Property Monthly Issue 1

property

Property Monthly Newspaper Year 1 Issue 1 2071 Ashoj SEP-OCT 2014

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lbG5g\ . k"mn h'g;'s} :yfgdf k|uf]u ug{

;lsg], x]bf{ cfsif{s b]lvg] x'G5 . dgnfO{

cfglGbt agfpg ;Sg] Ifdtf km"ndf x'G5 .

…d'v km/flsnf] ePsf] 7"nf srf}/f

z}nLsf l;;f jf df6f]sf] efF8f] cyjf

k/Dk/fut ¿kdf k|of]u x'g] v8\s'nf]el/

kfgL xfn]/ 9f]sfsf] b'O{ 5]pdf /fvL

To;dfly ljleGg /+usf km"nx¿nfO{

t}¥ofpg ;lsG5 . o;n] lbg] cfgGb leGg

vfnsf] x'G5,Ú vqL elG5g\ .

To:t}, ;f]kmfdf sf]7fsf] /+u;Fu d]n

vfg] vf]n xfNg ;lsG5 . vf]n gxfNg]

xf] eg] ;f]kmfdf k|of]u ePsf rs6Ldf

vf]n xflnlbg'k5{ . vf]n xfNbf ;'gf}nf]

/+u / l;Ns jf dvdnsf] sk8f /f]Hg

;lsG5 . o;n] sf]7fsf] ;f}Gbo{ a9fpg'sf

;fy} sf]7f d"Nojfg klg b]lvG5 .

…;f]kmfsf] vf]n;Fu ldNg] vfnsf]

6]ankf]; k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 . To;dfly

csf]{ leGg /+usf] sk8f /fVg]lalQs}

o;n] cs}{ ;'Gb/tf lbG5,Ú vqLn] elgg\,

…To;dfly km"nbfgL /fVg ;lsG5 .

cyjf apndf kfgL /fv]/ To;df leGg

lsl;dsf aQLx¿ /fVg ;lsG5 .Ú To:t}

6]an NofDkx¿sf] k|of]un] klg ;'Gb/tfdf

yk lgvf/tf NofpF5 .

b;}+df km"nsf] ;§fdf hd/fnfO{ klg

;hfj6sf nflu k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] pgsf]

wf/0ff 5 . b;}+F 3/df afx]s c¿ ;fgf–

;fgf udnf jf ef8fdf hd/f /f]k]/ To;n]

3/sf] z[+uf/nfO{ a9fpg ;lsG5 . s'g}

7fpFaf6 NofOPsf] ljz]if dxTjsf] ;fdu|L

5g\ eg] To;nfO{ sf]7fsf] cj:yfcg';f/

;hfpg ;lsG5 .

sf]7fdf nufpg] /+un] sf]7fsf]

:j¿kdf klg 7"nf] c;/ kf/]sf] x'G5 .

7"nf] cfsf/sf] sf]7fdf k|foM uf9f /+unfO{

k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 . ;fgf] sf]7fnfO{ 7"nf]

b]vfpg xNsf /+usf] k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 .

To:t}, 3fd gnfUg] jf sd k|sfz ePsf]

sf]7fdf ;]tf] /+u nufpFbf pHofnf]

b]lvG5 . 3fd gnfUg] sf]7fdf s8f /ftf],

kx]nf]nufotsf uf9f /+usf] k|of]u ug'{

x'Fb}g .

cfˆgf] /f]hfOcg';f/ sf]7fdf ePsf

c¿ ;fdfgdf /+usf] ;+of]hg ug{ ;lsG5 .

Pp6} /+usf] kbf{, ;f]kmfsf] vf]n jf sfk]{6

k|of]u ubf{ Tolt cfsif{s b]lvFb}g . x]bf{

cfFvfnfO{ cfgGb lbg]u/L /+usf] ;+of]hg

ug'{ pko'Qm x'G5 . ;]tf] sf]7fdf s;}nfO{

gLnf] /+u dg k5{ eg] gLn} sfk]{6 jf kbf{

k|of]u ug{ ;lsG5 . s;}n] xl/of] /+usf]

sfk]{6 jf kbf{ k|of]u ubf{ klg x'G5 . /ftf]

sfk]{6n] sf]7fnfO{ emg} pHofnf] agfpF5 .

t/ ;]tf] /+u nufPsf] sf]7fdf /ftf] kbf{

k|of]u ubf{ w]/} pHofnf] eP/ sf]7fdf

hfg} g;lsg] x'G5 . t;y{, cfkm"nfO{

dgkg]{ /+ux¿sf] k|efjsf/L ;+of]hg ug{

;s] 3/sf] ;'Gb/tfdf lgvf/ Nofpg

;lsG5 .

%


vkoj.k

Pp6f ;'Gb/ 3/ hxf“ lgw{Ssn] hLjgofkg

ug{ ;lsof];\ . cfkm\gf Oi6ldq, ;fyLefOnfO{

cfkm\g} 3/df :jfut ug{ kfOof];\ . cfkm\g}

au}+rfdf cfgGbn] /Dg kfOof];\ . cfd dflg;sf rfxgf

x'g\ oL . dflg; oxL ;kgfsf] jl/kl/ 3'ld/x]sf]

x'G5 . 3/ eP ;'vL eOG5 eGg] dfGotfn] klg sfd

u/]sf] x'G5 o;df .

sltkon] ;lhn} oL ;kgf k"/f ug{ ;s]sf x'G5g\

eg] sltn] s7f]/ kl/>d ug'{k5{ . sltkon] rflx“

k'Vof}{nL ;DklQsf cfwf/df oL ;kgf ;fsf/ kf/]sf

x'G5g\ eg] sltsf] ;kgf ;kgfd} ;Lldt /xG5 .

dflg;x¿ 3/nfO{ ;a}eGbf 7"nf] ;DklQsf] ?kdf

lnG5g\ / sltkon] t lj/f;tsf] ?kdf klg . 3/n]

dflg;sf] k|lti7f klg a9fOlbPsf] x'G5 . o;y{

o;nfO{ ;d[l4sf] k|ltljDa dfGg]x¿ klg k|z:t} 5g\ .

;docg';f/ dflg;sf rfxgfdf klg ab\nfj cfO/x]sf]

x'G5 . ;doqmd;“u} k/Dk/fut l8hfOgsf 3/ aGg

5fl8;s] . 9'ª\uf, df6f], 6fon / lemª\u6Ln] 3/

agfpg] s'/f Oltxf; alg;s] . ;docg'¿k cfw'lgs

l8hfOgsf] 3/ dflg;sf] ;kgf ePsf] 5 . hxf“

cfw'lgs ;'ljwf hl8t xf];\, h;n] b}lgsL yk ;xh

agfcf];\ .

3/;Fu hf]l8Psf oL efjgfx¿ ;fdfGo dflg;b]lv

ljlzi6 ;a} JolQmsf] x'G5 . o;} ;Gbe{df ljlzi6

ju{sf s]xL k|ltlglw JolQmx¿sf] cfjf;af/] k|f]k6L{

dfl;ssf] l/kf]6{ M

ljlzi6

JolQmsf]] a;fO

lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] cfjf;

/]UdL g]t[Tjsf]

;/sf/df ux'|ª\uf]

lvn/fh

lhDd]jf/L ;Dxfn]sf

JolQm x'g z+s/k|;fb sf]O/fnf . cy{,

pBf]u / jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfnosf]

^

z+s/k|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] lgjf;

g]t[Tj sf]O/fnfsf] lhDd]jf/Ldf lyof] .

To;cl3 clws[taf6 ;/sf/L ;]jfdf

k|j]z u/]sf pgL ;lrj eP/ cjsfz

ePsf lyP . nfdf] ;do k|zf;lgs

If]qdf latfPsf] / sl/a Ps jif{ dGqLsf]

lhDd]jf/L lgjf{x u/]sf sf]O/fnfsf] 3/

sf7df8f}+sf] alQ;k'tnLdf 5 .

@)%@ ;fndf b; cfgf hUufdf

ag]sf] b'O{tn] 3/df a:b} cfPsf

5g\ sf]O/fnf kl/jf/ . x'g t pgn]

Ps}k6s b'O{ tn] 3/ agfPsf xf]Ogg\ .

…3/sf] lgdf{0f ;DkGg ug{ sl/a kGw|

jif{ nfUof] . ;a} sfd Ps}k6s ug{sf

nflu k};f lyPg . k6s k6s u/]/ 3/sf]

lgdf{0f ;DkGg u/]sf xf}+,Ú pgn] eg] .

sf]O/fnfsf] k'Vof}{nL 3/ ef]hk'/

xf] . cWoog / /f]huf/Lsf l;nl;nfdf

pgL sf7df8f}+ cfPsf x'g\ . @)$$

;fnaf6 lghfdtL ;]jfdf k|j]z u/]sf

sf]O/fnfnfO{ To;a]nf sf7df8f}+df 3/

agfOPnf eGg] nfu]s} lyPg . …d]/f]

cNksfnLg, dWosfnLg nIodf hflu/

vfP/ sf7df8f}+df 3/ agfpg] eGg]

lyPg,Ú pgL ;DemG5g\ .

;/sf/L ;]jf k|j]z u/]sf]

s]xL jif{kl5 pgn] cy{ dGqfnodf sfd

ug]{ cj;/ kfP . pgL cy{ dGqfnodf

a}b]lzs ;xfotf ;dGjo dxfzfvfdf

/x]/ sfd ub}{ lyP . To;}a]nf Pl;ofnL

ljsf; a}+s -P8LaL_ df g]kfn ;/sf/sf]

k|ltlglwsf] ¿kdf sfd ug]{ cj;/ kfP .

pgn] b'O{ jif{ lkmlnlkG;sf] dlgnfdf

/x]/ P8LaLsf nflu sfd u/] . To;kl5

dfq sf]O/fnfn] 3/sf] ;kgfnfO{ ;fsf/

agfpg ;s]sf x'g\ . pgsf] hLjgsf

7"nf v';Lx¿dWo] of] klg dxTjk"0f{ xf] .

To;a]nf b; cfgf hUuf lsGgsf nflu

!( nfv ?k}ofF nufgL ug'{k/]sf] lyof] .

…of] x}l;ot P8LaLs} hflu/n] agfOlbPsf]

xf],Ú sf]O/fnf eG5g\ .

b; cfgf hUufnfO{ pgn] k|efjsf/L

¿kdf pkof]u u/]sf 5g\ . 3/ cufl8sf]

7"nf] au}+rf / kfls{ªn] 3/sf] zf]efnfO{

6]jf lbPsf] 5 . …To;a]nf b'Mvlhnf]

u/]/ ;fdfGo 5fk|f] eP klg agfp eGg]

nfu]sf] lyof] . cfsf/sf] lx;fan] hUuf

klg vf;} ldn]sf] lyPg,Ú pgn] eg],

…;s];Dd 3/nfO{ hUufsf] k5fl8 3s]n]/

3/ agfPsf 5f}+ . 3/sf] cufl8 v'nf

7fp“ lgsfNg'k5{ eGg] dfGotfn] sfd

u/]sf] lyof] .Ú

…cfheGbf aL; jif{cufl8

sf]l/Psf] 3/sf] l8hfOg kl/jf/n] vf;}

dg k/fPsf xf]Ogg\ . clxn] ;fyLx¿n]

klg o;nfO{ dg k/fpFb}gg\,Ú pgL eG5g\, …

dnfO{ eg] ;fx}| dg k/]sf] 5 .Ú d]xgtsf]

kl;gfn] 7l8Psf] eP/ xf]nf 3/sf]

l8hfOgdf vf;} q'l6 b]Vb}gg\ pgL .

d"n u]6af6 leq l5gf{;fy b]a|]kl§

au}+rf 5 . au}+rfdf ljleGg k|hfltsf

@)&! c;f]h


vkoj.k

snfsf/sf] cfjf;

tLg tNnfsf] kx]+nf] 3/, 3/sf] d"nu]6df :jfutsf nflu /flvPsf]

;–;fgf v8\s'nf] / To;el/ kfgL . kfgLdf t}l//x]sf ljleGg

/+uLla/+uL km"nx¿ . leq l5g]{lalQs} Ps lsl;dsf] cfgGbsf]

;~rf/ hf]sf]xLdf x'G5 . 3/sf] gfd lsg cfgGb s'~h /flvof] eGg] ljifodf

yk vf]hLgLltsf] cfjZostf g} kb}{g . k|l;4 ufos cfgGb sfsL{sf] 3/ xf]–

cfgGb s'~h .

…k|z:t k};f eP/ geP tfklg d]xgt ug]{ ;dodf Pp6f 3/ t agfpg}k5{

eGg] ;f]rn] agfPsf] 3/ xf] of],Ú sfsL{n] eg], …To;}n] ;a} ;kgf of] 3/df ptfg{

;lsPsf] 5}g .Ú

x'g t pgn] k};f ePsf] a]nfdf cfkm\gf] ;kgfcg';f/sf] 3/ gagfPsf

klg xf]Ogg\ . sf7df8f}+sf] k]lK;sf]nfdf cfheGbf * jif{cufl8 snsQfaf6

OlGhlgo/ lemsfP/ ;kgfsf] 3/ agfPsf lyP pgn] . ;kgfnfO{ ljkgfdf ptfbf{

w]/}sf] jfxjfxL klg kfPsf lyP sfsL{n] . t/, pgn] 3/ agfP dfq} a:g eg]

kfPgg\ . agfPnuQ} cfOk/]sf] 3/fo;L ;d:ofsf] sf/0f pgn] ;kgfsf] 3/

a]Rg'k¥of] .

sfsL{sf] tLgs'g]sf] 3/ klg ;lhn} ag]sf] rflxF xf]Og . pgsf] gfddf

hUuf kf; x'g'cl3 g} Ps cw{a}+;] JolQmn] pgsf] k};f lnP/ lxFl8;s]sf] lyof] .

hUuf kf; ul/lbG5' eg]/ k};f nu]sf] dfG5];Fu Ps jif{;Dd ;Dks{ gxF'bf sfsL{n]

k};f lkmtf{ cfpg] jf hUuf kf; x'g] cfzf dfl/;s]sf lyP . t/, d]xgtsf] kmn

v]/ hfFb}g eg]em}+ k};f nfg] JolQmsf efO Ps jif{kl5 cfP/ sfsL{sf] gfddf

hUuf kf; ul/lbP .

u'ld;s]sf] hUuf lkmtf{ ePkl5 pgdf v';Lsf] ;Ldf g} /x]g . To;kl5

lbg/ftsf] d]xgtaf6 3/ agfPsf x'g\ sfsL{n] . ;'? u/]sf] emG8} 8]9 jif{kl5

tof/ u/]sf] 3/ lgdf{0f ;DkGg gx'Fb} gfdsf/0f e};s]sf] lyof] To;}n] 3/sf]

sDkfpG8 jfn tof/ x'gf;fy …cfgGb s'~hÚsf] g]dKn]6 a:of] .

hUufsf] If]qkmn !) cfgf eP klg 3/ agfpFbf To;sf] k|efjsf/L pkof]u

ePsf] b]lvFb}g . au}+rf 3/sf] k5fl8kl§ k/]sf] 5 . lrl6Ss ;lhPsf] au}+rfsf]

Pp6f s'gfdf t'n;Lsf] df]7 5 . 3/sf] ;a}eGbf dflyNnf] efudf dlGb/ agfPsf

5g\ sfsL{n] . …@% jif{sf] cNnf/] pd]/df agfPsf] 3/ xf] of] . To;a]nf g

jf:t'df Wofg uof] g hUufsf] pkof]u ug]{ ljifodfÚ sfsL{ eG5g\ . Pe/]:6 xf]6n

-To;a]nfsf] xf]6n ;]/f6g_ df /flt uLt ufPsf] k};fn] pgn] cfgGb s'~h

agfP .

tLghgfsf] kl/jf/sf nflu ag]sf] tLgtn] cfgGb s'~hsf] e'O{+ tnfdf

kfFrj6f sf]7f 5g\ . h;dWo] b'O{j6f lsrg / 8fOlgª ?dsf] ¿kdf k|of]u ePsf]

sf]O/fnfsf] k':tsfno sf]7f

a}7s sf]7f

@)&! c;f]h

km"nx¿ km'n]/ jftfj/0f g} dgdf]xs agfPsf] 5 . ToxL

au}+rfdf ?b|fIfsf] ¿v 5 . emG8} 3/ hlQs} cUnf] ¿vdf

n6/Dd ?b|fIf kmn]sf 5g\ . d"n u]6sf] ;Lwf Kof;]h 5 .

To;}nfO{ kfls{ªsf] ¿kdf klg k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 .

sf]O/fnf wd{df a9L g} ljZjf; /fVg] ePsfn] klg

xf]nf 3/ agfpFbf ;a}eGbf klxn] k"hf sf]7fnfO{ Wofg

lbPsf lyP . hxfF pgL clxn] klg x/]s lbg sl/a Ps

3G6f latfp“5g\ .

pgsf] b'O{tn] 3/df b; sf]7f 5g\, h;nfO{

k|efjsf/L ¿kdf pkof]u u/]sf 5g\ pgsf kl/jf/n] .

e'O+{ tNnfsf] kfFr sf]7fnfO{ a}7s, cWoog / efG5f

sf]7fsf nflu pkof]u ul/Psf] 5 . 3/sf] d"n 9f]sfaf6

k|j]z u/]kl5 bfofFlt/ a}7s sf]7f 5 . a}7s sf]7fdf

a]tsf kmlg{r/ ;hfP/ cfsif{s agfOPsf] 5 . sf7sf

snfTds 6]an tyf cGo kmlg{r/n] sf]7fsf] zf]ef emg\

a9fPsf] 5 . ToxL a}7s sf]7f xF'b} cWoog sf]7fdf

k|j]z ug{ ;lsG5 . cWoog sf]7fdf /x]sf] 7"nf b/fhdf

;flxTo, hLjg bz{g, e"uf]n / Oltxf;sf k':tsx¿

ldnfP/ /flvPsf 5g\ . t/, sf]O/fnf eg] pQm sf]7fdf

w]/} a:b}gg\ . …;fg}b]lv cf]5\ofgd} a;]/ cWoog ug]{

afgL a:of] . clxn] klg ToxL afgL 5,Ú pgn] eg] .

d"n9f]sfsf] afofFlt/sf] efu lsrg / 8fOlgª ?dsf

nflu k|of]u eO/x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L, dflyNnf] tNnfdf

/x]sf sf]7fx¿nfO{ k"hf sf]7f, :6f]/ / a]8 ?dsf ¿kdf

k|of]u ul/Psf 5g\ .

3/sf] ;a}eGbf dxTjk"0f{ k|of]u af;:yfg / ;a}

vfn] ;'/Iffsf nflu xf] . …3/ eg]sf] dflg;sf] cfwf/e"t

cfjZostf / cfTd;'/Iffsf] ;a}eGbf alnof] xltof/ xf],Ú

pgL eG5g\ . z

cfgGb sfsL{sf] lgjf;

&


vkoj.k

5 . d"n9f]sfaf6 leq l5g]{lalQs}sf] b]a|]kl§

Do'lhsn ?d 5 . hxfF pgsf] clwsf+z ;do

laTg] u/]sf] 5 . pgsf] 3G6f}+ l/ofh ug]{ / gofF

l;h{gfn] kfn'jf xfNg] 7fpF klg oxL xf] . cfgGb

sfsL{n] clxn];Ddsf] ;f+uLlts ofqfsf qmddf

kfPsf cjf8{x¿ ToxL+ 5g\ . h;n] sf]7fnfO{

;lh;hfp agfPsf] 5 . ;f]s];el/ cjf8{x¿

5g\ . h'g pgsf] nf]slk|otf / k|lti7fsf k|df0f

x'g\ . sf]7fsf] csf]{kl§ s'gfdf snsQfaf6

NofOPsf] tfgk"/f 5 . leQfdf pgsf dgkg]{

ufos÷ufoLsfsf tl:a/ ;lhPsf 5g\ . ljleGg

;Ddfg / cjf8{ kfpFbfsf If0fdf lvlrPsf

tl:a/n] klg sf]7fnfO{ yk ;'Gb/tf k|bfg u/]sf]

5 . g]kfnL sfk]{6 la5\ofOPsf] o; sf]7fsf]

aLrdf xfdf]{lgod / 5]pd} ljB'tLo tfgk'/f

/ tanf /flvPsf] 5 . k];fut cfj4tfsf

sf/0fn] klg xf]nf sfsL{nfO{ pgsf] 3/el/sf]

;a}eGbf dgkg]{ 7fpF oxL …Do'lhsn ?dÚ g} xf] .

dfa{n la5\ofOPsf] pgsf] 3/sf sf]7fdf …xf]d

d]s/Úsf sf7sf kmlg{r/ 5g\ . …k'/ftflTjs emNsf]

lbg] cfw'lgs z}nLsf kmlg{r/ dg k5{ . o;sf/0f

w]/}h;f] kmlg{r/ To:t} lsl;dsf 5g\,Ú pgn] eg] .

sfsL{sf] a}7s sf]7f

sfsL{sf] Do'lhsn ?d

3/ aflx/ lg:sFbf ljz]if dxTjsf ;fdu|L e]6] eg]

Nofpg e'Nb}gg\ sfsL{ . 3/ ;hfj6df ljz]if Wofg

lbg] sfsL{nfO{ ;fgf dl;gfeGbf klg ;hfj6sf

7"nf ;fdu|L dg k5{g\ .

3/sf sf]7fdf ;]tf] /+u kf]ltPsf] 5 .

o;n] sf]7fnfO{ pHofnf]sf ;fy} df]xs klg

agfPsf] 5 . eG5g\, …;]tf] /ªn] cfglGbt

agfpF5 . dgnfO{ zLtntf lbG5 . ;]tf] /+u

zflGtsf] k|tLs klg xf] .Ú efG;f sf]7fdf eg]

xl/of] /+u nufOPsf] 5 . …xNsf xl/of] /+u efG;f

sf]7fdf ;'xfpg] /+u xf],Ú sfsL{sf] 7DofO 5 .

3/sf] aflx/kl§ eg] kx]nf] /+u nufOPsf] 5 .

kx]+nf]n] u|xbzf gfz ug{ ;xof]u ug]{df pgL

ljZjf; /fV5g\ .

3/sf] t];|f] tnfdf /x]sf] a]8?dsf]

leQfdf sfsL{ / pgsf] >LdtLsf] kmf]6f] 5'§f5'§}

/flvPsf] 5 . ;Fu}sf] sf]7fnfO{ eg], …r]lGhª

?dÚsf] ¿kdf k|of]u u/]sf 5g\ pgn] .

sf7df8f}+sf] tLgs'g]df !( jif{cl3 agfPsf]

3/ sfsL{sf nflu cfgGb / ;Gt'li6sf] s'~h

ag]sf] 5 . …d]/f] :ju{ g} oxL xf]Ú pgL eG5g\, . …

of] 3/df a:g yfn]kl5 wdfwd sfd kfpg yfn+] .

aLr}df /f]lsPsf sfdn] klg ult lnP . To;}n]

cfh d ;a}n] lrGg] ePsf] 5',Ú pgn] eg] . z

pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3sf

cWoIf k|bLkh+u kf08]sf] kl/jf/

g]kfn

;}lgs ;]jfdf lyof] . tyflk

kf08]n] afa'afh]n] ckgfPsf] k];f 5f]8]/

Joj;fo /f]h] . cf}iflwsf] Joj;fo

ul//x]sf kf08]n] Joj;fodf nfu]kl5

g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3sf cWoIf k|bLkh+u kf08]sf] lgjf;

3/ agfPsf x'g\ . kf08]sf] k'Vof}{nL

ynf] sf7df8f}+sf] If]qkf6Ldf xf] . b'O{

bzscl3 sf7df8f}+sf] d'Vo ahf/ eg]s}

Go'/f]8, If]qkf6L, c;g, l8NnLahf/ g}

lyP . kf08] vfgbfgL kl/jf/ ePsfn]

klg To;a]nfsf] d'Vo ;x/L If]qd} pgsf]

Joj;foLsf] cfjf;

a;f]af; lyof] .

kf08]n] k'Vof}{nL k];f dfq}

5f8]gg\ . k'Vof}{nL ynf] klg 5fl8lbP .

pgn] cfheGbf #% jif{cufl8 If]qkf6L

5f]8]/ afn'jf6/df a;f]af;sf] aGbf]a:tL

u/]sf x'g\ . To;a]nf kf08]n] sl/a Ps

nfv ?k}ofF nufgLdf 8]9 /f]kgL hUuf

vl/b u/]/ 3/ agfPsf lyP . …tLg

bzscl3;Dd afn'jf6f/df Ps /f]kgL

hUufsf] ^)÷^% xhf/ ?k}ofF kb{Yof] .

To;a]nf 3/ agfpg rf/ nfv hlt eP

k'UYof],Ú kf08]sf] cg'ej 5, …hUuf lsGg

/ 3/ agfpg ;d]t To;a]nf s/La kf“r

nfv nufgL ePsf] lyof] .Ú To;a]nf

kfFr nfvdf hf]8]sf] ;DklQsf] d"No

clxn] sl/a ;ft s/f]8 k'u]sf] pgL

atfpF5g\ .

8]9 /f]kgL If]qkmndWo] pgn] @

xhf/ ju{lkm6df b'O{ tnfsf] 3/ agfPsf

5g\ . af“sL hUufdf kfls{ª, au}+rf /

s/];faf/L 5 . s]xL ;docl3;Dd pgsf]

sDkfpG8df ljjfxsf] kf6L{;d]t ug{ k'Ug]

hUuf vfnL lyof] . t/, cl3Nnf] jif{af6

;'? ePsf] ;8s lj:tf/ of]hgfsf

sf/0f s]xL hldg u'dfP .

pgsf] 3/sf] cufl8kl§

b'af];lxtsf] au}+rf 5 . au}+rfdf

:jb]zL / ljb]zL hftsf ljleGg km"n

nufOPsf] 5 . h;n] 3/sf] ;'Gb/tfdf

yk zf]ef a9fPsf] 5 . au}+rfdf ePsf

w'kL / a]udjnLsf af]6n] zLtntf

k|bfg ul//x]sf 5g\ . 3/j/k/ xl/ofnL

jftfj/0f x'g'k5{ eGg] kf08]sf] dfGotf

5 .

xl/of] / cuf{lgs t/sf/L

pgsf] s/];faf/Ld} pTkfbg x'G5 .

3/df k|of]u x'g]dWo] %) k|ltzt df};dL

t/sf/L s/];faf/Laf6} pTkfbg x'g] u/]sf]

kf08n] atfP .

wd{ sd{df lgs} ljZjf;

/fVg]dWo]df k5{g\ kf08] . t;y{, 3/df

5'§} k"hfsf]7f x'g'k5{ eG5g\ pgL . 3/

agfpFbf g} jf:t'nfO{ ljz]if Wofg lbPsf

* @)&! c;f]h


vkoj.k

/x]sf] sf]7f sfo{stf{ / cfuGt's;Fu

e]63f6sf nflu k|of]u x'g] u/]sf]

5 . csf{ b'O{ sf]7f cfuGt'sx¿sf]

k|tLIff:yn xf] . csf{] Ps sf]7fdf

cfuGt'ssf nflu lrof agfpgsf

nflu lsr]g 5 .

e'O{+ tnfdf /x]sf]

k|tLIff:yndWo]sf] Ps sf]7fdf k':ts

¥ofs /flvPsf] 5 . h;df /fhgLlt,

bz{g, ;flxTo cflbsf k':tsx¿

;hfOPsf 5g\ . k':ts ¥ofs;Fu}sf]

b/fhdf cf]nLn] ;+uLtsf ;fdu|L /fv]sf

k':ts, cGt//f{li6«o :t/sf ljleGg

;Ddfg / k'/:sf/sf k|df0fkq / ljleGg

;dosf cfkm\gf tl:a/x¿ em'G8\ofPsf

5g\ . ;f]xL sf]7fdf ;fgf] k':tsfno

klg 5 . bf];|f] tnfsf cGo sf]7fx¿

…a]8 ?dÚsf ¿kdf k|of]u ePsf 5g\ .

h;nfO{ cf]nLsf cfkmGt / ;xof]uLn]

k|of]u u/]sf 5g\ .

t];|f] tnfdf tLg sf]7f 5g\

hxfF pgsf] efG5f / zogsIf

5 . sfo{stf{ / cfuGt's e]63f6sf]

afSnf] bafadf /xg] u/]sf cf]nLsf]

/fhgLlt1sf] cfjf;

Pdfn] cWoIf s]kL zdf{ cf]nLsf]

eQmk'/sf] afnsf]6l:yt tLgtn]

3/ !@ jif{cl3 agfOPsf] xf] .

xNsf xl/of] / kx]+nf] /+u ldl>t 3/sf]

sDkfpG8leq ;fgf] s/];faf/L, b'O{j6f

;'/Iffkf]:6 / ;fgf] njL 5 . njLdf

6]an6]lg; -l66L_ af]8{ 5 . h'g c:yfoL

g]skf Pdfn] cWoIf s]kL cf]nLsf] lgjf;

¿kdf k|of]u ul/Psf] xf] . hxfF km';{bsf]

;dodf cfkm\gf ;xof]uL / ;'/IffsdL{;Fu

pgL ToxLF l66L v]N5g\ . slxn]sfxLF

cfkmGt / sfo{stf{sf] hd36 x'Fbf njLd}

;fd"lxs vfglkgsf] sfo{qmd klg x'G5 .

tLgtn] 3/sf] e'O{+ tnfdf rf/ sf]7f

5g\ . d"n9f]sfjf6 leq l5gf{;fy b]a|]lt/

5g\ . ;do ;dodf cfkm" lgs6sf

snfsf/nfO{ af]nfP/ uLt ;+uLt ;'G5g\

cf]nL . o;/L uLt ;'Gbf cf]nL eg]

xfdf]{lgod / tjnf ahfpg] u5{g\ . t/,

pgL la/fdL ePkl5 eg] xfdf{]lgod /

tanf ahfpg 5f]8]sf 5g\ . sf]7fd}

cf]nLsf 5foflrq, lbj+ut g]tfx¿sf

tl:a/ / ;lxbx¿sf tl:a/ /flvPsf

5g\ .

bf];|f] tnfdf klg rf/ sf]7f

5g\ h;dWo] PsnfO{ cf]nLn] ljlzi6

cfuGt'sx¿;Fusf] e]63f6:yn

agfPsf 5g\ . pQm sf]7fdf pgn]

3/df cfuGt'sx¿sf] ;jf/L;fwgsf]

klg tfFtL nfU5 . h;sf sf/0f pgsf]

3/sf] ;fgf] sDkfpG8df kfls{ªsf]

eg] b'Mv 5 . sDkfpG8leq gc6]sf

;jf/L ;fwg eg] aflx/sf] ;8sdf

k/;Dd} tfFtL nfu]sf x'G5g\ .

sDkfpG8leq ;fgf] s/];faf/L klg

5 . hxfF ljleGg df};dL t/sf/L

nufOPsf] 5 . s/];faf/Ls} jl/kl/

ljleGg hftsf km"n / w'kLsf

;–;fgf a'6\ofgx¿ 5g\ . h;n]

pgsf] s/];faf/L / 3/nfO{ klg zf]ef

lbPsf] 5 . z

! @

# $

s;sf] cfjf; <

-!_ dfwjs'df/ g]kfn -@_ z]/axfb'/ b]pjf -#_ x[bo]z lqkf7L

-$_ z/bl;+x e08f/L -%_ nf]s]Gb|axfb'/ rGb

-^_ lvdnfn b]jsf]6f -&_ emngfy vgfn -*_ g/xl/ cfrfo{

*

% ^ &

5g\ /] pgn] . eG5g\, …jf:t'nfO{ ljZjf;

ug'{k5{ / cfjZos klg 5 .Ú

pgsf] a'emfOdf 3/df cfpg] kfx'gf

/ cfkm\g} kl/jfl/s hd36sf nflu a}7s

sf]7f clgjfo{ x'G5 . …cltly ;Tsf/sf

nflu klg 5'§} sf]7f x'g'k5{,Ú kf08]n]

eg] . kf08]sf 3/df o:tf ^ j6f sf]7f

5g\ .

kf08]n] 3/sf] cfGtl/s ;hfj6df

@)&! c;f]h

:jb]zL j:t'nfO{ g} d'Vo k|fyldstf

lbOPsf] b]lvG5 . eG5g\, …:jb]zL

j:t'nfO{ g} k|f]T;fxg ug]{ ;s] cy{tGqdf

;'wf/ x'G5 . 3/df ePsf ;a}h;f]

kmlg{r/ :jb]zL g} k|of]u u/]sf] 5' .Ú h'g

7fp“df h'g rLh kfOG5 ToxL k|of]u ug{

;s] :yfgLo:t/df /f]huf/Lsf] cj;/

l;h{gf x'g] pgsf] dfGotf 5 .

pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3sf] cWoIf

Pj+ k|ltli7t Joj;foL ePsf gftfn]

:jb]z / ljb]z e|d0f lgs} x'G5

kf08]sf] . dxf;+3sf] cWoIf ePkl5

pgsf] a;fO cfkm\g} 3/df eGbf aflx/

a9L x'g yfn]sf] 5 . t/, ljb]z e|d0fdf

hfFbf 3/fo;L ;hfj6sf j:t' NofOxfNg]

afgL eg] 5}g pgsf] . :jb]z e|d0fsf

qmddf rflxF s'g} gf}nf] / dg kg]{ j:t'

b]v] eg] NofOxfN5g\ . b'O{ bzs cufl8

agfPsf] 3/nfO{ kf08]n] a]nfa]nfdf

dd{t u/]/ ;doqmdcg';f/ …cku|]8Ú ub}{

NofPsf 5g\ . …klxn] df:6/ ?ddf dfq}

P6\ofr afy?d x'GYof] . afy?dsf] ;femf

k|of]u x'GYof] . clxn] ;a} sf]7fdf P6\ofr

afy?dsf] rng cfPsf] 5Ú pgn] eg],

…;dosf] kl/jt{g;“u} cfjZostf klg

al9/x]sf 5g\ . ToxL cfjZostfcg';f/

…PS:6]G;gÚ / …cku|]8Ú ul//xsf 5f}+ .Ú

3/ agfpFbf jftf/0fnfO{ klg ljz]if Wofg

lbg'kg]{ kf08]n] ;'emfP . …3/ j/k/ s]xL

dfqfdf vfnL hUuf 5f]8\g'k5{ . Psftkm{

o;n] 3/nfO{ ;'Gb/ b]vfpg ;xof]u

u5{ eg] csf{tkm{ ToxL vfnL 7fpFaf6

hldgdf kfgL k:g kfpF5,Ú pgn] eg] . t/,

kl5Nnf] ;dodf b]lvPsf] vfnL 7fpFdf

klg Knf:6/÷9nfg ug]{ k|rngb]lv lbSs

/x]5g\ pgL . z

(


okLrq

jf:t' lj1fg ;Dk"0f{ lj1fg

xf] . jf:t';Ddt ljlwaf6 lgdf{0f

gePsf clkm;, a;f]af;,

;/;fdfgsf] clgolGqt Joj:yfsf

sf/0f g]kfnL skf{]/]6 If]qdf cl:y/tf,

gf]S;fgk"0f{ Jofkf/ / Jofkf/3f6f a9\bf]

5 . skf{]/]6 hut\ czfGt 5 . To;af6

pTkGg x'g] ;d:ofsf sf/0fn] jf:t';Ddt

;'v k|fKt u/]sf 5}gg\ .

skf{]/]6 jf:t'sf] k/fdz{ lbFbf

cg]sf}+ tYonfO{ ljrf/ ug'{kb{5 . h;af6

pBf]u, sn sf/vfgf sfof{nosf]

Joj:yfkg;DdGwL sfo{df ;kmntf k|fKt

xf];\ .

jf:t'zf:qcg';f/ sfof{nodf

;fdu|Lx¿sf] Joj:yfkg u/]df Jofkf/

skf]{/]6 jf:t'

;xh ¿kn] cufl8 a9\g ;S5 . ;Dk"0f{

/fd|f sfdx¿ ug{ ;lsG5 . sfof{nodf

ef/L ;fdfgx¿ blIf0fkl§ /fVg] .

klZrdaf6 k"j{ kmsf{P/ b/fhdf kmfOnx¿

/fVg], kfgLsf] ;|f]t sfof{nosf] pQ/k"j{

s'gfdf /fVg] . kfgLsf] ;|f]tnfO{ pQ/

k"j{df /fVbf ;sf/fTds pmhf{sf] ;~rf/

x'G5 . dfgl;s tgfj sd x'G5 .

clkm; 6]a'ndfly cgfjZos

/+usf] z'e–cz'e

;fdfgx¿ slxNo} klg g/fVg] . cgfjZos

kmfOn, lau|]sf] 6]lnkmf]g;]6, lau]|sf,

efFlrPsf ;fdu|Lx¿ sfof{noleq g/fVg] .

d;L ;lsPsf] snd klg alh{t 5 .

sfof{nodf a:bf cfk\mgf] bflxg]kl§

6]lnkmf]g;]6 /fVg] . sDKo'6/ of Nofk6k

pQ/ of k"j{ kms{]/ rnfpFbf ;"o{sf]

;sf/fTds pmhf{ z/L/leq k|j]z ub{5

/ ul/Psf sfdaf6 ;Dk"0f{ nfe k|fKt

x'G5 . /flzcg';f/sf] /+u ldnfP/ dfq

6]lnkmf]g;]6, Nofk6k, snd, l:6hd]l;g,

kmfOn / ;hfj6sf ;fdfgx¿ lsGg]

ug{'kb{5 .

jf:t'zf:q eg]sf] lgdf{0fsf] zf:q

xf] . jf:t'zf:q k|s[lt;Fu hLjg /

hut\sf] k|ToIf tfnd]n u/fpg] zf:q

xf] . ;sf/fTds k|fl0fs pmhf{sf]

;Gt'ng klg jf:t'zf:qn] u/fpFb5,

h;cGtu{t k"j{, klZrd, pQ/, blIf0f

lbzf / pklbzf -cfUg]o, g}CTo, jfoJo,

Ozfg, tn / dfly_ u/]/ b; lbzfx¿sf]

af/]df Joj:yfkgsf] jf:t'zf:q;DaGwL

hfgsf/L u/fpFb5 .

— e"dLZj/ kf}8]n

b;}+–ltxf/nufotsf rf8kj{df 3/ /ª\UofpFbf /+usf] jf:t'af/] slQsf] Wofg lbg] ug'{ePsf] 5 <

3/df /+usf] k|of]u ubf{ /flz, lbzf, cj:yf, sfo{ :yfg cflbsf cfwf/df z'efz'e lgSof]{n u/]/

dfq nufpg'kb{5 . ;'Gb/ / k|fKotfsf cfwf/df dfq h'g;'s} /+u nufpg' x'Fb}g . cfd?kdf

k|of]u x'g] u/]sf s]xL /+u, ltgsf] cy{ / /flzut z'efz'e o:tf] /x]sf] 5 .

z'e

bz}+

P8–dfs{ ldl8of k|fln

;'ljwfgu/, tLgs'g]

sf7df8f}+, g]kfn .

;]tf] /+u

;flTjs :j¿ksf ¿kdf ;]tf] /+unfO{ lnOG5 . ;Tj

eg]sf] zflGt, lgd{n, kljq, cfo', cf/f]Uosf] ;+s]t xf] . rGb|df

/ z'qmnfO{ ;Tj :j¿ksf] dflgG5 . o;n] cGo /+unfO{ lgif]w

ub{5 . cGo /+unfO{ k|lt:yfkg ug{ of] ;Ifd /xG5 .

sfnf] /+u

tdf]u'0f cyf{t\ c1fg, cGwsf/sf ¿kdf sfnf]

/+unfO{ lnOG5 . tfkqmd / pHofnf]nfO{ o; /+un] zf]if0f

ub{5 . c1fg, c/fhs, c;kmntf cflbsf] ;+s]tsf

¿kdf sfnf] /ªn] ;+s]t ub{5 . of] /+u ePsf u|xx¿df

zlg, /fx', s]t' kb{5g\ .

kx]+nf] /+u

of] /+u klg k|]defjsf] k|tLs g} xf] . ;flTjs

cfxf/ljxf/, :jR5Gbtfsf ¿kdf o;nfO{ lnOG5 .

a[x:klt u|xsf] /+u kx]Fnf] dflgG5 . wg / dLg /flzdf

kx]nf] /+usf] ljz]if k|efj kb{5 . sd{sf08Lx¿n] a'wnfO{

klg kx]Fnf] g} dfGb5g\ .

gLnf] /+u

of] gLnf] /+u ljzfntf, ufDeLo{, l:gUwtfsf] k|tLssf

¿kdf lnOG5 . s]t' / /fx'n] o;df ljz]if k|efj kfg{]

dflgG5 . of] cfsfzsf] /+u klg xf] . o;nfO{ ;dGjo /

zflGtsf] k|ltljDa klg dflgG5 .

xl/of] /+u

of] k|fs[lts /+u xf] . cGo /+ueGbf zfGt,

k|df0fxLg, sdsflGtjfnf /+unfO{ g} xl/of] /ª dflgG5 .

of] /ªsf] k|efj a'wu|xdf ljz]if kb{5 . /flzut ¿kdf

sGof / ldy'g /flzdf xl/of] /+usf] k|efj /xG5 .

of] /+u zflGtbfos, lgd{n, ;xgzLn x'G5 . of] /+u

cfgGbbfos x'G5 .

v/fg] /+u

v/fgLsf] ;]tf], v}/f] /+unfO{ v/fg] /+u dflgG5 . of]

/+u klg zfGt :j¿ksf] dflgG5 .

/ftf] /+u

/ftf] /+usf] j}lbs cj:yf /hf]u'0f xf] . d+un /

;"o{sf] /flzut /+u /ftf] x'G5 . of] /+u o'4, qmf]wsf] k|tLs

klg xf] . u'nfkmsf] km"ndf ePsf] /+unfO{ rflxF k|]dsf]

k|tLssf ¿kdf lnOG5 . :yfg / k/Dk/fsf cfwf/df

of] lgif]wfTds ;+s]tsf ¿kdf lnOG5 eg] ;kmntfsf]

k|tLssf ¿kdf klg lnOG5 .

cf]d /fhe08f/L

cWoIf

;x/L ljsf; ;ldlt,

g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3

sfo{sf/L cWoIf, a[xt u|'k

l/on O:6]6;DalGw

ljifoj:t'x?nfO{

;d]6\g] u/L k|sfzgdf cfPsf]

cfly{s dfl;s klqsf

k|f]k6L{sf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf

nflu xflb{s awfO{ tyf

z'esfdgf .

!) @)&! c;f]h


dqjkdkuh

k'Nrf]s OlGhlgol/ª sn]haf6 ;g\ @))@

df Aofr 6k x'Fb} l;len OlGhlgo/

pQL0f{ u/]sf ls/0f yfkfn] s]xL jif{

g]kfnd} n3' hnljB't\ cfof]hgfsf

kl/of]hgfdf sfd u/] . To;kl5sf

s]xL jif{ sf7df8f}+s} PSdL OlGhlgol/ª

sn]hdf cWofkg u/]sf yfkf ;g\

@))^ df c:6«]lnof uP . d]nag{

ljZjljBfnoaf6 l;len OlGhlgol/ªdf

:gftsf]Q/ u/]kl5 s]xL ;do c:6«]lnog

sfplG;ndf OlGhlgo/sf ?kdf sfd;d]t

u/] yfkfn] . ;f]xL qmddf kmfOgfG;df

pgsf] ?lr a9\of] / ToxL ljifodf

c:6«]lnofsf] l;8\gLaf6 kLPr8L u/]sf

pgL xfn c:6«]lnofdf df]6{u]h a|f]s/]h

sDkgL ;~rfng ul//x]sf 5g\ . yfkf;“u

g]kfn / c:6«]lnofsf] l/on O:6]6 ahf/

tyf ;Defjgfsf ljifodf k|f]k6L{ dfl;sn]

u/]sf] 6]lnkmf]g s'/fsfgLsf] c+z M

8f= ls/0f yfkf

k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t,

Sofksf]g OGe]:6d]G6 a|f]s/]h,

l;8\gL -c:6«]lnof_

c:6]«lnofdf $ s/f]8 8n/

nufgLsf] xfplhª ;'? ub}{5f}+

g]kfnsf] k|f]k6L{ ahf/nfO{ s;/L

d"Nofª\sg ug'{ePsf] 5 <

g]kfndf o;cl3 ePsf] l/on O:6]6

ahf/sf] pRr j[l4 -a'd_ lgs} nfdf] ;do kl5

dfq} x'g ;Snf . % nfvdf lslgPsf] hUufsf]

d"No s]xL jif{leq} %) nfv klg k'Uof] . o;/L

5f]6f] ;dodf ePsf] sf/f]af/sf] c:jfefljs

j[l4 lbuf] x'Fb}g . o;sf/0f g]kfnsf] k|f]k6L{

sf/f]af/df cfPsf] pQm lj:tf/ w]/} cl3 hfg

;s]g / ca To:tf] j[l4 ;DejtM ca Ps

b'O{ bzs ;fob} bf]xf]l/G5 xf]nf . To:tf] ahf/

lj:tf/ xfd|f] k':tfn] b]Vb}g klg xf]nf . dfG5]n]

To;a]nf u/]cg';f/sf] cfDbfgL u5'{ eg]/ nfUg

;Sb}g ca . t/ o;f] eGb}df of] Joj;foaf6

efUg}kg]{ cj:yf 5}g . g]kfnsf] k|f]k6L{ ahf/nfO{

;–;fgf] s'/fn] c;/ ul//x]sf] x'G5 / Psbd}

;+j]bgzLn klg 5 . o;sf] dfu / cfk"lt{nfO{

e"–/fhgLlts cj:yfn] klg c;/ u5{ . h:t},

t/fO{df cfGbf]ng eof] eg] ToxfFsf] 3/hUufsf]

d"No 36\g] x'G5 . t/, 3/hUufsf] ahf/ a9\b}

ga9\g] eGg] xf]Og . :jfefljs j[l4 cem}

klg x'G5 . klxn]h:tf] lsg]sf] s]xL jif{d} %

u'0ff;Dd a9\g] ;Defjgf ca 5}g t/ j[l4

d'b|f:kmLltsf] b/eGbf rflxF dfly g} /xg]5 .

g]kfnsf] l/on O:6]6 ahf/ h'g a]nf

a'dsf] cj:yfdf lyof] Tof] /f;gn OGe]:6/ sd

/ cfj]zdf cfP/ lsga]r ug]{ nufgLstf{x¿

clws ePsf sf/0f sf/f]af/df rfF8} dGbL

cfPsf] slQsf] dfGg'x'G5 <

s'g} klg If]qdf /fd|f] k|ltkmn cfO/x]sf]

;dodf nufgL ug{ hf] klg rfxG5 . rfx] ahf/

xNnfs} e/df bf}l8Psf] lsg gxf];\ /f;gn

OGe]:6/ klg sdfpg] cj;/ u'dfpg rfxFb}g .

p;sf] nufgL ug]{ k|j[lQ / p2]Zo km/s x'g

;Snf . g]kfnsf] k|f]k6L{ dfs]{6df klg pRr

j[l4 ePsf] a]nf sltko dflg;x¿ csf{n]

5f]6f] ;dod} 3/hUufdf u/]sf] nufgLaf6

w]/} sdfPsf] b]v]/ / cfj]zdf cfP/ nufgL

ul//x]sf lyP . clxn] To:tf] cj:yf 5}g .

d"No klg 3l6;s]sf] 5 . o;sf/0f nufgLsf

nflu clxn] 7Ls ;do xf] . ca klxn]sf]

h:tf] cfj]zd} cfP/ nufgL ug]{x¿ cfpFb}gg\

xf]nfh:tf] nfU5 . cfjZostf ePsfx¿n] t

clxn] klg nufgL ul//x]sf g} 5g\ . t/ ca

o; ahf/df cfpg]x¿dWo] clwstd rflxF

ljj]szLn nufgLstf{x¿ g} x'g]5g\ .

kl5Nnf s]xL tYof+sx¿n] 3/hUuf

sf/f]af/ a9]sf] b]vfPsf] 5 . o;nfO{ g]kfnsf]

k|f]k6L{ dfs]{6 k'g h'd{'/fpFb} 5 eGg ;lsG5 <

dfG5]nfO{ hlxn] klg cfkm\gf] :t/

lg/Gt/ dfly Nofpg] rfxgf x'G5 . ;fOsn

rl9/x]sf] dfG5]nfO{ df]6/;fOsn / df]6/;fOsn

rl9/x]sf] dfG5]nfO{ sf/ r9\g dg nflu/x]sf]

x'G5 . g]kfndf w]/} dflg; sf]7f ef8fdf lnP/

al;/x]sf 5g\ . o;n] pgLx¿df Ps k|sf/sf]

s'07f a9fO/x]sf] 5 . cfkm\g} 3/ eP x'GYof]

eGg] pgLx¿sf] klg rfxgf 5 . bL3{sfnLg

¿kdf pgLx¿sf] cfly{s cj:yf klg la:tf/}

dha't xF'b} uPsf] x'G5 . cfly{s cj:yfdf

;'wf/ x'g]lalQs} dflg;n] efjgfx¿nfO{

Jojxf/df ptfg{ yfN5 . cfly{s ljsf;

cfkm\gf] 7fpFdf eO/x]sf] 5 . a}+s tyf ljQLo

;+:yfn] hlt;'s} l/on I:6]6 If]qdf nufgL

ulb{gF eg] klg g]kfnsf] jf ljb]zsf a}+ssf

nflu of] If]q Pp6f dxTjk"0f{ lx:;f xf] .

o;af6 aflx/ hfg} ;Sb}gg\ . s]xL ;do o;sf]

sf/f]af/df dGbL b]lvP klg la:tf/} sf/f]af/

a9]/ hfG5 . clxn] l/on O:6]6sf] ahf/

s/]S;g ePsf] dfq xf] .

ljZjJofkL ¿kdf x]bf{ slt;Ddsf] j[l4nfO{

rflx+ ;Gtf]ifhgs dfGg ;lsG5 <

x/]s !) jif{df k|f]k6L{sf] d"No bf]Aa/

x'g'k5{ eGg] ljZjJofkL dfGotf 5 . of] eg]sf]

k|To]s jif{ & bzdnj @ k|ltztn] j[l4 x'g'k5{

eGg] xf] . ljsl;t b]zx¿df d"No j[l4 ;f9] #

k|ltztsf] xf/fxf/Ldf x'G5 . g]kfndf d"Noj[l4

( k|ltztsf] xf/fxf/Ldf 5 . d"Noj[l4eGbf

# b]lv $ k|ltzt a9L k|f]k6L{sf] d"No

a9]sf] x'g'k5{ . k};fsf] cjd"Nog hlt dfqfdf

eO/x]sf] 5 To;eGbf s]xL a9L dfqfdf k|f]k6L{df

x'g] nufgLsf] k|ltkmn j[l4b/ /xg'k5{ . g]kfndf

b; k|ltztsf] d"No j[l4 5 eg] !$ k|ltzt

hlt k|f]k6L{sf] d"No a9]sf] x'g'k5{ . nufgLsf]

b[li6sf]0faf6 To;nfO{ dfq} ;Gtf]ifhgs dfGg

;lsG5 .

g]kfndf nufgLdf k|ltkmnsf] cj:yf rflxF

s] 5 <

klxn] #)÷$) nfvdf ul/Psf] k|f]k6L{sf]

d"No Ps s/f]8sf] xf/fxf/Ldf klg k'u]sf]

lyof] . clxn]rflx“ 36]/ ^)÷&) nfvdf

cfPsf] 5 elgG5 . o;sf] lx;fan] klg

d"Noj[l4sf] t'ngfdf k|f]k6L{sf] d"Nofª\sg s]xL

a9L g} eO/x]sf] 5 eGg ;lsG5 . kl5Nnf]

kf“r jif{sf] tYofª\snfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] nufgLsf]

k|ltkmn bf]Aa/af6 s]xL a9L 5 . g]kfnsf]

jf:tljs d"Noj[l4 !^ k|ltztsf] xf/fxf/Ldf

dfGbf klg kf“r jif{cufl8 Ps nfvdf lsg]sf]

k|f]k6L{sf] d"No b'O{ nfv b; xhf/eGbf a9L

x'g'x'Gg . Tof]eGbf a9L 5 eg] g]kfnsf] k|f]k6L{

dfs]{6 cem} klg ck|fs[lts j[l4sf] cj:yfdf

g} 5 eGg ;lsG5 . nfdf] ;do;Dd g]kfnsf]

l/on O:6]6 ahf/ ;'if'Kt g} eP/ a;]sf] lyof] .

o;sf/0f klg l/on O:6]6 ahf/ cem} klg

s]xL jif{dfly hfg ;Snf . t/ d cfkm"n]

@)&! c;f]h

!!


dqjkdkuh

clxn] vl/bstf{sf] ahf/

/x]sf] cj:yf xf] . pgLx¿n]

/f]hL/f]hL vl/b ug{

kfp“5g\ . o;sf/0f klg

clxn] g]kfndf 3/hUufdf

nufgL ug]{ pko'Qm ;do

cfPsf] 5 .

clwsf+z 8]enk/n] wgL

kf“r k|ltzt g]kfnLnfO{ dfq

x]/]/ kl/of]hgfsf] l8hfOg

u/] . af“sL (% k|ltzt klg

5g\ x} eGg]tkm{ Wofg uPg .

o;sf] cy{ k|8S6 ld;Dofr

eO/x]sf] 5 .

c:6«]lnofdf sl/a !) xhf/

g]kfnL xf]nfg\ . To;dWo] Ps

xhf/b]lv !%)) kl/jf/;Fu

cfkm\g} 3/ 5 .

c:6«]lnofdf /x]sf

g]kfnLnfO{ g} nlIft u/]/

$) ldlnog 8n/ hlt

nufgLaf6 sd;]sd ;fgf

xfplhª÷ckf6{d]G6 kl/of]hgf

;'? ug]{5f}+ . To:t}, %

jif{leq} Pp6f ;fgf] xf]ln8]

l/;f]6{ lgdf{0fsf] sfd klg

;'? ul/;s]sf x'g]5f+} .

a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfn]

hlt;'s} l/on I:6]6 If]qdf

nufgL ulb{gF eg] klg

g]kfnsf] jf ljb]zsf a}+ssf

nflu of] If]q Pp6f dxTjk"0f{

lx:;f xf] . o;af6 aflx/

hfg} ;Sb}gg\ .

nufgL ug]{ xf] eg]rflxF cem} klg s]xL

;do kv{G5' . tyflk of] ahf/df l5g]{

a]nfrflxF cfPsf] 5 . vl/bstf{n] tLg

dlxgfdf lbg'kg]{ k};f Ps dlxgfd} lbG5'

eGof] eg] cem ;:tf]df kfpg ;Sg]

cj:yf cem} klg 5 .

To;f] eP clxn] klg g]kfnsf]

k|f]k6L{ dfs]{6df vl/bstf{s} af]njfnf

5 eGg ;lsG5 <

g]kfnsf] k|f]k6L{ dfs]{6df …

aaN;Ú Nofpg ljb]zaf6 uPsf] k};fn]

klg w]/} ;xof]u u¥of] . c:6«]lnofdf

/x]sf klg w]/} dfG5]n] sdfPsf] k};f

nu]/ g]kfnsf] 3/hUufdf xfn] . ca,

clxn] c:6]«lnofdf l;hg ;'? ePsf]

5 . To;sf/0f clxn] cj:yf 7\ofSs}

plN6Psf] 5 . g]kfnsf sltko 7fpFx¿

7d]n, b/af/dfu{nufotsf If]qdf

hlt nufgL u/]/ k|f]k6L{ vl/b u/] klg

x'G5 . ToxfFsf] d"No 36\g]jfnf 5}g . t/

aflx/lt/sf hUufsf] rflxF clxn] klg

sf/f]af/ x'Fbf klg klxn]h:tf] ;lhn}

eO/x]sf] 5}g . cfkm"n] xfn]sf] d"No

cfP a]Rg x'GYof] eg]/ klv{g] dflg;x¿

5g\ . of] eg]sf] vl/bstf{sf] ahf/

/x]sf] cj:yf xf] . pgLx¿n] /f]hL/f]hL

vl/b ug{ kfp“5g\ . o;sf/0f klg

clxn] g]kfndf 3/hUufdf nufgL ug]{

pko'Qm ;do cfPsf] 5 .

g]kfnsf] ;x/L If]qdf sl/a ^)

k|ltzt dflg; ef8fdf a:5g\ . o;n]

xfplhªsf] dfu :ki6 kf5{ . csf]{tkm{

Jofj;flos ¿kdf ljsf; ul/Psf

;fd'bflos cfjf;sf ;a} o'lg6x¿

laqmL ePsf 5}gg\ . dfu / cfk"lt{sf]

of] a]d]nsf] sf/0f s] 7fGg'x'G5 <

g]kfndf xfplhª o'lg6sf] dfu

w]/} 5 . tyflk, ef8fsf] 3/df a;f]af;

ug]{ ;a} dflg;sf] Jofj;flos ¿kdf

agfOPsf xfplhª, ckf6{d]G6df hfg]

x}l;ot x'Fb}g . ;a} g]kfnLsf] ckf6{d]G6

g} vl/b ug{ ;Sg] cfly{s x}l;ot

klg 5}g . cfd g]kfnLsf] l8:kf]h]an

Ogsd -vr{ ug{ ;Sg] cfo_ Psbd}

sd 5 . sltko xfplhª, ckf6{d]G6

vl/b ug]{n] klg sdfOaf6 dfq} geP/

cfkm\gf] ;DklQ, hUuf laqmL u/]/ vl/b

u/]sf 5g\ . a'6jndf ePsf dflg;n]

ToxfFsf] hUuf laqmL u/]/ sf7df8f}df 3/

lsg]sf] x'g;S5 . cfDbfgLsf] cj:yfdf

;'wf/ geP;Dd To:tf vfnsf k|f]k6L{sf]

dfudf ;'wf/ x'Fb} x'Fb}g . clxn] l8hfOg

ePsf k|foM xfplhªx¿ pRr ju{sf

JolQmsf nflu 5g\ . cfd dflg;sf]

kx'Fr x'g ;Sg] xfplhªsf] l8hfOg

ePsf] 5}g . dWod ju{sf] dflg;nfO{

nlIft u/]/ xfplhª ag]sf 5}gg\ . d

s]xL ;docl3 leotgfd uPsf] lyPF .

ToxfFsf] ahf/ klg g]kfnsf] h:t} pRr

j[l4 eP/ clxn] v:s]sf] cj:yfdf

5 . w]/}h;f] xfplhª lkn/ p7fP/

dfq 5fl8Psf cj:yf 5g\ . tL ;a}

8]enk/x¿ 6f6 klN6g] cj:yfdf k'u]sf

5g\ . g]kfndf klg lgdf{0f x'FbfxF'b} ;a}

o'lg6 laqmL gx'g' s'g} gf}nf] s'/frflxF

xf]Og . of] l/on O:6]6 lahg];

;fOsnsf] Pp6f cj:yf dfq xf] . Ps

;do t c:6«]lnofdf u/]sf] sdfOn]

g]kfndf kl/of]hgf lsGg g;Sg];Ddsf]

cj:yf lyof] . clwsf+z 8]enk/n]

wgL kf“r k|ltzt g]kfnLnfO{ dfq

x]/]/ kl/of]hgfsf] l8hfOg u/] . af“sL

(% k|ltzt klg 5g\ x} eGg]tkm{ Wofg

uPg . o;sf] cy{ k|8S6 ld;Dofr

eO/x]sf] 5 .

c:6«]lnofdf klxnf] 3/ vl/bstf{

-km:6 xf]d afo/_ nfO{ ;/sf/n] s:tf]

;'ljwf lbPsf] 5 <

…km:6{ xf]d afo/ÚnfO{ t'ngfTds

¿kdf sdhf]/ cfly{s Ifdtf ePsf]

dflg;sf] ¿kdf lnOG5 . ljb]zaf6

cfPsf dflg;x¿ klg o;df k5{g\ .

c:6«]lnofdf /fHolkR5] ;/sf/n] lbg]

;'ljwf km/s 5 . h:t}, l;8\gLdf …

km:6 xf]d afo/Ún] gof“ 3/ vl/b ubf{

;/sf/n] #% xhf/ 8n/;Dd ;xof]u

u5{ . t/, pgLx¿n] gofF 3/ g} vl/b

ug'{k5{ . gofF 3/ jf k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f

ubf{ /f]huf/L l;h{gf x'g] ePsfn]

;/sf/n] o:tf] gLlt lnPsf] xf] .

o;n] Psftkm{, 3/ vl/b ug{sf nflu

;xof]u u/]sf] h:tf] b]lvof] csf]{tkm{,

s;}n] gofF 3/ vl/b ubf{ yk /f]huf/L

l;h{gf eof] . lsgeg] 3/ lgdf{0fsf

nflu hgzlQm rflxG5 . 3/sf] gfd;f/L

ePsf] ef]lnkN6 jf kl;{kN6 ;/sf/n]

;xof]u pknAw u/fp“5 / 3/ vl/b

ubf{sf] /fh:j klg ;/sf/n] 5'6 lbG5 .

a}+s Aofhb/df eg] ;x'lnot 5}g .

c:6«]lnofdf xfplhª÷l/on

O:6]6 If]qdf xfn a}+s shf{sf] Jofhb/

s:tf] 5 <

clxn] c:6«]lnofsf] Oltxf;d}

;aeGbf sd a}+s Aofhb/ ePsf]

cj:yf 5 . w]/}h;f] a}+sn] %

k|ltztsf] xf/fxf/Ldf shf{ pknAw

u/fO/x]sf 5g\ . sltko a}+ssf]

Tof]eGbf sd klg 5 . cd]l/sfdf

of]eGbf sd -# k|ltztsf] xf/fxf/Ldf_

5 . c:6«]lnofsf] cf};t a}+s Aofhb/

eg] ^ b]lv & k|ltzt;Dd /x]sf]

kfOG5 . emG8} tLg bzscufl8 !$

k|ltzt;Dd k'u]sf] lyof] . c:6«]lnofdf

Aofhb/ w]/} dfly uof] eg] klg w]/}

;do /xFb}g .

ljZjs} pTs[i6 ;x/x¿df kg]{

c:6«]lnofsf l;8\gL, d]nag{df l/on

O:6]6 If]qsf] j[l4 s:tf] 5 <

oL ;x/df klg cfly{s vf8n

Psbd} 7"nf] 5 . s]xL 7fp“df c;fWo}

wgL dflg;x¿ a:5g\ eg] st} dflg;sf]

cfly{s cj:yf lgs} sdhf]/ 5 .

k|f]k6L{sf] d"Nofª\sg ToxLcg';f/sf] 5 .

p:t} lsl;dsf] 3/ lsGg sxLF $ s/f]8

dfq lt/] k'U5 eg] st} @@ s/f]8;Dd

klg ltg'{k5{ . l;8\gL / d]nag{df k|f]k6L{

dfs]{6sf] kl5Nnf] j[l4b/ !$ k|ltzt

5 . c¿ ;x/sf] j[l4 s]xL sd 5 .

d]nag{, l;8\gLh:tf 7fp“df wgL dflg;

cfP/ a:g] ePsf] x'gfn] ToxLcg';f/

3/sf] d"No to ePsf] x'G5 . t/

c:6«]lnofsf k|foM ;a} ;x/ ;'ljwfsf

b[li6n] d]nag{, l;8\gL;dfg 5g\ . of]

;dfhjfbL b]z ePsf] x'gfn] ;a}lt/

plQs} ;'ljwf 5 / dfgj ljsf;

;"rsfª\s klg ;alt/ p:t} 5 .

c:6«]lnofdf /x]sf] tkfO{+sf]

sDkgLsf] af/]df s]xL atfOlbg';\ g .

kLPr8Lsf] ljBfyL{

/xFbf klxnf …kf6{ 6fOdÚsf]

¿kdf yfn]sf] of] sfd /

sDkgL clxn] c:6«]lnofdf

g]kfnL rnfPsf] pTs[i6

df]6{u]h a|f]s/]h sDkgL

xf] . ;~rfngsf]

tLg jif{leq} xfdL

c:6«]lnofe/sf ;Dk"0f{ -sl/a

!@ xhf/_ df]6{u]h a|f]s/]h

Ph]G;LdWo]df klg pTs[i6

!%) df cfO;s]sf 5f}{+ .

xfdL df]6{u]h a|f]lsªsf] sfd

u5f}{+ . h:t}, oxfF 3/ vl/b ubf{

cfkm\gf]tkm{af6 s]xL k};f l8kf]lh6 ug]{

/ afFsL a}+saf6 lng] ul/G5 . oxf“ klg

#)÷#% j6f a}+s 5g\ . x/]s a}+ssf

cf–cfk\mg} gLlt 5g\ . cfjZos xf]d

nf]gsf nflu dflg;nfO{ b'O{ tLgj6f

a}+sdf uP/ a'em\g] ;do xF'b}g .

c:6«]lnofdf hf] dflg;n] sfd u5{

p;n] dfq 3/ lsGg ;Sg] xf] . sfd

gePsf] dflg;n] 3/ lsGg ;Sb}g .

sfd ug]{ dflg;nfO{ cGo sfdsf nflu

aflx/ lg:sg] ;do g} x'Fb}g . p;nfO{

a}+s;FueGbf xfdL;“u s'/f ug{

;lhnf] x'G5 . xfd|f (( k|ltzt

u|fxs g]kfnL g} 5g\ . 3/ lsGgsf

nflu ;a} k|lqmofdf sf]xL g sf]xLn]

;xof]u ul/lbg'kg]{ ePsfn] xfdLn]

o:tf] ;xof]u pknAw u/fO/x]sf 5f}+ .

u|fxsn] xfdLnfO{ s'g} klg ;]jf z'Ns

ltg'{kb}{g . xfdLn] a}+s shf{sf nflu

k|lqmof cufl8 a9fOlbPkl5 u|fxssf]

gfddf 3/ gfd;f/L ePkl5 ;DalGwt

a}+sn] xfdLnfO{ sld;g lbG5 .

d}n] @)!! af6 of] sfd ;'?

u/]sf] xf] . kLPr8Lsf] ljBfyL{ /xFbf

klxnf …kf6{ 6fOdÚsf] ¿kdf yfn]sf]

of] sfd / sDkgL clxn] c:6«]lnofdf

g]kfnL rnfPsf] pTs[i6 df]6{u]h

a|f]s/]h sDkgL xf] . ;~rfngsf] tLg

jif{leq} xfdL c:6«]lnofe/sf ;Dk"0f{

-sl/a !@ xhf/_ df]6{u]h a|f]s/]h

Ph]G;LdWo]df klg pTs[i6 !%) df

cfO;s]sf 5f}{+ . cl3Nnf] jif{ xfdLn]

@% ldlnog c:6«]lnog 8n/ shf{

:jLs[t u/fPsf lyof} eg] o; jif{ &%

ldlnog 8n/ shf{ :jLs[t u/fPsf

5f} . ;du|df xfn;Dd !%) ldlnog

8n/sf] shf{ :jLs[t u/fpg xfdL

;kmn eO;s]sf 5f}+ . To:t}, sDkgL

/ JolQmut gfddf ul/ tLg jif{sf]

cjlwd} ^ j6f k|f]k6L{ hf]l8;lsPsf]

5 . To;sf] d"No sl/a %) s/f]8 hlt

xf]nf .

cfufdL Jofjf;flos of]hgf s]

s] 5g\ <

xfdLn] Psbd} Jojl:yt ¿kdf

Jofj;flos of]hgf cufl8 a9fO/x]sf

5f}+ . lglZrt ;dodf tf]s]sf] nIodf

k'Ug ;lsg] 5}g eg] d To:tf] sfd

lnGgF / ulb{gF . clxn];Dd xfdLn]

!%) ldlnog c:6«]lnog a/fa/sf]

shf{ :jLs[t u/fof+} eg] cfufdL %

jif{leqdf of] Ps ca{ 8n/ k'¥ofpg]

xfd|f] of]hgf 5 . o;nfO{ 7"nf] sDkgL

agfP/ hfg] ;f]r]sf 5f}+ . casf] kf“r

jif{leqdf xfdL c:6«]lnofdf /x]sf

g]kfnLnfO{ g} nlIft u/]/ $) ldlnog

8n/ hlt nufgLaf6 sd;]sd ;fgf

xfplhª÷ckf6{d]G6 kl/of]hgf ;'?

ug]{5f}+ . To:t}, % jif{leq} Pp6f ;fgf]

xf]ln8] l/;f]6{ lgdf{0fsf] sfd klg ;'?

ul/;s]sf x'g]5f+} . t/ c:6«]lnofdf

clxn] hUufsf] d"No lgs} a9]sfn]

xfdL tTsfnsf nflu s]xL ;do klv{g]

kIfdf 5f}+ .

g]kfn klg l/on O:6]6 lahg];df

klg nufgL ug]{ of]hgf 5 ls <

xfdL g]kfndf eGbf c:6«]lnofdf

rflxF sfd ;'? ug]{ jf:tljstfsf]

glhs 5f}+ . t/ eljiodf g]kfndf klg

nufgL ug]{ ;f]r 5 . t/ ToxfF ko{6g

jf ;]jf Joj;fodf cfwfl/t l/on

O:6]6df nufgL ug]{ ;f]r 5 . h:tf],

rLg / ef/tsf ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t

ug]{ lsl;dsf xf]6n, l/;f]6{ cflb .

t/ clxn] g} o;sf nflu k|:6 of]hgf

alg;s]sf] 5}g . of] cWoogs} qmddf

5 . c:6«]lnofdf l/;f]6{sf nflu

of]hgf agfOPsf] df]8n ;kmn eof]

eg] To;}nfO{ g]kfn jf cGo b]zdf klg

nfu" u/]/ n}hfg] ;f]rfO 5 .

c:6«]lnofdf ljb]zLsf nflu k|f]k6L{

hf]8\g] k|fjwfg s:tf] 5 <

c:6«]lnofdf cGo b]zaf6 cfPsfn]

klg ;lhn} 3/hUuf lsGg ;S5g\ .

o;sf nflu kLcf/ kfPsf] jf gful/stf

g} lnPsf] x'g'kg]{ k|fjwfg 5}g . aflx/s}

cfDbfgL b]vfpFbf klg a}+sn] ^)÷&)

k|ltzt;Dd shf{ lbG5g\ . t/, To;sf

nflu s]xL dfkb08 5g\ . sfd

ul//x]sf], vftfdf tna cfPsf] $÷%

dlxgf k'u]sf], :j/f]huf/ xf] eg] s/

lt/]sf] k|df0fkq cflb ePdf a}+saf6

shf{ lng ;lsG5 . a}+s C0f glnO{sg

cfkm+}n] nufgL ug{ ;lsG5 eg] hlxn]

klg k|f]k6L{ hf]8\g ;lsG5 . To;df

;/sf/n] …gf] cAh]S;g n]6/Ú lbg'k5{ .

t/ cGo d'n'saf6 cfPsfn] gofF k|f]k6L{

dfq} lsGg kfpF5 .

c:6«]lnofdf cfkm\g} 3/ lsg]/

a:g] g]kfnL slt xf]nfg\ <

of] jif{ xfdLn] dfq} shf{sf nflu

kxn ul/lbPsf] g]kfnLsf] ;+Vof b'O{ ;o

k'lu;Sof] . cl3Nnf] jif{ Ps ;ohgf

hlt lyP . c¿ sDkgLaf6 ;]jf lng]

g]kfnLx¿ klg 5g\ . sltko l;w} a}+sdf

uPsf 5g\ . c:6«]lnofdf sl/a !) xhf/

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kxf8L lhNnfsf] ;+ud

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a;f]af; t/fO{sf s}nfnL / s~rgk'/d} 5 .

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sDKn]S; lgdf{0f eO;s]sf 5g\ .

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dx]Gb|gu/l:yt eLdbQ gu/kflnsfnfO{

pkdxfgu/kflnsf agfOg'n] klg o; If]qdf

ef}lts k"jf{wf/ / cGo ;'ljwf la:tf/}

a9\b} 5 . s~hgk'/df ;/sf/n] xfn} *

j6f gofF gu/kflnsf yk u/]kl5 oxfFsf

k'/fgf b'O{j6f gu/kflnsf wgu9L / eLdbQ

gu/kflnsf] :t/f]Gglt ul/Psf] xf] .

s}nfnL ;b/d'sfd wgu9Ldf

kl5Nnf s]xL jif{otf % s/f]8b]lv !)

s/f]8 ?k}ofF;Ddsf] nufgLdf Jofj;flos

sDKn]S;x¿ ag]sf 5g\ . To:t}

;'b"/klZrdsf & j6f kxf8L lhNnf

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klg s/f]8f}+F nufgLdf ;lkª sDKn]S;x¿

lgdf{0f eO/x]sf 5g\ .

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# ;ob]lv % ;oj6f gofF 3/ ylkFb}

cfPsf 5g\ . Jofj;flos k|of]hgsf

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yfn]sf] e§n] atfP . #) k|ltzt

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u/]sf gu/kflnsfsf] tYof+s 5 .

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jif{sf] ebf} dlxgfaf6 ejg;+lxtf

nfu" u/]kl5 ejg lgdf{0fdf s]xL

s8fO ul/Psf] pgL atfpF5g\ . wgu9L

gu/kflnsfsf, ljzfngu/, pQ/a]x8L,

x;gk'/, tf/fgu/, lzjgu/ / wgu9L

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lgdf{0f ePsf 5g\ .

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sf 3/x¿ eTsfP/ gofF Pj+ Jofj;flos

3/ aGg] qmd a9\b} uPsf] 5 . wgu9L–

cQl/of If]qdf klxnf pBf]ux¿sf]

;+Vof w]/} eP klg xfn pBf]u aGb u/]/

Knl6ª u/L a;f]af;sf nflu pko'Qm x'g]

3/x¿ wdfwd alg/x]sf 5g\ .

g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3sf

s]Gb|Lo ;b:o Pj+ ;]tL c~rn ;+of]hs

uf]kfn xdfnn] s}nfnLsf] u]6f uflj;df

rNb} cfPsf] t]n ldn aGb u/L pQm

hldg Knl6ª u/]/ *) j6f 38]/L

lgsfn]sf 5g\ . tf]/L ldnaf6 kmfObf

gePkl5 Knl6ª u/]/ ;f] If]qnfO{ cfjf;

If]qdf ljsf; ug]{ cfkm\gf] of]hgf /x]sf]

pgn] atfP .

o:t} s}nfnLsf cQl/of, nfnk'/,

u]6f, >Lk'/ / af]/f8fF8L If]qdf klg

ljutdf pBf]usf] ;+Vof a9L eP klg

xfn dfgj a:tL aflSng yfn]sf]

5 . o;sf ;fy} ahf/ If]qeGbf !)

lsnf]ld6/ leq;Ddsf v]tLof]Uo

hldgdf klg Knl6ª u/]/ 3/ lgdf{0f

yflnPsf] 5 .

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s}nfnLsf] cQl/of rf]s

eLdbQ gu/kflnsf / emnf/L ahf/df

klg cfw'lgs / Jofj;flos ejgx¿

aGg] qmdn] tLj|tf kfPsf] 5 .

;'b"/klZrd ljZjljBfno

s~rgk'/sf] dx]Gb|gu/df :yfkgf ePkl5

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;/sf/L If]qaf6 ;~rflnt o; If]qs}

Psdfq} l;4gfy lj1fg SofDk; klg

dx]Gb|gu/d} ePsfn] ljBfyL{ rfk a;]{lg

a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 .

dx]Gb|gu/df tLg jif{otf Jofj;flos

k|of]hgsf nflu agfOg] 3/sf] ;+Vof

a9\b} uPsf] 5 . eLdbQgu/kflnsfsf

OlGhlgo/ lxdfnol;+x P]/sf cg';f/

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ylkFb} cfPsf 5g\ . s~rgk'/sf] ;'8f,

b}hL, jgufpF, s6fg / efF;L If]qdf

ljutdf ;fgf7"nf pBf]u eP klg tL

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eO/x]sf] 5 . eLdbQ gu/kflnsfn]

kl5Nnf] ;dodf k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0fsf]

sfdnfO{ k|fyldstf lbFb} cfPsf] 5 .

kl5Nnf] ;do oxL b'O{ lhNnfdf

a9\b} uPsf] Jofj;flos ultljlw;Fu}

Jofj;flos ejgsf] lgdf{0fnfO{ klg ult

lbPsf] 5 . ljQLo ;+:yfn] Jofj;flos

ejgdf nufgL ug{ yfn]sfn] klg ax'tn]

ejgsf] lgdf{0f a9]sf] xf] . wgu9Lsf]

af]/f8fF8L, SofDk; /f]8, ljzfngu/,

tf/fgu/ / x;gk'/ tyf u]6f uflj;df o:tf

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c~rnsf] s}nfnL lhNnf ;b/d'sfdsf

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gu/kflnsfsf] If]qkmn !)%=*! ju{

lsnf]ld6/ 5 . o;sf] k"j{df v'l6of gbL,

klZrddf df]xgf gbL, blIf0fdf df]xgf

gbL / ef/t kb{5g\ eg] pQ/df cQl/of

cQl/of gu/kflnsf -;fljssf u]6f /

a]nfb]jLk'/_ uflj; kb{5g\ .

z}lIfs cj:yf

wgu9Ldf :gftsf]Q/ cWoogsf

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;'b"/klZrd SofDk; 5g\ eg] xf]6n

Dofg]hd]G6, aLaLP, PdaLPsf ;fy}

OlGhlgol/ª cWoogsf nflu qmdzM

j]:6g{ Ps]8]dL, j]:6g{ OG6/g];gn

lahg]; :s'n / gf:6 sn]h ;~rfngdf

5g\ . wgu9L gu/kflnsfdf dfq}

;/sf/L / lghL u/L # ;o a9L :s'n

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/x]sf] 5 .

k"jf{wf/

wug9Lsf !$ j6f j8fdWo]

xfn;Dd $ j6f j8fdf dfq vfg]kfgLsf]

;'ljwf 5 . afFsL j8fdf lghL If]qaf6

vfg]kfgL cfof]hgf lgdf{0ffwLg 5 .

gu/kflnsfdf xfn;Dd $ xhf/ # ;o

$$ j6f lghL wf/f 5g\ . gu/kflnsfsf

;a} j8fdf ljB'tLs/0f eO;s]sf] 5 . s]xL

d'Qm sd}of a:tLdf eg] cem}F cFWof/f] 5 .

6]lnkmf]gsf] ;d]t ;'ljwf k'u]sf] wgu9Ldf

g]kfn 6]lnsd / lghL If]qaf6 klg OG6/

g]6sf] ;'ljwf k'u]sf] 5 .

rfn" cfly{s jif{sf] ebf} d;fGt;Dd

wgu9Ldf @ ;o !& lsnf]ld6/ ;8s

u|fe]n 5 . ljleGg ljQLo ;+:yfsf

#) j6f zfvf wgu9Ldf /x]sf 5g\ .

/fhwfgLaf6 wgu9L lgs} b"/Ldf /x]klg

;jf/L ;'udtf eg] 5 . ;'b"/klZrd

oftfoft Joj;foL ;+3n] gu/ If]qdf @$

j6f gu/a; ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 .

Ps dlxgfcl3b]lv wgu9Ld} ljB'tLo

c6f] l/S;f klg ;~rfngdf cfPsf] 5 .

hf]v/ tfnnfO{ wgu9Lsf] d'Vo

cfsif{0fsf] ¿kdf lnOG5 . o;sf ;fy}

Ps bh{g k'/fgf d7 dlGb/ wgu9Lsf

;f+:s[lts ;DklQ x'g\ . k|foM ;a}

hfthfltsf] a;f]af; /x]sf] 5 .

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gu/kflnsfsf] hg;+Vof ! nfv ! xhf/

( ;o &) hgf /x]sf] 5 .

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fopkj

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t/, pQm ejgsf] k|of]u /]:6'/fF, :s'n, gl;{ª xf]d cflbsf ¿kdf eO/x]sf] x'G5 . of] u}/sfg'gL xf] .

g] k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] sf7df8f}+df

kfndf 3/ ef8fdf lbg]÷lng] rng

sf7df8f}+af6 ;'? ePsf] kfOG5 .

ljho k|fKt ul/;s]kl5 ;}lgssf nflu a:g]

7fpFsf] k|aGw ;'? ;'?df oxfFsf :yfgLosf]

3/sf] lr;f] l5F8Ldf ul/Psf] lyof] . kl5

tL ;}lgs cjsfz ePkl5 pgLx¿ s]xL

Jofkf/ Joj;fo u/]/ kl/jf/;Fu a:g yfn] .

o;n] 3/sf] dfu a9fof] . dfu a9\b} uPkl5

3/df a:g lbPafkt Go"gtd k};f lng] lbg]

rng ;'? eof] . t/ Tolta]nf 3/ axfndf

nufP/} hLljsf rnfpF5' eGg] dfGotfn] k};f

lng] ul/Fb}g lyof] . @)#^ ;fnkl5 eg]

sf7df8f}+df 3/ ef8fdf lng]÷lbg] rngn]

Jofkstf kfpg yfn]sf] xf] . sf7df8f}+df

dgfª]x¿ cfP/ Jofkf/ Joj;fo ;'?

u/], df/jf8Lx¿n] klg 3/ agfpg yfn],

xªsª÷a}+ssnufotaf6 j}b]lzs Jofkf/

ug]{ qmd a9\of], cfO{PghLcf] ÷PghLcf]

÷bft[lgsfox¿ cfP / pgLx¿nufotsf

ljb]zLx¿nfO{ 3/ ef8fdf nufpg] ju{ klg

cufl8 cfof] . o;n] qmdzM sf7df8f}+df

3/axfndf nufpg] k|rng a9fpFb} nUof] .

clxn] sf7df8f}+df dfq %* k|ltzt dflg;

ef8fdf a:5g\ eg] ;du|df xfd|f] $)

k|ltzt ;x/L hg;+Vof ef8fdf a:5 .

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dflg;x¿ ;x/ cfpF5g\ . t/ ;x/

cfpgf;fy 3/ agfpg jf lsGg ;Sg]

x}l;ot gx'g] x'Fbf tTsfnsf] cfjZostf

k"/f ug]{ ljsNk 3/ jf sf]7f ef8fdf

lng] g} x'G5 . of] Ps lsl;dsf] afWotf

klg xf] .

kl5Nnf] ;dodf g]kfndf /]G6n

xfplhªn] klg Jofj;flos ¿k lng

yfn]sf] 5 . t/ cem} klg 3/a]6L

/ 8]/fjfnfsf] e]6 jf d]n ;xh

alg;s]sf] 5}g . 3/wgL / axfnjfnfsf]

d]n ;xhtfsf] ljsNkdf cl3 cfPsf

Ph]G6x¿n] laNs'n ckl/lrt JolQmnfO{

Pscfk;df e]6 u/fpg] sfd u/] .

ckl/lrt;“u sf/f]af/ ubf{ rflxg] lnlvt

k|df0f tof/ ug]{ sfd Ph]G6x¿n] g} u/] .

o;n] s]xL xb;Dd Ph]G6 Joj;fon] klg

cf}krfl/stf kfof] . t/, k"0f{ ¿kdf eg]

cem} of] ;+:yfut x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .

ljleGg sf/0fn] dflg;x¿

sf7df8f}+ cfpg'kg]{ afWotf 5 . o;n]

xfplhªsf] dfu a9fPsf] 5 t/ ;f]cg'¿k

cfk"lt{ x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . o;n] /]G6n

xfplhªsf] d"No a9\of] . kmn:j¿k

ef8fdf a:g]x¿n] dxFuf] d"No ltg'{kg]{

eof] . o;n] 8]/fjfnf / 3/a]6Lsf aLrdf

Ps lsl;dsf] åGå klg lgDTofPsf] 5 .

3/a]6Ln] ;:tf]df a:g lbPsf] 7fGg] /

8]/fjfnfnfO{ dxFuf] ef8f ltl/x]sf] dx;';

x'g] u/]sf] 5 . k|z:t k};f ltbf{ klg

kfgL, aQLnufotsf] ;'ljwf ePg eGg]

8]/fjfnfnfO{ kg]{ u/]sf] 5 . oxL sf/0f

b'j} kIf clxn] clwsf/sf] vf]hLdf

ef}tfl//x]sf 5g\ . clwsf/ vf]Hg] qmddf

pgLx¿ ;/sf/L lgsfo;Dd k'u]sf 5g\ .

oxL ljifodf b'O{ jif{cl3 d'2f k/]kl5

cbfntn] 3/ axfn;DaGwL sfg'g agfO{

nfu" ug'{ egL ;/sf/sf] gfddf k/dfb]z

klg hf/L u/]sf] 5 .

slxn]sfxL+ ;/sf/n] ;'ljwfsf

cfwf/df 3/ ef8f jf d"No

tf]Sg'kg]{ /fhgLlts bafa klg ;/sf/L

lgsfodf cfpg] u/]sf] 5 . t/ /]G6n

xfplhªdf ljBdfg ;d:of ;'wf/sf nflu

ef8fdf lgoGq0f ug]{ xf]Og . d"No ahf/n]

g} lgoGq0f ug]{ xf] . dfu / cfk"lt{af6

of] lgwf{/0f x'g'k5{ . o;df ;/sf/n] w]/}

x:tIf]k ug'{ x'Fb}g . ef/tdf ;/sf/n] /]G6n

xfplhª Jojl:yt ug]{ e/]/ ;g\ !($&

cl3 g} sfg'g agfP/ xft xfn]kl5 7"nf]

ljs[lt cfPsf] 5 . h'g sfg'g clxn];Dd

klg ef/t ;/sfn] vf/]h ug{ ;s]sf]

5}g . g]kfnL kl/j]z;Fu ldNbf]h'Nbf] d'n's

ePsfn] ef/tsf] cEof; xfd|f nflu glh/

xf] . xfdLn] To;af6 l;s]/ To:tf ljs[lt

oxfF leq\ofpg glbg] xf] . t/, 3/axfnnfO{

;/sf/n] lgodgsf] bfo/df Nofpg eg]

cTofjZos 5 . 3/a]6L / 8]/fjfnfsf]

ljrdf x'g] s/f/nfO{ cf}krfl/stf lbg]

dfWod cfjZos 5 .

s/sf] bfo/fdf 3/a]6L / 8]/fjfnf

b'j} cfpg'k5{ . o;sf nflu axfn

;Demf}tf clgjfo{ ¿kdf gu/kflnsf,

j8f / s/ sfof{nodf btf{ x'g'kg]{ Joj:yf

ug{ ;lsG5 . o;n] /fh:j ;+sng

a9fpg ;xof]u u5{ . o;/L btf{ ePkl5

8]/fjfnf / 3/a]6Lsf] aLrdf s'g} ;d:of

cfPdf Tof] ;/sf/sf] klg ;/f]sf/sf]

ljifo aG5 .

3/a]6L / 8]/fjfnf b'j}n] kfngf

ug'{kg]{ s]xL g}lts lgodx¿ x'G5g\ .

ef8fdf /fv]sf] eGb}df 3/a]6Ln] dgnfUbL

ug]{ / k};f lt/]sf] eGb}df 8]/fjfnf

klg c/fhs aGg] k|j[lQn] ;d:of

a9fpF5 . sltko cj:yfdf k"jf{wf/sf]

sdL, kfgLsf] cefj, ljB't\sf ;jld6/sf]

h8fg /fd|f] gx'g', kmf]xf]/ Joj:yfkg

ug{ g;Sg] cflbh:tf cj:yf 3/a]6L

/ 8]/fjfnfaLrdf c;dembf/L a9fpg]

cfwf/e"t sf/0fx¿ /x]sf] b]lvPsf]

5 . 3/sf sf]7fdf e]lG6n];g gx'g],

;fgf / cFWof/f sf]7f, dfG5] l5g{ g}

g;lsg] uNnLdf /x]sf 3/sf sf]7fdf

a:g afWo x'g'kg]{ cj:yf 5 . o:tf

7fpFdf a:g] dflg;x¿ /f]uL x'G5g\ . /f]uL

dfG5]n] pTkfbgzLn sfd ug{ ;Sb}gg\ .

To;sf/0f a;f]af; ;'/lIft, kof{Kt /

ckmf]8{Pan x'g cfjZos 5 . clxn]

dflg;n] vf]h]sf] Go"gtd u'0f:t/ oxL

xf] .

d"Nocg';f/sf] ;]jf ;'ljwf

kfpg'k5{ eGg] ;j{dfGo l;4fGt xf] .

t/, 3/axfnsf] ;Gbe{df g]kfndf To:tf]

cj:yf 5}g . ef8f al9/x]sf] eP klg

;'ljwfrflx+ a9]sf] x'Fb}g . o;sf afah'b

klg cGo d'n'ssf] t'ngfdf g]kfnsf

3/a]6L / 8]/fjfnfsf] ;DaGw /fd|f]

dfGg'k5{ .

sf7df8f}+df a;f]af;sf nflu w]/}

3/ ag]sf lyP . ;'?;'?df a:gsf nflu

/f]h]cg';f/sf 3/ / sf]7f kfOGy] . Pp6f

sf]7fb]lv lnP/ b'O{–tLgj6f 3/;lxtsf]

sDkfpG8;d]t kfOGYof] . t/ clxn]

cfjf;Lo 3/x¿df xf]6n, /]:6'/fF,

:s'n, sn]h, c:ktfn, gl;{ª xf]d,

kf]lnlSnlgs, ;+3;+:yf cflb :yfkgf

ePsf 5g\ . of] qmd a9\bf] 5 . o;n]

ubf{ cfjf;Lo k|of]hgsf nflu cfjZos

…xfplhª :6sÚ sd xF'b} uof] .

h:tf];'s} cj:yfdf klg dflg;nfO{

3/ t rflxG5 g} . a:gsf nflu 3/sf]

ljsNk s]an …3/Ú dfq xf] . o;ljk/Lt

3/sf] u}/cfjf;Lo k|of]hg a9\b} hfFbf

cfjf;Lo xfplhªsf] :6s sd ePsfn]

sf7df8f}+df dfu / cfk"lt{aLrsf]

;Gt'ng lau|]sf] 5 .

xfdLsxfF cfjf;Lo 3/ eg]/ btf{

ug]{ / 3/hUuf /fh:j klg ;f]xLcg'¿k ltg]{

ul/Psf] 5 . t/, pQm ejgsf] k|of]u /]:6'/fF,

:s'n, gl;{ª xf]d cflbsf ¿kdf eO/x]sf]

x'G5 . of] u}/sfg'gL xf] . t;y{, cfjf;Lo

/ Jofj;flos k|of]hgsf nflu 5'§f5'§}

btf{sf] Joj:yf x'G5 . sf7df8f}+df ag]sf

clwsf+z 3/ Jofj;flos k|of]hgdf uP

dflg; sxf“ uP/ a:g] <

cfjf;Lo 3/x¿ Jofj;flos

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k"jf{wf/ ljsf; sDkgLsf clwsf/Lx¿ eg] o;nfO{ :jLsfb}{gg\ . nufgL

C0fsf] ¿kdf cfPsf] / k|fljlws ¿kdf ;fdfGo ;xof]u dfq lng]

ePsfn] :jb]zL ;Lk / k'“hL 5fofdf gk/]sf] pgLx¿sf] ts{ 5 .

;'?ªdfu{ lgdf{0fsf nflu Sofg]l8og nufgLstf{n] sDtLdf sl/a

@& ca{ ?k}ofF -@* s/f]8 cd]l/sL 8n/_ C0f lbg ;xdt ePsf 5g\ .

Sofg]l8ogn] C0f lbg] ePkl5 ;'?ªdfu{sf] nfutdWo] sl/a *) k|ltzt

nufgL h'6]sf] 5 . sDkgLn] nfdf] ;dob]lv kl/of]hgfsf] nufgL h'6fpg

g;s]kl5 ;'?ªdfu{ g} gaGg] xf] ls eGg] cfz+sf a9\b} uPsf] lyof] .

Sofg]l8og sDkgLn] nufgL ug]{ atfPkl5 s]xL l9nf] u/L eP klg

kl/of]hgf aGg] ljZjf; a9]sf] 5 .

o; ;'?ªdfu{ lgdf{0fsf nflu Sofg8fsf OGk|mfAofª\S; skf]{/];g,

;]h Unf]an Sofg8f / Unf]an kmfOgflG;on P;f]l;P6\;n] C0f lbg

;xdlt hgfPsf x'g\ . ut dlxgf sf7df8f}+df cfof]lht Ps sfo{qmddf

g]kfn k"jf{wf/ ljsf; sDkgLsf tkm{af6 cWoIf s'zs'df/ hf]zL /

Sofg]l8og nufgLstf{ sDkgLsf k|ltlglwx¿n] C0f nufgL;DaGwL

;Demf}tfkqdf x:tfIf/ u/]sf x'g\ .

;D´f}tfcg';f/ of] C0f g]kfn k"jf{wf/ ljsf; sDkgLn] !%

jÈ{leq ltl/;Sg'k5{ . shf{ Aofhb/ …nG8g OG6/ a}+s ckm8{ /]6Ú cg';f/

x'g] g]kfn k"jf{wf/ ljsf; sDkgL cWoÔ s'zs'df/ hf]zLn] hfgsf/L

lbP . o;cg'¿k shf{ Aofhb/ a9Ldf @ b]lv # k|ltzt;Dd x'g]5 .

sDkgLn] eg] cfufdL * jif{df shf{ r'Qmf ul/;Sg] /0fgLlt agfPsf]

hf]zLn] atfP .

cfufdL tLg dlxgfdf C0f ;D´f}tfsf ;a} k|lqmof k"/f u/L

kl/of]hgf lgdf{0f yflng] pgn] atfP . …;D´f}tfkl5 ;/sf/L sfuhft

tof/ kfg{, jftfj/0fLo k|efj d"Nof+sg -O{cfO{P_ nufotsf sfd

;N6fpg tLg dlxgf nfUg] / To;kl5 sfd g} ;'? ug]{ of]hgf 5,Ú pgn]

eg] . kl/of]hgf lgdf{0fsf nflu afFsL @) k|ltzt nufgL eg] :jb]zL

nufgLstf{af6 ;+sng ul/g] hf]zLn] hfgsf/L lbP . o;sf nflu g]kfn

k"jf{wf/ ljsf; sDkgLn] @ ca{ ?k}of“a/fa/sf] ;]o/ vl/b ;D´f}tf

ul/;s]sf] 5 . To;dWo]sf] ! ca{ 6LaLcfO{ ;d"xn] nufgL ug]{ ;xdlt

ul/;s]sf] 5 .

To;}u/L, @ ca{sf] k"j{k|fylds ;]o/ -kLcfO{kLcf]_ / # ca{sf]

k|fylds ;]o/ -cfO{kLcf]_ hf/L ug{ nfluPsf] hf]zLn] atfP . sDkgLn]

lk|–cfO{kLcf] hf/L ug{ g]kfn lwtf]kq af]8{df :jLs[ltsf nflu cfj]bg

lbPsf] * dlxgf eO;s] klg cg'dlt eg] kfPsf] 5}g .

g]kfndf klxnf]k6s cfPsf Sofg]l8og sDkgLsf k|ltlglwn]

k"jf{wf/ ljsf; sDkgLsf] nufgL ;'?jft dfq} ePsf] atfp“b} cfufdL

lbgdf cGo kl/of]hgfdf klg nufgL a9fOg] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . z

!&


fo'o

hfkfgsf] 6f]lsof] l:yt df5f ahf/ . ljZjd} k|l;l4 sdfPsf] *) jif{ k'/fgf] of] ahf/nfO{ x6fP/ PdhLPd l/;f]6{ OG6/g]zgnn] Sofl;gf] l/;f]6{ agfpg] ePsf] 5 .

ef/tdf afns]lGb|t ckf6{d]G6

ef/tsf xfplhª sDkgLn]

afnaflnsfsf] Ifdtf clej[l4nfO{

Wofgdf /fVb} xfplhª lgdf{0f ug]{

ePsf 5g\ . h;df xfplhªleq} 6]lg;

sf]6{b]lv JolQmTj / g]t[Tj ljsf;sf

ljleGg ;'ljwfx¿ ;dfj]z x'g] ePsf]

5 .

ef/tsf] h]/f 8]enkd]G6\;n]

afnaflnsfsf] ;'ljwfnfO{ Wofg

lbOPsf] xfplhª nGr u/]sf] xf] .

ef/tdf ljut b'O{ jif{b]lv

ckf6{d]G6÷xfplhªsf] dfu 3l6/x]sf]

5 . xfplhª sDkgLx¿n] u|fxssf]

Wofg cfslif{t ug{sf nflu ljleGg

;'ljwf;lxtsf cfjf; lgdf{0f ug{

yfn]sf x'g\ .

h]/fn] ef/tsf] k'g] /

a}+unf]/df o:tf ;'ljwfdf xfplhª

lgdf{0f yfn]sf] xf] . sDkgLn] uf]jfdf

klg afns]lGb|t xfplhª lgdf{0f ;'?

u/]sf] atfPsf] 5 .

oL kl/of]hgf cfufdL b'O{

jif{df lgdf{0f ;DkGg x'g] atfOPsf]

5 . o; cjwf/0ffdf ag]sf b'O{

a]8 ?dsf] ckf6{d]G6sf] d"No *%

nfv ef/tLo ?k}ofF kg]{ atfOPsf]

5 . To;}u/L, tLg a]8 ?d ePsf]

ckf6{d]G6sf] d"No eg] Ps s/f]8

kf“r nfv ?k}ofF;Dd kg]{ sDkgLn]

atfPsf] 5 . z

;g\ @)!$ df ljZjdf k|f]k6L{ ahf/sf]

nufgL sl/a !# k|ltztn] j[l4 x'g]

cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . o; jif{ k|f]k6L{

ahf/sf] nufgL !# va{ #) ca{

8n/ k'Ug] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 .

s;Dofg PG8 j]slkmN8n]

u/]sf] cWoogn] ;g\ @)!# df

ljZj k|f]k6L{ ahf/df !! va{ *)

ca{ 8n/ nufgL ePsf] b]vfPsf]

5 . of] ;g\ @)!@ sf] t'ngfdf

@@=^ k|ltztn] a9L xf] . s;Dofg

PG8 j]slkmN8 of] j[l4nfO{ ;g\

@))& otfs} ;a}eGbf a9L eg]sf]

5 .

cl3Nnf] jif{ ljZj k|f]k6L{

dfs]{6df Pl;of If]qsf] nufgL

;a}eGbf a9L /x]sf] lyof] . ljZj

tl:j/M 8An'kL;L

@)!$ df ljZj k|f]k6L{ ahf/sf]

nufgL !# va{ 8n/ k'Ug]

k|f]k6L{ ahf/dWo] $* k|ltzt Pl;of

If]qn] cf]u6]sf] tYofª\sn] b]vfPsf]

5 . cl3Nnf] jif{ Pl;ofsf] k|f]k6L{

dfs]{6 @% k|ltztn] a9]/ % ca{

^* s/f]8 ^) nfv 8n/ k'u]sf]

5 . rLg, hfkfg, c:6«]lnofsf]

k|f]k6L{ dfs]{6df nufgL a9]sf] 5 eg]

tfOjfg, ef/t, blIf0f sf]l/of, xªsª

/ yfONofG8sf] k|f]k6L{ dfs]{6sf]

nufgL t'ngfTds ¿kdf 36]sf] 5 .

o; jif{ ahf/ lj:tf/df

cd]l/sf / klZrd o'/f]kn] yk

of]ubfg ug]{ cg'dfg ul/Psf]

s;Dofg PG8 j]slkmN8sf k|d'v

h]g ljlnPd a;6Lh]gn] atfPsf]

8An'kL;Ln] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 .

!* @)&! c;f]h


O;oLFkkiu

ljho /fhe08f/L

cWoIf tyf k|aGw lgb]{zs,

;LO{ sG:6«S;g

;kmntfsf] d"n dGq ‘kf/blz{tf’

klg ;+:yfsf] ;kmntf

jf c;kmntf d"Vo ¿kdf

s'g}

To; ;+:yfsf] Joj:yfkgdf

e/ k5{ . Joj:yfkgdf ljz]if Wofg

lbPsf] ;+:yf ;kmn g} ePsf 5g\ .

;doqmdcg';f/ g} Joj:yfkgdf gof“

;"q / tl/sf ljsl;t ePsf 5g\ .

ljsl;t k|ljlwn] klg o;df 7"nf]

of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf] 5 .

g]kfndf klg skf]{/]6 ;d'bfon]

la:tf/} Joj:yfkgnfO{ ljz]if

dxTj lbg yfn]sf 5g\ . ;+:yfdf

hgzlQm, ljQLo kIf, pTkfbg tyf

ahf/, kl/of]hgf cflbsf] k|efjsf/L

Joj:yfkgn] g} sDkgLnfO{ nIodf

k'Ug ;xof]u u/]sf] x'G5 .

;du| skf]{/]6 ;]S6/df

Joj:yfkgdf gd'gf sDkgLsf] ¿kdf

dflgG5– ;LO{ sG:6«S6g . sf7df8f}+sf]

lqk'/]Zj/l:yt ;LO{n] d'Vou/L

xfplhª÷l/on O:6]6 tyf lgdf{0fsf]

If]qdf sfd ul//x]sf] 5 .

k|efjsf/L Joj:yfkgsf

nflu klxnf] ;t{ lzIff g} ePsf]

;LO{ sG:6«S;gsf cWoIf tyf

k|aGw lgb]{zs ljho /fhe08f/L

atfp“5g\ . …s'g} klg ;+:yfsf] lehg

x'g'k5{ . ToxL lehgnfO{ ;xL ¿kdf

Jojxf/df ptfg'{ g} Joj:yfkg xf],Ú

pgn] eg] . To;}u/L, eO/x]sf] sfdnfO{

gof“ tl/sfn] ug]{ / s;}n] gu/]sf]

sfd ug'{nfO{ pBdzLntf dfG5g\

pgL . ;LO{ s:6«S;gsf] Joj:yfkgsf

nflu k|ljlwnfO{ cfwf/ dfg]sf] pgn]

atfP .

…s'g} ;+:yf ;'? ug'{eGbf klxn]

@)&! c;f]h

;LO{sf]

Joj:yfkg ;"q

cfkm\gf]kg M cfkm"nfO{

kbf{ sDkgL 5 . sDkgLnfO{

kbf{ cfkm"n] ;Sbf] ug'{k5{ eGg]

jftfj/0f l;h{gf ePsf] x'g'k5{ .

art / afF8kmfF8 M 7Ls

tf}/tl/sfn] sfd ubf{ pTkfbsTj

a9\g ;S5 . j]:6]h sd ug{

;lsG5 . o;/L hf]ufPsf]

rLhnfO{ kl5 Pscfk;df afF8\g

;lsG5 .

ljQLo Kofs]h M ;LO{n]

x/]s jif{ % b]lv !% k|ltzt

tna j[l4 ub}{ cfPsf]

5 . To;}u/L, kkm{d]G; OG;]lG6e,

nfef+zsf] lx:;fbf/ ;LO{sf

sd{rf/L klg x'g kfpF5g\ .

:jf:Yo pkrf/ M

;LO{n] sd{rf/Lsf] :jf:Yo

pkrf/sf] ;Dk"0f{ vr{ pknAw

u/fpF5 . o;afx]s kl/jf/sf

;b:osf] :jf:Yo pkrf/df klg

sDkgLn] ;xof]u ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .

/f]huf/Lsf] lglZrttf M

;LO{df lgo'Qm ePkl5 sd{rf/Lsf]

JolQmut OR5fafx]s sDkgLn]

cfhLjg /f]huf/Laf6 x6fpFb}g .

PSn} ug]{ ls ;fem]bf/L -kf6{g/

l;k_ df ug]{ eGg] 6'ª\Uofpg'k5{,Ú

/fhe08f/Ln] eg] …cf}Bf]lus jftfj/0f

lbg'k5{ eGg] ;f]r]/ xfdLn] rflx“

;fem]bf/L /f]Hof} .Ú

PSn]n] sfd ubf{ ;+:yfsf]

cfsf/ klg ;fg} x'g] x'“bf k|lt:kwL{

Ifdtf klg sdhf]/ g} x'G5 .

;fem]bf/Ldf sfd ubf{ ;+o'Qm k|of;

x'G5 / k|lt:kwL{ Ifdtf klg a9\5 . …

PSn}n] u¥of] eg] b; jif{df !) s/f]8

sdfpg ;lsPnf . kf6{g/l;kdf ul/of]

eg] Ps ca{ sdfO x'g ;S5,Ú pgL

eG5g\, …b; s/f]8df b; k|ltztn] Ps

s/f]8 kmfObf x'G5 eg] Ps ca{df %

k|ltztn] klg % s/f]8 kmfObf x'G5 .Ú

;fem]bf/Ldf ul/Psf] Jojf;fon]

;w}+ kmfObf g} lbG5 eGg] xf]Og .

;+:yfsf] k|ult / cjglt ;fem]bf/sf]

e"ldsf / bIftfdf lge{/ u5{ . t;y{,

cfkm\gf] lehg sfof{Gjog ug{ ;Sg]

;fe]mbf/ 5g\ ls 5}gg\ eGg] s'/fsf]

6'ª\uf] klxn] nufpg'kg]{ x'G5 . ;fem]bf/

x¿sf] Joj:yfkgdf klg g]t[Tjn] Wofg

lbg ;Sg'k5{ . /fhe08f/L eG5g\,

…g]t[Tjn] kf6{g/nfO{ Joj:yfkg ug{

;Sg'k¥of] . sfd Nofpg klg ;Lk /

d]xgt plQs} clgjfo{ 5 . ePsf

dflg;nfO{ lehg lbP/ lx“8fpg

;Sg'k¥of] .Ú olt dfq} geP/ sfd

ug]{ jftfj/0fn] klg sfdsf] glthfdf

c;/ ul//x]sf] x'g] ePsfn] s'g} klg

;+:yfsf nflu …jls{ª OGefO/f]d]G6Ú

dxTjk"0f{ 7fG5g\ pgL .

To;kl5sf] dxTjk"0f{

kf6f] x'g\ u|fxs . ;+:yf ;kmn

x'gsf nflu cfkm"n] lbPsf]

k|8S6df u|fxsnfO{ ;Gt'i6 agfpg

;Sg'k5{ . To;df cfPsf c8\rg

l5rf]Ng ;+:yfsf] Joj:yfkg g}

k|efjsf/L x'g'k5{ . /fhe08f/L eG5g\,

…s'g} klg s'/fnfO kf/bzL{ 9+un] /fVg

;lsof] eg] cufl8 a9\g ;lsG5 .

;kmn aGg ;lsG5 .Ú Joj:yfkgdf

;a} pkfox¿nfO{ k|efjsf/L 9+un]

pkof]u ug{ ;lsof] eg] ;'?s} sDkgL

klg gd'gf aGg ;Sg] /fhe08f/L

atfp“5g\ . Joj:yfkgnfO{ k|0ffnLdf

Nofpgsf nflu ;'?df 7"nf] d]xgt

rflxg] pgn] atfP .

;LO{sf] ;kmntf p;sf]

Joj:yfkg;“u hf]l8Psf] 5 . ;LO{n]

dfgj ;+;fwg, kl/of]hgf Joj:yfkg,

cfly{s Joj:yfkg cflbdf ljz]if

Wofg lbPsf] 5 . …sDkgLsf] gLltut

ljifodf 5nkmn ug{sf nflu

;fKtflxs a}7s x'g] u/]sf] 5 .

gLltut ljifodf lg0f{o ePkl5 To;sf]

sfof{Gjogsf nflu sfof{Gjog txsf

JolQmx¿ ;lDdlnt a}7s u5f}{+,Ú

/fhe08f/Ln] eg] .

sDkgLn] cGt/lqmofTds 9+udf

sfd ug'{kg]{ pgn] atfP . …sltko

sDkgLdf s'g} klg ljifo Ps csf{nfO{

hfgsf/L glbg] gLlt x'G5 . To:tf]

k|sf/sf] Joj:yfkgn] ;kmn eO“b}g,Ú

pgL eG5g\, …x/]s ljifosf] hfgsf/L

sDkgLsf ;a} ;/f]sf/jfnfnfO{

x'g'k5{ . Pp6fnfO{ yfxf gePsf] ljifo

csf]{nfO{ yfxf x'G5 . ;a};“u 5nkmn

ubf{ s'g} sfd unt ePsf] /x]5 eg]

;'wfg]{ df}sf kfOG5 .Ú

;dosf] Joj:yfkg ;a}eGbf

dxTjk"0f{ 7fG5g\ pgL . ;a} sfd

;dodf ug]{ ;s]dfq glthf cfkm\gf]

kIfdf kg]{ /fhe08f/Lsf] ljZjf; 5 .

z

s'g} klg ;+:yfsf] lehg

x'g'k5{ . ToxL lehgnfO{

;xL ¿kdf Jojxf/df ptfg'{

g} Joj:yfkg xf] . eO/x]sf]

sfdnfO{ gof“ tl/sfn] ug]{

/ c?n] gu/]sf] sfd ug'{ g}

pBdzLntf xf] .

/fhe08f/Lsf

Joj:yfkg ;"q

kfFr ‘…kL’

• kª\r'cfln6L -;dodf_

• k|fO/f]6fOh];g -k|fyldstf_

• k|D6g]; -lglb{i6tf_

• k/km]S;g -k"0f{tf_

• Kof;g -hf];_

tLg …‘6L’

• 6«fG;k/]G;L -kf/blz{tf_

• 6«:6 -ljZjf;gLotf_

• l6djs{ -;fd"lxstf_

rf/ …‘;L’

• sld6]8 -k|lta4_

• slDk6]G6 -of]Uo_

• slGkm8]G6 -cfTdljZjf;_

• lqmPl6le6L -l;h{gzLntf_

!(


lgj

km]l/b}5

/fhwfgLsf] d'xf/

@)

k'/fgf] afg]Zj/b]lv l;gfd+un hfg] af6f] :t/f]Gglt ul/Fb} .

sf7df8f}+n] b]znfO{ nfdf] ;do

zf;g u¥of] t/, k|zf;lgs

ljs]Gb|Ls/0f ug{ ;s]g .

kmn:j¿k hgtf k|zf;lgs sfds} nflu

b]ze/af6 /fhwfgL wfpg afWo eP .

sf7df8f+}sf] rf/}lt/ ;'Gb/ 7fp“ eP klg

/fhwfgL dfq} cj;/sf] uGtJo aGof] .

h;af6, IfdtfeGbf a9L hg;+Vofsf] rfk

/fhwfgLdf k¥of] . kmn:j?k b}glGbg s'?k

aGg yfNof] /fhwfgL .

/fhwfgL eGgf;fy ;Dk"0f{

;'ljwf;DkGg ;x/ eGg] efj ;a}sf] dgdf

cfpF5 . t/, sf7df8f}+ eg] o;df ckjfb

5 . /fhwfgLd} oy]i6 k"jf{wf/ 5}gg\ eg]

b]zsf cGo efusf] cj:yf s] xf]nf,

;xh} cg'dfg x'G5 .

k|zf;lgs ;'ljwf / cj;/sf] dfq

xf]Og /fhgLltsf] ;d]t s]Gb| aGof] /fhwfgL .

b]ze/af6 dflg; cf]Ol/P . hxfFtxL+ 3/

6x/f 7l8P . s+lqm6 y'lk|of] . af6f] xf];\

jf gbLsf lsgf/, ;fj{hflgs xf];\ jf

;/sf/L hldg ;a}lt/ cltqmd0f ;'? eof] .

jftfj/0f ;+/If0f ug]{eGbf u'hf/f rnfpg]

ljifon] k|fyldstf kfof], h'g :jfefljs

lyof] . sdhf]/ Joj:yfksLo Ifdtf

ePsf] ;/sf/n] cfkm\gf of]hgf sfof{Gjog

ug}{ ;s]g . kmn:j¿k c;'ljwfsf rfª

g} aGof] . h;nfO{ kG5fpg 7"nf] nufgL,

nufj / d]xgtsf] h?/L 5 .

dfOlt3/–tLgs'g] ;8sv08df ;f]nf/ aQL h8fgsf nflu kf]ndf pks/0f h8fg ub}{ k|fljlwsx¿ .

ckof{Kt vfg]kfgL . sRrL /

vfN8fv'N8L af6f] . b'u{lGwt gbL . htftt}

kmf]xf]/sf] y'k|f] . b"lift xfjf . c6];d6]; ;jf/L .

y'k|} 5g\ sf7df8f}+sf ljz]iftf . ;fFem cf7

ah]kl5 ;fj{hflgs ;jf/L kfOFb}g . kfOxfn]

;'/Iffs} lrGtf . s'g} ;dodf …cnsfk'/LÚsf]

pkgfdn] lrlgg] /fhwfgL clxn] …dxfgu/Ú

ku/Lsf] pkxf; eO/x]sf] 5 .

lsg o:tf] eof] t /fhwfgL <

;x/L ljsf; dGqfnosf k"j{;lrj Pj+

;x/Ls/0f lj1 lszf]/ yfkf eG5g\, …

sf7df8f}+df ;f]r]eGbf a9L hg;+Vof

lelqof] . To;nfO{ Joj:yfkg ug{ ;Sg]

;/sf/sf] Ifdtf ePg . x/]ssf] u'hf/f 6fg'{

g} lyof] . ;a}n] cfkm"v';L ug{ yfn]sfn]

;x/ g} c:tJo:t x'g k'Uof] .Ú ;/sf/;“u

kof{Kt of]hgf / gLlt eP klg sfof{Gjogdf

;d:of ePsfn] /fhwfgLsf] ef}lts ;'wf/

x'g g;s]sf] pgsf] egfO 5 .

;/sf/n] 8]9 jif{cufl8 e"pkof]u

gLlt agfPsf] 5 . o;sf] sfof{Gjog x'g

g;Sbf klg ;x/L ljsf;df ;d:of cfPsf]

5 . s'g 7fpFdf cfjf; agfpg], sxfF

cf}Bf]lus If]q /xg], s'g 7fp“ s[lifsf nflu

xf] eGg] s'/f 5'§ofpg g;Sbf ;x/sf] :j¿k

lalu|Psf] xf] .

g]kfndf ePsf] x/]s /fhgLlts

kl/jt{gkl5 sf7df8f}+sf] hg;+Vof

a9]sf] t/ ;/sf/L ;+:yfut Ifdtf sdhf]/

ePsf] sf/0f ;x/Ls/0f

Jojl:yt x'g ;s]g . ;a}

/fhgLlts kl/jt{gn] ;Qf

sf7df8f}+d} s]lGb|t u/fPsf]

5 . cj;/sf] ljt/0f x'g

;s]sf] 5}g . x/]s sfdsf

nflu /fhwfgL wfpg'kg]{

afWotf 5 .

csf]tkm{, :yfgLo

lgsfo g]t[TjljxLg

5 . h;n] ubf{ ljsf;sf

cfof]hgf sfof{Gjog

x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . g]t[Tj

gxF'bf ah]6sf] kl/rfng

ePsf] 5}g . kmn:j?k

cTofjZosLo k"jf{wf/ aGg

;s]sf 5}gg\ . ljBdfg

k"jf{wf/sf] ;'wf/ ePsf]

5}g . klxn] ag]sf k"jf{wf/

hL0f{ ePsf 5g\ . h;n] ;x/sf] :j¿k

lauf/]sf] 5 .

o;sf afah'b kl5Nnf ;dodf eg]

cfzfsf ls/0fx¿ klg b]lvPsf 5g\ . ;du|

/fhwfgLsf] …:s]rÚ tof/ x'g] cj:yfdf

5 . 7"nf ;8s / xl/ofnL jftfj/0fsf]

kl/sNkgf ePsf] 5 . ;'Gb/ au}+rfsf] ;kgf

;lhPsf] 5 . ;du|df sf7df8f}+sf] :j¿k

km]l/g] ePsf] 5 .

o;} jif{ sf7df8f}+n] :j¿k km]g{

nfu]sf] ;+s]t b]lvPsf] / casf] rf/

kf“r jif{df k"0f{ glthf cfpg] yfkfsf]

egfO 5 . x'g klg sf7df8f}+sf ;8s

wdfwd km/flsnf ePsf 5g\ . o;sf

nflu dfq} ;/sf/n] !) ca{ ?k}ofF

vlr{{Psf] 5 . xl/ofnL ;8ssf nflu

bfofF afofF j[Iff/f]k0f yflnPsf] 5 . gbL

;kmfOsf] cleofg rln/x]sf] 5 . ;8ssf

bfofFafofF ;f}o{ ljB't\ h8fg ePsf 5g\ .

h;n] /fhwfgLsf ;8snfO{ rf}aL;} 3G6f

pHofnf] /fVg]5 .

sf7df8f} ljsf; k|flws/0fn]

sf7df8f}+sf ;8s ;'wf/sf] g]t[Tj

lnPsf] 5 . ;x/sf] ;f}Gbo{ ;8sdf

lge{/ x'G5 . k|flws/0fn] tLgj6f 5'§f5'§}

k|of]hg / cfsf/sf ;8snfO{ gd'gf

kl/of]hgfsf ¿kdf cl3 a9fO/x]sf]

5 . ;8s lj:tf/sf] qmddf 7"nf] agfOPsf

dfOtL3/–tLgs'g] v08sf] $) ld6/ rf}8f

;8s, l8NnLahf/ rf/vfn c8\8faf6

dxf/fhuGh;Ddsf] !$ ld6/ rf}8f ly/ad

;8s / afn'jf6f/l:yt /l;og b"tfjf;af6

kfgLkf]v/L;Ddsf] 5 ld6/ rf}8fOsf] leqL

af6f] a'l4;fu/ dfu{nfO{ gof“ :j¿kdf

s:tf] agfpg] eGg]af/] k|flws/0fn] cWoog

;s]sf] 5 . oL ;8sdf cjnDag ul/Psf]

cfls{6]S6 l8hfOg cGo ;8sdf klg nfu"

ug{ ;lsg] k|flws/0fsf pkljsf; cfo'Qm

tyf sf7df8f}+ lhNnf cfo'Qm efOsfhL

ltjf/Lsf] egfO 5 .

clxn] alg/x]sf] sf7df8f}+ tLgs'g]

;8sn] ;x/L ;8ssf] :6\ofG88{ to ug]{

k|flws/0fsf] egfO 5 . #=# lsnf]ld6/

nfdf] dfOtL3/–tLgs'g] ;8s /fhwfgLsf]

gd'gf dfu{ aGg] ltjf/Ln] atfP . of]

;8sdf rf/ txsf] j[Ôf/f]k0f eO/x]sf] 5 .

;8ssf] b'j} lsgf/df ;fOsn / k}bnofqL

n]g alg/x]sf] 5 . To;eGbf leq Ps tx

t:jL/x¿ M lasL /fO{

xl/ofnL / j[Ôf/f]k0f ug]{ u/L l8hfOg tof/

ul/Psf] 5 . To;kl5 b'j}lt/ tLg÷tLg n]g

;8s s6]kl5 km]l/ Ps tx j[Ôf/f]k0f g}

eO/x]sf] 5 . ;8ssf] s]Gb|df b'O{ tx

gg:6k ;8s ag]sf] 5 . ;8ssf] b'j}tkm{

;f]nf/ k|sfzsf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 .

;8s l8hfOgs} qmddf ;8ssf] 5]p5fpdf

xf]l8{ªaf]8{ /fVg] 7fp“ to eO;s]sf]

ltjf/Ln] atfP .

;x/nfO{ xl/ofnL, lbuf] ljsf; /

;a}sf nflu ;8s eGg] cjwf/0ffcg';f/

sf7df8f}+sf ;x/sf] l8hfOg ul/Psf] 5 .

;x/nfO{ jftfj/0fd}qL agfpg ;Dej ePsf

7fp“df j[Ôf/f]k0f ug]{ tyf geP kvf{nx¿df

xl/of] k]lG6ª ug]{, ;8s lsgf/sf 3/df

Ps}vfn] /ª nufpg] k|flws/0fsf] of]hgf

5 . csf]{tkm{, sf]6]Zj/, ;ftbf]af6f], aNv'

x'Fb} sn+sL;Ddsf] l/ª/f]8 km/flsnf] kfg]{

sfd wdfwd eO/x]sf] 5 . rLg ;/sf/sf]

;xof]udf ;8snfO{ km/flsnf] agfpg] sfd

cfufdL 8]9 jif{df ;Sg] of]hgf 5 .

cfufdL d+l;/df x'g nfu]sf] ;fs{

lzv/ ;Dd]ngn] klg sf7df8f}+nfO{ ;'Gb/

agfpg] axfgf ldn]sf] 5 . ;Dd]ngdf ;fs{

d'n'ssf k|d'v cfpg] x'Fbf ;'Gb/ b]zsf] ;'Gb/

/fhwfgLsf] ¿kdf sf7df8f}+nfO{ b]vfpg]

eGb} dxfgu/kflnsfn] ef}lts lgdf{0fsf]

sfd yfn]sf] 5 . eTsfOPsf clwsf+z

;8s d+l;/cufl8 g} alg;Sg]5g\ .

sf7df8f}+df cToGt ;Lldt /x]sf]

v'nf 7fp“ / kfs{nfO{ klg Jojl:yt ug]{

of]hgf ;/sf/sf] 5 . sdnkf]v/LnfO{ ;kmf

u/L jl/kl/ kfs{ agfpg], afnaflnsfsf

nflu v]Ng] 7fpF agfOlbg], kfs{df a:g

/ lxF8\gsf nflu 5'§} 7fpF agfpg] of]hgf

k|flws/0fn] cufl8 ;f/]sf] 5 . v'nf ¿kdf

/x]sf] tLgs'g] / gf/fo0frf}/nfO{ Jojl:yt

ug]{ sfd ;'? eO;s]sf] 5 . gf/fo0frf}/df

Jojl:yt au}+rf aGg] ePsf] 5 .

sf7df8f}+sf] csf]{ ljs/fn ;d:of

vfg]kfgL xf] . @)&# j}zfv;Ddf

d]nDrLsf] kfgL sf7df8f}+df ljt/0f

ul/;Sg] u/L d]nDrL vfg]kfgL cfof]hgfn]

sfd ul//x]sf] 5 . o;sf nflu sf7df8f}+sf

leqL a:tL;Dd vfg]kfgL kfOk la5\ofpg]

sfd rln/x]sf] 5 . oL ;a} s'/faf6 yfkfn]

eg]em}+ cfufdL rf/ jif{df sf7df8f}+sf]

:j¿k km]l/g] ;+s]t b]lvPsf] 5 . z

@)&! c;f]h

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