IRAN'S NUCLEAR PROGRAM - ViaMUN

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IRAN'S NUCLEAR PROGRAM - ViaMUN

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS

Security Council Session June 9th – 11th, 2006

Delegates: Hanka Habeck, Jannik Pfister

POLICY STATEMENT

IRAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM

The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA fully acknowledges the right of every nation to develop

civilian nuclear facilities in accordance with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

It seems strikingly evident, however, that Iran’s pursuit of the nuclear fuel cycle is neither peaceful nor

for nuclear energy. Iran has deliberately been deceiving the international community for the last

several years in violation of its treaty obligations with the IAEA. There is no doubt that the pursuit of

nuclear weapons by Iran’s regime poses an even bigger threat due to the latest displayed behavior of

its leaders in other regards. The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA considers terrorism and weapons of mass

destruction the primary threat to international peace and security.

Iran’s threat to global peace and security

The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is direly concerned about the announcements that were made

by the Iranian leadership on the 11th of April stating that Iran be a nuclear country. The UNITED

STATES OF AMERICA, along with most other nations, sees little reason to doubt these claims, given the

IAEA and intelligence information. Iran has reached the skills and capabilities, to an industrial scale,

in terms of the production of enriched uranium. Its research and construction plans clearly show the

potential and will to pursue nuclear weapons.

Iran has clearly demonstrated its unwillingness to negotiate with the international community

and furthermore seems determined to independently move forward with its nuclear policy. Any hope

of reintegration to the international community has been in vain. The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is

not opposed to Iran enjoying the benefits of peaceful, safeguarded, nuclear energy. However, Iran

disregards the duties required to ensure peaceful use of nuclear energy.

With President Ahmadinejad's statement that "Israel must be wiped off the map," Iran uttered

an unmistakably threat to the security of Israel. With Iran’s regime not only seeking to develop nuclear

weapons but also being the world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism Iran clearly threatens peace and

security of the entire world. The regime is not only seeking to develop nuclear weapons, but it is also

the world's leading state sponsor of terrorism and is working to destabilize the region to advance its

ideological ambitions. The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA expects the UN Security Council to fulfill its

responsibility under the UN Charter in order to ensure international peace and security that is being

endangered by Iran's illegal nuclear weapons program.

The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA suggests three areas of approaches to this issue of urgent

importance to be put on the agenda of the Security Council Session on June 9 th to 11 th of 2006:


Benefits for an Iran behaving differently

As a first point, the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA recommends to discuss the potential benefits

available for Iran that can be offered in case of restored compliance with its international treaties. The

EU-3 and Russia have been making several approaches in vain, and it seems obvious that Iran will not

react in favor of any new offer. Iran deliberately choose to not negotiate any further, so it should be

made clear to Iran that as a result it will be isolated. But if it suspends its nuclear program and has the

IAEA enter its facilities to supervise, then real incentives for a way forward have to be ready. If Iran

follows the course of Libya and makes the strategic decision that the pursuit of weapons of mass

destruction, the sponsorship of terror and the oppression of its people makes it less, not more secure,

then relations with the outside world can improve dramatically.

Bilateral and Security Council’s sanctions

As a matter of fact, Iran does not feel obliged to obey its international obligations. The only

hope to bring it back to honest negotiations is a combined international pressure. Unlike North Korea,

the Iranian people have many ties to the world, whether economic, social, or cultural. The UNITED

STATES OF AMERICA already imposes numerous bilateral sanctions on Iran. The Iranian regime must be

made aware of the painful consequences that it would be facing if it continues down the path of

international isolation. Countries still having bilateral relations should use their leverage. The UNITED

STATES OF AMERICA considers banning the export of dual-use technologies that Iran can make use of

to pursue its nuclear program as being of utmost importance. Russia and any other country should

freeze any distribution of arms to Iran. Also Diplomatic action should be taken more outspokenly. A

lot of countries that bargain with Iran have billion dollar trade relations and they ought to begin to

rethink their commercial trafficking.

The Iranian Nuclear Issue as a challenge to effective multilateralism

Letting the issue languish should be none of the options for action. If the Security Council fails

to act in a timely manner and with a seriousness of purpose, it will be a defeat for effective

multilateralism. The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is dedicating itself to the Security Council process,

but if the Security Council cannot act over a reasonable period of time, then there will be an

opportunity for groups of countries to organize themselves together for the purpose of isolating the

Iranians diplomatically and economically.

Conclusion

Iran represents a threat to the entire nuclear non-proliferation regime, the stability in the region,

and the world. A nuclear-armed Iran is simply intolerable. All states ought to act collectively to ensure

speaking with one voice and take one series of actions designed to isolate the Iranian regime. The

short-term objective is to place international pressure on Iran in order to put its nuclear programs into

suspension and to return to negotiations. Every possible sanction to reach this aim is welcome.

Therefore the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA pursues a Chapter 7 resolution. The credibility of the

Security Council is at stake.

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