Spain - amphoraproject.net

amphoraproject.net

Spain - amphoraproject.net

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Alcohol

SPAIN

Madrid June 14-16 2010

WHO National Counterparts for Alcohol Policy and AMPHORA Expert joint Meeting


PREVALENCE OF DRUG USE

14-18 y.o. STUDENTS

15-64 y.o. GENERAL POPULATION

% Last year prevalence of drug use among 15

to 64 y.o.

Alcohol

72,9

Tabaco

41,7

% Last year prevalence of drug use among 14

to 18 y.o. students

Alcohol

72,9

Tabaco 38,1

Cannabis

30,5

Tranquiliz

10,1

Cannabis

10,1

Tranquiliz

6,9

Source: DGPNSD. Spanish Drug Monitoring Centre (OED). ESTUDES 2008. EDADES 2007


120

100

80

60

40

20

0

98,8

POLYDRUG USE

14 to 18 y.o. STUDENTS 2008

% Proportion of alcohol users among those consuming any other drug (Last

year prevalence)

CANNABIS

COCAÍNA

TABACO

79,7

11,3 9,6 8,2 7,7 5,8 4,4

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

99,4 95,1

86,4

47,4

38,5 38,4

28,8

19,9

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

96,2

64,7

8,3 7 6,1 5,5 4,4 3,1

Tabaco

Cocaína

Tranquilizantes

Alucinógenos

Speed

Éxtasis

Inh.volátiles

Alcoh ol

Cannab is

Tabaco

Spe ed

Éxtasis

Alucinógeno s

Tra nquilizantes

Inh.volá tiles

Alcoh ol

Cannabis

Tranquilizantes

Cocaína

Alucinógenos

Anfetaminas

Éxtasis

Inh.volátiles

ÉXTASIS

HEROÍNA

98 94,4 86,1

71,4

62 54,1

28,6 28

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

99,9 96,5

80 74,8 68,7 62,9 57

42,7

Alcohol

Cannabis

Tabaco

Cocaína

Anfetaminas

Alucinógeno

s

Tranquilizant

es

Heroína

Alcohol

Cannabis

Tabaco

Éxtasis

Alucinógen

os

Speed

Inh.volátiles

Tranquilizan

tes

Alcohol

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

Source: Spanish Drug Monitoring Centre. DGPNSD. MSPS.


Trends in alcohol consumption

14 to 18 y.o. STUDENTS

• Extent of consumption

• Intoxications (F>M) and binge drinking

Alguna vez

100

90

Últimos 12 m.

Últimos 30 d.

Borracheras

últimos 30d.

(den=14-18a)

Consumo

atracón

últimos 30d.

(den=14 a 18a)

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008

Source: Spanish Drug Monitoring Centre. DGPNSD. MSPS


Trends in alcohol intoxication

15 to 64 y.o. GENERAL POPULATION

Last year prevalence of alcohol intoxication

episodes among 15 to 64 y.o. (Age/Gender)

(%) Spain, 1997-2007

50

40

30

20

10

0

1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007

Males 15-34 y.o. 39,1 38,3 36,3 40,7 40,3 38,9

Females 15-34 y.o. 19,1 19,6 18,1 21,0 20,9 23,2

Males 15-64 y.o. 16,5 16,6 18,3 20,2 17,1 15,2

Females 15-64 y.o. 4,1 3,6 4,9 6,3 5,5 5,0

Source: Spanish Drug Monitoring Centre. DGPNSD. MSPS


ALCOHOL ILLEGAL DRUG USE

15 to 34 y.o. 2007

Illegal drug use among those meeting HAZARDOUS ALCOHOL

USE CRITERIA*in comparison with low risk alcohol users

Anfetaminas

Tranquilizante/sedantes

Hachís

Cocaína base

Cocaína polvo

Extasis

Alucinógenos

Heroína

Inhalantes

Consumo cocaína (polvo o base)

0 10 20 30 40 50

Hazardous alcohol use Low Risk alcohol use

*Hazardous alcohol use (Anderson & Baumberg): Level II: over 40-60 g/d alcohol (males) or 20-40 g alcohol /day (females).

Source: Spanish Drug Monitoring Centre. DGPNSD. MSPS.


ALCOHOL ILLEGAL DRUG USE

14 to 18 y.o. STUDENTS 2008

Last 30 days prevalence of illegal drug use among those who

got drunk in comparison with those who did not

No intoxication

in the past 30

d.

Intoxication in

the past 30 d.

Cocaína base

Cocaína polvo

GHB

Extasis

Speed

Alucinógenos

Heroína

Inhalantes

Consumo cocaína (polvo o base)

0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Source: Spanish Drug Monitoring Centre. DGPNSD. MSPS.


ALCOHOL AND POLYDRUG USE

CONTINUUM

ALCOHOL------------------------ILLEGAL DRUGS

¿COORDINATION OF POLICIES?

PROS AND CONS


ALCOHOL AND POLYDRUG USE

EUROPEAN UNION

DG JFS

Illegal drugs

ALCOHOL

DG SANCO

Tobacco

UNITED NATIONS

UNODC

Illegal drugs

ALCOHOL

WHO

Tobacco


ALCOHOL AND POLYDRUG USE

SPAIN

Alcohol is included in the Spanish National Strategy on Drugs 2009-2016

& in the Action Plan on Drugs 2009-2012

Specific Drug Strategy

GLOBAL approach

alcohol + illegal drugs

BOOST

Spanish Plan of Action on

Alcohol for Minors and

Pregnant women

(2010-2014)


CURRENT SPANISH OVERVIEW

NSD 2000-2008

Evaluation

Permissive attitude

towards alcohol

Low risk perception associated

with alcohol

Key role of alcohol in

polydrug use

Necessity

Increased scientific evidence

on alcohol-related harm in

minors

Spanish Action Plan on Alcohol 2010-2014

Support from technical &

political actions (local,

regional, national &

international: EU/ WHO)

Opportunity

Target population

minors & pregnant women

Minimal social rejection

Technical tools for a GLOBAL

(alcohol & illegal drugs)

preventive approach

Experience & expertise gained

from tobacco policy


Action Plan on Alcohol 2010-2014

• Target population: Minors & Pregnant women

• Objectives:

1. Delay age of drinking onset

2. Reduce alcohol consumption

3. Reduce alcohol-related harm

• No new regulation

• Stick to evidence-based interventions

• Tailor-made to suit national scenario

• In tune with EU & WHO


Action Plan on Alcohol 2010-2014

Main strategic areas:

1. Increasing awareness society

2. Preventive school and family programs

3. Early detection and brief intervention

4. Community action

5. Training for professionals

6. Research

7. Coordination with stakeholders


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