Egypt 62nd National Day Anniversary Magazine

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A special magazine for the Embassy of Egypt in Denmark, on the occasion of the 62nd National Day Anniversary of Egypt. The magazine highlights the historical background of Egypt, the bi-lateral relationship of Egypt with the Nordic and Baltic countries, tourism attractions in Egypt among many others.

There are stories of Egypt’s monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx. Its ancient ruins, such as those of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings outside Luxor, are a significant focus of archaeological study and popular interest from around the world. The Swearing-In Ceremony of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi on June 8 2014, the visit of His Royal Highness, Prince Henrik of Denmark, to the Aswan Heart Centre in Egypt, and Ambassador Salwa Moufid's visit to the Waste Incineration in Kolding and Fish feed in Aller.

CONTENTS

MesagebyH.E.Ambasador .6

CountryProle .7

FactFileofEgypt .8

AncientHistory .9

MiddleHistory .9

TheFrenchCampaign .10

ModernHistory .10

Culture .11

Religion .11

Tourism .12

VisitEgypt”WhereItAlBegins” .12-18

WhyInvestinEgypt? .19

TheSwearing-InCeremonyofPresidentAbdelFatahEl-Sisi .20

BilateralRelationsBetweenEgyptAndDenmark .20

HRHPrinceHenrikVisitsTheAswanHeartCentreInEgypt .21

AmbasadorVisitsWasteIncinerationInKoldingAndFishFeedInAler.22

TheWhiteDesert

Publishedby:

EmbasyoftheRepublicofEgypt

Kristianiagade19,2100Copenhagen

DENMARK

TelephoneNumber: 0045-35437070

0045-35253250

Faxnumber: 0045-35253262

E-mail:egyptembasydenmark@yahoo.com

Producedby:

Afroscandic;www.afroscandic.com

©Copyright2014EgyptEmbasyinDenmark


Tourism

Egyptisknown throughoutitshistoryasadestination for

touristsandtravelers,sincethevisitof"Herodotus"inancient

times,torecordhissurpriseatthevastdiferencesbetween

Egyptandhiscountry.Also,thediscoveryofthePharaohs’

monumentsaddedaspecialcharm tothecountry,inadditionto

its unique religious and culturalmonuments,its unique

transcontinentalgeographiclocation,themoderateclimatein

summerandwinter,aswelastheextendedcoast,andthe

treasuresoftheuniquecoralreefsatitsbeaches.

Inthisregard,Egyptreliesonitsmanymonumentswhicharethe

outcomeofitsdiverseethno-culturalevolutionovertheages,

suchasthePharaonic,Coptic,Roman,andIslamiccivilisations.

EgyptalsooverlookstheRedSeatotheEast,whichcontainsthe

purestwater.Itsseabedencompassescoralreefsandnumerous

fish shoals.The shape ofitscoastline hashelped in the

emergenceofnaturalharbourswhileitsdiferentwatersports

suchasscuba-divingandsnorkelinghaveatractedmanya

tourist.

CitadelofQaitbay-Alexandria

TURTLE,REDSEA

NationalDaySpecial2014 12


KARNAKTEMPLES

Al-NasseriyyaSt.

095/2380270

6am-5.30pm Oct-Apr,to6am May-Sep

Locatedtothenorthofthecitycenter,Karnakisperhapsthelargestreligiouscomplexeverconstructed.

ItsoriginalnamewasIpetIsut,meaning‘themostselectofplaces’.Overthecourseoftwomilennia,itwas

enlargedbyconsecutivePharaohsuntilitcomprisedanareaof247acres.CenteredontheTempleof

Amun(begunduringthe11thDynasty,2134-1991BC),itservedasaspiritualcenterbutalsoasan

economichub,containingadministrativeofices,treasuries,palaces,bakeries,breweries,granariesand

schools.

Karnak’sgrandestfeatureistheGreatHypostyleHal,butitswondersincludetheChapelofSenusert,which

datesbacktotheMiddleKingdom,theobelisksofThutmoseIandHatshepsut,andthesocaledbotanical

gardenofThutmose I,decoratedwithreliefsoftheplants,treesandanimalsthePharaohbroughthome

from hismilitaryexpeditions.Butthemassivecompoundcontainscountlesstreasuresbeyondthese.Take

awalkaroundKarnak’sperimeter,wherefewertravelerstendtoventure.Thegroundisstrewnwith

inscribedblocksandfragmentsofstatues,wherepiecesofanage-oldpuzzlestilawaitreassembly,and

treasuresawaitdiscovery.

Al-NasseriyyaSt.

095/2357209

6am-10pm summer,6am-9pm winter

LUXORTEMPLE

Locatedinthemiddleofmodern-dayLuxor,withitsmainaxisrunningparaleltotheNile,LuxorTempleisthetown’scenterpiece.

LargelybuiltbyAmenophis I(1417-1379BC)andRamsesI(1304-1237BC),anddedicatedtotheThebanTriad(Amun-Min,Mutand

Khonsu),thistemplehasarichlylayeredhistory,muchofwhichcanstilbediscoveredinitsinscriptionsandcarvings.AlexandertheGreat

convertedoneoftheantechambersintoasanctuaryforthe‘sacredboatofAmun’,areplicaofthegod’ssolarboatthatduringreligious

celebrationswasparadedthroughtown.UnderRomanEmperorDiocletian(284-305AD),thetemplebecameamilitarycamp.Somerare

paintingsfrom thisperiod,locatedonthesouthendofthemainaxis,wererecentlyrestored.Diocletianwasknownforpersecuting

Christians,butacoupleofcenturiesafterhisdeathportionsofthetemplewereconvertedoncemore,thistimeintochurches.

LuxorTemplewaslargelycoveredinsanduntilthelate19thcentury,andasaresultiswonderfulypreserved.Likeotherlocalmonuments,

itowesitssurvivalpartlytoafavorableclimate,butabovealtothemasteryofitsbuilders.TheEgyptianscaledtheirtemples‘thehouses

ofeternity’andtheyhave,sofar,outlastedtime

EGYPT 13


NILECRUISES

SailingtheNilealongthelushNileValeysuroundedbygoldendunesand

sightseeingAncientEgyptianmonumentssuchasKom OmboandAbu

Simbelistourism atitsbest.Waketothesoftlightofthemorningsun,take

intheheatandcoolofinthepoolonthedeckofacruiser;watchfishermen

casttheirnets,farmerstaketotheirfields,aflightofbirds,andwater

bufalosstaringbackatyou.BookaNilecruiseandyoujustmightunravel

anotherlayerofthemysterythatisAncientEgypt.

ForasofterbutstilveryinspiringcruiseexperienceinEgypt,trytheshort

feluccacruisesontheNile,inAswan,LuxororCairo,ortakeittothenext

levelandenjoyanunforgetablenightaboardoneoftheluxuriousdinner

cruisesavailableintheEgyptiancapital.

THECOLOSSIOFMEMNON

Thispairoftime-wornmonolithsonthemainroadfrom theriver,standingguard

overthethresholdoftheThebanNecropolis,arealthatremainsofatemplebuilt

byAmenophis Iaround2400yearsago.At18m highandweighing1000tons,they

haveremainedstrongandsteadydespiteyearsofachangeintheirsurounding

landscape.Suroundedbyfields,theNilewatersroseeachyear,untilupriverdams

endedtheannualfloodsin1964toreachtheColossi’sfeet.Legendhasitthatthey

couldoncesing;awhistlingsounddocumentedbytheancientGreekswasprobably

producedasthestatues’stones,warmedbythesun’searlymorningrays,gradualy

expandedandrubbedagainstoneanotheralonganexistingcrack.Outragedthat

theywouldn’tsing forhim,Roman EmperorSeptimusSeverus(193-211AD)

repairedthecrackandleftthem silent.AsteleattheEgyptianMuseum inCairo

poeticalydescribesthetempleasbeingbuiltfrom ‘whitesandstone,withgold

throughout,afloorcoveredwithsilver,anddoorscoveredwithelectrum’.Ittakesa

visittotheColossitotrulyunderstandtheexperienceofthisdescription.

NationalDaySpecial2014 14


WHYINVESTIN EGYPT?

Thefolowing areimportantreasonsto investin Egypt’s

economy.

1.ItsWealthofAgriculturalResources

Egyptcommandsawealthof9milionfeddansofproductive

arablelandwheremoderntechnologyisused.Theselandshave

anestimatedvalueofaboutLE300bilion.Yieldperfeddanof

field,fruit,andvegetablecropshasshownsomeofthehighest

ratesworld-wide.

2.ItsWealthofIndustrialResources

Egyptincludes20,000factoriesandthousandsofworkshopsthat

produce finished goods including those requiring high

technologysuchasspecialiron,ironsheets,petrochemicals,

ready-madegarmentsandcomponentsofmainutility,network

and stations.The industrialwealth could be increased to

threefoldifmodernizedandmarketed.

3.ItsWealthofTouristResources

InInadditiontotheworld-famoustouristresources,new tourist

atractionshavebeencreated,thusboostingEgypt'spositionon

theworldtouristmap.ThenumberoftouristscomingtoEgypt

hits9.6milion(2006-2007stats)andhasbeenpredictedto

increaseasthepoliticalsituationimprovesinthecountry.

4.ItsWealthofInfrastructureand

ReconstructionCapabilities

Inmaritimetransport,Egypthasseveralportsspreadoverits

MediteraneanRedSeashores.OntheMediteranean,ithas

sixwel-organised seaportsthatcan serve asconvenient

distribution pointsforEuropean trade to eastand west

Mediteranean,theMiddleEastandAfrica.

SuezCanal,Egypt'smostimportantinternationaltradeartery,

commandsthestatemajoratentionasregardsprojectsof

revampingandperformanceimprovementsthathavebeen

implemented to raise it to international navigation

technology.

Thecanaldraftisnow62feet-deep,alowingtransitofship

withagrossweightof210,000tons.Intheairtransportsector,

Egypthas17airports.

Pavedroadsextendover44,300km servedby81bridgesin

Cairo,21inAlexandriainadditiontodozensaloverEgypt.

ThereisalsoajumbobridgeacrossSuezCanallinkingAsia

andAfrica.

5.ItsWealthofHumanResources

Egypthasawealthofworkforceestimatedas21milion.The

stateexertsimmenseefortstopromoteeducationandit

strivestograduatepromisingworkforcecapableofleading

the developmentprocess,and coping with international

technologicaladvancesinproductionand communication.

Moreemphasisisgiventoon-goingpracticaltrainingand

educationofworkforce.

Thiswealthincludesgasandpowerstations,roads,transportand

telecommunicationnetworks.Italsoentailstheabilitytocary

outandupgrademajorutilityprojects,includingdams,bridges

andnewintegratedurbanschemes.

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