they were teenagers who should be studying and not hanging

around smoking. I was told to go inside. I trained as close to the

door as possible, to keep an eye on what was going on. After taking

what was coming to them, the teenagers themselves bowed to my

instructor and thanked him.

Of course, I don’t condone kid kicking. But of all the things I

miss about Korea, the feeling of trust within the community to

look out for one another is one of the best. Turn on your local news

and you will quickly be reminded why we cannot and should not

trust complete strangers to raise, teach and discipline our children

in our own country.

It is overwhelming to think you can just change the world, but

through our training we learn to make desired changes within ourselves.

It is our first step in influencing the world around us.

Our dojangs are a micro-community. We are a group of children,

adults and families united together with a common goal. We all

want to be happier through increased confidence and self-esteem.

We all want to be healthier with more self-control and discipline

and to feel safe. We all aspire to be stronger in mind, body and

spirit. It is in this community that we can experience trust between

juniors and seniors. Everyone has their part to play. The seniors, the

higher ranking, have to take responsibility to teach and set examples

for the lower ranks. It is easy to ignore bad behavior or technique.

It is tempting to be everyone’s favorite instructor and be lax

on the details or the enforcement of rules. But just like a parent, it

is the instructor who truly cares about the students, who takes the

time and effort to teach the lesson, regardless of how unpopular it

may make him/her at the time. The juniors or lower ranking (and

parents) have to appreciate the lessons being taught. They have to

trust the ways and methods, understanding that there is a reason

for every rule, every regulation and every disciplinary measure.

Translated from the old masters...

If there is virtue in the spirit, then there will be honor in the


If there is honor in the character, then there will be respect in

the home.

If there is respect in the home, there will

be harmony in the nation.

If there is harmony in the nation,

then there will be peace on Earth.

Master Rondy is a sixth-degree

black belt in WTF Taekwondo,

a fourth-degree in Hapkido

and a second-degree in

Kickboxing. She was the

only non-Asian member

of the Korean Tigers

Professional Martial

Arts Team, spending

two years in Korea, living

in Seoul and YongIn.

Master Rondy successfully

blends the cultures of a

Korean teaching staff and

an American management

staff for her 24,000

square foot superschool

located in Cary, North

Carolina. For more

information visit


East Meets West

By Master Rondy taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 87








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Certified by KANG RHEE, 9th Dan



United States



We invite all Belts,

Instructors, and Schools

Rank Promotion

School Membership

87 Stonehurst Drive

Tenafly, NJ 07670

(201) 569-3260


Coming in


The Ultimate in MMA




Coming in May…


Our Our


2nd Annual


Issue Ever!

Women’s Issue




Master Yun



Maurice Elmalem

Zen Beauty

Train Board-Breaking Your Core



Breaking Boundaries

Learn The Art the of Korean Secrets Pottery of

Female Leaders &

Training with Tape


World Independent

Hap-Ki-Do Federation

An International United Hap-Ki-Do Organization

Established in 1987

Europe ~ U.S.A. ~ Asia ~ Caribbean ~ Australia

Africa ~ Canada ~ South & Central America

Open for Membership &

Rank Promotion / Recognition

Traditional titles, Instructor, Dan certification issued

by the

World Hap-Ki-Do Won

Website: http://wihkdf.de

E-mail: wmal@mail.com

Secrets of the Masters Revealed!

Available for the first time ever on DVD

The Level 10 Kung Fu Association Presents

Secrets of Korean Kung Fu

Tae Kwon Do and Tang Soo Do stylists can now better

understand their art and learn how many of the techniques

from their forms are used in combat.

“If your instructor is not teaching

you the self-defense applications of

the techniques in your forms, then

you absolutely need this information

to make your training complete!”

“Educational and informative, these DVD’s are exactly

what I needed.. Master Theros has a unique way of

teaching and really understands how to teach by video.

I can’t recommend his DVD’s enough. An excellent

investment for any Korean Style martial artist..”

—Andrew Barrientez (Clinton, MD)

Knowledge is power and this knowledge will dramatically increase your

confidence and your skills.

For more information visit our website at www.LTKFA.com.

Attention Instructors: Master Theros is now accepting out-of-state affiliates.

(Outside Indiana Only)

CKD Goes Global

The Choi Kwang Do Conversion Program is designed to help instructors and

school owners convert their existing schools into productive and prosperous Choi

Kwang Do schools. The program provides a smooth transition into Choi Kwang

Do without affecting the operational functioning of the school or the learning and

development of the existing student body.

Qualified school owners will be invited to Choi Kwang Do Headquarters in Atlanta,

Georgia. These school owners will be instructed and trained by the founder

of Choi Kwang Do himself, Grandmaster Choi. School owners will be provided

with theoretical and technical information about Choi Kwang Do, information

about the organizational structure, and a support team from Choi Kwang Do


The January 2007 TKD Times front cover personality, Grandmaster Kwang Jo

Choi, is a well-respected martial artist with over fifty years of dedicated training.

TKD Times called Grandmaster Choi “A Force of Nature.” In March of 1987,

Grandmaster Choi introduced one of the most scientific martial arts in recent

times. At the age of 67, he is a living testament to his art in which the primary goal

is to prevent and reverse illness and disease and to promote optimal physical and

mental health and longevity by increasing energy and vitality.

Since its conception in 1987, thousands of instructors and students

have enjoyed the benefits of Choi Kwang Do

because of its close relationship with modern

scientific research. Choi Kwang Do’s natural,

easy-to-learn, sequential movements maximize

your body’s force-producing capabilities, but

more importantly, they increase opportunities

to enhance your health. It’s a unique

program based on modern scientific

principles from human anatomy, physiology

(the branch of biological sciences

dealing with the functioning of

organisms), psychology (the science of

mental life), kinesiology (the branch of

physiology that studies mechanics and

anatomy in relation to human movement),

neurophysiology (the branch of

neuroscience that studies the physiology

of the nervous system) and biomechanics

(human movement science). This phenomenal

relationship with cutting-edge

research enables Choi Kwang Do instructors

and students to enjoy this martial art while

maximizing health benefits and increasing the

GM Choi &

Alfredo Negron of

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 91


proficiency of self-defense skills without the

limitations of injury.

With the introduction of the Conversion

Program in Korea, South America and Central

America, multiple school owners with various

martial arts backgrounds have successfully

converted their schools into Choi Kwang Do

schools. These instructors and students are

reaping the benefits of this martial art that

Grandmaster Choi has graciously shared with

the rest of the world. We would like to welcome

and congratulate our latest instructors

from Korea, Russia, Canada, El Salvador, Peru,

Panama, Mexico, Columbia, Brazil, Nicaragua,

Puerto Rico and Costa Rica, who have gone

through the Choi Kwang Do Conversion Program.

These instructors have taken the first step

Mohammed Nasir (white shirt) of Malaysia and fellow instructors

by learning the theoretical and technical curriculum of Choi Kwang Do and are currently in the process of

learning the organizational structure and appealing business model. We are currently working with instructors

from other countries to help them convert as well.

In Canada, we have Mr. Kariyawansa, who is a first-dan and Chief Instructor. Mr. Kariyawansa started

training in Tae Kwon Do in 1997 and converted to Choi Kwang Do in 2004. After a short break in training,

he returned to Choi Kwang Do training in 2007. In April 2009, Mr. Kariyawansa opened his own school

in Halifax, Nova Scotia, which was the only Choi Kwang Do school in Canada. Mr. Kariyawansa visited

headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, in July 2009 where he was personally trained by founder and Grandmaster

Kwang Jo Choi. Mr. Kariyawansa also visited many schools in Atlanta and was trained by Master

Pereira, seventh-dan, and Master Gallager, fifth-dan. Mr. Kariyawansa received training in Korean etiquette,

mannerisms and language by Grandmaster Woo, eighth-dan. Mr. Kariyawansa was also certified in the

Choi Kwang Do Business Model, School Owners Program and Examiner Program by Master Pereira of

Choi Kwang Do Martial Art International. Mr. Kariyawansa is extremely excited about his positive start in

Halifax, Canada, with a fully functional and professional support team backing him up from Choi Kwang

Do Headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia.

Mr. Kariyawansa is joined in Canada by Mrs. Tanja Reid-Matlock, first-dan and Chief Instructor in Toronto,

Canada. Mrs. Reid-Matlock was trained

by Mr. Spence, Jr., fouth-dan, in Georgia. She

was an elite athlete who started training in

Choi Kwang Do because she saw the benefits

of this great martial art that can be practiced

at all stages of life. Mrs. Reid-Matlock trained

diligently and purposefully with Mr. Spence, Jr.

with the goal of becoming a school owner. She

is a certified school owner with Choi Kwang

Do Martial Art International and is excited

about opening her brand new school in the

greater Toronto area.

In Montreal, Mr. Stephane Quirone, thirddegree,

has been in Choi Kwang Do for many

years and is a senior instructor with Choi

Kwang Do International. He is very excited

that Mr. Kariyawansa and Mrs. Reid-Matlock

92 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

New CKD Instructors in Peru


have joined him in promoting Choi Kwang

Do all over Canada. He is also very enthused

about the future direction Choi

Kwang Do is heading, as many South and

Central American Countries are getting


In Russia, Mr. Skipalskiy, third-dan, and

his brother, Alexey, first-dan, are excited

about their new school in Moscow. Mr. Skipalskiy

has trained in Tae Kwon Do, Sambo,

Karate, Judo and Hapkido for many

years and is a third-dan in many disciplines.

Mr. Skipalskiy and his brother were also

accompanied by Ms. Ksenia Sedykh from

St. Petersburg Russia. These Russian Chief

Instructors and Head Instructors trained

Master Kyoung of Sugi, Korea (3rd from left)

and fellow instructors

in Atlanta, Georgia, directly with Grandmaster Choi. They were also taught

Choi Kwang Do business principles under the guidance of Master Pereira. These

instructors visited many Choi Kwang Do schools in Georgia to get a better understanding

of the functionality of this system and its use in the business world.

Currently, Hyo Kyung Kim, second-dan and Seon Young Park, third-dan from

Sugi, Korea, are training at CKD headquarters as well. These instructors have been

converted by Master In Hyun Kyong. They have experience in Tukong Moosul,

Yong Moo Do, Tae Kwon Do and Hapkido. Two years ago, Master Kyong himself

converted to Choi Kwang Do. There is an expansion program in place in Korea

under the direction of Master Kyong.

Mr. Alfredo Negron, fourth-dan from Las Piedras, Puerto Rico, traveled to Choi

Kwang Do Headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, to train with Grandmaster Kwang

Jo Choi. Mr. Negron is the first martial art instructor to train with the founder and

is introducing Choi Kwang Do to the beautiful island of Puerto Rico. Mr. Negron

started training in Karate in 1979 and changed to TKD in 1987. His wife Aidita

is a brown belt, while his children, Rafeal, second-dan, Christian, second-dan, and

Miriangeliz, third-dan, all run two professional TKD schools with two additional

classes in private schools, that have been converted to Choi Kwang Do. Plans are

being made for Grandmaster Kwang Choi to conduct a Choi Kwang Do seminar

in Puerto Rico.

We would like to congratulate Master Fernando

Yupanqui for converting 19 Tae Kwon Do schools in

Peru to Choi Kwang Do. Choi Kwang Do International

would also like to thank Mr. Raneiro Del Frederico

and Elena Santa Cruz for undertaking the conversion

program in Peru.

We are currently looking for other qualified instructors

from around the world to join this growing

multi-nation international martial art. Choi Kwang Do

has stood the test of time and this is the perfect opportunity

to elevate your martial art career to the next

level. For more information, visit choikwangdo.com.

GM Choi & Mr. Kariyawansa of Canada


South Korea

taekwondotimes.com / November 2009 93



Defensive Services Intl

4960 S Gilbert Rd Suite 485

Chandler 85249

(480) 985-9700 (480)



Best Martial Arts Supply

7120 Alondra Blvd

Paramount 90723

(562) 251-1600


Black Lotus Martial Arts Academy

Kuk Sool of San Diego

San Diego 92117

(619) 723-1592 KukSool.net

DeAlba Productions

PO Box 641286

San Francisco 94164

(415) 661-9657

Kenʼs Trading Golden Tiger

9528 Richmond Place

Rancho Cucamonga 91730

(909) 980-0841


Jung SuWon World Federation

4150 Technology Place,

Fremont, 94538

(510) 659-9920


Kuk Sool of San Diego (BLMAA)

4170 Morena Blvd. Suite F.

San Diego, 92117

(858) 274-4212


Kuk Sool Won of San Francisco

1641 Fillmore Street

San Francisco 94115

(415) 567-5425

Robinsonʼs TaeKwonDo Center

2155 Fulton Ave

Sacramento 95825

(916) 481-6815

World Hapkido Federation

PO Box 155323

Los Angeles 90015

(714) 730-3000

World KIDO Federation

3557 Valenza Way

Pleasanton 94566

(510) 468-8109


World KukSool HKD Federation

PO Box 16166

Beverly Hills 90209

(310) 859-1331


Colorado Intl TaeKwon-Do

Master Roberto Carlos Roena

Denver/Wheatridge/Ft. Collins


US TaeKwonDo Federation

Chuck Sereff

6801 W 117th Ave

Broomfield 80020


Turtle Press

403 Silas Deane Hwy

Wethersfield 06109

(860) 721-1198



Korean Martial Arts Institute

2419 W Newport Pike

Stanton 19804

(302) 992-7999



American TKD Union

1303 E Busch Blvd

Tampa 33612

(313) 935-8888

Aruba Karate Institute

7440 NW 79th St

Miami 33166


ATU Headquarters

1303 E Busch Blvd

Tampa 33612

(313) 935-8888

Choi Kwang Do Largo

13819-C Washington Rd

Largo 33774

East Coast Martial Arts Supply

1646 E Colonial Drive

Orlando 32803

(407) 896-2487

NKMAA- Florida

Master Thomas Gordon

Gordon Martial Arts

PO Box 1966,Crestview 32536

Jun Kimʼs Martial Arts Center

10024 West Oakland Park Blvd

Sunrise 33351

(954) 741-8000

Independent TKD Association

2919 E North Military Trail

West Palm Beach 33409

(561) 745-1331

USNTA National Team Training


5720 Old Cheney Hwy

Orlando 32807

(312) 443-8077 USNTA.org

United Martial Arts Center

11625 S Cleveland Ave # 3

Ft. Myers 33907

(239) 433-2299

Yeshá Ministries(14 NE FL locations)

Grand Master Charles W. Coker

904-399-0404 or 904-838-8585



Choi Kwang Do Cartersville

1239 Joe Frank Harris Pkwy

Cartersville 30120

(678) 721-5166

Choi Kwang Do Suwanee

4285 Brogdon Exchange

Suwanee 30024

(770) 654-1510


GM Hee Il Choʼs TKD Center

Koko Marina Shopping Center

Honolulu 96825

(808) 396- 8900 aimaa.com


Great River Martial Arts

1647 Hwy 104

Quincy 62305

(217) 257-9000

International Hapkido USA

1385 N Milwaukee Ave

Chicago 60622

(312) 225-4828

K. H. Kimʼs TaeKwonDo

3141 Dundee Rd

Northbrook 60062

Kimʼs Black Belt Academy

Grandmaster Tae H. Kim

2230 Ogden Ave

Aurora 60504

Ottawa Martial Arts Academy

500 State St

Ottawa 61350

(815) 434-7576

Universal TKD Association

1207 W Main

Peoria 61606

(309) 673-2000

US National TKD Federation

9956 W Grand Ave

Franklin Park 60131



Self Defense America

2450 Lincoln Street

Highland 46322

(219) 545-7894


Ancient Memories Academy

2600 E Euclid

Des Moines 50317

(515) 266-6209

Chung Kimʼs Black Belt Academy

1423 18th St

Bettendorf 52722

(563) 359-7000

Jungʼs TaeKwonDo Inc.

New Life Fitness World

Cedar Rapids 52404

(319) 396-1980

Jungʼs TaeKwonDo

501 Panama St

Nashua 50658

(641) 435-4920

Martial Arts America

621 S. Ankeny Blvd.

Ankeny, Iowa 50021



Academy of Korean Martial Arts

336 Fairfield St., Waterloo 50703

319-269-0741 theakma.com

Raccoon Valley Martial Arts

104 S 7th St

Adel 50003

(515) 993-3474

Two Rivers Martial Arts Inc.

2017 Southlawn

Des Moines 50315

(515) 285-5049


Choon Leeʼs Academy of TKD

11453 W 64th St

Shawnee Mission 66203

(913) 631-1414

Ryu Kyu Imports

5005 Merrian Lane

Merriam 66203

(913) 782-3920


Han Do Group

4816 Jamestown Ave

Baton Rouge 70808

(225) 924-2837



World Combat Arts Federation

PO Box 763

Owings Mills 21117

(410) 262-2333


AAU Taekwondo

Mr. Mike Friello

(518) 372-6849


Myung Kimʼs Acupuncture

347 Massachusetts Ave

Arlington 02474

(781) 643-3679


B.C. Yu Martial Arts

5204 Jackson Road Suites F & G

Ann Arbor 48103

(734) 994-9595


D.S. Kimʼs TKD-Milford

125 Main St Ste 500

Milford 48381

(248) 529-3506


Choi Kwang Do Trenton

3010 Van Horn Rd Suite A

Trenton 48183

(734) 675-2464

International TKD Association

PO Box 281

Grand Blanc 48480

(810) 232-6482 itatkd.com

Universal American Natl TKD

PO Box 249

Sturgis 49091

(574) 243-3450 uantu.org

World Martial Arts Association

37637 5 Mile Rd #348

Livonia 48154

(734) 536-1816


American Midwest TKD Academy

315 W Pacific St

Webster Grove 63119

(314) 968-9494

Choon Leeʼs Black Belt Academy

121 NE 72nd St

Gladstone 64114

(816) 436-5909

Kuk Sool Won of St. Peters

#1 Sutters Mill Road

St. Peters 63376

(636) 928-0035

Master Jeʼs World Martial Arts

6204 NW Barry Rd

Kansas City 64154

(816) 741-1300


Cane Masters Intl Association

PO Box 7301

Incline Village 89452


East West Martial Art Supply

2301 E Sunset Rd Suite 22

Las Vegas 89119

(702) 260-4552

Wheatley Intl TaeKwon-Do

1790 W Fourth St

Reno 89503

(775) 826-2355


Cumberland County Martial Arts

531 N High St

Millville 08332

(856) 327-2244

International Martial Arts

10 Main St

Woodbridge 07095



Ki Yun Yiʼs Karate Institute

560 S Evergreen Ave

Woodbury 08096

(609) 848-2333

MacKenzieʼs TaeKwon-Do &


200 White Horse Road

Voorhees, N.J. 08043

(856) 346-1111


MacKenzie & Allebach Family


302 White Horse Pike

Atco, N.J. 08004

(856) 719-1411


MacKenzie & Allebach


1833 Route 70 East

Cherry Hill, N.J. 08003

(856) 424-7070


MacKenzie & Barnabie Martial Arts

7710 Maple Ave.

Pennsauken , N.J. 08109

(856) 662-5551


MacKenzie & Barnabie Martial Arts

1599-D Route 38

Lumberton, N.J. 08048

(609) 702-0666


Richard Chun TaeKwonDo Center

87 Stonehurst Dr

Tenafly 07670

(201) 569-3260

World Sin Moo Hapkido


PO Box 262, Atco, N.J. 08004



Grandmaster Hee Il Choʼs TKD

8214 Montgomery Blvd NE

Albuquerque 87110

(505) 292-4277


Black Belt Fitness Center

54-10 31st Ave

Woodside 11377

(718) 204-1777 idlokwan.org

Dynamics World Martial Supply

(800) 538-1995


Intl Taekwon-Do Academy

54 Nagle Ave

New York City 10034

(212) 942-9444


Iron Dragon Fitness & Self-Defense

88-8 Dunning Rd

Middletown 10940

(845) 342-3413

New Age TKD & Hapkido

2535 Pearsall Ave

Bronx 10469


Pro Martial Arts

(866) 574-0228


Queens Taekwon-do Center

89-16 Roosevelt Ave Basement

Jackson Heights 11372

(718) 639-6998

TʼaeCole TKD Fitness

909 Willis Ave

Albertson 11507

(516) 739-7699 taecoleTKD.com



NKMAA - North Carolina

Master Monty Hendrix

Essential Martial Arts, Inc

(336) 282-3000

Lionʼs Den Martial Arts

413 N Durham Ave

Creedmore 27522

(919) 528-6291


World TaeKwonDo Center

112 Kilmayne Dr

Cary 27511

(919) 469-6088



Master Doug Custer

Nacient Oriental Fighting Arts

608 S Platt St, Montpelier 43543



Master Kevin Janisse

NW Korean Martial Arts

12083 SE Eagle Dr,Clackamas 97015


ICF Hapkido

7252 Valley Ave

Philadelphia 19128

(215) 483-5070

Intl Tang Soo Do Federation

3955 Monroeville Blvd

Monroeville 15146

(412) 373-8666

Mark Cashattʼs TKD School

30 West Broad St

Souderton 18964

(215) 721-1839

Pan-Am Tang Soo Do Federation

1450 Mt Rose Ave

York 17403

(717) 848-5566

Red Tiger TaeKwonDo-USTC

1912 Welsh Rd

Philadelphia 19115

(215) 969-9962


The Martial Artist

9 Franklin Blvd

Philadelphia 19154

(800) 726-0438

World Tang Soo Do Association

709 Oregon Ave

Philadelphia 19146

(215) 468-2121


World Black Belt Bureau

Grandmaster Kang Rhee

Cordova (Memphis) 38088

(901) 757-5000



Alakoji Knife & Martial Art


San A 302 W Madison Ave

Harlingen 78550

(956) 440-8382

Central Texas TKD Council

Master Danny Passmore

(254) 662-3229

Champion Training

522 W Harwood Rd

Hurst 76054

(817) 605-1555

Kimʼs Academy of TaeKwonDo

4447 Thousand Oaks Dr

San Antonio 78233

(210) 653-2700

uk Sool Won of Austin

13376 Reserach Blvd #605

Austin 78750

(512) 258-7373

Kuk Sool Won of Baytown

805 Maplewood

Baytown 77520

(281) 428-4930

Kuk Sool Won of Clear Lake

907 El Dorado Blvd #110

Houston 77062

(281) 486-5425

Progressive Martial Arts

112 E Sam Rayburn Dr

Bonham 75418

(903) 583-6160

World Kuk Sool Won

20275 FM 2920

Tomball 77375

(281) 255-2550


Stadion Enterprises

Island Pond 05846

(802) 723-6175 stadion.com


USA Tiger Martial Arts

48 Plaza Drive

Manakin Sabot 23103

(804) 741-7400

World Famous USA Tiger Martial

3941 Deep Rock Rd

Richmond 23233

(804) 741-7400

World Martial Arts Group

Dr. Jerry Beasley

Christiansburg 24068



Robert Ott Martial Arts

9235 Piperhill Dr SE

Olympia 98513

(360) 888-0474

Simʼs TaeKwonDo USA

9460 Rainier Ave S

Seattle 98118

(206) 725-4191


American Martial Arts Center

2711 Allen Blvd Suite 82

Middleton 53562

(808) 831-5967


J.K. Lee Black Belt Academy

12645 W Lisbon Rd

Brookfield 53005

(262) 783-5131


NKMAA- Headquarters

Master Rudy Timmerman

1398 Airport Rd,Sault Ste.

Marie, P6A 1M4



COM-DO Direct

(780) 460-7765


First Canada Tang Soo Do

209 3400 14th St NW

Calgary T2K 1H9

(403) 284-BBKI


Intl Bum Moo HKD-Hoshinkido

111 Laurentides Blvd

Pont-Viau Montreal Laval


(450) 662-9987


Kuk Sool Won of Sault Ste. Marie

40 White Oak Dr E

Sault Ste. Marie P6B 4J8

(705) 253-4220

NKMAA- Ontario

Master Dusty Miner

Sidekicks School of MA

2421 New St, Burlington


World Martial Arts League

Klaus Schuhmacher

Rhoenstr 55

Offenbach 63971



W.O.M.A. Intʼl

C.P. # 59

Conegliano Tv 31015



Martial Arts Academy of India

30 GF DDA Flads, Sarvapriva,

Vihar, New Delhi 110016

Tel: (011) 686-1625

Martial Arts Training

Gulmohar Sports Center

New Delhi 110049

Tel: 9111-467-1540


Zulfi TKD Academy of Pakistan

II-B 10/2 Nazimabad


Tel: 9221-660-5788


Korean MA Instructors Association

SongSanRi 661, BonJi JonNam

JangSongKun JangSongUb

Chollanamdo Kmaia.org



Great Britain Tang Soo Do

Headquarters for Europe TSD

Tel: 01234-766-468

NKMAA – United Kingdom

Master Zachary Woon

Wune Tang Academy Tang Soo Do




To list your school

or business email


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United States


Lucinda Miller


Jerry Laurita


Johnny D. Taylor


Alex Haddox

Daniela Camargo

Federico Luna

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Man Tran

Oscar Duran

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Ray Terry

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Joon No

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Tam Fook Chee


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Costa Rica

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Nazarenko Ekaterina

Yong Hun Kim


Zeljko Gvozdic

South Korea

Chan-Mo Chung

Chang Sup Shin

Dong Young Park

Gregory Brundage

Guy Larke

Hyun Chul Kim

James Yoo

Jinsung Kim

Jung Doo Han

Seok Je Lee

Sook Kyung Moon

Young Mi Yun


Daniel Lee


Lawrence Masawe

Pascal Ilungu


Sang Cheol Lee

United Kingdom

Alasdair Walkinshaw

Anthony Aurelius

David Friesen

Ralph Allison

*List does not include all worldwide correspondents


96 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

Calendar of Events


9-10 32 nd Diamond Nationals to be held in

Bloomington, Minnesota. For more information visit


17 5 th Annual Maui Open to be held in Lahaina,

Hawaii. For more information check out mauiopentkd.


23-25 The 5th International Korean Martial Arts

Federation (IKMAF) Jong Hap Mu Sool Symposium

and Awards Banquet to be held in Philadelphia, PA.

For more information contact Ian Cyrus, Headmaster at

(267) 342-5880 or visit ikmaf.com.


4-8 WTKA World Championships & Martial

Marathon to be held in Marina di Carrara, Italy. Learn

more at usa-taekwondo.us.

7-8 2009 Rocky Mountain Open to be held at

the Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs,

Colorado. For more information visit usa-taekwondo.us.

19 IX Pan-Am Games in Yauco, Puerto Rico. For

more information visit ptc-games.com.

21 Seminar with Grandmaster Kim Bok Man,

tenth-dan, to be held in Teignmouth Devon England.

For more information, email devontaekwondo@hotmail.



16-17 9 th Central American Games to be held in San

Pedro Sula, Honduras. For more information visit wtf.



17 WPMAO presents Aaron Banks’ 2010 Hall

of Fame Banquet at Madison Square Garden. For more

information, call 718-271-7997.


20 Disneyland European Open to be held in

Paris, France. For more information, visit www.theeuropeanopen.eu.

Coming Next Issue...

The TKDT 30 Year

Anniversary Edition!


Our Prestigious Hall of Fame Inductees

The Last 30 Years of TKD History

The Little School That Could


Amazing Breaks

Killer Kicks

Inspiring Stories

TKDT Schools of the Month

The Last Word

C. M. Griffin holds black belts in several martial arts. He is involved in many facets of the performing arts from stunt coordinator to director. He has

written, produced and directed projects for television and for corporations. He owns and operates his own Hwa Rang Do school in Ohio.

Check this out: there’s an old saying that goes something

like: “A little bit of knowledge can lead to a whole

lot of problems.” Well, there’s a guy I know, we’ll call

him Ted. Ted can fall into the category of a “self-taught

master,” but with him there’s a slight difference. Ted is

a U.S. Army Vietnam veteran. Before being drafted,

he was a boxer and he also trained in Judo. After the

military, he worked out and trained with men who

later became grandmasters. Ted sparred with them and

did some classes. He grasped a lot of the principles of

the arts. He also went to seminars, workshops, bought

books, magazines and watched film of different martial

arts teachers demonstrating their techniques. (This

was before video.) Ted even learned forms, including

Naihanchi—Korean and Okinawa versions; Bassai—

Korean and Okinawa versions, Korryo and so on. The

thing about Ted is that he never officially joined or

paid a school in order to get ranked. All the grandmasters

know him and worked out with him. They respect

his skill and knowledge; he just never received a black


In the early 90s, Ted became interested in pressure

points, Ki and Chi Gung. He went to a few George

Dillman seminars as well as Dragon Society workshops.

He also attended Tai Chi and Chi Gung seminars,

bought the books, videos, etc. He never joined a

school or studied under one teacher, he relied on his

vast martial library, seminars and his own knowledge of

the arts.

Friends warned him that he should not “mess

around with Chi,” especially with “hard breath techniques,”

without an instructor to show him the basics

and correct his form. They also told him he needed to

meditate and learn proper breathing techniques. Ted

laughed and said something like, “I always start at the

top! I go right to the head! If I can understand the top,

then there’s no need for me to reach to the bottom for

all that foo fah rah! That’s for you guys to spend years

down there before you start doing anything!”

So he continued on his path. A couple years went by

and Ted developed liver problems, followed by heart

and lung complications. In a four year period, he was in

and out of the hospital for extended periods of time at

least six times. The last time he had bypass surgery.

Not too long after convalescing, Ted announced that

he mastered Chi. His energy flow was so strong he

could move people without touching them. He demonstrated

this ability on a number of people in different

schools. Unfortunately after each time, he had a severe

headache. Once, his headache was so severe it landed

him in bed for an entire day.

Ted had lost a lot of weight over the last few years.

He went from a lean 220 pounds to about 170. Ted is

a big man, about 6’2” or 6’3”, but he was becoming skin

and bones. His eyes were dull and his color was very


Late last year, Ted dropped by a tournament. I introduced

him to an older Korean grandmaster I know.

When he saw Ted, he immediately told him he was “out

of balance.” This grandmaster, who is also a licensed

acupuncture doctor, then proceeded to list all of Ted’s

symptoms and ailments. Ted was shocked. The grandmaster

and Ted talked for over two hours. Afterwards,

Ted regularly saw the grandmaster. They worked on

Chi techniques, correcting Ted’s breathing, movements,

posture and everything else. Five months later, Ted’s

color returned and his eyes are bright and clear. The

doctors have even cut back on a lot of his medications.

Ted tells us some of the things that the grandmaster

does and says to him. We smile and remind him that

a lot of those things we told him years ago. He does

admit that his method of training was all wrong and

he has a long way to go before he really understands

how Chi works and what it can do. He is beginning

to understand about breath and its importance. Ted

meditates regularly now and prays too. (He remarkably

found a connection to the Almighty! Go figure!) Like

I said, a little bit of knowledge can lead to a whole lot

of problems. That brings up another adage: “When the

student is ready, the teacher will appear. Before then, the

mind and ears are closed.” That may not be the exact

quote, but you get the idea.

Chi, or Ki, is not something you can learn on your

own. Doing that is like playing

with electricity. No,

let me rephrase that:

it’s like trying to

capture lightning.

Unless you really

know what you’re

doing and had

excellent instruction

in what to

do, you will get

severely burned!


98 November 2009 / taekwondotimes.com

By C.M. Griffin

Tel (562) 251-1600 Fax (562) 251-1611

7120 Alondra Blvd., Paramount, CA 90723

www.sangmoosa.com, info@sangmoosa.com


May mix different color combination. Custom make for your school logo and

Silkscreen printing, Cloth lettering, Name embroidery, Sew on patches, Special

line trimming on custom uniform. NO MINIMUM ORDER !!! (Call for more information)

We specialize in all kinds of custom works done in-house.

Silver NANO& Multi-Functional textile TKD Uniform





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Picture showes how Table Cover

will be displaced for any Occasion.

Any design or logo can be done.

We’re also carry ADIDAS products.

Adi-Cham II Fabric Detail

Champion II Fabric Detail



taekwondotimes.com / May 2008 99

Tel (562) 251-1600 Fax (562) 251-1611

7120 Alondra Blvd., Paramount, CA 90723

www.sangmoosa.com, info@sangmoosa.com


May mix different color combination. Custom make for your school logo and

Silkscreen printing, Cloth lettering, Name embroidery, Sew on patches, Special

line trimming on custom uniform. NO MINIMUM ORDER !!! (Call for more information)

We specialize in all kinds of custom works done in-house.

Silver NANO& Multi-Functional textile TKD Uniform





KTA Approved




WTF Approved Hand Protector KTA Approved Foot Protector


Make with your own logo.

Picture showes how Table Cover

will be displaced for any Occasion.

Any design or logo can be done.

We’re also carry ADIDAS products.

Adi-Cham II Fabric Detail

Champion II Fabric Detail



taekwondotimes.com / May 2008 99

TKD Enterprises

Catalog Martial Art Products

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17 th Spain World TKD Championships

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Revolution of Kicking

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2001-2003 World Taekwondo Matches

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Essential Defense System

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The Power High Kicks with No Warm-Up!

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Clinic on Stretching and Kicking

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Elite Israeli Combat DVD Set

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Hapkido: Weapon of Self-Defense: Walking


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The Complete Library Set -17 DVDs

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Tai Chi for Arthritis

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Defense Against Punches, Grappling Techniques and

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The Platinum Set-23 Dvds + Book

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Item DPP13 / $594.95

Aikido- art in motion DVD series

Aikido is one of the most innovative and adapting of the

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Featured Books

The Book of Teaching &

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12 chapter book details how

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Encyclopedia of Taekwon-Do

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Asociacion Mexicana De Hapkido

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Gold Medal Mental Workout for Combat

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Explosive Power and Jumping Ability for

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The Will Power

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Chung Do Kwan: The Power

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Simple Zen: A Guide to Living Moment

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Simple Taoism: A Guide to Living in


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177 pages.

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Taekwon-Do and I

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Tao in Ten, Easy Lessons for Spiritual


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Zen in Ten, Easy Lessons

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How Akido Changed the World

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Chi Gong Medicine From


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Korean Martial Art: The

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Double Focus Target

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Jang Bong Sul

(Long Pole)

This three-section staff easily screws together to

form the six-foot long bong that has been a part

of Korean martial history for over 4,000 years.

Constructed with a durable core surrounded by a

wood-simulated padded covering that will cushion

strikes and blows.

Item K008 / $29.95

Karate Kritters

They’re back! These cute little toys make karate

sounds when you squeeze their belly. Each stands 6”

tall. TIGER—Item KKT1 / $9.95

BEAR—Item KKB1 / $9.95

Success and the Creative

Imagination: The Unique

Power of Do

Sang Kyu Shim’s book provides

a rich model of the way one can

bring diversity of expression to

the unity of understanding and

fulfillment. Item B026 / $15.00

Reduced to $4.99!

BOB Training Partner

He’s the perfect sparring partner!

Practice your techniques and

accuracy on this life-like mannequin.

Fits on a sand or water

filled base, which is included.

BOB is made of a high strength

plastisol with an inner cavity

filled with a durable urethane

foam. Weighs 270 lbs. when

filled. Made in the USA. One

year limited warranty.

BOB Item NPP03 / $329.99

Now $280.00 * You Save $50.00

BOB XL Item NPP04 / $399.99

Now $340.99* You Save $60.00

*$10 off S&H if ordered by September 30th, 2009

For these products and

more visit us

online at


Tae Kwon Do, Volume I & II

Vol. 1 contains all of Poomsae

(forms), Taeguek 1-8 and Palgwe

1-8, required to earn a black belt

from the WTF. Vol. 2 illustrates

Poomsae from Cho Dan to

Grandmaster. Item B003 / Vol. 1

/ $15.00 Reduced to $2.99!

Item B004 / Vol. 2 / $15.00

Reduced to $2.99!

HapkidoGear Shoe

This shoe uses existing RingStar

technology with Hapkido specific

refinements to create the

first shoe born for Hapkido.

HapkidoGear shoes are specifically

designed for both training

and sparring. The unique materials used in this

make it the lightest, most comfortable and protective

shoe available. Item NPP01 / $82.99

HapkidoGear Cane

The New Tactical Cane from HapkidoGear is

designed to be the perfect training aid in the

Dojang and to meet the requirements of real world

usage. Using high tech aluminum alloy and durable

powder coating in it’s construction along with sure

grip knurling on the shaft, this cane is the most

highly developed and versatile available today. Item

NPP02 / $75.00

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