December 2008 - Plumbing & HVAC

December 2008 - Plumbing & HVAC

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• Skills shortage dominates MCAC discussions

• Calgary show draws international audience

• Ontario journeyman ratios cramp industry

HVAC wholesaler marks 80 years

Circle Number 101 for More Information

Circle Number 101 for More Information

Circle Number 102 for More Information

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In This Issue


Hot Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

Industry News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

People & Places . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

Coming Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

Marketplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

Literature Showcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

Shop Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

Products & Technologies

Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19

Refrigeration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

Faucets & Fixtures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

Tools & Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

Pipes, Valves & Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

E-Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

MCAC conference roundup 7

Skilled trade shortage still a key


Green classroom 12

Demonstration homes will train

contractors, builders

Hybrid savings 14

Gas/electric HVAC systems save

energy dollars



The 2009 cargo vans 28

Ford introduces new small truck

REHAU EDGE SM is a new, multi-faceted program designed to provide heating and

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more heating and plumbing systems. It’s time to give your business the REHAU EDGE.



Cover photo: Canadian Infloor Heating’s Peter Kinsey


explains the heating system in the Archetype

Sustainable home to Sabrina Dodaro. Please see our


article on page 12. (Photo by Simon Blake)

Circle Number 104 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 3

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Hot Seat

November/December 2008

Volume 18, Number 8

ISSN 1499-5271

Interesting times

When the talk shifts to how this

industry is going to cope next

year in these turbulent times,

the statement that I keep hearing is: “It’s

going to be interesting.”

Interesting indeed! The construction

industry has enjoyed a good solid run

for almost 10 years. Even on the service

and replacement side, the quantum leap

in technology over the past ten years has

resulted in a considerable amount of

work beyond the usual “fix it because

it’s broken” projects. In plumbing, renovation

has overtaken new construction

in dollar value.

Everybody wondered how long the

busy times would last. They watched the

meltdown in the U.S. housing market

and wondered if that would have some

residual effect on the Canadian market.

It has certainly affected the industry’s

suppliers. And it seems that every day

we hear that this plant or that one is

closing. We know that people don’t

invest in new housing or major renovation

projects when they are worried

about their jobs. Even those with secure

jobs are a little nervous about spending

when subjected to a daily dose of gloom

in the media.

And then there’s the Canadian dollar.

As recently as Sept. 26 it was worth 97

cents against the U.S. dollar. Just a

month later – Oct. 27 – it was trading at

77 cents. This is a serious problem in an

industry where the majority of

products come from U.S. suppliers. I

was speaking with wholesalers recently

who explained the difficulty of locking

in a price for 30 or 60 days in a competitive

bidding situation when the suppliers

are adjusting the price daily to

account for dollar fluctuations.

One has to either build a buffer into

every bid to account for the changing

dollar or insert a clause that allows a

price adjustment once the equipment is

delivered. Unfortunately, in competitive

bidding the job can easily go to the

biggest gambler, who ignores the dollar

fluctuation then tries to cut corners to

make money.

However, in this industry, we aren’t

feeling the pinch as seriously as some

other industries. The majority of the

contractors that I have spoken to lately

report that business has been steady.

People still need heating, plumbing and


So what about 2009? I’m going to go

out on a limb here and say that it’s

probably going to be a solid year in

much of the country.

The Canadian Mortgage and

Housing Corporation is predicting

178,000 new home starts. That’s down

Heat Transfer Coils &

Corrosion Protection Coatings

from the record 200,000-plus of recent

years, but still pretty respectable.

Non-residential construction has

been relatively flat for the past couple

of years, but there has been quite a bit

of it. Governments at all levels are

talking about fast-tracking infrastructure

projects to boost the economy

during these tough times. That will

help considerably.

And the dollar seems to be stabilizing

in the 80-85-cent range. That should

bring sanity back to pricing.

In 2009 contractors won’t be running

around like the proverbial chicken with

its head cut off as they so often have in

recent years but, with any luck, it won’t

be as “interesting” a year as some would

have us believe!

And with that, I would like to wish

all of our readers, advertisers and contributors

a joyful Christmas with

family and friends and all the best in

the New Year!


Simon Blake

(416) 614-5820


Ron Coleman

Roy Collver

Barry Cunningham

Ed Gravelle

Arthur Irwin

Bruce Nagy

Design and Production

Tim Norton


Mark Vreugdenhil

(416) 614-5819

Account Manager

Jordan Chong

(416) 614-5832

Production Manager

Lilianna Kantor

(416) 614-5815

Circulation Manager

Pat Glionna

Corporate Services

Anthony Evangelista


published eight times annually by NEWCOM Business

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Industry News

In Brief

Equipment sizing initiative

The Heating, Refrigeration and

Air Conditioning Institute of

Canada (HRAI) has submitted a

proposal to CSA to update the

CSA F280 standard for sizing

residential heating and cooling

equipment. The move follows

reports from members that following

the current version results in

oversized equipment because it

doesn’t account for new tighter


Air quality study

The National Research Council’s

Institute for Research in Con -

struc tion, along with federal and

Quebec health officials, have

launch ed a major study of indoor

air quality in homes. It includes a

field study involving the homes of

about 100 families with asthmatic

children in the Quebec City

area over the next two years. To

support the study, a new indoor

air research facility has been constructed

on NRC’s Ottawa campus.

There, modifications for homes

will be designed and tested to

measure the impact of different

strategies, including variable air

tightness, flexible room size,

various HVAC systems and heat

recovery ventilators, reports HRAI.

Refrigerant management


Refrigeration Management Canada

(RMC) held its annual meeting in

Mississauga, Ont. on Oct. 20.

Chairman Dennnis Larson,

Refrigerative Supply, Burnaby,

B.C. reported that the program

has collected over 1.4 million

kilograms and destroyed over

1.2 million kilograms of ozone

depleting refrigerant waste since

the program began in 2001.

N.S. furnace rebate

The Canadian Oilheat Association

(COHA) will administer the new

Nova Scotia Energy Efficiency

Furnace Initiative (EFFI).

Announc ed Sept. 10, the program

will run until Sept. 11, 2009.

Unlike the previous “Retire Your

Furnace” program, the new

program does not require an

energy audit.

RSES conference

The Refrigeration Service

Engineers Society of Canada

(RSES) has announced dates for

its 2009 conference. The event

will take place at the Empire

Landmark Hotel and Conference

Centre in downtown Vancouver

April 22-25. For more information,


Over 600 attend joint

MCAC/WPC conference

Skilled worker shortage still a concern

By Simon Blake

The ongoing shortage of skilled

workers in this industry is nothing

new. But it was still very much on

the minds of delegates at the 67th

Annual Conference of the Mechanical

Contractors Association of Canada,

held at the Hyatt Regency Calgary Hotel

Sept. 24-27.

Over 600 delegates from Canada, the

U.S. and around the world attended the

event, held in conjunction with the

World Plumbing Conference and the

CIPHEX West trade show.

“We’re still challenged with the idea

of bringing in bodies versus skilled

workers,” remarked George Gritziotis,

executive director of the Ottawa-based

Construction Sector Council. Workers

with lower skill levels are driving up the

cost of projects. The cost of constructing

the Vancouver Winter Olympics

facilities has increased from $500 million

to $800 million and “a lot of that is

due to wage cost escalation,” he said.

Gritziotis noted that awareness of

construction careers has increased

among young people, “but it is not just

about getting brochures out there…

The worst thing you can do is to

encourage a kid to get into a trade

where there is no work.” In fact “lack of

work” is the most common reason given

for abandoning apprenticeships.

Labour mobility continues to be a

challenge, thanks to trade qualification

rules that differ from province to

province. Gritziotis noted that the construction

management side is getting

stretched pretty thin too, certainly

nothing new to those in the room.

Chairman James Derksen, centre, enjoyed a few laughs with rodeo cowboys –

until he found out the mock hanging was his own!

Law chills recruiting

In a lively discussion that followed the

presentation, Del Pawliuk (R.F.

Mechanical Contractors, Sault Ste.

Marie, Ont.) noted that one of the

toughest barriers in recruiting construction

managers is Bill C-45, the new

law that can see managers face serious

criminal charges in the event of a construction

site accident.

“We are going to have an extremely

difficult time getting construction management.

Young people don’t want to

take on the responsibilities,” he

remarked “You have a better chance of

going to jail (in the event of a fatal accident)

than if you take out a gun and

shoot somebody.”

MCAC makes gains

The past year has seen a number of

achievements for MCA Canada. One of

the most significant, remarked chairman

James Derksen (Derksen

Plumbing & Heating, Winnipeg) in his

report at the annual general meeting,

was the successful completion of fund

raising to sponsor the development of a

national CSA standard for building


Derksen expects the standard to be

completed within 12 to 18 months.

From there, an electronic version with

application tools will be developed,

along with a comprehensive education

and certification program.

The Canadian Mechanical Con -

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Questioning your

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tracting Education Foundation continues

to develop new programs. A supervisory

training program will be

launched this year, reported CMCEF

chairman Terry Billings.

MCAC was the lead organization in

creating the National Trade Contractors

Coalition of Canada, which is currently

comprised of seven national associations

representing different trades. The

Mechanical Service Contractors of

Canada also held a full-day program

during the MCAC conference with

attendance double that of last year’s

inaugural event.

MCAC signed a formal agreement

with the Canadian Institute of Plumbing

& Heating to work together on mutual

issues, something that has been occurring

on an informal basis for years.

The Canadian National Plumbing

Inspectors Association held its inaugural

meeting during the conference.

Please see ‘MCAC’ on page 11

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Circle Number 108 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 7

Circle Number 109 for More Information

Industry News

Calgary show draws

international crowd

Over 2,100 industry personnel

attended the CIPHEX West trade

show in Calgary Sept. 25-26.

Delegates came from across the West and

around the world, thanks to the World

Plumbing Conference (WPC) and the

Mechanical Contractor’s Association of

Canada annual conference that occurred

in conjunction with the event.

In fact, one of the most interesting

aspects for exhibitors was that they

would find themselves chatting with

contractors from Scotland, Australia,

the U.S. and many other locations as

well as those from Canada. There were

about 300 WPC visitors that attended

the special breakfast seminar at


However, some of the 200 exhibitors

told P&HVAC that the numbers seemed

to be down from the last event. While

that is true, noted show manager Norm

Schulz, it is only because the 2006

CIPHEX West show was held in conjunction

with the Construct Calgary

show which brought in additional people.

The actual 2008 CIPHEX West

attendance was almost identical to the

2006 event. The 2010 edition of

CIPHEX West will again co-locate with

Construct Calgary.

Twenty-eight manufacturers competed

with their latest technologies in

the Gallery of New Products. Winners

of Most Innovative Product Showcase

awards were:

Industrial – Northwestern Ohio

Foam Products for their Barrier X5


Commercial Plumbing – Dobbin

Sales Ltd. for the Sloan Ecos dual flush

electronic flushometer.

Residential Plumbing – Sol-R-Link

with the BRAC system for recycling

drain water.

Hydronic Heating – Uponor’s

Climate Control Multi-function


Software & Electronic Equipment –

Allpriser for its new computerized


Dennis Lefaebre of Denrite

Mechanical Ltd. in Edmonton won a

$4,000 “business makeover.” Over

$1,200 was raised for Habitat for

Humanity through the CIPH Calgary

Region Putting Contest.

The Canadian Institute for Plumbing

and Heating (CIPH) produces CIPHEX

West every two years. CIPH plans

smaller RoadShow table-top trade

shows for Edmonton, Vancouver,

Winnipeg, Regina and Saskatoon next

November. For more information, visit


Air Conditioning





Victaulic’s Arpad Toth holds court during CIPHEX West.

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Housing starts

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“Housing starts will moderate to

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Circle Number 110 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 9

Circle Number 111 for More Information


Ont. apprenticeship ratios pushing young people away

Dear editor,

In response to your October editorial,

“Poor prospects,” it is great to see this

issue hitting the headlines.

I would like to further highlight the

lack of opportunity for would-be

apprentices. Any worker brought into

the workforce must be signed up as an

apprentice after 90 days.

If an on-site safety inspection occurs

by the Ministry of Labour and the

would-be apprentice is flagged as not

being signed up, the only choice the

employer has is to terminate their

employment. This is the reality. There

are currently zero opportunities for the

young to get into this workforce! If there

were, I could hire a number of employees

today out of the approximately one

hundred applications on my desk.

Furthermore, as the average age rises

in our shop, the physical portion of this

job becomes harder and more strenuous

on these individuals. I see more

trips to the chiropractor, and general

disappointment (among employees)

with the lack of physical help on the job.

As an employer, I’m not going to ask a

50-year-old, 30-year experienced plu m -

ber on my staff to dig out the 80’ sewer

to the house he/she is working on. I’m

going to send the 20-year-old apprentice.

However, I can’t do that right now

because the Ministry of Labour and the

Ministry of Training won’t let our company

hire any 20-year-olds!

Paul Zubot

Brouwer Plumbing & Heating Ltd.

London, Ont.

Administrative roadblocks

Dear editor,

I read the most recent issue of your

publication last evening and I was very

pleased that you have decided to shine

some light on the subject of apprenticeship


There is an incredible disconnect

between the pronouncements of government

policy makers about implementing

programs to encourage young

people to enter into apprenticeships

and an administrative structure that is

designed to prevent this from happening.

This has stifled growth in our

industry and forced contractors to work

outside the system to bring people on.

It’s extremely difficult to attract the

kind of quality people we need when we

can’t offer them apprenticeships.

I applaud you and your team for having

the courage to bring this matter out

into the open.

Roger Grochmal, MBA., P.Eng.,

President & CBO

AtlasCare, Mississauga, Ont.

Newcomers needed

Dear editor,

As I begin my day by cracking the cover

on the October issue, I feel compelled to

respond to your Hot Seat topic. I couldn’t

agree with you more on the apprentice

ratio that seems so archaic. This

Stop Pipes from Banging. Permanently.

industry so desperately needs newcomers

and the mentor relationship that a

one-on-one situation builds would far

exceed the value of the grunt work one

would see in a three-chief scenario.

We as an industry wonder where

tomorrow’s trades are going to come

from, and here is what seems to me a

pretty substantial speed bump. Ontario

needs to recognize these hurdles and

put in place a plan that would make

entry into this trade easy for newcomers.

Thanks for the insight.

Sean Giberson

Sales manager, Residential products

Taco (Canada) Ltd.

Mississauga, Ont.


MCAC Conference

Continued from page 7

Built-in piston ensures

permanent air cushioning

New executive elected

MCAC members elected a new executive.

Bob Hoare (Adelt Mechanical,

Mississauga, Ont.) becomes chairman.

Brad Diggens (MJS Mechanical,

Dahl Supply Stops with Integral

Calgary) is chairman-elect and vice

Water Hammer Arrester. Pressure

chairman – Western. Del Pawliuk is vice

chairman – Central. Gaëtan Beaulieu

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chairman – Eastern. Outgoing chairman

James Derksen moves to the secre-

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American Brass and Teflon.

(MCA Canada) remains president.

Manufactured in North America.

Eighteen provincial and zone directors

were also elected.

As usual, the MCAC annual conference

wasn’t all business. One highlight

was a special rodeo for MCAC and


WPC delegates by Calgary Stampede

cowboys. It may have been a demonstration

event, but bulls don’t understand

that concept! There was nothing

improvised about the performance by

bull riders, bucking bronco riders, barrel

racers and others.

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Sept. 26-29. Visit for

more information.

Circle Number 112 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 11

Progressive Builders

Green homes to provide operating

classroom for builders, trades

By Simon Blake

Deciding what technologies

to use and from which

manufacturers wasn’t

an easy process.

It’s a common complaint in the

plumbing and HVAC industry that

residential home builders are slow to

adopt new technologies. But builders

tend to be leery about offering anything

that may be considered unproven or


A new training and demonstration

facility north of Toronto should go a

long way in alleviating those concerns.

The Archetype Sustainable Home is

actually two semi-detached homes –

one equipped with state-of-the-art

plumbing and HVAC equipment currently

available for mass construction

homes; the second with equipment that

is expected to become more common in

the future.

A joint project of the Building

Industry and Land Development

Association (BILD) and the Toronto

and Region Conservation Authority

A WaterFurnace heat pump provides

heating and cooling in House B.

(TRCA), the home is designed to educate

both the public and trades on the

latest green building technologies. It is

located at the Kortright Centre – an

865-acre (350 hectares) conservation

area just north of Toronto.

“Our role is industry training;

Kortright’s role is public training,”

remarked Stephen Dupuis, BILD CEO.

All equipment will be accessible, with

cutaways in the walls to display aspects

that would usually be hidden.

The technology

Deciding what technologies to use and

from which manufacturers wasn’t an

easy process. “I stayed as far away from

that as I could,” laughed Dupuis.

BILD project manager Larry Brydon,

a senior account manager at Reliance

Home Comfort, Oshawa, Ont., led a

team made up of contractors along with

staff and students from Ryerson

University, Faculty of Engineering and

Applied Sciences, in an exhaustive study

of 17 different HVAC systems.

Ryerson’s Dr. Alan Fung and his team

rated systems based on total energy

consumption, annual greenhouse gas

emissions, annual energy cost, capital

cost, life cycle cost and EnerGuide

house rating.

The study covered

everything from high efficiency

boilers and furnaces

to more exotic technologies

like geothermal, solar,

co-generation and fuel


“We wanted to add a lot

of technology,” reported

Alex Waters, Kortright

Centre manager and

TRCA’s project manager

on this build. And the

technology includes every aspect of the

each home. The heavily insulated 2x6

walls, for example, are rated at R-32

with the ceilings at R-40.

The basements are made of insulated

Durisol blocks (similar to insulated concrete

form (ICF) walls, but made of recycled

materials). Two-inch XTPS insulation

board provides under-slab insulation

and foundation wall insulation.

Demonstration homes

Each home demonstrates both an electrical

and gas heating/cooling alternative.

House A, at 1,900 sq. ft., features a

forced air system using a boiler and fan

coil with hydronic radiant floor heating

in the basement.

A Viessmann Vitodens 100 condensing

gas boiler supplemented by a VitoSol

flat plate solar collector provides the gas

heating option. It operates through two

Uponor Pro Panels – a pre-fabricated

manifold, pump, etc. system. The first

provides hot water for the air handler;

the second does the same for the radiant

In House B, an Ecologix air handler

provides floor-by-floor cooling.

Peter Kinsey explains the heating system in House A to TRCA’s Sabrina Dodaro.

floor system. All pumps are Wilo Eco-

Stratus models with ECM motors.

A Judo Heifi-Top combination sediment

filter and air eliminator protects

the system.

A 200-litre Viessmann indirect tank

provides DHW. It is equipped with two

coils – one for the roof-mounted solar

collector and the second for the boiler.

A home this size would typically have

two or three solar panels, but in this

case the intention is to demonstrate the

technology and compare it to the evacuated

tube technology on Home B,

reported Brydon.

National design competition

The electric option is provided by a

high efficiency two-stage Hallowell

Acadia air source heat pump from

MITS Air Conditioning Inc., Mis sis -

sauga, Ont. This air-to-air heat pump

can deliver about 35,000 Btu/h of heating

at -30°C and 36,000 Btu/h of cooling

at 35°C (95°F).

Both the boiler and heat pump heat

the home through the same air handler.

It is equipped with a variable

speed ECM motor, a four-pass hydronic

coil for heating and a three-ton

evaporator coil for heat pump heating

and air conditioning.

The Archetype Sustainable House began with a national design competition

conducted by the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA) and the

Design Exchange, “Canada’s design museum,” in downtown Toronto

( Architects, engineers and designers across Canada were

challenged to design the ultimate environmentally friendly home that could

serve as a model for housing development in the Greater Toronto Area and


The competition drew 17 qualified designs, and on June 21, 2006, the

winning entry was drawn. Dubbed “Building Blocks,” it was selected by a

‘blue ribbon’ panel of judges. Building Blocks was a collaborative effort of

three design firms: Anne Stevens (Fort Architect Inc.), Clelia Lori (Lori

Architects) and Terrell Wong (Stone’s Throw Design). Al Davies of Ecologix,

Cambridge, Ont., was the mechanical engineer for the design competition

while Randy Van Straaten of Ener model Engineering Ltd., Kitchener, Ont.

was engineer for the build.

12 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008

A VanEE 3000 HE Gold Series HRV

provides mechanical ventilation.

Control is by an Uponor Climate

Control multi-function programmable

controller (reviewed in the May/June

issue of P&HVAC). “It’s like having 20

controllers,” reported Peter Kinsey of

Canadian Infloor Heating, which did

the hydronic installation, and formerly

of The Morgan Group, Markham, Ont.,

which worked with a number of manufacturers

to donate equipment.

However, the control system may

change, noted Brydon. “There is some

discussion as to whether this is going to

be controlled by a home automation

and energy management system.”

Coming soon

House B is slightly larger at 2,300 sq. ft.,

but it has a garage with a “granny flat”

above. The primary source of heating

and cooling is a three-ton WaterFurnace

geothermal heat pump, which does

heating, cooling and DHW. It was

donated by Eden Energy Equipment

Ltd., Guelph, Ont. and installed by

Erwood Air Inc., Pefferlaw, Ont., with

Geothermal Solutions, Mansfield, Ont.,

providing the ground loop. The home

has zoned hydronic radiant floor heating

on three floors.

A multi-zone Ecologix air handler

provides floor-by-floor cooling.

“It all runs off a buffer tank, so we can

actually experiment with in-slab cooling

because we have an ERV, but that will

probably get all wonky with operable

windows allowing humidity in,” re mark -

ed Brydon. “In-slab cooling requires

strict control of humidity to prevent

condensation on flooring finishes.”

A Viessmann evacuated tube solar

collector supplements the DHW.

A Nu-Air vertical combined HRV

and fancoil provides heating and cooling

for the granny flat with integral heat

recovery ventilation.

There are three Uponor ProPanels in

House B – one for the fancoil, one for

the radiant floors and one for garage

heating and, again, with an Uponor

programmable control.

The second heating system is considerably

more radical. Donated by NRCan

for evaluation, a WhisperGen microcogeneration

plant by Whisper Tech is

powered by a natural gas-fueled Stirling

engine. It generates about 35,000 Btu/h

of heat and one Kw/h of electricity.

Photo-voltaic panels on the roof add

another four Kw/h, with a wind turbine

adding another three Kw/h.

(A Stirling engine is similar in design

to an internal combustion engine, but

no combustion actually takes place

inside the engine. Rather, it operates on

temperature differences caused, typically,

by an external fuel source such as

natural gas. Because there is no combustion,

it is virtually silent.)

The cogeneration unit can provide

supplementary heating to take advantage

of time-of-use electricity rates.

In addition to their high-tech systems,

both homes have wood stoves. (This is

country living, after all!) House A has a

Napoleon EPA certified high efficiency

unit, while House B features a Tempcast

thermal core sealed masonry fireplace.

“The idea is that we could use any of

these systems or all of them in combination,

depending on what fuel source

makes most sense from a renewable,

environmental or fuel cost perspective,”

said Brydon.

The plumbing

The plumbing is also a considerable

advance both in water conservation and

energy efficiency over what is currently

being installed in the residential market.

A recirculation system provides ondemand

hot water.

Each home has three or four bathrooms

along with laundry rooms and

kitchens. Both have a structured

plumbing system with on-demand

DHW recirculation. This results in hot

water on demand along with some

gains in energy efficiency, explained

John Priolo, president of Judo Water

Treatment, Concord, Ont. who, along

with instructors from George Brown

College in Toronto, did the plumbing.

All faucets and showerheads are lowflow

and toilets are dual three/six-litre

flush. All drains lead into a central stack

for each home. This maximizes the

effect of a drain water heat recovery system

that pre-heats the hot water.

A rainwater harvesting system consists

of a french drain system that collects

rainwater from the roofs and

weeping tiles and directs it into a sump

pit from which it is pumped into a

10,000-litre cistern. From there it is

pumped back into the house for tasks

like toilet flushing that don’t require

potable water. Rain barrels and a Brac

greywater recycling system, donated by

the Install Team, provide water for


Both homes rely on a well system for

potable water. As a result, filtration and

water softening equipment is a must.

Waste goes into a small septic tank

and then into an anaerobic digester and

then to engineered wetlands.

The budget for the project was $1.4-

million, but because so much equipment

and labour was donated the final

figure is expected to come in significantly


And the project is aiming and on

track for every certification available for

green construction – LEED Gold or

Platinum, Energy Star, Greenhouse

Certified Construction and R-2000.

Research and training

So what does the future hold for the

Archetype Sustainable House? One of

the key objectives was to create a place

where training could be conducted in a

live operating house.

Industry training will take place on a

number of levels, said Dupuis. “We’re

going to find every opportunity we can.

It could be as simple as a wine and

cheese just to get people out there to see

the technology, ask questions and get

their wheels turning – or it could be

hands on.”

Tom Ziolkowski of A1 Budget Heating

& AC works on the sheet metal.

He expects sessions will be tailored to

the needs of each individual group –

owners, site superintendents, trades, etc.

One of the key roles of the Archetype

Sustainable House will be to document

and compare the performance of different

green technologies, he added. “It won’t be

perfect data because there’s not a mother

and father with two kids, a dog and a

teenager taking 15-minute showers …”

However, Dupuis expects the

research will provide considerably better

information than currently exists

and that it will be published for the

industry’s use.

The project is one more step in getting

builders, trades and the public to

adopt green building practices and

equipment. Ultimately, remarked

Priolo, “they have no choice. You have

to think of the community and you

have to think of sustainability.”

Both homes feature drainwater heat


Circle Number 113 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 13


Hybrid gas-electric HVAC system

saves energy at Winnipeg complex

By Bruce Nagy

Simple ideas are

often good


When a new

sports and en ter -

tain ment complex

was proposed for

down town Win ni -

peg, planners wanted to incorporate

“...the best, well-tested features and

spectator amenities

entertainment and sports centres built

across North America over the past


This meant the new MTS Centre features

superb acoustics for concerts,

clear sight-lines from every seat for

sporting events, private boxes, event

suites, three concourses with shopping

and food, seating for 15,000 hockey

fans, and yet adaptable for audience

groups as small as 2,500. Being a centrepiece

in the downtown core, the building

would also include exciting

architectural aesthetics. Top architects,

engineers and contractors were engaged

for the project and, when it finally

opened in 2004, it was indeed a marvel.

Then, suddenly, the decision was

made to add an electric boiler alongside

the two existing natural gas boilers

already being used to heat the space and

water. What had gone wrong? Actually

nothing had gone wrong. The natural

gas boilers work well and efficiently to

this day.

Sempa Power Systems Ltd. of North

Vancouver, B.C. added the electric

boiler as part of a hybrid heating system.

Such systems are saving operators

of commercial buildings a great deal of

money every year by taking advantage

of opportunities associated with energy


Time-of-use savings

One of these opportunities is that electricity

is much less expensive at night

than it is during the daytime. For most

power companies, it doesn’t make business

sense to stop generating electricity

at night, but the demand for electricity

at night is so low that they price it very

cheaply. This means that a commercial

The new MTS Centre in Winnipeg is a state-of-the-art sports and entertainment

facility. The HVAC system is state-of-the-art too.

building can heat water and space very

inexpensively at night and then sometimes

coast through the day.

The other opportunity is to control

peak electricity usage by the building.

Electric companies set kilowatt charges

based on time of day and also on

established peak or maximum need. If

the building’s history shows periods of

very high maximum demand in a

billing period, the kilowatt charge goes

up based on the electric company’s

responsibility to satisfy that maximum

de mand at any moment without notice.

Circle Number 114 for More Information

14 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008

So the game is to keep the peak or

maximum demand under control. As it

happens in many cases, if the building’s

consumption level is below the peak,

electricity seems to cost less than natural

gas. It may sound a bit complicated,

but it’s simple really: Buy things when

they are the cheapest.

Heat delivery optimized

In addition to an extra boiler, a hybrid

heating system includes a server, software

and controls to manage heat delivery

according to these variables. “We

use a proprietary algorhythm that leverages

the off-peak electricity rate grid to

optimize heat delivery between natural

gas and electric sources,” says Wayne

McLeod, vice president of operations

for Sempa (

The system monitors periodic energy

rates in real time to automatically determine

when to instruct HVAC controls

to switch between natural gas or

propane and electricity. The system can

also be used for swimming pools and

hot tubs.

In one case the system helped hotel

officials to understand that when they

turned everything on simultaneously at

5:30 a.m., it created a peak that caused

the kilowatt charge to increase unnecessarily.

This led to another simple idea:

Automatically power up each area at

10 minute intervals, saving significant


In the first quarter of 2008, the company

had promised its clients that its 17

projects would save a total of $290,000.

As it turned out, it exceeded the commitment

and actually realized more

than $552,000. This translates to savings

averaging well over $100,000 per year in

each location.

“On a normal operating day our gas

boilers don’t fire,” says Ed Meichsner,

MTS director of building operations.

“One advantage of this is that gas boilers

can make the boiler room as hot as

35C, which may not be good for relays

and other equipment over the long

term...When the Manitoba Moose are

playing we have 14,000 fans in the

stands or using restaurants and concessions

and two teams all taking showers.

That’s when we might use the gas


“The system operates transparently

to the building’s occupants while reducing

costs, reducing green house gas

emissions and reducing energy consumption,”

says inventor and Sempa

founder Malcolm Metcalfe. The investment

is higher because the system

requires extra equipment. “Payback is

generally between two and three years,”

he added. “We are in the process of having

the savings verified so that our customers

can sell them as carbon credits.”

significantly; particularly in B.C.,

Manitoba and Quebec where most electricity

is generated without the help of

fossil fuels.

According to the company, since a

hybrid heating system was installed at

the Four Seasons Hotel in Whistler, B.C.

in 2005, it has reduced the hotel’s greenhouse

gas emissions by 32.7 percent and

saved the customer more than $250,000

or 19 percent of its energy costs.

Both the customer and the vendor

have access to the savings data so

Metcalfe called his customer after about

six months and said: “Pretty significant

savings eh?”

The customer replied that there were

no savings. After a bit of investigation it

was revealed that the customer was only

looking at his operations financials and

that the accountant, not sure why

energy costs had dropped dramatically,

had accrued $60,000 as a precaution.

The new electric boiler, at left, allows facility operators to take advantage of

lower cost night-time electricity rates.

Chief engineer Doug Wright is pleased with energy savings with the hybrid

heating system at the Four Seasons Hotel in Whistler, B.C.

He expected the apparently late energy

bills to arrive eventually!

The company has won several awards

for green innovation and is now

installing hybrid systems all across the

continent. It has even filed a patent for a

residential version.

Years ago Metcalfe heard a story

about BC Hydro at one time shutting

down its own damns at night and buying

cheap nighttime electricity from

California, then selling it back to them

in the daytime at a profit.

Quebec Hydro still does something

like this. He was an energy auditor at

the time who knew that commercial

operators were not really taking advantage

of cost opportunities. This inspired

the hybid heating system; a simple idea,

but clearly a good one.

Bruce Nagy is a Toronto-based freelance

writer that covers the Green Beat

for P&HVAC. He can be reached at

Social responsibility

One of the big buzz phrases in the business

world these days is “corporate

social responsibility” (CSR) which,

when taken seriously, attracts some segments

of the investment community.

Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

is of course a key goal for CSR.

With the hybrid system GHG is reduced

Circle Number 115 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 15

The difference is diamonds.

Introducing DIAMOND Seal Technology.

© 2008 Masco Corporation of Indiana

Delta leads with another industry innovation: DIAMOND Seal

Technology which combines a durable DIAMOND Valve with

InnoFlex PEX waterways. The result: no leaks, no lead, no worries.

No Leaks.

The threat of leaks is all

but eliminated, thanks to

the exclusive one-piece

InnoFlex PEX supply lines,

DIAMOND Valve and no

dynamic seals.

No Lead.

Once inside the faucet, water

is not in contact with potential

metal contaminants.

No Worries.


features a disc embedded

with real diamonds, so the

valve is built to last ten

times longer than the

industry standard.

Industry standard based on ASME

A112.18.1 of 500,000 cycles.

Simplified Installation.

Minimum of 32" integrated InnoFlex

PEX waterways below the deck saves

you the cost of additional supply

lines. Everything is in the box.

Circle Number 116 for More Information


Infrared heaters

Available in eight models and over 100

different configurations, the new

PTS/PTU Series Tube Heaters from

Space-Ray have capacities ranging from

40,000 to 200,000 Btu/h and minimum

mounting heights of 10 to 18 feet. Their

Delivery System, is designed to provide

labor savings and enhanced performance

in duct sealant applications. It also

features an enhanced elasticity when

cured, enabling easy mobility of sealed

ductwork and eliminating the cracking

that often occurs with traditional duct

sealants when ductwork is moved after

the sealant application.

Hardcast Circle no. 303

supply (red) and system return (blue).

Boiler connection options include

unique TISS System continuously monitors

the clearance between the reflectors

and the ceiling for excessive heat

and tube integrity compromise. If the

heat increases due to heat exchanger

failure, the safety circuit is broken and

the gas controls shut down.

Space Ray Circle no. 300

New mixing station models

Viega mixing stations are now available

in six upgraded base configurations.

Features include low or high-head,

three-speed circulators, new sensor

wells and new ball valves. They can be

used with conventional and condensing

boilers, water heaters and geothermal

heat pumps. Red and blue caps on the

ProPress Ball Valves indicate system

ProPress, PEX Press and copper (male).

Viega Circle no. 304

Moving air

The Tjernlund AirShare Ventilator from

CGF Products moves air though a wall

cavity to rooms that are too cold or hot.

These are particularly useful in ductless

heater, split system and window A/C

applications. They are easy to install,

either in hard-wired or concealed

power cord models. Operation is “whisper

quiet” and they are designed to

blend with any décor.

CGF Products Circle no. 305

Aftermarket motors

Source 1, the aftermarket arm of the

Johnson Controls residential HVAC

brands, is offering a new line of fractional

horsepower motors. A variety of

voltages, applications and

speeds are available.

Thirty-inch wires

along with extended

mounting bolts

provide for easier

installation. An el e -

ctrical reversing

plug simplifies rotation


chang es. A crossreference

table readily

identifies replacement for the models

of other motor manufacturers.

Johnson Controls Circle no. 301

Vacuum cleanout

Selkirk’s new Vacuum Cleanout Cap

allows quick and mess-free removal of

fly ash from pellet stove pipe. It replaces

the standard cap on three or four-inch

pellet pipe tees. The operator simply

removes the threaded cap, attaches a

fireplace/stove vacuum and cleans out

the ash, making pellet pipe cleanout a


Selkirk Circle no. 302

Spray-on duct sealer

Hardcast Spray-Seal, when combined

with the Hardcast Mobile Duct Sealant

Circle Number 117 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 17


























PermaLynx TM push-to-connect system: ½ – 1½"





• fast and


easy retrofit/repair

installs TWICE





and 20% faster




QuickVic ® “installation-ready” coupling: 2 - 8"







other joining ng



it Stab




Drive it

Circle Number 118 for More Information


Product Profile

Honeywell launches wireless

residential control system

“Contractors hate running wires,” says

Mark Schilling, trade marketing leader

for Honeywell Ltd. Scarborough, Ont.

And while the company’s new residential

wireless control system offers num -

erous advantages for both the home -

owner and installing contractor, that

reality alone should make it a best seller.

About 200 southern Ontario contractors

attended the Honeywell World

of Wireless (WOW) presentation at the

Playdium in Mississauga, Ont. Oct. 7.

Honeywell has seen similar enthusiasm

at other WOW events across Canada.

There are two key components in this

new residential control system. The

Wireless FocusPRO thermostat – in programmable

or non-programmable versions

– is partnered with the new touchscreen

Portable Comfort Control (PCC).

The wireless factor allows the thermostat

in the living area like a living room or

den, not out in the hallway as in so many

homes. All existing features of the hardwired

FocusPRO are incorporated into

the wireless version, added Honeywell’s

Jeff Holmquist.

Easy operation

The PCC works like a television remote

– the homeowner simply carries it into

the room that needs immediate heating

or cooling and the unit

automatically adjusts

the temperature. As well,

it controls night setback,

maintains the schedule

for the programmable

thermostat (where used)

and, with zoning, can be

used to monitor and

change the temperature

of any zone in the house.

The Portable Comfort Control.

panel installed on the outside of the

home which senses and allows outdoor

temperature and humidity to be displayed

on the thermostat – again, without

running any wires.

Easy zoning

The fourth component in the system

makes zoning a home significantly easier.

With Honeywell’s new TrueZONE wireless

zoning panels and wireless zoning

Grundfos VersaFlo ® UPS

Pump maintenance...

a thing of the past.

VersaFlo® UPS wet rotor circulators are

maintenance-free and whisper-quiet.

They feature an integrated pump and motor

design–fewer parts means no maintenance

worries and greater durability on the job.

adapter kit, contractors no longer need to

run thermostat wire to add zoning or add

additional zones to an existing system.

Schilling is optimistic that homeowners

will embrace the new wireless technology.

“If you install one in a neighborhood,

you could be installing a bunch more

because neighbors talk,” he remarked.

Honeywell also introduced its new

Prestige Comfort System at the WOW

event, a high-end, wired high-definition,

full colour programmable device

that is also enabled with RedLINK wireless

technology, making it wireless ready

and user friendly.

“The USB configuration allows you

to set up one system and then transfer

the data to a USB stick and copy it other

The Prestige system is easy to install

and set up.

systems,” remarked Holmquist.

Honeywell Circle no. 306

Maintenace-free Design


> No seals − eliminates hot water leakage

> Water Cooled − Ultra quiet and no

bearings to grease

> No couplers − less moving parts to break

The system uses RedLINK wireless

technology, which was originally developed

for the security industry, reported

Holmquist. Adapting it to residential

HVAC use involved four years of testing

which, among other things, had to

ensure that the signal between the thermostat,

the PCC and system components

could not be affected by cell

phones and other electronic devices.

The system has been tested and proven

to operate reliably in homes up to 6,500

sq.ft. on multiple levels.

Also new is Honeywell’s Wireless

Outdoor Sensor, a RedLINK enabled

More Great Features

> Operates at less than 40 db

> Built-in dimensions to match installed base −

no need for piping modifications

> No risk of touching electrically hot windings

or rotating parts



The wireless FocusPRO retains the

features of the hard-wired version.

Circle Number 119 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 19

Hot Water Heating

Banish the crud!

Cleaning up an old hydronic system (and keeping it clean)

By Roy Collver

Afew weeks ago

someone asked

me how to

clean up an older

hydronic system so

that they wouldn’t

fill up their brand

new replacement boiler with the disgusting

black crud that came out of

their drain valve every time they

checked it. In my normally decisive and

concise way, I answered a simple question

by asking a whole bunch more.

“What kind of black crud? How old is

the system? Black iron pipe, copper,

PEX? How often do you drain this stuff

out, and how much do you get? Are

there any chemicals in the system? What

kind of boiler is there now, and how old

is it? Has the boiler ever been replaced

before? How long did it last? Are the

valves and pumps getting bunged up

with this stuff? Are there any strainers

or filters in the system? When do you

have to replace the boiler?” Lots of


All of this stuff is important. There

are so many grey areas and very little

direction when studying this topic.

Trying to identify the crud is easier said

than done and most people don’t bother;

they just flush it down the drain and

re-fill the system.

There are problems with this

approach, however, not the least of

which is that the environment people

may take exception to this practice.

Look at it this way – you put fresh clean

water (with or without fresh, clean glycol

and chemicals) into a hydronics system

and, a few years later, you are getting

black crud out. A pretty good guess

would be that the black crud is a product

of the components and or chemicals

in the system breaking down. Wouldn’t

it be good to know what it was that was

breaking down, and why?

The common scenario

A complex topic – to keep it simple, let’s

look at perhaps the most common scenario

where this comes up and figure

out the best way to deal with it.

In the vast majority of older systems,

we are dealing with a cast-iron or steel

boiler, steel or copper piping, and ferrous

pumps and valves with a

sprinkling of brass stuff. In systems like

this, where I have gotten chemical

analysis done, the majority of the black

crud is oxides of iron (rust) mixed up

with some anaerobic bacteria and some

mineralization from the water (usually

calcium precipitate). That’s pretty much

what you would expect, and normally

safe to just flush out.

So you want to replace the old boiler

and clean the system – here is the procedure:

1. Clean and flush the system.

2. Re-fill the system.

3. Install some kind of filtration.

Trying to identify the crud is easier

said than done and most people

don’t bother…

4. Test the fluid quality.

5. Then replace the boiler.

The finer points

Oh – you want details?

1. Find a nice, safe, non-toxic hydronic

heating system specific cleaning

chemical – there are a number of

them available these days – and clean

and flush the system according to the

chemical people’s instructions.

Flushing can be easy or extremely

frustrating depending on the severity

of the problem. I have seen some

systems so bunged-up that they

needed to be flushed and back

flushed numerous times. I have had

to add purge valves on branch lines,

put in cleaner, heat it, circulate it for

days and even run a sewer snake

down some lines in order to get

things moving. And be aware that all

of this effort may spring numerous

leaks in an old system. I have seen

systems turn into sprinkler pipe after

a thorough cleaning, proving that

the only thing holding the system

together was the crud. For your own

protection, advise your customer of

this possibility – maybe even get

them to sign a waiver if you think it

could be real bad. Everybody does

the waiver thing these days. I had to

sign a form before I had heart surgery

that basically said: “you might

die as a result of this procedure –

please sign here that it is okay and

not our fault.”

2. Re-fill the system with good clean

water and add whatever glycol and

other hydronic heating system specific

chemicals you think you might need

to add. I won’t recommend any

specific products here, check with

your chemical suppliers, but keep in

mind that they are in the business of

selling you chemicals, whether you

need them or not. Buyer beware –

unfortunately I have never found a

totally unbiased “expert” in this field,

as they all seem to be wanting to get

you hooked on their particular

brand of chemicals. Good clean

water normally means tap water if

you are in a larger municipality, but

check with your boiler manufacturer

to see if they have any special

requirements. Some of the metal

alloys they use in boilers today are

very finicky and need special attention

to things like Ph levels and mineral


3. Install some kind of filtration

device to catch any bits that may

break loose in the future. This is a

very important addition to your

system because no matter how thoroughly

you clean the system, there is

a high probability that more crud

will continue to liberate itself.

Although I have never seen a warning

from any of the manufacturers

of stainless steel boilers – I do know

that iron oxide and other ferrous

bits will contaminate stainless. I am

guessing you might fail the warranty

examination if this is the case.

There are three main filtration

devices/techniques commonly available

for hydronic systems:


“Y” strainers are the oldest devices

used to pick up crud floating around in

your system. They are inexpensive, reliable

and simple. The fluid flows

through a screen, and any particle bigger

than the mesh size of the screen gets

caught. Problem no. 1 – they get

plugged up, and because the complete

system flow goes through them, they

can shut your system down if they plug

up completely. Problem no. 2 – the really

tiny stuff (like iron oxide) gets

through. They are best applied in new

systems to pick up any junk that mysteriously

got into the piping during


Sidestream micron filters have also

been around for years, and get all the


really, really small stuff like iron oxide,

but they also suffer from getting easily

plugged up. As the name suggests, they

are piped in parallel with the main system

flow, so that if they do get plugged

up, they won’t shut down your system,

but they then become a decorative


accessory and perform no useful

function until someone comes and

replaces the filter cartridge.

The new kid on the block is a nifty

little device called a “Dirt Separator.”

They function like a combination of Y-

strainer (to get the big chunks) and like

an air separator to get the small stuff –

they have a large low velocity chamber

to slow the flow down, and a coalescing

media that snags the tiny little bits and

holds onto them until they get joined by

enough buddies to make them heavy

and tired. They then drop out of the

race and into the sump of the separator

so you can blow them out. These are

impressive products – they don’t plug

up, are easy to clean, and they can

remove particles as small as five


4. After finding out your boiler manufacturer’s

fluid quality requirements,

have the fluid tested to make sure it

meets them, and then set up a testing

protocol to ensure that it remains

“between the lines.” That’s easier said

than done – again, we are back to the

chemical people.

5. Now you can replace the boiler, confident

that it will live in an environment

blessed by its manufacturer,

and that warranties will be honoured.

Roy Collver is an author and consultant

on hydronic heating based in

Peachland, B.C. He can be reached at

20 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008

©2008 Uponor, Inc.

“ New technology? Love it. But unless it’s

easy to use, keep it away from my jobsite.”

Introducing the innovative Uponor Climate Cŏntrol Line of home comfort systems.

Three new control systems that combine the latest home comfort technology with hassle-free

simplicity that increases your profit potential. Turn the page to find out more.

Formerly Wirsbo

Circle Number 120 for More Information

Uponor enhances your opportunities with home comfort.

This flexible product line lets you introduce more customers to Uponor Climate Cŏntrol home comfort systems—and expand

your opportunities for profit. Three innovative new systems combine cutting-edge technology with hassle-free installation and

set-up. Your customers get the personalized comfort control they’re looking for, and you reduce your time and expenses on the job.

Climate Cŏntrol Network System

—Total comfort control

• Integrates all home comfort functions

—heating, cooling and ventilation—

into one precise control

• Offers broad capabilities in a scalable

system that is easy to install and

set up compared to DDC systems

• Allows homeowners to control home

comfort levels via the Internet

• Reduces the expense of house

calls by allowing you to support

customers remotely

• Simplifies the user experience with a

sleek and easy-to-operate touch panel

Climate Cŏntrol Zoning System

—Wireless comfort

• Provides an ideal solution for retrofits

and remodels—no thermostat

wiring necessary

• Speeds installation in new construction

• Installs easily and is intuitive to set up

• Operates up to 12 thermostats

and 14 actuators per control module

• Manages household temperatures at

the touch of a button, from the

comfort of an easy chair

• Uses state-of-the-art wireless

communication technology to

ensure consistent signal quality

Climate Cŏntrol Multifunction

Controller—Simplified comfort

• Combines the functionality of multiple

controls into a single platform

• Manages all hydronic functions with

a single control: zone pumping, single

or multiple mixing, boiler control,

boiler staging, multiple water

temperature, domestic hot water

and snowmelt

• Eliminates the cost and hassle of

multiple control boxes and complex

wiring schemes

• Lets you copy customers’ settings to a

data stick to speed future installations

Call 888-994-7726 or visit for free

brochures on the entire Climate Cŏntrol Line, or to talk with an Uponor

representative about your next project.

Formerly Wirsbo

Circle Number 121 for More Information


Water-to-water heat pumps

Capitalizing on their advantages in certain applications

By Ed Gravelle

In the beginning

manufacturers of

air-to-air heat

pumps experienced a

lot of failures until

compressor manufacturers

developed better units that lead

to the scroll compressor. They are

tougher and stand up to the heat and

loads better than the old reciprocating

compressors. Higher speeds and better

motor cooling are a couple of significant


The creation of air-to-air heat pumps

for residential applications led to multiple

water-to-air systems on a single

source water loop, heated or cooled, for

commercial buildings. Water-to-air

didn’t answer all the needs of the commercial

field and water-to-water heat

pumps came into the market to fill the

void. They provide the means of moving

heat from one place to the other

through a refrigeration process which

cools one pumped loop (the source)

and heats another. The second loop is

called the “load”.

There are two primary advantages of

a water source heat pump over an air

source heat pump. The first is the density

of water compared to air which

allows for greater and more efficient

heat transfer using a smaller heat

exchanger. The second is that there is

less of a temperature differential using

water (35-85°F) than air (0-100°F) as

the source.

In a water-to-water heat pump the

water flow does not have to be

“switched” as the reversing valve

changes the flow of refrigerant within

the system. This allows us to maintain a

single flow water circuit through both

the source and load side of the heat


Heating mode

Heat from a source is absorbed by the

refrigerant and compressed. Heat output,

including the motor heat and heat

of compression, is transferred into the

water passing through the refrigerant/water

heat exchanger. Temperature

rise has to be limited to heating the load

side water to no more than 130°F

(54.5C). The heat transferred has to be

dissipated continually while the compressor

is running, usually by mixing

with a separate pumped loop to various

heat dispersing loads.

Cooling Mode

Heat from the load side is absorbed by

the refrigerant and compressed. Heat

dissipation, including the motor heat

and heat of compression, is transferred

into the water passing thr ough the re -

frig erant/water heat ex changer. Heat

transferred has to be dissipated continually

while the compressor is running,

usually by mixing

with a separate

pumped loop to

various cooling de -

vices, such as cooling

towers, air

cooled outdoor

fluid cooler, ground

loops, wells etc.

Minimum flow


heat pumps, however,

have to be

applied carefully

and within the temperature

and GPM

range shown in the

manufacturer’s literature,

with the

source and load

side water pumped

with their own

pumps, with pump

demand for a constant

non-varying flow of water on both

source and load of not less than 2.25

GPM per ton.

The suction temperature at the compressor

determines the cooling capacity

of the compressor; the GPM pumped

determines the rate of transfer. The flow

required can be calculated by dividing

the suction capacity by 500 and the

temperature drop desired. The low limit

for water temperature must not drop

temperatures below 35°F (8.6C) without

antifreeze. Suction temperatures

above 60°F (16C) can overload compressors

and may require bypass flow

control or pressure limit TX valves.

Required flow capacity can be calculated

by multiplying the suction capacity

by 1.25 to 1.30 percent to account for

the heat of the compressor and motor

cooling, then dividing it by 500 and the

maximum temperature rise desired, but

not more than that recommended by

the manufacturer. If a water-to-water

heat pump is going to be used for both

heating and cooling, the reversing valve

is switched to change sides. Source

becomes the load and the load becomes

the source.

While there is a difference in the

minimum GPM required between the

load and source, pump capacity can’t be

changed as easily as the reversing valve.

Hot or cold side water temperatures can only be controlled by return water temperature and by

compressor operation.

The GPM for both sides is usually

selected on the basis of the need on the

load side to within the area of 2.25

GPM per ton of ejected heat capacity.

Storage tank

Flow in the primary loop can vary when

cycling flow valves and thermostats

control cooling or heating flows. A storage

tank to provide holdover mass is

advisable to prevent compressor short

Water-to-water heat pumps,

however, have to be applied


cycling, normally sized at around three

times flow capacity (five tons =

5X2.25X3=34gal. storage).

Heat pump control

When in a heating mode the compressor

operation is controlled by the return

water temperature of the hot side.

When in the cooling mode the compressor

operation is controlled by the

return water temperature of the cold

side. Hot or cold side water temperatures

can only be controlled by return

water temperature and by compressor

operation. The compressor(s) cannot

be controlled by the hot side return and

cold side return at the same time. (See

fig 1) Operating conditions for waterto-water

heat pump (WWHP) are critical

and must follow certain rules:

1. Source side return water cannot be

higher that 60°F (16C).

2. Source side return water cannot be

lower than 35°F (2C) (unless

antifreeze is added).

3. Load side return water cannot be

higher than 120°F (49C).

4. Load side return water cannot be

lower than 60°F(15C). (See note 1)

5. Water flow on both cold and hot

side cannot be less than 2.25 GPM

per ton.

6. Temperature rise cannot exceed

130°F (54C) on hot side and temperature

drop on cold side cannot

be lower than to 38°F (3C) – (unless

with antifreeze in the loop).

7. Use a separate pump and loop

though the heat pump for the hot

side loop.

8. Use a separate pump and loop

though the heat pump for the cold


9. When ejected heat is going to be

used for a multiple of heat transfer

devices, such as fan coil unit, heat

exchangers, fluid coolers, or cooling

towers (to disperse ejected heat)

and flow and pressure drop is subject

to variation – off/on or modulating

flow control – use a separate

pump and loop on the hot side and

mix with the heat pump loop.

10. Install automatic air separators and

vents at all system high points.

11. Avoid “bull-headed” tees.

12. Select pumps with lots of reserve


To be continued in the next issue …

Former contractor (Coast Re frig -

eration) Ed Gravelle is a consultant on

refrigeration, air conditioning and heating

systems based in Brentwood Bay, B.C.

He can be reached at November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 23

Beyond the Fundamentals

A Better Oil-Fired Water Heater by the Numbers

This residential center flue water heater from Bradford White doesn’t look extraordinary.

But when you dig a little deeper, you’ll find a huge difference in the details.

1 Flexible Stainless Steel

Flue Baffle for easy

service in tight spaces

2 Electronic Aquastat

Controller with

7-segment troubleshooting

LED display

3 Dielectric Waterway Fittings

minimize the occurrence of

corrosion formation

4 Two protective anode rods

provide added protection

against corrosion

5 Beckett Burner is

compatible up to B5

(5% Biofuel)

6 Hydrojet ® Total

Performance System to

reduce sediment

build-up and increase

First Hour Delivery

7 Vitraglas ® Lining protects

against the corrosive

effects of hot water as

well as providing a tough

interior surface for our

water heaters

8 Brass Drain Valve

9 Six year limited tank

warranty / Two year limited

parts and burner warranty

10 Bradford White – Always

a superior, feature-packed

product at the best

possible price

It’s a simple formula- take a great product and make it better with innovation and real value.

All 18 residential and commercial models from Bradford White follow this plan.

The value, performance and premium product features of Bradford White oil-fired water

heaters is a combination your customers can find nowhere else.

866.690.0961 | Built to be the Best |

©2008, Bradford White Corporation. All rights reserved.

Circle Number 122 for More Information

Faucets & Fixtures

Classic filter faucet

The Classic faucet from Everpure is

designed to work with the company’s

water filtration appliances. A ceramic

disk valve provides


operation while

an integrated

aerator reduces

splashes. The


version is

constructed of

brass while

dual temperature

versions feature stainless steel construction.

The dual-temp version has a

spring-loaded hot shut-off safety valve.

Available finishes are chrome, brushed

nickel and “Tuscan.”

Everpure Circle no. 307

High efficiency, high style

Gerber Plumbing Fixtures’ new highefficiency

EPA WaterSense certified decorative

bathroom faucets offer water at

1.5 gpm (gallons per minute) as

compared to the industry standard 2.2

gpm, These water miser bathroom

faucets are now available in the com -

pany’s new Logan Square series (pictured)

as well as in the Abigail, Brianne,

Wicker Park, Allerton, Maxwell, and

Pomeroy styles. Gerber’s commercial

line of faucets has also achieved the

WaterSense certification.

Gerber Circle no. 308

For the long soak

Myson’s new mirrored-TV bath accessories

match the styling, quality and finish

of the company’s towel warmers.

Each features a “Magic Mirror” and flat

screen LCD

TV, UL ap -

proved for

bathroom use.

The ultra thin

TV is magnetically


to the back of

the mirror and

is not visible

except when it

is on.

Myson Circle no. 309

Eco-friendly basins

Bradley Corp. has combined ecofriendly

recycled materials, contemporary

design and durability into its new

Terreon RE solid surface material. It is

composed of an eco-friendly bio-based

Product Profile

Advanced sensing technology

Delta Commercial’s H2Optics

technology is one of the most

advanced sensing technologies on the

market today for electronic faucets

and flush valves.

It uses the principles of

triangulation to accurately sense the

user’s distance. It measures the angle

of the returned infrared beam from

the user, calculates the distance and

activates when the user is at a set distance. This means that the faucet or

toilet will not activate unnecessarily.

Traditional sensing technology relies on the intensity of the beam and,

as a result, factors like light reflection, clothing colour/texture or the

dryness of one’s skin can have an effect.

Delta is now offering its H2Optics technology on commercial flush valves

and faucets. The infra-red detector emits four pulses per second, providing

a balance between reaction time and battery life.

Masco Canada Circle no. 310

resin, pre-consumer recycled granule

fillers and other natural materials that

maintain the strength and durability of

today’s solid surface technology, reports

the manufacturer. It resists stains,

burns, chemicals and impact, which

makes an appealing product for highvolume,

high-abuse washrooms and

industrial applications. Bradley Circle no. 311

Variable-speed circulators

and controls



Flow control

and isolation


Some Canadians

have a big secret.

Three-speed e


rotor circulators



They know the best hydronic solutions come from Bell & Gossett.

The best

expertise and support.

With over 90 years of hydronics

and HVAC systems experience, Bell

& Gossett delivers the


you need to

design a

system that fits your

application. Our unmatched product knowledge

and powerful



can also help you maximize your hydronic

system efficiency.

Hydronic solution tools

The best


Bell & Gossett can

provide a complete

line of hydronic components

to build a system stem that

meets your

unique specifications. And because


part of ITT,

the largest pump manufacturer in the

world, you can feel confident you’ll

get tough,

high performing products

you can depend on.

The best



Bell & Gossett has

been training contractors, installers and engineers on the proper per

design, installation and maintenance of hydronic

and steam


longer than anyone


in the



no secret,


& Gossett


everything you need ed for hydronic


For more information visit or call 888-488-4033


Circle Number 123 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 25

Tools & Instruments

Product Profile

User-friendly pipe welding

The new PipePro multi-process welding system from

Miller Electric is designed to improve welding

productivity in pipe fabrication applications.

It provides the user with the ability to use advanced

welding processes like regulated metal deposition (RMD)

– a modified short circuiting process designed for root

pass welds – and Pro-Pulse, which is easier to use than

conventional pulse in out-of-position pipe welding


This versatile system is designed for field and shop

fabrication with superior arc performance in all

processes: stick, TIG, MIG, FCAW, air carbon arc cutting

and gouging. It includes the PipePro 450 RFC (root-fillcap)

power source, PipePro 12RC SuitCase or PipePro

bench-style feeders and Bernard PipeWorx guns.

One of the key advantages of the system, says Miller’s

Mike Roth, is that it can reduce labour costs. “The

PipePro 450 RFC

with RMD and Pro-

Pulse makes it

easier for lessskilled

operators to

produce welds that

meet API, AWS,

ASME and other

code requirements.”

Operators can

become proficient

The Miller

PipePro system

simplifies pipe



with the RMD Pro process much faster than they can

with the TIG or stick processes, he added.

In addition, Roth says, “substituting RMD Pro for TIG

and stick can conservatively improve productivity by 25

percent or more. Cycle time improvements result from

increased travel speed, improved deposition rates, fewer

starts and stops and, in the case of stick welding,

significantly less clean-up time.”

The PipePro 450 has an output of 450 amps/44 volts

at 100 percent duty cycle.

Miller Electric Circle no. 312

A deeper cut

The new Hilti DCH 230 and DCH 300

specialized electric diamond cutters can

cut to depths

of 3.4 and 4.7

inches respectively

in metal,

concrete and

granite – considerably


than with a

conventional cutting/grinding tool.

Powered by a 2.6-kilowatt motor, an

intelligent electronic control system

constantly regulates motor power to suit

the material being cut. These units also

include a direct attachment for the Hilti

VC20U or VC40U vacuum cleaners.

Hilti Circle no. 313

Remote video inspection

The SnakeEye III from ITM is a lowcost

hand held remote video inspection

system. It combines a CCD camera and

TFT-LCD display technology for a clear

colour picture. It can be easily configured

to inspect

behind walls,

inside ceilings,

in and around

pipes and


behind computer

equipment, etc. An interchangeable

camera head can be attached to a

rigid wand, a ring finger attachment or

extendible cables. It can be connected to

a VCR, computer or handycam to

record and play back images.

ITM Circle no. 314


That’s why we created the GM Business Choice Program. Designed specifically for small business

owners like you, it offers four different incentive packages to help get your fleet work-ready. All you

have to do is choose the option that best suits your daily business needs and we will service it personally.



In Equipment

from Vanteriors*



Commercial Upfit

Cash Back


Save on Gas

Save 20¢ per litre

for 2,500 L †

* Value of equipment depends on upfit package selected. See Dealer for full program details and eligibility. Eligible vehicles, equipment, tools and accessories may differ slightly from versions shown. All incentive packages are

tax inclusive. Home Depot is a registered trademark of Home Depot Inc. † Preferred Price gas savings card redeemable for $0.20 per litre savings on 2,500 L of motor fuel at participating Petro-Canada retail locations (and

approved North Atlantic Petroleum locations in Newfoundland) and not redeemable for cash. TM Trademark of Petro-Canada. Used under license. © Copyright 2008 General Motors of Canada Limited. All rights reserved.



Home Depot

Gift Card

Snake preservative

Snake Oil from General Pipe Cleaners

preserves and protects sewer cables. A

special rust in -

hibitor cuts

through moisture

and replaces it

with a rust resistant

coating. A

deodorant gives

the sewer cables a

fresh, clean smell.

Available in quarts

or gallons, the company includes a fourounce

sample bottle with each new

General floor model power drain cleaning


General Pipe Cleaners Circle no. 315

Precision temp measurement

Fluke Model 566 and 568 thermometers

feature broad infrared (IR) temperature

measurement functionality, an onscreen

menu system and a dot-matrix

display enabling users to take complex

measurements quickly, easily, and from

greater distances

through contact

and non-contact

measurement. The

thermometers provide a

broad temperature measurement

range from -40C to 800

C /-40F to 1472 F (Fluke 568)

or -40C to 650°C/-40F to

1202F (Fluke 566) at one percent


Fluke Circle no. 316

Circle Number 124 for More Information

26 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008

Pipes, Valves & Fittings

Sizing circulators

in hydronic systems

By Art Irwin

Pipe sizing and

circulator sizing

are critical

for hot water heating

systems. One

must first ensure the

piping is properly

sized to carry the

hot water from “A” to “B” or, in other

words, from the heating boiler to the

radiation via the piping system.

There are, of course, hundreds of

sizes of circulators, but it is important

the circulator be properly sized to deliver

the required number of BTU’s, carried

in gallons of water per minute

(gpm), to its destination. If the circulator

is too large or too small, we get into

velocity or noise problems, insufficient

heat, cavitation and pump failure.

There are two issues that must be

addressed when sizing circulators. First,

how many gallons per minute must the

circulator pump to deliver the maximum


Item number two – what is the

“head” or resistance the circulator must

overcome? There a are a number of

things that can cause “bumps in the

road” – length of piping, elbows, tees

and friction loss. (Refer to the chart at

right for pipe carrying capacity in

To obtain the required gallons per

minute (GPM), divide the total Btu’s

by 10,000:

BTU Heat Loss = Gallons per minute.



200,000 Btu/hr.= 20 Gal/Min.



Determining pump head

How do we determine the pump head?

Here’s a quick way to do it. It’s not 100

percent accurate, but close enough for

quick sizing. We must take the total

equivalent length, which means measuring

to the most distant radiator from

the boiler, and back, plus 50 percent,

and multiply x .04


For Mains For One And Two Pipe Systems

Piper Size – Inches

BTU Capacity

1/2 15,000 – 13,000 –12,000

3/4" 31,000 – 30,000 – 27,000

1” 59,000 – 53,000 – 48,000

1 ¼” 130,000 – 118,000 – 102,000

1 ½ 185,000 – 175,000 – 156,000

2” 360,000 – 322,000 – 294,000

2 ½” 610,000 – 551,000 – 523,000

3” 1,150,000 – 1000,000 – 900,000

Note: Use BTU center column as a BTU average.

Source: B&G Eng. Manual 1954

Here’s an example: boiler out to the

most distant radiator, 80 feet and back

80 feet = 160 feet plus 50 percent (80 ft.)

for a total of 240 feet. Multiply 240 x .04

= 9.6 or 10-foot head.

Therefore, we must purchase a pump

with a capacity of 20 gallons per minute

against a 10-foot head.

Arthur A. Irwin operates Irwin Energy

Consulting Services in Halifax. He can be

reached at

ProPress butterfly valves

Viega has added three new butterfly

valves to its ProPress press-fit product

line. The new valves are semi-lug bodies

with EPDM liners, stainless steel disc

and stem, with a ten-position handle.

They are available in 2-1/2”, 3” and 4”

sizes. The valve addition compliments

the existing 550 bronze and copper

ProPress fittings offered in the Viega

ProPress product line.

Viega Circle no. 317

Two-inch plastic fittings

The new two-inch engineered plastic

(EP) fittings from Uponor are designed

to offer a durable solution for commercial

plumbing applications. The line

includes tees, elbows and couplings that

work with the company’s AQUAPEX

tubing. They are immune to corrosion,

pitting and scaling; resist the damaging

effects of aggressive water; and address

future NSF lead-content initiatives and

code requirements.

Uponor Circle no. 318

New firestop formula

Tremco Commercial Sealants &

Waterproofing (CS&W)

has introduced a new

formula for its

TREMstop IA intumescent

water-based acrylic

firestop sealant. It is

designed to provide

more coverage with less

material. It can be

installed around a fourinch

plastic pipe without

requiring a collar, sleeve

or backer rod, reports

the manufacturer. It

expands to fill the voids

left when combustible

materials burn and deteriorate in a fire.

Tremco Circle no. 319

New bronze Y-strainer

The new Class 125 Cast Bronze Y-

strainer line from Nibco are designed

for commercial applications to trap foreign

matter in steam, water, oil or gas

pipelines. It includes solder ½” – 2” and

threaded ¼” – 3” sizes rated 125 SWP /

200 CWP. Features in clude a solid or

tapped cap with

plug, a stainless

steel 20 mesh or


stainless steel

screen and a


cast bronze body.

Nibco Circle no. 320

Circle Number 125 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 27

Trucks for the Trade

New cargo vans for 2009

New electronics and a new small van from Ford

By Simon Blake

In a year when fuel prices reached

levels unimaginable just a short time

ago, many contractors are taking a

hard look at the vehicles their technicians

use. While it’s perhaps too early to

see significant technological changes

aimed at fuel economy, manufacturers

nevertheless have fine-tuned their existing

ranges while adding additional features

geared specifically to the trade

The Ford Transit Connect will be available in Canada in mid-summer.

An extended Dodge Sprinter with “mega”roof can carry a lot of tools and


Ford’s new small van was designed

as a work truck.

Circle Number 127 for More Information

The Ford E-Series gains a full menu of work-related electronics options for 2009.

Wireless Field Service


mobilio inc. 866-756-5050

email: sales @

Improve customer service and increases profits with Mobilio

Mobilio connects

your technicians in the field

to the office with the use of

wirelessly enabled devices and

hosted software.


Time Sheets

Work Orders




For 2009, Ford’s long running E-

Series (Econoline) van features wider

opening rear doors, an integrated navigation

system plus a redesigned instrument

panel that includes four new

upfitter switches.

However, probably the big news is the

Ford Work Solutions package that

includes a number of “smart” technologies.

These include an in-dash computer

that provides full high-speed internet

access. This system allows the contractor

to print invoices and access documents

stored on their office or home

computer, access product manufacturer’s

technical information, and do

many other things right on the job site.

Tool Link is another component of

Work Solutions – a radio frequency iden -

tification (RFID) asset tracking system

developed with DeWalt Tools. It enables

contractors to maintain a detailed realtime

inventory of tools, equipment and

parts stored in the vehicle.

Ford also offers Crew Chief, a dispatch

and fleet management program

along with the Cable Lock security system

to secure large tools and equipment.

All four Work Solutions technologies

are also available on the company’s

pickup trucks, along with the

new Transit Connect small trade van. A

navigation system with 6.5-inch touchscreen

display is offered for the first

time in the E-Series van, along with

Circle Number 126 for More Information

28 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008

SIRIUS satellite radio. It can be combined

with SIRIUS Travel Link that provides

a collection of data services

including real-time local traffic, coastto-coast

weather and fuel price information

at different gas stations.

Ford has also added a reverse camera

system that is activated whenever the

vehicle is shifted into reverse. The image

is displayed on the navigation screen for

vans equipped with that option or on

the self-dimming rear-view mirror.

Diesel only

The German-made Dodge Sprinter was

revolutionary with its fuel-mizer fivecylinder

turbo-diesel when it was introduced

in 2003. When the Sprinter was

re-designed for 2007, the company

The interior of the Caravan cargo mini-van seems to

get more workmanlike every year.

garages, requiring only two meters

(6’8”) clearance. While it doesn’t quite

have the cargo capacity of the much

missed GM Astro and Safari small vans,

total cargo capacity is 143 cubic feet and

it can accommodate loads up to 6.5 ft.

in length and 4.7 ft. in width, making

the typical residential furnace or water

heater an easy fit. There are sliding

cargo doors on both sides along with

rear doors that swing open 180 degrees.

Besides its small size, the fuel economy

is a big plus at 19 mpg city and 24

mpg highway. “It drives like a car, works

like a van and is engineered to be as

tough as a truck,” reports Rob Stevens,

chief engineer for the Ford Transit


Chrysler continues to refine its

Dodge Grand Caravan

cargo van to suit the needs

of business owners as it

celebrates the 25th

anniversary of the minivan

in 2009. New upfit

options include exterior

vinyl window shading, full

width cargo dividers, wire

mesh and solid metal window

inserts, a cargo compartment

floor mat and

molded wall liner. Cargo

capacity is almost identical

to the Transit Connect

The GMC Savannah and Chevy Express are available with “Pro Access” panels

for easy tool retrieval.

at 144.4 ft. Payload capacity is 1,500 lbs.

GM’s only small van for 2009 is the

HHR retro panel truck. The base model

2.2 litre Ecotec engine in the HHR

receives variable valve timing for 2009,

which increases horsepower to 155

from 149 while also boosting mileage.

The HHR can travel 805 km on its 49-

litre fuel tank, reports GM. However,

cargo space is only 63 cubic feet, ruling

out the ability to carry large pieces of


Safety features such as GM’s

StabilTrak electronic stability control

system, anti-lock brakes and traction

control are now standard. The commercial

version of the Chevrolet Uplander

mini-van will be discontinued at the

end 2008.

Radical changes and new designs are

relatively rare in the cargo van market.

However, it is reasonable to assume that

manufacturers are hard at work on

changes that will boost fuel economy.

And that leaves contractors with a

tough decision – whether to upgrade

now or wait until something better

comes along. Stay tuned!

introduced a new 3.5 litre gasoline

engine for operators that just couldn’t

get their heads around a diesel – and

one with an odd number of cylinders at

that. However, in 2009 the only engine

available is the 3.0 litre 154 horsepower

turbocharged V-6 diesel introduced at

the same time.

New features for 2009 include

optional 180-degree rear door opening,

electric power sliding side door, twostage

side-door opening and optional

roof rails. It is available in three vehicle

lengths on two wheelbases – 144 inches,

170 inches or 170 inches extended with

15” rear overhang. There are three interior

heights: Standard – 65 inches, high

– 76 inches and “mega” – 84 inches.

Over at General Motors, 17-inch steel

wheels will be standard on the

Chevrolet Express and GMC Savana

G1500 and H1500 half-ton cargo models,

with aluminum wheels as an option.

The gross vehicle weight rating increases

to 7,300 lbs. (3,311 kg) on both models.

Those models with the 5.3 litre V-8

get a more powerful 125 Amp alternator,

which should be a big help when

using an inverter to run power tools. An

engine oil cooler will help 4.3 L V-6

models run cooler while a fast-idle

option on models powered by the 6.0

litre engine makes it easier to run accessories

while idling.

The small vans

The new Ford Transit Connect trade

van, expected to be available in Canada

by mid-summer, is the big news in the

small van category. First launched in

Europe in 2003, this van was designed

from the ground up as a commercial

van for use in busy cities. Its size allows

easy access to underground parking

The little HHR panel does look pretty cool!

Door Opening Width

Door Opening


71 3/4



Circle Number 128 for More Information

The HHR interior, however, is a little cramped.



69 3/4 Featuring capacities of up to 500 cubic feet, the Aerocell CW

can handle heavy loads – up to 3,700 pounds – yet its cab-width

size is slim enough for tight city streets and narrow driveways. ALL NEW


Stand Tall with the ALL NEW Aerocell CW Fiberglass van body.

It’s Fuel-Efficient!

With its aerodynamic shape, Aerocell CW will help

save you time and money at the pump.

– Aerocell CW – November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 29




Union Gas launches contractor web site

Ontario-based Union Gas Limited

has launched a new web site

geared to HVAC contractors.

The site,,

was created after a survey of over 250

HVAC contractors in February along

with breakfast meetings across the

province showed that a significant

number of them – about 80 percent –

would use an online source for information

and technical support.

“We have always been very heavily

involved with residential contractors,”

remarked Ed Seaward, manager, residential

program delivery. The survey

and meetings were geared to determining

the key things that contractors need

from the gas company and how best to

The new Union Gas site offers useful in for mation

for residential HVAC contractors.

deliver them. Technical and regulatory/code

information was near the top of

the list.

And while a technical

support person could handle

those tasks, the contractors

surveyed felt a web

site would more quickly

answer many of their questions,

reported Seaward.

The new site includes:

• Updates and innovations

– product recalls, Technical

Standards and Safety

Authority (TSSA)/code

updates, pipeline expansions,


• Technical support and

resources – frequently asked questions,

code facts, fuel comparisons and training


• Energy conservation information and

incentives – energy savings programs

for contractors and customers.

• Forms and requests – Request for

Action form, excess foot age, meter dial

cards, Clearances Guide, TSSA At tach -

ment No.2 form.

• Union gas contacts.

Planned future up dates include new

pro ducts from HVAC man ufacturers,

manufacturer technical support, and an

online Request for Action submission


Union Gas is en couraging contractors

to visit the site and send their feedback


Union Gas Circle no. 321

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industry. Specify the valve with safety at its core! For additional information and to view

the latest SilverEagle approvals, visit our website at

or call 1-888-208-8927.

Heritage site to expand

After three years of design and development,

the Canadian HVACR Heritage

Centre will expand its website to display

new files, exhibits, educational features,

news and photographs. Nigel Heseltine,

who designed and developed websites

for the architectural directory Buildcore

and the 400-page Reid Construction

Data site among others, will create sections

covering the Centre’s Hall of Fame

recipients and their biographies, industry

leaders and associations, including

RSES, HRAI and ASHRAE, several histories

of HVACR technologies over the

20th Century, educational commentaries,

and the programs for exhibitions

of its artifacts collection. Check it all

out over the next few months at

Rheem design sites

Rheem Manufacturing has introduced

its all-new DesignStar home comfort

system customization tool. Available at and, this online

tool allows contractors to interactively

“drag and drop” individual HVAC system

components into a customization

area, thus creating personalized systems

for homeowners. Once the homeowner

has their system in place, the

“Economics” tab displays things like system

cost, comparative pricing, cumulative

cost savings, loan payment amounts

and interest rates. For more information,


Rheem Mfg. Circle no. 322

Green advice

Nibco has added a central repository of

resources and tools to keep contractors

in formed about green building pra ctices

and ch anging

standards and

codes which are

driving the

demand for

green products

on the company’s

web site. To

learn more, visit and

click on the Green link.

Nibco Inc. Circle no. 323

Circle Number 129 for More Information

30 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008


People & Places


Usines Giant Factories Inc.,

Montreal, has appointed Jean-

Claude Lesage to

the position of vicepresident.

“J-C” has

been with the

company 14 years.

Marc Blais has



been named director

of sales-Canada

for ITT Industries

of Canada, Res iden tial &

Commercial Water, Guelph, Ont.

Stew Rutherford, Waterloo,

Ont., has retired from his position

as Canadian sales rep for Equiguard


Raman Chauhan, P.Eng, is this

year’s recipient of

the Joseph K.

Seidner Award.

The Canadian

Institute of

Plumbing &

Heating recognized

Chauhan, a

Raman Chauhan

technical advisor

to the National Re search Council,

for his “outstanding contributions

to Canadian codes and standards.”

Kim Butts is now president of

Mechanical Systems 2000 Inc.

in Calgary. Alan Zanidean has been

named sales manager.

Bruce Passmore has been ap -

point ed vice president of operations

for McKeough Supply, Brantford,


Debra Perkins has been named

executive assistant for the Canadian

Institute of Plumbing & Heating.


Vanguard Piping Systems

(Canada) Inc., Burnaby, B.C., has

announced that its parent company

has acquired Viega’s remaining

interest in the company.

The federal government has

accepted S.A. Armstrong Limited,

Toronto, as a “leader” of the

Canadian Industry Program for

Energy Conservation (CIPEC).

In Memoriam

HVAC wholesaler celebrates 80 years

Alongtime southwestern Ontario

HVAC supplier is celebrating 80

years in business this year.

In 1928 J.R. Lynn and Haven

Kimmerly founded L-K Metal Products

Co. Ltd. in Windsor, Ont. The company

remained a relatively small operation as

it survived the Great Depression and

the Second World War years. Kimmerly

left the partnership in 1938.

However, in the early 1950s the company

began to grow significantly with

Mr. Lynn’s eldest sons, Jack and Dewart,

managing L-K Metal and J.R. along

with youngest son Murray operating

J.R. Lynn Sheet Metal until J.R.’s retirement

in 1955.

The three boys incorporated L-K

Metal Products in 1952. At this time

L-K was a heating wholesaler and a

manufacturer of metal products including

ductwork, stove pipe and radiator

cowls for farm machinery. However, by

the end of the 1950s the company had

become primarily a wholesaler.

Space became an issue and in 1966

The company has grown considerably in the past 80 years.

the company relocated to its current

Lincoln Road location. Since that time the

building has undergone three additions

and now encompasses 55,000 square feet

on 3.2 acres in the heart of Windsor.

In 1966 Silver Leach joined the company

as an employee. In 2005 Silver

became the company owner and vice

president. Murray Lynn remains very

active as head of purchasing and company

president. “His experience is priceless

and his jokes, stories and encouragement

brighten the day for any who

will listen,” reports London district general

manager Dan Garrod.

Today L-K serves contractors in

Windsor, Chatham, London and surrounding

areas. Over the past 80 years

Former RSES International and RSES Canada

president Jack Hasick has died at age 84. Surrounded

by family, Jack passed away on Friday, Nov. 7 at

Southwood Hospice in Calgary. He “had not been in

good health, but one would not really know that because

he was so upbeat and happy to hear from you whenever

you took the time to call and chat,” reported his friend

Brian Baker, president, Custom Vac, Winnipeg. “The

Jack Hasick

HVACR Industry has lost one of our very last few remaining

senior statesmen who always put people first and

whose foundation of values lay with education and training,” he added. Jack was

born in Hamiota, Man. and moved to Winnipeg where he started his 50-year plus

HVAC industry career. Later, moving to Calgary, he became leading fund-raiser

for SAIT Polytechnic – Mechanical Trades Program. Jack is survived by his wife

Nancy, sons Murray and Gordon and their families. Memorial tributes may be

made to SAIT Polytechnic – Jack Hasick Endowment. (Photo courtesy of RSES International)

Silver Leach, left, and Murray Lynn have been key in the company’s success.

the company has developed many

long-term relationships with leading

manufacturers, giving it an edge in

bringing new technologies to its customers.

An in-house engineering

department ensures that customers

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receive the right equipment and the

correct design for their projects.

Helping contractors keep up to date

on the latest HVAC technologies

remains a key priority. L-K operates a

training facility in Windsor and

regularly brings in experts to share

their knowledge.

Like so many long-lasting companies,

L-K Metal’s success can be largely

attributed to the people that work

there. Today the company has 29

employees, some of whom have been

with the company for 30 years or more.

Visit for more


No Paper. No office.

No Problem.

Circle Number 130 for More Information November/December 2008Plumbing & HVAC Product News 31

Coming Events

AHR rolls out the green carpet

The latest in “green” products, technologies,

trends and solutions will

take centre stage at the 2009 AHR

Expo when it takes place Jan. 26-28 at

McCormick Place in Chicago.

The 61st edition of the world’s largest

HVAC/R exposition will place a special

emphasis on environmentally friendly

and energy efficient products and technologies.

“Industry knowledge of sustainability

is growing and it’s critical for us to

tell our green story. Attending AHR

Expo allows us to help our customers

understand that commitment to the

environment,” said Stirling Boston,

marketing manager with boiler manufacturer


The most innovative green HVAC/R

product will be selected from among

exhibitor submissions as the winner of

the 2009 AHR Expo Innovation Award

in the Green Building category.

Green building, sustainable design

and renewable energy will also be highlighted

in the seminars. These include a

presentation on the Energy Star program

by the U.S. Environmental

Protection Agency, an HVAC mobile

green classroom, a full-day LEED program

by the U.S. Green Building

Council, along with various “green” sessions

by The Green Mechanical Council

and the American Society of Heating,

Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

Engineers (ASHRAE).

AHR organizers are hoping to match the massive turnout of last year’s event in

New York City.

The Expo will once again present the

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) designation.

Companies that showcase products for

indoor air quality improvement receive

a special IAQ sign to display in their


Visit for more


Hydronic seminars

S.A. Armstrong Ltd. will offer both

introductory and advanced hydronic

training courses across Ontario in early

2009. The dates are as follows:

Barrie:...............................Feb. 3, Mar.25

Sudbury: ........................................Feb. 4

Kitchener:........................Feb. 11, Mar. 4

Hanover: ....................Feb. 16, March 11

London:...........................Feb. 17, Mar. 3

Thunder Bay:...............................Feb. 24

Hamilton: .......................Mar. 18, May 5

Belleville:..........................Mar. 31, Apr.7

Peterborough:..................Apr. 1, Apr. 15

Oshawa: .............................Apr. 8, May 6

Ottawa: ..........................Apr. 21, Apr. 22

Registration forms and training

course brochures will be available at

plumbing and heating wholesalers.

Online registration is available at For more

information, contact Mike Smith at

(519) 803-7394 or e-mail

One workplace accident is always

just around the corner, down the hall

and outside the door.

What are you doing to protect your people from slipping and falling?

Slipping and falling is an epidemic that’s annually responsible

for tens of thousands of industrial accidents and millions

of lost man hours. Now in the top three of all work-related

accidents, it places huge burdens on Canadian families,

organizations and healthcare systems. And it’s an equal

opportunity hazard, striking people in all industries from

construction to food service, regardless of work environment

or weather conditions. Recognizing the toll on people and

ultimately bottom lines, Canadian businesses are starting to

put their foot down on the issue.

If your business is one of them, you should know we are the

exclusive carrier of TARANTULA Anti-Slip Footwear.

Developed in concert with University

researchers, TARANTULA Anti-Slip,

with its advanced tread designs and

outsole compounds, makes any Canadian ANTI-SLIP FOOTWEAR

Making Canada a safer place to walk.

workplace a safer place to walk.

Protect your people with breakthrough anti-slip technology

by calling one of our expert Corporate Sales Managers at

1.800.663.6275, emailing or



JAN. 24-29: ASHRAE 2009 Technical

Conference & Winter Meetings, Palmer

House Hilton, Chicago. Contact:

(404) 636-8400,

JAN. 26-28: AHR International Expo

2009, ASHRAE/ARI Winter Meetings

and Technical Conference, Chicago.

Contact: (203) 221-9232,

FEB. 5-8: Interior Design Show,

Direct Energy Centre, Exhibition

Place, Toronto. Contact: (416) 599-


APRIL 8, 9: MCEE 2009


Place Bonaventure, Montreal.

Call 1-800-465-2668 or visit

APRIL 15-17: 2008 Foothills

Hydronics Conference, Mayfield Inn

and Suites Conference Centre,

Edmonton. Call (780) 968-6828 or


Circle Number 131 for More Information

32 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008

Mechanical Marketplace

The bulletin board of products, services, professionals,

employment opportunities and more for Canada’s

Mechanical Contracting Industry.

Selling your business?

Need employees?

Looking to buy or sell equipment?




Contact Jordan Chong at (416) 614-5832

or by e-mail at

Coming in the Next Issue

Hearth & Heating

• A look at pellet technologies

• Fireplace venting

Also, don’t miss:

• Hydronic heating solutions

• The new pickups

• Products, products, products …

Literature Showcase

Following are some of the latest catalogues, manuals, software and product

brochures from the industry’s leading manufacturers. To receive a copy, please

circle the corresponding number on the Reader Service Card in this issue, fill out

your contact information, and mail it or fax it to (416) 620-9790.

Pro contractor program

REHAU has introduced an eight-page brochure

providing details on its new professional contractor

development program. REHAU EDGE is

a multi-faceted membership program that

encourages all aspects of contractor growth

through training, design services, brand merchandise

and local, regional, and national

events. Request a copy of the brochure at: Email: Fax: 1.800.627.3428.


Circle no. 132

Underground Copper Water Services

The Canadian Copper & Brass Development

Association has released a new booklet detailing

the specification and installation of underground

copper water services. Subjects include

the different types of copper tube that can be

used, the alternatives, specifications, lead-free

fittings, replacement of lead services, installation

methods along with water efficiency and

conservation. For more information call 1-877-

640-0946 (toll free), fax (416) 391-3823,

e-mail or visit


Circle no. 135

Made for Canada

Zuba-Central from Mitsubishi is simply the new

and better way to provide year-round heating

and cooling comfort. Made for Canada, this

easy-to-install, money and space-saving system

will forever change the way the homeowner

experiences air conditioning. And because it’s

Energy Star qualified, they can take comfort in

knowing they are reducing your carbon footprint.


Circle no. 133

Water Conservation Fixture Systems

Water saving products

EcoVantage fixture systems from Zurn offer engineers

and contractors a number of ways to conserve

water and maximize LEED credits for their

customers. The EcoVantage water conservation

fixture systems catalogue details these products.

They include a low-flow flush valve, dual flush and

pressure-assisted toilets, ultra low consumption

and waterless urinals, E-Z sensor faucets, a lowflow

pre-rinse faucet and showerhead. The company’s

hydro generator sensor faucet uses water

flow to drive a turbine that recharges a replaceable

battery, resulting in 10 years of uninterrupted


Zurn Industries

Circle no. 136

RIDGID Product Catalogue

The new RIDGID 234-page color full-line product

catalogue includes new products and readerfriendly

features to help guide customers in choosing

products. A visual product index divides the

catalogue into 13 product categories to enhance

the overall navigation of the catalog. Useful product

selection charts help customers choose the

products that best meet their needs. Helpful tool

tips are located throughout the catalog to further

educate customers on tool maintenance and product



Circle no. 134

Hydronic guidebook

The new Hydronic Heating and Hot Water

Recirc Systems Handbook from Grundfos

Pumps offers insight into the proper application

and installation of a broad range of hydronic

and domestic hot water recirculation system

components. These include multi-pump zone

controls, isolation valves and the company’s

broad offering of wet rotor, three-speed pump



Circle no. 137

Index of Advertisers



A.O. Smith 2

Aeroflo 7

Bradford White 24

Chrysler 4

Dahl Bros. Canada 11

Delta Faucet 16

Fantech 28

Ford 10

Fujitsu 9

General Motors 26

General Pipe Cleaners 8

Grundfos Canada 19

ImageWear 32

ITT 25

LG Electronics 6

MAAX 13,15

Madok Mfg. 5

Mobilio 28

Napoleon 17

Raptor Cutting Tools 34

Rehau 3

Ridgid 36

Selkirk Canada 14

Sly Fox 27

Taco Canada 20

Unicell 29

Uponor Ltd. 21, 22

Victaulic 18

Wallace Wireless 31

Watts Industries 30

Zurn Industries 34

Literature Showcase 33

Grundfos, Mitsubishi, Rehau,

Ridgid, Zurn

Shop Management

Trucks and taxation

Does taking a commercial vehicle home constitute a taxable benefit?

The Canada Reve -

nue Agency

(CRA) and Trade

Canada Revenue states that: ‘In

addition to what would obviously be

considered use of a motor vehicle supplied

by an employer that is not in connection

with or in the course of the

taxpayer’s office or employment, i.e.,

personal use (e.g., vacation trips, personal

shopping trips, etc.), such use

includes travel between the employee’s

place of work and home, even though

the employee may have to return to

work after regular duty hours.

‘An exception occurs, however,

where (as required by the employer or

with the employer’s permission) the

employee proceeds directly from home

to a point of call other than the

employer’s place of business to which

the employee reports regularly (e.g., to

If an employee takes a service truck home, like this one belonging to Bruce

Maly Plumbing in Peterborough, Ont., is that really a benefit to the employee?

The courts aren’t so sure.

It would appear to exclude

technicians who are going to one

construction site for an extended

period of time

Con tractors have a

love/hate relationship

with vehicles and the

taxable implications.

The personal driving of an employer’s

vehicle is a taxable benefit to the

employee. CRA defines personal driving

is any driving by an employee, or a

person related to the employee, for

purposes not related to his or her

employment. This includes:

• vacation trips;

• driving to conduct personal activities;


• travel between home and work

(even if you insist that the employee

drives the vehicle home).

It is not considered personal driving

if the employer requires or allows the

employee to travel directly from home

to a point of call (such as a technician

going to the jobsite) other than your

place of business to which the employee

regularly reports, or to return home

from that point.

85% Water Savings

Do you have a project that would

benefit from 85% water savings?

Zurn EcoVantage Pint Urinal Systems

provide clean, odorless operation and deliver

water and money savings.

The Pint ® is ideal for hospitals, schools,

institutions, and many other ICI projects.

Contact Zurn for more information on

a special installation sample offer.

Send an e-mail to

Reference the promo code

make repairs at customer’s premises),

or returns home from such a point.

These particular trips are not considered

to be of a personal nature.’

(Visit: for

more information.)

I believe that a service technician

who goes from his home to the service

calls on a regular basis would be covered

as having no personal taxable benefit.

Get your accountant’s opinion on this

before taking any implementation.

However, it would appear to exclude

technicians who are going to one construction

site for an extended period of


Employers and employees should

keep these records so that the total kilometres

driven in a calendar year by an

employee or a person related to the

employee may be properly apportioned

between business use and personal use.

Court cases

Court decisions would seem to indicate

that the standby charge – “the

benefit employees enjoy when your

automobile is available for their personal

use”— does not apply to commercial


On July 16, 2002, the Tax Court of

Canada ruled that extended cab trucks

and a van which were provided by the

employer and which the employees

were required to take home at night

Date Description Business Private Total Odometer

Kms Kms Kms

March 31, 2009 158,000

April 1, 2009 Drove from home to customer site A, 1,000 0 1,000 159,000

then to customer site B, then to office,

then to customer site C, then home

To survive an audit the employee should keep detailed records.

because they were on twenty-four hour

call and which contained equipment

and instrumentation were for their

work and were not “automobiles” and

therefore were not subject to the prescribed

standby charge.

On Aug. 13, 2004, the Tax Court of

Canada ruled that a 1998 Ford 150 x 18

extended cab truck was not an “automobile”

because it was designed for

business and commercial purposes; it

does not accommodate more than a

driver and two passengers. The taxpayer

was allowed the full GST input credit.

The interpretation is also made that

there would be no prescribed standby

charge. To the best of my knowledge

this ruling has not been overturned.

(Talk to your accountant).

A special thanks to chartered ac -

countant Collin Johnsen for his input.

“PHVAC-Pint85” with your inquiry.

Ronald Coleman is a Vancouverbased

accountant, management consultant,

author and educator specializing in

the construction industry. His web site is and he can be

reach ed by e-mail at

Circle Number 138 for More Information

Circle Number 139 for More Information

34 Plumbing & HVAC Product News – November/December 2008



hydraulic bridge


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separation technology

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