Pesach 5773 - 18/03/2013 - Federation Of Synagogues

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Pesach 5773 - 18/03/2013 - Federation Of Synagogues

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It seems like everyone

has noticed how ‘early’

Pesach is this year and

they have been

mentioning it since

Rosh Hashanah.

When I was younger, I never really

understood the discussion about Yom

Tovim being ‘early’ or ‘late’, surely they

always fall on the same date each year!

But now as spring seems yet to have

arrived (at time of writing there are

snowflakes falling outside my window)

and even the clocks have not sprung

forward, Pesach is already upon us

much sooner than we expected.

However, as with every year, I am sure

you are all ready, the house is sparkling,

the matzos are unbroken, the wine not

yet spilt. So now is the time to relax

and have a read through the articles in

this edition. Words of Torah, personal

stories, poems, Pesach thoughts – and

also the announcement of our

competition winner.

Thank you to all those who made such

excellent contributions and to those

who proofread, collated information

and generally assisted in making it all

happen.

Wishing you a chag kasher v’sameach

Eva

Contents

Diary 2

View from the President – Alan Finlay 6

The Legend of YS – Dr Eli Kienwald 7

The Hebrew Months and the Adoptive

Attitudes of the Second Temple Period –

Rabbi Alan Lewis 9

Pesach and Jewish Eternity - Rabbi Hughes 11

Dayan Yitzchak Rudnick - A lonely man of faith -

Rabbi Solomon 12

The Olden Days - Gedalia Guttentag 14

Inspired: A Taste of Israel - Jessica Ansell 16

The Hidden Message on a Piece of Paper -

Yaacov Dovid Kirschenbaum 17

Poland Diary - Rafi Hambling 18

Halachic Legal Services – Shmuli Simon 20

Last and First Man – Steven Schonberg 21

JRoots & Ohr Yisrael Journey to Radin

and Lithuania Reflections - Rabbi Garson 22

Clean for Pesach and Enjoy the Seder! -

Rabbi Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg zt’l 24

Pesach Recipe - Denise Phillips 27

Personal 29

Kashrus Directory 33

Federation of Synagogues Contact Details 34

Sale of Chometz form 35

List of Synagogues 36

Published by The Federation of Synagogues

65 Watford Way, London NW4 3AQ

Tel: 020 8202 2263 Fax: 020 8203 0610

Email: info@federationofsynagogues.com

www.federationofsynagogues.com

Editor/Advertising: Eva Chapper

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NEWS & EVENTS

Croydon

Rosh Hashanah marked the first anniversary of the arrival of

Rabbi Natan Asmoucha. He has led our community with

strength and feeling and we have all taken him to our hearts.

We look forward to his weekly Drashot, and enjoy arguing

or discussing its content during or after Kiddush.

In November the community was entertained by the

well-known actress June Brown who told us many stories of

her life and about her appearance on the television

programme ‘ Who Do You Think You Are’, which explored the

roots of her Judaism.

On Purim, after the reading of the Megillah, Rabbi

Asmoucha explained the teachings of the Rabbis

concerning alcohol consumption. All listened intently whilst

gently sipping wine and vodka!

On the evening of 24th February our own home grown jazz

and blues singer, Helena Paul, entertained us – there were

in excess of 60 people, with an evening of music and repartee.

The evening was accompanied by a very enjoyable

supper.

Stephen King, a member of Croydon Synagogue, has set up

the South London Jewish Youth Group. The aim is to get together

9 – 16 year olds of South London. Catford, Croydon,

South London (Streatham), Sutton, Wimbledon, Kingston

and Surbiton are all included to widen the

network of Jewish Youth.

The first event, which took place at Croydon Synagogue, was

a Movie night on a big screen. We are pleased to say a lot of

children from Croydon, Sutton, Wimbledon and Surbiton attended.

The event was free and the Tuck Shop sold ice cream,

freshly made pop-corn, drinks and chocolate. Our future

planned events are a Matzo Ramble on 31st March 2013 at

Morden Hall Park, and an event on Sunday afternoon the

14th April 2013 at 3.30 pm which will be held at Croydon

Synagogue.

For further details please contact Stephen

on 07984 185407 , Anthony Bond on 07703 184577

or the Secretary at Croydon Synagogue,

e-mail : enquiries@croydonsynagogue.org.uk

Ilford

In November 2012, Ilford Federation Synagogue held its first

service at its new premises on Beehive Lane, formerly the

Dennis Centre which it acquired recently from Jewish Care.

The service was attended by 40 people and marks stage one

of its eventual move away from its original site in Coventry

Road. A permanent move to this new site is envisaged by

summer 2013 following the granting of planning permission

and works to convert the existing building into a purpose

built synagogue and community centre.

The community will be holding regular services at the new

site on Friday and Saturday evenings whilst continuing to

conduct Shabbat morning and all other weekday services

and activities at Coventry Road ahead of the permanent relocation.

Rabbi Chapper commented: ‘This is a very exciting moment,

not just in the history of this community, but in its future.

This service proves that we’re able to transplant the tremendous

communal spirit at Coventry Rd into a new facility and

we can look ahead with great expectation.’

Chairman of Ilford Federation, Leon Newmark added: ‘I’m

thrilled that we’re able to make use of our new building in

this way, it’s the culmination of many years of planning and

hard work and will secure the future of our community.’

Rabbi Chapper and Ambassador Taub

Israeli Ambassador Daniel Taub presented graduates of the

Diploma in Judaism with their certificates on Wednesday 16th

January 2013 at the Redbridge JCC. The Ambassador gave a

public talk and following that he granted a private audience

to the group of nearly forty graduates during which he presented

them with their certificates. Ambassador Taub in his

short address praised the participants of the year long course,

which was held at Ilford Federation Synagogue, for their dedication

to further their Jewish education and encouraged

them to continue in their learning for learning’s sake.

Rabbi Chapper who devised and taught the course, which is

Page 2 Hamaor / April 2013


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NEWS & EVENTS

Diploma in Jedaism presentation

accredited by the London School of Jewish Studies, said, ‘I’m

thrilled that the graduates had the opportunity to meet the

Ambassador, they deserved the unique experience because

of their hard work during the year. The Diploma has been a

phenomenal success, now in its fourth year and with over

150 graduates, it’s a model that’s being replicated in other

communities.’

Ilford Federation Synagogue hosted a “Purim Pub Night” by

converting Coventry Road into the Queen Esther’s pub.

A crowd of 80 people enjoyed traditional pub food and drink

whilst played old-fashioned pub games such as darts and

pool. Rebbetzen Eva Chapper, who organised the event, said

“There was a great atmosphere with all ages across the community,

eating, drinking and socialising in the true spirit of

Purim”.

Ohr Yisrael

Shabbaton with the charismatic Rabbi

Yonatan Wolff, Director of Development,

Hesder Yeshiva of Yerucham.

On Shabbat Beshalach we were privileged to host Rabbi

Wolff; a graduate of Hesder Yeshiva in Yerucham, with an

MA from Ben Gurion University, Rabbinic Ordination from

Israel's Chief Rabbinate and a Major in the IDF.

From 1996 until 1999 he was on active duty in the IDF, completing

officers’ training in 1998 and eventually

serving as a platoon commander in the Nachal Brigade (infantry).

After 12 years as a platoon commander in a

reserve unit, he became the commander of a unit in the Civil

Defense Command.

Hamaor / April 2013

In the spring of 2002 Yonatan was called to reserve duty to

take part in the Chomat Magen operation. He fought with

distinction in the Jenin refugee camp. After the

battle, the IDF sent him to fight in the "second war" – the

war over Israel's good name – representing the army

before the foreign press. He was widely quoted by the BBC,

The NY Times, The Los Angeles Times and most news agencies

with representatives in Jerusalem, in an attempt to counter

false Palestinian claims of Israeli war crimes.

He inspired us during Shabbat on: "The Essence of Jewish

Motivation" - A lesson learned in battle (the Jenin refugee

camp, 2002)

Tu B’Shvat Dinner

Rik and Emily Saunderson organised a Friday night Shabbat

dinner with a Tu B’Shvat theme. 120 people enjoyed

delicious food served with a fruity twist, and an array of

exotic Japanese fruit. With quizzes for the children and other

surprises like Rabbi Wolff attending, there was fun and inspiration

for all the family. We thank them for their hard

work.

Shul Supper Quiz

In mid-January we challenged our congregants: Are You

Smarter Than a Ten Year Old? Do you Want To Be A

Millionaire? Have you got a Mastermind, or are you The

Weakest Link? Ohr Yisrael hosted a Supper Quiz for 60 people

with great food, great company and a chance to prove our

prowess in a challenge of brains and brawn (mainly brains).

Participants were challenged on James Bond,

Advertising Slogans and Famous Spaceships amongst other

things, all in an effort to raise money for the shul. Thanks

again to Rik and Emily Saunderson for helping to organise

this event.

Ask Your Elders

Following the successful trips to Poland, Rabbi & Deborah

Garson felt it was time for the next generation to hear the

stories of the special survivors. Working together with Rabbi

Andrew Davis, Deputy Head and Head of Kodesh of Yavneh

College, they launched a program called Ask your Elders. On

average some 75 kids aged 11-15 were kindly hosted locally

in people’s homes and had the opportunity to hear the

stories first hand.

Leslie Kleinman of Southend kicked off the first session. He

was born in 1929 to a Satmar Hasidic family in the small village

of Ombod in Romania. Leslie survived several death

camps including Auschwitz and was liberated while on a

death march to the infamous Dachau Extermination Camp

on April 23, 1945. Always with a twinkle in his eye he is an

inspiration to all that meet him and hear his story of

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NEWS & EVENTS

Leslie & Miriam Kleinman together with Benjamin Perl, President

of Yavneh Collage, and children from Ohr Yisrael and Yavneh.

Photography by Alan Fish Living World

miraculous survival.

During our second session, the children were inspired by

Alec Ward. Alec was born in Parysow, Poland, in March

1927. In October 1942, the Warszaw family was moved

into the ghetto in Kozienice. Alec ran away from the

ghetto and hid with a Christian family for a few months.

While he was gone, the ghetto was liquidated and his father,

mother, and siblings were taken to Treblinka. On January

20, 1945, he arrived in Buchenwald and was assigned

to the Flössburg subcamp for a time, before being transferred

to Mauthausen. Alec was liberated from Mauthausen

by American troops on May 5, 1945. He lives with

his wife Hettie in Elstree and is a true Jewish hero, who is

a huge inspiration to all that are privileged to meet him.

Our final session was given by Mr. Yisroel Abelesz who was

born in Hungary and lived in the Jewish community in Kapuvár.

As a young boy of only 14 he arrived at Auschwitz.

His miraculous story of surviving not only the death camp

but several brutal selections is remarkable. Many within

the community heard his story first hand on one of our

trips to Poland. Now is the time for the younger generation

to hear, to learn and be inspired.

By hearing the lessons from these wonderful heroes, the

Photography by Alan Fish Living World

children gained a greater appreciation of their blessings.

Rabbi Garson told them that the mantra of Never Again

can only occur if we Never Forget; and learning from those

who suffered is one sure way to achieve this.

We are grateful to all the survivors and hosts for helping

make this programme a success.

Family Ties

This year saw the launch of a new initiative. Every Motzsei

Shabbat, parents and grandparents came to shul to learn

with their children/grandchildren. The successful

programme ran some 10 weeks over the winter and was a

golden opportunity to spend quality time bonding with

our children and learning Torah.

Scholar in Residence - Judge Dan Butler

As the winter months began, our community was inspired

over Shabbat with a special Scholar-in-Residence.

Audiences all over North America have been bowled over

by Judge Butler’s personal and professional perspectives,

his whirlwind delivery, gentle humour, and remarkable

insights into the human condition. He drew on his

experiences as a father, a syndicated weekly columnist, a

securities salesman, a college professor, a retail store

manager and a regional director for the National Conference

of Synagogue Youth (NCSY).

Dan had been a judicial law clerk, a prosecutor, a family

court hearing officer and a family court mediator,

successfully settling over 1,100 custody cases. In addition

he served as a judge of the Municipal Court of Pittsburgh,

as well as on Pittsburgh’s specialized, Domestic Violence

Court.

BBM – Relaunch with a Power Hour

The Borehamwood Beit Hamedrash Winter term was

launched with a special BBQ dinner and a Power Hour. Six

local Rabbis each gave a punchy short ten minute dvar

torah, full of inspiration.

Chanuka Fair - A Little Goes a Long Way

In the wider world, the commercialisation of religious

festivals has largely overshadowed their spiritual meaning.

Amidst the maelstrom of frantic shopping, the money

spent goes largely to megalithic corporations, whose mass

produced goods can be acquired in any number of places;

but it doesn’t have to be this way.

Our community is blessed with talented artists, musicians

and entrepreneurs. This year, we gathered fourteen of

them, including fine artists Emil Fuer and Tilla Manya

Chaya Crowne, and for one day only, transformed our shul

into a vibrant Chanukah Gift Fair.

It was a wonderful social event, that not only gave our

Page 4 Hamaor / April 2013


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NEWS & EVENTS

members the chance to buy unique and beautiful gifts, but

also served as an opportunity to support a wide range of

local businesses; many of whom have suffered through

the dark days of the recession. At the same time we raised

a Chanukah gift for the shul, £280, through stall holder

fees. Chanukah teaches us that a little can go a long way,

and in this spirit, I hope that this money will be spent

imaginatively, on the ‘little things’ that will make a big

difference. In this way, we can use it to brighten our entire

community, maybe even until next Chanukah. Our thanks

to Dr. Michelle Supper for organising this event.

Sixth Jewish Journey to Poland

26th – 29th May 2013

(dates to be confirmed)

Following 5 successful trip to Poland, Rabbi Garson

together with Tzvi Sperber director of JRoots will be leading

another trip. This time we will be visiting:

Warsaw, Lublin, Majdanek, Lezajsk, Lancut,

Zbylitowska Gora, Tarnow, Krakow and Auschwitz

Birkenau. Once again we will be immensely privileged to

be joined by Leslie Kleinman, survivor of several death

camps and the death march to Dacahu. Opportunities like

this are becoming rarer each day.

For more details please email Rabbi Garson at

rabbi@ohr-yisrael.org.uk or call 07966-105-609.

Head Office

Chevra Kedisha Seuda

The Burial Society have been very fortunate this year to

have received a most generous donation from one of our

benefactors – Mr Ronald Brown.

Mr Brown of Ronald Brown Opticians fame is a regular

Rabbi Jeffrey Cohen, Joint Treasurer of the Burial Society, addressing

colleagues and guests at the 7th Adar Chevra Kedisha

Seuda held on 17 February 2013 at the Waltham Forest Hebrew

Congregation, Boundary Road

Hamaor / April 2013

visitor to our cemetery in Rainham tending to his parents’

graves who are interred there and although not our member,

he always makes time to chat to our staff. On a recent

visit he noticed that our Rev Malcolm Brown was struggling

to pull the bier uphill and in his usual quiet manner

asked if an electric bier would be of benefit to the cemetery.

Rev Brown said yes and without any hesitation, he

decided to donate a new electric bier in memory of his

parents.

The top table at the Chevra Kedisha Seuda: (left to right)

Mr Michael Ezra – Joint Honorary Treasurer of the Burial Society

Mr Alan Finlay – President of The Federation of Synagogues

Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis – Guest Speaker, Dayan Y. Y. Lichtenstein –

Rosh Beis Din, Dayan M. D, Elzas – Head of Kashrus

Rabbi E. Salasnik – Former Rav of Waltham Forest Hebrew

Congregation, Rev S. Myers – Rav of Waltham Forest Hebrew

Congregation, Mr M. Phillips – Chairman of Waltham Forest

Hebrew Congregation

For those of the boxing fraternity, you may recall the

Brown brothers who both had a distinguished career in

boxing in the early part of the 20th century. Ronald’s uncle

known as ‘Johnny Brown’ became a star performer

throughout his nine-year career, eventually rising to Bantamweight

Champion of Great Britain and the winner of

a Lord Lonsdale Bantamweight Challenge Belt. He won the

belt at that weight and defended it twice and his was the

last original belt to be won outright.

Ronald’s father known as ‘Young Johnny Brown’ followed

in his older brother’s footsteps and also became an accomplished

fighter in his own right. His boxing career spanned

more than ten years and took him into the precincts of

the world famous National Sporting Club (NSC) to fight

for an English championship and the Lord Lonsdale Belt.

He also appeared at London venues such as the Royal Albert

Hall, Olympia and the Holland Park Rink. He also performed

with distinction in both South Africa and in

America.

The Federation Burial Society is indeed indebted to Mr

Brown for his generous donation.

Page 5


Frontal Courtesy

By Alan Finlay

The story is told of Rabbi Moshe Feinstein

zt’l and Rabbi Yaakov Kamenetzky zt’l,

both Torah giants of American Jewry,

who, following a convention, were

waiting in a hotel lobby for their driver.

The two were engrossed in deep conversation

and the other conference delegates

wanted to know what

intricate talmudic matter, what

detailed halachic issue, they

were discussing. The delegates

approached to discover that

they were working out which

one of them was going to be dropped off first by the driver so that

that person could sit in the back seat and not leave the driver

unattended in the front seat for the remainder of the journey. Such

sensitivity for the feelings of another is a lesson to us all.

I recently spoke at the Chevra Kadisha dinner which the Federation

Burial Society holds annually to express its appreciation for the work

carried out by the volunteer ladies and gentlemen of the Chevra.

Quoting from Parshas Shemini, I said that Moses officiated as the

Cohen Gadol (High Priest) for the first seven days of the inauguration

of the Tabernacle and on the eighth day, he stepped down in favour

of his brother Aharon.

Rabbi Bernstein zt’l links this event with the episode at the burning

bush where Moses has a dialogue with Hashem, over seven days,

about leading the Bnei Yisrael out of Egypt. Moses’ objections result

in Hashem becoming angry and, as stated by Rashi, Moses is told

that had he accepted Hashem’s call, he, not Aharon, would have

been Cohen Gadol permanently.

As Rabbi Bernstein says, if someone says to you “I was going to make

you a king but I have changed my mind”, you will think “I do not

know what it means to be a king.” But make me a king for seven

days, let me enjoy the power and the majesty and then say that I

can no longer be king, I will know what it means to be a king and

will know what I have lost.

And so, when Moses at the burning bush is told by Hashem that he

will not be Cohen Gadol, he does not know of what he is being deprived.

But make Moses a Cohen Gadol for seven days and then tell

him that he has to step down in favour of his brother, he will fully

understand his “punishment.”

Rabbi Bernstein, quoting the Medrash Shmuel, links the same idea

to the concept, quoted in Ethics of the Fathers, where after certain

sins have been enumerated, the mishna says that these “remove a

person from the world”. Says the Medrash Shmuel, this refers to the

Ho’olom Habo, the World to Come. Say to a Jew that you will not

be going to Ho’olom Habo, we do not know what it means. Let a

Jew see what he could have had and then take him out for the rest

of eternity, he will know what he could have had and what he will

never have.

In carrying out the tahara, the preparation of the body for burial,

the ladies and gentlemen of the Chevra Kadisha treat every mais

with respect and sensitivity, whether the deceased has been a good

person, a wicked person or an average person. Every deceased Jew

enters the World to Come. How long he or she stays there is not for

us to judge, in truth because as we do not know what reward is

given for each mitzvah. Treating everyone with sensitivity and respect

is an honourable aim, whether the person is alive or dead.

I hope that I have upheld this ideal during my tenure as Federation

President. However, being responsible for an organisation the size

of the Federation, it is inevitable that there are, on occasions, disagreements

and conflicts.

I have developed a theory called Frontal Courtesy. Ever been behind

a driver who allows every car to come out from a side road, or waits

for a pedestrian three yards from the zebra crossing to approach and

cross over, or slows down on approaching a green traffic light? What

a considerate driver to the needs of others! But such drivers show

concern only for the people in front; never mind the three-mile tailback

of frustrated drivers behind. That is what I call Frontal

Courtesy.

Notwithstanding our desire to be respectful and sympathetic to the

person in front of us, the Honorary Officers also have a legal and

moral responsibility to the membership as a whole and are obliged

to make decisions or take certain courses of actions, even if this

means that someone is upset. Being respectful and sympathetic

does not mean that we are a “soft touch”, having to agree to whatever

somebody demands. We would always prefer to settle disputes

but if that cannot be achieved, then we are forced to end up in

litigation whether before a Beis Din or in the secular courts.

So, if one of our kashrus licensees has outstanding license fees, we

are entitled to take legal action to recover the outstanding debt.

That money is needed for the running of our kashrus operation. We

may be sympathetic to individuals’ personal circumstances but a

debt has been incurred which needs to be pursued.

Another example. The Federation owns various properties jointly

with individuals. At the time of writing this article, one co-owner

claims that his proportion of the relevant property is higher because

of work which he has previously carried out, although without the

knowledge or prior consent of the Federation. The Honorary Officers

cannot gift any of its assets, either legally or morally, because they

are held for the benefit of the whole membership. Okay we say, but

show us the invoices for the work that has been carried out so that

we can obtain a revised valuation and take a view. Invoices have

not yet been submitted and the individual is upset that we have not

agreed to his demands.

This is my last term of office. Whether I have upheld the highest

principles of Yiddishkeit is for others to judge. But I can say that I

have always treated everyone with courtesy and respect, whatever

the provocation. Who knows who we might end up meeting after

120 years in the World to Come?

My colleagues in Head Office join with me in wishing you and your

families a happy and kosher Pesach.

Page 6 Hamaor / April 2013


The Legend of YS

By Dr Eli Kienwald - Chief Executive

eternity. As with all drowned cities, it is said that on

stormy nights you can hear the bells of the church of

Ys ringing dolefully out, and sometimes even the

mournful cries of the lonely mermaid.

The great French composer Claude Debussy

(1862-1918) was one of the main exponents of the

so-called Musical Impressionism, a movement in

European classical music which appeared in the late

19th and continued into the beginning of the 20th

century. This novel style focused on a suggestion and

an atmosphere rather than on a strong emotion. One

of his most notable piano compositions is a Prelude

named ‘La Cathédrale Engloutie’ (The Submerged

Cathedral). The piece is based on an ancient Breton

myth in which a cathedral, submerged off the cost of

the Island of Ys, rises up from the sea on clear

mornings when the water is transparent. Sounds can

be heard of priests chanting, bells chiming and an

organ playing from across the sea. Debussy uses

clever and innovative harmonies to allude to the plot

of the legend which, according to several of its

versions, originated around the 11th or 12th century.

The events which gave rise to this folk tale centre on

the city of Ys, built by King Gradlon for his daughter

Dahut on the coast of Brittany. There was no city in

the world which came anywhere near the beauty and

magnificence of Ys but its inhabitants, and

particularly the Princess, were evil and corrupt. The

island was protected from the ocean by a strong

system of gates and sea-locks, with King Gradlon

carrying the only key around his neck all the time.

One night, while the king was asleep, Dahut and one

of her paramours stole the key, opened the gate and

the sea flooded into the city submerging it. King

Gradlon was so enraged with his daughter that he

threw her into the oncoming torrent where she became

a mermaid, doomed to swim the lonely seas for

Hamaor / April 2013

But is there a true story behind this legend? In the

days when simple town-folk had no means of

committing facts to written records, real events were

easily distorted with the passage of time; fiction was

added liberally to the facts, often weaving a rich

embroidery of imaginary detail into the original

narrative.

As I was researching “A Holiday to Remember” (see

Hamaor Pesach 5772), I became profoundly interested

in the relationship between St Michael’s Mount at

Marazion in Cornwall, the subject of that story, and

its twin counterpart off the coast of Normandy, Mont

Saint-Michel. The geographical correspondence between

the two tidal islands and the geophysical

similarities are wondrous miracles of nature. Equally

amazing was the discovery that that region of France,

including Brittany, the Loire Valley and Normandy,

were the site of many important Jewish communities

from Roman times and throughout the Middle Ages.

In 1976, excavations in and around the Palais de

Justice in Rouen (Normandy) yielded an unexpected

treasure: probably a yeshiva or a synagogue dating

back to the 12th Century, making it the oldest preserved

Jewish monument in Western Europe. Rouen’s

Palais de Justice is on the northern boundary of what

was the Rue de Juifs. French records from the 15th

Century describe a Jewish school on the spot.

What happened to the Jewish people of Rouen and

what is their connection with the Island of Ys and La

Cathédrale Engloutie?

In the year 1096 the Crusaders were marauding

through Europe on the way to Jerusalem. They were

pillaging and destroying and murdering in the name

of a faith about which many of them had little

understanding. Anyone who was not a practising

Christian would be at risk.

In the spring of that year, the Jews of Rouen were

baking their matzos for Pesach when a company of

Crusaders from the Rhineland descended into the

Page 7


peaceful Norman town. An evil young woman, by the

name of Ahes, had given birth to a baby out of

wedlock and, unable to bear the ignominy, together

with her partner decided to murder the child. They

did so by cutting the baby’s wrists and letting him

bleed to death. Ahes, concerned that her crime might

be discovered by the authorities, turned to the captain

of the Crusaders and accused the local Jewish

community of killing her baby as part of their ritual

to bake matzos (blood libel).

The Jewish community was put on trial and this lasted

several weeks: news spread throughout northern

France and reached Troyes and the revered Rabbi

Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi). Although he personified the

genius of northern French Judaism (his devoted

attachment to tradition and his untroubled faith and

his piety were highly respected), he was powerless to

stop the wave of anti-Semitism and blind hatred that

ran through the local populus.

The hastily assembled tribunal ruled that the Jewish

community was guilty of infanticide and, since Ahes

was the indirect victim of the crime, she could decide

the punishment that was to be meted out. The cruel

woman suggested that, since the Crusaders had been

waging a bloody dispute with the King of Ys, a little

island off the Brittany coast, they would achieve two

objectives at the same time by gathering the 300 or

so members of the Rouen Jewish community into the

largest building on the island, its cathedral, and

opening the sea-locks; flooding the island and

drowning men, women and children. The Crusaders

agreed, loaded the whole of the Jewish community

onto horse-driven carts and transported them to Ys.

They shepherded everybody into the cathedral, locked

the doors, ordered only Ahes to act as the executioner

and left.

Inside the church panic was raging; women were

screaming, children were crying and men were

preparing themselves for the sad destiny that was

waiting for them. The tumult soon gave way to an

eerie silence, broken only by the quiet whispering of

prayer, when a young maid by the name of Tiferes,

who knew her way round the place because she had

been working on the island as a cleaner, said: “I know

a way out of here. There is a secret passageway from

the crypt that will take us back to the mainland”. It

was not long before everyone had filed out of the

main nave and into the narrow aperture and the

Page 8

tunnel that was to lead them to safety. No one was

talking and the thought that they were walking just

below a raging ocean did not cross anyone’s mind.

Once out in the open they found themselves in the

thick of a pine forest. They all agreed that they should

disperse and try to reach various surrounding villages

where they could find refuge. And so they did.

In the meantime, determined to commit her heinous

crime, Ahes had reached the locks separating the

island from the sea.

The Island of YS

Normally, the way to operate these locks was for the

internal and external gates never to be opened

together but, in her frenzy, Ahes did not notice that

the internal gate was already wide open and, as she

released the outer one, the ocean poured into the

island and swept her away in an unstoppable vortex.

!

A boy-shepherd, who was tending to his flock on high

ground along the mainland coast, saw it all happen.

He heard the roar of the waters and looked in amazement

as the ocean cascaded into the void. He heard

the bells of the cathedral ringing as they were swung

by the rushing torrent and he could pick up the sight

of a young woman, her lower body deep in water,

gripping desperately the top spire of the church. To

his simple mind, she really looked like a mermaid.

This is how the legend of Ys was born.

Many years later, after the Crusades, the Jews of

Rouen returned to their city. They baked their matzos

again and they founded a yeshiva which they named

Tiferes Yisrael, with the ‘shin’ and the ‘reish’ of Yisrael

separated by a slightly larger gap, as an everlasting

reminder of the miracle that was performed for them

through young Tiferes on the island of Ys.

May we all enjoy our matzos this Pesach in peace and

freedom.

Hamaor / April 2013


The Hebrew Months Nissan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz and

the Adoptive Attitudes of the Second Temple Period.

By Rabbi Alan Lewis

The Ramban writes that when

we came out of Babylonia

to build the Second

Temple we kept the

Persian names of the

months of the Hebrew calendar

as a reminder that, that

was the place where we were

dwelling and that was the place

from where we made our

Aliya to Eretz Yisroel.

In a fascinating thought brought in his Emess

L’Yaakov, Rabbi Yaakov Kamenetzsky asks, on our

return from Bavel why did we keep these Persian

names of the months of our calendar, especially since

they were obviously non-Jewish and also, more

importantly, at least one of them, the month of

Tammuz, was the name of an idol? Surely if there was

no need for living in the diaspora and a redemption

was being experienced by the people of Israel, why did

we not revert back to calling our months as they were

originally called in the Torah and in the vast majority

of the books of the Prophets? Nissan is simply called

Hachodesh Harishon (the first month), Iyar is called

Hachodesh Hashaini (the second month). In fact the

only time the months are called by their Persian

names in Tanach (Bible) is in Megillas Esther and in

the books of the Prophets of Bavel!

Reb Yaakov also brings to our attention the very

poignant practice in the times of the Second Temple

to use Aramaic as the spoken language and Loshon

Hakodesh (Hebrew) was only spoken by Talmidai Chochomim

(Torah Scholars) and written for the purposes

of Divrai Torah. Once again we can ask if this was a

time of redemption why were they not speaking

Loshon Hakodesh, for don’t Chazal praise the Bnai Yisroel

in the Egyptian exile for speaking and retaining

the Holy Hebrew Language?

In order to answer these questions we should make

ourselves aware of a very interesting piece of information

that the Gemorrah Yuma 21b tells us about

the Second Temple. Namely, there were five things

missing from the Second Temple that were present in

Hamaor / April 2013

the First. Top of the list of these missing items was

the Aron Hakodesh, the Holy Ark of the Covenant

which contained the Luchos, the two tablets of stone

engraved with the Ten Commandments. The Aron had

been deliberately hidden by King Yoshiyahu before the

destruction of the First Temple. A Cohen who was

serving in the Second Temple, once noticed that there

was something irregular about the floor of the Temple.

When this Cohen came to tell his friend about

his discovery, his soul suddenly departed from him.

Seemingly everyone knew that this Cohen had found

King Yoshiyahu’s hiding place for the Aron and they

also understood that the Aron was not supposed to

be placed in the Kodesh Kedoshim the Holy of Holies

during the Second Temple period. Nevertheless we

must ask why this was so?

Reb Yaakov explains that the builders of the Second

Temple must have known that this great, awe-inspiring

edifice, was not going to stand forever. They also

comprehended that their present return to Eretz Yisroel

was not the Final Redemption. In fact they

looked upon this time of Jewish history as an interim

period of preparation for the long Golus (Diaspora)

ahead. Truthfully, they needed to remain in Bavel for

a lot longer. However through Hashem’s guiding

hand, it was seen very clearly that, as a result of assimilation

and inter-marriage with the Babylonians

and Persians, if the Jewish people were to remain in

Babylonia, hundreds of thousands of Jews would be

lost. To remain as a distinct clearly-defined nation,

we had reached a most critical point in our spiritual

and physical well-being. As a result, Hashem took pity

upon His people and granted them passage from

Babylonia back to Eretz Yisroel, all be it, temporarily.

He gave them the opportunity to rebuild the Temple

in order that they could reinvigorate themselves with

the foundations of faith in the Master of the World

and so that there should be a waning of the bitterness

of the Golus.

However, in order that it should be clearly apparent

that this period in our history was not the real redemption,

the holy Ark of the Covenant, which was

the true source of sanctity in the first Temple, was

missing in the second Temple.

Page 9


In recognition of the fact that this was not the time

of the Final Redemption, those who came up from

Bavel to the Holy Land accustomed themselves to

portray, in a number of matters, that this time period

was still one of Golus and that this second Temple was

destined to be destroyed. Consequently as a true reminder

of their Golus state, the names of the months

were still called by their Persian/Babylonian names.

The names did not revert back to their numerical titles

of the Torah. The spoken language, even for these

new dwellers in the Land, was Aramaic and not

Loshon Hakodesh and the Talmud Yerushalmi, in spite

of the fact that it was written in Eretz Yisroel, was

written predominantly in Aramaic.

Interestingly in this period of our history, there was

no re-establishing of the Kingdom of the House of

Dovid; for this would have created the incorrect impression

at a time when the overriding sentiment still

had to be one of Golus. Only once the future Redemption

has arrived can a king from the dynasty of King

Dovid truly be enthroned. Based on this reasoning

that these times were still of the experience of exile,

we do not find many complaints from our Sages directed

towards the Hasmonean kings, even though it

was wrong for Kohanim to become kings.

For many years now it has always troubled me, especially

when it came to Yomtov, that the Anshai Kenesses

Hagdolah (The Men of the Great Assembly)

who composed, in the Second Temple period, the

major part of the liturgy of our prayers, wrote the following

words for us to say during the Musaf service.

“And it is because of our sins that we have been exiled

from our land and we have been distanced from our

ground. We cannot go up and appear and prostrate

ourselves in front of You (G-d) and do our obligations

in your Temple.”

How could our Rabbis tell us to recite such utterances

when at the time of their instructing of our prayers,

there was a Temple in which all our obligations were

being fulfilled and we were living in our land?

Through the understanding that we have gleaned

from Reb Yaakov of this Second Temple period, we can

now appreciate why our Sages composed such liturgy.

The Men of the Great Assembly were merely reflecting

the sentiments of the time; that even though there

was a Temple, it was still a time of Golus. We need to

remain in this frame of mind until, speedily in our

days, we will no longer be in the diaspora with our diaspora

mindset, but rather we will experience the fulfilment

of the prayer, when we will be able to go up

Page 10

to Yerushalayim and really fulfil all our Temple duties.

May this month of Nissan, the First month of our calendar,

be a month of Final Redemption when we can

throw off at long last the bitter yoke of Golus and experience

the great Yomtov of Pesach in all its redemptive

glory.

Chag Kosher Vesameach.

HAVE YOU

considered including the Federation of Synagogues in your

WILL?

A tax-effective way of helping the Federation to work for

the community

Hamaor / April 2013


Pesach and Jewish Eternity

By Rabbi Jonathan Hughes,

Associate Rabbi at Hendon United Synagogue and Tribe Chinuch Liaison

On Jewish festivals we do not

recollect national events in

our history; we relive them.

The access to holiness during

Pesach 2013 is no different

than at the time of the

Exodus itself over 3000 years

ago. In Jewish thought,

time does not merely

pass over us (no pun

intended!) in a linear

fashion; rather, we

pass through time, which carries with it cycles of

spiritual portals. At this time of year, we re-enter the

chambers of the redemption from Egypt. What secret

can be discovered there?

When we read the Haggadah, we fulfil the Talmudic

dictate of starting the recounting of the Exodus with

a description of the humble origins of the Jewish

people, before ending in its praise: 'In the beginning,

our forefathers were idolaters… Terach the father of

Abraham and Nachor…'. What is the point of doing

this? Why highlight the embarrassing polytheism of

our pre-Abrahamic progenitors? After all, Abraham

heroically detached himself entirely from his

predecessors and established a new family devoted to

the cause of promulgating ethical monotheism. So

why bring up the 'non-frum' genealogy he so

doggedly strove to break away from?

Rav Dessler, zt'l, explains that the reference to

Abraham's lowly origins is not something to be

ashamed of. On the contrary, his determination,

courage and insatiable pursuit of truth were only

brought to the fore on account of his upbringing. His

background gave Abraham the opportunity to be a

trailblazer! Each of us knows how difficult it is to

swim against the tide, to boldly go where no one has

gone before, to muster the sheer gall to rebel against

one's environment. Abraham's stiffed-necked refusal

to bend the knee to the rampantly idolatrous society

in which he lived, is to be embraced, not ignored.

How, though, is Abraham's recalcitrance relevant to

the Exodus, and in what way does it speak to us

today? Rav Dessler tells us that in return for his

stubborn allegiance to truth, Abraham received a

covenant from G-d ensuring that the kernel of

holiness he implanted within himself would, in turn,

be passed on to his progeny and be ensconced in the

heart of every Jew for all time. This covenant was

nothing short of spiritual gene therapy, precipitated

by Abraham's achievements. In effect, G-d promised

that the evil inclination, against which Abraham so

bravely battled, could never entirely obliterate the

indefatigable Jewish soul.

Under the nefarious Egyptians, the Jewish people

descended to the 49th level of impurity. The 50th

level would have meant irrevocable spiritual death.

But there was a covenant - a brit - that G-d promised

to Abraham. So we were whisked out of Egypt in a

supernaturally speedy fashion, as is symbolised by

matzah, which it is taken out of the oven just before

it rises to become chametz - the puffy dough that

represents spiritual negativity. Pesach is the time

when Abrahams's struggle was rewarded, when we

re-encounter the essence of the indomitable Jewish

soul.

In our lives we go through our own exiles and

redemptions, as individuals and as a community.

There are times when we think there is no way out,

that all hope is lost. The message of Pesach is that

no matter how dark it gets, or how dejected we feel

inside, the neshama we have inside of us can never

be destroyed, our hope can never be extinguished.

May this Pesach be the time when we rediscover the

essence of who we really are and that we see the final

redemption of the Jewish people, speedily in our days.

Hamaor / April 2013

Page 11


Dayan Yitzchak Rudnick -

A lonely man of faith

By Rabbi Johnny Solomon

Dayan Yitzchak Rudnick was

born in Lithuania in 1904 into

a distinguished rabbinic family.

In his youth, he studied in

the famous Slabodka

Yeshiva under Rabbi

Moshe Mordechai

Epstein, but in 1924,

in response to the

Russian conscription

edict, he travelled with around 150 students from

Slabodka to Chevron, where they established

Yeshivas Chevron.

In the wake of the 1929 Arab attacks, in which 24

fellow students were killed, Dayan Rudnick came to

London where he married the daughter of Rabbi

Pinchas Yaakov Gerber, then the rabbi of the

Cannon Street shul. On the death of his father-inlaw,

Dayan Rudnick took over this position, where

he served until his death in 1975.

Dayan Rudnick was an expert in Talmudic studies,

and it pained him greatly 1 that his community was

only interested in homiletic sermons and did not

ask him Shailos (halachic questions) which he was

more than qualified to answer. He writes 2 that one

of the Birkos HaTorah that we recite each day is the

bracha of La’asok B’divrei Torah, which is fulfilled

by strengthening Torah practice. Faced with the

decline of Orthodoxy in his community, he

lamented that he did not have many opportunities

to strengthen Torah practice. He explains: ‘I have

therefore decided to fulfil my duty to strengthen

Torah practice by compiling and printing my Torah

thoughts’.

Whilst Dayan Rudnick could have achieved this

objective by submitting articles to Rabbinical

journals, there was a further reason why he felt

compelled to publish seforim. He writes that ‘we are

pained that we did not merit having sons...

Therefore, my wife the dear Rabbanit Zlata, daughter

of HaRav HaGaon Rabbi Pinchas Yaakov Gerber

z’l, author of the books Yad Pinchas and Raui L’Bila,

asked that I make an eternal memorial. I have

therefore printed and published, with much

exertion, this book, so it should be an eternal

memorial for us’.

His first book, which contains a mix of Chiddushei

Torah (Torah insights) and Shailos U’Teshuvos

(Responsa) was called Sefer Sadeh Yitzchak

(literally, ‘field of Yitzchak’). It was published in

London in 5721 (1960) and it was given this title

because he felt that his novellae were seeds that

were sown with the help of G-d 3 .

Eight years later, Dayan Rudnick published Sefer Pri

Yitzchak (literally, ‘Fruit of Yitzchak’) – which also

contained Chiddushei Torah and Shailos U’Teshuvos.

It was given this name because this was the fruit

of the original ‘field’ 4 .

Shailos U’Teshuvos

Many of the questions which Dayan Rudnick

addresses were theoretical, and he emphasises that

his responses are intended to stimulate halachic

discussion, and so represent only his own intellectual

opinion, rather than a practical ruling. In fact,

in his approbation to Sefer Pri Yitzchak, Rabbi

Moshe Feinstein reiterates this message, noting that

this sefer is intended to stimulate halachic discussion

and demonstrate how to plumb the depths of

halacha. However, where any of these questions

arise in practice, a Moreh Hora’ah (halachic

arbitrator) should revisit all the key sources.

In light of this, one may have expected these

responsa to have little practical application.

However, the questions which Dayan Rudnick

chooses to address are both broad in their subject,

and remain profoundly relevant today, such as:

Does Judaism permit active euthanasia? 5 Can a Jew

become a boxer? 6 Is it permitted to watch a church

service on television? 7 Is it permitted for Jews to

frequent betting shops and if they do, are they

forbidden to testify in a Jewish court? 8 Is the

testing of medicines on animals permitted? 9 Is it

permitted for Jews to watch a bullfight? 10 Can a

Jew model clothes? 11

Page 12 Hamaor / April 2013


Given his expertise in Talmudic studies, it is unsurprising

that each answer quotes a wide range of

rabbinic texts and incorporates a great number of

halachic insights. However, I also feel that there is

a sense of melancholy as most of these questions

are entirely fictitious.

loneliness. Our challenge is to avoid perpetuating

this experience: by thinking about our Judaism, by

asking our Rabbis questions, and by appreciating

their Torah knowledge in light of the answers they

provide.

Chiddushei Torah

In addition to Shailos U’Teshuvos, Dayan Rudnick

penned many Chiddushei Torah. Here is one beautiful

example:

The fifth bracha of the Amidah, known as Hashiveinu,

opens with ‘Bring us back, Our Father, to Your

Torah, and bring us near, Our King, to Your service’.

Why, asks Dayan Rudnick 12 , do we refer to G-d as

‘our Father’ when speaking about Torah, but in reference

to ritual service, we address Him as ‘our

King’?

He explains that children inherit the possessions of

their parents. Since the Torah is an inheritance to

the Jewish nation, we refer to G-d as ‘our Father’

when speaking about Torah. However, the Temple

service provided atonement not only for the Jewish

nation but also for all other nations. Therefore, the

phrase ‘bring us near, Our King, to Your service’,

which does not refer to the Jewish nation alone but

includes all the other nations in the world, is used. 13

Conclusion

One of the reasons Dayan Rudnick wrote his books

was to establish an eternal memorial for both himself

and his wife. It is therefore an honour to have

the opportunity to fulfil his wish by sharing some

of his Torah. However, it remains very sad that

many of us have not heard of Dayan Rudnick. He

was a man who knew much Torah yet was able to

share very little of it with his community; he was a

man of great faith yet he was also a lonely man of

faith.

All too often we don’t appreciate our leaders until

they move on or pass on. Anglo-Jewry is a small

community but it has been the home of many great

people. Sometimes we think that Rabbis are too

busy to answer questions but, most often, they

can’t wait for someone to ask them a challenging

Torah question.

Dayan Rudnick’s personal tragedy was his religious

Hamaor / April 2013

Front page of Sefer Sadeh Yitzchak

Rabbi Johnny Solomon has worked in a range of capacities

in the Anglo-Jewish education community,

most recently as Head of Jewish Studies at Hasmonean

Girls’ School. He now lives in Israel where he

is a Jewish education consultant. This article is part

of a larger project studying the responsa of UK Rabbis.

To find out more, visit https://ukresponsa.com

1

Introduction to Sefer Sadeh Yitzchak

2

Ibid. See also introduction to Sefer Pri Yitzchak

3

Introduction to Sefer Sadeh Yitzchak

4

Introduction to Sefer Pri Yitzchak

5

Ibid. No. 6

6

Ibid. No. 9

7

Sefer Pri Yitzchak No. 4

8

Ibid. No. 8

9

Ibid. No. 18

10

Ibid.

11

Ibid. No. 24

12

Sefer Sadeh Yitzchak No. 35

13

In light of this, Dayan Rudnick explains that since non-Jews

were also stakeholders in the Temple, we publicise the miracle

of Chanukah to both Jews and non-Jews.

Page 13


FAMILY HAMAOR

‘The Olden Days’

By Gedalia Guttentag

The events of 3400 years ago

are closer than you think

If recent history is anything to

go by, then this year a majority

of Jewish people worldwide will

sit down for a traditional Pesach

Seder, including reading from the

Haggadah. An overwhelming

majority of Israelis (94%

according to one survey)

and over 70% of American

Jews commemorate

the redemption of the Jewish people every year.

In a Jewish world that is mostly secular these figures

are remarkable. It means that despite rampant

assimilation, Jews continue to cherish and transmit

the most basic idea of Judaism. It means that against

the odds, the chain of our Mesorah [tradition]

stretching back to the Exodus from Egypt, remains

unbroken.

This begs some questions. We as Jews continue to

transmit a tradition more than 3000 years old. How

reliable can a tradition over this length of time be?

And why do so many otherwise unaffiliated Jews

hold fast to this particular aspect of our Mesorah?

The answer to these questions is that we’re probably

not aware how much of our knowledge of the world

is absorbed through family tradition rather than

formal study. Young children love to ask ‘Grandpa,

tell me what it used to be like in the olden days’. They

listen open-mouthed to tales of the bygone world

without TV or internet. Parents, and grandparents

for those fortunate enough to have them, provide a

strong link to the past.

In Parshat Vayechi we read of how Yosef, reigning

viceroy of Egypt, finally got to enjoy some time with

his family after his long years of suffering. He lived

to the ripe old age of 110 and saw his great-grandchildren.

Why does the Torah tell us this? Is it

simply a description of a man enjoying some

well-earned rest? Perhaps so.

But maybe the Torah is telling us something else. The

strength of a child’s connection to Judaism depends

on the quality of his connection to the Jewish past.

Parents transmit our tradition, but grandparents reinforce

that link to the past. Yosef’s great-grandchildren

were raised and educated with his input which

heightened their connection to their Jewish past.

This process of tradition exists everywhere in our

lives. For a child born in the last few years, the

concept of a world without cell-phones is bizarre.

How do they know that this reality existed? Not

through reading, but because someone told them.

Or take for example the Second World War. Someone

whose grandfather fought in the British Army is

likely to know an approximate outline of the War

even before he opens a history book. Having a Holocaust

survivor in the family means that you probably

know a lot without ever studying the Holocaust.

The fascinating thing about tradition formed through

these conversations across generations is just how

easy it is to span vast lengths of time. Our own

grandparents may have told us of their experiences

70 years ago around the time of the Second World

War. Their grandparents would have told them of

what they saw as far back as the 1870s. And their

grandparents might have told them of their youth in

the 1800s. Three normal conversations, interactions

between grandparents and their grandchildren,

connect you to more than 200 years of history.

If we apply this logic to the tradition that we trace

back to the Exodus, we can understand why our

consciousness of these events is so remarkably clear.

Read as a number, 3400 years is an extremely long

time. But let’s take it as the living chain of Mesorah

that it really is. How many times did a Jewish

grandfather tell his grandchild what it was like in the

olden days? How many times did a Jewish grand-

Page 14 Hamaor / April 2013


FAMILY HAMAOR

mother pass on what she had learned in her childhood

home?

Incredibly, it takes only 48 such conversations to span

thousands of years since the Exodus! In educational

terms, 3400 years is not that long at all. That is why

our national consciousness of these ancient events is

so clear to us today.

When people are affected by something they see and

tell the next generation, this becomes tradition. But

when people are sure that their very essence depends

on transmitting this information, this is something

stronger: Mesorah. Even in the darkest times Jews

have risked themselves to extend this golden chain,

as in this moving story.

The Bluzhever Rebbe was a well-known Chassidic

leader famous for his piety. During the Holocaust he

was interned in Bergen Belsen where he tried to encourage

fellow Jews even in the depths of that hell.

His incredible life is documented in Israeli writer Yaffa

Eliach’s book ‘Hasidic Tales of the Holocaust’.

In that kingdom of death it was unthinkable to do

more than just survive, but the Bluzhever Rebbe was

determined to do the unthinkable: he wanted to bake

Matzah for Pesach. Procuring some flour and at great

risk, he managed to bake a few Matzos; but then word

got out. Soon he was surrounded by Jews wanting a

morsel of Matzah.

Suddenly above the commotion, he heard a woman’s

voice asking for some Matzah. ‘I have children’, she

said. ‘They have never seen any Matza. If we ever get

out of this, they have to know what Pesach is. Give

me some Matzah for them!’

This commitment to passing on the foundations of

our life as Jews, is the reason why after all these

thousands of years our Mesorah is alive and well.

As you sit down to the Seder this year, you will be

joined by millions of Jews of every possible hue all

doing the same thing. All are doing the most

meaningful thing possible for a Jew. We are adding

another link in the golden chain of tradition. We are

joining our grandparents as they joined theirs;

creating a conversation that stretches 3400 years

back all the way to ‘the olden days’ in Egypt.

Hamaor / April 2013

NOTICE FROM THE BURIAL SOCIETY

REGARDING EDMONTON

As you are aware, our cemetery in Montagu Road,

Edmonton is the Federation’s oldest cemetery dedicated

in 1890.

It is a cemetery of great kedusha and has a long and

distinguished history with many Rabbis and tzadikim

buried there. To mention a few, Lord Montagu who was

President of the Board in 1888 who headed the list of

contributors to fund the Federation in its early

development, is interred at Edmonton.

Rabbi Eliezer Gordon from Telz who died suddenly in

1910 while collecting for his Yeshiva is also buried at

Edmonton. More than 30,000 people attended his

Hespedim in the East End on the news of his death. Other

prominent Rabbis interred are the Sassover Rebbe, his

Father and the Father of Rabbi Dessler.

The cemetery is very well maintained open daily and

within easy reach of NW London. The Ohel has been

recently refurbished and there is a manned office for

anyone wishing to visit.

Members of the Federation Burial Society are ordinarily

entitled to be buried at our cemetery at Rainham.

A supplementary fee is added for members wishing to

reserve a plot at Edmonton. In response to recent

enquiries the Treasurers have decided to significantly

reduce the fee previous applicable for reservations at

Edmonton to £1,200 for a single person or £2,000 for a

married couple. It is anticipated that these

concessionary rates will be temporary and may be

reviewed in the light of the interest expressed in the

coming months. Spaces are limited and we request

members to contact the Burial Society should you wish

to reserve a plot in Edmonton. Non-members, subject to

status, may also reserve plots at either Rainham or

Edmonton under a different scheme. Details are

available at the Burial Office. Please contact the

Administrator, Mr Zelmanovits on 020 8202 3903.

Page 15


Inspired: A Taste of Israel

By Jessica Ansell

I will never forget my first visit

to Israel in June 2012. I was

very excited, nervous and

uncertain. At last I would

experience how it feels

to have a place where you

belong, a place that is

intended for you and your

people. Would it live up to

my expectations? Would I

feel the instant connection?

I was not disappointed. I

felt a sense of belonging, a sense of heritage stretching

back thousands of years.

Shabbat at the Kotel was an experience that will stay in

my heart forever. I was a tiny part of the combined

prayers offered up by thousands of Jews every Friday

night at the Kotel. The atmosphere was incredible as

we joined in unity to sing the Shema. Jerusalem was

buzzing with the Shabbat feeling at this deeply spiritual

place. I pressed my hands against the cold, softened

stone like so many Jews before me. It was an

unforgettable moment and it was really special to join

with so many Jews in such a religious place to herald in

Shabbat.

Before my visit to Yad Vashem, I had mixed feelings

about how I would cope. I didn’t know whether it

would be historical or emotional. As a matter of fact, it

was both. The scale and horror of the Holocaust was

brought home through the simple, yet powerful display

of thousands of shoes that once were worn by our ancestors

in Auschwitz. This really shocked and upset me

because I could build an image of the different people

who may have owned the shoes. The room that

affected me the most was a room dedicated especially

to the 1.5 million children who died in the Holocaust.

When I stepped in, I was surrounded by mirrors. Five

candles in the centre were reflected millions of times to

represent these young, innocent, Jewish lives lost. I

realised then how lucky I was to have my whole life

ahead of me; whereas those of these children had ben

snatched from them.

The museum was beautifully laid out. You began very

deep underground and, as you progressed through the

museum, you continued to walk upwards until the very

end, where you step out onto the balcony and you could

see Jerusalem stretched out before you. It was as if I

was making Aliyah – going up to the Holy Land.

Every morning, it was wonderful to sing Modeh Ani in

Israel. This prayer is all about thanking Hashem for waking

us up in the morning and returning our souls to our

bodies. There is the idea that we wake up blind, deaf,

and unable to walk, and Hashem gives us all of these

things as a gift. That is why we say Modeh Ani. One

thing I want to take out of my first visit to Israel is to

say Modeh Ani every morning; because I never want to

take anything for granted again.

Page 16 Hamaor / April 2013


Pesach

By A M Other

P is for peas - a no no for Ashkenazim

E is for Exodus - celebrated in style

S is for scrubbing, and soap and suds. With vim

and with vigour our homes sparkle and shine

Competition Winner

And the winner of our competition,

answering correctly

that Denise Phillips has written

5 recipe books, is…

A is for Afikoman- a night time treat. And almonds,

without which our cakes are incomplete

C is for cinnamon- its warmth infuses the air. Cushions

and comfort as we recline and remember

H is for Hagada, both wine stained and new.

Our guide to the journey we find a new every year

David Mankoff, Leeds. Well done David,

and thank you to everyone who entered.

The Hidden Message on a Piece of Paper

By Yaacov Dovid Kirschenbaum, member of Netzach Israel

When I’m told by so many people that the true tale I have just

relayed to them should be printed, where is the first place I turn

to? – Hamaor!

Shabbos was approaching, it was my birthday that week, so I had

an extra special feeling as I remembered my Barmitzvah parsha.

I came home quite late, close to Shabbos and as I was bringing

in the shopping and, of course, flowers for my wife, I noticed a

piece of paper on the floor of the car that I discovered was

sheimos – having Hashem’s name on it. As there were still a few

things to do before Shabbos came in, and not a lot of time, I put

the sheimos on the desk in the lounge and proceeded to empty

my pockets out so the last load of laundry could go on. My phone,

wallet and keys were put away and any receipts and papers were

collected up with the flower wrappings and put in a bag into the

rubbish. I threw out the rubbish and got ready to go to shul,

always preferring to be early.

Between Mincha and Maariv we say the prayer “Ana Bakoach” –

this is a very special prayer containing Hashem’s name in various

forms. It is made up of 7 lines of 6 words and correlates to the 42

letter name of G-d. As I reached the last verse the page seemed

to turn back, as if being blown by a breeze. But there was no open

window or draught. I moved the page back and again and again

the page kept turning back. Maybe the Siddur was bound too tight

and would not lie flat, so I held the page down with my fingers.

I reached the end and recited “Baruch Shem Kavod Malchuso

Le’olam Va’ed – Blessed is G-d’s kingdom forever and ever.” I was

concentrating very hard on this prayer, when my mind jumped

back to the piece of sheimos. What had happened to it? Where

had I left it? Had I left it in a sefer or put it to one side

somewhere? It bothered me so much I closed my Siddur and left

shul. I had to go home and find it. My search proved fruitless, so

I decided there was only one place left – the rubbish. As I checked

the bins I saw the last bag I had thrown out. There were the

receipts and papers, the flower wrappings and…the piece of

sheimos! The page was clean and I could now clearly see it was

the entire prayer of “Ana Bakoach”, the very tefillah I was saying

in shul, when the page kept turning and I couldn’t understand

why. Now I understood, astonished at the hashgocha pratis (divine

providence) of the situation. Had I not remembered, the

paper would have been destroyed and not buried in the manner

that is appropriate for sheimos.

It really struck me how the events of the afternoon had led me

to this point and how such a powerful prayer had made me

retrace my thoughts and steps to rectify the mistake I had made.

I hope you can take some strength from this story and see that

everything that happens in our lives is for a reason; whether we

recognise it at the time or not, we all have the ability to see the

hidden messages Hashem sends us in our daily lives.

Hamaor / April 2013

Page 17


Poland Diary

By Rafi Hambling

Day 1

Tuesday 20th November 2012

Location: Car

Time: 04:17AM

I am sitting in the car on the way to school to catch

the coach to the airport. I had to wake up at 3:40

this morning … very tired.

Location: Plane

Time: changed to Polish time zone 11:09AM

Starting the decent towards the airport. The plane

which I am sitting on has no room whatsoever! If,

G-D forbid, we would ever have to enter into the

brace position, I wouldn’t fit!

Location: Coach

Time: 18:33

We went on the coach from the airport, travelled

for around an hour and finally arrived at the Warsaw

Ghetto. We went to the Umschlaggplatz,

which is where all of the Jews from the ghetto were

rounded up to be taken away to the camps on the

trains. We also visited the largest cemetery in the

world, within which some famous Rabonim are

buried.

Location: Coach

Time: 22:48

We went to Treblinka death camp. There is nothing

left of it which made it more emotional. It was

pitch black so we walked along with candles and it

started snowing just as we arrived there. We visited

the monument which was where the gas chambers

were and spent half-an-hour walking back singing.

Day 2

Wednesday 21st November 2012

Location: Gromada Hotel

Time: 10:17

We woke up at eight-o-clock this morning. We are

going to Lublin today.

Location: Coach

Time: 18:47

We went to the concentration camp of Maidanek,

and then we travelled a little over to Yeshivat

Chachmei Lublin; a giant yeshiva where Daf Yomi

was first started by Rabbi Meir Shapira.

Location: Coach

Time: 23:01

We just left the most amazing synagogue. Unfortunately

I can’t remember its name. Rabbi Landau

sang amazingly and then we danced Hakofos with

the last surviving burnt Torah scrolls of this synagogue.

We each took turns in holding the remains

as we danced.

Day 3

Thursday 22nd November 2012

Location: A Shul in Lizhensk

Time: 13:34

We Davened at the hotel and decided to lein at Rav

Noam Elimelech’s shul. We auctioned off each of

the Aliyot and the leining and raised a total of £519

for the shul. We then visited the kever of Rav Noam

Elimelech which is a two minute walk from his shul.

Location: Coach

Time: 18:39

We went into a small town and walked through a

small forest until we arrived at a fenced off square.

It looked pretty plain until we discovered that it was

the mass grave of over 800 Jewish Children. We

ended up standing around the fence for a total of

around 45 minutes in utter silence. None of us

could say anything to each other. It was extremely

emotional for me personally, and we all lit candles

for them. In total there were about 80 candles

Page 18 Hamaor / April 2013


around one portion of the fence in memory of these

poor children.

Day 4

Friday 23rd November 2012

Location: Coach

Time: 13:15

We Davened in a shul in Auschwitz and then travelled

off to Auschwitz 2. We went around the barracks

and visited the Gas chambers, which the

Germans attempted to burn down but failed. We

walked along the train tracks down the whole

length of Auschwitz; it was a very long way and, as

it was misty, at the beginning we couldn’t see the

end of the camp. We then had a short travel off to

Auschwitz 1, which is now the main museum. We

saw the hair that was cut off everyone who came

through the gates into Auschwitz 2 and we also

saw a pile of glasses. Today has been a very, very

emotional day and yet also a very interesting and

educational day.

Wow - Shabbos was so amazing today! Last night

we Davened with a group of people touring Poland

from South Africa. Last night we ate with them as

well. On the way out of the place where we were

eating I slipped on the very slippery floor, fell into

a curtain and had a load of boxes which were hidden

behind the curtain fall down on top of me.

Luckily they were filled with plastic cutlery and

plates so it didn’t hurt but it was so funny! The

Rabbi helped me up and we rushed out of the room

before anybody noticed what I did.

Today a Polish woman spoke to us about how her

family had saved the lives of seven Jewish children

during the war. We are now off to the house where

the Herr Kommandant of a concentration camp

lived. I can’t remember which camp it was but it is

the one which features in Schindler’s List, the

movie.

Day 6

Sunday 25th November 2012

Location: coach

Time: 16:56

We Davened in the shul of the Remah and then visited

his grave. We also visited the grave of the

Tosvos Yom Tov. After that we went into Lodz and

visited the train station for the Ghetto. We went

inside one of the cattle cars. There were 80 of us

and it was pretty cramped, so we thought about

how hard it must have been for the Jews with 230

of them stuffed into one car at a time. We are now

on our way back to the airport to fly back to England.

I am very pleased with this tour of Poland,

which was planned with UJIA. It was a very emotional

and educational visit.

Day 5

Saturday 24th November 2012

Location: Coach

Time: 18:31

Hamaor / April 2013

Page 19


Halachic Legal Services

By Shmuli Simon

Shmuli is a corporate solicitor

whose former clients include

‘Goldman Sachs’,

‘Tate & Lyle’ and ‘Yahoo!’.

He has worked for international

firms in London

and Tel Aviv but he is now

living in Manchester and it

is from there that he has

launched his new range of services,

in association with a law

firm based in the heart of

person’s right to live, which is important as the NHS recommends

the withdrawal of nutritional support once a diagnosis of

permanent vegetative state (chas vesholom lo aleinu) has been

confirmed. However, this document is only helpful at the very

end of a person’s life; the lasting powers of attorney, which can

incorporate the ‘Halachic Living Will’ enable a patient to be

represented when they lose capacity, which can be months or

years before death. I’ve seen families rendered helpless because

they did not have the necessary protections in place for their

loved ones but, now more people are coming to me and I am

seeing the benefits of the time (and money) spent getting

relatives’ affairs in order, particularly among children now able


North Manchester’s Jewish to ensure their parents are being cared for properly.”

community, Latimer Lee LLP.

Shmuli has also launched ‘Resolve: Jewish Family Solutions’, a

Through his shomer Shobbas practice, Shmuli offers a full range service offering mediation and representation at Beis Din and

of legal services from buying / selling property to residential block also in the English courts for husbands and wives who are getting

management and from employment issues to complex business divorced. “It is a terrible reality,” says Shmuli, “that the level of

transactions. In addition to advising small to medium-sized companies

and owner-managed businesses, Shmuli is becoming

known as an expert in the field of residential block management

and he has built a successful practice rescuing leaseholders from

the hands of apathetic landlords and negligent managing agents.

divorce among frum families is increasing at an alarming rate

and, in these difficult situations, husbands and wives need advice,

support and guidance to make what, inevitably, will be a painful

experience more manageable for them and, of course, for any

children affected.”

However, it is Shmuli’s latest venture, ‘Halachic Legal Services’, Working with the Beis Din and/or with local Rabbonim, who often

which is capturing everyone’s attention in the kehillah. ‘Halachic see the earliest signs of distress in the lives of their balei basim,


Legal Services’ was launched in Chanukah, after Shmuli forged Shmuli’s expertise lies in his ability to cut the heart of the problem

working relationships with the


Manchester


Beis Din


and Dayan

and show those involved the realistic options available to them

Osher Westheim , to give people access to English to English legal legal advice via Beis within Din and a halachic the English framework. courts. One recent case concerned

advice within a halachic framework.

an issue that had been unresolved for almost two years but, after

spending just two hours with the wife and then the husband, a

“Business and personal documents that are usually governed by resolution was agreed and the Beis Din was able to proceed,

English law, should not have


to compromise


halacha”, says without the need for either side to turn to the courts.


Shmuli Simon. “Many people in the kehillah are familiar with and


use Heter Iska in private

transactions,


however,


people


don’t

“My goal,” says Shmuli, “is to make the law more accessible to

realise that personal documents, including wills and lasting the kehillah and to enable people to operate their businesses and

powers of attorney should also be written to comply with

halacha. Now, for the first time, these services are being actively

marketed in the kehillah from a firm of solicitors and, although

we already work alongside leading Rabbonim, we are in the

organise their personal lives within halachic parameters.”

Shmuli Simon is a member of Ohr Yerushalayim, in Manchester.

Shmuli’s clients come from across the UK, the US and Israel. You

process of seeking haskomos from the Dayan Lichtenstein can email Shmuli – pgs@latimerlee.com – and his direct,

, the London Beis Din and Rav Horowitz

, the Rov of confidential Satmar, Manchester number is 0161 798 1305.

Rov of Satmar, Manchester.”

“In some parts of the kehillah, people don’t realise the necessity HOT OF THE PRESS: ‘Halachic Legal Services’, in association

of wills and lasting powers of attorney, as well as what are known with Latimer Lee LLP, is the only provincial member of Jewish

as ‘Halachic Living Wills’. The ‘Halachic Living Will’ entrenches a Legacy’s panel of solicitors – www.jewishlegacy.org.uk.



Page 20 Hamaor / April 2013


Last and First Man

By Steven Schonberg (also the title of a classic work of modern British Science Fiction, by Olaf Stapledon)

It was Adam, You, and Me,

A Garden of Eden, built for three

Who are none other than Adam, Eve,

and the serpent that connected them –

Which then, through an Apple, brought into the world, Men;

Men, who had, the knowledge of G-d,

Men, on G-d’s Garden, their very soles, trod.

That became transformed into, a temple,

where one man’s sacrifice

Became for another man, on his head, a price;

And there was created, for the very first time,

the passion of hate –

A passion between brothers – only coming – as they both,

lacked a soul-mate.

Do men ever have, a true soul-mate, in life?

Or, are their lives merely tales, filled with sorrow and strife?

Can Man, actually, build a Temple, based on love?

Or, is this ‘love’ merely, a mirror, of a G-d above?

A G-d Who has given Man choice, after choice, after choice;

Whereas Man has not even bothered to hear His voice:

A Voice once heard on a mountain, loud and clear –

In fact, so loud and clear, that men were filled with fear;

The irony being, that only because Man felt fear,

Was he able to conquer himself, and hold ‘love’ dear.

A love, that springs from his soul, as well as from his heart;

A love, denied to the experienced,

only because their previous innocence, was but a jump-start;

Of course, you can jump-start, any car battery –

But you cannot save Man, through the untruth of flattery.

Indeed, Man cannot even, control, his own soul.

If his mind has not, his heart, actually stole.

For it is only when both, Mind and Heart, fall in love,

That a Divine Presence on earth, descends, from Above –

In order to construct a dwelling-place,

for Man’s everlasting soul –

A soul that he knows, he will never understand, or control;

For the apple of Knowledge, that Eve gave to men,

Was a test, very much like Daniel’s, in the lion’s den:

A test of Man’s will – to choose the Good or the Bad –

A test ending in salvation, yet another ‘experience’,

that Man’s soul, never had.

For the truth of the matter, was that,

when the apple was eaten,

Almost at the same time, was Man’s evil inclination, beaten;

The serpent was punished, by becoming a snake,

And the first man, by his own choice, did his future, make.

It was a choice, that bound him, to Eve, as his wife -

A choice so final, that it became a choice for life.

We can say that Adam, by eating that apple from the Tree,

Actually brought love into the world,

consisting of just you and me,

By eating that apple, Adam chose Life over Death –

Through a free will given by G-d,

from Adam’s very first breath;

For, did not G-d create Man, in His own image, at first –

To save Himself, from a similar loneliness, that only His very

own creature, through Woman, could slake his thirst?

So let me conclude, then, that the Knowledge,

derived from that Tree,

Was a knowledge that, only through love, could Man,

be truly free;

Provided, of course, that this truly liberating emotion,

Be linked with a second, equally liberating, notion –

That ‘love’, on its own, is just an innocent’s dream –

Only when combined with fear, does it become more,

than it seems.

Now, to return to that Temple, of which we spoke, before, -

It will be only be built, if love and fear – together -

become enshrined, as Law.

* * * * *

Note: The last line of the poem is a sort of justification for a

Torah-based state.

Herzog Hospital, Givat Sha’ul, 6.9.12

18th Elul 5772

Hamaor / April 2013

Page 21


JRoots & Ohr Yisrael Journey

to Radin and Lithuania Reflections

By Rabbi Raphy Garson

On the ominous date of September 11th, I together with Eli

Schryer of JRoots led a group back to Belarus. That day was

the 24th of Elul, the 79th Yahrzeit of the Chafetz Chayim.

Arriving in Vilna we made our way to the border of Belarus.

The country is run by its president Alexander Lukashenko who

has described himself as having an "authoritarian ruling

style". However Western countries have described Belarus

under Lukashenko as a dictatorship. Indeed the Council of

Europe has barred Belarus from membership since 1997 for

undemocratic voting and election irregularities in the

November 1996 constitutional referendum and parliament

by-elections. The Belarusian government is also criticized for

human rights violations and its unjust persecution of

non-governmental organisations, independent journalists,

national minorities, and opposition politicians. Former

American Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice labelled

Belarus as one of the world's six "outposts of tyranny".

Indeed the above was made clear when we arrived at the

border. Our bus went straight to the front of the line yet we

were kept waiting some three hours. Despite all our visas

being in order, it took those hours of bureaucratic paper work

to process 40 passports. It was made abundantly clear that

Jews do not get preferential treatment. The guards do not

smile, have no patience and are not accommodating. Communism

was alive and well in Belarus.

As we travelled through villages and towns towards Radin,

passing forests where Jews had hid during the war, I began

to tell the story of the Chafetz Chayim. A difficult task to be

achieved in an hour.

Arriving at Radin it was remarkable on several accounts.

Firstly nothing has changed in recent memory; transport is

still the old Horse and Cart, many homes still use a well to

draw water. Secondly, Eli pointed out to us the absolute

silence. No noise, no distractions; one of the many reasons

the Chafetz Chayim chose to live in this town - a place where

he would not be disturbed, as he worked on himself to

become the Torah Giant he was.

His yeshiva is still standing and is sadly used today as a local

theatre. A magnificent brick building that stands out in stark

Transport in Radin

contrast to the other wooden houses of the area. All of us

were eager to stay and visit the Chafetz Chayim’s home, a

place where his life, and so many stories about him, occurred.

Much to everyone’s dismay, it was sold last year to a group

of Americans. The house was demolished piece by piece and

taken to Monsey in the States, where it will be rebuilt and

housed in a museum. Jewish Chuzpah took on a whole new

meaning.

Within our group was a gentleman who was not only born

in Radin, but whose home was located next to the Chafetz

Chayim’s. He reminisced about his early memories of the

place and was emotionally moved to be there.

The focus of our trip was to make the pilgrimage to the

gravesite of the holy Rabbi and after a brief tour of the town

we made our way to the small cemetery on the outskirts of

the town.

All the gravestones in the small section of the cemetery had

been destroyed by the Nazis in 1943. Only three matzevot

have been rededicated, two of which are the Chafetz Chayim

and Rabbi Naftali Trop.

One can clearly feel and sense the energy and kedusha that

emanates from that place. Sadly not a place where 1000s

come to pour out their hearts. Even on the very Yahrzeit of

the Chafetz Chayim, the only people there were our group

of 40 and a small group of 5 Breslov Chassidim from Israel.

It is possible that due to the difficulties in arranging such a

Page 22 Hamaor / April 2013


trip, which includes numerous visits to the Belarus embassy

to organise visas, coupled with Belarusian communist

hospitality, many are simply put off.

Elated from standing at the kever of one of the greatest

Torah giants, we now had to deal with a more sinister episode

in our history. In Poland and the Ukraine most mass graves

are generally in forests, and this always gives us time to recollect

our thoughts as we walk through the trees to the final

resting place of our people.

Here in Radin, the story is very different. A mere one minute

walk from the Chafetz Chayim’s grave is another grave. A

grave that contains the remains of the entire city of Radin.

2500 beautiful people from the wonderful community of

Radin. The Einsatzgruppen, German for task forces, were SS

Nazi paramilitary death squads that were responsible for

mass killings, typically by shooting. On May 10, 1942 – the

last day of Pesach, all the men women and children of the

Jewish community were massacred and butchered.

We returned to the Yeshiva for dinner arranged by Rabbi

Moshe Fhima. The Rabbi spoke to us and told us about his

amazing work. Before the Second World War, Pinsk was the

centre of Karliner chassidism, nearly three quarters of the

town's inhabitants Jewish. Pinsk Jews who were not exterminated

by the Nazis became lost to their heritage by

Communism. By the 1980s Pinsk Jewry was virtually

non-existent.

On August 15, 2005, Manchester-born Rabbi Moshe Fhima

came to town and founded Belarus' only Jewish boarding

school for boys. Today Yad Yisroel institutions in Pinsk include

not only separate boys' and girls' schools but also a

yeshiva, synagogue, mikva, soup kitchen and other charitable

institutions serving the whole of Belarus. This was quickly

followed by a parallel girls' boarding school, the renovation

of the local Beis Aharon shul, summer camps and the establishment

of a yeshiva for students from abroad. Rabbi Fhima

also has a programme to send his schools' graduates abroad

to further their education at Jewish schools, colleges and

universities in Israel and the USA. He said: "I believe in teaching

each child according to his or her ability. I decided that,

rather than build up a nucleus of committed graduates in

Belarus, it was more important to allow each student to

broaden their educational horizons by leaving the country."

And then it hit me. On Rosh Hashana we talk about WHO

WILL LIVE AND WHO WILL DIE. All those who died what did

they say? What did parents say to comfort their children

when they knew time was about to end? That we will never

know. But this we do know. The poignancy of that day, the

secular date of September 11th , a date forever emblazoned

in our collective memory. What did the people on those

planes 11 years ago say when they understood life was about

to end? We know. We have the messages. We have voice

mails recorded. All of them said the same thing.

“Darling I love you.” “We love you Grandma. We love you.”

I told the group, why do we need to wait to tell our family,

our loved ones, our friends that we love them? We heeded

the moment to make that commitment to start to love more,

to reach out, to smile, to bring more unity to each other, to

our friends, to our communities, to our people.

The words of Rabbi Shimon ben Halafta flashed before my

eyes. The only way to guarantee success and blessings, is

Shalom and peace. Peace, harmony and unity are the way

forward. Standing at the mass grave puts life into perspective.

Enough with the politics, infighting and broigeses. Life

is indeed too short! As we stood there united in pain, we understood

what needs to be done as a people if we are to bring

Mashiach.

Chafetz Chayim’s home that no longer exists

Who would have thought that seventy years after the war,

Judaism is still alive and well in Belarus.

We returned to Lithuania for a whirlwind tour at midnight

of the Vilna Jewish cemetery. The only lights we had, shone

from our cellphones. We located the Vilna Gaon’s kever and

spent some time davening our requests.

Our long day concluded with Selichot at the Vilnius’s Romanesque-Moorish

Choral Synagogue - the only remaining

Jewish synagogue that survived both the Holocaust and Soviet

rule. The synagogue was originally one of the several

Jewish centres in Vilnius. International donations and a small

community of Jews in Vilnius support the synagogue.

The rules outside make it clear that NUSACH SFARD is NOT

allowed to be used by the Chazan, only NUSACH ASHKENAZ.

This dates back to the times of the Vilna Gaon; a discussion

for another time.

Hamaor / April 2013

Page 23


Clean for Pesach and Enjoy the Seder!

By Rabbi Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg zt’l

Edited By Rabbi Moshe Finkelstein Kiryat Mattersdorf, Jerusalem

These notes are based on the responsa of Moreinu veRabbeinu

HaGaon HaRav Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg, zt’l, to questions

posed by women attending his regular talks. They have been

compiled by a group of his students.

PREFACE

In former times, wealthy people who had large houses also had

many servants who did their bidding, while poor people, who

could not afford servants, lived in small homes with one or two

rooms. Understandably, the pre-Passover chores of the rich were

performed by the servants, while the poor, who had only their

one or two rooms to clean, a few pieces of furniture, a minimum

of utensils, and some clothing, took care of their needs themselves.

In those days, cleaning was hard. Tables were made of raw wood,

requiring them to be scrubbed or even to be shaven to ensure

that no pieces of food were hidden in the cracks. Earthen or

wooden floors also needed to be thoroughly cleaned and

scrubbed.

Today, we seem to be caught in a trap. The average modern home

is larger than formerly. Furniture, utensils and clothing are much

more plentiful. The average home today can compare with the

more affluent homes of previous generations. However, we do

not have the servants that they had, so that today, all the chores

fall on the woman of the home. At the same time she still feels

obligated to clean and scrub as they did formerly, even though

she has laminated furniture and tiled floors, making this type of

cleaning unnecessary.

As a result of this, the pressure of pre-Pesach cleaning has

reached unnecessary and overwhelming levels. The housewife

often becomes overly nervous, unable to enjoy the holiday joy of

Passover and unable to perform the mitzvos and obligations of

the Seder night.

INTRODUCTION

Passover, like every other yom tov, must be enjoyed by every

member of the family, including women. This is an obligation

clearly defined in the Torah as explained by our Sages. We can

understand a person dreading Tisha B’Av but Pesach is to be

looked forward to and anticipated with joy. Every woman should

be well rested, relaxed and alert at the Seder table so that she

can fulfill all the Torah and Rabbinic obligations and follow the

Haggadah with the rest of the family. Clearly, the performance

of her pre- Passover duties must be balanced against her Passover

obligations.

Pre-Passover cleaning is required to avoid the danger of transgressing

any Torah or Rabbinic prohibition of having chometz in

the house on Pesach. It is evident from the responsa of the Rosh

Hayeshiva shlita that this need not be excessive.

It is not the intention here to abolish traditions which have been

passed down by Klal Yisroel from generation to generation. Nevertheless,

some practices adopted by women in the Passover

cleaning today are not an actual continuation of the old traditions.

For example, if a person does not sell his chometz, of course

it is necessary to check his utensils and to wash off any chometz

left on them, or to render the chometz inedible. But if the

chometz is sold, then washing the pots, pans and dishes which

are going to be locked away is not necessary.

One might be tempted to insist on doing the extra work anyway

— to be machmir (stringent). However, in these stringencies lies

the grave danger of causing many laxities and brushing aside

many mitzvohs completely, including Torah and Rabbinic obligations

which women are required to do on Passover and particularly

during the Seder.

Many women like to do more “cleaning” than the bare minimum,

to such an extent, that some even incorporate their general

“spring cleaning” into their required pre-Passover chores. These

extra exertions should not prevent them from fulfilling their obligations

on Passover, and particularly on the Seder night.

GENERAL NOTES

A. All property and possessions must be cleaned and checked to

make sure that they are free of all chometz, except in the following

cases: B. If, during the year, chometz is not brought into a

place, that place does not have to be cleaned out or checked for

chometz. C. Any article which is not used on Pesach does not

need to be checked for chometz, provided it is put away properly

and the chometz in it is sold. D. Crumbs which have been rendered

completely inedible [C.J. Weisberg explains: by coating with

small amount of household cleaner] to the extent that they are

not fit to be eaten by a dog are not considered chometz. E. The

general obligation to check for and destroy crumbs does not

apply if the crumbs are less than the size of an olive (kezayis) and

are dirty or spoiled enough to prevent a person from eating them.

F. The household cleaner (mentioned below) used must spoil the

crumbs slightly to the extent that people would refrain from eating

them. G. It is customary that any item to be kashered should

not be used for 24 hours prior to kashering, in order that it should

not be a ben- yomo.

PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS

1) CLOTHING CLOSETS: If there is some significant possibility that

chometz went into them, they should be checked for fully edible

crumbs of chometz, besides large pieces of chometz. If the probability

that chometz entered these places is remote, a rav can be

consulted to clarify the conditions under which they do not have

to be checked. This includes chests, dressers, basements, and all

other similar places (see General Note E).

Page 24 Hamaor / April 2013


2) FLOORS: We don’t have earthen floors with deep cracks in

them. It is sufficient for tiled or covered floors to be swept and

washed with a household floor cleaner. Cracks and spaces between

tiles do not have to be checked if the cleaning solution

reaches into them.

3) FOOD CABINETS: If the cabinet is not going to be used on

Passover, then you just have to lock it or seal it in a manner that

will remind you not to use it on Passover and sell it with the

chometz (see General Notes C & E ). If the cabinet is going to be

used on Pesach, take out all the food and wash it with a rag

soaked in a household cleaner. Be sure the cleansing agent

reaches into all the cracks and soaks into any crumbs that might

be left there. The usual practice is to line the cabinets.

4) REFRIGERATOR: Take the food out, and wash it with a rag

soaked in a household cleaner. The racks are usually covered. (It

is advisable to leave holes for air circulation.)

5) KASHERING SINKS: Clean the sinks (see General Note G), and

pour a kettle of boiling water into them and on their sides. Some

people pour hot water mixed with bleach down the drain. The

usual practice today is to use an insert, or line the sinks (e.g. aluminum

foil, contact paper). If not difficult, this practice should

be followed.

6) FAUCETS (TAPS): Cleaning, without any other kashering procedure,

is sufficient.

7) MARBLE AND STAINLESS STEEL COUNTERS: If they were used

for hot chometz they should first be cleaned well. They should

either be completely covered so that nothing Pesach’dik touches

them or (if it will not ruin the countertop) pour boiling hot water

on them (see General Note G). Many people do both.

8) TABLETOPS: Wash them with a household cleaner. The usual

practice is to cover the tables.

9) KASHERING RANGE/OVEN/STOVE-TOP: Wash the top and side

surface areas with a rag soaked in a strong household cleaner.

Clean the knobs well. Grates can be kashered by first cleaning

them well (see General Note G), then put them back on the stove,

and then lighting all the burners, raising them to their maximum

heat, putting on a blech while the burners are on. This spreads

the heat over the whole top and intensifies the heat on the grates.

Let it burn for 5 – 10 minutes. [Be careful that the knobs don't

melt.] After kashering, the usual practice today is to cover the

stove-top with aluminum foil (being extremely careful not to

block the air inlets around the burners and on the back of the

stove, as this could create poisonous fumes in the room).

* OVEN: If you want to use the oven: (a) First clean the oven well

with an oven cleaner (e.g. Easy-Off). Make sure that it reaches

into all the cracks and around the screws. (After using the oven

cleaner, there is no need for further cleaning). (see General Note

G). Then heat the inside of the oven by turning the oven on to its

highest temperature for about one hour. (b) If your oven has a

turbo option (a fan which circulates the heat ), consult a rav about

your particular type. (c) After kashering, if the oven door has a

glass window, preferably cover the entire inside of the door with

aluminum foil. (d) If a closed oven insert is available, this would

Hamaor / April 2013

be preferable. In this case, only washing and cleaning are necessary.

(e) Do not use the chometz-dik oven racks for Pesach. If this

is difficult, then one can kasher the racks with the same procedure

as for the oven, placing them as close as possible to the

heating element.

If the oven is not going to be used: None of the above is necessary.

Just make certain that there is no edible chometz inside,

tape it closed well and see below #10.

10) POTS, PANS, DISHES, & SILVERWARE (CUTLERY): Whatever is

not going to be used for Pesach should either be locked up, or

put away and sealed in a manner which will remind you not to

use them on Pesach. If there is a possibility of actual chometz in

them, the chometz should be sold (see General Note C.). If you

do not sell chometz, then they should be either washed or soaked

in a household cleaner; it is not necessary to scrub them. (Concerning

kashering utensils for Pesach consult a rav.)

11) FOOD PROCESSOR/MIXER: A rav should be consulted.

12) DISH TOWELS: If one does not have a Pesach’dik set of dish

towels, then one’s regular dish towels may be used if they are

washed with a detergent and no food remains attached to them.

(It is customary to have a set of Pesach’dik dish towels.)

13) PESACH TABLECLOTHS: These can be ironed with the same

iron as is used during the rest of the year.

14) CLOTHES, BLANKETS, POCKETS, ETC.: If they have been washed

in detergent or dry cleaned, then there is no need for them to be

checked (see General Note E). Otherwise they need to be cleaned

and checked thoroughly by brushing or shaking them out well.

However, if there is a possibility of crumbs between the stitches

or in a hidden crevice which cannot be shaken out, then they

must be wiped with a rag which has been soaked in a detergent.

Clothes which will not be worn on Pesach do not have to be

checked, but they should be put away and the chometz in them

sold (see General Notes C. and Sec. 10 on Pots and Pans).

15) SIDDURIM, BENCHERS, SEFORIM, BOOKS: If there is a chance

that they contain chometz, then they should either be put away

and sold with other chometz utensils (see General Notes C.), or

cleaned and checked well.

16) TOYS: If there is edible chometz, then it should be either removed,

or rendered inedible (see General Notes E). There is no

need to scrub them.

17) TECHINA & OTHER KITNIYOS (legumes): May be used after

the house has been cleaned for Pesach. They should not be

cooked in utensils that will be used on Pesach, and certainly not

on Pesach itself (according to the Ashkenaz minhag).

20) LAST MINUTE PREPARATIONS: For example, setting the table,

etc., should be completed early enough in the day, so that you

will be able to rest a little bit. Be ready to start the seder immediately

after ma’ariv, to ensure that the children won’t fall asleep

at the Seder.

21) ENJOY PESACH! Try to make the Pesach chores easy for yourself.

Don’t do unnecessary hard work. Don’t do unnecessary cleaning.

You can be like a Queen and you must enjoy your Pesach!

Reprinted from www.Orchos.org.

Page 25


Jewish marriage council

Continuing to HELP MAKE A DIFFERENCE TO YOUR Life

The Jewish Marriage Council-JMC- runs a busy and successful counselling programme and is now

currently chaired by his Honour Judge Martyn Zeidman QC and Mrs Verity Zeidman. The JMC remains faithful

to its original principles as the institution of marriage itself.

Here at the JMC we council married, single and divorced people; plus people who are married but

wish to talk about their problems/difficulties without their spouse being present. We also now have a Family

therapy team that are doing some wonderful work. The community come with varying worries and concerns

such as;

‘He/She is so abusive that I am frightened that if he/she comes with me, I will be too nervous to speak.’

‘I have recently got divorced. I’m not coping’

‘We’re about to get engaged but should we be concerned about x, y or z?’

‘I think it’s my fault that the marriage is going wrong. I was not shown a good example by my parents. Can you

help me?’

Last year over 100,000 people got divorced. This equates to close to or just over 50% of marriages.

Obviously the Jewish community has not been affected to that extent but it is most definitely on the rise and

with that, we are also seeing a rise in individual problems too. These issues can no longer be hidden or pushed

under the carpet; they have to be dealt with carefully, caringly and competently.

Divorce and individual issues have risen as society has changed so rapidly around us. Our work and

private lives have become filled with technology, stresses, illness, anxieties and a very fast paced life. We are

also no longer able to keep out the outside world and its threats to our Jewish community as well as we did, and

our society is just not facing these challenges well. They are affecting our every waking moment from our work

lives, to our family lives to our personal lives.

The JMC has the expertise and knowledge to help people who are suffering from life’s issues. We have

14 voluntary counsellors, all of whom are very experienced and qualified operating under the BACP (British

Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy) guidelines for ethics and practice. Each of them has constant

supervision and keeps their knowledge up to date with training every 6 weeks.

Our clients come from all sections of the Jewish community. At the initial assessment clients are asked

if they have a particular preference for a counsellor e.g. female or male and level of orthodoxy. All our

counsellors work within halachic guidelines and are under the Rabbinic supervision of Rabbi Mirvis.

The JMC is run under strict confidentiality and this is of paramount importance to us. We do charge for

all our services, but nobody is turned away through lack of funds:

We receive no government support or funding making things very difficult for us. This is one of

the reasons why the JMC turns towards the community for financial help and assistance. We ask you to

please continue to support us, and if you have been unaware of us in the past please start to support our

worthy cause us.

With many thanks and gratitude from the JMC team,

Clinical Director

Daniel Segal

MSc mental health counselling

For more information, please visit the JMC’s website

www.jmc-uk.org; or call Yasmine on 0208-203-6311


Pesach Recipe

By Denise Phillips

Tel: 01923 836 456

www.jewishcookery.com

Mediterranean Chicken Tray Bake

A one pot complete meal for

Seder night has got to be

the ideal main course.

Cooked in wine and

stock it cannot dry out.

If you bake both chicken

thighs and breasts

everyone will be happy!

The secret of this dish

is to get all the ingredients

golden

and crispy without

it looking

burnt and dry.

For a slight variation ~ add pitted black olives

and capers.

Chefs Tip: To peel the shallots with ease, pour

boiling water over them and leave for 5 minutes.

Drain and then peel.

Method

1)Preheat the oven to 200 C/ 400F / Gas mark 6.

2)Tip the potatoes into a large shallow roasting

tin and drizzle with some olive oil, salt and

freshly ground black pepper.

3)Roast for about 20 minutes until they start

to go crispy.

4)Season the chicken and add to the roasting

tin along with the garlic, shallots, lemon,

aubergine and peppers.

5)Return to the oven for 20 minutes.

6)Pour over the wine and stock and roast for a

final 20 minutes until the chicken is golden and

cooked through.

Serve onto warm plates and garnish with sprigs

of fresh basil and a dusting of black pepper.

Preparation Time: 15 minutes

Cooking Time: 1 hour

Serves: 6 people

Ingredients

1 kg new potatoes thinly sliced

1 tablespoon olive oil

~

10 -12 chicken thighs/ chicken breasts portions

6 cloves garlic

12 shallots – peeled

1 lemon – sliced into wedges

1 aubergine – cut into large cubes

2 red peppers – deseeded and cut into cubes

~

100ml white wine

200ml chicken stock

Salt and freshly ground black pepper

Garnish: Sprigs of fresh basil

Hamaor / April 2013

Page 27


DATE ON A PLATE

This is a really successful format

for meeting new people –six men &

six women learn to cook a threecourse

meal, and then eat it!

LEARN TO COOK - THE STYLISH

WAY

Join Denise Phillips for a fun “hands-on”

class, presented in my trademark simple

but stylish manner. Enhance your love of

food and add to your cooking repertoire:

Sun 3 March: Age: 28-40 French Bistro

Sun 17 March: Age: 35-50 Tasty Tex Mex

Sun 14 April: Age: 40 –55 Gourmet Greek

Sun 21 April: Age: 30 – 45 A Taste of Italy

Sun 28 April: Age: 26 -30

Lebanese

Sun 5 May: Age: 50 – 60 Fancy Fusion

Sun 12 May: Age: 40-50 Shavuot Special

Sun 26 May: Age: 28–38 Classy Caribbean

Sun 9 June Age:35-50 Sensational Summer

Wed 6 March

Thurs 7 March

Sun 10 March

Wed 10 April

Thurs 11 April

Wed 8 May

Thurs 9 May

Sun 19 May

New Ideas for Pesach

Thai Banquet

New Ideas for Pesach

Vegetarian Italian

Pastry Master Class

Chocolate Desserts

Stylish Vegan Cooking

Friday Night Dinner

Venue : Northwood. Times : Weekdays 10am –1.30pm. Sunday : 6pm-10pm

Cost : £65 including three course meal and all ingredients

More info : www.jewishcookery.com or denise@jewishcookery.com

Or phone Denise on 01923 836 456

Don’t forget to

look out for

Shabbat Spice

Out now, and in your local Shul


PERSONAL

Mazal Tov wishes are extended to the following people:

BIRTHS

Head Office

Dayan and Mrs YY Lichtenstein on the birth of a grandson

Dayan and Mrs MD Elzas on the birth of a grandson

Chevra Kadisha

Bruce and Ruth Mordfield on the birth of their first

grandson

Finchley Central

Mr and Mrs M Caller on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs M Moss on the birth of a son

Mrs P Wittner (Secretary) on the birth of a grandson

Machzikei Hadath

Rabbi and Mrs Pearlman on the birth of a granddaughter

and a grandson

Rabbi and Mrs Daniel Pearlman on the birth of a daughter

Rabbi and Mrs Eli Segal on the birth of a son

David and Sue May on the birth of their two granddaughters

Daniel and Anna Lester on the birth of a daughter

Ben and Tamara May on the birth of a daughter in Eretz

Yisrael

David and Doris Lanzkron on the birth of a granddaughter

Robert and Naomi Lanzkron on the birth of a daughter in

Eretz Yisrael

Clive Coleman on the birth of his grandson Yishai and of his

granddaughter Libby Sheindel Esther

Michal and Mord Maman on the birth of a son

Reuven and Lucy Coleman on the birth of a daughter

Mrs S Fishman on the birth of a great grandson and a great

granddaughter

Lawrence and Sylvia Kleerekoper on the birth of a grandson

and of a granddaughter

Ohr Yerushalayim

Mr and Mrs Lenny Horwitz on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Richard Danziger on the birth of their twins

Mr and Mrs Grant Pakter on the birth of a daughter

Mr and Mrs Tony Levinson on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Simon Wanderer on the birth of their daughter

Hadassah

Mr and Mrs Nissim Hassan on the birth of their son

Mr and Mrs Adam Bookman on the birth of twins Michal

Brocho and Akiva Simcha

Mr and Mrs Yoel Smus on the birth of their daughter Noa

Mr and Mrs Andrew Addleman on the birth of their son

Yisroel

Hamaor / April 2013

Mr and Mrs Michael Freedman on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Mordechai Tabor on the birth of their son

Binyomin Dovid

Mr and Mrs Raymond Blackston on the birth of their son

Shmuel Chaim

Mr and Mrs David Jacobs on the birth of their daughter

Avigail

Sinai

Mr and Mrs Yehoshua Adler on the birth of a daughter

Rabbi and Mrs B Knopfler on the birth of a granddaughter

Mr and Mrs Yaakov Yisroel Krausz on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Yossi Knopfler on the birth of a granddaughter

Mr and Mrs Pini Harris on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Zvi Zimmels on the birth of a grandaughter

Mr and Mrs Jacky Weg on the birth of a granddaughter

Mr and Mrs John Simmonds on the birth of a grandson

Mrs J Leitner on the birth of her granddaughter

Mr and Mrs Yechiel Leitner on the birth of a grandson

Rabbi and Mrs Shimon Gurwicz on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Moshe Adler on the birth of a granddaughter

Mr and Mrs Motti Adler on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Kalmi Adler on the birth of a grandson

Rabbi and Mrs Chanoch Hoffman on the birth of twin

grandsons

Rabbi and Mrs D Kirsch on the birth of a grandson

Rabbi and Mrs Avromi Kirsch on the birth of a

granddaughter

Mr S Dzialowski on the birth of her great granddaughter

Dr and Mrs Yossi Adler on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Lezer Bloch on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Moshe Grun on the birth of a grandson

Rabbi and Mrs J Grunfeld on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Binyomin Bokor on the birth of a grandson

Rabbi and Mrs Ephraim Klyne on the birth of a grandson

Rabbi and Mrs AC Posen on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Yisroel Meir Orzel on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Ralph Klajn on the birth of a granddaughter

Mr and Mrs Mendy Itzinger on the birth of a granddaughter

Mr and Mrs Doni Kaufman on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Dovid Ryness on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Yisroel Kaufman on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Richard Kaufman on the birth of great

grandsons

Mrs D Steinberg on the birth of great grandsons

Mr and Mrs Gerald Halibard on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Danny Rotenberg on the birth of a grandson

Page 29


PERSONAL

Mr and Mrs Yosef Meshulam Englard on the birth of a

grandson

Mr and Mrs Mordechai Silbiger on the birth of a

granddaughter

Mr and Mrs Dovid Rosenthal on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Andrew Cohen on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Yitzchok Kruskal on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Leiby Levison on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Yitzi Bamberger on the birth of a grandson

Mr and Mrs Ezra Kahn on the birth of a great granddaughter

Yeshurun

Alan and Kathryn Finlay on the birth of a granddaughter

Jonathan and Hilary Raymond on the birth of a

granddaughter

Mark and Rochelle Goldwater on the birth of a grandson

Rabbi and Mrs Shindler on the birth of a twin grandsons

Toni and Charles Green on the birth of a grandson

Victor and Kathy Panas on the birth of a granddaughter

Stuart and Hilarie Ifield on the birth of a grandson

Helene Littlestone on the birth of a great grandson

Jonathan and Hilary Raymond on the birth of a grandson

Warren and Angela Peston on the birth of a grandson

Phyllis Peston on the birth of a great grandson

Barrie and Jeanette Gordon on the birth of a granddaughter

Mordaunt Cohen on the birth of a great grandson

Richard and Stacey Taylor on the birth of a granddaughter

Alex and Anne Fleischmann on the birth of a grandchild

Michael and Susie Kleiman on the birth of a granddaughter

Chover and Mrs Leon Topol on the birth of a granddaughter

Mr and Mrs J Raphael on the birth of a great granddaughter

Mark and Rochelle Goldwater on the birth of a

granddaughter

Julian and Rena Greenaway on the birth of a granddaughter

ENGAGEMENTS

Mazel Tov to the following:

Head Office

Mrs Eve Polikoff on the engagement of her daughter

Deborah to Josh Pyzer

Machzikei Hadath

Stuart and Anne Rosen on the engagement of their son

Joshua to Miss Adina Bishop

Ben and Hannah Sadka on the engagement of their

daughter Rachel to Meir Adler

Netzach Israel

Rabbi and Mrs Doron Ahiel on the engagement of their

daughter rachel to Meir Adler

Sinai

Mr and Mrs Danny Rotenberg on the engagement of their

son Hillel to Miss Hannah Kachani

Mr and Mrs Ronnie Weisbart on the engagement of their

son Moishe to Miss Chani Weltscher

Mrs E Homburger on the engagement of her son Yehoshua

to Miss Chani Eiss

Yeshurun

Barrie and Jeanette Gordon on the engagement of their

grandson David Hanan to Esther Solomon

Tony and Anne Silverston on the engagement of their son

Daniel to Amanda Katz

Stephen and Ruth Freeman on the engagement of their son

Adam to Nadia Taylor

Julian and Rena Greenaway on the engagement of their

daughter Abi to Elliot Pollak

Rabbi and Mrs Alan Lewis on the engagement of their son

Moishie to Gitty Yundov

Stuart and Hilarie Ifield on the engagement of their son

Adam to Rachel Freeman

Andy and Sylvia Harwood on the engagement of their

daughter Gemma to Yoni Goldstein

Shmuli and Minkie Orenstein on the engagement of their

son Avi to Stacy Nelken

Mrs Diane Finkel on the engagement of her son Jonny to Risi

Adler

WEDDINGS

Mazel Tov to the following:

Head Office

Rabbi and Mrs D Katanka on the marriage of their daughter

Sorah to Daniel Mirwis

Finchley Central

Drs D and G Gertner on the marriage of their daughter

Danielle

Mr SD Hirsch on his marriage to Chantelle

Ilford

Martin and Yvonne Rowland on the marriage of their

daughter Lucy to Jonathan Camissar

Paul Levy on his marriage to Zoe Bean

Jeffrey and Lois Levy on the marriage of their son Paul to Zoe

Bean

Eddie and Marie Lazarus on the marriage of their son Paul to

Laura Dobkin

Machzikei Hadath

Mrs S Fishman of the marriage of her grandson Alexander

Page 30 Hamaor / April 2013


PERSONAL

Lawrence and Cynthia Kleerekoper on the marriage of their

son Alexander to Abby Aarons

Sinai

Mr and Mrs Shimon Bowden on the marriage of their son

Chaim to Ruth Barukh

Mr and Mrs Leiby Levison on the marriage of their son Yossi

to Miss Chayele Gurwicz

Mr and Mrs Danny Rotenberg on the marriage of their son

Meir to Miss Nechama Fisher

Mr and Mrs Julian Cohen on the marriage of their son

Moshe Aaron to Miss Miriam Borden

Mr and Mrs Martin Lipszyc on the marriage of their son Yossi

to Miss Clara Cohen

Rabbi and Mrs Yoel Kahn on the marriage of their son Chaim

Zvi to Miss Soroh Leah Birnhack

Yeshurun

Michael and Ilana Goldberger on the marriage of their

daughter Laura to Joshua Golding

David and Lorraine Harris on the marriage of their daughter

Miriam to Ziv Hadad

Richard and Cheryl Sandground on the marriage of their son

Daniel to Esther Learman

Ahron and Huguette Menczer on the marriage of their

daughter Sabrina to Joshua Feiner

Daryl and Diane Miller on the marriage of their daughter

Tamara to Jeremy Elster

WEDDING ANNIVERSARIES

Mazel Tov to the following:

Head Office

Noson and Chani Kahler on their tenth wedding anniversary

Finchley Central

Mr and Mrs L Cohen on their Diamond wedding anniversary

Ilford

Max and Rose Arnold on their Ruby wedding anniversary

Stanley and Ros Barclay on their Golden wedding

anniversary

Ohr Yisrael

Geoffrey and Josephine Kay on their Golden wedding

anniversary

Yeshurun

Edwin and Joy Solomon on their Ruby wedding anniversary

Ellis and Jennifer Paul on their Golden wedding anniversary

David and Ann Hanstater on their Golden wedding

anniversary

Hamaor / April 2013

Alan and Zena Sloam on their Ruby wedding anniversary

BAR MITZVAHS

Mazel Tov to the following:

Head Office

Dr and Mrs E Kienwald on the barmitzvah of their grandson

Joshua Wakefield

Croydon

Anthony and Melanie Bond on the barmitzvah of their son

Zak

Finchley Central

Mr and Mrs A Liebert on the barmitzvah of their son Castril

Ilford

Howard and Clare Oldstein on the barmitzvah of their son

Ben

Ohr Yerushalayim

Mr and Mrs Mark Shapiro on the barmitzvah of their son

Naftoli

Mr and Mrs Malcolm Fagelman on the barmitzvah of their

son Alex

Mr and Mrs Nati Sebbag on the barmitzvah of their son Eli

Sinai

Rabbi and Mrs C Hoffman on the barmitzvah of their son

Bentzi

Mr and Mrs Eliyohu Reich on the barmitzvah of their son

Danny

Mr and Mrs Jeffrey Reuben on the barmitzvah of their son

Eliyohu Refoel

Mr and Mrs Julian Cohen on the barmitzvah of their son Zvi

Mr and Mrs Uri Kaplan on the barmitzvah of their son

Moishy

Mr and Mrs Michael Kramar on the barmitzvah of their son

Yitzi

Yeshurun

Mrs R Veng on the barmitzvah of her son Avital

Jonathan and Sara Bernstein on the barmitzvah of their son

Adam

Rabbi and Mrs Moshe Zeidman on the barmitzvah of their

son Yosef

Shmuli and Minkie Orenstein on the barmitzvah of their son

Dovi

David and Nadine Bakst on the barmitzvah of their son

Samuel

Adam and Juliette Tash on the barmitzvah of their son

Jordan

Page 31


PERSONAL

BAT MITZVAHS

Mazel Tov to the following:

Ilford

Anthony and MaxineLeckerman on the batmitzvah of Molly

SPECIAL BIRTHDAYS

Mazel Tov to the following:

Croydon

Esther Fishman on her 80th birthday

Finchley Central

Mr M Hajioff on his 70th birthday

Mr M Reich Honorary Life President on his 65th birthday

Mr P Westbrook Financial Representative on his 60th birthday

Ilford

Davina Palmer on her 104th birthday

Phil Keen on his 99th birthday

Sophie Lewis on her 90th birthday

Priscilla Baum on her 90th birthday

Ruth Bernstein on her 85th birthday

Ruth Montlake on her 80th birthday

Yeshurun

Mr Ahron Hadjizade on his 90th birthday

Renee Wise on her 90th birthday

Mordaunt Cohen on his 95th birthday

CONDOLENCES

We offer condolences to:

Finchley Central

Mr and Mrs E Amron on the loss of their daughter Carole

Matalon

Mrs B Cohen on the loss of her husband

Dr D Gertner on the loss of his mother

The family of Mrs S Hart

Mr Peter Arbeid on the loss of his father

Mr Bradley Conway on the loss of his father

Ilford

Shirley Anderson on the loss of her brother

Lillian Jay on the loss of her brother

The family of Harry Lawrence

Sandra Field on the loss of her sister

Tony Miller on the loss of his mother

Tony Rones on the loss of his brother

The family of Janice Klein

Lillian Oposs on the loss of her brother

Anita Brack on the loss of her husband Israel

Maxim Segal on the loss of his mother Cecilia

The family of Pearl Kane

The family of Joseph Jackson

Irene Wald on the loss of her mother Pearl Glazer

The family of Ronald Lewis

David Silkman on the loss of his wife Marie

Ruth Montlake on the loss of her son Nicholas

Andrew Montlake on the loss of his brother Nicholas

Elsa Linder on the loss of her mother Betty Diamond

Phil Keen on the loss of his brother

The family of Greta Rosefield

The family of Marion Coulson

Maurice Lee and family of Estella Lee

Alan Mendleson on the loss of his sister Anita Keminsky

Marion Grant on the loss of her father Lou Sterne

The family of Sonya Feldman

The family of Maurice Lawrence

To the family of the late Jane Jager

Ohr Yerushalayim

Dr Daniel Dresner on the loss of his mother

Mr Moishe Wacks on the loss of his father Dr Harvey Wacks

Sinai

Mrs Yael Levison on the loss of her father Rabbi C Lipshitz

Mrs Rebecca Baddiel on the loss of her father Mr Morris

Vernick

Mrs Hinda Rosenthal on the loss of her father Mr Chaim

Steinberg

Mr Yosef Meshulam Englard on the loss of his parents Mr

Pinchos Englard and Mrs Klara Englard

Yeshurun

Mrs Eleanor Silver on the loss of her mother Cecilia Segal

The family of Mr Barrie Kitsberg

Mr Eli Perl on the loss of his father Yitzhak Perl

The family of Mr Max Silver

Mr Alan Cohen on the loss of his mother Mrs Bertha Cohen

Mrs Rena Greenaway on the loss of her father Mr Eli Haruni

Mrs Flora Goldin on the loss of her brother Monty Marks

Mrs Johanetta Bayer on the loss of her sister Bertha Fisher

Mrs Sharon Feiner on the loss of her mother Bertha Fisher

Mr Michael Kleiman on the loss of his mother Shirley

Kleiman

Mr Howard Grossman on the loss of his mother Ruth

Grossman

Mrs Marilyn Vertes on the loss of mother Betsy (Betty)

Cohen

The family of Mrs Anita Holmstock

The family of Mr Joseph Kraft

Mr Leslie Bernard on the loss of his wife Mildred

Mrs Yvette Cohen on the loss of her mother Mrs Mildred

Bernard

Page 32 Hamaor / April 2013


DIRECTORY

FEDERATION OF SYNAGOGUES

KASHRUS BOARD

Chairman: Mr A. Finlay

Director of Kashrus: Dayan M. D. Elzas

The following establishments are licensed by the

Federation Kashrus Board and are under

the Supervision of the Beth Din of the Federation of Synagogues:

CATERERS:

PARK LANE HOTEL

Piccadilly, London W1Y 8BX 020 7290 7368

STARGUEST CATERING

Arieh Wagner - www.starguest.com 020 8458 7708

THE PILLAR

19 Brent Street, NW4 2EU 020 8457 4000

DELICATESSENS AND SHOPS:

MATOK BAKERY

1 Bridge Lane, London NW11 0EA 020 8458 0280

MR BAKER

119-121 Brent Street, London NW4 2DX 020 8202 6845

PELTER STORES

82 Edgware Way, Edgware, Middx HA8 8JS 020 8958 6910

PELTER STORES (Meaty & Parve Delicatessen)

7 Edgwarebury Lane, Edgware, Middx 020 8958 4536

SIMPLY DELI (Meaty)

313 Hale Lane, Edgware,

Middx HA8 7AX 020 8958 7999

THE KANTEEN BAKERY

23 High Road, Bushey, Herts WD23 1EE 020 8950 0400

MENDY’S FOOD (Delicatessen)

17-19 Edgwarebury Lane, Edgware, Middx 020 8958 3444

JENNY’S CAKES

70 Kings Close, London NW4 2JT 020 8202 1795

RESTAURANTS:

AVIV RESTAURANT (Meaty)

87-89 High Street, Edgware, Middx HA8 7DB 020 8952 2484

020 8381 1722

BEIT HAMADRAS (Meaty - Indian)

105 Brent Street, London NW4 2DX 020 8203 4567

K GRILL (Meaty)

60 Edgware Way, Edgware HA8 8JS 020 8958 7062

K PIZZA/ FISH K CHIPS (Milky)

66 Edgware Way, Edgware HA8 8JS 020 8958 9087

MET SU YAN (Meaty)

134 Golders Green Road, London NW11 8HB 020 8458 8088

MET SU YAN (Meaty)

1-2 The Promenade, Edgwarebury Lane,

Edgware HA8 7JZ 020 8958 6840

PITA (Meaty)

98 Golders Green Road, NW11 8HB 020 8381 4080

PIZAZA (Milky)

53 Brent Street, London NW4 2EA 020 8202 9911

PIZAZA (Milky)

100 Golders Green Road, London, NW11 8HB 020 8455 4455

SLICE (Milky)

8 Princes Parade, London, NW11 9PS 020 8458 9483

SOYO (Milky)

94 Golders Green Road, London, NW11 9HB 020 8458 8788

THE KANTEEN (Milky)

23-25 High Road, Bushey, Herts WD23 1EE 020 8950 0747

THE KANTEEN (Milky)

Unit 22 Brent Cross Shopping Centre,

London NW4 3FD 020 8203 7377

THE KITCHEN (Meaty)

16-17 Promenade, Hale Lane,

Edgware, Middx, NW4 2JT 020 8905 4488


65 Watford Way, London NW4 3AQ

Tel: 020 8202 2263 Fax: 020 8203 0610

Email: info@federationofsynagogues.com

www.federationofsynagogues.com

Federation of Synagogues

Honorary Officers

President: Mr Alan Finlay

Vice-Presidents: Mr Henry Dony &

Mr Benjamin Mire

Treasurers (Federation):

Mr Leon Newmark & Mr Malcolm Greenbaum

Treasurers (Burial Society):

Rabbi Jeffrey Cohen &

Mr Michael Ezra

Beth Din

Rosh Beth Din: Dayan Y Y Lichtenstein

Dayan M D Elzas

Registrar: Rabbi Z Unsdorfer

Enquires to the Registrar

Tel: 020 8202 2263

Chief Executive

Burial Society

Administrator: Mr Thomas Zelmanovits

Sexton: Mr Noson Kahler

Tel: 020 8202 3903 Fax: 020 8203 0610

Out of hours answerphone: 020 8202 3903

Cemeteries

Montagu Road, Edmonton N18 2NF

Tel: 020 8807 2268

416 Upminster Road North, Rainham,

Essex RM13 9SB

Tel: 01708 552825

During the winter months both cemeteries

are open daily, except Shabbos and Yom

Tov, from 9am until dusk.

During British Summer Time gates are

open until 5pm and during the month of

Ellul until 6pm.

Dr Eli Kienwald


!"!

FEDERATION OF SYNAGOGUES

65 Watford Way,

London NW4

3AQ

Tel:

(+44)

020

82022

2263

Fax:

(+44) 020

8203 0610

E-mail: info@kfkosher.org

o

Website:

www.kfkosher.org

ww.kfkosher.org

BETH

DIN

This form should be completed and handed over or delivered to the Beth Din

before Friday 22 nd March 2013

POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR THE SALE OF CHOMETZ

I,

the undersigned, ed, fully

empower

and

authorise Dayan

M D Elzas

to

act

in

my

place

and

stead and,

on

my

behalf,

to

sell any Chometz possessed

by me

(knowingly

or

unknowingly) up

to

and

including Monday 25 th March 2013 at 10.47 am including

any

food in

respect

of

which

there is

a

doubt

or

possibility that

it

might

contain Chometz, , and

all

kinds

of Chometz mixtures,

and to

lease e

all

places

wherein

the

Chometz owned

by me

is stored

and found,

especially e

in

the premises

specified

below, or

elsewhere.

Dayan

M D Elzas has

full

authority

to

sell

or lease

all

Chometz and all

places

wherein

the

Chometz owned

by

me

is

found,

by any

transaction

in

any

manner

which

he

deems

fit

and

proper,

and

for

such time as

he

believes

necessary, in

accordance

with

the detailed

terms

and

conditions set

out

in

the

agreed Contract

or

Sale

which

he

will draw up.

This

authorisation ation is

made

a

part

of

that Contract.

I

also

give

Dayan an M D

Elzas

power

and

authority to

appoint

any proxy

he

deems

fit

in

his

place,

with

full

power

to

sell

or

lease as

provided

herein.

The above-given powers are

to

be

exercised in

conformity

with

all Torah

and

Rabbinical

regulations and

laws,

and

also

in

accordance

with

the

laws

of

the

country.

And to

this

I hereby e

affix

my

signature on

this

!!!!.day

of

!!!!!!!!..2013.! !!!!!..201

Name

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Address

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!..

!!!!!!!!!..

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!..!

!!!!!!!!!..

Signature

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.. ! Witness

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.

!!!!!!!!!!!!.

Exact

location

of

Chometz within

the

above premises

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!..

!!!!!..

Sale price

of

Chometz (approx) !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

!

Keys

available

at !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!.

!!!!!.

TYPES OF CHOMETZ (please

delete

items that

are

not

applicable) plicable

Bread

products,

biscuits,

it

flour,

cereals,

beverages, alcoholic

li

spirits, its,

beer,

pasta

products,

semolina,

farfel,

f

canned foods,

soft

drinks,

confectionery, all

other

foods

containing ning

Chometz, , medicaments, ents,

perfumes,

cosmetics, aerosols, ols,

cleaning

materials, any

Chometz in

or

adhering to

ovens,

food

mixers

or

food

processors,

and

any other

Chometz on any other utensils,

shares s in

companies

or

business producing,

trading or

owning

Chometz.

.


Constituent Synagogues

CLAPTON FEDERATION SYNAGOGUE

(Sha'are Shomayim).

(in association with Springfield Synagogue)

202 Upper Clapton Road, London E5 9DH.

Secretary: Robin Jacobs. Tel: 020 8530 5816.

CROYDON & DISTRICT SYNAGOGUE

The Almonds, 5 Shiriey Oaks Road, Croydon, Surrey CRO 8YX.

Tel: 020 8662 0011.

Mrs B Harris. Tel: 020 8726 0179. Rav: Rabbi N. Asmoucha

Email: enquiries@croydonsynagogue.org.uk Website:

www.croydonsynagogue.org.uk

EAST LONDON CENTRAL SYNAGOGUE

30/40 Nelson Street, E1 2DE. Tel: 020 7790 9809,

Rav: Rabbi Y. Austin. Secretary: Mr J. Beninson. Tel: 020 8529 8146.

FINCHLEY CENTRAL SYNAGOGUE

2 Redboume Avenue, N3 2BS. Tel: 020 8346 1892.

Rav: Rabbi Y. Hamer. Secretary: Mrs P. Wittner.

Tel: 020 8346 1892

Website: www.finchleyfed.org.uk

HENDON BEIS HAMEDRASH

65 Watford Way, Hendon, London NW4 3AQ.

Tel: 020 8202 2263. Rav: Dayan Y.Y. Lichtenstein.

Contact: P. Burns. Tel: 020 8203 7757.

ILFORD FEDERATION SYNAGOGUE

14/16 Coventry Road, llford, Essex, IG1 4QR. Tel: 020 8554 5289.

Rav: Rabbi A. Chapper. Secretary: Mrs L. Klein

Email: ilfordsynagogue@btconnect.com Website: www.ilfordfeds.org

MACHZIKEI HADATH V’SHOMREI SHABBAT SYNA-

GOGUE

1-4 Highfield Road, London NW11 9LU. TEL: 020 8455 9816

Rav: Rabbi CH. Z. Pearlman. Secretary: R. Shaw.

NETZACH ISRAEL SYNAGOGUE

281 Golders Green Road, London NW11 9JJ Tel: 020 8455 0097

Rav: Rabbi Doron Ahiel.

Email: netzachisraeltrust@gmail.com

OHR YERUSHALAYIM SYNAGOGUE

470 Bury New Road, Salford, Manchester M7 4NU Tel: 0161 792 9242

Rav: Rabbi Berel Cohen. Website: www.ohryerushalayim.org.uk

OHR YISRAEL SYNAGOGUE

31/33 Theobald Street, Elstree, Herts WD6 4RN

Rav: Rabbi R. Garson. Secretary: Josephine Kay Tel: 020 8207 4702

Website: www.ohr-yisrael.org.uk

Affiliated Synagogues

AISH HATORAH COMMUNITY

379 Hendon Way, London NW4 3LP. Tel: 020 8457 4444.

Rav: Rabbi J. Roodyn.

Website: http://aish.org.uk

CONGREGATION OF JACOB SYNAGOGUE

351/353 Commercial Road, London E1 2PS. Contact: Mr David Behr.

Tel: 020 7790 2874.

Email: info@congregationofjacob.org Website: www.congregationofjacob.org

FIELDGATE STREET GREAT SYNAGOGUE

41 Fieldgate Street, E1 1JU. Tel: 020 7247 2644.

Secretary: Mrs F. Treep.

Email: fieldgatestsynagogue@fsmail.net

FINCHLEY ROAD SYNAGOGUE

(Sassov), 4 Helenslea Avenue, London NW11 8ND.

Rav: Rabbi S. Freshwater. Tel: 020 8455 4305

LEYTONSTONE & WANSTEAD SYNAGOGUE

2 Fillebrook Road, London E11 4AT.

Secretary: Cllr. L. Braham. Tel: 020 8989 0978.

LOUGHTON SYNAGOGUE

Borders Lane, Loughton, Essex, IG10 1TE. Tel: 020 8508 0303.

Rav: Rabbi Y. Aronovitz. Secretary: Mrs M. Lewis.

Email: admin@loughtonsynagogue.com Website: http://loughtonsynagogue.com

SPRINGFIELD SYNAGOGUE

202 Upper Clapton Road, London E5 9DH. Tel: 020 8806 3167

Rav. Dayan I. Gukovitski. Secretary: Mr. R. Conway. Tel: 020 8806 3167

STAMFORD HILL BEIS HAMEDRASH

50 Clapton Common, London E5 9AL. Rav: Dayan D. Grynhaus.

Secretary: M. Chontow. Tel: 020 8800 7369.

WALTHAM FOREST HEBREW CONGREGATION

(Queens Road) 140 Boundary Road, London E17 8LA Tel: 020 8509 0775.

Rav: Rev. S. Myers. Secretary: Mrs B. Rose.

Email: secretary@wfhc.co.uk

WEST END GREAT SYNAGOGUE

(Beth Hasepher & Soho), 32 Great Cumberland Place, W1H 7TN.

Tel: 020 7724 8121.

Minister: Rev. Ari Cohen. Administrator: Ephraim Rosen

Email: wegs@clara.co.uk

SHOMREI HADATH SYNAGOGUE

64 Burrard Road, Hampstead, London NW6 1DD.

Rav: Rabbi D.Glass. Secretary: Mrs P. Schotten.

Tel: 020 7435 6906.

Website: http://shomrei-hadath.com

SINAI SYNAGOGUE

54 Woodstock Avenue, London NW11 9RJ. Tel: 020 8455 6876.

Rav: Rabbi B. Knopfler. Secretary: Mr E. Cohen. Tel: 020 8455 6876

YESHURUN SYNAGOGUE

Corner of Fernhurst Gardens and Stonegrove, Edgware, Middlesex HA8 7PH.

Rav: Rabbi A. Lewis Emeritus Rav: Dayan G. Lopian.

Administrator: Lisa Denby. Tel: 020 8952 5167.

Email: admin@yeshurun.org Website: www.yeshurun.org


15:28:00

We are delighted to print this edition

of Hamaor Magazine

A HAPPY A AND NEW KOSHER YEAR PESACH FROM FROM ALL AT ALL EXCO AT EXCO

CONTACT STEWART SINCLAIR

PHONE: 020 8958 7000

MOBILE: 07976 707 916

E-MAIL: print@excodps.co.uk

56A GLENGALL ROAD

EDGWARE, 14 MIDDLESEX KINGS DRIVE HA8 8SX

EDGWARE, OPEN SUNDAY MIDDLESEX MORNINGS HA8 8EE

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