The Navy Vol_58_Part1 1996 - Navy League of Australia

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The Navy Vol_58_Part1 1996 - Navy League of Australia

funding constraints. The surveying

programme resumed in 1952 with HMA

Ships BARCOO and WARRECO and has

continued ever since.

Two wartime frigates, CASCOYNE and

DIAMANTINI re-entered service in 1959

following conversion to the

oceanographic survey role. Lasting until

1966 and 1980 respectively, their work

supported that of the hydrographic survey

ships.

Throughout the 1960s and 70s

developments in mineral exploration and

exports saw more deep draught ships

using Australian ports. The needs of these

vessels placed greater emphasis on the

quality and accuracy of surveys due to

their minimum under keel clearances.

The second MORESBY was

commissioned in 1964 as a purpose built

survey ship. Up until this time all survey

snips had been warships converted to the

survey role. In 1973 a second survey ship,

HMAS FLINDERS, was commissioned.

A specialist Oceanographic ship,

HMAS COOK commissioned in 1980 as a

replacement for the veteran

DIAMANTINA. She remained until 1990.

THE PRESENT

The current survey 'fleet' included

HMA Ships MORESBY. FLINDERS,

PALUMA, MERMAID. SHEPPARTON and

BENALLA. These surface units are

supplemented by the recently developed

Laser Airborne Depth Sounder System

(LADS) installed in a Fokker F27 aircraft.

In addition, the Hydrographic Office

maintains a small survey unit which is

routinely detached for surveys in the

Antarctic. All ships are fitted with digital

data gathering and processing systems,

employ modern acoustic sensors and the

latest satellite position fixing systems. The

LADS employs unique laser technology

developed in Australia specifically for

hydrographic surveying.

HYDROGRAPHIC BRANCH - 75 YEARS

HMAS FLINDERS off

Sydney on 5

September 199S.

(Photo - NPU)

In 1994, the

Hydrographic

Office relocated to

new premises in

Wollongong. The

building was

specially designed

to accommodate

and support the

many functions and

a d v a n c e d

technology used to

produce modern

chart products and

services.

THE FUTURE

The future of the Service in the

expertise of their people and their ability

to use modern technology to meet the

same challenges faced by their forebears.

The imperative for reliable charts

continues to increase. Ships of great size

and value ply our waters today with

cargoes that pose threats to the

environment which in years gone by were

unimagined.

To meet this challenge the

Hydrographic Service places great

emphasis on the need to employ systems

capable of gathering and processing data

in a cost effective manner. Enhancements

to existing survey systems, laser sounding

techniques, digital chart production,

ECDIS systems all contribute to the aim of

providing the mariner with the

information required to ensure a safe and

speedy passage.

The Marine Science Force of the future

will include the four existing Survey

Motor Launches, LADS and two new

ships to replace MORESBY and

FLINDERS. These new vessels are

The RAN and Indonesia

The RAN's association with the Republic of Indonesia dates from the very early days after the Second

World War when HMAS MANOORA, commanded by Captain AP Cousins RAN, sailed from Australia for

Indonesia to repatriate political prisoners from the Dutch prison of Tenah Merah (part of the Dutch

colonial gulag system), located near Merauke. These political prisoners had been taken to Australia

during the war by the Dutch.

M

ANOORA had departed Australia

for Indonesia during 1946.

Throughout the voyage Captain

Cousins and the crew of MANOORA

made every effort to aid and assist the

Indonesians, especially the women and

children. After the ship berthed in Tanjong

Priok, Dutch soldiers arrived demanding

that the Indonesians be handed over to

them. Captain Cousins refused and

arranged for Gurkhas to escort the

Indonesians to Republican territory.

Following the successful removal of

Indonesia.

The year, 1972 saw the

commencement of joint naval exercises

between Indonesia and Australia. A major

step in the relations between Indonesia

and Australia occurred in early 1974 with

joint naval exercises. Exercise

SOUTHERN CROSS, being held off Jervis

Bay. This was the first occasion that an

Asian country had held naval exercises in

Australian waters.

During 1973 LABUAN transported

survey equipment to North Sumatra for

were also handed over. The Indonesian

Maritime Patrol Project was set up in

1973, with a small unit staffed by RAN

personnel outposted to Surabaya in Java,

Indonesia. The Project was tasked,

amongst other duties, to oversee the

transfer to the Indonesian Navy of two

Attack class patrol boats, ARCHER and

BANDOLIER, and provide advice and

assistance in the maintenance and use of

these craft. This team was renamed the

RAN Advisory Team Indonesia (RANATI)

in 1976. The RANATI was disbanded and

The fourth H.MAS PALUMA, a survey motor bunch was commissioned in the early 1990s.

HMAS COOK in 1983. (Photo - Ross G>licit)

scheduled for delivery by the end of 1997

and 1998. At 2,500 tons displacement

and a length of 75 m, they are designed to

maintain an offshore hydrographic

capability. Central to the ships' role and

design is a completely integrated

Hydrographic Survey System with

capabilities to detect all navigationally

significant features and quantify their

accuracy in both position and depth.

Australia is an island nation. Self

reliance in strategic and economic terms

depends on the ability to safeguard the

freedom and safety of navigation. The

RAN Hydrographic Service is dedicated

to this task.

the Dutch from what is now known as

Indonesia the newly formed Indonesian

Navy acquired a number of ex-RAN

Bathurst Class corvettes. These ships had

been transferred to the Dutch but were

integrated into the Indonesian Navy.

Subsequent relations between

Indonesia and Australia deteriorated as a

consequence of the Indonesian

government's policy of Confrontation.

After this period of hostilities there

followed a period of thaw which

developed from visits and training

courses. By 1972 relations between

Indonesia and Australia were such that

the Australian government announced a

$20 million defence programme to run

from July 1972 to June 1975. During

1972 MELBOURNE, DUCHESS and

SUPPLY paid a goodwill visit to

the Royal Australian Survey Corps

deployed there. The provision of

specialist service instructors continued as

did the training of Indonesians in

Australia. This has also involved an

exchange of officer cadets from the two

countries.

In November 1973, the first Attack

Class patrol boat was presented to

Indonesia. In addition, a number of 15.5

metre patrol boats and Nomad aircraft

(Photo - Brian

Morrison)

withdrawn from Surabaya in December

1980 on completion of the project.

Exercises continued in 1975 with

DERWENT and SWAN participating in

Exercise ORION from 24 to 27 March. A

second Attack class patrol boat was

handed over in 1974. A total of eight

Attack class patrol boats would eventually

be transferred to Indonesia.

The exercise programme continued

with BRISBANE visiting Indonesia in

8 The Navy, January 1996

The Navy, January 1996 9

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