Sud Sudan - Inglese.pages - Misna
South Sudan A New Nation is born Giuseppe Caramazza, Vincenzo Giardina, Simon K. Yuek Rebecca Kadi Loburang Dinduch is 115 years old and is considered to be the oldest person in Southern Sudan. She has just voted and comes out of the electoral office smiling. She says, “In all these years, I’ve seen wars and famine, terrible things and I was a refugee in Kenya. But today is a great day. I voted so that my country can be free.” Like Rebecca, there are many that have fought and suffered so that the 9 th of July, a dream that many hoped for can become a reality. A free and independent Southern Sudan for all the South Sudanese, the 54 th African nation and the 193 rd member state of the United Nations. A History of Suffering The valley of the Nile has always been an important crossroad for African migration. Despite this, in the 19 th century, the populations that lived in Southern Sudan already possessed a certain amount of territorial stability. The desert and the wetlands of the south protected these people from incursions from the North. The turning point that would forever change Southern Sudan’s history came about over a 3 year period from 1839 to 1841. Salim Qapudan, officer of the Egyptian army led three exploratory expeditions in search of spring water in the Nile River. The expeditions didn’t achieve their objective, but it allowed them the Egyptian army to penetrate the south and to make contact with the tribes along the river. The road had opened up and it proved to be very important, economically. A swarm of both Arab and European merchants moved to Khartoum and then, onto the south along the River Nile.