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Handout - St. Paul The Apostle Catholic Church

Handout - St. Paul The Apostle Catholic Church

Handout - St. Paul The Apostle Catholic

Modern Church History The Church and the Enlightenment: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) and Voltaire (1694- 1778) – resulted partly from the excesses of Christian religions The Church and the French Revolution 1) Background in France and in the world (e. g. The American Revolution) 2) The four revolutions of 1789 in France 3) The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (August 26, 1789) – enacted by the “National Assembly” 4) The Civil Constitution of the Clergy (July 12,1790) and Schism 5) The Reign of Terror (early 1790s), reactions and coups, war on Pope Pius VI (1775- 1799) – some thought this was the end of the papacy! The Church and Napoleon I 1) The Concordat of 1801 2) Napoleon and Pope Pius VII (1800-1823) 3) Congress of Vienna (1814-15) and the Battle of waterloo (June 18, 1815) The Church in the Romantic Period in Europe (1815-1848) the Revival of Catholicism 1) England (Full legal rights of Catholics not restored until 1829); Blessed John Henry Newman (1801-1890) and the Oxford Movement 2) France (always unique) 3) Germany, Protestant and Catholic (Revolution of 1848); Otto von Bismarck (1815- 1898) and the Kulturkampf against Catholics; Joseph de Maistre of Savoy and Du Pape, 1819 – Ultramontanism; Newman; The Munich Circle in Germany and the Center Party there. 4) The end of the Papal Sates and the Unification of Italy (1870-71); Pope calls himself “Prisoner of the Vatican” Pope Pius IX (1846-1878) and “Liberalism”; Vatican Council I 1) Background: Enlightenment and the Revolutions – political and industrial 2) Pope Pius IX (1846-78) and the “Syllabus of Errors” (1864) 3) Papal Infallibility 4) Interrupted by Franco-Prussian War Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903) and Rerum novarum (1891): the Church and Industrial Society Pope Pius X (1903-1914) and Modernism The Missions in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries Pope Benedict XV (1914-1922) and World War I The Church in Europe between the Wars (Pius XI) Pius XII (1939-1958) – World War II and After Vatican II (1962-1965) 1) Background: technological progress and terrible war 2) Pope John XXIII (1958-63) and Pope Paul VI (1963-78) 3) Aggiornamento 4) Constitution on the Liturgy (1963) 5) Dogmatic Constitution on the Church (1964): Universal Call to Holiness; Salvation is offered to all. 6) Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation (1965): Scripture and Tradition 7) Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World (1965)

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