SEA LEVEL RISE ADAPTATION PRIMER DRAFT PAGE | 13 FIGURE 6 - QUEBEC ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS 19 Most of the 121 municipalities along the coastal areas apply a 10 – 15 metre setback established by provincial policy for the protection of the shorelines in 1987. Some, though not all, areas for which more detailed research on erosion rates has been conducted have begun adopting more stringent regulations as a result of research findings and government recommendations. 19 Image Source: Les régions administratives du Québec
SEA LEVEL RISE ADAPTATION PRIMER DRAFT PAGE | 14 AN ECDO TE: CHALLE NGE S FOR MUNICI P ALI TIES IN IMPLEMEN TING NO N-LEGISLATE D PROVINCI AL RECOM M END ATIONS As one of the most vulnerable municipalities in Quebec to SLR and erosion, it is anticipated Sept-Iles will be among the first to adopt more stringent regulation on the matter. Having requested the province for detailed research on the phenomena to inform new regulation development, due to lack of capacity to conduct such research on its own, Sept- Iles has been at the forefront of advancement of this in the domain. Being at the edge, however, has meant piloting some rocky transitions as new approaches are being tested. City director, Claude Bureau, offers the following reflections: Knowing now about the impact of structural protection from erosion and how they often appear to cause more harm than good, coastal protection would benefit from provincial law and provincial management in order to ensure a consistent and effective approach across all coastal banks. As it is, municipalities and individual property owners are responsible for implementing structural protection. In some areas, such as Sept-Iles, new regulation has prohibited all structural approaches, save rebuilding sandbanks, however the province will not issue permits for rebuilding the sandbanks to individuals. Additionally, recommendations stemming from the inter-ministerial report on erosion in the area included banning any increases to habitable surface area for buildings in the newly designated no-construction zones. Sept-Iles adopted this measure, as per the recommendation, but since then, other municipalities have negotiated with the province to allow for increases via building up without increasing the footprint. Such inconsistencies create confusion regarding how to proceed, at the least; and give grounds for legal challenges at worst. NEW BRUNSWICK POPULATION 751,171 (2011 CENSUS) The province of New Brunswick has 5,501 km of salt-water coastline, which extends from the Gaspe Region to the Nova Scotia border and along the Bay of Fundy from The Saint Croix River to the Nova Scotia border. A total of 8 Counties of New Brunswick and 50 municipal areas within those have coastline or areas exposed to the effects of SLR. Nearly 60% of the population lives within 50 kilometres of the coast and there has been significant pressure for coastal development in recent years. Between 1990 and 1999, 6,268 new coastal lots were created - an average of 627 new coastal properties per year. The New Brunswick Department of Environment and Local Government produced a Coastal Areas Protection Policy for New Brunswick in 2002. The New Brunswick coastal policy is enforced via existing pieces of provincial legislation such as environmental impact assessment requirements or watercourse alteration approvals. These provincial requirements also apply within municipalities and some municipalities have incorporated either elements of or the entire coastal zone policy directly into their bylaws.