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Dr. Jan van Aken On the possible use of chemical weapons by the ...

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<strong>Dr</strong>. <strong>Jan</strong> <strong>van</strong> <strong>Aken</strong><br />

Member <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> German Bundestag<br />

Government was informed about <strong>the</strong> document in October 2010. In <strong>Jan</strong>uary 2011 <strong>the</strong> Federal<br />

Foreign Office reported that it had made attempts to establish whe<strong>the</strong>r this secret order had<br />

ever actually existed. This could not, however, be clarified. It is not clear whe<strong>the</strong>r <strong>the</strong> Federal<br />

Government approached <strong>the</strong> Turkish government directly with this question at <strong>the</strong> time. 7<br />

4. Use <strong>of</strong> tear-gas grenades for training purposes<br />

In 2004 <strong>the</strong> Turkish television channel TRT 1 broadcast a documentary about a Turkish antiterrorist<br />

unit. 8 It showed soldiers practising using tear gas in army combat missions. In one<br />

scenario, following <strong>the</strong> deployment <strong>of</strong> explosive grenades, tear-gas grenades were thrown into a<br />

cave in order to incapacitate any survivors (see Fig. 3). In ano<strong>the</strong>r exercise, when capturing a<br />

village, soldiers blew up a ho<strong>use</strong> and <strong>the</strong>n <strong>use</strong>d tear gas to force <strong>possible</strong> survivors out <strong>of</strong> a well.<br />

Fig 3: Stills from a television programme on TRT 1 in May 2004. The yellow smoke visible in <strong>the</strong> right-hand image is<br />

probably a training <strong>chemical</strong>.<br />

Although <strong>the</strong> CWC permits <strong>the</strong> <strong>use</strong> <strong>of</strong> tear gas for domestic police <strong>use</strong>, <strong>the</strong> exercises shown here<br />

are clearly <strong>of</strong> a military nature. This kind <strong>of</strong> <strong>use</strong> is prohibited under <strong>the</strong> terms <strong>of</strong> <strong>the</strong> CWC.<br />

7 Progress report from <strong>the</strong> Federal Foreign Office from <strong>Jan</strong>uary 2011 entitled “Türkei – Vorfall beim Kampf<br />

gegen die PKK in 2009” (“Turkey – an incident in <strong>the</strong> fight against <strong>the</strong> PKK in 2009”)<br />

8 Broadcast <strong>by</strong> TRT 1 on 8 May 2004 in <strong>the</strong> programme TSK Saati<br />

5

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