Classification Introduction worksheet

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Classification Introduction worksheet

Introduction to Biological Classification

Subject: Life science, classification Grade: 6-8

Lesson Topic: Kingdoms Length: 1

Learner Objective:

After instruction and group discussion, the students will be able to:

1) list the five kingdoms, their characteristics and examples from each with !00%

accuracy,

2) list the classification groups in order with 100% accuracy, and

explain how an organism’s name is assigned.

Introduction:

This lesson introduces the basic five Kingdom method of classification.

Depending upon the age and sophistication of your students you may want to introduce

the more widely accepted six Kingdom method, especially if your intention is to visit all

the Kingdoms later in the year.

Content:

The Five-Kingdom system is a fairly recent system that divides all living things

into five groups. Just as we can group the potato chips into piles of like characteristics,

so we also divide living things into the Animal Kingdom, the Plant Kingdom, The Fungi

Kingdom, the Protista Kingdom, and the Monera Kingdom. Each kingdom is made up of

smaller groups called Phyla. Phyla are composed of classes and classes of orders.

Each order is made up of smaller groups called families. A family is composed of

genera and a genus is composed of species. Each organism has a scientific name

made up of two names, the genus and species names. The genus is always capitalized

and the two-part name is underlined.

Display the overhead showing the classification of humans (also on worksheet

below).

Materials and Supplies:

Biological Classification Worksheet

Overhead showing the classification of humans (also on worksheet below)

10 Bags of mixed chips (different varieties/brands)

Anticipatory Set:

Give each pair of students a bag of chips and ask them to sort them into piles (a

chip key) according to the characteristics each chip exhibits, before they eat them!

Explain how we often have common names (chips, humans) for large groups of things

when in fact there are lots of differences that make each thing unique.

Created by Mark Goddard for Aliens In Your Neighborhood - 2003


Activity Outline:

The biological classification handout should be given to each student. Through a

combination of direct instruction and questioning, assist the students in filling out the

worksheet.

Working in pairs or small groups is acceptable. Move around the room and

observe progress while reviewing the key points.

Closure and Assessment:

While working on the in-class portion of the worksheet, give a rubber stamp or

initial each student’s paper if they have completed the in-class portion. Having it

initialed will be part of the total score (-5 pt. for not completing in class). Fill-in

answers are worth 2 pt. and the take home portion is worth 20 pt.

Independent Practice and Related Activities:

The last activity on the worksheet will be homework. Instruct them on what

they are to do and remind them the paper will be expected at the beginning of class the

following day.

Provide students with old copies of nature/animal magazines, one per student.

Have them cut out every animal (or every plant) from the magazine and organize the

pictures in to some sort of classification system. Asking students to do this prior to

instruction is a good assessment of prior knowledge. They should create a collage or

poster of their “grouping” and make an oral presentation to the class to explain the

reasoning behind their system.

Resources:

None noted for this intro lesson.

Vocabulary:

Kingdom, Phyla, Class, Order, Genus, Species

National Science Education Standards:

Life Science - CONTENT STANDARD C:

As a result of their activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop understanding of

Structure and function in living systems

Reproduction and heredity

Regulation and behavior

Populations and ecosystems

Diversity and adaptations of organisms

Created by Mark Goddard for Aliens In Your Neighborhood - 2003


Name _________________________

Biological Classification Worksheet

Five-Kingdom System:

Animal Kingdom – Invertebrates (without backbones) and vertebrates (with

backbones), multicellular, no cell walls, obtain energy through respiration

Plant Kingdom – multicellular, have cell walls, obtain energy through photosynthesis.

Ex. mosses, ferns, flowering and seed plants

Fungi Kingdom – cells with cell walls but not green and do not carry out

photosynthesis, break down other organic materials to obtain food. Ex. mushrooms

and molds and yeasts

Protist Kingdom – come in a wide variety of forms, some are animal-like, such as

amoeba, paramecium and protozoan. Some are plant-like such as algae and others are

fungi-like. Many are single-celled and others are multicellular.

Monera Kingdom – some photosynthesize while others respire. The nucleus of

moneran cells are not bounded by nuclear membranes like cells in the other kingdoms.

Ex. bacteria and blue-green algae

The classification of humans – Homo sapiens

The two part naming system is called Binomial nomenclature

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Primata

Family: Hominadae

Genus: Homo

Species: sapiens (note: species is not capitalized)

Answer the following questions in class:

1) What is the next smallest classification group after Order? ______________

2) What is the smallest classification group? ______________

3) Every living organism has what classification groups as its name? _________ and

________

4) The first letter of every genus name is ______________.

5) The first letter of every species name is _______________.

6) What is binomial nomenclature? _______________________________________.

Created by Mark Goddard for Aliens In Your Neighborhood - 2003


Homework:

1) Give one example of how you classification is used in your home.

2) Why is the understanding of classification an important life skill?

3) List the five kingdoms and give as many examples for each one that you can find in

and around your home.

Kingdom

______________________

______________________

______________________

______________________

______________________

Examples

_______________________

_______________________

_______________________

_______________________

_______________________

Created by Mark Goddard for Aliens In Your Neighborhood - 2003

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