National Land Freight Strategy - Infrastructure Australia

infrastructureaustralia.gov.au

National Land Freight Strategy - Infrastructure Australia

Table 4: Relative use of roads by trucks and other vehicles

80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%

% of urban road use by vehicle type 2005, 2020

(a)

cars

light commercial

vehicles

rigid trucks articulated trucks all trucks

2005

2020

(a) Vehicle kilometres travelled (vkt) multiplied by passenger car equivalent units (pce), with cars =

1.0, light commercial vehicles =1.5, rigid trucks = 2.5, and articulated trucks = 3.0.

Source: Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics and the Office of the Infrastructure Coordinator,

Sept 2010.

Congestion on infrastructure

Congestion is primarily an issue in urban areas, where road and rail network use is most

intense, and is a significant challenge to national productivity.

Freight is a small part of the transport task across transport infrastructure networks, however,

there are some routes on which freight is concentrated and comprises a higher proportion of

total traffic. These include the highways, long distance rail lines and port related roads.

In most cases, transport infrastructure capacity is not effectively priced and traffic is mixed, for

example cars and trucks share the same road lanes at the same times, and rail ‘passenger

priority’ principles are not backed by explicit access charges. Hence freight can be affected

by congestion caused by personal transport on both road and rail networks. Freight can also

contribute to congestion. 9

9

See for example; Sandra Lennie, Assessing the spatial impacts of multi-combination vehicles on an urban motorway.

15

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines