From Oil to Cacao

Slavery the first form of exploitation

The cost of slavery to Africa is difficult to translate

into financial numbers, but between 10 million

and 28 million people were sold into slavery over

the decades of the slave trade.

Many people are aware of the trade

across the Atlantic, but are unaware

of the Asian side of slavery.

The suffering endured by the slaves in both

transportation and when they arrived is difficult to

underestimate, but has lingering effects even


European Despotism

The colonies of Western Africa

were wholly dependant upon

European leadership and finished goods.

Even with independence, the culture of

dependence through both Europe’s lack of

investment in the region in the form of

infrastructure and the slave trade dominates the

countries of Western Africa still to this day.

They simply followed the European example of

taking without investing as their countries got

increasingly poor and unable to meet even the

basic necessities.

Taking the GOLD for Themselves

Africa ranks Number 2 in contribution to the

world supply of gold and silver, only outranked by

South American supplies at their highest point.

The current modern day Europe owes much of its

level of development to the theft of raw materials

and bullion from Africa.

The exploitation of Africa continues to day with

foreign corporations and countries toppling

elected leaders and fomenting revolutions to make

the taking of natural resources easier.

The Exploitation of Nigeria is a prime example.

Nigerian Oil Stolen

Nigerian Oil was first developed in 1965

and was run primarily by the Nigerian

National Petroleum Company. By 1979

their production was plagued by problems

and delays with an average of only 89,000

barrels a day.

Western Oil companies helped the NNPC drill, develop, and refine

Western Oil companies helped the NNPC drill, develop, and refine

some of the oil, but the great majority of Nigerian Oil was refined

internationally or shipped in its raw form. The companies Shell,

Chevron, Mobil, Agip, Elf Aquitaine, Phillips, Texaco, and Ashland

were the primary partners with the NNPC in the development of oil

resources in Nigeria.

Much of the wealth from the development of the oil reserves went

to those companies and the corrupt government officials who took

the money, but very little of the money went to development of the

Nigerian infrastructure. Ecological damage and social ills have

been largely ignored. There is currently great unrest over the equal

distribution of Nigerian Oil wealth.

The Exploitation Continues

Much of the exploitation of Africa happened

during the colonial era of Africa, but it continues

today primarily through corporation which take

advantage of corrupt governments to take natural

resources which cannot be easily replenished or by

paying extremely low labor rates for workers in

these countries. Child labor is common still in

these countries.

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