Annual Report 2010-2011

nri.ac.ir

Annual Report 2010-2011

Annual Research Report 2010-2011

Preface

Basic changes in Iran power and energy industry with the aim of reducing incumbency

of government and highlighting private sector role, cause promotion efficiency and

effectiveness in production processes, transmission and distribution of electric energy in

one hand, and in the other hand make new aspects for strategic and applied researches.

In order to move towards electricity production and distribution privatization, related

studies and researches are inevitable. So as a power and energy industry research arm,

NRI has expanded its capacity in this regard and finally in 2009 "strategic planning

project" has been developed as following:

- Research development by performing major and strategic projects in power and

energy industry

- Development of laboratory services in order to respond power and energy

industry needs

- Creating capacity to assume management of power and energy industry

- Developing the foundation of innovation in power and energy industry

(including progress center of innovative companies, web portal technology,

spiritual property and …)

In 2010 the arrangements necessary to achieve operational and executive programs,

predicted in strategic planning have been provided and in this regard some activities

have been started.

Besides , applied and development research needed to power and energy industry was

continuing to pursue NRI five-years program in 2009-2010 which result to 47 applied

research project in this year.

One of the main concerns in response to the needs of technology in power and energy

industry in 2009-2010, was The National Technology Transfer Project defined in the

field of renewal energy by NRI as "Compiling 2mega watt Wind Turbine Technology

Knowledge" and by the support of Tavanir Company. Accordingly with approval of

NRI board of trustees, the first technology center named Wind Turbine Technology

Development was established

According to the experience gained during ten years in transferring research project

results to private sector, in 2010 a new field was formed as participation in research and

simultaneous technical knowledge transferring which leads to several contacts'

exchange with private sector.

In 2009-2019, with the aim of covering NRI strategic goals to implement research

management organization in power and energy industry, research management agent

was entrusted to NRI by Tavanir Company, named "navigation of electric research

council secretariat activities"

In addition to making the capacity to respond power and energy industry needs,

planning to increase the quality of the project and improving the accountability of

beneficiaries was the aim of the NRI, so that NRI was successful to achieve the quality

management certificate ISO 9001:2008 from TUV Austria in 2010

In order to convey scientific information in power and energy industry by NRI, all

actions concerning the holding of twenty-fifth International Power System Conference

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Annual Research Report 2010-2011

attended by more than 4000 participants in 3 days was entrusted to NRI. Moreover,

scientific and research journal of power has been formed with the new structure and

forty-third issue of this journal has been established in 2011

Scientific services of NRI has been completed with web-based digital library starting up

with over 2500 books, articles and standard notably more than 75 regional electric

companies and distribution and power generation companies are the members of this

library and use the information to advance their goals

What was described as above is just a quick look at the headlines of NRI annual report

in 2009-2010 and obviously it is not possible to address all issues which have been done

in the field of research in power and energy industry.

It is hoped that NRI can move forward towards its goals and its activities fulfill industry

needs.

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Annual Research Report 2010-2011

Index

Title

III

page

Preface ....................................................................................................................................... I

Index .......................................................................................................................................... III

Introduction .............................................................................................................................. VI

NRI Goals & Activities ............................................................................................................ VII

Organization of NRI................................................................................................................. VIII

ISO 9001:2008 certificate......................................................................................................... IX

Electric Power Systems Research Center .............................................................................. 1

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 3

Technical and economical assessment of LED street luminaries ............................................................. 4

Future Technologies for Iran Power and Energy Industry in the fields of Electric Power Systems

Department activities ................................................................................................................................ 6

Electromagnetic Simulation of a Sample Power Plant Synchronous Generator Using Finite Elements

Method ..................................................................................................................................................... 8

Revision of Standard No. 195 Titled "General, Technical and Practical Specification of Road Lighting

................................................................................................................................................................ 11

Power Generation Research Center ....................................................................................... 13

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 15

Modal testing of the second stage blades and disk in Rolls-Royce turbine ............................................ 16

Future Technologies for Iran Power and Energy .................................................................................... 19

Development of a preliminary training software for Mark 5 operation, and evaluation of operators

included emergency signal simulator for GE frame 9 gas turbine of Abadan power plant .................... 20

Presentation of the model and prototype plan of CO2 capturing for enhanced oil recovery from

petroleum reservoirs ............................................................................................................................... 23

Evaluation of increasing the efficiency of power plant units affiliated with Hormozgan Regional

Electric Company and representing solutions ........................................................................................ 25

Study the effects of inlet air cooling on performance of combined cycle power plant in Yazd ............. 27

Transmission & Distribution Research Center ..................................................................... 29

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 31

Preliminary Study and Selection of Shape, Material and System of Load Limiter ................................ 32

An investigation on 230kV power transformers failures in Anjirak transmission substation (Bakhtar

Regional Electric Company) and presenting applicable preventive solutions ........................................ 34

Technical assessment of Protection Relay & SAS system providers ..................................................... 36

Support & Supervision of Transformer online Monitoring System Mass Production ............................ 38

Research, design and manufacturing of a prototype sectionalizer for 20kv distribution network .......... 41

Study about of arrester deletion plan for 20kV distribution system of Yazd province residential area

from the technical and economical points of view ................................................................................. 43

Determination of mid life expectancy of different equipment in coastal regions of Hormozgan utility

network ................................................................................................................................................... 45

Ceramic-polymeric (hybrid) insulators................................................................................................... 47

Energy & Environment Research Center .............................................................................. 51

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 53

Increasing of Energy Carriers Prices in Iran Regarding Worldwide Experiences .................................. 54

Strategic R&D Planning in Fars Regional Electricity Company ............................................................ 56

Providing Energy Performance Label for Non-Residential Building (Offices) ...................................... 58

Strategic R&D Planning in Sistan & Baluchestan Regional Electric Company ..................................... 60

Feasibility Study of Combined Production of Heat and Power (CHP) in Iran Industries and Providing

its Development Plan .............................................................................................................................. 62

Simulation, Design and Manufacturing of an Ice on Coil Ice Storage Tank .......................................... 64

Updating of Techno Economical Comparison Software of Absorption and Vapor Compression Central

Cooling Systems ..................................................................................................................................... 66


Annual Research Report 2010-2011

Design and Construction of Continuous Emission Monitoring System for Power Plant flue gas .......... 68

Feasibility Study of Implementation Modern Spacecraft Power Technologies in Iran .......................... 71

Determination of Guaranteed Purchased Price Tariff of Electricity Produced by Renewable Energy

Resources in Iran .................................................................................................................................... 73

Consulting Services of Solar Portion of Yazd Solar Thermal Power Plant ............................................ 75

Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center ..................................................... 77

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 79

Design and Implementing of Valve Thermo-Regulator (VTR) with temperature sensor and step control

................................................................................................................................................................ 80

Implementation of resistive SFCL with 200 meter wire and its instrument for measuring TC and IC of

the superconductive wire ........................................................................................................................ 82

Design and manufacturing of monitoring and control unit of continuous emission measurement system

of power plant flue gases ........................................................................................................................ 84

Consultancy and Supervisory of Installation and Commissioning of West Regional Dispatching Center

................................................................................................................................................................ 86

Design and Implementation of Direct Load Control Subsystem in Intelligent Grid .............................. 88

Technical consultation to providing bidding documents to assign the utilization right of the distribution

power network (220 Volt) in north-west of Tehran (Beihaghi Region) to investors, for data

transmission through it in a fixed period of time .................................................................................... 90

Baseband Modem for SEM400 Radio Modem ...................................................................................... 92

Chemistry & Materials Research Center ............................................................................... 95

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 97

Failure Analysis of Applied Paint & Coating Systems in MASJED SOLEYMAN Power Plant

Components and Preparing an Instruction for Prevention of Paint Failures ........................................... 98

Study of power Generators Condition Monitoring (GCM) System, Design of Offline System and its

Application in a Power Plant ................................................................................................................ 100

Specifying Quality Control Criteria for Repaired Liner and Transition Piece of 123MW Gas Turbines

.............................................................................................................................................................. 102

Determining Quality Criteria for Repaired Bearing of 123 MW Gas Turbines ................................... 103

Remaining Life Assessment of 143MW Gas Turbines Components in Gilan power plant ................. 104

Feasibility Study of Using Thermal Barrier Coatings on Gas Turbine Blades and Vanes and Preparing

Quality Control Procedure .................................................................................................................... 105

Specifying Quality Control Criteria for Repaired Blades and Vanes 123MW and 159MW Gas Turbines

.............................................................................................................................................................. 106

Determining Specification and Development of Manufacturing Technology for 25 MW Gas Turbine

Combustion Liners and Manufacturing 1 set ........................................................................................ 107

Manufacturing Fault Current Limiter Based on High Temperature Superconductor ........................... 108

Determining and Economical Classification of Equipments Replaceable with Nanotechnology-Based

Products, in Power Generation, Transmission and Consumption Fields with Emphasis on Nano-

Batteries, Nano-Carbon-Tubes, Nano-Wires and Nansulates ............................................................... 109

Training Center ........................................................................................................................ 111

Major educational activities conducted in 2010-2011 .......................................................................... 113

Statistical summary of educational activities ....................................................................................... 113

Specialized courses and seminars held in 2010-2011 ........................................................................... 114

Requested specialized courses and seminars outside the calendar year 2010-2011 ............................. 116

Public courses held in 2010-2011 ......................................................................................................... 117

General Statistics Institute status of various educational activities in 2010-2011 ................................ 117

Time Table individuals trained in each sector in 2010-2011 ................................................................ 118

Technology Transfer ................................................................................................................ 119

Research Prototypes Which Are On Production Line .......................................................................... 121

Research Prototypes Which Are Going To Be Produced in Near Future ............................................. 121

Technology Transfer, Commercialization of Research Results, Producing Research Prototypes ........ 122

Research Prototypes Which Have Been Transferred for Production in 2010-2011 ............................. 122

Cooperation of Private Sector in Research Projects and Technology Transfer Simultaneously .......... 123

Obtaining the Certificate for Research Prototypes from Iranian Research Organization for Science &

Technology & Kwarazmi International Award .................................................................................... 124

International Scientific Cooperation ...................................................................................... 125

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Annual Research Report 2010-2011

Scientific - International Collaborations ............................................................................................... 127

NRI's Participation in I. R. Iran Hi-Tech Expo in Syria with the Aim of Expanding International

Activities .............................................................................................................................................. 127

Cooperation with ISESCO Organization Participation in the "3rd Asian School on Solar Electricity for

Rural Areas" in Malaysia. .................................................................................................................... 128

Cooperation with International Professional Association of IERE Participation in the "3rd IERE TIS-

Asia Steering Committee & Technical Committees Meeting" in Malaysia ......................................... 129

Signing an Engineering Contract with Italian Companies .................................................................... 130

(CSTI, Techint/PRE) ............................................................................................................................ 130

MOU with Hormozgan Power Generation Management Company ..................................................... 131

MOU with Gheshm Free Zone Organization ....................................................................................... 132

Reference Laboratories Center ............................................................................................... 133

Overhead line structures test station ..................................................................................................... 140

Relay & Protection ............................................................................................................................... 142

High Voltage ........................................................................................................................................ 145

Miniature Circuit Breaker (MCB) ........................................................................................................ 147

Salt Fog ................................................................................................................................................ 150

Short Circuit ......................................................................................................................................... 152

Air & Physical Pollution ...................................................................................................................... 154

Quality Test .......................................................................................................................................... 156

Water, Steam and Instrumental Analysis .............................................................................................. 158

Paint & Coating .................................................................................................................................... 159

Fuel & Oil ............................................................................................................................................. 162

Metallurgy & Materials ........................................................................................................................ 166

Electrical Machines .............................................................................................................................. 168

Power Electronics ................................................................................................................................. 170

Vibration & Acoustic ........................................................................................................................... 172

Thermo Hydraulic ................................................................................................................................ 174

Temperature and Pressure Calibration ................................................................................................. 175

Industrial Automation ........................................................................................................................... 177

Electric Power Industry Communication.............................................................................................. 178

Gas Fuel Analysis ................................................................................................................................. 181

Ceramic & Polymer .............................................................................................................................. 183

Wire & Cable........................................................................................................................................ 185

Manufacturing Workshop ..................................................................................................................... 187

Electrical Hardware .............................................................................................................................. 189

Fuel cell Fabrication and Testing Lab. ................................................................................................. 191

Smart Meter .......................................................................................................................................... 193

Seminars, Conferences and… ................................................................................................. 195

Bargh journal of electrical science and technology .............................................................................. 197

International Power System Conference .............................................................................................. 198

Digital Library ...................................................................................................................................... 199

List of Published Papers 2010-2011 ........................................................................................ 200

Published and presented papers in national and international conferences .......................................... 201

Published Papers in National & International Journals ........................................................................ 212

Published Papers in ISI Journals .......................................................................................................... 214

V


Annual Research Report 2010-2011

Introduction

This annual research report is an introduction to NRI activities in 2010-2011. The main

parts are carried out projects, training center activities, commercialization of research

results, reference laboratories services and published papers of NRI researchers.

An overview of NRI activities in 2010-2011 shows:

1- 116 projects were in process.

2- Number of the completed projects was 46.

3- 3 new contracts were signed with private companies for doing research projects with

technical and financial contribution of these companies. The results of projects

would be transferring technical know-how of prototypes to those companies.

4- Due to importance of reference labs, NRI established "Smart meter" and "electrical

hardware" reference labs and also "Fuel cell" lab that expand the number of

references lab to 16.

5- NRI has been certified with ISO 9001:2008 by TUV Austria.

Annual research report of 2010-2011 in English and Persian is accessible at:

www.nri.ac.ir.

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Annual Research Report 2010-2011

NRI Goals & Activities

1- Goals

1-1- To solve the country’s problems and restrictions in the fields related to the

Ministry of Energy duties

1-2- To cooperate with universities, research institutes and administrative

organizations in research fields

1-3- To develop the knowledge and technology related to the existing expertise in

Ministry of Energy

1-4- To transmit other countries experiences in the field of technology and achieving

technical knowledge with the aim of self-sufficiency in relation to the Ministry

of Energy’s duties and necessities

1-5- To publish different scientific books and research results and utilize the

communication technology by establishing wide computer network to achieve

the latest technical information in the world

2- Activities

2-1- Performing basic, applied and developing research projects with the aim of

achieving Ministry of Energy technical and required knowledge in the country

regarding the stable development

2-2- Recognizing different requirements of considered research plans in different

fields of science and research and utilizing the facilities for the sake of planning

research projects related to the Ministry of Energy requirements

2-3- Performing necessary activities for the sake of applying research results

2-4- Providing necessary facilities with the related research designs and plans

2-5- Investigating, recognizing and settling the research requirements of Ministry of

Energy

2-6- Establishing active and constructive relations with other research and scientific

institutes inside and outside the country by holding scientific conferences,

exchanging researchers and carrying out joint research projects for achieving to

the most recent technology and science in the fields related to NRI objectives

and policies

2-7- Establishing logical relations with professional and innovative forces in the

country research and scientific centers and providing necessary facilities for the

sake of assisting NRI objectives

2-8- Utilizing the latest results of research and scientific progresses for the sake of

social, economical and scientific development in order to improve NRI research

plans objectives

2-9- Studying and investigating about the construction and providing the technical

and basic requirements of Power Plants, Substations, Transmission lines, and

other related problems to the Ministry of Energy and companies affiliated to it

VII


Annual Research Report 2010-2011

Organization of NRI

VIII


Annual Research Report 2010-2011

ISO 9001:2008 certificate

IX


Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Electric Power

Systems

Introduction

The Electric Power Research Center is one of the six research centers of NRI. In this

research center the research activities are carried out within the following three

departments:

- Power System Studies

- Electric Machines

- Power Electronics

In order to undertake experimental activities, the Electric Power Research Center has

been equipped with 2 laboratories; Electric Machines & Power Electronics which

present laboratory services to different sections of electric power industry.

The main fields of expertise covered by the center are as follows:

- Developing the technical software for Electric Power System studies, system

designing and operation

- Providing the research and engineering services to solve the power system designing

and operation problems, system analysis and system rehabilitation

- Designing and/or modification of large, medium and small electric machines and

also solving the operational and maintenance problems

- Quality improvement of power systems by designing and implementation of power

electronics devices

- Technical and Economical studies in order to maximize the efficiency of power

systems and to minimize the costs

- Preparing the needed customized standards for country power sector

4 projects have been completed in 2010-2011 in this research center.

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Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Technical and economical assessment of LED street

luminaries

Department: Industrial Electronics

Employer: Iran Energy Efficiency

Organization (IEEO-SABA)

Project Staff: D.Jalali, S.Haghighi, H.R.Mojaver

Project Manager: Behrooz Arezi

Project Code: CIESB02

Project Summary:

Since lighting has 30 percent of total electrical energy usage in Iran, more attention

should be paid to optimization of roadway lighting. Although technical properties of

luminaries and lighting projects have important role in decreasing energy consumption,

new lighting technologies have great effect on energy consumption.

Nowadays, the Solid State Lighting (SSL) technology has an important role in lighting.

This technology uses semiconductors (LED or Light Emitting Diodes) for conversion of

electricity to light. First LEDs were used in electronic industries as display on electronic

boards but in recent years, due to progress of technology, LEDs are used in outdoor and

indoor lightings, moreover they enjoy commercial usage. Using LEDs in public lighting

has been in the center of interest recently.

However, LED luminaries cannot compete with various types of vacuum luminaries

like High Pressure Sodium (HPS) ones in both technical and economical manner, but

with regard to high rate of development of LED, in near future they will come in to

contest. Some of the LED producers and importers claim that LED luminaries can

compete HPS ones. As a consequence, foundation of proper assessment for these

products and lighten projects are necessary in order to accept or reject them properly. In

this way, we can use the new technologies without wasting assets for low quality

productions.

This assessment has shown that using LED luminaries in order to lighting the roadways

is very costly and is not economically justified. However, this assessment method

supports the luminaries that not only decrease the energy consumption but also have

benefited from long lifetime by using an appropriate design or modern technologies.

Project Results:

Qualification method preparation for street lighting tenderers with LED luminaries.

Standard test procedures preparation for street LED luminaries.

Evaluation method preparation for street lighting designs.

Collection of city roadways and selection between them based on desired criteria.

Preparation of tender documents for an EPC tender about pilot street lighting project

with LED luminaries.

Technical and economical evaluation of proposals.

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Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Electric Power

Systems

Project Documentation:

- Project section 1, 2&3 reports; "Tender documents for a pilot street lighting project";

report code CIESB02/T1, 2, 3/01; power electronics department.

- Project section 4-1 report; "Tenderers qualification for street lighting project"; report

code CIESB02/T4-1/01; power electronics department.

- Project section 4-2 report;"Technical evaluation of street lighting proposals"; report

code CIESB02/T4-2/01 power electronics department.

- "Call for qualification on EPC street lighting projects with LED luminaries".

- "Tender no 88/113 documents for street lighting projects with LEDs in 4 different

series".

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Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Future Technologies for Iran Power and Energy Industry in

the fields of Electric Power Systems Department activities

Department: Industrial Electronics

Employer: Niroo Research Institute

Project Manager: Banafsheh Hamedani

Project Code: PPPN01

Project Staff: S.Kamankesh, A.GhaemPanah, D.Jalali, H.R.Mojaver, H.Khatibzadeh

Project Summary:

The main purpose of this project is to identify power and energy technologies including

software, hardware and systematic technologies over short, middle and long period of

term. Since NRI plans to work on new technologies, performing this project is

necessary and the results could be used as back-up documents to prepare electricity

technology roadmap. Also the results of this project could provide useful information

for power and energy industrial managers for planning to reach these technologies. The

results of this project could be a good guidance for future department's projects.

It should be noted that in many countries, even developing countries, many activities

concerning technology foresight and forecasting is done. Developed countries also have

the technology roadmap. Thus, the first stage of the project is identifying the main

technologies in different countries -in short term horizons (up to 3 years), medium time

horizons (5 to 10 years) and long term horizons (more than 10 years)- in the fields of

activities of Electric Power Systems Research Center. In this regard, countries of

different lines of industrial development include two advanced industrial countries

(USA and Japan), two industrial countries that are more advanced of Iran (Malaysia and

India) and two countries of similar economic structure and capacity of electricity

generation (Turkey and Saudi Arabia) were selected and technologies in these countries

and their future roadmaps at different time horizons were surveyed and evaluated.

In the following project, basic information about research guidelines that are required

for power industry in Iran and the country's strategic plans has been studied to clarify

power industry and research guidelines for future planning horizon in Iran and from

these two sections, the key technologies for power and energy industry in Iran have

been determined.

In the next section, identifying the position and the current situation of electricity

industry and energy about determined technologies for the Electric Power Systems

department in previous level and determine priorities for achieving them (whether

through technology transfer or through the interior research and development) have

been conducted. Also the programmed time horizon for the present technologies in the

short term, medium term and long term time horizons is determined. In order to

prioritize technologies, the systematic analysis of hierarchical AHP method is used. To

rank the technologies, effective indices (potential of BA, build, buy, international

relations, economic issues, needs of industry and ...) in technology assessment has been

studied and then on their determined based scoring is done.

Finally and based on obtained information and priorities, preparing plans for the

definition of executive power projects for the Institute have been conducted. Thus, the

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Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Electric Power

Systems

Institute plans -including defining and executing time for technologies of each research

group- have been presented. Definition project includes scope and objective description

of the project, the steps, estimated time of implementation, cost estimate and forecast

start date. Finally, the general timetable relating to technologies of each group is

presented.

Project Results:

Investigation and Identifying the main technologies in different countries and their

roadmaps

Providing backup data to propose the country roadmap of power and energy

industry and guidance for selecting proper technologies

Identifying future technologies for power and energy industry in the fields of

Electric Power Systems Department activities and prioritization of them

Providing a data source to propose future department's projects that are related to

new technologies

Preparing plans for the definition of executive power projects for the Institute

Project Documentation:

- “Identifying the technologies in different countries and determining the main

technologies for our power and energy industry”, Report Code: PPPN01/T1, T2, T3,

Industrial Electronics Department.

- “Identifying the current situation of industry about determined technologies and

prioritization of them”, Report Code: PPPN01/T4, T5; Industrial Electronics

Department.

- “Preparing definition of executive power projects for the Institute”, Report Code:

PPPN01/T6, Industrial Electronics Department.

7


Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Electromagnetic Simulation of a Sample Power Plant

Synchronous Generator Using Finite Elements Method

Department: Electric Machines Research

Employer: MAPNA Co.

Project Manager: Amirpouya Khansaryan

Project Code: CEMMP01

Project Staff: Sohrab Amini, Abbas Shiri, Alireza Ghaempanah, Mostafa Arghavan, Sara

Gouran, Mahi Aliahmadi

Project Summary:

Performing experiments and standard tests in order to investigate the behavior of large

electic machines is so costly as well as time-consuming. Using computer simulation

methods facilitate performing such investigations in a broad range and make it possible

to derive many oprational parameters which are basically impossible or at least difficult

to obtain. The studied generator is illustrated in figure 1.

Fig.1) A simple 3D model of the

studied generator

Fig.2) 2D model of the generator

in Flux

Fig.3) 3D model of the stator's end

windings

Figure 2 shows the 2D model of the generator used in magnetic simulations in no-load

and steady state under-load conditions. A 3D scheme of the stator's end winding is

shown in figure 3. The later is used to analyse the electric fields and forces in short

circuit conditions.

Fig.4) Terminal voltage in nominal

load

Fig.5) Terminal current in nominal

load

Fig.6) Flux density

distribution

Steady State Condition: A steady state simulation consists of no-load, under-load and V-

curve analysis and is done by using the 2D model. Figures 4, 5 and 6 shows the

8


Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Electric Power

Systems

obtained voltage-current as well as the flux density distribution in different regions of

the machine. The results show a satisfactory correspondence with nominal values.

Electric field simulations using a 3D model: 3D simulations mainly focus on investigating the

behavior of insulators wound over the stator winding and this is achieved by analyzing

the electric field/potential in the space surrounding the windings. This requires to model

on insulator as well as the semiconductor and conductive collar conductive layer. This

in turn makes the 3D modeling and meshing so difficult due to the small thickness of

the mentioned layers.

Fig.7) 3D meshed model for

electric field simulations

Fig.8) Electric potential distribution

on the outer face of the winding

Fig.9) Electric field distribution

in main insulators

In figure 7, the used model for electric fields analysis considering one of the arms of the

stator winding in its end region is shown. Figure 8 shows the electric field potential on

the end winding including the semiconductor layer. The results show the appropriate

behavior of the layer when comparing to minimum break down potential of the

insulator. The distribution of the electric field on the surface of the winding and at one

end of the machine is shown in figure 9.

Analysis of the exerted forces on stator windings: The generated model required to analyze

the forces on the windings is a little different from that stated in the previous section.

Here the model consists of non-meshed coils which facilitate the analysis and the

meshing process.

Fig.10) 3D model for analysis

of the forces

Fig.11) A closer view of the

generated non-meshed coils

Fig.12) Non-meshed coils

surrounded on the stator core

The force on each point the winding is then calculated knowing the value of the

magnetic flux density in the point and the current passing through the conductor. This

information is so vital in designing process. The reason is the large amount of forces

exerted on each conductor especially when the generator is exposed to external faults.

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Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

This project deals with 2D/3D modeling of a sample power plant synchronous

generator and performing a set electromagnetic simulations to investigate the

behavior of the machine using FEM-based software Flux. This involves: deriving

open-circuit characteristic curve, determining machine's electromagnetic losses and

magnetic flux density in no-load condition, simulation of steady state under-load

condition, extracting V-curves, determination of steady state, transient and

subtransient reactances and time constants, 3D analysis of electric field/potential

around the stator windings in steady state and transient conditions and also the

analysis of electromagnetic forces exerted on stator's end-windings in short-circuit

conditions. All simulations are fulfilled on a real 160MW turbo generator.

Project Documentation:

- Generated reports including:

1- Steady-state analysis in no-load condition

2- Steady-state analysis in under-load condition

3- Analysis of transients

4- Final report

- Used papers and references.

- 2D/3D models generated in Flux (finite elements software).

- Developed programs in MATLAB (used for especial calculations on Flux's outputs).

10


Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Electric Power

Systems

Project Title:

Revision of Standard No. 195 Titled "General, Technical and

Practical Specification of Road Lighting

Department: Power System Study

Employer: President Deput Strategic

Planning and Control

Project Manager: N.Moslemi

Project Code: CSYSP02

Project Staff: D.Jalali, H.Berahmandpour, B.Arezi, B.Hamedani, H.Alipour, T.Rostami,

M.M.Hamidi, M.A.Abbasi Vardeh, M.Choobineh, T.Abdolrazzaghzadeh,

A.R.Gholizadeh, M.Heidarizadeh

Project Summary:

Urban road lighting is an important subject in urban management. The planned lighting

should be adequate for walking, driving and safety. On the other hand it should be

economic and not losing the electrical energy. Regarding to these two points, a good

plan for urban road lighting should comply the standard which determines the basic

principles in this way. The main points of the urban road lighting plan is illuminance

and luminance of the lighted road, the arrangement and distance between lighting poles

and the height of the luminare.

In the standardization of the urban road lighting, at first the Iranian standard was

released the last decade based on BS standard on the subject by the President Depute

Strategic Planning and Control and NRI as the consultant. Now this project is a main

revision in this standard because of the new technology of lighting and some loss in the

previous standard. In this way, the new standard in urban road lighting was studied and

the mentioned standard was edited by adding the technological, practical and

economical point to it.

Project Results:

Revision of the Iranian standard in urban road lighting named as:"General, Technical

and Practical Specification of Road Lighting", including:

Technical specification and instruction in planning, measurement and

implementation of urban road lighting systems

Technical specification and instruction in planning, measurement and

implementation of the specific places such as squares, rings and intersections

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Electric Power Systems Research Center 2010-2011

Technical specification and instruction to minimize the light pollution in urban road

lighting systems

Technical specification and instruction for luminary equipments

The standard for construction and test for lighting poles and installation them

The instruction for electrical supplying the lighting system.

The instruction of maintenance of urban road lighting systems

The instruction of measurement of lamp lighting parameters and the specification of

related devices.

Project Documentation:

- Power System Study Department, “Revision of Standard No. 195 Titled "General,

Technical and Practical Specification of Road Lighting" –, Electric Power System

Research Center, NRI, October.

12


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Introduction

Power Generation Research Center (PGRC) has three departments including:

- Mechanical Systems dep.

- Measurement and Control Systems dep.

- Operation Systems dep.

The main research fields of PGRC are:

- Design and manufacturing know-how of power plant equipment

- Optimization and simulation of power plant thermal cycles

- Fault diagnosis of power plant systems

- Technical and economic studies of power generation systems

- Design and rehabilitation of power plant monitoring systems

- Optimization of instrumentation and control systems

One of the main activities of PGRC in 2010 was to develop Efficiency Improvement Regulation

(EIR) of power plants with cooperation of Tavanir Company. PGRC as the secretariat of

Leading Committee of EIR constitutes of four working groups as follow:

- Efficiency measurement

- Efficiency improvement methods

- Infrastructures and executive regulations

- Training and applied seminars

In 2010, the following activities were done by EIR working groups:

- Holding the 2 nd seminar of Power plant efficiency improvement

- Development of five executing procedures for efficiency measurement of gas turbine,

steam and combined cycle power plants.

- Screening and cost estimation of implementation of efficiency improvement projects in

2010-2015

- Holding two training courses in fields of measurement and efficiency improvement

methods for gas turbine, steam and combined cycle power plants.

- Submitting proposals for improving regulations regarding efficiency improvement of

power plants.

- Design and starting the web site of EIR committee.

The active laboratories of PGRC are:

- Calibration Lab

- Vibration and Acoustic Lab

- Thermo hydraulic Lab

In 2010-2011, 6 projects were implemented by PGRC.

Power

Generation

15


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Modal testing of the second stage blades and disk in Rolls-

Royce turbine

Department: Power Plant Mechanical Systems Project Manager: A.Siami

Employer: MAPNA

Project Code: PMEMA01

Project Staff: M.Asayesh, A.H. Hamedanian, B. Khodabandeloo, K.Abasi

Project Summary:

Modal Test is one of the fundamental methods to validate the manufacturing process

and operation of structures or component in dynamic application.

In a modal test, dynamic parameters of a structure or mechanical component, i.e. natural

frequencies, damping ratios, and mode shapes, are determined. To obtain accurate

results from a modal test of a structure, different parameters, such as installation and

operation conditions and geometries of the structure should be considered. Modal

parameters could be obtained by experimental methods or numerical simulation.

The purpose of current project is to study applicability of replacing Nimonic 115

blades by Inconel 738 which would be conducted by comparing the natural frequencies

of the installed blades on disk in Rolls-Royce turbine. The project is in progress for the

former investigations of determining natural frequencies of the blade. In the former one,

only the blade was modeled and the effects of disk were neglected. While, in the current

project both the disk and blades are considered. In the first step natural frequencies of

blades and disk are determined by modal analysis. The results of the modal test are used

to modify the finite element model. In other words, using appropriate model updating

methods, the finite element model has been updated. Ansys software was used to

analyze of updated model. Finally, having the Campbell diagram of the blade and disk,

it is possible to determine applicability of changing blade's material and its effect on

dynamic behaviors.

16


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Power

Generation

Campbell Diagram - Inconel - T 700

2000

Natural Frequency (Hz)

1000

0

0 20 40 60 80 100 120

Rotating Speed (Hz)

Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4 Mode 5 Mode 6 Mode 7 Mode 8 Mode 9

Mode 10 Mode 11 Mode 12 Mode 13 0.5 N 1 N 2 N 3 N 4 N

5 N 6 N 7 N 8 N 9 N 10 29 N 58 N 71 N

Project Results:

Numerical analysis of vibratory behaviors of blades and disk.

Modal testing of blade and disk.

Updating the Finite element model of blade and disk using experimental results

Vibration analysis of the updated model of blade for two distinct materials

Obtaining the Campbell diagram in variety of operating conditions to investigating

the possibility of changing the material.

17


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Documentation:

- Power Plant Mechanical Systems Department; Report of “Literature Review, modal

analysis of blades and disk, model updating and modal parameters extraction”;

Power Generation Research Center; NRI; Code: PMEMA01/T01.

- Power Plant Mechanical Systems Department; Report of “Experimental modal

analysis of disk, blades and assembled system”; Power Generation Research Center;

NRI; Code: PMEMA01/T02.

- Power Plant Mechanical Systems Department; Report of “Final reports and

recommendation for studying the probability of material changes”; Power Generation

Research Center; NRI; Code: PMEMA01/T03.

18


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Future Technologies for Iran Power and Energy

Department: Power Plant Mechanical Systems Project Manager: Masoud Asayesh

Employer: Niroo Research Institute

Project Code: PGPN01

Project Staff: A.H. Hamedanian, Ali Hashemi, Farhad Khosravi

Power

Generation

Project Summary:

Trends of power generation and the necessity for developing new technologies due to

environmental and fuel restriction; lead the countries to do more research in developing

appropriate technologies.

Consolidation of NRI position in the field of research and providing supporting

documents for the roadmap of technologies, contribute to do research for technologies

identification.

Identification of required technologies in power and energy industries is the main

objective due to execution of this research project.

Required documents for defining of research projects are putting together as the result

in this study.

Project Results:

Identification of new technologies in the world

Developing a data base

Identification of appropriate technologies for country

Selecting the necessary technology for developing

Time schedule for each activity in power generation

Project Documentation:

- Power generation trend in the world, report 1,.Power Plant Mechanical Systems

Department, PGPN01/T01.

- Assessment the country position in each technology status, report 2, .Power Plant

Mechanical Systems Department, PGPN01/T01.

- Program to do research and development for appropriate technology in the NRI,

report 3.Power Plant Mechanical Systems Department, PGPN01/T01.

19


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Development of a preliminary training software for Mark 5

operation, and evaluation of operators included emergency

signal simulator for GE frame 9 gas turbine of Abadan power

plant

Department: Measurement & Control Department Project Manager: Edward Gharibian

Employer: Khoosestan Regional Electric Company Project Code: COPBO02

Project Staff: Mehdi Rahimi, Narges Sadeghzadeh, Ali Rezaie

Project Summary:

The main objective of this project was studying main components of gas turbine and its

control system in steady state conditions and development of a simulator for training

power plant operators, and also engineering studies of power plant. Some preliminary

studies, also has been carried out on Speedtronic mark5 control system of gas turbine

and its alarms for further developments in future. Control system has been studied in

cooperation with Abadan power plant operators and engineers, and includes turbine

speed, acceleration, temperature and load control procedures.

For steady state conditions, a thermodynamic model of gas turbine have been used,

which is based on mass and energy balance for different process inside gas turbine. A

zero dimensional model is employed for gas turbine. This model is relatively simply

and requires less data compared to higher order models. It is also appropriate for

designing control systems and training of operators, especially considering that

calculation time is relatively short it is appropriate for real time simulation.

The gas turbine model in this project is based on an industrial power generation single

shaft gas turbine, which includes one compressor, one turbine and combustor. The

principles used for development of model can be extended for other types of gas turbine

as well. The modeled unit is a GE Frame9 gas turbine. The dynamics employed in

model are time delay and unbalances in mass and energy flow in components of gas

turbine in transient conditions, which includes three main dynamic of gas turbine shaft

momentum, compression of gases, and heat absorption in components of gas turbine. To

validate the model real gas turbine data of Abadan power plant has been used.

20


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Power

Generation

Project Results:

Development of gas turbine thermodynamic model

Identifying gas turbine dynamics and development of dynamic model of GE Frame

9 gas turbine

Designing gas turbine control system for temperature, speed, acceleration and load

based on Speedtronic Mark 5 control system.

Development of user interface based on Mark5 system

Development of GE Frame 9 gas turbine simulator for steady state operation

21


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Documentation:

- Measurement and Control Dept, Literature survey and studying different modeling

tools, including Matlab/Simulink and Aspen+, Power Generation Research Center,

NRI.

- Measurement and Control Dept, Data collection and Modeling of Abadan gas

turbine+, Power Generation Research Center, NRI.

- Measurement and Control Dept, Mark 5 Control system designing and integration

the software+, Power Generation Research Center, NRI.

- Measurement and Control Dept, Studying Speedtronic Mark 5 software system and

designing user interface+, Power Generation Research Center, NRI.

- Measurement and Control Dept, GE Frame 9 gas turbine with Mark 5 controller

simulation software+, Power Generation Research Center, NRI.

22


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Presentation of the model and prototype plan of CO2

capturing for enhanced oil recovery from petroleum

reservoirs

Power

Generation

Department: Power plant operation systems

Employer: Khozestan Regional Electric Company

Project Staff: H. Abroshan, M.Rahimi, F Eskandari

Project Manager: Adnan Moradian

Project Code: COPBO03

Project Summary:

Thermal power plants in Iran use fossil fuels for power generation. Due to this, power

plants are one of major sources of CO2 emission. Considering greenhouse effect of

CO2, reduction of CO2 emission is an important topic among the new research subjects.

One of the methods for reducing CO2 emission is injection to petroleum reservoir. In

this way in addition to reducing CO2 emission, it would replace valuable natural gases

which are currently injected in these reservoirs. Among other power plants, Ramin

power plant has an excellent condition for this purpose. Thus it was selected as case

study and was reviewed to provide the model and prototype of the capturing system.

After investigating the background of CO2 injection to petroleum reservoirs in the

world, the amount of injected CO2 to the amount of enhanced oil recovery and the

effect of the gases associated with CO2 in enhanced oil recovery were investigated.

Technical and executive considerations of the plan implementation and their effects on

power plant operation were also considered in this project. Consumable fuel, analysis of

power plant flue gas at different intervals in a year, continuing of CO2 provision and the

selection of CO2 capture method were studied, considering technical and executive

considerations. In the final step of the project, determining the location of flue gas

23


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

capturing was determined, and specification of basic equipment of the process, required

amount of energy and materials for the capturing system were obtained. Then, the cost

of captured CO2 from Ramin power plant was estimated.

Project Results:

Investigating the background of CO2 injection to petroleum reservoirs for EOR in

the world

Investigating technical and executive considerations of the plan implementation and

their effects on Ramin power plant operation

Investigating the Consumable fuel and analysis of power plant flue gas at different

intervals in a year

Investigation and selection of CO2 capture method considering technical and

executive considerations

Identifying the location of flue gas capturing and determining the position of

capturing system installation.

Determining the specification of basic equipment of the process and amount of

required energy and materials

Techno-economic analysis of CO2 injection method to petroleum reservoirs from

Ramin power plant.

Project Documentation:

- “Investigating the background and technical consideration of CO2 capturing for

EOR” power plant operation studies dept.

- “Feasibility study of CO2 capture from Ramin power plant considering other

technical and executive requirements” power plant operation studies dept.

- “Techno-economic analysis of CO2 capturing from Ramin power plant for EOR

from petroleum reservoirs” power plant operation studies dept.

24


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Evaluation of increasing the efficiency of power plant units

affiliated with Hormozgan Regional Electric Company and

representing solutions

Power

Generation

Department: Power plant operation systems Project Manager: Hamid Abroshan

Employer: Hormozgan Regional Electric Company Project Code: COPBN01

Project Staff: M.E. Sarbandi Farahani, V. Khalaj-zadeh, S. Salary

Project Summary:

Increasing fossil fuel demand and its cost are unavoidable in the energy market.

Therefore, improving the efficiency of fuel burning equipments and optimization of fuel

consumption are two important topics in this market, reducing current restrictions in

fuel supply with lead to economical and environmental benefits. As one of the greatest

consumers of oil and gas fuels, thermal power plants could play an important role in

reducing the fossil fuel consumption. In the other hand, low efficiency of gas turbine

and steam power plants in Iran, doubles the necessity of attending this subject.

The goal of this project is finding all solutions for improving efficiency of power plant

units affiliated with Hormozgan Regional Electric Company. In this regard, present

operational data of two power generation units of Bandar Abbas power plant (unit 1 and

unit 4 as the worst and the best ones) was investigated and reasons of efficiency

degradation had been cleared and categorized by their influence intensities. Finally, all

the possible solutions to enhance the efficiency of this power plant was listed as some

research project captions to help Hormozgan Regional Electric Company focus on the

most important issues at their efficiency improvement programs.

25


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Categorizing efficiency improvement methods in steam power plants

Modeling Bandar-Abbas steam power plant based on as built and present

operational data

Analyzing the reasons of Bandar-Abbas efficiency degradation

Specifying the most reasonable projects to increase efficiency in Bandar-Abbas

power plant

Project Documentation:

- "Evaluation of increasing the efficiency of power plant units affiliated with

Hormozgan Regional Electric Company and representing solutions ", power plant

operation studies dept.

26


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Study the effects of inlet air cooling on performance of

combined cycle power plant in Yazd

Power

Generation

Department: Power plant operation systems Project Manager: Edward Gharibian

Employer: Yazd Regional Electric Company Project Code: ROPBY01

Project Staff: M. Rahimi Takami, S.Shahmansouri, N.Irani

Project Summary:

In various power generation cycles that used in Iran, combined cycles has higher

efficiency than other cycles,Therfore in recently years, more attention has been to this

type of power generation cycle and now it has significant contribution of electrical

power in Iran, but power generation of this cycle dependent to increase of ambient

temperature. One way for compensation of dropping of power generation is cooling of

inlet air to gas turbine in hot seasons. With cooling of air, density of air increased and

thus mass flow of gas turbine will be increased.

In addition, since exhaust gas turbine is main source of heat recovery steam generator in

combined cycle, so increasing of mass flow in gas turbine causes increasing of steam

generated with heat recovery steam generator.

Among the different inlet air cooling methods, fog system because of simplicity of its

execution and proportion to climatic conditions of Iran used in many power plant such

as combined cycle in Yazd.

Inlet air cooling systems used in several power plant units such as Montazer Ghaem,

Ghom and Shiraz, but proper study for determining the effect of inlet air cooling on

combined cycle not done.

The aim of this project is theoretical and practical study of inlet air cooling system on

gas turbine and combined cycle performance.

27


Power Generation Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Rate of effect of using inlet air cooling on combined cycle according theoretical

study

Rate of effect of using inlet air cooling on combined cycle according practical study

Rate of return according to power plant prices

Net presented value of executed project

Project Documentation:

- "Study of power plant performance records and simulation of power plant and

analysis of combined cycle with fog", power plant operation studies dept.

- “Performance test of combined cycle power plant in yazd and economical analysis of

using of fog system", power plant operation studies dept.

28


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Introduction

The Power Transmission & Distribution Research Center activities are carried out

within three departments:

- Transmission Line Towers

- Transmission Line and Substation

- High Voltage

The main fields of expertise covered by the center are as follows:

- Optimization of transmission lines towers

- Increasing resistance of transmission and distribution network installation against

earthquake

- Reliability of power transmission lines

- Design and producing of high voltage equipments

- Achieving the technical know-how of high voltage equipments

- Research and study in electromagnetic fields

- Transmission and sub transmission substations automation

- Compact substations and power lines in urban areas

- Loss reduction in distribution networks

- Achieving protection relays know-how

Also this research center enjoys the following laboratories:

1- Relay and Protection

2- Miniature Circuit Breaker

3- Salt Fog

4- High Voltage

5- Short Circuit

6- Overhead Line Structures (tower) Test Station

All laboratories and test station are ISO/IEC 17025:2005 certified by German institute

DAP thus their test reports have international credit.

In this year 8 research projects have been finished in this research center.

Transmission &

Distribution

31


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Preliminary Study and Selection of Shape, Material and

System of Load Limiter

Department: Structure

Project Manager: M.Mirmomeni

Employer: Niroo Research Institute (NRI) Project Code: PCVPN03

Project Staff: H.Pirmorad, A.rahnavard, M.Jafari,A.Darban

Project Summary:

The aim of this research project is to select the most appropriate type of load limiter for

400 KV transmission lines. The project identified a variety of load limiters made in

different countries to study their common characteristics and selected the most

appropriate type. The selection of load limiter is based on economic criteria and

availability of raw materials, ease of fabrication, etc…

In addition, the effectiveness of selected load limiter in transmission lines is studied by

elementary numerical analysis.

32


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Damages in the transmission lines due to unexpected environmental loads could be

prohibited by using load limiters.

Some of load limiters could be economically constructed by native tools and

materials in Iran.

The load limiters increase the reliability of existing transmission lines against

environmental conditions. On the other word, the effects of some unexpected loads

on towers (such as wire broken and cascading) are omitted due to installing load

limiter.

The load limiters can change the design process of transmission towers and decrease

the weight and cost of them. A case study carried out indicates the possibility of a

weight and cost reduction of suspension tower about 23 percent due to use of load

limiter.

Transmission &

Distribution

Project Documentation:

- Research Report of Project in the NRI.

33


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

An investigation on 230kV power transformers failures in

Anjirak transmission substation (Bakhtar Regional Electric

Company) and presenting applicable preventive solutions

Department: Transmission & Substation Project Manager: P.Khazaee

Employer: Bakhtar Regional Electric Company Project Code: PTQBB02

Project Staff: S.Farzalizadeh, M.Shariati, M.Gilvanejad, M.Ashouri, A.ghafarnejad

Project Summary:

Power transformers as one of the most expensive substation equipments are a major

contributor of the initial substation construction expenses. Power transformer failures

have many undesirable consequences, including high maintenance costs, reduced

network reliability, and increased undistributed energy losses. Since power transformer

failures in Anjirak transmission substation (Bakhtar Regional Electric Company) have

imposed a large amount of expenses to this utility, a study was conducted to determine

the cause or contributing factors in the accident. Considering that failures could have

occurred due to various factors, this project intended to identify the factor or factors

mentioned. In this project probable scenarios of transform failures have been carefully

studied and finally practical solutions to resolve the problem was presented.

34


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Reliability increasing through reduction of power transformer failures

Reduction of operation and maintenance expenses of transmission

substations.

Preventing similar failures in transmission substations

Providing proper operation and maintenance instructions for power

Transformers

Transmission &

Distribution

Project Documentation:

- Transmission & Substation Department, “An investigation on 230kV power

transformers failures in Anjirak transmission substation (Bakhtar Regional Electric

Company) and presenting applicable preventive solutions”, T&D research center.

35


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Technical assessment of Protection Relay & SAS system

providers

Department: Line & Substation group

Project Manager: F.Mansourbakht

Employer: TAVANIR

Project Code: CTQVA02

Project Staff: Atousa Sepehr, Maryam Vadiati, Mohammad Reza Shariati, Mohammad

Ashuori

Project Summary:

The aim of this project is to evaluate and identify the qualified suppliers of protection

and digital control equipment and to identify the well-known brands to provide a list of

reliable and high quality suppliers that meet the needs of power industry.

First of all, the suppliers and manufacturers of protective equipment and digital control

in high-voltage substation were identified and then according to products specifications

and standard conformity documents such as IEC 60255 and due to guidelines developed

by the technical evaluation, each supplier based on their range of providing equipment

and presented brands has been evaluated and rated separately and the results are

presented to the employer.

36


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

The final assessed list of protection relay & SAS system providers which

generated during the project activities, have informed to the applicant

(TAVANIR).

Providing and extracting the final list of domestics and overseas providers of

digital control equipment of high voltage substation

Assessing and rating of the known providers according to limits of their

submitted protection equipments or digital control and related brands and

according to the produced technical instruction

Transmission &

Distribution

Project Documentation:

- First sequence project report, Code NO.:CTQVA02/T1

- Final sequence project report, Code NO.:CTQVA02/TN

37


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Higher Supervision Distribution Network Loss Reduction

Project in"Falake Mokhaberat Orumieh"

Department: Transmission line & Substation Project Manager: S. Khayyamim

Employer: Tavanir

Project Code: CTQVA01

Project Staff: H. Ghadiri, M.Givanejad, M.Shariati

Project Summary:

As previously in "Electrification by LV Feeder Reduction and MV Feeder Expansion

with Loss Reduction Approach" project have been announced, there have been done

extensive and applied studies in designing distribution networks leading to a new

algorithm in optimal design and development of distribution networks. The project was

conducted in two distinct parts. In the first part, the optimal design of distribution

networks algorithm developed and simulated in three pilot regions named "Shahrake

Refahe Karaj", "Shahrake Shahid Beheshti Tehran" and "Falake Mokhaberat Orumieh"

with different geographic conditions and urban context. In the second part of the

project, optimal developing of electrical distribution system while maintaining existing

facilities discussed and after expanding the developed algorithms in the first section, the

algorithms in a pilot area (the area of Mokhaberat Sq. in Orumieh) have been

implemented.

According to the results obtained from the mentioned project and considering the

aforementioned esteemed employer's decision regarding implementation the results of

algorithm in the area of Mokhaberat Sq. in Orumieh, the loss reduction project in

Mokhaberat Sq. in Orumieh began. Due to the nature of the research project and its

implementation for the first time in the country and the importance of the results at the

national level, the Tavanir Company has decided that NRI higher supervise its

implementation in the form of higher supervision on distribution network loss reduction

project in "Mokhaberat Sq. Orumieh". The main purpose of the project is monitoring

the implementation process to ensure correct implementation in accordance with the

NRI proposal and cooperation with plan executor to resolve potential ambiguities in the

plan and also discussion and evaluation and making decisions regarding the problems

occurred during implementation process. In order to implementation and execution of

loss reduction plan in Mokhaberat Sq. in Orumieh, measuring energy loss of area before

and after the implementation has been a mandatory issue which has done in the

framework of this project.

Also, considering the valuable achievements of the project "Electrification by LV

Feeder Reduction and MV Feeder Expansion with Loss Reduction Approach", the

necessity of study the project in terms of using its outcomes which is distribution

network design optimization is with loss reduction approach was appeared from two

perspectives:

Producing a document from the whole process to achieving optimum loss reduction

plan with the management approach to assess the activities and evaluate the bottlenecks

and problems in doing it

38


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Statistical studies on the results for familiarity with structural features of sample

networks which design optimally with loss reduction approach.

These two viewpoints are done in the framework of "Higher supervision on distribution

network loss reduction project in Mokhaberat Sq. in Orumieh" project.

Transmission &

Distribution

Project Results:

Considering the supervisory nature of the project, detailed reports from all

stages of project including the following subjects have been prepared:

- Supervisory process for consulting contract

- Correspondence and meetings and activities processes conducted to respond

the uncertainties and explain the plan

- Implementation plan schedule study

- Studying operational documents and adapting implemented plan with the

proposed plan

- Studying about 20 kV T-Offs of the region

- Reports of visits

39


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

- Studying the proposed changes in project due to implementation problems

- Loss determination process of the pilot area citing Tavanir company

guidelines

In this project documentation is done from the entire process of reaching to

the optimum energy loss that can be used in similar projects. Meanwhile,

project problems and bottlenecks were assessed to be solved in similar

projects.

Studying the structure of the pilot area optimized network based on relevant

statistical data (including transformer capacity variation, feeding radius of

transformers, longitudinal density of feeder load, distance from the post

location to the center of load gravity and the ratio of low voltage network to

medium voltage network) in two modes, regardless of existing network and

regarding existing network, has been done to compare the possibility of

structural features designed to optimize networks with conventional networks.

Considering the documentations and significant results presented in this

project, we hope to be able to use the achievements of the project to prepare a

comprehensive guideline for designing distribution networks and thus promote

the design system of the country's distribution networks.

Project Documentation:

- Transmission and Substation Department; report on "Higher supervision on

distribution network loss reduction project in Mokhaberat Sq. in Orumieh",

Transmission & Distribution Research Centre; Niroo Research Institute.

40


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Research, design and manufacturing of a prototype

sectionalizer for 20kv distribution network

Department: High-Voltage

Employer: Niroo research institute

Project Staff: M.Firoozabadi, S.Abyazi

Project Manager: Roozbeh Behzadi

Project Code: PHVPN16

Transmission &

Distribution

Project Summary:

Sectionalizer has been developed for using on overhead distribution lines to improve

reliability and service continuity. It enhances the protection of the distribution system in

a simple, economical way which is free from maintenance and spares. Statistics

indicated that 70%-90% of fuse cutout operations are in response to transient faults. The

sectionalizer enables customers to better manage these types of transient faults. It is

designed to substitute a fuse cutout, ensuring effective isolation only in the event of

sustained fault. It remains unresponsive to transient faults. The sectionalizers are located

on the load side of the switching device (circuit breaker or recloser) that de-energize the

feeder. A counter in the sectionalizer keeps track of the number of de-energizations. At

a reset number of de-energizations, an opening of the sectionalizer is initiated. The

sectionalizers only operate when they are de-energized and thereby, they do not need to

break or make fault current. Before the automatic sectionalizing procedure is started, the

possibility of a transient overhead feeder fault is excluded by reclosing attempts. Then,

starting downstream, sectionalizers isolate feeder sections consecutively with

intermediate reclosing attempts. The faulted feeder section is isolated when a successful

reclosing occurs.

In this project, we designed and constructed the prototype samples of Electronic cut-out

type sectionalizers for 20KV overhead lines. Then, Samples passed Functional and

voltage and current tests.

41


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Reducing outages caused faults, especially due to otherwise cause

unnecessary expulsion fuse-links.

Reducing unnecessary ‘call transient faults.

Reducing the number of customers due to permanent faults.

decrease of costs

increase of total management of electric energy distribution

Increased network reliability with an overall reduction in cost

Project Documentation:

- 5 documentations at design and manufacturing procedure.

42


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Study about of arrester deletion plan for 20kV distribution

system of Yazd province residential area from the technical

and economical points of view

Department: High-Voltage

Project Manager: Afsoon Parhizgar

Employer: Niroo research institute

Project Code: PHTY01

Project Staff: M.Oskouee, A. Hoshmand khoy, M. Rezaei, S. Abyazi, GH.Kashi

Transmission &

Distribution

Project Summary:

Protection of distribution networks against lightning and internal over-voltages would

improve supply quality, network reliability and of course decrease the cost of damage

and deterioration of equipment.

Technical study of this project simulate the amount and magnitude of over voltages

especially due to switching the capacitive banks, reclosers, direct and indirect stroke of

lightning with related softwares. This project also studies the effect of buildings on

direct stroke on the distribution line in residential areas of Yazd. This study compares

the situation of the network exposed to these over voltages in presence and absence of

the surge arrester and analyzes the destructive effect of these over voltages on insulation

quality of distribution transformers and its subsequences.

Also, economical assessment of the project has performed considering factors such as

purchasing and installation cost, transformer maintenance cost, unwanted black out due

to arrester and transformers failures, cost of undistributed energy, and the cost of loss

imposed to industrial and residential consumers.

43


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Current and optimized design of distribution system based on technical

principals specified for geographical condition of Yazd province

design and select the correct specifications for arresters

Using especial devises such as disconnectors which can make it easy and fast

to find the damaged and failed arrester

Project Documentation:

- Principals of over-voltage protection and gathering Information related to MV

distribution system of Yazd province residential area

- Technical study of project: "study about of arrester deletion plan for MV

distribution system of Yazd province residential area from the technical and

economical point of view"

- Economical study of arrester deletion plan for MV distribution.

44


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Determination of mid life expectancy of different equipment

in coastal regions of Hormozgan utility network

Department: High-Voltage

Employer: Niroo research institute

Project Staff: A parhizgar, M.Oskouee

Project Manager: Majid Rezaei

Project Code: CHVBN03

Transmission &

Distribution

Project Summary:

Equipment aging is a fact of life in power systems although there may be different

causes of aging for different types of equipment. Aging can be caused by insulation

deterioration of electrical components (such as transformers and reactors), fatigue

damage of mechanical parts (such as generators and motors), or erosion of metal

structures (such as underground cable sheathing). Like human beings, any equipment

may experience its infancy, normal operation, and wear-out stages. As a piece of

equipment ages, it fails more frequently, needs longer times to repair, and eventually

reaches its end of life. The direct consequence of equipment aging is higher system risk

due to higher failure probability and possible system damage following the end-of-life

failure. Utilities normally carry out preventative overhauls and regular inspections.

Maintenance activities can, to some extent, extend the life of equipment but could be

very costly for equipment at their end-of-life stage. A compromise between

maintenance and replacement must be carefully considered.

According to DIN50019, the coastal districts of Persian Gulf are classified as extreme

hydrothermal climatic zone. Unusually high saturation vapor pressure up to 53mbar

observed in this zone, justify this marking, as such air humidity phenomena are unique

in the free atmosphere of the earth and are absolute extremes .intensive night falls of

dew, which can occur regularly for several months, and long periods of rainless and

sultry weather, worsening the situation for T & D system.

In recent decades a rapid development in electric utility networks in southern coastal

regions of Iran, beside of this special environment, causes some concerns for utility

managers for deprival evaluation of their assets. Electric utilities must manage a variety

of aging distribution assets that are critical to system reliability. They are also faced

with potentially huge costs when they need to replace these assets with maintain

reliability. Making intelligent decisions about asset maintenance and replacement first

requires that utilities have accurate information about the failure patterns of these assets

over time.

In current situation due to lack of data and effective analytical tools and processes, a

general same formula is applied for life time assessment of distribution line equipment

in different regions of country.

Therefore in this project the main goal of researchers was defined to find the best way

for asset management in such a harsh environment.

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Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

In this project regarding to the special environment features of region, failure

analysis, laboratory and field testing, operational histories and maintenance

cost of network the asset management of different equipment in comparison to

the regions with temperate area were done.

Project Documentation:

- Effects of different environmental parameters on electric utility operation.

- Determination of mid life expectancy of different equipment in coastal regions

of Hormozgan utility network based on failure analysis, maintenance strategy

and laboratory testing.

46


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Department: High-Voltage

Ceramic-polymeric (hybrid) insulators

Employer: Niroo Research Institute - Taban

Niroo Co.

Project Staff: -

Project Manager: Davood Mohhamadi

Project Code: PHVPN17

Transmission &

Distribution

Project Summary:

Diversity of production methods and short-term scientific experiment of the use of

polymeric insulators with mechanical considerations, make clear that polymer - ceramic

insulators that is combination of new generation and old generation are having good

insulation properties and excellent performance in contaminated conditions (due to

hydrophobic properties of polymers), All ceramic insulators advantages (good

mechanical properties and long life) are also present. Also considering that

approximately 70 percent of materials of polymeric insulators are imported from

abroad, share of expensive imported raw materials in the structure of this insulator type

reached 40 percent and ceramic parts are completely replaced by the composite rods. In

addition to the replacement of a significant reduction in insulator cost, mechanical

strength and confidence in its performance of certain environmental conditions will

increase.

After research and prototype manufacturing stages, semi-industrial production of this

product has been launched in the Taban Niroo Company and the production line of the

company was established in the early 2009.Now this company can produce about 120

pcs. of these insulators on two daily shifts that has the potential nearly three times the

amount that reaches the market if needed, marketing is done by the manufacturing

company with installing any samples in the different provinces of the country, also

participating in internal and external exhibitions. This product is produced for a limited

number due to its demand first step and hope it develops with the increase in request

amount will be greater.

Project Results:

Due to the low level mechanical strength of polymeric line post insulators,

hybrid insulators have a high level mechanical strength like ceramic usual

insulators as used from late

Material aging of polymeric insulator is the reason for strength dropping of

polymeric insulators but this matter can't change the properties of hybrid

insulators even for a long time

In hybrid insulators production, metal fitting presses is not used so,

production sensitivity is very low respect to the other every insulators like

composite insulators

47


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

Cost reduction of hybrid insulator according to reduce the percentage of

imported expensive materials and to be easy the production processes is about

60 to 70 percent to comparison polymeric insulators with same mechanical

and electrical specification

Ceramic-polymeric insulators design due to protected surfaces(which surfaces

are protected from contamination) for use in areas with heavy and ultra heavy

pollution are appropriate

Because the method of molding type are designed for hybrid insulators, the

die separation lines on the way of creepage distance is deleted so, this matter

is caused very low of leakage current on the insulators housing surfaces and

pollution creating on paths in this direction will not be happen ever

Because the specific and new profile design for housing of this insulator, the

creepage distance is obtained is very much, and this insulator has been

suitable for use in heavy pollution areas with specific voltage stress over 31

mm/KV

For connecting the housing part over the ceramic core, it is used excellent and

durability adhesive materials. Used materials in addition to the high

mechanical strength, good insulation and electrical specification have a anti

aging and anti UV properties

Main Characteristics:

Technical specifications:

A. Mechanical specifications:

Approximate weight: 5.5Kg

Mechanical strength: 10KN

B. Electrical specifications:

Creepage distance: 790mm

Arcing distance: 245mm

Rated voltage: 20-33KV

Dry power frequency withstand voltage: 135KV

Wet power frequency withstand voltage: 70KV

Lightning impulse withstand voltage: 175KV

Puncture withstand voltage: >200KV

C. Environmental specifications:

Relative environment humidity: -40 to 50 Centigrade degree

Environment operating temperature: 0 to 100 Percent

48


Transmission & Distribution Research Center 2010-2011

D. Functional specifications:

environmental conditions :light to heavy environmental

conditions based on standard classification in CIGRE

Standard : according to IEC 61952(2008) and IEC

62217(2005)

Tests: all the tests is carried out according to

IEC60383(1994),IEC 61952(2008) and IEC 62217(2005)

Transmission &

Distribution

E. General specifications:

Model: polymeric-ceramic(hybrid)

How to install: with M20 pitch over crossarm

Body materials: it made from tree part: ceramic,

polymer(silicone) and metal

Application/Performance/Use

- High voltage distribution lines

- High voltage substation

49


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Introduction

Energy & Environment Research Center is focused on solving the energy and

environmental challenges relevant to Electric Power Industry in its research departments

consisting of:

- Energy and Load Management

- Renewable Energy

- Environment Protection

- Energy Management & Economics

The main research fields followed in this research center are:

- Load management and energy saving

- Energy planning

- Energy Management systems

- Investigation on renewable energy conversion systems

- Design of pollution control systems in power plants as well as emission monitoring

- Waste management and utilization in power plants

- Reuse and recycling of waste waters in power plants

- Power market and deregulation

- Strategic planning and management

This research center is equipped with air and physical pollution laboratory accredited by

DAP under the terms of ISO/IEC 17025:2005 and delivers considerable services to the

electric power industry and other industries.

11 research projects have been finished in this research center during 2010-2011.

Regarding high importance of renewable energies and national project for design of a 2

MW wind turbine, "wind turbine technology center" became an independent center

from renewable energies department in this research center.

Energy &

Environment

53


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Increasing of Energy Carriers Prices in Iran Regarding

Worldwide Experiences

Department: Electricity management and Economics Project Manager: M.Ranjbar

Employer: Yazd Regional Electricity Company Project Code: CMABY 02

Project Staff: A.Jafari, M.Farhadkhani, S.Rostami

Project Summary:

One of the most important issues in the field of energy that the policy makers should

always pay attention to is the subject of setting the tariff for the energy carriers. The

importance of this issue is better understood when we realize that setting an appropriate

tariff for the energy carriers can improve the consumption pattern and on the other hand,

setting an inappropriate tariff may cause negative social and economical impacts. It has

adverse effects on the lower classes of society or even decreases the productivity of

different industries. Thus before changing the energy carrier tariff it’s important to

evaluate the impacts it may have on domestic, agricultural and industrial consumers.

For this purpose, the study should be carried out in the other countries regarding the

effects of the change in the energy tariff on social and economical situation.

Increasing the energy carrier tariff in different countries has different and sometimes

even conflicting consequences. The difference in results is due to the difference in the

way that tariff rise has been implemented, the different social and economical structures

of different countries and different structures of their industries. Therefore by

comparative study of the energy industry structure and the social and economical

structures of Iran with those other countries, a procedure for implementing the rise in

energy carriers tariff can be developed.

The consequences of the change in energy tariffs can be studied from three different

points of view: the effects of the increased prices on the industry, the effects on the

domestic consumer and the overall effect on the whole society.

The effect of increasing the energy carrier tariff on industrial products depends on the

importance of the energy in the production cycle, the ability of the industries to replace

their main energy source and also their ability to transmit the effect of this prices rise to

their consumers. The effects of these three factors on different industries in different

countries vary based on their differences in production structure and industrial activities.

For domestic consumers, the effect of increasing the energy carriers tariff can differ

based on the share of the energy cost in the household budget and the possibility of

replacing the energy source with another. The loss in the welfare of the household due

to the increased prices depends on various elements such as the increased demand for

energy in the bazaar, the share of the energy costs in the household budget and the price

fluctuations.

From the overall effects that the change in the energy pricing policy can have on

different areas of macro economy, the increase in products’ prices and inflation can be

mentioned. Thus, based on the experiences, different possible scenarios after the change

in the tariffs can be developed and effective measures and solutions in each of the

scenarios can be identified and the proper plan for each scenario can be determined.

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Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Studying the magnitude and impacts of energy Subsidies.

Studying design and reforming energy subsidies

Review of some studies relating to subsidies oriented experience in some countries.

Studding experience of Malaysia, Indonesia, Ghana and Turkey in energy price

increase.

Review of studies relating to energy subsidies in Iran & some other countries.

Review of overall position of Iran in terms of energy Prices and energy subsidies

according to the latest data available.

Review of economics section and energy Macroeconomic indicators of Iran.

Summarize and present data about the social and economic consequences of

increasing prices of energy carriers with interaction and interviews with industry

experts.

Comparison of energy consumption of industries in Iran and some other countries.

Study specific energy consumption of some industries of Iran and some other

countries.

Introduction to Input-Output table Method.

Estimation of the effects and consequences of price adjustment of energy carriers

on other economic sector and the consumer price Index.

Energy &

Environment

Project Documentation:

- Electricity management and Economics Department; Report of “Study of the planned

preparations for the energy carriers’ price increases in different countries” Energy

and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Electricity management and Economics Department; Report of “Summary and

presentation of the economic and social consequences of increasing energy carriers’

prices in Iran by interacting and interviewing the industry experts” Energy and

Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Electricity management and Economics Department; Report of “Data collection and

study of the existing domestic documents about the consequences of an increase in

energy carriers’ prices” Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Electricity management and Economics Department; Report of “Comparison of the

energy consumption of Iranian industries and some other countries” Energy and

Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Electricity management and Economics Department; Report of “Assessment of the

inflationary effects of energy carriers’ price increases by using the Input-Output

table” Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

55


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Strategic R&D Planning in Fars Regional Electricity

Company

Department: Electricity Management & Economics Project Manager: E. Ahmadi Gharacheh

Employer: Fars Regional Electricity Company

(FREC)

Project Code: CMABF01

Project Staff: M.R. Aghamohammadi, GH. Abuzar, M. Rafie , F. Teymuri

Project Summary:

Research and Development have a significant role in technology-based industries such

as electricity industry. Therefore, R&D planning is effective in electricity utilities'

achievement. Having fast development pace, electricity industry moved toward

deregulation and evolution of electricity market in the most countries. Then

determination of utility's future strategies in future industry structure seems to be vital.

Hence R&D strategic planning has a specific importance in the position of electricity

utilities in the industry.

As mentioned above, and according to the decision of FREC's senior executives to

determine research plan of the company according to its strategies, R&D strategic

planning project was defined and outsourced to "Electricity Management & Economy"

Department of Energy and Environment research center of Niroo Research Institute.

The aim of this project is to determine research roadmap of FREC, applying scientific

methodology. In this way, the prioritized projects of the company are derived from

FREC strategies and Iran electricity R&D strategies, and then they are prioritized. Final

output of the project is annual portfolio of FREC R&D projects in electricity

transmission and dispatching, socio-economical & ICT, and generation aspects for five

years horizon.

56


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Energy &

Environment

Project Results:

Study various R&D strategic planning methodologies and developing the suitable

methodology for the project.

Defining the FREC R&D programs and projects expert's committees.

Filling R&D proposal forms of final R&D projects.

Defining suitable criteria to evaluate R&D projects.

Scrutinize different priority methods to prioritize R&D projects.

Defining the annual FREC R&D portfolio

Developing FREC five-year R&D Program Roadmap in Electricity Transmission,

Socio-Economical & ICT, and Generation fields.

Project Documentation:

- Electricity Management and Economics Unit; “Methodology development, upstream

documents and organizational scrutiny of FREC” Report; Energy and Environment

Department; NRI.

- Electricity Management and Economics Unit; “FREC R&D Strategic Planning”

Report; Energy and Environment Department; NRI.

57


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Providing Energy Performance Label for Non-Residential

Building (Offices)

Department: Energy & Load Management

Project Manager: F. Bagheri

Employer: Tavanir , IEEO

Project Code: JENEE04

Project Staff: V.Mokarizadeh, Sh. Zehtabian, R. Jahanbakhshi, M. Mehrafzoon

Project Summary:

Provision of standards and Labeling for any group of energy consumers, including

building, is one of the important technique for managing energy consumption to reduce

environmental pollutions through at the world. In order to efficient of energy use in

office buildings and regarding the program of specifying energy consumption criteria in

this sector, this project has been ordered to Energy and Load Management Department.

At the beginning, labeling and minimum energy efficiency performance programs in

buildings of other countries, particularly developed ones, was investigated. In order to

energy analysis in office buildings and also calculation of energy consumption index, an

energy simulator software tool was developed. Furthermore, due to strong influences of

climatic conditions on energy consumption in buildings, all of the available climatic

divisions of Iran, were investigated and the division with five regions was selected.

Accordingly, energy efficiency indices have been provided for each of the regions,

distinctively.

In this way, five sample societies of office buildings were constituted and simulated

with mentioned tool, from energy analysis point of view. Afterwards, more than 10

energy efficient buildings, called as "Reference Buildings", for each climatic region

were defined and also simulated by using the software tool.

At final step as result of this project, the energy performance label for office buildings

in both present and future–constructed building was presented. Moreover, in order to

guide the building owners for improving the performance level of the buildings, a

comprehensive analysis on energy conservation opportunities was considered.

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Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Energy &

Environment

Project Results:

Provision of energy performance labeling for office buildings of 5 climatic regions

of Iran.

Appraisal of the energy conservation opportunities for office buildings of Iran.

Prediction about the effectiveness of labeling program for office building of Iran.

Project Documentation:

- Energy and Load Management Department: Report of “Investigating the Energy

Performance Labeling Programs in Developed Countries and Reviewing the Climatic

Divisions of Iran”; Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Simulation of the Sample

Society Buildings as well as Reference Buildings”; Energy and Environment

Research Center; NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Investigation of the Energy

Consumption Index and Provision of the Energy Performance Label for Office

Buildings”; Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Final Report for Provision of

Energy Consumption Criteria and Energy Performance Label for Non-Residential

Building (Offices)”; Energy and Environment Research; NRI.

59


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Strategic R&D Planning in Sistan & Baluchestan Regional

Electric Company

Department: Electricity Economics & Management

Employer: Sistan & Baluchestan Regional

Electricity Company

Project Manager: M.khanjari

Project Code: CMABC01

Project Staff: M.khanjari: , Dr.Nuri Zade, Dr.Dashty, Dr. Rafiai, A.Sohrabi

Project Summary:

Nowadays, various studies in the fields of Science & Technology policies, economic

development, Management of Technology, R&D management and other related areas,

have proved that the firms which have designated more amount of their budgets to

R&D and know-how production, have experienced higher growth in mid and long term.

It’s obvious that R&D activities would not lead to economic development unless there

is accordant, conscious and directed policies and planning in the country and corporate

level.

In this relation, Sistan & Baluchestan Regional Electric Company requested to proceed

the project entitled” R&D Strategic Planning in Sistan & Baluchestan Regional Electric

Company”.

Project Results:

Determining research priorities in the main fields of “Generation , Transmission ,

Dispatching & Telecommunication and Management “ in Sistan & Baluchestan

Regional Electric Company

Preparing Operational planning of Sistan & Baluchestan Regional Electric

Company.

Project Documentation:

- Economics & Management Department, “Developing a Pre-design Model for R&D

Strategic Planning in Sistan & Baluchestan Regional Electric Company”, Energy &

Environment. Research center, NRI.

- Economics & Management Research Group – Report, “ Studding the current

situation of Sistan & Baluchestan regional electric company” - Energy &

Environment. Dep.

- Economics & Management Research Group – Report, “Determination the

satisfactional criteria of key stakeholders in Sistan & Baluchestan regional electric

company” - Energy & Environment. Dep.

60


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

- Economics & Management Research Group – Report, “Determination & selection

The critical success factor in Sistan & Baluchestan regional electric company” -

Energy & Environment. Dep.

- Economics & Management Research Group – Report, “Determination and

Definition The New Title of Projects and R&D program related to them in Sistan &

Baluchestan regional electric company”-Energy & Environment Dep.

Energy &

Environment

61


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Feasibility Study of Combined Production of Heat and Power

(CHP) in Iran Industries and Providing its Development Plan

Department: Energy & Load Management

Project Manager: M. Zamaninejad

Employer: Iranian Fuel Conservation Company

(IFCO)

Project Code: JENFC01

Project Staff: V. Mokarizadeh, Z. Salimian, Sh. Mansoori

Project Summary:

Combined production of heat and power is the prominent technology to improve energy

efficiency in supply side. Since it decreases consumed energy amounts, it would be able

to reduce energy intensity in industrial activities. In this way and for presenting a

comprehensive plan to systematically employing CHP in our industry, this investigation

has been carried out by Energy and Load Management Department.

At first, a list of capable industries for employing co-generation technology was

presented on the basis of production processes recognition of different industries and

experiences in developed countries. However, giving a priority plane to employ CHP

technology in Iranian industries depends on many technical and economical parametrs

which should be taken in into consideration in this investigation.

In the next step, we need to know details of energy consumption patterns as well as

industrial processes of each dominant activity, particularly energy intensive ones. In this

way, a sample industrial unit was chosen to gather energy consumption patterns,

processes details and utilities information based on both technical and statistical criteria

throughout questionnaires.

According to gathered data, a techno-economical analysis was performed for combined

heat and power systems application in these industries. Using mentioned studies,

effective indices were determined which categorized in four groups, a) Power and heat

consumption patterns indices, b) Technical indices, c) Economical indices, d)

Environmental indices.

At last, Industrial sectors were prioritised to CHP technology emloyement by Multi

Criteria Multi Decision (MCDM) technic on the basis of generated indices.

Finally, a comprehensive plan to systematically employing CHP in the susceptible

industrial activities was presented.

62


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Representation of the technical-economical characteristic of CHP technologies

Developing criteria and techno-economical documentary methods for CHP

practicability evaluation in industrial sectors

Prioritization of capable industries to employing CHP technologies

Recognition of effective indices on CHP development in industrial sectors

Presentation of a comprehensive plan to employing CHP in the susceptible sectors

Project Documentation:

- Load and Energy Management Department; Report of "Literature survey on CHP

technologies and its application background in Iran and developed countries ";

Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Load and Energy Management Department; Report of " Data gathering of power

generator systems with capacity more than 500 kW and study about recoverable heat

potential for CHP "; Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Load and Energy Management Department; Report "CHP Potential in Industries

Investigation "; Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Load and Energy Management Department; Report "Determination of effective

indices on Employment strategy of CHP and presenting comprehensive plan Using it

in industrial sectors "; Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

Energy &

Environment

63


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Simulation, Design and Manufacturing of an Ice on Coil Ice

Storage Tank

Department: Energy and Load Management Project Manager: Sh. Mansouri

Employer: Tavanir Co.

Project Code: CENVT04

Project Staff: V.Mokarizadeh, F.bagheri, Sh.Zehtabian, M.Zamaninejad, A.Joukar,

M.A.Sabooni, M.A..Ghalami, Gh.A.Hajisoltani, M.Ghafari,M.Tahmasebi

Project Summary:

In order to Localize Thermal Energy Storage (TES) system in our country and also to

achieve designing and manufacturing of ice storage tank, (IST) this project has been

carried out in Energy and Load Management Department. At first, after literature review

of TES, Technical specifications of tank, as well as potential ability of manufacturers

were investigated, and then a software package was developed to perform thermohydro-dynamically

analysis of IST. The developed software results were verified by

Fluent software which showed good agreement with it.

According to extracted thermo–hydro-dynamically results, the detail design of IST

obtained by ANSYS software and technical specification presented. The IST was

manufactured under NRI supervision in a well–experienced workshop. After primary

tests such as leakage, galvanization . . . the IST was transferred to test rig location. The

performance test was done according to ARI-900 test procedure. At final step,

economical analysis was done to show how manufacturing IST is beneficiary.

64


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Development of thermo – hydro- dynamically analyses software package.

Gaining designing and manufacturing knowledge of IST

Manufacturing an IST pilot Plant.

Economical analyses of IST Manufacturing in Our country.

Project Documentation:

- Renewable Energy Department, “Study of solar desalination technologies”, Energy

& Environment Research Center, NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department: Report of “Literature survey of TES”;

Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Technical specification

survey of TES”; Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Thermo –hydro-dynamically

Modeling of TES”; Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Thermo-dynamical

simulation of TGS”; Energy and Environment Research; NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Detail Designed of 647 KWh

Ice storage Tank structure”; Energy and Environment Research.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Appointenal a manufactured

Ice storage Tank”; Energy and Environment Research; NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Performance Test of

manufactured Ice storage Tank”; Energy and Environment Research; NRI.

- Energy and Load Management Department; Report of “Economical Analyses of

Manufacturing Ice storage Tank in our Country”; Energy and Environment Research;

NRI.

Energy &

Environment

65


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Updating of Techno Economical Comparison Software of

Absorption and Vapor Compression Central Cooling Systems

Department: Energy and Load

Management

Project Manager: Sh. Mansouri

Employer: EDSM-Tavanir Co.

Project Code: CENVT02

Project Staff: V.Mokarizadeh, Sh.Zehtabian Z. Salimian, M.Zamaninejad

Project Summary:

To investigate and compare central cooling systems from technical economical and

environmental points of view aimed at energy saving and load management in

residential, commercial and public sectors, the second edition of SAMA BAHA

software tool was provided.

The first edition of "SARMA BAHA" was developed in 2006 with sponsorship of

TAVANIR Company. So, in this project, The new types and models chillers such as

Screw and Scroll types were added to Database, Also databases of capital costs and

O&M prices of systems, price of energy carriers and their forecasts until system life

cycle was updated. Finally, the executable software package, called “SARMA BAHA

ver. 2” was presented.

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Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Updating technical specification of absorption & Vapor compression central cooling

system in database of software.

Updating energy carriers prices in database of software.

Providing second edition of “SARMA BAHA” to compare techno-economical

different type central cooling systems.

Project Documentation:

- Energy and Load Management Department: Report of “Updating of Techno –

Economical Comparison Software of Absorption and Vapor compression central

cooling systems and providing second Edition of “SARMA BAH”; Energy and

Environment Research Center; NRI; June 2010.

Energy &

Environment

67


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Design and Construction of Continuous Emission Monitoring

System for Power Plant flue gas

Department: Environment Protection

Project Manager: S. Nazari

Employer: Niroo Research Institute

Project Code: PEVPV05

Project Staff: A. Sohrabi, S.Davari, M.Alaei, S.Mahmoodi A.Kokabpeyk

Project Summary:

Considering the trend toward increasing fuel cost and energy in recent decades,

combustion control of the systems in order to decrease fuel consumption is quite

important. Therefore study of continuous monitoring of stack flue gas is considerable

from the following points of view:

Control and optimization in combustion process as well as fuel consumption and

environmental aspects. In this regards, a project entitled "Design and Construction of

Continuous Emission Monitoring System for Power Plants" was proposed by

Environmental Protection Department of Niroo Research Institute. According to

investigation around the system, extractive continuous emission monitoring was

selected. The main components of this system consist of sampling system, preparation

system, calibration and measurement system as well as electronic processing and data

acquisition.

Optical measuring system is purchased from well-known international companies. The

software of electronic processing system and data acquisition is provided with

cooperation of Electronic Department of Niroo Research Institute. In this system, gases

including CO2, CO, NO and SO2 are measured by NDIR method and oxygen is

measured by electrochemical method. Concentration of stack gas in terms of ppm and

mg/m3 and g/sec will be available. The installation and commissioning of the system

has been done in Rey gas turbine power plant. The continuous emission monitoring

system is equipped with hardware and software facilities as following:

1 - Hardware facilities:

- Hardware-based industrial computer.

- Communication capability with analyzer through two RS232 serial ports.

- Persistent memory data storage capacity for at least one month.

- Automatic calibration in different time periods.

- Monitoring by the time sharing system.

2 - Software facilities:

- Data exchange with Analyzer.

- Display options, computing and control.

- Allowable configuration and accessibility.

- Data storage system.

68


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Energy &

Environment

Project Results:

Obtaining technical design and construction of Continuous Emission Monitoring

Systems.

Combustion process control and pollution produced by power plants and other

industries, according to the results of this project.

Easy operation and maintenance of Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems.

Technical & economical studies for parabolic trough and PV solar power plants

construction at the selected regions in Iran

Technical & economical studies for constructing wind power plants at the selected

regions in Iran

Technical & economical studies for constructing biomass (biogas, incineration &

digestion) power plants at the selected regions in Iran

69


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Documentation:

- Environment Protection Department; Report of “Investigation of the methods,

measurement standards, quality control and sampling systems in the Continuous

Emission Monitoring Systems as well as introducing of the systems can be installed

in the power plants”; Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Environment Protection Department; Report of “Introducing of the Continuous

Emission Monitoring Systems and analyzer systems made by international

manufacturers as well as estimation of the system cost and comparing the price of

constructed system with selected monitoring systems”; Energy and Environment

Research Center; NRI.

- Environment Protection Department; Report of “Introducing of the equipment for

constructing of the extractive monitoring system and investigation of the analyzer

outputs as well as determining the specification of electronic systems and the

physical conditions of installation the system”; Energy and Environment Research

Center; NRI.

- Environment Protection Department; Report of “Design and Implementation of the

hardware and the software in the Continuous Emission monitoring system”; Energy

and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Environment Protection Department; Report of “Design and writing of the software

processing the measurement data and reporting the results and the measurement

conditions as well as introducing the written reporting software (CEM Reporter)”;

Energy and Environment Research Center; NRI.

- Environment Protection Department; Report of “Installation and operation of the

constructed Continuous Emission Monitoring system in Rey gas turbine power plant

as well as Implementation of the quality control tests”; Energy and Environment

Research Center; NRI.

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Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Feasibility Study of Implementation Modern Spacecraft

Power Technologies in Iran

Department: Renewable Energy

Employer: Space Industry Department of SA

Iran

Project Staff: -

Project Summary:

Project Manager: S.M Ladjevardi

Project Code: CNESI01

During recent decades, Iran has done many efforts to develop the space technologies

which one of the main achievements is to rank 9 th among countries with technology to

launch satellite into earth orbit. In this regard, present project was implemented by

Niroo Research Institute.

In this project, power systems have been studied both from static and dynamic

perspective and then advantages, applications and disadvantages of these two methods

were compared. This resulted in better performance of static technologies due to

stability, noise and control criteria. In addition, design and implementation of these

systems is much simpler than dynamic systems. On the other hand, dynamic systems are

capable of producing high amount of electricity. Therefore in space missions which

reguire high amount of electricity, applying dynamic systems leads to more preferences.

At the next stage, power generation technologies have been categorized according to

main components such as heat supply and heat-electricity converter systems.

Furthermore, with regard to parameters such as technical and economical considerations

and existing technology gap in the country, these technologies have been ranked. Then

according to statistic data published by different countries about consuming budgets for

space activities, minimum funding budget requirement has been determined for the

country. Finally, by considering priorities of these methods, minimum research funding

budget required for each method were identified.

Energy &

Environment

71


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Investigation of different methods of producing electrical power in space

Evaluation of each method applicability in space missions

Conducting technical and economic feasibility studies of fabrication each power

equipments in the country

Project Documentation:

- Renewable Energy Department, “Feasibility Study of Implementation Modern

Spacecraft Power Technologies in Iran”, Energy & Environment Research Center,

NRI.

72


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Determination of Guaranteed Purchased Price Tariff of

Electricity Produced by Renewable Energy Resources in Iran

Department: Renewable Energy

Project Manager: Arash Haghparast

Employer: SUNA

Project Code: CNENE12

Project Staff: Sorayya Rostami, Maryam Mohammadi, H.R. Lari

Project Summary:

At technical part of the project, the local main manufactures of renewable power plant

equipments were specified. Then the trend of renewable power plants installation on the

world was assessed. At the next step, the status of renewable energy using in selected

countries and related problems were studied. Then technical specifications of

renewable power plants in Iran have been evaluated. Afterward, design, installation and

operation parameters of these systems were studied and major technical and economical

parameters of renewable power plants with high influence on economical analysis have

been described.

At financial and economical stage, the methods of financial supplying specially for

power generation projects and related problems were studied and then optimum method

was recommended for renewable power plants financial supplying of Iran. Afterward

financial model used for tariff calculation has been described. At section of generated

power tariffs by renewable systems, the related analysis calculated by Comfar software,

has been presented for each of different renewable energy sources. Also sensitivity

analysis has been carried out for different scenarios based on investment, exchange rate

and internal rate of return. Afterward recommended purchase prices of generated power

by various renewable power plants were presented and compared with the related tariff

of some another countries. Finally environmental and social benefits of renewable

power plants versus to other conventional power plants were presented.

Energy &

Environment

73


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Determination of technical parameters related to renewable power plants

Determination of financial supplying methods specially for renewable power

generation projects in Iran

Economical study in order to determine the purchased price tariff of electricity

produced by renewable energy resources in Iran

Project Documentation:

- Renewable Energy Department, “Technical Study of Purchased Price Tariff of

Electricity Produced by Renewable Energy Resources in Iran”, Energy &

Environment Research Center, NRI.

- Renewable Energy Department, “Financial and Economical Study of Purchased

Price Tariff of Electricity Produced by Renewable Energy Resources in Iran”,

Energy & Environment Research Center, NRI.

74


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Consulting Services of Solar Portion of Yazd Solar Thermal

Power Plant

Department: Renewable Energy

Project Manager: H.R. Lari

Employer: Monenco Iran

Project Code: CNEMO01

Project Staff: Arash Haghparast, Pejman Saleh Izad-Khast

Project Summary:

In the first stage of the project, the related documents and reports prepared by Fitchner

Co., was reviewed. Then the situation of local construction of solar parabolic trough

power plant elements was evaluated. At the next stage, conditions of international

credits that may be received by Fitchner Co. including GEF grants and also greenhouse

gases trade were assessed.

Finally the analysis of solar energy potential at Yazd solar power plant was carried out

based on recorded data. In this way, solar data have been compared with meteorological

organization data (for Yazd city) and NRI solar model. In this section, various

parameters have been calculated to obtain the global, diffused, direct and normal direct

solar irradiations for the mentioned region.

Energy &

Environment

75


Energy & Environment Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Analysis of reports prepared by international consultant

Feasibility study of local construction of solar parabolic trough power plant

elements

Evaluation of international credits by Fitchner Co.

Analysis of Solar radiation recorded in power plant site

Project Documentation:

- Renewable Energy Department, “Introduction of Solar Parabolic Power Plants and

Recognition of Main Part Manufactures of these Power Plants”, Energy &

Environment Research Center, NRI.

- Renewable Energy Department, “Feasibility Study of Local Construction of Solar

Parabolic Trough Power Plant Elements”, Energy & Environment Research Center,

NRI.

- Renewable Energy Department, “Evaluation of International Credits Receiving by

Fitchner Co. in order to Solar Power Plant Construction in Iran”, Energy &

Environment Research Center, NRI.

- Renewable Energy Department, “Analysis of Solar Radiation Recorded in Power

Plant Site”, Energy & Environment Research Center, NRI.

76


Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Introduction

Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research Center of the NRI consists of 4

research departments:

- Electronics, Control and Instrumentation

- Dispatching & Telemetry

- Communication Systems

- Computer systems

The main fields of activity in this research center are as follows:

- Design and implementation of the systems and devices in its specialized fields for the

power industry and the provision of those technical knowledge to the private sector

for the purpose of mass production

- Provision of technical specifications for software and hardware products required in

communication and dispatching systems as well as the presentation of planning for

the distribution and the transmission automation systems

- Provision of the software products in specialized field

- Provision of the highly specialized technical consultation services in the fields of

communication and dispatching

In connection with the above, 7 projects have been completed in 2010-2011.

Power Systems

Control &

Dispatching

79


Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Design and Implementing of Valve Thermo-Regulator (VTR)

with temperature sensor and step control

Department: Electronics, Control & Instrumentation

Project Managers: Babak

Amini , mohamad Ali Mirzaei

Employer: Khuzestan Utilities

Project Code: JCNBO02

Project Staff: Mahmood Takabi, Fatemeh Ashrafi, Maryam Amirabadi, Ramin Nazemi,

Mohamad Ali Mohamadi ,Nader Hoseini , Saeed Golkhani , Hasan Koozeh gar

Project Summary:

Heating is one of the important problems in the high power electrical machines like;

industrial motors and power station generators. If the produced heat doesn't discharge in

a way, many problems will be caused for winding of these machines.

These problems can lead to partial-discharge in generators and motors bars. This

phenomenon ultimately leads to connection the body and the machine to be out of

service.

Regarding to this issue, an especial cooling system is designated based on water or oil

circulation in order to protect these vulnerable important devices against being extraheated.

Cooling system in such high power generators or motors is extensively

important so that this system is an avoidable part of plant designation process and is

considered comprehensively. The fundamental and principle of cooling system is

approximately the same.

Main Fluid flow is heated because of circulation in different parts of the generator in a

closed cycle. Then it transfers its heat in vicinity of other fluid. Secondary fluid which is

going to out of the Turbine Haul will cool by Outdoor cooling systems such as Fin Fan

cooling for re-heat transferring of Main Fluid.

The amount of each fluid flow is regulated by the three- gate valve. This means, the

incremental trend of temperature resulted in valve gate opening and vice versa. The

descending trend of temperature is going on to the set point so as to stabilize and limit

the temperature fluctuation between predefined death-band. This process is handled

with VTR in the GE based system.

The system design with all the elegance that has been observed has a major fault.

Part of this system with an Accordion container is broken and worn out over time and

are set out.

Problem mentioned has improved in the new system by GE but because of the

sanctions, relevant knowledge is not transferred to the country and this issue has

encountered the colleagues of power plant with serious problems.

In order to solve this problem, the project design and construction of electronic systems

based on temperature measurements is proposed which has a similar efficiency. The

product was built and installed in Abadan gas power unit and it was replaced of

mechanical of available valve.

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Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

If temperature increased, the system would generate positive signal and move the gate

upwards and when temperature decreases the gate goes downwards. Movement stops at

the set point.

Electronic VTR System of Niroo Research Institute

(It is installed at unit one in Abadan power plant)

Power Systems

Control &

Dispatching

Project Results:

Increasing the reliability of the DC supply network in the power plants

Relying on local knowledge to produce Peripheral Equipments for control valves

and control systems related to the valve

Take advantage of the project results in other similar plants

Possible updating of product features offered entirely because of internal design

Project Documentation:

- Electronic, Control and Instrumentation department, Initial studies and System

Identification, power system control & dispatching research center, NRI.

- Electronic, Control and Instrumentation department, Design of electronic circuits and

software of VTR control system, power system control & dispatching research

center, NRI.

- Electronic, Control and Instrumentation department, Implementation of VTR system,

power system control & dispatching research center, NRI.

- Electronic, Control and Instrumentation department, Testing and installation at

power plant, power system control & dispatching research center, NRI.

- Electronic, Control and Instrumentation department, User Manual, power system

control & dispatching research center, NRI.

- Electronic, Control and Instrumentation department, Final Report of VTR Project,

power system control & dispatching research center, NRI.

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Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Implementation of resistive SFCL with 200 meter wire and its

instrument for measuring TC and IC of the superconductive

wire

Department: Electronics, Control & Instrumentation Project Manager: Morteza Mozafari

Employer: None Metal Department

Project Code: PCNCP02

Project Staff: Amir Hosain JahaniKia, Saeed Golkhani, Hassan Koozegar

Project Summary:

SFCLs are systems that are used to decrease the fault current in power network and thus

protecting the equipments in power network. FCLS have different kinds that the super

conductor is one of them. Kind has some advantages in comparison time the others

close which are this in and capability of suitable limitation and also very low electrical

losses.

The resistive SFCLs are very useful sort of super conductor limiters which have been

produced and used commercially in European countries.

According to experiments the SFCL with 200m wire has been produced.

The fabrication of protection and control systems, bifilar wire winding and also the

electrical connection has been accomplished in NRI.

The produced SFCL has been tested in NRI short circuit lab in low voltage with 1000A

current.

The results have shown satisfactory performance of mentioned SFCL.

The implemented SFCL has ability to approximately limit the fault current to 20% with

very short recovery time.

This work is a horizon to utilize superconductivity technology for implementing

technology fault current limiters, in different ranges of voltages.

According to importance of amount of critical current (IC) and critical temperature (TC)

of the superconducting wire, we design and fabricate a system for measuring these

parameters.

This system consists of three parts:

1- Main control, processing unit and its software.

2- Current injection units.

3- LN2 container and its clamps for temperature measurement and current injection

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Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Measuring

System

Cryostat

200m bifilar

superconductor wire

winding

Vacuum

pump

Test set up of applying fault current to network circuit which has SFCL with 200 meter superconductive

wire

Project Results:

Design and fabrication of SFCL with 200meter bifilar superconducting winding and

it’s monitoring and protection system.

Design and implementation of lab set-up for 1000A fault current

Recording of fault current test results for the superconductive wire

Power Systems

Control &

Dispatching

Design and fabrication of critical current and temperature measurement system

Project Documentation:

- Electronic, Control and Instrumentation department, Design and fabrication of

superconductive fault current limiter with 200meter wire, power system control &

dispatching research center, NRI.

- Electronic, Control and Instrumentation department, Design and fabrication of

critical current and temperature measurement system for superconductor wire, power

system control & dispatching research center, NRI.

83


Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Design and manufacturing of monitoring and control unit of

continuous emission measurement system of power plant flue

gases

Department: Electronics, Control and Instrumentation

Employer: Environment Department

Project Staff: Saeid Mahmoodi, Hassan Koozegar

Project Summary:

Project Manager: Mahsa Alaei

Project Code: PCNEV01

The objective of this project is to design and implement the monitoring and controlling

unit of the continuous emission measurement system of Power plant flue gases. The unit

should read data of the concentration of flue gases by exchanging data with gas

analyzers. Then it should save and store them in database in order to be utilized by

reporting software, to show measured data, for periodical calibration and controlling

related valves, to read temperature, pressure and flow sensors installed in stack. It also

should take over the measurement system thoroughly. With regard to monitoring unit

duties, hardware architecture was implemented based upon using industrial PC-based

system and I/O card. Using industrial hardware would result in high Reliability in

industrial places, developing future systems easily, and reducing cost of design and

manufacturing noticeably. This project has been fulfilled with the collaboration of

control, electronic, instrumentation groups and environment group. The following

picture illustrates the block diagram of measurement system and shows the position of

the monitoring unit in the whole system.

Block diagram of measurement system and shows the position of the monitoring unit in the whole system

84


Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Power Systems

Control &

Dispatching

Inside the cabin of CEM system Installed in the plant

Project Results:

Design and manufacturing of monitoring and control unit of continuous emission

measurement system of power plant flue gases

Installation of the continuous emission monitoring system in a plant

Project Documentation:

- Electronic, Control and Instrumentation department, Design and manufacturing of

monitoring and control unit of continuous emission measurement system of Power

plant flue gases , Control and measurement, power system control & dispatching

research center, NRI.

85


Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Consultancy and Supervisory of Installation and

Commissioning of West Regional Dispatching Center

Department: Dispatching & Telemetry

Project Manager: Amir Tavakkoli

Employer: Gharb Regional Electric Co.

Project Code: PDIBR03

Project Staff: H. Hojabri, S. Mahmoodi, M. Moradi, Sh.Mohamadi

Project Summary:

Installation and commissioning of West Regional Dispatching Center (WRDC) started

in 2004 and completed in 2009 at West Regional Electric Company. Modje Niroo

Company (MNC) is the contractor and Niroo Research Institute is the consultant of the

project. The Site Acceptance Tests of the project fulfilled last year and the project has

been delivered temporarily and the complete delivery of the project was done this year.

West Regional Dispatching Center (WRDC) contains a control center in Kermanshah at

West Regional Electric Company and 46 Remote Terminal Units (RTU) that installed at

power substations of Kermanshah, Kordestan and Eilam. Substations that are

monitored and controlled via the system are 230/63 and 63/20 Kv.

The system’s Control Center provides PSI SCADA software that monitors and controls

power substations. The software uses IEC 60870-5-101 standard protocol to

communicate to the substations’ RTUs. Display the overview of the power network of

Kermanshah, Kordestan, and Eilam, Display the single line diagram of the substations,

display the alarm and event lists, archiving and report generation is the prominent

features of the system.

The following information of the substations is monitored via the system:

The status of the digital points including single point (e.g. substation alarms) and double

points (e.g. switches)

The value of the analogue measured points (e.g. lines and buses’ voltages, 20Kv

feeders’ currents, lines and transformers’ MW and MVar )

The energy counted values (e.g. lines and transformers’ MWh)

The control center of WRDC

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Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

The Site Acceptance Tests of the project have been fulfilled last year and the project

has been delivered temporarily and the complete delivery of the project was done this

year.

Power Systems

Control &

Dispatching

87


Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Design and Implementation of Direct Load Control

Subsystem in Intelligent Grid

Department: Computer Systems

Project Manager: N Zamanzadeh

Employer: Research Center NRI

Project Code: PCOPN20

Project Staff: A.Zamanifar, S.SeyedFarshi, L.Zafari, M.Bagherpour

Project Summary:

Providing stable generation, transmission, and distribution networks is one of the ideals

of power industry. Advances in Information Technology and Communication Networks

have provided opportunities to enhance power network's abilities.

Intelligent grid has emerged as a result of integration of power and communication

networks. Intelligent grid predicts network's problems and addresses them, providing

customers with high quality and reliable power.

One of the main subsystems in intelligent grid is Direct Load Control. To implement the

load control system generally a contract is made between utility and customer giving

utility the necessary permissions and access limits to control the customer's load if

required in peak times.

The most important tasks to be performed by the utility for direct load control are: to

select the loads to be controlled, the consumer portal and relevant hardware, to define

load reduction scenarios, to provide local area network and to choose related protocols

in customer's side. In addition, implementation of the software for selecting from the

registered customers and scenarios and sending requests for load control is very

important in the power utility's side.

For implementing this system, one of the buildings of NRI has been selected as a pilot

and BMS system and an OPC server (as a consumer portal) have been installed in the

building. Scenarios used to power off the chiller and/or to reduce its usage.

Also, a web based application has been designed and implemented which features

customer registration, selection of time period, sending load reduction command,

selecting customers, calculating the power reduced after load control and providing

management reports.

Project Results:

Investigating various load models

Investigating different load reduction algorithms

Installation of AMR system for customers

Installation of building management system

Installation of consumer portal at customer side

Establishing communication link between customers and utility using internet

Determining controllable loads and remote control of chillers' usage and power

Establishing local area network using modbus and BACnet protocols.

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Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Design and implementation of a software for online registration of customers, load

prediction, load management, selecting customers with the best scenarios, sending

load reduction request, calculating load reduction, and providing various reports

Project Documentation:

- Computer Systems Department, “Installation of BMS in a Pilot Building in NRI”

Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Selecting Building Management System and

Controllable loads for a Pilot Building” Report, Power Systems Control and

Dispatching Research Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Determining and Running Consumer Portal and

Establishing Communication links between Customers and Utility” Report, Power

Systems Control and Dispatching Research Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Considering Samples of Implemented Direct Load

Reduction in the World” Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research

Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Considering Load Models and Selecting

Appropriate Load Model for Load Reduction Programs” Report, Power Systems

Control and Dispatching Research Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Considering Load Prediction Program in

Distribution Network and Determining Software Specification of Load Prediction in

Intelligent Grid” Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research Center,

NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Searching Smart Algorithms for Load Reduction

and Their Requirements and Selecting Appropriate Algorithm” Report, Power

Systems Control and Dispatching Research Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Analyzing and Designing of Software for

Requiring or not Requiring Load Reduction by the use of Mathematical Load

Model” Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Analyzing and Designing of Software for

Requiring or not Requiring Load Reduction by the Use of Curve Load Model”

Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Analyzing and Designing Load Reduction

Management System” Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research

Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Implementation of Software for Requiring or not

Requiring Load Reduction” Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching

Research Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “User Manual of Customers Load Management

Software” Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Implementation and Test of Load Reduction

Management System” Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research

Center, NRI

- Computer Systems Department, “Listing Buildings and Calculating Thermal

Resistance of a Building” Report, Power Systems Control and Dispatching Research

Center, NRI

Power Systems

Control &

Dispatching

89


Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Technical consultation to providing bidding documents to

assign the utilization right of the distribution power network

(220 Volt) in north-west of Tehran (Beihaghi Region) to

investors, for data transmission through it in a fixed period of

time

Department: Communication

Project Manager: Dolat Jamshidi

Employer: Tehran Regional Electric Company Project Code: PCMBT03

Project Staff: Yashar Hesami afshar, Sied Sadegh Motaghian, Mehran Farazmand, Amir

Geranmayeh, Reza Hasan Zadeh, Behrouz Daneshkhah, Azadeh Jafari

Project Summary:

Regarding the ever increasing spread of Internet and IT applications, the goal is to

provide Internet connection and high data rate transmission in all parts of the cities and

villages in a country. Therefore, Selection of the appropriate communication medium is

of the utmost importance and the following parameters should be considered:

- Costs to deploy and extend the communication network.

- Simplicity in communication network extension.

- Coverage of the communication network.

- Available bit rate offered to each user.

Recently, a new communication medium in addition to telephone, optical fiber and

radio links is introduced which uses power lines to transfer high-rate data and have its

own advantages and drawbacks. This technology is called BPL (Broadband Powerline

Communication). One of the most important benefits of BPL is that it uses power lines

provided by utilities, as communication medium and therefore there is no need to

deploy new cables. Moreover power lines are available at remote and deserted places.

Considering to vast BPL utilization around the world, Tehran Regional Electric

Company decided to study the technical, economical and legal feasibility of BPL

deployment in Beihaghi region in Tehran. In the case of positive outcome, the bidding

documents to assign the utilization right of this part of distribution power network to

investors would be provided.

Project Results:

Survey and identification of high-rate data transmission technology using power

lines

(BPL technology).

Identification of standards related to BPL technology.

Primary recognition of the selected region's (Beihaghi) conditions and determining

the feasibility of the BPL project in this region.

Presenting the final design to connect 20kV substations to Internet source and

investigating the ministry of ICT services in this regard.

Identification of the required equipment especially modems in the access (LV) and

distribution (MV) networks to BPL implementation.

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Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Presenting the final proposal for the connection between MV/LV substations to

customers and also to optical fiber backbone and their coexistence.

Economical feasibility study to offer high data rate services through power lines.

Project Documentation:

- Control and network management department– Communication research group-

Report codes: PCMBT03/T1, PCMBT03/T2 and PCMBT03/T3.

Power Systems

Control &

Dispatching

91


Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Baseband Modem for SEM400 Radio Modem

Department: Communication

producer: Sazgan Ertebat Company

Project Summary:

Today's, power distribution companies are pursuing systems of the distribution

automation, for the sake of increasing efficiency, producing reliable power and

decreasing the costs of the maintenance and use. It is obvious that reaching to the

mentioned aims is not practical without using reliable and fast communication

networks. In comparison, radio links from the perspective of cost, and simplicity of

installation and use is better than other ways of communications. According to large

benefits and applications of radio systems for transforming data, a prototype of UHF

radio modem designed and produced as a research project in Niroo research institute

(NRI) and after performing preliminary tests, its know-how transferred to a private

company (Sazgan Ertebat). This radio modem consists of two parts, base band part and

RF(Radio Frequency) part, which together passed all standard tests and at present is

produced by Sazegan-Ertebat company as SEM400 model.

Due to technologic changes and three weak points of the baseband block of this radio

modem including of: Obsolete component, High bandwidth consumption at data rate of

9600bps and low processing power for more complex tasks (in order to adding new

feature to system and putting modem in a widespread network), improvement in this

part is required. So new project of design and implementation base band modem for

SEM400 radio modem is started at NRI in 2009. Xilinx FPGA chip (Spartan 3 family),

as a strong digital processor, has been applied in this baseband modem hardware. Also

AVR microcontroller has been used to control the system.

Modulator, channel coder, interleaver and scrambler blocks have been implemented on

the TX part of baseband modem. Match filter and clock synchronization blocks have

been simulated and implemented in the RX part of baseband modem. A demodulator

filter has been performed in order to data detection so that an adaptive linear equalizer

filter that calculates their taps, real time, to recovery channel distortion has been

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Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

simulated and implemented. Finally detector, descrambler, deinterleaver and channel

decoder blocks have been implemented.

Technical specifications:


Error recognition and correction coding: BCH channel encode/decoder.

Interleaver and scrambler type: Bit Scrambler, Block Interleaver .





Radio link’s bit rate: 9600bps at 12.5kHz bandwidth.

DTE link via RS-232 port in asynchronous with tunable bit rate in 9.6-38.4 Kbps.

System parameters are adjustable by software via DTE connection port.

Simple installation, operation and application.




Data Transmission with 9600 bps symbol rate through radio channel at 12.5kHz

bandwidth.

Recognition of input data protocol (Transparent, DNP3, …) capability.

Modulation type: GMSK-FM.

Power Systems

Control &

Dispatching








Comply with ETS 300-113 standard.

Data format: Asynchronous, serial and packet type.

Operation mode : Half Duplex

Repeater operation capability

Received signal strength indicator (RSSI) capability.

System temperature range: -15ºC ~ +55ºC.

Power supply voltage: 10.8VDC ~ 15.6 VDC.

Note that other specifications of final product are similar to SEM-400 Radio Modem.

Project Results:

Design and implementation of base band modem with 9600 bps symbol rate through

radio channel with 12.5kHz bandwidth using general purpose processor and with

enough process space to append future further features.

Project Documentation:

- Communication research group, final report of “Design and Implementation of a

New Baseband Modem for SEM400 Radio Modem”, NRI, document code:

JCMPN01/E, February 2011.

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Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center 2010-2011

94


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Introduction

Chemistry & Materials Research Center (CMRC) has three departments as follows:

- Chemistry & Process

- Metallurgy

- Ceramic & Polymer

The research fields of CMRC are:

- Development of manufacturing technology of metallic and non-metallic (ceramic,

polymer, composite, concrete) parts and equipments used in power industry

- Development of manufacturing technology of raw materials (chemicals, metallic and

non-metallic) used in power industry

- Developing and modifying operation, repair, maintenance and rejuvenification

methods of equipments used in electric power generation, transmission and

distribution systems

- Life assessment of power industry equipments (boiler, steam turbine, gas turbine,

concrete structure, conductor, transformer)

- Manufacturing methods of advanced materials (e.g. superconductor, amorphous,

semiconductor, magnetic, piezzoelectric, electronic & nano-materials)

- Properties and formulation of consumables including fuels, industrial oils, chemicals,

paints & coatings, insulating oils

- Prevention of corrosion in power industry equipments

- Methods of water treatment and chemical cleaning in power plants

- High temperature coatings for gas turbine hot path components

- Life assessment of MCrALY coatings using non-destructive methods

The laboratories of CMRC are as follows:

1. Fuel and oil laboratory

2. Steam, water and instrumental analysis

3. Paint and coating

4. Mechanical properties

5. Metallography

6. Corrosion

7. Ceramic and polymer

8. Wire and cable

9. Microbiology

10. Fuel Gas

11. "yaragalalt"

Chemistry &

Materials

Fuel & oil, steam & water, paint & coating and metallurgy laboratories have

ISO/IEC 17025:2005 and ISIRI certificates. The steam, water and instrumental analysis

laboratory has also DOE certificate.

10 research projects were completed in this research center in 2010-2011.

97


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Failure Analysis of Applied Paint & Coating Systems in

MASJED SOLEYMAN Power Plant Components and

Preparing an Instruction for Prevention of Paint Failures

Department: Chemistry & Process

Project Manager: M.Ghadimi

Employer: Niroo Research Institute

Project Code: PPCPN05

Project Staff: A. Ahmadi, A.zahiri, A.Afrashte, F.Jonalivand., N.chaliavi

Project Summary:

Hydro power plants equipments which are in contact with water or wet air are subject to

corrosion more than other power industry equipments. Therefore protective coatings are

used extensively for preventing corrosion in these plants.

However the applied coatings are destroyed gradually and repainting is performed to

control corrosion. Unfortunately in a lot of cases, the lifetime of coating is shorter than

predicted one. Repainting is time consuming and costly and causes the unit to be out of

service. Therefore paint failure root cause verification can prevent repeat of problem

and increase overhaul intervals.

In this project, the physical evidence and data regarding deteriorated paints in Masjed

Soleyman Power plant were gathered and then failure of paint and coating system in

SPIRAL CASE were analyzed and practical methods for preventing paint deterioration

were proposed

Project Results:

Data gathering regarding paint and coating systems utilized on sensitive and critical

equipments in Masjed Soleyman power plant.

Studying painting records of sensitive and critical equipments in Masjed Soleyman

power plant and preparing inspection data sheet for painted surfaces.

Determination of analytical methods and related standards for failure analysis of

paint and coating systems using Optical Microscopy, IR spectroscopy, gas

chromatography, Ion Chromatography and Scanning Electron Microscopy.

Analysis of Spiral Case coating failure in Masjed Soleyman power plant and

prepare failure analysis procedure

Proposing practical methods for prevention of paint failures in Masjed Soleyman

power plant

98


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Documentation:

- Chemistry & Process Department, report stage 1, Chemistry & Material Research

Center; NRI.

- Chemistry & Process Department, report stage 2, Chemistry & Material Research

Center; NRI.

- Chemistry & Process Department, report stage 3, Chemistry & Material Research

Center; NRI.

- Chemistry & Process Department, report stage 4, Chemistry & Material Research

Center; NRI.

Chemistry &

Materials

99


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Study of power Generators Condition Monitoring (GCM)

System, Design of Offline System and its Application in a

Power Plant

Department: Chemistry & process

Project Manager: S. Dalirian Sarabi

Employer: Niroo Research Institute

Project Code: PMTBY02

Project Staff: S.A. Ahmadi, A. Hajimohamadi, M. Nikoo, S. Mohamadi, R. Alizadeh

Project Summary:

Today, different monitoring systems are installed in power plants. The aim of using

these systems is to achieve early-alarms for defects which may occur in the near future.

Power plant generator condition monitoring via cooling gas analysis is one of the

common methods which has not been utilized until now in Iran.

When a defect in a generator causes insulator overheat, thermal decomposition will

produce a large quantity of submicron particles which circulate along with the cooling

gas. These particulates can be detected and characterized and then the type of damaged

insulator can be identified.

In this project, insulating structure of power plant generators and their condition

monitoring by chemical analysis of cooling gas were studied. Then, Iran power plant

generators were investigated and their operation problems were classified. In the next

step, because of the lack of reference data for overheat products of insulating and

coating materials, an instrument named "Pyrolyzer" was designed and developed. This

instrument can simulate the local overheat and hot spots phenomena in generator

insulators. The pyrolysis products of insulators and coatings were chemically analyzed

by GC-MS and then, data bank of overheat products of insulator and coating of air

cooled and hydrogen cooled generators was developed.

Finally, a cooling gas sampling system was installed in Shahid Rajaee Combined Cycle

Unit No. 2 generator wall and the proposed method was examined experimentally for

six months.

Line hard wares are important components in power transmission systems. These are

made of steel, cast iron and aluminum alloys in different shapes. Since power

transmission lines are designed for a relatively long operation time, high quality

components with suitable performance are needed.

According to technical reports, some hard ware is failed during operation. To prevent

future failure, a project entitled “Preparing specification and testing procedure for

clamps and hard ware to reduce failure frequency” is being performed in Metallurgy

Research Department. In this project various tests were performed on standard hard

ware to determine their specifications including dimensional plans, mechanical

properties, and electrical properties and galvanized coating specification. Also various

tests such as fractography, metallography, hardness, dimensional control, and electrical

tests were performed on some of destroyed hard ware to determine the failure root

causes in hard ware parts.

100


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Results:

Gathering and documentation of information regarding important defects in 10

power plant generator insulating systems in Iran and their costs.

Design and development of Pyrolyzer to study generator insulator resistance against

overheat and hot spot phenomena.

Producing reference data for overheat products of air cooled and hydrogen cooled

generators insulators.

Off-line condition monitoring of Shahid Rajaee gas turbo generator unit insulator.

Proposing the on-line condition monitoring procedure for generator insulators.

Project Documentation:

- Report stage 1: study of methods and criteria of power plant generator cooling gas

condition monitoring.

- Report stage 2: Classification of Iran's power plant generators considering the need

for condition monitoring.

- Report stage 3: Design of generator cooling gas sampling system and

characterization of gas impurities by chemical analysis.

- Report stage 4: Design and development of Pyrolyzer and chemical analysis of

insulator pyrolysis products.

- Report stage 5: Manufacturing and installation of cooling gas sampler on a power

plant generator, and chemical analysis of cooling gas samples.

Chemistry &

Materials

101


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Specifying Quality Control Criteria for Repaired Liner and

Transition Piece of 123MW Gas Turbines

Department: Metallurgy

Project Manager: M.Rayatpour

Employer: Niroo Research Institute Project Code: PMTBY01

Project Staff: MR.Jahangiri,A.Sadeghi, A.Saba

Project Summary:

Gas turbines have vital role in power generation. The most important parts of these

turbines are hot gas path components which are subject to very high thermal and

mechanical stresses and aggressive environments during operation.

These parts are damaged by several mechanisms and are routinely inspected, repaired

and replaced. In order to increase the quality of repairing procedure and enhance their

lifetime, a project entitled "specifying quality control criteria for repaired Liner and

Transition Piece of 123MW gas turbines" was performed by Metallurgy Department.

In this project, quality control criteria for repairing procedure of 123MW gas turbine

combustion liner and transition piece and their acceptance limits were determined. The

criteria include the dimensional requirements, metallurgical properties, mechanical

properties, micro-structural requirements and also manufacturing defects acceptance

limits for the components and their coatings.

Project Results:

Developing the Quality Control Criterions for Repaired Liner and Transition Piece

of 123MW Gas Turbines.

Project Documentation:

- Metallurgy Department, “Study of Damage Mechanisms of liner and Transition

Piece in 123MW Gas Turbines”, Chemistry & Materials Research Center, NRI.

- Metallurgy Department, “Assessing the repair methods of liner and Transition Piece

of 123MW Gas Turbines”, Chemistry & Materials Research Center, NRI.

- Metallurgy Department, “Preparing the Quality Control Procedure for Repaired

Liner and Transition Piece of 123MW Gas Turbines", Chemistry & Materials

Research Center, NRI.

102


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Determining Quality Criteria for Repaired Bearing of 123

MW Gas Turbines

Department: Metallurgy

Project Manager: Mohsen Mehdizadeh

Employer: Yazd Electric Power Generation

Management Co.

Project Code: PMTTY01

Project Staff: Ali Akbar Fallah and Behrouz Rezaei Anvar

Project Summary:

Bearings are the critical components in gas turbine. Normally, the damaged bearings are

repaired. The repairing process can significantly influence the bearing performance.

Therefore, it is necessary to perform some quality control inspections to ascertain if the

proper repairing is carried out. In this project, the quality control methods for the

repaired 123 MW gas turbine bearings are presented which are mainly divided into two

categories including on-process and post-process methods. Chemical composition

checking and repairing process stages evaluations are performed during repairing

process while dimensional check, penetrate testing and ultrasonic testing are done after

repairing process. In this project various tests were performed on repaired and damaged

bearings. Based on the obtained results and available standards, the quality criteria of

the gas turbine thrust and journal bearings were determined and the quality control

procedure and test sheets were presented. The test sheets include the acceptance criteria

for bearing tests.

Chemistry &

Materials

Project Results:

In process and post process quality control criteria and procedures for the repaired

123 MW gas turbine bearings were determined.

Project Documentation:

- Study of the damage mechanisms and root causes in 123 MW gas turbine bearings,

Chemical and Materials Eng. Department, Niroo Research Institute.

- Study and evaluation of 123 MW gas turbine bearings repairing methods, Chemical

and Materials Eng. Department, Niroo Research Institute.

- Quality control criteria and procedures for the repaired 123 MW gas turbine

bearings, Chemical and Materials Eng. Department, Niroo Research Institute.

103


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Remaining Life Assessment of 143MW Gas Turbines

Components in Gilan power plant

Department: Metallurgy

Project Manager: Mohsen Mehdizadeh

Employer: Gilan Electric Power Generation

Management Co.

Project Code: PMTBG02

Project Staff: Masumeh Rayatpour, Mohammad Akbari Garekani and Behroz Rezaei Anvar

Project Summary:

Various damage mechanisms such as creep, fatigue and corrosion can affect gas turbine

components during operation. These damages will reduce the components life. On the

other hand, sudden and catastrophic failures will result in heavy repair costs and forced

outages. Therefore it is necessary to know the metallurgical condition and remaining

life of the components. Life estimation technology can be used to determine the

condition and remaining life of the components. The life assessment process has also

benefits by preventing catastrophic failures, forced outages of units and progression of

damages. The life assessment results can be useful in planning of power plants repair

and supplying spare parts.

In this project remaining life assessment were performed on the following components

of 143MW gas turbines with more than 100000 equivalent operating hours.

- Turbine discs, inner casing, mixing chamber and rotor of 143MW units.

Project Results:

Condition assessment and residual life estimation of components in 143MW units of

Gilan power plant and recommending solutions for optimized operation.

Project Documentation:

- Metallurgy Department, “Condition assessment and residual life estimation of gas

turbine components in Gilan power plant”, Chemistry & Materials Research Center,

NRI.

104


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Feasibility Study of Using Thermal Barrier Coatings on Gas

Turbine Blades and Vanes and Preparing Quality Control

Procedure

Department: Metallurgy

Employer: Tehran Regional Electric Company

Project Staff: A.A.Fallah, M. Bozorgnejad, S. Parsa

Project Manager: M.R. Jahangiri

Project Code: PMTBT07

Project Summary:

The use of thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) has resulted in a significant improvement in

the efficiency of gas turbines and hot gas path components lifetimes. TBCs had been

used on combustion liners in the past, but with their advancement, they can now be used

in coating of vanes and blades. Temperature differences across the coating as much as

150°C can be achieved by using TBCs and hence. The life of substrate can be increased

to a large extent.

The main purpose of this project is to study the feasibility of using TBCs on blades and

vanes of various kinds of gas turbines in Rey power plant and preparing their quality

control procedures.

Chemistry &

Materials

Project Results:

Feasibility study of using thermal barrier coatings for various types of gas turbine

blades&vanes in Rey power plant

Study of the failure mechanisms of thermal barrier coatings

Preparing quality control procedure for thermal barrier coatings on gas turbine

blades&vanes

Project Documentation:

- Metallurgy Department; “Feasibility Study of Using Thermal Barrier Coatings on

Gas Turbine Blades and Vanes and Preparing Quality Control Procedure”; Chemistry

& Materials Research Center; Niroo Research Institute.

105


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Specifying Quality Control Criteria for Repaired Blades and

Vanes 123MW and 159MW Gas Turbines

Department: Metallurgy

Employer: Tavanir-Niroo Research Institute

Project Manager: H. Kazempour liasi

Project Code: PMTVT09

Project Staff: A.A. Fallah,D. Safaian , S.M. Mirhossini, A. Aattaie, A. Mahkhtomi

Project Summary:

Gas turbines have vital role in power generation. The most important parts of these

turbines are hot gas path components (e.g. blades, vanes, liners,…)which are subjected

to very high thermal and mechanical stresses and aggressive environment during

operation.

Gas turbine blades and vanes are damaged by several mechanisms and are routinely

inspected, repaired and replaced. In order to increase the quality of repaired

components, for enhancing their lifetime, a project entitled "Specifying Quality Control

Criteria for Repaired blades and vanes of 123MW and 159MW Gas Turbines" was

performed by Metallurgy Department.

In this project specification of repaired blades and vanes of 123MW and 159MW gas

turbine were determined. The specification includes the dimensional requirements,

metallurgical and mechanical properties, micro-structural and coating specification and

acceptance limits for defects in repaired components.

Project Results:

Developing quality control Criterions for Repaired blades and vanes of 123MW and

159MW Gas Turbines

Project Documentation:

- Metallurgy Department, “Study of Damage Mechanisms in blades and vanes of

123MW and 159MW Gas Turbines”, Chemistry & Materials Research Center, NRI.

- Metallurgy Department, “Study and Assess of the repair methods used in blades and

vanes of 123MW and 159MW Gas Turbines”, Chemistry & Materials Research

Center, NRI.

- Metallurgy Department, "Preparing the Procedure and criteria for Controlling the

quality of Repaired blades and vanes of 123MW and 159MW Gas Turbines ",

Chemistry & Materials Research Center, NRI.

106


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Determining Specification and Development of

Manufacturing Technology for 25 MW Gas Turbine

Combustion Liners and Manufacturing 1 set

Department: Metallurgy

Employer: S. B. R. E. P. Co. -Niroo Research

Institute

Project Manager: H. Kazempour liasi

Project Code: PMTBC01

Project Staff: A.A. Fallah, R. Akand , S. B. Mohajeri, H. Dahaghin

Project Summary:

Combustion liner is one of the most important hot gas path components in 25MW gas

turbine which experiences critical service conditions. This component is expensive and

should be replaced after the end of lifetime. In order to meet the industry; need and

achieve know-how of this component, a project entitled "Determining specification and

development of manufacturing technology for 25MW gas turbine combustion liners and

manufacturing 1 set" was performed by Metallurgy Department.

In this project, the specification of the liner and its accessories including chemical

composition, mechanical properties and microstructural and dimensional specifications

were determined. Then, based on reverse engineering, one set of liner was

manufactured. The manufactured liners were installed on a gas turbine to evaluate their

performance.

Chemistry &

Materials

Project Results:

Determining specification of 25 MW gas turbine combustion liner

Development of manufacturing technology for combustion liner of 25 MW gas

turbine

Manufacturing one set of 25 MW gas turbine combustion liners

Project Documentation:

- Metallurgy Department, “Determining specification and development of

manufacturing technology for 25 MW gas turbine combustion liners and

manufacturing 1 set”, Chemistry & Materials Research Center, NRI.

107


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Manufacturing Fault Current Limiter Based on High

Temperature Superconductor

Department: Ceramic & Polymer

Employer: Tavanir

Project Manager: Hossein Koohani

Project Code: PCPVT03

Project Staff: Hadi Beirami, Behnam Elmdoust, Mehrnoosh Hoor

Project Summary:

Fault-current limiters using high temperature superconductors offer a solution to control

fault-current levels on distribution and transmission networks. These devices will limit

fault currents without adding impedance to the circuit during normal operation.

Superconducting fault-current limiters normally operate with low impedance and are

"invisible" components in the electrical system. In the event of a fault, the limiter inserts

impedance into the circuit and limits the fault current. With current limiters, the utility

can provide a low-impedance and stiff system with a low fault-current level.

In this regard, a project entitled" Manufacturing Fault Current Limiter Based on High

Temperature Superconductor" was performed by ceramic & polymer department. In this

project manufacturing technology of Ag/Bi2223 superconductor tapes for use in SFCL

was developed and 1 meter tape and 3 meter screw tape were manufactured. Faultcurrent

test was performed on 3 meter sample .Then an SFCL was manufactured using

200 meters Innost tape and tested successfully. Also two instruments for measurement

of Tc and Ic were designed and manufactured.

Project Results:

Know how's of Ag/Bi2223 superconductor tape manufacturing

Know how's of Ag/Bi2223 superconductor screw tape manufacturing

Know how's of SFCL manufacturing using screw tape.

Know how's of SFCL manufacturing using Innost tape.

Design and manufacturing of instruments for measurement of

Project Documentation:

- Report stage 1, "study of various type of superconductor and fault current limiters",

Chemistry and Materials Research Center.

- Report stage 2,"Design of materials, devices & equipments for manufacturing SFCL"

- Report stages 3&4," manufacturing 1 m superconductor tape and performing faultcurrent

test".

- Report stage 5," manufacturing 3m screw tape and SFCL".

- Report stage 6," manufacturing SFCL using 200m Innost tape".

- Supplemental Report," manufacturing instruments for measurement of Ic & Tc".

108


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Project Title:

Determining and Economical Classification of Equipments

Replaceable with Nanotechnology-Based Products, in Power

Generation, Transmission and Consumption Fields with

Emphasis on Nano-Batteries, Nano-Carbon-Tubes, Nano-

Wires and Nansulates

Department: Ceramic & Polymer

Employer: NRI

Project Staff: Maryam Mohammad Bagheri

Project Manager: Mehrnoosh Hoor

Project Code: PCPBY01-E

Project Summary:

Nanotechnology is an expected near future manufacturing technology that will make

most products lighter, stronger, cleaner, less expensive and more precise.

This new technology also provides the potential to enhance energy efficiency with

regard to using special materials.

Nanotechnological innovations are brought to bear on each part of the value-added

chain in the energy sector. Considering energy crisis and advantages of nanotechnology

applications, it can provide decisive technological breakthroughs in the energy sector. In

this regard possibilities range from gradual short-term and medium-term improvements

for a more efficient use of conventional and renewable energy sources all the way to

completely new long-term approaches for energy recovery and utilization. The relevant

technologies and applications include solar photovoltaic cells, fuel cells, energy storage

systems such as hydrogen storage and etc.

In this project, the importance of nanotechnology role in saving and transferring energy

with brief explanation of application’s fields and material choices for each of them has

been presented individually. Also economical classification and market study on

specific nanotechnology applications in power industry with emphasis on nanobatteries,

nano-carbon tubes, nano-wires and nansulates has been done.

Chemistry &

Materials

Project Results:

Comprehensive overview on nanotechnology applications and their economic

benefits in power industry, especially in Iran, in order to gather information and

develop updated strategy in this field.

Review of Nanotechnology applications that are currently in commercial use or are

likely to be commercialized in the near future

Economical classification and market study for specific selected topics in power

industry with emphasis on nano- batteries, nano-carbon tubes, nano-wires and

nansulates used in the energy applications.

Preparing a complete profile for important companies which are active in

nanotechnology power industry applications

109


Chemistry & Materials Research Center 2010-2011

Performing pre-feasibility study on selected items which are important for Yazd

Province with approach of using nanotechnology

Project Documentation:

- “Preparing a List of Important Topics Regarding Nanotechnology Applications in

Yazd Regional Power Company”, Ceramic and Polymer Department, Chemistry and

Materials Research Center; NRI.

- “Determining Specifications of Equipments based on Nanotechnology, Study on

Difficulties and Current Solutions and Recommending Nanotechnology-Based

Solutions”, Ceramic and Polymer Department, Chemistry and Materials Research

Center; NRI.

- “Economical and Technical Pre-feasibility Study on Selected Items with Approach

of Using Nanotechnology”, Ceramic and Polymer Department, Chemistry and

Materials Research Center; NRI.

110


Training Center 2010-2011

Major educational activities conducted in 2010-2011

holding 73 specialized courses and seminars for experts in the country's

electricity industry and other industries

Planning and holding 43 general courses for Research Experts

Planning and holding the second increasing the efficiency of power plants

seminar in cooperation with the Institute of production

Getting permission to hold International Computer Driving License (ICDL)

courses for 2009 of Research of Human Resources - Office of Education,

Research and Technology Development and Vice President of Management and

Human Capital

Getting permission for increased efficiency of gas power plants and steam

Courses of Research of Human Resources - Office of Education, Research and

Technology Development and vice president and human capital management

and parent company specialized Tavanir

Preparing Educational Calendar for Year 2010-2011

Holding 22 workshops in the Twenty-fifth Power Conference

Statistical summary of educational activities

In 2010, in a total, 1927 persons from the Ministry of Energy & Industry in the

country, have attended general and specialized courses,

In 2010, by training department, 36 specialized courses calendar, 11 specialized

courses outside the calendar, 43 public courses and 26 specialized seminars and

workshops have been held for companies.

54 teachers in teaching courses / seminars have been cooperating with the

training in a total of 4082 hours of teaching to have.

More than 91 organizations & companies' experts participated in educational

activities

Average of total hours of NRI's staff training in courses within and outside the

Institute have been present, equivalent to 14.8 hours

Training

Center

Number of courses, man months, and average hours were members participated in training courses

Number of

average members

year

man months average hours

courses

participated

116 248.45 29814 16.1

61 193.75 23057 18.54

113


Training Center 2010-2011

Row

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Specialized courses and seminars held in 2010-2011

Title

Application Matlab software for

programming and simulation (first time)

Foundations of strategic planning and

examples in the electricity industry

Introducing plant efficiency Seminar

website

Optimal use of concrete in the transfer of

power plant equipment

Efficiency increase combined cycle & gas

power plants (first time)

Optimal use of concrete in the

transmission network equipment

distribution and above distribution

Electric motors defects diagnosed during

work flow analysis techniques to help and

vibration

Design, Building Construction Systems All

right stimulation static power plant units

Familiarity with high voltage equipment

design by the relevant

Time

((h

Start Date

End Date

Total

Students

32 25/04/2010 28/04/2010 7

16 08/05/2010 09/05/2010 9

4 19/05/2010 19/05/2010 17

24 19/05/2010 21/05/2010 10

56 29/05/2010 01/06/2010 20

8 16/06/2010 16/06/2010 8

16 27/06/2010 28/06/2010 6

32 11/07/2010 14/07/2010 10

40 17/07/2010 21/07/2010 8

. Consumption management 16 20/07/2010 21/07/2010 13

.

.

.

.

Keep your Cable Fittings - Fittings for new

generation

Design & Engineering PlC & Tele

protection networks

Optimal control of reactive power in

networks (first time)

Design, Building Construction Systems All

right stimulation static power plant units

8 17/07/2010 17/07/2010 28

48 31/07/2010 05/08/2010 12

40 31/07/2010 04/08/2010 7

32 01/08/2010 04/08/2010 13

. Knowledge Management Fundamentals 16 03/08/2010 04/08/2010 8

.

Non-electrical tests and conductors air

power cables

16 07/08/2010 08/08/2010 10

. Familiarity with power plant 32 14/09/2010 28/09/2010 8

.

.

Assessment with high voltage insulation

testing machines On-line, Off-line site

(second time)

Causes of injury prevention methods of

gas turbine blades

32 18/09/2010 21/09/2010 7

24 09/10/2010 11/10/2010 7

. Primary education "Digsilent" 24 11/10/2010 13/10/2010 28

.

.

.

Increase the efficiency of power plants

Seminar

Advanced design of transmission lines

with IEC60826

Efficient testing: analysis, detection of gas

turbine performance (second time)

8 11/10/2010 13/10/2010 126

24 18/10/2010 20/10/2010 19

16 23/10/2010 24/10/2010 19

114


Training Center 2010-2011

Row

.

.

.

Title

By the effects of earthquakes on its

transmission deal with methods

Assessment practice, pulse power

transformers insulation oil pulse changers

Intelligent Systems Implementation

Manager energy measurement in power

industry

Time

((h

Start Date

End Date

Total

Students

4 01/11/2010 01/11/2010 5

4 01/11/2010 01/11/2010 6

8 01/11/2010 01/11/2010 22

. Hot line and capability confidence 4 01/11/2010 01/11/2010 5

.

Standard digital meter testing laboratory

and related standards

8 02/11/2010 02/11/2010 5

. Radio network design principles 4 02/11/2010 02/11/2010 4

.

Selected, applied paint and protect systems

for Protection

8 02/11/2010 02/11/2010 5

. Familiarity with high capacity conductors 4 03/11/2010 03/11/2010 7

.

.

Introduced software designed to optimize

and expand its distribution networks in

Applied Electrical Technology

Cable Fittings to hold - the new generation

distributed Fittings

4 03/11/2010 03/11/2010 7

4 03/11/2010 03/11/2010 7

. Optimization of light passages 4 06/11/2010 06/11/2010 8

.

Outreach and application thermo

radiography to increase the effectiveness

of maintenance planning and explanation

proper breeding methods

4 06/11/2010 06/11/2010 87

. New electrical energy storage systems 4 06/11/2010 06/11/2010 6

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Econometrics as a new tool for

simultaneous analysis of species

Specialized wind energy contents - wind

pro software work

Power system Stability Enhancement

Using AL Control

Distribution companies successful

experiences in reducing peak load

measures and impact Power Manager

Development of small scale generators in

the comprehensive plans of distribution

networks

Energy services companies (ESCO) -

Challenges and capabilities

Determination and identifying principal

components of losses in electricity

transmission networks above the regional

distribution of Semnan

Electrical simulation software under

Internet

The role of the smart power grid Energy

Smart City

Increasing efficiency of gas power plants

combined cycle

4 06/11/2010 06/11/2010 8

4 06/11/2010 06/11/2010 8

4 07/11/2010 07/11/2010 15

4 07/11/2010 07/11/2010 49

4 07/11/2010 07/11/2010 11

4 07/11/2010 07/11/2010 3

4 07/11/2010 07/11/2010 49

4 07/11/2010 07/11/2010 9

4 07/11/2010 07/11/2010 14

56 27/11/2010 02/12/2010 13

Training

Center

115


Training Center 2010-2011

Row

.

.

.

.

.

Title

Balance rotating equipment industry

(second time)

Causes of deterioration of the

contraceptive methods boiler tubes

New methods of reducing losses in the

damper anti Galoping

Steam power plant efficiency (second

time)

Design, Building Construction Systems All

right stimulation static power plant units

Time

((h

Start Date

End Date

Total

Students

16 27/11/2010 28/11/2010 10

32 11/12/2010 14/12/2010 10

32 18/12/2010 21/12/2010 6

50 18/12/2010 22/12/2010 13

32 18/12/2010 21/12/2010 11

. PLS_CADD 24 26/12/2010 28/12/2010 19

.

.

Theoretical principles in the practice of

protective relays

Methods for estimating the remaining life

of gas turbine blades

16 28/12/2010 29/12/2010 14

16 04/01/2011 05/01/2011 10

. Optimal control of reactive power 40 08/01/2011 12/01/2011 15

.

.

.

.

Vibration Analysis Applied in machinery

condition analysis (second time)

Familiarity with PLC Siemens and

programming by seven steps

DCS extensive automation control system

in high voltage by

Familiarity with the standards of

distribution networks

24 30/01/2011 01/02/2011 12

40 12/02/2011 16/02/2011 8

48 26/02/2011 03/03/2011 12

40 26/02/2011 02/03/2011 5

. Residual life assessment of boiler tubes 24 26/02/2011 28/02/2011 5

.

.

A kind of type and sample tests described

transmission Equipment

Advanced design of transmission lines

along with IEC60826

16 26/02/2011 27/02/2011 26

24 28/02/2011 02/03/2011 31

Requested specialized courses and seminars outside the

calendar year 2010-2011

Row

Title

Time

Total

Start Date End Date

(h)

Students

1. General calibration temperature and pressure and uncertainty 40 08/05/2010 12/05/2010 12

2. Remaining life of boiler tubes methods 24 20/07/2010 22/07/2010 15

3. Pulse vibration analysis system 16 06/07/2010 07/07/2010 7

4. Advanced rotor dynamics 96 23/06/2010 20/10/2010 7

5.

Energy management in buildings using energy optimization

20/07/2010 21/07/2010 12

16

software

6. Familiarity with power plant 32 14/09/2010 28/09/2010 9

7. Immunity by high voltage 40 25/09/2010 26/09/2010 25

8. Immunity by high voltage 40 25/09/2010 26/09/2010 25

9.

Design and development of new distribution networks

09/10/2010 12/10/2010 40

32

(Tabriz)

10. Familiarity with power plant equipment (materials growers) 8 11/11/2010 11/11/2010 14

11. Diagnosis of electrical motors defects 16 20/12/2010 21/12/2010 19

116


Training Center 2010-2011

Public courses held in 2010-2011

Row

Title

Time

((h

Start Date

. Computer Fundamentals //


. ICDL-Access //


. ICDL-Word //


. ICDL-Excel //


. Web-based office automation //


. Web-based office automation1 //


. Web-based office automation //


. Web-based office automation2 //


. ICDL-PowerPoint //


. Introduction to ISO 9000 //


. BSC //


. Internet //


End Date

Total

Students

//

29

//

112

//

50

//

91

//

62

//

62

//

56

//

56

//

124

//

22

//

22

//

15

General Statistics Institute status of various educational

activities in 2010-2011

Training

Center

Row

.

.

.

.

.

Institute

Electric

Power

Transmission

and

distribution

Chemistry

and Material

Network

Management

and control

Power

Generation

Number of

courses

scheduled in

the calendar

89

Number

of courses

held

Number of

courses

planned in

1990

Formation

periods of

percent

calendar in

89

Extraordin

ary

number of

courses

held

Average

unique

courses

Time

courses

were

Month

periods

were

52 8 . . .

25 11 . . .

21 5 . . .

32 8 . . .

14 1 . . .

117


Training Center 2010-2011

Time Table individuals trained in each sector in 2010-2011

Row

Department

Man hour

General Specialized Sum

. Power Research Institute

.

Power Transmission and

Distribution Institute


.

Institute of control and network

management


.

Institute for Energy and

Environment


. Institute for Energy Production

. Chemical and Materials Center

. Support Department and other units

. Education Unit 40 0 40

Total Sum 7385 1147 8532

2500

Individualstrainedinsectorsin20102011

2000

1500

1000

500

0

Power

Research

Institute

Power

Transmission

and

Distribution

Institute

Instituteof

controland

network

management

Institutefor

Energyand

Environment

Institutefor

Energy

Production

Chemicaland

Materials

Center

Support

Department

andother

units

Education

Unit

118


Technology Transfer 2010-2011

Research Prototypes Which Are On Production Line

In order to do research activities and realizing economic development programs,

upgrading the level of domestic productions, contribution to national economic growth

and also utilization of research projects results for creating more job opportunities, NRI

in cooperation with private sector has mass produced some of the research projects

which were led to a prototype.

These products are as follows: Digital Single Phase Meter

Composite Insulator up to 63 kV

Emergency Restoration Systems for Transmission Line Towers

Distribution RTU

UHF Radio Modem

TDD Anti-Galloping Damper

ST Interphase Spacer Damper

Fault Indicator

Surge Arrester Monitoring System

Electrical Field Alarm 5 kV/m

Digital three-phase Meter

Sensitive Earth Fault Relay (SEFR)

Fault Locator (FL)

Repairing of Damage Porcelain Insulators & Post Bushing with Polymeric

Materials

Earthquake Detector

Transformer On-line Monitoring System

Over Current Relay (OCR)

PLC Digital G1200

Hybrid Insulator (Polymeric-Ceramic)(20kv)

Analog Power System Simulator

Research Prototypes Which Are Going To Be Produced in

Near Future

Technology

Transfer

Voltage & Current Measuring Insulator

Voice and Data Multi-Plexer for Analog PLC

121


Technology Transfer 2010-2011

Technology Transfer, Commercialization of Research Results,

Producing Research Prototypes

In parallel with research activities, fulfillment of economical development plan targets,

increasing the level of national production, and creating more career opportunities, the

results of several research projects which have prototypes, were mass produced by

private sectors and their production lines have been run.

The Main objectives of NRI in order to cooperate with national development plans and

meeting special needs of electric power industry are:

Development of commercialization of research results with the aim of better

utilization of research results and put them into practice.

Development of private sectors' participation in providing research costs in

order to achieve the country's privatization program.

In this plan the targets are:

Using research results in the Electric Power industry in order to avoid

wasting energy and national capital

Upgrading the level of domestic products.

Exploitation of research results to provide career opportunities

Localization of industry and promotion of domestic technical know-how

Contribution to national economic growth

Reducing dependency

Preventing of unnecessary withdrawal of exchange

Research Prototypes Which Have Been Transferred for

Production in 2010-2011

Sectionalizer for 2010 Distribution Network

Polymer Concrete Pin Insulator(20kv)

Fault Detector Module for Distribution RTU

122


Technology Transfer 2010-2011

Cooperation of Private Sector in Research Projects and

Technology Transfer Simultaneously

In order to meet economical development plan targets of the country and increasing the

share of private sector investment in research projects, NRI announced some projects to

be carried out and mass produced by the cooperation of private sector.

In this regard the following projects are carrying out by the investment of private sector

in both research activity and know-how transfer:

Design and Implementation of a Base band Modem for SEM400

Design and Implementation of Fault Detector Module for Distribution RTU

Design and Implementation of Feeder Management Relay

Design, Implementation and Test of Emergency Restoration System for

Transmission Line Towers (Suspension H-type Towers)

Developing a Software for Distribution Network Planning and Extension

Research Design and Implementation a Semi-Industrial Teleprotection System

for Digital Communication Network

Design and Fabrication of Fault Indicator's RTU supporting GSM/GPRS

Protocols

Design and Fabrication of online Circuit Breaker Monitoring System

Design and Fabrication of Management System for Customers Power

Consumption with Data Exchanging capability with the Intelligent Meters.

Technology

Transfer

123


Technology Transfer 2010-2011

Obtaining the Certificate for Research Prototypes from

Iranian Research Organization for Science & Technology &

Kwarazmi International Award

Up to now, 14 certificates have been issued for the research prototypes from

Iranian Research Organization for Science & Technology (IROST). Furthermore

4 research prototypes have won the Kwarazmi International Award.

Research institutes and technology parks and exchange the research achievement

and experience, NRI signed MOU with Pardis Technology Park and Research

Institute of Petroleum Industry.

Transformer Core, (Kwarazmi International Award-2002)

Deaerator with the capacity of more than 10 t/hr, (Kwarazmi International

Award-2002)

Sensitive Earth Fault Relay (SEFR), (IROST-2003)

Composite Insulator up to 63 kV, (IROST-2003)

Fault Locator, (IROST-2003)

Over Current Relay (OCR), (IROST-2004)

Digital Power Line Carrier (DPLC), (IROST-2004)

Surge Arrester Monitoring System, (Kwarazmi International Award-2004)

Static Var Compensator (SVC), (Kwarazmi International Award-2005)

Over Current Earth Fault Relay (OCEF), (IROST-2006)

Electrical Field Alarm (5kV/m), (IROST-2006)

Emergency Restoration Systems for Transmission Line Towers, (IROST-2006)

230 kV Composite Insulator (IROST-2007)

Porcelain Insulators with Semi Conductive Glaze (IROST-2007)

Zinc Oxide Varistor (IROST-2007)

Distribution RTU (IROST-2007)

Radio Modem (IROST-2007)

Transformer On-line Monitoring System (IROST-2009)

124


International Scientific Cooperation 2011-2011

Scientific - International Collaborations

Participation in I. R. Iran Hi-Tech Expo in

Syria

Collaboration with ISESCO Organization

Collaboration with International Professional Association of IERE

Exchanged Contracts and MoUs with International and Domestic

Companies

NRI's Participation in I. R. Iran Hi-Tech Expo in Syria with

the

Aim of Expanding International Activities

Following NRI's accomplishment

in acquisition of different technologies in

electric power

industry along with providing research, laboratory, technical

training services and also

development of commercialization of research results,

NRI participated in I.R. .Iran Hi-Tech Expo in Syria in 2011 with the aim

of

expanding its international activities and introducing its

potential for cooperation

with

other countries.NRI

introduced its technical capabilities and services in 4

categories as follows:

Consulting servicess

Laboratory servicess

Design and know-how Transfer

Software

Participation in this expo provided a great opportunity to familiarize related

companies and

experts with NRI's technical capacity and also prepared the

way

for exporting research,

engineering and consulting

services. During this

exhibition negotiations were held with more

than 40 companies

and technical

individuals, among whichh Damascus university experts, readiness to benefit from

NRI's consulting, engineering, research and training services.

International

Scientific

Cooperation

127


International Scientific Cooperation 2010-2011

Cooperation with ISESCO Organization Participation in the

"3rd Asian School on Solar Electricity for Rural Areas" in

Malaysia.

Following expanded collaboration between NRI and ISESCO in different fields,

the Iranian National Commission for ISESCO invited NRI to send a delegate to

take part in the “Third Asian School on Solar Electricity for Rural Areas” in

Malaysia. Aforesaid school was held in form of a workshop with the cooperation

of Solar Energy Research Institute of UKM University (SERI) in July 2010.

Promoting the use of technologies, compatible with the environment in

developing countries along with studying the latest development in application of

renewable energies in rural areas, were of the objectives of holding this school.

The objectives of the workshop were as follows:

Promoting the use of environmental friendly technologies for developing Asian

countries.






Exposing participants to practical aspects of photovoltaic system applications.

Creating awareness among policy makers, academic and professionals among

developing Asian countries on the concept of sustainable technology such as

solar energy.

Presenting case studies and design tools for solar system sizing and costing.

Presenting methods of manufacturing solar panels.

Presenting the participants and international perspectives and experiences in

solar energy applications and policy in rural areas

Hence, with regard to wide range of activities carried out by Renewable Energy

Research Dep. in solar energies, NRI's representative took part in this school

with the following objectives:

Presenting the latest research results carried out in rural areas electrification

using photographic systems.

Creating opportunities for mutual cooperation with Islamic countries in

renewable energies field especially solar energy.

128


International Scientific Cooperation 2011-2011

Cooperation with International Professional Association of

IERE Participation in the "3rd IERE TIS-Asia Steering

Committee & Technical Committees Meeting" in Malaysia

One of the main goals of NRI is to expand its international collaboration with the

aim of upgrading its scientific level and gaining international credit.

One way to achieve the aforesaid goal is to cooperate with international

professional associations. Hence NRI became a member of two technical

committees of IERE called Generation Technical and Network Technical

Committee.

Reputable organizations and institutes like TEPCO(Japan), CPRI(India),

KEPCO(Korea), TNB(Malaysia), GE(America), Toshiba(Japan), TPC(Taiwan),

PLN(Indonesia) are members of these two committees.

The objectives of establishing these two committees are know-how transfer,

exchanging technical information, searching for technical issues and seeking for

their solutions and determining overall directions of activities.

In This regard, like previous years, NRI actively participated in the third Asian

Forum of IERE which was held in Malaysia in July 2010.

The main themes of this forum were:

1. Loss in Transmission and Distribution Networks

2. Distributed Generalization and its Impact on Network Improvement

3. Smart Grid

4. Renewable Energies

Obtaining general secretary of IERE's approval to establish a working group on

the subject of "studying loss in network" was one of the remarkable

achievements.

International

Scientific

Cooperation

129


International Scientific Cooperation 2010-2011

Signing an Engineering Contract with Italian Companies

(CSTI,

Techint/PRE)


Considering the importance of repowering & revamping

of old power plants

and

the necessity of improving the efficiency of them & gettingg benefit from

expertise of reputable countries in this regard, rounds of negotiations were held

with

representative of 3 Italian companies (CSTI, Techint/PRE).

Since some of

thesee power plants have been designed and commission

ned by Italian companies,

negotiations led to a technical proposal by Italian companies for "Repowering of

unit 1 of Bandar Abbas power plant", this in turn led to

a contractt after technical

reviews and further negotiations.


130


International Scientific Cooperation 2011-2011

MOU with Hormozgan Power Generation Management

Company


International

Scientific

Cooperation

131


International Scientific Cooperation 2010-2011

MOU with Gheshm Free Zone Organization

132


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Considering the annual growth of electricity consumption it, predicted that the volume

of investments required in this industry over the next 20 years, exceeds at least 100

thousand Tomans from the state and more attention to the domestic industry and private

investors in order to require cooperation with the industry.

Growing electricity consumption in different sectors, increasing the equipment for

expansion the production network, power transmission and distribution will be followed

and attention to the commissioning and development plans and investment in the

reference laboratories can release power industry of the country to pay the costs of using

inferior equipment. Using poor equipment and lack of quality, will cause the losses,

including losses of electricity, frequent power outages, increased costs of repairs and

replacement parts, frequent visits, etc.

Economic development and stability of power networks:

Development activities of reference laboratories play an important role in increasing

reliability of the supply of electricity and reducing outages in the country and its

complications. Using poor equipment in the power network is one of the main causes of

outages.

Looking at the statistics for the joint distribution of time off in 2008 and 2009, indicates

the reduction of the outages. Surely assessing the quality of equipment and using the

equipment, with a product quality certificate, is effective. Also the loss distribution,

cause of replacement of worn equipment with certificated equipment in these years,

shows the role of reference laboratories.

Considering the role of reference laboratories in the quality assessment and performance

of electrical equipment, required for the development and completion of the reference

laboratories that is an important approach in the national economy.

Laboratory services:

The laboratories of NRI have always tried to provide the best services to the country's

power industry and other industries and increase this significant each year, with higher

quality. Increasing the quality of activities in NRI is the main goals of laboratories.

Laboratory services for applicant companies in 2010-2011

Applicant Testing

The number of

applicant companies

Test Referred to the Evaluation and

118

Survey of documents Adaptation with Production

Standards Council of Tavanir

10

Company

Power industry companies 95

Other Subsidiary companies in the power industry 94

Applicant introduced by Institute of Standard and

Industrial Research of IRAN(ISIRI)

176

Other Industries 424

Altogether the applicant companies 917

Number of test report issued 1955

Reference

Laboratories

135


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Participation in developing standards:

One of the objectives of the NRI's laboratories is active participation in national and

international standard. Currently, laboratory personnel are involved in the project

entitled "Compilation International standards with Adaption method" by standard

department of power ministry, providing expert opinions with participation in meetings

of technical committees and national.

Also a plan made for compilation international standards through the Iranian National

Electro technical Committee (INEC) and organization the technical committee

according to the structure of IEC in NRI.

Development of Laboratories:

Considering the importance of laboratories in the country's power industry, each year

major steps are taken in the NRI. In this regard, the following laboratory tests were

performed in 2010 for commissioning of electrical equipment:

No.

1

2

3

Name of Lab.

Research

Reference

Reference

Fuel cell

Laboratory Type

Electrical hardware

Development of Quality Control

Name of Research Center

1

Activities of Reference Laboratories Center in accordance with production

standards council in TAVANIR Co.:

Center reference laboratories under contract with the Tavanir Company performanced

all necessary measures concerning implementation the paragraphs of contract in

accordance with the following in 2010:

Number of council meetings held: 17

Numbers of regulations have been developed: 4

The number of tests carried out in the Evaluation and Adaptation with Production

Standards Council as follow table:

Item

1

2

3

4

Equip Name

Composite

suspension insulator

Ceramic post line

insulator

Ceramic and Glass

cap insulator

Ceramic and Glass

post insulator

Year

84 85 86 87 88 89

2

3

Total

2 4 3 7 8 7 31

3 5 1 5 4 6 24

2 1 3 3 8 4 21

3 4 5 15 1 2 30

5 1 phase digital meter 1 12 1 3 9 7 33

6 3 phase digital meter --- 12 4 13 7 5 41

7 Transformer 3 --- 10 6 2 --- 21

136


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Item Equip Name

Year

84 85 86 87 88 89

Total

8 Cable 5 2 10 18 56 72 163

9 Overhead conductor 2 3 2 25 74 76 182

10 Electrical Hardware --- --- --- --- 36 55 91

11 Cut out Fuse --- --- --- --- 1 2 3

12

13

Switch Fuse ,Fuse

Switch ,low voltage

fuse

Miniature Circuit

Breaker

1 --- --- 1 24 4 30

1 4 --- 3 --- --- 8

14 Transducers --- 2 1 --- --- --- 3

15

16

RTU (Remote

Terminal Unit)

CT (Current

Transformer)

--- --- 1 --- --- --- 1

1 1 --- --- --- --- 2

17 Radio modem --- 2 --- --- --- --- 2

18 Relay 1 1 --- --- 1 --- 3

19 Transmission Tower 4 10 17 17 14 10 72

Total 25 53 41 99 231 240 689

NRI's reference laboratories activities avoid spending too much cost and time for

sending equipment to reference laboratories abroad by domestic producers thus the

removal of exchange is prevented.

In this study and only some of the equipment under test foreign exchange savings is

equivalent to 11,161,900 Euros. Estimates indicate that approximately 12,280,000

Euros for all the equipment has been made in foreign exchange savings.

Reference

Laboratories

137


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

No.

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Test Name

Type Test of

1-phase meters

Type Test of

3-phase meters

Type Test of

transmission tower

Type Test of

composite insulators

Test of cable

Test of Overhead

conductor

Type Test of

miniature circuit

breaker

Type Test of Switch

Fuse ,Fuse Switch

,low voltage fuse

Type Test of Relay

Number of

tests

performed

in the

assessment

Council

33

41

72

55

163

182

8

33

3

Average

tariffs

abroad (unit)

16,000 Euro

20,000 Euro

70,000 USA

dollars

65,000 Euro

10,000 Euro

5,000 Euro

12,000

Swedish

Kronor

3,045 Euro

30,000 Euro

Name of

laboratory

abroad

KEMA

Netherlands

KEMA

Netherlands

AL-

BABTAIN

Saudi

Arabia

KEMA

Netherlands

KEMA

Netherlands

KEMA

Netherlands

STRI

Swedish

KERI

S.Korea

Labein

Spain

The total

amount to

prevent

foreign

ownership

(Euro)

528,000

820,000

3,528,000

3,575,000

1,630,000

91,000

10,560

70,340

90,000

Identification of cooperating laboratories and use of laboratory capacity within the

country:

In 2010-2011, cooperation agreement with previous laboratory extended. In addition

Pars switch laboratory as a partner laboratory tests for key and fuse test in this

collection were added.

Cooperation agreement follow laboratory considering to the quality and the need to

continue its cooperation has been extended:

High Voltage Laboratory of Jahad university unit of Science and Technology –

High Voltage Laboratory of Wire and Cable Abhar - Electrical Power Industries

Laboratories (EPIL) - Laboratory of Lakser company – High voltage Lab of

Electrical and Computer Engineering Collage of Tehran University – Lab of Amir

Kabir Color Research Institute – Laboratory of Yaragh Avarene Pouya Company -

Laboratory of Namdar Afrouz Electricity Company - Laboratory of Alumtek

Company - Laboratory of Wire and Cable Hamedan.

138


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Laboratory audit:

The internal audit program in NRI's reference laboratories and inspection of cooperation

laboratories during the test was carried out in 2010-2011 and non-compliance have

reported and done the improvement actions.

Leading role in regional and development export services to neighboring

countries:

Reference Laboratories have always introduced facilities to neighboring countries are

attempting to provide laboratory services at international level. In this regard the

reference laboratory in 2011, performed test on the transmission towers belonging to

Oman Country. The tests with the least time consuming and high-quality and consistent

with the standard and the related reports were prepared and delivered to the customer.

Specialized training courses:

Considering the importance of educating experts in the power industry around the

country, in 2010-2011 training courses were held by the experts of NRI's reference

laboratory.

Occupational Safety and Health activities of Reference Center Labs:

Risk assessment in metallurgy laboratory, Power Electronics laboratory,

instrumental analysis of water & steam laboratory, wires & cables laboratory,

fuel & oil laboratory and Send its report to senior management in order to

eliminate or control hazards according to the report recommendations proposed.

Medical examinations on the laboratory personnel to assess their health status.

Monthly inspections of laboratories and follow the instructions and safety

requirements

Participate in meetings of Technical Committee development of safety standards

in the Institute of Standard and Industrial Research of IRAN (ISIRI).

Reference

Laboratories

139


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Overhead line structures test station

Research Center: Transmission & Distribution Department: Transmission Line Towers

Lab Manager: B .Bahramsari

Lab Staff: Alireza Rahnavard, H. Ebrahimi Araghi, S. Ghanbari, A. Darban,

Brief Description:

NRI Overhead-Line Structures Test Station (NRI-OSTS) is the largest and most

equipped tower test center in the Middle East which performs type/sample tests on

power transmission towers according to the international standard of IEC 60652-2002

with very reasonable prices.

01NRI-OSTS as the largest laboratory of NRI is located in Arak in 170,000 square

meters area, about 250km south of Tehran, and is one of the in-house reference

laboratories of Iran's ministry of Energy.

NRI-OSTS is accredited by Germany's DAP institute to obtain the international quality

certificate of testing laboratories ISO/IEC 17025:2005 and operates as an internationally

creditable test station.

Development activities in 2010:

- Design and installation of communication connectors

To ensure during testing, safe and secure connector that is resistant to moisture was

designed.

Therefore, to achieve this, One hundred connectors were built and installed.

- Commissioning Mechanical testing laboratory of concrete Towers

established in the category of distribution Networks

140


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

In accordance with needs to consider the country's reference laboratory for type tests

conducted on concrete Towers of MV/LV distribution Networks and by the relevant

standard of laboratory equipment and commissioning of Tavanir Company, this lab was

commissioned, and was widely welcomed by the contractor companies.

- Analyze, Design and building 3rd foundation

In 2010, requests for type test of monopole tower with flange diameter of about 5

meters were referred to the overhead line and structure group. So this is the biggest

telescope tower in the world.

Knowing about the above and according to frequency requests presented to the

laboratory for type testing large telescope tower from several different manufacturer and

according to local market needs to build huge towers needed to provide

Testing of 765 KV line towers , Build new foundations for laboratory type tests

performed type tower with dimensions very large telescope on its agenda and the

foundation placed third test station with dimensions 10×22 Square meter for the

amount of tolerance 6000 tons-m was designed.

Obtained Certificates:

1

Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

Equipments which Are Tested and Related Standards:

Row Name Standard No.

1

63 to 400 KV transmission towers

type test by Standard IEC60652

IEC60652

Reference

Laboratories

141


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Relay & Protection

Research Center: Transmission & Distribution

Lab Manager: F. Mansourbakht

Lab Staff: A. Sepehr

Department: Transmission Line &

Substations

Brief Description:

1. Functional tests and trip time recording, define operating characteristics for single

and three phase relays according to IEC 60255,contain of secondary relays(Current,

frequency, voltage, directional , distance, differentional, ...) and primary relays.

2. Phase angle and current ratio Error definition in low voltage current transformer

accordion to IEC 60044-1.

3. Functional Test on low voltage fuses according to IEC 60269.

4. Complete Tests on Voltage, Current, Active and Reactive transducers according to

IEC 60688.

5. Dielectric strength and Isolation resistance Tests on CTs and Transducers and

Protection Relays according to IEC 61010 and IEC 60255-5.

6. Tests of battery chargers and power supply according to NEMA PE5

7. Functional tests on low voltage switchgears and controlgears

8. Functional Verification of Repaired Relays and definition their Operating characteristics.

9. Very Low Resistance and Impedance measured in high accuracy.

10. High AC Current Injection up to 22 KA at power frequency in reduced voltage.

Development Activities:

1. Performing complete tests on "All-or-nothing" relays according to IEC61810-1

2. Interruptions to and alternating component in d.c auxiliary energizing quantity of

measuring relays according to IEC60255-11

3. Performing complete tests of accuracy of current transformers including:

a. Winding resistance measurement

b. Transient behaviors

c. Ratio error

d. Phase error

e. Instrument security factor(FS) and accuracy limiting factor(ALF)

measurement

f. Secondary time constant measurement

g. Remaining factor measurement

h. Knee point voltage/current measurement

i. Saturated and unsaturated inductance measurement

4. Performing tests according to IEC60044-6

5. Accuracy tests of Recloser relays

6. Accuracy tests of differential relays

7. Protection plans of Distance relays

142


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Obtained Certificates:

- IRAN accreditation system certificates No: 704.

- Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered DAP-

PL-3893.00

Test samples and related standards:

Row Sample name Standard No.

1

Low voltage switchgear and Controlgear (Circuitbreakers)

IEC60947-2

2 Low Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear (switch-fuse) IEC 60947-3

3 Low voltage switchgear and Controlgear (Contactors) IEC60947-4-1

4 Instrument Transformer (Current Transformers) IEC 60044-1

5

Electrical Measuring Transducers for Converting a.c

electrical Quantities to Analogue or Digital Signals

IEC 60688

6 Low Voltage Fuses IEC 60269

7 Low Voltage Fuses base IEC 60269

8 Electrical Relays IEC 60255

9

10

Direct acting indicating analogue electrical measuring

instruments and their accessories

Low Voltage Power Supply Devices d.c Output

Performance Characteristics

IEC 60051-9

IEC 61204

11 Alarm Systems IEC 60839-1-3

12 Utility Type Battery Charger NEMA PE 5

Reference

Laboratories

143


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Participation in research projects/ standards:

Row Project/Standard name

1 Evaluation of protection relay and SAS provider

2 Design and manufacturing of earthquake alarm for general use

3

Technical Support and Supervision on industrial manufacturing of Earth quake

detector AF-EQD

4 Technical Support and Supervision on industrial manufacturing of safety alarm

5 Increment of Relay and protection lab scopes and activities

6 Supervision of design and construction of feeder management relay

7 Supervision of MPC project (Modern predict controller)

8 Participation in the formulation of a national standard IEC 60383-1

9

Committee member of Interlock and Inter trip standard in High-voltage

substations

Training courses & seminars:

Row Course name Participants

1 Theory and philosophy of protection relays Electrical companies

Other industries

144


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

High Voltage

Research Center: Transmission & Distribution

Lab Manager: Siamak Abyazi

Lab Staff: H.Kashi, S.Yeganeh, M.Dorfaki

Department: High Voltage

Brief Description:

NRI high voltage laboratory was founded in 1997 in order to develop experimental

research and for performing tests on high voltage equipments which are used in electric

industry to determine their quality and suitable performance. Since then has performed a

lot of tests on high voltage equipment and its personnel are experienced enough in the

field of dielectric tests, now a days this lab is one of most active labs in our country

which can offer consulting and technical services to manufactures, customers and

electric companies.

Development activities and test facilities:

- Power frequency withstand voltage test (800kV, 800kVA)

- Lightning impulse withstand voltage test (400kV, 20kJ)

- Partial discharge test

- High current test 2kA (Continuous), 5V

- Dissipation factor, Capacitance measurement test

- Volume resistance measurement test

- Thermo mechanical test

Reference

Laboratories

145


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Obtained Certificates:

1 Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025

numbered DAP-PL-3893.00

Equipment/material tested in laboratory:

No

Test sample

1 Suspension/Tension composite insulator

2 Line post composite insulator

3 Cap and pin porcelain insulator

4 Cap and pin glass insulator

5 Pin type porcelain insulator

6 A.C. metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear

7 High voltage/low voltage pre fabricated substation

8 low voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies

9 Alternating current circuit breakers

10 Alternating current disconnector

11 Vehicle mounted elevating aerial devices

12 Insulation sample

Standard number

IEC61109

IEC61952

IEC60383-1

IEC60383-1

IEC60383-1

IEC62271-200

IEC62271-202

IEC61439

IEC62271-100

IEC62271-102

ANSI A92.2

IEC60250

IEC60243-1

IEC60093

Participation in research projects/standards:

No

Project title

1 Establishment of 400kV High voltage laboratory

2 Life assessment of silicon rubber insulators

3 Research, design and manufacturing of sectionalizer

Training courses & seminars:

No

Course title

1 Insulator and cable High voltage test

146


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Miniature Circuit Breaker (MCB)

Research Center: Transmission & Distribution

Lab Manager: F. Nasri

Lab Staff: Gh.H. Kashi, A.Shams

Department: High Voltage

Brief Description:

MCB laboratory of NRI established in

2009 with the purpose of quality control of

miniature circuit breakers and now, all

tests of this product performed in this

laboratory according to IEC60898-1. In

this year, whereas the need of

manufacturers and suppliers of other type

of circuit-breakers, MCB laboratory

worked at other product’s standards such

as fuse-combination switches, switches for

household, low-voltage circuit-breakers,

contactors and starting to perform applicable tests for these products. But, because of

importance of performing tests completely according to product relevant IEC standard,

MCB laboratory is trying to develop applicable tests.

Development activities and test facilities:

- Performing tests on circuit breaker according to IEC60947-2(2006)

- Performing tests on contactors according to IEC60947-4-1(2005)

- Performing tests on switches, disconnectors, switch disconnectors and fuse

combination units according to IEC60947-4-1(2008)

- Performing tests on switches for house hold and similar according to IEC60669-

1

- Performing tests on RCCB's and RCBO's according to IEC61009-1, IEC61008-1

and obtaining certificate from "Institute of Standard and Industrial Research of

Iran" (ISIRI) for testing these products.

- Estimation of the price of equipments is necessary for establishment of plug in

and sachet laboratory.

Obtained Certificates:

1 Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

2 Certificate of ISIRI no. T/703

Reference

Laboratories

147


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Equipment/material tested in laboratory:

No

1

Equipment/ material

Circuit breaker:

1.Tripping limits and characteristics 2.Dielectric

properties(power frequency & impulse)3.Mechanical

operation and operational 4.performance capability (without

current) 5.Verification of dielectric withstand 6.Verification

of temperature-rise 7.Verification of overload releases

Standard

number

IEC60947-2

2

3

4

5

6

Contactor:

1. Temperature rise limits 2.dielectric properties 3. ability of

contactors to withstand overload current

Switches, disconnectors, switch-disconnectors and fusecombination

Units:

1.Temperature-rise 2.Dielectric properties 3.Leakage current

4.Temperature-rise verification 5.Glow-wire

Switches for house :

Similar to MCBs standard

MCB:

1. Marking 2.Mechanism 3.Clearances and creepage

distances 4.Reliability of screws, current-carrying parts and

connections 5.Reliability of screw-type terminals for external

conductors 6.Protection against electric shock 7.Resistance

to heat 8.Resistance to abnormal heat and to fire 9.Resistance

to rusting 10.Dielectric properties 1.Temperature rise 12.28-

day test 13.Mechanical and electrical endurance 14.Tripping

characteristic 15. Resistance to mechanical shock and impact

RCCB:

1. Marking 2.Mechanism 3.Clearances and creepage

distances 4.Reliability of screws, current-carrying parts and

connections 5.Reliability of screw-type terminals for external

conductors 6.Protection against electric shock 7.trip free

mechanism 8.Resistance to heat 9.Resistance to abnormal

heat and to fire 10.Resistance to rusting 11.Dielectric

properties 12.Temperature rise 13.Reliability at 40 degree

14.Mechanical and electrical endurance 15.Test device 16.

Operating characteristics under residual current condition 17.

Resistance to mechanical shock and impact 18. non

operating current under overcurrent conditions

IEC60947-4-1

IEC60947-3

IEC60669-1

IEC60898-1

IEC61008-1

148


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

No

7

8

Equipment/ material

RCBO:

1. Marking 2.Mechanism 3.Clearances and creepage

distances 4.Reliability of screws, current-carrying parts and

connections 5.Reliability of screw-type terminals for external

conductors 6.Protection against electric shock 7.trip free

mechanism 8.Resistance to heat 9.Resistance to abnormal

heat and to fire 10.Resistance to rusting 11.Dielectric

properties 12.Temperature rise 13.Reliability at 40 degree

14.Mechanical and electrical endurance 15.Test device 16.

Operating characteristics under residual current condition 17.

Resistance to mechanical shock and impact 18.over current

operation 18. limiting value of overcurrent in the case of a

single-phase load through a 3-pole ore 4-pole RCBO

Push buttons

1.temperature rise

2.dielectric test

Standard

number

IEC61009-1

IEC60947-5-1

9

Switches

1. Ratings 2.classification 3.marking 4. Protection against

electric shock 5. Isolation resistance and dielectric strength

6. Clearances and creepage distances 7. Resistance to

IEC61058

abnormal heat and to fire 8. Resistance to rusting

9.Resistance to heat

10 Plug in and sockets IEC60884-1

Reference

Laboratories

149


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Salt Fog

Research Center: Transmission & Distribution

Lab Manager: D. Mohammadi

Lab Staff: A. Shams

Department: High Voltage

Brief Description:

This laboratory not only established for composite insulator aging test but also the

pollution test for composite and porcelain insulators.

Salt fog laboratory, in this year was successful to accomplish the very new standards

aging test revision for sample: IEC 61952(2008), IEC 61109(2008)

Also in surveillance audit is done with DAP institute; this laboratory was succeeded

without nonconformity, to obtain the ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation.

Obtained Certificates:

1 Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

2 Appreciate letter from 21 Khwarizmi international awards

150


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Equipment/material tested in laboratory:

No Equipment/ material Standard number

1 Suspension insulator (salt fog) IEC 61109 (2008)

2 Line post insulator (salt fog) IEC 61952 (2008)

3 Surge arrester insulator (salt fog) IEC 60099-4 (2004)

4 Cut out insulator (salt fog) IEC 62217 (2005)

5 Resin insulator (salt fog) IEC 62217 (2005)

6 Cable accessories (salt fog) IEC 60502-4 (2010)

7 Ceramic insulator (clean fog) IEC 60507 (1991)

8 Polymeric insulator(UV test) IEC 62217 (2005)

9

Ceramic and polymeric insulator(measuring of

ESDD)

IEC 60815 (2000)

10 Polymeric insulator(tracking wheel) IEC 62217 (2005)

Participation in research projects/standards:

No.

Project/standard title

Life Assessment of silicon rubber insulators and RTV coating at HREC Transmission

1

lines and substations by taking benefits of electrical test station of HREC

2 Technical knowledge compilation of Life Assessment of silicon rubber insulators

Reference

Laboratories

151


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Short Circuit

Research Center: Transmission & Distribution

Lab Manager: F. Nasri

Lab Staff: Gh.H. Kashi, A.Shams

Department: High Voltage

Brief Description:

Regarding to the necessity of manufacturers and consumers, short circuit laboratory

started in 2002. This laboratory established to use in 2006 as a first short circuit

laboratory of Iran and succeeded to obtain ISO17025 certificate from DAP organization

in 2007. Now, by using the equipment of short circuit laboratory, Miniature circuit

breaker tested completely according to IEC60898-1, moreover performing “operational

performance tests” on other low voltage circuit-breakers and switches up to 600V and

15kA is under consideration.

Development activities and test facilities:

- Short Circuit Test/IEC60898-1

- Performance at Reduced Short Circuit Currents/ IEC60898-1

- Short-circuit test for verifying the suitability of circuit-breakers for use in IT systems/

IEC60898-1

- Short-circuit performance at 1 500 A/ IEC60898-1

- Service short-circuit capacity (Ics)/ IEC60898-1

- Performance at rated short-circuit capacity (Icn)/ IEC60898-1

152


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Obtained Certificates:

1 Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

2 Certificate of ISIRI no.T/703

Equipment/material tested in laboratory:

No Equipment/ material Standard number

1

-Short Circuit Test/IEC60898-1, Performance

at Reduced Short Circuit Currents/ IEC60898-

1, Short-circuit test for verifying the suitability

of circuit-breakers for use in IT systems/

IEC60898-1, Short-circuit performance at 1

500 A/ IEC60898-1, Service short-circuit

capacity (Ics)/ IEC60898-1, Performance at

rated short-circuit capacity (Icn)/ IEC60898-1

IEC60898-1

Reference

Laboratories

153


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Air & Physical Pollution

Research Center: Energy & Environment

Lab Manager: R. Paydar Ravandi

Lab Staff: I. Taghi Moez, A. Kokabpeyk

Department: Environment Protection

Brief Description:

Air& Physical Pollution Laboratory of Niroo Research Institute is one of the accredited

laboratories of Department of Environment in Iran, which is equipped to deliver

services according to national and international Standards.

Obtained Certification:

- Accredited Certificate of Department of Environment in Iran.

- Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

Scope of Service & Field of Services:

- Flue Gas Analysis: SO 2 , CO2, CO, NO, NO2, O 2 , HC, Particles

- Air Analysis: ,NH 3 ,Cl 2 ,H 2 S,SO 2 , CO, NO 2 , PM 10 , PM 2.5, TSP, Particles (0.3-

20mm)

- Noise Measurement by Sound Level Meter in33 frequency band (4HZ-50 kHz)

- Measurement of the Electric &Magnetic fields in power frequency (50/60 HZ)

- Measurement of the Vibration in frequency Band (10Hz-10KHZ)

- Luminous Intensity

- Calibration of Flue gas analyzers and gas detectors.( SO2, CO, NO2 , NO)

154


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Applicable tests & reference standards:

No. Test Standard No. Date of publication

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Determination of NO, NO2, CO,

SO2, O2 emissions from stationary

combustion Sources.

Determination of concentration and

mass flow rate of particulate material

in gas caring ducts manual

gravimetric method

Determination of total suspended

particulate matter in the atmosphere

Measurement of power frequency

electric& Magnetic fields from AC

power lines

Determination of sound power levels

of noise sources

Recommendation for lighting of

educational establishments

Determination of total hydrocarbons

in Stack

Evaluation of human exposure to

whole body vibration (10-80 Hz)

Average Velocity in a duct (pitot

tube method)

ASTM D6522

EPA CTM-030

ISO 9096

ASTM D4096

EN 12341

IEEE Std 644

ISO 3741

DIN 5035-60

EPA-CTM030

EPA-625R96

ISO-2631

ASTM D3154

1997

2003

1999

1994

2000

1998

1997

1989

1991

Contracts:

Some of important customers included as following:

Power Plants &

substations & transmission

lines

Metal Industries

Petrochemical Industries

Cement Industries Oil &Gas Industries Pulp and paper industries

Pharmaceutical Industries Chemical Industries Other Small industries

Participation in research projects/standards

No.

Project/standard title

1 Developing Pollutant Map of Iran Thermal Power plant

Design And Construction Of Continues Emission Monitoring System For

2

Power plant Flue Gas

Reference

Laboratories

155


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Quality Test

Research Center: Power System Control &

Dispatching

Lab Manager: M. Geraminejad

Lab Staff: A. Sanatgaran

Department: Electronics, Control &

Instrumentation

Brief Description:

Quality Test Reference Laboratory of NRI started its activities on 6th Sep. 2003 In

addition to testing the quality of electrical & electronic products; this laboratory

provides the designers and manufacturers with the opportunity of fabricating standardcompliant

devices.

Scope of service:

- Type and sample test of digital and smart meters

- Electromagnetic compatibility tests of electronic and communication equipment

such as RTU, PLC, Radio modem, Protection relay and etc.

- Environmental tests of electronic and communication equipment such as RTU,

PLC, Radio modem, Protection relay and etc.

156


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

- Mechanical tests of electronic and communication equipment such as RTU,

PLC, Radio modem, Protection relay and etc.

- Dielectric strength (DC and AC) on electronic and communication equipment.

Development activities:

- Opening of smart meter lab. By wise minister of Power Minister.

- Performing complete sample tests of smart and digital meters.

- Performing Immunity to conducted disturbances, induced by radio-frequency

fields test according to standard IEC 61000-4-6Performing Power frequency

magnetic field

- Performing Power frequency magnetic field immunity test according to standard

IEC 61000-4-8

- Performing damped oscillatory wave immunity test according to standard

IEC61000-4-18

- Performing ring wave immunity test according to standard IEC 61000-4-12

- Performing dielectric strength test according to standard IEC 60060-1

- Performing effect of magnetic field 0.5mT test of smart and digital meters.

- Performing ambient temperatures test of smart and digital meters.

- Research for conformance test toll of DLMS protocol.

Reference

Laboratories

157


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Water, Steam and Instrumental Analysis

Research Center: Chemistry & Materials

Lab Manager: S. Riahi

Lab Staff: N. Namjoo, J. Ghavami

Department: Chemistry & Process

Brief Description:

Instrumental Analysis of Water & Steam lab with expert personnel, necessary

instruments and required technical knowledge performs:- physico*-chemical analysis of

water ,industrial and sanitary wastewaters.

- Chemical analysis of boiler and turbine blades scales.

- Anti-freeze test.

- Determination of harmful elements in imported and internal-built polymeric samples

This laboratory has improved its field to the following parameters in 2010-2011:

1 DeterminationofsulfateandmercurycombinationsinSodiumhydroxide

2 Determinationofchloride&hexavalentchromiuminwater&wastewater

3 Specifications&testmethodsofcalciumhypochlorite&Sodiumhypochlorite

usableindrinkingwater.

4 WaterdeterminationinengineliquidcoolantsbyCarlFisherreagent

5 Determinationofharmfulelementsinpencil

6 Specifications&TestmethodsofFerricchloride

7 Specifications&TestmethodsofRubbercomponents–ZincOxide

8 Specificationsofdrinkingwater&swimmingpoolswaters

Obtained Certificates:

- ISIRI No.595 certificate.

- Confident lab of Environmental Protection Organization

- Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

Sample Tested and Related Standards:

1-Water, Wastewater (industrial & sanitary) analysis, scales & slimes according to

Standard Methods for the Examination of Water &Wastewater (2005)

2-Anti-freeze & Battries acid according to ISIRI standards

3-Determination of harmful elements toys according to ISIRI standards

4-Chemical Materials Analysis (HCl, H2SO4, Salts, FeCl3, Calcium Hypochlorite…)

according to ISIRI standards

5-Coal Analysis according to BS,Ghost standards

158


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Paint & Coating

Research Center: Chemistry & Materials

Lab Manager: T. Sadedding

Lab Staff: M.S. Rostami, A. Amini

Department: Chemistry & Process

Brief Description:

Paint & Coating Reference Lab. established in NRI due to importance of Paint &

Coating in protection of equipments & installation in various industries specially power

industry .The main aim of this lab. is improvement of customer satisfaction via high

quality service and in this direction laboratory system settled according to standard

quality management system of ISO/IEC 17025.This laboratory with due attention to

importance and necessity of tests in quality control have a complete range of

equipments & instruments. In addition, this lab with have experts and long experience is

ready for every consultation and other services regarding paint & coating.

Tests:

Physical tests: Appearance, Settling , Fineness , T.S.R , Viscosity ,Drying time,

Pot life , Density , Solid volume , Solid weight ,W.F.T , D.F.T , Flash point, Gloss,…

Mechanical tests: Adhesion (cross cut), Adhesion (Pull-Off), Impact, Abrasion,

Bending, Wash ability, Cupping, Hardness, Scratch.

Chemical & environmental tests: Salt spray, Humidity, Immersion, U.V, Temp.

resistance, Kesternich test (SO 2 test)

Obtained Certificates:

- Institute of Standard & Industrial Research of Iran

- Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

Reference

Laboratories

159


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Equipments which are tested and related standards:

Row

Inst.

Serial no.

Model

Standard

1

Mini test 4100(coating thickness

gauge)

2949

117-00-06

ASTM D1186 ,

D1400

2

Rectangular Notched Gauge

-

-

ASTM D4414

3

4

5

Drying time recorder

Electronic balance with density

determination kit

Dip viscosity flow cup

3189

13208989

-

Bk.3

ME 414S

231

ASTM D1640

,D5895

ASTM D2697

ASTM D1200

6

Stormer viscometer

84201

302/2

ASTM D562

7

Pycnometer

-

290/I

ASTM 1475

8

Adhesion tester

-

295/E

ASTM 3359

9

Impact tester

84146

304

ASTM 2794

10

Furnace

-

Ex.1250.24

ASTM 2485

11

12

Abrasion resistance test inst.

Washability and scrub resistance

85006

85122

317

494

Instruction

manual

ASTM 2485

13

Rapid tester (Flash point)

-

434

ASTM D3278

14

Gloss master

460.587

507

ASTM D523

15

Pendulum hardness test inst.

84165

299/300

ISO 3363

16

Cupping inst.

762

202

ISO 1520

17

Mandrel bending tester

84111

312

ASTM D522

18

19

Corrosion test instrument for Salt

Spray

Humidotherm

222

2249

606/1

330/2

ASTM B117

ASTM D2247

20

21

Solar Box

Centrifuge

049808

01 023 2011

522/3000e

Unicen FR

ASTM D5071,

D6695

-

22

Air Spray

9222

480

ASTM D823

23

Balance

62971

EB-3200P

-

160


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Row

Inst.

Serial no.

Model

Standard

24

Balance

90529

AEL-200

-

25

Oven

66-A3

50-U

-

26

27

28

VLM Kesternich test cabinet

Furnace

Corrosion tester

0404902

FSE.250-

010-F

-

Con 300-S

air

(CTD)

-

434

DIN 50018

-

ASTM 1308

29

Grindometer

-

232

ASTM D1210

30

Water Still

7341

-

-

31

32

Mixer

Chronometer

-

-

RW 20

DZM

-

-

ASTM D1200

33

34

Visco Star Plus

Testo 175

CR3011081

2

-

Visco Star -

R

175-H2

ASTM D2196

-

35

Adhesion Tester

EA2011

106

ASTM D4541

36

Scratch Boy

-

3086

ASTM D3363

37

Barometer

-

-

-

Reference

Laboratories

161


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Fuel & Oil

Research Center: Chemistry & Materials Department: Chemistry & Process

Lab Manager: M. Salehi Rad

Lab Staff: Ali Sabzi, Qumars Pishevar, Mahmoud Karimi

Brief Description:

Tests to determine the technical

- Industrial Oils:

Lubricating oils

Hydraulic oils

Engine oils

Diesel oils

Gear oils

Compressor oils

Turbine oils

- Insulating Oils:

Transformer oils

Oil pressure switches

Turbine oils equivalent determination

Review and determine appropriate oil spill or replacement

Review and analyze the status of insulating oils

Technical specifications and features transformer insulating oils

Determine the type and amount of inhibitor used in transformer oils

Measure the molecular mass of insulating oils

Analysis and identify the types of gases dissolved in oil.

Analysis of gases causes

Review and determine the appropriate oil overflow on transformer insulating oils

The basic types of insulation oils.

For the domestic equivalent of foreign oil

Fuels:

- Light and heavy liquid fuels

- Solid fuels

Types of fire fighting foam

Grease types

162


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Development Activities:

- Liquid chromatography setup and accurate determination of Furfural compounds

in transformer oil.

- Set up an automatic distillation apparatus.

- Set up an Automatic Open Flash tester.

- Set up an Automatic Close Flash Tester.

- Set up an Automatic Viscometer apparatus.

- Set up an Automatic Carbon Residue Tester.

- Set up an Interfacial tension Instrument.

- Set up a CHN Instrument.

- Set up of very precision (10-6gr) balance for CHN Instrument.

Obtained Certificates:

- Approved certification laboratory of the Research Institute of Standards and

Technology of Iran (ISIRI), No. 145

- Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

Equipment and test samples with the standard:

No.

1

2

3

4

Title

Standard test method for distillation of petroleum products

Standard test method for flash and fire points by Cleveland open cup

Standard test method for flash point by Pensky-Martens closed cup

tester

Standard test method for water in petroleum products and bituminous

material by distillation

Standard

No.

ASTM D 86

ASTM D 92

ASTM D 93

ASTM D 95

Reference

Laboratories

163


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

No.

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

Title

Standard test method for water and sediment in crude oil by centrifuge

method (field procedure)-withdrawn 2000

Standard test method for pour point of petroleum products

Standard test method for detection of copper corrosion from petroleum

products by copper strip tarnish test.

Standard test method for Conradson carbon residue of petroleum

products

Standard test method for cone penetration of lubricating grease

Standard test method for Aniline point and mixed Aniline point of

petroleum products and hydrocarbon solvents

Standard test method for foaming characteristics by lubricating oils

Standard test method for oxidation characteristics of inhibited mineral

oils

Standard test method for interfacial tension of oil against water by the

ring method

Standard test method for refractive index and refractive dispersion of

hydrocarbon liquids

Standard test method for acid number of petroleum product by

potentiometric

Standard test method for determining the water washout characteristics

of lubricating greases

Standard test method for density and specific gravity by hydrometer

Standard test method for ASTM color of petroleum products

Standard test method for heat of combustion of liquid hydrocarbon fuels

by Bomb calorimeter

Standard test method for kinematic viscosity of transparent and opaque

liquids (the calculation of dynamic viscosity)

Standard test method for ash from petroleum products

Standard test method for rust preventing characteristics of steam turbine

oil in the presence of water

Standard test method for analysis of gases dissolved in electrical

insulating oils by gas chromatography

Standard test method for Shear stability

Standard test method for dropping point of lubricating greases

Standard test method for boiling point of engine coolants

Standard test method for reserve alkalinity of engine coolants and

antirusts

164

Standard

No.

ASTM D 96

ASTM D 97

ASTM D 130

ASTM D 189

ASTM D 217

ASTM D 611

ASTM D 892

ASTM D 943

ASTM D 971

ASTM D

1218

ASTM D 664

ASTM D

1264

ASTM D

1298

ASTM D

1500

ASTM D 240

ASTM D 445

ASTM D 482

ASTM D 665

ASTM D

3612

ASTM D

6278

ASTM D

2265

ASTM D

1120

ASTM D

1121


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

No.

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

Title

Standard test method for calculating viscosity index

Standard test method for analysis PBCs in insulating liquids by GC

Standard test method for detection of water in liquid petroleum products

by Karl-Fisher reagent

Standard test method for oxidation stability of mineral insulating oils

Standard test method for Air release properties of petroleum oils

Insulating liquid –determination of the breakdown voltage at power

frequency –test method

Determination of dissipation factor and resistivity in electrical insulating

oils

Standard test method for sulfur content of liquid hydrocarbon fuels by

bomb calorimeter

Detecting and determination of specified anti-oxidant additives in

insulating oils

Standard test method for freezing point aqueous engine coolants

Determination of demulsibility characteristics of lubricating oil

Standard classification of industrial fluid lubricants by viscosity system

Method for the determination of 2-furfural and related compounds

Standard test method for instrumental determination of C,H & N in

petroleum product and lubricants

Standard

No.

ASTM D

2270

ASTM D

4059

ASTM

D1744

ASTM

D2440

ASTM

D3427

IEC 156

IEC 247

ASTM D129

IEC 60666

ASTM D

1177

IP 19

ASTM D

2422

IEC 1198

ASTM D

5291

Reference

Laboratories

165


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Metallurgy & Materials

Research Center: Chemistry & Materials

Lab Manager: S. Khalili

Lab Staff: M. Soltanlou

Department: Metallurgy

Brief Description:

- Providing engineering services related to life assessment of power plants.

- Providing engineering services related to failure analysis of industrial parts.

- Providing engineering services related to preparation of technical specification and

equivalent standard.

- Presentation of engineering services related to determination and suggestion of

manufacturing method.

Obtained Certificates:

- Accreditation from Institute of Standard and Industrial Research of Iran

- Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

Applicable tests & reference standards:

No. Test Standard No.

1 Macro hardness - Rockwell ASTM E 92

2 Macro hardness - Brinell ASTM E10

3 Macro hardness - Vickers ASTM E 18

4 Yield & strength stress ASTM A 370

5 Elongation ASTM A 370

6 Bending ASTM A 370

7 Compression ASTM A 370

8 Stress rupture ASTM E139

9 Sample preparation ASTM E 3

10 Macro etching ASTM E 407

11 Micro etching ASTM E 340

12 Microstructure evaluation ASTM E 407

13 Plating thickness ASTM E3

14 Estimating depth of decarburization ASTM E 1077

15 Stereo macroscope ASTM E 340

166


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

No. Test Standard No.

16 Microhardness - Vickers ASTM E 384

17 Microhardness profile ASTM E 384

18 Grain size determinations ASTM E112

19 Portable hardness ASTM A 956

20 Field metallographic replica ASTM E 1351

21 Heat treatment ASTM E 919

Training courses & seminars:

Row

Course name

Date

Participants

1

2

laboratory section of Life assessment of steam

turbine parts

laboratory section of failure analysis of turbine

blades

Mar.

Feb.

Tuga co.

Power plant

co.

Reference

Laboratories

167


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Electrical Machines

Research Center: Electric Power Systems Department: Electric Machines

Lab Manager: S. Gouran Oreymi

Lab Staff: M. Najafyar, S. Amini Velashani, M. Arghavan, A. Ghaempanah

Brief Description:

Electrical Machine Laboratory was established in 2003 in order to develop experimental

researches and perform the tests on single or three phases low voltage AC or DC motors

and generators, low Voltage transformers, fault diagnosis of electrical machines and

numerical analysis of electric machines.

This Laboratory is equipped considering not only long term aims, but also standard of

reference laboratory.

Tests:

- Measurement of wave forms of low Voltage electrical motors in no load and loaded

condition.

- Hot spot measurement in electric motors.

- Measurement of ohmic resistance, inductance and power consuming of low voltage

electric machines.

- Measurement of precise ohmic resistance of high voltage and low voltage cables.

- Fault diagnosis of electric machines

- Electromagnetic analysis of electric machines by Flux software.

- Voltage and Current harmonic analysis of electric machines.

- On line partial discharge measurements.

- Estimate of lifetime remaining of stator insulation.

168


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Equipments which are tested and related standards:

No. Test Item Standard No.

1 Low voltage Generator (ISIRI3772, IEEEstd115, IEC60034)

2 Low voltage DC Motors (ISIRI3772, IEEEstd115, IEC60034)

3 Low voltage AC Motors (ISIRI3772, IEEEstd115, IEC60034)

Participation in research projects/standards:

No.

Project/Standard Title

1 Participation in the project "building a microturbine- generatot"

2 Participation in the project "building a microturbine- generatot inverter"

3 Participation in the project "determining the dynamic parameters for 30 power

plant units nationwide."

Reference

Laboratories

169


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Power Electronics

Research Center: Electric Power Systems

Lab Manager: B. Hamedani

Lab Staff: H.R. Hafezi, H. Nasimfar

Department: Power Electronics

Brief Description:

The field in which the industrial electronic laboratory is working on , includes:

designing and developing the circuits and systems of electronic power , implementation

of the semi-industrial and laboratory samples , operational tests on the systems such as

static reactive power compensators in the transmissions and dispatching lines , tests of

static exciting systems of synchronous generators ,drive systems of inductive motor for

speed control , reluctance switch motor drive ,digital governor systems , power

electronic converter for micro-turbine generators . All these tests are based on specific

procedures.

Also the lighting equipments are tested in this laboratory such as : the electronic and

inductive ballasts for discharge lamps ,electronic or inductive ballasts for fluorescent

lamps , LED lamps and luminaries ,different varieties of discharge lamps such as high

pressure mercury vapor , high pressure sodium vapor and … .

Development of the activities and facilities:

- Test of different types of discharge lamps, flour cent, LED, according to the standards.

- Test of igniters, starter and accessories of different types of lamps

- Examining the power electronic devices such as: thyristor , IGBT , MOSFET ,diodes

,… according to the standard of IEC 60747

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Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Tested Equipments and the related standards:

Row Equipment and material Standard number

1 Inductive ballast of discharge sodium and ISIRI 5190

mercury vapor lamps

2 Electronic ballast of cylindrical flourcent lamps ISIRI 6195

3 LED lamps IEC 6100-3-2 & IEC

62384

4 High pressure sodium vapor lamps ISIRI 5191

5 High pressure mercury vapor lamps ISIRI 2702

Participation in research projects/standards:

Row

Project/standard

1 Collaboration in designing and production of Loshan SVC project

2 Collaboration in technical support of industrial manufacture of power simulators

project

3 Cooperating in designing and manufacturing of electronic power converters and

control system and the monitoring of micro-turbine generators

Reference

Laboratories

171


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Vibration & Acoustic

Research Center: Power Generation Department: Power Plant Mechanical Systems

Lab Manager: A. Siami

Lab Staff: M. Asayesh, M. AghaAmini, A.H. Hamedanian

Brief Description:

Vibration and Acoustic laboratory established in 2004 at NRI. The Laboratory of

Vibration and Acoustics consists of the following divisions:

1. Vibration Analysis and Rotordynamic

2. Modal Analysis, including hammer method, force excitation method, ODS, and

OMA.

3. Acoustics, including Power Measurement, Noise assessment, and Vibro-

Acoustic analysis.

The major activities at Vibration and Acoustic laboratory include:










Determination of natural frequency of mechanical equipment

Fault Diagnosis of rotating machinery

Interaction between foundation and rotating machinery

Rubbing simulation between rotor and stator

Structural and Air borne acoustic analysis and simulation

Computational Modeling for both Acoustic Radiation and Structural Vibrations.

leak detection in boilers by acoustic analysis

Crack detection in structure by acoustic analysis

Rotordynamic analysis of Turbomachinery

Sample Tests:





Stockbridge Standard for Namdar Afrooz Co.

Modal Analysis of turbine blades

Off-Line Vibration analysis of electric motors at LATIF Co.

Swept test

172


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Future Activities:


Development of acoustic division

Obtained Certificates:

- This laboratory is going to achieve certificate from Institute of standard and

Industrial Research of Iran (ISIRI).

Equipment Tested and Related Standards:

Balancing Test Rig

Rotor dynamic simulator

modern real time analyzer (Pulse 3560B)

High performance portable data collector (Movilog 2)

Several sets of transducers and microphones

Software such as: ICAST2004 PULSE9.02.60 DIVA

Acoustic Camera

Participation in research projects/standards:

No.

Project/Standard Title

1 Acoustic Noise Reduction in Power Plants

Training courses & seminars:

No. Course Title Attendee

1 Pulse software training course Power Utility

Other Utility

Reference

Laboratories

173


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Thermo Hydraulic

Research Center: Power Generation Department: Power Plant Mechanical Systems

Lab Manager: A. Hashemi

Lab Staff: Majid Rahmani Nejad, Yaser Ghorbani

Brief Description:

In order to research on fluid dynamic and heat transfer with regard to power generation

and industrial applications, Thermo-hydraulic research lab is established. Heat

exchanger lab aims to fulfill research and experimental projects and hence the name, it

works in the fields of heat exchangers in power plants and other industrial sectors.

Tests:

1. Physical simulation and gas turbine oil cooler performance investigation

2. Study on plate and tube heat exchangers in order to specify heat transfer coefficient,

pressure drop and its performance

3. Tube bundle geometry with different topology and configuration effects on its efficiency

4. Heat transfer study on short circuit generator in steady state

5. Physical Simulation of Rey Gas Turbine Power Plants Oil Cooler

6. Research on Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger in Order to Specify Heat Transfer Coefficient,

Pressure Loss and Its Efficiency

7. Effects of Tube Bundles Geometry on their Efficiency

8. Research on Heat Transfer in Short Circuited Generator in Steady State

9. Measuring of Fog Nozzles Pressure and Flow

Equipment which are tested and related standards:

1. Physical Simulation of Rey Gas Turbine Power Plants Oil Cooler

2. Research on Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger in Order to Specify Heat Transfer

Coefficient, Pressure Loss and Its Efficiency

3. Effects of Tube Bundles Geometry on their Efficiency

4. Research on Heat Transfer in Short Circuited Generator in Steady State

5. Measuring of Fog Nozzles Pressure and Flow

6. Pressure and pressure drop test of high pressure control valave

7. Thermal efficiency of heat exchanger for combined heat and power systems

8. Performance test on Combustion chambers

Participation in research projects/standards:

No.

Project/Standard Title

1 Micro turbine – Micro generator Semi product

174


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Temperature and Pressure Calibration

Research Center: Power Generation

Lab Manager: N. Irani

Lab Staff: Mahdiye Dahaghin

Department: Measurement & control Systems of

Power Plant

Brief Description:

Calibration of Thermometers and Pressure meters according to scope of accreditation of

laboratory

Obtained Certificates:

Certificate of accredited calibration laboratory from ISIRI (NATIONAL INSTITUTE

OF STANDARD OF IRAN) No. T/794

Developments:

- Extend scope of calibration in Temperature quantity from(-20 to 1200 Degree C)

to (-100 to 1200 Degree C)

- Use TPW cell for intermediate checks of PRTs and SPRTs

Reference

Laboratories

175


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Calibrations:

Row

Instrument

1 Reference and industrial PRTs, Thermocouples, LIGs and Dial thermometers

Test Laboratories Temperature controlled chambers such as furnaces , ovens ,

2

incubators , salt sprays , freezers , baths , . . .

3 Temperature Calibration chambers

4 Evaluation of industrial temperature controlled chambers

All type of pressure and differential pressure gauges , transmitters and

5

transducers

6 Pressure calibrators such as test gauges

Cooperation in technical committees:

Row

Description

1 National Vocabulary of metrology-ISIRI

2 Guide on pressure calibration-committee of measurement of efficiency-NRI

Guide on thermocouple calibration-committee of measurement of efficiency-

3

NRI

Training courses & seminars:

Row

Course

1 Special course on Calibration in power plants

2 General course on Metrology and Calibration for Gas power plants

3 General course on Metrology and Calibration for Steam power plants

176


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Research Center: Power Generation

Lab Manager: H.R.. Khalesi

Lab Staff: M. Dahaghin

Brief Description:

Industrial Automation

Department: Measurement & control Systems of

Power Plant

In this Laboratory we are able to test a design industrial electronic system which is used

in various fields of industry, such as power plants. The laboratory contains almost all of

equipment and instruments needed for testing and designing.

Equipment which are tested and related standards:







Power Supply

Oscilloscopes

Multi-meters

PLC

DAQ Cards

Pocket PC

Reference

Laboratories

177


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Electric Power Industry Communication

Research Center: Power Systems Control &

Dispatching

Lab Manager: H.R. Hafez Aghili

Lab Staff: D. Jamshidi, M. Shabro

Department: Communication Systems

Brief Description:

Quality and reliability of communication equipment are of great importance in Electric

Power Industry. Therefore, it is necessary to perform type test and sample test on these

equipment according to the related standards. For this purpose, Electric Power Industry

Communication Laboratory was established and equipped by Communication Systems

Department of Power Systems Control & Dispatching Research Center in NRI.

This laboratory by having the latest communication measurement equipment is capable

to perform functional tests of PLC (Power Line Carrier) equipment according to

IEC60495 standard and TPS (Tele-Protection System) equipment according to

IEC60834-1 standard.

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Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Tests:

- Perform functional tests of PLC (Power Line Carrier) equipment according to

IEC 60495 standard

- Perform functional tests of TPS (Tele-Protection System) equipment according

to IEC 60834-1 standard.

Future Activities:

In fact, this laboratory was established in order to perform PLC & TPS tests, but

withstanding in available equipment, perform of other services is possible.

Other Services:

- Performing type tests and sample tests of RTU (Remote Terminal Unit)

equipment

- Performing type tests and sample tests of Line Trap equipment

- Performing some tests and sample tests of LMU (Line Matching Unit)

equipment

- Performing some of type tests and sample tests of radio communication

equipment

- Performing tests on internal made communication systems products in order to

investigate their conformity with standards in the process of designing and

manufacturing

- Presenting technical consultation services to solve design problems in

communication systems

Equipments which are tested and related standards:

Row Equipment Standard

1 Analog & Digital PLC(Power Line Carrier) IEC60495

2 TPS (Tele Protection System) IEC60834-1

3 RTU (Remote Terminal Unit) IEC60870

3 LMU (Line Matching Unit) IEC60481

4 Line Trap IEC60353

5

Some of radio modem tests in VHF,UHF and

microwave frequency bands

ETSI 300-086 ,

ETSI 300-113

Reference

Laboratories

179


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Participation in research projects/standards:

No.

Project/Standard Title

1 Design and Implementation of baseband modem for SEM400 Radio Modem

2 Design and Implementation of Optical Flow Metter

3 Design and Implementation of Digital Teleprotection

4 Design and Implementation of Oxygen Transducer

Training courses & seminars:

No. Course Title Attendee

1 Design and Network Planning for PLC & Teleprotection Power Utility

Other Utility

2 Design and Network Planning for PLC & Teleprotection Power Utility

Other Utility

180


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Gas Fuel Analysis

Research Center: Chemistry & Materials

Lab Manager: F. Borhan Azad

Lab Staff: ---

Department: Chemistry & Process

Brief Description:

The NRI’s Gas Fuel Analysis laboratory was equipped and established with the aim of

providing laboratory services and performing natural gas analysis used as the fuel of

power plants.

This laboratory can also provide other industries and offer expert comments and

suggestions on gas fuel optimization.

Due to the importance and necessity of gas fuel analysis for power plants, the

experiments in this field are carried out using instruments such as Gas Chromatography

with Mass Spectroscopy Detector (GC/MSD) according to accredited standards.

Sample Tests:

- Measurement of dew point and water content (humidity) in gas fuel

- Qualitative and quantitative analysis of compounds in gas fuel

- Measurement and determination of physical properties of gas including net and gross

heating values (NHV, GHV), compressibility factor and etc.

Reference

Laboratories

181


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Future Activities:

Development of activities in this laboratory is done in two sections:

1- Upgrading laboratory services based on last version of standards by using

modern instruments

2- Providing new laboratory services to meet needs of power plants and other

industries.

Participation in research projects/standards:

No.

1

Project/Standard Title

Sampling, investigation and periodic analysis of fossil power plant fuel

Training courses & seminars:

No. Course Title Attendee

1 Work shop on improvement of performance and power

incensement in steam power plants (power plants fuel

condition monitoring)

Power Utility

Other Utility

182


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Ceramic & Polymer

Research Center: Chemistry & Materials Department: Ceramic & Polymer

Lab Manager: M. Hoor

Lab Staff: Behnam Elmdoust, Naser Jafari Nodushan

Brief Description:

- Equipped with laboratorial and experimental instruments in the field of ceramic and

polymer

- Manufacturing of electric ceramic and glaze samples and carrying out a series of tests

in order to evaluate the products performance such as physical and chemical properties

- Compounding, processing of polymer materials and carrying out related tests

- Carrying out non-electrical tests of composite insulators based on IEC standards

- Providing laboratorial, experimental, testing, engineering and technical advice for

industries by an expert team under supervision of Ceramic and Polymer Department in

Chemistry and Materials Center

Development of Activities and Sample Tests in:

- Rubber hardness measurement (Shore A)

- Mechanical properties measurement of composite insulators (96h. tests)

- Dye Penetration on core of composite insulators

- Water Diffusion on core of composite insulators

- Vicate test

- Concrete and ceramic pressure strength measurement

- Viscosity measurement of ceramic slurry

- Measurement of density, porosity and shrinkage of ceramic samples

- Particle size determination of ceramic powders

- Electrical resistance measurement

Reference

Laboratories

183


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

- PH ceramic slurry measurement

- Plasticity measurement

- Thermal shock resistance measurement

- Up to date composite insulator's tests according to the latest IEC Standard

versions (IEC 61109 : 2008 IEC 61952 : 2008)

Obtained Certificates:

- Achievement of ISO 17025 certificates is in process.

Instrument/Sample Test and Related Standards:

No.

1

2

3

4

5

Name of Instrument/Sample Test

Suspension Composite Insulators (Non-electrical Tests)

Line Post Composite Insulators (Non-electrical Tests)

Polymer Samples

Ceramic Samples

Concrete and Cement Samples

Standard No.

IEC 61109 : 2008

IEC 62217 : 2005

IEC 61952 : 2008

IEC 62217 : 2005

ASTM Standards

EN,BS,DIN,ASTM

Standards

DIN Standard

Participation in Projects/ Standards:

No.

Project/Standard

1 Design and manufacturing of nano structure thin film solar cells

2 Know-how Documentation of Polymer Insulators Life-Time Estimation

Training Courses and Seminars:

No.

Name

1 Section: Non-electrical tests in "Composite Spacer Dampers "

Course

Participants

Electric Companies

Other

184


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Wire & Cable

Research Center: Chemistry & Materials

Lab Manager: B. Elmdoost

Lab Staff: A. Feizinia, , J. Vafaie

Department: Ceramic & Polymer

Brief Description:

Tests of aerial bare conductors and low voltage power cables, non-electrical tests of

medium and high voltage power cables and tests of aerial bundled cables

Tests:

Aerial Conductors:

- Tensile test on component wires of aerial conductors

- Wrapping & Torsion test on component wires of aerial conductors

- Testing Zinc coatings on steel wire (Weight, uniformity & adherence of Zinc

coatings)

- Measurement of lay length of aerial conductors

- Determination of DC resistance of aerial conductor & it’s component wires at 20


c

Wire & Cable:

- Insulation resistance measurement at maximum conductor temperature

- Voltage test for 4 hr/V test on cores


- Determination of electrical resistance of conductors at 20 c

- Measurement of thickness of insulation and non-metallic sheaths

- Tests for determining of mechanical properties of insulation and non-metallic

sheaths before and after aging

- Additional aging test on pieces of completed cables

185

Reference

Laboratories


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

- Pressure test at high temperature on insulations and non-metallic sheaths

- Bending test at low temperature for insulations and sheaths

- Impact test at low temperature for PVC insulations to cracking (Heat shock test)

- Water absorption test on insulation-electrical method

- Flame dispersion test

- Loss of mass test on PVC sheaths of type ST 2

- Hot set test for EPR, HEPR and XLPE insulations and elastic sheaths

- Oil immersion test for elastic sheaths

- Shrinkage test for XLPE insulation

Future Activities:

- Providing requirements of exclusive tests of Halogen Free and Low Smoke cables is

in process

Obtained Certificates:

- This laboratory is going to achieve ISO/IEC 17025 certificate

List of Customers:

- Regional Electric Companies

- Cable Manufacturer Companies

- Some industries (power plants, oil and gas industries, …)

- Distribution Electric Power Companies

Equipment which Are Tested and Related Standards:

- Power cables up to 450/750 V (IEC 60227, ISIRI 607)

- Power cables 0.6/1 kV and 1.8/3 kV (IEC 60502-1, ISIRI 35696-1)

- Power cables 3.6/6 kV to 18/30 kV (IEC 60502-2, ISIRI 35696-2)

- Aerial AAC and ACSR conductors (BS 215, ASTM B231, ASTM B232)

- Aerial copper conductors (BS 7884)

- Aerial bundled cables (BS 7870-5)

186


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of workshop:

Manufacturing Workshop

Research Center: Mechanic

Department: Power Generation

Lab Manager: Ahmad Reza Meysami

Lab Staff: Majid Rahmani Nejad, Yaser Ghorbani Amir

Brief Description:

This workshop is active in manufacturing parts and mechanical systems. The facilities

and equipment of this workshop are machine tools (such as milling, turning and drilling

machines), arc welding, saw and general tools.

Field of activities:

Milling, turning, boring, drilling, welding and Assembly of mechanical systems

Equipment:

Milling Machine Model FP4M

Lathe Machine Model TN50A

Shaping Machine Model ST700A

Pillar Drilling Machine Model MS32A, MS20

Electric Pipe-Thread Cutting Machine

Electric Arc Welding Machine

Gas Welding Machine

Reference

Laboratories

187


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Participation in research projects/standards:

No.

Project/Standard Title

1 Manufacturing

Manufacturing Consulting

188


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Electrical Hardware

Research Center: Chemistry & Material

Lab Manager: Azam Bajgholi

Lab Staff: Mehdi Mirzaee

Department: Metallurgy

Brief Description:

Quality control of the line hardwares to reduce power losses and to transmit electric

energy to final consumers continuously is very important.

In order to quality control line hardwares, performing type, sample and routine tests for

all hardwares according to the national and international standards is very necessary.

In order to achieve this goal, hardware Lab. in NRI equipped.

Scope of Service& Field of Services:

This laboratory can perform appropriate tests on various types of hardwares such as:

- Aerial bundle cable Accessory of low and medium voltage

- Distribution line hardwares of low and medium voltage

- Transmission line hardwares

- Substation hardwares

Obtained Certificates:

The laboratory is going to achieve certificate from the institute of standards and

industrial research of I.R.IRAN (ISIRI).

189

Reference

Laboratories


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Application Tests& References Standards:

Row

1

2

3

4

5

6

Name of Instrument/Sample Test

Insulation piercing connectors for low

voltage aerial bundled cable

Tension and suspension clamps for low

voltage aerial bundled cable

Distribution line hardwares

Insulator pins for overhead line

Bolts and Nuts

Substation hardwares

Standard No.

IEC 61284

IEC 60120

IEC 61284, EN 50483

EN 50397, ASTM A370

EN 50483, EN 50397

EN 50483, EN 50397

IEC 61284, EN 50483

EN 50483, EN 50397

Participation in research projects/standards:

No.

Project/Standard Title

1 Low voltage ABC accessories and acceptance criteria –Institute of standards and

industrial research of Iran

2 Low voltage ABC accessories and acceptance criteria – Iran power industry standard

Training courses & seminars:

No. Course Title Attendee

1 Low voltage ABC accessories – New generation of

distribution line hardwares

Power Utility

Other Utility

2 Low voltage ABC accessories – New generation of

distribution line hardwares

Power Utility

Other Utility

190


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Laboratory:

Fuel cell Fabrication and Testing Lab.

Research Center: Energy& Environment

Lab Manager: H. Mohebbi

Lab Staff: A.Raoufei

Department: Renewable energy

Brief Description:

Fuel cell Lab. Started its activities on research and development of fuel cells at 2009. It

has special equipment and expert staff for fuel cells researches. The facilities are

including:

- Lab cast machine

- Screen printing machine

- Stereo microscope

- Fuel cell testing furnace

- Gas handling unit

- Autolab potantiostat/galvanostat

- Autolab Impedance analyzer

- Fuel cell testing system

(WonAtech WFCTS 3.0)

- Hydrogen sensor

- Leakage testing system

- Digital multimeters

- Ballmill

- Air compressor (20bar)

- 100 ton uniaxial press

- Water distiller

- Mechanical blender

- Medium temperature furnace

- High temperature furnace

- Oven

- Balance (4 digits)

- Glass ware

Fuel Cell Lab. provides different services for fabrication and testing of fuel cells. The

laboratory has high safety for working with H 2 at high temperature. Now below services

are available for fuel cells study:

- SOFC single cell fabrication

- Anodic substrate fabrication

- Electrolyte applying on different substrate

Reference

Laboratories

191


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

- Cathode applying on different substrate

- Services on Fuel cell sealing

- EIS testing

- I-V curve testing

- Long term study of FCs

- Thermal cyclic testing

- Sealing performance testing

- Simulation of FCs

192


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Name of Reference Laboratory:

Smart Meter

Research Center: Power Systems Control &

Dispatching

Lab Manager: gerami nejad

Lab Staff: ---

Department: Electronic, Control and

Instrumentation

Brief Description:

Obtained Certificates:

- Institute of Standards & Industrial Research of Iran

- Quality management system certificate according to ISO/IEC 17025 numbered

DAP-PL-3893.00

Reference

Laboratories

193


Reference Laboratories Center 2010-2011

Test samples and related standards:

Row Sample name Standard No.

1 Digital 1Phase and 3 Phases Meters

IEC 62052-11

IEC 62053-21,22,23

2 Low voltage switchgear and Control gear (Contactors) IEC 60947-4-1

3 Remote Terminal Unit (RTU)

IEC 60870-2-1

IEC 60870-2-2

4 Power Analyzer IEC 61000-4-2,4

5 Radio Modem IEC 60068-2-1,2

6 Measurement system IEC 61000-4-2,4

7 Meter Test System IEC 62053-21,22,23

8 Power Saving ---

9 MEMS Type Sensor IEC 60068-2-1,2

10 Protection Relay IEC 61000-4-2,4

11 Digital Scale OIML R 76-1

Participation in research projects/ standards:

Row

1 Standard IEC62058-11

2 Standard IEC62059-21

3 Standard IEC60736

Project/Standard name

Training courses & seminars:

Row Course name Participants

1 workshop of digital meters and related standards

In international power conference

Electrical companies

Power Utility companies

194


Seminars, Conferences and… 2010-2011

Bargh journal of electrical science and technology

Bargh journal is the most experienced science and technology journal that move to a

new stage of its activities in 2010 to expand the science and it's usages in electrical

industries. Bargh is a journal that scientists and researchers can post their papers and

professors, universities and research centers have a key role in journal success.

The journal topics are:










System studies

Electrical machines

Dispatching

Communication systems

Computer

Control

Chemistry a material

New energies and environment

Economical studies

197

Seminars,

Conferences

and …


Seminars,Conferences

and… 2010-2011

International Power System Conferencee

NRI executed the twenty-fifths international power system conference (PSC2010) in 8-

10 November. Secretariat office received more than 1300 paper that been reviewed in

19 committees.

Finally 402

papers accepted. The conference held in 3 days with

171

papers for oral presentationn in 4 halls and 43 poster presentations. 22 workshops held in

6 days.Seminarss and Roundtable discussions were the other

part of PSC. an exhibition

was held in 5 hall with 120 Iranian and foreign

companies. More than 3000 persons

attend this conference.

300

250

6

54

receivedpapers

accepted

notdecidedd

200

150

44

29

100

50

32

29

23

23

21

20

1

19

18

18

17

6

12

11

11 8 7

6

0

209

148

99

125

77

71

62

52

48

40

42

56

36

94

40

33

19

25

21

198


Seminars, Conferences and… 2010-2011

Digital Library

Ease of storing, organizing and access with ability to restrict permission and access are

some of the benefits of digital storing of valuable resources. By use of computer, digital

library is a stable, fast, integrated database that has ability to update cheaply and fast.

The goal of digital library of NRI is to expand the information of all corporations and

centers of ministry of energy with its books, papers, magazines and videos also

expansion by sharing resources with other counties libraries.

Digital library of NRI is accessible for NRI website www.nri.ac.ir.

199

Seminars,

Conferences

and …


List of Published Papers 2010-2011


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

Published and presented papers in national and international

conferences

1- S.E. Mousavi Torshizi, S. Hemmati;" Investigation and comparison between creep

and fatigue effects on life time of power plant headers"; 25th International Power

System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

2- K. pourmostadam,"Study of Existing Standards in Electric Power Smart Grid"; 25th

International Power System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

3- F. Khosravi, S. Salemi, A. Hamedanian, A. Siami, "Performance Comparison of a

Domestic Control Valve with Foreign Samples in a Power Plant", 2nd Conference on

Thermal Power Plants (Gas, Combined Cycle, Steam), Oct. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

4- A. Hashemi, S. Ziaee, S. Sadeghi, A. Meysami, H. Aghaali, M. Zahed,"Conceptual

and Thermodynamic Design of 100 Kw Microturbine For Combined Heat and Power

Application Based on Domestic Manufacturing Capability", 25th international power

system conference psc2010, Nov. 2010,Tehran, Iran.

5- A. Meysami, S. Ziaee, A. Hashemi, J. Aghayari, M. Haghshenass ;"Construction of

100kW microturbine base on the manufactureability in Iran", 25th International

Power System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

6- M. Ghanbari, A. Meysami, A. Hashemi ;"Design and optimization of shell and tube

heat exchanger in CHP system by Genetic Algorithm", 25th International Power

System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

7- S. S. Ziaee, A. Meysami, A. Hashemi and H. Haghshenas, ”Manufacturing of the 100

Kw Microturbine Base on Manufacturing Capability for Iranian’s companies”, 25th,

International Power System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

8- B. Shahbazi, S. Sadeghi, J. Aghayari, S. Salemi, "Identification of model parameters

of steam turbine and governer of Islamabad Isfahan Power Plant", 3rd Electric Power

Generation Conference, 15 Feb. 2011, Mazandaran, Iran.

9- A. Firouzeh, J. Aghayari, M. Nasiri, "Gilan Gas Turbine Identification Using Power

Plant Documents", 25th International Power System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran,

Iran.

10- J. Aghayari, M. Nasiri, A. Firouzeh, "Neyshabour Power Plant Gas Turbine

Identification Using Experimental Data", 3rd Electrical Power Generation

Conference, February 2011.

201

Published

Papers


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

11- A. Hashemi, A. Madani, H. Kanani, A.R. Meysami, M. Ghamari, M. Taheri;

"Optimization of Transmission, Bearing and Lubrication Systems of Abadan Power

plant Ventilating Mechanism", 2nd conference on Rotating equipment in oil and

power industries, May 2010,Tehran, Iran.

12- S.M. Mousavian, M. E. Sarbandi Farahani "Justifiability Investigation of Using

Duct Burner to Increase Power Generation of Combined Cycle Power Plant", 25th

International Power System Conference Nov 8-10, 2010, Tehran, Iran

13- H. Rezazadeh, M. E. Sarbandi. Farahani "Techno economical Study of Solutions to

Production Restrictions in Ramin Power plant" 25th International Power System

Conference Nov 8-10, 2010, Tehran, Iran

14- E. Torabnejad, R. H. Khoshkhoo, M. E. Sarbandi. Farahani, "Evaluation of Power

Plant Cycle with CO2 Capture via Oxy-Fuel Combustion in Kazeroon Power Plant",

25th International Power System Conference, 2010, Tehran, Iran

15- E. Torabnejad, R. H. Khoshkhoo, M. E. Sarbandi. Farahani, "Survey of Using Oxy-

Fuel Combustion Technology in Power Plants to Decrease Environmental

Pollutants", First Conference and Exhibition on Energy Management and

Conservation, 2010, Tehran, Iran.

16- M.Rahimi,"Calculation of Ratio of Thermocouples and Temperature Difference of

Two-Stage Thermoelectric Coolers for Maximum Cooling Load",1st Iranian

Thermal Science Conference, February 2011, Mashhad, Iran

17- M.Rahimi, E.Gharibian, "Technical and Practical Study of Influence of Fog System

on performance of Yazd Combined Cycle Power plant", 25th International Power

System Conference, Nov 8-10, 2010, Tehran, Iran

18- M. E. Sarbandi. Farahani, A. Namazi Tajaragh" Investigation and Evaluation of

Cost Components of Electricity Generation in Old Power Plants", 3rd Electric Power

Generation Conference, February 2011, Mazandaran, Iran

19- H. Abroshan, M.E. Sarbandi Farahani, "Power Generation Restriction due to

Ljungstrum Leakage in Bandar-Abbas Steam Power Plant", 3rd Electric Power

Generation Conference, February 2011, Mazandaran, Iran.

20- M. Farhadkhani, M. Shabanzadeh;" Asset Management in Electricity Distribution

sector A Raquirement for Restructuring of Iran's Power industry",25th International

Power system Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

21- F. Patoy, M. Nikzad, B. mozaffari,P. Mousavi, A. Abaszadeh;" Generating Units

And Demand Response Scheduling To Provide Optimal Reserve Capacity

202


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

Requirement Applying Stochastic Security Approach",25th International Power

system Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

22- H. Hasani Marzouni, S.H. hoseini, F.fallahi, M. Nik;" Electricity Market Capacity

Mechanism in Iran and Other Countries", 25th International Power system

Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

23- M. Zamaninejad, Z. Salimian,V. Mokarizadeh, O. Shaakeri;“Feasibility Study of

Combined Production of Heat and Power in Nonmetallic Mineral Industries”, 25th

International Power system Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

24- M. Zamaninejad; “Criteria for Employment of CHP Technologies in the Industrial

Activities of Iran and Specifying their Priority”, 25th International Power system

Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

25- Z. Salimian; “Projected Cost of Electricity after Omitting Subsidy on Energy ,Using

Input-Output Table”, 25th International Power system Conference, Nov. 2010,

Tehran, Iran.

26- A. Jokar,A.Y.H. Tehrani,M.A. Sabooni; “Desigin of Zero Energy Single Detached

House in Tehran”, 25th International Power system Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran,

Iran.

27- M.A. Sabooni; V. Mokarizadeh, M. Jabbar; “Economic Evaluation of Heat Pump

Water Heaters and its comparison with solar water heater”, 25th International Power

system Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

28- Sh. Mansouri,V. Mokarizadeh,M. Jabbar, M. Noori; “Designing Thermal Energy

Storage (TES) System for Space Cooling an Office Building in Ahwaz and

Comparison of Them with Cooling System Without TES”, 2th International

Conference on HVAC, June. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

29- A., Mostafaei; “Scrap Tire, A Solution for Cement Plant as Fuel”, 1st Tire & Rubber

Recycling and Environment Conference, 29-30 June 2010, IRAN.

30- M. Sadeghian, A. Mostafaei, M.R. Farahmand, “Using The Solar Chimney to

Reduce Tehran Air Pollution”,25 th International Power System Conference, 8-10

Nov. 2010, IRAN.

31- J. Nouraliee, N. Farahkhah; “Identification of Geothermal Prospects in Mahallat

Region by means of Geological Data”, 18th Symposium of Society of

Crystallography and Mineralogy, Aug. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

32- J. Nouraliee, N. Farahkhah; “Identification of Geothermal Prospects in Mahallat

Region by means of Aeromagnetic Data and Comparison of AM data with

203

Published

Papers


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

Geological Information”, 14th Symposium of Geological Society of Iran and 28th

Geosciences Seminar of Geological Survey, Aug. 2010,Tehran, Iran.

33- J. Nouraliee; “Estimation of Vartun Geothermal Prospect Temperature using its

Warm Spring Data”, 5th National Symposium of Geology and Environment, Mar.

2011, Tehran, Iran.

34- J. Nouraliee; “Characteristics of Khorhe Geothermal Prospect in North-East

Mahallat”, 5th National Symposium of Geology and Environment Mar. 2011,

Tehran, Iran.

35- Y.M. Barzi, N. Manafi, A. Raoufi, H. Kanani; “Study of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell 3D

Simulation”, 4th Fuel Cell Seminar, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

36- H. Aslannejad, H. Mohebbi, A. Raoufi, M. Zhiani, M. Rezaee; “Performance Study

of NRI Solid Oxide Fuel Cell”, 4th Fuel Cell Seminar, Tehran, Iran, 2010.

37- A. Raoufi, A. Ghobadzade, H. Mohebbi, R. Mahmoodi, H. Aslannejad, I. Azarian,

H. Abdoli; “Fabrication of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell at NRI”, 4th Fuel Cell Seminar,

Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

38- H. Aslannejad, A. Raoufi, A. Ghobadzade, H. Mohebbi, S. Bozorgmehri, M. Zhiani;

“Development of Standard Test Stand for SOFC”, 4th Fuel Cell Seminar, Nov. 2010,

Tehran, Iran.

39- R. Mahmoodi, A. Ghobadzade, I. Azarian, H. Mohebbi, A. Raoufi, “The Coating

and Study of Mechanical Properties of Electrolyte layer of SOFC by Screen Printing

Method”, 4th Fuel Cell Seminar, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

40- A. Ghobadzade, H. Mohebbi, R. Mahmoodi, A. Raoufi, H. Aslannejad; “Fabrication

of Half-cell Solid Oxide Fuel Cell by Dual Tape Casting”, 4th Fuel Cell Seminar,

Tehran, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

41- Y. Mollayi Barzi, A. Raoufi, H. Kanani; “3-D Simulation of Mass and Heat

Exchanges in a Counter flow Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell”, 25th International

Power System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

42- S.M. Lajevardi; “Green Building Footprint Design via Two Objective Genetic

Algorithm Application”, 18th Annual International Conference of ISME, May 2010,

Tehran, Iran.

43- S.M. Ladjevardi, A. Asnaghi, P. Saleh Izadkhast; “Thermodynamic Analysis of Solo

161 Solar Stirling Engine”, 25th International Power System Conference, Nov. 2010,

Tehran, Iran.

204


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

44- M. Zeyghami, B. Ebrahimi; “Technical modeling and comparison of Kalina cycle

with fixed and variable working fluid composition”, 18th Annual International

Conference of ISME, May 2010, Tehran, Iran.

45- P. Saleh Izadkhast, H.R. Lari, P. Kanan; “Design and Construction of prototype

Solar Assisted Solid Desiccant Air Conditioning System”, 25th International Power

Systems Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

46- H. Beirami, Y. Yaghoubinezhad, A. S .Arjmand, S .Ghasemi, M. S. Dehbarez,

“Foundation Condition Assessment of the 230 kV Sea Crossing Tower in the Pol-

Laft Strait Using Nondestructive Tests,” 25th International Power System

Conference (PSC), Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

47- N. Riahi Noori, R. Sarraf Mamoory, A. Mehdikhani, “Investigation on Non-Linear

Properties of Nano Structure Zinc Oxide Varistors”, 25th International power system

conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

48- N. Riahi Noori, A. Mehdikhani, M. Hoor, B. Babaee Nezhad, “Investigation on

Electrical Properties of Semiconductive Glaze Porcelain Insulators”, 25th

International power system conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

49- A. Sedghi, N. Hamid Nejad, N. Riahi Noori, B. Babaee Nezhad, “Study of Silicon

Effect on Microstructure, Physical, and Electrical Properties of Porcelain Insulators”,

25th International power system conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

50- A. Mehdikhani, R. Siavash Moakhar, N. Riahi Noori, B. Elmdoust, M. Hoor,

“Comparison of Mechanical, Electrical, and Microstructural Properties of Silicon

Rubber Insulator’s Shed in Environmental & Accelerated Conditions”, 25th

International power system conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

51- A. Sedghi, N. Riahi Noori, “Manufacturing MoSi2/Al2O3 Composite by

Microwave Activated Combustion Method”, 4th Annual conference of Iranian

metallurgical engineering society and foundry man society, 15-16 Nov. 2010,

Tehran, Iran.

52- F. Nikanjam, R. Sarraf Mamoory, N. Riahi Noori, “The Effect of Different Solvents

on LiF Nano Powder Synthesis by Sol-Gel Method”, 4th Annual Conference of

Iranian Metallurgical Engineering Society and foundry man Society, 15-16 Nov.

2010, Tehran, Iran.

53- S. Dalirian, R. Alizadeh, A. Ahmadi, “Development of Data Bank for Condition

Monitoring of Power Generators by Chemical Analysis of Cooling Gas”, the 25th

International Power System Conference (PSC), 2010, Tehran, Iran”

205

Published

Papers


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

54- M. Akbari Garekani and M. Medizadeh; “Study of Microstructure and Mechanical

Properties Evolution in the 4th Stage Blade of V94.2 Gas Turbine after Long Term

Service Exposure”, 2nd Conference on Rorating Equipment in Oil and Power

Industries, 2010, Tehran, Iran.

55- M. Rayatpour, Mehdizadeh; "Condition Assessment of Third Stage Nozzle in V94.2

Gas Turbine", 2nd Conference on Rotating "Equipment in oil & Power Industries,

2010, Tehran, Iran.

56- H. Kazempour-Liacy, B. Boromandi, A. Haghshenas; “Failure Analysis of a Forced

Draft Fan Blade in a power plant”, 25th PSC 2010, Tehran, Iran.

57- M. R. Shirpay, H. Kazempour liacy, F. Taymori, M. Alibabai; “Failure Analysis of a

Repaired W251-B2 Gas Turbine Nozzle”, 25th PSC 2010, Tehran, Iran.

58- M.R. Shirpay; “Failure Causes in Stage 2 Blade of a GE-F5 Gas Turbine in a Power

Plant”, 25th PSC 2010, Tehran, Iran.

59- A. Bajgholi; "Study of Manufacturing Method Effect on Performance of

Distribution Lines Connectors”; 25th PSC 2010, Tehran, Iran.

60- M. Akbari Garakani, M. Mehdizadeh, H. Farhang; “Effect of Long-Term Service

Exposure on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of a Gas Turbine Blade”,

25th PSC 2010, Tehran, Iran.

61- M. Medizadeh, M. Akbari Garekani; “Effect of Long-Term Service Exposure on

Microstructural and Mechanical Properties Degradation in a Hot Gas Path

Component of a Gas Turbine”, 22nd Annual Conferance of the Iranian Metallurgy

Eengineering Society, 2011, Tehran, Iran.

62- R. Siavash, S. khalili, M. Mehdipour, M. Ghorbani; “Failure Analysis of

Economizer Tube used in Combined Cycle Power Plant by Chemical, Mechanical,

and Microstructural Methods”, 25th PSC 2010, Tehran, Iran.

63- M. Mehdizadeh, A. Zare, A. Mokhtari and K. Kabir; “Quality Control Methods for

Repaired Bearing of GE-F9 Gas Turbine”, 3th electric power generation

conference, 2011, Tehran, Iran.

64- H. Kazempour-Liacy, M. Abedi, “Determining Quality Control Procedure &

Criterions for Repaired Blades & Vanes of V94.2 Gas Turbine”, 4th V94.2 Gas

Turbine seminar, March 2011, Tehran, Iran.

65- M. Amirabadi, S.F. Ashrafi;" Design and manufacturing of ground fault locator of

DC network of power plant";3rd Electric Power Generation Conference, Mahmood-

Abad, Iran, 15-16 Feb., 2011

206


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

66- N.Yavari, S.F. Ashrafi, F. Bazhdanzadeh;" Design and Implementation of Optical

Measuring System of the Concentration of Dissolved Oxygen for Power Plants",

25th International Power system Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

67- M. Mozafari," Design and Fabrication of Hydrogen Purity sensor with MEMS

Technology"; 25th International Power System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

68- H.Berahmandpour, M.Sadeghi, S.Barghinia, "Static Load Modeling Based on Load

Parameters Measurements for Load Flow and Loss Calculation" – 18th International

Conference in Electrical Engineering , ICEE 2010

69- J.Nezafat, S.Barghinia, H.Berahmandpour, "Optimum Reactive Power Control in

Transmission and Subtransmission Networks"– 18th International Conference in

Electrical Engineering , ICEE 2010

70- D.Jalali, H.Alipour, "A New Approach on Planning the Road Lighting and Selection

the Best Luminaires' – 25th Power System Conference PSC 2010

71- H.Berahmandpour, N.Moslemi, M.R.Zahed, "The Effect of Reactive Compensation

in EHV Transmission Line in Reclosing SOV After a Single Phase Fault" – 25th

Power System Conference PSC 2010

72- M.BahramiPanah, H.Raoufi, H.Berahmandpour, "A New Method for Evaluating

Power System Security in Multi-Area Power System" – 25th Power System

Conference PSC 2010

73- M.Moslemi, D.Jalali, M.R.Zahed, H.Berahmandpour, H.Raoufi, "Development of

Fault Arc Modeling and its Simulation in EMTP for Reclosing of Line Circuit

Breakers for AC Transmission Lines" – 25th Power System Conference PSC 2010

74- Z.Madihi Bidgoli, H.Berahmandpour, D.Jalali, M.Moslemi, "Transmission Network

Time Domain Equivalencing for Line Switching Transients"' – 25th Power System

Conference PSC 2010

75- M.Ranjbar, H.Ebrahimirad, S.Mohaghegh, A.P.Ghale & B.Hamedani "Design and

Construction of a 85-kVA Three-Phase Inverter for Connecting a Micro-Turbine

System to a Three-Phase Three-Wire Power System", 25th International Power

System Conference (PSC2010), Tehran, Iran, 2010.

76- B.Arezi, "Photobiological Safety Evaluation of Compact Fluorescent Lamps", 25th

International Power System Conference (PSC2010), Tehran, Iran, 2010.

77- B.Arezi, "An Accelerated Life Testing Method for LED Luminaires", 25th

International Power System Conference (PSC2010), Tehran, Iran, 2010.

207

Published

Papers


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

78- A.Esmaieli, "Design and construction of a TCR for Loshan substation – power

design section" , 25th International Power System Conference (PSC2010), Tehran,

Iran, 2010.

79- M.Asadi & B.Arezi, "Thermal design, modeling and simulation of air forced cooling

heatsink fot thyristor controlled reactor(TCR)", Second Annual Power Electronics

and Drive Systems and Technologies Conference (PEDSTC) , Tehran, Iran, Feb

2011.

80- M.Ranjbar, S.Mohaghegh, M.Salehifar, H.Ebrahimirad & A.P.Ghaleh, "Power

Electronic Interface in a 70 kW Microturbine-Based Distributed Generation" ,

Second Annual Power Electronics and Drive Systems and Technologies Conference

(PEDSTC) , Tehran, Iran, Feb 2011.

81- A.P.Ghale, H.Ebrahimirad, S.Mohaghegh & M.Ranjbar "Control and Monitoring

design and implementation of a Microturbine" Iran's Second International conference

on Industrial Automation, Tehran, Iran, 2011.

82- I. Sadeghi, G.H. Zafarabadi, G. Jahedi, M. Dashtebayazi, “Validation of Governor's

Dynamic model of Gas units of Khayyam power plant from tests”, 10-F-ACI-1610

(in Farsi Format), 25th International Power System Conference, Tehran, Iran, 8-10

Nov., 2010

83- Gh. Zafarabadi, S. Amini Valashani , H. Gharaghozloo, “ Prioritization of units of

powerplants of iran from dynamic sdaties aspect ”, 10-F-ACI-1610 (in Farsi Format),

p. 129-134 (in Farsi Format), 3rd Electric Power Generation Conference, Mahmood-

Abad, Iran, 15-16 Feb., 2011

84- I. Sadeghi, S. Gouran, R. Sarafraz, “The Evaluation of Insulator Conditions and

Estimation of the Life Expectancy of Power Plant Hydrogenerators Using Insulator

Tests.” 3rd Power Plant Conference, Mazandaran, Mahmoud Abad. Jan.2010.

85- R. Kazemi, Gh. Zafarabadi, “Analytical Modeling and Design of Power System

Stabilizer for Montazeri Powerplant-Phase 2”, p. 185-192 (in Farsi Format), 3rd

Electric Power Generation Conference, Mahmood-Abad, Iran, 15-16 Feb., 2011

86- R. Sarafraz, I. Sadeghi, S. Amini, “An Evaluation of the Congruity of Results

Obtained from PDCA Tests with Other Offline Tests for the Estimation of Life

Expectancy in a Sample 11.5 Kilovolt Power Plant Unit.” 3rd Power Plant

Conference, Mazandaran, Mahmoud Abad. Jan.2010

87- H. Ghadiri, S. khayamim; M. Gilvanejad, M.R. Shariati, Gh. Khoskholgh;" Solution

finding of distribution network loses: eliminating the low voltage network or

extending the medium voltage network"; 25th International Power System

Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

208


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

88- A. Bashghare, S.J. Vasei, M. Ashouri, E. Aliabadi, P.Nazarian," Failure Of

Grounding Transformers In Substations Due To Incompetent Performance Of

Protection System"; 25th International Power System Conference, Nov. 2010,

Tehran, Iran.

89- M. Ghilvanejad, S.H. Fathi;" finding the reason of inefficiency of voltage regulator

in some of long medium voltage lines"; 25th International Power System

Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

90- Z. Mohammadzadeh, M. Shabro,Hardware;"Specific Modem Design, Effective Use

of Bandwidth for Analog PLC"; 25th International Power System Conference, Nov.

2010, Tehran, Iran.

91- M.A. Kashiha, M.Shabro," Modeling of Security and ependability in Teleprotection

Systems"; 25th International Power System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

92- S.Ahanj, A. Bakhshi;" Security Solution In Power Line Carrier Systems"; 25th

International Power system Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

93- Kh.Farhadi, H.R. Hozhabri:" Designing damped oscillatory magnetic field generator

to test immunity of RTU, against magnetic field generated by the switching

phenomena" PSC 2010, Iran.

94- L. Abdi:" Designing & Implementation of Fault Indicator Module in RTU" PSC

2010,Iran.

95- M.Rezaee, M. Oskouee, M.R. Shariati, A. Dezfouli; "Performance evaluation of

insulator creep age extender at heavy magnetite polluted 230 kV substation" CIGRE

2010, France

96- M.A.Farahani, M. Alaee; "Testing of Predictive Controller System based on Linear

on a diffusion furnace" 2010 International Conference on Modeling, Simulation and

Control-ICMSC 2010, Cairo, Egypt

97- S.S. Ziaee, F. Najafi, “Design of an Active Suspension System for Passenger Cars

Using Optimal Control Method and Neural Network Control”, 3rd International

Conference on Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics (ICMEM), CD Rome, Oct

2009, Beijing, P. R. China.

98- F. Khosravi, S. Salemi, A. Hamedanian, A. Siami, "Performance Comparison of a

Domestic Control Valve with Foreign Samples in a Power Plant", 2nd Conference on

Thermal Power Plants (Gas, Combined Cycle, Steam), Oct. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

99- A. Hashemi, S. Ziaee, S. Sadeghi, A. Meysami, H. Aghaali, M. Zahed,"Conceptual

and Thermodynamic Design of 100 Kw Microturbine For Combined Heat and Power

209

Published

Papers


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

Application Based on Domestic Manufacturing Capability", 25th international power

system conference psc2010, Nov. 2010,Tehran, Iran.

100- A. Meysami, S. Ziaee, A. Hashemi, J. Aghayari, M. Haghshenass ;"Construction

of 100kW microturbine base on the manufactureability in Iran", 25th International

Power System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

101- M. Ghanbari, A. Meysami, A. Hashemi ;"Design and optimization of shell and

tube heat exchanger in CHP system by Genetic Algorithm", 25th International Power

System Conference, Nov. 2010, Tehran, Iran.

102- M. Akbari, S. Ziaee and A. Hashemi “Numerical simulation of flow and heat

transfer in the stator and air gap of a high speed Micro generator”, Journal of

Electrical Science and Technology, Tehran, March 2011.

103- S. S. Ziaee, A. Meysami, A. Hashemi and H. Haghshenas, ”Manufacturing of the

100 Kw Microturbine Base on Manufacturing Capability for Iranian’s companies”,

25th, International Power System Conference (PSC), CD Rome, Code:10-F-EPG-

1506, Nov 2010, Tehran, Iran.

104- B. Shahbazi, S. Sadeghi, J. Aghayari, S. Salemi, "Identification of model

parameters of steam turbine and governer of Islamabad Isfahan Power Plant", 3rd

Electric Power Generation Conference, 15 Feb. 2011, Mazandaran, Iran.

105- A. Firouzeh, J. Aghayari, M. Nasiri, "Gilan Gas Turbine Identification Using

Power Plant Documents", 25th International Power System Conference, Nov. 2010,

Tehran, Iran.

106- J. Aghayari, M. Nasiri, A. Firouzeh, "Neyshabour Power Plant Gas Turbine

Identification Using Experimental Data", 3rd Electrical Power Generation

Conference, February 2011.

107- A. Hashemi, A. Madani, H. Kanani, A.R. Meysami, M. Ghamari, M. Taheri;

"Optimization of Transmission, Bearing and Lubrication Systems of Abadan Power

plant Ventilating Mechanism", 2nd conference on Rotating equipment in oil and

power industries, May 2010,Tehran, Iran.

108- M. Asayesh, "Analysis of high level vibration and noise of an electromotorcompressor

with increasing gearbox during startup", CMFD2010, Sharif University

of Technology, March 2010, Tehrna, Iran, pp. 1053-1059.

109- S.S. Ziaee, F. Najafi, “Design of an Active Suspension System for Passenger

Cars Using Optimal Control Method and Neural Network Control”, 3rd International

Conference on Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics (ICMEM), CD Rome, Oct

2009, Beijing, P. R. China.

210


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

110- F. Partovi, B. Mozafari, M. Ranjbar; “An Approach for Daily Assessment of

Active Power Reserve Capacity and Spinning Reserve Allocation in a Power

System”, International Conference on Power System Technology, 2010, Hangzhou.

111- P. Saleh Izadkhast, P. Kanan; “Design and Construction of a prototype Solar

Assisted Solid Desiccant Air Conditioning System”, Solar Energy Research and

Applications: Joint Iranian/US Workshop, Nov. 2010, Irvine, USA.

112- M. Zeyghami; “Thermo-Economic Optimization of Geothermal Flash Steam

Power Plants”, Proceedings world Geothermal Congress, Apr. 2010, Bali, Indonesia.

113- J. Noralee, S. Porkhial; “Re-evaluation of Geothermal Potential of Damavand

Volcano”, Proceedings world Geothermal Congress, Apr. 2010, Bali, Indonesia.

114- J. Noralee, S. Porkhial, A. Tamjidi; “Physicochemical Characteristics of Warm

Springs in Mahalat Geothermal Region”, Proceedings world Geothermal Congress,

Apr. 2010, Bali, Indonesia.

115- "A New Method for Calculating Transmission Power Losses Based on Exact

Modeling of Ohmic Loss" M.Fekri Moghadam, H. Berahmandpour – 25th

International Power System Conference - 2010

211

Published

Papers


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

Published Papers in National & International Journals

1- M.S. Aghighi, E. Gharibian; "Identification of behavior pattern and fault detection in

gas turbines" Bargh journal of electrical science and technology, no.48, 2011

2- M. Akbari, S. Ziaee and A. Hashemi “Numerical simulation of flow and heat transfer

in the stator and air gap of a high speed Micro generator”, Journal of Electrical

Science and Technology, Tehran, March 2011.

3- F.khosravi, A. Mohajer; "Experimental investigation of enhanced tubes in shell and

tube heat exchangers", Bargh journal of electrical science and technology, no.48,

2011

4- O. Shahhoseini, Z. Salimian,R. Goodarzirad, M. Alimardani,; “Forecasting of

Electricity Demand in Iran’s Transportation Sector up to 2016 Using MAED Model

”, Iranian Journal of Energy, Vol.13,No.1, 2010

5- A., Mostafaei; “Comparison of Incinerators in Europe and USA”, SANAT-E–BARQ

Magazine, Oct/Nov. 2010, IRAN.

6- A., Mostafaei; “Scrap Tire, A Solution for Cement Plant as Fuel”, Iranian Rubber

Magazine, Fall 2010, IRAN.

7- A. Mehdikhani, R. Siavash Moakhar, M. Hoor, B. Elmdoust, D. Rezakhan, "Design,

Manufacturing and Installing of Atmospheric Corrosion Racks for Determining

Corrosion Resistance of Various Metals, Polymers, Industrial Paints and Coatings",

Zang magazine, No. 42, Dec 2010.

8- A. Zahiri, F. Eslampanah,. “Effective Parameters on Cost Estimating of Paint &

Coating Systems Implementation”, Iran surface coatings journal, No 21, 2010

9- M. Rayatpour, M. Hoseinmardi; "Acoustic Emission testing, an Efficient Method in

Detecting The Metallurgical Defects", Scientific- Techincal Monthly Magazine of

Electrical Power Industry, No.162, Dec & Jan 2011, Tehran, Iran.

10- M. Mehdizadeh and B. Rezaei; “Study of Journal Bearing Failures in Gas Turbine”,

Journal of Sanat-e-Barq, 162(2011), Tehran, Iran.

11- Rouzbeh Sarafraz, Sohrab Amini, Mostafa Arghavan, Meraj Kalhor, “Evaluation of

Life Expectancy and Insulator Conditions in the Generator of Unit 3 of Shazand

Power Plant in Arak using Offline Tests.” Artificial Intelligence and Precise

Equipment; 22.

212


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

12- Maryam Bahramgiri, Reza Effatnejad, Mojtaba Babaee, “Designing and Building a

Switch Reluctance Motor for use in Water-Based Air Conditions to Increase

Efficiency and Decrease Energy Use.” Iran Energy Journal; 12(3).

213

Published

Papers


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

Published Papers in ISI Journals

1- S.E. Moussavi-Torshizi, S. Dariushi, M. Sadighi, P. Safarpour "A study of tensile

properties of novel fiber/metal laminates" Materials science and engineering A: 527

(2010) 4920-4925

2- B. Daemi, A. Abdollahi, B. Amini, F. matinfar; Digitally-Signed Distribution Power

Lines: A Solution Which" Makes Distribution Grid Intelligent "Trans. On Power

Delivery, VOL. 25, NO. 3, JULY 2010

3- G. Moghaddam, F. Fallahi. “Self Scheduling Program for VRB Energy Storage

System in Competitive Electricity Market”, International Review of Electrical

Engineering (I.R.E.E.), 5 (4): 1707-1714, July-August 2010.

4- S.Nazari, O.Shahhoseini, A. Sohrabi-Kashani, S.Davari, R.Paydar, Z. Delavar-

Moghadam; “Experimental determination and analysis of CO2, SO2 and NOx

emission factors in Iran’s thermal power plants, Energy Journal,Vol.35 (7),pp 2992-

2998, 2010

5- Y.M. Barzi, A. Raoufi, H. Lari; “Performance Analysis of a SOFC button cell using

a CFD Model”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 35, Issue 17, pp.

9468-9478, 2010.

6- J. Faiz , M. Babaei, J. Nazarzadeh, M. Ebrahimi , S. Amini , "Finite Element

Analysis of Dynamic Eccentricity Fault in a Three Salient Pole Synchronous; Pier B;

Vol. 20 , 2010

7- M.A. Mirzaee, A.A. Afzalian; " A Novel Fault-Locator System, Algorithm, Principle

and Practical Implementation "IEEE Transaction on Power Delivery

8- B.Shahbazi, M. Savaghebi, M.R. Shariati; " A Probabilistic Approach for Power

Transformer Dynamic Loading Capability Assessment "International Review of

Electrical Engineering (I.R.E.E), June 2010,Italy

9- M. Vadiati, M.R. Shariati, S.Farzali zade, A. Ebrahimi; " Buses Architecture of

Substation Automation System Based on Significance Level of Substation "Journal

of Applied Sciences 2010,Asian Network for Scientific Information

10- S.J. Vasei, D.Mohammadi; "A Novel Approach to Design Optimum Insulator

Profile by Predicting Insulator Performance in Polluted Conditions "International

Review of Electrical Engineering (I.R.E.E.), Vol. 5, N.2, March-April 2010

11- H .Salamati, P. Kameli, T. Morshedloo, I. Abdolhosseini, H. Ahmadvand, M. Baghi,

H. Koohani, H. Beirami, " The Effect of Barium Doping on the Selective Structure of

Bi-2223 Phase", J Supercond Nov Magn, August 2010.

214


List of Published Papers 2010-2011

12- M.R. Jahangiri, A.A. Fallah,"Effects of welding defects on reducing lifetimes of

first stage nozzles of a 123MW gas turbine made of FSX-414 alloy", Materials and

Design, 32 (2011), 424-432.

13- H. Kazempour. et al, "Failure analysis of a repaired gas turbine nozzles", Journal of

engineering failure analysis, 18 (2011), 510-516.

14- H. Kazempour. et al, "Failure analysis of a first stage gas turbine blade", Journal of

engineering failure analysis, 18 (2011), 517-522.

15- M.R. Jahangiri, M. Nili Ahmadabadi, H. Farhangi "Enhancement of Fatigue

Properties of Ductile Irons By Successive Austempering Heat Treatment", Journal of

Materials Engineering and Performance, Published Online: 4 Feb. 2011.

16- M. R. Jahangiri, A. Bajgholi, A. Mohammadnia, R. Gholamipour, and M.H.

Paydar," Brief results on developing a new manufacturing process for grain-oriented

silicon-alloyed steel sheets", Journal of steel and related materials, 8(2010) 126-129

215

Published

Papers

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