July 2012 FEATURES
NPGA Elects New Associate Directors Team
Dr. Julie Pasche Joins NDSU
Pulse Crop Harvest Tips
Pulse Crop Breeding
A Message from Shannon Berndt, Executive Director
THE OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE NORTHERN PULSE GROWERS ASSOCIATION
The Northern Pulse Growers
Association would like to
thank the 2012 Pulse Tour
Great Northern Ag
Summer Pulse Tours Scheduled
The Northern Pulse Growers Association in conjunction with the Minot and Carrington
Research Extension Centers are hosting the 2012 Pulse Tours.
These tours provide both new
and seasoned producers with the
latest information on pulse varieties,
disease, weed and insect
control, agronomic and livestock
research. The tours are free of
charge and open to all interested
producers. A complimentary lunch
will be hosted at each tour for attendees.
July 12, 2012 - North Central Research Extension Center (Minot) 9:00 a.m. (CST)
July 13, 2012 - Carrington Research Extension Center 9:00 a.m. (CST)
Some of the featured guest speakers will be Phillip Egolf, agronomist from Sabra
Dipping Company, Dr. Kevin McPhee - NDSU, Dr. Brian Jenks - NCREC, Dr. Michael
Wunsch - CREC and others to get you informed.
BASF - Pro CoOp - Pulse
USA - Syngenta Viterra
Minot Area Development Co.
ND Trade Office
West Dakota Feed/Seed
For more information, contact the Northern Pulse Growers Association at 701-222-0128.
For more information on field tours held throughout ND & MT visit www.northernpulse.
For the latest information on pulse variety, insect/weed/
disease control, agronomic and livestock research -
Be sure to attend the
2012 Summer Pulse Tours
1710 Burnt Boat Drive
Bismarck, ND 58503
Board of Directors
Ryan Brooks............. President
District VI, Bowman, ND 701.523.3730
Beau Anderson......... V. President
At Large, Williston, ND 701.875.2328
Position Open........... Secretary
Steve Miner............... Treasurer
District I, Richland, MT 406.725.3201
Kristian Sorum.......... Director
District V, Flaxton, ND 701.751.0538
Paul Berntson........... Director
District VII, Adams, ND 701.994.2449
Jon Stoner................. Director
At Large, Havre, MT 406.265.2193
Jerry Schillinger....... Director
District III, Circle, MT 406.485.2479
Chris Westergarad.... Director
District II, Dagmar, MT 406.390.6477
Mark Schmidt Director
District VI, Tioga, ND 701.664.2988
Mary Burrows.................Bozeman, MT
Chet Hill...........................Williston, ND
Brad Hertel......................Casselton, ND
John Raisler....................Beach, ND
Eric Bartsch....................Bismarck, ND
Wayne Schmitz...............Minot, ND
Aaron Holter....................Williston, ND
Talk about a complete turnaround from one year
to the next. Pulse crops in SW North Dakota
were put in early and are looking great. We
have had some late frost that may affect the
corn and canola in limited areas but overall
crops are off to a good start. Legumes in North
Dakota and Montana should have an excellent
start for the growing season. Hopefully prices
will stay strong along with a good crop this year.
I would like to encourage our producers to get
to the pulse tours at our experiment stations this
year. There is an abundance of information to
glean from these tours.
The USADPLC has been very active in Washington,
DC this spring and winter lobbying for a
Ryan Brooks – NPGA President
strong farm bill. It seems that in this congressional
environment, a steady presence is critical to help shape a fair and equitable
bill to benefit all commodities. I would like to personally thank the executive board
of the USADPLC for their time and commitment to the industry.
The NPGA office has been very busy with budgeting for this next fiscal year.
Seems the time flies from one year to the next. Lots of new and exciting things
happening in the pulse industry as we strive to put your check off dollars to work
in the most efficient and effective ways. I would like to thank our NPGA employees
for the excellent job they do for our industry.
I would like to wish all a productive and profitable summer.
Unitl next time - Ryan Brooks
Gluten-Free Baking Short Course
NCI will be holding The Science of Gluten-Free Baking Short Course, August 7-9, 2012.
This Short Course will provide participants with fundemental knowledge in gluten-free
baking and will emphasize the ingredients and techniques that are necessary to produce
gluten-free baked products.
Special rates are available to groups of 3 or more from the same company.
For more information or to register for the Gluten-Free Baking Short Course go to www.
northern-crops.com and follow the Educational Courses link.
Shannon Berndt .....Executive Director
Kaye Effertz ............Marketing Director
Dolores Rohrich ....Communications
Mary Bartsch...........Admin Assistant
Mark Your Calendars For Montana Pulse Day
The NPGA in conjunction with the USADPLC will hold a producer meeting in Montana
December 12 &13, 2012 -
New Sponsorship Packages for 2013
Watch for it in the mail this fall!
In just a decade, this
mixture has gone
from being relatively
obscure to finding a
place in the fridges of
one in five American
Billings Hotel & Convention Center, Billings, MT
1223 Mullowney Lane
Registrations for these events will be sent out this fall (September/October). More
information on the meeting will be posted on the website closer to the event.
Montana Pulse Crop Advisory Committee
Montana Department of Agriculture
PO Box 200201
Helena, MT 59620-0201
Grant Zerbe ..................Producer
Wolf Point, MT
NPGA Appoints New Associate Directors Team
The Northern Pulse Growers Association is pleased to announce the appointments
of our new Associate Directors Team: Dr. Mary Burrows - Montana State University,
Bozeman, MT; Chet Hill - Williston Research Extension Center, Williston, ND; Brad
Hertel - Meridan Seeds, Casselton, ND; John Raisler - Dupont Crop Protection,
Beach, ND; Eric Bartsch - United Pulse Trading, Bismarck, ND; Wayne Schmitz -
Viterra, Minot, ND; Aaron Holter - Farm Credit Services, Williston, ND.
These individuals are an excellent resource by providing input to the NPGA Board
of Directors on industry issues such as research, marketing, processing and crop
insurance. We look forward to working with them in the upcoming years.
The NPGA would like to thank the following past associate directors for their service
and dedication: Ryan Nelson - Pro Co-Op, Opheim, MT; Blaine Schatz - CREC,
Carrington, ND; Mehmet Tulbeck - Northern Crops Institute, Fargo, ND; Dave Polries
- Dakota Dry Bean, Inc., Grand Forks, ND; Perry Miller - Montana State University,
Bozeman, MT; Becky Braaten - Farm Credit Services, Bottineau, ND; Kent
McKay - BASF, Carpio, ND.
PO Box 1352
Bismarck, ND 58501
Jeff Knox.........................District 1
Ray, ND 701.568.3262
Callen Hoff, Chairman...District II
Richardton, ND 701.974.3375
Richard Mickelson........District III
Rolla, ND................................. 701.477.3617
James Haux..................District IV
Kevin Haas, V-Chairman.District V
Charles Carvel.........Legal Counsel
Dr. Julie Pasche will join the Department of
Plant Pathology July 2, 2012 as an Assistant
Professor with research responsibilities for
diseases of pulse crops.
Dr. Pasche is a native of Minnesota
and received a B.S. in Microbiology and
Biotechnology, as well as an M.S. and Ph.D.
in Plant Pathology, all from North Dakota State
University. As an undergraduate student, Dr.
Pasche competed for the Bison in volleyball
and track and field. She was a two-time all-
American volleyball player, still holds many
NDSU volleyball records and was inducted into
the Bison Athletic Hall of Fame in 2010. After
obtaining her bachelor’s degree, Dr. Pasche
joined the Department of Plant Pathology
as a technician in the potato pathology laboratory of Dr. Neil
Gudmestad, University Distinguished Professor. She eventually
rose to position of lab manager for Dr. Gudmestad, who served
as Dr. Pasche’s major advisor for both of her graduate degrees.
Dr. Julie Pasche Joins NDSU
Dr. Julie Pasche
Dr. Pasche’s work in potato pathology focused on the
management of foliar and soil-borne diseases of potato, including
those caused by bacterial, viral, fungal and oomycete pathogens.
Her Ph.D. research focused specifically on two fungal diseases
(black dot and Verticilium wilt) and has important implications
for detection of pathogens, diagnosis of diseases, improving
efforts to breed for disease resistance and for understanding how
Dr. Pasche also has many years of direct
experience with fungicides, including field
trials for fungicide efficacy and studies related
to the development of fungicide resistance in
pathogens of potato.
Dr. Pasche plans to continue her work with
pathogen detection focusing on utilizing
molecular methods to facilitate breeding
efforts, pathogen detection and identification.
She believes breeding for resistance to plant
pathogens is an integral part of any plant
disease management strategy and therefore,
collaboration between pathologists and breeders
is critical for successful development and
integration of new cultivars into production
systems of any crop.
Dr. Pasche will take an active role with breeders in the
development of genetic resistance to plant pathogens of
economic importance to North Dakota. Additionally, she is
looking forward to learning more about the disease problems
important to North Dakota pulse growers. Dr. Pasche feels that
serving the citizens of North Dakota is paramount to the Land
Grant University. In her role as the Pulse Crop Pathologist, she
will work to identify and understand the needs of producers in
the state and work towards finding both short- and long-term
solutions for their plant disease problems. All of this will involve
partnership with pulse crop growers and the Northern Pulse
Pulse Producers Represented
A Trusted buyer,
beans and peas
The regions pulse producers were recently represented at
the USA Dry Pea & Lentil Council’s national board meeting
June 12 & 13, 2012. Ryan Brooks, NPGA President, Cal Hoff,
NDDPLC Chair and Shannon Berndt, NPGA Executive Director
participated in USADPLC meetings held in Spokane, WA.
From Producer to the World
To market your lentils, chickpeas, beans or peas or to discuss growing
pulses, contact United Pulse Trading at 1-877-751-1623.
Alliance Grain Traders Inc. trades on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol AGT.
ask your local retailer or
seed dealer about the
right choice of Nodulator
inoculant for you.
TreaT , em righT
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convenient formulations you’re looking for.
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rhizobia cells per gram delivered in free-flowing peat-based
granules to ensure maximum integrity. Convenient infurrow
Nodulator Sterile Peat – Advanced self-adhering properties
produce uniform seed coverage and deliver more than
1 billion rhizobia per gram. Mixes easily with seed directly
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Nodulator Liquid – High levels of advanced pulse-specific
rhizobia in a liquid formulation offers simple-to-use planterbox
treatment or commercial bulk-seed application.
The Becker Underwood logo and Nodulator ® are registered
trademarks of Becker Underwood Inc., Ames, IA.
©2011 Becker Underwood Inc.
Buyers for peas, lentils and chickpeas are very demanding on
quality. Proper harvesting can make a difference between getting
a premium price as food grade or have them rejected. Taking the
time to harvest, watch for the following grade quality factors can
make a difference in getting a premium price.
Yellow and Green Food Peas
Bleach in green peas is caused by moisture and sunlight at
maturity. Green peas should be harvested at high moisture
(18%) and air dried to 13-15% (Depending what the processors
want the product at) for storage. Swathing or desiccation is
recommended for speeding up harvest. Bleach in yellow peas is
due to green (immature) seed at harvest. This can be avoided by
harvesting when the seed has turned color or harvesting areas of
the field as they mature.
Damage can result in not meeting
food grade standards, which include:
chalkspot, hail damage, staining,
disease and mechanical damage.
Chalkspot can be caused by lygus
bugs stinging the immature seed or
hail. Look for white spots on the seed,
if its insect damage, it should be most
pronounced on the first outside rounds.
Check your grain tank regularly and
avoid mixing these damaged seeds
with the rest of the crop. Hail damage
on immature seed can cause a lot
of staining and spots on the seeds,
if you know you had hail on all or part of the field, keep it
separate. Staining or dirt tag is the result of weeds or moisture
and dirt clinging to the seed. Avoid harvesting through wet weed
patches or when there is dew on the plants. Diseased plants like
ascochyta and mildew can also discolor the seed.
Mechanical Damage - Fragile seeds of peas can easily be
damaged if the combine and augers are not set or operated
properly. The biggest problem in the splitting or breaking the seed
coats is harvesting too dry. Peas should be harvested at high
moisture (18%) and air dried. Combine settings - slow cylinder
speeds and concave openings large enough to allow the large
seeded peas through is most often the method of preventing
mechanical damage. Seed loss is most often associated with
seed going over the straw walkers, this loss can be minimized by
setting the concave closer in the front than in the back to try to
dislodge the seed from the straw. If the straw is to tough, it might
help to increase cylinder speed. If the loss is over 2-3 bus./ac. (8-
12 seeds/sq.ft.) you might have to wait until the straw is dryer.
Maximize the wind speed for peas to remove as much inert
material as possible. Peas are very hard to blow over.
Lentils are very indeterminate in growth and normally require
Pulse Crop Harvest Tips
swathing or desiccation before harvest. If you are swathing lentils
for the first time, it would be very helpful to talk to an experienced
grower on how to set up you swather, as this can be an easy or a
very frustrating experience. Harvesting lentils at 16% moisture is
important to keep the mechanical damage to a minimum, then air
dry to 14%. Color is very important in green lentils, as with peas,
be ready to harvest quickly and avoid immature areas of the field.
Damage - again, as in peas, monitor your grain tank for any
changes in quality. Chalkspot, weed or dirt staining, disease, frost
damage and hail are the most common causes of low quality.
Like lentils, chickpeas are very indeterminate in maturity as are
lentils. They are also very late maturing, so most of the time
frost kills the plants. Straight cutting is the most common method
of harvesting if the plants are standing.
Kabuli (large seeded) chickpeas are the
hardest to get quality. These are sold in
individual lots and are subject not only to
grade but to buyer preferences. Quality
could mean the difference of over one
hundred dollars per acre. Not only do
buyers want bright white seeds, they also
pay according to size. While you can’t
control the seed size at harvest you can
improve the chances for bright white
seeds by monitoring your grain tank often.
Damage - Avoid harvesting when the
plants are wet with dew to avoid dirt tagging or if staining is
occurring due to wet weeds. Keep all changes in size and quality
Mechanical Damage - Because of the size of the seed of the
Kabuli types, it’s very important to reduce mechanical damage.
Harvesting at 18% moisture and air drying to 15% will help
reduce chipping and splitting. Make sure your concave has
openings large enough to accommodate the seed size. Reduce
cylinder speeds to the slowest operating speed without slugging
the cylinder. Keep augers running full and slow when handling.
Like peas, you can use high wind speeds to keep the inert
materials to a minimum.
Great Northern Ag
Superior Products & Services
Seed, Inoculants, and Seed Conditioning
PO Box 128
Plaza, ND 58771
“We buy peas, lentils and chickpeas”
Pulse Crop Breeding
By Dr. Kevin McPhee, NDSU Pulse Breeder
Plant breeding has provided agriculture
worldwide new and improved varieties
of all major crops. Outcomes have been
increased production, reduced input
costs and improved quality for end use
applications. Genetic improvement
provides many benefits to agriculture
through the release of new varieties;
however, it is a long term endeavor.
Beginning with the first cross of two elite
parents the time to release of a new
variety can be as long as 10-12 years.
Parental selection is crucial to the success
of plant breeding and sets the stage for
future crosses and refinement of breeding
Objectives of the NDSU Pulse Crop
Breeding Program include yield,
agronomic field performance, seed
quality and disease resistance.
Disease resistance is paramount to
development of new varieties for the
Midwest region including eastern
Montana and all of North Dakota
due to the potential for disease
development in the presence of
summer precipitation events, including
heavy dews, from mid June through
early August. Pathogens causing
Ascochyta blight on pea, lentil and
chickpea along with other foliar fungi
which flourish in moist conditions
can be particularly devastating to
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Dr. Kevin McPhee, NDSU Pulse Crop Breeder
these crops. Field conditions over
the past three years, especially 2011,
have given excellent opportunities
to identify relative disease reactions
among available germplasm.
Seed quality in pea, lentil and
chickpea has begun to change from
simple visual appearance of the pea
to include seed constituents. Most
markets still hold visual appearance
of the seed as the primary measure
of quality; however, some markets are
reportedly considering micronutrient
composition as a key measure
of quality. The NDSU Pulse Crop
Breeding Program in conjunction
with the NDSU Pulse Quality and
Nutrition Laboratory is evaluating
genetic material in the breeding
program for seed compositional
quality. These evaluations are not only
characterizing the genetic potential,
but also providing insight into location
specific potential for improved
micronutrient quality. Results of
these studies have the potential to
increase crop values if superior quality
characteristics are identified.
The NDSU Pulse Crop Breeding
Program has characterized a wide
range of germplasm from many
different sources. Evaluation of
germplasm acquired from international
research centers such as the
International Center for Agricultural
Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) in
Aleppo, Syria, offers a great opportunity
to identify new useful germplasm of
lentil and chickpea with resistance to
several of the foliar fungal pathogens
important in the Midwest. Collaboration
such as this is expected to yield
improved varieties with superior
performance compared to currently
Field trials are being conducted in 2012
in conjunction with NDSU Research
Extension Centers with the intent
to identify breeding lines and elite
germplasm. These trials include yield
evaluations, disease nurseries and early
generation nurseries. Seed harvested
from all the trials will be evaluated
for visual quality and seed from the
advanced trials will be subjected to
compositional analyses to identify lines
with high quality attributes. This data
will be compiled and used to justify the
worthiness of specific breeding lines for
Shana Pederson, NDSU Asst. Pulse Crop Breeder
Summer Pulse Tours/Field
For more information see
calendar of events
A Message from Shannon Berndt, NPGA Executive Director
We had a great rebound in dry pea & lentil acres in the region given
the weather issues of the past year. Reports from across the region
on crops have been excellent and we hope that Mother Nature will
continue to cooperate until everything is in the bin.
Things have been moving ahead in leaps and bounds within the
pulse industry. As I am writing this, it was announced the Farm Bill
has passed out the Senate 64-35 and now the legislation rests in the
hands of the House. Crop insurance and the Pulse Health Initiative
continue to be top priority for the industry. The USA Dry Pea & Lentil
Council has worked hard over the past couple of years to ensure
that the pulse industry remains at the table during the Farm Bill
The regions pulse breeding program, managed by Dr. Kevin
McPhee, NDSU, continues to advance. The programs efforts
will provide producers with varieties that are high in quality, have
beneficial agronomic traits and marketability. There has been
a surge in interest in pulses due in large part to the aggressive
marketing efforts for the industry—particularly in domestic
marketing. The breeding and quality program will be invaluable
in the development of these markets. The NPGA continues to
collaborate extensively with Northern Crops Institute and the USA
Dry Pea & Lentil Council.
Tom Hammond, President and CEO of Columbia Grain, Inc.
announced that the company has entered into a definitive
agreement to purchase the processing facility of West Dakota
Fee & Seed LLC in Ross, ND. The assets include a processing
line for pulse crops, flax, canola and seed grains. It also
includes the grain bins and warehouse storage. Terms of the
transaction were completed June 15, 2012.
“West Dakota Feed and Seed has been a supporter of our
pulse export program for many years supplying CGI with peas
and lentils to distribute to customers all over the globe” Hammond
said. “This purchase will add diversification to our already
well established pulse supply chain from Montana, Washington,
and Idaho. We look forward to working with producers in
the Western and Central North Dakota region.”
Columbia Grain was incorporated in 1978. With this acquisition,
Columbia will add to its six existing processing facilities
located in Montana, Washington and Idaho. CGI is also constructing
an additional plant in Tiber, MT. CGI also owns and
operates forty-two grain elevators in six western states with a
combined storage capacity of approximately 1.2 million metric
tons. Many of the facilities are used as a pipeline to feed
Columbia’s export elevator located in Portland, Oregon. The
remaining assets are utilized to service domestic markets.
West Dakota Feed and Seed LLC originated in 1999, formed
by current owners, Curt Trulson, Wayne Johnson, Kelly Hanson,
Jim Domaskin, Meyer Kinnion and Roger Evans. The
owners had a concept of integrating new markets for speciality
crops that were becoming popular in the area. West Dakota
I would like to welcome new pathology researcher, Dr. Julie Pasche.
She is a great addition to the strong research “team” that has been
assembled in the region. Her expertise will assist our producers
in finding the best solutions to grow a quality crop and increase
profitability in their operations. I look forward to working with Dr.
And finally, I would like to thank the past NPGA associate directors.
They have played a major role in the industry by providing input
and expertise on issues such as research, marketing and crop
insurance. I personally have appreciated having these individuals
as a resource. I look forward to working with the newly appointed
associate directors and know that we again have a talented group of
individuals on board.
I would like to encourage each of you to become actively involved in
the pulse industry. Many times throughout this past year, members
in all regions have been called upon to support industry priorities.
We thank our members for their phone calls, letters and emails.
The fact that pulses have remained very visible within the Senate
legislation is true testament to the support of our membership.
Thank you and I hope you all have a successful crop year!
CGI to Purchase West Dakota Feed & Seed
Shannon Berndt, NPGA Executive Director
Feed and Seed handles peas, lentils, flax canola, and organic
grains. West Dakota currently employs 11-12 employees.
Kevin Kvamme has been managing the company since 2004
and will continue to be the buyer/manager for CGI. Donald
Giese will remain the plant operations manager, a position he
has held since 2003. The plant is designed for identity preserved
grain handling and serves markets world wide.
Source: CGI, Portland, Oregon
1710 Burnt Boat Drive
Bismarck, ND 58503
We’re not Bigger,
215 Main St.
Crary, ND 58327
Calendar of Events
July 10, 12 - NDSU REC Field Day, Hettinger, ND
July 11, 12 - NDSU REC Field Day, Dickinson, ND
July 12, 12 - NARC Field Day, Havre, MT
July 12, 12 -NCREC Pulse Tour, Minot, ND
July 13, 12 - CREC Pulse Tour, Carrington, ND
July 17, 12 - Field Day, Carrington, ND
July 18, 12 - Field Day, Minot, ND
July 18, 12 Richland Field Day, Richland, MT
July 19, 12 - EARC Field Day, Sidney, MT
July 19, 12 - Friends & Neighbors Day, Mandan, ND
July 24, 12 - Field Day, Williston, ND
July 25, 12 - NARC Field Day, Creston, MT
December 12 & 13, 12 - Montana Pulse Day, Billings, MT
January 21-22, 13 - NPGA Annual Conv. Minot, ND
January 23-25, 13 - KMOT Ag Expo, Minot, ND