Europa-Tag - Referat für Arbeit und Wirtschaft

Europa-Tag - Referat für Arbeit und Wirtschaft

Annual Report on European Activities 2011

Munich and Europe

A strong Munich in a strong Europe 3

Munich’s contribution to the Europe 2020 strategy

Playing an active part in shaping European policy 5


Nurturing contacts and leveraging information 7

The “Monti Package” and how it will affect Munich 8

EU public contract law: Maximizing competition to optimize value for money

Working together to improve energy effi ciency 10

Yes to the new transport strategy 2050, no to a toll for the city center 11

European policy in the City Council: Local government interests at a glance 13

Munich’s infl uence on Brussels and Strasbourg via political bodies

Council of European Municipalities and Regions

Congress of Local and Regional Authorities 14

Benefi ting from partnerships: The Eurocities network 15

The municipal administration: Getting in shape for Europe

Backing open IT standards at EU level 16

Applying EU law in the City of Munich’s personnel activities

“People and Work in Harmony” campaign wins award

Visit by a delegation from Istanbul’s Sisli district 17

Information and education: Cultivating an awareness of Europe

Europe on the City of Munich web portal 18

Professional communication: The result of professional work

Europe Day: New concept well received 19


Support for EU projects 21

Maintaining quality of life in the city and the region 22

Reference Framework for Sustainable Cities 23

Working together to protect the climate 24

Munich lays the foundations for solar urban planning

Reducing energy consumption in European cities 25

Getting entrepreneurs and employees in shape to face European competition

Qualifi cation program for female migrants 26

Initiative to upskill migrant companies

Single point of contact for companies 27

The challenges of the mobile society 28

Cross-border fl exibility: Electronic residence permits 29

Clearing the path toward integration in society and the world of work 30

Delegation from Kiev visits to study HIV prevention

2011: “The European Year of Volunteering” 31

Education benefi ts from international dialogue 32

International cultural work: Munich connects 34


Cohesion policy for sustainable growth in cities and regions 37

Inclusion: The way forward 38

2012: European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations 39

A strong Munich in a strong Europe

Concerns about the euro overshadowed

2011. The debt crisis and its impact

on the eurozone were the topics

that dominated public debate, stoking

up many people’s fears of infl ation and

recession. Euroskeptics are now coopting

these anxieties to once again

cast doubt on the European Union per

se. In Germany, there is once again a

lot of talk about “going it alone”. But

can Germany turn its back on Europe

and continue to thrive? I think not.

Both our people and our administrative

apparatus have become too closely

intertwined with Europe and its shared

policymaking for that to happen. And

as a result, today’s Europeans can live,

learn and work anywhere in the member


More than 70 percent of all EU regulations

are applied at local government

level. They cover everything from the

recycling of waste through changes in

immigration law to particulate matter.

On a cross-border basis, national,

regional and local authorities are working

together to get cities and regions

in shape to master the challenges of

the future.

Europe’s cities shape the continent’s

future. So Europe’s cities naturally also

want to be a part of shaping EU policy.

I am often asked how that can happen.

How can an individual town or

city exert an infl uence?

Munich and Europe Annual Report on European Activities 2011 3

True, the Treaty of Lisbon grants cities

the right to play an active role in crafting

European policy. What is lacking,

however, is a roadmap showing how

this goal can be achieved. Cities must

therefore boldly and actively seize the

opportunity to be involved in rising

to the major challenges that lie ahead.

Having understood the responsibility

that this places on the shoulders of local

government, Munich’s City Council

ratifi ed a strategy on European policy

at the end of 2010.

More than half of the world’s population

currently lives in cities. By the

middle of this century, the fi gure will

rise as high as 80 percent. On the one

hand, large cities throughout the world

are one of the main drivers of climate

change: Millions of people live and

work at close quarters, consume energy,

generate huge volumes of harmful

emissions, produce streams of wastewater

and pile up mountains of waste.

On the other hand, well-organized

cities can be one of the most

resource- friendly forms of human settlement.

Serving as laboratories for

economic and social development,

they can make the most effi cient contribution

to sustainable policies.

Munich is well aware of the cities’

res ponsibility in helping to master the

challenges of the future. In many

areas, we are already in the vanguard

of change: Our actions are focused

on helping to contain climate change,

nurture social cohesion and sustainably

improve our competitiveness.

To take a few examples: More than

150 German cities have already followed

Munich’s example of operating

a sustainable procurement policy.

To protect the climate, we have set

ourselves the goal of halving carbon

emissions by 2030 (relative to 1990

levels). The municipal utility SWM is

likewise pressing ahead with its drive

to ramp up the use of energy from

renewable sources. By 2025, SWM

aims to generate enough eco-friendly

electricity at its own power plants

to meet all of Munich’s power needs

– 7.5 billion kWh in all. That would

make the Bavarian capital the fi rst city

in the world with more than a million

residents to reach this goal.

Siemens recently commissioned the

Economist Intelligence Unit, an independent

research organization, to

conduct an environmental survey

of large cities. Munich’s overall score

was above average, with particularly

high grades in the energy category.

The city also has Germany’s most

extensive network of cycle paths and

the highest proportion of residents

who commute to work by bus and/or


Showing solidarity means acting in

concert. Assisted by a tightly meshed

network of organizations and services,

the City of Munich is working together

with active local residents to fi ght

against poverty and social inequality

and for the integration of foreign


The Bavarian capital also contributes

its political experience to Eurocities,

the foremost city network in Europe.

Within this forum, experts from more

than 130 large European cities pool

their knowledge and experience in

workgroups tackling all kinds of local

government challenges, as well as

seeking to fi nd alternative solutions.

At the Eurocities Annual Convention in

2011, for example, mayors and politicians

representing cities such as

Genoa, The Hague, Nantes, Warsaw,

Stockholm and Munich debated

important steps to preserve the quality

of life that large cities offer their

residents even as the prevailing conditions

experience radical change.

In future, cities must think beyond

mere living and working issues. They

must also create public spaces that

foster communication and encounter.

Adhering to its principle of planning in

col laboration with residents themselves,

Munich is defi nitely on the

right track on this score.

Together with Eurocities and the

German Association of Cities, the City

of Munich also contributes its experience,

knowledge and the demands it

places on future EU policy to the work

of the European Commission and the

European Parliament. Munich participates

actively in consultative processes,

submits position papers, plays a

part in expert panels and takes part in

hearings, conferences and dialogues

with the various EU institutions.

The Annual Report on European Activities

2011 provides an overview of the

City of Munich’s principal activities

in this regard. What areas of emphasis

has the EU defi ned? What position

papers have local government experts

submitted in response to consultative

proceedings in Brussels? What projects

were run by local government

agencies in collaboration with European

partners and supported by EU subsidies?

Which networks and channels

were used to exert an infl uence? The

answers to these and many more

questions are contained in this report.

My hope is that this Europe Report

will convince even the doubters that it

makes sense – for the city and for its

people – to work with and for Europe.

Dieter Reiter

Director, Department of Labor and

Economic Development,

City of Munich

The EU’s Europe 2020 strategy for

smart, sustainable and inclusive

growth was launched by the European

Commission in March 2010 and ratifi

ed by the EU’s heads of state and

government in June 2010. It contains

specifi c objectives that are to be met

over the next decade in areas such as

employment, education, energy consumption

and innovation if we are to

overcome the impact of the fi nancial

crisis and take Europe forward to fresh

economic growth.

EU Commission President José

Manuel Barroso sees the Europe 2020

strategy as a “vision of the European

social market economy for the 21st

century”. In line with this vision, the

European Commission wants to see

smart, sustainable and inclusive

growth help Europe to overcome the

fi nancial and economic crisis. These

objectives present a challenge fi rst

and foremost to local governments

and municipal administrations. They

can only be achieved if close collaboration

takes place on every level of


At the end of 2010, the City Council

resolved to intensify the European

aspect of its work in order to strengthen

Munich’s infl uence in Brussels,

foster cooperation with other European

cities in the context of cross-

border projects and make Europe

more real, more tangible to the city’s

residents. In addition, it set up a City

Council Commission, an advisory

body staffed by representatives of all

the political parties that sit on the

Council. This Commission is to meet

three to four times a year to tackle

European policy issues.

But what exactly is the “European

aspect” of the work of the city’s

administrative apparatus? Essentially,

Munich is seizing the opportunity to

play an active part in shaping the

future. To this end, it has bundled its

The objectives defi ned for the year 2020 are as follows:

75 percent of people between the ages of 20 and 64 should be

in gainful employment

3 percent of the EU’s GDP should be channeled into research and development

School drop-out rates should be reduced to less than 10 percent

40 percent of any given generation should complete tertiary education

20 million fewer people should be threatened by poverty

20 percent more renewable energy should be used, energy effi ciency should

be improved by 20 percent and greenhouse gas emissions should be reduced

by 20 percent

Playing an active part in shaping European policy

European policy activities under the

aegis of the Department of Labor and

Economic Development. By 2011,

this department had put together a

de dicated European Affairs Team

whose mission is to monitor current

developments in the EU, liaise with

EU insti tutions and interest groups in

Brussels and examine how funding

programs might be put to good use in

Munich’s best interests. Its other

tasks include providing both the City

Council, the city’s administrative apparatus

and local residents with detailed

information about Europe- related topics.

One further responsi bility is to intensify

collaboration with local government

organizations in other European

cities. To ensure that the expertise

that is spread across different specialist

departments is bundled effectively

and pointed in the direction of Brussels,

the team at the Department of Labor

and Economic Development is in

charge of coordinating joint strat egies.

It also aligns all position papers presented

to the EU Commission by the

City of Munich, at ask for which the

City Council Commission on Europe

provides political backing.

Bundling European policy expertise is

not the same as centralizing European

topics, however. On the contrary,

the European Affairs Team, acting as a

service provider, actively engages in

close collaboration with the other local

government departments, all of which

Munich and Europe Annual Report on European Activities 2011 5

Munich’s contribution to the Europe 2020 strategy

contribute content and specialist

knowl edge and are deeply involved in

the bodies of experts that represent

European interest groups. The advisors

on European affairs from the various

departments ensure that relevant

information is passed on both to the

right people in each department and

to the European Affairs Team. Information

and ideas are regularly shared

in the context of the Europe Workgroup.

The fact that many of Munich’s

re sidents have long seen themselves

as “committed Europeans” is

re fl ected in the numerous inquiries

constantly received by the city’s

Europe Direct information center and

in the well- attended Europe Day held

on the Marienplatz in May 2011. This

success is gratifying. After all, the

more actively the city gets involved,

the better Munich will be able to help

shape the future of the European Union.

The Annual Report on Euro pean

Activities you are reading thus provides

an initial outline of what the City of

Munich has been doing – and what

has been achieved – since its Euro pean

work was reorganized.

Henriette Wägerle

City of Munich

Department of Labor and

Economic Development

Director European Affairs

Nurturing contacts and

leveraging information

EU directives are increasingly having

a direct infl uence on Munich’s

political room to maneuver. This

affects areas such as services of

general interest, state aid, public

procurement, environmental policy

and traffi c/transportation policy,

but also social affairs. To ensure

that Munich makes its voice heard

and sees its interests properly

represented in Brussels and Strasbourg,

the city once again engaged

in active lobbying in 2011.

The aim is to get Munich’s experts

involved in the process of political

opinion building at EU level. Intensive

efforts to nurture lasting contacts are

a part of this process, as is focused

dialogue between local government

offi cials and the city’s staff at European

level. Lobbying work tends to be

most successful when knowledge of

political developments that could

impact Munich is gained at an early

stage. Only then does the city have

the chance to formulate well-founded

arguments, develop cogent strategies

and focus its infl uence.

Whether it is a question of infl uencing

legislative procedures or getting

involved in consultations, ensuring early

access to information or playing a

specifi c part in certain processes, lobbying

is an effi cient way to achieve

objectives in Brussels. In 2011 alone,

the City of Munich contributed its

expertise in the form of 17 position

papers, some of them prepared in

concert with the Eurocities network

and the German Association of Cities.

The topics covered include improvements

to the EU’s policy on air quality,

the future of the value-added tax

system and the initiative for clean

transportation systems.

Lobbying can only work if the position

papers submitted have the political

backing of the City Council’s Commission

on Europe. It also requires personal

contacts, in-depth expertise and

the support of the various specialist


The European Affairs Team at the

Department of Labor and Economic

Development coordinates all European

activities on behalf of the City of

Munich. The latter does not have its

own offi ce in Brussels, but does

cooperate closely with organizations

such as the European Offi ce of the

Bavarian Local Authorities, the European

Offi ce of the German Association

of Cities, the Council of European

Municipalities and Regions (CEMR),

Eurocities and various other interest

groups. All of these organizations are

very helpful in establishing contacts.

Moreover, their own bodies and committees

open up all kinds of opportunities

to pool ex perience and exert an

infl uence. We have also built up a

good working relationship with Stadtwerke

München, the Munich utility

company, which has its own dedicated

representation in Brussels.

8 Strategy Annual Report on European Activities 2011

The “Monti Package”

and how it will affect Munich

The City of Munich attaches great importance to

providing a high standard of public services of general

interest at reasonable prices. Within the EU, however,

delivering these services is becoming increasingly

complex. Since 2005, the EU Commission has therefore

been attempting to create legal certainty with a series

of administrative regulations known as the “Monti




Good practices from European cities

EUROCITIES is the network of major European cities. Founded in 1986, the network brings together the local goverments of over

130 large cities in some 34 European countries. EUROCITIES represents the interests of its members and engages in dialogue with

the European institutions across a wide range of policy areas affecting cities. These include: economic development, the environment,

transport and mobility, social affairs, culture, the information and knowledge society, and services of general interest.

The EU Commission aims to make national structures compatible

within the European Union, to create the conditions

for a single European service market and to cut costs and

improve effi ciency by stimulating greater competition. For

the EU, the guiding principle behind this effort is that “competition

is the rule”. Exactly what this competition looks like

in practice can often only be judged for specifi c individual

markets, however – a situation which spawned a plethora

of decisions by the European Court of Justice. And the general

trend of these decisions was to see local authorities

merely as guarantors of services of general interest.

Best practices from Munich

Translating the Monti Package into practice affected the

City of Munich in many ways. One example was the extent

to which educational services offered by the local adult

education center are permitted to compete with commercial

educational establishments. Another was whether fi x

amount-based funding for social welfare organizations

is consistent with European competition law. Social and

healthcare services in particular have come under close

scrutiny from the European Commission and are an area

that, in Munich, is very heavily supported by local government.

Two best practice examples are featured in one of

the Eurocities brochures: neighborhood meetings and sustainable

waste management (both of which can be downloaded

– in German only – at

On an ongoing basis, the City of Munich’s European Law

Coordination Group concerns itself with applying EU competition

law and ensuring legal compliance. It drafts interpretation

standards by which the City of Munich can assess

questions of European law. It is also formulating an implementation

strategy for the Monti Package that governs the

provision of public aid to companies.

The revision of the Monti Package announced by the

EU Commission was the focal issue in 2011:

On March 23, 2011, the EU Commission published a communication

regarding the future reform of the EU’s

state aid rules on services of general interest.

On May 12, 2011, the Vice President of the EU Commission

and Competition Commissioner Joaquín Almunia announced

further steps: By the end of the year, the Monti

Package was to be revised and replaced by new instruments.

On September 16, 2011, the EU Commission published

the drafts for the new Monti Package.

Active lobbying campaigns by the City of Munich accompanied

these actions. In advance of the reforms and consultative

procedures, the City Council’s Commission on

Europe had, at its meeting on July 12, 2011, summarized

its position in the debate in a fundamental statement. The

basic tenor of this statement is that the generous scope

granted to local authorities to make discretionary decisions

and de fi nitions should be upheld, and that a framework

regulation should be rejected. This statement was circulated

to the EU Commission, to city networks in which

Munich participates and to the European Parliament. It can

be downloaded from Munich

also played an active part in various related consultative

procedures launched by the EU Commission in advance of

the planned changes, such as the survey of the Single

Market Act and consultation on the application of the EU’s

state aid rules on services of general economic interest.

Partially thanks to these sustained efforts, the drafts

published by the EU Commission in September 2011

contained a series of proposals that had also been called

for from Munich’s perspective. Examples include extending

the list of exemptions for social services and abolishing

the annual turnover ceiling for the benefi ciary companies.

In his recently ratifi ed report on the reform of state aid,

MEP Peter Simon, rapporteur to the European Parliament,

likewise included several demands that are consistent

with the po sition of the City of Munich.

10 Strategy Annual Report on European Activities 2011

EU public procurement:

Maximizing competition to optimize

value for money

On January 27, 2011, the European

Commission published a green

paper that sparked off a debate

about the modernization of the EU’s

public contract law. Corresponding

legislative proposals to simplify and

update Europe’s existing law

governing the award of public

procurement were then published

on December 20, 2011. The challenge

now is to examine whether

the very extensive amendments

proposed would indeed make

things simpler. This will be a focal

issue in the work of the City of

Munich’s specialist departments in


Working together to improve energy effi ciency

As far back as 2007, heads of state and government had

resolved to improve energy effi ciency in the EU by 20 percent

by the year 2020. Current estimates by the EU Commission

nevertheless indicate that only half of this target

will be met. In June 2011, the Commission therefore

proposed what ultimately became known as the Energy

Effi ciency Directive. One aspect that is of particular interest

as far as Munich is concerned is the requirement for three

percent of all fl oor space in public buildings to be modernized,

and the insistence that only energy-effi cient products

and services are to be procured.

The EU Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Research

and Energy discussed the proposal for the fi rst time at the

end of October 2011, above all stressing that endeavors

to improve energy effi ciency must not be allowed to jeopardize

economic growth in the member countries. Many

members of the Committee saw the three percent modernization

quota as too rigid and bureaucratic.

The primary purpose of the exercise

is to simplify the existing body of law,

to ensure that as much competition

as possible optimizes value for money

and to place the award of public contracts

on a more fl exible basis. In particular,

contracting authorities should

be able to make better use of public

contracts to achieve common social

objectives such as environmental protection,

the promotion of social integration

and the battle against corruption.

For the City of Munich, questions

about how and where the award

guidelines are to be applied are every

bit as interesting as those aspects

of the debate that deal with the public

procurement procedures, the award

of contracts below defi ned thresholds

and public-public partnerships. Another

important question is whether

extraneous criteria can – or indeed

ought to – be taken into consideration

in the award of public contracts.

Accordingly, the planned legislative

changes could have a signifi cant impact

on Munich’s local government


In 2011, the Department of Public

Building Construction completed a

total of 180 EU-wide tendering procedures

(public, non-public and negotiated

procedures). However, only eight

bidders from other EU member states

took part, and only one of them was

actually awarded a contract. This refl

ects a trend that has also been noted

by the EU Commission: In an EU-wide

survey conducted in 2011, the Commission

found that, within the EU,

only 1.6 percent of public contracts are

awarded to companies from other

member countries. Language barriers

and unfamiliar or complicated formal

requirements were cited as the main


In December 2011, the Council of Ministers essentially endorsed

the proposed directive. It did, however, insist that

member states need suffi cient fl exibility to adopt the most

cost-effective actions. The Council also underscored the

importance of cogency with existing legal stipulations and

of compliance with the principle of subsidiarity. The ministers

pointed out the need for a more detailed investigation

of certain issues, such as energy effi ciency objectives,

public organizations and procurement by the latter.

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy held its

vote in February 2012, subject to a large number of proposed

amendments. For example, only 2.5 percent of public

buildings would now have to be modernized, with the

quota being applied on a national level, not to each individual

local government. A vote by the plenary session of the

EU Parliament is scheduled for June 2012.

Yes to the new transport strategy 2050,

no to a toll for the city center

On March 28, 2011, the European

Commission published a white

paper on its new transport policy

(through 2050), which plans to

restructure the system currently

in place in Europe. While Munich is

keen for the EU to create a suitable

framework, it also wants local

transport policy to be left to local


Fundamentally, the City of Munich

welcomes the intention to reduce carbon

emissions. To achieve this goal,

attention must also be focused on

emission-free modes of transport

(walking and cycling). Sustainable support

must likewise be channeled into

technological development. At the

same time, however, companies must

still be able to engage in necessary

travel, while the mobility of the working

population must also be guaranteed.

Sustainable transport is not just about

ecology and economics: There is also

a social dimension to it, as it must

embrace the needs of all transport users.

In light of demographic changes,

that particularly means accommodating

the needs of groups – such as senior

citizens, children and youngsters

– who are less focused on “automotive”

transport, as well as on people

with restricted mobility.

In July 2011, the City of Munich submitted

a position paper on the transport

white paper criticizing the lack of

short- and medium-term goals. It also

fl atly rejects the introduction of the

city-center toll that the Commission is

seeking to make compulsory. Munich believes that cities

should be free to decide for themselves whether and

in what form road use charges and/or access restrictions

should be adopted.

In December 2011, the EU Parliament likewise responded

to the white paper in the form of an own-initiative report.

This report incorporates the following demands expressed

by the City of Munich:

Greater attention should be focused on emission-free

transport such as walking and cycling. The members of

the European Parliament believe that an initiative to this

end should be drafted by 2013. In line with the position

adopted by the City of Munich, they also point out that access

for all and the affordability of means of transport to

facilitate social mobility are of crucial importance.

The EU should only stake out the framework, within

which local governments can then fi nd fl exible solutions

to local problems.

Suffi cient fi nancial resources should be made available.

The award of promotional funds is contingent on whether

plans for sustainable urban mobility are submitted. The

Parliament requests that a proposal to this end be submitted

by 2015.

A better quality of transport should be guaranteed for older

people, people with restricted mobility and disabled

people. The basic rights of passengers are to be defi ned

in a charter by the start of 2012. The charter should also

feature a chapter on the rights of disabled people.

European policy in the City Council:

Local government interests at a glance

The City Council Commission on

Europe is an advisory body to

the City Council. It concerns itself

with EU initiatives that have a

bearing on local government, EU

applications, EU funding programs

and position papers on EU consultation

proceedings. The City of

Munich submits the latter directly

to the EU Commission.

Headed by Dieter Reiter, Director of

the Department of Labor and Economic

Development, a delegation made

up of members of the City Council

Commission on Europe and full-time

members of the City Council of the

City of Munich visited Brussels to fi nd

out about the latest EU developments

at the end of November 2011. Talks

were held with the Committee of

the Regions, with the Council of Ministers

and with the Brussels offi ce

of the Stadtwerke München utility.

The agenda included meetings with

Angelika Poth-Mögele, Director of

Policy at the Council of European

Municipalities and Regions (CEMR),

and Walter Leitermann, head of the

offi ce of the German Association of

Cities. Over lunch at the Bavarian

representation, Munich’s councilors

engaged in talks with members of the

EU Parliament and representatives of

the EU Commission, leading local

government associations, Eurocities,

the European offi ce of the Bavarian

local authorities and representatives of

the Bavarian state government.

In its talks with the EU Commission,

the delegation raised the issue of

current developments in EU public

contract law as well as options for

using money from the European Social

Fund (ESF) to subsidize local government

projects. After returning to

Munich, the City Council Commission

then convened to explore the ESF

issue in greater depth. A symposium

open to the public at large will be held

on this subject in 2012. At a further

meeting, Director of the Department

of Social Services, Brigitte Meier and

Director of the Department of Labor

and Economic Development, Dieter

Reiter like to talk to the Bavarian Ministry

of Labor and Social Affairs about

how private sector partners can fi nd a

viable modus operandi for working

with the ESF.

Voting members of the City of

Munich’s City Council Commission on

Europe: Dieter Reiter, Director of the

Department of Labor and Economic

Development; Ulrike Boesser, SPD;

Andreas Lotte, SPD; Claudia Tausend,

SPD; Mechthilde Wittmann*, CSU;

Manuel Pretzl, CSU; Lydia Dietrich,

Bündnis 90/Die Grünen/rosa liste;

Gabriele Neff, FDP.

*Succeeded by Elisabeth Schmucker,

CSU, as of 2012

14 Strategy Annual Report on European Activities 2011 Strategy Annual Strategie Report on Europa-Jahresbericht European Activities 2011 2011 15

Munich’s infl uence on Brussels

and Strasbourg via political bodies

One key factor in Munich’s

European strategy is its strong

pres ence in city networks and

other organi zations with a bearing

on local government concerns.

Munich’s local politicians not only

engage in informal dialogue with

their European peers, but also play

an active part in building networks

and shaping European policy.

In this way, the City of Munich

is seizing the opportunity to increase

its infl uence in Brussels and draw

closer to the epicenter of EU policymaking.

The issues covered range

from regional policy, transport and the

environment to equal opportunities,

governance, employment and social


Council of European

Municipalities and Regions

Munich has been a member of the German Association

of the Council of European Municipalities and Regions

(CEMR) since 1972 and currently has eight delegates in the

Delegates’ Assembly, the German Association’s highestranking

governing body. Since 2010, the City of Munich has

also had a regular seat on the Policy Committee (Councilor

Claudia Tausend, SPD) and two deputy seats in the

Exe cutive Bureau (Councilor Lydia Dietrich, Bündnis 90/Die

Grünen, and Councilor Walter Zöller, CSU). At the present

time, Munich is also actively represented in the working

group on environment. The Council of European Municipalities

and Regions – the umbrella organization of which the

German Association is a part – represents some 100,000

local and regional authorities in 39 European countries.

In May 2011, City Councilor Claudia

Tausend attended the 101st committee

meeting of the German Association

of the CEMR in Berlin. From

Munich’s perspective, the discussions

surrounding the future role of local

government were the most interesting.

In an address aptly entitled “Governing

in Partnership”, Dr. Wolfgang

Schuster, President of the CEMR and

Lord Mayor of the City of Stuttgart,

outlined a European Union government

model to realize the Europe

2020 strategy. He called for a form

of networking in which the local and

regional levels and society at large

could be involved alongside the national

and European levels. The concept

was ratifi ed by the German Association

of the CEMR in Halle in early

December 2011. At the Annual Meeting

of the European CEMR Association

in Brussels, however, the same

subject provoked heated debate as

some delegates saw a risk of being


At a joint meeting of the Policy

Committee and Executive Bureau in

Halle/Saale on December 8, 2011,

the German Association of the Council

of European Municipalities and Regions

ratifi ed a resolution to submit a

declaration of support for European

integration in light of the European

public debt crisis. The resolution

stresses the importance of working

together as partners on all levels

and calls for the European Union to

become a European fi nancial union

in order to safeguard the stability of

the euro and place public budgets

on a sounder footing. In addition, the

resolution identifi es the regulation

of fi nancial markets as one of the

necessary conditions for a social market

economy, one important element

of which (in Germany) is the Sparkasse

(savings bank) organization.

Committee for Collaboration on


In 2011, the CEMR also resolved to

set up a committee for collaboration

on municipal development. The City

of Munich requested a seat on this

committee in order to underscore the

importance attached to collaboration

on development work. Councilor

Dr. Florian Vogel (Bündnis 90/Die

Grünen) was proposed as a member

of the new committee. The Offi ce for

International Cooperation was commissioned

to set up a working group

to this effect within the City Council.

Congress of Local and

Regional Authorities

The Congress of Local and Regional Authorities (CLRA)

represents local and regional authorities throughout the EU

within the Council of Europe, whose goals it primarily

pursues. During their 2011/2012 tenure, Councilor Gabriele

Neff (FDP) and Councilor Walter Zöller (CSU) each held a

deputy seat. On March 22, 2011, Gabriele Neff was also

elected Vice President of the Liberal Group within the

CLRA. The CLRA essentially monitors, inspects and evaluates

compliance with the European local self-government

charter across the 47 member states on the Council of

Europe. It also dispatches delegations to monitor elections

in member states.

Benefi ting from partnerships:

The Eurocities network

For cities, lifelong learning is

in creasingly becoming a vital factor

of success. The value of qualifi -

cations erodes much more quickly

these days, making con tinuous

development and learning a necessity.

That is perhaps why more than

70 re presentatives of local governments

from over 15 European

countries attended the Eurocities’

Economic Development Forum on

Lifelong Learning in Munich on April

6 – 8, 2011.

The winning entry in the Eurocities photo competition, from

Mahir Cetin: a barbecue scene in the Flaucher riverside leisure area

These experts from cities throughout

Europe came together to discuss

strategies to promote lifelong learning

and present their own cities’

strat egies and projects to launch this

process and maintain momentum.

Munich showed its guests a broad

spectrum of tools, projects and

campaigns on the subject of lifelong

learning. One example involved the

“Junge Arbeit” (“Young Work”)

training workshop in the Hasenbergl

district. The workshop is open

to young people who fi nd it diffi cult

to become integrated in the labor

market due to family, social or health


In November 2011, 250 local government

offi cials and representatives of

municipal administrations – including

a delegation from Munich – then

convened in Genoa for Eurocities’

Annual Conference. Urban development

planning was the central theme

of the event, which focused on issues

such as the early involvement of residents

in local government planning

processes. Arguing for a vibrant city-

scape, keynote speaker Renzo Piano,

Genoa’s star architect, demanded

improvements and guarantees for

the quality of life in and amenity value

of public spaces. To mark its 25th

anniversary, Eurocities had run a photo

competition, inviting young people between

the age of 15 and 25 to submit

a picture of their city. The picture of

Munich was sought out in collaboration

with, the youth portal operated

by the infl uential daily Süddeutsche

Zeitung. The winning entry

was a barbecue scene from the

Flaucher riverside leisure area.

Right now, the Eurocities network is

focusing its attention on efforts to

review and add concrete detail to

European competition policy. The aim

is to ensure that local authorities can

continue to provide services of general

interest. At the same time, they

have been working hard preparing position

papers on Europe’s funding policy

for the period from 2014 through

2020. At the invitation of the City of

Munich, the Eurocities Cultural Forum

and a number of workgroups will meet

in Munich in the course of 2012.

16 Strategy Annual Report on European Activities 2011 Strategy Annual Report on European Activities 2011 17

The municipal administration:

Getting in shape for Europe

EU policy decisions today have a direct impact on the

day-to-day administrative work of all local government

departments. To cope with such rigorous demands,

the municipal administration has to be well and truly

on the ball as far as European policy is concerned.

Above all, local administrators need a thorough knowledge

of European institutions and specifi c expertise on how

EU law translates into national law. They also need to know

how to tap subsidies and must possess good intercultural

skills. A solid command of foreign languages is equally

imperative. As a fi rst step to help its people get in shape

for Europe, the City of Munich therefore offers both ma nagers

and staff English language courses with a focus on

EU-specifi c vocabulary.

For service staff who deal with EU affairs, the Department

of Human Resources has developed a de d icated training

program that empowers employees to maintain contact

with European partners with an adequate command of English,

and to participate effectively in proj ects. Launched in

2011, the training courses are continuing in 2012 and will be

maintained in the years to come.

In cooperation with the European Affairs Team at the

Department of Labor and Economic Development, an advanced

training event has also been organized to address

European legislative processes, lobbying opportunities and

examples of public contract law and social welfare law.

With backing from the Leonardo da Vinci program, a local

government employee from Munich was able to take part

Backing open IT

standards at EU level

In a letter addressed to Neelie Kroes, the EU Commissioner

in charge of the Digital Agenda, Munich’s Lord

Mayor Christian Ude requested the Commissioner’s

backing for free, open-source software and open standards

in IT communication. Ude argued that the multiplicity

of document formats created by Offi ce packages

makes communication between authorities unnecessarily

diffi cult and poses a threat to the long-term legibility

of documents. The City of Munich is already in the

process of adapting its IT communication: By 2013, it

will have migrated its entire IT infrastructure to open

stan dards and open-source software – in line with one

of the EU’s fundamental demands.

in an administrative exchange program with Edinburgh

for the fi rst time in 2011. In October 2011, twelve Viennese

trainees were able to familiarize themselves with procedures

at the Munich foreign residents’ offi ce. In return,

they reported on comparable processes in Vienna’s local

government. Also on the agenda was a visit to the document

validation commission at the police headquarters

in Munich, where information about pan-European col laboration

between police authorities – especially between

Austria and Germany – was provided.

Intracity communication

The European Affairs Team also oversees communication

within Munich itself. A broad selection of tools and do cuments

have been posted on the Europe intranet. The

Europa aktuell” (“Europe Bulletin”) newsletter keeps

everyone who is interested up to date about what is going

on in the municipal administration and what staff need to

know about developments in Brussels and Strasbourg.

On matters of personnel law, the Department of Human

Resources assists the City of Munich’s spe cialist departments

and municipal companies by providing information

about the necessary consequences of amendments to European

law and decisions by both the Euro pean Court of

Justice and national courts as these bodies interpret and

apply European norms to labor and civil service law. This information

is provided in the form of consulting and advice

on personnel law, training courses on issues such as the

General Equal Treatment Act, and (where necessary) citywide


Applying EU law in the City of Munich’s

personnel activities

German labor law – and, by consequences, much of the

country’s civil service law – is largely shaped and molded

by European law in general, and by EU directives on the

subject of employment in particular. The City of Munich’s

Department of Human Resources keeps a close watch on

developments in European legislation, focusing above all on

ongoing decisions by the European Court of Justice and national

courts as they interpret and apply European norms to

Visit by a delegation from

Istanbul’s Sisli district

At the invitation of the Munich City Council and backed by

subsidies from the European Commission, a delegation

of administration experts from Istanbul’s Sisli district came

to Munich on an experience-sharing mission from June 26

to July 2, 2011. A Munich exhibition had been held on

Sisli’s central boulevard in May of the same year.

The 16 experts in attendance learned about strategies to

strengthen and improve Munich’s business base, about the

application of European environmental legislation at a local

level, and about issues relating to urban development plan-

Having already won the Corporate

Health Award in 2009, the City of

Munich’s corporate health management

activities were awarded a

second national accolade in 2011.

The German Association of Company

Health Insurers and the European

Commission presented the prize to

Dr. Thomas Böhle, Head of the City

labor and civil service law. The department identifi es the

consequences and applies these in advisory and training

contexts, as well as in its day-to-day work. Key court decisions

of relevance in 2011 primarily concerned anti-discrimination

law, vacation law, the rules governing parental leave,

maternity leave, part-time work, fi xed-term employment

and personnel representation law.

“People and Work in Harmony”

campaign wins award

of Munich’s Department of Human

Resources, in Cologne in recognition

of the “People and Work in Harmony

– Move Europe” campaign. Munich

won the award in the Public Service

category because, in the words of the

jury, the Bavarian capital had for years

stood out as a “beacon of excellence”

in corporate health management.

ning, urban renewal and local community work. An array

of activities to promote integration in the labor market and

improve employees’ qualifi cations were also presented.

The program concluded with a visit to Munich’s Vocational

School for Production Technology as an illustration of

how dual vocational education and training system are applied

in practice. This dialogue between Sisli and Munich is

the fruit of long-standing cooperation between the two administrative

bodies covering a wide range of subjects.

Munich’s City Council Commission is now planning a return

visit to explore selected urban development issues.

Information and education:

Cultivating an awareness of Europe

Surveys confi rm that few people really know how

European politics impacts their daily lives. The Europe

Direct Information Center (EDI) for Munich and Upper

Bavaria is the city’s fi rst port of call for matters pertaining

to Europe.

In light of the current euro crisis, the European Union has

reached a critical phase. Increasingly, public debate is even

casting doubt on the whole subject of European integration.

Information and education are, therefore, more important

than ever. Many people are also keen to know where

they can choose to live and work in Europe, whether they

can still draw their pension if they do move and where their

insurance remains valid. The EDI is part of an EU-wide

network of around 500 offi ces. It organizes focused events,

supplies a broad spectrum of information materials and

answers all kinds of questions about Europe in an attempt

to fuel fruitful debate.

Some of the most topical and important issues addressed

in 2011 included work-related mobility, the possibility of

applying for EU subsidies, questions of law, information

about the Treaty of Lisbon, the political education of teachers

and support for scientifi c work at schools and universities.

Europe on the City of

Munich web portal

The EDI also presented an exhibition of caricatures under

the heading “Euro-Spott” (“Spott” is the German word for

irony or scorn). From the funny to the frustrating, European

cartoonists – including Munich’s own Dieter Hanitzsch –

provided an incisively witty insight into all things regarding

the euro from the 1990s to the present day. Director of

Economic Development Dieter Reiter opened the exhibition

at the Municipal Library in Gasteig.

Political developments in Hungary, whose turn it was to

preside over the European Council for six months, attracted

considerable attention throughout Europe. Hungary’s new

media law in particular came in for close scrutiny. Michael

Frank, a journalist and Central European correspondent

for the newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung, provided a revealing

insight into these developments on invitation by the

Europe Direct Information Center.

Europe Direct Information Center

Munich & Upper Bavaria

Münchner Stadtbibliothek Am Gasteig, Ebene 1.1

Rosenheimer Straße 5

81667 München


Phone +49 (0)89 480 98 33 79

At, the European Affairs

Team at the City of Munich’s Department of Labor and

Economic Development explains why its Europe-centric

activities are of importance to the city and how the

team works. The portal also features numerous links,

notice of forthcoming events and details of EU-subsidized

projects that are currently in progress in Munich.

Position papers in response to consultations with the

EU Commission and similar documents are also available

for download.

Professional communication:

The result of professional work

As a clear visual expression of the city’s intensive

commitment to European affairs, a uniform graphical

logo has been developed on the basis of the existing

Munich layout.

Its core component is the “Munich Loves You” heart fi lled

with a stylized map of Europe that is absorbing points of

light as seen from space.

Europe Day:

New concept well received

On May 6, 2011, the City of Munich unveiled a new

concept to celebrate Europe Day on the Marienplatz, in the

Prunkhof courtyard, in the Kassenhalle and in the Large

Meeting Room at City Hall. Representatives of the

EU Commission and the EU Parliament in Munich and of

Europa-Union-München e.V. acted as cooperation partners

for the event. A large number of visitors stopped by at

the information booths; and lots of children learned something

about the 27 member states of the European Union

in aplayful way. Schoolchildren worked and debated in a

“pupils’ parliament”; and a young, laid-back audience spent

the afternoon listening to music from three popular local

bands on a stage in front of City Hall. The day’s events

were rounded off with a panel discussion whose title question

– “Does our future lie with the euro?” – was answered

by experts and politicians alike with a resounding yes!

Lots of visitors eagerly took advantage of the opportunity

to gather information and talk to representatives of the

European Union. Topics such as the fi nancial crisis in

Greece, Ireland and Portugal, the stream of refugees fl owing

in from North Africa and the freedom of movement

for workers, which came into force on May 1, 2011, were

raised again and again in the course of Europe Day.

Save the date: In 2012, Europe Day will be celebrated on

May 11 at City Hall, in the Prunkhof and on the Marienplatz.

Updates will be published at


In Kooperation mit:


Regionalvertretung in München

Strategy Annual Report on European Activities 2011 19

The wording “Europe connects” is mirrored visually on

the cover picture of this year’s Annual Report on European

Activities, for example, which shows Munich refl ected in

the Atomium in Brussels. German and English versions of

the logo are available, as is the case for most publications

and a wealth of relevant information.

Internally, European matters are communicated fi rst and

foremost via a dedicated newsletter and a separate intranet

site. Externally, the website (see box) is complemented by

a variety of events and publications for residents of Munich.

Press relations is the more diffi cult aspect of the work, as

local media still tend to see Europe as a topic that is hard to

communicate and has few regional touchpoints. One challenge

is therefore to use practical examples to more clearly

illustrate the infl uence that Europe has on Munich. After

all, the EU ultimately has a direct impact on many aspects

of life in Munich, as this Annual Report demonstrates in no

uncertain terms.

6. Mai 2011


und Rathaus

14 Uhr Tänze

15.30 – 19.30 Uhr live: JB‘s FIRST,

Nina Alverdes

G.Rag y los Hermanos Patchekos

14 – 19 Uhr Europa entdecken

14 – 19 Uhr Markt der Möglichkeiten

19 Uhr Der Euro – unsere Zukunft?


www .muenchen .de / europa

20 Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011 Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011 21

Support for EU projects

The European Union makes

substantial funds available to local

authorities in its member states

for projects and activities relating to

the economy, research, employment,

education, consumer protection

and environmental protection.

It operates a wide range of activity

and development programs focused

on a very diverse array of issues,

ranging from initiatives for education

and professional qualifi cation,

urban development and climate

protection to integration, the battle

against youth unemployment and

the promotion of intercultural


In supplying such funds, the EU

encourages organizations to try out

new cross-border strategies and pool

experience in the international arena.

Munich participates in knowledge

transfer and the learning process in a

number of these projects. The City

Council would like to see this dialogue

stepped up, however. To this end, the

Department of Labor and Economic

Development’s European Affairs Team

has therefore developed a service

portfolio to support local government

units that engage in international


The various specialist departments

independently oversee all kinds of EU

projects. On request, however, they

can now receive assistance from the

European Affairs Team. Insuffi cient

capacity and resources and a lack of

EU-specifi c knowledge often presents

an obstacle to units that want to apply

for and engage in EU projects. To

make this task simpler and help departments

to fi nd suitable EU promotion

programs, the European Affairs

Team therefore provides advice and

assistance in the form of the following


Project development assistance

Advice on applications and help with


Identifi cation of the right cooperation


Project handling

Costing and fi nancial management

Support for personnel acquisition

Advice on contracts

Project management support

One of the main aims of EU projects is

to open up new perspectives and help

Munich to develop European standards

in collaboration with other cities.

Another is to contribute to greater

mutual understanding.

A full list of EU-funded projects in

Munich is provided on pages 40 – 43.

Selected projects are also described

on the internet at europa

22 Projekte Europa-Jahresbericht 2011

Maintaining quality of life

in the city and the region

Integrated, sustainable urban development, mobility

and transport planning, access for all in every city:

These are the issues that are shaping our future. And

as they do so, it is becoming increasingly important

for the City of Munich to collaborate with the surrounding

communities in order to keep the region

competitive and maintain its excellent quality of life.

This is one reason why the Department of Urban Planning

and Building Regulations and the Department of Labor and

Economic Development recently took part in the CityRegio-

Net, an EU project spearheaded by the Austrian city of

Graz. During the nearly three-year cooperative project (from

2009 through 2011), the partners involved developed initiatives

to intensify collaboration between local governments

in different urban regions.

Intensifying intraregional collaboration

Graz and Zurich, for example, both supplied Munich with

valuable ideas regarding the joint development of regional

parks that can adopt a key role in local leisure and recreation.

Conversely, Châlons-en-Champagne and Kielce

benefi ted from Munich’s experience in setting up specialpurpose

intermunicipal associations and establishing a

regional public transport association. Ultimately, management

at regional level, sustainable community development

and the promotion of an environmentally compatible culture

Reference Framework

for Sustainable Cities

The Department of Urban Planning and Building Regulations

joined forces with the Department of Health and the

Environment to develop a Reference Framework for European

Sustainable Cities (RFSC). This reference framework

was initiated under the French presidency of the European

Council and is now being fl eshed out in collaboration with

the EU member states. In 2007, the member states signed

the “Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities”. The

reference framework should support the implemen tation of

this charter. The test phase for the framework took place in

spring and summer 2011. Also, to allow the test cities in

of regional mobility have proven vital to the future development

prospects of Munich and the surrounding region.

Aware of this, the Department of Urban Planning and Building

Regulations decided to apply itself to precisely these

issues in a new EU project named MORECO, which builds

on the outcomes of the CityRegioNet.

MORECO project launched:

Mobility and Residential Costs

The MORECO project was launched in summer 2011. Under

its aegis, partners from around the Alpine region

are concerning themselves with the link between mobility

and residential costs for private households and public

stakeholders. What housing and mobility costs will I have

to pay after a move? Will moving to a new home pay for

itself? How expensive will it be to travel to work from my

new home? Which modes of transport will be the most

economical? These and similar questions are being

addressed by the MORECO project leaders – and also by

Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011 23

German-speaking countries to pool their ideas and experience,

a workshop, attended by a representative of the EU

Commission, was held in Munich in April. Munich focused

its contribution to testing on the RFSC system of indicators.

The framework is intended as a voluntary tool to serve the

purpose of sustainable urban development and to help cities

develop integrated urban development concepts.

local governments and creditors such as the savings banks

– in an attempt to improve predictions about favored regions

and potential problem regions. For Munich itself, one aim

is to further refi ne the residential and mobility cost calculator

made available by the Munich Association of Public

Transport Authorities MVV. Another is to improve the

Accesability Atlas published by the European Metropolitan

Region Munich.

Headed by SIR, the Salzburg Institute for Regional Development

and Housing, Munich’s role in the project is being

coordinated by the Department of Urban Planning and

Building Regulations. EU subsidies have been granted within

the framework of the Interreg program for the Alpine

region. The project will run until summer 2014, has a total

budget of EUR 2.49 million and receives EUR 136,800 in

EU subsidies.

Working together to protect

the climate

To operate a successful climate

policy, it is imperative to gather

experience spanning the whole of

Europe. Climate protection targets

can be realized only with coordinated

strategies and a concerted


Under the heading “Doing good

business – with climate protection!”,

the annual international conference

and members’ meeting of Klima-

Bündnis e.V. (the “Climate Alliance”)

convened in Munich on May 4 – 7,

2011. The event focused on the economic

aspects of climate protection.

Projects to help cities, communities

and regions become more energy-

effi cient and make greater use of

energy from renewable sources – and

hence to stimulate local economies –

were presented. Munich demonstrated

how a growing society and

carbon reduction can be combined.

Frankfurt showcased its development

program for private households and

the corporate sector. And The Hague

reported on how it had successfully

launched a local climate fund. Joachim

Lorenz, Chairman of the Climate

Alliance and Head of the Department

of Health and the Environment in

Munich, made it clear that urban

regions are the main driver of climate

change. The roughly 300 delegates

approved two reso lutions, one on

electromobility and the other on the

withdrawal from nuclear power.

Adjusting our lifestyle

The keynote speaker at the conference

was Professor Mohan

Munasinghe, whose millennium

consumption targets advocate new

forms of doing business. Professor

Munasinghe calls for intelligent

tech nology and methods to be used

to adapt our lifestyle to the requirements

of our day. Philip Lowe,

Direc tor-General of the European

Commission on Energy, responded

to the various expectations voiced

with regard to concerted action by the

EU on climate protection, including

a heated debate with Lord Mayor

Christian Ude.

A membership of over 1,600 makes

the Climate Alliance the biggest city

network devoted to the cause of

protecting the climate and preserving

the tropical rainforests. Via the agency

of the Climate Alliance, Munich has

for 14 years engaged in a partnership

with the Peruvian Asháninka people,

who want to preserve the Amazon

rainforest as a “green lung”.

Munich lays the foundations

for solar urban planning

Under the auspices of the POLIS cooperation project, the

City of Munich is joining with Lisbon, Lyon, Malmö, Paris

and Vitoria-Gasteiz to build more solid foundations for solar

urban planning. Each of the participant cities has drawn up

its own solar action plan. The insights gleaned are now being

implemented common in local pilot projects. National

networks of users and decision-makers have also been set

up. Munich’s plan of action combines both stra tegic objectives

and concrete urban planning activities, the aim being

to promote the use of solar power in the years ahead.

Ultimately, the participants want to increase the proportion

Within the framework of the project “EnergyCity –

Re ducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions in cities

across Central Europe”, a GIS-based spatial information

system to measure and visualize carbon emissions is to

be developed. The system will be implemented in selected

urban areas in various cities in Central Europe. Munich is

one of them.

The information system will use thermal imaging to identify

heat loss in buildings and thus plot a map of the associated

CO2 emissions. The cost and impact of various actions

to modernize energy systems and step up the use of ener-

of photovoltaic installations used to generate power, raise

solar thermal energy’s contribution to the heating of existing

and new buildings alike, and add to the passive solar

gains being realized in new building developments. The

proj ect was launched in 2009 and runs until mid-2012.

POLIS: Identifi cation and Mobilization of Solar Potential via

Local Strategies

Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011 25

Reducing energy consumption in European cities

gy from renewable sources can then be compared. Energy-

City will, for example, help coordinate and improve the

ef fectiveness of urban CO2 monitoring across Europe.

By sharing knowledge and experience with project partners,

Munich also hopes to gain valuable ideas for the

ongoing development of its integrated climate protection

program. Ten universities, non-governmental organiza tions

and municipal administrations from six countries are

tak ing part in EnergyCity. The project is subsidized as part

of the EU’s INTERREG IV B development program and

runs from 2010 through 2012.

26 Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011

Getting entrepreneurs and employees

in shape to face European competition

Thanks to fi nancial support from

Europe, Munich is able to organize

competitions, qualifi cation initi atives

and local government economic

development schemes,

above all to help migrant businesses

and people rejoining the labor


Research projects and start-ups too

can benefi t from various programs,

however. As part of the EU-backed

IMAGEEN project, the Department of

Labor and Economic Development

presented the basic idea behind the

Munich Business Plan Competition in

2011. It also showcased Altruja GmbH

and PicturePix GmbH, two Munich-

based Internet start-ups, as the winners

of this competition. IMAGEEN

aims to promote the sharing of knowledge

and experience in relation to

business start-ups. Presented as the

best practice, the Munich Business

Plan Competition was very well received

by partners to the EU project.

It was also singled out as a lead project

to be implemented in other EU cities

too in order to ramp up the promotion

of business start-ups. By fall 2012,

the IMAGEEN partners in Lyon plan

to unveil a model for the pan-European

implementation of Munich’s concept.

This year’s project will be concluded

with specifi c recommendations on

how Munich’s offerings in this area can

be intensifi ed.

Promotion of municipal clusters

Local economic development experts

are also collaborating on the EU project

ClusNet, which focuses on exploring

how local governments can effectively

support the growth of regional busi-

Qualifi cation program for female migrants

Mona Iea gives female migrants who

have a sound knowledge of German

the chance to earn language and vocational

qualifi cations which, in turn,

should help them become integrated

in the world of work. Mona Iea is

backed by subsidies from the European

Social Fund (ESF). The modular

system put together by Munich’s adult

education center provides fl exible and

tailor-made offerings.

Candidates can choose between

fi ve lines of work: care for the elderly,

offi ce communication, childcare,

home economics and retail/sales.

At the end of the programs, migrant

women have the chance to earn a

B1 or B2 language certifi cate in accordance

with the European reference

framework, as well as a vocational

certifi cate. Participants in all lines

ness clusters. Clusters are ecosystems

focused on specifi c industries in which

business, administration and universities

cooperate closely. One aspect

of the project is to evaluate suitable

conditions, pool knowledge and experience

on a European level and, as a

result, improve the availability of local


Besides promoting business start-

ups, Munich also seeks to provide an

at tractive environment that will make

companies and graduates want to stay

here. Expanding local public transport

offerings is part of this task, as are

the activities of the city’s corporate

mobility consulting agency. Partners

to the project, which ran from 2009 to

2011, included Lyon (the lead city),

Munich, Barcelona, Leipzig,

Manchester, Budapest and the Eurocities

network. The scientifi c aspects

of ClusNet are being accompanied by

the Stockholm School of Economics.

The project is subsidized by funds from

the Euro pean Union’s INTERREG IV C


receive communication and confl ict

resolution training, are taught intercultural

skills and acquire basic certifi -

cates in IT and commerce. The project

expired on March 25, 2012, and has a

total volume of EUR 811,276, of which

EUR 376,000 is contributed out of

ESF funds.

European innovation vouchers

From 2009 through 2011, the Department

of Labor and Economic Development

took part in a research project

led by the Dutch region of Noord-

Brabant and focused on testing a

system of European innovation and

knowl edge vouchers. Innovation

vouchers to encourage cooperation

between small and medium-sized

enterprises (SMEs) and scientifi c

institutes are a common tool at the

regional and national levels. This EU

project therefore sought to identify

the requirements for a trans-European

voucher system and vali date the

chances that such a system might

succeed. Total subsidies of

EUR 809,000 were set aside for this

project under the aegis of the EU’s

7th Framework Program for Research.

Of this sum, EUR 115,000 was earmarked

for Munich. The project ran for

two years and was completed in 2011.

A boost for those rejoining the

labor market

The longer mothers and fathers

interrupt their work on parental leave,

the more diffi cult it becomes to

resume their career. Many have to

struggle with a lack of self-confi dence,

overcome gaps in their knowledge

and deal with a sense of career dis-

Initiative to upskill

migrant companies

The migrant economy plays an integral

part in Munich’s business community.

However, many small and mediumsized

businesses often have a hard

time becoming established on the

market. The primary goal of the KiM

project to upskill migrant companies

is therefore to develop an innovative

training and qualifi cation model for migrant

companies. KiM started on

March 1, 2011, and will run for three

years. In the medium term, the project

should help strengthen the fragment-

orientation. power_m helps precisely

these people to rejoin the labor

market successfully. Its free, tailormade

project offerings include IT

training, career orientation advice, the

promotion of business start-ups and

advice on issues such as saving for

old age and family management.

Co-fi nanced by the ESF, the project

also provides free assistance to small

and medium-sized enterprises as

they look for suitably qualifi ed staff.

Launched in 2009, power_m is initially

scheduled to run until December 31,


Achievements since project launch:

Intensive support for and assistance

to 1,244 women and 16 men. 1,119

people have already “graduated”

from power_m.

Of these, 365 are now in (mostly

part-time) employment and

pay compulsory social insurance

con tributions.

157 have become self-employed,

while a further 89 are pursuing

further education to develop their


ed migrant economy. Each KiM project

begins with a company check-up

to identify those areas in which training

and qualifi cation activities could

be useful to a company. Based on the

recommendations drawn up by KiM, a

qualifi cation roadmap is then prepared

in cooperation with the company concerned.

The City of Munich and the

European social Fund each contribute

EUR 208,991 to the project.

Point of

Single Contact

The Point of Single Contact for

Corporate Customers (PSC) instigated

by the City of Munich

opened for business at the end of

2009. Over the past year, the PSC

has dealt with a total of 1,160 inquiries

– a year-on-year increase of

15 percent. 19 percent of its customers

were foreign companies.

Information and advice was provided

in English for 10 percent of all


The PSC supports foreign companies

– especially those from EU

countries – and helps them to overcome

bureaucratic obstacles to

cross-border trade and service provision.

It provides information on

business conditions and requirements

in Munich, necessary

licenses and approvals, conditions

governing the exercise of certain

professions and the formalities

of starting or relocating a business.

On request by the customer, the

PSC is also happy to coordinate

the necessary administrative procedures

and enable the secure

electronic interchange of documents

and applications.


Department of Labor and

Economic Development

Point of Single Contact for

Corporate Customers

Phone: +49 (0)89 233-22070

28 Projekte Europa-Jahresbericht 2011

The challenges of the mobile society

The Department of Public Order

developed an EU strategy for

transport and mobility management

in 2011. In the process, it established

strategic partnerships with

experienced consultants who specialize

in the commissioning and

management of EU projects in the

fi elds of mobility, transport and the


The core activities of the Department

of Public Order should normally be

supported by a continual fl ow of subsidies

and expertise and the constant

cultivation of international networks in

the context of relevant EU projects.

One medium-term objective is to be

involved in projects run as part of the

CIVITAS Futura development program,

which is due to be launched in 2014

and will very closely match the kind of

assignments that arise in transport

and mobility management.


In 2011, the EU project AENEAS

(“Attaining Energy Effi cient Mobility

in an Aging Society”) was brought

to a conclusion with a highly-regarded

closing conference at the Committee

of the Regions in Brussels. The goal

of the project was to promote sustainable

mobility for senior citizens.

Europe is facing far-reaching demographic

changes. A whole generation

that grew up with the automobile is

now reaching the age of retirement.

One logical consequence is that

private vehicles will play a more prominent

role in mobility for older people

in the future. This in turn will have a

powerful impact on energy effi ciency.

Within the framework of AENEAS,

fi ve European cities (Munich, Salzburg,

Krakow, Odense and Donostia-San

Sebastian) provided mobility advice

and training programs for senior citizens.

The City of Munich, the Munich

Transport Corporation (MVG) and the

environmental protection group Green

City e.V. together developed a package

of interlocking actions. The Department

of Public Order circulated

the brochure “Mobilitätswegweiser”

(Signposts for Mobility) to 10,000 randomly

selected households. A reply

card en abled senior citizens to order

further information material or sign up

for free courses and events. Demand

was vigorous indeed. More than 20

percent of the selected households

expressed an interest.

Total project funding:

EUR 1.38 million

Funding for Munich:

EUR 28,506


The Department of Public Order also

partners the EU project “BAMBINI –

Move smart from the start”, which

will be concluded in 2012 after four

successful years.

In collaboration with Ökoprojekt-

MobilSpiel e.V., a movement-focused

project was developed that specifi cally

targets children’s nurseries. Games

and fun prepare the children to become

road users. They get to know

the vicinity of their nursery and learn a

little about eco-friendly mobility. Ten

Cross-border fl exibility:

Electronic residence permits

In 2011, the extent to which the EU

infl uences the work of the Immigration

Authority in Munich became

acutely apparent. With effect from

September 1, 2011, two EU regulations

that are binding for all member

states necessitated the introduction of

electronic residence permits with

biometric features. The uniform

residence permit is now a separate

document the size of a credit card.

As such, it takes over from the stickers

previously affi xed to passports

movement units were developed and

documented in a manual for each of

the two subprojects BAMBINI mini

(for three to four-year-olds) and BAM-

BINI maxi (for fi ve to six-year-olds).

The manual is designed as a practical

guide for the nursery teachers who

implement the project.

Total project funding:

EUR 1.23 million

Funding for Munich:

EUR 111,818


The EU project SEGMENT

(“SEGmented Marketing for ENergy

effi cient Transport”) commenced

in 2009 and is slated to run for three

years. It focuses on mobility management

for people who have reached

transitional phases in their life. The latter

include people who are changing

their job, moving to another school or

moving home. Specifi c campaigns for

three target groups are being developed,

implemented and evaluated in

each partner city.

Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011 29

and other travel documents. The

bearer’s personal data are stored on

an invisible chip inside the permit.

Implementing the European regulations

regarding the uniform design of

the residence permit involved extensive

changes in both IT and personnel

resources. Franziska Döbrich, head

of the Immigration Authority in Munich,

issued the fi rst electronic residence

permit to Garcia Cornejo, a

Mexican national, on October 6, 2011.

Within the framework of SEGMENT,

the City of Munich is drafting concepts

and ideas for the target groups

new residents, migrants and children

moving from elementary to secondary

schools. In Hounslow, Almada,

Athens, Sofi a, Utrecht and Gdynia,

similar campaigns are being devised

for three target groups each in order

to maximize the potential for learning

and pooling experience in the course

of the project. Representatives of

partner cities are invited to sit in on

other partners’ projects to gain an

insight into the structures and projects

in each location.

Total project funding:

EUR 1.32 million

Funding for Munich:

EUR 192,933

30 Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011 Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011 31

Clearing the path toward integration

in society and the world of work

The EU contributes to numerous

community projects in Munich.

Without money from Brussels,

many of these initiatives would be

diffi cult, if not impossible. Most

of them have a pan-European focus

to facilitate the sharing of experience

and the ability to learn from


The Social Services Department was

responsible for a total of 14 EU projects

that were headed, co-fi nanced or

implemented by private-sector organizations

in 2011. Some EUR 2.7

million in EU subsidies had been set

aside for these projects over a number

of years. The department’s work

focused on refugees and integration



FiBA, a regional network for eastern

Bavaria, has set itself the goal of

sustainably integrating refugees who

are entitled to stay in Germany and

those who have at least a subsidiary

work permit in the labor market, there-

by increasing their chances of gaining

permanent residence in this country.

One core element of the project’s

activities is to place refugees in work

and education. To this end, various

players in the labor market are sensitized

to the specifi c life situation faced

by project participants. The three-year

project began in 2011 and is being

backed by funds from the European

Social Fund and Germany’s federal

government. Project partners include

organizations in Munich, Nuremberg

and eastern Bavaria.

Total project funding:

EUR 1.75 million

Funding for Munich:

EUR 479,134

Coming Home

Coming Home, launched in 2000,

is one of the most successful EU projects

in the City of Munich. To date,

more than 10,000 people have

received support during the process

of voluntary repatriation to their home

Delegation from Kiev visits

to study HIV prevention

In July, a delegation of experts from Munich’s twin city

Kiev visited the Bavarian capital on a fact-fi nding mission

with regard to HIV prevention work. The visit was planned

as the beginning of a long-term cooperative venture headed

up by the Offi ce for International Cooperation. Although

the situation has become slightly more stable, Ukraine is

still struggling with an astronomical number of HIV/AIDS

diseases and new infections. In the Kiev area, the infection

country. Every year, social welfare

benefi ts running into the hundreds of

thousands of euros are saved as a

result. In 2010, the project was thus

singled out by the Federal Offi ce for

Migration and Refugees as an example

of best practice. Within the framework

of Coming Home, the Offi ce

of Repatriation Assistance is working

throughout Germany to improve the

structure of its advisory services.

It also organizes specialist congresses

and advanced training courses, such

as “Fresh Start in the Home Country”,

a congress on the subject of reintegration

held in Munich on May 30, 2011.

At the end of October 2011, project

leader Sylvia Glaser was invited to

Brussels to present the project to rep-

2011: The “European Year of Volunteering”

The focus in 2011, the Year of Volunteering,

was on civil commitment.

Events such as the Volunteers’ Fair

in Munich refl ected this motto. The

Department of Social Services too

praised the outstanding dedication

shown by many organizations by recognizing

a number of foundations,

headed by the BEST foundation (the

acronym “BEST” derives from the

German for “civil commitment”). On

Munich’s fi rst ever Company Day,

more than 100 employees took part,

resentatives of all EU member states

and the EU Commission. Ms. Glaser

also took this opportunity to submit

proposals for improvement for the

forthcoming funding period – a telling

illustration of how local governments

can infl uence the EU’s subsidy policy.

Funding for Munich:

EUR 300,000


Mixities promotes dialogue between

16 European cities on the subject of

integration policy. The project focuses

on three key issues: anti-discrimination

policy, diversity in public services

and orientation/language courses

seeking to help more than 700 children,

young people and people living


A European exchange project focused

on volunteering was launched in 2011

on the basis of advice and assistance

from the Europe Direct Information

Center for Munich and Upper Bavaria

(EDI) and within the framework of the

“Europe for Citizens” program. Sharing

experience in Europe was the

primary objective. The lead partner

was the organization “Volontarios por

rate in 2010 was up 23.6 percent compared to the fi rst half

of 2009. The meeting in Munich thus marked the start of a

concerted experience sharing exercise in relation to HIV

and AIDS. In the fi eld of prevention, medical treatment and

care, collaboration and mutual support between the local

government, associations, self-help groups, doctors and

other points of contact has so far proven to be exceptionally

effective in Munich.

for new arrivals. Gent, Barcelona and-

Stockholm are each applying themselves

to one of these issues; representatives

of other European cities are

evaluating their endeavors. In addition,

participant cities are contributing their

own examples of successful proj ects

and activities, while also sharing their

ideas on new paths in integration

po licy. Munich is playing a part in

activities relating to orientation and

language courses for new arrivals.

Mixities began in November 2010 and

expired in May 2012.

The project is subsidized by the European

Integration Fund.

Madrid” (Volunteers for Madrid).

Other participants included Sunderland,

Lisbon and the Universidad Rey

Juan Carlos. An initial exchange took

place from March 21-23, 2011, at the

university Rey Juan Carlos in Madrid.

Education benefi ts from

international dialogue

As a matter of course, European

and international projects at

the Department of Edu cation and

Sports are expected to contribute

to Euro pean dialogue and to help

strength en skills that are of relevance

to Europe. In 2011, attention

cen tered primarily on promoting

intercultural skills and vocational

qualifi cations – all in close collaboration

with European partners.

Work with a bearing on Europe takes

Honored as role models for the whole of Europe:

MOVET. In the picture (left to right): Hélène Clark

(Director, European Commission), Dr. Markus

Müller and Laura Flacke (Department of Education,

TUM School of Education, TUM in Munich),

Thomas Häfner (Vocational School for Production

Technology in Munich) and Ute Haller-Block

(National Agency for Education, lifelong learning,

EC, Brussels).

place on several levels, including:

Development and training programs

for teachers from all kinds of schools

at the Institute for Teacher Development

of the City of Munich

An international vacation program

for students from Munich

The promotion of international,

project-related school partnerships

at general and vocational schools

(78 school partnerships currently

exist with 15 European countries)

EU-backed projects within the framework

of the Lifelong Learning program

are another focal area. In 2011,

38 such projects were completed in

vo cational education and a further 12

in general education. In the same

year, 43 percent more EU (Leonardo

da Vinci) projects were subsidized

than in the previous year (total subsidies:

EUR 686,000). Subsidies of

EUR 260,000 were channeled into

Comenius projects.

A selection of the projects

supported by the department:


The municipal Vocational School for

Production Technology plays an active

part in European integration in the

context of initial vocational training.

Since 2008, it has served as the hub

of a pilot project entitled Modules for

Vocational Education and Training

(MOVET). Coordinated by the Department

of Education at the TUM in

Munich and in collaboration with 15

partners from Denmark, Finland,

Slovakia and Germany, it has developed

six modules that are attended by

apprentices and students from these

countries. In three-week units, mechatronic

technicians and industrial

mechanics learn new skills in electropneumatics

or IT bus technology. Held

in English, the theory and practice

modules conclude with an assessment

of how well the skills have been

learned. The main challenge is for the

learning outcomes to be described

so transparently that candidates can

rely on having them recognized in their

home country. At the end of 2011,

“Education for Europe”, a national

agency run by the Federal Institute for

Vocational Training (NA BiBB), gave

the project its PLL Award (Program for

Lifelong Learning) at national level and

also recommended it as a role model

at European level. The Vocational

School for Production Technology was

honored too for its pivotal role in the

MOVET project.

The project runs until 2012.

Total subsidies: EUR 14,782


The Vocational School for Electric

Installations and Building Technology

was one of the fi rst municipal vocational

schools to receive subsidies for

an EU project as part of the Leonardo

da Vinci program for lifelong learning.

The school is also committed to

knowledge sharing on a national,

European and international level. The

affi liated Training Center for Solar

Tech nology is currently a partner to

the EU project Install+RES, which

receives funding within the framework

of the Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE)

program. Alongside another German

partner, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Poland

and Slovenia too are participating in

the project. The aim is to improve the

quality of technical installations in

buildings with a view to using energy

from renewable sources and, at the

same time, to increase the quantity

of such installations. Training courses

to provide suitable qualifi cations and

accreditations for building installation

technicians are planned, with a specific

focus on biomass, solar thermal

energy, photovoltaics and heat pumps

as forms of renewable energy.

The project runs until 2013.

Total subsidies: EUR 123,928

Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011 33

The changing face of sepulchral

through the ages

As part of a Leonardo da Vinci project,

the Vocational School for Stone

Technology is conducting a mobility

project in Rome that runs until 2013.

The list of participants includes teachers

from the City of Munich’s Vocational

Training Center for Construction

and Handicrafts, trainers, owners and

employed foremen from small and

medium-sized stonemasonry and

sculpting fi rms and representatives of

undertakers and cemetery operators.

The partners on site in Rome – the

Instituto Archeologico Roma and the

Collegio Santa Maria della Pietá – are

scientifi c institutions that improve

the skills and professionalism of the

participants within the project mandate.

The hope is that on-site investigations

and interdisciplinary knowledge

sharing with partner institutions

will lead to cemeteries being shaped

once again by attractive and more

individual gravestones. New and highquality

orders could also safeguard

jobs in this unique industry.

Total subsidies: EUR 85,650



34 Projects Annual Report on European Activities 2011

International cultural work:

Munich connects

The Department of Arts and Culture engages in international

cooperation in many areas. While European

partners naturally have an important part to play,

collaboration with non-European partners too is

gaining in im por tance. The activities range from guest

appearances and tours – such as those by the Münchner

Kammerspiele and the city’s Philharmonic Orchestra –

through tem porary cooperation on individual projects

to ongoing collaboration and partnerships.

Certain formats, such as the Festivals Dance, Tanzwerkstatt

Europa, Spielart, the Munich Biennale and “Radikal

jung” have a European or international focus by defi nition.

They ensure that Munich will continue to play an active

part in European and international art discourse. They also

ex pose local audiences to international art performances

and presentations, while keeping the Munich scene closely

networked with international partners.

Alongside these regular activities, here are four examples

of selected initiatives conducted in 2011:


Alongside the Villa Waldberta, the City of Munich’s only

international center for artists in residence to date, the

Department of Arts and Culture has, in collaboration with

the Pasinger Fabrik, been running a second residence program

at the Ebenböckhaus in the district of Pasing since 2011.

The center provides temporary residence for up to fi ve

artists who are engaged in projects in collaboration with

partner organi zations re presenting the art and culture scene

in Munich. Thanks to this artists-in-residence program, it has,

for example, been possible to support a GEDOK artists’

exchange program by allowing two artists from Sofi a to

live at the Ebenböckhaus. Up to now, some 30 artists have

been welcomed as guests in Munich-Pasing.

Europe and Theater

Above and beyond this new offer of infrastructure, cultural

projects that provide an artistic angle on European identity

crop up again and again. One example is the Münchner

Kammerspiele, whose thematic focus on getting to grips

with Europe in 2011 is to be continued through 2012. The

“Hotel Europa” project is one example of the group’s work:

a monthly reading marathon involving the entire ensemble.

In his epic documentary play entitled “In Europe. Travels

Through the Twentieth Century”, Dutch author Geert Mak

takes the reader place by place and year by year through

the whole of the 20th century. On his travels through the

Europe of the past millennium, he repeatedly interviewed

contemporary witnesses of the events he describes. In

addition, the theater’s cooperation with NO99 in Tallinn and

the Lyric Hammersmith Theatre in London spawned the

highly regarded “Three Kingdoms” production by Simon


Festival Lab

Lastly, 2011 saw two initiatives that used established festivals

– albeit going beyond classical festival events – to

promote European networking. Both were co-fi nanced by

EU funds from the Culture Programme. The “Festival Lab”

initiative seeks to give the next generation of young European

festival organizers the theoretical and practical

grounding they need to grow into this role. To do so, the initiative

gives these talented youngsters access to a training

program comprising both aspects. The program was conceived

and is conducted by the Munich-based “Spielart festival”

in collaboration with festivals from eight other

European countries. Five of the 20 participants also get the

chance to realize one of their own projects at one of the

affi liated festivals, and to use the event – as the name

suggests – as a kind of laboratory for new program ideas.

Connect Connect

The second initiative launched by the theater festival

Spielart was designed to promote performing artists, while

also providing a laboratory for contemporary art. “Connect

Connect” was the third mentoring project to be initiated by

Spielart, following on from “What Next 2007” and “Connections

2009”. The special challenge in the latest project

was that two artists chosen from different backgrounds by

each mentor were required to develop a joint performance

or production. All four of the resultant premieres were

presented at the Spielart theater festival in November 2011.

Over the next few years, they will also be shown to

audiences at Spielart’s seven European partner festivals.

Projekte Europa-Jahresbericht 2011 35

Cohesion policy

for sustainable growth in cities and regions

Never before have the EU member

states received as much fi nancial

support from the Structural Funds

as they did in 2011. Within the

framework of its cohesion policy,

the EU pumped just under EUR 33

billion into projects to boost

economic, social and territorial

cohesion – and hence growth and

employment – in the European

Union. The European Regional

Development Fund (ERDF), the

European Social Fund (ESF) and the

Cohesion Fund are the promotional

and development instruments used

in line with co hesion policy. For the

overall development period from

2007 through 2013, the funds have

a total budget of EUR 347 billion.

Germany is one of the biggest

re ci pients of these funds. Numerous

ESF-funded projects and activities

in Munich, for example, seek to create

jobs, improve people’s qualifi cations

and place people in gainful employment.

Regrettably, however, the Free

State of Bavaria has excluded Munich

and Planning Region 14 from support

pursuant to the ERDF’s Operational

Program. This means that, unlike other

large European cities, Munich receives

no support for corporate development

or infrastructure projects. In response,

Munich has played an active and intensive

role in negotiations regarding

the EU’s fi nancial framework for the

years 2014 through 2020. It will also

closely monitor the development of

future development programs. At the

5th Cohesion Forum in Brussels,

for example, representatives of the

Bavarian capital underscored the

views of Munich and contributed to

a number of consultations.

In collaboration with our partners

at Eurocities and the German Association

of Cities, intensive lobbying has

enabled us to persuade Brussels that

Future Annual Report on European Activities 2011 37

cities are important cooperation partners

to the EU Commission during

both the planning and implementation

phases of the EU’s future cohesion

policy. Accordingly, the drafts for the

legal framework underpinning the new

Structural Funds as of 2014, published

by the EU Commission in October

2011, contain the proposal that cities

should be involved in preparing and

implementing partnership agreements

between member states and the


Support out of EFRD funds

The new proposal for the ERDF regulation

envisages using at least fi ve percent

of the ERDF’s funds to support

integrated sustainable urban development

activities. The Commission acknowledges

that cities play a key role

in improving energy effi ciency by 20

percent by the year 2020 and in shaping

a low-carbon economy and society

between now and 2050, for example.

38 Future Annual Report on European Activities 2011



In this context, Munich could be a

prominent partner, drawing on its

experience in reducing greenhouse

gas emissions, promoting the use of

energy from renewable sources and

encouraging more effi cient power

supply systems. Together with locally

based companies, the Bavarian capital

could position itself as the driver of

development and innovation in the


Intensifying its urban development

activities could also enable it to support

education and social inclusion. In

Germany, the regulations of the EU

Commission are applied by the federal

states, which means that the Free

State of Bavaria is the point of contact

with regard to the design of future

Inclusion: The way forward

Operational Programs. Lord Mayor

Christian Ude has therefore approached

the Free State, requesting

that Munich be included in its future

planning. As things stand, the

Bava rian government still rejects

this demand and has also criticized

the EU Commission’s proposals.

By the end of 2012, the draft regulations

should have been approved

by the European Council and the

EU Parliament. 2012 will thus be another

important lobbying year for

Munich. The EU has already shown its

willingness to involve cities in its

planning: The City of Munich is now

asking the Free State of Bavaria to

do likewise and allow it to be involved

in shaping the Operational Programs.

Diversity and equal opportunities thanks to inclusion

Integration has been on everyone’s lips in recent years. Lately, however,

the term “inclusion” has been cropping up too. But what exactly does it mean?

Inclusion means recognizing and valuing human diversity on the basis of the

greatest possible equality of opportunities. The EU takes inclusion very seriously

and will make it a prime focus in the years ahead. Political solutions will have

to accommodate the need for inclusion in every aspect of life.

The term is often used in relation to people with disabilities. It is, for example,

the pivotal concept in the UN’s Convention on the Rights of People with

Dis abilities, which came into force in Germany in March 2009. Inclusion goes far

beyond the concept of integration, which sought to give people with disabilities

access to existing systems. Inclusion takes the opposite approach, seeking to

create a society in which people with disabilities are naturally a part.

Since it was fi rst introduced, the concept of inclusion has been broadened:

All people, irrespective of skin color, ethnicity, age or lifestyle, should share

equal rights and be able to participate fully in society. Plans exist to develop the

concept further and apply it more to people with a foreign background.

The issue is not to create special rights for these people, but to take a fresh look

at existing and proposed rights from their perspective.

Strategie Europa-Jahresbericht 2011 39

2012: European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity

between Generations

The EU wants to create better

working conditions for the growing

number of older people in Europe.

It also wants to help them play an

active part in society.

As in recent years, the City of Munich

once again has a very varied program

of events in store for its residents

in 2012 under the heading “Growing

old in Munich – gladly!” The program

is designed to attract attention to the

EU’s theme this year, and to encourage

and support both social partners

and society at large in promoting

active aging. A host of events with

varying focuses is intended to draw

the city’s attention to the many aspects

of growing old. The subject

matter covered ranges from “employment

and working conditions for older

people” through “senior citizens and

volunteering” to “opportunities in

old age and the positive side of growing

old”. The events will take place

between January and December 2012

at numerous venues around the city.

Detailed information of events from

January through June is provided in

the printed program “Growing old in

Munich – gladly!” (available in German

only). The program is available

from the City Info center at City Hall,

at centers for the elderly, at municipal

service centers and at community

centers. It can also be downloaded


Meanwhile, the European Commission

has already unveiled the motto

for the coming year. 2013 will be

the “European Year of Citizens”.

Alongside language barriers, lack of

information presents a major obstacle

to many people as they seek to exercise

their rights as citizens of the European

Union. The EU is setting aside

one million euros to raise awareness

of the rights of citizenship and encourage

participation in the European Union’s

political processes. EU-wide

events on the subject are to be

fl anked by activities to raise awareness

of ser vices such as the “Your

Europe” infor mation portal and the

“Europe Direct” information centers.

40 Impressum Europa-Jahresbericht 2011



City of Munich

Department of Labor and Economic Development

Herzog-Wilhelm-Straße 15

80331 München

Editorial Offi ce

Anke Schlee

Petra Pintscher, Munich

Translation German – English

Nigel Robinson, Fulda

Design and Layout

Kochan & Partner GmbH, Munich

July 2012


3 Michael Nagy/Presseamt München

7 Michael Nagy/Presseamt München, SWM

9 Hans Schmied/Tourismusamt München

11 Kerstin Groh/MVG Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH

12 Michael Nagy/Presseamt München

13 Michael Nagy/Presseamt München,

P. Scarlandis/Tourismusamt München

15 Mahir Cetin

16 Roland Halbe

17 Peter Schinzler/Tourismusamt München

18 Hans Seidenabel

22 Christl Reiter/Tourismusamt München

24 Michael Nagy/Presseamt München

25 Ramón Arndt/Referat für Stadtplanung und Bauordnung,

Michael Nagy/Presseamt München

26 Franziska Hasse

28 Ulrike Romeis/Tourismusamt München

30 Susanne Schnitzenberger

32 NA BiBB (Nationale Agentur Bildung für Europa beim

Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung)

34 Susanne Lorenz

35 Andreas Pohlmann, Julian Röder

39 Michael Nagy/Presseamt

This Publication was created in cooperation and with the input

of all the departments and directorates of the City of Munich

by the Department of Labor and Economic Development,

headed by Henriette Wägerle.

For questions and further information,

please contact:

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