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The Frontiers Collection

The Frontiers Collection

Contents About the

Contents About the Authors Foreword Looking Back Preface Steven Dick H. Paul Shuch ix xv xix Part I: The Spirit of SETI Past 1 A half-century of SETI science H. Paul Shuch 3 2 Project Ozma: The birth of observational SETI H. Paul Shuch 13 3 Project Cyclops: The greatest radio telescope never built Robert Dixon 4 “Wow!”, A tantalizing candidate Jerry Ehman 47 5 SETI: The NASA years John Billingham 65 6 From HRMS to Phoenix: Up from the ashes Peter Backus 87 7 SERENDIP: The Berkeley SETI Program Stuart Bowyer 99 8 Millions and billions of channels Darren Leigh and Paul Horowitz 107 Part II: The Spirit of SETI Present 9 ATA: A cyclops for the 21st century Jill Tarter 131 10 Optical SETI: Moving toward the light Stuart Kingsley and Monte Ross 147 11 Distributed processing of SETI data Eric Korpela 183 12 Project Argus: Pursuing amateur all-sky SETI H. Paul Shuch 201 19

viii Contents 13 Gravitational lensing extends SETI range Richard Factor 227 14 Detection algorithms: FFT vs. KLT Claudio Maccone 239 15 Implementing the KLT Stelio Montebugnoli 275 16 A Sentry on the Universe Robert Dixon 285 17 Pondering the Fermi Paradox Stephen Webb 305 Part III: The Spirit of SETI Future 18 Focusing the Galactic internet Claudio Maccone 325 19 SETI in science fiction Stephen Baxter 351 20 What’s past is prologue: Future messages of cosmic evolution Doug Vakoch 373 21 METI: Messaging to extraterrestrial intelligence Alexander Zaitsev 399 22 A contrarian perspective on altruism David Brin 429 23 L: How Long Do They Last? Seth Shostak 451 24 What will they look like? Jack Cohen 467 25 Being technological Kathryn Denning 477 26 After contact, then what? Albert Harrison 497 Epilogue Hungarians as Martians: The truth behind the legend Philip Morrison 515 Afterword Looking forward Allen Tough 519 Index 523

  • Page 2 and 3: The Frontiers Collection
  • Page 4 and 5: H. Paul Shuch Editor SEARCHINg FOR
  • Page 6: This collection of essays is presen
  • Page 11 and 12: x About the Authors David Brin is a
  • Page 13 and 14: xii About the Authors Eric Korpela
  • Page 15 and 16: xiv About the Authors If we detect
  • Page 17 and 18: xvi Foreword: Looking Back been the
  • Page 20 and 21: Preface The notion that humanity sh
  • Page 22: Preface xxi and how those depiction
  • Page 26 and 27: 1 A Half-century of SETI Science H.
  • Page 28 and 29: 1. Early SETI Science ˘ downconver
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  • Page 32 and 33: 1.8 Hallmarks of Artificiality ˘ c
  • Page 34: 1.10 Conclusion 11 equipment malfun
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    34 Project Cyclops: The Greatest Ra

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    36 Project Cyclops: The Greatest Ra

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    38 Project Cyclops: The Greatest Ra

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    40 Project Cyclops: The Greatest Ra

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    42 Project Cyclops: The Greatest Ra

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    44 Project Cyclops: The Greatest Ra

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    4 “Wow!” - A Tantalizing Candid

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    4.1 Brief History of the Ohio State

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    4.2 Transition from Wideband to Nar

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    4. The “Wow!” Signal 53 browser

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    4. The “Wow!” Signal 55 second.

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    4. The “Wow!” Signal 57 Figure

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    4. The “Wow!” Signal 59 4.3.2 S

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    4.4 Speculations, Hypotheses, and I

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    4.4 Speculations, Hypotheses, and I

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    66 SETI: The NASA Years For anyone

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    68 SETI: The NASA Years Sagan, Oliv

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    70 SETI: The NASA Years “Proposal

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    72 SETI: The NASA Years 5.7 1977: J

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    74 SETI: The NASA Years theories, t

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    76 SETI: The NASA Years Santa Cruz.

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    78 SETI: The NASA Years 61 searches

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    80 SETI: The NASA Years designs, se

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    82 SETI: The NASA Years 5.15 The Di

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    84 SETI: The NASA Years Drake, F.,

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    6 From HRMS to Phoenix: Up from the

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    6.2 The Morrison Workshops 89 One o

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    6. The High Resolution Microwave Su

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    6.5 RFI Mitigation 93 anywhere on t

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    6.6 Project Phoenix Observing Runs

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    6.7 The Mobile Research Facility 97

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    7 SERENDIP: The Berkeley SETI Progr

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    7.2 SERENDIP II 101 not smear a nar

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    7.5 SERENDIP V 103 on individual se

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    Acknowledgements 105 Although incre

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    108 Millions and Billions of Channe

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    110 Millions and Billions of Channe

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    112 Millions and Billions of Channe

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    114 Millions and Billions of Channe

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    116 Millions and Billions of Channe

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    118 Millions and Billions of Channe

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    120 Millions and Billions of Channe

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    122 Millions and Billions of Channe

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    124 Running head different: at visi

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    126 Running head References Betts,

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    Part II: The Spirit of SETI Present

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    132 ATA: A Cyclops for the 21st Cen

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    134 ATA: A Cyclops for the 21st Cen

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    136 ATA: A Cyclops for the 21st Cen

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    138 ATA: A Cyclops for the 21st Cen

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    140 ATA: A Cyclops for the 21st Cen

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    142 ATA: A Cyclops for the 21st Cen

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    144 ATA: A Cyclops for the 21st Cen

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    10 Optical SETI: Moving Toward the

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    10.2 The Benefits of Pulsed Laser O

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    10.2 The Benefits of Pulsed Laser O

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    10.2 The Benefits of Pulsed Laser O

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    10.3 A Brief History of Optical SET

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    10.3 A Brief History of Optical SET

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    10. A Brief History of Optical SETI

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    10.3 A Brief History of Optical SET

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    10. A Brief History of Optical SETI

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    10.4 The Future 165 years, this is

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    10.4 The Future 167 with an area of

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    10.4 The Future 169 collected will

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    10.4 The Future 171 the central sta

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    10.5 Other Parts of the Spectrum 17

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    10.5 Other Parts of the Spectrum 17

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    10.5 Other Parts of the Spectrum 17

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    10.5 Other Parts of the Spectrum 17

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    10.6 In Conclusion 181 our resource

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    11 Distributed Processing of SETI D

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    11.1 Computation in Radio SETI 185

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    11.2 SETI@home 187 Galaxy visible f

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    11.4 The SETI@home Application Prog

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    11.4 The SETI@home Application Prog

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    11.5 Astropulse 193 Figure 11.4 An

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    11.6 Post-processing 195 Figure 11.

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    11.9 The Future of SETI@home 197 du

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    References 199 allow us to increase

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    202 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    204 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    206 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    208 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    210 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    212 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    214 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    216 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    218 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    220 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    222 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    224 Project Argus: Pursuing Amateur

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    13 Gravitational Lensing Extends SE

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    13. Targeted Search 229 are quite

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    13.5 Common Requirements 231 for al

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    13.6 A Third Strategy 233 550 AU fr

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    13.6 A Third Strategy 235 receiving

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    13.7 Summary 237 during intervals w

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    240 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    242 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    244 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    246 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    248 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    250 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    252 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    254 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    256 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    258 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    260 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    262 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    264 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    266 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    268 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    270 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    272 Detection Algorithms: FFT vs. K

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    15 Implementing the KLT Stelio Mont

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    15.1 The SETI-Italia Program 277 Fi

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    15.2 The KLT Approach 279 15.2 The

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    15. Signal Analysis 281 is computed

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    Acknowledgements 283 3 The number o

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    16 A Sentry on the Universe Robert

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    16.2 Advantages of Argus over a Dis

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    16.2 Advantages of Argus over a Dis

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    16.4 The Argus Mark 1 Telescope 291

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    16.4 The Argus Mark 1 Telescope 293

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    16.4 The Argus Mark 1 Telescope 295

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    16.4 The Argus Mark 1 Telescope 297

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    16.5 The Argus Mark II Telescope 29

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    16.5 The Argus Mark II Telescope 30

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    References 303 only for astronomy b

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    17 Pondering the Fermi Paradox Step

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    17.1 Paradox 307 serious discussion

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    17.2 Pondering the Paradox 309 of e

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    17.2 Pondering the Paradox 311 out

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    17.2 Pondering the Paradox 313 For

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    17.2 Pondering the Paradox 315 2009

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    17.2 Pondering the Paradox 317 unli

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    References 319 References Adelman-M

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    References 321 Papagiannis, M.D. 19

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    18 Focusing the Galactic Internet C

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    18.2 Why 550 AU is the Minimal Dist

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    18.2 Why 550 AU is the Minimal Dist

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    18. The Huge (Antenna) Gain of the

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    18.4 The Radio Link 333 18.4 The Ra

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    18.5 Bit Error Rate 335 This may fi

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    18.5 Bit Error Rate 337 2 Suppose a

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    18.6 BER at the Alpha Centauri Dist

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    18.7 The Fantastic “Radio Bridge

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    18.8 The “Radio Bridge” 343 18.

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    18.10 The “Radio Bridge” 345 Th

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    18.11 Conclusion 347 the Andromeda

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    References 349 Maccone, C. 1994. Te

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    352 SETI in Science Fiction terms o

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    354 SETI in Science Fiction All the

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    356 SETI in Science Fiction a rich

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    358 SETI in Science Fiction Planet

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    360 SETI in Science Fiction Gallun

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    362 SETI in Science Fiction 19.6 SE

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    364 SETI in Science Fiction altitud

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    366 SETI in Science Fiction of deci

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    368 SETI in Science Fiction Benford

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    370 SETI in Science Fiction McAuley

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    20 What’s Past is Prologue: Futur

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    20.1 Understanding our Origins 375

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    20. Evolution’s Importance, For N

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    20.4 Evolutionary Voyages 379 Among

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    20.6 Encoding Chemistry 381 But how

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    20.6 Encoding Chemistry 383 civiliz

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    20.7 Encoding Culture 385 individua

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    20.9 Acting on the Environment 387

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    20.10 A Message to Terrestrial Inte

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    20.12 The Evolution of the Evolutio

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    20.1 “What’s Past is Prologue

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    References 395 Chaisson, E. 2006. E

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    References 397 Staff of the Nationa

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    21 METI: Messaging to ExtraTerrestr

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    21.1 Brief History of METI 401 Figu

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    21.1 Brief History of METI 403 In 2

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    21.2 Interdependence of SETI and ME

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    21.2 Interdependence of SETI and ME

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    21.2 Interdependence of SETI and ME

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    21. Sending and Searching for Inter

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    21. Sending and Searching for Inter

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    21. Sending and Searching for Inter

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    21. Sending and Searching for Inter

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    21. Sending and Searching for Inter

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    21. Sending and Searching for Inter

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    21. Sending and Searching for Inter

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    21. Sending and Searching for Inter

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    21.4 Conclusion 427 The above argum

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    22 A Contrarian Perspective on Altr

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    22.1 Altruism in the Natural World:

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    22.2 The Power of Thought Experimen

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    22.4 Physical and Biological Contac

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    22.5 Non-biological Probes 437 Supp

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    22.6 Propagation as Information 439

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    22.6 Propagation as Information 441

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    22.6 Propagation as Information 443

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    22.7 Giving It All Away 445 up feel

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    22.8 Already Too Late? 447 22.8 Alr

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    References 449 humans here on Earth

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    452 L: How Long Do They Last? 2 It

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    454 L: How Long Do They Last? 4 Ano

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    456 L: How Long Do They Last? It wa

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    458 L: How Long Do They Last? war,

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    460 L: How Long Do They Last? much

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    462 L: How Long Do They Last? so fa

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    464 L: How Long Do They Last? 1 The

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    466 L: How Long Do They Last? von F

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    468 What Will They Look Like? the f

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    470 What Will They Look Like? aroun

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    472 What Will They Look Like? for t

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    474 What Will They Look Like? a con

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    25 Being Technological Kathryn Denn

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    25.2 The Veil and the Screen: Mars

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    25. The Stories We Tell About Techn

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    25. The Stories We Tell About Techn

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    25.4 Technology Is Not Merely (Or N

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    25.6 What, Then, Does it Mean to ha

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    25.6 What, Then, Does it Mean to ha

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    25.6 What, Then, Does it Mean to ha

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    References 493 is influenced by con

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    References 495 Gould, Stephen Jay.

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    26 After Contact - Then What? Alber

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    26.1 Evidence-based Predictions 499

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    26.1 Evidence-based Predictions 501

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    26. Sectors 503 ET. One of the most

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    26. Sectors 505 debrief scientists,

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    26. Sectors 507 than three quarters

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    26. Sectors 509 Two of the factors

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    References 511 more invisible gover

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    References 513 Harrison, A.A. 2009.

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    Epilogue Hungarians as Martians: Th

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    Epilogue 517 bait. The very threat

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    520 Afterword Currently, only a few

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    522 Afterword least need to re-exam

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    524 Index Andrew Heliax, 212 Androm

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    526 Index complex amplitude coheren

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    528 Index feature detection algorit

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    530 Index Jansky, Karl, 4 Japan, 7

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    532 Index neutrinos, 109 neutron st

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    534 Index radio, 109 amateurs, 201,

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    536 Index sky coverage, 201, 202, 2

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    538 Index Woodbury, Georgia, 7 Wow!

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