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ghg-inventory-1990-2013

ghg-inventory-1990-2013

New Zealand’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990-2013 Fulfilling reporting requirements under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

  • Page 2 and 3: Submitted to the United Nations Fra
  • Page 4 and 5: Executive summary Key points Ne
  • Page 6 and 7: Net emissions - Climate Change Conv
  • Page 8 and 9: Table ES 4.1.1 New Zealand’s emis
  • Page 10 and 11: 1990-2013 In 2013, emissions from t
  • Page 12 and 13: 2013 In 2013, net emissions from th
  • Page 14 and 15: Table ES 5.1 New Zealand’s net em
  • Page 16 and 17: to mapping improvements, amendments
  • Page 18 and 19: Contents Acknowledgements Executive
  • Page 20 and 21: 7.2 Solid waste disposal (5.A) 294
  • Page 22 and 23: Tables Table ES 3.1 New Zealand’s
  • Page 24 and 25: Table 5.7.1 Values used to calculat
  • Page 26 and 27: Table 6.10.3 Uncertainty in New Zea
  • Page 28 and 29: Table A3.1.2.1 Proportion of annual
  • Page 30 and 31: Figure 5.1.7 Effect of including im
  • Page 33 and 34: Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 Backgro
  • Page 35 and 36: international expert review process
  • Page 37 and 38: industry surveys by consultants con
  • Page 39 and 40: than the agreed threshold (0.5 per
  • Page 41 and 42: 1.3 Inventory preparation, data col
  • Page 43 and 44: use of field plot measurements for
  • Page 45 and 46: Quantitative method used: IPPC Tier
  • Page 47 and 48: (a) IPCC Tier 1 category level asse
  • Page 49 and 50: (b) IPCC Tier 1 category level asse
  • Page 51 and 52: (b) IPCC Tier 1 category trend asse
  • Page 53 and 54:

    Table 1.5.4 Key categories under th

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    1.8 National registry In January 20

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    Revised Supplementary Methods and G

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    Ongoing use of waste placement data

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    Contract Report prepared for the Mi

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    Chapter 2: Trends in greenhouse gas

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    For the Kyoto Protocol second commi

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    1990-2013 In 2013, CH 4 emissions i

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    Figure 2.2.2 Proportion that gases

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    decay of harvested wood products fr

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    Chapter 2: References UNFCCC. 2013.

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    Manufacture of solid fuels and othe

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    3.1.3 Energy flows This inventory i

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    Bitumen produced in New Zealand is

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    Diesel and gasoline: In the referen

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    All solid fuel used for iron and st

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    people live. Up until 2006, the cen

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    Consequently, separate emission fac

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    The sum of all these emissions was

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    Table 3.3.4 Uncertainty for New Zea

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    Figure 3.3.8 New Zealand’s electr

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    Source-specific QA/QC and verificat

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    disaggregation procedure previously

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    Figure 3.3.10 Splits used for manuf

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    inorganic industrial chemicals, oth

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    The current New Zealand vehicle fle

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    Figure 3.3.15 Splicing method decis

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    Figure 3.3.16 Nitrous oxide implied

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    1.AA.3.C Railways Emissions from th

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    and/or recreational vessels, but th

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    the percentage of households using

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    New Zealand’s fugitive emissions

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    1.B.2.D Geothermal When geothermal

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    Geothermal methodology for Company

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    Uncertainties and time-series consi

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    Ministry of Transport. 2010. New Ze

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    the Product uses as substitutes for

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    Table 4.1.2 Key categories in the I

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    4.1.8 Quality assurance and quality

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    Some additional SO 2 is derived fro

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    emissions from this process are rep

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    4.3.5 Source-specific recalculation

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    Table 4.4.2 Approximate carbon cont

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    Table 4.4.4 Explanation of variatio

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    Emissions from the consumption of H

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    Table 4.7.2 HFC and PFC emissions f

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    Fire protection HFC-227ea emissions

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    Errors were corrected in figures fo

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    suggested over-reporting by Statist

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    Chapter 4: References Cement and Co

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    Figure 5.1.2 Change in New Zealand

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    Figure 5.1.3a Population of New Zea

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    5.1.3 Methodological issues for the

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    Figure 5.1.4 Comparison of mean mea

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    Dairy cattle: Regionall data on mil

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    Non-dairy cattle: The principal sou

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    Primary Industries’ Primary Growt

  • Page 167 and 168:

    Recalculations approved for the 201

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    Figure 5.1.7 Effect of including im

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    Total emissions and key activity da

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    The direct N 2 O emissions factor (

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    There are a number of published alg

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    56 farms accounting for 59 per cent

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    Table 5.2.5 Comparison of IPCC defa

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    5.3.1). In comparison, the combined

  • Page 183 and 184:

    The faecal dry-matter output (FDM)

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    Nitrogen excretion rates for the ma

  • Page 187 and 188:

    Table 5.3.4 Nitrogen excretion (N e

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    5.3.3 Uncertainties and time-series

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    5.3.6 Source-specific planned impro

  • Page 193 and 194:

    Table 5.5.1 Trends and relative con

  • Page 195 and 196:

    Table 5.5.4 Emission factors and pa

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    grazing livestock on pasture, range

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    It was recommended that the N 2 O e

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    Where: Area T is the total annual a

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    F SN , F ON and F PRP are defined a

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    nBTPT sold as ‘Agrotain’, as it

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    Table 5.5.7 Emission factors, param

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    pigs is lower, the New Zealand valu

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    New Zealand environmental condition

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    Table 5.7.1 Values used to calculat

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    Figure 5.8.1 Limestone and dolomite

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    5.9.6 Source-specific recalculation

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    Dresser M, Hewitt A, Willoughby J,

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    Pickering A, Wear S. 2013. Detailed

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    Chapter 6: Land Use, Land-Use Chang

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    Figure 6.1.2 Change in New Zealand

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    Beets, 2013). Within the CRF tables

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    Table 6.1.5 Relationships between l

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    New Zealand Land Use and Carbon Ana

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    incorporating new data collected fr

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    Table 6.2.2 New Zealand’s mapping

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    Further refinements are planned to

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    involved an independent agency look

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    with coarse resolution (30 metres)

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    These areas of potential change wer

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    Figure 6.2.5 New Zealand’s identi

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    A variety of data sources were used

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    Table 6.2.5 New Zealand’s land-us

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    Table 6.2.7 New Zealand’s land-us

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    esolution imagery used to create th

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    6.3.1 Mineral soils New Zealand’s

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    Together, the five combined data se

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    Table 6.3.1 Land-use effect coeffic

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    Figure 6.3.2 Result of applying Mar

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    Uncertainties also arise from lack

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    Net emissions from Forest land have

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    Since 1998, the rate of new plantin

  • Page 269 and 270:

    for deforestation. Consequently, mo

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    subcategory, given New Zealand has

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    The plots were sampled using a meth

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    positioning system (GPS) for accura

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    Figure 6.4.5 New Zealand’s plante

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    Figure 6.4.6 Location of New Zealan

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    New Zealand plantation forests are

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    mean (88.80 ± 16.23 tonnes C ha -1

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    Table 6.4.9 Uncertainty in New Zeal

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    carbon pools used in Climate Change

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    Table 6.5.2 New Zealand’s carbon

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    Living biomass To estimate carbon c

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    As shown in table 6.5.6, while unce

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    Table 6.6.1 New Zealand’s land-us

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    Living biomass To calculate carbon

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    6.6.4 Category-specific QA/QC and v

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    Table 6.7.2 New Zealand’s carbon

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    Table 6.7.4 Recalculations for New

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    Table 6.8.3 Uncertainty in New Zeal

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    Soil carbon Soil carbon stocks in O

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    form. New Zealand is currently the

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    6.11 Non-CO 2 emissions (CRF 4(I-V)

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    Tier 2 methodologies are employed t

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    Table 6.11.3 Uncertainty in New Zea

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    Burnham KP, Anderson DR, 2002. Mode

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    Changes in New Zealand's Soils and

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    Shepherd JD, Newsome P. 2009a. Esta

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    Chapter 7: Waste 7.1 Sector overvie

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    7.1.3 Key categories for Waste sect

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    Methane emissions from solid waste

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    Waste composition Many municipal la

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    Summary of parameters used Table 7.

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    Table 7.2.7 Summary of parameters f

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    7.4.2 Methodological issues Estimat

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    collection, particularly serving th

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    Methane correction factor The meat

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    Summary of parameters used Table 7.

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    Table 7.5.6 Parameter values applie

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    7.5.6 Source-specific planned impro

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    Chapter 8: Other New Zealand does n

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    Chapter 10: Recalculations and impr

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    Figure 10.1.2 Effect of recalculati

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    10.1.2 Industrial Processes and Pro

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    Table 10.1.3 Explanations and justi

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    Figure 10.1.10 Effect of recalculat

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    Table 10.1.6 Explanations and justi

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    10.2 Recalculations in response to

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    Chapter 10: References UNFCCC. 2014

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    Table 11.1.1 New Zealand’s emissi

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    accordance with Decision 2/CMP.8. 4

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    2008. This ensures the net new plan

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    Table 11.1.5 Area of New Zealand su

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    Natural disturbance New Zealand has

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    Pre-1990 natural forest deforestati

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    Biomass burning (CRF 4(KP-II)4) Aff

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    minimum was found to be 0.0000784 k

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    Justification when omitting any car

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    Table 11.3.3 Uncertainty in New Zea

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    11.4.2 Distinction between harvesti

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    have passed since destocking (which

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    Chapter 11: References Forest Indus

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    Chapter 12: Information on accounti

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    Table 12.2.1 New Zealand’s submis

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    Party NZ Submission Year 2015 Repor

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    Table 3. Expiry, cancellation and r

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    Table 5 a. Summary information on a

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    Table 12.2.3 Copies of the 2013 sec

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    Party NZ Submission Year 2015 Repor

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    Party NZ Submission Year 2015 Repor

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    Table 5 (c). Summary information on

  • Page 409 and 410:

    Table 6 a. Memo item: corrective tr

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    Party NZ Submission Year 2015 Repor

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    Table 3. Expiry, cancellation and r

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    Table 5 a. Summary information on a

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    Year 1 (2013) Table 5 (e). Summary

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    12.3 Discrepancies and notification

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    Type of information to be made publ

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    Type of information to be made publ

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    Chapter 12: References Ministry for

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    Moving to more flexible and robust

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    Chapter 14: Information on changes

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    Chapter 15: Information on minimisa

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    mechanism, New Zealand intends to p

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    Annex 1: Key categories A1.1 Method

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    IPCC Tier 1 category level assessme

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    Table A1.3.2 Results of the key cat

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    IPCC Tier 1 category level assessme

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    IPCC Tier 1 category trend assessme

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    IPCC Tier 1 category trend assessme

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    number of percentage points in the

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    IPCC source category distribution G

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    IPCC source category Gas 1990 emiss

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    Table A3.1.1.1 Imputation levels an

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    A3.1.2 Key parameters and emission

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    Table A3.1.2.5 Parameter values for

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    IPCC source category remaining crop

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    Figure A3.2.1 New Zealand’s LUCAS

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    Core Geospatial Database - which st

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    To activate the module, the user se

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    Muller C, Sherlock RR, Williams PH.

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    Table A4.1 Gross carbon dioxide emi

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    Table A4.3 Methane emission factors

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    the Energy in New Zealand (Ministry

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    A4.3 Emissions from gaseous fuels A

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    A4.4 Table A.4.8 Energy balance for

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    A4.5 Figure A2.1 Fuel flow diagrams

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    Figure A4.3 New Zealand natural gas

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