NCSS - The East Asia Plant Variety Protection Forum

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NCSS - The East Asia Plant Variety Protection Forum

Study Tour and Meeting related

with Plant Variety Protection in Japan

Welcome to NCSS

(National Center for Seeds and Seedlings)

2012, 1, 31


Outline & International cooperation of

National Center for Seeds and Seedlings

Nakamura Toshio

Director of Business Management Department

31 Jan. 2012

National Center for Seeds and Seedlings


History of NCSS

種 苗 管 理 センターの 歴 史

1986 : NCSS was established within MAFF

by integration of

- 13 Foundation Seed Farms(potato, sugarcane, tea)

- 3 Seed Testing Laboratories( Branch offices of PVPSD)

1986 年 に、13の 原 原 種 農 場 と3つの 種 苗 課 分 室 を 統 合 して、 農 林 水 産 省 内 に 設 置 された。

2001 : NCSS was separated from MAFF and reorganized into

an Incorporated Administrative Agency.

The first Medium-Term Plan (2001-2005) started.

2001 年 に 農 水 省 から 分 離 し、 独 立 行 政 法 人 として 再 編 され、 第 1 期 中 期 計 画 (2001~2005)が 開 始 された。

2006 : The second Medium-Term Plan (2006-2010) started.

2006 年 に、 第 2 期 中 期 計 画 (2006~2010)が 開 始 された。

2011 : The third Medium-Term Plan (2011-2015) started.

2011 年 に、 第 3 期 中 期 計 画 (2011~2015)が 開 始 された。

PVPSD: Plant Variety Protection and Seeds Division

MAFF: Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries


Legal Status of NCSS

種 苗 管 理 センターの 法 的 地 位

1 Basic rules

- General Act of

“Incorporated Administrative Agency” 独 立 行 政 法 人 通 則 法

⇒ general rules of IAAs’ governance

- National Center for Seeds and Seedlings (NCSS) Act 独 立 行 政 法 人 種 苗 管 理 センター 法

⇒ Individual law for NCSS stipulating the name, objectives, ranges of activities, etc.

2 Designated specific duties

- The Plant Variety Protection and Seeds Act 種 苗 法

Examples:

・MAFF Minister shall cause the NCSS to carry out growing (DUS) tests. (Article 15).

・MAFF Minister may cause the NCSS to collect from seed dealers such quantities of designated

seeds as are necessary for inspection. (Article 63)


Relationship between MAFF and NCSS

農 水 省 とNCSSの 関 連 図

MAFF 農 林 水 産 省

(Competent Minister)

( 所 管 大 臣 )

Medium-Term Objectives (MTO) 中 期 目 標

Period: from April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2016

Commission on IAA

Evaluation 独 法 評 価 委 員 会

Evaluation of the

performance and the

objectives’ attainment

・Annually

・At the end of the MTO

period

業 務 実 績 ・ 目 標 達 成 度 評 価

各 年 度 、 中 期 計 画 期 間

NCSS

種 苗 管 理 センター

Instructing MTO 中 期 目 標 を 指 示

Operational grant, Subsidy for

Facilities 運 営 費 交 付 金 、 施 設 整 備 補 助 金

Medium-Term Plan 中 期 計 画

Fiscal Year Plan 年 次 計 画

Implementation of the activities under

the plans

計 画 に 基 づく 事 業 実 施

report


NCSS and Main Channels of Seeds and Seedlings in Japan NCSSと 日 本 の 種 苗 管 理

IAA*, Local

government

(Private

Sector)

独 法 、 都 道 府 県 ( 民 間 )

IAA*,

Local

Governments,

Private Sector

Rice, Soybean, Wheat and Barley (Main Crops Seed Law)

New varieties

新 品 種

Foundation

Seeds

原 原 種

Local

Governments

(Private

Sector)

Potato and Sugarcane

New varieties

NCSS

Stock seeds

原 種

Local

Governments

(Private

Sector)

都 道 府 県 ( 民 間 ) 都 道 府 県 ( 民 間 )

Foundation

seeds

Stock seeds

Local

Governments

Commercial

Seeds

採 種

Seed

Production

Farmers

(Cooperatives)

採 種 農 家 ( 農 協 )

Commercial

Seeds

Farmers’

Cooperatives

Crop

Production

一 般 栽 培

Farmers

一 般 農 家

Crop

Production

Farmers

Market

(Consumers)

市 場

( 消 費 者 )

独 法 、 道 県 、 民 間

道 県

農 協

一 般 農 家

Other Crops (Vegetable, Flower, Fruit tree, etc)

New varieties

Private Sector,

IAA*,

Local

Governments

Seed production

Seeds and seedlings traders

= Private companies

Crop Production

Farmers

PVP** (NCSS: DUS Testing, Advice)

Designation of Seeds (NCSS: Inspection) 指 定 種 苗 検 査

Plant Variety Protection & Seeds Act

: Main Duties of NCSS NCSSの 主 要 業 務

種 苗 法

IAA*: Incorporated Administrative Agency

PVP**: Plant Variety Protection


Main Duties of NCSS

-The only organization in Japan that performs comprehensive activities on seeds and seedlings-

DUS testing for variety registration

Under the UPOV Convention and the PVP & Seeds Act,

NCSS cultivates candidate varieties with similar existing

varieties and evaluates the characteristics. The result of the

testing shall be reported to the Minister of MAFF.

Seed Inspection

○Under the instruction of MAFF Minister, NCSS implements

commercial seeds inspection on labeling and quality.

NCSS issues seed quality certificates as an accredited laboratory

of ISTA based on the request of seed dealers.

assessment

Germination test

Seed health test

Facilitation of Plant Variety Protection

Consultation service on Plant

Variety Protection (PVP G-

Men activities)

○counseling and advice on

infringement of PVP

○Similarity test for variety

identification: DNA analysis etc.

○infringement records

○Deposition of evidence

consultation

Research and development

Research and development of new technologies to apply them to

NCSS activities in cooperation with various research institutes

Production of foundation seeds

NCSS produces and distributes disease-free and high quality

foundation seeds of potato and sugarcane. Seed potato is the only

designated plant for domestic quarantine.

Tokachi Potato Foundation Seeds Farm

Virus-free seedlings

Conservation of plant genetic resources

NCSS conserves vegetative crops (e.g. potatoes, fruit trees) as a

sub-bank of “Gene Bank Project” in close cooperation with other

NCSS activities.

Location: Headquarters (Tsukuba city, Ibaraki prefecture )

11 stations (Hokkaido-chuo, Shiribeshi, Iburi, Tokachi, Kamikita, Tsumagoi, Yatsugatake, Nishinihon, Unzen, Kagoshima, Okinawa)


Organizational Chart of NCSS

NCSS 組 織 図

President 理 事 長

Total Staffs : 293

Vice-President (General Affairs) 総 務 担 当 理 事

Vice-President (Business Affairs) 業 務 担 当 理 事

Inspector 監 事

Quality Manager 品 質 管 理 監

Audit Office 監 査 室

General Management Department

管 理 部

Business Management Department

業 務 調 整 部

Administration Division 総 務 課

Accounting Division 会 計 課

Planning and Management Division

企 画 管 理 課

DUS Test Division 栽 培 試 験 課

Seed Inspection Division 種 苗 検 査 課

Production Division 種 苗 生 産 課

Plant Variety Protection Division

品 種 保 護 対 策 課

Seed Health Laboratory 病 害 検 査 室

Research Coordinator 調 査 研 究 調 整 役

11 Stations : Hokkaido-chuo, Shiribeshi, Iburi, Tokachi, Kamikita, Tsumagoi, Yatsugatake,

Nishinihon, Unzen, Kagoishima, Okinawa


National Center for Seeds and Seedlings

UNZEN station

Unzen-shi Nagasaki

Area 76ha Staff 21

activities

DUS Testing PVP*

Gene Bank

Foundation Seed (POTATO)

Incorporated Administrative Agency

Total area 1,814ha Cultivated land 835ha

TSUMAGOI station

Tsumagoi-mura Gunma

Area 305ha Staff 17.5

activities

Foundation Seed (POTATO)

Research Gene Bank

HOKKAIDO - CHUO station

Kitahiroshima-shi Hokkaido

Area 201ha Staff 24

activities

Seed Inspection PVP*

Research Gene Bank

Foundation Seed (POTATO)

SHIRIBESI sub-station

Makkari-mura Hokkaido

Area 363ha Staff 14

activities

Foundation Seed (POTATO)

KAGOSHIMA station

Nakatane-cho Kagoshima

Area 20ha Staff 10

activities

Foundation Seed (SUGARCANE)

Gene Bank

OKINAWA station

Higashi-son Okinawa

Area 50ha Staff 17

activities

Foundation Seed (SUGARCANE)

Research Gene Bank

PVP*

YATSUGATAKE station

Chino-shi Nagano

Area 13ha Staff 10

activities

DUS Testing Gene Bank

PVP*

NISHI-NIHON station

Kasaoka-shi Okayama

Area 16ha Staff 42

activities

DUS Testing PVP*

Seed Inspection

Gene Bank

TSUKUBA headquarters

Tsukuba-shi Ibaraki

Area 2ha Staff 74.5

activities

Planning and Management

DUS Testing Seed Testing

Research PVP*

TOKACHI station

Obihiro-shi Hokkaido

Area 267ha Staff 25

activities

Foundation Seed (POTATO)

IBURI station

Abira-cho Hokkaido

Area 304ha Staff 21.5

activities

Foundation Seed (POTATO)

KAMIKITA station

Shichinohe-cho Aomori

Area 198ha Staff 17

activities

Foundation Seed (POTATO)

Gene Bank

PVP*

PVP*: Plant Variety Protect Advisors

As of January, 2012


International Cooperation

UPOV

Council, Committee

Technical Working

member

join

Cooperation:

・exchange of DUS data

・work sharing

Harmonization in

DUS Testing:

・test guidelines

・test method

member

ISTA

Executive Committee

CPVO

join

MAFF

Japan

DUS Testing,

PVP

NCSS

Seed Testing

Laboratory

accreditation

Foreign

countries

Foundation

seed

production

Authorized to

issue ISTA

International

Seed Analysis

Certificates

Join training course:

・JICA scheme (PVP etc.)

East Asia PVP forum scheme

・others

Dispatch Experts:

・JICA scheme (PVP, potato production etc.)

East Asia PVP Forum scheme

Participate in international conference

ISTA: International Seed Testing Association

CPVO: Community Plant Variety Office


JICA PVP Training Course (2000 ~)

2003

2007

period

Number of

trainee

2002 Aug.20-Nov.15 10

2003 Aug.12-Oct.25 10

2004 Aug.10-Oct.23 11

2005 Aug. 9-Oct.29 8

2006 Aug.22-Nov.11 8

2007 Aug.21-Nov.10 11

2008 Aug.24-Nov. 8 12

2009 Aug.25-Nov. 7 12

2010 Aug.22-Oct.30 8

2011 Aug.21-Oct.29 6

The number of traineecontains the number of The East Asia

Plant Variety Protection Forum Basic Training course.

NCSS was presented with

2007 JICA Presidential Awards

on October 3 for contributions

to technical assistance.

-17-


Participation in international conferences

UPOV TWO 44 Session (Fukuyama, Japan, Nov. 7 to 11, 2011)

TWO: TECHNICAL WORKING PARTY FOR ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

UPOV TWF 42 Session (Hiroshima, Japan, Nov. 14 to 18, 2011)

TWV: TECHNICAL WORKING PARTY FOR FRUIT CROPS


Thank you very much

East Asia Plant Variety Protection Forum

Technical Visit to NCSS

July 25, 2008

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