behavioural laws and to inflict severe

punishment for any kind of promiscuity.

How tightly this was linked to the

whole patriarchy issue can, for example,

be read in the works of the Roman

historian Tacitus who, in his famous

Germania, delivers quite a precise description

of the social conditions the

Teutons lived in. In their society, males

had no real tasks other than fighting in

wars, everyone was free to cavort and

copulate like there was no tomorrow,

and women had children by lots of different

men—which was fine because

they were the ones that led the clans,

as status and power were passed on

through the female bloodline.

God equals society

Right now you’re probably thinking

that all this sounds like not much more

than a bunch of made-up rules, but it’s

a fact that established moral concepts

regarding sexuality—ranging from monogamy

and faithfulness to the rejection

of sexual variations like anal sex

and fellatio, as well as any form of homoeroticism—are

not simply rules, but

moral questions that are religiously

motivated. Anyone who, from a rational

viewpoint, would definitely reject

such ideas but sometimes still experiences

a dim feeling of moral turpitude

when excessively engaging in random

sex knows what we’re talking about:

the pang of conscience felt by a sodomist,

formerly referred to as a sinner,

against his better judgment. This perception,

however, is only based on the

“enlightened deception” that we have

to differentiate between morals and

religion on the one hand and rationally

devised laws and rules on the other,

when in truth they’re one and the same.

As early as the 19th century, academic

scholars of religion declared that when

we say God, what we actually mean is

society, the obvious principle behind

this strategy being to lend some kind

of transcendental and spiritual legiti-

mization to all the invented rules that

sustain the established (male) order—

or in short: to convert these rules into

eternal law that cannot simply be annulled

by new generations.

The stigma

of promiscuity

To this day, despite all their heartfelt

attempts at progress, even the most

liberal societies continue to be affected

by the old sexual morals because

these codes are part of the roots of

cultures which, as we all know, consider

themselves firmly anchored in

the Judaeo-Christian tradition, but

in fact, they even pre-date it. To put

it more crudely: A large part of civilization’s

values dates back to those of

tribally organized shepherd communities

in the Bronze Age whose timeless

representative figure was a punitive

male god who saw to it that the

tribe’s (male) leaders all got what they

understood to be their (god-given)

right. After millennia of this kind of tyranny,

we suddenly go and invent the

pill and paternity tests, kick off the

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