UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS
Security Council Session June 9th – 11th, 2006
Delegates: Hanka Habeck, Jannik Pfister
IRAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM
The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA fully acknowledges the right of every nation to develop
civilian nuclear facilities in accordance with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
It seems strikingly evident, however, that Iran’s pursuit of the nuclear fuel cycle is neither peaceful nor
for nuclear energy. Iran has deliberately been deceiving the international community for the last
several years in violation of its treaty obligations with the IAEA. There is no doubt that the pursuit of
nuclear weapons by Iran’s regime poses an even bigger threat due to the latest displayed behavior of
its leaders in other regards. The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA considers terrorism and weapons of mass
destruction the primary threat to international peace and security.
Iran’s threat to global peace and security
The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is direly concerned about the announcements that were made
by the Iranian leadership on the 11th of April stating that Iran be a nuclear country. The UNITED
STATES OF AMERICA, along with most other nations, sees little reason to doubt these claims, given the
IAEA and intelligence information. Iran has reached the skills and capabilities, to an industrial scale,
in terms of the production of enriched uranium. Its research and construction plans clearly show the
potential and will to pursue nuclear weapons.
Iran has clearly demonstrated its unwillingness to negotiate with the international community
and furthermore seems determined to independently move forward with its nuclear policy. Any hope
of reintegration to the international community has been in vain. The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is
not opposed to Iran enjoying the benefits of peaceful, safeguarded, nuclear energy. However, Iran
disregards the duties required to ensure peaceful use of nuclear energy.
With President Ahmadinejad's statement that "Israel must be wiped off the map," Iran uttered
an unmistakably threat to the security of Israel. With Iran’s regime not only seeking to develop nuclear
weapons but also being the world’s leading state sponsor of terrorism Iran clearly threatens peace and
security of the entire world. The regime is not only seeking to develop nuclear weapons, but it is also
the world's leading state sponsor of terrorism and is working to destabilize the region to advance its
ideological ambitions. The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA expects the UN Security Council to fulfill its
responsibility under the UN Charter in order to ensure international peace and security that is being
endangered by Iran's illegal nuclear weapons program.
The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA suggests three areas of approaches to this issue of urgent
importance to be put on the agenda of the Security Council Session on June 9 th to 11 th of 2006:
Benefits for an Iran behaving differently
As a first point, the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA recommends to discuss the potential benefits
available for Iran that can be offered in case of restored compliance with its international treaties. The
EU-3 and Russia have been making several approaches in vain, and it seems obvious that Iran will not
react in favor of any new offer. Iran deliberately choose to not negotiate any further, so it should be
made clear to Iran that as a result it will be isolated. But if it suspends its nuclear program and has the
IAEA enter its facilities to supervise, then real incentives for a way forward have to be ready. If Iran
follows the course of Libya and makes the strategic decision that the pursuit of weapons of mass
destruction, the sponsorship of terror and the oppression of its people makes it less, not more secure,
then relations with the outside world can improve dramatically.
Bilateral and Security Council’s sanctions
As a matter of fact, Iran does not feel obliged to obey its international obligations. The only
hope to bring it back to honest negotiations is a combined international pressure. Unlike North Korea,
the Iranian people have many ties to the world, whether economic, social, or cultural. The UNITED
STATES OF AMERICA already imposes numerous bilateral sanctions on Iran. The Iranian regime must be
made aware of the painful consequences that it would be facing if it continues down the path of
international isolation. Countries still having bilateral relations should use their leverage. The UNITED
STATES OF AMERICA considers banning the export of dual-use technologies that Iran can make use of
to pursue its nuclear program as being of utmost importance. Russia and any other country should
freeze any distribution of arms to Iran. Also Diplomatic action should be taken more outspokenly. A
lot of countries that bargain with Iran have billion dollar trade relations and they ought to begin to
rethink their commercial trafficking.
The Iranian Nuclear Issue as a challenge to effective multilateralism
Letting the issue languish should be none of the options for action. If the Security Council fails
to act in a timely manner and with a seriousness of purpose, it will be a defeat for effective
multilateralism. The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is dedicating itself to the Security Council process,
but if the Security Council cannot act over a reasonable period of time, then there will be an
opportunity for groups of countries to organize themselves together for the purpose of isolating the
Iranians diplomatically and economically.
Iran represents a threat to the entire nuclear non-proliferation regime, the stability in the region,
and the world. A nuclear-armed Iran is simply intolerable. All states ought to act collectively to ensure
speaking with one voice and take one series of actions designed to isolate the Iranian regime. The
short-term objective is to place international pressure on Iran in order to put its nuclear programs into
suspension and to return to negotiations. Every possible sanction to reach this aim is welcome.
Therefore the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA pursues a Chapter 7 resolution. The credibility of the
Security Council is at stake.