APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS
2 MAY–JUNE 2000
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS
ON THE COVER
Blue blaze to Table Rock, Grafton Notch
State Park, Maine. Photo by Niobe Burden.
Left, the Mt. Washington Cog Railway at
day’s end. Photo by Kristen Furstenburg.
SHELTER REGISTER ♦ LETTERS 4
FROM THE CHAIR ♦ DAVID B. FIELD 5
MINISTRY OF FUNNY WALKS 31
PAPER TRAIL ♦ NEWS FROM HARPERS FERRY 8
Accessibility: Q&A with Dave Startzell •
New ATC Web site • Staff changes at ATC
SIDEHILL ♦ NEWS FROM CLUBS AND AGENCIES 13
Busy with beavers at Dry Run
TREELINE ♦ NEWS ALONG THE A.T. 15
Quarry at Hump Mountain• Renovations
at The Place • Deaths: Guy Waterman •
“2,000-Milers” for 2000
WHAT IS PAST, AND PASSING, AND TO
By Glenn Scherer
Assembling a “cultural inventory” of
Trailside historical sites.
SHUTTLING 101 26
By Stephen H. Knox
The ins and outs of back-and-forth.
MEMORIAL GIFTS 16
NOTABLE GIFTS 21
TRAIL GIVING 29
PUBLIC NOTICES 30
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 3
VOLUME 61, NUMBER 2 • MAY–JUNE 2000
Appalachian Trailway News is published by the Appalachian
Trail Conference, a nonprofit educational organization representing
the citizen interest in the Appalachian Trail and dedicated
to the preservation, maintenance, and enjoyment of the
Appalachian trailway. Since 1925, the Appalachian Trail Conference
and its member clubs have conceived, built, and maintained
the Appalachian Trail in cooperation with federal and
state agencies. The conference also publishes guidebooks and
other educational literature about the Trail, the trailway, and its
facilities. Annual individual membership in the Appalachian
Trail Conference is $30; life membership, $600; corporate membership,
$500 minimum annual contribution.
Volunteer and free-lance contributions are welcome. Please include
a stamped, self-addressed envelope with your submission.
Observations, conclusions, opinions, and product endorsements
expressed in Appalachian Trailway News are those of the author
and do not necessarily reflect those of members of the board or
staff of the Appalachian Trail Conference.
DIRECTOR OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS
Brian B. King
Robert A. Rubin
Hollyce H. Kirkland
ATC BOARD OF MANAGERS
David B. Field
Brian T. Fitzgerald Thyra C. Sperry
Kennard R. Honick
Marianne J. Skeen
Arthur P. Foley
New England Region
Stephen L. Crowe Carl Demrow
John M. Morgan Andrew L. Peterson
Ann H. Sherwood Steven Smith
Walter E. Daniels Charles A. Graf
Sandra Marra Eric C. Olson
Glenn Scherer William Steinmetz
Bob Almand Theresa A. Duffey
Michael C. McCormack
William S. Rogers Vaughn H. Thomas
James M. Whitney, Jr.
Members at Large
Al Sochard Dawson Winch
Appalachian Trailway News (ISSN 0003-6641) is published bimonthly,
except for January/February, for $15 a year by the Appalachian Trail
Conference, 799 Washington Street, Harpers Ferry, WV 25425, (304)
535-6331. Bulk-rate postage paid at Harpers Ferry, WV, and other offices.
Postmaster: Send change-of-address Form 3597 to Appalachian
Trailway News, P.O. Box 807, Harpers Ferry, WV 25425.
Copyright © 2000, The Appalachian Trail Conference. All rights
ERE ARE THE FACTS. LATINOS AND ASIANS
Hwill represent more than half of the
U.S. population growth every year for the
next fifty years. The population of non-
Latino whites, presently 75 percent of all
Americans, will shrink to a bare majority
by 2050 (52.8 percent); Latinos will
make up 24.5 percent and African Americans
will make up 13.6 percent. The fastest-growing
group in the United States is
Asian Americans, increasing eight times
as fast as the general population.
Diversity is not about EEO and affirmative
action. It is about organizations
accurately reflecting the society within
which they exist. It is about organizations
understanding the needs, interests, and
values of the general population in order
to successfully recruit members, raise
dollars, and generate support for programs
Ginny McGrath was right. If anything,
we as an organization need to go
even farther in addressing how to understand
and react appropriately to the
changes occurring in our society. We need
to take our message of stewardship and
wilderness preservation and reach out to
populations not traditionally raised with
the “back to nature” ethic. Contrary to
other views, I respectfully submit that
this is one of the most important things
we have to worry about.
Editor’s note: Ms. Marra is a member of
the ATC Board of Managers.
Letters from our readers
well-equipped young hikers who wanted
to prove they were as tough as any Indian.
What could he do? Take a swing at one of
them? I saw a lanky mechanic from Colorado
being shunned as he moved up the
Trail, with hikers “warning” park and
forest service personnel that he was coming
because they thought he was
dangerous. I tented out next to him at Bly
Gap, and he offered me a cup of coffee
before taking off up the Trail. Some dangerous!
I saw fewer than a dozen black
kids, all within the shelter of organized
groups. Funny, they looked like they were
having a good time.
I have no quarrel with people choosing
their own company. If we are a group
of snobs, that’s okay, too, but, for goodness
sake, let’s at least be honest about
hikers who are “not our sort of people.”
If they don’t hike, they won’t belong to
ATC, and we won’t be seeing them on our
Board of Managers.
Sally J. Walker
San Francisco, Calif.
HEN I WAS A CHILD GROWING UP BLACK
Win the western North Carolina
mountains, I learned from my parents’
teachings and from my own experiences
that the greatest safety lay in staying in
sight of those who hoped they could protect
me. As an older adult who loves hiking
and backpacking, pursuits learned
Appalachian Trailway News
WAS TOUCHED BY THE WARM, HUMAN RE-
in the March/April ATN to will be edited for clarity and length.
welcomes your comments. Letters
Ginny McGrath’s recent letter about diversity.
Please send them to:
How careless of her not to have
Letters to the Editor
David N. Startzell
realized that the underrepresentation of
minorities on the Trail was because they
Appalachian Trailway News
P.O. Box 807
prefer to watch television in urban security.
Harpers Ferry, WV 25425-0807
This is what I saw on the Trail: A
native American being heckled at Tray
Mountain Shelter by a group of affluent,
4 MAY–JUNE 2000
and, for the most part, engaged in in the
company of white friends, I have not entirely
put away caution.
The responses to Ginny McGrath’s
letter appealing for more heterogeneity
throughout ATC’s operations reminded
me of a letter I received from a Trail-maintaining
club after an outings leader looked
past me and my niece, dressed as foretold,
when we met at the prearranged spot in
an otherwise empty parking lot for a wildflower
walk. (She and her companions
arrived and tumbled out of their car, and,
standing right next to me, she said,
“They’re not here. Let’s go look in the
other parking lot.”) The letter from the
club leader patiently explained, in response
to a letter I had written, that there
was nothing racial about the incident,
that “our leaders are not like that.”
Contrary to those who find comfort
and confirmation in assertions that the
Trail does not “appeal to all people” and
that only certain people have the capacity
to “love the Trail,” I find hope in
Ginny McGrath’s willingness to champion
the Trail as a resource and trust that
embodies many stories, not all of which
are honored, and as a legacy we must all
learn together to value and protect.
EGARDING THE DIVERSITY ISSUE, I THINK
Rthe two letters published in the
March/April ATN probably reflect how
most hikers feel about this vacuous concept.
The Trail discriminates equally
against all—no excuses, no set-asides, no
affirmative action—only merit, commitment,
and determination wins the day.
The A.T. is one of the few remaining bastions
of what life and this country is supposed
to be about. I agree with Mr. Tarlin:
We’ve more important things to worry
Richard Hurd, Jr.
LANG! CLING! SNAP! THAT IS WHAT IT
Csounded like while I was quietly
From the Chair
David B. Field
Broken twigs, symbols carved on trees and rocks, paint blazes, and letters
routed in wood—humans have marked their paths with “signs” for millennia.
When the goal was simply to find the way from one place to another,
the clearer the direction, the better it was. Symbols that warned of
dangers, milestones that confirmed progress, and signs that identified locations
were welcome contributions to a traveler’s safety and peace of mind.
In addition to markers, blazes, paint and cairns, the local club in whose territory
the Trail lies should put up and maintain signs at principal points on the
Trail, particularly where highways cross it.
—ATC Trail Manual for the Appalachian Trail, 1951
For many years, ATC and Trail clubs have put information in Trail guides rather
than on signs along the Trail. The basic goal has been to maintain as primitive an
experience for Trail users as possible, consistent with needs for resource protection
and safety. Some signage has been reduced, such as the old painted mileage markers
formerly on the Trail in Maine. More attractive
and naturalistic wooden signs have
Sign Language replaced stenciled signboards. The use of
the metal A.T. diamond has largely been
discontinued. At the same time, Trail managers
have long recognized that many Trail users simply do not carry a guidebook. An
ATC study in the 1970s led to the use, in Maine, of simple one-page information
sheets at each trailhead that provided basic information about Trail conditions, safety
precautions, and basic rules for Trail use.
Managers’ communications to hikers will be primarily through guidebooks
and other literature distributed off the Trail and secondarily through signs on
the Trail.... Commercial endeavors designed to profit from visitor use are not
an acceptable component in the Trail corridor.
—Comprehensive Plan for the Appalachian National Scenic Trail, 1981
In 1999, a new sign appeared at the intersection of the A.T. and a logging road
near Maine’s Pemadumcook Lake. The operator of a commercial sporting camp near
the Trail corridor sought to supplement winter snowmobile and summer fishing patronage
by attracting A.T. hikers to his meals, beds, and showers. The advertisement
was an immediate success, but triggered broader concerns among Trail managers
about the appropriateness of commercial signs in the Trail corridor and the more
philosophical question of intrusion into the Trail experience.
Signs not installed by or approved by the MATC or an agency partner will not
be permitted along the Trail or in the corridor.
—Local Plan for the Management of the Appalachian Trail in Maine, 1995
Ironically, hikers in Maine were originally expected to stay at the eleven commercial
sporting camps (including the predecessor of the one that caused the 1999
debate) that existed in 1937, when the A.T. was completed. Primitive campsites were
rare along the route east of Maine’s Kennebec River. So, there was no need to carry
bedding, other camping gear, or food across this hundred-mile section of Trail. Already
weakened by the Great Depression, most of those camps closed their doors to
the public during World War II, which meant that hikers had to provision for a tenday
hike between Monson and Katahdin.
With new corridor-management responsibilities, clubs and ATC now must use
informational and regulatory signs to inform hikers, Trail neighbors, and po-
Continued on next page
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 5
lunching at Pocahontas Spring in Pennsylvania
with my grandson. “What is
that?” he exclaimed. Tranquility was
shattered, and inquisitive squirrels scurried
Having liked the Trail since 1952, my
wonderful world of serenity was shattered
by those “trekking poles” (ATN November/December
1999). Let us go back to
basics and preserve the Trail’s peace and
quiet as it was intended to be.
Access for the disabled
AVY RAY’S LETTER TO THE EDITOR IN THE
DMarch/April issue addressed an important
question about whether to make
the A.T. accessible to the disabled.
My wife, Dolores, suffered a ruptured
brain aneurysm six years ago and is disabled
to the point that she finds sustained
concentration difficult. This makes
climbing rough trails tough.
Our dilemma is that she loves the
A.T. but cannot hike on much of it. I have
From the Chair . . .
Continued from previous page
thought about the idea of volunteers rebuilding
parts of the Trail into a smooth
pathway without rocks and roots, so she
and other handicapped folks could more
easily walk on it. But what parts would
we want rebuilt? Among many favorite
places I’d like her to see are the Bigelow
Range, Katahdin, and Saddleback, all for
their wild, high, remote beauty. Would
they still have those qualities after the reconstruction?
A seasoned maintainer once commented
at a Maine Appalachian Trail
Club annual meeting that a hill in his
section had become “steeper,” so he had
added steps. Folks chuckled, but, in fact,
he was already making his section a bit
more accessible to disabled hikers. There
are places along trails already accessible
to the handicapped—the summit of Mt.
Washington and Cadillac Mountain in
Acadia National Park, to name but two
in our neck of the woods. We don’t go
there because they’re too crowded with
I asked Dolores what she thought,
tential trespassers about restrictions that apply on the Appalachian Trail and
—ATC Local Management Planning Guide, 1997
One might argue that, despite greatly increased road access, the demise of the
Maine sporting camps created a more “wilderness-like” environment than was experienced
by the original Trail builders. This could justify resistance to any further
intrusion, physical or psychological, that a renaissance of this Trail tradition might
threaten. On the other hand, one might argue that we should consider the reduced
impact on A.T. campsites if fewer people camp along the Trail itself and the regional
economic boost that some restoration of Maine’s traditional sporting camps and facilities
elsewhere could provide. With services located outside the A.T. corridor, but
readily accessible via side trails (signed and controlled by A.T. managers), hikers could
choose the level of accommodation and solitude that suited their preferences.
Personally, although I tend to resist the more elaborate “kiosks” and other large
signboard structures that are becoming more common at trailheads, I enjoy the traditional
directional signs and place markers and recognize the need for informing the
public about the lands for which we are responsible. I’m also not especially troubled
by information (excluding commercial signs within the Trail corridor) that helps Trail
users know about services near the Trail that they might choose to use. The Appalachian
Trail Conference and the Trail clubs will continue to struggle to find the balance
of sign language and other information that will best serve the Trail community. I
welcome your ideas and suggestions.♦
and she replied that there are places where
she will just not be able to venture. She
says she doesn’t resent that, as it’s an acceptance
of part of her life. Most of us
gradually become physically disabled to
some degree as we grow older. How far
do we carry A.T. accessibility?
T WAS NEVER ONE OF MY GOALS, BUT I’M
I“one of the above” now, and that gives
me the right to speak on the subject.
Those who attended the biennial meeting
at Radford will remember me as the
“senior” whose knee decided to give out
as I arrived at the cafeteria that first day.
Well, since I refuse to have a knee replacement
(metal here, metal there, and
plastic goosh in between!), I will be getting
around on one crutch the rest of my
life. I am a hiker and will be making what
progress I can, trying out all the rail trails
and any part of the A.T. I can manage.
As for changing the Trail for me, or
any other handicapped hiker, I say, Don’t
you do it! If we want to finish the Trail,
we’ll do it, if it means crawling up on our
elbows. Meanwhile, please don’t smooth
our way. The Trail needs to be a challenge
for even the strongest—else, why do it and
be proud of making it all the way? The
path is fine. Didn’t a blind man make it
through? Didn’t someone go all the way
on two crutches? We all, even the strongest,
dream of a nice little antigravity
machine we can attach to our pack straps
to help us up Mt. Washington. But, don’t
tell me about it, if someone actually invents
And, that’s the opinion of “Flake.”
See you at the next biennial meeting.
Carol Vernon Hope
Staten Island, N.Y.
Editor’s note: For further information on
the issue of access to the Trail by people
with disabilities, please see the article
and interview with David Startzell on
pages 8-12 of this issue.
Escaping the city
OWHERE IN MY JULY 1999 LETTER TO
NATN [regarding Jacques d’Amboise]
6 MAY–JUNE 2000
Camping in the 1940s
did I state that the Trail is not for everyone.
Fortunately, of those who do use the
OGER MEYER’S NOVEMBER/DECEMBER some of the down bags even then in ex-
five pounds, it was a little heavier than
Trail, most are trying to escape from the R 1999 ATN article about camping in istence, but they were too expensive for
city rather than trying to take the city to
the 1940s was interesting and doubtless
accurate as far as his experience went, but
I found superior camping resources even
ten years earlier.
As a member of Takoma Park,
us. That booklet also listed the firm of
Ome Daiber in Seattle. In 1941, I scraped
up the ten dollars needed to buy their version
of the Bergan frame rucksack that,
with one replacement sack, served me
The First Thru-hikers? Maryland’s Boy Scout Troop 33, we had a until 1970. And, yes, it had pockets.
VERY YEAR I READ WITH INTEREST THE troop committee made up of scientists Two books that I acquired should
E names of that year’s thru-hikers in from the departments of agriculture and have also been available to Mr. Meyer and
the ATN. Mine was so listed for 1983. In
1994 (November/December), an article,
“The Summer of 1936,” documents the
thru-hike of Max Gordon, Seymour
Dorfman, Louis Zisk and three other Boy
Scouts from Troop 257, Bronx, New York.
Regarding their hike, the editor offers the
caveat that three miles of the Trail were
“not yet complete.” Using this criteria,
the following hikers cannot be given
credit for finishing the Trail:
1. Myron Avery—credited with finishing
in 1936, before the A.T. was even done.
2. Earl Shaffer—during his 1948 hike, the
Blue Ridge Parkway construction had
wiped out much of the route south of
Roanoke, which forced him to improvise
3. Ed Talone—during my 1983 hike, the
A.T. was not recognized for about five
miles around Sherburne Pass, Vermont,
and a second section was wiped
out by logging in Maine.
4. Every hiker who has had to leave the
Trail because of fires, landowner disputes
(I’m showing my age), and so on.
Before anyone has a stroke, I only list
the above examples to illustrate the point
that even today the A.T. is hardly ever
“an unbroken footpath.” The six intrepid
hikers of 1936 followed a little known and
poorly (by today’s standards) maintained
route from Katahdin to Mt. Oglethorpe.
Their tremendous achievement should be
celebrated. I look forward to seeing the
names of Max and his fellow hikers in the
next listing by ATC of those who report
completing the A.T. To Max and the others
I say, “Welcome to the Club.”
Silver Spring, Md.
Editor’s note: The names were added to
the listing in this issue.
the interior. One of them, for example,
was able to get permission from the
Weather Bureau to let us camp at Mt.
Weather in 1938. That included my first
hike on the Appalachian Trail. I haven’t
been able to stop yet. (Finished the whole
Trail in 1979.) Members of Troop 33 certainly
carried trash out, dug holes for our
waste, and certainly filled up those holes
and the ditches we dug around our tents.
At the end of each outing, the committeemen
snooped around each patrol’s
campsite and expected to find no evidence
that we had ever been there or had built a
fire. “No-Trace Camping” is not so new
as some might think.
These same men introduced me to
L.L.Bean. From Bean’s I got—among other
things—a “Hudson Bay” axe, a pack basket
with waterproof cover, a three-and-a
half point “Hudson Bay” blanket and dehydrated
Maine potatoes—yes, not as
good as freeze-dried, but not bad. I still
have the blanket and the ax. When another
Scout and I spent three weeks in
the Shenandoah Park in 1941, there were
stacks of chestnut logs at each shelter.
The axe was great for splitting these logs
down to size. I did not use a stove until
hiking the Smokies in 1966.
The 1938 Scout hike on the A.T. led
me to visit the original office of the ATC
and to learn about the Potomac Appalachian
Trail Club. I didn’t join PATC until
1941 (at age sixteen, I believe that I was
their youngest member to date, and it was
through Jean Stephenson’s intervention
that I was deemed worthy). In those days,
PATC had a wonderful booklet listing
lightweight camping and trail-maintenance
equipment. As a result of that
booklet, my parents bought me a David
T. Abercrombie mummy sleeping bag. At
gave invaluable help on lightweight
equipment. One, of course, was Horace
Kephart’s Camping and Woodcraft. The
other was the Boy Scout Fieldbook. (Incidentally,
Camping and Woodcraft was
originally printed in 1917 and reprinted
in 1988 by the University of Tennessee
Press. Even some of you “young squirts”
reading this letter could learn something
Lightweight tents made of some material
like that of parachutes (also called
“balloon silk”) and well waterproofed
were in existence, but rather expensive.
A friend and I made a lightweight Fraser
tent (Camping and Woodcraft, page 83)
out of unbleached muslin with much help
from his mother. Our first waterproofing
didn’t take. In 1940, we were soaked at
Keys Gap after hiking in two weeks
from the Susquehanna River. But, I
rewaterproofed it, and, in 1945, I was
“high and dry” in a hurricane rain at Petites
Much of my experience did resemble
Mr. Meyer’s. Other than Bean’s potatoes,
we didn’t have lightweight food. We usually
ate Ralston or Cream of Wheat (not
instant) for breakfast or pancakes if there
were time. We frequently baked our own
bread. In 1942, at Katahdin Stream Campsite,
my buddy turned out a blueberry
cobbler that would surpass anything from
Mountain House or AlpineAire. We carried
the cereal and flour in paraffin-treated
cloth food bags that were no more mouseresistant
than today’s plastic. Even though
I did not enter the Coast Guard until 1943,
I always preferred canned corn beef to
Spam. Like Mr. Meyer, I profited by World
War II’s equipment developments, especially
those for the mountain troops. In
Continued on page 28
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 7
News from Harpers Ferry
An “Accessible” Trail:
Are new federal rules a nightmare or just misunderstood?
ACCESSIBILITY FOR THE
disabled”— for some
Tame or not, “accessibility”
the ATC Board of Managers’ ecutive Director Dave Start-
is coming to the Trail. representative at a two-year zell, the conference’s alternate
wilderness lovers, Like other national parks, the process of negotiations designed
representative, on an advi-
the words conjure up a horrific A.T. is subject to federal laws
to come up with a sory committee of twenty-five
vision: blue-and-white wheelchair
passed over the last thirty reasonable plan for making all people appointed by the United
signs instead of white years regarding access. New U.S. recreational facilities States Architectural and Trans-
blazes. Paved paths, concrete federal accessibility regulations
more accessible to the disportation
ramps, guardrails, and elevators
that will affect how all abled, the A.T. as it presently Board, better known as the
up the sides of cliffs and trails are constructed could be exists is largely exempt from “Access Board.” About half
mountainsides. Something in place by next year.
new access requirements. The were people with disabilities
tame, something resembling But, hikers and Trail changes will be incremental, or representatives for groups
the Park Service’s concrete maintainers shouldn’t start as new treadway and Trail facilities
associated with particular
observation tower at Clingmans
having nightmares just yet.
are built, and even disabilities; the other half rep-
According to Peter Jensen, those changes should be of the resented various federal and
Above: Ramp and observation tower atop Clingmans Dome, common-sense variety. state agencies and groups
Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
Jensen joined ATC Ex-
such as ATC and American
8 MAY–JUNE 2000
Trails, as well as recreational
businesses such as Kampgrounds
of America (KOA).
Meetings began in 1997 and
concluded last year.
According to Jensen,
much of the alarm over the
issue of accessibility boiled
down to a problem of communication.
“The way these regulations
are written, each piece
refers to other pieces by
numbers of sections and subsections.
It’s like learning a
whole new language,” Jensen
Editor’s Note: Appalachian
Trailway News asked Dave
Startzell to discuss the process
by which ATC worked with
advocates for the disabled,
federal agencies, private citizens,
businesses, and other
“recreation providers” to
build a unified approach to
dealing with access issues.
ATN: How would you characterize
the experience of
serving on the committee?
Startzell: In a word: intense!
ATN: How so?
Startzell: We met on ten occasions,
for three to four days
each time, with sessions often
extending from early
morning to late at night.
This included “breakouts”
ATN: I gather that discussions
got pretty heated.
Startzell: Many of the discussions
related to “scoping”
[the process of determining
what should be examined for
accessibility] were highly
emotional, while others
related to technical requirements
tedious. And yet it would be
difficult to participate in
said. “Not everybody learns
it at the same pace, and
that’s what people are really
reacting to. Once they understand
it, they’ll see that it’s
not as worrisome as some
think it is.”
Jensen said the most important
parts of the proposed
regulations might be those
related to Trail maintenance.
“Routine maintenance is excepted
from the regulations,”
What that means, in essence,
is that the ATC and
clubs are free to do work
that maintains the Trail’s
current form, or restores it to
that form, without having to
build in new “accessible”
New shelters, bridges,
and new sections of Trail
longer than five hundred feet,
however, will not be exempt,
and Trail designers will have
to consider access issues as
they are being designed. Even
so, he said, the proposed
policy includes exceptions
that may permit them to be
ATC’s Startzell: Both factions took “a leap of faith”
such a process and not come
away with a heightened
sense of awareness of the
challenges that people with
disabilities face in gaining
access to outdoor-recreation
ATN: Do you think the outcome
satisfied members of
the disabled community
and recreation providers
Startzell: For the most part,
yes. But, compromise is at
the heart of any negotiation,
regulatory or otherwise. In
that respect, neither side got
everything it wanted. The
disabled community wanted
a “bright line”—they wanted
the recommendations to be
very clear about the number
or percentage of recreational
elements required to meet
They feared some recreation
providers would exploit
ambiguities in order to avoid
meeting the requirements.
With respect to the recommendations
there is no “bright line.”
Considerable discretion will
remain with the recreation
ATN: What did the recreationproviders
Startzell: They feared that,
even if considerable discretion
regulations could be misinterpreted,
requiring them to
make modifications to
accommodate access for disabled
people, even where
such modifications were
ATN: Is it a legitimate fear?
Startzell: The final recommendations
do not necessarily
remove that risk.
ATN: So, where does that
Startzell: In a sense, both factions
were forced to take a
“leap of faith” and accept
that, somehow, a commonsense
interpretation of the
recommendations will prevail.
Only time will tell
whether such faith is justified.
ATN: Did the committee
reach consensus on all of the
Startzell: Not entirely. A few
issues, presented as questions
in the final report, will
be highlighted during the
built in many circumstances
and locations without elaborate
Jensen pointed out that
the regulations are not mostly
aimed at long wilderness
trails, such as the A.T., but at
beaches, campgrounds, public
parks, and other facilities in
areas with road access.
The committee’s report,
issued in January, will be sent
out later this year for public
comment after a final review
by the federal Office of Management
Based on the feedback received,
a final determination
will be made by the Access
ATN: What sort of issues?
Startzell: One particularly relevant
issue concerns how
are applied to remote campsites
that only can be reached
by a trail that does not
meet accessibility standards.
About half the group
believed that recreation elements
associated with such
privies, fire rings, picnic
tables, tent platforms and
pads, and so forth—should
meet accessibility standards.
The other half of the group,
including ATC, argued that
the modifications would
result in unnecessary expenditures
of limited financial
and human resources at sites
few, if any, disabled people
are likely to ever reach. Our
view is that a more logical
approach is investing in sites
that can be readily accessed
by disabled people.
ATN: Did the committee consider
how likely disabled
Continued on following page
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 9
Blind thru-hiker Bill Irwin’s 1990 trek made national news.
people are to actually use
primitive or backcountry facilities
Startzell: Yes. It probably is fair
to say that the prevailing
attitude among the representatives
of the disabled
community was: “If you
build it, they will come.”
However, a number of
experience in designing and
building accessible recreation
facilities did not
necessarily support that.
ATN: What about the Appalachian
Startzell: People with various
vision and mobility
portions or even the full
length of the Trail without
the benefit of accessibility
modifications. But, our
experience simply is too
limited to draw reliable conclusions
about the extent to
which use by disabled people
is likely to be generated by
expanded opportunities for
ATN: What are the implications
of the cost?
Startzell: The disabled community
that equal (or at least proportional)
is a civil-rights issue that
does not lend itself to traditional
on the other hand, believe
that accessibility requirements
stemming from the
Americans with Disabilities
Act and other related legislation
an “unfunded mandate.”
ATN: How did the committee
resolve this conflict?
Startzell: I believe each side
came to recognize some basis
for both perspectives. In
any case, the Access Board is
required to develop and consider
analyses before adopting any
final regulation. That information
also should be
available for inspection during
the public-review period.
ATN: Do the recommendations
address the needs of all
Startzell: Not necessarily. The
greatest emphasis was on
people with mobility impairments,
who require the
assistance of wheelchairs,
motorized scooters, or prosthetics,
and, to a lesser extent,
people with vision or hearing
ATN: So, how would you
summarize the committee’s
Startzell: The committee
recommended an “exceptions-based
means the decision-maker
begins by assuming that
accessibility can be incorporated
into the design and
construction of the trail or
trail segment. In other words,
to paraphrase one of the
committee members, “access
should be ‘on the table’
whenever decisions are made
facilities, including trails,”
in much the same way as we
presently consider slope, surface
conditions, and a host of
ATN: Will all trails will be
required to meet these
Startzell: No. That’s why it’s
“exceptions-based.” In the
first place, the standards apply
only to new construction
or substantial alterations to
existing trails or trail segments.
Also, the affected
segment must be connected
to an accessible trailhead or
to another accessible segment.
The regulations would
not apply to trail segments
“in the middle of nowhere.”
Another general exception
would effectively eliminate
from consideration trail
segments characterized by
and/or surface impediments.
Such conditions are quite
common along primitive,
such as the A.T.
ATN: Are there other exceptions?
Startzell: Yes. Where modifications
would cause substantial
To paraphrase one of the committee
members, “access should be ‘on the
table’ whenever decisions are made
affecting outdoor-recreation facilities,
harm to natural or cultural
resources; where they would
substantially alter the nature
of the setting or the purpose
of the trail; where they
would require construction
methods prohibited by federal,
state, or local laws; or
where they would not be
feasible due to terrain or
practices. Clearly, one or
10 MAY–JUNE 2000
more of these circumstances
may exist along many sections
of the A.T.
ATN: Both you and Peter
Jensen have been attempting
to keep leaders of Trail-maintaining
clubs informed of this
issue throughout process.
What’s been the reaction
among those volunteers to
the accessibility proposals?
Startzell: Before the actual
language of the recommendations
was fully developed,
many of the reactions tended
to cluster at the “fear and
loathing” end of the spectrum.
ATN: And now?
Startzell: Once the exceptions-based
explained, I think people
came to understand that
what is being proposed is
not as onerous as some had
feared. I would not, however,
suggest that all of the concerns
have disappeared. The
most commonly voiced concern
is that modifications
could fundamentally alter the
nature of the Appalachian
Trail experience. The Trail has
been designed, constructed,
and maintained for seventyeight
years to provide a
primitive, mostly backcountry
opportunities for physical
challenge and to “lie lightly
on the land.” When people
think of wheelchair-accessible
trails, they tend to think
of flat, paved pathways that
would be altogether incongruous
with the character we
have striven to establish and
maintain along the A.T.
ATN: That’s not a legitimate
Startzell: It’s legitimate, but
extensive grading and paving
are not necessarily
required in order to meet the
Extensive grading and paving are not
necessarily required . . . and no one
is suggesting that a primitive footpath,
such as the A.T., should be
modified in that way.
standards, and no one is
suggesting that a primitive
footpath, such as the A.T.,
should be modified in that
ATN: So, what will clubs have
to do that they didn’t do before?
Startzell: Today, new Trail
construction or reconstruction
tends to make greater
use of sidehill terrain to facilitate
drainage anyway. It
has a somewhat wider treadway,
gentler slopes and cross
slopes, and more self-maintaining
devices, such as drainage
dips. Many of these same
techniques also can be employed
to make the Trail
more accessible to people
with varying degrees of disabilities.
ATN: Aren’t modifications to
expensive? Will funds be
diverted from other Trail
projects in order to pay for
Startzell: It depends on the
site, the length of Trail, and
other factors. But, modifications
wheelchair or scooter access
definitely can be quite expensive
when compared to
our “normal” construction
practices. Since neither ATC
nor the Trail-maintaining
clubs have unlimited financial
resources, funds targeted
for accessible-trail projects
certainly could divert funds
away from other projects.
ATN: Is that the main concern?
Startzell: A greater concern
may be the impact on our
human resources—our volunteers.
already devote an incredible
number of hours to Trail
construction and maintenance.
If compliance with
accessibility regulations significantly
on those volunteers, the burden
could prove to be “the
straw that breaks the camel’s
ATN: How do we address that
Startzell: My hope is that this
new challenge will prove to
be manageable if we focus on
Trail segments that can be
most easily modified to
and where there is the
greatest likelihood for ready
access by disabled people.
We also will need to program
these projects in a way that
does not exceed our available
resources or create excessive
or disproportionate demands
on any single Trail-maintaining
ATN: What are the next steps?
Startzell: Next comes the pub-
Bob Barker battled both A.T. rocks and multiple sclerosis in
1987 to become a “2,000 miler.”
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 11
lic-review process. We hope
clubs, as well as individual
ATC members and Trail
users, will participate by
commenting on the recommendations
the advisory committee.
ATC also will be submitting
ATN: When will we actually
Startzell: Even if the publiccomment
phase results in
some changes to the recommendations,
is that new regulations will
be adopted within the next
year or so.
ATN: What will ATC be doing
in the interim?
Startzell: I’m suggesting to our
Board of Managers and leaders
in the Trail-maintaining
clubs that we may want to
begin now to incorporate
into our decision-making
processes. We make decisions
almost every day
affecting Trail construction
and reconstruction projects
all along the A.T. Considerations
related to accessibility
traditionally have played
little or no role in the design
or construction process.
Those days may soon be
coming to an end. Through
expanded education and
training programs, I hope
staff and volunteers engaged
in the Trail project can develop
the skills necessary
to incorporate more opportunities
for people with
disabilities to experience at
least selective portions of the
Appalachian Trail. But, I believe
we should create those
opportunities in a way that
does not alter the primitive
character or the challenging
recreational experience that
makes the A.T. such a special
place. That will be our
greatest challenge. I think
we can do it!
Editor’s note: ATC will post
the final report at . Or see
the Access Board’s Web site at:
ATC Web site gets new domain name, content
Staff changes at ATC
ATC ANNOUNCED IN
January three staff
changes in positions
that deal directly with the
Trail community and the hiking
public. They are:
• Kevin Peterson, for thirteen
years ATC’s New England
regional representative, left
that position in January to
become regional land trust
administrator. Peterson now
oversees ATC Land Trust activities
from Maine to New
Jersey, including the work
of four “land trust coordinators,”
conservation projects outside
the publicly owned A.T. corridor.
He continues to serve
as the coordinator for New
Hampshire and Vermont,
where several landscape
conservation projects are
underway near the Trail.
• J.T. Horn was named as
ATC’s new regional representative
for New England.
He coordinates Trail-man-
agement issues with the six
New England clubs and
serves as ATC’s primary
liaison to government agencies
from Connecticut to
Maine. Horn joined ATC in
1997 as associate regional
representative in New England,
and, in 1999, took on
expanded duties in Trail
management and club liaison
while Peterson expanded
his role with the Land Trust.
• Lauren Post was named assistant
to Laurie Potteiger,
information services coordinator
at ATC’s Harpers Ferry
office. She will work with
volunteers and answer questions
from the public about
the Trail, and help provide
news about current Trail
conditions. She completed
the Appalachian Trail in
1999, and served as ATC’s
summer information assistant
in 1999, in addition to
volunteering at the Harpers
Ferry office. ♦
ATC’S WORLD WIDE
Web site has a new
address, new features,
and a new look.
Beginning in 1999, a
grant from the Robert and Dee
Leggett Foundation funded redesign
and technical updates
by the Collaborative Technology
Group of Arlington,
Virginia. The new site went
“live” in April. Eight conference
staffers contributed to
its content, with reviews by
members of the ATC’s volunteer
committee on education,
information, and outreach.
The heart of the site is a
state-by-state compilation of
including an unprecedented
listing of all governmental
regulations and ATC policies
applicable to use of the Trail,
by section. Later phases of the
renovation will add listings of
all ATC policies, a new history
of the Trail and conference,
and possibly archives of past
Appalachian Trailway News
To go along with the new
look and content is a new “domain
name,” donated to ATC
by member Rich Sliwinski,
who had registered it with the
intent of using it to post news
of a planned 2001 thru-hike.
ATC’s current domain name,
www.atconf.org, will continue
to work, but will redirect Web
browser programs to the new
ATC’s new Web site can
be found at:
12 MAY–JUNE 2000
News from clubs and government agencies
Busy with beavers at Dry Run
By Karl Kunkel
WHEN A FAMILY OF
beavers set up
late 1998 at Dry Run, where
the Appalachian Trail crosses
the creek in southwest Virginia,
it was clear that something
had to be done.
Once known as “the buffalo
of the east” because of
their great numbers and influence
on the environment,
beavers in the Appalachians
were virtually wiped out by
19 th -century fur trappers. Only
in recent years have significant
numbers started reappearing
up and down the East Coast.
Their impact on the environment
can be profound and
positive, drawing birds and
other wildlife to the ponds.
But what happens when a
beaver dam threatens to flood
the A.T.? That’s the question
that members of the Piedmont
Appalachian Trail Hikers
(PATH) had to confront as the
dam started to take shape and
water crept up from Dry Run
toward the path.
At first, the beavers built
a small dam a few yards downstream
from the footbridge
built to get hikers over the
thigh-deep stream at Dry
Run and onto a bottomland
meadow. That was fine, until
the beavers set to work damming
up the whole meadow,
felling large trees and turning
more than one hundred yards
of the A.T. into a bog—a bog
that would soon become a
pond, submerging the treadway
“That’s when we knew
we had a problem,” said Paul
Clayton, president of the club,
which maintains fifty-seven
miles of the Trail between the
south fork of the Holston
River, south of the Mt. Rogers
Visitors Center, and the Interstate
77 crossover near Bland.
The club’s board members
immediately huddled to discuss
the options. Some favored
just going in with hand tools
to destroy the dam, returning
again and again until the beavers
gave up. Others suggested
trapping them alive, then
transporting them to another
stream. Still others argued that
they were an important part of
the environment, and the Trail
should coexist with them.
In early 1999, club officials
met with Mike Dawson,
ATC’s regional representative
in southwest Virginia, and
Terry Bussey of the Wythe District
of the U.S. Forest Service,
the agency that manages the
land. The rule of thumb in
such matters along the Trail is
that the land-managing agency
calls the shots, but that the
goal is to preserve nature.
Dawson said he was impressed
with the extensive
homework PATH had already
done before he and the Forest
Service were contacted.
“They were looking for
a way for the Trail to get
through and preserve this
natural scene,” Dawson said.
“One of the most important
things about the volunteer
Trail community is that they
always have a great deal of
imagination to come up with
solutions that professional
land managers might not
One choice, quickly ruled
out, was to relocate about half
of a mile of the A.T. back onto
a nearby two-lane blacktop
The beavers set to work damming up the
whole meadow, felling large trees, and
turning more than one hundred yards of the
A.T. into a bog.
Puncheon and bridge across flooded meadow at Dry Run.
that would take hikers past the
boggy area. Though the Trail
had followed that rural road for
many years, the twisting roadway
with blind curves is used
regularly by local residents,
many of whom speed along it,
endangering hikers. The Forest
Service had purchased land
nearby to get the Trail off the
road and give it more of a scenic
buffer from civilization.
Abandoning that property for
a trek along a trash-strewn
roadside would not be a good
use of the land purchase or its
Also ruled out were the
ideas of tearing the dam down,
having hikers walk over it,
or installing a “Clemson pond
leveler,” a drainage pipe system
developed at Clemson
University that regulates the
water level by discharging excess
water below the dam. The
leveler was not necessary because
the water would never
get high enough to threaten
the existing bridge. As for the
dam-as-bridge idea, no one
wanted to disturb the beavers.
Trying to tear the dam down
might be a losing proposition
against a determined beaver
family. One visionary suggested
forming a ferry service,
shuttling hikers across the
pond in canoes for a fee.
Ultimately, the group
voted to let the beavers do
their thing undisturbed, while
allowing hikers to do theirs,
too. They settled on a plan of
building wooden “puncheon”
—essentially a footbridge lying
on the ground instead of on
abutments—that would stretch
over the boggy meadow, secured
by rods driven into the
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 13
ground. By making it temporary,
The planks, purchased even become a destination said Bob Proudman, ATC’s di-
the club was adhering to with $300 of club money, for people. Club member rector of Trail management
ATC’s creed of having the Trail had been cut and stacked on Scotty Folds has made several programs. “If we have persistent
“lie lightly on the land,” respecting
pallets by a local lumber com-
two-hour trips from her home
beaver activity in the
the environment. pany on very short notice and in Winston-Salem, N.C., just drainage, it is nice to have
Beavers migrate. They lugged in by club member Bill to watch the beavers. Folds enough land higher up to relocate
create a habitat, raise a family,
Medlin. About thirty volun-
describes the pond as a magi-
if we have to. Sometimes,
exhaust the food supply, teers with numb toes and cal, tranquil place. There, she we will be on a pond shore—
and then move on, leaving behind
soggy gloves worked alongside said, a harried person can es-
this is common in northern
fertile wetlands. When the Forest Service’s Terry cape from civilization easily New England—and then the
they do leave and the waters Bussey throughout the day and and enjoy nature within minutes
pond level will come up. So,
recede, PATH will remove the into the chilly evening, completing
of busy Interstate 81. the people will keep moving
wooden walkway and use
more than ninety feet The pond is hidden from the the Trail up. Occasionally, we
the materials for other A.T. of walkway, stopping only highway’s view by one small will do relocations.”
when they ran out of poles. A hill. Folds usually arrives When the beavers do migrate,
PATH’s thirty to fifty few weeks later, when more about dusk and quietly finds
they will leave behind a
“regulars” (out of a membership
poles were scavenged, they fin-
an unobtrusive perch to watch fertile ecosystem they helped
of about two hundred) ished the project.
the beavers preen one another. create. They will also leave
range from retirees to teachers
behind some good feelings
to bankers to skilled
among club members who
craftspeople, but they are not
watched them create it and
accustomed to working together
learned to enjoy a side of the
on intricate projects
Trail they hadn’t seen before.
with hand tools in weather
The beavers haven’t migrated
hovering around the freezing
yet and, in fact, are
point. Most live in North
colonizing, building additional
Carolina and drive one hundred
dams in the area.
to three hundred miles
Since the first project, the
each way into the Virginia
club discovered another dam
mountains monthly in order
site on the Trail two miles
to remove blowdowns in the
south of Dry Run. Several
early spring, wage a war with
members, using materials
briars and other overgrowth
provided by the Forest Service,
installed a Clemson
throughout the summer, work Tree stumps and beaver pond near Holston River footbridge.
with ATC crews on major (Photos by Karl Kunkel)
“pond leveler” to prevent the
projects, and repaint white Hikers now had a clear “They look totally contented,”
water from submerging a
blazes on the trees in the snow path—and dry feet—as the
walkway over a tributary of
flurries of late October. Special whole meadow was transformed
The pond has also become the Holston River. That
projects such as the beaver
from a nondescript a good educational setting for project, completed in late
pond require special trips and field into a lush nature preserve
youngsters, Folds added. On 1999, required volunteers to
as the beavers widened one field trip, she took two don chest-high waders and
On a frosty Saturday in the dam and the water backed neighbor children, ages two work in frigid water for hours.
February 1999, club members up. Ducks, geese, and birds not and five, to the pond.
By early 2000, however, the
crawled out of sleeping bags often seen in that part of the “They were so excited,” beavers had worked around
and started work. They used state suddenly appeared. she said. They watched the the problem of the pond leveler,
telephone poles donated and Clayton even spotted a mink. beavers work together as a
and water was rising
hauled to the edge of the road Dawson noted that several family and were fascinated by once again. At press time, it
by the Forest Service, then types of Virginia wildlife that the characteristic shapes of the looked as if PATH would
dragged to the site by Clayton had disappeared when the beaver
tree stumps left by the gnaw-
once again be getting busy
in his Jeep. Railroad ties, although
population was decimated ing of the beavers.
available, were ruled years ago have started to return
“With animal rights and
with the proliferation of the high sensitivity now to Karl Kunkel lives in High Point,
out because of the danger of
N.C., and edits PATH’s
creosote preservative leeching beaver ponds.
creatures, it pays to accommodate
the Trail to the beaver,”
newsletter. He has been a club
into the water.
PATH’s beaver pond has
member since 1995.
14 MAY–JUNE 2000
Hikers view proposed quarry (highlighted) from the Stan
Murray Memorial near Hump Mountain.
Construction continues on quarry in
Hump Mountain viewshed
CONSTRUCTION IS PROceeding
on a gravel
quarry near Hump
Mountain, in western North
Carolina, despite recent public
outcry over its effect on the
view from the A.T.
At issue is the Putnam
Mine, a quarry under development
two miles from Hump
Mountain, in Avery County,
North Carolina. The quarry is
visible from a scenic stretch of
balds in the Roan Highlands.
A public hearing was held
March 16 to hear complaints
about the quarry, and thousands
of public comments
have been submitted in response
to publicity on several
Internet Web sites. But, since
protests came only after a permit
had already been granted
News from along the Appalachian Trail
and construction begun, it appeared
doubtful that the North
Carolina Division of Environment
and Natural Resources
would take further action.
According to ATC Regional
Sommerville, the state’s permit
process for quarries did
not require any notification
about the potential impact on
scenic views. “That’s unfortunate,
as it’s likely to have a
significant visual effect on
this very scenic stretch of
Trail,” Sommerville said.
ATC continues to work to
reduce the quarry’s impact and
has since urged the state to
revise its permit process so
that communities near such
quarries can be notified in a
timely way, he said. ♦
Hikers and church committee raise
$19,000 for repairs at “The Place”
The Place,” the storied
A.T. hostel in Damascus,
has sheltered thousands of
hikers since the 1980s, is getting
“It was kind of old, kind
of ugly on the outside, the
paint was peeling, and there
were problems with water
damage,” said Mary Hayes, a
member of the hostel committee
of the Damascus United
Methodist Church, which operates
The Place. “At first,
when we started talking about
it, we just thought we’d get
some new siding,” Hayes said.
The committee put out
the word last year that funds
were needed for renovation.
But Hayes said they never expected
the response they got.
By March, more than $19,000
had been raised from the Trail
community, including more
than $5,000 from hikers.
“Now, we’re going to be
able to put on new siding, put
in new windows, paint the interior,
and paint the roof,”
Hayes said. Hayes said that
more than 184 different people
contributed funds to the
project. The hiker money was
mostly raised through a charitable
raffle and gear sale at
“The Ruck,” an annual gathering
of past, present, and
future long-distance hikers,
held in February 2000 at
Pennsylvania’s Pine Grove
Furnace State Park.
The largest contribution
IT’S THE HOPE OF CONGRESS, THE FEDERAL ADMINISTRATION, AND
the Trail community that the Appalachian Trail can be
pronounced “fully protected” by the end of this year. Here
is where federal and state agencies stood at the beginnig of March
2000 in terms of footpath miles (one percent to go!) and adjoining
acreage left to acquire:
States Map Miles Acres
Maine 4.2 1,188
New Hampshire 0.2 18
Vermont 0.0 42
Massachusetts 0.1 447
Connecticut 0.3 210
New York 0.1 214
New Jersey 0.0 78
Pennsylvania 3.0 301
Maryland 4.7 806
Virginia 5.0 2,252
West Virginia/Va. 0.0 0
N.C./Tennessee 3.9 2,179
Georgia 0.0 513
Total 21.4 8,248
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 15
came from the estate of a
member of the Damascus
church whose son was an A.T.
hiker, she said.
“I think the thing that has
meant the most has been the
letters,” Hayes said. “I was
glad I did this, just to read the
letters. People said the nicest
things. And, a lot of the hikers
will be coming here in
April to help us clean it up and
get it ready for Trail Days.”
Hiker John O’Mahoney,
who helped coordinate the
hiker contributions, said that
a ceremonial presentation of
an oversized check for the
hiker funds will be made at
Trail Days, the town’s annual
celebration of hikers and hiking,
scheduled for May 19–21.♦
Guy Waterman, author and maintainer
UY WATERMAN, AN INFLU-
author of books Gential
on wilderness conservation
and the history of trail-making
in the northern Appalachians,
froze to death February
6 near the summit of Mt.
Lafayette, on Franconia Ridge
in New Hampshire’s White
Mountains. His death was
ruled a suicide. He was sixtyseven.
Mr. Waterman was an
avid climber and longtime volunteer
with the Appalachian
Mountain Club (AMC). With
his wife, Laura Waterman, he
had adopted the section of the
Appalachian Trail along Franconia
Ridge, carefully building
walls and steps to keep hikers
from damaging fragile alpine
plants at a time when overuse
was causing extensive damage
to the above-treeline ecosystem
on Franconia Ridge. The
Trail work done there by the
Watermans and others is credited
with helping trampled
vegetation recover. It became
a model for trail design in
similarly fragile alpine environments.
The Watermans, a husband-and-wife
were authors of the influential
books Backwoods Ethics and
Wilderness Ethics, both instrumental
in the Appalachian
Trail Conference’s 1995 policy
mandating that the primitive
character of the Trail be preserved.
This policy has since
been integrated into all Trail
and resource decision-making
affecting the Appalachian National
Scenic Trail. Their most
extensive work, Forest and
Crag: The History of Hiking,
Trail Blazing, and Adventure
in the Northeast Mountains,
contains numerous references
to the early history of the Appalachian
Trail. It took more
than a decade to prepare and
is without equal in documenting
the trail and mountain
history in the eastern United
Before moving to Manhattan
in the late 1960s, Mr.
Waterman had been a successful
jazz pianist. His career
included work as a campaign
speech writer for Presidents
Eisen-hower, Nixon, and
Ford. He met Mrs. Waterman,
who became his second wife,
on a climbing trip with the
AMC New York Chapter. As
soon as they were able,
they moved to a primitive
twenty-seven-acre farm in
East Corinth, Vermont,
Since our last edition, donations to the Appalachian Trail
Conference were made in memory of:
RAY BROWN • By Roberta K. Tower
CLARA CASSIDY • By Marylee M. Armour, John and
Dorothy Hughes, Larry E. Kinley, Bernie C. Klemanek
and Pat Callahan, Leila B. Lange, Dell Loyless, Robert
and Tobey Milne, Joe and Miriam Nokes
RICHARD B. CLARK • By Marguerite T. Clark
ART COMEY • By Bill and Iris Baird
CHRIS DEFFLER • By Edwin and Margaret Deffler
EDWARD B. GARVEY • By Jim Stoltz
KENNETH E. HOPPEL • By Anonymous, Thomas and Carol
Anderson, Bradley and Bonnie Awe, James and Ruby
Barron, Sondra Bartley, Thomas and Anna Lois Beumel,
Linda Clark, Ronald and Wanda Goodnight, Mr. and
Mrs. Marvin Hartig, Hoosier Backpackers Indiana,
Kevin and Darlene King, Robert and Gail Lehr, Louise
Lutz, Elizabeth Lyon, Scott and Janet Mohler, Mohler
Technology Inc., Clark and Laura Moranz, Neal Scruggs
Family, Larry and Alice Wildeman
CHARLES THOMAS JACKSON • By Bill and Iris Baird
FRANK “SHADOW” LEMIEUX (’97) • By Cathie “Fruitcake”
WILLIAM J. MILNE • By Paul Restuccia
HAZEL MONROE • By Piedmont Appalachian Trail
BETSY NOVICKI • By Piedmont Appalachian Trail Hikers
ORION MEADE PAISLEY • By Ernest and Elizabeth Jones
GEORGE SAYRE • By Loren and Betty Schroeder, “The
PAUL S. SCHNARE • By Dorothy H. Schnare
MARSHALL STONE • By Roy Anderson, Robert and
GUY WATERMAN • Bill and Iris Baird
CHARLES WELLS • By Piedmont Appalachian Trail
GEORGE F. WERNER • By William and Elaine Herrmann,
Paul and Joan Housworth
named “Barra” after Water–
man’s Scottish ancestral
home. The couple cut by
hand all their firewood, grew
their own vegetables, and
made maple sugar. At Barra,
they wrote by kerosene lamp
on an old typewriter.
More than 200 friends
and admirers attended his
memorial service at the Congregational
Church in East
Corinth on February 17. Music
included a medley of piano
works that Mr. Water-man
had performed and recorded to
be played at his funeral. ♦
16 MAY–JUNE 2000
“2,000-Milers” for 2000
The Appalachian Trail Conference has received 550 reports of complete hikes of
the Trail—either by thru-hikes or in sections over a number of years—since a similar
list was published in last May’s ATN. The reports from persons listed below are grouped
by the year in which the hike was completed.
The database and other records from which this list is derived were prepared by
intern Matt Rice and volunteers Fred and Joanne Firman, with the assistance of Laurie
Potteiger and Lauren Post of the ATC Information Services Office.
J. Andrew Walsh, Scituate, Mass.; Christopher
J. Yambor, Annandale, Va.
Kent H. Kannegieter (O-D-Doe), Glen Allen,
George A. McDaniel III (Telephone Man),
Richard M. Callahan (Mike), Annapolis, Md.;
David P. Ransom (Spoons), Waterville, Vt.;
Louise S. Ransom (Spoons), Waterville, Vt.;
Dana D. Thurston (Stryder),
Frederic L. O’Connor (Chooch),
Keith Kimball (Wolf), Clifton,
Va.; John Robblee (Packrat),
Zaz Brelsford (Sunbeam),
Putney, Vt.; Bob L. Lively
(Lively), Cary, N.C.; Matthew
Sweeney (Aussie Crawl), Rose
Bay, New South Wales,
Jennifer E. Baehre (Hat Trick),
Annandale, Va.; Michael D.
Baehre (Dingleberry), Annandale, Va.;
Jonathan E. Haas (Eagle), Philadelphia, Pa.;
Michael W. Kemner (Wings of Desire),
Lebanon, Ohio; Timothy S. Schoolcraft
(Vermontster Green Bean), Randolph Center,
Vt.; J. Harmon Steiner (Harmony), Atlanta,
Ga.; Colin S. Thomas (Easy 8), Chapel Hill,
Laurie M. Adkins (The Umbrella Lady),
Catawba, Va.; Leonard M. Adkins (The
Habitual Hiker), Catawba, Va.; Brendan O.
Bogan (Brendan), Rolla, Mo.; Morgan Briggs
(Old Smoky), Pigeon Forge, Tenn.; Eric
Brunet (Eric the Red), Longueuil, Quebec,
Canada; Kierstie Clark, Newport, R.I.; Jason
Corry (Aeneas), Watertown, Mass.; Ryan A.
Crawley (Crawl-dog), Roanoke, Va.; Janis H.
Eisenberg (Swimmer), Woodbridge, Conn.;
Howard W. Emerson (Assman of the
Emerson Brothers), Great Bend, Pa.; Justin R.
Gallagher (Muledozer), Vail, Colo.; Rich C.
Gambale (Greenleaf), Tyngsboro, Mass.;
Melissa S. Goehrig (The Hare), Flagstaff,
Ariz.; John F. Golle (Longdrop), Palmers
Green, England; Nat Greenspan (Polar Bear),
Jamaica Plain, Mass.; Matthew C. Hasuly
(Rimrunner), Greer, S.C.; Chris A. Ingraham
(Free Spirit), Lawrenceville, Ga.; Brian Kelly
(Too Obtuse), Sanbornville, N.H.; Aaron K.
Kraft (Still Thinking), Minocqua, Wis.;
Courtney L. Mann (Mogo), Round Hill, Va.;
Jonathan R. McLamb (Woodpecker),
Roseboro, N.C.; Jeff E. Murkett (Can-Do),
Crested Butte, Colo. (completed twice);
James R. Ohler (Jim), Severna Park, Md.;
John L. Ohler (John), Queen Anne, Md.;
Ronald L. Ott, Jr. (AT 2), Muncy, Pa.; Andrew
L. Petersen (Alpo), West Fairlee, Vt.; Sharon
L. Petersen (Quilter), West Fairlee, Vt.; April
D. Peterson (Trail Gimp), Saratoga Springs,
N.Y.; Philip W. Piaski (Gnatcatcher),
Newton, N.C.; Jamie A. Rankin (Lemonhead),
Epworth, Ga.; Warren P. Renninger
(Lake), Muncy Valley, Pa.; John R. Rist
(Patches), Fallston, Md.; Janet L. Roberts
(Shutterbug), Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada;
Gordon C. Rollins, Jr. (Gooner), Orlando,
Fla.; Jordan T. Snow (Wandering Bear),
Thomaston, Ga.; John Starr (Yo Yo), Minneapolis,
Minn.; Robert E. Strootman (Silverfeet),
Jackson, Wyo.; Junius R. Tate (Model
T), Woodlawn, Tenn.; Claudia Tuor (Swiss
Miss), Plons, Switzerland; Jerry I. Ziemer
(Goat Legs), McHenry, Md.
Michael R. Adamo (The Gambler), East
Northport, N.Y.; Daniel R. Alexander
(Butkus), Homewood, Ala.; William M.
Alexander (Sticks), Atlanta, Ga.; Ben P. Allen
(Uncle Ben), Sartell, Minn.; Mark R. Allen
(YN0T2K), Sartell, Minn.; Matthew C. Allen
(Caboose), Long Beach, Calif.; Huma
Alvarado (Morning), Asheville, N.C.;
Thomas W. Anderson (Tommy Sweats),
Vienna, Va.; Christopher K. Andrews (Wood
Doctor), Hixson, Tenn.; J. Blake Andrews
(Spoonman), Alpharetta, Ga.; Bruce L.
Andrus (Sidewinder), East Hampton, Conn.;
Jeffrey J. Apolinario (Patches), Peekskill,
N.Y.; Brian T. Arntz (Grubby), Greenville,
Mich.; Heather Lynn Arsenault (Moglo),
Townsend, Mass.; Richard N. Ashley (Zip
Drive), Arlington, Va.; Jason S. Badders
(Duke), Otsego, Mich.; Anonymous Badger
(Anonymous Badger), Coudersport, Pa.; Chris
Bagby (Spur of the Moment),
Atlanta, Ga.; Carol D. Baker
(Snowy Egret), Houston,
Texas; Lissa C. Baker (Stowaway),
Houston, Texas; Ronald
B. Baker (Leafhopper),
Houston, Texas; John H.
Balentine (Zin Slojourner),
Westerly, R.I.; Bill Bancroft
(Gaseous), Bryan, Texas; Ted
Barnette (Little John),
Spartanburg, S.C.; Anthony J.
Barrett (Only Tony), Hingham,
Mass.; Shawn A. Basil
(Bearpaw), Bowling Green, Ky.;
Charles E. Baughman (Chief
No Pecs), Hendersonville,
N.C.; Linda M. Baughman
(Mom), Hendersonville, N.C.;
Sonia Beaudoin (Huayna),St-Christophe
D’Arthabaska, Quebec, Canada; Leonard C.
Bechler (Rhubarb), Oakland, Calif.; Monika
Beckmann (Monika), Stockholm, N.J.;
Stephen M. Beggs (Dr. A), Middleburg, Va.;
Jean-Francois Belzile (KayBek), St-Augustin,
Quebec, Canada; Omer Benayahv (Timeout),
Bet-Yannay, Israel; Bryn A. Bender (Dragonfly),
Perth, Australia; Gary M. Bissaillon (Mr.
B), Skaneateles, N.Y.; Bryan W. Black (#1
Gopher), Savannah, Tenn.; Andrew J.
Blubaugh (Semper Fi), Wadsworth, Ohio;
Alison D. Bochner (Bugbite), Deerfield, Ill.;
Vincent C. Bochsler (High Country), Rock
Springs, Wyo.; Brad K. Boehringer (Orion),
Doylestown, Pa.; Gabriel R. Boisseau (Luna),
St. Johnsbury Center, Vt.; Justin D. Bonnett
(Ragweed), Forest Lake, Minn.; Molly A.
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 17
Bonnett (Clover), Forest Lake, Minn.;
Gregory M. Boone (Grizzly), Elizabethtown,
Ky.; Bill L. Booz III (Orion), Voorhees, N.J.;
Daniel Brent Borders (Double Barrel),
Fayetteville, Ga.; Jennifer R. Bowden (Sky),
Big Timber, Mont.; Keith Bown (Hedgehog),
B. Boyce, Houston,
Texas; A. Hank
Boyd (Easy Rider),
Brenda L. Braaten
Laurie J. Braaten
Mass.; Thomas F.
Brady (Mr. Green
N.C.; Thomas J.
William L. Brady
N.C.; Sean F.
Brants (Ape), Royal
Oak, Mich.; Krista
A. Brewer (Krista),
James A. Bright (Groove), York, Maine; Paul
P. Brinson Sr. (Blue Ridge), Turtletown,
Tenn.; Brigit E. Brown (Pigpen), Wisconsin
Dells, Wis.; Edmund E. Brown (R.E.S.), Bryn
Athyn, Pa.; Steven A. Brown (Bulletproof),
Albuquerque, N.M.; Guenther K. Brucha
(Moosburger), La Grange Park, Ill.; Nelson C.
Bruni (Slow Buffalo), Stafford, Va.; Julian P.
Bryant (Smokestack), Fitzgerald, Ga.; Troy J.
Bryant (Chap), Madison, Ga.; Matthias Buhl
(Fritz), Berlin, Germany; Jason N. Bulay
(Pending), Old Town, Maine; Edward D.
Burgess (Never Alone), Seville, Ohio; Parker
D. Burgin (Picture This), Wimberley, Texas;
Loy A. Burke (Bushrod), Clarkesville, Ga.;
Steven D. Burrough (Dry Fly), Roswell, Ga.;
Miller A. Bushong (Miller Time), Charleston,
W.Va.; Joseph W. Cappel (Charlie Hustle),
Cincinnati, Ohio; Daniel K. Capps (Dan),
Downers Grove, Ill.; George Carleton (One
Shot), Greensboro, Ga.; Andrew R. Carter
(Pop), Yorktown, Va.; John M. Carter (Dark
Star), La Grange, Ky.; Josh E. Carter (Launchpad),
Canterbury, N.H.; Christian J. Caruso
(Privey), Gahanna, Ohio; David L. Cassidy
(Drum Stick), W. Peabody, Mass.; Reed D.
Chambers (Blue Note), Pittsburgh, Pa.; Paul
E. Chapman (Bandit), Signal Mountain.,
Tenn.; Alan W. Chase (Splinter), Little
Meadows, Pa.; Loren Jay Chassels (Artic
Sven), Kirksville, Mo.; Matt T. Chism (Old
Crow), Louisville, Ky.; Dick Christian (Every
Hikers Dream), Manchester, Conn.; Peter D.
Christiana (Pete), Fayetteville, N.Y.; Dave N.
Clark (Doctor Ragamuffin), Hendersonville,
Tenn.; Jonathan D. Clark (Red), Yarmouth,
Maine; Stacy W. Clark (Roseycheeks),
Tenn.; Elmer J.
Clegg (The Jersey
Four (two of)),
Isabella M. Clegg
Laura S. Clinton
Thomas K. Conover
Fla.; Elaine L.
Wilbur Cooley (PA
Pa.; Scott J. Cooney
(Blind Elf), Ft.
Johnny A. Cooper
(Johnny Reb), Hazel
Green, Ala.; Melvin
P. Cooper (Lunch Time), Huntingdon, Pa.;
Alex J. Coughlin (Cracker), Durham, N.C.;
Michael C. Courtney
Gilead, Ohio; Alison
G. Coviello Ouimet
(Cook from Cook n’
Clean), New York,
N.Y.; Thomas L.
Cronan III (TN-
Tenn.; C. Mc Dowell
Crook, Jr. (Movin’),
Kevin C. Cross
Mich.; Sylvia Strawn
De Leon Springs,
Fla.; Ben A. Curtis
Vt.; Alton W.
Dail III (Clothes
Pin), Powhatan, Va.;
(Machu Picchu), St-
Christophe D’Arthabaska, Quebec, Canada;
Edmund J. Danziger, Jr. (Fast Eddie), Bowling
Green, Ohio; Oren Davidoff (Little D), Ariel,
Israel; Charles W. Davidson (Chase), Axton,
Va.; Heath C. Davidson (Crumbsnatcher),
Lincoln, Neb.; John D. Davis (Single Malt),
Annapolis, Md.; John C. De Mattei (Doughboy),
Travelers Rest, S.C.; Robert D. de Vos
(The Fox), Atlanta, Ga.; Ronald Dearlove,
Inlet, N.Y.; Donald L. DeMeza (Empty Head),
Frederick, Md.; Steven K. Dendle (Candleman
UK), Newcastle Upon Tyne, England;
Jon M. Dennis (Heyoka), Florida City, Fla.;
Dan B. Denton (Go Back), Hesston, Pa.;
Jamie A. Derrick (Sunshine/Awaking
Dreams), Sierra Madre, Calif.; Will W. Dewey
(Willie B Walkin), Hendersonville, N.C.;
Brett R. Dixon (Brett), Seaford, N.Y.; Peter A.
Dohrenwend (Yahtzee), Newton, Conn.;
Chris Dooley (Dooley), Burlington, Vt.;
Damion A. Dooros (Rambler), Cincinnati,
Ohio; Casey Downs (Bones), Meredith, N.H.;
David A. Drachenberg (Bugbait), Newington,
Conn.; Richard Dreselly, Brunswick, Maine;
Lionel Roscrow Dreyer (Klipspringer), Cape
Town, South Africa; Audrey H. Duane
(Audie Go Lightly), Dalton, N.H.; Emily R.
Duhaime (Lu), Akron, Ohio; Ben R. Dulac
(Grizzbee), Newmarket, N.H.; Adam M.
Dulaski (Last Exit), Park Ridge, N.J.; Susan L.
Durrence (Skydog), White, Ga.; Don E.
DuRussel, Jr. (Potato Picker), Manchester,
Mich.; Caitlin M. Dwyer-Huppert (Riverdance),
Petersham, Mass.; W. Reed Dyer (The
Peaceful Warrior), Winthrop, Maine; Charles
S. Eckenroth (Funk That), New Holland, Pa.;
Hanan A. Edery (Husband), Gaithersburg,
Md.; Eric A. Eichler
Ken R. Evans
Ky.; Thomas K.
Ohio; Conor D.
Nancy B. Field (Just
Nancy), East Lyme,
Conn.; Andrew J.
Forbes (No Worries),
Mosinee, Wis.; Roderick Forsman (Chronic
Fatigue Syndrome), Intervale, N.H.; Holly
Sue Forte (Holly), Raynham Center, Mass.;
Anna Franke (Pokey), Weimar, Germany;
18 MAY–JUNE 2000
Clinton E. Fuhr (Pale Rider), Pittsburgh, Pa.;
Luther B. Fuqua III (Supafly), Lexington, Ky.;
Matthew M. Furtney (Flash), Somerville,
Mass.; Robert E. Furtney (Merritt), Rutland,
Vt.; Scott D. Gaffney (Lord of the Flies),
Tampa, Fla.; Mike Galyean (Koolade), Winter
Park, Fla.; Joseph C. Gamble (Trout),
Savannah, Ga.; Josh C. Gambrel (Rocketman),
Johnson City, Tenn.; Kristen R.
Gardella (Krispina), Voluntown, Conn.; Louis
Gardella (Marco Polo), Voluntown, Conn.;
Catherine A. Gawronski (Rocky), Niantic,
Conn.; Glenn C. Gawronski (Bullwinkle),
Niantic, Conn.; Randy S. Geary (Mr.
Missouri), Desoto, Mo.; John D. Gillette
(Jester), Enfield, Conn.; Robert J. Glynn
(Muddy Creek Kid), Pearl River, N.Y.; Jeffrey
E. Godby (Yogi), Columbia, S.C.; Alexandra
M. Goncalves (Brooklyn), Waukegan, Ill.;
Erin M. Gooch (Repartee), Plymouth, N.H.;
Carl C. Goodman (Greybeard), Alexandria,
Va.; Timothy C. Goodman (Duke), Richmond,
Va.; Lizzie F. Goodrick (Paranoid),
Merriam, Kan.; Eric J. Gott (Colby Jack),
Shepherd, Mich.; Darren S. Gouran (Breakin’
Wind), State College, Pa.; Eric J. Green
(Crusher), Richfield Springs, N.Y.; George E.
Green (Greenfoot), Melrose, Mass.; Daniel P.
Gregory (Just Dan), Cincinnati, Ohio;
Lawton E. Grinter (Disco), Gaffney, S.C.; J.C.
Grotz (JC/Skunkmonkey), Tampa, Fla.; Jason
P. Grudell (1st Degree), Rhinebeck, N.Y.;
Chris W. Habeck (Grover), Georgetown,
Mass.; Nathan C.
Va.; Petr Hajda,
Canada; Gayle C.
Justin B. Hall
Grove, Va.; Wayne
W. Hall (Finnegan),
Chris M. Hallien
Ga.; Ryan W.
N.H.; Erik S.
Hansen (Raven), Billings, Mont.; George F.
Harenberg (Geo), Denver, Colo.; James C.
Harvey (Mountain Bear), Linden, Va.; Jason
Hawkins (Catfish), Richmond, Ky.; Charles
O. Hearon III (Buzzard Wing), Campobello,
S.C.; Nathan L. Helminiak (Flounder), Jersey
Shore, Pa.; D. Oliver Henderson, Lookout
Mountain, Ga.; Hal K. Hess (Cross Country
Utah; Tim B.
Old Orchard Beach,
Maine; Maureen J.
Ky.; Gregg R.
Fla.; Dave L.
C. Hillen (Spud),
Jefferson City, Mo.;
Bryce W. Hipp (The
Canada; Wally L.
Stewart Island, New
Zealand; Walt L.
Benjamin B. Hodgins (Hopper), Vancouver,
Wash.; Donna Holmes (Free Spirit), South
Boundbrook, N.J.; Arno Holschuh (Frog),
Scot C. Holt (Celt),
Steven T. Howard
Ga.; Jeffery A. Hoye
Hubeny (The Great
City, Mo.; John G.
Hunkele (Spiderbite), West Hollywood,
Calif.; Richard A. Hurd, Jr. (Powdermanof
Blind Mice Expedition), Alpharetta, Ga.;
Lee A. Hurd (Mattressman), Bishop, Ga.;
Stacy D. Huskins (Hutch), McDonald, Tenn.;
Bradley W. Ivey (Carolina Kid), Asheboro,
N.C.; Andrew L. Jagenow (Mardi Gras),
Groton, Conn.; M. June James (Jilebi),
Amanda K. Jaros
Valley, N.J.; Jack B.
Ky.; Carl Jesionowski
N.H.; Connie L.
Jeska (Yellow Rose
of Texas), Carrollton,
Texas; Brian S.
Elkin, N.C.; James
Michael D. Jones
Va.; Lloyd C. Joyce
Pa.; Kevin J.
Kalthoff (Oz), Topeka, Kan.; Jeffrey J.
Kavanaugh (Second Wind), Indianapolis, Ind.;
Dale R. Keirstead (Galahad), Alton, N.H.;
Brooks Kelley (Mr. Boo), Jeffersonville, Vt.;
Leo A. Kellogg (The Persistent), East
Greenbush, N.Y.; Thomas A. Kennedy (The
Lovely Overpacked), Lake Worth, Fla.; Jeff A.
Killian (Twice), Knoxville, Tenn.; Ellen V.
Kilpatrick (Mama Kazoo), Gainsville, Fla.;
Richard S. Kimmel (Lucky), Nashville,
Tenn.; Harry E. Kintzler (Uncas ‘73), Mt.
Prospect, Ill.; Michael J. Kirby (Bipolar
Disorder), Pensacola, Fla.; Mark W. Kittrell
(Man-Who), Kissimmee, Fla.; E. Jolene Koby
(Jojo Smiley), Hayfork, Calif.; Sasha M. Kodet
(Honeydo), Tray, Mich.; Tom R. Kozlowski
(Polish), Jersey Shore, Pa.; Daniel P. Krieger
(Too Hot to Handle), Northfield, Ohio; Eric J.
Kuzma (TH434N), Collingswood, N.J.;
Curteis J. La Boy (The Corsican), Black
Mountain, N.C.; Melody H. Lam (Yodi),
Collinsville, Va.; Jennifer D. Lamb (Bear
Bait), Los Altos, Calif.; Cory Lampert (Cross
Country), Denver, Colo.; Anthony C. Lance
(Glider), Springfield, Tenn.; John H. Lange III
(The Georgia Crackers), Columbus, Ga.; J.
Harry Lange, Jr. (Trail Dad of The Georgia
Crackers), Cataula, Ga.; Patrick H. Lange
(The Georgia Crackers), Cataula, Ga.; Ingrid
K. Larsson (Sunshine), Campbellcroft,
Ontario, Canada; Allison B. Lassiter
(Hummingbird), Weston, Mass.; Eric E.
Lawrence (Campbell’s Kid), Silver Spring,
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 19
Md.; Joe Lawrence (Biohazard), Athens, Ga.;
James F. LeCroy, Jr. (Papa Squat), Columbia,
S.C.; J.D. Lee (Tellico Advocate), Knoxville,
Tenn.; Susan E. Lee (Boo Boo), Columbia,
S.C.; William E. Lesmerises, Jr. (Scooby),
Laconia, N.H.; William E. Lesmerises
(Crash), Laconia, N.H.; David J. Lewis
(Chewy), Yarmouth, Maine; Lung Sang Li
(Jersey George), Piscataway, N.J.; R. Laine
Ligon (Grey Man), Columbia, S.C.; Lynn A.
Lingenfelter (Team Myoplex), Winter Spring,
Fla.; Robert E. Lloyd, Sr. (New Jersey Four),
Woodbury, N.J.; Joyce M. Lloyd (New Jersey
Four), Woodbury, N.J.; Robert A. Longmire
(Chaco), Lexington, Ky.; Jeffrey L. Loso (The
Vagabon’), Bloomington, Minn.; Michael E.
Lowell (Plantar), Clovis, N.M.; Lyle E.
Lumsden (Painted Turtle), Manchester,
Mass.; Jason A. Lustig (Sage), Shingle Springs,
Calif.; Luke C. Lydiard (Jedi), Chesterfield,
Mass.; Loren P. Mach (Rhythm), Sun Prairie,
Wis.; Sandy MacKay (Perma-Grin), Aspen,
Colo.; Frederick E. Maerker (Magic
Merk), Thornton, Pa.; Tommy E.
Magrinat (Doc), Greensboro, N.C.;
John K. Magullian (Archaeopterix),
Kearny, N.J.; Marc D. Mainville
(Rainbow Bright), Longueuil, Quebec,
Canada; Tod E. Marks (Magnet),
Greenville, S.C.; Winton T. Martin
(Bronco), Casper, Wyo.; Martha
Mathewson (Joyous Tears), Shady
Side, Md.; Philip C. Mattson (D.O.C.),
Clifton, Va.; Judson T. Maurer (Heavy
Pack), Blythewood, S.C.; Scott A.
McCammon (Animal Cracker),
LaGrange, Ind.; Charles N. McComas
III (Satori), Bel Air, Md.; Dennis L.
McCrate (Buckeye), Barnesville, Ohio;
Bryon K. McCune (Cune), Columbia,
Mo.; Steve S. McDonald (Lank),
Vancouver, Wash.; Jacqueline A.
McDonnell (Yogi), Mission, Kan.;
Matthew J. McFarland (Iceman), Cary,
N.C.; Ryan J. McGhee (Ulysses),
Boone, N.C.; Sarah L. McGinley
(Firelily), Brookline, Mass.; Fran J.
McGregor (Sparrow), Howell, N.J.;
Owen McKinney (Tumbleweed), Middletown,
Ohio; Timothy M. McLain (T-Bone),
Franklin, Ind.; Monica McManus (Moonshine),
Washington, D.C.; Richard J. McNelis
(Rickrock), Pittsburgh, Pa.; Ryan J. McNulty
(Tiger), Watertown, Mass.; Michael W. Mead
(Ditka), Ft. Walton Beach, Fla.; Michael J.
Menard (Pilgrim), Ferrum, Va.; Holly J.
Messier (Barefoot), Essex Jct., Vt.; Joel A.
Metcalfe (Bigfoot), Marietta, Ga.; William F.
Miller (Hebgebs), Stafford, Va.; Robert D.
Minton (Mitty), Jacksonville, N.C.; Seth H.
Mitchell (Lone Star), Fair Oaks Ranch, Texas;
Benjamin J. Molineaux (Chile), Santiago,
Chile; Chris Monello (Walking Tree),
Marietta, Ga.; Matthew J. Moore (Milo),
Weymouth, Mass.; Stanley J. Moore
(Bermuda Incher), Albany, N.Y.; Denis S.
Moran (Sack), Newcastle, Maine; Rockett
Morgan (Rockett), Hollis, Maine; Jackie L.
Moulton (Mom), Bow, N.H.; Jen L. Moulton
(Booboo), Bow, N.H.; Randolph H. Moulton
(Gramps), Macon, Ga.; Andrew M. Mujica
(Freebird), Stone Mountain, Ga.; Larry
Mulder (Dutch Plodder), Holland, Mich.;
William Fox Munroe (Red Fox), Reading, Pa.;
Mike C. Navjoks (Wandering Taoist), Miami
Beach, Fla.; Cara M. Nealon (Supergirl),
Philadelphia, Pa.; Andrew T. Nelson
(Smiley), Arnold, Md.; Jack E. Nelson (Yak),
Charlotte, N.C.; Joanna Nelson (Yo),
Charlotte, N.C.; John K. Nelson (Hercules),
Smithville, Md.; Kathryn W. Nelson (Kaku),
Maryville, Tenn.; Nancy Jo Nelson (FAL/Free
At Last), Smithville, Mo.; Eric D. Neville
(Tripper), North. Dighton, Mass.; William L.
Newman (Circuit Rider), Alanson, Mich.;
Joseph S. Newton (Ranger), St. Petersburg,
Fla.; Chester Nicholson (Ice Falcon), Pass
Christian, Miss.; Tony A. Nitz (Prehistoric
Tony), Sparks, Nev.; Jacob W. O’Dell (Darth
Moezass), Bluff City, Tenn.; Robert W.
O’Hara (Dragline), Fairfield, Pa.; Patrick B.
O’Keefe (Breakin’ II), Fort Ashby, W.Va.;
Christina N. Olex (Red Stripe), South Boston,
Mass.; Chase L. Orton (Casy), Center
Sandwich, N.H.; George F. Otto (Tuesday
Night Norm), Oreland, Pa.; Rick W. Ouimet
(Clean from Cook n’ Clean), New York, N.Y.;
Judy A. Owen (Gourmet Gert), Lupton,
Mich.; Elise S. Owens (Trash Pocket),
Bradenton, Fla.; Emma S. Owens (Kermita),
Bradenton, Fla.; Peter R. Palmer (Cujo),
Avon, Conn.; Jackie D. Parker (Mud Puppy),
Clifton Park, N.Y.; Neil D. Parker (Woodcutter),
Clifton Park, N.Y.; John L. Passman
(Madhatter), Marietta, Ga.; Scott M. Payne
(Doc Alley), Sycamore, Ga.; Garry Pelletier
(Wounded Knee), Coventry, R.I.; Andrew M.
Perdas (Icehouse), Shippensburg, Pa.; Paige
Peters (Sunny P), Lebanon, Ohio; Robbie W.
Peters (Shawnee), Effingham, Ill.; Mary L.
Pfennig (Hoosier Mama), Rising Sun, Ind.;
Matthew W. Pilachowski (Drive By),
Baltimore, Md.; Joseph A. Platt (Patch),
Cartersville, Ga.; Priscilla L. Potter (Toasted),
North Berwick, Maine; Steven L. Prescott
(Steve), Bainbridge, Pa.; Heidi Preuss (Hyper),
Laconia, N.H.; Dick D. Proctor (The
Diamond), Ottumwa, Iowa; Richard S.
Provost (Pots), North Ferrisburg, Vt.; Bradley
R. Quentin (Lao Hu), Perrysburg, Ohio; Todd
V. Querry (Citrus), Mechanicsburg, Pa.;
Hannah B. Quimby (Songbird), Portland,
Maine; Daniel B. Raber (Jes’ Feeblin’
Along), Asheville, N.C.; Gregory C.
Raber (The Other Feeblin’ Along
Boys), Garrettsville, Ohio; Andrew
M. Raby (Nets), Nashville, Tenn.;
David W. Rainoshek (The Happy
Hikers), Houston, Texas; Summer P.
Rainoshek (The Happy Hikers),
Houston, Texas; Parker Rajotte
(Lobo), Plainville, Conn.; Davy G.
Ray (Karma Suture), Eugene, Ore.;
Jeremy Rayner (Creeper), Concord,
N.H.; Sarah Rebick (Kamikaze),
Annandale, N.J.; Mitchell T. Renville
(Bud from Oregon), Portland, Ore.;
David Reus (Nemo), Hillsborough,
N.C.; David P. Richard (Shaft), Key
West, Fla.; Denny R. Richard (Jam
Bone), Moncton, New Brunswick,
Canada; James H. Richards (Houdini),
Jonesville, S.C.; Norm E. Richardson
(Stormin’ Norman), Fairfax, Va.;
Larry L. Ridenour (Pa. Pilgrim),
Pittsburgh, Pa.; Anneliese Ring
(Frische Luft), Castle Rock, Colo.; R.
Quincy Robe (Bog), Groton, Conn.;
Dolores Roberts (Downhill Hopeful),
Thornton, Ky.; Donald R. Roberts (Sly Fox),
Suffolk, Va.; Keel Robinson (Keel), Decatur,
Ill.; Rodney S. Robinson (Sweet Blood),
Hendersonville, N.C.; Larry J. Rod (Omar the
Tent Maker), Winter Springs, Fla.; Emmett
N. Roden (Logjumper), Chevy Chase, Md.; A.
Wade Rogers (Grace’s Son), Florence, Ky.;
Daniel L. Rogers (Sheltowee), Bloomingdale,
Ohio; Jan E. Ronco (Gumby), Abbot, Maine;
Tess Rowe (No Time), Silverthorne, Colo.;
Andrew Ryan (Groovin’ Moose), North
Providence, R.I.; Bill C. Ryan (7 Year Itch),
Colorado Springs, Colo.; Richard J. Ryan
(Lionheart), Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.; Jeremy P.
20 MAY–JUNE 2000
Samford (Greenbean), Avondale, Ga.; Paul E.
Sanford, Meadowbrook, Pa.; Ed D. Schernau
(All Downhill From Here), Providence, R.I.;
Mark E. Schieber (Gruff), Battle Creek,
Mich.; Lenore G. Schneider (Mountain
Marching Mamas/Mother Superior),
Bradenton, Fla.; Matthew G. Schomburg
(Coos), North Stratford, N.H.; James C.
Schrock (Gentleman Jim), Eastham, Minn.;
Russell T. Schundler (Cap’n Crusty),
Chris A. Schwab
Ga.; Ronald L.
Sarah G. Scott
Martin L. Seelig
(Ironhorse), Granville, Mass.; Nancy B.
Seymour (Mothergoose), Asheville, N.C.;
Armen A. Shabazian (Smoky Jack), Gardnerville,
Nev.; Brett N. Simmons (Hungry Brett),
Manassas, Va.; Brian M. Simon (Kernel),
Minneapolis, Minn.; George E. Sinkinson
(Whitebark), Akron, Ohio; Michael J.
Sisemore (Super Fly SY), Gainesville, Ga.;
Daniel E. Smith (Bee), Brookline, Mass.;
Robert B. Smith (Waterboy), Niceville, Fla.;
Rachel P. Soifer (Wife), Gaithersburg, Md.;
Edie C. Sonne (Speedy), Tuxedo Park, N.Y.;
Josh C. Spalding (Joshua Tree), Southbury,
Conn.; Rob A. Sparks (Sparks/Botany Boyz),
Centerville, Ohio; Rick J. St. John (Log),
Boulder, Colo.; Alexandra Staab (Silver
Moon), Atlanta, Ga.; Joseph J. Staft (Old
Blue), Cincinnati, Ohio; Mark A. Stanfill
(Buford), Murfreesboro, Tenn.; Patrick B.
Stanley (Daybreak), Nashua, N.H.; Matthew
D. Stauffer (Heart Break), Myerstown, Pa.;
Anthony M. Stillwell (Stilly), Huntington,
W.Va.; John J. Stoddard (LJ), Enfield, Conn.;
Adam M. Stolz (Jiffy), Preston, Conn.; Mary
Sturtevant (Possum), Londonderry, N.H.;
Megan A. Supple (Megan), Culver City,
Calif.; Peter F. Swarce (Squanto), Bridgewater,
Mass.; Dariusz A. Swiderek (Hiking Pole),
Portland, Ore.; Mark A. Tai (Zaugau),
Raleigh, N.C.; Nathan L. Tanner (The
Captain), Seaford, Del.; Mark W. Taylor
(Professor Booty), Montgomery, Ala.; Wido J.
Teriet (Traveler), Freiburg, Germany; Sven
Thesen (Culvert/Box Culvert), Berkeley,
Calif.; Troy A. Thompson (Wide Brim), Tuart
Hill, Australia; James F. Tidd (Gadgetman),
Odessa, Fla.; Russell H. Tinkham (Serpico),
Groton, Vt.; Marty P. Tipton (Bullfoon),
Lexington, Ky.; Roger E. Tipton (Smoky),
Knoxville, Tenn.; Brian Tourkin (Blisterbutt),
Jacksonville, Fla.; Josee P. Trudeau (Mini-
Me), Sudbury, Ontario, Canada; Carri Uranga
(Pepper), Arlington, Texas; Michael B.
VanReken (No Sub), Great Mills, Md.; Megan
L. Varellas (Batgirl), Atlanta, Ga.; Bronald
John Vasalle (4 X 4), Lebanon, Maine; Nathan
C. Waggoner (Avlo), Tulsa, Okla.; Benjamin
A. Wagner (Sundance), Exeter, N.H.; Jon S.
Wakeman (Little Jon), Claremont, N.H.;
Sharon L. Walker (Buzzard), Franklin, Ind.;
David L. Walters (The Acrobat), Edinburg,
Pa.; Joe D. Ward (Smoky Joe), Jacksonville,
Ga.; Willard T. Ware (Poopa Jack), Limerick,
After your re-entry, remember this moment, this and all other
nights pitched out in the lofty stillness beneath the heavens.
Remember it when tragedy befalls you or hardship comes
knocking. You have hiked the Appalachian Trail, you have
scaled the eastern peaks, and you have walked from Maine to
Georgia. You can do anything.
—Joseph Gamble, “Trout” (Maine–Georgia, 1999)
Maine; Michael E. Watkins (Miracle Mike),
Dacula, Ga.; Laura B. Wawierowski (Crazy
Legs), Akron, Ohio; Ted J. Wawierowski
(Teddy Bear), Akron, Ohio; Mary M. Webster
(Swamp Yankee), Jamestown, R.I.; Elizabeth
Wegmann (Flightless Towhee), Blowing
Rock, N.C.; Matthew J. Wertman (Hoover),
Rapid City, Mich.; Charles Justin West
(ManGo), Somerville, N.J.; James L. Weston
(Wing Man), Greene, Maine; Scott M.
Wheaton (Red Wing), Traverse City, Mich.;
Evelyn M. Wheeler (Team Myoplex), Winter
Spring, Fla.; George A. Wheeler (Wideload),
Cambria Heights, N.Y.; Eric S. White (White
Notable Club, Organization, Corporate,
and Foundation Gifts
(since January 2000)
Rabbit), Williamstown, Mass.; Johnny L.
White (Whittler), Mayfield, Ky.; Marci L.
White (Trail Trotter), Mayfield, Ky.; John
Whiting (Graybeard), Somerset Center,
Mich.; Eric Wiese, Hixson, Tenn.; Kristofor
R. Wiley (Blisters), Springfield, Mo.; John D.
Williams (Fairweather), Mc Cordsville, Ind.;
Alistair G. Wilson (Dog Bone), Chapala,
Mexico; Asher Wolf (Asher/Slugface),
Knoxville, Md.; Emma M. Worst (LLama),
Westmont, Ill.; Susanne
Wright Ashland (Walking
Home), Canaan, Maine;
Matt J. Young (Spicoli),
Happy Jack, Ariz.; Jenna
M. Zampiello (Nipper),
Boxboro, Mass.; Troy A.
Michael S. Kulik II (Wyoming Skateboarder),
ATC also received the following corrections
to the database of 2,000-milers:
Max Gordon, Bronx, N.Y.; Seymour Dorfman,
Bronx, N.Y.; Louis Zisk, Bronx, N.Y.
Edwin Bock, Juneau, Alaska; Zillie Johnson,
David Mastroianni (Lars ThunderFoot),
$10,000 and above
Friends of Great Smoky Mountains National Park—caretaker and ridgerunner
$1,000 to $4,999
Blue Mountain Eagle Climbing Club—Land Trust
Dover Foundation—general support
MBNA America—land acquisition fund
New Hampshire Charitable Foundation—Upper Valley Trails Alliance
New York–New Jersey Trail Club—mid-Atlantic Trail crew
Piedmont Appalachian Trail Hikers—general support
Spear, Leeds & Kellogg—Land Trust, South Egremont, Massachusetts
Virginia Power—general support
$500 to $999
Bank of Charles Town, W.Va.—general support and National Trails Day
Pennsylvania Power and Light Co.—general support
Frank and Brinna Sands Foundation—Upper Valley Trails Alliance
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 21
What is past,
and to come
Bit by bit, historians,
archaeologists are looking
beneath the Trail’s duff and dirt
to assemble a “cultural
inventory” of the recent and
ancient history that the
By Glenn Scherer
VISUALIZE FOR A
day in 1944,
Jersey’s Kittatinny Ridge. Two
farmers butchering hogs in the
valley below hear something. A
plane—the groan of a fourengine
bomber circling low, lost
in sleet and fog. Its anxious
crew has no warning of the
The farmers hear an earsplitting
explosion. They break
off their bloody work and run
22 22 MAY–JUNE 2000
through freezing rain up the ridge, only
to come upon a hellish scene. A twentyfive-ton
B-17 “Flying Fortress” has
slammed into the mountain. Its fuel tanks
have exploded. Fire rages in the wreckage
and the surrounding trees. The B-17’s
hundred-foot wingspan has sheared off
treetops along a quarter-mile swath. Bodies,
thrown clear of the crash, lie amid
debris. Only the fuselage is intact. The
words painted on the nose cone declare
the crew’s patriotic intentions: Up Der
Fuehrer! This bomber will never see Europe
or the mission for which it was built.
A month later, in the farm
country below the ridge, the boys
of Camp No-Be-Bo-Sco (short for
“North Bergen Boy Scout” Council)
turn out to memorialize the
airmen of Up Der Fuehrer. They
gather around the tail-gunner’s
section of the aircraft and light a
“You could hear a pin drop, it
was so quiet and solemn,” recalled
scout John Hover. “It was a very
moving service, as most of us had
family members in World War II.”
Half a century later, the forest
has healed, hiding signs of fire
and destruction. I’m hiking the
A.T. along the ridge in October
with historian Ron Dupont. Although
birches have gone golden,
we aren’t leaf-peeping. Dupont is
hunting for something. We leave
the Trail and enter a patch of blueberry
bushes, their leaves scarlet. A gum
wrapper and a tin can litter the ground.
“People think of the Appalachian
Trail as untrammeled wilderness,”
Dupont muses, “but it’s been trammeled—trammeled
Then, he bends over. “What the hell
is this?” he asks.
He holds up a foot-long chunk of
metal. The jagged scrap is old. It’s
Left: Farm water tower at Hurd’s Corner,
New York. The 1920s landmark fell into
disrepair in the 1960s. Volunteers from
the New York–New Jersey Trail Conference
and local civic groups restored it in
1989. Photo: John Nelson. Above: Stone
wall near Hosner Mountain, New York.
Photo: Mike Warren.
scorched black, twisted and fused, peppered
with rivets and melted glass. It’s
what Dupont has been looking for, and
he turns solemn.
“This is the place,” he says.
The mountains (and maintainers)
For Dupont, and others like him, the
Appalachian Trail pierces the sediment
of history like a drill bit cutting
through strata. Since the days of
“It’s not until you actually go out there
and pay close attention to the stone
walls that you realize the startling
extent to which these mountains were
Myron Avery, Trail maintainers have
cared passionately about the history
they’ve found underfoot. Volunteers from
Maine to Georgia have spent countless
days scouring local newspapers (where the
story of the B-17 crash turned up), visiting
historical societies, tracing deeds, interviewing
old-timers, walking the
woods, and joining professional archaeological
In recent years, the process has become
more formal. The Trail, as part of
the national park system, is undergoing
an official “inventory” that looks at its
“cultural resources” (government jargon
for what the rest of us might call “cool
historical sites”). The idea is to perform
a state-by-state systematic cataloguing of
the historical landscape within the bor-
ders of the Trail corridor.
Even as the National Park Service’s
Appalachian Trail Park Office begins the
methodical inventory process, local volunteers
continue to figuratively peel back
the forest duff to uncover the history that
lies along and beneath the A.T.
While Dupont’s period of expertise
begins after 1492, archaeologist Joe
Baker’s is more remote. His special interest
is in searching out prehistoric hearths
and trash pits, and deciphering the Stone
“We have the oldest radiocarbon
dates in the East,” Baker observes,
pleased by what he
and fellow Pennsylvania archaeologists
have found. Carbon
dating is a technique for
measuring the age of organic
material, based on the decay
rate of radioactive carbon.
“People were living in Pennsylvania
at least 14,000 years
ago, maybe 20,000. At every
little spring, tucked back into
the folds of these mountains,
you’ll find chert flakes.” The
flakes are a byproduct of Indian
tool-making. “In fact,
we’ve probably damaged
some encampments by unknowingly
shelters on top of them.”
Baker first volunteered
his scientific skills as part of
a 1988 historical study of the
A.T. corridor where it crosses the Great
Valley of the Appalachians in Cumberland
County, Pennsylvania. Later, he
took part in the 1999 Pennsylvania A.T.
cultural resource survey, the first statewide
inventory ever conducted by the
National Park Service along the Trail.
“There are a lot of things we found,
but a lot we didn’t,” Baker says. “We only
looked at the existing written record and
never turned a shovel. We didn’t look on
the ridges. The Catoctin greenstone up
there was mined by Stone Age peoples for
thousands of years. It was carried and
traded as far away as Maine and the Mississippi
Baker immediately qualifies his
statement, happily debunking the most
persistent of A.T. historical myths. “But,
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 23
you know, the Trail was never a native
American path. Only modern idiots
would think it’s fun to hike a high and
dry ridgeline end-to-end!”
By the 1700s, European
immigrants had cleared away
native American culture and,
along with it, the Appalachian
forests. “We know from land
records that the A.T. passes
through the remnants of collapsed
18 th - and 19 th -century
farms,” Ron Dupont explains,
“but it’s not until you actually
go out there and pay close attention
to the stone walls that
you realize the startling extent
to which these mountains were
Pay attention is just what
Dupont did from 1991 to 1993,
when he made a one-man historical
study of New Jersey’s seventythree
miles of Trail. “You find stone
fences in the most wild, windswept, improbable
places, which means someone
was grazing animals or trying to grow hay
up there,” he says.
In the 19 th century, the mountain
farms failed—bypassed by the canals and
railroads that linked eastern cities with
the rich midwestern agricultural breadbasket.
Evidence of Appalachian farmsteads
vanished nearly as quickly as the
Indians had. Farm fields reverted to forest,
and newly overgrown ridges became
the ideal route for the Appalachian Trail.
The A.T., Dupont points out, could
never have been built if vanquished primitive
cultures and failed pioneer economies
had not first vacated the land. It is the
artifacts and stories of those long-gone
worlds, bounded by the Trail corridor, that
attract historians and archaeologists to
the cultural-inventory process, a process
that remains far from complete.
Baker argues that these inventories
are both urgent and relevant. Discoveries
about the past offer meaningful lessons
for our future, he asserts. “The history of
ecology in North America is preserved in
its archaeological sites. Friends of mine
digging in northern Pennsylvania recently
found that, between the end of the Ice Age
and the arrival of the Europeans (that’s
Cultural legacy with cat? An old farm on a rainy day in
Pennsylvania. (Photo: Chris Myers)
Interpretive display, Harpers Ferry.
(Photo: Frank Logue)
10,000 years), only two-and-a-half feet of
soil were deposited in a particular river
floodplain. But, in the four hundred years
since then, eight more feet of soil were
dumped on top.” The soil had once covered
lush mountainsides. When the ridges
were clearcut, the soil washed away, leaving
loggers, charcoal makers, and farmers
without a livelihood. That tells you
what happens when land is mismanaged,
Baker says. When you lose fertile topsoil,
you bankrupt your future.
Saving the storied landscape
Ilove protecting the best of what’s
left in America,” declares
Dave Sherman of the Forest
Service’s Lands Office. Ironically, this particular
Sherman began his career
in public service by trying to preserve
Georgia, rather than ransacking
it, acting as the state’s
historical preservation officer.
Later, after the Park Service
geared up to protect the A.T.
corridor, it was Sherman who
marched in to map out land that
would eventually be acquired.
“We reviewed three hundred-odd
segment maps and had
to decide what we should try to
protect: scenic vistas, water
sources, and, of course, cultural
resources,” Sherman explains
with undisguised enthusiasm.
“You just knew when you walked out
there and saw charcoal bottoms and cellar
holes there was a story to be told. Often,
we widened the corridor from 1,000
to 1,500 feet just to preserve an interesting
piece of the landscape.”
One of the most important sites
snatched up by Sherman was at Fox Gap
on Maryland’s South Mountain. In 1862,
outnumbered Confederate soldiers defended
this natural mountain fortress
against repeated Union bayonet charges,
probably saving Lee’s army from disaster.
“The battle of South Mountain, with
its 5,000 casualties, is overshadowed by
the battle of Antietam three days later,
with its 27,000 dead and wounded,” says
amateur historian Steve Stotelmyer. “But,
to anyone who studies the Maryland campaign,
it’s obvious that South Mountain
was the more strategically important action.”
Stotelmyer applauds the A.T.’s landacquisition
efforts at Fox Gap. “If not for
the Appalachian Trail, there’d be a house
sitting right in the middle of the 17th
Michigan field, scene of some of the fiercest
fighting,” Stotelmyer says. His nonprofit
Central Maryland Heritage League
has united with the Potomac Appalachian
Trail Club, the state of Maryland, and
Park Service officials to design a management
plan for the battlefield.
24 MAY–JUNE 2000
“A.T. hikers now walk within thirty
feet of a hand-dug well, down which fiftyeight
Confederate dead were dumped, but
don’t even know it,” Stotelmyer comments.
He hopes to do archaeological
work at the Gap, restore the battlefield
to its 1862 appearance, install signs, and
build a loop trail that will interpret this
bloody page of history.
Serendipity sometimes rewards the
volunteers who seek out cultural
treasures. One spring morning in
the mid-1980s, Rick Patterson took his
golden retriever for a walk near the Trail
(in a state that shall remain nameless). A
flint outcropping caught his eye. As the
self-trained archaeologist explored further,
he knew he had made an important
“Most native American quarries are
little more than holes in the ground,”
Patterson says, “but this site had oredressing
stations, mill-processing sites,
and open-air workshops for producing finished
stone points. I realized this was a
completely intact prehistoric mining district.
Our town planners wanted to put a
subdivision smack on top of the quarry. I
tried to save it but couldn’t. The Park Service
and ATC could. They acted and
bought what may be the most important
prehistoric site on the entire Appalachian
The quarry purchase didn’t come
without controversy. Patterson argues
that the site should be opened to the public
for interpretation, while the National
Park Service insists it be kept secret.
“I’ve found shovels and a wheelbarrow
out there,” Patterson says, lamenting
the destructive work of looters. “The
only way to really protect the place is to
have a presence there, make it into a
museum, and let people tour the site.”
Don Owen, cultural resources manager
for the Park Service’s A.T. office, sees
things differently. He explains that ARPA,
the federal Archaeological Resource Protection
Act, mandates that the Park Service
zealously protect historic cultural resources.
The act makes it a crime to disturb
“Historical resources, like old farms
Original A.T. metal marker—some parts of
the Trail itself now date back seventy-five
years or more. (Photo: ATC Archives)
or railroads with large immovable structures
are much better suited for interpretation
than prehistoric sites,” Owen contends.
“Prehistoric sites contain small,
potentially valuable artifacts that are
critical to our understanding, but easily
looted.” And so, the location of the A.T’s
only prehistoric mining district remains
Archaeologist Ed Lenik agrees with
this practice. “The best protection for sensitive
sites is anonymity,” he says. “Once
you promote a site, the risk of vandalism
goes way up.”
Lenik implemented an innovative
solution to the problem of looting at native
American rock shelters in New
York’s Bear Mountain–Harriman State
Parks. He established a core group of volunteers
from the Thendara Club (once
part of the Green Mountain Club) who
work as “heritage monitors.”
“The members of the Thendara Club
aren’t policemen,” says Lenik. “They are
observers. They visit the rock shelters
regularly and look for signs of disturbance.
If they see any evidence of digging, they
report it to park law enforcement.”
“Volunteer heritage monitors are a
way to preserve these sites until we can
afford better protection.” That’s important,
Lenik says, since “everything isn’t
written down in books. Knowledge is still
buried in the ground, awaiting our discov-
ery and interpretation.”
Bringing the dead to life
Not everything is so safely buried.
Some history is weathering
away before our eyes, and
land managers—strapped by tight budgets—are
unable to take action.
ATC’s chair and self-described Maine
history buff, Dave Field, regrets the inability
of Trail-maintaining clubs to aggressively
protect historical sites. “I can
show you old graves and logging camps
and a big pile of crosscut saw blades just
lying out there,” he says. “We know these
things exist, we’ve recorded them, but
they’re slowly sinking away into the soil.”
Though frustrated by lack of time and
money, Field is optimistic about the future
of historical preservation. “It seems
that the more you lose, the more people
get excited about saving what’s left.”
Increasingly, examples from Maine to
Georgia seem to prove out Field’s optimism.
At a handful of sites, volunteers
are already working with federal and ATC
staff members to stabilize cultural resources
and bring them back to life.
“When we first designed the Trail
corridor, we included the old Groseclose
farm with its intact house, barns, smokehouse,
and corncrib,” says Mike Dawson,
ATC’s regional representative for southwestern
Virginia. “Then, we invited local
people on board as our partners. They
now manage the farm as the Settler’s Museum
of Southwest Virginia.”
On weekends, local residents don period
costumes and offer living-history
demonstrations at the farm, only a few
steps from the footpath. They tend fields
and orchards sown with heirloom seeds.
They teach children and adults about the
consequences of the leap from small-scale
family farm to large-scale agribusiness.
“Hikers who haven’t been to Groseclose
have little idea of who settled Appalachian
Virginia,” says Dawson. “But,
Continued on page 28
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 25
Car-hopping your way north (or south) along the A.T.
Section-hikers, weekend backpackers, and dayhikers
all encounter the problem of getting
to and from the Trail. Though it’s not unheard-of
for hik\ers to hitchhike, most of us,
and even some end-to-enders, find it desirable
to have a car waiting for us at times. I was made painfully
aware of the shuttling problem when a friend and I
By Stephen H. Knox
put three hundred miles on our cars just so I could finish a
one-mile stretch of Trail that I had bypassed due to bad
Since we hikers have lots of time to think while cranking
out miles on the Trail, and since I am not troubled by a
great many stray thoughts, I composed several plans to help
others in my situation.
Two cars, two drivers
1. Park Car A at the southern end of the section, drive Car B north,
hike back, and drive Car A back to where you’ve parked Car B.
This option involves minimal driving, since you need drive only
two legs for each leg walked, for a drive-to-hike ratio of 2:1. The
disadvantage is that you are always walking southbound to make
DIRECTION OF PROGRESS
DIRECTION OF PROGRESS
2. You can hike northbound if you do the sections in reverse order
and drive south. Again, you’re driving two legs for every leg walked.
The problem here is that your over-all progress is southward. If you
feel that working your way south while walking north seems sort
of self-defeating, wait until you see Option 3.
3. To progress and hike north, start by driving both cars to the northern
end of the first section, so you can leave Car A there. Drive
Car B back to the southern end, and then hike north to where Car
A is parked. You will now have to drive Car A south in order to
retrieve Car B.You have now driven four legs, and you are at the
southern end of the first section with both cars. If this is the end
of your hike, your final drive-to-hike ratio is 4:1. (Continued below.)
DIRECTION OF PROGRESS
(3. Continued.) But, if you’re continuing north, you’ll now have
to drive both cars north again past the end of the first section
(bringing your drive-to-hike ratio to 6:1), continue to the end of
the second section, and repeat the process. Because you wouldn’t
actually be stopping at the end of the first section as you move
the cars to the second section, and may be able to bypass some
back-road trailhead hunting, you may save a few road miles.
26 MAY–JUNE 2000
For the sake of discussion, let’s assume you’re going south
to north and that you plan to hike a long distance while shuttling
a car or cars as you go through several sections. If you plan
to go south, just reverse everything.
If you’re hiking only one section, your plan will depend
partly on where you live in relation to the section. You may
find it convenient to meet at the northern end of your section
instead of the southern end, as described here.
Two cars and two drivers
If you’re fortunate enough to have two cars and two drivers
at your disposal, you have several options. These are illustrated
in the box on the previous page.
One car, two drivers
When only one car is available, the logistics are simple,
but hiking together is impossible.
DIRECTION OF PROGRESS
4. Starting from the southern end, Hiker A starts northbound, while
Hiker B drives north and then hikes south. The two hikers pass
each other mid-way, and Hiker A returns to the southern end of
the section to pick up Hiker B at day’s end, then the two drive
together to the next section. The drive-to-hike ratio here is 1:1
or 2:1 if you’re doing another section.
One car and shuttle service
When you have one car, and walking together is a priority,
you will need to engage shuttle services. Costs go up quickly.
It’s reasonable for the service to charge fifty cents to a dollar
per mile, or more than twenty dollars per hour. Remember,
though, that no shuttle driver ever made enough money to retire
early, and the person providing the service has to drive both
ways, whether she is dropping you off or picking you up.
5. If you plan to have your car waiting for you at the end of the section,
you’ll need to pay the shuttle service to follow you to the
north end, where you drop off your car. Then he delivers both hikers
to the south end. Your car is not actually useful for transportation
in this situation, but it does provide several advantages: First,
it will be there for you at the end of the section. Second, you have
transportation into town when you finish the section. Third, you
can carry clean clothes, back-up supplies, extra Trail food, and the
proverbial kitchen sink, if you wish. If you choose this option, be
sure you arrange to park your laden car somewhere safe, so it won’t
be vandalized or broken into. Call ATC for suggestions.
If none of the plans above suits you, consider hiring a Sherpa.
Or try the final option:
One car and one driver (who doesn’t hike)
This is the best of all worlds, if the driver is willing to ac-
company you but is not such a purist that he expects to actually
hike. Just have him meet you at every road crossing and be
sure he brings a cold drink and an ice-cream bar. When you use
this technique, there is no need for you to be troubled by a
backpack for shorter sections. You will want to treat this person
very well. Just make sure he brings a trailer for the llama
when you do the “Hundred Miles” in Maine.
If your partner has the audacity to want to hike, too, you
will have to do loops or backtrack in order to come out where
you went in. Or you can enlist a shuttle service, as in Option 5.
Few people hike the entire A.T. accompanied by cars, but
you can still use the 1:1, 2:1, 3:1, 4:1, and 6:1 ratios for planning.
The actual cost per mile varies a great deal. Somewhere
between fifteen and thirty-five cents per mile is realistic, depending
on gas prices and the fuel economy of the car you use.
Also consider that road mileage usually exceeds Trail mileage.
Assuming that road mileage is only twenty-five percent
more, and assuming a modest cost of fifteen cents per mile,
Options 1 and 2, with northbound progress and southbound
hiking (or vice-versa), would permit you to hike the entire A.T.,
while driving five thousand miles at a cost of $750. You’d spend
one hundred hours on the road. Surprisingly, using two cars in
this way permits hiking together and is almost as cost-effective
as the one-car system, if you don’t count the cost of getting
both cars to the Trail and back in the first place.
Option 3, with two cars and continuous northbound hiking
and progress, costs $2,250 and involves three times as much
driving—three hundred hours. And, this doesn’t include the cost
of getting from home to the start of the first section and from
the end of the last section to home. For section-hikers, this is a
great deal of time and money.
A final word about keys. The two-driver system is often
called “exchanging keys,” because the southbound hiker supposedly
hands the keys to his partner in the middle. Bad idea.
Each hiker should have keys to both cars. Ideally, there will
never be an emergency, and both hikers will be able to do the
walking as planned. But, if your original plans don’t work out,
you may need access to your partner’s car. You wouldn’t want
to “hike out” only to find you can’t get into the car. Guarantee
access by each carrying a key, or hiding a key in a magnetic
box, if the place you’ve parked is safe from vandals and thieves.
The classic mistake when shuttling is to leave your keys
locked in your partner’s car to avoid carrying them on the Trail.
This, of course, means that you get to the northern end and the
keys are at the southern end.
The situation can test even the most solid partnership.♦
Stephen H. Knox lives in Baltimore, Maryland, and has been
section-hiking the A.T. since 1983. He plans to complete it this
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 27
Continued from page 7
1946, I bought as surplus their two-part
(inner mummy and outer rectangular)
down bag for twenty-five dollars.
Like others of that day, I often used
public transportation to reach the Trail
because it was much more available. The
May 1945 issue of Appalachian Trailway
News has my article, “Trail Trips Utilizing
Public Transportation.” Among other
items, it lists four bus lines that crossed
the A.T. in Maine; today, there are none
at all near. In North Carolina, there was
even a line called “Appalachian Trail
It was a great time to be alive—but
so is 2000.
Oh, yes. There was Sanka.
Henry V. Harman
More Appalachian trails
S MANY MID-ATLANTIC HIKERS KNOW,
ALloyd MacAskill’s vision is even
more complete than his article (“A second
Appalachian trail?” ATN, March-
April 2000) indicates! Here are some additional
details about connecting trails.
Pennsylvania’s longest, the Mid-State
Trail, offers spectacular vistas (and plenty
of rocks). Its orange blazes run basically
north and south of State College, connecting
the Mason-Dixon Line with Pennsylvania’s
“Grand Canyon,” Pine Creek Gorge.
The county-wide gap between Everett and
Williamsburg is rapidly closing.
Just one county north of the Pine
Creek Gorge, the Finger Lakes Trail (here
mostly combined with the North Country
National Scenic Trail) winds along
from the Allegheny River to New York’s
Catskills so that the intrepid northbounder
has two choices upon arriving at
Hancock, Maryland, on the Tuscarora
Trail: She can either continue into Pennsylvania
on the Tuscarora to near Burnt
Cabins, and diverge onto the wonderfully
little-used Tuscarora-Mid State Link Trail
to McAlevys Fort, or, walk west briefly
on the C&O Towpath to the Green Ridge
Trail, which leads up to the Mid-State on
Another county’s-worth of roadwalking
takes our hiker from the north
end of the Pine Creek Gorge to just past
Corning, New York, and familiar white
blazes—this time on the Finger Lakes
Trail. The next choice awaits northeast
of Cortland: Continue east on the existing
Finger Lakes Trail to the Long Path in
the Catskills, or proceed northeast on the
Onondaga Trail, the Link Trail (another
one), the Old Erie Canal towpath, and others
to and through the Adirondacks.
All of these offer wild or pastoral
beauty, with more solitude than the A.T.
Some key organizations involved in
these trails are the Mid-State Trail Association,
Keystone Trails Association (the
first Link Trail), Finger Lakes Trail Conference,
Central N.Y. Chapter of the
North Country Trail Association (the second
Link Trail), and various chapters of
the Adirondack Mountain Club. All offer
plenty of opportunity to work hard on
trail crews, too.
Perhaps visitors to the ATC’s 2001
meeting in Shippensburg, Pennsylvania,
can sample some of the splendor of this
“second” Appalachian trail!
Trail Difficulty in Maine
ADLY, SEVERAL PEOPLE HAVE WRITTEN TO
Scomplain about the difficulty of the
A.T. in Maine. Yes, parts are difficult.
Other parts are flat; some of it lies on
gentle hills, some follows beautiful
lakesides. That is one of the beauties of
Maine: It has great diversity.
People’s experiences vary. I found the
most difficult walking on the Trail to be
in easternmost Pennsylvania. The most
“pointless” ups and downs were in the
“roller coaster” section several days south
of Harpers Ferry. I liked them both (although
I was glad to get to Blackburn and
to New Jersey). The steepest part I recall
was in New Hampshire (Kinsman Mountain)
and the most difficult part of the
whole hike was crossing the sod farm near
the Wallkill River in New Jersey when it
was 103 degrees, only to reach a shelter
with no water.
Grand Forks, N.D.
What is past . . .
Continued from page 25
after a tour of the farm, they can hike on
and see a ruined chimney, cellar hole, or
hog pen and clearly visualize the past.”
Another bonus is the tight bond formed
between locals and Appalachian Trail
That bond is also being experienced
far to the north. When Wallingford, Vermont,
schoolteacher Debra Gardner
learned about Aldrichville—a mill town
turned ghost town in the Green Mountain
National Forest—she became excited.
Gardner and local historian Michael
Barbieri approached David Lacy, a Forest
Service archaeologist, with a plan to interpret
Aldrichville for school children. At
first, the scientist hesitated.
“We were worried about the sensitivity
of the location,” Lacy says. The Appalachian
Trail runs right down the middle
of the ruined town’s main street. “Then
we concluded that an interpreted site
would be less prone to vandalism than an
With that decision, Aldrichville became
the focus of the award-winning
“Relics to Ruins” program. For three summers,
Vermont school children hiked the
Appalachian Trail into the defunct hamlet
and dug into its foundations, uncovering
glass and ceramic fragments, nails,
iron pipe, and burnt brick—items identified
as the remains of a blacksmith shop,
sawmill, and homes.
“The children were most impressed
when they found the broken pieces of a
porcelain doll and a toy tea set,” Lacy says.
“These items brought home the fact that
kids their own age had lived a very different
“Relics to Ruins” wasn’t just about
getting kids’ hands dirty. It embraced oral
history, art, and creative writing. Students
built models of the town, painted pictures
of it, and learned traditional dances and
songs (mostly sung in French, since many
of the 19 th -century village’s inhabitants
were French Canadian).
“We brought in biologists who helped
the children imagine the effects of logging
on the wild critters,” Lacy says. “We offered
an empowering message: If you can
understand the changes of the past, you
can understand change in your own life.
28 MAY–JUNE 2000
Then, maybe you can try to control it and
make a difference.”
For every successful preservation
project, dozens more are waiting
in the underbrush. Iron mines in
New Jersey, a Revolutionary War redoubt
in New York, canals in Pennsylvania—
all beg for preservation and interpretation.
“I’d love to see us interpret Brown
Mountain Creek, a post-Civil War black
settlement,” says Mike Dawson, “but we
have so much on our plate that its restoration
has taken a pretty low priority.”
Joe Baker cautions against a rush to
disturb these sites: “Remember, good archaeology
is expensive, especially in dense
cover, miles from anywhere. When you
painstakingly remove soils, record, measure
and photograph, you can almost hear
the cash register going ‘ching, ching.’”
History moves on, however. Today,
even the Appalachian Trail itself is considered
an artifact by some, though few
volunteers would have claimed they were
making history when they first blazed it
in the 1920s and 1930s. The Trail’s Depression-era
Civilian Conservation Corps
shelters, its bridges, and even the path itself
tell a story of 20 th -century American
idealism, volunteerism, and hard-won
victories for the conservation movement.
In a year marking the seventy-fifth anniversary
of ATC, is the two-thousand-mile
artifact built by the conference’s volunteers
any less noteworthy than an ancient
quarry or an old stone wall?
Finally, consider that today’s mere
curiosity may become tomorrow’s history.
Just look at Camp No-Be-Bo-Sco, the
humble Scout camp near the A.T. that
half a century ago bade a solemn farewell
to the fliers of Up Der Fuehrer. In 1980,
the camp served as backdrop to more
ghoulish goings-on: the filming of Friday
the 13 th , the first of a seemingly endless
series of “slasher” movies that dominated
American pop culture for a decade. Perhaps,
in some remote future, New Jersey
Trail managers will struggle to preserve
and interpret this bit of our own era’s
twisted social history. I wish them luck.♦
Glenn Scherer is a contributing editor of
this magazine and a volunteer maintainer
with the N.Y.–N.J. Trail Conference.
Income for you
. . . and the Trail
By Amy Owen
Here at the Appalachian Trail Conference, we would like to propose a
new investment partnership for the Trail community—a partnership
between you and the Trail.
If you manage your assets to secure your annual income, take a fresh look at the
advantages offered by establishing a charitable gift annuity. These annuities provide
a simple mechanism for you to receive a fixed-income payment for your lifetime and
for the lifetime of a spouse or other beneficiary. Upon your death, and the death of
any additional beneficiaries, the proceeds pass immediately to ATC—without any
probate or tax consequences!
So, with a charitable gift annuity, the ultimate beneficiary of your gift is the
Appalachian Trail. Both parties in this partnership benefit. How, then, does it work?
Consider the following two examples.
Example 1: A gift of stock
Mrs. Mohasco Brown, at age 70, establishes
a charitable gift annuity with ATC
by making a $10,000 stock donation with
an adjusted cost basis of $4,000—an asset
that has doubled in value since she bought it. The capital gains on that asset will be
spread out over her lifetime payments, with an annual annuity rate of 7.5 percent:
Year Total Annual Ordinary Tax-Exempt Long-Term
Income Income Income Capital-Gains
2000 $562.50 $295.04 $106.98 $160.48
2001–2015 $750.00 $393.38 $142.65 $213.97
2016 $750.00 $696.53 $21.36 $32.11
2017– $750.00 $750.00 $0.00 $0.00
Example 2: A gift of cash
Nantahala and Prince O’Ryan, ages 67 and 68 respectively, reinvest a matured
certificate of deposit by creating a $20,000 charitable gift annuity with the conference
with an annual annuity rate of 6.7 percent:
Year Total Annual Ordinary Tax-Exempt Long-Term
Income Income Income Capital-Gains
2000 $1,005.00 $579.43 $425.57 $0.00
2001–2015 $1,340.00 $772.57 $567.43 $0.00
2016 $1,340.00 $800.98 $539.02 $0.00
2017– $1,340.00 $1,340.00 $0.00 $0.00
Notice that, in each example, some of the income that returns to the donor is
tax-exempt. A charitable gift annuity is an excellent tool to meet your current income
objectives and invest in the Trail’s future. If you would like more information,
ask for an illustration; no obligation or cost is involved.
Amy E. Owen is the Appalachian Trail Conference’s director of development. She can be
reached via e-mail at , by phone at (304) 535-6331, or by writing to
her at the following address: Amy Owen, Director of Development, Appalachian Trail
Conference, P.O. Box 807, Harpers Ferry, WV 25425
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 29
Lost and Found
Ring, lost October 9 while
hiking Connecticut Section 4.
Simple ring, great sentimental
value. Gift to my daughter when
she first got pregnant (six months
into her pregnancy, she died without
warning; my grandson died
days later). Had planned to wear
the ring in memory of my “little
ones.” Fit very tightly, so unlikely
it slipped off. Most likely broke in
two during steep descent down
north side of St. Johns Ledges or
steep ascent of the south side of
Silver Hill. Would mean a great
deal to me to get it back, even in
two pieces. Chuck Warfield, 16565
Snyder Road, Chagrin Falls, OH
Camera, lost at Dartmouth
Outing Club, in the yard, on September
8. Small silver camera
with zoom that uses Advantix
film. Double the shipping for your
trouble. Tommy Edwards, 10571
Bluefield Rd., Okeechobee, FL
Section-hiker, 68, seeking
partner(s) from Manchester Center,
Vt., northward during August.
Averaging 10-12 miles/day, less in
the Whites. Call before July 4.
Emily Kimball (Tooth), 3220A
West Grace St., Richmond, VA
23221; (804) 358-4959; .
Section-hiker, 44, seeks
partner(s) from Monson, Maine, to
the “Big K.” August-September.
Would prefer to do day hikes over
an 8–10-day period with car
shuttles or key swap. John J. Hunt,
1219 Oak Grove Rd., Kings Mtn.,
Section-hiker, looking for a
hiking partner to complete hike
from the Berkshires to Katahdin.
Preferably starting in May, but
will consider later start for this
two-month adventure. Pamela
Morehouse, 65 Gamwell Ave.,
Pittsfield, MA 01201; (413) 496-
Section-hiker, 21, female,
graduating Boston U., looking for
mixed (M/F) hiking group to hike
from Mass. to Maine, from May-
August. Flexible on starting,
ending dates. Willing to hike at
strenuous pace. Brianne Keith,
(617) 352-6900; .
Section-hiker, 51, female,
looking for a partner/partners to
hike this summer, starting in
Georgia at the beginning of the
Trail. No set time; schedule depends
on when I could find
others to go with. Judy Lassiter;
Thru-hiker, 49, seeks partners
for possible “flip-flop”
starting northbound in Va. in May.
At first, 7-12 miles per day. Tom
Ruetenik, P.O. Box 186, Delhi, NY
13753; (607) 746-6693.
Hiker seeks partner, Davenport
Gap to Sams Gap, June 7-13.
Prefer partner with vehicle so
we can shuttle each other. Ron
Grubb, 3123 Maryland Road,
Rockford, IL 61108-5917;
(815) 399-0106; .
Hiker, 59, seeks partner(s) for
day hikes or overnighters on the
A.T., around 15 miles/day. Retired,
flexible schedule. Phelps
Gates, 160 Windsor Circle, Chapel
Hill, N.C. 27516; (919) 967-5193;
Hiker (slow—10 miles/day),
has done 1,200 miles of A.T., seeks
companions for sections of the
southern half: Catawba, Va., to
Daleville (June 5-7), Daleville to
Glasgow (June 8-13), Glasgow to
Tyro (June 14-18), Tyro to Rockfish
Gap (June 19-21), Franklin,
N.C., to Nantahala River (June 27-
30), Nantahala to Fontana (July
1-3), Fontana to Davenport Gap
(July 4-11), Davenport Gap to
Allen Gap (July 12-16), Springer
Mtn., Ga., to Hiawassee (Aug. 2-
9), Hiawassee to Franklin, N.C.
(Aug. 10-14), Allen Gap to Erwin,
Tenn. (Aug. 15-20), Erwin to El
Park (Aug. 21-24), Elk Park to
Damascus, Va. (Aug. 25-31),
Damascus to Troutdale (Sept.
11-15), Troutdale to Atkins (Sept.
16-17), Atkins to Bland (Sept. 18-
22), Bland to Pearisburg (Sept.
23-26), Pearisburg to Catawba
(Sept. 27- Oct 3), Rockfish Gap to
Front Royal (Oct. 4-14). George
Meek (Poet); 703-875-3021;
American Discovery Trail—
Experienced long-distance hiker
seeks partners for thru-hike or
sections of 4,900-mile ADT, beginning
on West Coast, May 11,
2001, finishing about December
18. Age, gender don’t matter, only
strong heart and desire to walk 22-
30 miles/day. No smokers, heavy
drinkers. Join me or help out with
lodging, rides, or a friendly face.
Bob Wirth, 2040 Marathon Ave.,
Apt. 1, Neenah, WI 54956.
Free (you pay shipping),
complete set of Appalachian
Trailway News from September
1967 through November/December
1999. Richard Buralli, 161
Lincoln Rd., Phillipsburg, NJ
Sierra Zip Ztove, $15. Z-
Rest Mat, $10. Stuff sacks. Alice
Mackenzie, 1775 Hollywood Avenue,
Winter Park, FL 32789; (407)
Boots, heavy backpacking
model by Limmer, women’s size
6 1/2 , like new—great, sturdy boots,
don’t fit my feet. Cost $275, will
sell for $150 or best offer. Leave
message for JoAnne (724) 327-
Boots, Men’s Vasque Skywalkers,
12W, new condition—$90
or best offer, including shipping.
Bruce Eure, P.O. Box 2112, Cumming,
GA 30028; (770) 781-9346.
are published free for members of the Appalachian Trail
Conference. We cannot vouch for any of the advertised items.
Ads must pertain to the A.T. or related hiking/conservation
matters. For complete guidelines, send SASE to ATC. Send ads
to PUBLIC NOTICES, Appalachian Trail Conference, P.O. Box
807, Harpers Ferry, WV 25425. Deadline for the July-August
2000 issue is May 10; deadline for the September–October
issue is July 7.
For Your Information
Hike Mt. Rainier National
Park this summer with the Appalachian
Mountain Club’s August
Camp. Choose Session One (July
15-29) or Session Two (July 29-
Aug. 12). Four hikes offered by
experienced leaders, campfire,
three meals a day, tents, cots supplied.
Call registrar, Trish Niece,
Hiking,” at Bear’s Den Hostel.
Join Bears Den hostel manager and
1996 Appalachian Trail thruhiker,
Melody Blaney, on October
15–16, 2000, for an informative
weekend discussing and demonstrating
skills required for a
long-distance hike. Designed for
beginners and experienced backpackers
planning a long hike.
Cost: $40. Overnight lodging at
the hostel is available for an additional
cost ($12 for members, $15
for nonmembers, plus tax) per
night. For reservations or information,
contact: Bear’s Den Hostel,
18393 Blueridge Mountain Road,
Bluemont, VA 20135; (540) 554-
Safe parking. “Trail Snail”
and “Tumbleweed” need parking
in Va. between Damascus and
Troutville for about 4 weeks while
we hike the section. Kim and Tom
Lyons, RR 1, Box 3342, Carmel,
Maine 04419; (207) 848-3729.
Volunteers. Have fun building
the Appalachian Trail for the next
millennium as a volunteer for 2000
seasonal Trail crews. No experience
required. Five different crews operate
along the A.T. during the summer
and fall months and are jointly sponsored
by A.T. maintaining clubs,
agency partners, and ATC. Special
women-only and over-50 crews will
continue to be offered this year.
Write to: Crews, ATC, ATN-00B/C,
P.O. Box 807, Harpers Ferry, WV
25425; call 304-353-6331; or e-mail
and ask for a
30 MAY–JUNE 2000
MINISTRY OF FUNNY WALKS
Felix J. McGillicuddy
She had never heard of the Appalachian Trail, let alone
hiked it. That didn’t stop Lizzie from taking to the footpath
like a child to a swing set. She set out on her first
section-hike with her eyes wide open and her ears
pinned back. There was no stopping her.
“Hold on, Lizzie,” I yelled. She looked back briefly, then
continued up the Trail. She paused idly to pick some bark from
a tree trunk. When she heard me getting close, she turned and
ignored me. It was obvious that she intended to stay in front of
me this afternoon.
The more I thought about it, the more I liked it. We were
making pretty good time this way. Plus, I didn’t have to be involved
in one of the countless one-sided conversations that had
become a major part of our relationship.
She hurried along in front of me, sometimes wandering
several feet off the Trail, and, as I followed, I couldn’t help but
notice how beautiful she was. Every trailside noise caught her
attention, and she investigated it eagerly. As soon as she heard
my footsteps, though, it was back to the Trail and staying in
front of me.
You see, I had angered Lizzie. Actually, I had angered her
twice. During lunch, before we had even hit the Trail, two things
happened that more or less ensured that I’d be watching Lizzie
from a distance. They may sound trivial now. But, at the time,
to Lizzie, they were pretty important.
First, while filling our water bottles, I had turned the spigot
on too suddenly. Water spurted out with such force that it
knocked the bottle from my hand and soaked Lizzie. Then, while
eating, I didn’t offer to share my food, figuring she had enough
of her own. For crimes as minor as spraying a little water and
not sharing a can of tuna, I was condemned to an afternoon of
hiking alone—an afternoon of being forced to watch my sexy
hiking partner from behind. She played the game pretty well.
I knew, however, that, within a few tenths of a mile, we
would be at Pine Swamp Branch Shelter, one of the mousiest
lean-tos along the A.T. This, I figured, would be my chance to
gain her favor again. This would be where she would forget about
tuna fish and remember me as the guy who is always looking
out for her. A true friend.
The only time she would let me near her was when her
attention was captured by a pileated woodpecker. I don’t think
she’d ever seen a bird that large from so close. The woodpecker
looked like a chicken dancing on the side of a poplar tree. She
was first startled by it, and then by me. When she realized I was
standing next to her she flinched and hurried off again.
Her pace picked up once she saw the shelter. I stopped to
watch her enter the structure, making sure everything was okay.
I could see her looking our night’s resting-place over with a
keen eye. Every corner, every cranny, was checked.
“How’s it look?” I asked as I walked in.
She glowered at me and walked around the corner to the
woods behind the shelter. Clearly, she didn’t feel like talking,
so I got our bedding ready for the night. I could hear her walking
around in the leaves. I wondered what she was looking for
and if she’d find it. I gathered firewood from the woods around
the shelter. I would occasionally see her walking around, looking
under the bunks, or in the cracks of the rocks, checking for
mice or anything else. She didn’t know I was watching her, but
she still made me smile.
As darkness settled in, so did paranoia. Every noise got a
wide-eyed look. She was still pacing around, silent as ever, as I
lit the fire. The flames turned the shelter walls orange, with
warm light dancing around.
She sat on the bottom bunk on the opposite side of the
shelter. We both watched the fire flicker and pop. I watched the
reflection of the flame in her eyes. She was so beautiful.
“Well, I’m going to bed,” I said as I put the last of the wood
on the fire. I got into my sleeping bag and got comfortable. I lay
and considered her for a while. Her eyes moved back and forth
like a kid watching fireworks on the Fourth of July. She looked
at every movement, stared at every shadow, noticed every noise.
I was just dozing off when she got into bed. It seemed like
it took her forever to get situated. But, then, it always does.
Finally, she snuggled up against me. She started purring when I
reached out and scratched her head. She touched my lips with
I knew she couldn’t stay mad. ♦
Felix J. McGillicuddy is a 1999 thru-hiker from the wilds of
southern Indiana. His columns appear here regularly, when he is
not out hiking.
APPALACHIAN TRAILWAY NEWS 31
Katahdin, by J. Andrew Walsh. This photograph of Maine’s “greatest mountain,” the northern terminus of the Appalachian Trail,
is available as a limited-edition 29” by 24” poster, commemorating the 75 th anniversary of the Appalachian Trail Conference. It
may be purchased for $10.00 ($8.50 to ATC members), plus $2 shipping and handling. To order and pay by credit card, please call
toll-free to 888-AT-STORE (888-287-8673), or visit us at . Please specify item #316.
P.O. Box 807
Harpers Ferry WV 25425-0807
Address Service Requested
32 MAY–JUNE 2000