...towards a better life for the people

VOL. 25: NO. 62382


MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015


Go to court, INEC Prof Tamuno

urges aggrieved

results stalemated

candidates 14


dies at 83


Okorocha, Okowa,


Udom, Ugwuanyi win


Abia governorship election

•APC wins 19 states, leading in four others

•PDP wins A-Ibom, Ebonyi, Enugu, leading in Taraba, Rivers, Delta

•Ajimobi breaks re-election jinx in Oyo

•PDP wins 7 House seats in Lagos as Ambode wins



Nasir el-Rufai Kaduna APC

Aminu Tambuwal Sokoto APC

Abubakar Sani-Lulu Bello Niger APC

Kashim Shettima Borno APC

Jibrilla Bindow Adamawa APC

Akinwumi Ambode Lagos APC

Abdulfatah Ahmed Kwara APC

Aminu Masari Katsina APC

MD Abubakar Bauchi APC

Umar Ganduje Kano APC

Ibrahim Geidam Yobe APC

AbdulAzeez Abubakar Zamfara APC

Abiola Ajimobi Oyo APC

Ibikunle Amosun Ogun APC

Samuel Ortom Benue APC

Tanko Almakura Nasarawa APC

Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi Enugu PDP

Dave Umahi Ebonyi PDP

Emmanuel Udom A-Ibom PDP

Ifeanyi Okowa Delta PDP

Ibrahim Dankwambo Gombe PDP

Ifeanyi Okowa, Delta, PDP.

Rochas Okorocha, Imo, APC

Akinwumi Ambode, Lagos,


Emmanuel Udom,A-Ibom,


By Our Reporters


the battle of political

life, Governor Rochas

Okorocha of Imo State,

yesterday, won his reelection

contest and

retained his status as the

only All Progressives

Congress (APC)

governor in the South-

East geo-political zone.

This came as Peoples

Democratic Party (PDP)

Continues on Page 5


How Obasanjo

destroyed PDP


Time to apply

the breaks •P.19

Mr & Mrs


e l -




Kobo coins and

failed monetary

strategy •P.44


Enugu, PDP


Aminu Masari, Katsina,


Hurricane Buhari

makes landfall

•Pages 48, 49 50, 51, & 52

Samuel Ortom, Benue,


Aminu Tambuwal,

Sokoto, APC

5 killed as church

collapses in Enugu






2 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015





Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 3





4 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015—5


Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC, official addressing voters before casting their

votes at Bourdillon Road polling unit, Ikoyi, Lagos during the governorship and state Assembly elections,

Saturday. Photo: Kehinde Gbadamosi.

GOV POLLS: Okorocha, Okowa, Udom,

Ugwuanyi win

Continues from Page 1

Governorship candidates

in Delta (Ifeanyi

Okowa), Akwa Ibom

(Udom Emmanuel),

Enugu (Ifeanyi

Ugwuanyi and Ebonyi

(Dave Umahi) won their

polls in style.

Meanwhile, with

ferocious intensity, the

APC, yesterday, swept

into its kitty most of the

29 governorship seats

contested at the

weekend. The huge

victory has catapulted

the party to the enviable

position of the dominant

party in Nigeria.

With the results announced

at press time,

the APC won in 19 states

and was leading in Plateau

and Kebbi states

while the Peoples Democratic

Party (PDP) won



in Akwa Ibom, Ebonyi,

Gombe and Enugu and

was coasting home to victory

in Rivers, Delta and


This came as the PDP

made in-road to the Lagos

State House of Assembly

winning six seats

for the first time as APC’s

Mr Akinwunmi Ambode

won a tightly contested

governorship election

beating PDP’s Jimi Agbaje.

Meanwhile, Senator

Abiola Ajimobi, yesterday,

broke the re-election

jinx, which has dogged

Oyo State politics since

1983 by winning the governorship

polls after

fencing off Senator

Rasheed Ladoja of the

Accord Party; Christopher

Alao Akala of the

Labour Party and Teslim

WATER the plant you want to grow. Put your

attention on what you want to manifest in your

life — Take Heart Quotes.

Your attitude becomes your reality. The Law of

Attraction states that “you get what you think about;

your thoughts determine your destiny”, and that’s

true, but how do we really know what we are

thinking? That’s easy, take a look at your current

attitude and you’ll know.

You could spend each and every day ‘Thinking

about what you want your life to be, the Law of

Attraction key in beautifully with how you feel. If

how you feel conflicts with any thoughts, you will

inevitably attract things to support your feelings.

If you spend 20 minutes every morning thinking

about your ideal life but then go through the rest of

your day dissatisfied because you feel like your life

isn’t what you want it to be, your negative attitude

is going to attract more of what you have and will

negate all the positive energy you want to attract to

your life. Stay focused. Be the dream and live your

ideal life.

Folarin of the PDP

among others.

States where the APC

won the governorship

are Kaduna, Sokoto, Niger,

Borno, Adamawa,

Lagos, Kwara, Katsina,

Bauchi, Kano, Yobe,

Zamfara, Oyo, Ogun,

Benue, Imo, Nasarawa,

Jigawa and Benue (see


Umahi wins

Ebonyi in



Ebonyi State Deputy

Governor and PDP Governorship


Engr Dave Umahi won

the April 11 governorship

election after scoring

289,867 votes to beat

his closest rival, Edward

Nkwegu of the Labour

Party, who polled 124,

817 votes. The governorship

candidate of APC,

Senator Julius Ucha

came third with 27, 583


Announcing the result

at the Independent National

Electoral Commission

(INEC’s) headquarters

in Abakaliki, the

State Collation Officer

and Vice-Chancellor of

Nnamdi Azikiwe University,

Prof. Joseph Ahaneku

declared that

Umahi had met all the

constitutional requirements

and returned


Meanwhile, the state

governor, Chief Martin

Elechi was defeated in

his home town in Ikwo

Local Council, as he was

unable to deliver his preferred

candidate, Nkwegu.



wins in


In Bauchi State, Mr

Mohammed Abubakar of

the APC won the governorship


Abubakar scored

654,934 votes to beat his

main challenger, Auwal

Jatau of the PDP who

scored 282,650 votes

across the 20 local councils

of the state.

Abubakar won in 19 local

councils while Jatau,

who won only in Bogoro

local government area of

the state where he polled

16,980 votes as against

the APC which had 9,914


The Bauchi State returning

officer, Mohammed

Kabiru Faruk, a Professor

and Vice Chancellor

of the Federal University,

Kashere, Gombe

State who announced the

results at the INEC office

in Bauchi returned

Abubakar as the winner

after meeting all the requirments.


prevails in


as Yero

concedes defeat

Kaduna State Governorship

candidate of the

APC, Mallam Nasir El

Rufai emerged winner of

the contest, beating his

main rival,incumbent

Governor Mukhtar Ramalan

Yero of the PDP.

Governor Yero conceded

defeat even before the

final announcement of

the results in favour of

the former Minister of

the Federal Capital Territory,


El-Rufai tweeted that

Governor Yero had called

to congratulate him.

El Rufai tweeted at

3:20pm yesterday saying,

“I just received a

phone call from Gov.

Mukhtar Yero congratulating

me for winning the

Kaduna guber election. I

thanked him too”.

Meanwhile, the returning

officer for Kaduna

state Gubernatorial election,

Prof. Jafar Makau

Kaura, declared Mallam

Nasir El Rufai of the APC

as the governor elect of

Kaduna State at 6.20


APGA sweeps


polls in


Results of 25 out of the

30 House of Assembly

seats in Anambra State

have been declared by

the INEC, with the ruling

All Progressives

Grand Alliance, APGA,

in the state winning all.

The state Resident

Electoral Commissioner,

REC, Mr. Edwin Nwatarali,

who gave details of

the Saturday’s polls in

the state, said that there

would be elections on

April 18, 2015 in four

state constituencies

where the exercise was


The result of Anambra

West state constituency

was still being collated at

the time the REC was

briefing reporters.

Areas where there

were inconclusive polls

include Aguata 1 constituency

(where election

will be repeated at Uga

ward), the whole of Ekwusigo


where a chieftain of one

of the political parties led

thugs to cart away election

materials before the

commencement of the

exercise on Saturday, as

well as in Anaocha 1 constituency,

where there

would be repeat election

in five polling units at

Adazi Ani, one polling

unit at Adazi Nnukwu

and Agulu Wards 1, 2, 3

and 4.

In Anaocha 11 constituency,

there would be a

repeat exercise at Nri

Wards 1 and 2.

The 25 constituencies

already declared for

APGA were Aguata 2,

Ayamelum, Anambra

East, Awka North, Awka

South 1, Awka South 2,

Dunukofia, Idemili

North, Idemili South, Ihiala

1, Ihiala 2, Njikoka 1

and Njikoka 2.

Others were Nnewi

North, Nnewi South 1,

Nnewi South 2, Ogbaru

1, Ogbaru 2, Onitsha

North 1, Onitsha North

2, Onitsha South 1, Onitsha

South 2, Orumba

North, Orumba South

and Oyi.

Oyo: Ajimobi


re-election jinx

Governor Abiola Ajimobi

has become the first

governor to govern Oyo

State twice.

He defeated two other

former governors in the

state to clinch victory in

a keenly-contested election.

This came as Accord

Party refused to sign the

result sheets. The secretary

of the party, Nureni

Adisa, said he was directed

by his party not to

sign, claiming that the

mandate of his party had

been stolen.

The former governors

who contested with the

incumbent governor are

Otunba Adebayo Alao-

Akala of Labour Party

and Senator Rashidi

Ladoja of Accord.

At press time, Ajimobi

had won 20 out of the 33

local governments in the

state leaving Ladoja with

only seven and Akala

with six.

Ambode wins

Lagos gov poll

Continues from Page 45

6 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Two shot dead

in Ondo as

PDP wins

majority seats

in Assembly


By Dayo Johnson

AKURE—NO fewer

than two persons were

shot dead by Naval officers

in oil rich Ilaje area of Ondo

State weekend, following the

violence that trailed the

House of Assembly elections

in the state.

Addressing newsmen in

Akure yesterday, the

Resident Electoral

Commissioner in the state,

Olusegun Agbaje, who

disclosed this, said those

killed were electoral


Agbaje added that eight

guns, six mobile phones

belonging to INEC ad-hoc

staffs and other materials

belonging to the commission

were recovered from the


He said the hoodlums,

acting the script of

politicians, hijacked electoral

materials meant for Ilaje at

about 7:35am on Saturday

but the timely intervention of

the Naval officers saved the

INEC officials.

Speaking on the election

results, Agbaje said over

35,000 voters were

disenfranchised in the

73units in Ilaje

constituencies where

electoral materials were

hijacked by the hoodlums.

The REC pointed out that

the violence in Ilaje council

areas led to the cancellation

in several polling units with

the total registered voters

that had effect on the final

result if elections were not

cancelled in those polling


Agbaje said the returning

officers for the two

constituencies were forced to

declare the results under

duress by armed thugs who

threatened their lives.

He, however, declared that

the commissions

headquarters would be in a

position to decide on the

veracity of the results of the

two constituencies.

“The Commission

headquarters will have to

determine whether to cancel

the results, announce it or fix

another time for the

election,’’ he said.

Agbaje said there were

pockets of security breaches

in some local government


He listed the areas to

include Akoko North

West, Akoko South West,

Ese Odo, Idanre, Ilaje,

Irele, Okitipupa,Ondo

East, Owo and Ose.

3 killed, property destroyed as APC,

PDP supporters clash in Ife

By Gbenga Olarinoye


than three people

were feared killed in Ile Ife,

Osun State yesterday,

following violent clashes

between supporters of All

Progressives Congress,

APC, and the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, in

several neighborhoods in the


Two of the victims,

according to sources, were

killed at Gbodo area of the

town during a fight involving

supporters of the two parties.

It was reliably gathered

that the two victims of Gbodo

clash were siblings of a

By Evelyn Usman

LAGOS—TEN pirates

weekend in Lagos,

engaged some naval

personnel on patrol along the

waterways in a gun battle in

their bid to hijack a foreign

ship which was bringing in

refined petroleum product into

the country.

They however, bowed to the

superior fire power of the

Navy, as one of them was

arrested in the process , while

others fled.

But the suspect, identified as

Shola Sama, denied being a

pirate, stating that he was only

a businessman.

The pirates, said to have

been in two boats, intercepted

the foreign ship, MT IMAS.

Some of them were said to

have succeeded in entering

the ship, when a Navy ship on

patrol swooped on them.

Flag officer Commanding

Western Naval Command,

Rear Admiral Jonathan Ango

said: “As part of our

preparations and actions for

the just conducted election, we

deployed our ships to cover

the inland waterways and also

to protect ships and patrol the

territorial water.

''Fortunately for us, one of the

ships, MT IMAS, raised an

alarm around 0120 that it was

under attack by pirates and

one of our patrol boats that was

close by went immediately to

her rescue and in the process,

saw two boats loaded with

pirates and there was an

exchange of fire.

''We managed to dislodged

the pirates from the attack. We

injured a few of them and we

also captured one of them

whom we brought here for for

proper investigation.

notable politician in the area,

whose house was also razed

during the crises.

It was further gathered that

hostilities between the

parties began on Friday

when their supporters

clashed at Enuwa area.

During the fight, eyewitnesses

said cutlasses and charms were

freely used, as people ran in

different directions to escape from

the scene.

An impeccable source told

our correspondent that the

Ooni of Ife, Oba Okunade

Sijuade, was said to have

summoned leaders of both

parties to his palace Friday

evening, when it was

becoming obvious that people

“Their intention was to board

the vessel and either kidnap

the foreigners on board or steal

the product. Or take the ship

as ransom and go and sell the

product somewhere . But the

alarm raised through the

distress channel which we all

have, foiled their attempt.

“This is part of measures we

are taking to assure Lagosians

especially and Nigerians in

general that the Nigerian Navy

is very much ready for the

security of the water ways

''If there is any miscreants or

hoodlum who think they can

use the water ways to cause any

harm or damage, we want to let

them know the Nigerian Navy

is very much ready and up to

the task to prevent them from

doing that”.

I'm a not a pirate but a

businessman — SUSPECT

However, the 31-year-old

father of two said he was only

a businessman and not a

pirate. He explained that he

usually sold food to local and

foreign crew members on

board ships on the high sea.

Asked why he was arrested,

Sama said: “On the day in

question, I went to sea to collect

petroleum product from my

customers. I had just a 50 litres

jerrican with me. I was with my

younger brother Gbenga. Most

times, we drove round the sea.

I am not the only in the


''On that day, I had N400,000

with me. After filling the keg, a

boisterous wave came and at

the same time, a vessel that

was pumping sand passed,

causing the wave to hit my boat

and it capsized. I attempted to

rescue my younger brother but

the wave pushed me away. At

that point, I started shouting for

would not come out to vote

because of the crisis that was

spreading to all parts of Ife.

The source added that

violence resurfaced on

Saturday in some areas in the

town, when suspected political

thugs clashed at Ayetoro,

Otutu, Gbodo, Ita-akogun

areas and engaged in gun

duel for several hours.

“After the clash in Ayetoro

here, a lifeless body was seen

near the road leading out of this

neighborhood, but we were all

too scared to come out. Many

people were also injured and

property damaged.

“In a house at Gbodo, the

hoodlums damaged four

vehicles. Also, around Ita

Akogun, property, mostly cars,

were damaged”, a resident

said in telephone chat.

Also in many areas in Ife East

local government area,

property were damaged, while

unspecified number of people

were injured during clashes by

supporters of APC and PDP,

following the outcome of the

House of Assembly election


At the time of filing this

report, fight still rages in many

parts of Ife and efforts to get

the reaction of Commissioner

of Police in charge of election

in the state, Mr. Valentine

Ntomchukwu, proved abortive

as he could not be reached

through his mobile line.

Navy arrests one during gun battle with 10 sea pirates

...I'm a bizman, not a pirate — SUSPECT

.Suspected pirate, Shola Sama

help, on sighting a ship

approaching. One of the crew

members said they should

throw a rope to me. When they

did, I begged them to allow me

come in, that I was their

customer. Later, their captain

came and asked one of his men

to throw a lifebuoy to me and I

went into the boat.

When I got in, they asked

what I was doing and I

explained. But the next thing

I saw was Naval personnel

who brought me to the base.

I am a businessman, not a

pirate. I supply food , recharge

cards and fruits to crew members

on ships like Oluwa Seun,

Princess Oge, Adebunmi, Sea

Pioneer, e.t.c . I have a chattered

boat which takes people into the

sea. Most times, when they

bought things from me, they

would give me diesel or kerosene

in exchange ,which I sold”.

The suspect according to the

FOC will be handed over to the

appropriate security agency at

the end of investigation.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 —7

Man slumps,

dies in Bauchi

polling unit

By Suzan Edeh

BAUCHI — A 38-yearold

man has slumped and

died on a queue at a polling

unit in Bogoro Local

Government Area of Bauchi

State, Saturday.

According to the Public

Relations Officer of Bauchi

State Command, the incident

happened while the man was

waiting to be accredited to

enable him vote during

governorship and state

Assembly elections.

He said: “On April 11, 2015

at about 15:30 pm, one Mr

Bulus Tsanmani, 38 years, of

Gwaranga ward in Bogoro

Bogoro Local Government

Area of Bauchi State slumped

on queue while awaiting

accreditation at his polling unit

in Gwaranga ward.

“Police patrol team attached

to Bogoro division visited the

scene and rushed the victim

to General Hospital, Bogoro,

for treatment where he was

later certified dead by a

medical doctor. The corpse

was deposited at the mortuary

for post-mortem examination."


docked over

alleged N67.7m


By Onozure Dania


with Nigerian Bottling

Company, NBC, Limited,

Olubusoye Abayomi, who is

in charge of Plant/Logistics

has been arraigned before

an Ebute-Metta Chief

magistrate’s court, sitting at

Oyingbo for allegedly

stealing N68,703,480

belonging to the company.

The police prosecutor,

Inspector Richard Odigie,

told the court that the

defendant, who is in his

early 40s and others still at

large, committed the offence

between June 2011 and

June 2014, while acting as

the manager in the two


Odigie said the act was

discovered when a forensic

audit was conducted on the

company’s account, adding

that following the discovery,

the defendant was handed

over to the police for


The defendant, who is

facing a two-count charge

bordering on conspiracy and

stealing, was docked before

Magistrate I. O. Adelaja.

However, the defendant

pleaded not guilty to the

charges levelled against

him by the police.

Children fetching water from a public tap during governorship and House of Assembly elections in Suleja, Niger State,

on Saturday. Photo: NAN.

Gunmen rob family conveying remains

of son killed by robbers

By Perez Brisibe


suspected to be robbers,

operating along Eku-Sapele

road, Ethiope East Local

Government Area of Delta

State, weekend, robbed a

family conveying the remains

of their son, Efe

Onosakponwha, who was a

victim of the last

Wednesday’s robbery attack

at Eku by over 20 gunmen.

The incident, Vanguard

gathered, occurred at about

5:10 p.m., Thursday, around

Okerekpo axis of Eku-

Sapele road while members

of the Onosakponwha

family, including mother of

the deceased, were

transporting his remains

from Warri General Hospital

to Eku for burial.

According to a female

member of the family, who

spoke on condition of

anonymity, the family drove

into the robbers who

disposed them of N90,000

cash and other valuables,

despite the presence of a

5 killed as church collapses in Enugu

By Francis Igata

ENUGU — NO fewer than

five worshippers died on

Saturday, following the

collapse of St. Anthony

Catholic Church Cathedral

at Oduma in Aninri Local

Government Area of Enugu


An eyewitness revealed

under anonymity, yesterday,

in Enugu that the incident

occurred between 8pm and

9pm following a downpour.

The source said the

worshippers were in a

prayer meeting when the

incident occurred.

Confirming the incident,

the Police Public Relations

Officer, PPRO, Enugu State

Police Command, Mr. Ebere

Amaraizu, said the cause of

Children playing football on Ebute Road, Ikorodu, Lagos State during

the Governorship and House of Assembly elections. Photo: Lamidi


the incident was not yet


He said: “Yes, I can confirm

to you that five persons died

following the collapse of St.

Anthony Catholic Church

building at about 8pm but we

are yet to know the cause.

“It is not yet clear as to what

brought about the collapse of

the building, but we have

commenced full investigations

into the incidence.”

corpse in the car.

The source said: “Oweing

to the gravity of the gunshot

wound Efe sustained, he

was referred to the Warri

General Hospital for

treatment where N110,000

was demanded for


“His mother went back to

Eku to source for the

money but was only able to

raise N90,000. Upon her

return, she was told that

her son, who was shot on

the buttocks, with the bullet

exiting through his groin,

was dead.

“It was while they were

transporting the remains of

their son back to Eku that

they drove into the robbers

who equally rob and

disposed them of their cash

and other valuables despite

the presence of a corpse in

the car.”

8 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Two killed as



clash in


By Evelyn Usman


persons were killed

in a fight that broke yesterday

between supporters of the

Peoples Democratic Party

PDP and All Progressive

Congress APC, in Ogudu

area of Ojota, following the

outcome of the result of

Saturday’s governorship


Over 15 vehicles

windscreens parked around

the scene were reportedly

shattered by the rampaging


Information at

Vanguard’s disposal had it

that supporters of the

winning party were taunting

those of PDP at Araromi street

immediately the result as


An argument which

degenerated into a fight

over allegation that the

winning party rigged the

election in the state

reportedly ensued between

the supporters in the


But the Police said only one

life was lost in the mayhem.

Dangerous weapons were

said to have been freely used

by the warring supporters as

the fight reportedly spread to

Alhaji Abass street where

several vehicle windscreens

were shattered and innocent

persons attacked.

It reportedly took the

intervention of military

personnel attached to OP

MESSA to bring the situation

under control.

Policemen from Area ‘H’

were also sighted patrolling

the area with a view to

forestalling any likely

reprisal attack.

Contacted, spokes person

for the Lagos State Police

Command, Kenneth Nwosu,

explained that “some

hoodlums around Alhaji

Abbas Street, Ogudu this

evening engaged in a free

for all fight and damaged

vehicles and other properties

of innocent persons.

Operatives are already on

their trail and will soon round

them up and bring them to

justice. One person was

killed in the fracas. Normalcy

has been restored .

‘’The Commissioner of

Police, Lagos State Police

Command, CP Cornelus

Aderanti, has ordered a

massive crackdown on

these hoodlums. Law

abiding citizens are enjoined

to go about their normal but

lawful businesses.’’

55 Corps members released after

24-hour hostage in Nasarawa

By Abel Daniel

LAFIA—NOT less than

55 corps members, who

were ad hoc staff of the

Independent National

Electoral Commission,

INEC, deployed to serve as

presiding officers in

Nasarawa State were held

hostage for 24 hours in

Assakio, Ashige and Adogi

in Lafia local government

area on Saturday.

The corps members, who

were rescued by security

men and brought to the

INEC Headquarter office in

Lafia at about 4.00pm where

collation of election result

was ongoing, said they were

held hostage by the host

communities because there

were no INEC returning

officers to collate and return

election results from the


One of the detained corp

members Mr Adamu Anzalu

explained that the voters in

the areas refused to let them

go because the returning

and collation officers failed

to show up after the election

had been held peacefully.

Anzalu stated further that

they tried severally to put a

call across to the returning

officers but they refused to

pick their calls.

The host communities who

By Sola Ogundipe


Lagos and environs

have been urged to ignore a

rumoured re-emergence of

the dreaded Ebola Virus

Disease, EVD, in Lagos. The

rumour, which began

trending on the social media

late on Friday night threw a

wide section of the populace

into wild panic even as some

residents began making

preparations to leave the city.

Facebook alert

Vanguard gathered that the

purported message entitled

“Ebola Returns to Nigeria

after Killing 3 and infecting

12” , continued to circulate

on Facebook, WatsApp and

Twitter, into Saturday, the day

of the Gubernatorial and

States Houses of Reps

elections held nationwide.

According to the report,

one of the alleged victims,

one Mr. George Lawal,

showed major signs of the

POLLS: One of the foreign observers of the governorship and states Houses of Assembly

elections making an enquiry from an Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC official

at a polling unit in Obalende, Lagos during the Saturday election. Photo by Kehinde Gbadamosi

alleged foul play insisted that

if the returning officers did not

show up they would not

release the presiding officers.

It was after the security

officers intervened and

pleaded with the communities

that the detained corps

memebers were released. The

presiding officers from Adogi

disease which caused

neighbours to raise alarm.

“He was immediately taken

to an undisclosed hospital in

Lagos where he later died.

Doctors confirmed he was

struck with the Ebola flu. They

are believed to have made

major contacts with at least 12

people who are at large.

Please, share the news and

report any suspected victim to

nearby authorities,” the

message stated.

It's not true, expert says

But debunking the rumour,

a health official and Ebola

expert Dr. Lawal Bakare

described the message as

malicious and a figment of the

imagination of the originator.

Bakare, who is Founder and

spokesperson for “Ebola

Alert”, the official Ebola

notification body for Nigeria,

told Vanguard that the

anatomy of the message in

itself is false. In an Official

@EbolaAlert notification,

Bakare remarked: “We found

and Ashige however left their

electoral materials including

the election result with the

host communities.

The Resident Electoral

Commissioner, Alh. Abdullahi

Danyaya while addressing

the rescued corps members

said he would ensure the

materials in custody of the

a fast spreading false rumour

of Ebola cases in Nigeria. The

rumour was initiated by an

irresponsible blogger who lied

that there are cases of Ebola

in Nigeria just to generate

traffic to her website. We will

need your powerhouse to help

us tackle this rumour.''

...Urges caution

“In order to prevent what

happened during the Ebola

outbreak where people were

told to drink salt water and

some ended up losing their

lives, we are doing this to let

you know ahead of this rumor

and to also tell your friends

and neighbours. The rumour

is false; there is no known

case of Ebola in Nigeria.”

In his argument, Bakare

said the World Health

Organization, WHO, in

partnership with the Nigerian

Centre for Disease Control

and the Lagos State Ministry

of Health, have trained

hospitals across Lagos and

other parts of the country on

communities were returned to

the commission.

He also assured that he

would not cancel elections in

the areas.

It would be recalled that

Assokio and Ashige ward had

their election results

cancelled in the last election

for irregularities.

Expert allays fears, as Ebola scare hits Lagos

how to report any suspect case

of Ebola.

“In fact, we had an extensive

training and no health post

nor hospital will call a blogger

to report such information.

“We will be one of the first to

know if there is Ebola in Nigeria

and be sure we will notify

Nigerians through official and

appropriate channels. Kindly

help broadcast this as far as

possible. Thank you,” he


'Visit EbolaAlert social

media platforms'

He urged Nigerians to visit

the EbolaAlert social media

platforms for regular updates

and inquiry on Ebola around

the world and also visit for daily


Nigeria was declared Ebola

free on October 20, 2014. A

total of 20cases were recorded of

which seven died and 11

recovered. A total of 25,226 cases

have been recorded so far

worldwide, of which 10,587 died.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 9

By Demola Akinyemi



European Union

Delegation to Nigeria and

Economic Community of West

African States, Ambassador

Michel Arrion, has frowned at

the state of economy in

Nigeria which favours the rich

at the expense of the poor and

tasked the incoming

administration to ensure that

the rich pay taxes on their


'Why terrorism persists'

Arrrion also attributed the

prolonged terrorist onslaughts

in northern parts of the country

to the hopelessness of the army

of unemployed youths and

wrong ideology.

The envoy spoke during a

courtesy call to the leader of All

Progressives Congress (APC)

in Kwara state, Senator Bukola

Saraki, in Ilorin at the


Arrion also expressed concern

that there was a clear

distinction in the prevailing

Nigerian economic situation,

which seems to give way to the

rich at the expense of the poor.

According to him,” Nigeria

is in a serious situation

regarding public finance and

budget. You have no control of

the international price of the

oil. Again in the short term,

the new government will have

to look at the budget,

probably it will have to cut

expenditure, but more

importantly, it will have to

increase the revenues.”

“Here, I’m sorry to say, but

you have to put in place a

better tax and fiscal system

with more equity in the system

and probably the rich will

have to pay taxes on their

incomes. So income tax on

individuals will have to be

implemented gradually, but

you have to start somewhere

by increasing value added tax

(VAT) and duties.

...Wants new tax regime

“It is very unfair because if

you are rich or you are poor,

you pay the same VAT be it 5

or 10 per cent rich or poor. 5

per cent for a rich guy is not a

problem. 5 percent for a poor

is very serious. So the second

question of the economy is

absolutely a top priority.

“The third one, which is

more in the medium and long

terms, is really to build what

I call the institutions to really

work on the role of the

judiciary, the role of the

parliament, to be a prompter.

You have to build your system

that we hope will remain bypartisan.

Because today, you

have two parties and we think

it is good in terms of democratic

development to have check and

balance system within the

federal system.

...Urges better synergy

btw FG, govs

“So I hope also that the new

EU envoy scores Nigerian economy low

•Says it favours the rich at expense of the poor

•Tasks incoming govt to ensure rich people pay tax on income

•‘Address root causes of Boko Haram'

government will be able to

develop a better dialogue

between the Federal

Government and the voice of

Governors’ Forum. They

have a role to play. Today,

you have PDP governors, you

have APC governors. Why?

Let’s have a global

governors forum. The

governors’ forum at the

executive level is also

important for the federal

executive council to interact.

I would say that there are a

lot of innovations that you

can relatively easily

elaborate to improve the

dialogue between the federal

and the states government”

On Boko Haram

On the issue of Boko

Haram the envoy said

government must adopt a

soft approach in deradicalizing

those that had

been hypnotized by the

ideology of Boko Haram in

the NorthEast.

He explained that a battle

could be won easily if

necessary strategies were

deployed promptly, saying

that to win a war or peace

was an uphill task.

The diplomat said upon

winning the terror battle, the

government must develop a

counter-terrorism policy to

permanently nip the ugly

trend in the bud.

Arrion sets agenda for

the Buhari on

dwindling economy

Arrion, who also set

agenda for the Presidentelect,

General Muhammadu

Buhari, on the dwindling

economy, urged the incoming

government to cut

expenditure by plugging all

leakages and improve on its

revenue sources.

He tasked the new central

government to enter into a

sustainable synergy with the

forum of state governors with

a view to building better

dialogue, which would in

turn affect the nation’s socioeconomic

issues positively.

...Give plaudits to INEC

The envoy praised the

Independent National

Electoral Commission

(INEC) for setting precedents

with the manner the 2015

general elections were

conducted, saying it would

POLLS: From right; Akin Orebiyi, independent national Electoral Commission, INEC Resident

Electorial Commissioner in Lagos; Prof Isaac Folorunsho Adewole, Returning Electoral Officer,

Lagos and Alhaji Abiodun Amosu, HOD, Electoral Operation, Lagos during the official

announcement of the 2015 governorship election in Lagos, yesterday. Photo by Akeem Salau.

No tariff reduction for residential customers — AEDC


Electricity Distribution

Company (AEDC) yesterday

said that the 50 per cent

reduction in electricity tariff by

the Nigerian Electricity

Regulatory Commission

(NERC) does not affect

residential consumers under

the R1 and R2 tariff categories.

This clarification is

contained in a statement

issued by Malam Ahmed

Shekarau, Head, Public

Affairs of the company, in


The statement said that the

clarification became

necessary in view of the

misconceptions by some of

its customers that the recent

reduction by NERC was for

all categories of electricity


It said the misconception

had made some customers to

resist payment of their

electricity bills.

According to the

statement, the tariff for

customers in the R1 and R2

tariff class was not adjusted

in the last tariff adjustment

by the NERC.

It said the reduction

announced by NERC was

meant for commercial and

industrial customers only.

NERC had said that

residential customers under

R1 and R2 would not also see

any reversal or reduction in

tariff as it was the industrial,

commercial and high-end

residential consumers whose

serve as a template for African

states preparing for elections.

Arrion said, “one has to

make the distinction between

the short term, medium term

and long term. The short term

certainly is to address the

question of insecurity- Boko

Haram. It is obvious. Nigeria

has to recover full

sovereignty on the NorthEast.

But it is enough to win a

battle. To win the battle is

easy but to win a war or peace

is much more difficult.

“Tomorrow you can recover

the control of the territory, but

you will not have destroyed

Boko Haram because it would

have been embedded

somewhere. You will come

back again and again in five

or ten years. So in a short

term, you have to win the

battle. But you have short

term to address the root

causes of Boko Haram

'Hopelessness, youth


responsible for


“There are many reasons

and many explanations for

Boko Haram. But one

element is certainly the

hopeless situation of the

unemployed youths plus

wrong ideology. So one

should not under-estimate

the role of sectarianism and

some deviations of sect.

After winning the battle,

you need to develop counterterrorism

policy and what the

office of the NSA called soft


“You have to de-radicalise

people. You will have

prisoners; those prisoners

will have to be deradicalised;

their families,

their brothers and Imams will

have to be de-radicalised. So

that is one thing.”he said.

tariff was increased.

NAN recalls that NERC had

explained earlier on that the

increase in tariff for

residential consumers was

frozen until June this year.

The statement said that the

company would ensure total

compliance with NERC

directives on tariffs and

sundry issues.

It urged its consumers to

always settle their electricity

bills promptly for better

service delivery.

10—Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

My victory changes 60yrs of Lagos history

—AMBODE •Says no one will be victimised for not voting him

By Monsuru


LAGOS State governorelect,

Mr. Akinwunmi

Ambode, yesterday said his

victory at the April 11 polls has

changed 60 years history of

the state, even as it marked the

commencement of social and

moral contracts.

Ambode, in his acceptance

speech made after the

Independent National

Electoral Commission, INEC

declared him winner of the

2015 Lagos State governorship

election, noted that no one

would be victimized for voting

against him at the polls.

He stated that the victory was

an outstanding feat, saying

“By affirming your faith in the

APC and in me, you have, for

the first time in 60years,

married progressive

governance at the national

level with progressive

government at the state level.

“I am humbled that you have

placed your trust and faith in

me. The love of this state and

our common belief in what we

can accomplish, our belief in

what this state already is, and

in what it is destined to

become binds us together in a

social and moral contract of

high purpose.

“I shall honor that contract

with every fiber of my being.

This day I pledge to you that I

shall devote myself to

bringing even greater

prosperity, growth and

development to every inch of

this state, that I shall build on

the legacy and progress of the

Bola Tinubu and Babatunde

Fashola administrations, I

....As Agbaje congratulates Ambode

By Dapo Akinrefon



candidate of the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, in

Lagos State, Mr Jimi Agbaje

at 6.40 p.m yesterday

reportedly called to

congratulate the All

Progressives Congress, APC,

governorship candidate, Mr

Akinwumi Ambode for

emerging winner of the April

11 polls.

The APC governorship

candidate defeated Agbaje in

a keenly contested

governorship election.

Agbaje, who wished the

governor-elect well, said he

looked forward to seeing a

better Lagos under Ambode.

When contacted on phone,

Agbaje told Vanguard; “I just

made a phone call to

congratulate Mr. Akinwunmi

Ambode, the governorship

candidate of the All

Progressives Congress,”

Agbaje said.

Lagos PDP petitions INEC

Meanwhile, the Lagos State

chapter of the PDP yesterday

petitioned the Independent

National Electoral

Commission, INEC, over

alleged non usage of the

Smart Card Readers during

the April 11 governorship

elections in the state.

In a protest letter signed by

the State Legal Adviser, Mr

Adeleke Adefala, the party

called on the Resident

Electoral Commissioner, REC,

in Lagos to suspension of the

collation and release of the

results pending investigation

into the complaints.

The party in a petition

entitled: “RE: Fraudulent Use

and Non Usage Of The Card

Reader During The 11TH April

governorship and State

Assembly Elections”, alleged

irregularities in some local

government areas.

The party stated that “our

candidates have brought to our

attention that contrary to

electoral rules and guidelines,

the newly introduced card

readers were not used in the

following local Governments:

Epe, Babagry, Mushin,

Ikorodu, EtiOsa, Alimosho,

Ikeja, IbejuLekki, Lagos

Island and some parts of other

local governments.”

While the party argued that

there were no proper

accreditation of voters, it

described as a “denouncement

of the sanctity of the voting


In addition, the Lagos PDP

alleged that “there were

numerous complaints of front

and uploading of the card

readers with fictitious names

before commencement of

accreditation in areas where

card readers were used i.e

Lagos Island, Ikorodu, Kosofe,

Lagos Mainland and


Calling for the suspension of

the collation and release of the

results pending investigation

into the complaints, the party

said “a simple step is for

INEC to present for inspection

the data from the card readers

allocated to the above

mentioned Local Government

areas since the INEC premises

is WiFi enabled, the card

reader can be accessed for

instant verification. In the

interest of justice, fair play and

electoral transparency and the

confidence reposed by the

Nigerian voters in INEC as a

veritable institution of

democratic tenets.”

“We demand that this

investigation be conducted

shall bring the best of Lagos

into my government and I

shall make you proud and

glad that you chose me as

your next governor.’’

L-R: Mrs Bolanle Ambode; Mr Akinwunmi Ambode, APC Governor Elect for Lagos; Henry

Ajomale, APC Chairman, Lagos, and Deputy Governor Elect for APC; Dr Idiat Oluranti Adebule,

during the celebration of Akinwunmi Ambode Winner of Lagos state Governorship Election

held at Party Secretariat, Ikeja, Lagos state, yesterday. Photo: Akeem Salau

immediately. The first step is

the immediate suspension of

the collation and release of the

results,”the party stated.

Whoever wins

in Lagos is


choice - Mbu



Inspector-General of

Police, Zone 2, Mr

Joseph Mbu, yesterday

said that whoever won



governorship election,

did so on merit.

Mbu told journalists at

INEC Office in Lagos,

where the election

results were being

collated, that whoever

emerged winner was the

people’s choice.

“We have done our best.

I am not in possession of

the figures, but I know it

was a keen contest,” he


He said that no arrest

was made by the police

during Saturday’s

governorship and state

assembly polls, “because

the people were

orderly. ”

According to him, few

incidents were recorded

during the polls but they

were minor and did not

warrant arrest.

“There is no perfection

on earth, but both the

people and the security

men did well,” he added.

The two major

contestants in the Lagos

governorship election

were Mr Akinwunmi

Ambode of the All

Progressives Congress,

APC, and Mr Jimi Agbaje

of the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP.

Ambode however won

the election.

APC hails INEC for cancelling

Ilaje polls

By Dayo Johnson



Progressives Congress

APC, in Ondo State has

commended the Independent

National Electoral

Commission, INEC, for

declaring the elections in the

Ilaje constituencies

inconclusive following

alleged election malpractices

during last Saturday's election

in the state.

It’s Chairman in Ilaje

council area of the state

Olumide Ikuopenikan, said

that the election was


Ikuopenikan said in a

statement in Akure: “We

received the position of INEC

on the Ilaje state

constituencies election held on

April 11, 2015 with


“For declaring the election

inconclusive, INEC has

affirmed our earlier position

that the election was indeed


“I commend INEC for

looking into our complaints

and acting in the interest of

justice and democracy despite

the pressure from government

and its agents seeking to rail

road INEC into their

undemocratic plots.

“However, our opinion is that

the election ought to have

been cancelled outrightly

instead of declaring it


“The election was

characterised with violence of

unimaginable magnitude

orchestrated and supervised

by agents of the government

of the day.

“The sonorous sound of

gunshots and the rate at which

guns were freely used by hired

thugs reminded the people of

Ilaje the gory tales of the

Nigeria civil war."

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015—11

AMOSUN’S VICTORY: PDP kicks, alleges irregularities

By Daud Olatunji


Peoples Democratic Party,

PDP, in Ogun State has kicked

against the declaration of Senator

Ibikunle Amosun as winner of

the governorship election in the

state. The party said: ‘’The development

is clearly not a true reflection

of Ogun people’s wish

and it will be challenged appropriately.”

The Independent National

Electoral Commission in the state

had declared Amosun who is the

candidate of the All Progressives

Congress as governor-elect having

polled 306,988 votes to defeat

the PDP governorship candidate

in the state, Prince

Gboyega Isiaka who polled

201,440 votes.

Reacting to Amosun’s declaration,

the party, through the Gboyega

Nasir Isiaka Campaign Organization

declared the

gubernatorial election “as very

unfortunate and a travesty staged

to help the APC achieve victory”.

The party in a statement

signed by Director of Media ,

Ifekayode Akinbode , said

“whereas , INEC declared APC

the winner with 307,008 votes and

the PDP coming second with

201,440 votes, we are not oblivious

of the clear manipulations,

misrepresentations, underhand

dealings and outright rigging by

the APC; and most unfortunately

with the culpability of INEC.

“ Let us quickly state emphatically

that we are displeased with

the outcome of the governorship

election particularly as being irregular

in most aspects.

“ However we must state a few

facts here to support our preliminary

position. Before the election,

we alerted that huge numbers

of uncollected Permanent

Voters Cards (PVCs) were in the

possession of APC stalwarts with

the intention to give same to their

party members for use with active

connivance of compromised

corps members and INEC staff.

“This was indeed what happened.

Secondly, on the election

date, Ogun people trooped

out and actually voted for the PDP.

As at 3pm we were actually receiving

good results from all over

Prof Tamuno dies at 83

the state as results were being

announced and posted from various

polling booths.

“ This was the situation until

Sen. Amosun defied the electoral

law and moved out of his polling

zone into other areas of Abeokuta

and then to Sagamu, Ota

and Ifo local government areas

with a full retinue of buses.

“ What followed were reports of

snatching of

ballot boxes

and stuffing of

same in these


Same manipulation



the collation


“It was for

these reasons

that some PDP

agents refused

to sign the results


yet the umpire

went ahead to

announce results


the overvoting,

result falsification, harassment of

our party agents and other irregularities.

Clearly, the huge votes

from Ogun central local governments

of Abeokuta North Abeokuta

South, Odeda, Obafemi

Owode as well as Ado Odo/Ota

lg in Ogun West Senatorial district

were a true reflection of the

rigging. It is in the light of the

foregoing that our legal officers

and the party are looking at the

results and they shall come up

with a clear position on this election

that was marred with gross

irregularities. We implore our supporters,

party faithfuls and indeed

Ogun people to remain calm. We

appreciate the support, trust and

confidence reposed on Prince

Gboyega Nasir Isiaka.

“He remains committed to making

Life More Abundant for the

masses and so shall it remain.

God bless Ogun State”, the party


RESULT:From right: Professor Duro Oni presiding/collation officer (right)

announcing Governor Ibikunle Amosun as winner of governorship election

11-04-2015 held last Saturday in Ogun State; Dr. Dickson Atiba INEC Administrative

Secretary and Chief Timothy Ibitoye Ogun State resident electoral

Commissioner during the press briefing to announce the results PHOTO BY


By Ola Ajayi


Professor of History

and former Vice Chancellor

of the University of

Ibadan, Emeritus Professor

Tekena Tamuno,

has died.

He died at the of age

of 83.

The erudite professor

died in Ibadan on Saturday

afternoon. The Secretary

of Nigerian Academy

of Letters, NAL, and

fellow historian, Prof.

Olutayo Charles Adesina,

described the death

as very sad.

He said: “Professor Tamuno

was an extremely

cerebral historian and

foremost scholar of the

humanities, who combined

the rigour and

Prof. Tekena Tamuno

flexibility needed for a

better understanding of

his field.”

In his words, Prof.

Francis Egbokhare said,

“For a man of his kind

of stature as an intellectual

and administrator,

he was unbelievably accessible

to the younger

ones, unlike others who

would strut like Emperors.

If you were with

him, you may forget he

was not with your age

mate. But, more importantly,

he was a man

who had great faith in


President Goodluck

Jonathan at Tamuno’s

80th birthday

celebrations in 2012 had

described the eminent

historian as an asset to

the nation, and an

edifice of knowledge

epitomizing the capacity

of Nigerians to be among

the best in the world in

their chosen profession.

The President

remarked that Tamuno’s

birthday was “not a

celebration of age, but of

resourcefulness and

character.” He

congratulated the widely

published historian for

all his achievements in

life, and prayed God to

give him more years to

contribute ideas

that would help to bring

positive transformation to

the country.

For the Rivers State

Governor, Chibuike

Amaechi, Tamuno has

been a source of

inspiration and honour

to the people of Rivers

State, adding that he

had always been

available any time the

State was in dire need of

his knowledge and

resourcefulness for her

advancement, especially

in the field of education.

The late don was born

on January 28, 1932 in

Okrika, Rivers State. He

attended St. Peter's

School, Okrika, 1938-46;

Okrika Grammar School,

Okrika, 1947-51; University

College, Ibadan,

1953-1958; Birkbeck College,

University of London,

1960-62; and Columbia

University, New

York City, U.S.A. 1965-


12—Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Wike leads in Rivers governorship poll

By Jimitota Onoyume

THE results so far collated

at the Independent

National Electoral

Commission, INEC, Rivers

State office in Port Harcourt,

shows that the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, won in

15 local government areas out

of the 17 councils so far

released for the governorship


The All Progressives

Congress, APC, has so far

won in two local government


The remaining results

are expected from the

rescheduled polls on

Sunday, which took place

in Abua Odua, ward 1,

Asari Toru ward 13,

Bonny ward 13, Degema

wards 11,12,13, Emohua

ward 4, and Obio/Akpor

wards 15 and 16.

Meanwhile, the

governorship candidates

of three political parties

in Rivers State have

called for the

cancellation of the

governorship and House

of Assembly elections in




Oharisi, others

win Assembly


the state.

The candidates are Dr

Dakuku Peterside of the APC;

Charles Harry, All

Progressives Grand Alliance,

APGA and Rev. Minaibim

Harry, Social Democratic Party,


The APGA candidate,

Charles Harry, who spoke on

behalf of the others, called on

INEC to cancel the election

because it was marred by


Harry said thugs allegedly

made away with election

materials and fired gun shots

to scare voters, in order to

manipulate the election


"In Buguma, headquarter of

Asari-Toru Local Government,

there was no accreditation

because there were no election

materials in place.

‘’Elsewhere, the

disenfranchisement of Rivers

people was taken to a level

unprecedented in the history

of electioneering in the state.

There was intimidation,

harassment and outright

manipulation of the electoral

process,” he said.

Harry said they were aware

that some arrests were made

by the police of those

allegedly compromising the


Mr Dakuku Peterside of the

APC, said the election was

characterized by widespread

violence that made it

impossible for the people to

come out to vote.

He urged INEC to cancel the

election and fix a new date for

a re-run.

In her reaction, the Resident

Electoral Commissioner for

the state, Mrs Gesila Khan,

said elections were

successfully held in the state.

She said the commission had

cancelled elections in nine

wards and ordered a re-run

where it was established that

no election took place.

Meanwhile, African Centre

for Leadership Strategies and

Development has called for

thecancellation of the exercise.

Humphrey Bekaren, who

briefed newsmen in Port

Harcourt, said as observers,

they were dissatisfied with the

elections, stressing that it was

characterized by rigging,

violence and manipulations.

According to him, no voting

took place in some centres they

visited in Port Harcourt.

“We request all lovers of

democracy to join us in calling

for outright cancellation of the

phoney elections,” he said.

By Festus Ahon,

Perez Brisibe &

Ochuko Akuopha


incumbent member

representing Uvwie Local

Government Area in Delta

State House of Assembly,

Mr Efe Ofobruku of the

Social Democratic Party,

SDP, has been re-elected

for a second term after

beating the candidate of

the Labour Party, LP,

Joseph Agbamu, who

polled 10,541 votes to

come second.

Also, the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP,

House of Assembly

candidates in Ughelli

North I, Mr Sam Mariere,

Ughelli Noth II, Mr Eric

Oharisi, Okpe and

Ughelli South

constituencies, Sheriff

Obovworhowrhi and

Reuben Izeze, won their

respective positions while

Johnson Erijo won in

Isoko constituency II with

a total vote of 12,930 to

beat his closest contender,

Ferguson Onwo of the All

Progressives Congress,

APC, who polled 9,943


Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015—13

POLLS: Uduaghan commends Deltans for

peaceful conduct

By Emma Amaize,

Festus Ahon, Egufe

Yafugborhi, Perez

Brisibe, Godwin Oghre

Theresa Ogbolu &

Ochuko Akuopha


Uduaghan of Delta State

has commended Deltans for conducting

themselves peacefully

and orderly during the governorship

and House of Assembly elections

in the state.

Uduaghan, in Abigborodo, Warri

North Local Government Area

after casting his vote at Unit One,

Umuegbe Primary School polling

unit, said information he received

from security agencies indicated

that voters behaved well, adding

that the development was a plus

for Deltans as well as the security

agenda of the state government.

He commended Independent

National Electoral Commission,

INEC, for improving on its conduct

of the presidential election,

particularly in ensuring that its

staff and election materials arrived

polling stations early.

“INEC's conduct of the governorship

and House of Assembly

elections in Umuegbe Primary

School polling station, Abigborodo

Ward Six, was an improvement

on its conduct of the presidential

election. INEC officials

and election materials arrived the

polling station at 8. 55 a.m., while

accreditation started at 9. 52 a.m,”

he said.

Governorship candidate of Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, Senator

Ifeanyi Okowa, who cast his

vote at 1.40p.m., at Eghoma Primary

School, Ward 2 Unit 3, Owa

Alero, Ika South Local Government

Area, expressed satisfaction

with the exercise, saying, “No

complain so far except for some

minor hitches which have been


“It will definitely be a peaceful

exercise and will come out as free

and fair,” he added.

Meanwhile, the Labour Party

governorship candidate, Chief

Great Ogboru, alleged electoral

irregularities in five local government

areas in the state, lamenting

moves by some individuals

to sabotage the efforts of INEC in

conducting free and fair elections.

Speaking at his Abraka residence,

Ogboru alleged: “We have

recorded series of irregularities in

five councils including parts of

Ethiope East, Bomadi and Ika

North East.

“PVCs were brought in their

hundreds and used to vote without

being authenticated by the

card readers. We are having

mixed feelings about the elections

and are documenting these observations.”

On his part, the All Progressives

Congress, APC, governorship

candidate, Olorogun O'tega

Emerhor, commended INEC for

the smooth conduct of the polls.

Addressing newsmen after his

accreditation in Evwreni, Emerhor

commended INEC for the use

of card readers, describing same

as a worthy process aimed at ensuring

credible accreditation for

the electoral process.

Also at Erevweni, Samuel Marierie,

PDP House of Assembly

candidate for Ughelli North Constituency

I, accused his opponents

of ballot snatching in Orogun

wards. He noted that despite

the set backs, he was confident of

winning the election.

At Orogun, the Labour Party

senatorial candidate for Delta central,

Obarisi Ovie Omo-Agege in

company of his wife, voted about

2:05p.m., in Unit 19. Describing

the turnout as impressive, Omo-

Agege, said: “Deltans deserve to

be governed by the people they

choose to govern them and no

other candidate fits more than the

LP governorship candidate, Ogboru.

“Though we have received

reports of abnormalities, especially

in Delta Central where there is

a wide spread of non-availability

of result sheets, we want INEC

to do the right thing as we won’t

accept anything short of that.”

Accreditation and voting went

on smoothly in parts of Ughelli

and its environs as scores of electorate

came out to cast their votes

in peaceful manner while security

agents manned strategic positions

to forestall breakdown of law

and order.

In Owheologbo, Isoko North

Local government Area, the Secretary

to the State Government,

Ovuozorie Macaulay, complained

about shortage in voting

materials dispatched to the council.

Macaulay, who commended

the voters for turning out en-mass

and conducting themselves

peacefully, stated that INEC failed

to address the shortcomings observed

during the presidential


According to him, “The exercise

is very peaceful. The only thing

that would have caused trouble

was that in the presidential and

National Assembly elections they

brought only 74, 000 ballot papers

out of the accepted 107, 000 for

the council."

Emami step-mother detained

Former PDP chieftain in Warri,

Chief Ayirimi Emami, who defected

to APC recently, raised alarm

that his step-mother, Mrs. Elizabeth

Emami, was detained for

hours, allegedly by Ijaw youths

at Kurutie, who also harassed and

beat up other innocent travellers.

But, PDP chairman in Warri

South West council, Chief Boro

Opudu, who acknowledged that

Emami spoke to him about his step

mother, dismissed the allegation

of tension on the waterways, saying

there was calm from information

available to him.

“I complained to the Residential

Electoral Commissioner, REC

and he promised that it would be

corrected in the governorship and

state assembly election. They

brought again 74, 000 depriving

us about 38 percent of our voting

strength. For me that is unacceptable;

that being unfair to the people

of this council. That is a way

of discouraging us and reducing

us and I think they are not being

fair to the Isoko people.”

He noted that despite the challenges

“there is nothing we can

do; we are not going to say we

cannot vote because of that because

it is trap they are setting so

that we get upset and pull out so

the party we are will lose.”

Akwa Ibom State Governor, Godswill Akpabio and wife, Unoma, embracing Mr. Udom

Emmanuel and wife, Martha, after the declaration of Mr. Udom Emmanuel as winner of April

11, gubernatorial election in the State.

PDP wins governorship election in A-Ibom

THE Peoples Democratic

Party, PDP, candidate,

Mr Udom Emmanuel, has

been declared winner of the

governorship election in Akwa

Ibom State.

Announcing the result of the

election, yesterday in Uyo,

Returning Officer for the

election, Prof. James Epoke,

said Emmanuel scored 996,

071 votes to defeat his All

Progressives Congress, APC,

opponent, Mr Umana Umana,

who polled 89, 865 votes.

Other results, according to

him, are Sen. Helen Esuene

of Labour Party, 8,600 votes

and Accord Party candidate,

Mr Samuel Akpan, who

polled 10, 598 votes.

Epoke said that Emmanuel

won in all the 31 local

government areas in the state.

He said that the total

number of registered voters in

the state was 1,548,531 while

1,158,624 voters were

accredited for the election,

adding that total valid votes

cast in the election was


Voided votes, he said, were

12, 256 and total votes cast

were 1, 122, 836.

“By the provision of the

Electoral Act, Emmanuel,

having scored the highest

number of votes cast in the

election, is hereby declared

elected,” he said.

Speaking to newsmen on the

outcome of the election, Mr

Paul Ekpo, PDP Chairman in

the state, appealed to all the

contestants to accept the


Ekpo said: “I hope other

candidates who contested this

election will allow peace to

reign as President Goodluck

Jonathan did.”


wades into


College of



By Simon




Adams Oshiomhole

of Edo State has waded

into the crisis between the

staff and management of

the state- owned

Ekiadolor College of

Education now known as

Tayo Akpata University,

Benin City.

Lecturers of the

institution have been on

strike in the past two

weeks over alleged failure

by the management of the

institution to pay their

salaries and allowances

owed them totalling over

N50 million.

The governor who

through the Peace and

Conflict Resolution

Committee, led by Gen.

Charles Airhiavbere,

described the persistent

crisis in the institution as

disturbing, vowed to find

a lasting solution to the

problem after the

committee met with the

Daubry wins



II in Delta



D a u b r y ,

candidate of the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, in

Burutu constituency II, has

been declared winner of

Saturday's House of

Assembly election in

Burutu constituency II.

According to the results

announced by the

Independent National

Electoral Commission,

INEC, the PDP candidate

scored 27,642; Labour Party

233 and All Progressives

Congress, APC, scored 70.

Daubry, who was reelected

for a second term,

thanked the people of his

constituency for the fresh

mandate given to him,

assuring that he will

consolidate on his

achievements in the last

four years.

He also enjoined the

youths to remain peaceful

and maintain the existing

peace in the area, adding

“Though I have made

r e m a r k a b l e

achievements and

impacted on the lives of my

people, however, by the

grace of God in the next four

years, we shall do more for


14—Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

DG clears air

on promotion






By Johnbosco


U J A —


Director of Nigeria Social

Insurance Trust Fund,

NSITF, Munir Abubakar,

weekend, cleared the air on

the promotion scandal

rocking the Fund.

According to him, every

promotion is guided by the

federal character policy.

The board and

management had been

accused of favouritism in

promotion by a section of

the workers, a development

that brought bad blood

among the old and new

staff, which generated

unhealthy environment in

the organisation.

But the Managing

Director denied any form of

favouritism in promotion of

workers in NSITF and

rather said that every

worker was treated fairly

according to the rules.

Fielding questions on the

alleged scandal after

receiving an award on

behalf of the Fund from a

coalition of 40 Non-


Organisations, NGOs, in

Abuja, Abubakar said

promotion of staff was

always done in strict

compliance with the

principle of federal

character, equity and


He said: “Our promotion

is executed based on

government policy, which

means we are guided by

federal character, if we

don’t, we would answer to

the National Assembly.

‘’It is possible some

people have some

grudges, but in everything

we do, we ensure equity,

we must ensure balance.”

He also denied the

allegation of usurpation of

management powers by

the board, although, he

acknowledged that it was

not possible to satisfy all the

staff in promotion exercise.

POLLS: Accept official results, INEC

tells contestants ...urges losers to go to tribunals

By Joseph Erunke



Independent National

Electoral Commission,INEC,

yesterday, asked contestants in

Saturday’s governorship and

State Assembly elections to accept

all results officially declared by it.

This was even as it urged those

not satisfied with the outcome of

the polls to seek redress at the


It,however, promised to launch

a full-scale investigations into

cases of violent incidents in most

states of the federation during the

conduct of the polls.

The Commission’s

chairman,Professor Attahiru Jega,

in a statement, through his Chief

Press Secretary,Mr. Kayode

Idowu, tasked every citizen to

maintain peace as the results of

the elections were being


“The Commission calls on every

citizen to maintain the peace as

the results of the governorship and

state Assembly elections are being

processed, and to accept the

official outcomes, INEC stated.

It emphasised that winners

could only emerge after collation

of the official results and on the

basis of the requirements

prescribed by the legal


INEC reminded aggrieved

politicians that the constitutionally

recognised way of channeling

grievances arising from election

conduct in Nigeria was the

election petition tribunals

It said:”Any aggrieved persons

or groups are encouraged to seek

redress at the tribunals.”

The Commission, which noted

that overall, many parts of the

country remained relatively

peaceful during the

N-Central, N-East battle for Senate presidency

.Ahmed Lawan, Akume, Saraki, Goje among contestants

By Johnbosco Agbakwuru

ABUJA—THE battle for

Senate presidency

appears to have shifted between

the North Central and North

East geo-political zones among

the most ranking members,

following the Senate Standing

Order that favours long years

of service in Senate.

The 7th Senate is expected to

come to an end about June 2 this

year, while the Senate

leadership is expected to be

constituted for the 8th Senate

within the week.

At present, the Senate

presiding officer, Senate

President, David Mark, is from

Benue State of the North Central

Nigerians in Diaspora drag Oba Akiolu to ICC

By Johnbosco



the Diaspora have

reported the Oba of Lagos, Oba

Rilwan Akiolu, to the

International Criminal Court,

ICC, in The Hague,

Netherlands, over his recent

threat against the Igbo residents

in Lagos, and likened the

threat to the hate speech that

JUBILATION: All Progressives Congress suporters, jubilating with the Kaduna State

governor- elect, Malam Nasiru el-Rufai, at the party office hqtrs, in kaduna, yesterday.

Photo: Olu Ajayi

triggered Rwandan genocide.

The Lagos Monarch had

recently threatened that if the

Igbo residents in Lagos did not

vote for his preferred candidate

in the just concluded

governorship election in Lagos

state, they would be thrown into

the Lagos lagoon.

Infuriated by the threat,

Nigerians in Diaspora, under

the auspices of the

Transformation Ambassadors of

Nigeria, TAN, went on protest

to the ICC and Nigeria High

Commission in London, saying

the threat was too weighty to

be ignored.

The group noted that such a

threat should not be treated

with levity and called on the

ICC to investigate it before a

repeat of the Rewandan

genocide in Nigeria.

Spokesperson of the group,

Chris Nsoedo, pointed out that

Ndigbo "are always at the

receiving end of any crises, even

alongside the Senate Minority

Leader, Senator George Akume,

while Senator Abubakar Saraki

who is also one of the contenders

for the position, from Kwara State,

is also of the North Central getpolitical


But there is a political bloc from

the North East that feels that the

Senate presidency had been in

the North Central for about eight

when they don’t have any hand

in such ugly developments."

Nosedo said that time had come

for the government of Nigeria to

be pro-active in preventing

incessant attacks on the South-

Easterners, known for their

positive contribution to their

hostile host communities by

ensuring that the haters of the

Igbo, like the Lagos Monarch,

were decisively dealt with

according to the dictates of the

nation’s constitution.

elections,regretted that the polls

were marred by violent incidents

in most states,promising to carry

out thorough investigations.

“Some states, however,

recorded a significant number of

violent incidents, the most

affected being Rivers, Akwa Ibom,

Cross River, Ebonyi and Ondo.

“INEC’s records show that

there were 66 reports of violent

incidents targeted at polling units,

the Commission’s officials, voters

and election materials.

“These were in Rivers State (16

incidents), Ondo (8), Cross River

and Ebonyi (6 each), Akwa Ibom

(5) Bayelsa (4), Lagos and

Kaduna (3 each), Jigawa, Enugu,

Ekiti and Osun (2 each), Katsina,

Plateau, Kogi, Abia, Imo, Kano

and Ogun (one each).

“The Commission is

investigating these incidents and

will do everything within in its

powers to bring culprits to


INEC said its general

assessment showed that the

elections went very wel.

“According to preliminary

reports, 88.9 per cent of polling

units opened for accreditation

between 8 a.m. and 10 a.m. across

the country. Only 5.2 per cent

were yet to open as of 1 p.m. Also,

73 per cent of the polling units

had commenced voting by 2.30


“The process of accreditation

with Smart Card Readers was also

successful in a majority of the

polling units. Initial challenges

were recorded in Edo and Abia

states, but the technical teams

deployed to support the states

were able to resolve the issues in

a timely manner,”it added.

years and even the Senate

minority leader and the people

behind this ‘power must rotate’,

are projecting Senator Ahmad

Lawan from Yobe State.

Also from the North East and a

possible candidate for the Senate

presidency is Senator Danjuma

Goje, a former governor of Gombe


With a simple majority in the

chamber, lawmakers of the All

Progressives Congress, APC, are

expected to fill these positions: the

Senate President, his deputy,

Senate Majority Leader, deputy

and the Chief Whip and deputy.

It was gathered that those

projecting the emergence of

Senator Lawan from North East

were said to have taken their

argument to the APC leaders that

since the North Central had been

occupying the seat 2007,”it was

time to look elsewhere and that

in the spirit of cohesion and sense

of unity, the North East should

occupy post.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015—15



vows to

challenge it

in tribunal

By Austin Ogwuda

CELEBRATION: Enugu State Governor, Mr. Sullivan Chime (centre), accompanied on the right by his sister, Mrs. May Oji; Deputy

Governor, Rev. Ifeanyi Nwoye; his wife, Mrs. Rita Nwoye; Mr. Tochukwu Chime (son), Mrs. Adaora Chukwu (daughter), State Chairman

of the PDP, Chief Ikeje Asogwa; Member-elect for Enugu North/Enugu South federal constituency, Hon. Chime Oji, and Mr. Emeka

Chukwu (left), as he cuts a cake to mark his 56th birthday celebration, at the Governor's Lodge, Enugu, yesterday

Umeh urges Jega to cancel gov

elections in S-East states

By Chimaobi Nwaiwu


on All Progressive Grand

Alliance, APGA, Chief Victor

Umeh, has called on Professor

Attahiru Jega, Independent

National Electoral, INEC,

Chairman, to cancel the

governorship and State House of

Assembly elections in South East

for alleged snatching of election

materials by people allegedly

working for the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP.

Chief Umeh also asked INEC

to prosecute INEC officials and

PDP agents for treasonable felony

for for what he called electoral

terrorism and for not allowing the

electorate from South East to elect

the candidates that will represent

them at all levels of government

in the country.

“If every time there is an election

the Igbo people will not be

allowed to elect their leaders, why

we are still here, if they want war

let them have it and break up the

country because we are a people

that have been held down for over

48 years now, the Igbo people

have never been themselves.

“You will conduct election,

people will win, you have the

result sheet and they will go and

change it today, in my ward I

have collected all the 18 polling

booths results, APGA won in all

the polling booths, wait and listen

may be tomorrow you will hear

that we lost in my ward, in the

last election I won here in all the

polling booths with 2084 votes,

but I heard that in the result they

announced I lost in my ward,” he


According to Chief Umeh,today

there is governorship and House

... Abia in particular



Victor Umeh, the National

Chairman, All Progressives

Grand Alliance, APGA, has called

of Assembly election

everywhere in Nigeria, there

were reports of good elections in

the North and in the South West

but in the South East, the

governorship elections are not

taking place in the states they are

supposed to take place “I will

rather call on Prof. Attahiru Jega

to cancel the governorship

election in South East and

arraign all the INEC officials and

the PDP agents and prosecute

them for treason, when you do

not allow people to elect their

leaders you are now taking

power forcefully, and it amounts

to treason, what they are

committing in Igbo land is

treasonable felony, and God will

punish all of them,” he said.

for the cancellation of the Abia State

governorship and the state House

of Assembly elections over alleged


Speaking with newsmen at

Suspected thugs attack DSS official in

Enugu State




State Services, DSS, official in

Igboeze-South Local Government

in Enugu State, Mr. Preye

Emmanuel, was attacked by

suspected political thugs at Itchi

during Saturday’s elections.

The News Agency of Nigeria,

NAN, correspondent who

monitored elections in the area,

observed that the situation in the

community, the country home of

the APC governorship candidate,

Mr. Okey Ezea, got voters

scampering for safety, following

sporadic shootings by the thugs.

Speaking with newsmen on his

hospital bed in Ibagwa-Aka,

Emmanuel said that he was

monitoring the conduct of the

election when armed thugs

attacked him, saying that they did

not want any security man.

“They beat me to pulp. l

sustained injuries on my head,

hand and leg. They spared my

life because l denied being a

security agent,” he said.

Reacting, the Chairman of

Igboeze-South Local

Government, Mr. Festus Ozioko,

described the situation as

‘unfortunate’ and urged INEC to

cancel results from Itchi Ward 1

and Ward 11 as loyalists of other

political parties were not allowed

to vote by the thugs.

“The manhandling of

Emmanuel, who is on official

assignment, is highly

condemnable. This is crude and

irresponsible,” he said.

He alleged that a former

governor of Anambra State was

seen personally spearheading

hijacking of election materials at


He said: “He was not doing it

through proxies, he personally

hijacked electoral materials on 28

of March, the same thing they did

in Nri, all in Anocha Local

Government Area.

“We also got reports that some

people went to Ozoubulu in

Ekwusigo Local Government

Area as early as 5am to carry

the election materials and the

Resident Electoral Commissioner

has cancelled the election in the

Local government Area, and it

was done by the same PDP


Aguluzigbo in Anaocha Local

Government Area of Anambra

after casting his vote on Saturday,

Umeh described the entire

exercise in Abia as a sham.

He said: “From the reports so

far gathered, there were no

materials on ground and collation

officers with result sheets could

not be found. There are also

reports of fake security personnel

moving about in the state

intimidating people.”

Umeh, who is also the

Anambra Central senatorial

candidate of APGA, called for the

arrest of some officials of the

Independent National Electoral

Commission, INEC, over the

alleged irregularities in Abia.

PDP's victory in Enugu, a reflection of voters' wishes

— Gov Chime


Chime of Enugu State

has described the victory of the

Peoples Democratic Party, PDP,

governorship candidate in

Saturday’s election, Hon.

Ifeanyi Ugwanyi, as a true

reflection of the wishes of the

people of Enugu State.

The governor in a statement

signed by his Chief Press

Secretary, Chukwudi Achife,

also said the party’s sweep of

all the House of Assembly

seats in the elections

confirmed the status of the

party as the most popular and

acceptable party by Enugu

people and thanked the

people for their unshakeable

faith in the new course of good

governance championed by

the party.

He assured the people that

the incoming administration

would never deviate from the

noble path.

He also, commended INEC

and security agencies for the

peaceful conduct of the

elections, saying they lived up

to their mandates.


N U G U —


of the All Progressives

Congress, APC,

yesterday rejected the

result of the

governorship election

held in the state on

Saturday in which the

Independent National

Electoral Commission,

INEC declared the

Peoples Democratic

Party, PDP, candidate,

Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi, as

the winner.

Addressing a press

conference in Enugu,

yesterday, shortly before

the final result was

released, state chairman

of the party, Dr. Ben



governorship candidate,

Mr. Okey Ezea and his

running mate, Mrs.

Juliet Ibekaku,

unanimously vowed to

challenge the result


The Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP,

standard bearer in

Enugu State, Ifeanyi

Ugwuanyi, was declared

winner of the

governorship election

with a total score of

482,277 against his

closest rival, the APC

governorship candidate,

Mr. Okey Ezea, who

polled 43,837.

Embattled Ezea told

newsmen, yesterday, that

“what was witnessed

yesterday (Saturday) as

election was a sham.

‘’There was also ballot

box snatching, physical

injuries from PDP thugs

unleashed on APC

supporters. Over 5,000

thugs chased away our

supporters. I was almost


“It is a case of police aiding

and abetting thuggery,

even the INEC staff were

compromised too.

Therefore, we are saying as

far as we are concerned,

there was no election in

Enugu State.

‘’We, therefore, call on

INEC to cancel the election

completely and order a

fresh one where police from

outside the state will come

to supervise.”

Reacting, the state police

command’s spokesman,

Mr. Ebere Amaraizu, said

“that is not true as police

do not vote, but provide

security for voters and

those conducting


16—Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Polls observers

call for

cancellation of

Rivers result


International election

observers, yesterday, called for

the cancellation of the

Governorship and House of

Assembly elections in Rivers.

The leader of African Centre

for Leadership Strategies and

Development, Mr Humphrey

Bekaren, who spoke on behalf

of the observers, made the call

in Port Harcourt.

He said the observers were

shocked that INEC

disregarded the widely

reported violent irregularities to

begin the process of declaring

results in the state, stressing, ''

We request all lovers of

democracy to join us in calling

for the outright cancellation of

the phony election. Unless this

is done, we would have sown

the seed that could eventually

grow into providing a shade of

fear and death over us.”

Bekaren said what happened

in Rivers was a far cry from what

election should be. '' What we

saw did not meet international

standard of electioneering, not

even the ones set by the

Independent National

Electoral Commission INEC.”

The Resident Electoral

Commissioner for Rivers, Mrs

Gesila Khan, said INEC

cancelled election in centres

with reported electoral

malpractices. She said re-run

elections took place in six local

government areas in the state

where electoral malpractices

were reported.

VICTORY PARTY: Enugu State governor, Mr. Sullivan Chime flanked on his right by the state’s

Governor-elect, Mr. Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi; the Deputy Governor-elect, Mrs. Cecilia Ezeilo; the Deputy

Governor’s wife, Mrs. Rita Nwoye, Deputy Governor, Rev. Ifeanyi Nwoye; SA to the President on

NEPAD, Mrs. Fidelia Njeze; Mrs. Stella Ngwu and state Chairman of the PDP, Chief Ikeje Asogwa,

Minister for Power, Prof. Chinedu Nebo; Mrs. May Oji, Ozo Mmamel, Mr. U.S.A. Igwesi, Enugu

North Senator-elect, Mr. Chuka Utazi, left, among other dignitaries, during a victory party at the

Governor’s Lodge, Enugu, yesterday.

Put Nigeria first, WSR tells politicians

By Emmanuel Elebeke

THE Women’s Situation

Room-Nigeria (WSR-

Nigeria) has charged Nigerian

politicians to shun violence and

put Nigeria first in all their

electoral contests.

The group gave the charge

while making observation on the

April 11 elections for the

Governorship and the State

House of Assemblies in nine

states covering the six geopolitical

zones in Nigeria.

A statement by the group said

the call became necessary

following WSR-Nigeria's

perception that with the

announcement of the

presidential elections and the

stakes becoming higher, an

indication that the potential for

violence would grow higher,

hence the need for early warning

and early response pre, during

and after the April 11th elections.

Following this, it said the WSR

proceeded in setting up of a

second physical Situation Room

in Port Harcourt, Rivers State,

one of the states identified as a

flashpoint for violence.

According to the group,

available reports from its

observers and the general public

indicated that generally, the

commencement of accreditation

started on time as the INEC

officials arrived in good time and

the massive failure of the card

readers reported during the

Presidential election was


''The WSR-Nigeria notes with

concern the electoral

malpractices that were

experienced in some polling

units across the country; in

Nasarawa State, we received

reports of the electorate being

chased away and mass thumb

printing being done by

unknown persons; in Anambra

State in Ekwusigo LGA we

received a report of the elections

materials being seized at the

RAC centre; in Jigawa State

there were incidents of the

destruction of card readers by a

political party and snatching of

ballot boxes,while in Edo State

there were reports of buying of

votes on the queue by some

political parties.

''Reports of violence ranging

from arson, violence against

women, shootings, intimidation

by heavily armed men have come

in from Abia, Nasarawa, Rivers,

Abia, Lagos, Anambra, Delta,

Rivers, Imo, Gombe, Benue and

Akwa Ibom States.''

Oba of Lagos

prays for


co-existence in

Lagos, Nigeria

THE Oba of Lagos,

Alhaji Rilwan Akiolu,

yesterday, organised a

prayer session for peaceful

co-existence in Lagos and

Nigeria in general.

During the prayer that

was conducted at the Iga

Iduganran Palace of the

royal father on Lagos

Island, Oba Akiolu said the

prayer was imperative for

peaceful co-existence in

Lagos and Nigeria in

general, after peaceful

conduct of the general

elections in the state.

While urging different

tribes in Lagos to work for

the progress of the state, the

royal father appealed to the

president-elect, retired

Maj. Gen. Muhammadu

Buhari, to assist Lagos in

repairing most of the

damaged federal roads in

the state.

Akiolu, who spoke in

Yoruba language, said that

when Buhari came to his

palace during the

campaign period, he was

three hours behind


He said that Buhari

complained of bad roads

adding that he told him that

when he becomes the

president he should help

the state to reconstruct the


The Oba said he was sure

that God would give him

the power to do it.

Akiolu urged the

incoming Governor of

Lagos, to do what he

promised the people.

The prayer was

conducted by Imam

Mujitabah Giwa, the

Alawiye of Lagos and his

league of Imams.

Giwa prayed for peaceful

coexistence in Lagos and

also for political leaders in

the country.

Some traditional rulers in

Lagos as well as white cap

chiefs were present at the

prayer session.

Chief Rasak Okoya,

Chairman of Eleganza

Group was also among

some dignitaries present.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015—17

Gov, state Assembly elections around Nigeria

Nigeria's Vice President-elect, Professor Yemi Osinbajo (middle); All Progressives Congress, APC,

National Leader, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu (4th right), and Lagos State Deputy Governor, Mrs. Adejoke

Orelope-Adefulire (4th left), and other APC members, jublilating at APC 's victory in Lagos, yesterday.

Photos: Joe Akintola, Dare Fasube, Olu Ajayi, Wunmi Akinola, Akeem Salau & Lamidi Bamidele

From left, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, Lagos State Deputy Governorelect,

Dr. Oluranti Adebule, and Lagos State Deputy Governor, Mrs.

Adejoke Orelope-Adefulire.

Governor Ibikunle Amosun, His wife, Funso; Mrs. Yetunde Onanuga, and others,

in a motor cade , during victory procession in some part sof the Abeokuta, the Ogun

State capital, yesterday.

From left, Professor Isaac Adewole, Retuning Electoral Officer, Lagos State; Akin

Orebiyi, INEC Resident Electorial Commissioner in Lagos State, and Joseph Mbu,

Assistant Inspector General of Police in charge of Zone 2, Lagos, during the declaration

of APC governorship candidate, Akinwunmi Ambode, as the winner of 2015 election,

at INEC office, Sabo, Yaba, Lagos.

Senator Oluremi Tinubu, casting her vote

at Bourdillon unit, Ikoyi, Lagos.

Mohammed Babangida, at polling unit, in Minna.

A woman in purdah, casting her vote, in Minna,

Niger State.

Prince Johnson Erijo (right), and Dr. Osafile,

Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC,

Returning Officer, during the presentation of Certificate

of Return to Prince Ejiro, who won Isoko South

Constituency 2 seat in the Delta State House of Assembly.

Governorship election accreditations going on at Unit

17 Ward 02, Redeemed camp, Obafemi Owode Local

Government Area, Ogun State.

Minister of State Agricultural Resources, Asabe Ahmed,

going through accreditation process at PU 020, Minna.

18 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2014

THE mounting excitement about the results of

the 2015 elections hardly leave room to consider

any encumbrances to the change that has been

promised since the herald of that buzz that at

the beginning seemed like one of those slogans

that manage to exist till the end of the campaign.

Change is here, it appears, to stay. It is a

sweeping change that would have profound

implications for the way we do things. Change

has affected the central government for the first

time in 16 years.

At the beginning of the renewed democratic

experiment in 1999, clear majorities were not

available at the National Assembly. However,

with the dynamics of politics, the opposition

parties kept losing grounds that the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, often danced its way to

favourable decisions on issues it pursued.

Change would affect the National Assembly too.

The All Progressives Congress, APC, counting

on its victories, and sympathies it could generate

on issues, would be able to get enough numbers

to do its work.

Nigerians are basking in the luxury of the

peaceful conclusion of the elections, seemingly

Winners Are -


patience for change to visit their corners,

wherever they are, could be exhausted quickly.

In the states, the issues are local, direct and

more disturbing. Expectations of a bandwagon

effect (people voting for the same party in the

states as the one at the centre) did not work. In

some places, the belief was that local issues were

better treated as local. However, making

governments more responsive to the needs of

the people is a common yearning among our

people. Election promises have not changed

much in more than 60 years.

The promises of education, employment, health

services, housing, electricity, potable water, rails,

roads and other means of transportation are

indicators of the state of our development. The

heightened concerns about security, shrinking

democratic spaces, access to justice and niggling

services most public institutions provide, should

be other areas where Nigerians expect to “win”.

Failure to attend to these matters in sustainable

manners, by exploring the linkages they bear,

threatens every opportunity for our country’s


Whether we count our victories at the centre,

states or local government areas, the most

important thing is to run governments that would

look after the interests of our people. The winners

in the elections are Nigerians, the ordinary

people, millions of whom have no political party

membership, but trooped to vote for change. They

are waiting for the content of change. One huge

advantage the new governments would have is

that the revelry could give them opportunities of

hands on experience for the practical sides of

implementing vast promises made during the



FCT minister deserves commendation, not t vilification


By Rogers Ochela

WITH the successful conclusion of the

Presidential and National Assembly

elections on Saturday 28th March 2015 and

the emergence of Gen. Muhammadu Buhari

as the elected President of the Federal Republic

of Nigeria on the platform of the All Progressives

Congress (APC), a lot of energy and ink have

been expended by commentators, including

hack writers and pseudo-analysts, who

specialize in muddling the political water or

worse still, fouling the fresh air Nigerians are

currently savouring.

What makes Buhari’s victory pivotally

important is the fact that this is the first time in

the history of the nation, an opposition

candidate has defeated an incumbent president

in an election, a significant milestone that will

help shape the history of Nigeria’s electoral

contest for years to come.

Of equal epochal significance is the display of

statesmanship by President Goodluck

Jonathan, who, against the grain of

expectations of enemies of Nigeria’s unity, put

national interest above his personal pride and

interest, when he accepted the verdict of the

people by putting a call across to General

Muhammadu Buhari to congratulate him on

his victory.

This exemplary act of statesman-ship by

President Jonathan, which is in sync with his

overall attitude to governance, removed the

arrow, in a manner of speaking, from the quiver

of those fanning the embers of war ahead of

the election, a situation that actually frustrated

the murderous ambition of those who allegedly

stockpiled arms and ammunitions preparatory

to instigating crisis of unimaginable


Understandably, this has elicited spontaneous

outpouring of congratulatory messages from

Nigerians of all walks of life for the President

and the President-elect as well as Nigerians for

the democratic achievement.

Surprisingly, while many Nigerians are still

reeling in celebration for achieving another

significant milestone in the onerous quest to

stabilize the nation’s fledgling democracy,

some spoilsports, probably operating on a

different wavelength, are engaged in the

reckless and unholy enterprise of hurling

invectives on some public officials whose only

crime is to execute their assignments with the

single-minded devotion of a religious devotee.

One of such public officials who have been at

the receiving end of these harbingers of hate

and malice is the Hon. Minister of FCT, Senator

Bala Abdulkadir Mohammed. And what is his

offence? It is his unabashed loyalty to the

outgoing President and uncompromising

fidelity the administration’s Transformation

Agenda, Jonathan’s handmaiden for the

accelerated development of the nation in all


Bala Mohammed has

challenged his critics to

take him up on issues

Being the most legitimatizing factor in the

Jonathan administration and having

contributed more than any of his ministerial

contemporaries to the successful execution of

the Transformation Agenda, Senator Bala

Mohammed must be barbecued and the solid

reputation he has built in the last four years

must be torn to shreds as the lifespan of this

administration throttles to its terminus on May


To achieve their selfish aim, they have been

peddling all manner of allegations against the

minister and his children, overtly orchestrating

their spurious involvement in several corrupt

and shady deals. But the pertinent question is:

how on earth would any sane mind, which is

not idle, conjure up such fallacious story when

none of the minister’s children has done any

contract under the FCT Administration during

the tenure of Senator Bala Mohammed as


It is equally sad to note that the unsubstantiated

nay unfounded allegations have been extended

to some Directors of the FCT Administration,

including the Director of Treasury, Alhaji

Ibrahim Bomoi, who has become the butt of

their rabid attacks because he has stood his

ground, refusing to pay huge sums of money as

ransom over threat of negative media reports

by his current blackmailers and their sponsors.

Bala and Bomoi’s seeming offence ostensibly

stems from their objection to the business as

usual syndrome.

Judging from the antecedents of those behind

this campaign of calumny, it is so easy to discern

that their sole aim of picking on the FCT

Minister and the Director of Treasury is simply

to create disaffection between them and the

incoming administration of General

Muhammadu Buhari. But their evil intention

will fail because the General as a man of

integrity and conviction who is a highly

experienced statesman will not easily swayed

by such useless antics aimed at scoring cheap

political points. It is on this note that it is

necessary that well meaning Nigerians are

advised to ‘shine their eyes well-well’ so as not

be deceived by the cheap antics of professional

blackmailers masquerading as media

publishers, who have been waging a relentless

war against the minister’s laudable

achievements, especially the highly innovative

land swap programme which is aimed at

bridging the yawning housing gap in the

nation’s capital.

In spite of the nebulous efforts of his traducers,

the truth is that Senator Bala Mohammed

unarguably remains one of the most successful

FCT Ministers ever. His achievements speak

for themselves.

On several occasions, Bala Mohammed has

challenged his critics to take him up on issues,

point out the gap in his style of administration

and flaws in the execution of projects and

proffer better alternative. The minister cannot

have all the solutions to the problems besetting

the FCT. He means well. Contrary to the harsh

unmerited judgment of arm chair critics, he

has performed creditably well to the

satisfaction of his principal, President Jonathan

and above all, unbiased Nigerians. His

sincerity of purpose has certainly never been in

doubt. So, he should be left alone.

•Mr. Ochela, a social critic, wrote from


Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 —19

Time to apply the breaks

CHIEF Ayo Adebanjo, 83, is a

mobile library of Nigerian

politics. A politician, journalist

and lawyer, he has been actively

involved in politics and electoral

contestations for sixty four years.

In 1954, he was appointed a full

time Organizing Secretary of the

Action Group, AG.

When the Treason Trial of the

opposition AG held in 1962/63, he

was accused of being trained in

Nkrumah’s Ghana as an armed

combatant in order to overthrow

the Nigerian Government. He was

Accuse Number 29, sentenced,

extradited to Nigeria and

incarcerated in the Kaduna

Prisons. In the Second Republic,

he was a leader of the opposition

Unity Party of Nigeria.

By the mid 1990s, Nigeria was

in the grip of a military

dictatorship that was eliminating

opposition, incarcerating them

and forcing many into exile.

Many choose to make peace with

dictatorship, and make some

money to the bargain. Adebanjo

was one of those who stood

gallantly on the side of the

Nigerian people. It was at this

point I met him.

The leading opposition group,

the National Democratic

Task before the Buhari presidency

By Uchenna Nwankwo

THE immediate task before the incoming

Buhari government is to restore

unity in this extremely divided country.

General Buhari has truly persevered and

has secured victory at the rougher ends of

political struggle in the country; he now

needs to win the peace by playing the role of

unifier in this battered country. There will

be two sides to the achievement of this goal

–the short and long-term aspects. The shortterm

aspect of the task before the in-coming

APC-led Federal Government will involve

titular reassurances that despite the electoral

battles that we have just fought and the lopsided

voting pattern that emerged, the

Buhari administration would extend a hand

of fellowship to all sections of the country

through a process that does not discriminate

or deprive any section of any rights, privilege

and adequate representation in government.

In this regard, it will be difficult and

inadvisable for the Buhari government to

overlook certain foundations and

enactments laid down by the PDP-led

governments of the last sixteen years in its

entirety. It is expected that the APC

government will sift through these

enactments and copy or adopt some of them

for a smooth running of the country.

In my assessment, one such enactment of

the PDP-led government at the centre that

cannot be ignored by the in-coming APC

government is the practice of zoning or

distributing six highest offices in government

and the party among the six geopolitical

zones of the country. The zoning formula

adopted by the PDP ruling elite since 1999

is founded on the tenet that the following six

most important political offices must at any

given time be distributed or rotated among

the six geopolitical zones in the country.

These are the offices of President, Vice-

Coalition, NADECO was in

disarray with its ranks infiltrated

and a number of its leading lights

in exile. There was the need to

rebuild, strategize and present an

alternative Transition Programme

to the endless one by the military.

A core of the opposition leadership

began to meet in the GRA, Ikeja

home of Pa Alfred Rewane who was

our chairman while Chief

Anthony Enahoro was his deputy.

Despite the precarious situation we

found ourselves and the danger

that the goons of the regime could

swoop on us, it was educating

seeing old war horses like Rewane,

Enahoro, Senator Abraham

Adesanya and Adebanjo exchange

banter. Those of us like Chief

Cornelius Adebayo and Dr. Beko

Ransome-Kuti who were not of

that generation could only look


In this rebuilding process, our

Chairman, Rewane was

assassinated and his deputy,

Enahoro, had to go into exile. The

leadership fell on men like

Adesanya and Adebanjo who never

relented until that inglorious

regime became history. The

immediate post-Abacha period

was a precarious one in which the

country was in danger of

President, Senate President, House Speaker,

Party Chairman and lastly, though not the

least, Secretary to Government of the

Federation (SGF). It is expected that at the

expiration of the life of six consecutive

governments to be produced in the country

from May 1999, each geopolitical zone in

the country will have tasted of or held each

of these positions once.There is also the

understanding that when the president

comes from any zone in the North, the

Chairmanship of the party would go to a

southern zone that has not previously held

the Chairmanship, and vice versa; ditto for

the vice-presidency. The formula has

nothing to do with voting patterns or what

number of senators or House of

Representatives members the party garners

from whatever zone. As long as there is even

a single House member or senator from a

zone that can so represent the zone or fill

the quota within the National Assembly the

formula is deemed applicable, especially

with respect to the Legislature.

This zoning formula was threatened after

the 2011 federal elections due partly because

From the records,

neither the North-

Central nor the

Southeast has held the

office of House Speaker

in this Republic.

Therefore they both

qualify to hold the office

under the coming

Buhari presidency

disintegration. It took leaders like

Adebanjo to calm nerves and

work with the new regime to

transit to civil rule.

Two things I know about Chief

Adebanjo, he has disdain for

military rule and rulers, and is

passionately committed to

federalism and the restructuring

of the country. These may have

swayed him to endorsing the

President Goodluck Jonathan

candidacy. Whatever the case, he

is entitled to his political

preferences, I therefore found it

repulsive when vicious attacks

were unleashed on him. Now that

the elections are over, I expect the

Things need to be

made easier for incoming



Buhari; he is going

to preside not just

over the 15,424,921

people who voted

for him, but also

over the 12,853,162

who voted for

President Jonathan,

and the over

millions of voters


because INEC could

not give them their

permanent voters


attacks to stop. But they have not. I

see references to him as a Yoruba

“dealer” a pun on leader. He is

accused of selling his patrimony

to President Jonathan. If Adebanjo

wanted to sell out, he would have

done so decades ago but he stood

for principles even when it could

have cost him his life.

I think the singsong that those

who supported a particular party

did so for pecuniary reasons while

those who supported some other

party , did so for patriotic reasons,

is out of sync. Beyond respect for

elders and peoples right to political

preferences, the fact that people

like Adebanjo had made sacrifices

for our country and democracy

should be acknowledged; their

persons deserve respect.

I have also read post-election

attacks on perceived opponents,

one of them referred to those in the

opposing party as “vultures” that

must be continually resisted. Such

campaigns are dangerous. They

are like the pre-genocide

campaigns in Rwanda when

those in opposition were called

cockroaches. What do you do with

cockroaches but to eliminate

them? The first time I heard

people being referred to as

vultures was during the 1993-96

political disagreements in

Ogoniland and these resulted in

quite tragic consequences for the


Regardless of our political

preferences, we need to be careful

and mindful of what we say so as

not to threaten the country’s

stability. Oba of Lagos, Rilwan

Babatunde Osuolale Aremu

Akiolu at 72, being a senior lawyer,

retired Assistant Inspector General

of Police and of Edo ancestry, knew

the implications of the threats he

issued to Igbos who may not vote

for his preferred governorship

the Southwest had few PDP members in the

House of Representatives and the revolt by

some Northern legislators over the

continuation of the Jonathan presidency at

a time the Northwest felt Jonathan should

have vacated the position and allowed a

candidate of Northwest extraction to run for

the presidency under the PDP banner. As a

result the Southwest lost the opportunity to

produce the House Speaker, which was dully

allocated to the zone. (I had cause to

comment on the matter at the height of the

zoning palaver of 2011 in an article entitled

‘Calling the Southeast Political Leaders to

Order’, published byThe Guardian of June

8, 2011.) The orchestrated denial of the

position to the Southwest, as it were, was to

cause a lot of disaffection and subsequent

resentment against the PDP-led Federal

Government in the Southwest. And this

contributed immensely to the defeat of

President Jonathan in the 2015 Presidential

election, especially in the quaint middling


I imagine that as things are,the APC would

want to give every zone a sense of belonging

by allocating one of these six important

offices or positions to each zone, as has been

virtually ‘institutionalised’ by the PDP. The

question that arises now is: given the fact

that the positions of President, Vice-President

and Party Chairman have been taken up by

the Northwest, Southwest and the South-

South respectively, how does the party

allocate and distribute the three remaining

offices of Senate President, House Speaker

and Secretary to Government of the

Federation (SGF) among the three

remaining zones - the Northeast, North-

Central and Southeast?

For the records, in the current Republic,

the Northeast has held the position of Vice-

President for 8 years under Obasanjo and

Party Chairman under Jonathan; the North-

Central has held the position of Party

Chairman for 8 years under Obasanjo and

Senate President for 8 years under Yar’Adua/

Jonathan; and the Southeast has held the

office of Senate President for 8 years under

candidate. He thought he could get

away with such impunity only to

end up creating an unnecessary

political storm in the country.

There are also those who have

taken to the social media

attacking people in the South East

for voting overwhelmingly for the

PDP. For such commentators, Igbos

need to be punished for the political

choice most voters in the region

made. First, let me state that while

all other regions had political

posts their elites hanker for which

might have determined the voting

pattern in those areas, the South

East appears to have voted based

on conviction and principles.

Secondly, politics should not all

be about positions to be shared by

elites. Castigating a whole people

or profiling them, should be


Things need to be made easier

for in-coming President

Muhammadu Buhari; he is

going to preside not just over

the 15,424,921 people who voted

for him, but also over the

12,853,162 who voted for

President Jonathan, and the over

millions of voters

disenfranchised because INEC

could not give them their

permanent voters card. Rather

than continuing quixotic battles

in the media over the elections,

we should think about improving

our electoral system that saw a

total of 28,278,083 voters casting

their ballot where we had

68,833,476 registered voters.

Buhari will be president over

170 million Nigerians ; it is this

bigger picture and the future of

our country we should focus. It is

time to apply the brakes on

unhelpful acrimony, insults and

threats. There is work to do.

Obasanjo and SGF for 4 years under

Jonathan. Given this scenario, neither the

Southeast nor the North-Central qualifies

to hold the office of Senate President in the

in-coming Buhari government. The position

should therefore go to the Northeast. That

leaves us with the two positions of House

Speaker and Secretary to Government of

the Federation.

From the records, neither the North-

Central nor the Southeast has held the office

of House Speaker in this Republic. Therefore

they both qualify to hold the office under

the coming Buhari presidency. But the

Southeast will have only two APC legislators

in the in-coming House of Representatives,

though I do not know whether they are new

comers to the House or returnee old

members.It is germane that where the

Southeast has a duly qualified person, it

should produce the House Speaker, so that

the two arms of the federal legislature are

headed by a northerner on the one part and

a southerner on the other, while the office of

SGF goes to the North-Central which has

not held the office before. However, where

there is no qualified person from the

Southeast for the office of House Speaker,

the Speakership should go to the North-

Central for now while the remaining office

of SGF reverts to the Southeast for at least

another four-year stint, given that the zone

produced the current SGF who will be

completing his four-year tenure by May


Implementing this action-plan should, in

my humble opinion, help reassure all

concerned and hence give the government

the scope to concentrate effort on the more

arduous tasks that beckon for attention and

that should lead to the achievement of

social, economic and political advancement

of the country. I shall deal with this latter

matter, the long-term aspect of the task

before the Buhari presidency, in subsequent


•Mr. Nwankwo, a public affairs

commentator, wrote from Lagos.





20 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

OUR people have a saying: “o na

abu agbachaa oso a guo mile” – after

the race you count the number of miles

you covered. Now that the presidential race

has been concluded, we can begin to ask

ourselves what happened, why they

happened and what they portend for our

political system, democracy and good

governance. A new party, the All

Progressives Congress (APC) and brand

new president, General Muhammadu

Buhari, are waiting to assume power at

the centre, we can start asking those

questions right now.

Why did the Peoples Democratic Party

(PDP) lose the presidential and National

Assembly elections? Why did the

unthinkable happen, whereby the

incumbent president, Dr. Goodluck Ebele

Jonathan, failed to get re-elected for a

second term? Why has the erstwhile

“largest party in Africa” shrunk to the

“largest opposition in Nigeria”? Why did

the PDP which, in its heydays in power

and glory used to boast that it would rule

for sixty years, lose out after only sixteen

years? Why did PDP suddenly die in

Northern Nigeria? Why is it waxing

stronger in the South East and South-South

while making a marked resurgence in the

South West?

There is a quote I found very profound

the moment it was invented. Ever since,

each time I apply it to an unfolding

situation, it always fits. In 2001, when

former President Olusegun Obasanjo was

trying to get rid of the then Speaker of the

House of Representatives, Alhaji Umar

Ghali Na’Abba, reportedly he told

Obasanjo to his face: “Mr. President, look

into the mirror. You will see the trouble with

Nigeria there!” Obasanjo who ruled

Nigeria for eight years with the PDPis the

man who almost single-handedly

destroyed the Party. Other factors that

worked against the Party merely rode in

the wake of his annihilating power.

The PDP was formed by the remnants of

the political forces that were thrashed by

General Muhammadu Buhari after he

seized power in 1984. They had gathered

to save Nigeria’s democracy from Abacha,

who had intended to transmute into a

civilian life president and become another

Omar Al Bashir of Sudan or Hosni

Mubarak of Egypt. They included Dr. Alex

Ekwueme, Chief Solomon Lar, Alhaji

Abubakar Rimi, Alhaji Sule Lamido, Chief

Bola Ige and others. Unfortunately, the

military and the Northern political

establishment decided to impose General

Olusegun Obasanjo, who was in jail, on

the party in order to assuage the hurt they

inflicted on the Yorubas over their

Heading for a one party ty system?

By Sunday Alifia

IS Nigeria heading for a one party system? Are

opposition parties being swallowed by the waves of

CHANGE that is blowing across the country? Is the PDP

boat sinking considering the spate of defection? What kind

of opposition would the left-over be? These are questions

that have agitated in my mind since the dismantling of

PDP's wing from the centre few days ago.

I hope it would not go this way because, for a robust and

a healthy political environment, the opposition must exist

to keep the government in power on its toes. The country

did not enjoy this since 1999, until the birth of ACN that

swept South-West in 2011 general elections.

A glance at the the history has shown that carpet crossing

or defection from one political party to another has become

synonymous with Nigerian politicians who dump platforms

which bring them to power at the slightest provocation or

arguments or when their ambitions cannot be realized in

such a political platform.

Monetary inducement and ethnic considerations are also

some of the reasons for carpet crossing by politicians right

from the pre-independence era through the First Republic

How Obasanjo destroyed PDP (1)

annulment of the June 12, 1993

presidential election.

When Obasanjo took over, he did not

understand (nor care about) the mission

and vision of that political movement. He

could not institutionalise its ideals,

manifestoes and programmes. Instead, he

made it the hottest vehicle for achieving

political power. One of the ways he

achieved this was by ensuring that the

burgeoning opposition parties such as the

All People’s Party (APP) and the Alliance

for Democracy (AD) never survived let

alone thrived.

Obasanjo, in cahoots with General

Ibrahim Babangida, sent moles such as the

late Admiral Augustus Aikhomu and later

on, Chief Don Etiebet, to emerge as

National Chairmen of the APP, and after

destroying that party, they returned to PDP.

He enticed the pioneer National Chairman

of the APP, Alhaji Mahmood Waziri, into

what he called the “Government of

If PDP, as


wants to survive and

bounce back soon, it

MUST resist any offer

of “Government of

National Unity”. It is

a poisoned chalice

which Obasanjo used

to kill the opposition

and make the PDP a




National Unity” (GNU) in 1999, and the

party became rudderless. Later, he did the

same with the late Chief Edwin Ume-

Ezeoke, former National Chairman and

later, running mate of General Buhari of

the All Nigerian People’s Party (ANPP).

These were the methods he used to

weaken the main opposition, ANPP.

The other opposition party and alliance

partner of the APP, the Alliance for

Democracy (AD),was not spared.

Obasanjo, in his so-called 1999 GNU,

invited Ige to become his Minister of

Justice and Attorney General. But in

December 2001, just when the political

atmosphere towards 2003 was beginning

to warm up and Ige was getting ready to

revive the AD, he (Ige) was brutally

murdered in the presence of his security

details. Till date, the killers have never been

identified and brought to book. It was one

of the celebrated political murders of the

Obasanjo era that he has yet to account


Obasanjo also infiltrated the ranks of the

rather gullible leadership of the Yoruba

Afenifere. He convinced them to support

him and give him the home base he

needed to assert his leadership in his Party.

Afenifere fell for this bait, campaigned for

Obasanjo and the PDP won the South West

States in 2003, except Lagos, where

Governor Ahmed Bola Tinubu, who

refused to go along with the plot, held sway.

The AD and its Afenifere socio-cultural

guardian later collapsed. Tinubu, a very

astute and visionary politician, formed a

new political party, the Action Congress

(AC), which later became the Action

Congress of Nigeria (ACN), which, in turn,

became the locomotive or lead facilitator

of today’s victorious All Progressives

Congress (APC).

Before I go on, let us briefly discuss the

lessons of these political crosscurrents. If

PDP, as currently embodied, wants to

to the present dispensation.

Nigeria recorded its first political carpet-crossing when

several of the defunct Western Region House of Assembly

members of National Council of Nigeria and Cameroon

(NCNC) led by Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe decamped to Action

Group (AG) led by Chief Obafemi Awolowo in 1951, giving

AG control over the House and causing the leader of NCNC

to beat a retreat to his ethnic base, the then Eastern Nigeria

where he formed the ruling government.

During the Second Republic, 1979-1983 Chief Akin

Omoboriowo, Chief Fagbamigbe, Senator Lai Joseph all

of Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN) defected to National Party

of Nigeria NPN), and at the end Chief Fagbamigbe was

gruesomely murdered while

Chief Akin Omoboriowo,

former Deputy Governor of

Old Ondo State only

escaped being hacked down

by whiskers courtesy of the

protection extended to him

from the Federal

Government, as he had to

relocate to Lagos, the then

This is not

smartness but

a promotion

of evil

survive and bounce back soon, it MUST

resist any offer of “Government of National

Unity”. It is a poisoned chalice which

Obasanjo used to kill the opposition and

make the PDP a self-destructive monster.

Its defeat at the just-concluded election

could be the elixir it needs to repower and

bounce back. But that can only happen if

the party shuns the temporary lures of office

and favours that the APC federal

government might dangle in the name of

a “unity” government.

PDP and long

throat politics

Take it or leave it, the APC has won the

election to operate the federal government

for four years. It must be allowed so to do.

It can then take the accolades and blames

for its performance or non-performance.

The APC Federal Government will be

doing Nigerian a great disservice if it

adopts the “monkey come chop

banana”tricks Obasanjo used to

emasculate the opposition between 1999

and 2007, and PDP will be the greater fools

if they fall for the trick. They will rob

themselves of the bounce-back impetus. If

they yield to “long-throat” temptations,

Nigeria will lose the PDP as the alternative

to the APC and we will return to the evils

days of a dominant one party system.

Having destroyed the opposition,

Obasanjo, not having the benefit of the

political tutoring of the original founding

fathers of PDP, could not build a party based

on anything. The PDP stood for nothing.

There was no PDP way of running the

economy, the social services, infrastructural

development; in short no PDP way of

governing. PDP became relevant only as

the most viable party to contest and win

elections. Those who lost elections in PDP

went to other smaller parties to try their

luck. Whether they succeeded or failed,

they ultimately returned to the PDP. That

was the ignominious fate that ambitious

politicians like Alhaji Atiku Abubakar


One of the reasons that PDP collapsed

in Northern Nigeria was that APC in 2014,

became the party where people could run

to and win elections, unlike before when

there were no other alternatives. Certain

factors led to the APC being seen as the

new preferred party in Northern Nigeria.

Invariably, former President Olusegun

Obasanjo had a BIG hand in it! He did it

by employing the chicken’s strategy. Our

people say: “ihe okuko na erigh, ya

abosaa”- whatever the chicken does not

eat, it will scatter. See you on Thursday.

Federal Capital. Equally, in the Second Republic, Senator

N.N. Anah of the defunct Nigeria Peoples Party (NPP) headed

byDr.Nnamdi Azikiwe, defected to National Party of Nigeria


The first major political carpet-crossing in the Fourth

Republic was carried out by the then Vice President to Chief

Obasanjo, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar who defected to Action

Congress (AC) in 2007 at the peak of his political battles

with his boss, Obasanjo. Equally, Senators Wahab Dosummu

and Musuliu Obanikoro, Dr. Kingsley Ogunlewe and late

Funsho Williams, all defected from Alliance for Democracy

(AD) to the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). Bola Tinubu,

Bisi Akande and Lam Adesina, all of the then Alliance for

Democracy (AD) moved to Action Congress (AC), while

Segun Mimiko left PDP to LP.

So, from the above back ground, one can clearly deduce

that the brain behind jumping ship has been to satisfy one's

political ambition and not neccessarily to alliviate the

sufering of the downtrodden. Again, I will gladly be saying

here that the defectors are playing games over our

intelligent and of course, capitalizing on the vulnerability

of the poor masses.This is not smartness but a pomotion of

evil in the society. It is high time we stop deceiving the


*Mr. Alifia, a political analyst, wrote from Ibadan, Oyo


FG's external debt, States' debt profile

on the rise

APRIL 13, 2015





The external debt profile of

states has shown that Lagos

State has the highest with a

profile of $1.087 billion, followed by

Kaduna State with a total of $234

million. Cross River State followed

closely with an external debt profile

of $131.469 million. Other states with

relatively large external debt are Edo

$123 million, Ogun $109 million,

Bauchi $87million, Enugu $62

million, Katsina $78 million, Osun

$67 million and Oyo State $72 million.

Federal Government’s domestic

debt on the other hand stood at

$47.05 billion or N7.9 trillion, while

those of the states stood at $10.97

billion or N1.708 trillion. Federal

Government’s domestic debt is made

up of N4.792 trillion bonds, N2.815

trillion Treasury bills and N296.2

billion treasury bonds.

According to figures published by

the Debt Management Office in

Abuja, the total debt stock of the

Federal Government and the 36

states of the federation including the

Federal Capital Territory amounted

to N11.243 trillion or $67.726 billion.

States and the Federal Capital

Territory as at 31 st December 2014,

had a domestic debt profile of N1.707

trillion or $10.967 billion.

But as at June last year, states in

the federation had a domestic debt

stock of N1.551 trillion or $9.963

billion. The Federal Government’s

share of the rising external debt then

stood at $6.363 billion. A breakdown

of the debt showed that $3.146 billion

of the debt owed by states were

borrowed from multilateral institution

while $118.9 million were bilateral

loans. In the case of the Federal

Government $3.652 billion were

loans sourced from multilateral

institutions while a total of $2.793

billion were loans obtained from

Continues on page 22

22 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Cover Story

Listing - From left: Executive Director, Business Development, Nigerian Stock Exchange,

Mr. Haruna Jalo-Waziri; Group Managing Director/CEO, UBA Plc, Mr. Phillips Oduoza; and

Group CEO, United Capital Plc, Mrs Oluwatoyin Sanni; during the official listing of N30.5

billion UBA Bond on the Nigerian Stock Exchange in Lagos

FG's external debt, States'

debt profile on the rise

Continues from page 21

China Export-Import Bank

and the funds the Federal

Government raised from


The DMO said, however,

that the Federal Government

debt is sustainable as its debt

sustainability analysis

showed that the debt/GDP

ratio was only 2.4 per cent.

The bulk of the Federal

Government loans were

concessionary with low

interests and long


Based on the rising debt

profiles of state governments,

the Federal Government last

year directed banks not to

grant fresh loans to state

governments until they got

the relevant approval and

clearance from the Federal

Ministry of Finance. The

Federal Government had

defended its decision to

dissuade banks from

granting unsecured loans to

state governments, saying it

was to protect the states from

excessive accumulation of


The Minister of State for

Finance, Bashir Yuguda, had

said that the decision was not

aimed at stalling the

development efforts of the

state governments. The

Minister said that most of the

states have been

experiencing difficulties in

servicing their existing debts

and it would not be advisable

to allow them take fresh


Mr. Yuguda, who was

delivering a lecture titled:

Nigeria’s Economic Policies

and Reforms: An Assessment

of the Real and Informal

Sectors, said the country’s

overall debt profile,

particularly those of the state

governments, was scary.

Though he did not provide

specific details then, the

Minister emphasised the

need for the states to continue

to look inwards for other

sources of revenue to pursue

their development


Nigeria’s total public debt

stock, external and domestic,

according to the Debt

Management Office, as at

December 2014, stood at

about $67.73 billion or

N11.2 trillion, which is about

As at December

2013, the total

stock of external

debt was $8.821


indicating a rise

of $556 million

in the first half

of 2014

N1.2 trillion higher than the

2013 figure of N10.04

trillion. A breakdown of the

figures showed that external

debt, including those of the

states, was $9.71 billion or

N1.63 trillion.

As at December 2013, the

total stock of external debt

was $8.821 billion indicating

a rise of $556 million in the

first half of 2014. But as at

December 31, 2012, Federal

Government’s external debt

was $4.14 billion as against

a total debt stock of both

federal and state

governments of $6.5 billion.

As at June last year,

Federal Government’s

borrowing from multilateral

institutions amounted to

$3.826 billion while loans

from bilateral sources

mainly China Exim Bank and

Eurobond amounted to

$2.537 billion. In the case

of states, a total of $2.904

billion was sourced from

multilateral institutions;

$108.9 million was obtained

as loans from bilateral

sources, thus making the

states’ total outstanding

external debt as at June

2013, $3.013 billion.

Director-General, Debt

Management Office, Dr.

Abraham Nwankwo had said

last year that although the

debt profile had increased,

he assured that the debt

remained sustainable at a

ratio of 12.51 to the Gross

Domestic Product, GDP. The

D-G also said that the

managers of the nation’s

debt would apply more

caution in further

borrowings in order not to

run into the crisis of debt

overhang, which the nation

once suffered.

His words at the time: “The

sovereign debt is doing well.

Currently, our total

sovereign domestic debt for

both federal and states and

the FCT is about N8.9 trillion

and external debt is about

$9.38 billion. Our current

debt/GDP ratio is about

12.51 per cent which is

much lower than the 56 per

cent total public to GDP for

Continues on page 23

Vocation and technical education – a key

to improving Nigeria’s development Pt 4

The focus is on the roles of

technology and

vocational education in

enhancing entrepreneurial

skills that will equip students

for entrepreneurship education

in Information and

Communication Technology

(ICT.) driven technological

environment. The world has

become globalized and the

future prosperity depends on

comparative advantage. This

comparative advantage hinges

on people and their technical

or technological sophistication.

Towards this, some crucial

entrepreneurial and technical

skills needed by the students

in colleges of education

(technical), polytechnics and

universities to meet the trends

in a global economy is


Technology education is to be

considered as the key agent of

technology development,

either as a way of developing

human capacity, increasing the

shield work force for




development or as

a matter of


f r e e d o m ,


capability and



education is


recognized to be

central to both the

origins of technological

development and challenges

and to the prospects for

successfully dealing with them

(Alam, 2009).

Decision makers at all levels,

need timely, reliable access to

knowledge generated by

technology and technical

education to introduce rational

policies that reflect a better

global understanding of

complex technical, economic,

social, cultural and article

issues concerning the society,

and our environment.

Technical decision making and

priority setting is an integral

part of overall development

planning and formation of

technology development

strategies. Above all,

technology education is a

human right and, as such,

should receive priority in the

allocation of national resources.

It has become very necessary

not to only keep technology


education is

to be


as the key

agent of



education bound to the role of

manufacturing skilled

manpower but also to economic

development and global

economy. In Nigeria,

technology education was

previously not seen as

fundamental for national

development, or for the

economic development, but for

the school dropouts, and other

social and political

development within the nation

and for individuals. Hallak

(1990) argues that technology

education is also linked to

human resources development

and that this has an impact on

more than just economic

growth, but also an impact on

the wider development of

individuals and societies.

According to him, it contributes


(a). Individual creativity,

improved participation in the

economic, social and cultural

roles in society.

(b). Improved understanding

of an individual and heir

respect for others, thus

promoting social

cohesion and

m a t e r i a l


(c) Improvement

in health and


(d). Improved

chances of

e c o n o m i c


(e). Improved



(f). Socio-cultural change.

(g). Democracy and equality

(h). Ecological development/

quality of life (increasing

people’s awareness of their


From our analysis so far, it is

clear that modernization and

economic development,

depends on investment and

appreciation of modern trends

in technology education.

According to Woodhall (1997)

investment in technological

education and training

produces benefits for the

individual and for society as


The roles of technical and

vocational education in

enhancing entrepreneurial

skills using information and

communication technology is

very important in training for

self-employment, self-reliance

and skills acquisition now that

government cannot employ

every graduate.








Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 23

Nigeria’s economic potential is well known. The country’s considerable

resource endowment and coastal location ordinarily should allow the

emergence of a strong growth pole for Sub-Saharan Africa. Over the years,

Nigeria has realised very little of this potential. Instead, its history has been

marked by economic stagnation and associated with declining welfare and social


Over the last few years

however, policymakers have

said that Nigeria has been

experiencing a growth

turnaround and conditions

seem right for launching onto

a path of sustained and rapid

growth. President Goodluck

Jonathan had attempted to

seize this opportunity to build

a diversified economy able to

provide jobs and improved

welfare for Nigerians.

Although the economy is said

to be the largest in Africa, it

has not been translated into

putting food on the tables of

many Nigerians. It was a

growth without development.

Yes, it is time for Mr. Presidentelect

to think economy, speak

economy, dream economy and

act on the economy.

Renowned Professor of

Economics, Professor Jeffrey

Sachs has long identified rural

and urban integration;

infrastructure and family

planning as the critical factors

to the transformation of the

nation’s economy and its

emergence as one of the top

twenty economies in the world.

The problem that needed to be

tackled is the duality of the

nation’s economy. The duality

between the formal and

informal sectors is an

important factor in the lack of

competitiveness of the non-oil

sector. Addressing the duality

of the economy is therefore

vital for strengthening and

sustaining job creation.


Mohammadu Buhari will do

himself and the nation a lot of

good by embarking on a


Continues from page 22

What Buhari must do to move

Nigerian economy forward

nationwide consultation. He

should consult with the

organised private sector

leaders, leaders of the informal

sector, the old, young,

community leaders, leaders of

the various ethnic groups in the

country, market women,

traders, professionals and

student leaders.

The consultation should seek

answers to questions such as:

'If you were the President of

Nigeria, what would you do

take make Nigeria a nation of

equal opportunity for all?' He

should solicit for ideas and

ways to move Nigerian

economy forward. By so doing,

he will under stand the dreams

and aspirations of the ordinary

Nigerian. It would give him an

idea of what the average

Nigerian craves for.

Buhari must avoid the

mistake of past leaders who

felt they knew it all and thus

bungled the opportunity to

mobilise the ordinary

Nigerians for productive

purposes that would have

made the nation great. The

President-elect must avoid

power hangers-on that abound

in the party and presidency

structure that could hold him

captive and deprive him of the

knowledge of happenings

within the country.

Consulting widely will afford

him the rare opportunity to

heal the wounds of the vicious

campaigns undertaken by both

parties and politicians during

the 2015 electioneering. It will

reunite the various warring

sections of the Nigerian

fractionalised regions to come

together as one to face a

common purpose of building a

virile economy.

This effort also has the

advantage of reconciling

those who are hurting and

feeling marginalised within

Buhari should


ministers based

on integrity and

capacity to

perform. He

should ditch the


arithmetic of


ministers on

basis of state


the Nigerian polity and could

forge the much needed unity

in the country and encourage

people to buy into his

programmes. What has been

lacking in previous

administrations in Nigeria is

that the populace has not been

sufficiently mobilised and the

Federal Government has not

gotten the support of the

ordinary Nigerian to buy into

government programmes and

projects. This has been the

bane of the economy as those

who felt alienated look for ways

to sabotage the system. This

government needs the support

of every Nigerian for it to

embark on economic revival.

Across the globe, knowledge

economy has put nations in

higher pedestal than natural

resources endowment.

Buhari must set measurable

economic goals and targets. He

must come out with a clear

economic blueprint and

formulate achievable policies

and strategies to bring about a

truly diversified economy.

He should state in clear

terms when he expects the

nation to achieve at least 40

per cent dependence on oil.

He should come out with a

target date when receipts from

oil will no longer be shared but

must be kept aside for the

rainy day as is done in

Norway. This is the only way

FG's external debt, States' debt profile on the rise

by which Nigeria can be cured

of the Dutch disease.

Behari should as a matter of

urgency state when he expects

Nigeria to stop the madness of

importation of refined

products. He should not allow

the endemic importation of

petroleum products longer

than necessary.

He should call managers at

NNPC and in unequivocal

terms, tell them that the

refineries must work within a

specified time frame. He

should go further to ensure

that all the abandoned NNPC

facilities for the distribution of

petroleum products across the

country are rehabilitated and

put into immediate use. He

should equally call those who

milk Nigerians through the

importation of generators to a

round table talk and get an

undertaking from them that

they will no longer stand in the

way of power generation and

distribution in the country.

Finally, Buhari should

appoint ministers based on

integrity and capacity to

perform. He should ditch the

ethnic arithmetic of appointing

ministers on basis of state

representation. If he must

appoint ministers from states,

they must be men and women

who can perform, who can

mobilise Nigerians.

It must not be based on

patronage. Then he would

have started the change

mantra that swept him to


countries of Nigeria’s group.

However, this is not an

indication that Nigeria can

afford to borrow without

caution. In spite of the rebasing

which means we have

more capacity to borrow, we

are not going to borrow without

caution. In fact, we are going

to be more cautious, especially

because our Tax:GDP ratio is

low. Many economic agents do

not pay their taxes.”

Dr. Nwankwo had also said

that the Eurobond initiative

which commenced in 2011 with

the floating of the $500 million

Eurobond had positively

changed the profiles of

Nigerian corporate

organisations and their

ability to raise long-term

funds from the international

capital market.

The Federal Government

raised additional $1 billion

from the international capital

market in 2013 following

which several Nigerian firms,

especially banks, went to the

international capital market to

raise funds for their


According to him, six

companies issued nine bonds

within the last one year, from

which about $3.4 billion was

raised. The DMO boss said

his team would ensure that the

funds raised from the capital

markets both at home and

outside, were utilised

profitably in the interest of the

nation’s economy.

The D-G disclosed that the

funds raised from the

Eurobond had been deployed

to very critical sectors of the

economy, requiring urgent

financing to boost the

economy, especially, the

electricity power,

agriculture, solid minerals

and the dualisation of the

Airport and Kubwa roads in


Dr. Nwankwo said that his

team has managed the

nation’s debt in line with the

national priority needs with a

view to creating full values for

funds borrowed in order to

ensure maximum benefits to

the economy.

His words, “we have tailored

the nation’s debt management

in accordance with our

peculiarities. We have used

debt management to leverage

development of the private

sector and it has helped them

to raise money to boost the

real sector such as

manufacturing, solid

minerals, agriculture and

electricity power supply.

“We have to develop the

capital market to develop

long-term debt instrument

such that rather than what the

banks have been used to in

terms of giving out 91 day

loans, we now have debt

instruments of up to 20 years.

We have made it possible for

the companies to float their

own bonds in the domestic

market such that between 2005

and 2013, 23 companies raised

N223 billion.

“The implication is that with

operators in the real sector of

the economy being able to

raise long-term funds, they

can expand their businesses,

increase productivity and

create more jobs across the

country on a sustainable


In August last year, two

international rating agencies,

Standard & Poor’s and Moody

had upgraded Nigeria’s credit

rating because of improved

financial stability and

optimism over reforms to the

banking and electricity

sectors. Moody upgraded

Nigeria’s rating assigning

local and foreign currency

issuer ratings of Ba3 to the

government. Standard and

Poor ratings raised its longterm

foreign and local

currency sovereign credit

rating to BB- with a stable

outlook. This is three points

below investment grade,

from B+. This brings its view

in line with Fitch’s rating.

The three foremost rating

agencies in the world have all

now agreed that Nigeria is

managing its resources better

than before.

24 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Business & Economy

NB’s Ace Roots

hits Ibadan

Nigerian Breweries NB

Plc stormed the ancient

city of Ibadan with the trade

launch of its new product, Ace

Roots in Ogbomosho, Oshogbo

and Ilesha/Esa-Oke trade


According to the company’s

while speaking at the trade

launch in Ibadan the Zonal

Business Manager – West,

Opeyemi Oluwalusi, Ace Roots

is a product of painstaking

research and response to

consumers’ retailers and

distributors’ demands and the

result of Nigerian Breweries

Plc’s in-depth consultations

with critical stakeholders before

its intervention in the herbal

mix section of the beverage

drink market.

“At NB, we love to respond to

consumers’ demands. You will

bear me witness that your

feedback from consumers and

critical stakeholders have

continued to play critical roles

in our decision making

process. When our competitor

came up with her brand

sometimes last year and

stakeholders like you and our

teeming consumers started

asking when is Nigerian

Breweries going to come out

with her own brand of herbal

mixture drink? We responded

by appealing to you to exercise

patience as we need time to

carry our proper research and

consultation with you

(retailers, distributors),

including teeming consumers

and other critical stakeholders

before we can make a decision.

The result of that painstaking

research and consultation is

what we are launching and

unveiling to you here today –

Ace Roots,” he said.

Speaking further in his

Oluwalusi stated that Ace Roots

is produced for the wellbeing

and welfare of consumers in

mind. “Ace Roots takes the

health, wellbeing and even the

pocket of the consumer into

serious consideration before it

debuts. The herbal mix comes

with the lowest sugar content

in the Nigerian market today.

Whereas there are herbal

mixtures with as much as five

cubes of sugar, Ace Roots has

very low sugar content of just

one cube of sugar. Aside this,

Ace Roots is made with actual

herbal juice extract from agelong

roots, leaves and herbs.

It’s alcoholic content is

moderated at 6 percent, that’s

a little higher than lager beer

and slightly lower than stout

beer beverages. More

importantly, Ace Roots is

entering the market with great

value that takes the consumers’

purse into serious


BRIEFING - From left: Laura Oloyede, MD/CEO, Communications Hub Africa Ltd; Israel

Bolaji, Manager, Public Relations and Communications, Startimes; Somoye Habeeb,

Marketing Manager and; Ayokunle Idowu, Content Manager during Startimes Media briefing

on the unveiling of new channels on Startimes platform in Lagos. Photo Lamidi Bmidele.

Nigeria can get N10bn

annually from export of

Jatropha oil - Expert



Biofuel Farmers

Association, Mr Kayode

Adebiyisaid said that Nigeria

could get up to N10 billion

annually from the export of

Jatropha oil.

Adebiyi said in Ibadan that

the country could also earn

about N5 billion annually from

domestic utilisation of the

Jatropha bio-crude oil.

“Through the supply of the

oil to communication



Among Seventeen

Africans recognised

as Young Global Leaders

(YGL) in 2015 by the World

Economic Forum (WEF)

thirteen are to benefit from

the Dangote Fellowship

instituted by Dangote


The African youngsters

were part of the 187 young

leaders from 66 countries

honored for leadership

and service to society by

the WEF, while the

Dangote Fellowship,

created by the WEF and

Alhaji Aliko Dangote,

President/ CEO, Dangote

Group was designed to

increase the quality and

quantity of young African

leaders across the

continent by supporting

the engagement of African

companies and industries for

their power diesel alone, one

can generate up to N5b

billion. Just last year, the

representative from a

Japanese company came to

Nigeria to request for 5, 000

metric tones of the oil on

monthly basis.

“So it can get up to N10

billion from such a business

transaction,” he said.

The president urged the

Federal Government to pass a

bill of 10 per cent inclusion of

Jatropha oil into any diesel

powered engine including


“If the bill is enacted, it will

encourage consumers to come

to the processors and farmers

to source for the oil; there will

be a flow of fund to the

grassroots,” he said. Adebiyi

advised the government to

direct the Bank of Industries

and that of Agriculture to



organizations with funds to

produce more biofuel in the

country. “The renewable

energy division under the

NNPC should be mandated to

work on Jatropha and relate

with biofuel farmers.

“The government can

introduce renewable energy

into secondary and tertiary

curricula and mandate agric

institutions to go into

plantation of the crop to create

awareness,” he said.

Adebiyi, however, noted that

his organisation worked

tirelessly to create awareness

about the Jatropha crop and

support farmers in the

production. “We are

collaborating with NOA to

bring the advantage of the

crop to the notice of the public,

we do sensitization

workshops, outreaches, radio

jingles etc. But we need

support financially to acquire

land for planting. We call on

the government and wealthy

Nigerians to help, through

loan or any other form of

assistance,” he said.

13 African YGL to benefit from Dangote fello


YGLs in the community, such

as those from small

enterprises or the nonbusiness


In a statement, Dangote said

the institution of the

fellowship award was his own

way of contribution to the

intellectual development of

exceptional young people

of African descent, saying,

“The Fellowship helps YGLs

from Africa attend YGL and

World Economic Forum

events and funds the

organization of an YGL Africa

Education Module.”

Also, Director and Head,

Young Global Leaders

Community at the WEF, Mr.

John Dutton, said: “The WEF

has announced the leaders

under 40 who are shaping the

future of industry and society.

About half of the new class of

YGLs come from emerging

economies with 17 from sub-

Saharan Africa. The list of

YGLs has a strong

representation from women

leaders and is split 50-50

between business and nonprofit

sectors (academia, arts

and culture, civil society,

policy and government,

media and social


Dutton added that the class

of 2015 joins a community

which has been growing in

significance since it began 10

years ago, saying, “Current

and former YGLs include 11

heads of state and

government, 10 heads of

Fortune 500 companies, 15

UN Goodwill Ambassadors,

six Guinness World Record

holders, four Oscar winners,

three Olympic gold medalists,

two Nobel Prize winners and

an astronaut.

“The YGLs include the

world’s most pioneering,

next-generation leaders who

have developed in their


government can



energy into

secondary and

tertiary curricula

and mandate

agric institutions

to go into

plantation of the

crop to create


journey to produce positive,

tangible impacts in their

countries, industries and

societies. The class of 2015,

together with the community

over the past 10 years, shows

how the future of business

and public leadership is



geographically diverse, more

varied in its expertise, more

gender-equal, and is

challenging established ways

to get things done.”

The community provides its

members with a peer network

that challenges them to not

only do more, but to be

more. Being part of the YGL

Community is a

transformational experience,

where leaders turn their

personal success into global

significance and positive

impact in their countries,

industries and areas of






Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 25

Business & Economy

Participation of top media in Quill

Awards low — Promiasidor

*Photojournalists to win camera worth N1m





Limited has

complained about low

participation of journalists in

top media houses in its Quill


The Awards is a platform

to reward journalists in the

country with befitting prizes

for dedicated news reportage

all year round.

Head, Legal/Public

Relations, Mr. Andrew

Enahoro , who led a team of

the company’s Management

on sensitization visit to

Vanguard Head office in

Lagos, observed that

journalists from prominent

mediums in the country have

not really shown interest as

desired by the company.

He called on journalists to

take advantage of the

opportunity and submit

entries for the 2015 Quill

Awards, stressing “it is

crucial that journalists

participate actively and

submit entries to justify the

efforts management of

Promasidor is committing

towards the awards.”

He said that the company

is making series of efforts to

wake up participation in

journalists because the new

Managing Director loves the

work of art and would rather

commit efforts towards it if

journalists do not show

interest towards the awards.

He also said that there is

need for journalists to show

physical attendance at the

151 Products Limited, the

organiser of the annual

agriculture/food exhibition

(AGRIKEXPO) has adjusted the

date for this year’s edition,

following demand from many trade

visitors, farmers and exhibitors.

Accordingly, the event earlier

scheduled to hold in April has been

shifted to November 5 - 7, 2015.

In a statement, Project Director,

Mr. Eppellee Oluwadara, said the

new date is in consonance with the

European Union Conference on

Agriculture, and convenient for

many international class exhibitors

and visitors.

According to him, considering the

adjustment in Nigerian 2015

election timetable, it is wise to

allow new government appointees

event and it will gladden the

company if only journalists

will come out in large number

and support their colleagues

who are receiving awards by

attending the event.

Charles Igbinidu

Managing Director of TPT

International (Promasidor’s

PR Agency), added that

although the number of

entries have been

encouraging, yet , for me I

kept saying that there are

some media houses that have

not been participating.”

He listed the target areas

for entries as follows:

Industry, CSR, Brand,

education, children; photo

story, nutrition and future

writer category.

He explained that these

categories were deliberately

chosen because of the focus

of Promasidor; and that in

terms of participation by

journalists more still needs to

be done.

Organisers shift Agrikepo on exhibitors demand

time to settle in to work after the


According to Mrs. Paulette van

Trier, Economic Counselor to the

EU, Agrikexpo would be a good

opportunity for various state

agricultural development boards to

showcase investment opportunities

after the elections to major players

from various EU member countries

who would be attending a

conference during the exhibition.

Also, the national co-coordinator,

NABG, Emmanuel Ijewere,

commended the shift in date as it

will rally the agribusiness

community for a more robust

participation, as it will give more

time for preparations, saying

“Agrikexpo remains a formidable

networking opportunity for

It is crucial




actively and



“We have different category

of prizes; the prize for overall

winner is one month training

at Thompson Reuters

Foundation and one week

attachment in a major media

house in UK. The last overall

winner last year did it at

BBC. For the photojournalists

the winner goes home with a

high-end camera worth N1

million. Since the awards

started, I have been very

jealous of the photo

journalists for what they take

home. The price is really


“The first edition of the

awards was held in May 2013

and the stage is now set to

host the 2015 edition. Entry

opens on 29 th January 2015

and qualifying entry runs

from 1 st may 2014 to 30 th

April 2015,” he disclosed.

Cross section of Airtel Staff during a roadshow on Airtel Smart Connect in Lagos.

agribusiness development in


Mr. Oluwana Dayo, Marketing

Manager of the organising

company, reaffirmed that all was

being done to ensure a high-valueadded

event for exhibitors,

including those engaged in

processing, packaging and

distribution of food/beverages as

local companies prepare to process

for exports.

The President of the Nigeria

British Chamber of Commerce

Prince Adeyemi Adefulu also

confirmed that a forum was being

put in place using the occasion of

the Agrikexpo to boost agri/food

trade between Nigeria and the UK.

Airtel CSR initiative

rescues woman, youth

The Corporate Social

Responsibility, CSR of

Airtel Nigeria, ‘Airtel Touching

Lives’ has once again shown

the need to help persons with


Life in a rural community can

be difficult and people still

struggle to have a decent life,

it is more difficult for people that

are single and do not have

support from their family; The

story of Mama Mercy, a barren

who in most of her life has

suffered rejection from her

family and community.

Life has not been kind to

Mercy Wbiabia from Nonwa, a

rural community located outside

Port Harcourt city, she is a

considerable farmer who does

not have a farm of her own. She

lives in a mud house where part

of the house has collapsed. She

is struggling to look after herself

and her sister son, Sunday

Nomubari who is like a son that

was left with her.

According to James Wbiloyii

who nominated Mercy, he said

whenever he travels home to

meet his Aunt, she always tells

him how she has been

humiliated; intimidated;

sometimes beaten and also

robbed of her food. He said he

nominated her in order for her

to get help from Airtel Touching

Lives programme.

Dufil to give out N20m

airtime to consumers

Dufil Prima Foods Plc,

Indomie manufacturer

say consumers will win over

N20 million recharge cards if

they buy a cartoon of its product

in a promo tagged: Indomie-incarton


The promo will afford

consumers of its Indomie

Pepper Chicken and Oriental

Fried Noodle brands the

opportunity to win up to N1,000

instant recharge cards in each

carton of the SKUs, said the

Brand Manager, Indomie, Mr.

Amber Yadav.

Mr. Yadav said that the

promotion would produce at

least 300,000 winners,

declaring that over N20 million

worth of recharge cards will be


“We are excited by the

opportunity to excite our

consumers and we believe that

they will appreciate and take

advantage of the opportunity.

We consider it an obligation and

commitments of our company to

constantly reward, connect with

our numerous consumers while

building excitement in

appreciation for their patronage

and loyalty towards the brand.”

26 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Banking & Finance


Bank holds

53 rd AGM

Sterling Bank Plc will

holds its 53rd Annual

General Meeting (AGM) on

Thursday April 30, 2015 in


The Bank in a statement

signed by the Company

Secretary, Mrs. Justina Lewa

said the Directors of the Bank

at the AGM will receive the

Audited Financial

Statements for the year

ended 31st December, 2014,

together with the Reports of

the Directors, Auditors and

the Audit Committee; declare

a Dividend; elect/re-elect

Directors; approve the

remuneration of the

Directors; authorize the

Directors to fix the

remuneration of the Auditors

and elect members of the

Audit Committee.

Key extracts of the audited

report and accounts of the

Bank for the year ended

December 31, 2014 released

last week at the Nigerian

Stock Exchange (NSE)

showed appreciable growth

in all key performance

indices, sustaining the

strong performance outlook

of the lender in spite of

industry-wide headwinds.

For instance, Sterling Bank

Plc announced gross

earnings of N103.7 billion

and a profit before tax of

N10.7 billion, an increase of

13 percent and 15.4 percent

over its 2013 figures


Major highlights showed

that net interest income leapt

by 20.1 per cent to N43.0

billion in 2014 as against

N35.8 billion recorded in

2013. This was driven mainly

by an 11.4 per cent growth

in interest income to N77.9

billion, which far outweighed

the 2.2 per cent increase in

funding costs to N34.9

billion. This underlined the

increasing cost efficiency of

the lender as cost of funds

dropped from 6.1 per cent in

2013 to 5.3 percent in 2014.

Similarly, non-interest

income grew by 18.3 per cent

from N21.8 billion in 2013 to

N25.7 billion in 2014. This

was boosted by an 82.2 per

cent growth in net trading

income to N6.8 billion.

The Bank continued to

strengthen its mid and

bottom-line performances as

its increasing focus on cost

reduction credit risks

management and operating

efficiency cushioned macro

headwinds and retained

value for shareholders.



Insurance Corporation

(NDIC) has said that the

acquisition of Union Homes

Savings and Loans Plc by Aso

Savings & Loans (UHSL) Plc

will further promote public

confiedence in the banking


Managing Director/Chief

Executive of NDIC, Alhaji

Umaru Ibrahim, made this

remark when the

Management of Aso Savings

visited him in Abuja. He said,

“This laudable initiative

would not only give all

depositors and staff of the

UHSL a new lease of life, it

would also go a long way to

promote public confidence

in the banking system."

According to Umaru, the

task before the management

is to maintain the confidence

reposed on them by their

Board, shareholders and the

supervisory authorities by

ensuring higher performance

and quality service.

He enjoined the mortgage

bank to embark on a process

of effective communication of

its turnaround plan with a

view to promoting confidence

and trust of its depositors. He

therefore advised them to

establish a toll free Help Desk

and other effective

communication channels such

as radio and television jingles

and talk shows to reach out to

existing and prospective

customers in order to

First Bank of Nigeria

Limited, a subsidiary of

FBN Holdings Plc has

launched its Sierra Leone

subsidiary, FBNBank Sierra

Leone, thus enhancing its

ambition to expand its

footprint across Africa. In a

statement announcing the

launch of the FBNBank

Sierra Leone, the Bank said,

“FBNBank Sierra Leone was

formerly registered as

International Commercial

Bank (ICB). This unveiling

comes on the heels of the

agreement reached by

FirstBank and International

Commercial Bank Financial

Group Holdings Ag

(ICBFGH) for the acquisition

of a 100 percent equity

interest in ICB Sierra Leone.

The launch further

consolidates FirstBank’s

position as the largest

corporate and retail banking

financial institution in sub-

Saharan Africa (excluding

South Africa) with presence

in Ghana, Guinea, Gambia,

Sierra Leone and Senegal as

well as presence in the UK

and Representative Offices in

VISIT - From left: NDIC MD/CE Alh. Umaru Ibrahim receiving a souvenir from the MD/

CEO Aso Savings & Loans, Mr. Hassan Musa Usman who led his management team on a

courtesy visit to the NDIC Senior Management in Abuja.

Acquisition of Union Homes will

promote public confidence —NDIC

overcome potential risks of

rumours which may trigger

a run on both Aso Savings &

Union Homes.

Responding, Aso Savings'

Managing Director/CEO, Mr.

Hassan Musa Usman,

expressed his appreciation

to the Corporation for its

support in resolving the

Union Homes problem. He

assured the NDIC of full

implementation of the

recommendations proffered

by the supervisory

authorities that would

ensure sound management

of both institutions. He

informed the Corporation’s

Management that

henceforth, Aso Savings Plc

would control about 92

percent of the shares of UHSL

Plc, adding that the two

institutions would be

managed independently for

six months before their final


FirstBank boosts regional expansion bid

with FBNBank Sierra Leone

Johannesburg, Abu Dhabi

and Beijing. The expansion

represents FirstBank’s

strategic objective to maintain

significant market share,

expand its pan-African

footprint and diversify

earnings while delivering

value to shareholders.

FBNBank Sierra Leone is

strategically positioned to

foster greater collaboration

and provide better service for

the country’s public and

private sector clients, and the

general public at large. The

Bank leverages FirstBank’s

international network,

business expertise, which is

part of the diversified

synergies of the FBN Group

to offer innovative,

convenient and secure

banking services to its

customers and better seize the

emerging opportunities in the

local market.

Speaking on this

development, the GMD/CEO

of FirstBank, Bisi Onasanya,

said, “The launch of

FBNBank Sierra Leone

fulfills one of the critical

stages of our ambition to

steadily broaden and build a

more diverse footprint across

Africa. We are committed to

developing a multi-local

business model that broadens

our geographic revenue base

while providing enhanced

service delivery to our new

customers and equity

participation to local


Ecobank boss offers

students investment tips

The Managing Director, Ecobank Nigeria, Mr. Jibril Aku,

has said one of the best ways to grow money is making

investments. Aku gave this advice recently while lecturing

students of Government Secondary School, Lugbe, Abuja on

the topic “Growing Your Money” as part of Global Money Week.

He described investment as something that is purchased

with money and expected to produce income or profit, stating

that, investing money reduces risk of theft, spending and gives

chance for the money to grow.“Generally, investments are

broadly divided into ownership (equities) and lending (debt).

The higher the risk involved, the higher the return and interest

rate; the longer the period of investment, the higher the interest

rate,” he said. The Ecobank boss also took the students through

investing in real estate, precious objects, bonds, mutual funds,

adding that “just like you eat good food and take vitamins to

protect your body from sickness and allow you grow, you need

to protect your money and investments in a similar way by

getting insurance.” He explained that “Stocks are securities

that allow you become a part-owner of the company whose

stocks you purchase. Examples of stocks are shares. When

you buy the shares of a company, you are given a share

certificate and entitled to dividends only if the company makes

a profit.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 27

Banking & Finance

CBN spends $4.7bn to defend naira

*Interbank lending rates rise by 150%


The Central Bank of

Nigeria (CBN) has spent

$4.7 billion to defend the naira

this year, even as the nation’s

external reserve fell to $29.6

billion week.

Data published by the CBN

on its website show that the

external reserve fell by $189

million from $29.778 billion on

April 2 nd to $29.589 billion on

April 9 th . Consequently the

reserve has fallen by $4.879

billion since December 31 st


Commenting on

developments in the nation’s

foreign exchange market in

the first quarter of the year,

Managing Director/Chief

Executive, Financial

Derivative Company Limited,

Mr. Bismarck Rewane said

that the apex bank has so far

spend $4.7 billion to defend

the naira this year, adding that

the nation’s external reserve

import and payments cover

has fallen to 4.8 months, 1.2

months below the

international standard for

healthy external reserve.

Rewane also stated that the

13 per cent appreciation of the

naira in the parallel market in

the last two weeks to N197 per

dollar from N225 was due to

election sentiment and

elimination of fear premium.

He predicted that the

appreciation would soon be

reverse and the naira would

PRESENTATION - Executive Director, Corporate, International & Investment Banking,

Union Bank of Nigeria Plc, Emeka Okonkwo, presenting keys of Hilux Patrol Vehicle equipped

with security gadgets to Lagos State Police Commissioner, Mr Kayode Aderanti. With them

are DCP J. B Kokumo in charge of Operations and Sam Agbanusi, Head of Corporate Security

and Safety, Union Bank.

Union Bank of Nigeria Plc

(UBN) has deployed the

Oracle FLEXCUBE Universal

Banking Solution 12.0; a new

core banking application to

modernise its infrastructure,

improve operating efficiency

and customer service delivery.

To help improve business

operations and enhance the

customer experience, UBN

deployed the latest version of

Oracle FLEXCUBE as the

single operating platform for

its countrywide network.

As one of Nigeria’s top tier

lenders with an extensive

network of over 320 branches

across Nigeria, the bank seeks

to better its operations with the

new platform to address its

corporate, retail and

investment banking needs,

thereby positioning itself as a

highly respected provider of

depreciate further because the

fundamentals remain

unchanged. “At the parallel

market, the naira will trade at

N215-N220 against the dollar

again”, he said”.

Rewane advised the

incoming government of the

General Mohammudu Buhari

to allow the naira find its true

value, calling for reduction in

interest rate and easing of

monetary policy stance.

Meanwhile lending rates at

the interbank money market

shot up sharply last week due

to cash outflow for dollar

purchase, investment in

government securities and

debit for Cash Reserve

Requirement (CRR)

Data published by Financial

Market Dealers Quote

(FMDQ) show that interest

rate for Collateralised lending

(Open Buy Back) and Call

lending rose by over 150

percent each. While interest

rate on Call rose by 185 basis

points to 28.67 on Friday

percent from 10.17 percent the

previous week, interest rate on

Collateralised lending (open

buy back) rose by 176 basis

points to 27.17 percent on

Friday from 9.5 percent.

Kawaka Discount House in

its weekly Interbank

Newsletter reveals that the

CBN withdrew N110 billion

from banks for the Cash

Reserve Requirement (CRR)

for March. This in addition to

outflow of N293 billion for

treasury bill purchase caused

the amount of idle cash in the

interbank market to drop to

zero from N326.44 billion on


Union Bank deploys Oracle FLEXCUBE to

enhance customer experience

quality banking services in


Mr. Yomi Akinade, Chief

Information Officer (CIO) of

the bank said with the new

platform, the bank would be

enhancing and standardising

its operations across the

country by leveraging on the

capabilities of the new

technology. “We will have a

common operating platform in

our extensive network of over

320 branches across Nigeria,”

he said.

Mr. Akinade disclosed

Union Bank went live with the

new platform on April 7, 2015,

a quick review of current

banking platforms in the

industry shows that the new

technology puts lender at the

top with this state of the art


He said since the bank

embarked on restructuring in

2010; his team has

implemented well over 70

technology projects.

“There are three (3) key

areas on the over 70

technology projects, which

include: improving customers’

services, securing customers

and the bank’s data as well

improving our productivity as

an institution,” he affirmed.

The new platform is in line

with the bank’s goal of

becoming a highly respected

provider of quality banking

services within six (6) areas of

focus according to Mr. Emeka

Emuwa, GMD/CEO of UBN at

a media parley on March


“The six (6) major areas of

commitment we are focusing

on include: quality of

customers experience, quality

of client base, quality of talent,

quality of banking platform,

quality of professional

standards and quality of the

banks’ earnings.”

Mr. Akinade affirmed that

during the time of the

upgrade, customers and the

general public may experience

some challenges, but

measures have been put in

place to ensure continuous

seamless service delivery in

case of disruptions during


“As you well know, when you

go live with a major massive

complex project like this, there

would be teething issues. So,

there are challenges and

customers should understand

this; but is for their own long

term benefit; because we

would have a much more

superior service offering when

the system runs fully,” he


Stanbic IBTC

gets ISO


certification on

IT security

Stanbic IBTC Bank, a

member of Stanbic

IBTC Holdings Plc, has

received the ISO/IEC 27001

certification. The certification

follows an extensive and

painstaking standardization

process on information

security by the bank.

The ISO/IEC 27001 is an

internationally recognized

best practice framework for an

information security

management system, which

helps businesses to identify

risks to important information

while putting in place the

appropriate controls to help

reduce such risks.

Mr. Pietro Foschi, Strategic

Delivery Director at British

Standards Institution (BSI),

affirmed that Stanbic IBTC

Bank complied with the

requirements of ISO/IEC

27001 certification, which

entails development,

operations and maintenance

of the processes related to

services provided and

managed by the bank’s

Information and Technology

(ICT) Department. BSI is a

multinational business

services provider whose

principal activity is the

production of standards and

the supply of standardsrelated


UBA deploys

“Finacle 10x”

Customers of United

Bank for Africa (UBA)

Plc deployed of a new and

improved IT platform;

“Finacle 10x”.

The new IT platform will

enable customers carry out

quick, efficient and secure

services via the bank’s e-

platforms such as internet

banking, mobile banking. It

also improves the uptime

period on the bank’s e-

Channels like the POS

machines and ATMs.

“We embarked on this major

upgrade of our systems to

simplify our processes and

significantly improve the

customer experience across

all channels including e-

channels like smart phones,

tablets, phablets, laptops and

desktops. UBA customers can

now enjoy faster, richer and

more secured services on

these channels using our

internet banking application

‘U-Direct’ and our mobile

banking application ‘U-


28 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Corporate Finance

Afriland Properties

grows profit by 311%,

pays 40 kobo dividend


Afriland Properties Plc has

announced a profit

before tax of N1.74 billion for

the year ended December 31,

2014, representing a 311

percent increase compared to

the corresponding period in


Consequently, the Board of

Directors and the management

also declared a total dividend

payment of N499.6 million

translating to 40 kobo per

ordinary share, which was

unanimously approved by

shareholders at the 2 nd

Annual General Meeting,

AGM, which held in Lagos.

The company’s total assets

also increased to N8.1billion

from N4.2 billion during the

period under review,

representing 92.86 percent

increase, while the profit after

tax grew by 439 percent.

Addressing the shareholders

at the meeting, the Managing

Director/Chief Executive

Officer, Afriland Properties Plc,

Mrs. Uzo Oshogwe, stated

that the company’s financial

performance is an evidence of

its operational excellence, a

customer centric culture and

high corporate governance

standards, adding “Our

deliberate focus on excellent

delivery has prompted us to

increase our full-year


In her remarks, the

chairman, Erelu Angela

Adebayo, said the upturn in

the company’s net earnings is

attributable to improved

operational efficiency and

focus on value creation.

According to her, “We are

prepared to further strengthen

our balance sheets and

business model this year by

tapping into the opportunities

that will be created in the

building and construction

sector.” “We are equally poised

to take advantage of other

structural reforms of the federal

government, which hopefully

will impact the housing sector,”

Adebayo added.

Afriland Properties Plc is a

property development and

management company that

offers end-to-end services

along the real estate value

chain from management to

joint-venture investments.

With a portfolio size of over

N8 billion and one of the

largest land banks in Nigeria,

Afriland Properties is

pioneering the opportunities

presented by an institutional

approach to real estate, serving

niche markets throughout


AGM - From left: Managing Director/CEO, Mr. Peter O. Ashade and Chairman, Chief

(Mrs.) Eniola Fadayomi, at the Africa Prudential Registrars Plc’s Annual General Meeting

held in Lagos

Return of foreign investors

imminent on successful

election – Operators


Operators in the

Nigerian capital

market have said that foreign

investors that have been

exiting the stock market in

droves in the last couple of

months will find their way back

to the market following a

successful conduct of

presidential election.

They, however, cautioned the

local investors against herd

investment, saying that their

coming back will possibly fuel

unnecessary price increases.

Status of foreign portfolio

investment outflow on the

Nigerian Stock Exchange,

NSE, according to available

data showed that total foreign

outflow dropped to 51.08

percent in the month of

January, 2015 from 53.36

percent in December 2014.

It went further down to

103.53 percent in the month of

February, while year-to-date

(January - February) the figure

has dropped by 132.68 percent.

Monthly foreign portfolio

investment, FPI, transactions

at the Exchange which was

N99.11 billion at the end of

January 2015 increased to

N133.95 billion (about $0.68

billion) at the end of February

2015, up 35.15 percent from

January 2015.

In comparison to the same

period in 2014, total FPI

transactions decreased by 1.71

percent, while the total

domestic transactions

decreased by 19.03 percent.

However, FPI outflows

outpaced inflows which were

consistent with the same

period in 2014. Commenting

on the outcome of the election

in relation to foreign

investment inflow to the

Exchange, Bola Ajomale,

Managing Director, NASD Plc,

said the foreign investors

would return to speculate on

the secondary market.

“As speculators, they could

come in, make a quick profit

by driving up prices and exit

very sharply, leaving local

investors with high priced

securities. It is therefore

necessary for our local

secondary market investing

community to be more alert

Stanbic IBTC Bank has concluded a US$

90 million line of credit facility from the

Netherlands Development Finance Company,

FMO. The purpose of the facility is for Stanbic

IBTC Bank’s on-lend to small and medium

sized companies for the financing of projects

in the infrastructure sector, which include

agriculture, oil and gas, power, ports, telecom

companies, etc. within Nigeria. The facility

will run for a term of five years.

The facility was provided to Stanbic IBTC

Bank by FMO along with European

Financing Partners (EFP) and DEG -

Deutsche Investitions- und


Commenting on the transaction, the Chief

Executive of Stanbic IBTC Bank, Mr. Yinka

Sanni, noted that the commitment of the

lenders shows the confidence they have in

the Stanbic IBTC brand.

He further emphasized that the facility will

enable the bank continue its SME sector

growth efforts and move the economy forward.

On his own part, Linda Broekhuizen,

FMO’s CIO said: “This second facility to

Stanbic IBTC Bank is further testimony to the

long and good relationship between the

Standard Bank Group and FMO. This

and proactive,” he said.

“Secondly, I would love to see

foreign investors come into

the primary end of the market

which is far more constructive

and helpful to the economic

progress of the nation. It would

be good if both public and

private sectors encourage this

to happen, Ajomale said.

Speaking further, he said that

the recent rally seen in the

market is as a result of portfolio

activity and not significantly

improved corporate


He said: “The rapid rises we

see in the market is just

portfolio activity and not

significantly improved

corporate performance. The

market is doing a pretty good

job at increasing transparency

and corporate governance and

I believe it would be

advantageous if the Presidentelect

encourages this

philosophy through policy.”

Adding his voice, Mr. Tola

Odukoya of Dunn Loren

Merrifield Asset

Management, said: “I believe

the return of foreign

investors has started already

as indicated in the strong

performance of the equity

market specific government

bonds in the last couple of

days.” He observed that the

key issue is for the country to

maintain some appreciable

consistency in several key

policies that have contributed

directly or indirectly to

increase in direct and portfolio

investments (by both domestic

and foreign investors).

He added that the

consequent bolstering and

increase in confidence

amongst investors will

sustain, and possibly improve,

the performance of the market.

Stanbic IBTC Bank secures $90m credit from FMO


Return of foreign

investors has

started already

as indicated in

the strong

performance of

the equity


syndicated loan facility will assist Stanbic

IBTC Bank in expanding its leading role in

financing of infrastructure development and

providing long term funding to small and

medium sized companies, contributing to job

creation in Nigeria.”

The primary lender, FMO, is a Dutch

development bank that was established in

1970 by the Dutch Government, commercial

banks, the national employers’ association,

labour unions, and private investors, in order

to make investments in private sector projects

within developing countries and emerging


FMO is present as a development finance

partner in over 80 different developing

countries and emerging markets around the

world. The company’s mandate is to provide

long term capital for projects in these

countries, thereby, maximizing development

impact with a methodology designed to

ensure that FMO’s return on investment is

not just financial but also has positive

environmental and social effects.

The secondary lender, DEG, is a subsidiary

of KfW andone of the largest European

development finance institutions. For more

than 50 years, DEG has been financing and

structuring the investments of private

companies in developing and emerging

market countries.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 29




30 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Homes & Housing

Resort rewards loyal


Resort Savings and Loans

Plc has instituted a reward

system for all those who

maintain a certain minimum

balance in their accounts over

a period of time.

Head Business Development,

Mr Yemi Popoola made this

known recently in Lagos on the

bank’s efforts at putting smiles

on the faces of its teeming

customers. According to him,

“the bank has over time

introduced numerous

customer-friendly products

while the reward system is the

bank’s own way of giving back

to its customers.

"Our customer base is growing

by the day and a lot of people

are getting to identify with us.

The only way we can make

them have a sense of belonging

is to ensure that they are not

only rewarded for banking with

us, but also for introducing

other customers to all

mortgage related products.”

Popoola gave a brief analysis

of the account opening

dynamics which include but

are not limited to opening of a

Resort Reward System

Account, building up of team

by introducing other

customers to open accounts

with the bank and that

automatically qualifies such a

person to become a team

leader while the people

introduced become his team

members. The gift we give our

customers will be

commensurate with the

balances maintained in their

accounts with the bank.”

Town planners demand

tax-free building




continue to pay more

for accommodation in major

cities until the cost of building

materials is subsidised

through tax holiday.

Executive Secretary of

Association of Town Planning

Consultants of Nigeria

(ATOPCON), Mr Ayo Adejumo,

said high taxes are responsible

for the high cost of

accommodation in major cities

in the country. He urged the

Federal Government to provide

tax relief for local manufacturers

and importers of building

materials. According to him, if

government can grant tax

holidays to the producers of

building materials, it will go a

long way in reducing the cost of

building houses in the country.

Adefuro also called for provision

of enabling environment for

private estate developers to

strive by providing them with

proper incentives, credits and


*Affordable housing development

Stimulating economic growth

through housing finance


The housing sector is seen

as an important sector for

stimulating economic growth in

most developed countries.

Indeed, housing construction

indices are some of the most

common measures used by

analysts to gauge economic

trends in OECD countries.

Today, housing and

construction sector still

accounts for only 3.1 percent of

the GDP of Nigeria, Africa’s

largest economy with a GDP of

N80.3 trillion ($510 billion) as

at 2013. Despite the size of the

Nigerian economy, mortgage

debt to GDP is only about 0.5


Minister of Finance/

Supervising Minister of the

Economy, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-

Iweala, noted at a recent World

Bank forum, highlighted the

potential contribution of the

housing sector to national

development in three possible

ways. First, she noted that the

sector can serve as an

important contributor to

economic growth. According to

her, the housing sector has a

tremendous multiplier effect on

the broader economy. “Housing

contributes to GDP through two

main channels, namely: private

residential investments, such

as, construction of new homes,

and also via the consumption

spending on housing services.

There are also secondary

economic impacts of the

housing sector. Housing

wealth is often a large

component of net personal

wealth (about half of net

personal wealth in the USA).

And in developed countries,

housing wealth/assets can

often be used as collateral to

stimulate additional private

consumption and

investments,” she stated.

Okonjo-Iweala also noted that

the housing sector can support

job creation and economic

inclusion. “The job creation

potential for the housing sector

is enormous in Africa and

other developing countries. In

India, each new housing unit

generates 1.5 direct and 8

indirect jobs. In South Africa,

each housing unit creates 5.62

direct jobs and 2.5 indirect jobs.

Housing wealth/

assets can often be

used as collateral

to stimulate

additional private

consumption and


If you have an extra sum of money and

want to invest it, maybe you should

consider real estate. Generally, properties

tend to increase or hold their value,

depending on certain conditions, which is

why they are considered a safe investment.

They retain their value due to the

phenomenon of inflation, since at least its

price tends to increase with inflation;

although this is not strictly a business, nor

is it a capital loss.

However, a property can often increase

their value over inflation. Often this is due

to the dynamics of supply and demand of

properties in the location in which the

property is located, either because it is in a

fashionable district, or because an

infrastructure project has increased its

value. It is better to buy land as a business

strategy because the value of any property

usually tends to rise along with the price of

inflation. Even a piece of land on which

But the key point is that the

sector can also help promote

economic inclusion by creating

jobs for our craftsmen and

artisans such as masons,

plumbers, welders, electricians,

painters and so on. It is

estimated that for every new

house built 3 direct and 8 new

indirect jobs are created.

Unlocking the housing sector

will mean the creation of

thousands of jobs for

architects, builders,

plumbers, welders,

electricians, painters,” she


The minister said the

housing sector also provides

social benefits by contributing

to community - and nation -

building. “We know that

home-ownership often gives

citizens a true stake in their

communities. After owning a

home, many citizens tend

naturally to be concerned

about the provision of public

How to make money from real estate

goods in their communities -

from schools, to clinics, to

security. These are intangible

social benefits which a strong

housing sector can help to

generate,” she remarked.

Sonnie Ayere, pioneering

CEO of the Nigeria Mortgage

Refinance Company (NMRC),

said that the company, which

was launched in January 2014,

is expected to unlock the value

drivers within related business

sectors further increasing

multiple lines of incomes for

business. He added that lower

income households are

expected to benefit from

NMRC through direct jobs

created by the construction of

new housing units and services

required to build a home and

deliver it to the final customer.

“We expect to see an estimated

490,000 additional sustainable

jobs over the next coming years.

The wages earned by workers

and profits earned by

businesses during the

construction period are spent

on other local goods and

services. This generates

additional income for local

people, which is spent on still

more local goods and services,

and so on,” stated.

When Governor Babatunde

Fashola inaugurated the Lagos

State Home Ownership

Mortgage Scheme (Lagos

HOMs), he remarked that

several jobs were created on

construction sites that have

benefitted 134 construction

companies, 459 sub-contractors

employing over 1,168 persons,

seven consultancy companies

and 5,442 suppliers, artisans,

labourers and numerous

citizens who are employed in

the supply chain of sand,

gravel, wood and fittings, as

well as food vendors and


Indeed, the impact of

housing development goes

beyond the valuable social

benefits of providing shelter,

not least of which is giving

homeowners a true stake in

their community.

nothing is built does not lose its value over

time. However, building some kind of

housing or commercial property on that land

will double its value since you can sell or

rent it, thereby recovering your investment.

There are several ways to invest in

housing, whether a house or an apartment.

You can buy a property and put it up for

rent or lease, thus obtaining a fixed monthly

income. If the house in which you live is

too big for you, you can sell it and buy two

smaller houses, one to live in and the other

to rent. A few investors in real estate like to

buy second-hand housing, remodel and

adapt to sell it later, thus obtaining a

considerable economic benefit. Other forms

of investing in housing include buying and

remodelling a property to be sold later. This

form of business with real estate is usually

common among developers and agents, it

usually involves a large capital but its

reward is a considerable economic benefit.




Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 31


PRESENTATION - Chief Executive Officer, Kind Insurance Brokers, Mr. Elijah Omirin

(m) presenting plaque of recognition to a guest lecturer at a monthly meeting of the Lagos

Area Committee (LAC) of the Nigerian Council of Registered Insurance Brokers (NCRIB), Dr.

Lemmy Omoyinmi while LAC Public Relations Officer, Mr. Femi Oduwole watches.

Nigerian election will benefit

African economy —AXA


with Agency report

Chairman and Chief

Executive Officer of

AXA Insurance, Mr.

Jean-Laurent Granier has said

the country’s free and fair

election will help to boost the

economy of the entire African


Though, Grainer said the

insurance group does not wish

to be political but believed that

Nigeria exemplary election

has assured the growth of its

investment in the country.

According to him, “We are

not making a political

interpretation of this outcome.

This reinforces and confirms

our will to grow in Nigeria.

“The stake in Africa Re will

allow AXA to get a more

complete understanding on

insurance markets’ evolution

across the whole continent,”

Granier said.

“We’re selecting places

where we want to go because

we think a country has critical

size and is ready for

development of insurance.”

Nigeria has about 60

registered insurance

companies, according to the

national regulator. Among

factors that companies should

incorporate into risk models

when underwriting in Nigeria

is the unusually high number

of building collapses, PwC

said in a March 30 report. In

the last 12 years, this has

happened to an estimated 30

buildings, it said.

Mansard has increased

annual revenue by more than

20 percent in “these last years

and this company can keep

having high growth,” Granier

said, without giving a target

for this year.

Since March 31, when

Buhari won the election,

Nigeria’s benchmark stock

index has climbed 15 percent

to levels not seen since

November last year. It’s the

Nigerian Stock Exchange All

Share Index’s longest streak

of gains since September


The victory by Buhari,

marked the first time an

The Uche Ahubelem’s

Human Development

Center, U.A.H.D, has

said that it is committed to

rising a new generation of

great leaders, business

tycoons and nation builders.

Accordingly, the Center

held its first leadership

training themed ‘life-proven

secrets of success’ in Lagos.

The training geared towards

motivating youths to

becoming better individuals,

discover and maximize their

inborn potentials had over a

hundred participants. Each

interactive session allowed

opposition candidate beat a

sitting president since

independence from the U.K.

in 1960. And while more than

80 people were killed during

the election campaign,

according to the European

Union, and there were some

allegations of rigging, most

international and local

observers called the vote

relatively free and fair.

Insurance penetration in

Nigeria, as measured as a

percentage of premiums to

gross domestic product, was

0.68 percent in 2012,

according to a KPMG report

in August. That compares

with a 3.5 percent average for

Africa and 15.4 percent in

South Africa, the continent’s

biggest insurance market,

according to figures from

PriceWaterhouseCoopers in


Before its Nigerian

acquisition, AXA had

operations in six African

countries, including Morocco

and Senegal, which

contributed 436 million euros

to revenue last year. “AXA is

studying opportunities to

enter other African countries

through acquisitions or by

starting new businesses.

Countries like Kenya can

interest us, Ghana too,”

Granier said.

AXA has disposed of 8.9

billion euros ($9.7 billion) of

assets in developed markets

since 2010 to invest in fastergrowing

nations, including

African markets. In

December, it spent 198

million euros to buy a

majority stake in Mansard,

Nigeria’s fourth-largest

insurer. Last month, Parisbased

AXA completed the

purchase of a 7.2 percent

stake in pan-African reinsurer

Africa Re for $61 million

In Egypt, AXA has set up a

team of about 10 people and

is “very confident to start

quite soon” with operations

once local authorities grant a

license, Granier said.

Insurance premiums tend to

increase faster than economic

growth in Nigeria and African

countries, as companies and

households adjust their

coverage to “catch up” with

rising living standards,

Granier said.

“The corporate insurance

market was first to develop

and now the market for

individuals is opening,” he

said. Health insurance

products sold through

corporate or individual

policies, car-insurance needs

and micro-insurance

initiatives are contributing to

insurance expansion in

Nigeria, as in other fastgrowing

African markets, he


UAHD restates commitment to raising business tycoons


participant to interact with


While encouraging

participants at the event, the

organisers persuaded

participators to acquire

knowledge, overcome fear

and shyness, embrace hard

work and be persistent to be


Managing Director of

Brickwall Group of

Companies and investment

Analyst Uche Ahubelem, said

“We are raising a new

generation of great leaders,

business tycoons and nation

builders because nation

building isn’t about

infrastructure but the mental

re-orientation of the citizens.

Many who are seeking

employment are supposed to

be employers of labour but

without the right mindset and

approach to unlock the multibillion

dollar companies in

them. Imagine what the world

would be if we all determine

to live to our full potential”.

“The problem we have in

Nigeria today is because we

don’t invest in human capital

development, a lot of youths

are going wayward and off

the track and living the lives

that they were not originally

meant to live the best thing

you can do for a young man

is to channel his passion and

enable him get to the zenith.”

NAICO changes


The National Association

of Insurance

Correspondents (NAICO)

has rebranded and will now

be known as the National

Association of Insurance &

Pension Correspondents


NAIPCO which is made up

of insurance and pension

correspondents of media

houses in Nigeria rebranded

and adopted a new name to

reflect current realities and


According to the

Association, “The name

change became necessary to

accommodate our expanding

responsibilities, which

require that we cover

Insurance and Pension

Sectors, hence the need to

accommodate the pension

industry in our name and


NAIPCO remain resolute

and committed to contributing

to the deepening of the

insurance and pension

industries in Nigeria.

Russia looks to


companies for


Russia is looking to

Chinese companies to

reinsure major infrastructure

projects, hoping they can

replace Western firms that

have pulled back after two

international ratings agencies

downgraded Russia’s credit

rating to junk earlier this


Representatives from the

Chinese and Russian

governments and insurance

agencies met to discuss the

issue earlier this month.

The two parties agreed to

create a “joint reinsurance

capacity in the form of a pool

of Russian and Chinese

insurance companies.

The agreements could

concern insurance and

reinsurance for multibilliondollar

projects like Russia’s

Power of Siberia gas pipeline

to China and Turkish Stream

pipeline to Europe.

The two sides discussed

using their national

currencies — rubles and yuan

— rather than U.S. dollars for

insurance payments, Nikolai

Korolyov, deputy head of

Russia’s Federal Tourism

Agency and head of the

Russian delegation said. No

precise amounts were named

during the discussions, he





32 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Buhari, let there be light – power first

“Let there be light”

It was in my Junior (third year) at

the university, in the USA, when I

undertook a study titled


the discovery was made. Until then I

was under the mistaken impression

that there were two religions in the

world – Christianity and Islam. But,

very soon, after arriving in the US in

1964, armed with an American

Government Scholarship, a third

religion was added to the list –

Judaism. But, it was not until 1966 that

the revelation came through this

course that there are more than 1000

religions worldwide. Among the most

common beliefs of virtually all

religions in the idea that God/Allah/

Yahweh etc ordered light to be created

as a pre-condition to other acts of

creation and development.

Granted our nation faces several

problems calling for urgent attention

– mostly Boko Haram and general

insecurity, corruption, unacceptably

high unemployment, equitable

distribution of the dividends of

democracy, infrastructure, education,

health, etc – but, one item on the

national agenda which will speed up

progress on the rest is POWER

SUPPLY. Supply has been emphasized

because, the outgoing governments

and its Ministers of Power, as well as

praise-singers, had wasted their time

and money during the campaigns

pointing to increased generating

capacity. What they failed to

understand, or, more likely

deliberately ignored is the matter of

distribution; meaning supply to homes.

Let me illustrate what is meant by this

from my days as a Marketing/Sales


Most brands fail because the brand

owners fail to bring the product close

enough to the consumer. Infant milk

is an example. Every nursing mother

knows that when you have a baby

yelling for food at two in the morning,

the baby milk in a store, miles away,

is a distinctly different product from

the one in the refrigerator. Jonathan’s

Ministers, who became jesters with

their failed promises on power supply

had concentrated on production

without taking corresponding steps to

One item on the

national agenda

which will speed

up progress on

the rest is


ensure that the power reaches

consumers. Till today, the daily power

supply to Nigeria is under 4000MW,

irrespective of what the production

capacity is. That level of power output

cannot get us anywhere.

It is remarkable that the best Nigeria

had been able to do was achieved in

December 2012, when we attended

4517MW of power supplied. That was

two years and three months ago. That

feat, hardly worthy of a nation

destined for greatness, had not been

equaled since. The most obvious

question is: what had the government

been doing in twenty seven months if

it could not, at least, maintain that

level? Worse still, if in two years, the

nation had actually lost ground, when

are we ever going to progress? Clearly,

no progress had been made in twenty

seven months if today we cannot

receive 4517MW steady supply. More

to the point; how could the outgoing

President, knowing the lack of

progress in power SUPPLIED have

kept the Minister who had failed him

and the nation so woefully? And, how

could the out-going President tell

Nigerians that he had fulfilled his

campaign promises? Were we

promised that there would be no

progress on power supply in twenty

seven months, while officials earned

their huge emoluments? When was

such a promise made to us?

President-elect Buhari must

recognize that there will be no

significant progress on all fronts until

there is substantial increase in power

supply. To this he must address himself

urgently. Unfortunately, that will

require going and digging up a lot of

dirt buried by his predecessors.

Several contractors are still seating on

our funds for contracts not fully

executed ot even totally abandoned.

It would amount to monumental folly

to go around seeking for loans to

undertake the task on hand when

Obasanjo, Yar’Adua and Jonathan had

drawn down billions of dollars to

increase our capacity to 10,000MW

without doing it. Articles which will

follow will detail the list of known

contracts which are yet to yield results.

Something must happen. The

contractors must either complete the

jobs or refund our money.

All economies, even from primitive

times, have always run on energy; the

more a nation can generate the faster

it can transform the resources at its

disposal to benefits for its people. We

lag behind because we are currently

failing to generate the power to make

rapid progress. Buhari can change a

lot of things simply by altering the

power supply situation as fast as


Once he gets that underway, he can

start chasing the crooks who stole our

funds. Even there, he would need to

fast track. There is already sufficient

information in the public domain fro

him to start with – before going into

the secret official files which will reveal

more information. He will receive all

the help he needs from me – whether

he asks for it or not.





Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 33

34 —Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015





Dufay to


subsidiary in

Côte d’Ivoire


retailer, has

formalized the appointment

of Francis Dufay as the head

of its subsidiary in Côte


This announcement follows

the appointment of

Fatoumata BA with whom

Francis Dufay led Jumia

Côte d’Ivoire since April

2014, to the position of

Managing Director.

Francis Dufay will be

responsible for driving the

expansion of the first e-

commerce website in Côte

d’Ivoire. The French born

who took the reins of the

start-up in a context of

consistent growth intends to

consolidate this trend and to

position Jumia as a major

player in retail. Francis

Dufay cut his teeth at the

consulting firm McKinsey &

Company where he

remained for four years.

Specialist in e-commerce

strategy for Europe and sub-

Saharan Africa, he joined

Africa Internet Group in 2014

within Jumia Côte d’Ivoire.

He holds a Master of

Science from HEC Paris

management school, a

Master in Management of

Cologne University and, an

MBA from the Northwestern

University - Kellogg School

of Management.

This appointment marks a

new phase of growth for

JUMIA Côte d’Ivoire

emphasized by several key

themes: Extension of

Jumia’s presence inside the

country with new branches,

increasing of online

assortments (furniture,

appliances, mobile phone

brands) offering a new

service dedicated to

companies and reinforcing

relationships with local


“Everything we do has one

goal: Always improve our

service and satisfy our

customers. It is the only way

Jumia will gain the

confidence of the population

and strengthen its position as

the leading e-commerce

destination in Côte d’Ivoire”,

said Dufay after the official

announcement of his


Stories by JONAH


Stakeholders in the e-

commerce sector have

called for sustainability in the

policies of the outgoing

government on Information


They argue that the current

administration has started

plausible policies that

demands continuity to

continue driving the growth of

the sector in Nigeria.

Speaking to Vanguard on the

expectations from the

incoming government,

Founder,, Lanre

Akinlagun said the gains

made in the information and

communications sector must

be sustained through the

retention of the current

minister of ICT, Dr. Omobola


He said: “It is difficult to say

exactly what the incoming

will do but we in the IT sector

do hope that he retains the

minister of communication

technology because the lady

that was there was committed

and had lots of plans on

ground that are yet to be

implemented and do not need

to be abandoned. This is

because, as this government

is leaving, there will be no

way to ensure that those

laudable plans are followed.”

Also speaking, Founder/

CEO, Mark Essien

said: “Buhari’s government

should continue the policies

launched by the Minister of

Communications Technology,

Omobola Johnson, which has

led to a surge in ‘serious’ e-, a discovery

website has launched

in Nigeria.

The platform allows people

search and locate places

where they can hang out with

friends, family or loved ones

based on budget and

preferred location.

Kayode Oyewole, cofounder


told Vanguard that the

website was inspired by the

dearth of centralised portal

which offers quality

information on public places

in the country.

According to him, “It was a

result of a personal

CEREMONY – From left: Executive Director, Corporate and Investment Banking, Stanbic

IBTC, Victor Williams; Investment Officer, Africa, Netherlands Development Finance Company

(FMO), Gerrit van Kampen; Chief Executive, Stanbic IBTC Bank, Yinka Sanni; and Portfolio

Analyst, Financial Institutions, Africa, FMO, Sander Verhulp during the signing ceremony for

a $90m credit facility to Stanbic IBTC by FMO in Lagos



eholders s call for sustenance of

IT policies by incoming govt

commerce start-ups.”

He said: “To drive economic

growth with special regard to

the e-business sector, the

Buhari government should

create an environment

conducive to foreign

investment into IT startups.”

He pointed out that, “This

election will probably be the

best thing that has happened

to Nigeria in terms of foreign

investment. It does not have

experience. In 2014, I was

trying to find affordable

places where I could hang out

with a friend based on a

limited budget; after getting

referrals from a few friends, it

dawned on me that there was

really no centralized web

service which offered quality

information on fun places. I

realized that existing sites


limited and didn’t provide

budgetary ranges of listed

places. I also discovered I

wasn’t alone in this, with

many of my friends also

looking for places to hangout

on birthdays, weekends and


to do with Buhari directly, but

rather the fact that Africa’s

biggest economy had a

peaceful election where the

sitting president lost, and

power was handed over

without any issues. The newly

elected president is well

known for his stance against

corruption, and the fact that

he could be elected peacefully

shows that Nigeria has

‘grown up’ and can now be

GTBank makes incursion into e-commerce with SME Market Hub



Guarantee Trust Bank,

GTBank has made incursion

into electronic business with

the introduction of SME

Market Hub that will provide

opportunities for small and

medium enterprises to move

their businesses online.

The new platform will serve

as an online directory for

businesses and is aimed at

empowering entrepreneurs in

Nigeria and contributing to

the growth and development of

the country’s economy.

Speaking on the launch of the

platform, Chief Executive

Officer of GTBank, Segun

Agbaje said: “With the

introduction of the SME

Market Hub, GTBank has

provided SMEs an e-commerce

platform that allows small and

medium business owners

create and maintain an online

presence and expand their

business frontiers to new

markets and millions of buyers

that are online.”

seen as stable economy.”

On his part, Founder/CEO, Femi

Taiwo while noting that

Buhari’s government must

provide electricity, said:

“Allocating resources for

infrastructural development,

while making policies that

will assist the growth of the

technology sector; for instance

giving internet service

providers a tax holiday, giving

them the go ahead to dig the

roads to lay fibre optic cables

which will help in bringing

down the cost of providing

internet access to every

Nigerian, remains


He added that, “Government

must partner with the private

sector in creating a fund for

technology entrepreneurs so

they can have access to capital.

This can be done through the

means of incubators and

research labs.” launches in Nigeria to drive local pubs search

holidays. At that point, I

realized word of mouth

referrals weren’t enough and

so in

a bid to solve this problem,

I decided to develop a

solution that would address

that need.”

On the, users

enter their preferred locations

and the budget which they

intend to operate within and

then choose a preferred

service, e.g. restaurant,

entertainment, pizza etc .The

website conducts a search and

gives them a list of places

that meet their criteria. Users

get to see a basic description

of the place, pictures, and

they also get to see other

users’ reviews of the place or

how it’s rated. They can also

rate and review after visiting

a place, and share

photographs as well.



“ is the only

platform that takes into

account that an average

individual is working on a

budget and that’s at the core

of what we do. We provide

users with ease and options

in relation to their budgets.

Our platform also offers an

awesome user experience.”




Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 35








36 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

EFInA urges MfBs to develop elop product for

adults saving at home

Stories by



Enhancing Financial

Innovation & Access

(EFInA) has urged

Micro finance Banks

(MfBs) in the country to

develop innovative

savings products to

encourage the 25.5

million adults currently

saving at home to save

in a micro finance bank

In a survey report

titled “The Landscape Of

Financial Inclusion And

Micro finance In


EFInA cited irregular

income; unemployment

and proximity as the top

three barriers for not

having a MfB account.

“With over 85 million

adults without a micro

finance bank account,

finding new ways of

reaching out to this

market is a major

challenge for micro

finance banks . New

ways of thinking and

innovation in product

and service offerings are

needed to attract the

financially excluded

population. MfBs need

to develop products/

services that are

uniquely tailored to

meet the needs of the

low income population

and ensure that they

fully understand the

benefits of these


“MfBs need to tailor

loan products to suit the

specific needs of

consumers. Factors to


when designing loan


products include quick

access, repayment

period, low interest

rates and flexible

collateral requirements.

“MfBs should develop

innovative savings

products to encourage

the 25.5 million adults

currently saving at

home to save in a

microfinance bank,”

The Institute of

C r e d i t

Administration, ICA,

has called on the


General Muhammadu

Buhari, to set up a

national agency that

guarantees access to

loans by SMEs, and not

to disburse loan to


In a recommendation

to GMB, made

available to FV, signed

by Registrar/CEO,

ICA, Prof. Chris Onalo,

“Such agency can be

called – Nigerian

Credit Guarantee

Corporation (NCGC).

Surprisingly, up till

today, Nigerian

government is still not

dreaming of creating

this national platform

that would support the

development of


Onalo pointed out

that the corporation

would serve as

collateral and security

for SMEs who want to

borrow money and do

not have, only if the

NCGC is set up by the

federal government

with strong capital base

and very robust

operating fund.

“This is the practice

in other countries. The

well-functioning of

credit in any economy

is a pre-condition for

enterprise and trade to

develop and thrive.

The granting and state

of credit in any

economy has important

implications for both

financial stability and

private sector

sustainability. As

Nigeria’s economy is

still susceptible to

external shocks, the

well-functioning of

credit is crucial for our

economy to grow.

“We must bring it to

your attention that the

EFInA said, adding that

microfinance should be

extended beyond

branches by using

technology such as

mobile phones and POS


“Take micro finance

services closer to the

customer through agent

banking by leveraging

non-bank channels such

as retail stores,

restaurants, petrol

stations,” EFInA said.

ICA advocates agency

that guarantees access

to loans by SMEs

poor attitude to credit,

especially to public

loans provided by


development finance

institutions, and lack of

a robust regulatory

regime for the DFI

sector to operate is a

fundamental threat to

the health of the

Nigerian economy. Your

government is expected

to be committed to

enhancing the

regulatory regime; your

government is expected

to enhance credit

regulations by

providing greater

protection for the

country’s DFIs,” he


O t h e r


include: First among

your priorities should

be to address the

nation’s urgent

economic, social and

security situation, and to

build a strong economy

for the future; Your

approach no doubt

should be to focus very

quickly on structural

reforms, fiscal

responsibility and

investment; You will

quickly gain local and

global acceptance if you

drastically cut cost of

doing business in

Nigeria; The Central

Bank of Nigeria is too

saddled with too many

things, you may need to

look at this; There is

need to stream down the

functions of the Central

Bank of Nigeria to make

it more functional and

efficient with its

traditional monetary

policy moderation

mandate; Nigeria must

engage free market

economy in order to

achieve overall

resilience in economic

activity, employment

and fiscal performance;

among others.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 37

38 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 39

40 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015


Doing Business

Scorecard to

challenge Buhari’s

economy regime

Stories by


Economy Editor

As the president-elect,

Mohammadu Buhari,

gets ready to assemble his

economic team so much

worries appear in the horizon

with the release of the Doing

Business 2014 Report showing

Nigeria much behind most of

the West African economies in

many important indices.

Doing Business sheds light

on how easy or difficult it is

for local entrepreneur to open

and run a small to medium

sized business when

complying with relevant

regulations. It measures and

tracks changes in regulations

affecting 11 areas in the life

cycle of a business which

includes: starting a business,

dealing with construction

permits (if your business

requirements setting up a

permanent structure); getting

electricity; registering

property, getting credit,

protecting investors, paying

taxes, trading across boarders,

enforcing contracts, resolving

insolvency and employing


In all the 11 areas Nigeria

was ranked among top five in

only four areas, while taking

distant ranks beyond tenth

position in all others in the 15-

nation economic sub-region.

Nigeria came first on the

ease of getting credit for

businesses affirming the

robust efforts of the ministry

of finance and the coordinating

minister of the

economy, Mrs Ngozi Okonjo-

Iweala, who had put in place

several interventionist

funding windows for small

and medium enterprises both

directly by the government as

•Muhammadu Buhari

well as through commercial

banks in the last three years.

The next good performance

Inflationary pressures to intensify in Q2

As the National Bureau of

Statistics (NBS) prepares to

announce the inflation update for

March, 2015 (Q1 round-up)

economy analysts are expecting

further push up not just for the

March, 2015 but also indicating

further rises in the months through

second quarter 2015 and beyond

going by some underlying factors.

NBS is set to release the figures

officially by Thursday this week.

This forecast is coming despite the

recoveries Naira had recorded

against US Dollar in the period

under review (March-April).

Analysis of the foreign exchange rate

of the local currency indicated that

the value of the Naira appreciated

against the US Dollar by 1.98 per

cent from US$/N203.06 in February,

2015 to US$/N199.11 at the end of

March, 2015. However, economists

at First Securities Discount House

Limited (FSDH) observed that a

number of imported transactions

were carried out in the month of

March at an exchange rate range of

US$/N210 – US$/N225. They

therefore posit that local prices are

yet to fully absorb the impact of the

15.26 per cent devaluation of the

Naira experienced in the month of

February 2015.

Consequently they anticipate that

the full effect of the devaluation will

at some point in time during the

course of the year reflect in the

inflation rate and this should result

in a spike to 11 per cent, indicating

that inflation rate may exceed the

Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)

Generally on the

ease of doing

business, the report

ranked Nigeria fifth

amongst Ecowas

countries, with

Ghana leading the


was the country’s second

position in the sub-region in

the area of ease in resolving

insolvency issues. This gives

pass mark on the nation’s

commercial law and litigation

which many observers believe

still has much to be done. The

sub-region is led by Cote

d’Ivoire in this indicator.

The other good performance

was the country’s third

position in the sub-region in

the area of strength of investor

protection. The two countries

ahead of Nigeria are Sierra

Leone and Ghana, with first

target range of 6 - 9 per cent.

The FSDH Inflation model

indicates that the price movements

in the consumer goods in March

2015 would increase the Consumer

Price Index (CPI) to 168.47 points,

representing a month-on-month

increase of 0.96 per cent. The model

also estimates that the increase in the

CPI in March will produce an

inflation rate (year-on-year) of 8.6

per cent, higher than the figure

recorded in the month of February.

Looking ahead, according to

FSDH analysts, the inflation rate for

the month of April 2015 is expected

to be higher than the March 2015


Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the

month of February 2015 had pushed

the Headline Index to move up by

and second positions


Generally on the ease of

doing business, the report

ranked Nigeria fifth amongst

Ecowas countries, with Ghana

leading the region followed

by Cape Verde, Sierra Leone

and Liberia all ahead of

Nigeria in that order.

However, it’s most

disappointing to find Nigeria

at the bottom of the ladder in

some critical areas such as

electricity access which drives

businesses and hence

economic growth all over the

world. Also being in the

bottom of the ladder in the

area of property registration

and perfection is

disappointing as most foreign

investors generally shy away

from this aspect of direct

investment due to this


For a regime (in-coming)

that has promised little in the

area of the economy during

the electioneering campaign

many economy observers and

operators are not optimistic

with the prospects of major

turn-ups in the next two to

four years (mid-term and first

full term) in the country’s

ranking in the Doing

Business scorecards.

However they are yet to be

categorical until the team

members are named which is

expected to come in about two

months time.

8.4 per cent year-on-year, as against

8.2 per cent in January, 2015. CPI

measures inflation rates and the

increase reflects rising cost of goods

in the economy.

In the last CPI Report NBS said

all the components that contributed

to the index increased at a faster

pace during the period, noting that

the only exception was Recreational

& Culture which also increased but

at slower pace.

According to the report, Food

prices as observed by the Food Subindex

increased at a faster pace in

February partly due to increases in

prices of imported food items. The

Imported Food Sub-index increased

by 8.8 per cent (year-on-year), the

highest increase recorded since

February 2013.





Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 41


AON tasks Buhari to address

unemployed ed Nigerian pilots’ case




Operators of Nigeria,

AON, Captain Noggie

Meggison has tasked the

incoming administration of



Muhammadu Buhari to

quickly address the case of

more than 500 Nigerian pilots

who are currently

unemployed, adding that this

is the most pressing among

the issues agitating the minds

of operators. Addressing

aviation reporters in Lagos ,

Meggison said “we must not

hesitate to add that the task

to rebuild the aviation and

airline sector must remain on

course in the light of many

issues that domestic operators

have consistently put on the

frontier burner for

government’s attention”

He said the number of

unemployed pilots is

increasing from the current

200 to an astronomical

number when the over 100

student pilots’ sent to Jordan

by the Kano State government

would graduate later this


“This is in addition to the 52

youths trained under the

Federal Government Amnesty

programme as well as the

fresh batches of 100

graduating from the Nigerian

College of Aviation

Technology, NCAT, and the 40

from International Aviation

College, IAC, in Ilorin, Kwara


Meggison said unless

something fast is done, such

development constitutes a

disincentive to the growth

and development of the

Nigerian aviation industry.

He said well over 400


The Chairman of

Discovery Air, Engr.

Babatunde Babalola,

weekend, said that the

regulatory agency, the

Nigerian Civil Aviation

Authority, NCAA, was wrong

to have suspended its Air

Operator’s Certificate, AOC,

in January this year

following the alleged

maltreatment of its

passengers in December

2014. Rather, the airline said

what NCAA ought to have

done was to ground its

operations pending when the

issues were resolved.

Babatunde added that the

Nigeria licensed aircraft

engineers are also out of job,

urging the Federal

Government to put in place an

employment policy that

would ensure these aviation

professionals are engaged by

both indigenous and foreign

carriers operating in the


According to him, the

issues agitating the minds of

operators, which are not

limited to the following ,

include : “The need for

aircraft maintenance hangar

in the country. The exclusion

of domestic airlines by the

Central Bank of Nigeria

window. The skyrocketing

price of aviation fuel.

Multiple tax regime by

aviation authorities to

domestic carriers .The

removal of Value Added Tax

Laboratory technician and NAFDAC staff

(VAT) on air transportation

as other modes of

transportation , including

foreign airline operating in

and out of Nigeria who are

also not paying VAT.”

“Improvement of service

delivery by aeronautical

agencies. Access to single

digit loan by financial

institutions. Engagement of

more Nigerian pilots /

engineers by foreign carriers

(over 500 pilots and

engineers youths

unemployed ). Multiple

entry points granted foreign

carriers. Inadequate airport

facilities and day time only

operation of most of our


He further said “We hope

that as the incoming

administration settles down

in office, it will put a strong

aviation policy in place and

engage AON on how to move

the strategic and air transport

sector forward to a place

where we should be.

Aviation is a major

contributor to Nigeria's

economy and GDP (from 0.4

percent to 10 percent in 2


NCAA erred by suspending our AOC —Discovery Air boss

suspension of its AOC had

led to massive business loss

for the airline and hoped its

suspension would be lifted

very soon for its workers to

return to work.

He insisted that the offence

of the airline did not warrant

the suspension of its AOC

and stressed that since the

airline was not involved in an

accident, its AOC ought not

to be revoked by NCAA. He

therefore called for

consistency in the regulations

of the agency.

Babatunde further revealed

that since its operations were

grounded, the airline had lost

at least N1bn. The loss of the

N1bn according to him

We hope that

as the



settles down in

office, it will

put a strong

aviation policy

in place

included charters, scheduled

operations and other

relationships that would have

been onboard if the airline’s

AOC was still intact. The

airline’s operations were

suspended on January 8,

2015. He emphasised that the

letter written to the

management of the airline on

its suspension ordered it to

address three issues before it

would be allowed to return to


The issues according to

him are refunding of airfares

to its passengers who were

not satisfied with the way and

manner they were treated by

the airline, payment of

compensation to the

passengers and welfares of

staff, which he said had been

resolved by the airline.

He agreed that the airline

had some little financial

issues before it was

suspended, but required

bridging loan to sustain its

operations from financial


He added, “On the salary

welfare of the workers, we

had a meeting with them to

pay them for the months they

have worked and even the

January that we were

suspended. The other thing

we did again was to issue

them post-dated cheque for

the backlog of salaries we

owed them.


European Union

ACC3 validation

The European Union

(EU) has designated

the Skyway Aviation

Handling Company Limited

(SAHCOL) as a 3rd country

European Union Aviation

Security Validated Regulated


According to Mr Basil

Agbarumi, General Manager,

Corporate Communications,

SAHCOL, the validation

certificate was issued to

SAHCOL after an onsite

confirmation of the

implementations of the

security controls, which were

certified to be in compliance

with the objectives of EU/EEA

bound air cargo and air mail.

He said “According to the

EU regulations 173/2012 and

1082/2012, all air cargo and

air mail entering the

European Union from Third

Countries Airports, otherwise

called ACC3 should be

validated and approved by

the appropriate authority from

a European Union state to be

able to transport secured

cargo to the European


EU found

“issues “ with

German aviation



European regulator

found “issues” with

Germany’s aviation authority

in a regular review of air

safety enforcement, the

European Commission said

on Saturday.

Its statement did not say

when the review was carried

out, but the Wall Street

Journal said the Commission

told Berlin in November “to

remedy the long-standing

problems” - months before the

recent Germanwings crash

that killed all 150 people

aboard. The Journal cited two

people familiar with the

matter as saying EU officials

had found the aviation



Luftfahrtbundesamt (LBA),

had a lack of staff, which

could have limited its ability

to carry out checks on planes

and crew, such as medical

checks. Vetting of airline

crew is in the spotlight after

the German budget airline

flight crashed in the French

Alps. French prosecutors say

they believe co-pilot Andreas

Lubitz crashed the plane





42 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Tax Matter


The Swivel of the

Economy (2)

The Nigerian Tax System

The Nigerian tax system has

undergone significant changes

in recent times. The tax laws are

being reviewed with the aim of

repealing obsolete provisions and

simplifying the main ones. Taxation

in Nigeria is within the

administrative purview of the three

tiers of government, i.e. federal,

state, and local governments as

stated in the constitution, with each

having its tax space delineated by

the Taxes and Levies (Approved List

for Collection) Act.

In pursuing a vibrant tax fiscal

policy, the Nigerian government has

since 2002 embarked on series of tax

reforms at the federal level.

Beginning with the Federal Inland

Revenue Service (FIRS)

Establishment Act, 2007, the drive

has been on institutional reforms and

modernisation of the Nigerian tax

system at the federal level. These

reform efforts cut across tax policies,

tax laws and tax administration.

Tax Policies

Tax policies are general statements

of procedure, which guide the

thinking and action of all concerned

towards the realization of the stated

tax objectives. The tax policies of

Nigeria are to:

a. pursue a low tax regime

which aims at reducing individual

tax burden and thereby encouraging

savings and investments;

b. move from the traditional

coercive method of taxation to

voluntary compliance;

c. engage in taxpayer

education through public


d. deliberate movement of

emphasis from income tax to

consumption tax which is less prone

to tax evasion;

e. introduce self-assessment to

encourage taxpayers participation in

the tax assessment process which is

more realistic in approach and

democratic in nature; and

f. reduce tax evasion and

avoidance using the due process of

law and the mechanism of an

efficient tax administration.

In an effort to consolidate and

achieve the objectives above, the

Federal Inland Revenue Service

collaborated with the Ministry of

Finance and the Joint Tax Board to

launch the National Tax Policy in

2012. The National Tax Policy is a

document that will revolutionize the

Nigerian tax system and place it at

par with global practice. It is a big

step in the modernization of the

Nigerian tax system and provides a

firm basis for tax legislation and

improve the efficiency of tax

administration by laying down

guidelines and regulations. It also

enhances the climate for doing

business in the country.

Tax Laws

The various legal instruments put

In pursuing a

vibrant tax fiscal

policy, the Nigerian

government has

since 2002

embarked on series

of tax reforms at

the federal level

in place to ensure the realization of

the tax policy objectives of the

government have also been

undergoing series of reviews and

amendments. The notable ones are:

PITA CAP P8 LFN 2004 (as Amended

in 2011), Transfer Pricing

Regulations, 2012, and currently, the

redrafting of all tax laws in plain

English which is on-going.

Tax Administration

There has been a repositioning of

tax administration system ranging

from tax campaigns, automation of

processes, to entrenching a vibrant

tax refund mechanism. The

Integrated Tax Administration

System, ITAS is the biggest of the

repositioning efforts. It is a

revolutionary tax administration

system that will ease tax payment as

well as administration.

ITAS is designed to increase revenue

yield on a phenomenal scale. It is to

be implemented with the Standard

Integrated Government Tax

Administration (SIGTAS) software

solution - a solution designed to meet

the needs of developing countries that

wish to increase their control over

state revenue. The specific objectives

of ITAS is to make operations faster,

increase voluntary compliance,

increase revenue generated for

national development and improve

the efficiency and skills competence

of employees in the FIRS.

Overall taxation as a concept should

be viewed as a pivot, if not the pivot

of economic development and the

platform upon which fiscal policies are

developed and implemented.

In this regard, expenditure being

the other plank of fiscal policy must

always be tied to revenue and, given

the general consensus that

expenditure should as much as

possible be based on available and

sustainable resources, taxation

provides the best option for achieving

this harmony between revenue and

expenditure especially in developing

countries. In this way, taxation would

play a key - if not the central role in

sustaining fiscal policy in any





It takes more than just paying your

taxes to be a good taxpayer, you must

ensure you pay on or before your tax

liability is due; if every taxpayer

decides to pay their taxes only when

they feel like, or when it is convenient

for them, then they probably may not

pay at all since there may never be

such a time that is ‘convenient’ to pay.

For this reason, the tax laws are

drafted in such ways as to ensure that

taxes for a particular period are not

carried over to other periods.

The statutory date required for a

particular tax type to be remitted or

filed is called “due date”. Any

taxpayer who remits or files returns

after the statutory due date is

considered late and this attracts

certain penalties. The Federal Inland

Revenue Service (FIRS) is saddled

with the responsibility of ensuring that

taxpayers remit and file their taxes as

and when due, and also enforce

penalties where there is lateness. The

lax laws are actually considerate as

they give adequate time to allow

taxpayers prepare to make payment

for each tax type.



Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE): PAYE is

expected to be remitted by the

employer on behalf of the employee

after deducting the appropriate

amount of tax from the employee’s

monthly salary. The deducted tax is

expected to be remitted not later than

10 days after the end of the month for

which the tax was deducted or duty

to deduct arose, i.e. 10 th of the month

after the month deduction was made

(Operation of the Pay-As-You-Earn

(PAYE) Scheme Regulations Section

7(1)). Annual returns must however

be filed with the relevant tax authority,

not later than 30 days after the end of

the year of assessment – this is usually

taken as 31 st January of the

succeeding year (Operation of the Pay-

As-You-Earn (PAYE) Scheme

Regulations Section 10(1)). Failure of

the employer to deduct or having

deducted (failure) to pay to the

relevant tax authority within the

stipulated time from the day the

amount was deducted or the time the

duty to deduct arose, amounts to an

offence under the Act. Section 94(1)

of PITA (as amended) stipulates a

penalty of N5,000.00 on conviction,

plus N100 for every day in which the

failure continues in addition to the

principal amount to be remitted.

Section 81 (3) of PITA stipulates a

penalty of N500,000.00 for corporate

bodies and N50,000.00 for individuals

for late filing of annual returns upon


Personal Income Tax (PIT): Due date

for filing PIT is 90 days after the end

of the year, this is usually taken as

31 st March of the following year (PITA

Section 41(3). The penalty for late

filing of PIT is the same as that of PAYE

as prescribed in the PIT Act in Section


Value Added Tax (VAT) &

Withholding Tax (WHT): FIRS

Information Circular 9304 on VAT

prescribes that returns should be

rendered on or before the 21 st day of

the Month following that in which the

sales/supply was made. A taxable

person who fails to submit VAT returns

as stipulated is liable to a fine of

N5,000 for every month in which

failure continues (VAT Act Section

35). The same date applies to the WHT.

Failure to deduct or to remit after

deduction attracts a penalty of 10% of

the amount of tax to be deducted in

addition to the amount itself plus

interest at prevailing rate (PITA

Section 74(1) as amended).

Company Income Tax (CIT) &

Education Tax (EDT): CITA Section

55(3)(a & b) explains that any

company that has been in existence

for more than eighteen (18) months is

required to file returns every year not

later than six (6) months after the end

of its accounting year. For a new

company however, returns is expected

to be filed within eighteen (18)

months after the company was

incorporated or not later than six (6)

months after the end of its first

accounting period; whichever is

earlier. A company can apply in

writing for an extension of the date

for filing their returns for a particular

year, provided the application is made

before the statutory due date and that

the company shows a good cause for

the inability to meet the statutory due

date. The penalty for late filing of CIT

as spelt out in the

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 43

Advertising & Promotions

Advertisement Blue Band &

health campaign



Advertising is a massive

global business. Each

year millions of Naira are spent

in attempts to influence

consumer decisions to persuade

them to spend more on


The psychology of

consumerism compares

consumer trends and this

explains what ad agencies can

tell about the mindsets of

consumers-taking an in-depth

look into various issues, and

how new shoppers cope, and

what effect it has on consumers.

According to the World

Health Organization, WHO,

the term malnutrition generally

refers both to under-nutrition

and over-nutrition, but for most

uses, it refers solely to a

deficiency of nutrition.

The Nigerian Public Health

Care System has put in place

policies and measures to stem

malnutrition, especially among

children and mothers. Some of

its efforts include the promotion

of Iodine fortification, Vitamin

A fortification and the

Maternal, Neonatal and Child

Health program. The evidence

shows that a lot more still

remains to be done.

Experts in nutrition teach that

our foods can be classified into

fats, carbohydrate, proteins,

fruits and vegetables. A proper

balance of these food will

provide good health. An

improper balance will bring

poor health, sickness and can

result in early death.

Fruits and vegetables provide

vitamins and minerals.

Proteins supply building blocks

for the body while Fats and

carbohydrate provide heat and

energy to the body. The

recommended proportion of

fruits and vegetables in a dish

should be at least 25 percent,

while 75 percent should be

protein, carbohydrate and fats.



In what seems like a dream comes true,

one of the country’s leading noodles

brand, Indomie, from the stables of Dufil

Prima Foods Ltd has doled out 100 Ipads to

lucky winners of the just-concluded

Indomitable Sticker Promo.

Other prizes given include 20,000 goody

bags, 30,000 comic books and several other

prizes. The promo which started late last year,

witnessed huge participation from all across

the country.

For the Indomitable Sticker Promo,

participants were required to flash a

This should inform the daily

diet of everyone to ensure

healthy living.

Fat is one of the three main

macronutrients; the other two

being carbohydrate and

protein. Fats (lipids) are an

important nutrient for healthy

living and serves both

structural and metabolic

functions. Fats help transport

Vitamins A,D,E and K in the

body, and are important for skin

and eye health and cognitive

function. There are two

essential fatty acids (EFAs) in

human nutrition: Alphalinoleic

acid (an omega-3 fatty

acid) and Linoleic acid (an

omega-6 fatty acid). Other

lipids needed by the body can

be synthesized from these and

other fats. Examples of fats are

olive, canola, palm oil, soymilk,

and nuts.

Since its launch, Blue Band

has grown with the country and

made several improvements on

its formulation to retain its

position as the brand of choice

among consumers. It is

certified by the National

Agency for Food and Drug

Administration and Control

(NAFDAC) and endorsed by

the Nutrition Society of Nigeria

(NSN). Blue Band is fortified

with Vitamin A, B6, B12, D, E,

Folic acid and Niacin.

LAUNCH - From Left: Opeyemi Oluwalusi, Zonal Business Manager – West, Ayodeji Oke,

Regional Trade Marketing Manager, Ibadan Brewery and Joseph Bodunrin, Regional

Business Manager – West at the trade launch of Ace Roots, an innovative herbal mix from

the stables of Nigerian Breweries Plc in Ibadan.

StarTimes increases price, adds more channels

From April 18, 2015

bouquet prices on

StarTimes, NTA Star pay –TV

will increase by between 20 to

35 percent as a result of new

developments and content


The new offerings include,

Iroko Play, Iroko Plus, AMC

Series, Star Zone and Star

Promo: Indomie gives out 100 Ipads

Blue Band has

grown with the

country and made


improvements on its


Sport Focus. Star Sport Focus

came live in March, other

channels will be viewed by

subscribers from May 1.

Public Relations Manager,

Startimes, NTA Star-TV

network, Mr. Israel Bolaji,

made the disclosure, while

saying that the increase is

necessary because of the new

particular code embedded in every Indomie

pack. Once a participant flashed that code,

the phone number is automatically saved in

a database. Phone numbers are then randomly

selected from the database for winners to


Presenting the prizes to the first 20 winners

at its headquarters in Lagos, Brand Manager

Dufil, Mr. Amber Yadav, said the motivation

for the Indomitable Sticker promo was

essentially to put smiles on the faces of

consumers by giving them the opportunity to

win fantastic prizes. In the same vein,

Manager Public Relations and Events Dufil,

Mr. Tope Ashiwaju said that the promo was

about making consumers happy.

developments and content

borne out of the company’s

desire and commitment to offer

value by enhancing access,

improving content and by

further breaking barriers

between the people and the

platform and deepening digital

TV penetration in Nigeria.

“Our efforts are also geared

towards closing the huge gap

between the people and Digital

TV switch campaign, by

creating a robust and improved

digital television experience

that is constantly refreshed.

Increasingly, more Nigerians

can also gain access to an

impactful and explosive digital

television experience,” he


Bolaji explained that with all

these offerings and value, our

decoder is available for N990

with N2400 minimum recharge

of any choice bouquet for new

customers while our bouquet

price is now Basic for N1,200,

Classic for N2,400 and Unique

for N3,600 monthly respectively

effective from April 18.

Fayemi to chair National

Marketing Summit

Former Governor of Ekiti

State, Dr. John Kayode

Fayemi will chairman the 2015

National Stakeholders

Marketing Summit holding in

Lagos next month. The summit

is slated for May 5, 2015,

organized by Marketing Edge

magazine, a brands and

marketing publication.

In a statement signed by

Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the

publication, Mr. Wole David,

the former governor who

commended the magazine for

the initiative has indicated his

intention to chair the Summit.

The summit which is in

sessions; the lecture and the

awards will have Chief Olu

Falomo, former chairman of

Advertising Practitioners

Council of Nigeria, APCON

presides over the Brands

Excellence Award in the

evening. In the morning

session, brand and marketing

experts including former

APCON Registrar, Dr. Josef

Molokwu and Managing

Director, Noah’s Ark, Mr. Lanre

Adisa will be exploring

‘Roadmap to Marketing in the

Age of Global Oil Glut’ and

‘Nigerian Advertising in a

Generational Shift’.

Chi adds 25% more

to Hollandia milk

Chi Limited, brand

owners of Hollandia

Evaporated milk says it has

added 25 percent extra milk to

the brand. This was disclosed

by the Managing Director of

the company, Mr. Deepanjan

Roy in a statement where he

said: “we want to draw

consumers’ attention to the 25

percent extra milk in Hollandia

Evaporated milk 215gram pack

when compared to other

competing brands at the same

price.” According to him, “we

are committed to ensuring that

our loyal consumers continue

to get value and satisfaction for

money whenever they buy

the brand.”

Giving a brief history of the

brand, he stated: “the milk is

the first milk brand in Nigeria

to be packaged in Tetra pak,

taking product packaging and

convenience to a whole new

level. The product is designed

to provide consumers with

creamy, great tasting, highly

nutritious and affordable

evaporated milk in handy 215g

packs. “Hollandia Evaporated

Milk’s 215g unique packaging

ensures supreme convenience

as the innovative Pour, Cap &

Keep pack eliminates the

hassles of milk storage and the

design ensures longer safety

from spoilage and





44 — Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

Kobo coins and failed monetary strategy

The absence of primary

kobo coins in our

currency profile has become

accepted as the norm by both

the public and our monetary

authorities who, curiously,

don’t seem to also care.

Nevertheless, in every

successful modern economy,

the utility value of primary

coins is conversely well

recognized because of the

vital role they play. Indeed,

the absence of primary coins

is often indicative of a

monetary strategy, which

constantly fails to keep

inflation within international

best practice levels below 2%.

It is, therefore, worrisome

that our economic technocrats

can be so impassive despite

such a debilitating market

ambience, not to recognize the

inflationary push, for

example, of adopting higher

denominations of N5 or N10

to serve the purpose that

primary kobo coins should


In this manner, prices of

goods and services become

progressively, marginally

inflated to the chagrin of the

sacrificial consumer.

Meanwhile, in those

economies where inflation is

successfully managed at

below 2%, prices are still

quoted with primary

denominations of cents and

pence to give vendors a

competitive space in the

market. So why are the utility

values of primary coins not

recognized by Nigeria’s

monetary authorities? The

ubiquitous Secondary school

student learns that inflation is

generally the product of too

much money chasing few

goods. The relevant question,

then, is what is the source of

too much money that

ceaselessly inundates the

system; does surplus Naira

Business & Economy

Nigerian car manufacturers commence exportation

Some manufacturers of

made-in-Nigeria cars may

soon join their counterparts

globally as they have

commenced exporting their

vehicles to other African


The Director General,

National Automotive

Council (NAC), Alhaji Aminu

Jacal disclosed this in a

stakeholders meeting in

Lagos recently.

Jacal said an Nnewi-based

car manufacturing company,



Manufacturing (IVM)

Company is already in the

lead as they have also

exported their brands to

fall compulsively like rain

from heaven, and if not, which

government agency creates or

controls the supply?

Well, in modern economies,

the power to print or create

money is primarily vested in

a nation’s Central Bank,

which is also mandated to

create opportunities for

commercial banks to similarly

expand or contract the

availability and cost of credit

in line with the perceived

needs of the economy.

Regrettably, in our case, as in

the case of other failed

economies, this collaboration

between the Central Bank and

commercial banks have, over

the years, created exceedingly

surplus Naira against better

judgment, such that Excess

Naira purchasing values

consistently prevail against

relatively modest output/

supply of goods and services

to fuel inflation.

Thus, the poverty level

induced by the unceasing fall

in the purchasing value of all

incomes, particularly that of

the poor, is actually the

product of the prevailing

‘anti-social’ partnership

between commercial banks

and the CBN in the

management of Naira

supply. Inexplicably, the

CBN has persisted in

strategically, inducing liberal

Naira creations which

commercial banks receive as

deposits and in a bizarre

twist, lend back to the CBN

whenever the Apex Bank

embarks on borrowing

perceived market surplus

Naira so as to reduce

consumer demand and

restrain inflation.

Clearly, as belatedly

admitted by Ex-Governor

Lamido Sanusi, the

commercial banks lend back to

the CBN with interest rates in

neighbouring Ghana, while

another Nigerian based

manufacturer is exporting to

South Africa and Central

African Republic for peacekeeping


“They are also exporting

more Nigerian vehicles to

Rwanda and in fact the

President of Rwanda uses

vehicles made in Nigeria,” he

hinted, adding that although

South Africa remains a hub of

vehicle assembly in Africa

but that in no distant time,

Nigeria may take over as the

highest vehicle manufacturer

in the continent.

The Director-General further

stated that the council had

excess of 10%, the same

government allocations they

received as deposits with zero

interest. Projections of CBN’s

2015 liquidity mop up

operations suggest that,

commercial banks,

primarily, would earn over

N600bn as interest charges

from such “useless”

borrowings which make no

impact on stimulating

industrial activity, as the

borrowed funds are simply

kept idle in order to reduce

the extent of perceived surplus

The time is

probably ripe

for naira


by say two


points so that


Naira in the market and avert

the threat of inflation.

The former CBN Governor,

Prof Chukwuma Soludo, who

presumably, could not be

ignorant of the inflationary

impact of systemic surplus

Naira on the purchasing

power of our currency,

curiously embarked on the

futile re-introduction of

primary kobo coins in 2007.

Billions of Naira was

expended on the production

and the collateral campaign

for adoption of the new coins

in denominations of N2, N1

and 50K.

Predictably, the coins were

rejected by the public, because

they commanded no real

value. Ultimately, the coins

carried out research in

Economic Community of

West African State (ECOWAS)

countries on how to

encourage vehicle

exportation within the sub

region, stressing that the

Nigerian manufacturers were

given incentives to

encourage vehicle

exportation although other

foreign investors are also

involved in the arrangement.

“The incentives we gave out

to the various investors are

to encourage export,

because in West Africa we are

the only country that can

establish assembly plants,”

Jacal noted.,



Tel:0805 220 1997

were auctioned at a fraction

of their original cost.

Curiously, no one was

sanctioned for this huge

waste; surprisingly, however

barely eight months later,

Soludo came up with a fresh

Agenda to produce a new

currency profile that

redenominated (read as

redecimalzed) our currency,

such that N100 became N1,

while the existing N1 became

one kobo. This was probably

in recognition of the failure of

the earlier exercise, which

obviously did not consider

purchasing power as a critical

issue for acceptance.

However, late President

Yardua was probably not

convinced that it was

defensible to produce two sets

of currency profiles in a single

year, and therefore ruled,

despite the supposed

autonomy of the CBN, that the

project be put on hold.

Regrettably, Soludo’s

proposal for redenomination

was lumped together with a

healthy recommendation,

after over four years of denial,

that part of federal allocations

should be effected in dollars

in order to reduce the

unceasing flow of Naira

supply that fuels inflation.

Nevertheless, the Naira

exchange rate has since

plummeted by over 40%,

while inflation averaged 7%

annually for 8 years, leading

to a loss of close to 60% of

Naira’s purchase value since


Incidentally, despite CBN’s

promotion of electronic

platforms, for claim

settlements, Nigerians still

carry significant cash values

for a wide range of

transactions. In this event,

former CBN Governor Lamido

Sanusi, sought to introduce a

N5000 note to facilitate

portability; Nigerians

however quickly recognized

that this was a sure path to

the eventual issue of N10, 000

and N20, 000 notes if the root

cause of inflation, i.e. the

surplus cash syndrome, was

not successfully addressed;

consequently, the public

outrightly rejected Sanusi’s

N5000 note.

Nevertheless, it is also

obvious that the introduction

of increasingly higher

denominations would present

accounting challenges such

that with untamed inflation, a

bottle of coke could easily cost

N1000 as was the case in

Ghana when 10,000 cedis

exchanged for $1 before

Ghana restructured its

currency with 4 decimal points

in 2006-7, to make one new

Ghana cedis equal to $1.5.

Expectedly, the unarrested

flow of excess cedi supply,

which induced double-digit

inflation over the years, has

once again humbled the cedi

to an exchange rate of 3.6

cedis to one dollar or more

graphically 36000 cedis to one

dollar before re-denomination

8 years ago.

The time is probably ripe for

naira redenomination by say

two decimal points so that

N2=$1; in this manner, we

will bring back and enjoy the

economic utility of portability

and the competitive attributes

of primary kobo coins.

Additionally, the adoption of

dollar certificates for

payments of dollar

denominated revenue will

ultimately tame the source of

surplus Naira and restrain

inflation below 3%, as this

arrangement will create a

market surplus of dollars

against Naira and inevitably,

gradually improve the Naira

exchange rate below N2 =$1

once Naira is redenominated

by two decimal points.



Omoh Gabriel - Group Business Editor

Babajide Komolafe - Deputy Business Editor

Clara Nwachukwu - Energy Editor

Peter Egwuatu - Asst. Business Editor

Yinka Kolawole - Snr Bus. Correspondent

Favour Nnabugwu - Insurance Correspondent

Godwin Oritse - Maritime Correspondent

Godfrey Bivbere - Maritime Correspondent

Michael Eboh - Energy Reporter

Franklin Alli - Industry/Agric. Reporter

Ifeyinwa Obi - Maritime Reporter

Rosemary Onuoha - Insurance Reporter

Nkiruka Nnorom - Capital Market Reporter


Princewill Ekwujuru - Media/Marketing

Jonah Nwokpoku - E-Commerce

Naomi Uzor - Industry

Providence Obuh - Micro Finance

LAYOUT - Graphics Department





Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015—45

Continues from Page 5

Ambode as winner at

about 7. 30 pm having

satisfied all the requirements

in line with the

electoral act

He said both parties

scored 25 percent of

votes cast in 20 local government


While describing the

exercise as one of the

most credible elections in

the country, Adewole expressed

his appreciation

to INEC officials, security

agencies, IG, Suleiman

Abba and AIG, Joseph

Mbu and other security

agencies for providing

adequate security

as there was no recorded

life loss throughout

the exercise.

Representatives of each

of the contesting political

parties later signed

the result sheets.

Ambode, in a swift reaction

to his victory as

posted on his facebook,

thanked all Lagos residents

for trusting him

and promised to fufill all

his campaign promises

in collaboration with


He said: “Thank You

APC sweeps gov polls

Lagosians we promise to

serve you better. Thank

you for trusting APC, we

will work harder to serve

you better.”

Cancelled votes

Some results were cancelled

in some polling

units in areas like:

Mushin, Kosofe, Agege

Alimosho, Epe. The electoral

officers said the results

were cancelled for

electoral offences such as

over-voting and thuggery.

Elliot, Lai

Mohammed’s son,

others declared


as Obanikoro,

Ajomale’s sons


The opposition Peoples

Democratic Party (PDP)

has made in-road into the

Lagos State House of Assembly,

winning six of

the 18 seats so far declared.

Results for 22

constituencies are being

awaited. Among the six

PDP House memberselect

is an Igbo, Mr Emeka

Idimogu elected to

represent Oshodi-Isolo

Constituency II.

This is as Nollywood

star, Desmond Elliot of

the All Progressives Congress

(APC) won in Surulere

I constituency and

Lai Mohammed’s son,

Folajimi also of the APC

won the Ikeja I seat.

Meanwhile, Senator

Musiliu Obanikoro’s

son, Babajide and Chief

Henry Ajomale’s son,

Olayinka, failed to win

their constituencies. Babajide

ran in Eti-Osa II

while Olayinka sought

for the Oshodi-Isolo II


Alhaji Lai Mohammed

is the National Publicity

Secretary of the APC;

Ajomale is the Lagos

State Chairman of the

APC while Senator

Obanikoro is Minister of

State, Foreign Affairs.

Those elected include:

Desmond Elliot (Surulere


Mrs Mosunmola Sangodara-Rotimi



Mr Folajimi Mohammed

(Ikeja I), APC

Adedamola Kasunmu

(Ikeja II), APC

Mr Wasiu Sanni (Lagos

Island I), APC

Mr Giwa Shakirudeeen

(Lagos Island


Mr Adekanye Oladele

(Lagos Mainland I), APC

Mr Moshood Olarenwaju

Oshun (Lagos

Mainland II), APC

Hon. Funmilayo Tejuosho

(Mushin I), APC

Hon. Olayiwola Olawale

(Mushin II), APC

Dipo Olorunrinu

(Amuwo-Odofin I), PDP

Hakeem Bello (Amuwo-Odofin


Mr Mudashiru Obasa

(Agege I), APC

Mr Ishahu Gbolahan

(Eti-Osa I), APC

Mr Kazeem Alimi (Eti-

Osa II), APC

Mr Oluwa Olatunji Fatai

(Ajeromi-Ifelodun II),


Mr Shokunle Hakeem

(Oshodi-Isolo I), PDP

Mr Emeka Idimogu

(Oshodi-Isolo II), PDP

PDP wins 19

House seats in

Ondo as two die

The PDP in Ondo State

won 19 of the 24 house

of Assembly seats declared

by INEC in the

last Saturday election

just as two hoodlums

were shot dead for hijacking

electoral materials.

It’s main opposition

APC secured five seats

while the results of Ilaje

1 and 11 constituencies

were declared inconclusive.

The PDP won in

Idanre, Ifedore, Ese

Odo, Akure South 1,

Akure North, Akoko

South East, Akoko North

West 11, Akoko North

East, Ile-Oluji/Okeigbo,

Irele, Odigbo 1 and

Odigbo11, Okitipupa 1

and Okitipupa 11, Ondo

East, Ondo West 1 and

Ondo West 11, Ose, and

Owo 1.

The opposition APC

won the seats in Owo11,

Akoko North West 1,

Akoko South West 1, Akoko

South west 11 and

Akure South 11.

Addressing newsmen

in Akure yesterday on the

outcome of the Saturday

poll, the Resident Electoral

Commissioner Olusegun

Agbaje said that

the two electoral offenders

were shot dead by

Naval Officers in the oil

rich Ilaje areas of the


Agbaje added that

eight guns, six mobile

phones belonging to

INEC Ad-Hoc staff and

other materials belonging

to the commission

were recovered from the


Speaking on the election

results Agbaje said

over 35,000 voters were

disenfranchised in the 73

units in Ilaje constituencies

where electoral materials

were hijacked by the


Agbaje said that the

election was characterized

by low turn out of voters

across the state and pockets

of security breaches in

Continues from Page 58


46—Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

100 health

professionals acquire

special skills in

Anambra State

By Nwabueze Okonkwo

NO less than 100 health pro

fessionals in Onitsha,

Anambra state have undergone

hands-on skills training in various

health fields including

Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation,

CPR, proper usage of a defibrillator

machine, and the use of an

Epinephrine pen for anaphylaxis

or severe allergic reactions.

At the training sessions conducted

by the Anambra Business

Coalition, ABC, a Public Private

Partnership, of the Anambra State

government in collaboration with

RISE Health Corporation, RHC,

a US-based organisation represented

locally by RISE Clinic Nigeria

at Adazi-Ani in Anaocha


The training was aimed at

boosting manpower development

in the health sector, in preparation

for the challenges ahead in

the health sector reforms in the

state,under a Memorandum of

Understanding between the state

government and RHC.

Speaking at the event, the state

Sanofi Pasteur, the vaccines

division of Sanofi, in partnership

with the Association of Public

Health Physicians of Nigeria,

APHPN, Lagos Chapter, have

called for an effective and

sustained food safety and hygiene

• Participants at the training session being conducted by officials of RISE Health Corporation, USA.

Sanofi Pasteur, APHPN advocate food safety standards

• L-R: Mrs. Kehinde Daniel,Chairperson Institute of Hospitality Nigeria; Dr Kehinde Daniel,Past

Chairman, APHPN; Mrs Ovy Ohioze, Head,Business Operations, Sanofi Pasteur; Dr Doyin Odubanjo,

Chairman APHPN; Dr. Kubie Layeni-Adeyemo, Director Occupational Staff Health Services, Lagos

State, and Dr Tomi Odugbemi during World Health Day media forum organised by the APHPN in

conjuction with Sanofi Pasteur in Lagos last week. Photo: Biodun Ogunleye

By Sola Ogundipe

WORRIED by the

proliferation of food and

water borne diseases such as

typhoid, cholera and other

diarrhoeal diseases in Nigeria,

The training was

aimed at boosting

manpower development

in the health

sector, in preparation

for the challenges

ahead in the

health sector reforms

in the state,

under an MoU

between the state

government and


quality assurance system to be in

place in the country.

Speaking at a media forum to

herald this year’s World Health

Day with the theme “Food Safety”

and slogan: "From Farm to Plate,

Governor, Willie Obiano, said it

was also to stem the tide of "brain

drain phenomenon" which is

presently at an alarming proportion

and which led to the exodus

of highly skilled healthcare professionals

out of the country to

seek greener pasture, and also to

institute proper training arrangement

to boost manpower development

within the health sector

in the state.

Obiano acknowledged the fact

that the state’s health professionals

drifting to the developed

countries were looking for greater

career opportunities, higher salary

scale and better living conditions,

which explained why the

state administration is out to find

a lasting solution to the challenge.

which he said is currently crippling

the country's health sector

as it leads to a deficiency of qualified

healthcare workers to properly

carter for the growing population.

Obiano said as one of the primary

objectives of the Hospital

Re-engineering Project, HRP, the

newly established Anambra Business

Coalition, ABC, was designed

to provide over 30,000

professional training hours to

build the healthcare workforce in

the state by the end of 2017.

The programme, supervised by

Chief Executive Officer, RISE

Make Food Safe", a public health

physician and APHPN member,

Dr. Omotomilayo Odugbemi,

observed that food safety is an all

comers’ affair and does not stop

on the plate.

Odugbemi who gave an

overview of food safety in the

country, said the main aim is to

prevent food borne illnesses (food

borne diseases and food


“Everyone has a role to play. It

is multisectoral and

multidisciplinary involving an

effective team work of all those

responsible and use of mass and

social media.

“Food safety is the

responsibility of all including

consumers. People have to see

the need for ensuring food is safe

for human consumption by

playing their part.” Odugbemi

argued that people should make

informed and appropriate food

choices and embrace acceptable

behaviours, know common food

hazards, how to handle food

safely and if applicable read/use

the information provided in food


In the view of General Manager,

Sanofi Pasteur English

Speaking East & West Africa, Paul

Njoroge, “Creating a forumto raise

Clinic Nigeria, and Dr. Hien Tran,

Vice-President, RISE Health Corporation,

USA, kicked weekend

at White Castle Hotel, Neni,

Anaocha LGA, when the ABC

hosted its maiden Basic Life Support

trainings for over 100

healthcare professional students

and community members.

Participants from different communities

including Orumba

North, Ogbaru and Anaocha LGA

received e area received training

from experts Neurology Unit at

Eden Medical Center in Northern


awareness on the importance of

preventing food and water-borne

diseases, awakening all stakeholders

from governments to producers,

providers and consumers

on their role in ensuring sustainable

food safety and the provision

of superioir and innovative vaccines

for the prevention of diseases

will culminate to the

achievement of our vision of a

world in who no one suffers or

dies from a vaccine-preventable


Njoroge who recalled the recommendation

of the World Health

Organisation, WHO, that vaccines

are available to protect more than

26 infectious diseases, said Sanofi

Pasteur has a broad range of vaccines

protecting against 20 infectious

diseases including

foodborne and waterborne diseases

such as typhoid and cholera.

Also speaking, Head of Public

Affairs, Sanofi, Nigeria and

Ghana, Mr. Oladimeji Agbolade

calledfor improved awareness on

the part of food handlers and food

producers. “Food can become

contaminated at any point of

production and distribution, and

the primary responsibility lies

with food producers and the wider

community,” he noted.

Vanguard, MONDAY, , APRIL 13, 2015—47

Epe boat mishap:

No foul play or

spiritual undertone

— Palace

•Victims did not wear life jackets

Stories by Bose Adelaja

ON April 2, 2011, the Epe

community in Lagos State

was thrown into mourning

following the death of its former

local government chairman,

Mufutau Remilekun, who

drowned along with one other


Not only was the incident a

tragic one in the history of the

town, it also affected its political

fortune and stability due to the

fact that the incident occurred few

days to the general elections that


Four years after the boat

mishap which sent Mufutau to

his early grave, a similar incident

was recorded on Saturday March

28, 2015, the day set aside for the

much awaited presidential and

national assembly elections in

the country.

On that fateful Saturday, five

illustrious sons of the land,

including the Olu of Epe’s son,

lost their lives, no thanks to a

boat mishap which occurred

around 2pm when the victims

were heading to a polling booth

to cast their votes.

Forces beyond


Though their intention was

solely to exercise their civic rights,

it had ended as a journey of no

return or a mission that was

tragically aborted by forces

beyond their control.

Nine passengers were on board

the ill-fated boat from Marine

Road to Mahusa. Five

passengers met their tragic end

when the boat capsized a stone’s

throw from the polling booth. The

dead included two siblings,

Gbolahan and Wale

Mogaji(Wale was a director in

the Lagos State Ministry of

Chieftaincy Affairs; Aremo Kunle

Adewale, an All Progressives

Congress, APC chairmanship

aspirant for Epe local

government; Muiz Bello and

Samsideen Agoro.

The incident had triggered

shock and confusion among the

residents with many, saying it

had a spiritual undertone, while

others dismissed this, attributing

it to an act of God. The victims

have since been buried according

to Muslim rites. Indeed those

in the position to know used the

occasion of the Fidau prayers last

week Saturday to dismiss any

insinuation linking the death of

the deceased to any foul play or

spiritual undertone.

Last Monday, Vanguard was

in Epe community where The

Secretary to the Eko-Epe palace,

Alhaji Otunmuniru Ishola, had

the opportunity to bare his mind

on the incident when Vanguard

Metro, VM, visited last week. He

assured that the tragic

circumstances surrounding the

death of the deceased would not

put undue pressure on the

people or undermine the political

determination of the town to do

what is right.

VM observed during the visit

that the bill boards displaying the

victims’ photographs were

placed at the entrance and

junctions of the town although

the palace said the community

has accepted the incident in good

faith. The palace secretary who

described the incident as

unfortunate, said the community

has prayed against similar

occurrences in the ancient town.

He said the community does not

ascribe any spiritual or traditional

implication to the incident, a

reason why the deceased were

The king is

picking up very

well, he had come

to terms with the

reality of the tragic

incidente and

normalcy has

returned to the


Alhaji Otunmuniru Ishola

buried in different locations and

not at the river bank, according

to traditional belief. Ishola told

VM the incident has attracted

people from far and wide who

have been paying condolence

visits to the town.

Epe community comprises Eko-

Epe and Ijebu-Epe with Olu of

Epe, Oba Shefiu Adewale and

Oloja of Epe, Oba Kamorudeen

Animasawun as the traditional

rulers. Before the tragic incident,

a traditional festival, Kolajolu (a

masquerade festival) was to take

place on Saturday April 4 but this

was postponed as a result of the

Fidau prayers.

The secretary also said the

incident was a set back to the

Spirit of Lagos awards citizens

AS part of its activities to

encourage civic and

selfless responsibilities in Lagos,

Spirit of Lagos, a behavioural

transformation initiative, has

announced it would hold an

award ceremony on May 27,

2015 to celebrate individual and

corporate citizens of Lagos who

have displayed selfless, civic

responsibility and neighbourly

acts to effect positive change in

Lagos in the last few years.

Olaniyi Omotoso, Project

Director, Spirit of Lagos,

announced this at a press briefing

on Wednesday, April 8, 2015,

saying that the ceremony, tagged

Citizens’ Day, is part of ongoing

Spirit of Lagos activities to

encourage Lagos residents to

restore, share and protect those

values that made Lagos great.

He informed that the awards

ceremony which will be in three

categories – individual, public

service and corporate

organizations – will be chaired by

His Excellency, Babatunde

community due to the fact that

all those who died were illustrious

sons of the land. “The Mogajis

were blood brothers who travelled

home from overseas to support

their friend, while Muiz and

Adewale have done their

accreditation and wanted to cast

their vote when the boat

capsized,” he informed. Going

down memory lane, the secretary

attributed the incident to

overloading, saying none of the

victims wore life jackets during

the boat ride. They had all done

their accreditation but only Muiz’

wife had cast her vote as she was

escorted to the Riverine area

Booth 016 Ere-Ise, Epe. But the

victims never returned to their

Fashola, Executive Governor of

Lagos State at a grand event to

commemorate the 48th year of the

creation of Lagos State.

The individual category

includes Lifetime Achievement

Award – for an elderly citizen,

living or dead, who has impacted

positively on the state; Award for

Community Development – for

a citizen who has impacted

positively on his/her community;

Award for Exceptional

Community – for a community

that has been able to do

exceptional things through

collaborative efforts; and Award

for Exceptional Youth– for a

young resident between the ages

of 18 and 25 , with a strong

commitment to societal good.

The Public Service categories

include Lifetime Achievement

Award, Role Model Award and

Rising Star Award, and will

reward employees of the Lagos

State civil service who have

demonstrated dedicated and

excellent performances in the

discharge of their duties.

polling booths before the incident.

‘’They went there in a bigger

boat but returned in a smaller

boat. Everything was going

well until they got to the middle

of the sea,’’ he said mournfully.

The monarch mourns: The

Olu of Epe ,Oba Shefiu Olatunji

Adewale was said to be greatly

touched by the incident though

he was not available for

comments. But the secretary said

the king was making every effort

to recover from the shock of the

incident. “The king is picking up

very well, he had come to terms

with the reality of the tragic incident

and normalcy has returned

to the town.”

Club houses record low

patronage: In spite of the Easter

celebrations that Monday, club

houses and relaxation centres

recorded low turn out of people,

although the palace secretary did

not comment on this.

Political activities: Political

meetings were held in some parts

of the town as some residents

claimed the political activities

should not be allowed to suffer

due to the tragic incident. Alhaji

Ishola was optimistic that the

town would still present other

illustrious sons for political

offices.”We usually look unto the

Prince for chieftaincy matters but

his death has created a serious

vacuum and this will not be easy

to fill. Our consolation is that we

have many illustrious sons and

daughters who can handle state

matters. Epe is an APC town and

we shall not relent because we

hope to win the next elections,”

he said.

The corporate organizations

category will recognize and

honour socially responsible

corporate bodies – multinationals,

emerging corporate bodies and

small and medium scale

enterprises – that have, in very

tangible ways, given back to the

society in which they operate.

According to Omotoso: “The

award is to inspire and

acknowledge good behavior as

well as engender and sustain

attitudinal change among Lagos

residents. The search for these

exceptional citizens and

organizations will extend all the

57 LGAs/LCDAs in the state and

will give residents the opportunity

to identify and nominate

those who they feel are worthy

of the awards in their localities.”

He informed that a panel of

judges made up of men and

women of impeccable character

and standing in the society will

be appointed to screen and

shortlist the prospective






48—Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

•Buhari: President-elect

Hurricane Buhari makes landfall

By Emmanuel Aziken,

Political Editor

AHURRICANE is a huge

storm that normally clears

almost every physical

impediment on its way.

Hurricane Buhari had been

long in formation. When it made

landfall two weeks ago, it

comprehensively removed the

hands of the Peoples Democratic

Party, PDP from the gears of

governance at the presidency

and parliament.

It was such a comedown for a

party whose officials not too long

ago boasted that they would rule

the country for an uninterrupted

60 year stretch.

Unlike most hurricanes that

lose momentum and savagery as

they go inland, Hurricane

Buhari after two weeks was not

less savaging as indications

showed from the governorship

and state legislative elections at

the weekend.



Governor Sule Lamido, one of

the nine men who first conceived

the idea of a national party in 1998

and which eventually crystallised

into the PDP, had until few weeks

ago stood like a colossus in

Jigawa State and had virtually

run the opposition out of town.

Reflective of his towering

political image in the state,

Governor Lamido had boasted of

delivering the state to the PDP’s

presidential candidate in the

EGOS were bruised when long-standing patrons who for long dictated the

pace and pattern of policies and politics were buried after the governorship

elections last weekend.

2015 election, President

Goodluck Jonathan.

In the end not only did he fail

to deliver the state to his party,

his candidate also failed to grab

25 per cent of the votes.

All three All Progressives

Congress, APC, Senate

candidates also rode on the

coattails of Buhari’s victory to win

the three Senate seats for the


Those who thought that the

National Assembly election was

a fluke for the APC candidates

in Jigawa State, would have

been shaken to the roots with the

phenomenal results that emerged

from last weekend’s

governorship election which saw

Governor Lamido’s chosen

successor lose out in the contest

to Buhari’s man.

Alhaji Ibrahim Ringim,

Lamido’s chief of staff for eight

years and before then, chief of

staff to his predecessor was

thrashed in the election that

many had before the advent of

the Buhari phenomenon taken as

a shoo-in for the governorship.

The defeat of Governor

Lamido’s man was despite the

governor’s acclaimed ranking as

one of the best performing

governors of the 2007 to 2011 set.

It was not just in Jigawa. In

Benue a state that the PDP had

steered almost unchallenged fell

like a pack of cards to the APC

last weekend.

The development in Benue

was, however, not too surprising

given the difficulties of the PDP

in navigating the rough terrains

set by the outgoing government’s

inabilities of paying salaries to

civil servants in the public service

dominated state.

Despite past waves of the

Buhari phenomenon, the PDP

It was such a


for a party


officials not

too long ago

boasted that

they would

rule the

country for



60 year


had almost always deflected the

waves from berthing in Katsina

and Kaduna Government

Houses. However, last weekend,

the PDP embankments easily

collapsed on the strength of what

some psephologists attributed to

the restraining influence of the

card reader.

Gen. Buhari had before now

almost always had a problem

winning the governorship for his

party on account of the internal

divisions among his local

supporters in his home base.

However, this time, the general

had cleaned his home of all such

challenges and was able to make

a near clean sweep of the

governorship and almost every

electable office in Katsina State

despite the sway of an

incumbent PDP governor.

Even more remarkable is the

fact that Governor Ibrahim

Shema has in his two terms just

like his predecessor, the late

Umaru Yar‘Adua been acclaimed

for his excellent performance in


It was particularly bad for the

PDP in Kaduna State where the

party lost to the APC despite

being the government in power

and being the home state of the

incumbent and outgoing vicepresident,

Arc. Namadi Sambo.

The result was particularly

remarkable as the PDP failed to

mobilise the votes from its

traditional strongholds in

Southern Kaduna.

It was a sweet revenge also for

Buhari in Bauchi when he

recovered the state after what

associates claimed was the

political treachery of the outgoing

governor of the state, Isa Yuguda

who after coming to power on the

coattails of the Buhari

phenomenon in 2007 decamped

from the former All Nigeria

Peoples Party, ANPP.

Buhari’s conquest of the

political space, however, still

remained what some allege to be

a sectional wonder. The South-

South and Southeast remained

almost unaffected by the

ravaging Buhari phenomenon.

Despite the APC’s strength

and structures in Akwa Ibom and

Rivers States, the party was

unable to make significant gains

in the elections that were

according to almost every

account marred by violence and

were allegedly manipulated.

Reflective of the PDP’s

determination to create a

fortification against the Buhari

phenomenon in the Southeast,

Vanguard learned of the

mobilisation of some of its

national officers to the region in

the days before the election.

Fighting off

the attacks

One of the national officers,

Chief Olisa Metuh, was

reportedly well engaged in

fighting off the attacks by the

APC in Imo State and that from

the All Progressives Grand

Alliance, APGA, in Abia State.

Remarkably, the difficulties of

the PDP in Abia State where

APGA was yesterday seriously

facing off a challenge from the

PDP was largely removed from

the Buhari effect.

In Adamawa State, the Buhari

hurricane also ravaged what was

left of the political weight of the

former anti-graft czar, Mallam

Nuhu Ribadu who moved from

being a failed presidential

candidate to a failed

governorship candidate.

Remarkably, the PDP for the

first time lost control of the state

to another party on the wave of

the momentum for Buhari.

For some inexplicable reasons,

Buhari failed to win the

presidential election in

Nasarawa State despite having

an incumbent APC governor in

office two weeks ago.

However, Governor Al Makura,

however, recovered to win the

governorship for himself last

weekend putting some fibre to

his own political mettle.

An exceptional survivor was

Governor Ibrahim Dankwambo of

Gombe State who survived

penultimate’s rout of the PDP

across the state to stage himself

for a second term inauguration

on the platform of the PDP.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015—49

GOV POLLS: Defeat of the incumbents

THE April 11 governorship and State House of

Assembly elections recorded some major upsets at the end

of the exercise.

Perhaps this can be attributed to the recent victory of the

President-elect, Maj-Gen Muhammudu Buhari (retd) at the

presidential polls a forth night ago where he defeated the

incumbent, President Goodluck Jonathan.

Winners have been in a joyful mood while the losers are

already sulking over defeat.

Both the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP and the All

Progressives Congress, APC, recorded defeats in some of

their strongholds in the governorship race.

While the APC made some inroads to the PDP

strongholds, the latter did not rest on its oars.

By Dapo Akinrefon

KADUNA: In Kaduna,

former Minister of the

Federal Capital Territory (FCT),

Mallam Nasir el-Rufai,

defeated Governor Muktar

Ramalan Yero, who incidentally

is the incumbent.

The death of Patrick Ibrahim

Yakowa paved way for Yero’s

emergence as the governor of

Kaduna State.

It was assumed that with the

image of Vice President Namadi

Sambo, who also hails from the

state, Yero would have had a

smooth ride.




But that was never to be. The

growing popularity of Mallam

el-Rufai and the Buhari tsunami

were factors that contributed to

the APC gaining upper hand

in the governorship polls.

And the PDP lost

It was not a surprise that the

PDP lost out in some

governorship and assembly

seats across the federation.

The reason for the PDP’s

dismal performance in the

second batch of the polls could

be attributed to the outcome of

the presidential and

parliamentary elections, where


Buhari mauled the president

despite the power of

incumbency. The party also lost

out in Adamawa,Jigawa,

Bauchi, Katsina, Niger and

Benue states where second


term governors handpicked the

party’s candidates to replace

them in office.

GOMBE: A fight between old friends

By Levinus Nwabughiogu

LARGELY, the 2015 contest

had the trappings of the

last governorship election in

2011 when the former

governor, Alhaji Danjuma

Goje adopted incumbent

Governor Ibrahim

Dankwambo as both his

political god son and

candidate for the office.

It was an epic battle that

brought together four friends

who got divided consequently

upon their parallel interests.

They included Goje, his

erstwhile Commissioner for

Finance, Inuwa Yahaya,

Dankwambo who then just

resigned as the Accountant-

General of the federation and

Usman Nafada who was the

Deputy Speaker of the House

of Representatives.


Goje’s interest in

Dankwambo obviously

stranded his relationship with


Yahaya who had earlier

indicated interest in the first


The development did not

also go down well with

Nafada who also went for the


Remarkably, all of them were

in the PDP then and Goje,

being the godfather

succeeded eventually in his

preferred choice.

But things have since

changed for the quartet.

Goje, Yahaya, Nafada had

all ditched PDP for APC where

they all sought the mandate

of Gombe North and Central

respectively. Fortunately, they




For Yahaya, the

governorship ticket that was

difficult for him in 2011 came

handy in 2015 courtesy of the

same Goje who never wanted


Analysts say this was

however a conspiracy to edge

Dankwambo out having fallen

apart with Goje.

Anyone who is familiar with

Gombe politics would

obviously not underestimate

Goje’s influence.

True to predictions, Goje

demonstrated his political

finesse on March 28 National

Assembly election, defeated

his former godson and former

chairman of his Akko Local

government, Alhaji Kumo


The APC also won the other

two Senate seats.

But the April 11 contest has

pulled a surprise to many

people who thought that Goje

Continues on page 50

50—Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015

By Charles Kumolu

THE voter apathy that

marked the governorship

and state assembly elections

across Nigeria, represents a

sharp contrast to the

impressive enthusiasm

displayed by voters during

the presidential election.

It is a development that has

left many wondering what

could have suddenly eroded

the new-found interest in the

electoral process, which many

thought had come to stay.

The low turnout was so

obvious that every part of the

political divide was gripped

with fear over what it

portended for the exercise

and the polity.

The development propelled

party chieftains, officials of

Independent Electoral

Commission, INEC and

voters to express concern.

However, some key issues

believed to be responsible for

the dismal participation

include: the effect of

President Goodluck

Jonathan’s loss, Major-

General Muhammadu

Buhari’s factor, functionality of

the Smart Card Readers

(SCRs), fear of violence, poor

voter education and INEC

factor among others.

Smart card


In spite of local and

international commendations

trailing the usage of the SCRs

during the presidential poll,

many voters still have little or

no confidence in the device.

Their indifference towards

the SCRs which was

introduced to minimise

rigging, stemmed from the

peculiar technical flaws

associated with its usage.

Given that these challenges

accounted for the inability of

some to vote during the

presidential poll, the fear of

recurrence was rife during the

governorship elections, hence

the decision not to participate.

Some, who spoke to

Vanguard during the

governorship cited the

scepticism over SCRs as

responsible for their


After-effect of PDP’s loss

Even though most postelection

predictions had

foretold Buhari’s triumph over

Jonathan, a few who were

surprised by the victory are

still sulking.

Most affected in this regard

are committed members of the

PDP and a chunk of the

President’s admirers.

This element manifested so

much in places where voters

had come out en mass during

the presidential election.

The bandwagon effect on the

•Ballot box

POLLS: Why apathy stole the show

PDP, which has been

manifesting through the wave

of defections to the All

Progressives Congress, APC,

no doubt seems like a mortal

blow and and resulted in the

poor enthusiasm displayed on

the election day.



It is not in dispute that

Buhari literally became a

movement in the days leading

to the presidential poll.

It was this popular appeal

that saw him shattering all the

barriers that had historically

nurtured voter’s apathy in the


For most analysts, this

unprecedented interest in the

political process displayed

during the presidential poll,

was not unconnected to the

desire for change which

Buhari seems to epitomise.

With the objectives behind

the popular enthusiasm

achieved, many were not too

concerned about the

governorship exercise, which

they felt mattered less.

Fear of violence

Increasing wave violence

across Nigeria which has

become the saddest

commentary about the general

elections, also discouraged

voters from voting.

The worst hit are traditional

volatile states across the

country where pockets of

violence were recorded before

Given that these


accounted for the

inability of some to

vote during the

presidential poll, the

fear of recurrence

was rife during the


elections, hence the

decision not to


and during the elections.

Even in states not known for

high incidents of electoral

violence, local rivalry among

party supporters, unarguably,

increased the level of apathy.

Reported cases of electoral

violence recorded during the

governorship elections in

Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Plateau,

Ebonyi, Benue, Kebbi and

Bauchi, speak volumes about

how the fear of violence

scared people away from the

polling units.

The violence in these seven

states led to 16 deaths. Five

persons were feared killed in

Benue; four in Kebbi; two

each in Rivers and Lagos; and

one each in Plateau, Bauchi

and Ebonyi.

Poor voter education

In face of encomiums

pouring in for INEC over the

GOMBE: A fight between old friends

Continues from page 49

would have succeeded in his

quest to unseat Dankwambo.

Luckily for the governor, he

was declared winner.

INEC State returning

Officer, Professor Saminu

Ibrahim who announced the

result said that Dankwambo

polled a total of 285,369 votes

to beat APC ‘s Yahaya who

trailed behind with 205,132


However, the result released

at the State Collation Centre,

also indicated that there were

incidents of ballot box

snatching at many polling

units which forced the

cancellation of election in

credibility of the polls, it is

believed that the commission

performed poorly in the area

of voter education.

Though there is a traditional

pre-conceived notion among

Nigerians that the outcome of

most elections is pre

determined, in the reckoning

of analysts, voter apathy

would have been prevented

with a robust voter


INEC had inaugurated the

National Inter-Agency

Advisory Committee on Voter

Education and Publicity

(NICVEP) to ensure proper

coordination and monitoring

of voter education nation wide

and to ensure participation of

marginalised groups. But

opinions are divided on

whether or not the committee

achieved its objectives.

those units.

For instance, the Palace of

the District Head of Kashere

which is Goje’s home town

was razed down.

Meanwhile, the results of

the state assembly polls were

being awaited as at the time

of filing this report.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015—51

OYO: And Ajimobi broke the jinx

By Ola Ajayi

BEFORE my assumption of

office, there had never been

an Ajimobi. I am the first one

that bears the name and I will

be the first Ajimobi to break

the jinx of second term –

Governor Abiola Ajimobi.

Given Governor Abiola

Ajimobi’s well known speaking

abilities, his assertion had been

taken as another of his jokes.

But, as the Chief Collation

Officer for the election, Prof.

Ayobami Salami, declared the

results of the governorship

election yesterday, Ajimobi’s

“prophecy” to the

consternation of his political

foes turned into a stunning


Since the inception of the

Pacesetter State, it had almost

become a spell that no governor

would govern the state for two

consecutive terms. Except him,

all previous governors had

tried and failed to cross the


The casualties of that political

curse were indeed on parade

last weekend in their desperate

effort to overturn it. Ajimobi was

locked in combat with two

former governors Rasheed

Ladoja and Adebayo Alao-

Akala who had fallen after a

single term each.

As with other governors

before him, the Ibadan people,

irrespective of the governor’s

performances in office, believe

you are asking too much to be

eyeing the second term where

you have several qualified

people on the queue.

The intrigues that came to play

before he broke the jinx were

remarkable. Ajimobi was said

to have reserved a senatorial

ticket for Akala just to ease him

out of the way. He left it open

for a long time and when Akala

seemed not be interested, the

governor gave it to Fatai Buhari

who is also a force to reckon

with in Ogbomoso axis.

Still poised to ensure Ajimobi

did not win, the opposition

parties came together when

they noticed that Ajimobi might


be too hard to beat. But, the

conspiracy soon vanished as

neither Alao-Akala nor Ladoja

agreed to step down.

There was no gainsaying the

fact that the crisis that finally

nailed the PDP to the coffin

paved the way for Ajimobi and

made the race much easier for

him. There was jubilation

among the APC members when

PDP settled for Senator Teslim

Folarin as the party’s

governorship candidate.

Just few weeks to the election,

there were so many subtle

moves to use an Ibadan

indigene so that Ibadan people

could vote for the candidate

chosen. But, Akala, who is from

Ogbomoso did not buy the idea

and refused to be part of the

plot and hence decided to

contest on the platform of the

Labour Party.

It was on the wake of this that

rumours of a speculated

alignment between Accord and

President Jonathan emerged.

One of the opposition parties

was said to have broadcast the

secret alliance that Senator

Ladoja allegedly had with

President Goodluck Jonathan.

Ladoja, however, denied it but

his attempts to wash himself off

the ‘stigma’, was unsuccessful.

Pockets of


When all these known moves

failed, there was a plan to

cause pockets of violence in

some parts of the city so that

the election could be


Another factor that probably

helped Ajimobi to change the

history of the state was the

alleged betrayal by some party

agents who reportedly

compromised and sold out their

loyalty for money.

When it was clear that

Ajimobi would win the election,

his Commissioner for Works,

Bimbo Kolade who was moving

on the election day was

attacked by hoodlums who

inflicted injuries on him.

All these failed to change the

history which was about to be

written. The results were

announced and Governor

Ajimobi clinched the victory.

By Gbenga Oke

IT was a disaster long

predicted to happen. When

eventually the presidential

election took place

penultimate weekend, it

neither passed the benchmark

of the foreign observers nor

that of many other domestic


The violence that marred the

presidential election in the

state was as expected

escalated during the

governorship and legislative

elections given the

determination of the local

champions to sustain their

political leverages.

In the end as many as six

persons were killed and many

others injured in the election

that as at press time was

predicted to return the PDP to


The incumbent governor of

the state, Governor Rotimi

Amaechi who marshalled the

successful All Progressives

Congress, APC presidential

campaign has, however, cried

foul alleging that elections did

not take place in most areas

of the country. According to

him the Peoples Democratic

Party, PDP simply wrote

RIVERS: What happened?

results with the assistance of

security men.

To many, several issues led

to the fracas, bombings and

shootings that turned the state

into a war zone and led to the

relegation of the peace accord

signed by the PDP

governorship candidate,

Nyesom Wike and Dakuku

Peterside, governorship

candidate of APC.



Even though Rivers is

considered a stronghold of the

PDP, the movement of

Governor Amaechi into the

APC led to the shift of political

allegiances that made the

state a battle ground state.

This was especially given

the fact that the outgoing First

Lady, Mrs Patience Jonathan

hails from the state.

One puzzle for many is the

incongruity of Amaechi

delivering only 65,000 plus

votes to his candidate in the

presidential election when


the PDP scored more than 1,4

million votes.

The conclusions by some

analysts posited that the

situation in Rivers can simply

be termed as the more you

look, the less you see.

The First Lady factor

The first lady is seen by

many as the brain behind the

victory of PDP in Rivers State

and though she was not very

visible in the last days, she

was reported to have returned

to her native Okirika base last

Thursday to plan the last

onslaughts against Amaechi’s

political legacy.

She has been accused of

fanning the embers of discord

in the build up to the general

elections and her factor was

one of the major reasons why

the state became more volatile

in the build up to the


During the governorship

elections, some Okrika people

also claimed there was

widespread intimidation of

voters a development that

reportedly made many voters

to stay away from the polls.


Ethnicity was a major factors

that brought about trouble

ahead of the governorship

polls. There was division

among elders in the state on

whom to vote for as the battle

was simply seen as that

between the upland and the

Riverrine areas.

While it is believed it’s the

turn of the Riverrine people

to produce a governor of the

state, the entrance of Wike

into the race eventually threw

majority of the people off the


That was against the

background of the fact that

Wike is from the same Ikwere

ethnic group that produced

Amaechi as governor.

52—Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015



The story of Masari and Tambuwal

By Emmanuel Aziken,

Political Editor

THE two men also share the

uncommon virtue of having

presided over the most stable

chambers of the House of

Representatives in the Fourth

Republic. Speaker Masari was

the first and only one to complete

a four-year stint as a speaker

without being removed from

office. Tambuwal, however,

would miss that mark by a few

days as he would be sworn in as

governor of Sokoto State few days

to reaching the four year mark.

All other presiding officers of

the House had their stewardships

truncated or were called in to

complete the tenure earlier

commenced by someone else.



The first speaker of the House

in the Fourth Republic, Alhaji

Salisu Buhari was forced out of

office after only few months in

office and was replaced by Alhaji

Ghali Na‘abba who completed

the tenure of the House.

Na‘abba’s bid to return to office

was swallowed in deep political

intrigues as he lost the main

election after easily winning the

Peoples Democratic Party, PDP

ticket. It was widely alleged that

his party worked against him in

the election as it was claimed that

the leadership of the party did

not want him back in the House

as a punishment for the troubles

he caused to President

Olusegun Obasanjo in the first


Next month kick-starts a remarkable political encore for two of the country’s

foremost parliamentarians. Speaker Aminu Waziri Tambuwal of the House of

Representatives and former Speaker Aminu Bello Masari will become the first

presiding officers of the House ever to become governors.

In his place, Masari from

Katsina State emerged as

speaker. Masari rode out

controversies that emerged

towards the end of his tenure

after he made a bid for the

governorship of his state on the

platform of the PDP.

His bold attempt, however,

ended in a political calamity as

he was reportedly schemed out

by the then governor of Katsina

State, Alhaji Umaru Yar‘adua. A

bitter Masari took his own pound

of flesh when he openly sided

with Governor Peter Odili against

Governor Yar‘adua in the

presidential primaries of the PDP.

His bid failed and it was not

surprising that after Yar‘adua

emerged as president of the

country that he went into near

political oblivion.

Following the death of

Yar‘adua there were reports of

him trying to emerge among the

reformists group in the PDP but

their efforts were largely ignored

by President Goodluck Jonathan

who eventually sided with the

powerful gang of governors who

wanted a sustenance of the status

quo. In apparent frustration,

Masari crossed over to team up

with General Muhammadu

Buhari and became fanatically

involved in the movement to

enthrone Buhari as president on

the platform of the newly

registered Congress for


Progressive Change, CPC.

He also aspired to the

governorship of Katsina State on

the platform of CPC, however, his

bid was swallowed up in the

intra-party crisis that bedevilled

the party in Katsina State.

Senator Garba Lado, a one-time

close associate of Yar‘adua who

lost out in the PDP after the death

of the president had muscled his

way into the CPC leading to the

party’s presentation of two slates

All other

presiding officers

of the House had



truncated or

were called in to

complete the

tenure earlier

commenced by

someone else

of candidates for the

governorship and National

Assembly elections.

It was no surprise that in the

general election that the divided

ranks of the CPC lost the

governorship of the state to

Governor Ibrahim Shema of the

PDP in 2011. Masari, however,

abided and was able to weather

the storm this time to emerge first

as the APC candidate and then


Speaker Tambuwal’s road to the

governorship of Sokoto was,

however, not as troubled as

Masari’s. Tambuwal’s

emergence as governor-elect

yesterday was shaped by many

political intrigues weaved around

a seeming romantic affection for

one of the most energetic

presiding officers of the Fourth


Tambuwal’s engagement with

parliament ironically was helped

by the man he defeated in the

governorship contest last

Saturday. Tambuwal had

relocated from Sokoto to Abuja

at the advent of the Fourth

Republic in 1999 to work as the

senior legislative aide to Senator

Abdallah Wali, the First Senate

leader in 1999.

He remained in that office even

after Wali took the unprecedented

decision to resign as Senate

Leader when Enwerem was

removed from office despite the

fact that, he Wali, was not indicted

for any offence. Tambuwal

remained in office until he

decided to seek election to the

House of Representatives in the

Tambuwal Federal Constituency.

His decision, however, stoked the

beginning of his departure from

the political path of Wali as he

sought election on the platform

of the All Nigeria Peoples Party,


Tambuwal was the energetic

legislator whose prospects for

higher office were easy to

decipher. In 2007 he again

shifted allegiance to the PDP after

the political meltdown of the

ANPP in Sokoto State. He

emerged as deputy whip of the

House that same year despite

being new in the PDP.

At the beginning of his third

term in 2011, Tambuwal weaved

a political alliance with PDP

members in the House to frustrate

the zoning permutation of his

party and emerge speaker of the

House despite the party’s

preference for a candidate from

the Southwest.

The party leadership

apparently did not forgive him.

Tambuwal’s tactful response to

the hostility of the establishment

was to endear himself to all House

members creating one of the

most stable chambers of the

Fourth Republic. His diplomacy

and discretion easily

overwhelmed the subterfuges

that laid against him. Last

November, Tambuwal eventually

sought political shelter in the

newly created APC and became

the first speaker of the House of

Representatives in the Fourth

Republic to have flown the flag

of the PDP.



Vengance was quick in coming,

but he weathered it all including

a calculated attempt last year to

fence him out from a House

sitting last December. His

security details were also


At a point as his popularity

soared within and outside the

House, Tambuwal became the

focus of political pundits for the

2015 presidential contest and it

was not surprising when more

than two dozen House members

bought the presidential form of

the APC for him last November.

However, in the end, with the

Sokoto governorship zoned to

him as a person by his benefactors

in Sokoto, and with the party

establishment determined to

reap the benefits of the Buhari

phenomenon, the speaker opted

for Sokoto governorship.

Yesterday, his quest came to

fruition to the consternation of his

one-time mentor, Wali. But almost

everyone who has felt the

dexterity of Mr. Speaker knows

that the Sokoto governorship is

a stepping stone to further


Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015—53

DELTA GOV POLL: Okowa in early lead

By Festus Ahon, Egufe

Yafugborhi, Perez Brisibe

& Ochuko Akuopha


Democratic Party, PDP,

is leading in results from 14

local government areas of

Delta State out of 17 so far

declared by the Independent

Electoral Commission, INEC,

in the governorship election,

beating the candidate of

Labour Party, LP, Chief Great

Ogboru, who has won in three

local government areas.

The Collation Officers of the

various councils in the state

announced the results at the

INEC headquarters in Asaba

under the supervision of the

state Resident Electoral

Commissioner, Mr Aniedi

Ikoiwak, with the Labour Party

coming a distant second.

The collation officers started

turning in the results of the

election as early as 5a.m.,

Sunday, with the three major

contending political parties,

the All Progressives Congress,

APC, Labour Party, LP and

PDP, maintaining the top three


At press time, the results

from 17 councils had been

announced with the candidate

of the PDP, Senator Ifeanyi

Okowa, in early lead with a

total score of 535,513 votes

while the candidates of LP,

Chief Ogboru and APC,

Olorogun O’tega Emerhor

polling 98,775 and 53,600 to

come second and third


Breakdown of the results as

announced by INEC officials

are as follows: Oshimili North:

APC 978, LP 505 and PDP

19368. OshimiliSouth: APC

1253, LP 1218 and PDP 47938.

Bomadi: APC 594, LP 748 and

PDP 51974.

Others include Isoko North:

APC 4502, LP 748 and PDP

51,974. Okpe: APC 3,706, LP

7,728 and PDP 12,165. Patani:

APC 771, LP 684 and PDP


Meanwhile, over 200

supporters of the LP

candidate, Chief Ogboru,

yesterday besieged the

entrance to INEC offices in

protest over what they

described as electoral

malpractices that trailed the

governorship and House of

Assembly elections.

The placard-carrying

protesters chanted anti-PDP

songs. The protesters were

however, repelled by

policemen, civil defence and

other paramilitary security

men in their hundreds led by

the state Commissioner of

Police, Mr Alkali Baba, who

blocked the street leading to

the INEC office.

•As Ogboru vows to challenge result in court

Chief Ogboru, who led the

protesters said he won the

election convincingly and

accused the PDP of

manipulating and changing

the results overnight to the

detriment of his party.

Calling for the cancellation

of the election, based on

alleged snatching of ballot

boxes in some areas, Ogboru

alleged that the results from

the wards were different from

the ones announced at the

INEC office. He also alleged

that the card readers were not

used in most of the voting


Naming Burutu, Bomadi,

Warri North, Warri South-West,

Isoko North, Isoko South and

the entire Delta North as areas

where the card readers were

not used, he alleged that

“fantastic figures were written


He insisted that LP would no

longer allow tyrants who have

colonized the state for years to

continue to rule the state.

He vowed to challenge the

results in court in order to

claim back his victory which,

according to him, was being

manipulated. Ogboru said he

will employ all possible means

to draw the attention of INEC

to the malpractices and see

how the injustice could be


He added that Deltans would

not be boxed out of the change

that was ongoing throughout

the nation, adding that Delta

State will not be an exception.

COLLATION OF RESULTS: Cross section of INEC, political party agents and election

observers at the INEC headquaters in Rivers State, during the collation of the 2015

governorship and House of Assembly election result in Port Harcourt, yesterday.

Edo APC wins 21 out of 24 Assembly seats PDP wins Edo South senatorial seat

By Simon Ebegbulem &

Gabriel Enogholase



Progressives Congress,

APC, in Edo State has won 21

out of the 24 seats in the state

House of Assembly elections

held on Saturday.

The Peoples Democratic

Party, PDP, won three seats in

Edo Central senatorial district

of the state.

Meanwhile, unofficial

results in the rescheduled Edo

South senatorial election in

Oriomnwon Local

Government Area of the state,

indicated that the PDP

candidate, Mr Matthew

Urhoghide defeated the

Minority Whip of the House

of Representatives and APC

candidate, Mr Samson


Results from polling units

indicated that though Osagie

defeated Urhoghide in

Oriomwon, the poor voter turn

out affected his chances of

upturning the about 27,000

votes which Urhoghide was

leading with after the March

28, National Assembly

elections in six local

government areas in Edo


Meantime, the Resident

Electoral Commissioner in

Edo State, Mr Mike Igini, who

declared that elections have

been concluded in the state,

commended Edo people for

their support throughout the


Some of the House of

Assembly results in Edo South

indicated that the immediate

past state Commissioner on

the Board of the Niger Delta

Development Commission,

NDDC and APC House of

Assembly candidate in Ikpoba

Okhai, Mr Henry Okwuarobo

polled 23,571 as against

14,459 polled by the PDP


The former chairman of Egor

Local Government Area and

APC House of Assembly

candidate for Egor, Mr Crosby

Eribo, polled 19,554 to defeat

the PDP candidate, Nosa

Adams, who polled 12,233

votes. Results from the

collations centres indicated

that the APC won the entire

House of Assembly seats in

Edo South and Edo North

senatorial districts of the state

and PDP got three out of the

six in Edo Central.



warns INEC,



against bias

By Samuel


YENAGOA—A leader

of the All Progressives

Congress, APC, in Bayelsa

State, Chief Godwin

Sidi, has warned the Independent

National Electoral

Commission, INEC

and other institutions connected

to the rescheduled

state House of Assembly

elections in the state

against compromising in

their responsibilities so as

to provide a level play

field for all parties in the


Sidi, in an interview

yesterday, in Yenagoa,

accused INEC of

colluding with the Peoples

Democratic Party, PDP, to

shift the Assembly polls in

eight constituencies to

April 18.

Sidi, former Youth

Leader PDP South-South,

said the reasons advanced

by INEC in the state for

postponing the polls in

the eight constituencies

were not tenable, insisting

that INEC should explain

the whereabouts of

election materials which

necessitated the shift.

He called on INEC and

other institutions

connected to the

rescheduled polls to

strictly adhere to their

constitutional roles and

shun partisanship, in the

spirit of fairness and in

line with global best


INEC had, last Friday,

rescheduled elections in

eight constituencies in the

state namely, Ekeremor

Constituencies 1, 2 and 3,


constituencies 1 and 2,

Sagbama constituencies 1

and 2, and Southern Ijaw

Constituency 1, to April


The state Resident

Electoral Commissioner,

Mr. Baritor Kpagih, had

explained that the shift in

the affected eight

constituencies in four

councils of the state was

in agreement with the

stand by stakeholders that

no election should take

place in the constituencies

without full complement

of ballot papers with

regard to the total

Permanent Voter Cards


54—Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015


PDP leads in

nine C’River


By Ike Uchechukwu


P e o p l e s

Democratic Party, PDP,

is overwhelmingly

leading other political

parties in the

governorship election

in Cross River State.

From the results

released so far by the

Independent electoral

commission, INEC, the

PDP is ahead in nine

local government areas

of the state.

The results

announced so far are

that of Bakassi,

Akpabuyo, Calabar

South, Calabar

municipality, Abi,

Bekwarra, Ogoja,

Obanlinku, Obubra.

PDP is leading in all.

Results of the

remaining nine councils

are still being expected.

The state has 18 local

government areas.

The results were

declared by returning

officers in the presence

of the Resident

E l e c t o r a l

Commissioner, Dr.

Sylvester Ezeani and

the Chief Returning


Police say re-run election in Rivers


THE RIVERS State Police

Command, said,

yesterday, that it had not

recorded any incident in the

six local governments where

new elections were taking

place in the state.

Resident Electoral

Commissioner for the state,

Mrs. Gesila Khan, had, on

Saturday, directed that

elections be held in nine

wards located in six local

governments of the state.

The Public Relations Officer

of the command, Mr. Ahmad

Muhammad, said in Port

Harcourt that the command

was monitoring the re-run


“So far, we have not recorded

any incident. Election has

been smooth in the areas

affected,” he said.

Elections in Ozuoba Unit 16

in Obio/Akpor Local

Government Area, according

to INEC officials and party

agents as saying that the

exercise was going on


Mr Sunday Obisike, a PDP

polling agent at the unit, said

the party was satisfied with the

conduct of the election in the


“We have no cause to

complain so far. The election

has been going on smoothly,”

he said.

The APC agent at the unit,

Mr Nchela Chima, said the

party was also satisfied with

the accreditation and voting


“ As you can see, people

have started voting here.

Accreditation was okay and we

are impressed with the

exercise,” he said.

At Ogbogoro Unit 24, Ward

16 in the local government, an

INEC staff who remained

anonymous, said though

accreditation did not start in

time, the exercise in the unit

had been smooth.

Mr Stone Chukwu, a

resident of the area, said he

cast his ballot and was satisfied

with the exercise.

‘’ I have voted and I am

satisfied with the voting in our

unit,” he said.

However, the All

Progressives Congress, APC

agent at the unit, Miss Jane

Woko, said they had initial

challenge with the Card


‘’ The challenge had been

overcome and voting is going

on here,” she said.

Amaechi accuses policemen of collision with electoral fraudsters


Amaechi of Rivers

State, has alleged that the

police in the state were

planning on doctoring the

number of persons arrested in

Tai Local Government Area of

the state during Saturday’s

governorship and House of

Abia governorship election result stalemated



results of Saturday’s

governorship election in

Abia stalemated mid-way

following the reversal of the

cancellation of three local

governments results by the

Returning Officer, Prof.

Benjamin Ozumba.

Ozumba had announced

the cancellation of results

from Osisioma, Obingwa

and Isialangwa North Local

Government Areas on the



“incontrovertible evidence

of violence” and reports

from international


The returning officer

reversed the decision after

Gov. Theodore Orji-led

chieftains of PDP consulted

with the Resident Electoral

Officer, REC, Prof. Selina

Oko and Ozumba.

Ozumba said the

cancellation was reversed

due to fresh information

concerning the conduct of

the election in the three

council areas.

He said that polling

centres with issues would

be isolated and decisions

taken on them later.

The polling agent of the

All Progressives Grand

Alliance, APGA, Chief

Ahamdi Nweke, had

questioned the rationale

behind the decision by the

returning officer to reverse

his earlier pronouncement.

Nweke insisted that

elections did not take place

in Osisioma, adding that

the party would not accept

any result from the area.

He tendered a handwritten

note reportedly

signed by the Commissioner

of Police, Mr Habila Joshak,

indicating that electoral

THANKSGIVING: From left: Cathedral Senior Steward, Abiona Babarinde ; Bishop, Lagos

West Diocese, Rt. Rev. Oluyemisi Ogunlere; Cathedral Presbyter, Very Rev. Kolade Odu, all

of Methodist Church Nigeria during the Easter Thanksgiving Church Service at the Methodist

Cathedral, Palm Avenue, Lagos.

materials recovered from

the bush in Osisioma were

in the police custody.

Joshak, who was present

at the centre, did not

controvert Nweke’s


Proceedings were later

disrupted after an

international observer, Ms

Shirle Wilson, from Noble

Leadership Initiative,

United Kingdom, testified

at the centre that “election

did not take place in


Wison said that election in

the area was marred by

violence and snatching of

ballot boxes and other

electoral materials by


The pronouncement

heightened tension at the

centre, leading to the

adjournment of further

announcement of results.

Assembly elections.

Governor Amaechi in a

statement by his Chief Press

The controversial result

from Osisioma, which had

earlier been announced,

showed that PDP scored

42,442, while APGA polled


Meanwhile, results from

10 local government areas

have so far been


In his reaction, APGA

governorship candidate

Alex Otti described the

governor’s appearance at

the collation centre as “an

abuse of power, designed to

intimidate and exert undue

influence on the electoral


The governor was

accompanied by the

Minister of State for

Defence, Rtd. Col. Austin

Akobundu, PDP’s National

Publicity Secretary, Olisa

Metuh, and Chief Onyema

Ugochukwu, among others.

Secretary, Mr. David Iyofor,

said “information just

reaching us indicates that the

Police in Rivers State want to

doctor the statements of about

110 persons arrested for

electoral offences and crimes

in Tai Local Government of

Rivers State during

Saturday’s governorship and

House of Assembly elections.

“The persons arrested

include 75 National Youth

Service Corps, NYSC,

members who are adhoc staff

of the Independent National

Electoral Commission, INEC.

They were arrested with the

electoral materials of about 9

wards by Mopol 56 in Rivers


“They were caught thumbprinting

ballot papers for a

major political party

candidates in the private

residence of the party

chieftain in Tai.

“We have been reliably

informed that the police now

want to doctor their statements,

in a bid to exonerate the

culprits caught thumb-printing

ballot papers for the political

party in Tai, so that the culprits

can be subsequently released,”

the governor added.

Vanguard, MONDAY, APRIL 13, 2015 — 55

PDP Reps member-elect attacked in Lagos

By Charles Kumolu



Democratic Party, PDP,

House of Representatives

member-elect in Lagos State, Mr.

Oghene Egoh was on Thursday

attacked by suspected assassins

at Mile 2 area of the state.

The incident happened at 9: 30

pm when Oghene, a non

indigine elected to represent

Amuwo Odofin/Ifelodun Federal

Constituency was returning from

a political meeting.

Narrating his ordeal to

Vanguard, he noted that until the

incident happened, he was

oblivious that he was being

trailed from the Island where he

had attended the forum that was

convened as part of his party’s

preparation for yesterday’s

governorship elections.

It was also gathered that his

Sports Utility Vehicle, SUV, was

damaged by the gang of three

men, who rode in a black coloured


Oghene’s SUV which is

currently in the premises of Area

L Police Division, Satellite Town,

was badly damaged by the

suspected attackers.

Further speaking on his ordeal,

Oghene said: “In my life, I have

never come this close to death. I

thank God for saving my life. I

was returning from a meeting

from a political meeting at Lagos

Island around 9.30pm and I

noticed that my driver was

driving roughly along the

National Theatre Bridge.

“I cautioned him not knowing

what was happening and while

he was driving, I was receiving

calls. When we got to mile-two,

there was traffic and all of a

sudden I heard loud noise inside

my vehicle, only to notice that my

car side glasses had been

shattered completely. I tried

BRIEFING: National Publicity Secretary of the All Progressives Congress, APC, Alhaji

Lai Mohammed (middle); Mr Femi Odutade, his Personal Assistant and others at a press

confernce on national issues by Mohammed...weekend. Photo by Joe Akintola, Photo Editor.

hiding in my vehicle, praying

to God.

“Unfortunately, my driver

moved close to a trailer and

hit a Camry vehicle in our

front. The owners of the

vehicle came out but those

who attacked us ran, thinking

that the Camry owners were

part of my security details.”

“It was a coaster vehicle

that saved my situation and

carried me to Alakija, where

I boarded a commercial bus

to Area “L” Police Command

and reported the case. This

was about 10.30pm,” he said.

When asked if he has been

receiving death threats, he said

that in as much as he was

suspecting some political

undertone, he also urged the

electorate to vote candidates of

their choice without fear or

favour. I have not received any

death threats from anyone and

I don’t know who could do

such thing.

''My opponents conceded

defeat when we all heard the

results. We should not use

violence as a means for victory

during or after elections. My

advice to the masses is to come

out en masse and vote whoever

they believe would move the

state forward.”

Giving his account of the

incident, his driver, Mr.

Sunday Achibong said: “They

were following us from Ijora

and I drove faster. My boss

cautioned me but he did not

know what was going on.

When we got to mile-two, the

attackers drew me out of the

vehicle and our vehicle hit a

Camry. My boss managed to

escape. It was a terrible

experience.” He said.

The state police spokesman,

DSP Kenneth Nwosu

confirmed that Egoh on

Thursday night reported a case

of attempted assassination,

adding that the command is

investigating the incident.

Beware of those dumping PDP for APC, Umar cautions Buhari

...Says they are shameless fair weather friends

By Henry Umoru


Military Governor of

Kaduna State, Colonel Abubakar

Umar (retd) yesterday urged the

President- elect, General

Muhammadu Buhari, retd to be

mindful of those he described as

mere fair weather friends as he

takes over governance in May 29.

In a statement issued

yesterday, Umar also urged

Buhari to ignore what he

described as the treacherous

actions of those opportunists who

were presently dumping the

Peoples Democratic Party, PDP for

the All Progressives Congress,

APC barely two weeks after the

Presidential election.

The former military also assured

President Goodluck Jonathan of

his unalloyed loyalty and

“steadfast” friendship as he

prepares to face life outside


According to Colonel Umar in

his statement, “A famous political

scientist once warned that”the

career of a politician is too

uncertain to make any firm

commitment to him. “Although I

find this warning immoral and