These new mixing stations are
available in eight configurations.
Recently upgraded, page 17
Volume 18 Number 8 November/December 2008
A new residential wireless control
system is making waves.
Just launched, page 19
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• Skills shortage dominates MCAC discussions
• Calgary show draws international audience
• Ontario journeyman ratios cramp industry
• HVAC wholesaler marks 80 years
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In This Issue
Hot Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Industry News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
People & Places . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Coming Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Marketplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Literature Showcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Shop Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Products & Technologies
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Refrigeration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Faucets & Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Tools & Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Pipes, Valves & Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
E-Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
MCAC conference roundup 7
Skilled trade shortage still a key
Green classroom 12
Demonstration homes will train
Hybrid savings 14
Gas/electric HVAC systems save
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Cover photo: Canadian Infloor Heating’s Peter Kinsey
explains the heating system in the Archetype
Sustainable home to Sabrina Dodaro. Please see our
article on page 12. (Photo by Simon Blake)
Circle Number 104 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 3
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Volume 18, Number 8
When the talk shifts to how this
industry is going to cope next
year in these turbulent times,
the statement that I keep hearing is: “It’s
going to be interesting.”
Interesting indeed! The construction
industry has enjoyed a good solid run
for almost 10 years. Even on the service
and replacement side, the quantum leap
in technology over the past ten years has
resulted in a considerable amount of
work beyond the usual “fix it because
it’s broken” projects. In plumbing, renovation
has overtaken new construction
in dollar value.
Everybody wondered how long the
busy times would last. They watched the
meltdown in the U.S. housing market
and wondered if that would have some
residual effect on the Canadian market.
It has certainly affected the industry’s
suppliers. And it seems that every day
we hear that this plant or that one is
closing. We know that people don’t
invest in new housing or major renovation
projects when they are worried
about their jobs. Even those with secure
jobs are a little nervous about spending
when subjected to a daily dose of gloom
in the media.
And then there’s the Canadian dollar.
As recently as Sept. 26 it was worth 97
cents against the U.S. dollar. Just a
month later – Oct. 27 – it was trading at
77 cents. This is a serious problem in an
industry where the majority of
products come from U.S. suppliers. I
was speaking with wholesalers recently
who explained the difficulty of locking
in a price for 30 or 60 days in a competitive
bidding situation when the suppliers
are adjusting the price daily to
account for dollar fluctuations.
One has to either build a buffer into
every bid to account for the changing
dollar or insert a clause that allows a
price adjustment once the equipment is
delivered. Unfortunately, in competitive
bidding the job can easily go to the
biggest gambler, who ignores the dollar
fluctuation then tries to cut corners to
However, in this industry, we aren’t
feeling the pinch as seriously as some
other industries. The majority of the
contractors that I have spoken to lately
report that business has been steady.
People still need heating, plumbing and
So what about 2009? I’m going to go
out on a limb here and say that it’s
probably going to be a solid year in
much of the country.
The Canadian Mortgage and
Housing Corporation is predicting
178,000 new home starts. That’s down
Heat Transfer Coils &
Corrosion Protection Coatings
from the record 200,000-plus of recent
years, but still pretty respectable.
Non-residential construction has
been relatively flat for the past couple
of years, but there has been quite a bit
of it. Governments at all levels are
talking about fast-tracking infrastructure
projects to boost the economy
during these tough times. That will
And the dollar seems to be stabilizing
in the 80-85-cent range. That should
bring sanity back to pricing.
In 2009 contractors won’t be running
around like the proverbial chicken with
its head cut off as they so often have in
recent years but, with any luck, it won’t
be as “interesting” a year as some would
have us believe!
And with that, I would like to wish
all of our readers, advertisers and contributors
a joyful Christmas with
family and friends and all the best in
the New Year!
Design and Production
PLUMBING & HVAC PRODUCT NEWS Magazine is
published eight times annually by NEWCOM Business
Media Inc. and is written for individuals who purchase/
specify/approve the selection of plumbing, piping, hot
water heating, fire protection, warm air heating, air
conditioning, ventilation, refrigeration, controls and
related systems and products throughout Canada.
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Ontario, Canada M9W 5C4
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A member of:
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American Society of Heating Refrigerating &
Air Conditioning Engineers
Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
Institute of Canada
Refrigeration Service Engineers Society of Canada
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Equipment sizing initiative
The Heating, Refrigeration and
Air Conditioning Institute of
Canada (HRAI) has submitted a
proposal to CSA to update the
CSA F280 standard for sizing
residential heating and cooling
equipment. The move follows
reports from members that following
the current version results in
oversized equipment because it
doesn’t account for new tighter
Air quality study
The National Research Council’s
Institute for Research in Con -
struc tion, along with federal and
Quebec health officials, have
launch ed a major study of indoor
air quality in homes. It includes a
field study involving the homes of
about 100 families with asthmatic
children in the Quebec City
area over the next two years. To
support the study, a new indoor
air research facility has been constructed
on NRC’s Ottawa campus.
There, modifications for homes
will be designed and tested to
measure the impact of different
strategies, including variable air
tightness, flexible room size,
various HVAC systems and heat
recovery ventilators, reports HRAI.
Refrigeration Management Canada
(RMC) held its annual meeting in
Mississauga, Ont. on Oct. 20.
Chairman Dennnis Larson,
Refrigerative Supply, Burnaby,
B.C. reported that the program
has collected over 1.4 million
kilograms and destroyed over
1.2 million kilograms of ozone
depleting refrigerant waste since
the program began in 2001.
N.S. furnace rebate
The Canadian Oilheat Association
(COHA) will administer the new
Nova Scotia Energy Efficiency
Furnace Initiative (EFFI).
Announc ed Sept. 10, the program
will run until Sept. 11, 2009.
Unlike the previous “Retire Your
Furnace” program, the new
program does not require an
The Refrigeration Service
Engineers Society of Canada
(RSES) has announced dates for
its 2009 conference. The event
will take place at the Empire
Landmark Hotel and Conference
Centre in downtown Vancouver
April 22-25. For more information,
Over 600 attend joint
Skilled worker shortage still a concern
By Simon Blake
The ongoing shortage of skilled
workers in this industry is nothing
new. But it was still very much on
the minds of delegates at the 67th
Annual Conference of the Mechanical
Contractors Association of Canada,
held at the Hyatt Regency Calgary Hotel
Over 600 delegates from Canada, the
U.S. and around the world attended the
event, held in conjunction with the
World Plumbing Conference and the
CIPHEX West trade show.
“We’re still challenged with the idea
of bringing in bodies versus skilled
workers,” remarked George Gritziotis,
executive director of the Ottawa-based
Construction Sector Council. Workers
with lower skill levels are driving up the
cost of projects. The cost of constructing
the Vancouver Winter Olympics
facilities has increased from $500 million
to $800 million and “a lot of that is
due to wage cost escalation,” he said.
Gritziotis noted that awareness of
construction careers has increased
among young people, “but it is not just
about getting brochures out there…
The worst thing you can do is to
encourage a kid to get into a trade
where there is no work.” In fact “lack of
work” is the most common reason given
for abandoning apprenticeships.
Labour mobility continues to be a
challenge, thanks to trade qualification
rules that differ from province to
province. Gritziotis noted that the construction
management side is getting
stretched pretty thin too, certainly
nothing new to those in the room.
Chairman James Derksen, centre, enjoyed a few laughs with rodeo cowboys –
until he found out the mock hanging was his own!
Law chills recruiting
In a lively discussion that followed the
presentation, Del Pawliuk (R.F.
Mechanical Contractors, Sault Ste.
Marie, Ont.) noted that one of the
toughest barriers in recruiting construction
managers is Bill C-45, the new
law that can see managers face serious
criminal charges in the event of a construction
“We are going to have an extremely
difficult time getting construction management.
Young people don’t want to
take on the responsibilities,” he
remarked “You have a better chance of
going to jail (in the event of a fatal accident)
than if you take out a gun and
MCAC makes gains
The past year has seen a number of
achievements for MCA Canada. One of
the most significant, remarked chairman
James Derksen (Derksen
Plumbing & Heating, Winnipeg) in his
report at the annual general meeting,
was the successful completion of fund
raising to sponsor the development of a
national CSA standard for building
Derksen expects the standard to be
completed within 12 to 18 months.
From there, an electronic version with
application tools will be developed,
along with a comprehensive education
and certification program.
The Canadian Mechanical Con -
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tracting Education Foundation continues
to develop new programs. A supervisory
training program will be
launched this year, reported CMCEF
chairman Terry Billings.
MCAC was the lead organization in
creating the National Trade Contractors
Coalition of Canada, which is currently
comprised of seven national associations
representing different trades. The
Mechanical Service Contractors of
Canada also held a full-day program
during the MCAC conference with
attendance double that of last year’s
MCAC signed a formal agreement
with the Canadian Institute of Plumbing
& Heating to work together on mutual
issues, something that has been occurring
on an informal basis for years.
The Canadian National Plumbing
Inspectors Association held its inaugural
meeting during the conference.
Please see ‘MCAC’ on page 11
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New chairman Bob Hoare, left, is
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Circle Number 108 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 7
Circle Number 109 for More Information
Calgary show draws
Over 2,100 industry personnel
attended the CIPHEX West trade
show in Calgary Sept. 25-26.
Delegates came from across the West and
around the world, thanks to the World
Plumbing Conference (WPC) and the
Mechanical Contractor’s Association of
Canada annual conference that occurred
in conjunction with the event.
In fact, one of the most interesting
aspects for exhibitors was that they
would find themselves chatting with
contractors from Scotland, Australia,
the U.S. and many other locations as
well as those from Canada. There were
about 300 WPC visitors that attended
the special breakfast seminar at
However, some of the 200 exhibitors
told P&HVAC that the numbers seemed
to be down from the last event. While
that is true, noted show manager Norm
Schulz, it is only because the 2006
CIPHEX West show was held in conjunction
with the Construct Calgary
show which brought in additional people.
The actual 2008 CIPHEX West
attendance was almost identical to the
2006 event. The 2010 edition of
CIPHEX West will again co-locate with
Twenty-eight manufacturers competed
with their latest technologies in
the Gallery of New Products. Winners
of Most Innovative Product Showcase
Industrial – Northwestern Ohio
Foam Products for their Barrier X5
Commercial Plumbing – Dobbin
Sales Ltd. for the Sloan Ecos dual flush
Residential Plumbing – Sol-R-Link
with the BRAC system for recycling
Hydronic Heating – Uponor’s
Climate Control Multi-function
Software & Electronic Equipment –
Allpriser for its new computerized
Dennis Lefaebre of Denrite
Mechanical Ltd. in Edmonton won a
$4,000 “business makeover.” Over
$1,200 was raised for Habitat for
Humanity through the CIPH Calgary
Region Putting Contest.
The Canadian Institute for Plumbing
and Heating (CIPH) produces CIPHEX
West every two years. CIPH plans
smaller RoadShow table-top trade
shows for Edmonton, Vancouver,
Winnipeg, Regina and Saskatoon next
November. For more information, visit
Victaulic’s Arpad Toth holds court during CIPHEX West.
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New home construction will moderate
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heating or cooling energy put out by the central furnace, heat pump, or air conditioner.”
for healthy housing markets this year,”
To find out how you can give your customers up to 40% more
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efficiency for their money, go to www.fujitsugeneral.com.
“Housing starts will moderate to
212,200 units in 2008 and 177,975 units
Circle Number 110 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 9
Circle Number 111 for More Information
Ont. apprenticeship ratios pushing young people away
In response to your October editorial,
“Poor prospects,” it is great to see this
issue hitting the headlines.
I would like to further highlight the
lack of opportunity for would-be
apprentices. Any worker brought into
the workforce must be signed up as an
apprentice after 90 days.
If an on-site safety inspection occurs
by the Ministry of Labour and the
would-be apprentice is flagged as not
being signed up, the only choice the
employer has is to terminate their
employment. This is the reality. There
are currently zero opportunities for the
young to get into this workforce! If there
were, I could hire a number of employees
today out of the approximately one
hundred applications on my desk.
Furthermore, as the average age rises
in our shop, the physical portion of this
job becomes harder and more strenuous
on these individuals. I see more
trips to the chiropractor, and general
disappointment (among employees)
with the lack of physical help on the job.
As an employer, I’m not going to ask a
50-year-old, 30-year experienced plu m -
ber on my staff to dig out the 80’ sewer
to the house he/she is working on. I’m
going to send the 20-year-old apprentice.
However, I can’t do that right now
because the Ministry of Labour and the
Ministry of Training won’t let our company
hire any 20-year-olds!
Brouwer Plumbing & Heating Ltd.
I read the most recent issue of your
publication last evening and I was very
pleased that you have decided to shine
some light on the subject of apprenticeship
There is an incredible disconnect
between the pronouncements of government
policy makers about implementing
programs to encourage young
people to enter into apprenticeships
and an administrative structure that is
designed to prevent this from happening.
This has stifled growth in our
industry and forced contractors to work
outside the system to bring people on.
It’s extremely difficult to attract the
kind of quality people we need when we
can’t offer them apprenticeships.
I applaud you and your team for having
the courage to bring this matter out
into the open.
Roger Grochmal, MBA., P.Eng.,
President & CBO
AtlasCare, Mississauga, Ont.
As I begin my day by cracking the cover
on the October issue, I feel compelled to
respond to your Hot Seat topic. I couldn’t
agree with you more on the apprentice
ratio that seems so archaic. This
Stop Pipes from Banging. Permanently.
industry so desperately needs newcomers
and the mentor relationship that a
one-on-one situation builds would far
exceed the value of the grunt work one
would see in a three-chief scenario.
We as an industry wonder where
tomorrow’s trades are going to come
from, and here is what seems to me a
pretty substantial speed bump. Ontario
needs to recognize these hurdles and
put in place a plan that would make
entry into this trade easy for newcomers.
Thanks for the insight.
Sales manager, Residential products
Taco (Canada) Ltd.
TURN TO QUALITY. TURN TO DAHL. TM
Continued from page 7
Built-in piston ensures
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New executive elected
MCAC members elected a new executive.
Bob Hoare (Adelt Mechanical,
Mississauga, Ont.) becomes chairman.
Brad Diggens (MJS Mechanical,
Dahl Supply Stops with Integral
Calgary) is chairman-elect and vice
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chairman – Central. Gaëtan Beaulieu
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American Brass and Teflon.
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Manufactured in North America.
Eighteen provincial and zone directors
were also elected.
As usual, the MCAC annual conference
wasn’t all business. One highlight
was a special rodeo for MCAC and
WPC delegates by Calgary Stampede
cowboys. It may have been a demonstration
event, but bulls don’t understand
that concept! There was nothing
improvised about the performance by
bull riders, bucking bronco riders, barrel
racers and others.
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www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 11
Green homes to provide operating
classroom for builders, trades
By Simon Blake
Deciding what technologies
to use and from which
an easy process.
It’s a common complaint in the
plumbing and HVAC industry that
residential home builders are slow to
adopt new technologies. But builders
tend to be leery about offering anything
that may be considered unproven or
A new training and demonstration
facility north of Toronto should go a
long way in alleviating those concerns.
The Archetype Sustainable Home is
actually two semi-detached homes –
one equipped with state-of-the-art
plumbing and HVAC equipment currently
available for mass construction
homes; the second with equipment that
is expected to become more common in
A joint project of the Building
Industry and Land Development
Association (BILD) and the Toronto
and Region Conservation Authority
A WaterFurnace heat pump provides
heating and cooling in House B.
(TRCA), the home is designed to educate
both the public and trades on the
latest green building technologies. It is
located at the Kortright Centre – an
865-acre (350 hectares) conservation
area just north of Toronto.
“Our role is industry training;
Kortright’s role is public training,”
remarked Stephen Dupuis, BILD CEO.
All equipment will be accessible, with
cutaways in the walls to display aspects
that would usually be hidden.
Deciding what technologies to use and
from which manufacturers wasn’t an
easy process. “I stayed as far away from
that as I could,” laughed Dupuis.
BILD project manager Larry Brydon,
a senior account manager at Reliance
Home Comfort, Oshawa, Ont., led a
team made up of contractors along with
staff and students from Ryerson
University, Faculty of Engineering and
Applied Sciences, in an exhaustive study
of 17 different HVAC systems.
Ryerson’s Dr. Alan Fung and his team
rated systems based on total energy
consumption, annual greenhouse gas
emissions, annual energy cost, capital
cost, life cycle cost and EnerGuide
The study covered
everything from high efficiency
boilers and furnaces
to more exotic technologies
like geothermal, solar,
co-generation and fuel
“We wanted to add a lot
of technology,” reported
Alex Waters, Kortright
Centre manager and
TRCA’s project manager
on this build. And the
technology includes every aspect of the
each home. The heavily insulated 2x6
walls, for example, are rated at R-32
with the ceilings at R-40.
The basements are made of insulated
Durisol blocks (similar to insulated concrete
form (ICF) walls, but made of recycled
materials). Two-inch XTPS insulation
board provides under-slab insulation
and foundation wall insulation.
Each home demonstrates both an electrical
and gas heating/cooling alternative.
House A, at 1,900 sq. ft., features a
forced air system using a boiler and fan
coil with hydronic radiant floor heating
in the basement.
A Viessmann Vitodens 100 condensing
gas boiler supplemented by a VitoSol
flat plate solar collector provides the gas
heating option. It operates through two
Uponor Pro Panels – a pre-fabricated
manifold, pump, etc. system. The first
provides hot water for the air handler;
the second does the same for the radiant
In House B, an Ecologix air handler
provides floor-by-floor cooling.
Peter Kinsey explains the heating system in House A to TRCA’s Sabrina Dodaro.
floor system. All pumps are Wilo Eco-
Stratus models with ECM motors.
A Judo Heifi-Top combination sediment
filter and air eliminator protects
A 200-litre Viessmann indirect tank
provides DHW. It is equipped with two
coils – one for the roof-mounted solar
collector and the second for the boiler.
A home this size would typically have
two or three solar panels, but in this
case the intention is to demonstrate the
technology and compare it to the evacuated
tube technology on Home B,
National design competition
The electric option is provided by a
high efficiency two-stage Hallowell
Acadia air source heat pump from
MITS Air Conditioning Inc., Mis sis -
sauga, Ont. This air-to-air heat pump
can deliver about 35,000 Btu/h of heating
at -30°C and 36,000 Btu/h of cooling
at 35°C (95°F).
Both the boiler and heat pump heat
the home through the same air handler.
It is equipped with a variable
speed ECM motor, a four-pass hydronic
coil for heating and a three-ton
evaporator coil for heat pump heating
and air conditioning.
The Archetype Sustainable House began with a national design competition
conducted by the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA) and the
Design Exchange, “Canada’s design museum,” in downtown Toronto
(www.dx.org). Architects, engineers and designers across Canada were
challenged to design the ultimate environmentally friendly home that could
serve as a model for housing development in the Greater Toronto Area and
The competition drew 17 qualified designs, and on June 21, 2006, the
winning entry was drawn. Dubbed “Building Blocks,” it was selected by a
‘blue ribbon’ panel of judges. Building Blocks was a collaborative effort of
three design firms: Anne Stevens (Fort Architect Inc.), Clelia Lori (Lori
Architects) and Terrell Wong (Stone’s Throw Design). Al Davies of Ecologix,
Cambridge, Ont., was the mechanical engineer for the design competition
while Randy Van Straaten of Ener model Engineering Ltd., Kitchener, Ont.
was engineer for the build.
12 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008 www.plumbingandhvac.ca
A VanEE 3000 HE Gold Series HRV
provides mechanical ventilation.
Control is by an Uponor Climate
Control multi-function programmable
controller (reviewed in the May/June
issue of P&HVAC). “It’s like having 20
controllers,” reported Peter Kinsey of
Canadian Infloor Heating, which did
the hydronic installation, and formerly
of The Morgan Group, Markham, Ont.,
which worked with a number of manufacturers
to donate equipment.
However, the control system may
change, noted Brydon. “There is some
discussion as to whether this is going to
be controlled by a home automation
and energy management system.”
House B is slightly larger at 2,300 sq. ft.,
but it has a garage with a “granny flat”
above. The primary source of heating
and cooling is a three-ton WaterFurnace
geothermal heat pump, which does
heating, cooling and DHW. It was
donated by Eden Energy Equipment
Ltd., Guelph, Ont. and installed by
Erwood Air Inc., Pefferlaw, Ont., with
Geothermal Solutions, Mansfield, Ont.,
providing the ground loop. The home
has zoned hydronic radiant floor heating
on three floors.
A multi-zone Ecologix air handler
provides floor-by-floor cooling.
“It all runs off a buffer tank, so we can
actually experiment with in-slab cooling
because we have an ERV, but that will
probably get all wonky with operable
windows allowing humidity in,” re mark -
ed Brydon. “In-slab cooling requires
strict control of humidity to prevent
condensation on flooring finishes.”
A Viessmann evacuated tube solar
collector supplements the DHW.
A Nu-Air vertical combined HRV
and fancoil provides heating and cooling
for the granny flat with integral heat
There are three Uponor ProPanels in
House B – one for the fancoil, one for
the radiant floors and one for garage
heating and, again, with an Uponor
The second heating system is considerably
more radical. Donated by NRCan
for evaluation, a WhisperGen microcogeneration
plant by Whisper Tech is
powered by a natural gas-fueled Stirling
engine. It generates about 35,000 Btu/h
of heat and one Kw/h of electricity.
Photo-voltaic panels on the roof add
another four Kw/h, with a wind turbine
adding another three Kw/h.
(A Stirling engine is similar in design
to an internal combustion engine, but
no combustion actually takes place
inside the engine. Rather, it operates on
temperature differences caused, typically,
by an external fuel source such as
natural gas. Because there is no combustion,
it is virtually silent.)
The cogeneration unit can provide
supplementary heating to take advantage
of time-of-use electricity rates.
In addition to their high-tech systems,
both homes have wood stoves. (This is
country living, after all!) House A has a
Napoleon EPA certified high efficiency
unit, while House B features a Tempcast
thermal core sealed masonry fireplace.
“The idea is that we could use any of
these systems or all of them in combination,
depending on what fuel source
makes most sense from a renewable,
environmental or fuel cost perspective,”
The plumbing is also a considerable
advance both in water conservation and
energy efficiency over what is currently
being installed in the residential market.
A recirculation system provides ondemand
Each home has three or four bathrooms
along with laundry rooms and
kitchens. Both have a structured
plumbing system with on-demand
DHW recirculation. This results in hot
water on demand along with some
gains in energy efficiency, explained
John Priolo, president of Judo Water
Treatment, Concord, Ont. who, along
with instructors from George Brown
College in Toronto, did the plumbing.
All faucets and showerheads are lowflow
and toilets are dual three/six-litre
flush. All drains lead into a central stack
for each home. This maximizes the
effect of a drain water heat recovery system
that pre-heats the hot water.
A rainwater harvesting system consists
of a french drain system that collects
rainwater from the roofs and
weeping tiles and directs it into a sump
pit from which it is pumped into a
10,000-litre cistern. From there it is
pumped back into the house for tasks
like toilet flushing that don’t require
potable water. Rain barrels and a Brac
greywater recycling system, donated by
the Install Team, provide water for
Both homes rely on a well system for
potable water. As a result, filtration and
water softening equipment is a must.
Waste goes into a small septic tank
and then into an anaerobic digester and
then to engineered wetlands.
The budget for the project was $1.4-
million, but because so much equipment
and labour was donated the final
figure is expected to come in significantly
And the project is aiming and on
track for every certification available for
green construction – LEED Gold or
Platinum, Energy Star, Greenhouse
Certified Construction and R-2000.
Research and training
So what does the future hold for the
Archetype Sustainable House? One of
the key objectives was to create a place
where training could be conducted in a
live operating house.
Industry training will take place on a
number of levels, said Dupuis. “We’re
going to find every opportunity we can.
It could be as simple as a wine and
cheese just to get people out there to see
the technology, ask questions and get
their wheels turning – or it could be
Tom Ziolkowski of A1 Budget Heating
& AC works on the sheet metal.
He expects sessions will be tailored to
the needs of each individual group –
owners, site superintendents, trades, etc.
One of the key roles of the Archetype
Sustainable House will be to document
and compare the performance of different
green technologies, he added. “It won’t be
perfect data because there’s not a mother
and father with two kids, a dog and a
teenager taking 15-minute showers …”
However, Dupuis expects the
research will provide considerably better
information than currently exists
and that it will be published for the
The project is one more step in getting
builders, trades and the public to
adopt green building practices and
equipment. Ultimately, remarked
Priolo, “they have no choice. You have
to think of the community and you
have to think of sustainability.”
Both homes feature drainwater heat
Circle Number 113 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 13
Hybrid gas-electric HVAC system
saves energy at Winnipeg complex
By Bruce Nagy
Simple ideas are
When a new
sports and en ter -
tain ment complex
was proposed for
down town Win ni -
peg, planners wanted to incorporate
“...the best, well-tested features and
spectator amenities of...new-generation
entertainment and sports centres built
across North America over the past
This meant the new MTS Centre features
superb acoustics for concerts,
clear sight-lines from every seat for
sporting events, private boxes, event
suites, three concourses with shopping
and food, seating for 15,000 hockey
fans, and yet adaptable for audience
groups as small as 2,500. Being a centrepiece
in the downtown core, the building
would also include exciting
architectural aesthetics. Top architects,
engineers and contractors were engaged
for the project and, when it finally
opened in 2004, it was indeed a marvel.
Then, suddenly, the decision was
made to add an electric boiler alongside
the two existing natural gas boilers
already being used to heat the space and
water. What had gone wrong? Actually
nothing had gone wrong. The natural
gas boilers work well and efficiently to
Sempa Power Systems Ltd. of North
Vancouver, B.C. added the electric
boiler as part of a hybrid heating system.
Such systems are saving operators
of commercial buildings a great deal of
money every year by taking advantage
of opportunities associated with energy
One of these opportunities is that electricity
is much less expensive at night
than it is during the daytime. For most
power companies, it doesn’t make business
sense to stop generating electricity
at night, but the demand for electricity
at night is so low that they price it very
cheaply. This means that a commercial
The new MTS Centre in Winnipeg is a state-of-the-art sports and entertainment
facility. The HVAC system is state-of-the-art too.
building can heat water and space very
inexpensively at night and then sometimes
coast through the day.
The other opportunity is to control
peak electricity usage by the building.
Electric companies set kilowatt charges
based on time of day and also on
established peak or maximum need. If
the building’s history shows periods of
very high maximum demand in a
billing period, the kilowatt charge goes
up based on the electric company’s
responsibility to satisfy that maximum
de mand at any moment without notice.
Circle Number 114 for More Information
14 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008 www.plumbingandhvac.ca
So the game is to keep the peak or
maximum demand under control. As it
happens in many cases, if the building’s
consumption level is below the peak,
electricity seems to cost less than natural
gas. It may sound a bit complicated,
but it’s simple really: Buy things when
they are the cheapest.
Heat delivery optimized
In addition to an extra boiler, a hybrid
heating system includes a server, software
and controls to manage heat delivery
according to these variables. “We
use a proprietary algorhythm that leverages
the off-peak electricity rate grid to
optimize heat delivery between natural
gas and electric sources,” says Wayne
McLeod, vice president of operations
for Sempa (www.sempapower.com).
The system monitors periodic energy
rates in real time to automatically determine
when to instruct HVAC controls
to switch between natural gas or
propane and electricity. The system can
also be used for swimming pools and
In one case the system helped hotel
officials to understand that when they
turned everything on simultaneously at
5:30 a.m., it created a peak that caused
the kilowatt charge to increase unnecessarily.
This led to another simple idea:
Automatically power up each area at
10 minute intervals, saving significant
In the first quarter of 2008, the company
had promised its clients that its 17
projects would save a total of $290,000.
As it turned out, it exceeded the commitment
and actually realized more
than $552,000. This translates to savings
averaging well over $100,000 per year in
“On a normal operating day our gas
boilers don’t fire,” says Ed Meichsner,
MTS director of building operations.
“One advantage of this is that gas boilers
can make the boiler room as hot as
35C, which may not be good for relays
and other equipment over the long
term...When the Manitoba Moose are
playing we have 14,000 fans in the
stands or using restaurants and concessions
and two teams all taking showers.
That’s when we might use the gas
“The system operates transparently
to the building’s occupants while reducing
costs, reducing green house gas
emissions and reducing energy consumption,”
says inventor and Sempa
founder Malcolm Metcalfe. The investment
is higher because the system
requires extra equipment. “Payback is
generally between two and three years,”
he added. “We are in the process of having
the savings verified so that our customers
can sell them as carbon credits.”
significantly; particularly in B.C.,
Manitoba and Quebec where most electricity
is generated without the help of
According to the company, since a
hybrid heating system was installed at
the Four Seasons Hotel in Whistler, B.C.
in 2005, it has reduced the hotel’s greenhouse
gas emissions by 32.7 percent and
saved the customer more than $250,000
or 19 percent of its energy costs.
Both the customer and the vendor
have access to the savings data so
Metcalfe called his customer after about
six months and said: “Pretty significant
The customer replied that there were
no savings. After a bit of investigation it
was revealed that the customer was only
looking at his operations financials and
that the accountant, not sure why
energy costs had dropped dramatically,
had accrued $60,000 as a precaution.
The new electric boiler, at left, allows facility operators to take advantage of
lower cost night-time electricity rates.
Chief engineer Doug Wright is pleased with energy savings with the hybrid
heating system at the Four Seasons Hotel in Whistler, B.C.
He expected the apparently late energy
bills to arrive eventually!
The company has won several awards
for green innovation and is now
installing hybrid systems all across the
continent. It has even filed a patent for a
Years ago Metcalfe heard a story
about BC Hydro at one time shutting
down its own damns at night and buying
cheap nighttime electricity from
California, then selling it back to them
in the daytime at a profit.
Quebec Hydro still does something
like this. He was an energy auditor at
the time who knew that commercial
operators were not really taking advantage
of cost opportunities. This inspired
the hybid heating system; a simple idea,
but clearly a good one.
Bruce Nagy is a Toronto-based freelance
writer that covers the Green Beat
for P&HVAC. He can be reached at
One of the big buzz phrases in the business
world these days is “corporate
social responsibility” (CSR) which,
when taken seriously, attracts some segments
of the investment community.
Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
is of course a key goal for CSR.
With the hybrid system GHG is reduced
Circle Number 115 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 15
The difference is diamonds.
Introducing DIAMOND Seal Technology.
© 2008 Masco Corporation of Indiana
Delta leads with another industry innovation: DIAMOND Seal
Technology which combines a durable DIAMOND Valve with
InnoFlex PEX waterways. The result: no leaks, no lead, no worries.
The threat of leaks is all
but eliminated, thanks to
the exclusive one-piece
InnoFlex PEX supply lines,
DIAMOND Valve and no
Once inside the faucet, water
is not in contact with potential
The DIAMOND Valve
features a disc embedded
with real diamonds, so the
valve is built to last ten
times longer than the
Industry standard based on ASME
A112.18.1 of 500,000 cycles.
Minimum of 32" integrated InnoFlex
PEX waterways below the deck saves
you the cost of additional supply
lines. Everything is in the box.
Circle Number 116 for More Information
Available in eight models and over 100
different configurations, the new
PTS/PTU Series Tube Heaters from
Space-Ray have capacities ranging from
40,000 to 200,000 Btu/h and minimum
mounting heights of 10 to 18 feet. Their
Delivery System, is designed to provide
labor savings and enhanced performance
in duct sealant applications. It also
features an enhanced elasticity when
cured, enabling easy mobility of sealed
ductwork and eliminating the cracking
that often occurs with traditional duct
sealants when ductwork is moved after
the sealant application.
Hardcast Circle no. 303
supply (red) and system return (blue).
Boiler connection options include
unique TISS System continuously monitors
the clearance between the reflectors
and the ceiling for excessive heat
and tube integrity compromise. If the
heat increases due to heat exchanger
failure, the safety circuit is broken and
the gas controls shut down.
Space Ray Circle no. 300
New mixing station models
Viega mixing stations are now available
in six upgraded base configurations.
Features include low or high-head,
three-speed circulators, new sensor
wells and new ball valves. They can be
used with conventional and condensing
boilers, water heaters and geothermal
heat pumps. Red and blue caps on the
ProPress Ball Valves indicate system
ProPress, PEX Press and copper (male).
Viega Circle no. 304
The Tjernlund AirShare Ventilator from
CGF Products moves air though a wall
cavity to rooms that are too cold or hot.
These are particularly useful in ductless
heater, split system and window A/C
applications. They are easy to install,
either in hard-wired or concealed
power cord models. Operation is “whisper
quiet” and they are designed to
blend with any décor.
CGF Products Circle no. 305
Source 1, the aftermarket arm of the
Johnson Controls residential HVAC
brands, is offering a new line of fractional
horsepower motors. A variety of
voltages, applications and
speeds are available.
along with extended
provide for easier
installation. An el e -
plug simplifies rotation
chang es. A crossreference
identifies replacement for the models
of other motor manufacturers.
Johnson Controls Circle no. 301
Selkirk’s new Vacuum Cleanout Cap
allows quick and mess-free removal of
fly ash from pellet stove pipe. It replaces
the standard cap on three or four-inch
pellet pipe tees. The operator simply
removes the threaded cap, attaches a
fireplace/stove vacuum and cleans out
the ash, making pellet pipe cleanout a
Selkirk Circle no. 302
Spray-on duct sealer
Hardcast Spray-Seal, when combined
with the Hardcast Mobile Duct Sealant
Circle Number 117 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 17
PermaLynx TM push-to-connect system: ½ – 1½"
• fast and
and 20% faster
QuickVic ® “installation-ready” coupling: 2 - 8"
TE R THAN
I AS FAST ES
other joining ng
Circle Number 118 for More Information
Honeywell launches wireless
residential control system
“Contractors hate running wires,” says
Mark Schilling, trade marketing leader
for Honeywell Ltd. Scarborough, Ont.
And while the company’s new residential
wireless control system offers num -
erous advantages for both the home -
owner and installing contractor, that
reality alone should make it a best seller.
About 200 southern Ontario contractors
attended the Honeywell World
of Wireless (WOW) presentation at the
Playdium in Mississauga, Ont. Oct. 7.
Honeywell has seen similar enthusiasm
at other WOW events across Canada.
There are two key components in this
new residential control system. The
Wireless FocusPRO thermostat – in programmable
or non-programmable versions
– is partnered with the new touchscreen
Portable Comfort Control (PCC).
The wireless factor allows the thermostat
in the living area like a living room or
den, not out in the hallway as in so many
homes. All existing features of the hardwired
FocusPRO are incorporated into
the wireless version, added Honeywell’s
The PCC works like a television remote
– the homeowner simply carries it into
the room that needs immediate heating
or cooling and the unit
the temperature. As well,
it controls night setback,
maintains the schedule
for the programmable
thermostat (where used)
and, with zoning, can be
used to monitor and
change the temperature
of any zone in the house.
The Portable Comfort Control.
panel installed on the outside of the
home which senses and allows outdoor
temperature and humidity to be displayed
on the thermostat – again, without
running any wires.
The fourth component in the system
makes zoning a home significantly easier.
With Honeywell’s new TrueZONE wireless
zoning panels and wireless zoning
Grundfos VersaFlo ® UPS
a thing of the past.
VersaFlo® UPS wet rotor circulators are
maintenance-free and whisper-quiet.
They feature an integrated pump and motor
design–fewer parts means no maintenance
worries and greater durability on the job.
adapter kit, contractors no longer need to
run thermostat wire to add zoning or add
additional zones to an existing system.
Schilling is optimistic that homeowners
will embrace the new wireless technology.
“If you install one in a neighborhood,
you could be installing a bunch more
because neighbors talk,” he remarked.
Honeywell also introduced its new
Prestige Comfort System at the WOW
event, a high-end, wired high-definition,
full colour programmable device
that is also enabled with RedLINK wireless
technology, making it wireless ready
and user friendly.
“The USB configuration allows you
to set up one system and then transfer
the data to a USB stick and copy it other
The Prestige system is easy to install
and set up.
systems,” remarked Holmquist.
Honeywell Circle no. 306
GRUNDFOS VersaFlo® UPS
> No seals − eliminates hot water leakage
> Water Cooled − Ultra quiet and no
bearings to grease
> No couplers − less moving parts to break
The system uses RedLINK wireless
technology, which was originally developed
for the security industry, reported
Holmquist. Adapting it to residential
HVAC use involved four years of testing
which, among other things, had to
ensure that the signal between the thermostat,
the PCC and system components
could not be affected by cell
phones and other electronic devices.
The system has been tested and proven
to operate reliably in homes up to 6,500
sq.ft. on multiple levels.
Also new is Honeywell’s Wireless
Outdoor Sensor, a RedLINK enabled
More Great Features
> Operates at less than 40 db
> Built-in dimensions to match installed base −
no need for piping modifications
> No risk of touching electrically hot windings
or rotating parts
The wireless FocusPRO retains the
features of the hard-wired version.
Circle Number 119 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 19
Hot Water Heating
Banish the crud!
Cleaning up an old hydronic system (and keeping it clean)
By Roy Collver
Afew weeks ago
me how to
clean up an older
hydronic system so
that they wouldn’t
fill up their brand
new replacement boiler with the disgusting
black crud that came out of
their drain valve every time they
checked it. In my normally decisive and
concise way, I answered a simple question
by asking a whole bunch more.
“What kind of black crud? How old is
the system? Black iron pipe, copper,
PEX? How often do you drain this stuff
out, and how much do you get? Are
there any chemicals in the system? What
kind of boiler is there now, and how old
is it? Has the boiler ever been replaced
before? How long did it last? Are the
valves and pumps getting bunged up
with this stuff? Are there any strainers
or filters in the system? When do you
have to replace the boiler?” Lots of
All of this stuff is important. There
are so many grey areas and very little
direction when studying this topic.
Trying to identify the crud is easier said
than done and most people don’t bother;
they just flush it down the drain and
re-fill the system.
There are problems with this
approach, however, not the least of
which is that the environment people
may take exception to this practice.
Look at it this way – you put fresh clean
water (with or without fresh, clean glycol
and chemicals) into a hydronics system
and, a few years later, you are getting
black crud out. A pretty good guess
would be that the black crud is a product
of the components and or chemicals
in the system breaking down. Wouldn’t
it be good to know what it was that was
breaking down, and why?
The common scenario
A complex topic – to keep it simple, let’s
look at perhaps the most common scenario
where this comes up and figure
out the best way to deal with it.
In the vast majority of older systems,
we are dealing with a cast-iron or steel
boiler, steel or copper piping, and ferrous
pumps and valves with a
sprinkling of brass stuff. In systems like
this, where I have gotten chemical
analysis done, the majority of the black
crud is oxides of iron (rust) mixed up
with some anaerobic bacteria and some
mineralization from the water (usually
calcium precipitate). That’s pretty much
what you would expect, and normally
safe to just flush out.
So you want to replace the old boiler
and clean the system – here is the procedure:
1. Clean and flush the system.
2. Re-fill the system.
3. Install some kind of filtration.
Trying to identify the crud is easier
said than done and most people
4. Test the fluid quality.
5. Then replace the boiler.
The finer points
Oh – you want details?
1. Find a nice, safe, non-toxic hydronic
heating system specific cleaning
chemical – there are a number of
them available these days – and clean
and flush the system according to the
chemical people’s instructions.
Flushing can be easy or extremely
frustrating depending on the severity
of the problem. I have seen some
systems so bunged-up that they
needed to be flushed and back
flushed numerous times. I have had
to add purge valves on branch lines,
put in cleaner, heat it, circulate it for
days and even run a sewer snake
down some lines in order to get
things moving. And be aware that all
of this effort may spring numerous
leaks in an old system. I have seen
systems turn into sprinkler pipe after
a thorough cleaning, proving that
the only thing holding the system
together was the crud. For your own
protection, advise your customer of
this possibility – maybe even get
them to sign a waiver if you think it
could be real bad. Everybody does
the waiver thing these days. I had to
sign a form before I had heart surgery
that basically said: “you might
die as a result of this procedure –
please sign here that it is okay and
not our fault.”
2. Re-fill the system with good clean
water and add whatever glycol and
other hydronic heating system specific
chemicals you think you might need
to add. I won’t recommend any
specific products here, check with
your chemical suppliers, but keep in
mind that they are in the business of
selling you chemicals, whether you
need them or not. Buyer beware –
unfortunately I have never found a
totally unbiased “expert” in this field,
as they all seem to be wanting to get
you hooked on their particular
brand of chemicals. Good clean
water normally means tap water if
you are in a larger municipality, but
check with your boiler manufacturer
to see if they have any special
requirements. Some of the metal
alloys they use in boilers today are
very finicky and need special attention
to things like Ph levels and mineral
3. Install some kind of filtration
device to catch any bits that may
break loose in the future. This is a
very important addition to your
system because no matter how thoroughly
you clean the system, there is
a high probability that more crud
will continue to liberate itself.
Although I have never seen a warning
from any of the manufacturers
of stainless steel boilers – I do know
that iron oxide and other ferrous
bits will contaminate stainless. I am
guessing you might fail the warranty
examination if this is the case.
There are three main filtration
devices/techniques commonly available
for hydronic systems:
“Y” strainers are the oldest devices
used to pick up crud floating around in
your system. They are inexpensive, reliable
and simple. The fluid flows
through a screen, and any particle bigger
than the mesh size of the screen gets
caught. Problem no. 1 – they get
plugged up, and because the complete
system flow goes through them, they
can shut your system down if they plug
up completely. Problem no. 2 – the really
tiny stuff (like iron oxide) gets
through. They are best applied in new
systems to pick up any junk that mysteriously
got into the piping during
Sidestream micron filters have also
been around for years, and get all the
SIDESTREAM MICRON FILTER
really, really small stuff like iron oxide,
but they also suffer from getting easily
plugged up. As the name suggests, they
are piped in parallel with the main system
flow, so that if they do get plugged
up, they won’t shut down your system,
but they then become a decorative
accessory and perform no useful
function until someone comes and
replaces the filter cartridge.
The new kid on the block is a nifty
little device called a “Dirt Separator.”
They function like a combination of Y-
strainer (to get the big chunks) and like
an air separator to get the small stuff –
they have a large low velocity chamber
to slow the flow down, and a coalescing
media that snags the tiny little bits and
holds onto them until they get joined by
enough buddies to make them heavy
and tired. They then drop out of the
race and into the sump of the separator
so you can blow them out. These are
impressive products – they don’t plug
up, are easy to clean, and they can
remove particles as small as five
4. After finding out your boiler manufacturer’s
fluid quality requirements,
have the fluid tested to make sure it
meets them, and then set up a testing
protocol to ensure that it remains
“between the lines.” That’s easier said
than done – again, we are back to the
5. Now you can replace the boiler, confident
that it will live in an environment
blessed by its manufacturer,
and that warranties will be honoured.
Roy Collver is an author and consultant
on hydronic heating based in
Peachland, B.C. He can be reached at
20 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008 www.plumbingandhvac.ca
©2008 Uponor, Inc.
“ New technology? Love it. But unless it’s
easy to use, keep it away from my jobsite.”
Introducing the innovative Uponor Climate Cŏntrol Line of home comfort systems.
Three new control systems that combine the latest home comfort technology with hassle-free
simplicity that increases your profit potential. Turn the page to find out more.
Circle Number 120 for More Information
Uponor enhances your opportunities with home comfort.
This flexible product line lets you introduce more customers to Uponor Climate Cŏntrol home comfort systems—and expand
your opportunities for profit. Three innovative new systems combine cutting-edge technology with hassle-free installation and
set-up. Your customers get the personalized comfort control they’re looking for, and you reduce your time and expenses on the job.
Climate Cŏntrol Network System
—Total comfort control
• Integrates all home comfort functions
—heating, cooling and ventilation—
into one precise control
• Offers broad capabilities in a scalable
system that is easy to install and
set up compared to DDC systems
• Allows homeowners to control home
comfort levels via the Internet
• Reduces the expense of house
calls by allowing you to support
• Simplifies the user experience with a
sleek and easy-to-operate touch panel
Climate Cŏntrol Zoning System
• Provides an ideal solution for retrofits
and remodels—no thermostat
• Speeds installation in new construction
• Installs easily and is intuitive to set up
• Operates up to 12 thermostats
and 14 actuators per control module
• Manages household temperatures at
the touch of a button, from the
comfort of an easy chair
• Uses state-of-the-art wireless
communication technology to
ensure consistent signal quality
Climate Cŏntrol Multifunction
• Combines the functionality of multiple
controls into a single platform
• Manages all hydronic functions with
a single control: zone pumping, single
or multiple mixing, boiler control,
boiler staging, multiple water
temperature, domestic hot water
• Eliminates the cost and hassle of
multiple control boxes and complex
• Lets you copy customers’ settings to a
data stick to speed future installations
Call 888-994-7726 or visit www.uponor.ca/homecomfort for free
brochures on the entire Climate Cŏntrol Line, or to talk with an Uponor
representative about your next project.
Circle Number 121 for More Information
Water-to-water heat pumps
Capitalizing on their advantages in certain applications
By Ed Gravelle
In the beginning
pumps experienced a
lot of failures until
developed better units that lead
to the scroll compressor. They are
tougher and stand up to the heat and
loads better than the old reciprocating
compressors. Higher speeds and better
motor cooling are a couple of significant
The creation of air-to-air heat pumps
for residential applications led to multiple
water-to-air systems on a single
source water loop, heated or cooled, for
commercial buildings. Water-to-air
didn’t answer all the needs of the commercial
field and water-to-water heat
pumps came into the market to fill the
void. They provide the means of moving
heat from one place to the other
through a refrigeration process which
cools one pumped loop (the source)
and heats another. The second loop is
called the “load”.
There are two primary advantages of
a water source heat pump over an air
source heat pump. The first is the density
of water compared to air which
allows for greater and more efficient
heat transfer using a smaller heat
exchanger. The second is that there is
less of a temperature differential using
water (35-85°F) than air (0-100°F) as
In a water-to-water heat pump the
water flow does not have to be
“switched” as the reversing valve
changes the flow of refrigerant within
the system. This allows us to maintain a
single flow water circuit through both
the source and load side of the heat
Heat from a source is absorbed by the
refrigerant and compressed. Heat output,
including the motor heat and heat
of compression, is transferred into the
water passing through the refrigerant/water
heat exchanger. Temperature
rise has to be limited to heating the load
side water to no more than 130°F
(54.5C). The heat transferred has to be
dissipated continually while the compressor
is running, usually by mixing
with a separate pumped loop to various
heat dispersing loads.
Heat from the load side is absorbed by
the refrigerant and compressed. Heat
dissipation, including the motor heat
and heat of compression, is transferred
into the water passing thr ough the re -
frig erant/water heat ex changer. Heat
transferred has to be dissipated continually
while the compressor is running,
usually by mixing
with a separate
pumped loop to
various cooling de -
vices, such as cooling
fluid cooler, ground
loops, wells etc.
heat pumps, however,
have to be
and within the temperature
range shown in the
source and load
side water pumped
with their own
pumps, with pump
demand for a constant
non-varying flow of water on both
source and load of not less than 2.25
GPM per ton.
The suction temperature at the compressor
determines the cooling capacity
of the compressor; the GPM pumped
determines the rate of transfer. The flow
required can be calculated by dividing
the suction capacity by 500 and the
temperature drop desired. The low limit
for water temperature must not drop
temperatures below 35°F (8.6C) without
antifreeze. Suction temperatures
above 60°F (16C) can overload compressors
and may require bypass flow
control or pressure limit TX valves.
Required flow capacity can be calculated
by multiplying the suction capacity
by 1.25 to 1.30 percent to account for
the heat of the compressor and motor
cooling, then dividing it by 500 and the
maximum temperature rise desired, but
not more than that recommended by
the manufacturer. If a water-to-water
heat pump is going to be used for both
heating and cooling, the reversing valve
is switched to change sides. Source
becomes the load and the load becomes
While there is a difference in the
minimum GPM required between the
load and source, pump capacity can’t be
changed as easily as the reversing valve.
Hot or cold side water temperatures can only be controlled by return water temperature and by
The GPM for both sides is usually
selected on the basis of the need on the
load side to within the area of 2.25
GPM per ton of ejected heat capacity.
Flow in the primary loop can vary when
cycling flow valves and thermostats
control cooling or heating flows. A storage
tank to provide holdover mass is
advisable to prevent compressor short
Water-to-water heat pumps,
however, have to be applied
cycling, normally sized at around three
times flow capacity (five tons =
Heat pump control
When in a heating mode the compressor
operation is controlled by the return
water temperature of the hot side.
When in the cooling mode the compressor
operation is controlled by the
return water temperature of the cold
side. Hot or cold side water temperatures
can only be controlled by return
water temperature and by compressor
operation. The compressor(s) cannot
be controlled by the hot side return and
cold side return at the same time. (See
fig 1) Operating conditions for waterto-water
heat pump (WWHP) are critical
and must follow certain rules:
1. Source side return water cannot be
higher that 60°F (16C).
2. Source side return water cannot be
lower than 35°F (2C) (unless
antifreeze is added).
3. Load side return water cannot be
higher than 120°F (49C).
4. Load side return water cannot be
lower than 60°F(15C). (See note 1)
5. Water flow on both cold and hot
side cannot be less than 2.25 GPM
6. Temperature rise cannot exceed
130°F (54C) on hot side and temperature
drop on cold side cannot
be lower than to 38°F (3C) – (unless
with antifreeze in the loop).
7. Use a separate pump and loop
though the heat pump for the hot
8. Use a separate pump and loop
though the heat pump for the cold
9. When ejected heat is going to be
used for a multiple of heat transfer
devices, such as fan coil unit, heat
exchangers, fluid coolers, or cooling
towers (to disperse ejected heat)
and flow and pressure drop is subject
to variation – off/on or modulating
flow control – use a separate
pump and loop on the hot side and
mix with the heat pump loop.
10. Install automatic air separators and
vents at all system high points.
11. Avoid “bull-headed” tees.
12. Select pumps with lots of reserve
To be continued in the next issue …
Former contractor (Coast Re frig -
eration) Ed Gravelle is a consultant on
refrigeration, air conditioning and heating
systems based in Brentwood Bay, B.C.
He can be reached at email@example.com.
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 23
Beyond the Fundamentals
A Better Oil-Fired Water Heater by the Numbers
This residential center flue water heater from Bradford White doesn’t look extraordinary.
But when you dig a little deeper, you’ll find a huge difference in the details.
1 Flexible Stainless Steel
Flue Baffle for easy
service in tight spaces
2 Electronic Aquastat
3 Dielectric Waterway Fittings
minimize the occurrence of
4 Two protective anode rods
provide added protection
5 Beckett Burner is
compatible up to B5
6 Hydrojet ® Total
Performance System to
build-up and increase
First Hour Delivery
7 Vitraglas ® Lining protects
against the corrosive
effects of hot water as
well as providing a tough
interior surface for our
8 Brass Drain Valve
9 Six year limited tank
warranty / Two year limited
parts and burner warranty
10 Bradford White – Always
a superior, feature-packed
product at the best
It’s a simple formula- take a great product and make it better with innovation and real value.
All 18 residential and commercial models from Bradford White follow this plan.
The value, performance and premium product features of Bradford White oil-fired water
heaters is a combination your customers can find nowhere else.
866.690.0961 | Built to be the Best | www.bradfordwhite.com
©2008, Bradford White Corporation. All rights reserved.
Circle Number 122 for More Information
Faucets & Fixtures
Classic filter faucet
The Classic faucet from Everpure is
designed to work with the company’s
water filtration appliances. A ceramic
disk valve provides
versions feature stainless steel construction.
The dual-temp version has a
spring-loaded hot shut-off safety valve.
Available finishes are chrome, brushed
nickel and “Tuscan.”
Everpure Circle no. 307
High efficiency, high style
Gerber Plumbing Fixtures’ new highefficiency
EPA WaterSense certified decorative
bathroom faucets offer water at
1.5 gpm (gallons per minute) as
compared to the industry standard 2.2
gpm, These water miser bathroom
faucets are now available in the com -
pany’s new Logan Square series (pictured)
as well as in the Abigail, Brianne,
Wicker Park, Allerton, Maxwell, and
Pomeroy styles. Gerber’s commercial
line of faucets has also achieved the
Gerber Circle no. 308
For the long soak
Myson’s new mirrored-TV bath accessories
match the styling, quality and finish
of the company’s towel warmers.
Each features a “Magic Mirror” and flat
TV, UL ap -
The ultra thin
TV is magnetically
to the back of
the mirror and
is not visible
except when it
Myson Circle no. 309
Bradley Corp. has combined ecofriendly
recycled materials, contemporary
design and durability into its new
Terreon RE solid surface material. It is
composed of an eco-friendly bio-based
Advanced sensing technology
Delta Commercial’s H2Optics
technology is one of the most
advanced sensing technologies on the
market today for electronic faucets
and flush valves.
It uses the principles of
triangulation to accurately sense the
user’s distance. It measures the angle
of the returned infrared beam from
the user, calculates the distance and
activates when the user is at a set distance. This means that the faucet or
toilet will not activate unnecessarily.
Traditional sensing technology relies on the intensity of the beam and,
as a result, factors like light reflection, clothing colour/texture or the
dryness of one’s skin can have an effect.
Delta is now offering its H2Optics technology on commercial flush valves
and faucets. The infra-red detector emits four pulses per second, providing
a balance between reaction time and battery life.
Masco Canada Circle no. 310
resin, pre-consumer recycled granule
fillers and other natural materials that
maintain the strength and durability of
today’s solid surface technology, reports
the manufacturer. It resists stains,
burns, chemicals and impact, which
makes an appealing product for highvolume,
high-abuse washrooms and
industrial applications. Bradley Circle no. 311
have a big secret.
They know the best hydronic solutions come from Bell & Gossett.
expertise and support.
With over 90 years of hydronics
and HVAC systems experience, Bell
& Gossett delivers the
you need to
system that fits your
application. Our unmatched product knowledge
can also help you maximize your hydronic
Hydronic solution tools
Bell & Gossett can
provide a complete
line of hydronic components
to build a system stem that
unique specifications. And because
part of ITT,
the largest pump manufacturer in the
world, you can feel confident you’ll
high performing products
you can depend on.
Bell & Gossett has
been training contractors, installers and engineers on the proper per
design, installation and maintenance of hydronic
longer than anyone
everything you need ed for hydronic
For more information visit www.bellgossett.com ett.com or call 888-488-4033
Circle Number 123 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 25
Tools & Instruments
User-friendly pipe welding
The new PipePro multi-process welding system from
Miller Electric is designed to improve welding
productivity in pipe fabrication applications.
It provides the user with the ability to use advanced
welding processes like regulated metal deposition (RMD)
– a modified short circuiting process designed for root
pass welds – and Pro-Pulse, which is easier to use than
conventional pulse in out-of-position pipe welding
This versatile system is designed for field and shop
fabrication with superior arc performance in all
processes: stick, TIG, MIG, FCAW, air carbon arc cutting
and gouging. It includes the PipePro 450 RFC (root-fillcap)
power source, PipePro 12RC SuitCase or PipePro
bench-style feeders and Bernard PipeWorx guns.
One of the key advantages of the system, says Miller’s
Mike Roth, is that it can reduce labour costs. “The
PipePro 450 RFC
with RMD and Pro-
Pulse makes it
easier for lessskilled
produce welds that
meet API, AWS,
ASME and other
with the RMD Pro process much faster than they can
with the TIG or stick processes, he added.
In addition, Roth says, “substituting RMD Pro for TIG
and stick can conservatively improve productivity by 25
percent or more. Cycle time improvements result from
increased travel speed, improved deposition rates, fewer
starts and stops and, in the case of stick welding,
significantly less clean-up time.”
The PipePro 450 has an output of 450 amps/44 volts
at 100 percent duty cycle.
Miller Electric Circle no. 312
A deeper cut
The new Hilti DCH 230 and DCH 300
specialized electric diamond cutters can
cut to depths
of 3.4 and 4.7
granite – considerably
than with a
conventional cutting/grinding tool.
Powered by a 2.6-kilowatt motor, an
intelligent electronic control system
constantly regulates motor power to suit
the material being cut. These units also
include a direct attachment for the Hilti
VC20U or VC40U vacuum cleaners.
Hilti Circle no. 313
Remote video inspection
The SnakeEye III from ITM is a lowcost
hand held remote video inspection
system. It combines a CCD camera and
TFT-LCD display technology for a clear
colour picture. It can be easily configured
in and around
equipment, etc. An interchangeable
camera head can be attached to a
rigid wand, a ring finger attachment or
extendible cables. It can be connected to
a VCR, computer or handycam to
record and play back images.
ITM Circle no. 314
YOUR VEHICLE IS YOUR BUSINESS
That’s why we created the GM Business Choice Program. Designed specifically for small business
owners like you, it offers four different incentive packages to help get your fleet work-ready. All you
have to do is choose the option that best suits your daily business needs and we will service it personally.
Save on Gas
Save 20¢ per litre
for 2,500 L †
* Value of equipment depends on upfit package selected. See Dealer for full program details and eligibility. Eligible vehicles, equipment, tools and accessories may differ slightly from versions shown. All incentive packages are
tax inclusive. Home Depot is a registered trademark of Home Depot Inc. † Preferred Price gas savings card redeemable for $0.20 per litre savings on 2,500 L of motor fuel at participating Petro-Canada retail locations (and
approved North Atlantic Petroleum locations in Newfoundland) and not redeemable for cash. TM Trademark of Petro-Canada. Used under license. © Copyright 2008 General Motors of Canada Limited. All rights reserved.
Snake Oil from General Pipe Cleaners
preserves and protects sewer cables. A
special rust in -
and replaces it
with a rust resistant
the sewer cables a
fresh, clean smell.
Available in quarts
or gallons, the company includes a fourounce
sample bottle with each new
General floor model power drain cleaning
General Pipe Cleaners Circle no. 315
Precision temp measurement
Fluke Model 566 and 568 thermometers
feature broad infrared (IR) temperature
measurement functionality, an onscreen
menu system and a dot-matrix
display enabling users to take complex
measurements quickly, easily, and from
thermometers provide a
broad temperature measurement
range from -40C to 800
C /-40F to 1472 F (Fluke 568)
or -40C to 650°C/-40F to
1202F (Fluke 566) at one percent
Fluke Circle no. 316
Circle Number 124 for More Information
26 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008 www.plumbingandhvac.ca
Pipes, Valves & Fittings
in hydronic systems
By Art Irwin
Pipe sizing and
for hot water heating
must first ensure the
piping is properly
sized to carry the
hot water from “A” to “B” or, in other
words, from the heating boiler to the
radiation via the piping system.
There are, of course, hundreds of
sizes of circulators, but it is important
the circulator be properly sized to deliver
the required number of BTU’s, carried
in gallons of water per minute
(gpm), to its destination. If the circulator
is too large or too small, we get into
velocity or noise problems, insufficient
heat, cavitation and pump failure.
There are two issues that must be
addressed when sizing circulators. First,
how many gallons per minute must the
circulator pump to deliver the maximum
Item number two – what is the
“head” or resistance the circulator must
overcome? There a are a number of
things that can cause “bumps in the
road” – length of piping, elbows, tees
and friction loss. (Refer to the chart at
right for pipe carrying capacity in
To obtain the required gallons per
minute (GPM), divide the total Btu’s
BTU Heat Loss = Gallons per minute.
200,000 Btu/hr.= 20 Gal/Min.
Determining pump head
How do we determine the pump head?
Here’s a quick way to do it. It’s not 100
percent accurate, but close enough for
quick sizing. We must take the total
equivalent length, which means measuring
to the most distant radiator from
the boiler, and back, plus 50 percent,
and multiply x .04
PIPE CARRYING CAPACITY
For Mains For One And Two Pipe Systems
Piper Size – Inches
1/2 15,000 – 13,000 –12,000
3/4" 31,000 – 30,000 – 27,000
1” 59,000 – 53,000 – 48,000
1 ¼” 130,000 – 118,000 – 102,000
1 ½ 185,000 – 175,000 – 156,000
2” 360,000 – 322,000 – 294,000
2 ½” 610,000 – 551,000 – 523,000
3” 1,150,000 – 1000,000 – 900,000
Note: Use BTU center column as a BTU average.
Source: B&G Eng. Manual 1954
Here’s an example: boiler out to the
most distant radiator, 80 feet and back
80 feet = 160 feet plus 50 percent (80 ft.)
for a total of 240 feet. Multiply 240 x .04
= 9.6 or 10-foot head.
Therefore, we must purchase a pump
with a capacity of 20 gallons per minute
against a 10-foot head.
Arthur A. Irwin operates Irwin Energy
Consulting Services in Halifax. He can be
reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
ProPress butterfly valves
Viega has added three new butterfly
valves to its ProPress press-fit product
line. The new valves are semi-lug bodies
with EPDM liners, stainless steel disc
and stem, with a ten-position handle.
They are available in 2-1/2”, 3” and 4”
sizes. The valve addition compliments
the existing 550 bronze and copper
ProPress fittings offered in the Viega
ProPress product line.
Viega Circle no. 317
Two-inch plastic fittings
The new two-inch engineered plastic
(EP) fittings from Uponor are designed
to offer a durable solution for commercial
plumbing applications. The line
includes tees, elbows and couplings that
work with the company’s AQUAPEX
tubing. They are immune to corrosion,
pitting and scaling; resist the damaging
effects of aggressive water; and address
future NSF lead-content initiatives and
Uponor Circle no. 318
New firestop formula
Tremco Commercial Sealants &
has introduced a new
formula for its
TREMstop IA intumescent
firestop sealant. It is
designed to provide
more coverage with less
material. It can be
installed around a fourinch
plastic pipe without
requiring a collar, sleeve
or backer rod, reports
the manufacturer. It
expands to fill the voids
left when combustible
materials burn and deteriorate in a fire.
Tremco Circle no. 319
New bronze Y-strainer
The new Class 125 Cast Bronze Y-
strainer line from Nibco are designed
for commercial applications to trap foreign
matter in steam, water, oil or gas
pipelines. It includes solder ½” – 2” and
threaded ¼” – 3” sizes rated 125 SWP /
200 CWP. Features in clude a solid or
tapped cap with
plug, a stainless
steel 20 mesh or
screen and a
cast bronze body.
Nibco Circle no. 320
Circle Number 125 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 27
Trucks for the Trade
New cargo vans for 2009
New electronics and a new small van from Ford
By Simon Blake
In a year when fuel prices reached
levels unimaginable just a short time
ago, many contractors are taking a
hard look at the vehicles their technicians
use. While it’s perhaps too early to
see significant technological changes
aimed at fuel economy, manufacturers
nevertheless have fine-tuned their existing
ranges while adding additional features
geared specifically to the trade
The Ford Transit Connect will be available in Canada in mid-summer.
An extended Dodge Sprinter with “mega”roof can carry a lot of tools and
Ford’s new small van was designed
as a work truck.
Circle Number 127 for More Information
The Ford E-Series gains a full menu of work-related electronics options for 2009.
Wireless Field Service
mobilio inc. 866-756-5050
email: sales @ mymobilio.com
Improve customer service and increases profits with Mobilio
your technicians in the field
to the office with the use of
wirelessly enabled devices and
For 2009, Ford’s long running E-
Series (Econoline) van features wider
opening rear doors, an integrated navigation
system plus a redesigned instrument
panel that includes four new
However, probably the big news is the
Ford Work Solutions package that
includes a number of “smart” technologies.
These include an in-dash computer
that provides full high-speed internet
access. This system allows the contractor
to print invoices and access documents
stored on their office or home
computer, access product manufacturer’s
technical information, and do
many other things right on the job site.
Tool Link is another component of
Work Solutions – a radio frequency iden -
tification (RFID) asset tracking system
developed with DeWalt Tools. It enables
contractors to maintain a detailed realtime
inventory of tools, equipment and
parts stored in the vehicle.
Ford also offers Crew Chief, a dispatch
and fleet management program
along with the Cable Lock security system
to secure large tools and equipment.
All four Work Solutions technologies
are also available on the company’s
pickup trucks, along with the
new Transit Connect small trade van. A
navigation system with 6.5-inch touchscreen
display is offered for the first
time in the E-Series van, along with
Circle Number 126 for More Information
28 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008 www.plumbingandhvac.ca
SIRIUS satellite radio. It can be combined
with SIRIUS Travel Link that provides
a collection of data services
including real-time local traffic, coastto-coast
weather and fuel price information
at different gas stations.
Ford has also added a reverse camera
system that is activated whenever the
vehicle is shifted into reverse. The image
is displayed on the navigation screen for
vans equipped with that option or on
the self-dimming rear-view mirror.
The German-made Dodge Sprinter was
revolutionary with its fuel-mizer fivecylinder
turbo-diesel when it was introduced
in 2003. When the Sprinter was
re-designed for 2007, the company
The interior of the Caravan cargo mini-van seems to
get more workmanlike every year.
garages, requiring only two meters
(6’8”) clearance. While it doesn’t quite
have the cargo capacity of the much
missed GM Astro and Safari small vans,
total cargo capacity is 143 cubic feet and
it can accommodate loads up to 6.5 ft.
in length and 4.7 ft. in width, making
the typical residential furnace or water
heater an easy fit. There are sliding
cargo doors on both sides along with
rear doors that swing open 180 degrees.
Besides its small size, the fuel economy
is a big plus at 19 mpg city and 24
mpg highway. “It drives like a car, works
like a van and is engineered to be as
tough as a truck,” reports Rob Stevens,
chief engineer for the Ford Transit
Chrysler continues to refine its
Dodge Grand Caravan
cargo van to suit the needs
of business owners as it
celebrates the 25th
anniversary of the minivan
in 2009. New upfit
options include exterior
vinyl window shading, full
width cargo dividers, wire
mesh and solid metal window
inserts, a cargo compartment
floor mat and
molded wall liner. Cargo
capacity is almost identical
to the Transit Connect
The GMC Savannah and Chevy Express are available with “Pro Access” panels
for easy tool retrieval.
at 144.4 ft. Payload capacity is 1,500 lbs.
GM’s only small van for 2009 is the
HHR retro panel truck. The base model
2.2 litre Ecotec engine in the HHR
receives variable valve timing for 2009,
which increases horsepower to 155
from 149 while also boosting mileage.
The HHR can travel 805 km on its 49-
litre fuel tank, reports GM. However,
cargo space is only 63 cubic feet, ruling
out the ability to carry large pieces of
Safety features such as GM’s
StabilTrak electronic stability control
system, anti-lock brakes and traction
control are now standard. The commercial
version of the Chevrolet Uplander
mini-van will be discontinued at the
Radical changes and new designs are
relatively rare in the cargo van market.
However, it is reasonable to assume that
manufacturers are hard at work on
changes that will boost fuel economy.
And that leaves contractors with a
tough decision – whether to upgrade
now or wait until something better
comes along. Stay tuned!
introduced a new 3.5 litre gasoline
engine for operators that just couldn’t
get their heads around a diesel – and
one with an odd number of cylinders at
that. However, in 2009 the only engine
available is the 3.0 litre 154 horsepower
turbocharged V-6 diesel introduced at
the same time.
New features for 2009 include
optional 180-degree rear door opening,
electric power sliding side door, twostage
side-door opening and optional
roof rails. It is available in three vehicle
lengths on two wheelbases – 144 inches,
170 inches or 170 inches extended with
15” rear overhang. There are three interior
heights: Standard – 65 inches, high
– 76 inches and “mega” – 84 inches.
Over at General Motors, 17-inch steel
wheels will be standard on the
Chevrolet Express and GMC Savana
G1500 and H1500 half-ton cargo models,
with aluminum wheels as an option.
The gross vehicle weight rating increases
to 7,300 lbs. (3,311 kg) on both models.
Those models with the 5.3 litre V-8
get a more powerful 125 Amp alternator,
which should be a big help when
using an inverter to run power tools. An
engine oil cooler will help 4.3 L V-6
models run cooler while a fast-idle
option on models powered by the 6.0
litre engine makes it easier to run accessories
The small vans
The new Ford Transit Connect trade
van, expected to be available in Canada
by mid-summer, is the big news in the
small van category. First launched in
Europe in 2003, this van was designed
from the ground up as a commercial
van for use in busy cities. Its size allows
easy access to underground parking
The little HHR panel does look pretty cool!
Door Opening Width
Circle Number 128 for More Information
The HHR interior, however, is a little cramped.
BUILT FOR THE STREETS CITY WIDE
69 3/4 Featuring capacities of up to 500 cubic feet, the Aerocell CW
can handle heavy loads – up to 3,700 pounds – yet its cab-width
size is slim enough for tight city streets and narrow driveways. ALL NEW
Stand Tall with the ALL NEW Aerocell CW Fiberglass van body.
With its aerodynamic shape, Aerocell CW will help
save you time and money at the pump.
– Aerocell CW –
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 29
Union Gas launches contractor web site
Ontario-based Union Gas Limited
has launched a new web site
geared to HVAC contractors.
The site, www.uniongas.com/hvac,
was created after a survey of over 250
HVAC contractors in February along
with breakfast meetings across the
province showed that a significant
number of them – about 80 percent –
would use an online source for information
and technical support.
“We have always been very heavily
involved with residential contractors,”
remarked Ed Seaward, manager, residential
program delivery. The survey
and meetings were geared to determining
the key things that contractors need
from the gas company and how best to
The new Union Gas site offers useful in for mation
for residential HVAC contractors.
deliver them. Technical and regulatory/code
information was near the top of
And while a technical
support person could handle
those tasks, the contractors
surveyed felt a web
site would more quickly
answer many of their questions,
The new site includes:
• Updates and innovations
– product recalls, Technical
Standards and Safety
updates, pipeline expansions,
• Technical support and
resources – frequently asked questions,
code facts, fuel comparisons and training
• Energy conservation information and
incentives – energy savings programs
for contractors and customers.
• Forms and requests – Request for
Action form, excess foot age, meter dial
cards, Clearances Guide, TSSA At tach -
ment No.2 form.
• Union gas contacts.
Planned future up dates include new
pro ducts from HVAC man ufacturers,
manufacturer technical support, and an
online Request for Action submission
Union Gas is en couraging contractors
to visit the site and send their feedback
Union Gas Circle no. 321
Safety Isn't Just Skin Deep...
Specify Superior Backflow Protection from Watts
When it comes to protecting the health and safety of people, why choose anything but the best?
The Watts SilverEagle TM Series backflow assemblies incorporate the latest design features to protect
against contamination at health hazard cross-connections. The SilverEagle series is the
most compact, the lightest and offers the most flexibility of any backflow assembly in the
industry. Specify the valve with safety at its core! For additional information and to view
the latest SilverEagle approvals, visit our website at www.wattscanada.ca
or call 1-888-208-8927.
Heritage site to expand
After three years of design and development,
the Canadian HVACR Heritage
Centre will expand its website to display
new files, exhibits, educational features,
news and photographs. Nigel Heseltine,
who designed and developed websites
for the architectural directory Buildcore
and the 400-page Reid Construction
Data site among others, will create sections
covering the Centre’s Hall of Fame
recipients and their biographies, industry
leaders and associations, including
RSES, HRAI and ASHRAE, several histories
of HVACR technologies over the
20th Century, educational commentaries,
and the programs for exhibitions
of its artifacts collection. Check it all
out over the next few months at
Rheem design sites
Rheem Manufacturing has introduced
its all-new DesignStar home comfort
system customization tool. Available at
www.ruuddesignstar.com, this online
tool allows contractors to interactively
“drag and drop” individual HVAC system
components into a customization
area, thus creating personalized systems
for homeowners. Once the homeowner
has their system in place, the
“Economics” tab displays things like system
cost, comparative pricing, cumulative
cost savings, loan payment amounts
and interest rates. For more information,
Rheem Mfg. Circle no. 322
Nibco has added a central repository of
resources and tools to keep contractors
in formed about green building pra ctices
and ch anging
codes which are
on the company’s
web site. To
learn more, visit www.nibco.com and
click on the Green link.
Nibco Inc. Circle no. 323
Circle Number 129 for More Information
30 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008 www.plumbingandhvac.ca
People & Places
Usines Giant Factories Inc.,
Montreal, has appointed Jean-
Claude Lesage to
the position of vicepresident.
been with the
company 14 years.
Marc Blais has
been named director
for ITT Industries
of Canada, Res iden tial &
Commercial Water, Guelph, Ont.
Stew Rutherford, Waterloo,
Ont., has retired from his position
as Canadian sales rep for Equiguard
Raman Chauhan, P.Eng, is this
year’s recipient of
the Joseph K.
to the National Re search Council,
for his “outstanding contributions
to Canadian codes and standards.”
Kim Butts is now president of
Mechanical Systems 2000 Inc.
in Calgary. Alan Zanidean has been
named sales manager.
Bruce Passmore has been ap -
point ed vice president of operations
for McKeough Supply, Brantford,
Debra Perkins has been named
executive assistant for the Canadian
Institute of Plumbing & Heating.
Vanguard Piping Systems
(Canada) Inc., Burnaby, B.C., has
announced that its parent company
has acquired Viega’s remaining
interest in the company.
The federal government has
accepted S.A. Armstrong Limited,
Toronto, as a “leader” of the
Canadian Industry Program for
Energy Conservation (CIPEC).
HVAC wholesaler celebrates 80 years
Alongtime southwestern Ontario
HVAC supplier is celebrating 80
years in business this year.
In 1928 J.R. Lynn and Haven
Kimmerly founded L-K Metal Products
Co. Ltd. in Windsor, Ont. The company
remained a relatively small operation as
it survived the Great Depression and
the Second World War years. Kimmerly
left the partnership in 1938.
However, in the early 1950s the company
began to grow significantly with
Mr. Lynn’s eldest sons, Jack and Dewart,
managing L-K Metal and J.R. along
with youngest son Murray operating
J.R. Lynn Sheet Metal until J.R.’s retirement
The three boys incorporated L-K
Metal Products in 1952. At this time
L-K was a heating wholesaler and a
manufacturer of metal products including
ductwork, stove pipe and radiator
cowls for farm machinery. However, by
the end of the 1950s the company had
become primarily a wholesaler.
Space became an issue and in 1966
The company has grown considerably in the past 80 years.
the company relocated to its current
Lincoln Road location. Since that time the
building has undergone three additions
and now encompasses 55,000 square feet
on 3.2 acres in the heart of Windsor.
In 1966 Silver Leach joined the company
as an employee. In 2005 Silver
became the company owner and vice
president. Murray Lynn remains very
active as head of purchasing and company
president. “His experience is priceless
and his jokes, stories and encouragement
brighten the day for any who
will listen,” reports London district general
manager Dan Garrod.
Today L-K serves contractors in
Windsor, Chatham, London and surrounding
areas. Over the past 80 years
Former RSES International and RSES Canada
president Jack Hasick has died at age 84. Surrounded
by family, Jack passed away on Friday, Nov. 7 at
Southwood Hospice in Calgary. He “had not been in
good health, but one would not really know that because
he was so upbeat and happy to hear from you whenever
you took the time to call and chat,” reported his friend
Brian Baker, president, Custom Vac, Winnipeg. “The
HVACR Industry has lost one of our very last few remaining
senior statesmen who always put people first and
whose foundation of values lay with education and training,” he added. Jack was
born in Hamiota, Man. and moved to Winnipeg where he started his 50-year plus
HVAC industry career. Later, moving to Calgary, he became leading fund-raiser
for SAIT Polytechnic – Mechanical Trades Program. Jack is survived by his wife
Nancy, sons Murray and Gordon and their families. Memorial tributes may be
made to SAIT Polytechnic – Jack Hasick Endowment. (Photo courtesy of RSES International)
Silver Leach, left, and Murray Lynn have been key in the company’s success.
the company has developed many
long-term relationships with leading
manufacturers, giving it an edge in
bringing new technologies to its customers.
An in-house engineering
department ensures that customers
WIC Mobile Forms for
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receive the right equipment and the
correct design for their projects.
Helping contractors keep up to date
on the latest HVAC technologies
remains a key priority. L-K operates a
training facility in Windsor and
regularly brings in experts to share
Like so many long-lasting companies,
L-K Metal’s success can be largely
attributed to the people that work
there. Today the company has 29
employees, some of whom have been
with the company for 30 years or more.
Visit www.lkmetal.com for more
No Paper. No office.
Circle Number 130 for More Information
www.plumbingandhvac.ca November/December 2008 – Plumbing & HVAC Product News 31
AHR rolls out the green carpet
The latest in “green” products, technologies,
trends and solutions will
take centre stage at the 2009 AHR
Expo when it takes place Jan. 26-28 at
McCormick Place in Chicago.
The 61st edition of the world’s largest
HVAC/R exposition will place a special
emphasis on environmentally friendly
and energy efficient products and technologies.
“Industry knowledge of sustainability
is growing and it’s critical for us to
tell our green story. Attending AHR
Expo allows us to help our customers
understand that commitment to the
environment,” said Stirling Boston,
marketing manager with boiler manufacturer
The most innovative green HVAC/R
product will be selected from among
exhibitor submissions as the winner of
the 2009 AHR Expo Innovation Award
in the Green Building category.
Green building, sustainable design
and renewable energy will also be highlighted
in the seminars. These include a
presentation on the Energy Star program
by the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency, an HVAC mobile
green classroom, a full-day LEED program
by the U.S. Green Building
Council, along with various “green” sessions
by The Green Mechanical Council
and the American Society of Heating,
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
AHR organizers are hoping to match the massive turnout of last year’s event in
New York City.
The Expo will once again present the
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) designation.
Companies that showcase products for
indoor air quality improvement receive
a special IAQ sign to display in their
Visit www.ahr.com for more
S.A. Armstrong Ltd. will offer both
introductory and advanced hydronic
training courses across Ontario in early
2009. The dates are as follows:
Barrie:...............................Feb. 3, Mar.25
Sudbury: ........................................Feb. 4
Kitchener:........................Feb. 11, Mar. 4
Hanover: ....................Feb. 16, March 11
London:...........................Feb. 17, Mar. 3
Thunder Bay:...............................Feb. 24
Hamilton: .......................Mar. 18, May 5
Belleville:..........................Mar. 31, Apr.7
Peterborough:..................Apr. 1, Apr. 15
Oshawa: .............................Apr. 8, May 6
Ottawa: ..........................Apr. 21, Apr. 22
Registration forms and training
course brochures will be available at
plumbing and heating wholesalers.
Online registration is available at
www.armstrongpumps.com. For more
information, contact Mike Smith at
(519) 803-7394 or e-mail
One workplace accident is always
just around the corner, down the hall
and outside the door.
What are you doing to protect your people from slipping and falling?
Slipping and falling is an epidemic that’s annually responsible
for tens of thousands of industrial accidents and millions
of lost man hours. Now in the top three of all work-related
accidents, it places huge burdens on Canadian families,
organizations and healthcare systems. And it’s an equal
opportunity hazard, striking people in all industries from
construction to food service, regardless of work environment
or weather conditions. Recognizing the toll on people and
ultimately bottom lines, Canadian businesses are starting to
put their foot down on the issue.
If your business is one of them, you should know we are the
exclusive carrier of TARANTULA Anti-Slip Footwear.
Developed in concert with University
researchers, TARANTULA Anti-Slip,
with its advanced tread designs and
outsole compounds, makes any Canadian ANTI-SLIP FOOTWEAR
Making Canada a safer place to walk.
workplace a safer place to walk.
Protect your people with breakthrough anti-slip technology
by calling one of our expert Corporate Sales Managers at
1.800.663.6275, emailing email@example.com or
JAN. 24-29: ASHRAE 2009 Technical
Conference & Winter Meetings, Palmer
House Hilton, Chicago. Contact:
(404) 636-8400, www.ashrae.org.
JAN. 26-28: AHR International Expo
2009, ASHRAE/ARI Winter Meetings
and Technical Conference, Chicago.
Contact: (203) 221-9232,
FEB. 5-8: Interior Design Show,
Direct Energy Centre, Exhibition
Place, Toronto. Contact: (416) 599-
APRIL 8, 9: MCEE 2009
Place Bonaventure, Montreal.
Call 1-800-465-2668 or visit
APRIL 15-17: 2008 Foothills
Hydronics Conference, Mayfield Inn
and Suites Conference Centre,
Edmonton. Call (780) 968-6828 or
Circle Number 131 for More Information
32 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008 www.plumbingandhvac.ca
The bulletin board of products, services, professionals,
employment opportunities and more for Canada’s
Mechanical Contracting Industry.
Selling your business?
Looking to buy or sell equipment?
Contact Jordan Chong at (416) 614-5832
or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
Coming in the Next Issue
Hearth & Heating
• A look at pellet technologies
• Fireplace venting
Also, don’t miss:
• Hydronic heating solutions
• The new pickups
• Products, products, products …
Following are some of the latest catalogues, manuals, software and product
brochures from the industry’s leading manufacturers. To receive a copy, please
circle the corresponding number on the Reader Service Card in this issue, fill out
your contact information, and mail it or fax it to (416) 620-9790.
Pro contractor program
REHAU has introduced an eight-page brochure
providing details on its new professional contractor
development program. REHAU EDGE is
a multi-faceted membership program that
encourages all aspects of contractor growth
through training, design services, brand merchandise
and local, regional, and national
events. Request a copy of the brochure at: Email:
email@example.com. Fax: 1.800.627.3428.
Circle no. 132
Underground Copper Water Services
The Canadian Copper & Brass Development
Association has released a new booklet detailing
the specification and installation of underground
copper water services. Subjects include
the different types of copper tube that can be
used, the alternatives, specifications, lead-free
fittings, replacement of lead services, installation
methods along with water efficiency and
conservation. For more information call 1-877-
640-0946 (toll free), fax (416) 391-3823,
e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org or visit
Circle no. 135
Made for Canada
Zuba-Central from Mitsubishi is simply the new
and better way to provide year-round heating
and cooling comfort. Made for Canada, this
easy-to-install, money and space-saving system
will forever change the way the homeowner
experiences air conditioning. And because it’s
Energy Star qualified, they can take comfort in
knowing they are reducing your carbon footprint.
Circle no. 133
Water Conservation Fixture Systems
Water saving products
EcoVantage fixture systems from Zurn offer engineers
and contractors a number of ways to conserve
water and maximize LEED credits for their
customers. The EcoVantage water conservation
fixture systems catalogue details these products.
They include a low-flow flush valve, dual flush and
pressure-assisted toilets, ultra low consumption
and waterless urinals, E-Z sensor faucets, a lowflow
pre-rinse faucet and showerhead. The company’s
hydro generator sensor faucet uses water
flow to drive a turbine that recharges a replaceable
battery, resulting in 10 years of uninterrupted
Circle no. 136
RIDGID Product Catalogue
The new RIDGID 234-page color full-line product
catalogue includes new products and readerfriendly
features to help guide customers in choosing
products. A visual product index divides the
catalogue into 13 product categories to enhance
the overall navigation of the catalog. Useful product
selection charts help customers choose the
products that best meet their needs. Helpful tool
tips are located throughout the catalog to further
educate customers on tool maintenance and product
Circle no. 134
The new Hydronic Heating and Hot Water
Recirc Systems Handbook from Grundfos
Pumps offers insight into the proper application
and installation of a broad range of hydronic
and domestic hot water recirculation system
components. These include multi-pump zone
controls, isolation valves and the company’s
broad offering of wet rotor, three-speed pump
Circle no. 137
Index of Advertisers
A.O. Smith 2
Bradford White 24
Dahl Bros. Canada 11
Delta Faucet 16
General Motors 26
General Pipe Cleaners 8
Grundfos Canada 19
LG Electronics 6
Madok Mfg. 5
Raptor Cutting Tools 34
Selkirk Canada 14
Sly Fox 27
Taco Canada 20
Uponor Ltd. 21, 22
Wallace Wireless 31
Watts Industries 30
Zurn Industries 34
Literature Showcase 33
Grundfos, Mitsubishi, Rehau,
Trucks and taxation
Does taking a commercial vehicle home constitute a taxable benefit?
The Canada Reve -
(CRA) and Trade
Canada Revenue states that: ‘In
addition to what would obviously be
considered use of a motor vehicle supplied
by an employer that is not in connection
with or in the course of the
taxpayer’s office or employment, i.e.,
personal use (e.g., vacation trips, personal
shopping trips, etc.), such use
includes travel between the employee’s
place of work and home, even though
the employee may have to return to
work after regular duty hours.
‘An exception occurs, however,
where (as required by the employer or
with the employer’s permission) the
employee proceeds directly from home
to a point of call other than the
employer’s place of business to which
the employee reports regularly (e.g., to
If an employee takes a service truck home, like this one belonging to Bruce
Maly Plumbing in Peterborough, Ont., is that really a benefit to the employee?
The courts aren’t so sure.
It would appear to exclude
technicians who are going to one
construction site for an extended
period of time
Con tractors have a
with vehicles and the
The personal driving of an employer’s
vehicle is a taxable benefit to the
employee. CRA defines personal driving
is any driving by an employee, or a
person related to the employee, for
purposes not related to his or her
employment. This includes:
• vacation trips;
• driving to conduct personal activities;
• travel between home and work
(even if you insist that the employee
drives the vehicle home).
It is not considered personal driving
if the employer requires or allows the
employee to travel directly from home
to a point of call (such as a technician
going to the jobsite) other than your
place of business to which the employee
regularly reports, or to return home
from that point.
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Zurn EcoVantage Pint Urinal Systems
provide clean, odorless operation and deliver
water and money savings.
The Pint ® is ideal for hospitals, schools,
institutions, and many other ICI projects.
Contact Zurn for more information on
a special installation sample offer.
Send an e-mail to
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make repairs at customer’s premises),
or returns home from such a point.
These particular trips are not considered
to be of a personal nature.’
(Visit: http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca for
I believe that a service technician
who goes from his home to the service
calls on a regular basis would be covered
as having no personal taxable benefit.
Get your accountant’s opinion on this
before taking any implementation.
However, it would appear to exclude
technicians who are going to one construction
site for an extended period of
Employers and employees should
keep these records so that the total kilometres
driven in a calendar year by an
employee or a person related to the
employee may be properly apportioned
between business use and personal use.
Court decisions would seem to indicate
that the standby charge – “the
benefit employees enjoy when your
automobile is available for their personal
use”— does not apply to commercial
On July 16, 2002, the Tax Court of
Canada ruled that extended cab trucks
and a van which were provided by the
employer and which the employees
were required to take home at night
Date Description Business Private Total Odometer
Kms Kms Kms
March 31, 2009 158,000
April 1, 2009 Drove from home to customer site A, 1,000 0 1,000 159,000
then to customer site B, then to office,
then to customer site C, then home
To survive an audit the employee should keep detailed records.
because they were on twenty-four hour
call and which contained equipment
and instrumentation were for their
work and were not “automobiles” and
therefore were not subject to the prescribed
On Aug. 13, 2004, the Tax Court of
Canada ruled that a 1998 Ford 150 x 18
extended cab truck was not an “automobile”
because it was designed for
business and commercial purposes; it
does not accommodate more than a
driver and two passengers. The taxpayer
was allowed the full GST input credit.
The interpretation is also made that
there would be no prescribed standby
charge. To the best of my knowledge
this ruling has not been overturned.
(Talk to your accountant).
A special thanks to chartered ac -
countant Collin Johnsen for his input.
“PHVAC-Pint85” with your inquiry.
Ronald Coleman is a Vancouverbased
accountant, management consultant,
author and educator specializing in
the construction industry. His web site is
www.ronaldcoleman.ca and he can be
reach ed by e-mail at
Circle Number 138 for More Information
Circle Number 139 for More Information
34 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008 www.plumbingandhvac.ca
trouble free systems operation.
5900 FlexBalance & FlexBalance-Plus ance-Plus series
Taco’s patented 5900 FlexBalance
and FlexBalance-Plus Separators act as a hydraulic
bridge between the primary and secondary circuits inhyd
hydronic heating and cooling
applications. The FlexBalance-Plus
product line incorporates Taco’s patented Pall Ring
technology for deep micro-bubble eand dirt removal. Both
provide improved system
energy efficiency, allowing the use
eofsmaller pumps for each system circuit.
The Taco 5900 series separators –
simple, yet smart.
TACO CANADA LTD.
8450 Lawson Road,
on D’MAND ®
Circle Number 140 for More Information
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Circle Number 141 for More Information
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