2012 BSG PDF - Blonder Tongue Laboratories Inc.

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2012 BSG PDF - Blonder Tongue Laboratories Inc.

BROADBAND

SPECIFICATION

GUIDE

Everything You Need to Know to Specify a Broadband/RF System

2012

Version 6 • $25.95 U.S.A.

One Jake Brown Road, Old Bridge, NJ 08857

800-523-6049 • Fax: 732-679-4353

www.blondertongue.com

Rev: 130211


Broadband Specification Guide

Introduction

This Broadband Specification Guide has been designed to break down a broadband system into simple

building blocks to be used when specifying an RF System for any type of facility.

Blonder Tongue Laboratories, Inc. has been in the business of manufacturing equipment for

broadband systems for over 60 years. We have taken that knowledge and experience to formulate

this Broadband Specification Guide especially for specifiers/architects/engineers using easy-tounderstand

descriptions accompanied with relevant diagrams.

While the information presented in this guide is intended to help you design a RF

systems it is not intended to be applicable or suited to every circumstance which might arise during the

design or construction phases of such a system.

The information and diagrams contained in this guide are the exclusive property of Blonder Tongue

Laboratories, Inc., and may be reproduced, published for specifying, designing a RF system, or promoting

Blonder Tongue products.

No warranty or liability is implied, nor expressed and this guide should not be construed to be a

replacement for knowledge and experience provided by a professional RF designer/engineer.

Suggestions or feedback? Simply e-mail us at feedback@blondertongue.com with the subject line of

“Broadband Specification Guide.”

©2012 Blonder Tongue Laboratories, Inc. All rights reserved. All trademarks are property of their respective owners. Specifications are subject to change without notice.

Not responsible for typographical errors.

2


Broadband Specification Guide

Table of Contents

Functional System Descriptions and Diagrams:

1. Content from Satellite

Signal From DBS Satellite................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

Digital Satellite Receiver (ASI) to QAM........................................................................................................................................................... 10

HD Satellite Receiver to MPEG2 HD Encoder/QAM........................................................................................................................................ 12

QPSK/8PSK Satellite to QAM...........................................................................................................................................................................14

2. Content from Over-the-Air

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) Reception - Analog Viewing........................................................................................................................................ 18

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) Reception - Digital Viewing (QAM).............................................................................................................................. 20

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) Reception - Digital Viewing (8VSB).............................................................................................................................. 22

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) UHF Reception - Digital Viewing (QAM) with EAS....................................................................................................... 24

EBS/ITFS (QAM) Reception - Analog Viewing................................................................................................................................................ 26

3. Content from CATV Provider

Digital CATV Clear (QAM) Reception - Analog Viewing.................................................................................................................................. 30

Digital CATV Clear (QAM) Reception - Digital Viewing (QAM)...................................................................................................................... 32

Cable TV Feed................................................................................................................................................................................................ 34

Cherry Picking From an Analog Cable TV Feed.............................................................................................................................................. 36

Cherry Picking From an Analog Cable TV Feed Using Demod/Remod No Stereo.......................................................................................... 38

Preventing Reception of Undesired Programming on Cable TV Feed............................................................................................................. 40

MSO HD Free-to-Guest for Hotels.................................................................................................................................................................. 42

4. Content from Locally Generated Source

Local Origination............................................................................................................................................................................................ 46

Digital QAM Channel Generation................................................................................................................................................................... 48

Inserting a Local Origination Into a Cable TV Feed......................................................................................................................................... 50

Inserting a Local Origination Above a Cable TV Feed..................................................................................................................................... 52

Analog Sub-Channel Return Using Processors................................................................................................................................................ 54

Analog Sub-Channel Return Using Demod/Remod........................................................................................................................................ 56

Digital Sub-Channel Return............................................................................................................................................................................ 58

Security Camera Sub-Channel Return.............................................................................................................................................................60

5. IPTV Applications

EBS/ITFS (QAM) Reception Distributed via IP................................................................................................................................................ 62

Digital CATV (QAM) Reception - Analog Viewing (via IP)............................................................................................................................... 64

CATV Digital Cherry-Picking with IP Distribution......................................................................................................................................66

Local Origination Encoding for IP Distribution..........................................................................................................................................68

CATV/Broadcaster Backhaul System for Remote Originating Content............................................................................................................70

6. RF/Fiber Distribution

Coaxial Distribution........................................................................................................................................................................................ 74

Hybrid Fiber and Coax Distribution................................................................................................................................................................ 80

7. Miscellaneous

High Speed Broadband Internet..................................................................................................................................................................... 84

Remote Power Reset....................................................................................................................................................................................... 86

Equipment Specification Library........................................................................................................................................................... 88

Frequency Charts (CATV, CATV QAM, Off-Air)........................................................................................................................................ 127

CATV Terms & Definitions..................................................................................................................................................................... 135

Blonder Tongue Acronyms.................................................................................................................................................................... 153

CATV & IPTV Acronyms......................................................................................................................................................................... 154

Additional Reading and Web Listings................................................................................................................................................ 162

3


Broadband Specification Guide

Safety Instructions

Safety Instructions

You should always follow these instructions to help ensure against injury

to yourself and damage to your equipment.














Read all safety and operating instructions before you operate the unit.

Retain all safety and operating instructions for future reference.

Heed all warnings on the unit and in the safety and operating instructions.

Follow all installation, operating, and use instructions.

Unplug the unit from the AC power outlet before cleaning. Use only a damp cloth for cleaning the

exterior of the unit.

Do not use accessories or attachments not recommended by Blonder Tongue, as they may cause

hazards, and will void the warranty.

Do not operate the unit in high-humidity areas, or expose it to water or moisture.

Do not place the unit on an unstable cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table. The unit may fall, causing

serious personal injury and damage to the unit. Install the unit only in a mounting rack designed for

19” rack-mounted equipment.

Do not block or cover slots and openings in the unit. These are provided for ventilation and protection

from overheating. Never place the unit near or over a radiator or heat register. Do not place the unit

in an enclosure such as a cabinet without proper ventilation. Do not mount equipment in the rack

space directly above or below the unit.

Operate the unit using only the type of power source indicated on the marking label. Unplug the unit

power cord by gripping the plug, not the cord.

The unit is equipped with a three-wire ground-type plug. This plug will fit only into a ground-type

power outlet. If you are unable to insert the plug into the outlet, contact an electrician to replace the

outlet. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the ground-type plug.

Route power supply cords so that they are not likely to be walked on or pinched by items placed upon

or against them. Pay particular attention to cords at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point

where they exit from the unit.

Be sure that the outdoor components of the antenna system are grounded in accordance with local, federal, and

National Electrical Code (NEC) requirements. Pay special attention to NEC Sections 810 and 820.

See the example shown in the following diagram:

Satellite Dish

Ground Clamp

Coaxial Cable

from Satellite Dish

Antenna Discharge Unit

(NEC Section 810-20)

Electric Service

Equipment

Ground Clamps

Grounding Conductors

(NEC Section 810-21)

Power Service

Grounding

Electrode System

(NEC Art. 250, Part H)

4


Broadband Specification Guide

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Broadband Specification Guide

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6


Broadband Specification Guide

Section One:

Content from Satellite

7


Broadband Specification Guide

Signal From DBS Satellite

Functionality

This system will allow you to receive any channel that is available via the small dish satellite and distribute

it through the facility. This signal can now be handed off to a traditional coaxial distribution network or a

hybrid fiber/coaxial distribution network within the facility.

In the early 1990’s the advent of the high power, direct broadcast satellite marked a turning point for

reception of satellite signals. Prior to DBS, very large satellite antennas (10 + feet), or dishes, were required

to receive and amplify programming. The average commercial grade DBS is no more that 3 feet across,

and can be mounted virtually anywhere. The reception and processing of DBS satellite signals in theory

is no different than the off air models presented earlier, there are only differences in the electronics

employed to do the job.

In Depth Description

The start of the system is the dish itself. There are many different types of DBS satellite dishes and

mounts on the market, each intended for a different purpose. It is critical to the system operation that the

satellite dish and LNBf are matched for proper operation. The correct units are based upon the desired

programming to be received. The site must have a dish mounted on the outside of the building to receive

these signals. If there is not adequate reception to hand off to the satellite receiver, an in-line amplifier

may need to be employed. Since the necessity of an in-line amplifier can not be determined until a site

survey is performed, it is advisable to specify the in-line amplifier, “as required by site survey”.

The satellite receiver is the piece of electronics that accepts the signal from the satellite dish, and provides

a baseband audio and video that can be presented to a modulator. It is the job of the modulator to take

the audio and video and make them in to a cable TV channel.

This channel can then be combined with other locally generated channels or a cable TV feed. This

combining should be done with professional quality equipment and at the correct level to prevent the

channels from interfering with each other. If you pick one product from each category on the next page,

you will have all of the components to ensure a working design. Once all of the products are identified,

the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

8


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Signal From DBS Satellite

1

A

A

(DISH/LNB)

(BY OTHERS)

B

(MULTISWITCH)

- SMR-1600 # 6467

C

(RECEIVER)

(BY OTHERS)

B

T

D

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-550 # 59416

- AM-60-860/OPT. 5 # 59415A / 5905 (AGILE 860 MHz STEREO)

- MICM-45D #7797D (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL)

- MICM-45DS #7797DS (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL - STEREO)

- AMCM-860 #7766D (MODULAR-AGILE)

C

E

F

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

H

D

#__

G

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

E

H

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-4D # 7711

- MIRC-12V # 7715

MIPS-12D # 7722D

F

G

9


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital Satellite Receiver (ASI) -> QAM

Functionality

This system will allow you to generate a digital television channel using QAM modulation from a

MPEG-2 ASI (Asynchronous Serial Interface) digital transport stream from a digital satellite receiver. This

application assumes that all the TV’s in the system are capable of receiving QAM television channels

either directly with an HDTV ready TV with an integrated 8VSB/QAM tuner or through the use of set-top

converter boxes.

In Depth Description

The QAM Modulator is the basic unit of digital cable transmission. The AQM is designed to accept a DVB

based MPEG-2 ASI (Asynchronous Serial Interface) digital transport stream and modulate it into a QAM

(Quadrature Amplitude Modulation) signal. The AQM also integrates a super low noise upconverter in the

compact modular unit. The built in advanced bit stuffing circuitry ensures that Null Packets are inserted

into the ASI transport stream if needed to ensure the correct baud rate is transmitted. Unit programming

is easily accomplished through the front panel navigation buttons and LCD menuing system.

When the new QAM signal is combined with other analog channels in the system the level should be

attenuated so that it is 6—10 dB below the adjacent analog signals, (typically 6 dB for 256 & above and

10 dB for 64 QAM). It is always recommended to set the unit output level at the +40 dBmV and externally

attenuate for optimal noise performance. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be

looked up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

10


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital Satellite Receiver (ASI)

QAM

1

A

SATELLITE RECEIVER (6)

ASI

B

(X6)

C

D

QAM Channel

Output

A

B

C

D

(DIGITAL SATELLITE RECEIVER)

(BY OTHERS)

(QAM MODULATOR X6)

- AQM # 6271 B

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS AND

- MIPS-12D # 7722D (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

11


Broadband Specification Guide

HD Satellite Receiver to MPEG2 HD Encoder/QAM

Functionality

This system receives four (4) high definition program sources from digital satellite receivers and provides

MPEG-2 encoding and QAM modulation for distribution over a standard coaxial system. HD TV’s with

QAM tuners are required for viewing.

In Depth Description

The HDE-2H/2S-QAM encoder accepts inputs from the satellite receivers in any of the following formats:

(4) component video inputs, (2) HD-SDI, and (2) HDMI (unencrypted). The HDE-4S-QAM encoder

also has (4) component inputs, but has (4) HD-SDI inputs and no HDMI inputs. Any 4 input connector

combinations can be used. Example: 2 component + 2 HDMI, or 2 component + 1 HDMI + 1 HD-SDI,

etc..

The MPEG-2 encoded outputs are provided in QAM RF as well as GigE (1000Base-T Ethernet) and ASI

simultaneously. Only the QAM output is used in this particular application. The QAM output consists

of 4 adjacent channels. The HDE Series encoders can be configured for either one program per QAM

channel, or two programs per QAM channel for greater bandwidth efficiency. Additionally any unused

QAM channels can be individually turned off.

Dolby® Digital audio encoding, and Closed Captioning (EIA-608 and EIA-708) are also supported by the

encoders. An Emergency Alert System (EAS) interface is also provided.

The HDE Series feature local/remote monitoring and control using a standard Web browser via a frontpanel

10/100Base-T Ethernet connection.

The encoder’s QAM output is connected to the headend combiner, combining with analog or other digital

channels to launch into the headend amplifier and distribution network.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Most HD content is copyrighted and typically DRM (Digital Rights Management)

protected. Operators must get approval from their provider(s) to legally distribute content in this manner.

Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at

the end of this publication.

12


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

HD Satellite Receiver to MPEG2 HD Encoder/QAM

1

A

A

(DISH/LNB)

(BY OTHERS)

C

#__

D

B

COMPONENT VIDEO

L/R AUDIO

B

C

D

E

(HD SATELLITE RX)

(BY OTHERS)

(MPEG2 HD ENCODER/QAM)

-HDE-2H/2S-QAM #6379

-HDE-4S-QAM #6374

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

E

13


Broadband Specification Guide

QPSK/8PSK Satellite to QAM

Functionality

This system is an alternative to L-BAND distribution for delivering Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) services

such as the Dish Network to customers residing in large MDU’s. It eliminates L-BAND’s 2GHz high

frequency- multiple cable design requirements by transcoding each of the typically 27 MHz wide QPSK /

8PSK modulated satellite transponders to 6 MHz wide QAM channels. All transmitted programs within

each satellite transponder are present in the transcoded output QAM channel. One transcoder is required

for each desired transponder. A system typically will contain 60 or more transcoder modules (QTM’s)

for program delivery. Standard coaxial CATV distribution can now be used for service delivery. At each

subscriber location an authorized Dish QAM set-top box or a Dish Q-Box with a Dish satellite receiver is

used.

In Depth Description

The QT Series consists of QTM transcoder modules, a QTPCM power supply and control module and a

QTRC rack chassis. Each QTRC accommodates eight (8) QTM’s and (1) QTPCM as shown in the drawing.

Other components used are the QTRFS 8-way L-Band splitter which splits the L-BAND signal from the

dish/LNB to the inputs of the transcoder modules, and the QTRFC 8-way combiner that combines the

(8) RF outputs. Each QTM has an input tuner capable of receiving transponders from a single polarity or

stacked LNB operating in the 950-2150 MHz frequency range. The QTM transcodes or converts to a QAM

channel in the frequency range of 54-864 MHz. All set-up and control of the QTM’s are done through the

QTPCM module. Optional web servers are available to provide remote control and monitoring via an IP

connection using a computer with a standard web browser. The QT-HWS-II uses 1 slot in the QTRC and

the QT-HWS-A is a stand- alone 1RU version. Only one (1) webserver is required per headend location.

The QT rack outputs can then be combined with analog and other digital channels via standard headend

combiners for connection to the distribution system.

When adding to an existing system, make sure the current distribution system is suitable

and has the necessary bandwidth to accommodate the new channels beforehand!

Service subscribers will require authorized Dish QAM set-top boxes or Dish Q-Boxes with Dish satellite

receivers. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification

library at the end of this publication.

14


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

QPSK/8PSK Satellite to QAM

1

A

A

(DISH/LNB)

(BY OTHERS)

B

(8 WAY SPLITTER)

- QTRFS #6234-2

B

D

C

D

E

(TRANSCODER)

- QTM-HD #6241A

(POWER SUPPLY/CONTROL)

- QTPCM PLUS #6232B

(RACK CHASSIS)

- QTRC #6233

C

E

F

(8 PORT COMBINER)

- QTRFC #6234-1

F

15


Broadband Specification Guide

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16


Broadband Specification Guide

Section Two:

Content from Over-the-Air

17


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) Reception - Analog Viewing

Functionality

This system will allow you to receive the local, digital (8VSB) off-air broadcast programming that is

available in the market and distribute it through the facility in a format that can be viewed by the existing

analog televisions. The output signal can be delivered via a traditional coaxial or HFC distribution network.

This application assumes that all of the televisions in the system have analog tuners and therefore cannot

receive the digital channel directly.

In Depth Discussion

Antennas are selected based on the frequency/channel that is to be received, not the content, all off-air/

broadcast antennas will receive both analog and digital signals, however receiving the new digital off-air

channel may require a new antenna because of the new channel frequency assignment of the digital

channel. The requirement for a pre-amp or not cannot be determined until a site survey is performed.

It’s advisable to specify one “as required by site survey”. The pre-amplifier is mounted outside on the

antenna mast, and requires a separate power supply that is mounted in the building. The appropriate

power supply for the preamplifier being used must be specified separately. The AQD Digital Demodulator

is the system component that receives the off-air digital channel and tunes to a particular program (within

the channel) if multiple programs are transmitted. The digital demodulator provides analog, baseband

audio and video outputs to connect an analog modulator. This modulator then creates the new channel

that will be viewed by the existing analog televisions. It is common practice to re-modulate onto unused

VHF or CATV channels to minimize distribution losses and make it easier to construct and manage the

system. When the new channel is combined with other channels in the facility it must be done at the

correct level so that the signals do not interfere with each other. Selecting one product from each category

on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary components for a working system. Once

all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at the end

of this publication.

18


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital Of f Air (8VSB) Reception - Analog V iewing

D

F

H

E

G

A

B

C

I

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

(ANT ENNA)

- BT Y- 10-U # 4873 (SINGLE CH UHF)

- BT Y- UHF-BB # 4875 (BROADBAND UHF )

(PRE-AMPLIFIER - UHF)

- SCMA-Ub # 4426 (SINGLE CH)

- CMA-Uc # 1264 (BROADBAND UHF)

(PRE-AMPLIFIER POWER SUPPLY)

- PS-1526 # 1526

(8VSB/QAM DEMODULATOR)

- AQD # 6245 (REQUIRES “E”)

** OPTIONAL

- AQD-RCS # 2730 (Remote Config Server)

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- QTRC # 6233 (CHASSIS) AND

AQD-PCM # 6246 (POWER SUPPLY)

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-860 / OPT. 5 # 59415A/5905 (AGILE 860 MHz STEREO)

** THE FOLLOWING MUST BE USED WITH “G”

- MICM-45D #7797D (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL)

- MICM-45DS # 7797DS (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL - STEREO)

- AMCM-860 # 7766D (MODULAR - AGILE)

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-4D # 7711 (4 SLOT CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12D # 7722D (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

2

19


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) Reception - Digital Viewing (QAM)

Functionality

It is common for digital televisions to only lock to digital CATV QAM signals when the digital television is

set or tuned to the “CATV” mode. This creates difficulties for systems/facilities transmitting standard ATSC

digital off-air or broadcast 8VSB signals. This solution solves this problem by converting an entire 8VSB

digital off-air channel to a digital QAM signal. This new QAM channel will be available in the CATV band

permitting the current generation of digital televisions that are integrated with QAM tuners to easily tune

and display the television picture. This eliminates the problem of having to reprogram the television every

time the customer wants to switch between digital CATV and digital off-air channels.

In Depth Description

Antennas are selected based on the frequency/channel that is to be received, not the content, all off-air/

broadcast antennas will receive both analog and digital signals, however receiving the new digital off-air

channel may require a new antenna because of the new channel frequency assignment of the digital

channel. The requirement for a pre-amp or not cannot be determined until a site survey is performed.

It’s advisable to specify one “as required by site survey”. The pre-amplifier is mounted outside on the

antenna mast, and requires a separate power supply that is mounted in the building. The appropriate

power supply for the preamplifier being used must be specified separately. The AQT, ATSC to QAM

Transcoder, is the system component that receives the off-air digital (8VSB) channel and changes the

modulation scheme. The ATSC to QAM Transcoder is a modular unit that receives either an 8VSB (Digital

Off-air) or QAM (Digital CATV) signal, and transcodes it to any CATV QAM channel. The transcoding

enables televisions with QAM digital tuners to seamlessly view the 8VSB Off-air digital signals on cable

television frequency assignments without having to change the television tuner input from ‘CATV’ mode

to ‘Off- Air’ mode. The input digital signal is stripped of it’s original digital modulation (8VSB or QAM),

leaving just the basic data stream. The AQT then creates a new, clean QAM carrier and reinserts the

original data stream on to this new QAM carrier. If the original channel was encrypted, it will remain

encrypted, if the original channel was in the clear, it will remain in the clear. Selecting one product from

each category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary components for a working

system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification

library at the end of this publication.

20


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) Reception - Digital Viewing (QAM)

A

A

B

(ANTENNA)

- BTY-10-U # 4873 (SINGLE CH UHF)

- BTY-UHF-BB # 4875 (BROADBAND UHF)

(PRE-AMPLIFIER - UHF)

- SCMA-Ub # 4426 (SINGLE CH)

- CMA-Uc # 1264 (BROADBAND UHF)

2

C

(PRE-AMPLIFIER POWER SUPPLY)

- PS-1526 # 1526

B

D

(8VSB/QAM TO QAM TRANSCODER)

- AQT # 6275

C

E

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- QTRC # 6233 (8 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

AQT-PCM # 6276 (POWER SUPPLY)

** OPTIONAL

- AQT-RCS # 2736 (REMOTE CONFIG SERVER)

D

E

F

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

F

G

G

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

21


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) Reception - Digital Viewing (8VSB)

Functionality

This system will allow you to receive the local, digital (8VSB) off-air broadcast programming that is available

in the market and distribute it through the facility in it’s original digital format. This signal can now be

handed off to a traditional coaxial distribution network or a hybrid fiber/coax distribution network within

the facility. A digital television with an 8VSB tuner is required to display this channel. The main component

difference between a digital and standard analog channel in the headend is the channel processor. Because

of signal format differences, the digital signal requires a digital channel processor that is specifically

designed for digital off-air broadcasts. It is important to note that standard analog channel processors will

not work on digital channels and standard television sets will not receive digitally transmitted programs.

In Depth Discussion

Antennas are selected based on the frequency/channel that is to be received, not the content, all offair/broadcast

antennas will receive both analog and digital signals, however receiving the new digital

off-air channel may require a new antenna because of the new channel frequency assignment of the

digital channel. Since the necessity of a pre-amp cannot be determined until a site survey is performed,

it is advisable to specify one “as required by site survey”. The pre-amplifier is mounted outside on the

antenna mast, and requires a separate power supply that is mounted in the building. The appropriate

power supply for the preamplifier being used must be specified separately. The digital processor is the

system component that filters and amplifies to condition the particular channel being received. The

processor can convert the received channel to another channel for output onto the system. It is common

practice to convert desired local UHF channels to non-broadcast VHF channels in the market. This is done

to minimize losses, and make it easier to construct and manage the distribution network. When the new

channel is combined with other channels in the facility it must be done at the correct level so that the

signals do not interfere with each other. Digitally modulated carriers (ATSC, 8VSB, QAM) should have an

output signal level that is about 10 dB less than it’s equivalent analog channel. Selecting one product from

each category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary components for a working

system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification

library at the end of this publication.

22


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) Reception - Digital Viewing (8VSB)

A

A

(ANTENNA)

- BTY-10-U # 4873 (SINGLE CH UHF)

- BTY-UHF-BB # 4875 (BROADBAND UHF)

2

B

(PRE-AMPLIFIER - UHF)

- SCMA-Ub # 4426 (SINGLE CH)

- CMA-Uc # 1264 (BROADBAND UHF)

B

C

(PRE-AMPLIFIER POWER SUPPLY)

- PS-1526 # 1526

C

D

(HIGH DEFINITION PROCESSOR)

- DHDP- V Combo # 6266A

(OCCUPIES 2 SLOTS IN CHASSIS)

E

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12D # 7722D (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

D

F

E

G

F

G

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

23


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) UHF Reception - Digital Viewing (QAM) with EAS

Functionality

It is common for digital televisions to only lock to digital CATV QAM signals when the digital television

is set or tuned to the “CATV” mode. This creates difficulties for systems/facilities transmitting standard

ATSC digital off-air or broadcast 8VSB signals. This solution solves this problem by transcoding the 8VSB

digital off-air channel to a digital QAM signal. This new QAM channel will be available in the CATV band

permitting the current generation of digital televisions that are integrated with QAM tuners to easily tune

and display the television picture. This eliminates the problem of having to reprogram the television every

time the customer wants to switch between digital CATV and digital off-air channels. Additionally this

system provides program filtering and multiplexing of the two 8VSB channel inputs into a single QAM

output channel. It also features EAS (Emergency Alert System) capability and PSIP manipulation for user

assigned virtual channel assignments.

In Depth Discussion

Antennas are selected based on the frequency/channel that is to be received, not the content, all off-air/

broadcast antennas will receive both analog and digital signals, however receiving the new digital off-air

channel may require a new antenna because of the new channel frequency assignment of the digital

channel. The requirement for a pre-amp or not cannot be determined until a site survey is performed. It’s

advisable to specify one “as required by site survey”. The pre-amplifier is mounted outside on the antenna

mast, and requires a separate power supply that is mounted in the building. The appropriate power supply

for the preamplifier being used must be specified separately.

The MUX-2D-QAM, 8VSB/QAM Multiplexer, is the system component that receives the off-air digital

(8VSB) channel and changes the modulation scheme from ATSC to QAM. The MUX-2D-QAM has two RF

inputs, receiving either 8VSB (Digital Off-air) or QAM (Digital CATV) signals, transcoding then multiplexing

them into one CATV QAM channel from 2 to 125. The transcoding enables televisions with QAM digital

tuners to seamlessly view the 8VSB Off-air digital signals on cable television frequency assignments

without having to change the television tuner input from ‘CATV’ mode to ‘Off- Air’ mode. The MUX-2D-

QAM also provides the user with the ability to filter out selected programs on each of the 2 RF inputs.

Undesired programs can be eliminated with the added benefit of grooming the output to fall within the

maximum allowable QAM 256 bit rate of 38.8 Mbps (twice the capacity of 8VSB). The EAS (Emergency

Alert System) capability over-rides all output programs with a locally inserted EAS message in ASI format

when triggered by either 5-12 VDC or dry contact closure.

Selecting one product from each category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary

components for a working system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked

up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

24


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital Off-Air (8VSB) UHF Reception - Digital Viewing

(QAM) with EAS

A

A

B

(ANTENNA)

- BTY-10-U # 4873 (SINGLE CH UHF)

- BTY-UHF-BB # 4875 (BROADBAND UHF)

(PRE-AMPLIFIER - UHF)

- SCMA-Ub # 4426 (SINGLE CH)

- CMA-Uc # 1264 (BROADBAND UHF)

2

C

(PRE-AMPLIFIER POWER SUPPLY)

- PS-1526 # 1526

B

D

(SPLITTER)

- SXRS-4 #1924

C

E

(8VSB/QAM TO QAM MULTIPLEXER)

- MUX-2D-QAM #6504

- DQMx #6259A-0X (DOES NOT HAVE EAS)

(X = 1 TO 4 RF INPUTS)

EAS INPUT

(ASI FORMAT)

OUT

E

F

D

F

G

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5796

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

G

25


Broadband Specification Guide

EBS/ITFS (QAM) Reception - Analog Viewing

Functionality

Any facility that wants to utilize a digital EBS/ITFS feed as a source for their analog televisions will need to

convert the digital signals back to analog. This system will allow you to receive the digital EBS/ITFS (QAM)

channel transmission and distribute it to the conventional analog televisions in the facility. The output

signal can be delivered via a traditional coaxial or HFC distribution network. This application assumes that

all the TV’s in the system are analog and therefore cannot receive the digital channel directly.

In Depth Discussion

The method to utilizing a digital EBS/ITFS signal is to employ an AQD Digital Demodulator and

modulator in series. The AQD is an agile device that can be set up to receive a digital EBS/ITFS channel

input signal from an EBS/ITFS downconverter. Its function is to extract the audio and video information

from the digital carrier and provide separate analog audio and video output signals. These separate

audio and video feeds, also called baseband audio and video, are then applied to an analog modulator.

It is the job of the modulator to take the audio and video and make them in to a NTSC cable TV channel

that can be viewed by the existing analog televisions. This channel can then be combined with other

channels that have been created at the property. It is common practice to re-modulate onto unused

VHF or CATV channels to minimize distribution losses and make it easier to construct and manage the

system. When the new channel is combined with other channels in the facility it must be done at the

correct level so that the signals do not interfere with each other. The keys to success in this system are

making sure that the AQD demodulators have enough input signal to function correctly and making

sure that the modulator is adjusted correctly for proper output level. Selecting one product from each

category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary components for a working

system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification

library at the end of this publication.

26


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

EBS/ITFS (QAM) Reception - Analog Viewing

A

B

A

(ITFS ANTENNA)

- By Others

2

B

(ITFS Down Converter)

- By Others

C

(ITFS Down Converter Power Supply)

- By Others

C

D

E

(SPLITTERS)

- SXRS-4 # 1924

(8VSB/QAM DEMODULATOR)

- AQD # 6245 (REQUIRES “F”)

- MDDM 860 #6273 (RQUIRES “H”)

D

F

G

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- QTRC # 6233 (CHASSIS) AND

AQD-PCM # 6246 (POWER SUPPLY)

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-860 / OPT. 5 # 59415A/5905 (AGILE 860 MHz STEREO)

E

G

F

H

H

I

- MICM-45D #7797D (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL)

- MICM-45DS # 7797DS (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL - STEREO)

- AMCM-860 # 7766D (MODULAR - AGILE)

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-4D # 7711 (4 SLOT CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12D # 7722D (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

I

J

J

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

27


Broadband Specification Guide

[This page is intentionally left blank]

28


Broadband Specification Guide

Section Three:

Content from CATV Provider

29


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital CATV Clear (QAM) Reception - Analog Viewing

Functionality

Any facility that wants to utilize a digital cable television feed as a source for their analog televisions will

need to convert the digital signals back to analog for the analog televisions. This system will allow you

to receive a digital non-encrypted (clear) QAM channel from the local cable company and distribute it to

conventional analog televisions in the facility. The output signal can be delivered via a traditional coaxial or

HFC distribution network. This application assumes that all the TV’s in the system are analog and therefore

cannot receive the digital channel directly.

In Depth Discussion

The method of utilizing a digital CATV signal is to employ an Digital Demodulator and modulator in series.

The Digital Demodulator is an agile device that can be set up to receive a digital CATV channel input signal.

Its function is to extract the audio and video information from the digital carrier and provide separate

analog audio and video output signals. These separate audio and video feeds, also called baseband audio

and video, are then applied to a modulator. It is the job of the modulator to take the audio and video and

make them in to a cable TV channel that can be viewed by the existing analog televisions. This channel

can then be combined with other channels that have been created at the property. It is common practice

to re-modulate onto unused VHF or CATV channels to minimize distribution losses and make it easier to

construct and manage the system. When the new channel is combined with other channels in the facility

it must be done at the correct level so that the signals do not interfere with each other. The keys to success

in this system are making sure that the demodulators have enough input signal to function correctly and

making sure that the modulator is adjusted correctly for proper output level. Selecting one product from

each category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary components for a working

system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification

library at the end of this publication.

30


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital CATV Clear (QAM) Reception - Analog Viewing

FEED FROM

CA TV

B

A

C

A

B

C

D

(SPLITTERS)

- SXRS-4 # 1924

(8VSB/QAM DEMODUL AT OR)

- AQD # 6245 (REQUIRES “C”)

** OPTIONAL

- AQD-RCS # 2730 (REMOTE CONFIG SERVER)

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & PO WE R SUPPL Y)

- AQD-CH # 6233 (CHASSIS) A ND

AQD-PCM # 6246 (POW ER SUPPL Y)

(MODUL AT OR)

- AM-60-860 / OPT. 5 # 59415A/5905 (AGILE 860 MHz STEREO)

3

D

F

E

G

E

F

G

- MICM-45D #7797D (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL)

- MICM-45DS # 7797DS (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL- STEREO)

- AMCM-860 # 7766D (MODULAR - AGILE)

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-4D # 7711 (4 SLOT CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12C # 7722C (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

31


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital CATV Clear (QAM) Reception - Digital Viewing (QAM)

Functionality

This system is the digital version of a traditional ‘Cherry Picker’ system. The system will allow you to select

a few desired digital channels from the local Cable Television Company, and ignore the undesired channels.

These desired digital channels can then be redistributed through the existing hybrid fiber / coaxial network

within the facility. This is extremely valuable if a large facility only has a 450 MHz distribution network, and

the MSO’s digital offering starts at 650 MHz, there is no room for the digital tier without a costly network

upgrade. The transcoder/processor can receive the desired high frequency clear (non encrypted) QAM

channels and transcode them to available channels within the existing 450 MHz network, delivering the

desired CATV QAM channels, while preventing a costly network upgrade. It can be viewed on any television

with a QAM digital tuner set to “CATV” mode.

In Depth Discussion

The ATSC to QAM Transcoder (AQT) and ATSC to QAM Processor (AQP) receive the QAM (Digital CATV)

signal and transcodes it to another CATV QAM channel. The unit can be used to ‘Cherry Pick’ selected

digital channels from the existing CATV QAM digital lineup and process it for redistribution. If the original

CATV QAM channel was encrypted, it will remain encrypted, requiring an authorized set-top for viewing.

If the original CATV QAM channel was in the clear, it will remain in the clear, and can be viewed on any

television with a QAM digital tuner set to “CATV” mode. This system will allow the facilities operator to

insert the selected CATV QAM carriers in to a bandwidth limited private CATV network. The input digital

signal is stripped of it’s original QAM digital modulation, leaving just the basic data stream. The AQT/AQP

then creates a new, clean QAM carrier and reinserts the original data stream on to this new QAM carrier.

Selecting one product from each category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary

components for a working system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked

up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

32


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital CATV Clear (QAM) Reception -

Digital Viewing (QAM)

A

(SPLITTERS)

- SXRS-4 # 1924

FEED FROM

CA TV

B

(8VSB/QAM TO QAM TRANSCODER)

- AQT # 6275

- AQP # 6268

3

A

C

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- QTRC # 6233 (8 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

AQT-PCM # 6276 (POWER SUPPLY)

** OPTIONAL

- AQT-RCS # 2736 (REMOTE CONFIG SERVER)

B

C

D

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

D

E

E

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

33


Broadband Specification Guide

Cable TV Feed

Functionality

This system will allow you to distribute the local cable TV company’s signal through the facility. This signal

can now be handed off to a traditional coaxial distribution network or a hybrid fiber/coaxial distribution

network within the facility.

In Depth Description

The most basic of sources for programming is a feed from the local cable TV company. In order to distribute

their signal through out the building, there will need to be some sort of signal amplification. It is

important that the amplifier be of the correct size in order to pass all of the cable TV companies signals

properly. If a local cable TV feed is going to be used, the specifier should contact the local cable TV

company and ask, “what is the highest frequency that your system passes?” The answer should be

a three-digit number ending with the unit of measure mega-hertz (MHz). The amplifier that is specified

should be rated at a higher frequency.

All of the passive devices that are used to split and tap off the signal in the system must be of a very

high RFI shielding. When a building system ties in to a cable TV systems feed, that building is subject

to the same FCC rules that the cable TV company is. If they have a system that is poorly constructed

and leaking signal, the cable TV company has the right to disconnect the building until the problems

are fixed.

Often these problems stem from poor construction practices, low quality connectors, splitters or taps.

For more information, please refer to “Coaxial Distribution” in this section of the guide. If you pick

one product from each category on the following pages, you will have all the components to ensure

a working design. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the

specification library at the end of this publication.

34


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Cable TV Feed

CATV INPUT

3

A

TO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

SEE COAXIAL DISTRIBUTION

IN THIS SECTION

A

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- RMDA 86A-30 # 5200-83

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

35


Broadband Specification Guide

Cherry Picking From an Analog Cable TV Feed

Functionality

This system will allow you to select a few desired channels from the local cable TV company and ignore

all of the other undesired channels. This signal can now be handed off to a traditional coaxial distribution

network or a hybrid fiber / coaxial distribution network within the facility.

In Depth Description

There are two different sets of electronics that can be employed to create the desired channel line up.

The first method is to employ a channel processor. Channel processors come in several different versions,

but all do basically the same thing, they take one channel on the input, and convert it into another on

the output. If the channel line up is known well in advance, fixed processors can be used to minimize

cost. The downside of fixed processors is that if the local cable TV company changes it’s channel line up,

another processor would need to be purchased.

Agile processors are able to change both the input, and the output channel on the fly to be able to

accommodate any changes that might be necessary. The keys to success in this system are making sure

that the processors have enough input signal to function correctly and making sure that the output levels

are all set correctly so the channels do not interfere with each other.

The second method is to employ a demodulator and modulator in series. The demodulator is an agile

device that can be set up to receive a TV channel input signal. Its function is to extract the audio and video

information from the RF carriers and provide separate audio and video output signals. These separate

audio and video feeds, also called baseband audio and video, are then applied to a modulator. It is the

job of the modulator to take the audio and video and make them in to a cable TV channel. This channel

can then be combined with other channels that have been created at the property. The keys to success

in this system are making sure that the demodulators have enough input signal to function correctly and

making sure that the modulator is adjusted correctly for proper modulation and output levels.

If you pick one product from each category on the following pages, you will have all of the components

to ensure a working design. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in

the specification library at the end of this publication.

36


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagrams

Cherry Picking from an Analog Cable TV Feed

FROM CATV COMPANY

A

E

#__

B

A

C

F

B

D

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

(PROCESSOR)

- AP-60-860 A # 59819 (AGILE)

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

3

C

#__

E

(TAP/DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-** # 1940-** (ONE PORT - **=TAP VALUE)

- SRT-2A-** # 1942-** (TWO PORTS - **=TAP VALUE)

- SRT-4A-** # 1944-** (FOUR PORTS - **=TAP VALUE)

- SRT-8A-** # 1948-** (EIGHT PORTS - **=TAP VALUE)

D

F

37


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Cherry Picking from an Analog Cable TV Feed

Using Demod/Remod No Stereo

FROM CATV COMPANY

A

B

A

G

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

C

B

(TAP/DIRECITONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-** # 1940-** (ONE PORT - **=TAP VALUE)

- SRT-2A-** # 1942-** (TWO PORTS - **=TAP VALUE)

- SRT-4A-** # 1944-** (FOUR PORTS - **=TAP VALUE)

- SRT-8A-** # 1948-** (EIGHT PORTS - **=TAP VALUE)

H

D

C

(DEMODULATOR)

- AD-1B # 5932 (AGILE)

- MIDM-806C # 7740C (MODULAR - AGILE- REQUIRES “H”)

#__

D

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-550 # 59416

** THE FOLLOWING MUST BE USED WITH “H”

- MICM-45D # 7797D (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL)

- MICM-45DS # 7797DS (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL - STEREO)

- AMCM-860 # 7766D (MODULAR-AGILE)

E

F

E

F

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

G

H

(MODULAR - RACK CHASSIS)

- MIRC-4D # 7711 (CHASSIS + POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12D # 7722D (POWER SUPPLY FOR #7715)

38


Broadband Specification Guide

[This page is intentionally left blank]

39


Broadband Specification Guide

Preventing Reception of Undesired Programming on Cable TV Feed

Functionality

This system will allow you to block undesired channels from your local cable TV company. Cable channels

determined to contain distracting, offensive or otherwise inappropriate programming material can be

prevented from being received throughout the facility’s distribution network.

In Depth Description

The TV Channel Blocker (TVCB -PC) is user programmable that can block up to 40 channels between 2

and 86 (54-600 MHz). Channel blocking is accomplished by a method known as “interdiction”, which

utilizes interfering signals to provide dynamic channel jamming.

The TVCB is designed for input levels normally encountered on CATV drops, which is why it is installed

ahead of the distribution amplifier. The TVCB features a lockable enclosure to prevent unauthorized

program changes and unit bypassing.

The amplifier should be selected to meet the desired system channel capacity and gain requirements.

All passives (not shown – see Coaxial Distribution pages in this guide) must be rated for CATV applications

having high RFI shielding specifications and 5-1000 MHz frequency bandwidth. If you pick one product

from each category on the following pages, you will have all of the components to ensure a working

design. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification

library at the end of this publication.

40


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Preventing Reception of Undesired

Programming on Cable TV Feed

CATV INPUT

3

A

A

(TV CHANNEL BLOCKER)

- TVCB-PC # 9110

B

(TV CHANNEL BLOCKER POWER INSERTER)

- TVCB-2-PIF # 9128

B

=

C

~

D

TO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

=

C

D

(TV CHANNEL BLOCKER POWER SUPPLY)

- # 515111100A

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- RMDA 86A-30 # 5200-83

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

41


Broadband Specification Guide

MSO HD Free-to-Guest for Hotels

Functionality

This system allows CATV operators to provide HD Free-to-Guest programming to hotels via their CATV IP

network. Multiple HDTV programs received in IP format are delivered over a standard coaxial distribution

network using EdgeQAM technology. The EQAM-420A edge device can accept up to thirty two (32) HD

MPEG-2/H.264 transport streams (TS) in unencrypted (clear) 1000Base-T Ethernet (GbE) format and

aggregates them in up to eight (8) QAM RF channels in the 54-996 MHz range. The EQAM channels can

then be combined at the headend with other hotel channels for distribution in the building.

In Depth Description

The EQAM-420A accepts unencrypted (clear) 1000Base-T Ethernet (GbE) streams in one of the following

two modes:

Mode 1: up to thirty-two (32) MPEG-2/H.264 Single Program Transport Streams (SPTS)

Mode 2: up to eight (8) MPEG-2/H.264 Multi Program Transport Streams (MPTS), each not to exceed

38.8 Mbps. (6 max when using Pro:Idiom)

The EQAM-420A is available with one or two (as shown in this application) QAM output modules, each

capable of delivering four (4) adjoining QAM channels. Each QAM channel may contain up to four (4)

HD programs when H.264 encoded and two to three (2 – 3) when MPEG-2 encoded depending on bit

rates used (QAM 256 has a maximum capacity of 38.8 Mbps). Note that most QAM capable HD TV’s can

only receive MPEG-2 encoded channels, therefore distributing H.264 encoded QAM channels may require

appropriately equipped set-top-boxes (STB) at the TV locations.

The EQAM-420A is available with “clear” or Pro:Idiom encrypted QAM outputs. Pro:Idiom is primarily

used in the lodging industry to protect against content piracy and requires Pro:Idiom TV’s for viewing.

All QAM RF outputs will be encrypted regardless of the number of output modules present or the number

of QAM RF channels assigned on each module.

The EQAM-420A output is connected to the headend combiner, combining with other hotel channels to

launch into the headend amplifier and distribution network.

Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at

the end of this publication.

42


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

MSO HD Free-to-Guest for Hotels

CATV IP NETWORK

IP

A

(EDGEQAM)

- EQAM-420A-2-32 #6522A

3

(8 QAM CHANNELS)

A

(UP TO 32 HD

PROGRAM STREAMS)

B

EXISTING ANALOG

CHANNEL INPUTS

C

B

C

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

43


Broadband Specification Guide

[This page is intentionally left blank]

44


Broadband Specification Guide

Section Four:

Content from Locally Generated Source

45


Broadband Specification Guide

Local Origination

Functionality

This system will allow you to create virtually any channel desired from a multitude of sources, and distribute

it through the facility. This signal can now be handed off to a traditional coaxial distribution network or a

hybrid fiber/coaxial distribution network within the facility.

In Depth Description

Local origination is a term used to describe any channel that is generated within the facility. For this

publication we are going to limit the definition to; character generators, computers with audio/video

output cards, DVD players, VCRs, security cameras and studio cameras. These are all devices that provide

a baseband audio and video output that can be handed off to a modulator.

It is the job of the modulator to take the audio and video and make them into a cable TV channel.

This channel can then be combined with other locally generated channels or a cable TV feed.

This combining should be done with professional quality equipment to prevent them from interfering

with each other. If you pick one product from each category on the next page, you will have all of the

components to ensure a working design. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be

looked up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

46


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Local Origination

A

V

A

#__

E

A

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-550 # 59416

- AM-60-860 /OPT. 5 # 59415A/ 5905 (AGILE 860 MHz STEREO)

- MICM-45D # 7797D (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL)

- MICM-45DS # 7797DS (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL - STEREO)

- AMCM-860 # 7766D (MODULAR-AGILE)

B

B

C

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

4

C

D

D

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

E

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS)

- MIRC-4D # 7711 (4 SLOT CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12 # 7722D (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

47


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital QAM Channel Generation

Functionality

This system will allow you to generate a digital television channel using QAM modulation from a

MPEG-2 ASI (Asynchronous Serial Interface) digital transport stream. ASI outputs are typically available

on video servers and digital satellite receivers. This application assumes that all the TV’s in the system are

capable of receiving QAM television channels either directly with an HDTV ready TV with an integrated

8VSB/QAM tuner or through the use of set-top converter boxes.

In Depth Description

The QAM Modulator is the basic unit of digital cable transmission. The AQM is designed to accept a DVB

based MPEG-2 ASI (Asynchronous Serial Interface) digital transport stream and modulate it into a QAM

(Quadrature Amplitude Modulation) signal. The AQM also integrates a super low noise upconverter in the

compact modular unit. The built in advanced bit stuffing circuitry ensures that Null Packets are inserted

into the ASI transport stream if needed to ensure the correct baud rate is transmitted. Unit programming

is easily accomplished through the front panel navigation buttons and LCD menuing system.

When the new QAM signal is combined with other analog channels in the system the level should be

attenuated so that it is 6—10 dB below the adjacent analog signals, (typically 6 dB for 256 & above and

10 dB for 64 QAM). It is always recommended to set the unit output level at the +40 dBmV and externally

attenuate for optimal noise performance. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be

looked up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

48


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital QAM Channel Generation

A

B

C

4

D

A

B

C

D

(ASI PROGRAM SOURCE)

- BY OTHERS

- VIDEO SERVER

- DIGITAL SATELLITE RECEIVER

(QAM MODULATOR)

- AQM # 6271 B

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS AND

- MIPS-12D # 7722D (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

49


Broadband Specification Guide

Inserting a Local Origination Into a Cable TV Feed

Functionality

This system will allow you to eliminate unwanted analog channels that are being provided by the local

cable TV company, and replace them with channels made within the facility. This signal can now be

handed off to a traditional coaxial distribution network or a hybrid fiber / coaxial distribution network

within the facility.

In Depth Description

This system is a variation on two other systems that were mentioned earlier: Local Origination, and Cable

TV Feed. This hybrid system replaces an analog channel on the existing cable TV line up with one that

was generated locally. The key to success in this system is correctly making space for the new channel in

the cable TV line-up. Once the channel to be eliminated has been identified, a channel elimination filter

and modulator must be specified.

The channel elimination filter makes room for the new channel by completely removing the old channel.

The new channel is created by the modulator that accepts audio and video input and makes a cable TV

channel. The channel elimination filter and modulator must be the same channel in order for the system to

work. The channel elimination filter must be a very high quality filter so that it does not harm the channels

next to it.

Points to pay attention to are a high quality channel elimination filter to completely remove the existing

channel, and making sure that when the new channel is combined with the existing cable TV feed, it

is done at the correct level so that neither signal damages the other. If you pick one product from each

category on the next page, you will have all of the components to ensure a working design. Once all of

the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at the end of

this publication.

50


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Inserting a Local Origination Into a Cable TV Feed

FROM CATV COMPANY

A

(SINGLE CHANNEL ELIMINATION FILTER)

- CEF-750 (CH 2-38, 98, 99) # 4446

A

#__

B

A V

C

#__

H

B

F

C

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-550 # 59416

- AM-60-860 /OPT. 5 # 59415A/5905 (AGILE 860 MHz STEREO)

- MICM-45D #7797D (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL)

- MICM-45DS #7797DS (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL - STEREO)

- AMCM-860 #7766B (MODULAR-AGILE)

4

E

G

F

D

SUB

D

E

G

H

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

(COMBINER - ALL CHANNELS GET COMBINED AT SAME LEVEL)

- SXRS-2 # 1922 (COMBINES BOTH INPUTS WITH SAME LEVELS)

- SRT-** 1940-** (CATV FEED AND LOCAL SOURCE ARE

DIFFERENT LEVELS; TAP VALUE IS DIFFERENCE AND

TAP PORT CONNECTS TO HIGHER LEVEL SOURCE)

(DIPLEXER)

- DSV-42 #4376

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS)

- MIRC-4D # 7711 (4 SLOT CHASSIS + POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12D # 7722D (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

51


Broadband Specification Guide

Inserting a Local Origination Above a Cable TV Feed

Functionality

This system will allow you to augment the channel line up that is being provided by the local cable TV

company, and add channels made within the facility. This signal can now be handed off to a traditional

coaxial distribution network or a hybrid fiber/coaxial distribution network within the facility.

In Depth Description

This system is a variation on a system that was mentioned earlier; “Inserting a Local Origination In To

A Cable TV Feed”. This hybrid system replaces a channel on the existing cable TV line up with one that

was generated locally. The key to success in this system is correctly making space for the new channel

above the existing cable TV line-up. Once the band of channels to be eliminated has been identified, a

low pass filter and modulator must be specified.

The low pass filter makes room for the new channel by completely removing any signals above the unit’s

specified cross over point. The new channel is created by the modulator, which accepts audio and video

inputs and makes a cable TV channel. The low pass filter cross over point must be a lower frequency than

the modulator for the system to work. The low pass filter must be a very high quality filter so that it does

not harm the channels below the cross over point.

The keys to the success of this system are: a high quality low pass filter to completely remove the desired

band, and making sure that when the new channel is combined with the existing cable TV feed, it is

done at the correct levels so that neither signal damages the others. If you pick one product from each

category on the next page, you will have all of the components to ensure a working design. Once all of

the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at the end of

this publication.

52


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Inserting a Local Origination Above a Cable TV Feed

FROM CATV COMPANY

A

B

A

C

V

G

B

A

F

(LOW PASS FILTER) ** NOT BY BLONDER TONGUE

- EAGLE COMTRONICS 800-448-7474

http://www.eaglefilters.com

- MICROWAVE FILTER 800-448-1666

http://www.microwavefilter.com

- PCI TECHNOLOGIES 800-565-7488

http://www.pci.com

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

#__

D

C

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-860 /OPT. 5 # 59415A / 5905 (AGILE 860 MHz STEREO)

**THE FOLLOWING MUST BE USED WITH “G”

- MICM-45D #7797D (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL)

- MICM-45DS #7797DS (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL - STEREO)

- AMCM-860 #7766D (MODULAR-AGILE)

4

E

D

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

F

E

(COMBINER - ALL CHANNELS GET COMBINED AT SAME LEVEL)

- SXRS-2 # 1922 (COMBINES BOTH INPUTS WITH SAME LEVELS)

- SRT-** 1940-** (CATV FEED AND LOCAL SOURCE ARE DIFFERENT

LEVELS; TAP VALUE IS DIFFERENCE AND TAP PORT CONNECTS TO

HIGHER LEVEL SOURCE)

G

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-4D # 7711 (4 SLOT CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12D # 7722D (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

53


Broadband Specification Guide

Analog Sub-Channel Return

Functionality

The sub-channel return allows signals (VCR, DVD, Studio Cameras, Security Cameras, Character

Generators, Computer Outputs) generated anywhere in the facility to be included in the channel line up

at that facility.

The sub-channel return system is a type of system that takes advantage of the two-way transmission

capability inherent to coaxial cable. When the proper electronics are installed, an audio and video signal

can be generated anywhere within the coaxial network and redistributed to all televisions connected to

the network.

In Depth Description

There are three key ingredients in the sub-channel return system that must be in place in order for the system

to work. The first is the sub-channel modulator. This device takes an audio and video from any standard

source (Camera, DVD Player, VCR Player, and Computer Video Card), and transmits them back to the

headend (the source point of all the signals in the coaxial distribution network). Once the signal leaves

the sub-channel modulator, its next stop is a diplexer.

The diplexer’s job is to create a two way street within the coaxial network so that the signal you have just

created can travel back to the headend. The next stop for the signal is another diplexer at the headend; this

one is there to break the two signal paths apart. It is very important that there are two diplexers in the system

so that the signal can be combined and then taken back apart. At the headend, there needs to be a piece of

electronics to catch the signal that was generated in the field, and turn it around to go back out to the coaxial

distribution network. There are many different units that can perform this task; the main concern is to make

sure that there is an available space for the new channel. If you pick one product from each category on the

next page, you will have all of the components to ensure a working design. Once all of the products are

identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

54


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagrams

Analog Sub-Channel Return Using Processors

#T-_

A

A

(PROCESSOR)

- AP-60-860 A # 59819 (AGILE 60 dBmV)

B

#__

B

C

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24E COMBINER # 5794

- HPC-32E COMBINER # 5795

(DIPLEX FILTER)

- DSV-42 DIPLEXER # 4376

54-1000 MHz DC-42 MHz

D

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-550/OPT. 4 # 59416-4 (AGILE 60 dBmV)

4

C

COMBINED

TO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

D

#T-_

TO LOCAL

TELEVISION

54-1000 MHz

DC-42 MHz

C

COMBINED

TO/FROM ANY OUTLET

55


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagrams

Analog Sub-Channel Return Using Demod/Remod

F

A

OR

F

A

(SUB BAND CONVERTER)

- MSBC #7727

B-1

B-1

(DEMODULATOR)

- AD-1B OPT. 17 #5932/59257 (AGILE)

B-2

#T-_

B-2

C-1

(DEMODULATOR)

- MIDM-806C #770C (MODULAR-AGILE)

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-550 # 59416

F

C-2

D

54-1000 MHz

C-1 C-2

#__

E

DC-42 MHz

COMBINED

TO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

D

E

F

G

- MICM-45C #7797D (MODULAR FIXED CHANNEL)

- ACM-806 # 7765 (MODULAR - AGILE)

- AMCM-860 #7766D (MODULAR-AGILE)

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

(DIPLEX FILTER)

- DSV-42 DIPLEXER # 4376

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS)

- MIRC-4D #7711 (CHASSIS + POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V #7715 (CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12D #7722D (POWER SUPPLY)

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-550 OPT. 4 # 59416 4 (AGILE 60 dBmV)

G

#T-_

TO LOCAL

TELEVISION

54-1000 MHz

DC-42 MHz

E

COMBINED

TO/FROM ANY OUTLET

56


Broadband Specification Guide

[This page is intentionally left blank]

57


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital Sub-Channel Return

Functionality

The digital sub-channel return allows standard or high definition digital signals, from sources such as DVD

players, Studio Cameras, Security Cameras and Computer Outputs located anywhere in the facility to be

included in the channel line-up at that facility.

The sub-channel return system is a type of system that takes advantage of the two-way transmission

capability inherent to coaxial cable. When the proper electronics are installed, source signal can be generated

anywhere within the coaxial network and redistributed to all televisions connected to the network.

In Depth Description

There are three key ingredients in digital sub-channel return system that must be in place in order for

the system to work. The first is the encoder which takes the HD or SD content source through connections

such as component video, HDMI, composite A/V, etc. digitizes and then compresses the data using

the MPEG 2 standard. The encoder’s output is provided in ASI format. The second ingredient is the

sub-channel QAM modulator. This device takes the ASI output from the encoder QAM modulates it to a

sub-band channel (T7-T13) and transmits back to the system’s headend through a sub-channel diplexer.

The diplexer’s job is to create a two- way street within the coaxial network so that the signal you have just

created can travel back to the headend. The next stop for the signal is another diplexer at the headend;

this one is there to break the two signal paths apart. It is very important that there are two diplexers in the

system so that the signal can be combined and then taken back apart. At the headend, a digital processor

is required to process or convert the return sub-channel to a forward channel so that TV’s along the

distribution system will be able to receive it. Please note that this system requires digital TV’s capable of

receiving QAM modulated CATV channels. For systems consisting of legacy analog TV’s see analog subchannel

return page 54.

If you pick one product from each category on the next page, you will have all of the components to

ensure a working design. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in

the specification library at the end of this publication.

58


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital Sub-Channel Return

#T-_

A

(DIGITAL PROCESSOR)

- AQP # 6268

A

#__

B

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

C

(DIPLEX FILTER)

- DSV-42 DIPLEXER # 4376

B

D

(QAM MODULATOR)

- AQM # 6271B

54-1000 MHz DC-42 MHz

E

(MODULAR - RACK CHASSIS)

- MIRC-4CUBE-CH # 7703

- MIRC-4CUBE-PS # 7702

C

F

(HD OR SD ENCODER WITH ASI OUTPUT)

-HDE-CHV-QAM #6384

4

COMBINED

TO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

PROGRAM INPUT

VIDEO

AUDIO

F

ASI

E

D

#T-_

TO LOCAL

TELEVISION

54-1000 MHz

DC-42 MHz

C

COMBINED

TO/FROM ANY OUTLET

59


Broadband Specification Guide

A

Security Camera Sub-Channel Return Applications

The sub-channel return allows signals from security camera outputs generated anywhere in the facility to

be included in the channel line-up within the facility. The system uses the coaxial cable’s inherent twoway

transmission capability. When the proper electronics are installed, an audio and video signal can be

B

Channel generated Return anywhere Using Processors

within the coaxial network and redistributed to all televisions. For more information

please refer to Analog and Digital Sub-Channel Return “In Depth Description’s” on pages 54 and 58.

DC-42 MHz

OMBINED

SYSTEM

Hz

A

B

C

D

(PROCESSOR)

- AP-60-860 A # 59819 (AGILE 60 dBmV)

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24E COMBINER # 5794

- HPC-32E COMBINER # 5795

(DIPLEX FILTER)

- DSV-42 DIPLEXER # 4376

Sub-Channel Return

DC-42 MHz

OMBINED

SYSTEM

E

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

E

(MODULATOR)

- AM-60-550/OPT. 4 # 59416-4 (AGILE 60 dBmV)

(SECURITY CAMERA)

- BY OTHERS

(DIGITAL PROCESSOR)

- AQP # 6268

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

(DIPLEX FILTER)

- DSV-42 DIPLEXER # 4376

(QAM MODULATOR)

- AQM # 6271B

(MODULAR - RACK CHASSIS)

- MIRC-4CUBE-CH # 7703

- MIRC-4CUBE-PS # 7702

(HD OR SD ENCODER WITH ASI OUTPUT)

-HDE-CHV-QAM #6384

(SECURITY CAMERA)

- BY OTHERS

Analog Sub-Channel Return Using Processors

B

ANALOG

54-1000 MHz DC-42 MHz

A

TO LOCAL

TELEVISION

#__

54-1000 MHz

B

DIGITAL

DC-42 MHz

COMBINED

COMBINED

TO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

C

#T-_

A

#__

C

Digital Sub-Channel Return

#T-_

D

#T-_

TO/FROM ANY OUTLET

54-1000 MHz DC-42 MHz

C

COMBINED

TO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

54-1000 MHz DC-42 MHz

(PROCESSOR)

A

- AP-60-860 A # 59819 (AGILE 60 dBmV)

D

B (COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24E COMBINER #T-_

#T-_

# 5794

- HPC-32E COMBINER # 5795

A

C (DIPLEX FILTER)

TO LOCAL

- DSV-42 DIPLEXER # 4376

TELEVISION

#__

D (MODULATOR)

54-1000 MHz

DC-42 MHz

- AM-60-550/OPT. 4 # 59416-4 (AGILE 60 dBmV)

B

TO/FROM ANY OUTLET

54-1000 MHz DC-42 MHz

PROGRAM (DIGITAL INPUT PROCESSOR)

A

VIDEO- AQP # 6268

ASI

F

AUDIO

B (COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

C

D

E

F

G

Digital Sub-Channe

COMBINED

COMBINED

TO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

(QAM MODULATOR)

LOCAL

- AQM # 6271B TELEVISION

(MODULAR - RACK CHASSIS)

- MIRC-4CUBE-CH

54-1000 MHz

# 7703

DC-42 MHz

- MIRC-4CUBE-PS # 7702

(HD OR SD ENCODER WITH ASI OUTPUT)

C

-HDE-CHV-QAM #6384

COMBINED

C

COMBINED

TO DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

C

#T-_

#__

E

C

(DIPLEX FILTER)

- DSV-42 DIPLEXER # 4376

D

#T-_

TO/FROM ANY OUTLET

E

A

B

C

D

(PRO

- AP-

(COM

- HP

- HP

- HP

- HP

(DIP

- DS

A

B

C

D

E

F

(MO

- AM

(D

-

(

-

-

-

-

(

-

(

-

-

(

-

-42 MHz

INED

PROGRAM INPUT

VIDEO

AUDIO

F

ASI

D

60

E


Broadband Specification Guide

l Return

IGITAL PROCESSOR)

AQP # 6268

COMBINER)

HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

DIPLEX FILTER)

DSV-42 DIPLEXER # 4376

Section Five:

IPTV Applications

(QAM MODULATOR)

- AQM # 6271B

MODULAR - RACK CHASSIS)

MIRC-4CUBE-CH # 7703

MIRC-4CUBE-PS # 7702

HD OR SD ENCODER WITH ASI OUTPUT)

HDE-CHV-QAM #6384

61


Broadband Specification Guide

EBS/ITFS (QAM) Reception Distributed via IP

Functionality

Any facility that wants to distribute a digital EBS/ITFS feed on their IP network will need to convert the

QAM digital signals to IP format. This system will allow you to receive the digital EBS/ITFS (QAM) channel

transmission and distribute along the IP network to PC’s or IP STB’s in the facility.

In Depth Description

The method to utilizing a digital EBS/ITFS signal is to employ an IPAT Transcoder with an RFI (RF Input

Option). The IPAT -RFI is an agile device that can be set up to receive a digital EBS/ITFS channel input

signal from an EBS/ITFS downconverter. Its function is to receive the QAM EBS signal, demodulate it in

to an ASI transport stream and then transcode it to IP. The IPAT supports ASI single and multiple program

transport streams and its GbE output permits uni and multicasting through RTP and UTP protocols.

Selecting one product from each category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary

components for a working system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked

up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

62


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

EBS/ITFS (QAM) Reception Distributed via IP

A

B

A

B

(ITFS ANTENNA)

- By Others

(ITFS Down Converter)

- By Others

C

(ITFS Down Converter Power Supply)

- By Others

D

(SPLITTER)

- SXRS-4 #1924

C

E

(TRANSCODER)

- IPAT WITH RFI OPTION #6514

F

(NETWORK SWITCH)

- By Others

D

5

CLEAR QAM

E

IP

F

IP NETWORK

63


Broadband Specification Guide

Digital CATV (QAM) Reception - IP Distribution

Functionality

Any facility that wants to utilize a digital cable television feed as a source for their analog televisions

and computers will need to convert the digital signals back to analog for the analog televisions and in

to an IP stream for their computers. This system will allow you to receive a digital (QAM) channel from

the local cable company and distribute it to: analog televisions with IP set top boxes and PCs running

IPClientViewer software. The signals are delivered via a traditional closed Ethernet distribution network,

either LAN or WAN. This application assumes that there are no coaxial or hybrid fiber/coaxial networks in

the facility, and that the only available distribution network is Ethernet.

In Depth Description

The method of utilizing a digital CATV signal as a source for an Ethernet network is to employ an AQD

Digital Demodulator and an IPME-2 Internet Protocol (IP) Encoder in series. The AQD Digital Demodulator

is the system component that receives the CATV digital channel and tunes to a particular program (within

the channel), if multiple programs are transmitted. The AQD Digital Demodulator provides analog,

NTSC baseband audio and video outputs to connect to the IPME-2 IP Encoder. The IPME-2 is the system

component that receives the NTSC analog, baseband audio and video signals from the Digital Demodulator

and encodes them to an MPEG-2 transport stream for distribution over a properly setup LAN or WAN. This

stream has ‘real time’ video quality of 30 frames per second, full screen resolution of up to 720x480, and

stereo audio. It is very important to note that the managed switches supporting the LAN or WAN MUST

have the following items enabled: IGMP Snooping Querier, IGMP Snooping, and IP Multicast. These switch

features are vital to the proper operation of Video over IP, and must be present in the managed switches

for a proper user experience. Once the signals are on the IP network, they can be utilized by either: analog

televisions via industry standard IP set top boxes or PCs running IPClientViewer software. Selecting one

product from each category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary components

for a working system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the

specification library at the end of this publication.

64


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Digital C AT V (QAM) Reception - Analog V iewing (via IP )

FEED FROM

CA TV

B

A

C

A

B

C

(SPLITTERS)

- SXRS-4 # 1924

(ATSC/QAM DEMODULATOR)

- AQD # 6245

** OPTIONAL

- AQD-RCS # 2730 (REMOTE CONFIG SERVER)

**ALTERNATE PRODUCTS

- MDDM-860

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS & POWER SUPPLY)

- QTRC # 6233 (CHASSIS) AND

AQD-PCM # 6246 (POWER SUPPLY)

**ALTERNATE PRODUCTS

- MIRC-12

- MIPS-12

D

E

D

(IP ENCODER)

- IPME-2 # 2420 (INTERNET PROTOCOL MPEG-2 ENCODER)

** OPTIONAL

- IPME-SM # 2415 (IP ENCODER STREAM MANAGER)

F

E

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS)

- IPME-CH # 2419 (IP ENCODER CHASSIS)

5

LAN OR WAN

INFRASTRUCTURE

F

G

(ETHERNET SWITCH)

** ALL SWITCHES MUST SUPPORT & BE ENABLED FOR:

- IGMP SNOOPING

- IGMP SNOOPING QUERIER

- IP MULTICASTING

(COMPUTER WITH CLIENT VIEWER)

- IPCV # 2411 (IP CLIENT VIEWER)

H

(SET TOP BOX)

- IP STB (BY OTHERS)

H

G

.

.

65


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV Digital Cherry-Picking with IP Distribution

Functionality

This system will allow cherry-picking of up to 20 program streams from both clear and encrypted CATV

digital channels for distribution over a CAT 5e network. Program viewing is done through either a desktop

PC with a VLC Player software application or via a TV with an IP set-top box.

In Depth Description

The CATV input is fed into a multi-port splitter to provide enough inputs to the digital demodulators and

set-top boxes based upon the desired program streams. Programs that are carried on clear, un-encrypted

QAM channels are presented to the digital demodulators. The frequency agile digital demodulators are

tuned to a desired clear QAM channel and provide an ASI transport stream output. This output contains

all the programs within the QAM channel, and typically will be anywhere from 2-10 programs depending

on whether they’re HD, SD or a mix of the two. You require a digital demodulator for each clear QAM

channel that contains the desired program stream or streams to distribute. Encrypted QAM HD channels

require authorized set-top boxes (STB) from the CATV provider to receive the programs. A STB is required

for each encrypted program that will be distributed. The STB output is then applied to an HD encoder.

Many HD encoders are available with HDMI inputs, however the majority do not support HDCP encryption

typically used on HDMI connections such as those found on STB’s and DVD players. Therefore, the

component video/audio connections are typically used between the STB and encoder. The HD encoder

may have two or more inputs depending on the model. It digitizes and compresses the resultant bits

using the MPEG 2 technology standard and provides a multiplexed ASI output.

The ASI outputs from the digital demodulators and HD encoders are then applied to the Multiplexer. The

multiplexer is user configurable to select up to 20 desired program streams from available inputs and

provide a multiplexed output in IP format. For network flexibility, the multiplexer has the ability to assign

its output to 1, 2 or 4 IP addresses.

Selecting one product from each category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary

components for a working system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked

up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

66


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

IP Distribution

A

B

C

D

E

F

(MULTIPLEXER)

- MUX-12A-IP #6517

(DIGITAL DEMODULATOR)

- MDDA-860 #6277

(MODULAR CHASSIS/PS)

- MIRC-12 #7715

- MIPS-12D #7722

(HD ENCODER)

- HDE-2H/2S-QAM #6379

(STB)

- By Others

(SPLITTER 1X24)

-DFCS-24

CATV

CLEAR QAM- SD/HD

ENCRYPTED QAM - HD/SD

F

5

C

E

E E E

E E E E E E E E E E E E

COMPONENT COMPONENT COMPONENT

B B B B B B B B

D D D D

ASI

ASI

A

IP OUTPUT TO NETWORK

MAX 20 PROGRAMS/214 Mbps

(1,2 or 4 IP ADDRESSES)

67


Broadband Specification Guide

Local Origination Encoding for IP Distribution

Functionality

Any facility that wants to distribute HD locally generated content over their Ethernet network for viewing

on TV’s and computers must use an A/V encoder equipped with an IP output.

This system will allow you to encode two (2) high definition locally generated programs and distribute

them to TV’s with IP set top boxes and PCs running VLC player software. The program content is delivered

via a traditional closed Ethernet distribution network. This application assumes that the only available

distribution network is Ethernet, and no coaxial or hybrid fiber/coaxial networks existing within the facility.

In Depth Description

This solution delivers locally generated content over an Ethernet network by employing a HD264-2S-

IP Encoder. The HD264-2S-IP accepts two (2) high definition program sources in HD-SDI, HDMI

(unencrypted) or component video formats, provides H.264 or MPEG-2 encoding and then IP encapsulates

the resulting program streams in 10/100Base-T Ethernet for delivery over a properly setup LAN or WAN.

H.264 encoding is recommended in this application due to its higher compression rate, requiring about

half the bit rate compared to MPEG-2. The HD264-2S-IP features comprehensive remote monitoring and

control through the use any standard Web browser via a front-panel 10/100Base-T Ethernet connection.

It is very important to note that the managed switches supporting the LAN or WAN MUST have the

following items enabled: IGMP Snooping Querier, IGMP Snooping, and IP Multicast. These switch features

are vital to the proper operation of Video over IP, and must be present in the managed switches for a

proper user experience. Once the content is on the IP network, it can be received by TV’s via industry

standard IP set top boxes or PC’s running VLC player software. Selecting one product from each category

on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary components for a working system. Once

all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at the end

of this publication.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Most HD content is copyrighted and typically DRM (Digital Rights Management)

protected. Operators must get approval from their provider(s) to legally distribute content in this manner.

68


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Local Origination Encoding for IP Distribution

(2) CONTENT SOURCES

HD-SDI/HDMI (UNENCRYPTED)

COMPONENT OR COMPOSITE A/V

(2x) IP

A

B

A

B

C

D

(IP ENCODER)

- HD264-2S-IP #6396

(ETHERNET SWITCH)

** ALL SWITCHES MUST SUPPORT & BE ENABLED FOR:

- IGMP SNOOPING

- IGMP SNOOPING QUERIER

- IP MULTICASTING

(COMPUTER WITH VLC PLAYER)

(SET TOP BOX)

(BY OTHERS)

5

LAN OR WAN

INFRASTRUCTURE

D

C

.

.

69


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV/Broadcaster Backhaul System for Remote Originating Content

Functionality

CATV providers as well as broadcasters typically have remote locations where programming may originate

from. For a CATV operator it could be community channels or a live high school sporting event from the

various towns being served. Broadcasters may have remote studios separated from their main studio and

transmitter location that also supplies programming content. This system provides a solution to get remote

originated content back to the main headend or studio location in real time. The main advantage over

other remote local origination applications is that it significantly reduces the return bandwidth requirement

by using IP video with a cable modem rather than a digital QAM sub channel occupying a full 6 MHz.

This application assumes the remote and main headend/studio locations are serviced by the same CATV

system.

In Depth Description

The HDE-CHV-QAM is a versatile MPEG-2 encoder that accepts multiple A/V content input formats and

provides encoded outputs in IP which is used in this particular application as well as QAM and ASI. Video

input formats are component video, composite video, HDMI (unencrypted) and VGA. Audio inputs are left

/right and digital (coaxial). The HDE-CHV-QAM first digitizes then MPEG-2 encodes the input program

into a high-definition Single Program Transport Stream (SPTS), and finally IP-encapsulated and delivered in

10/100Base-T Ethernet output format. The SPTS is also available in ASI and QAM format. The encoder’s

IP output is then presented to a cable modem for data transmission back to the CATV headend on

the modem’s transmitted sub channel data carrier. At the headend the return signal is processed and

transcoded back to IP. From here the content can either be:

1) converted back to baseband A/V through an IP STB and applied to an analog modulator

for distribution. (CATV)

2) converted from IP to QAM via an IPAT w/ RFO option for digital QAM distribution.

(CATV)

3) turned around in the headend to transport content downstream to a receive site where it

would then be received on an IP STB connected to a cable modem. Using a unicast mode

of transmission, this would create a point-2-point connection between the “satellite” and

“main” studio locations. (Broadcaster)

Selecting one product from each category on the following page will insure you will have all the necessary

components for a working system. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be looked

up in the specification library at the end of this publication

70


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

CATV/Broadcaster Backhaul System for

Remote Origination Content

INTERNET

REMOTE ORIGINATION

LOCATION

CATV HEADEND

REMOTE RECEIVE SITE

CONTENT INPUT

(COMPONENT, HDMI,

COMPOSITE, VGA)

B

CMTS

IP

AV OUTPUTS

A

IP

FORWARD PATH

(DOWNSTREAM)

E

D

REVERSE PATH

(UPSTREAM)

STB

C

IP

C

5

CATV HFC NETWORK

A

(ENCODER)

- HDE-CHV-QAM #6384

B

(TRANSCODER)

- IPAT w/RFO #6512

C

(CABLE MODEM)

(BY OTHERS)

D

(COMBINER)

- HPC-8 COMBINER #5791

- HPC-12 COMBINER #5792

- HPC-24 COMBINER # 5790

- HPC-32 COMBINER # 5796

E

(DIPLEXER)

- DSV-42 #4376

.

.

71


Broadband Specification Guide

[This page is intentionally left blank]

72


Broadband Specification Guide

Section Six:

RF/Fiber Distribution

73


Broadband Specification Guide

Coaxial Distribution

Functionality

This type of distribution system is the link between the central signal source (Headend) and the televisions

that are scattered throughout the facility. This network relies entirely on traditional coaxial cable to

distribute the desired signals.

In Depth Description

Trunk and Branch: This type of distribution network is the most common architecture deployed today.

The basic premise is that there is a system of “Trunks”, or large distribution lines carrying high signal levels

away from the headend, running through out the facility. As this large cable runs through the facility, at many

locations, there needs to be “Branches”, or smaller lines carrying signals to individual TVs. These smaller lines

are often called “drops” and are created by “tapping” into the “Trunk” line with a mechanical device known as a

tap, or directional coupler. Amplification may be needed in order to provide signal though out the entire facility.

Considerations should be made in order to have power available outside of the “Headend” in either remote closets,

or by injecting power in to the coaxial network itself.

Home Run: This type of distribution network is usually only deployed in smaller facilities. The basic idea is that all

of the TVs have their signal directly run to them from one central point, or “Home Run”. This direct, point to point

wiring can not be used in large facilities because of the signal loss inherent to copper based cables. At the headend,

there must be enough RF output ports available for each “Home Run”, as well as AC power to power any amplifiers

that might be required.

Star: This type of distribution network is most often deployed by the data and telephone industries, but can also

be applied to some facilities for coaxial distribution. The “Star” architecture is a hybrid of the “Trunk and Branch”

and “Home Run”. Starting at the headend, large “Trunk” lines are run out in to the facility to several different

points. From these distribution points smaller cables, “Drops”, are then “Home Run” out to the individual TVs.

Considerations should be made in order to have power available outside of the “Headend” in either remote closets,

or by injecting power in to the coaxial network itself.

Cable Types: Special consideration must be given to the cable types employed in any architecture to ensure that

the proper cable for the application is selected. All of the cables used in the distribution networks described above

MUST be CATV rated as defined by National Electric Code, Article 820. There are two factors that must be looked

at to determine the correct cable; the location within the facility, and the location within the network.

When referring to the location within the facility, we are looking at the physical location in the facility where the cable

is going to be installed. The National Electric Code in Article 820 dictates the correct ratings for coaxial cables based

upon the location that the cables are going to be installed. The ratings are:

CATVP

CATVR

CATV

CATVX

CATVU

Plenum

Riser

General Commercial

External - No more than 50’ in to the building

Underground

The chart above is for reference purposes only, the specifier/designer must become familiar with the National

Electric Code, and design to their guidelines. When referring to the location within the network, we are

talking about the use of the cable. Is the cable a “Trunk”? Is the cable a “Drop”? Is the cable a “Home Run”?

The most common “Trunk” cables are RG-11 and .500 hard line, these larger cables are designed to carry

signals over long distances. All “Drop” cables should be RG-6 or larger depending on the length of the “Drop”.

Any coaxial run over 250’ should be RG-11 in order to facilitate the design of the network. The only use for RG-59

cable is to connect a VCR to a TV, or connect the TV to the wall plate in a room.

74


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Trunk and Branch Coaxial Distribution

C

FROM CATV INPUT OR OUTPUT

OF HEADEND

A

TRUNK CABLE

RG-11 or RG6

B

D

A

B

C

D

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- RMDA 86A-30 # 5200-83

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

(TWO WAY SPLITTER)

- SXRS-2 # 1922

(THREE WAY SPLITTER)

- SXRS-3 # 1923

(FOUR WAY SPLITTER)

- SXRS-4 # 1924

E

E

(EIGHT WAY SPLITTER)

- SXRS-8 # 1928

TRUNK CABLE

RG-11 or RG6

F

F

G

(SINGLE PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-** # 1940-** (SINGLE PORT - ** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

(TWO PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-2A-** # 1942-** (TWO PORT - ** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

G

H

(FOUR PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-4A-** # 1944-** (FOUR PORT - ** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

6

H

I

(EIGHT PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-8A-** # 1948-** (EIGHT PORT - ** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

I

J

J

K

(TERMINATOR)

- BTF-TP # 4670

(WALL PLATE)

- V-1GF-FT # 3187

- TF-GF-FT # 4691

DROP CABLE

RG-6 200' MAX.

WALL PLATE

K

RG-59 50' MAX

TELEVISION

** PASSIVE COMPONENTS (SPLITTERS AND TAPS) ARE LOCATED THROUGHOUT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

AS REQUIRED TO PROVIDE SUFFICIENT SIGNAL TO ALL OUTLETS.

75


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

FROM CATV INPUT

OR OUTPUT

OF HEADEND

B

Home Run Coaxial Distribution

A

A

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- RMDA 86A-30 # 5200-83

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

C1

B

C

(TWO WAY SPLITTER)

- SXRS-2 # 1922

DIRECTIONAL COUPLERS - USED INTERCHANGEABLY TO

SUPPLY SUFFICIENT SIGNAL TO ONE OR MULTIPLE OUTLETS

C2

C3

C4

D

C1

C2

C3

(SINGLE PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-** # 1940-** (SINGLE PORT -

** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

(TWO PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-2A-** # 1942-** (TWO PORT -

** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

(FOUR PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-4A-** # 1944-** (FOUR PORT -

** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

D

C4

(EIGHT PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-8A-** # 1948-** (EIGHT PORT -

** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

(TERMINATOR)

- BTF-TP # 4670

E

(WALL PLATE)

- V-1GF-FT # 3187

- TF-GF-FT # 4691

DROP CABLE

RG-6 200' MAX.

WALL PLATE

E

RG-59 50' MAX

TELEVISION

** ALL COMPONENTS LOCATED IN HEADEND. SPLITTERS AND TAPS USED AS NEEDED

TO PROVIDE SUFFICIENT SIGNAL TO ALL OUTLETS.

76


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagrams

Star Coaxial Distribution

FROM CATV INPUT

OR OUTPUT

OF HEADEND

B

A

A

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA 550-30P # 5500P53

- RMDA 750-30P # 5500P73

- RMDA 860-30P # 5500P83

- RMDA 860-43P # 5500P84

- RMDA 86A-30 # 5200-83

- BIDA 55A-30P # 5800P53

- BIDA 75A-30P # 5800P73

- BIDA 86A-30P # 5800P83

- BIDA 55A-43P # 5800P54

- BIDA 75A-43P # 5800P74

- BIDA 86A-43P # 5800P84

- BIDA 100A-30 # 5800-13

IDF

B

C

(THREE WAY SPLITTER)

- SXRS-3 # 1923

DIRECTIONAL COUPLERS - USED INTERCHANGEABLY TO

SUPPLY SUFFICIENT SIGNAL TO ONE OR MULTIPLE OUTLETS

C1

C2

(SINGLE PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-** # 1940-** (SINGLE PORT - ** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

(TWO PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-2A-** # 1942-** (TWO PORT - ** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

C3

(FOUR PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-4A-** # 1944-** (FOUR PORT - ** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

C4

(EIGHT PORT TAP OR DIRECTIONAL COUPLER)

- SRT-8A-** # 1948-** (EIGHT PORT - ** INDICATES TAP VALUE)

6

IDF

C1

D

E

(TERMINATOR)

- BTF-TP # 4670

(WALL PLATE)

- V-IGF-FT # 3187

- TF-GF-FT # 4691

C2

C3

C4

D

WALL PLATE

E

RG-59 50' MAX

DROP CABLE

RG-6 200' MAX.

TELEVISION

IDF

** SPLITTERS LOCATED IN HEADEND AND INTERMEDIATE CLOSETS (IDF). TAPS LOCATED IN

INTERMEDIATE CLOSETS AS REQUIRED TO PROVIDE SUFFICIENT SIGNAL TO ALL OUTLETS.

77


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

IDF Star Distribution

128 DROPS (MAX)

860 MHZ (TWO-WAY)

A

(AMPLIFIER)

- RMDA-86A-30 # 5200 83

B

(FOUR WAY SPLITTER)

SXRS-4 # 1924

C

(DISTRIBUTION FRAME SPLITTER)

- DFCS-24 # 5798

- DFCS-32 # 5799

A

B

D

(WALL PLATE)

- V-IGF-FT # 3187

- TF-GF-FT # 4691

C

DROP CABLE

RG-6

0’ TO 135’

DROP CABLE

RG-11

135’ TO 300’

D

D

78


Broadband Specification Guide

[This page is intentionally left blank]

79


Broadband Specification Guide

Hybrid Fiber and Coax Distribution

Functionality

This type of distribution system is the link between the source (Headend) and the televisions that are

scattered throughout the facility. This network relies on a combination of single mode fiber optic cable

and traditional coaxial cable to distribute the desired signals.

In Depth Description

This network provides a degree of future proofing, due to the virtually unlimited capacity of the single mode

fiber optic cable. The architecture starts out exactly the same as the “Star” architecture described under

coaxial distribution with a minor change. The signal that is going to be distributed through out the facility

is given to a fiber optic transmitter for conversion to light.

The transmitter must be correctly sized in order to overcome the loss of the splitter network and the fiber

network, and still provide enough signal to the fiber optic receivers. The optical output is then given to

an optical splitter network to provide enough outputs for the network. These outputs are connected to

single mode fiber optic cables, instead of coaxial trunk lines, and are run out in to the facility to several

different points. This system should be employed when the distance from the “Headend” to the distribution

points is very large.

One of the strengths of fiber optics is that it is not as susceptible to loss over distance as coaxial cable.

At these points the signal is converted from fiber optics to coaxial cable, now the distribution can continue

in any of the coaxial architectures listed above: “Trunk and Branch”, “Home Run”, or “Star”.

Considerations should be made in order to have power available at the point where the fiber optic cable

terminates because the fiber optic receivers are AC powered. If you pick one product from each category on

the next page, you will have all of the components to ensure a working design. Once all of the products are

identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

80


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Hybrid Fiber and Coax Distribution

FROM OUTPUT

OF HEADEND

A

B

D

SINGLE MODE

FIBER 1310 NM

A

B

(FIBER OPTIC TRANSMITTER)

- FIBT-S3A-816B # 7403B-6

- FIBT-S3A-818B # 7403B-8

- FIBT-S3A-810B # 7404B-10

- FIBT-S3A-812B # 7404B-12

- FIBT-S3A-814B # 7404B-14

(MODULAR)

**THE FOLLOWING MUST BE USED WITH “D”

- MIBT-S3A-816 # 7410A-6

- MIBT-S3A-818 # 7410A-8

- MIBT-S3A-810 # 7410A-10

- MIBT-S3A-812 # 7410A-12

- MIBT-S3A-814 # 7410A-14

(FIBER OPTIC COUPLER)

- FOC-102U-XX # 7450-X (1 X 2 RACK MOUNTED)

- FOC-104U-XX # 7454-X (1 X 4 RACK MOUNTED)

- FOC-108U-XX # 7457-X (1 X 8 RACK MOUNTED)

- FOC-116U-XX # 7460-X (1 X 16 RACK MOUNTED)

- FOC-23-16-U # 7486U(1X6 RACK MOUNTED)

SINGLE MODE

FIBER 1310 NM

C

C

D

(FIBER OPTIC RECEIVER)

- FRDA-S4A-860 # 7400-P84-B (135 CHANNELS, SURFACE MOUNTED)

- FRRA-S4A-860-43P # 7411-P84-B (135 CHANNELS, RACK MOUNTED)

- FOCN-S4S-201 #7420-1 (135 CHANNELS, SURFACE MOUNT)

(MODULAR RACK CHASSIS AND POWER SUPPLY)

- MIRC-12V # 7715 (12 SLOT CHASSIS) AND

MIPS-12D # 7722D (12 UNIT POWER SUPPLY)

6

TO COAX DISTRIBUTION

81


Broadband Specification Guide

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82


Broadband Specification Guide

Section Seven:

Miscellaneous

83


Broadband Specification Guide

High Speed Broadband Internet

Functionality

There are many different methods to provide broadband Internet access. The MegaPort system allows

an operator to deliver high speed Internet access over a new or existing two-way coaxial cable network.

Ideal applications include multiple-dwelling communities, educational institutions and hospitality (hotel/

motel) environments.

In Depth Description

The MegaPort system consists of two major components. The MegaPort Gateway (MPG) is a broadband

Ethernet Router or Bridge that essentially converts an Ethernet based Internet connection to RF for

transmission over the two-way broadband coaxial cable network. A single Gateway can provide service to

64 outlets. System capacity can be easily expanded by adding additional Gateway units or purchasing a

software license to upgrade the subscriber capability up to 250 outlets.

A MegaPort Outlet (MPO) acts as a cable modem and is used to convert the RF data signal back to Ethernet

to deliver data at the computer location. The MPO takes a unique approach with its infrastructure based

design that facilitates permanent installation. Each MPO is MAC addressed that allows for easy remote

software activation and deactivation. In addition, installing multiple MPOs allows the ability to offer “home

networking” for functions like file transfer and printer sharing. All this is accomplished without interference

to existing TV channels or other interactive services.

The MegaPort system is compatible with practically any two-way coaxial cable network. There are several

MPO types that are available for various applications, of which the most common standard units are listed

on the next page. If you pick one product from each category on the next page, you will have all of the

components to ensure a working design. Once all of the products are identified, the specifications can be

looked up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

84


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

High Speed Broadband Internet

FROM CATV INPUT

OR OUTPUT

OF HEADEND

RF Port

--->

Local

Access

Port

A

--->

Ethernet

WAN

Port

--->

E

A

B

(MegaPort Gateway)

- MPG-1100 # 2681

(MegaPort Outlet)

- MPO-ESM-70 # 2677 (Ethernet Surface Mount, 64-76 MHz DS)

- MPO-ESM-52 # 2673 (Ethernet Surface Mount, 48-56 MHz DS)

Out

F

C

(WALL PLATE)

- V-1GF-FT # 3187

- TF-GF-FT # 4691

In

D

Tap

D

(Directional Coupler)

- SRT-# # 1940-# (1 Tap Port - 9 dB Min.)

- SRT-2A-# # 1942-# (2 Tap Ports - 8 dB Min.)

- SRT-4A-# # 1944-# (4 Tap Ports - 11 dB Min.)

- SRT-8A-# # 1948-# (8 Tap Ports - 14 dB Min.)

To/From

Distribution System

E

F

(Single Channel Elimination Filter)

CEF-750 (Ch A-8, SPI) # 4446

(50 MHz High-Pass Filter)

MP-EZHP # 2691

B

7

WALL PLATE

C

RG-59 50' MAX

TELEVISION

COMPUTER

85


Broadband Specification Guide

Remote Power Reset

Functionality

This system will allow you to remotely power-up or shutdown equipment. In the event of an equipment

malfunction that requires a “cold boot” to reset it, this system can cycle the AC power on and off via a

telephone modem or Ethernet connection.

In Depth Description

The remote power reset (RPR) unit has eight AC outlets on its rear panel that are independently addressed

to control one or more components. In addition to manual resets the RPR can be set for a scheduled reset

through the use of it's internal real time clock. Standard AC outlet strips can be plugged in to provide multiple

receptacles off a single RPR. The RPR has a total maximum current draw of 12 amps. The RPR uses a standard

internal Internet Explorer® web browser interface to access the unit. Many advanced functions are available

for example, current sensing, alarms and SNMP communication. If you pick one product from each category

on the next page, you will have all of the components to ensure a working design. Once all of the products are

identified, the specifications can be looked up in the specification library at the end of this publication.

86


Broadband Specification Guide

Functional Block Diagram

Remote Power Reset

A

B

Ethernet

C

A

B

(Any Device)

- Any device that you want to power cycle remotely via

an Ethernet connection

7

C

(Remote Power Reset)

- RPR-8 #3921

87


Broadband Specification Guide

Equipment Specifications Library

Model Page # Model Page # Model Page #

ACM-806A.................................89

AD-1B........................................89

AD-1B OPT 17...........................89

AM-60-550................................90

AM-60-550 OPT 4.....................90

AM-60-860 OPT 5.....................90

AMCM-860D.............................91

AP-60-860A...............................91

AQD...........................................92

AQD-PCM/QTRC.......................92

AQD-RCS...................................92

AQM..........................................93

AQP............................................93

AQT............................................94

AQT-PCM/QTRC........................94

AQT-RCS....................................94

BIDA-55A-30P...........................95

BIDA-75A-30P...........................95

BIDA-86A-30P...........................96

BIDA-55A-43P...........................96

BIDA-75A-43P...........................97

BIDA-86A-43P...........................97

BIDA-100A-30...........................98

BTY-10-U....................................98

BTY-UHF-BB...............................98

CMA-Uc.....................................99

DFCS-24....................................99

DFCS-32................................. 100

DHDP-V ................................. 100

DSV-42.....................................101

DQMX..................................... 102

EQAM-420A............................ 103

FIBT-S3A-XXXX....................... 104

FOC-23-16-U.......................... 104

FOC-102U-XX......................... 104

FOC-104U-XX......................... 104

FOC-108U-XX......................... 105

FOC-116U-XX......................... 105

FOCN-S4S-201....................... 105

FRDA-S4A-860........................ 106

FRRA-S4A-860-43P................. 106

HD264-2S-IP........................... 107

HDE-2H/2S-QAM................... 108

HDE-4S-QAM.......................... 109

HDE-CHV-QAM.......................110

HPC-8...................................... 111

HPC-12..................................... 111

HPC-24.................................... 111

HPC-32.................................... 111

IPAT..........................................112

IPME-CH..................................112

IPME-2.....................................113

MDDA-860..............................113

MDDM-860.............................114

MIBT-S3A-XXX.........................114

MICM-45D...............................115

MICM-45DS.............................115

MIDM-806C............................115

MIRC-4D .................................116

MIRC-12V/MIPS-12D...............116

MPG-1100................................116

MPO-ESM-XX..........................116

MSBC.......................................117

MUX-12A-IP.............................117

MUX-2D-QAM.........................118

PS-1526...................................119

PS-1536...................................119

QTM.........................................120

RMDA-550-30P.......................121

RMDA-750-30P.......................121

RMDA-860-30P.......................122

RMDA-860-43P.......................122

RMDA-86A-30 ........................123

RPR-8.......................................123

SCMA-Ub.................................123

SMR-1600................................124

SRT...........................................124

SRT-2A.....................................124

SRT-4A.....................................124

SRT-8A.....................................125

SXRS-2.....................................125

SXRS-3.....................................125

SXRS-4.....................................125

SXRS-8.....................................126

TF-GF-FT..................................126

TVCB-PC..................................126

V-1GF-FT..................................126

88


Broadband Specification Guide

Equipment Specifications Library

ACM-806A (See page: 56 )

The modulator shall be a frequency agile heterodyne audio/video modulator. It shall have a modular die cast chassis for

superior RFI protection and heat dissipation.

The modulator shall modulate a nominal 1.0 volt peak to peak, negative sync video source and a0.4 volt peak to peak audio

source to a CATV channel from 2 to 125 by changing the front panel channel selector. The modulator shall have front panel

controls for video, audio modulation levels and output level. The modulator shall be BTSC compatible via field-defeatable

audio pre-emphasis. The modulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue ACM-806A and shall meet or exceed the following

specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 54 to 806 MHz

b) Output Level: 45 dBmV Minimum

c) Output Level Control: 10 dB

d) Spurious Outputs: -60 dBc

e) C/N In Channel: 60 dB

f) Output Return Loss: 10 dB Minimum

g) Broadband Noise: -75 dBc

AD-1B (See page: 38 )

The demodulator shall be a frequency agile, audio/video demodulator equipped with a Nyquist filter to ensure stable and

accurate demodulation. The demodulator shall demodulate NTSC, HRC or IRC cable TV channels to a 1 volt peak to peak video,

and a 500 mV RMS audio. The input channel shall be field settable via front panel DIP switches. The demodulator shall have

front panel controls for video response and input channel selection. There shall be a AGC circuit on the RF input to compensate

for input level variations. The demodulator shall be BTSC compatible via 4.5 MHz audio sub-carrier and broadband multiplex

audio output. The demodulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue AD-1 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 54 to 88, 108 to 806 MHz

b) Input Level: 20 dBmV Maximum

c) Video Output Level : 1 V p-p

AD-1B OPT 17 (See page: 56 )

The demodulator shall be a frequency agile, audio/video demodulator equipped with a Nyquist filter to ensure stable and

accurate demodulation. The demodulator shall demodulate NTSC, HRC or IRC cable TV channels to a 1 volt peak to peak video,

and a 500 mV RMS audio. The input channel shall be field settable via front panel DIP switches. The demodulator shall have

front panel controls for video response and input channel selection. There shall be a AGC circuit on the RF input to compensate

for input level variations. The demodulator shall be BTSC compatible via 4.5 MHz audio sub-carrier and broadband multiplex

audio output. The demodulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue AD-1 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range:

7 to 49, 54 to 88, 108 to 806 MHz

b) Input Level: 20 dBmV Maximum

c) Video Output Level : 1 V p-p

d) 4.5 MHz Sub-carrier Output Level: 35 dBmV

e) Tuning Increment: 250 kHz

f) Impedance: 75 Ω

d) 4.5 MHz Sub-carrier Output Level: 35 dBmV

e) Tuning Increment: 250 kHz

f) Impedance: 75 Ω

89


Broadband Specification Guide

Equipment Specifications Library

AM-60-550 (See pages: 9, 38, 47, 51, 56 )

The modulator shall be a frequency agile, solid state heterodyne audio/video modulator equipped with Emergency Alert

System alternate IF input. The modulator shall modulate a 0.7-2.5 volt peak to peak, sync negative video source and a 140

mV RMS audio source to output CATV channels 2 to 78. The modulator shall have a composite IF loop-thru, and front panel

controls for video, audio modulation levels, aural to visual ratio and output level. The modulator shall be BTSC compatible via

field-defeatable audio pre-emphasis. The modulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue AM-60-550 and shall meet or exceed

the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 54 to 550 MHz

b) Output Level: 60 dBmV Minimum

c) Output Level Control: 10 dB

d) Spurious Outputs: -60 dBc

e) C/N In Channel: 63 dB

f) Output Return Loss: 12 dB Minimum

g) Broadband Noise: -77 dBc

AM-60-550 OPT 4 (See pages: 55, 56 )

The modulator shall be a frequency agile, solid state heterodyne audio/video modulator equipped with Emergency Alert

System alternate IF input. The modulator shall modulate a 0.7-2.5 volt peak to peak, sync negative video source and a 140

mV RMS audio source to output CATV channels T7 to T14, or 2 to 78. The modulator shall have a composite IF loop-thru,

and front panel controls for video, audio modulation levels, aural to visual ratio and output level. The modulator shall be BTSC

compatible via field-defeatable audio pre-emphasis. The modulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue AM-60-550 OPT 4 and

shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 7 to 49 MHz or 54 to 550 MHz

b) Output Level: 60 dBmV Minimum

c) Output Level Control: 10 dB

d) Spurious Outputs: -60 dBc

e) C/N In Channel: 63 dB

f) Output Return Loss: 14 dB Minimum

g) Broadband Noise: -77 dBc

AM-60-860 OPT 5 (See page: 9)

The modulator shall be a frequency agile, solid state heterodyne audio/video modulator equipped with Emergency Alert

System alternate IF input, and BTSC stereo encoder. The modulator shall modulate a 1 volt peak to peak, sync negative video

source and a 140 mV RMS audio source to output CATV channels 2 to 135 by changing front panel push button switches.

The modulator shall have a composite IF loop-thru, and front panel controls for video, audio modulation levels, aural to visual

ratio and output level. The modulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue AM-60-860 and shall meet or exceed the following

specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 54 to 860 MHz

b) Output Level: 60 dBmV Minimum

c) Output Level Control: 10 dB

d) Spurious Outputs: -60 dBc

e) C/N In Channel: 63 dB

f) Output Return Loss: 14 dB Minimum

g) Broadband Noise: -77 dBc

90


Broadband Specification Guide

Equipment Specifications Library

AMCM-860D (See pages: 9, 19, 27, 31, 38, 47, 51, 53, 56 )

The modulator shall be a frequency agile heterodyne audio/video modulator available in stereo or mono audio input models.

The modulator will be equipped with CalmTones, a feature utilizing audio AGC circuitry to eliminate loudness variations

between program sources. It shall have a modular die cast chassis for superior RFI protection and heat dissipation.

The modulator shall modulate a nominal 1.0 volt peak to peak, negative sync video source and a 0.5 - 4.0 unit peak to

peak audio source (constant AGC range) to a CATV channel from 2 to 135 by changing the front panel channel selector.

The modulator shall have front panel controls for video, audio modulation levels, aural to visual ratio and output level. The

modulator shall be BTSC compatible via field-defeatable audio pre-emphasis. The modulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue

AMCM-860 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 54 to 860 MHz

b) Output Level: 45 dBmV Minimum

c) Output Level Control: 10 dB

d) Spurious Outputs: -60 dBc

e) C/N In Channel: 63 dB

f) Output Return Loss: 12 dB Minimum

g) Broadband Noise: -75 dBc

AP-60-860A (See page: 55 )

The Agile Processor shall be in a 1RU chassis. The processor shall be compatible with both off-air 8VSB and CATV QAM

channel inputs including sub channels T7-T13. The processor shall be capable of operating in any of the following 3 modes:

Digital to Analog Mode – receives one 8VSB or QAM (64/256) input and outputs one NTSC analog RF output channel in

the 54-860 MHz range.

Digital to Digital Mode – receives one QAM (64/256) input and outputs one QAM RF output channel in the 54-860 MHz

range.

Analog to Analog Mode – receivers one NTSC analog channel and outputs one NTSC analog channel between 54 and 860

MHz.

The agile processor shall be equal to Blonder Tongue AP-60-860A and shall meet the following specifications:

INPUT

a) Analog Mode:

i) Standard: NTSC

ii) Tuning: CATV 2-135, Broadcast 2-69, Sub T7-T13

iii) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

iv) -20 to +30 dBmV

b) QAM Mode

i) Standard: ITU-T J.83 - Annex B

ii) Tuning Range: CATV Ch. 2-135

iii) Data Rate: 38.8 Mpbs

iv) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

v) Power Level: -20 to +30 dBmV

c) QAM/8SVB Mode:

i) Standard: 8SVB ATSC Digital television

QAM ITU-T J.83 - Annex B

ii) Tuning Range: 8SVB VHF (NTSC Ch. 2-13)

UHF (NTSC Ch. 14-69)

QAM CATV Ch. 2 -135

iii) Data Rate: 8SVB 19.392 Mbps

QAM 38.8 Mbps

iv) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

v) Power Level: -20 to +30 dBmV

d) Power: 110 VAC/60 Hz

e) Power Dissipation: 36 W

91

OUTPUT

f) Analog-to-Analog/Digital-to-Digital Modes

i) RF Output: Analog RF or QAM

ii) Frequency Range: 54 to 864 MHz

iii) Power Level: Mode 1: +60 dBmV

Mode 2: +55 dBmV

iv) Power Level Range: Mode 1: +50 to +62 dBmV

Mode 2: +45 to +57 dBmV

v) Broadband Noise: Mode 1: -77 dBc

Mode 2: -75 dBc

vi) Spurious: -63 dBc

g) Digital to Analog Mode

i) RF Output: Analog RF

ii) Frequency Range: 54 to 864 MHz

iii) Channels: UHF, VHF, CATV

iv) Power Level: +60 dBmV

v) Power Level Range: +50 to +62

vi) Broadband Noise: -77 dBc

vii) Spurious: -63 dBc

h) 4.5 MHz Audio

i) Carrier Tolerance: ± 150 Hz 32 to 122 ºF


Broadband Specification Guide

Equipment Specifications Library

AQD (See pages: 19, 27, 31, 65 )

The HDTV (ATSC/QAM) demodulator shall have a 3RU modular design to permit up to eight units to be inserted in a chassis

with a common power and control unit. The demodulator shall output a NTSC composite video via an F connector and audio

via left/right RCA connectors. The HDTV demodulator shall be capable of decoding all 18 ATSC (Advanced Television Systems

Committee) standard formats including 8VSB, annex B QAM 64 and QAM 256. The HDTV demodulator will have its video

displayed in 480i (NTSC) in 4:3 or 16:9 formats with closed captioning decoding supported as well. The HDTV demodulator

shall be equal to Blonder Tongue AQD and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Input Tuning Range:

i) 8VSB

(1) VHF 2-13: 54-216

(2) UHF 14-69: 470-806

(3) CATV: 2-135

ii) QAM

(1) CATV: 2-135

b) Operating Input Range:

-20 dbmV to +20 dBmV

c) Data Rate:

i) 8VSB Mode: 19.392 Mbps

ii) QAM 64 Annex B:

26.9 Mbps, Auto Detection

iii) QAM 256 Annex B:

38.8 Mbps, Auto Detection

d) Video Output: NTSC Composite Video

i) Output Level: 1 V p-p

ii) Aspect Ratio: 4:3, 16:9 (Pan and Scan)

iii) Closed Captioning: EIA-608

iv) Format: 480i

e) Audio Output: Analog

i) Output Level: 1 Vrms

ii) Audio Control: Adjustable in 2 dB steps

f) Size (W x H x D): 1.5 x 5.25 x 10.63 in.

AQD-PCM/QTRC (See pages: 19, 27, 65 )

The rack chassis and power supply / control module shall provide eight modular slots for mounting and powering AQD (ATSC/

QAM) demodulators. The rack chassis shall be UL Listed and occupy 3RU’s in a 19 inch rack. The power and control unit shall

have a 2 line by 16 character liquid crystal display (LCD) to allow interaction with easy to follow user menu functions for simple

programming. The rack chassis and its power and control module shall be equal to Blonder Tongue QTRC and AQD-PCM. They

shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Power Requirements Input: 115 VAC 50/60 Hz

b) Operating Temperature Range: 0 to 50º C

c) Chassis Size (W x H x D): 19 X 5.25 x 12.0 in.

AQD-RCS (See pages: 19, 31, 65 )

The AQD-RCS (Remote Configuration Server) shall be an optional unit and have a modular design to interface with the

PCM (Power & Control Module) and occupying one slot of the Rack Chassis. The RCS will feature a graphical web browser

based interface to permit remote computer control of the entire AQD headend. The unit shall have a programmable static IP

address and function with standard browsers such as Microsoft ® Internet Explorer ® 6.0 or later and not require any software

to be loaded onto an operators computer. The RCS shall be equal to the Blonder Tongue AQD-RCS or exceed the following

specifications:

a) IP Addressing: Fixed Static IP

b) User Name & Password: Software Settable

c) Administrator & View Modes

d) Module Dimensions (W x H x D):

11.31 x 5.25 x 1.5 in.

e) Chassis Dimensions: 19 x 5.25 x 12 in.

f) Mounting: Standard 3 EIA Unit Height

5.25 x 19 in.

g) Power Requirement: 5 VDC, 200 mA

h) Operating Temperature: 0º to +50º C

i) Storage Temperature: -20º to +70º C

j) Humidity: 0 to 95% RH

k) RJ-45 Ethernet Connector

l) RJ-11 RS-232 Serial Data Connector

m) 12-pin Power Connector

n) Ethernet Link LED

o) Ethernet Receive LED

p) Ethernet Transmit LED

92


Broadband Specification Guide

Equipment Specifications Library

AQM (See pages: 11, 49, 59 )

The QAM modulator shall have a 2RU modular design to permit up to six units to be inserted in a chassis with a common

power supply. The modulator shall provide modulation modes of 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512 and 1024 QAM. It shall have an

integrated frequency agile upconverter capable of CATV output channels T7 to 135. The QAM modulator shall be equal to

Blonder Tongue AQM and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Input: ASI (per EN 50083-9)

b) Symbol Rate: Variable, up to 10 Mbaud

c) MER: 40 dB

d) RF Output: CATV T7 to 135 (5.75-864 MHz)

e) Output Level:

+40 dBmV (average measurement)

f) Output Level Control: 10 dB

g) Amplitude Flatness: ± 0.25 dB (over 6 MHz)

h) Phase Noise: @ 10 kHz Offset: -98 dBc

i) Spurious Output (54-1000 MHz): - 60 dBc

j) Broadband Noise:

-75 dBc (@ 40 dBmV out, 4 MHz BW)

k) Controls: LCD display with 5 interactive

navigation/enter push buttons

l) Connectors:

ASI input (BNC 75 Ω), RF output (F)

m) Operating Temperature Range: 0 to 50º C

n) Size (W x H x D): 2.3 x 3.5 x 7.5 in.

AQP (See pages: 33, 59 )

The ATSC/QAM Processor shall be in a 1RU chassis. The processor shall be compatible with both off-air 8VSB and CATV QAM

channel inputs including sub channels T7-T13. The processor has a QAM frequency agile output from 54-864 MHz (Channels

2-135). The ATSC/AQM processor shall be equal to Blonder Tongue AQP and shall meet the following specifications:

a) Standards

i) 8VSB/16VSB: ATSC Digital Television A/53E

ii) QAM: ITU-T J.83 - Annex A & B (16, 32, 64, 128, and 256 QAM)

b) 8VSB/16VSB Modes

i) Tuning Range: VHF (NTSC Ch. 2-13), UHF (NTSC Ch. 14-69)

ii) Data Rate: 19.392 Mbps

iii) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

iv) 8VSB Power Level: -28 to 20 dBmV

c) QAM Mode

i) Tuning Range: CATV (NTSC Ch. T7-T13; 2-135)

ii) Data Rate: 38.8 Mbps (QAM 256); 26.97 Mbps (QAM 64) – Auto Detect

iii) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

iv) Power Level: -20 to +20 dBmV

d) QAM Modulation Modes: 16, 32, 64, 128, & 256

e) DVB Symbol Rate: Variable; 1 to 7 MSymbols/sec (Mbaud)

f) Frequency Range: 54 to 864 MHz

g) QAM Tuning :NTSC: Per channel’s number from 2 to 135

h) Per channel’s center-frequency (12.5 kHz increments)

i) RF Level: +55 dBmV

j) Size (W x D x H): 19 x 18.125 x 1.75 in.

k) Power: 105 to 135 VAC; 60 Hz

l) Power Dissipation: 23 W

93


Broadband Specification Guide

Equipment Specifications Library

AQT (See page: 21)

The ATSC/QAM to QAM transcoder shall have a 3RU modular chassis design permitting up to eight units to be mounted

along with a common power supply and control unit. The transcoder modules shall be compatible with both off-air 8VSB and

CATV QAM channel inputs. The ATSC/AQM transcoder shall be equal to Blonder Tongue AQT and shall meet the following

specifications:

a) Demod Mode

i) ATSC: 8VSB or 16VSB

ii) ITUA: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 QAM

iii) ITUB: 64, 256 QAM

b) 8 VSB Input Range:

i) VHF/UHF, 54-806 MHz

ii) Level

(1) -28 dBmV Min. 8VSB

(2) -25 dBmV Min. 16VSB

c) QAM Input Range

i) 54-861 MHz

ii) Level

(1) -20 dBmV Min. QAM64

(2) -15 dBmV Min. QAM256

d) QAM Output

i) 54-860 MHz (CATV 2-135)

ii) Variable Bandwidth

iii) +40 dBmV Output level (average meas.)

iv) 16, 32, 64, 128 and 256 Modulation modes

v) -95 dBc Phase Noise @ 10 kHz

e) Size (W x H x D): 1.5 x 5.25 x 10.63 in.

AQT-PCM/QTRC (See page: 21 )

The rack chassis and power supply/control module shall be UL Listed and provide eight modular slots for mounting and

powering AQT (ATSC/QAM) transcoders. The rack chassis shall occupy 3 RU’s in a 19 inch rack. The power and control unit

shall have a backlit Liquid Crystal Display with 5 navigation/enter push buttons. The rack chassis and its power supply/control

module shall be equal to Blonder Tongue QTRC and AQT-PCM. They shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Power Requirement: 100 to 265 VAC 50/60 Hz, 107 W

b) Operating Temperature: 0 to 50º C

c) Chassis Size (W x H x D): 19 x 5.25 x 12 in.

AQT-RCS (See page: 21 )

The AQT-RCS (Remote Configuration Server) shall be an optional unit and have a modular design to interface with the PCM

(Power & Control Module) and occupying one slot of the Rack Chassis. The RCS will feature a graphical web browser based

interface to permit remote computer control of the entire AQT headend. The unit shall have a programmable static IP address

and function with standard browsers such as Microsoft ® Internet Explorer ® 6.0 or later and not require any software to

be loaded onto an operators computer. The RCS shall be equal to the Blonder Tongue AQD-RCS or exceed the following

specifications:

a) IP Addressing: Fixed Static IP

b) User Name & Password: Software Settable

c) Administrator & View Modes

d) Module Dimensions (W x H x D):

11.31 x 5.25 x 1.5 in.

e) Chassis Dimensions: 19 x 5.25 x 12 in.

f) Mounting: Standard 3 EIA Unit Height

5.25 x 19 in.

g) Power Requirement: 5 VDC, 200 mA

h) Operating Temperature: 0º to +50º C

i) Storage Temperature: -20º to +70º C

j) Humidity: 0 to 95% RH

k) RJ-45 Ethernet Connector

l) RJ-11 RS-232 Serial Data Connector

m) 12-pin Power Connector

n) Ethernet Link LED

o) Ethernet Receive LED

p) Ethernet Transmit LED

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BIDA-55A-30P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 47, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77 )

The distribution amplifiers shall be housed in a heavy 100% shielded enclosure and employ power doubling hybrid circuitry

for forward path amplification. The amplifier shall contain an integrated, amplified return path that is field defeatable.

The amplifiers shall have mounting tabs for securing to any flat surface, and be powered be an external UL listed power

transformer. The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder Tongue BIDA-55A-30P, and shall meet or exceed the following

specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 49 to 550 MHz

b) Reverse Passband: 5 to 36 MHz

c) Flatness: ±0.50 dB or better

d) Gain: 32 dB

e) Manual Gain Control Range: 10 dB

f) Manual Slope Control Range: 8 dB

g) Test Ports:

i) Input: -30 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -30 ±2 dB

h) Return Loss:

i) Input: 16 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 16 dB Minimum

i) Terminal Impedance: 75 Ω

j) Noise Figure: 7.0 dB Maximum

k) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

l) Number of Channels: 77

m) Output Level:

i) LowestChannel: 36 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 44 dBmV

n) Composite Triple Beat Distortion -71 dB

o) Cross Modulation: -74 dB

p) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

q) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

BIDA-75A-30P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 47, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77 )

The distribution amplifiers shall be housed in a heavy 100% shielded enclosure and employ power doubling hybrid circuitry

for forward path amplification. The amplifier shall contain an integrated, amplified return path that is field defeatable.

The amplifiers shall have mounting tabs for securing to any flat surface, and be powered be an external UL listed power

transformer. The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder Tongue BIDA-75A-30P, and shall meet or exceed the following

specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 49 to 750 MHz

b) Reverse Passband: 5 to 36 MHz

c) Flatness: ±0.70 dB or better

d) Gain: 32 dB

e) Manual Gain Control Range: 10 dB

f) Manual Slope Control Range: 8 dB

g) Test Ports:

i) Input: -30 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -30 ±2 dB

h) Return Loss:

i) Input: 16 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 16 dB Minimum

i) Terminal Impedance: 75 Ω

j) Noise Figure: 8.5 dB Maximum

k) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

l) Number of Channels: 110

m) Output Level:

i) Lowest Channel: 36 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 44 dBmV

n) Composite Triple Beat Distortion -64 dB

o) Cross Modulation: -68 dB

p) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

q) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

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BIDA-86A-30P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 47, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77 )

The distribution amplifiers shall be housed in a heavy 100% shielded enclosure and employ power doubling hybrid circuitry

for forward path amplification. The amplifier shall contain an integrated, amplified return path that is field defeatable. The

amplifiers shall have mounting tabs for securing to any flat surface, and be powered be an external UL listed power transformer.

The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder Tongue BIDA-86A-30P, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 49 to 860 MHz

b) Reverse Passband: 5 to 36 MHz

c) Flatness: ±0.75 dB or better

d) Gain: 32 dB

e) Manual Gain Control Range: 10 dB

f) Manual Slope Control Range: 8 dB

g) Test Ports:

i) Input: -30 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -30 ±2 dB

h) Return Loss:

i) Input: 16 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 16 dB Minimum

i) Terminal Impedance: 75 Ω

j) Noise Figure: 8.5 dB Maximum

k) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

l) Number of Channels: 129

m) Output Level:

i) Lowest Channel: 36 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 44 dBmV

n) Composite Triple Beat Distortion -62 dB

o) Cross Modulation: -62 dB

p) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

q) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

BIDA-55A-43P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 47, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77 )

The distribution amplifiers shall be housed in a heavy 100% shielded enclosure and employ power doubling hybrid circuitry

for forward path amplification. The amplifier shall contain an integrated, amplified return path that is field defeatable. The

amplifiers shall have mounting tabs for securing to any flat surface, and be powered be an external UL listed power transformer.

The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder Tongue BIDA-55A-43P, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 49 to 550 MHz

b) Reverse Passband: 5 to 36 MHz

c) Flatness: ±0.50 dB or better

d) Gain: 43 dB

e) Manual Gain Control Range: 10 dB

f) Manual Slope Control Range: 8 dB

g) Test Ports:

i) Input: -30 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -30 ±2 dB

h) Return Loss:

i) Input: 16 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 16 dB Minimum

i) Terminal Impedance: 75 Ω

j) Noise Figure: 7.0 dB Maximum

k) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

l) Number of Channels: 77

m) Output Level:

i) LowestChannel: 36 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 44 dBmV

n) Composite Triple Beat Distortion -68 dB

o) Cross Modulation: -69 dB

p) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

q) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

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BIDA-75A-43P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 47, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77 )

The distribution amplifiers shall be housed in a heavy 100% shielded enclosure and employ power doubling hybrid circuitry

for forward path amplification. The amplifier shall contain an integrated, amplified return path that is field defeatable. The

amplifiers shall have mounting tabs for securing to any flat surface, and be powered be an external UL listed power transformer.

The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder Tongue BIDA-75A-43P, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 49 to 750 MHz

b) Reverse Passband: 5 to 36 MHz

c) Flatness: ±0.70 dB or better

d) Gain: 43 dB

e) Manual Gain Control Range: 10 dB

f) Manual Slope Control Range: 8 dB

g) Test Ports:

i) Input: -30 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -30 ±2 dB

h) Return Loss:

i) Input: 16 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 16 dB Minimum

BIDA-86A-43P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 47, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77 )

The distribution amplifiers shall be housed in a heavy 100% shielded enclosure and employ power doubling hybrid circuitry

for forward path amplification. The amplifier shall contain an integrated, amplified return path that is field defeatable. The

amplifiers shall have mounting tabs for securing to any flat surface, and be powered be an external UL listed power transformer.

The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder Tongue BIDA-86A-43P, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 49 to 860 MHz

b) Reverse Passband: 5 to 36 MHz

c) Flatness: ± 0.70 dB or better

d) Gain: 43 dB

e) Manual Gain Control Range: 10 dB

f) Manual Slope Control Range: 8 dB

g) Test Ports:

i) Input: -30 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -30 ±2 dB

h) Return Loss:

i) Input: 16 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 16 dB Minimum

i) Terminal Impedance: 75 Ω

j) Noise Figure: 7.0 dB Maximum

k) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

i) Terminal Impedance: 75 Ω

j) Noise Figure: 8.5 dB Maximum

k) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

l) Number of Channels: 110

m) Output Level:

i) Lowest Channel: 36 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 44 dBmV

n) Composite Triple Beat Distortion -64 dB

o) Cross Modulation: -68 dB

p) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

q) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

l) Number of Channels: 129

m) Output Level:

i) Lowest Channel: 36 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 44 dBmV

n) Composite Triple Beat Distortion -60 dB

o) Cross Modulation: -65 dB

p) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

q) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

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BIDA-100A-30 (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 47, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77 )

The distribution amplifiers shall be housed in a heavy 100% shielded enclosure and employ power doubling hybrid circuitry

for forward path amplification. The amplifier shall contain an integrated, amplified return path that is field defeatable. The

amplifiers shall have mounting tabs for securing to any flat surface, and be powered be an external UL listed power transformer.

The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder Tongue BIDA-100A-43P, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 49 to 1000 MHz

b) Reverse Passband: 5 to 36 MHz

c) Flatness: ±0.75 dB or better

d) Gain: 32 dB

e) Manual Gain Control Range: 10 dB

f) Manual Slope Control Range: 8 dB

g) Test Ports:

i) Input: -30 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -30 ±2 dB

h) Return Loss:

i) Input: 16 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 16 dB Minimum

i) Terminal Impedance: 75 Ω

j) Noise Figure: 8.5 dB Maximum

k) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

l) Number of Channels: 150

m) Output Level:

i) LowestChannel: 32 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 40 dBmV

n) Composite Triple Beat Distortion -59 dB

o) Cross Modulation: -60 dB

p) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

q) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

BTY-10-U (See pages: 21, 25 )

Single Channel UHF antennas shall be of the Yagi design with a flat frequency response. Gain over isotropic shall be 12.2 dBi or

greater. The antenna boom shall be constructed of 6063-T6 aluminum with 10 elements constructed of 6063-T52 aluminum.

The element ends shall be sealed against entry of moisture and weather protected with an anti-corrosion finish. The UHF

antennas shall be equal to Blonder Tongue BTY-10-U and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Impedance: 75 Ω

b) Gain Over Isotropic: 12.2 dBi Minimum

c) Front-To-Back Radio: 14 dB Minimum

d) Survival Wind Load: 125 mph

f) 3 dB Horizontal Beamwidth: 46 Degrees

g) Channels: 14 to 69

BTY-UHF-BB (See pages: 21, 25 )

Broadband UHF antennas shall be of the log periodic design with a flat frequency response. Gain over isotropic shall be 10.2

dBi. The antenna boom shall be constructed of 6063-T6 aluminum with 8 elements constructed of 6063-T52 aluminum. The

element ends shall be sealed against entry of moisture and weather protected with an anti-corrosion finish. The VHF antennas

shall be equal to Blonder Tongue BTY-UHF-BB and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Impedance: 75 Ω

b) Voltage Standing Wave Ratio: 1.67:1

c) Gain Over Isotropic: 10.2 dBi

d) Front-To-Back Radio: 18 dB Minimum

e) Survival Wind Load: 125 mph

f) 3 dB Horizontal Beamwidth: 62 Degrees

g) Bandwidth: 470-890 MHz

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CEF-750 (See pages: 51, 85)

The channel elimination filter shall be a professional quality rack mounted (1RU) product with a pass band of 50-750 MHz. The

filter shall be designed to remove one 6 MHz wide television channel with an attenuation of greater than 52 dB on the visual

and aural carriers with negligible loss to adjacent channel carriers. The channel elimination filter shall be available on channels

2 through CATV 38 (54-312 MHz). The channel elimination filter shall be equal to Blonder Tongue CEF-750, and shall meet

or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range

i) Channel Elimination: 54-312 MHz

ii) Passband: 50-750 MHz

b) Insertion Loss: 3 dB Max

c) Channel Suppression: 52 dB

d) Adjacent Channel Insertion Loss

2 to 23: 3.0 dB

24 to 38: 4.0 dB

e) Impedance: 75 Ω

f) Return Loss: 10 dB Min.

g) Size (W x H x D):

19.0 x 1.75 x 10.25 in.

CMA-Uc (See pages: 19, 21, 23, 25 )

UHF broadband preamplifiers shall be two piece construction to allow optimum placement of the amplifier in relation to the

antenna. The amplifier shall be housed in a rugged, mast mount, die-cast housing and have a -20 dB backmatched test port.

The UHF broadband preamplifiers shall be equal to Blonder Tongue CMA-Uc with power supply PS-1526 and shall meet or

exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 470-806 MHz

b) Gain: 20 dB

c) Input Capability: -9 to +26 dBmV per channel

d) Noise Figure: 3 dB Maximum

DFCS-24 (See pages: 67, 78 )

The distribution frame cable splitter shall have a 19 inch, 1RU rack mountable chassis and provide twenty four (24) output

ports for drop cable connections. The splitter shall have a -20 dB test point for testing the input signal without interruption of

service. The splitter shall be equal to Blonder Tongue DFCS-24, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5-1000 MHz

b) Impedance: 75 Ω

c) Input Test Port: -20 dB

d) Return Loss:

i) Input: 16 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 18 dB Minimum

e) Isolation

i) Adjacent Ports: 25 dB

ii) Non-Adjacent Ports: >40 dB

f) Insertion Loss: 20 dB Maximum

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DFCS-32 (See page: 78 )

The distribution frame cable splitter shall have a 19 inch, 1RU rack mountable chassis and provide thirty two (32) output ports

for drop cable connections. The splitter shall have a -20 dB test point for testing the input signal without interruption of service.

The splitter shall be equal to Blonder Tongue DFCS-32, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5-1000 MHz

e) Isolation

b) Impedance: 75 Ω

i) Adjacent Ports: 25 dB

c) Input Test Port: -20 dB

ii) Non-Adjacent Ports: >40 dB

d) Return Loss:

f) Insertion Loss: 20 dB Maximum

i) Input: 16 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 18 dB Minimum

DHDP-V (See page: 23 )

The HDTV off-air processor shall be a two-unit system consisting of a Downconverter unit which acts as the input section and an

Upconverter unit which acts as the output section. Both units are housed in a modular die-cast chassis requiring two positions

or slots in a compatible modular rack chassis.

The Downconverter unit shall accept any 8VSB signal from 54-860 MHz. Channel entry shall be

done by a 2 digit front panel BCD switch. (i.e.: - VHF 2-13, UHF 14-69 & unused spectrum 806-860 MHz).

The Downconverter shall output an IF signal which is then fed to the Upconverter unit.

The Upconverter unit shall take the IF signal and process it to any channel from 54-860 MHz. Channel entry shall be the same

as the downconverter (i.e.: - CATV, STD, IRC & HRC as well as Broadcast VHF & UHF). The HDTV channel processor shall be

equal to Blonder Tongue DHDP-V and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Input Frequency Range:

(8VSB - downconverter)

i) VHF 2-13: 54-216

ii) UHF 14-69: 470-806

iii) UHF Extended: 806-860

b) Operating Input Range:

-10 dbmV to +20 dBmV

c) Input Level Range:

i) (AGC Controlled) -20 dBmV to +25 dBmV

ii) Adj. Ch. Rejection:

(Ref. to +30 dBmV IF output)

iii) Adj. Aural and Below: >65 dB

iv) Adj. Visual and Above: >65 dB

d) Output Frequency: 44.00 MHz IF

e) Phase Noise: @ 10 KHz Offset -85 dBc/Hz

f) Output Frequency Range:

54-860 MHz (upconverter)

g) Channels:

i) CATV- STD, IRC, HRC

ii) Broadcast; VHF, UHF

h) Output Frequency Tolerance: ±5 KHz

i) Output Level:

i) Analog: +45 dBmV

(IF Input +35 dBmV)

ii) Digital: +40 dBmV

(IF Input +30dBmV)

j) Output Level Adj. Range: 10 dB

k) Spurious Output 50-1000 MHz: -60 dB

l) C/N Ratio IN Channel:

i) Digital: -60 dB

(6 MHz BW +40 dBmV Output)

ii) Analog: -65 dB

(4 MHz BW +45 dBmV Output)

m) Broadband Noise: -76 dBc

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DSV-42 (See pages: 51, 55, 56, 59, 71 )

The sub-band diplexers shall be manufactured in a die-cast housing with a soldered back plate to ensure high RFI shielding.

Sub-band diplexers shall be employed for isolating and separating VHF/UHF/CATV signals (50 to 1000 MHz) from sub-channel

signals (DC to 42 MHz). They shall permit two-way transmission of RF signals on a single coaxial cable. The sub-band diplexers

shall be equal to Blonder Tongue DSV-42 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5-1000 MHz

b) Impedance: 75 Ω

c) Passband:

i) Combined: DC-42 and 50-1000 MHz

ii) High: 50-1000 MHz

iii) Low: DC-42 MHz

d) Insertion Loss: 0.5 dB

e) Return Loss: 14 dB Minimum

f) Isolation:

i) DC-42 MHz:

(a) 50-860 MHz: 55 dB Minimum

(b) 860-1000 MHz: 45 dB Minimum

ii) 50-1000 MHz:

(a) DC-42 MHz: 45 dB Minimum

g) Power Passing Capability: 500 mA

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DQMx (See page: 25)

The Digital QAM Multiplexer shall accept up to four inputs in ASI, 8VSB, and QAM formats, and delivers one output in QAM

format in the 54-864 MHz range. Two types of input modules are available (ASI and 8VSB/QAM), and any combination of

input modules is allowed. Each ASI input module can process up to twelve channels, not to exceed 270 Mbps. Each 8VSB/

QAM input module can process up to twelve channels, not to exceed 19.4 Mbps for 8VSB or 38.8 Mbps for QAM 256. The

QAM-modulated output can contain up to twelve channels, not to exceed 38.8 Mpbs when operating in QAM 256 mode.

The digital QAM multiplexer shall also maintain MPEG-2 mapping if the input ASI stream is removed and the same stream is

added later (for example, after a power cycle). In addition to PAT, PMT, and MGT tables, the unit shall support RRT, STT, and

VCT tables of the MPEG-2 transport stream and will automatically re-map duplicate PIDs, program numbers, and minor channel

numbers. The digital QAM Multiplexer shall be equal to the Blonder Tongue DQMx Series and shall meet or exceed the

following specifications:

a) Input

i) Connectors

1) ASI module: BNC Female

2) 8VSB/QAM module: “F” Female

b) Standards

i) ASI: DVB-ASI; EN 50083-9

ii) 8VSB: ATSC Digital Television A/53E

iii) QAM: ITU-T J.83 - Annex A & B (64 and 256 QAM)

iv) ASI Mode Transport Rate: 270 Mbps

c) 8VSB Mode

i) Tuning Range: VHF (NTSC Ch. 2-13), UHF (NTSC Ch. 14-69)

ii) Data Rate: 19.392 Mbps

iii) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

iv) Power Level: -20 to +20 dBmV

d) QAM Mode

i) Tuning Range: CATV (NTSC Ch. 2-135)

ii) Data Rate: 38.8 Mbps (QAM 256); 26.97 Mbps (QAM 64)

iii) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

iv) Power Level: -15 to 20 dBmV, -20 to 20 dBmV

e) Output

i) Connector: “F” Female

ii) QAM Modulation Modes: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256,

512,and 1024

iii) DVB Symbol Rate Variable; 1 to 7 MSymbols/sec

iv)Frequency Range: 54 to 864 MHz

f) QAM Tuning

i) NTSC: Per channel’s number from 2 to 135

ii) RF Level +60 dBmV

iii) RF Level Adjustment Range 50 to 60 dBmV

iv) Frequency Tolerance ± 0.5 kHz @ 77 °F (25 °C)

v) Frequency Stability ± 5 kHz over 32 to 122 °F (0 .

to 50 °C)

vi) Phase Noise -98 dBc (@ 10 kHz)

vii) Spurious -60 dBc

viii) Broadband Noise -75 dBc

ix) SNR Greater than 40 dB

x) MER Greater than 40 dB

g) Encoding Profile

i) Video: MPEG 2 HD; ISO 13818-2; 1080i, MPEG 2 .

SD; ISO 13818-2; 480i

ii) Audio: Pass through compress audio

h) General

i) Dimensions (W x D x H): 19.0 x 14.3 x 1.75 inches

ii) Power: 100 to 265 VAC/50 to 60 Hz

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EQAM-420A (See page: 41)

The IP to QAM (EdgeQAM) unit shall be designed to allow CATV operators to aggregate multiple SDTV/HDTV programs

received in IP format and to deliver them over a standard coaxial distribution network. The unit shall be capable of accepting

unencrypted (clear) 1000Base-T Ethernet (GbE) streams in one of the following two modes:

Mode 1: Up to thirty-two (32) MPEG-2/H.264 Single Program Transport Streams (SPTS)

Mode 2: Up to eight (8) MPEG-2/H.264 Multi Program Transport Streams (MPTS), each not to exceed 38.8 Mbps.

The input streams are to be aggregated in up to eight (8) QAM RF channels in the 54-996 MHz range. EdgeQAM models shall

be available with one or two QAM output modules, each capable of delivering four (4) adjoining QAM channels. Each QAM

channel can contain up to four (4) programs. The QAM RF output shall be available in either unencrypted or with Pro:Idiom

encryption for protection against content piracy.

Comprehensive remote monitoring and control shall be provided through the use of any standard Web browser via a front-panel

10/100BaseT Ethernet connection.

The EdgeQAM unit shall be equal to the Blonder Tongue EQAM-420A Series and shall meet or exceed the following

specifications:

e) QAM

a) IP

i) No. of Output Modules: 1 or 2 Quad-QAM

i) Connector: 1x RJ-45

ii) Connector: 1x "F" Female

ii) Standard: 1000Base-T Ethernet

iii) Modulation: QAM 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256

iii) UDP/RTP: Supported

iv) Standards: ITU-T J.83, Annex A and B

v) DVB Symbol Rate: Variable; up to 7 MSymbol/sec

b) Stream Portfolio

vi) Frequency Range: 54 to 996 MHz

i) SPTS & MPTS: Null Packet Deletion & Addition

vii) Tuning: CATV Channel Selectable (CH 2 to 157)

Muxing of input streams

viii) Channels' Bandwidth: 24 MHz

ii) Bitrate: Variable and Constant

ix) No. of Programs: Variable

x) RF Level: +35 dBmV ± 1 dB increment

c) Dimensions (W x D x H): 19.0 x 18.125 x 1.75 inches xi) RF Level Adjustment Range: + 30 to +37 dBmV, 1 dB increment

xii) Frequency Tolerance: ± 0.5 kHz @ 77 °F (25 °C)

d) Power: 115-230VAC, 60/50Hz

xiii) Frequency Stability: ± 5 kHz over 32 to 122 °F (0 to 50 °C)

xiv) Amplitude Flatness: ± 0.25 dB

xv) Phase Noise: -98 dBc

xvi) Spurious -60 dBc

xvii) Broadband Noise: -70 dBc

xviii) Impedance: 75 Ω

xix) Spectral Inversion: Auto Recognition

xx) Carrier Suppression: 45 dB

xxi) Return Loss: 14 dB typical

xxii) Signal-to-Noise Ratio: (SNR): 40 dB typical

xxiii) MER: 39 dB typical

xxiv) I/Q Phase Error: Less than 1 degree

xxv) I/Q Amplitude Imbalance: Less than 1%

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FIBT-S3A-XXXX (See page: 81)

To ensure link fidelity, both the transmitter and receiver shall be provided by the same manufacturer.

The fiber transmitter shall transmit 110 channels downstream on 9/125 mm or 10/125 mm single mode fiber. Transmitter

shall be a rack mount unit with an internal power supply, and shall have a tri-color status indicator LED on the RF input. The

transmitters shall be equal to Blonder Tongue FIBT-S3A-XXXX Series and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Operating Wavelength: 1310 nm

b) Bandwidth: 45 to 860 MHz

c) Input Impedance: 75 Ω

d) Back Reflection: -50 dB Maximum

e) Optical Output Power: 6-14 dBm

(Output power dependant on model used)

f) RF Input Level (110 Ch. Load): +18 dBmV

g) CNR (0 dBm In, 110 Ch Load): 54 dB

h) CTB (110 Ch Load): -69 dB Minimum

i) CSO (110 Ch Load): -63 dB Minimum

j) Optical Output Connector: FC/APC

k) RF Input Connector: F

l) RF Input Adjustment Range: 4dB

m) Optical Output: FC/APC Standard,

SC/APC Optional

n) RF Input Indicator: Tri-color LED

FOC-23-16-U (See page: 81)

Where optical splitting or coupling is required by the network design, a rack-mount coupler shall be used. The coupler shall be

for single mode fiber and employ FC/APC connectors to enable broadband communications. The six port optical coupler shall

be equal to Blonder Tongue FOC-23-16-U and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Number of Inputs: 1

b) Number of Outputs: 6

c) Wavelength: 1310 or 1550 nm

d) Insertion Loss: 9.7 dB

e) Optical Connectors: FC/APC (only)

FOC-102U-XX (See page: 81)

Where optical splitting or coupling is required by the network design, a rack-mount coupler shall be used. The coupler shall be for

single mode fiber and employ either FC/APC or SC/APC connectors to enable broadband communications. The two port optical

coupler shall be equal to Blonder Tongue FOC-102U-XX and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Number of Inputs: 1

b) Number of Outputs: 2

c) Wavelength: 1310 or 1550 nm

d) Insertion Loss: 3.3 dB

e) Optical Connectors: Specify - FA (FC/APC) or SA (SC/APC)

FOC-104U-XX (See page: 81)

Where optical splitting or coupling is required by the network design, a rack-mount coupler shall be used. The coupler shall be

for single mode fiber and employ either FC/APC or SC/APC connectors to enable broadband communications. The four port

optical coupler shall be equal to Blonder Tongue FOC-104U-XX and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Number of Inputs: 1

b) Number of Outputs: 4

c) Wavelength: 1310 or 1550 nm

d) Insertion Loss: 6.3 dB

e) Optical Connectors: Specify - FA (FC/APC) or SA (SC/APC)

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FOC-108U-XX (See page: 81)

Where optical splitting or coupling is required by the network design, a rack-mount coupler shall be used. The coupler shall be

for single mode fiber and employ either FC/APC or SC/APC connectors to enable broadband communications. The two port

optical coupler shall be equal to Blonder Tongue FOC-108U-XX and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Number of Inputs: 1

b) Number of Outputs: 8

c) Wavelength: 1310 or 1550 nm

d) Insertion Loss: 9.5 dB

e) Optical Connectors: Specify - FA (FC/APC) or SA (SC/APC)

FOC-116U-XX (See page: 81 )

Where optical splitting or coupling is required by the network design, a rack-mount coupler shall be used. The coupler shall be

for single mode fiber and employ either FC/APC or SC/APC connectors to enable broadband communications. The two port

optical coupler shall be equal to Blonder Tongue FOC-116U-XX and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Number of Inputs: 1

b) Number of Outputs: 16

c) Wavelength: 1310 or 1550 nm

d) Insertion Loss: 12.6 dB

e) Optical Connectors: Specify - FA (FC/APC) or SA (SC/APC)

FOCN-S4S-201 (See page: 81 )

To ensure link fidelity, both the transmitter and receiver shall be provided by the same manufacturer. The fiber receiver shall

receive 110 channels downstream on 9/125 mm or 10/125 mm single mode fiber. The receiver shall be a wall mounted unit

powered by a UL listed 12 VDC external power supply (BT Stock # 7415). The receiver shall be powered either directly through

its 12 VDC connector or remotely from its RF output connector using a power inserter (included in #7415). The receiver shall

also include a tri-colored LED indicator for optical level input status. The receiver shall be equal to Blonder Tongue FOCN-

S4S-201 series and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Output Impedance: 75 Ω

b) Band Width: 54-870 MHz

c) Optical Input: -8.0 to +2.0 dBm

d) Max Channel Load: 110

e) Operating Wavelength:

1310 or 1550 nm, Field Selectable

f) CNR of link:

>54 dB (1 dBm input, 110 Ch, Load)

g) Optical Connector: SC/APC

h) RF Output & Test Port: F

i) Output Test Port Level: -20 dB

j) Optical Input Indicator: Tri-color LED

k) RF Output: 28 dBmV @ -1 dBm input

l) Return Loss: 16 dB Minimum

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FRDA-S4A-860 (See page: 81 )

To ensure link fidelity, both the transmitter and receiver shall be provided by the same manufacturer.

The fiber receiver shall receive 110 channels downstream on 9/125 mm or 10/125 mm single mode fiber. Receiver shall be a

wall mount unit with an UL listed, external power supply. The receiver shall have a tri-color status indicator LED on the optical

input. The receiver will have internally accessible plug-in attenuator to prevent overdriving of the hybrid amplifiers. The receiver

shall be equal to Blonder Tongue FRDA-S4A-860 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Output Impedance: 75 Ω

b) Bandwidth: 47 to 860 MHz

c) Optical Input: -6.0 to +3.0 dBm

d) Max Channel Load: 110

e) Operating Wavelength:

1310 or 1550 nm, Field Selectable

f) CNR of link: 53 dB

(1 dBm input, 110 Ch, Load)

g) Optical Connector: FC/APC Standard,

SC/APC Optional

h) RF Output & Test Port: F

i) Output Test Port Level: -30 ±2 dB

j) Gain Control Range: 10 dB

k) Slope Control Range: 8 dB

l) Optical Input Indicator: Tri-color LED

m) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

n) RF Gain: 43 dB

o) Return Loss: 16 dB Minimum

FRRA-S4A-860-43P (See page: 81 )

To ensure link fidelity, both the transmitter and receiver shall be provided by the same manufacturer.

The fiber receiver shall receive 110 channels downstream on 9/125 mm or 10/125 mm single mode

fiber. Receiver shall be a rack mount unit with an internal power supply. The receiver shall have a tri-color

status indicator LED on the optical input. The receiver shall have the provision to use an external FAM

attenuator to prevent overdriving of the hybrid amplifiers. The receiver shall be equal to Blonder Tongue

FRRA-S4A-860 Series and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Output Impedance: 75 Ω

b) Bandwidth: 47 to 860 MHz

c) Optical Input: -6.0 to +3.0 dBm

d) Max Channel Load: 110

e) Operating Wavelength:

1310 or 1550 nm, Field Selectable

f) CNR of link:

53 dB (1 dBm input, 110 Ch, Load)

g) Optical Connector: FC/APC

Standard, SC/APC Optional

h) RF Output & Test Port: F

i) Output Test Port Level: -30 ±2 dB

j) Gain Control Range: 10 dB

k) Slope Control Range: 8 dB

l) Optical Input Indicator: Tri-color LED

m) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

n) RF Gain: 43 dB

o) Return Loss: 16 dB Minimum

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HD264-2S-IP (See page: 69)

The HD Encoder shall accept up to two (2) programs from any of the following inputs: 2xHD-SDI, 2xHDMI (unencrypted),

and 2xComponent. Each input program, if applicable shall be digitized, then H.264 or MPEG-2 encoded into a high-definition

Single Program Transport Stream (SPTS), and finally IP-encapsulated and delivered in 10/100Base-T Ethernet format as an

output. Each SPTS shall be also available via two (2) identical ancillary outputs in ASI format. The encoder must support

Dolby® Digital audio encoding, and Closed Captioning (EIA-608 and EIA-708). It shall be equipped with an autosensing relay

that allows switching to an optional redundant power supply in the unlikely event of primary power supply failure.

Comprehensive remote monitoring and control shall be accomplished using any standard Web browser via a front-panel

10/100Base-T Ethernet connection. The HD H.264 encoder shall be equal to the Blonder Tongue H264-2S-IP and shall meet

or exceed the following specifications:

a) HD-SDI

i) Connectors: 2x BNC

ii) Standard: SMPTE 292M

iii) Video: 720p & 1080i

iv) Audio: Embedded PCM and pass-through Dolby ®

c) HDMI

i) Connections: 2x HDMI

ii) Video Standard: 480i, 720p & 1080i

iii) HDCP Encryption: Not supported

iv) Audio: Embedded PCM and pass-through Dolby ®

d) Component

i) Connectors: 2 sets each 3x RCA for Video

2 sets each 2x RCA for Analog Audio

ii) Video Standard: Analog

iii) Video Aspect Ratio: 16:9 & 4:3

e) H.264 Encoding Profile

i) Output Format: H.264; ISO/IEC 14496

ii) Chroma: 4:2:2

iii) Resolution: 1280x720p; 1920x1080i

iv) Frame Rate: 29.97 fps

v) Aspect Ratio: 16:9

vi) GOP Structure: Dynamic

vii) Transport Rate: Variable

viii) Video Bit Rate: Variable

f) MPEG-2 Video Encoding Profile

i) Output Format: MPEG-2 HD MP@ML

ii) Chroma: 4:2:0

iii) Resolution: 72-x480i; 1280x720p; 1920x1080i

iv) Frame Rate: 29.97 fps

v) Aspect Ratio: 16:9, 4:3

vi) GOP Structure: Dynamic

vii) Transport Rate: Variable

viii) Video Bit Rate: Variable

ix) Color Space: YCbCr and RGB

g) Audio Encoding Profile

i) Output Format: Dolby ® Digital, MPEG-1 Layer 2, AAC

ii) Sampling Rate: 48 kHz

iii) Bit Rate: Variable

h) Closed Captioning:

i) HD-SDI: EIA-708

ii) HDMI: Not Supported

iii) Component: EIA-608

i) IP:

i) Connectors: 2x RJ45

ii) Standard: IEEE 802.3 10/100Base-T Ethernet

iii) UDP/RTP: Supported

iv) Address Assignment: 2x IPv4 addresses & port numbers

j) ASI:

Connectors: 2x BNC (front and rear)

Format: DVB-ASI

Standard: ETSI EN 50083-9

k) Dimensions (W x D x H): 19.0 15.9 x 1.75 inches

l) Power: 115-230 VAC, 60/50 Hz

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HDE-2H/2S-QAM (See pages: 13, 67)

The HD Encoder accepts up to four (4) high-definition (HD) programs from any of the following inputs: 2xHDMI

(unencrypted), 2xHD-SDI, and 4xComponent. MPEG-2 encoded outputs are available in the following formats

simultaneously: 4xQAM, 1xGigE (1000Base-T Ethernet), and 4xASI.

The encoder supports Dolby ® Digital AC-3 audio encoding, and Closed Captioning (EIA-608 and EIA-708). It is also

equipped with an Emergency Alert System (EAS) interface. A front-panel RF test point allows for monitoring/testing of

the QAM output without service interruption Comprehensive remote monitoring and control is accomplished using any

standard Web browser via a front-panel 10/100Base-T Ethernet connection. The HD Encoder shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue

HDE-2H/2S-QAM and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) HDMI

h) Size (W x D x H): 19.0 x 18.125 x 1.75

i) Connectors: 2x HDMI

i) QAM

ii) Video Standard: 480i, 720p, 1080i

i) Modulation: QAM 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256

iii) HDCP Encryption: Not supported

iv) Audio: PCM and pass-through Dolby ® ii) Frequency Range: 54 to 1002 MHz

AC-3

iii) Tuning: CATV Channel Selectable

b) Component

iv) Channels' Bandwidth: 24 MHz

i) Connectors

v) RF level: +42 to +52 dBmV

(1) 4 sets for 3x RCA for Video

+46 to +56 dBmV

(2) 4 sets for 2x RCA for Analog Audio

j) ASI

(3) 4 sets 1x RCA for Digital Audio

i) Connectors: 4x BNC

c) Video Standard: Analog (720p)

k) GigE

d) Video Aspect Ratio: 16:9 & 4:3

i) Connectors: 1xRJ45

e) EAS Connectors: 3x RCA; Terminal Strip

ii) Standard: 1000Base-T Ethernet

f) Encoding Profile

iii) UDP/RTP: Supported

i) Video

l) HD-SDI

(1) Chroma: 4:2:0

i) Connector: 2x BNC

(2) Resolution: 720x480; 1280x720; 1920x1080

(3) Frame Format: 480i, 720p60, 1080i30

(4) Aspect Ratio: 16:9, 4:3

(5) GOP Structure: I&P frames

(6) Output format: MPEG-2 HD MP@ML; ISO 13818-2

g) Audio

i) Output format: Dolby ® Digital AC-3

ii) Sampling rate: 48 kHz

iii) Bit rate: Variable; 96-448 Kbps

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HDE-4S-QAM (See page: 13 )

The HD Encoder accepts up to four (4) high-definition (HD) programs from any of the following inputs: 4xHD-SDI,

and 4xComponent. MPEG-2 encoded outputs are available in the following formats simultaneously: 4xQAM, 1xGigE

(1000Base-T Ethernet), and 4xASI.

The encoder supports Dolby ® Digital AC-3 audio encoding, and Closed Captioning (EIA-608 and EIA-708). It is also

equipped with an Emergency Alert System (EAS) interface. A front-panel RF test point allows for monitoring/testing of

the QAM output without service interruption Comprehensive remote monitoring and control is accomplished using any

standard Web browser via a front-panel 10/100Base-T Ethernet connection. The HD Encoder shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue

HDE-4S-QAM and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Component

i) Connectors

(1) 4 sets for 3x RCA for Video

(2) 4 sets for 2x RCA for Analog Audio

(3) 4 sets 1x RCA for Digital Audio

c) Video Aspect Ratio: 16:9 & 4:3

d) EAS Connectors: 3x RCA; Terminal Strip

e) Encoding Profile

i) Video

(1) Chroma: 4:2:0

(2) Resolution: 720x480; 1280x720; 1920x1080

(3) Frame Format: 480i, 720p60, 1080i30

(4) Aspect Ratio: 16:9, 4:3

(5) GOP Structure: I&P frames

(6) Output format: MPEG-2 HD MP@ML; ISO 13818-2

f) Audio

i) Output format: Dolby ® Digital AC-3

ii) Sampling rate: 48 kHz

iii) Bit rate: Variable; 96-448 Kbps

g) Size (W x D x H): 19.0 x 18.125 x 1.75

h) QAM

i) Modulation: QAM 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256

ii) Frequency Range: 54 to 1002 MHz

iii) Tuning: CATV Channel Selectable

iv) Channels' Bandwidth: 24 MHz

v) RF level: +42 to +52 dBmV

+46 to +56 dBmV

i) ASI

i) Connectors: 4x BNC

j) GigE

i) Connectors: 1xRJ45

ii) Standard: 1000Base-T Ethernet

iii) UDP/RTP: Supported

k) HD-SDI

i) Connector: 4x BNC

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HDE-CHV-QAM (See pages: 59, 71 )

The MPEG-2 HD Encoder shall accept one (1) high-definition (HD) program from any of the following inputs:

1xComponent, 1xHDMI (unencrypted), 1x Composite and 1xVGA. MPEG-2 encoded outputs shall be available in the

following formats simultaneously: 1xQAM, 1xASI, and 1xIP (10/100Base-T Ethernet). The QAM RF output will be

frequency agile over the entire CATV frequency range of 54-1002 MHz (channels 2-158) with an output level of +40

dBmV. The encoder shall support Dolby® Digital audio encoding, Closed Captioning (EIA-608) and be controlled/

monitored using a standard Web browser via a front-panel 10/100BaseT Ethernet connection. The HD MPEG-2 encoder

shall be equal to the Blonder Tongue HDE-CHV-QAM and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Input

i) Connectors

(1) 3x RCA for Video

(2) 2x RCA for Analog Audio

(3) 1x RCA for Digital Audio

c) Video Aspect Ratio: 16:9 & 4:3

d) HDMI

i) Connectors: 1x HDMI

ii) Video Standard: 480i, 720p, 1080i

iii) HDCP Encryption: Not supported

iv) Audio: PCM and pass-through Dolby ® AC-3

e) Video

(1) Chroma: 4:2:0

(2) Resolution: 720x480; 1280x720; 1920x1080

(3) Frame Format: 480i, 720p60, 1080i30

(4) Aspect Ratio: 16:9, 4:3

(5) GOP Structure: I&P frames

(6) Output format: MPEG-2 HD MP@ML; ISO 13818-2

f) Audio

i) Output format: Dolby ® Digital AC-3

ii) Sampling rate: 48 kHz

iii) Bit rate: Variable; 96 - 448 Kbps

g) Closed Captioning

i) Component: EIA-608

ii) HDMI: EIA-608; 1x RCA

h) Dimensions (W x D x H): 5.65 x 12.5 x 1.75 inches

i) Power: 12 VDC @ 3 Amps

j) QAM

i) Connector: 1 x "F" Female

ii) Modulation: QAM 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256

iii) Frequency Range: 54 to 1002 MHz

iii) Tuning: CATV Channel Selectable (Ch 2 - 158)

iv) Channels' Bandwidth: 6 MHz

v) RF level: +40 dBmV ± 1 dB

vi) Phase Noise: -98 dBc

vii) Spurious: -60 dBc

viii) Broadband Noise: -70 dBc

ix) SNR: 40 dB typical

x) MER: 40 dB typical

k) ASI

i) Connector: 1x BNC

ii) Format: DVB-ASI

iii) Standard: ETSI EN 50083-9

l) IP

i) Connector: 1x RJ45

ii) Standard: 10/100Base-T Ethernet

iii) UDP/RTP: Supported

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HPC-8 (See pages: 9, 11, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 37, 38, 41, 47, 49, 51, 55, 56, 59, 71)

The channel combiner shall have eight (8) input ports for combining signal sources in the headend.

The combiner shall be internally constructed of -120 dB radiation proof passives. The combiner shall have a -20 dB test point

for testing of signals without interruption or service. The combiner shall be equal to Blonder Tongue HPC-8, and shall meet

or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5-1000 MHz

b) Impedance: 75 Ω

c) Output Test Port: -20 dB

d) Return Loss: ≥ 18 dB

e) Isolation: ≥ 28 dB

f) Insertion Loss: 12.5 dB Maximum

HPC-12 (See pages: 9, 11, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 37, 38, 41, 47, 49, 51, 55, 56, 59, 71)

The channel combiner shall have twelve (12) input ports for combining signal sources in the headend.

The combiner shall be internally constructed of -120 dB radiation proof passives. The combiner shall have a -20 dB test point

for testing of signals without interruption or service. The combiner shall be equal to Blonder Tongue HPC-12, and shall meet

or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5-1000 MHz

b) Impedance: 75 Ω

c) Output Test Port: -20 ±2 dB

d) Return Loss: ≥ 18 dB

e) Isolation: 25 dB Minimum

f) Insertion Loss: 16.5 dB Maximum

HPC-24 (See pages: 9, 11, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 37, 38, 41, 47, 49, 51, 55, 56, 59, 71)

The channel combiner shall have twenty four (24) input ports for combining signal sources in the headend.

The combiner shall be internally constructed of -120 dB radiation proof passives. The combiner shall have a -20 dB test point

for testing of signals without interruption or service. The combiner shall be equal to Blonder Tongue HPC-24, and shall meet

or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5-1000 MHz

b) Impedance: 75 Ω

c) Output Test Port: -20 dB

d) Return Loss: ≥ 18 dB

e) Isolation: ≥ 28 dB

f) Insertion Loss: 20 dB Maximum

HPC-32 (See pages: 9, 11, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 37, 38, 41, 47, 49, 51, 55, 56, 59, 71)

The channel combiner shall have thirty two (32) input ports for combining signal sources in the headend.

The combiner shall be internally constructed of -120 dB radiation proof passives. The combiner shall have a -20 dB test point

for testing of signals without interruption or service. The combiner shall be equal to Blonder Tongue HPC-32, and shall meet

or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5-1000 MHz

b) Impedance: 75 Ω

c) Output Test Port: -20 ±2 dB

d) Return Loss: ≥ 18 dB

e) Isolation: 25 dB Minimum

f) Insertion Loss: 20 dB Maximum

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IPAT (See pages: 63, 71 )

The IP ASI Transcoder shall be a bi-direction device cable of accepting MPEG2/4-encoded input streams in 1000Base-T Ethernet

(GbE) and ASI formats simultaneously. The GbE input is transcoded to ASI output while ASI input is transcoded to GbE output.

Two factory-installed options are available (RF IN and RF OUT) to allow either an 8VSB/QAM input or a QAM output depending

upon the application. An integrated web server shall provide comprehensive GUI-based local and remote control/monitoring

capability using a standard Web browser via a front-panel 10/100BaseT interface. The IP ASI Transcoder shall be equal to

Blonder Tongue IPAT and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) IP Input/Output Interface

iv) QAM Mode

i) Connector: 1 x RI45

(1) Tuning Range: CATV

ii) Format: Gigabit Ethernet (GbE)

(2) Symbol Rate: 5.3606 Msymbols/sec

iii) Standard: IEEE, 802.3 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet

5.057 Msymbols/sec

iv) Protocols: IPv4, RTP/UDP, ARP, IGMPv2, ICMP

(3) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

b) ASI Input/Output Interface

(4) Single Ch. Power Level: -32 to +45 dBmV

i) Connector: 1 x BNC

(5) 8SVB Power Level: -20 to +30 dBmV

ii) Format: DVB-ASI, 270 Mbps

(6) QAM Power Level: -20 to +20 dBmV

iii) Standard: ETSI EN 50083-9

(7) Return Loss: 12 dB

c) Dimensions: 19.0 x 18.125 x 1.75 inches

(8) Impedance: 75 Ω

d) Power: 117 to 230 VAC/ 50 to 60 Hz

v) Output

e) Power Dissipation: Less than 40 W

(1) Format: DVB-ASI, 270 Mbps

f) RF IN Module (Optional)

(2) Standard: ETSI EN 50083-9

i) Connector In/Out: “F” Female/BNC

ii) Input

(1) 8VSB: ATSC Digital TV Standard A/53E

(2) QAM: ITU-T J.83

iii) 8SVB Mode

(1) Tuning Range: UHF, VHF

(2) Symbol Rate: 10.762 Msymbols/sec

(3) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

IPME-CH (See page: 65 )

The rack chassis and power supply shall provide three modular slots for mounting and powering IPME-2 video encoders. The

rack chassis shall occupy 1RU in a 19 inch rack. The rack chassis power supply shall be equal to Blonder Tongue IPME-CH and

shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Power Requirements:

Input: 115 VAC 50/60 Hz

Output: 3.3 VDC

b) Operating Temperature Range: 0 to 50° C

c) Chassis Size: (W x H x D): 19 X 1.75 x 8.25 in.

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IPME-2 (See page: 65 )

The IPTV video encoder shall be housed in a compact modular package for easy integration with existing or new systems. Three

IPTV encoders when installed in their IPME-CH rack chassis shall occupy only 1RU in a 19 inch rack. The IPTV video encoder

shall be equal to Blonder Tongue IPME-2 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Compression: MPEG-2 Standards Compliant, RFC-1889 & RFC-2250

b) Ethernet: 10BaseT Ethernet or 100 BaseTX Fast Ethernet (Auto-sensing)

c) Bandwidth Control:

Minimum: 30 FPS @ 1.5 Mbits/s, 325 x 240 resolution

Recommended: 30 FPS @ 3.8 Mbits/s, 720 x 480 resolution

Maximum: 30 FPS @ 7.5 Mbits/s, 720 x 480 resolution

d) Streaming Modes: Multicast or Unicast

e) Multicast Sessions: Unlimited number of client viewing sessions

f) Video Input/Output Formats: NTSC and PAL

g) Front Panel Connectors:

RJ-45 Ethernet 10/100

RS-232 Serial Connector

h) Rear Panel Connectors:

Video Input: F

Audio (L/R): RCA

Power: 6 Pin +3.3 VDC

i) Operating Temperature Range: 0 to 50° C

MDDA-860 (See page: 67 )

The digital demodulator shall have a 2RU modular design to permit up to twelve units to be inserted in a chassis with a common

power supply. The digital demodulator shall be capable of receiving one input in ATSC 8VSB (digital off-air) or “clear”

QAM (digital cable) format and delivering one output in ASI format.

The digital demodulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue MDDA-860 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Input

i) Connector: “F” Female

ii) Standards:

(1) 8SVB: ATSC Digital TV Standard A/53E

(2) QAM: ITU-T J.83

iii) 8VSB Mode:

(1) Tuning Range: UHF, VHF

(2) Symbol Rate: 10.762 Msymbols/sec

(3) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

iv) QAM Mode

(1) Tuning Range: CATV

(2) Symbol Rate: 5.3606 Msymbols/sec;

5.057 Msymbols/sec

(3) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

v) Single Ch Power Level: -32 to +45 dBmV

vi) 8VSB Power Level: -20 to +30 dBmV

vii) QAM Power: -20 to +20 dBmV

viii) Return Loss: 12dB

ix) Impedance: 75 Ω

b) Output

i) Connectors

(1) ASI: 1 x F

ii) ASI

(1) Standard: DVB-ASI 50083-9

(2) Data Bit Rate: 270 Mbps

c) Size (W x D x H)

i) MDDA-860 Modules: 1.5 x 7.5 x 3.5 inches

ii) MIPS-12D Power Supply: 4.2 x 7.5 x 3.5 inches

iii) MIRC-12V Chassis: 19 x 12.0 x 5.25 inches

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MDDM-860 (See page: 65 )

The HDTV (ATSC/QAM) demodulator shall have a 2RU modular design to permit up to twelve units to be inserted in a chassis

with a common power. The demodulator shall output a NTSC composite video via an F connector and audio via left/right

RCA connectors. The HDTV demodulator shall be capable of decoding all 18 ATSC (Advanced Television Systems Committee)

standard formats including 8VSB, annex B QAM 64 and QAM 256. The HDTV demodulator will have its video displayed

in 480i (NTSC) in 4:3 or 16:9 formats with closed captioning decoding supported as well. The HDTV demodulator shall be

equal to Blonder Tongue MDDM-860 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Input Tuning Range:

i) 8VSB

(1) VHF 2-13: 54-216

(2) UHF 14-69: 470-806

(3) CATV: 2-135

ii) QAM

(1) CATV: 2-135

b) Operating Input Range: -20 dbmV to +20 dBmV

c) Data Rate:

i) 8VSB Mode: 19.392 Mbps

ii) QAM 64 Annex B: 26.9 Mbps, Auto Detection

iii) QAM 256 Annex B: 38.8 Mbps, Auto Detection

d) Video Output: NTSC Composite Video

i) Output Level: 1 V p-p

ii) Aspect Ratio: AFD, Center Cut, Letterbox, Full, Zoom 1 & 2

iii) Closed Captioning: EIA-608

iv) Format: 480i

e) Audio Output: Analog

i) Output Level: 1 Vrms

f) Size (W x H x D): 1.15 x 3.5 x 7.5 in.

MIBT-S3A-XXX (See page: 81 )

To ensure link fidelity, both the transmitter and receiver shall be provided by the same manufacturer.

The fiber transmitter shall transmit 110 channels downstream on 9/125 mm or 10/125 mm single mode fiber. The transmitter

shall have a modular chassis requiring 2 slots in a MIRC-12 rack chassis. It shall have a tri-color LED status indicator for the

RF input. The transmitters shall be equal to Blonder Tongue MIBT-S3A-XXX Series and shall meet or exceed the following

specifications:

a) Operating Wavelength: 1310 nm

b) Bandwidth: 45 to 860 MHz

c) Input Impedance: 75 Ω

d) Back Reflection: -50 dB Maximum

e) Optical Output Power: 6-14 dBm

(Output power dependant on model used)

f) RF Input Level (110 Ch. Load): +18 dBmV

g) CNR (0 dBm In, 110 Ch Load): 54 dB

h) CTB (110 Ch Load): -69 dB Minimum

i) CSO (110 Ch Load): -63 dB Minimum

j) Optical Output Connector: FC/APC

k) RF Input Connector: F

l) RF Input Adjustment Range: 4dB

m) Optical Output: FC/APC Standard,

SC/APC Optional

n) RF Input Indicator: Tri-color LED

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Broadband Specification Guide

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MICM-45D (See pages: 9, 19, 27, 31, 38, 47, 51, 53 )

The modulator shall be a channelized audio/video modulator. The unit will be equipped with CalmTones, a feature utilizing

audio AGC circuitry to eliminate loudness variations between program sources. It shall have a modular die cast chassis for

superior RFI protection and heat dissipation. The modulator shall modulate a nominal 1.0 volt peak to peak, negative sync

video source and 140 mV RMS audio source to a CATV channel from 2 to 135. The modulator shall have front panel controls

for video, audio modulation levels, aural to visual ratio and output level. The modulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue

MICM-45D and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 54 to 860 MHz

b) Output Level Control: 10 dB

c) Output Level: 45 dBmV Minimum

d) Spurious Outputs: -60 dBc

e) C/N In Channel: 60 dB

f) Output Return Loss: 12 dB Minimum

g) Broadband Noise: -90 dBc

MICM-45DS (See pages: 9, 19, 27. 31, 38, 47, 51, 53)

The modulator shall be a channelized stereo audio/video modulator. The unit will be equipped with CalmTones, a feature

utilizing audio AGC circuitry to eliminate loudness variations between program sources. It shall have a modular die cast chassis

for superior RFI protection and heat dissipation.

The modulator shall modulate a nominal 1.0 volt peak to peak, negative sync video source and left and right line level stereo

audio source to a CATV channel from 2 to 135. The modulator shall have front panel controls for video, audio modulation

levels, aural to visual ratio and output level. The modulator shall be equal to Blonder Tongue MICM-45DS and shall meet or

exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 54 to 860 MHz

b) Output Level: 45 dBmV Minimum

c) Output Level Control: 10 dB

d) Spurious Outputs: -60 dBc

e) C/N In Channel: 60 dB

f) Output Return Loss: 12 dB Minimum

g) Broadband Noise: -90 dBc

h) Stereo Separation: 25 dB @1KHz

MIDM-806C (See pages: 38. 56 )

The demodulator shall be frequency agile, modular in style and built in a die cast chassis. The demodulator shall demodulate

NTSC, HRC or IRC cable TV channels to 1 volt peak to peak video and audio signals. The channel tuning shall be via front

panel up-down push button channel switches and 2 digit LED display. It shall have a front panel channel mode switch to select

off-air or CATV channels. There shall be RF AGC circuitry to compensate for input level variations. The demodulator shall be

equal to Blonder Tongue MIDM 806C and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 54 to 88, 108 to 806 MHz

b) Input Level: +2 to 12 dBmV (CATV input)

c) Video Output Level : 1 V p-p

d) Audio Output Level: 1 V p-p

e) Input Impedance: 75 Ω

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MIRC-4D (See pages: 9, 19, 27, 31, 38, 47, 51, 53, 56 )

The rack chassis and UL Listed power supply shall provide four modular slots for mounting and powering compatible UL

Recognized components. The rack chassis shall use 1RU of 19 inch rack space. The rack chassis shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue MIRC-4D, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Power Requirements:

Input: 100-240 VAC 50/60 Hz

Output: 5 VDC &12 VDC @ 1.8 A

b) Operating Temperature Range: 0 to 50º C

c) Size (W x H x D): 19 X 1.75 x 8.25 in.

MIRC-12V/MIPS-12D (See pages: 9, 19, 27, 31, 38, 47, 51, 53, 56 )

The rack chassis and UL Listed power supply shall provide 12 modular slots for mounting and powering compatible UL

Recognized components. The rack chassis shall use 2RU of a 19 inch rack space. The rack chassis and power supply shall be

equal to Blonder Tongue MIRC-12 and MIPS-12C, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Power Requirements:

Input: 100-240 VAC 50/60 Hz

Output: 5 VDC @ 7.0 A, 12 VDC @ 4.5 A

b) Operating Temperature Range: 0 to 50º C

c) Size (W x H x D): 19 x 3.5 x 7.5 in.

MPG-1100 (See page: 85 )

A high-speed broadband Internet access solution over coaxial cable shall be equal to Blonder Tongue’s MPG-1100 and shall

meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) 10/100 BaseT Ethernet Port

g) Symbol Rate: 1 to 4 Msym/sec

WAN/LAN Interface

h) Bandwidth: 1.15 to 6.9 MHz

b) Remote or Local provisioning and control

i) Spurious: -60 dBc

c) Frequency Range D/S: 40 to 80 MHz

j) Receive Range: -10 to +15 dBmV

d) Frequency Range U/S: 5 to 32 MHz

e) Output Level: +50 dBmV

f) Modulation Type: QAM 64

MPO-ESM-XX (See page: 85 )

A high-speed broadband Internet access solution over coaxial cable shall be equal to Blonder Tongue’s MPO-ESM-XX Series

and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) MAC Address Identifier

b) In/Out Coaxial Female F Connector

c) 10BaseT RJ-45 Receptacle

d) Transmission Level: +48 dBmV Max.

e) Modulation Type: QPSK

f) Symbol Rate: 1.5 to 3 Msym/sec

g) Bandwidth: 1.875 to 3.75 MHz

h) Receive Range: -10 to +40 dBmV

i) Frequency Range D/S:

i) MPO-ESM-52 — 48 to 56 MHz

ii) MPO-ESM-70 — 64 to 76 MHz

j) Frequency Range U/S: 5 to 32 MHz

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MSBC (See page: 56)

The sub band block converter shall be housed in a modular die cast chassis. It shall accept sub band input channels T7-T13

and convert them to VHF highband channels 7 to 13. The sub band converter shall be equal to Blonder Tongue MSBC and

shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Input Frequency Range: 5.75-47.75 MHz

b) Output Frequency Range: 174-216 MHz

c) Output Level: 45 dBmV Minimum

d) Recommended Input Level: 0 to +20 dBmV

e) Conversion Gain: 3 dB

f) Flatness: 1.5 dB PV

g) Input Return Loss: 15 dB

h) Output Return Loss: 17 dB

MUX-12A-IP (See page: 67 )

The multiplexer shall accept up to twelve (12) unencrypted MPEG-2/H.264 inputs in ASI format and multiplex them

into up to four (4) MPEG-2/H.264 Multi-Program Transport Streams (MPTS) which are then encapsulated and assigned

to up to four (4) IPv4 addresses in 1000Base-T Ethernet (GigE) format suitable for distribution over Cat-5 networks. Any

two (2) of the four (4) MPTS output streams are also available in ASI format.

The multiplexer shall be EAS-compliant (Emergency Alert System) allowing the operator to assign ASI port #12 as an EAS

input which, when activated, will override the content of all other ASI inputs. Comprehensive remote monitoring and

control capability shall be included via a GUI-based interface using any standard web browser. The multiplexer shall be

equal to Blonder Tongue MUX-12A-IP and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Input

d) Audio

i) Connectors: 12x BNC

i) Output Format: Dolby ® Digital AC3,

ii) Format: DVB-ASI

MPEG-1 Layer 2, AAC

iii) Standard: ETSI EN 50083-9

ii) Audio Services per prog: 3 max

b) Output

e) Size (W x D x H) 19.0 x 16.875 x 1.625 in.

i) GigE

f) Power: 115 o 230 VAC/ 50 to 60 Hz

(1) Connectors: 1x RJ45

g) Power Dissipation: 17W

(2) 1000Base-T Ethernet

(3) UDP/ RTP: Supported

(4) Data Throughput: 214 Mbps

(5) Address Assignment: 4x IPv4 addresses

& port numbers

ii) ASI

(1) Connectors: 1x BNC (front and rear)

(2) Output Assignment: Any 1 of 4 MPTS

output streams per connector

(3) Format: DVB-ASI

(4) Standard: ETSI EN 50083-9

c) Video

i) No. of progs per ASI input: 20 max

ii) No. of progs in GigE output: 20 max

iii) No. of MPTS: 4 max

iv) No. of PID per prog: 10 per SPTS including PAT, PMT, PSIP

v) PID Management: Editing/re-mapping allowed

vi) PAT: Supported

vii) PMT: Supported

viii) VCT: Supported

ix) MGT: Supported

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MUX-2D-QAM (See page: 25 )

The 8VSB/QAM multiplexer shall accept two digital channels received in either 8VSB or QAM format and provide a

single QAM output channel for delivery over a standard coaxial distribution network. It shall provide the capability to

filter program streams and to assign major/minor or a single 4-digit channel number to each program.

It shall also be Emergency Alert System (EAS) compliant, providing program switching to an EAS (ASI) message when

triggered on its terminal strip contacts. The 8VSB/QAM multiplexer shall have an EAS (ASI) output, enabling the input

source to be shared across multiple units without the need for external splitting and amplification by looping them all

together. The 8VSB/QAM Multiplexer shall be equal to Blonder Tongue MUX-2D-QAM and shall meet or exceed the

following specifications:

a) Input

i) Connectors:

(1) 8VSB/QAM: 2x "F" Female

(2) EAS: 1x BNC Female

ii) 8VSB Mode:

(1) Standard:

ATSC Digital Television A/53E

(2) Tuning Range: UHF (Ch. 14-69)

(3) Data Rate: 19.392 Mbps

(4) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

(5) Impedance: 75 Ω

iii) QAM Mode:

(1) Standard: ITU-T J.83

(2) Tuning Range: CATV Ch. 2-135

(3) Data Rate: 38.8 Mbps

(4) Bandwidth: 6 MHz

(5) Impedance: 75 Ω

iv) Emergency Alert System:

(1) Standard: DVB-ASI; EN 50083-9

(2) Transport Rate: Single prog. at 3 Mbps

(3) Level Range: 720 to 950 mVpp

(4) Impedance: 75 Ω

:

b) Output

i) GigE

(1) Connectors: 1x "F" Female

(2) QAM Modulation Modes:

16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512 and 1024

(3) DVB Symbol Rate: Variable;

1 to 7 Msymbols/sec

(4) Frequency Range: 54 to 864 MHz

(5) QAM Tuning: CATV Ch. 2-135

(6) RF Level Adjustment Range:

35 to 45 dBmV

(7) Phase Noise: -98 dBc (@10 kHz)

(8) Spurious: -60 dBc

(9) Broadband Noise: -75 dBC

(10) Impedance: 75 Ω

(11) SNR: Greater than 40 dB

(12) MER: Greater than 40 dB

(13) EAS Looped Output

(i) Connector: 1x BNC Female

(ii) Standard: ASI

(iii) Trigger Mechanism: 5-12 VDC

c) General

(1) Dimensions (W x D x H):

19.0 x 14.3 x 1.75 inches

(2) Power: 105 to 240 VAC/ 50 to 60 Hz

(3) Power Dissipation: 36 W

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PS-1526 (See pages: 19, 21, 23, 25 )

The indoor power supply for powering pre-amplifiers shall be a combination of power supply and power inserter. The unit shall

be capable of wall mounting and contain an auxiliary AC outlet. The power supply shall insert –21 VDC on to one coaxial cable,

and shall have a fused input to protect the connected electronics. The power supplies shall be equal to Blonder Tongue PS-1526,

and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Insertion Loss:

i) 10 to 300 MHz: 0.3 dB Maximum

ii) 470 to 806 MHz: 0.5 dB Maximum

b) Return Loss:

i) 10 to 300 MHz: 26 dB Minimum

ii) 470 to 806 MHz: 22 dB Minimum

c) Impedance: 75 Ω

d) Output Voltage: -21 VDC

e) Current at 105 VAC: 40 mA

e) Isolation

i) Adjacent Ports: 25 dB Minimum

ii) Non-Adjacent Ports: >40 dB

f) Insertion Loss: 20 dB Maximum

PS-1536 (See pages: 19, 21, 23, 25 )

The indoor power supply for powering pre-amplifiers shall be a combination of power supply and power inserter. The unit

shall be capable of wall mounting and contain an auxiliary AC outlet. The power supply shall insert –21 VDC on to two coaxial

cables, and shall have a fused input to protect the connected electronics. The power supplies shall be equal to Blonder Tongue

PS-1536, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Insertion Loss:

i) 10 to 300 MHz: 0.2 dB Maximum

ii) 470 to 806 MHz: 0.2 dB Maximum

b) Return Loss: 20 dB Minimum

c) Isolation: 35 dB Minimum

d) Impedance: 75 Ω

e) Output Voltage: -21 VDC

f) Current at 105 VAC: 100 mA

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Broadband Specification Guide

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QTM (See page: 15 )

The QAM Transcoder shall consist of a scalable modular design that allows from one to eight transcoder module units

as well as a single combination power supply & control module to be housed in a 3RU rack chassis. The transcoder

modules are to be compatible with DVB satellite signals (ITU-T J.83 Annex A) from EchoStar’s DISH Network & Bell

Canada’s ExpressVu as well as DigiCipher® II satellite signals (ITU-T J.83 Annex B) from Comcast Media Center’s and

Shaw Broadcast Service’s HITS QT and QT Plus programs. Several module types are available to permit the reception

of QPSK based signals for SD (standard definition) and 8PSK based signals for HD (high definition) as well as

Null Packet processing required for various transponders. The QAM transcoder module shall be equal to the Blonder

Tongue QTM Series and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Satellite QPSK/8PSK Input

i) Input Frequency Range: Agile 950-2150 MHz

ii) Bandwidth: up to 36 MHz

iii) Frequency Step: 1 MHz

iv) Capture Range: ±5 MHz

v) Input Level Range: -65 to -20 dBm

vi) FEC Decoding: DVB/DigiCipher® II

vii) Symbol Rate: 2 to 45 Msps

viii) Code Rate: Viterbi Auto Recognition

b) QAM Output

i) Output Frequency Range: Agile 54-860 MHz (CATV 2-135)

ii) QAM Bandwidth: Variable

iii) Frequency Step: 6 MHz

iv) Output Level: +40 dBmV (Average Measurement)

v) Modulation Mode: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512 & 1024 QAM (8PSK & 256 QAM Capable with QTM-HD) (8PSK &

512/1024 QAM capable with QTM-HD Plus) (8PSK, 256 QAM & Null Packeting with QTM-HD-NPU)

vi) Symbol Rate: Variable rate QAM up to 12.5 Mbaud

vii) QAM SNR: >40 dB

viii) MER: 40-43 dB

viii) Spurious: -60 dBc

ix) Broadband Noise: -75 dBc min. (4 MHz BW @40 dBmV)

x) Phase Noise @ 10 kHz: -90 dBc

c) Mechanical

i) Chassis Dimensions (W x H x D): 5.25 x 19.0 x 12 inches

ii) Dimensions (W x H x D): 5.25 x 10.625 x 1.5 inches

iii) Power: 100 to 265 VAC, 1A

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RMDA-550-30P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 43, 47, 51, 53, 75, 77)

The headend launch amplifiers shall be housed in an industry standard 19” EIA rack mountable enclosure. The amplifiers shall

employ power doubling hybrid circuitry for forward path amplification and be UL listed. The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue RMDA-550-30P, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 47 to 550 MHz

b) Flatness: ±0.75 dB

c) Gain: 33 dB

d) Manual Gain Control Range: 15 dB

e) Manual Slope Control Range: 10 dB

f) Test Ports:

i) Input: -20 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -20 ±2 dB

g) Return Loss:

i) Input: 14 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 14 dB Minimum

RMDA-750-30P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 43, 47, 51, 53, 75, 77)

The headend launch amplifiers shall be housed in an industry standard 19” EIA rack mountable enclosure. The amplifiers shall

employ power doubling hybrid circuitry for forward path amplification and be UL listed. The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue RMDA-750-30P, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 47 to 750 MHz

b) Flatness: ±1.00 dB

c) Gain: 31 dB

d) Manual Gain Control Range: 15 dB

e) Manual Slope Control Range: 10 dB

f) Test Ports:

i) Input: -20 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -20 ±2 dB

g) Return Loss:

i) Input: 14 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 14 dB Minimum

h) Impedance: 75 Ω

i) Noise Figure: 7.0 dB Maximum

j) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

k) Number of Channels: 110

l) Output Level:

i) Lowest Channel: 36 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 44 dBmV

m) Composite Triple Beat Distortion -66 dB

n) Cross Modulation: -67 dB

o) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

p) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

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RMDA-860-30P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 43, 47, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77)

The headend launch amplifiers shall be housed in an industry standard 19” EIA rack mountable enclosure. The amplifiers shall

employ power doubling hybrid circuitry for forward path amplification and be UL listed. The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue RMDA-860-30P, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 47 to 860 MHz

b) Flatness: ±1.00 dB

c) Gain: 31 dB

d) Manual Gain Control Range: 15 dB

e) Manual Slope Control Range: 10 dB

f) Test Ports:

i) Input: -20 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -20 ±2 dB

g) Return Loss:

i) Input: 14 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 14 dB Minimum

h) Impedance: 75 Ω

i) Noise Figure: 8.5 dB Maximum

j) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

k) Number of Channels: 129

l) Output Level:

i) Lowest Channel: 36 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 44 dBmV

m) Composite Triple Beat Distortion: -61 dB

n) Cross Modulation: -59 dB

o) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

p) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

RMDA-860-43P (See pages: 9, 13, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 41, 43, 47, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77)

The headend launch amplifiers shall be housed in an industry standard 19” EIA rack mountable enclosure. The amplifiers shall

employ power doubling hybrid circuitry for forward path amplification and be UL listed. The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue RMDA-860-43P, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 47 to 860 MHz

b) Flatness: ±1.00 dB

c) Gain: 43 dB

d) Manual Gain Control Range: 15 dB

e) Manual Slope Control Range: 10 dB

f) Test Ports:

i) Input: -20 ±2 dB

ii) Output: -20 ±2 dB

g) Return Loss:

i) Input: 14 dB Minimum

ii) Output: 14 dB Minimum

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RMDA-86A-30 (See pages: 35, 43, 75, 76, 77, 78 )

The distribution amplifiers shall be housed in an industry standard 19” EIA rack mountable enclosure.

The amplifiers shall employ push pull hybrid circuitry for both forward and return path amplification.

The amplifier shall be field selectable for either active or passive reverse path operation. The amplifier shall have optional

plug-in equalizer and attenuator capability for input signal conditioning. The unit shall be powered via an external UL listed

26 VAC power supply. The amplifiers shall be equal to Blonder Tongue RMDA-86A-30, and shall meet or exceed the following

specifications:

a) Forward Passband: 54 to 860 MHz

b) Return Passband: 5 to 40 MHz

c) Flatness: ±1.00 dB (Fwd), ±0.5 dB (Rev)

d) Gain: 32 dB (Fwd), 22 dB (Rev)

e) Manual Gain Control Range:

10 dB (Fwd), 18 dB (Rev)

f) Manual Slope Control Range: 8 dB (Fwd)

i) Impedance: 75 Ω

j) Noise Figure: 8.5 dB Maximum (Fwd), 6.0 dB (Rev)

k) Hum Modulation: -70 dB

l) Number of Channels (Fwd): 129

m) Output Level (Fwd):

i) Lowest Channel: 34 dBmV

ii) Highest Channel: 42 dBmV

n) Composite Triple Beat Distortion: -58 dB

o) Cross Modulation: -58 dB

p) Transformer AC input: 120 VAC, 60 Hz

q) Operating Temperature: -20° C to 60° C

RPR-8 (See page: 87 )

The remote power reset unit shall be housed in a 1RU chassis and provide two independently switched AC receptacles.

Switching can be done either manually or on a scheduled basis. The remote power reset unit shall be equal to Blonder Tongue

RPR-8, and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Operating Voltage: 120 VAC

b) Current Capacity: 15 A (total)

c) Control Interface: Ethernet (RJ45) Depending on Model

d) Number of Controlled Outlets: 8

e) Control: Via Standard Explorer Browser

f) Sensing Features: Total Current, Ambient, Temperature

SCMA-Ub (See pages: 19, 21, 23, 25 )

The single channel, UHF preamplifiers shall be two piece construction to allow optimum placement

of the amplifier in relation to the antenna. The amplifier shall be housed in a rugged, mast mount,

die-cast housing and have a -20 dB backmatched test port. The single channel, UHF preamplifiers shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue SCMA-Ub with power supply PS-1526 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 450-806 MHz

b) Gain: 24 dB Minimum

c) Input Capability: -10.5 to +35 dBmV per channel

d) Noise Figure: 2.5 dB Maximum

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SMR-1600 (See page: 9 )

The indoor, 16 port satellite multiswitch shall be constructed in a rack mounted housing to ensure proper mounting in headend

applications. The multiswitches should have dedicated +13V and +18V input ports, and sixteen output ports. All connectors

shall be type F. The 16 port satellite multiswitch shall be equal to Blonder Tongue SMR-1600 and shall meet or exceed the

following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 950 to 2150 MHz

b) Isolation: 20 dB Minimum

c) Insertion Loss: 4 dB Maximum

SRT (See pages: 37, 38, 51, 53, 75, 76, 77, 85 )

The indoor, one port directional coupler shall be constructed in a die-cast housing with a soldered back plate to ensure high RFI

shielding. The couplers should be of a ‘T’ style construction and the connectors on the unit shall be type F. The RFI shielding

shall be at least 120 dB to prevent signal ingress or egress. The indoor, one port directional coupler shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue SRT and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5 to 1000 MHz

b) Isolation Output to Tap: 18 dB Minimum across all tap values

c) Tap Values Required: 30, 27, 24, 20, 16, 12, 9, 6, 4 dB

d) RFI Shielding: 120 dB Minimum

SRT-2A (See pages: 37, 38, 75, 76, 77, 85)

The indoor, two port directional coupler shall be constructed in a die-cast housing with a soldered back plate to ensure high RFI

shielding. The couplers should be of a ‘L’ style construction and the connectors on the unit shall be type F. The RFI shielding

shall be at least 120 dB to prevent signal ingress or egress. The indoor, two port directional coupler shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue SRT-2A and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5 to 1000 MHz

b) Isolation:

i) Output to Tap: 22 dB Minimum across all tap values

ii) Tap to Tap: 22 dB Minimum

c) Tap Values Required: 32, 29, 26, 23, 20, 17, 14, 11, 8, 4 dB

d) RFI Shielding: 120 dB Minimum

SRT-4A (See pages: 37, 38 75, 76, 77, 85 )

The indoor, four port directional coupler shall be constructed in a die-cast housing with a soldered back plate to ensure high RFI

shielding. The couplers should be of a ‘L’ style construction and the connectors on the unit shall be type F. The RFI shielding

shall be at least 120 dB to prevent signal ingress or egress. The indoor, one port directional coupler shall be equal to Blonder

Tongue SRT-4A and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5 to 1000 MHz

b) Isolation:

i) Output to Tap: 24 dB Minimum across all tap values

ii) Tap to Tap: 22 dB Minimum

c) Tap Values Required: 35, 32, 29, 26, 23, 20, 17, 14, 11, 8 dB

d) RFI Shielding: 120 dB Minimum

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SRT-8A (See pages: 37, 38, 75, 76, 77, 85)

The indoor, eight port directional coupler shall be constructed in a die-cast housing with a soldered

back plate to ensure high RFI shielding. The couplers should be of a ‘L’ style construction and the connectors

on the unit shall be type F. The RFI shielding shall be at least 120 dB to prevent signal ingress or egress.

The indoor, eight port directional coupler shall be equal to Blonder Tongue SRT-8A and shall meet or exceed the following

specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5 to 1000 MHz

b) Isolation:

i) Output to Tap: 26 dB Minimum across all tap values

i) Tap to Tap: 24 dB Minimum

c) Tap Values Required: 35, 32, 29, 26, 23, 20, 17, 14, 11 dB

d) RFI Shielding: 120 dB Minimum

SXRS-2 (See pages: 51, 53, 75, 76 )

The indoor, two-way splitter shall be constructed in a die-cast housing with a soldered back plate to

ensure high RFI shielding. The splitter should have an in-line connector orientation, and the connectors

on the unit shall be type F. The RFI shielding shall be at least 120 dB to prevent signal ingress or egress.

The indoor, two-way splitter shall be equal to Blonder Tongue SXRS-2 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5 to 1000 MHz

b) Isolation: 22 dB Minimum

c) Return Loss: 16 dB Minimum

d) Insertion Loss: 4.2 dB Maximum

e) RFI Shielding: 120 dB Minimum

SXRS-3 (See pages: 75, 77 )

The indoor, three-way splitter shall be constructed in a die-cast housing with a soldered back plate to ensure

high RFI shielding. The splitter should have an in-line connector orientation, and the connectors on

the unit shall be type F. The RFI shielding shall be at least 120 dB to prevent signal ingress or egress.

The indoor, three-way splitter shall be equal to Blonder Tongue SXRS-3 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5 to 1000 MHz

b) Isolation: 21 dB Minimum

c) Return Loss: 16 dB Minimum

d) Insertion Loss: 6.8 dB Maximum

e) RFI Shielding: 120 dB Minimum

SXRS-4 (See pages: 25, 27, 31, 33, 63, 65, 75, 78)

The indoor, four-way splitter shall be constructed in a die-cast housing with a soldered back plate to

ensure high RFI shielding. The splitter should have an in-line connector orientation, and the connectors

on the unit shall be type F. The RFI shielding shall be at least 120 dB to prevent signal ingress or egress.

The indoor, four-way splitter shall be equal to Blonder Tongue SXRS-4 and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5 to 1000 MHz

b) Isolation: 25 dB Minimum

c) Return Loss: 18 dB Minimum

d) Insertion Loss: 8 dB Maximum

e) RFI Shielding: 120 dB Minimum

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SXRS-8 (See page: 75)

The indoor, eight-way splitter shall be constructed in a die-cast housing with a soldered back plate to ensure high RFI shielding.

The splitter should have an ‘L-style’ connector orientation, and the connectors on the unit shall be type F. The RFI shielding shall

be at least 120 dB to prevent signal ingress or egress. The indoor, eight-way splitter shall be equal to Blonder Tongue SXRS-8

and shall meet or exceed the following specifications:

a) Frequency Range: 5 to 1000 MHz

b) Isolation: 22 dB Minimum

c) Return Loss: 15 dB Minimum

d) Insertion Loss: 12 dB Maximum

e) RFI Shielding: 120 dB Minimum

TF-GF-FT (See pages: 75, 76. 77, 78, 85)

The wall plate shall be designed to fit all standard single-gang electrical boxes. It shall have a “G/F” style feed thru connector

mounted in the center of a steel cover plate. The cover plate shall be painted a textured ivory. The wall plate shall have high

RFI shielding characteristics for CATV applications. The wall plate shall be equal to Blonder Tongue TF-GF-FT.

TVCB-PC (See page: 43 )

The TV channel blocker shall provide 40 channel blocking capability from channel 2 to 86 (54-600 MHz) with a passband up to

860 MHz. The blocker shall have push button controls and an LED display for setting the channels to be blocked. The blocker’s

enclosure shall provide tamper protection on the RF connections and have provisions for locking to prevent unauthorized

access. The channel blocker shall be equal to Blonder Tongue TVCB-PC and shall meet or exceed the following specifications.

a) Bandwidth: 54 to 860 MHz

g) Return Path Bandwidth: 5 to 40 MHz

b) Nominal Gain: 1.5 dB

h) Return Path Gain: - 2 dB

c) Flatness: ±1.5 dB

i) Number of Jamming

Oscillators: 8 (54 - 600 MHz)

d) Return Loss: 16 dB

j) RF Leakage: Complies with FCC Part 76, Sub part K

e) Output Level (when input is 9 dBmV @54 MHz;

15 dBmV @ 600 MHz):

k) Power Requirements Voltage: 37-95 VAC

i) 54 MHz: 10 dBmV

l) Current Consumption @ 60 VAC IN: 200 mA

ii) 600 MHz: 16 dBmV

m) Operating Temperature

Range: -40° to +60° C

iii) 750 MHz: 17 dBmV

n) Relative Humidity: 5-100 %

iv) 860 MHz: 18 dBmV

o) Housing - Dimensions:

f) Distortions (@ 77 Channel Loading):

9.5 x 4.0 x 10.0 in., (L x H x W)

i) CTB: -60 dBc

p) Connectors: “F” Type, Female

ii) CSO: -60 dBc

iii) Spurious: -60 dBc

iv) C/N: 59 dB

V-1GF-FT (See pages: 75, 76, 85)

The wall plate shall be designed to fit all standard electrical boxes. It shall have a “G/F” feed thru connector

mounted on a steel back plate for mechanical strength. The wall plate shall have a duplex style plastic ivory

filler plate and requires a standard duplex cover plate to finish it off. The wall plate shall have

high RFI shielding characteristics for CATV applications. The wall plate shall be equal to Blonder Tongue V-1GF-FT.

126


Broadband Specification Guide

Frequency Charts (CATV, Analog)

CATV Channels

EIA Standard Incremental Harmonic

Chan. Chan. Video Audio Video Audio Video Audio

T7 none 7.0000 11.5000 NA NA NA NA

T8 none 13.0000 17.5000 NA NA NA NA

T9 none 19.0000 23.5000 NA NA NA NA

T10 none 25.0000 29.5000 NA NA NA NA

T11 none 31.0000 35.5000 NA NA NA NA

T12 none 37.0000 41.5000 NA NA NA NA

T13 none 43.0000 47.5000 NA NA NA NA

T14 none 49.0000 53.5000 NA NA NA NA

2 02 55.2500 59.7500 55 2625 59.7625 54.0027 58.5027

3 03 61.2500 65.7500 61.2625 65.7625 60.0030 64.5030

4 04 67.2500 71.7500 67.2625 71.7625 66.0033 70.5030

A8 01 NA N A 73.2625 77.7625 72.0036 76.5036

5 05 77.2500 81.7500 79.2625 83.7625 78.0039 82.5039

6 06 83.2500 87.7500 85.2625 89.7625 84.0042 88.5042

A5 95 91.2500 95.7500 91.2625 95.7625 90.0045 94.5045

A4 96 97.2500 101.7500 97.2625 101.7625 96.0048 100.5048

A3 97 103.2500 107.7500 103.2625 107.7625 102.0051 106.5051

A2 98* 109.2750 113.7750 109.2750 113.7750 Cannot lock to comb

A1 99* 115.2750 119.7750 115.2750 119.7750 ref: refer to FCC regs

A 14* 121.2625 125.7625 121.2625 125.7625 120.0060 124.5060

B 15* 127.2625 131.7625 127.2625 131.7625 126.0063 130.5063

C 16* 133.2625 137.7625 133.2625 137.7625 132.0066 136.5066

D 17 139.2500 143.7500 139.2625 143.7625 138.0069 142.5069

E 18 145.2500 149.7500 145.2625 149.7625 144.0072 148.5072

F 19 151.2500 155.7500 151.2625 155.7625 150.0075 154.5075

G 20 157.2500 161.7500 157.2625 161.7625 156.0078 160.5078

H 21 163.2500 167.7500 163.2625 167.7625 162.0081 166.5081

I 22 169.2500 173.7500 169.2625 173.7625 168.0084 172.5084

7 07 175.2500 179.7500 175.2625 179.7625 174.0087 178.5087

8 08 181.2500 185.7500 181.2625 185.7625 180.0090 184.5090

9 09 187.2500 191.7500 187.2625 191.7625 186.0093 190.5093

10 10 193.2500 197.7500 193.2625 197.7625 192.0096 196.5096

11 11 199.2500 203.7500 199.2625 203.7625 198.0099 202.5099

12 12 205.2500 209.7500 205.2625 209.762 204.0102 208.5102

13 13 211.2500 215.7500 211.2625 215.7625 210.0105 214.5105

J 23 217.2500 221.7500 217.2625 221.7625 216.0108 220.5108

K 24* 223.2500 227.7500 223.2625 227.7625 222.0111 226.5111

L 25* 229.2625 233.7625 229.2625 233.7625 228.0114 232.5114

* Means aeronautical channels visual carrier frequency tolerance ± 5KHz

127


Broadband Specification Guide

Frequency Charts (CATV, Analog)

CATV Channels

EIA Standard Incremental Harmonic

Chan. Chan. Video Audio Video Audio Video Audio

M 26* 235.2625 239.7625 235.2625 239.7625 234.0117 238.5117

N 27* 241.2625 245.7625 241.2625 245.7625 240.0120 244.5120

O 28* 247.2625 251.7625 247.2625 251.7625 246.0123 250.5123

P 29* 253.2625 257.7625 253.2625 257.7625 252.0126 256.5126

Q 30* 259.2625 263.7625 259.2625 263.7625 258.0129 262.5129

R 31* 265.2625 269.7625 265.2625 269.7625 264.0132 268.5132

S 32* 271.2625 275.7625 271.2625 275.7625 270.0135 274.5135

T 33* 277.2625 281.7625 277.2625 281.7625 276.0138 280.5138

U 34* 283.2625 287.7625 283.2625 287.7625 282.0141 286.5141

V 35* 289.2625 293.7625 289.2625 293.7625 288.0144 292.5144

W 36* 295.2625 299.7625 295.2625 299.7625 294.0147 298.5147

AA 37* 301.2625 305.7625 301.2625 305.7625 300.0150 304.5150

BB 38* 307.2625 311.7625 307.2625 311.7625 306.0153 310.5153

CC 39* 313.2625 317.7625 313.2625 317.7625 312.0156 316.5156

DD 40* 319.2625 323.7625 319.2625 323.7625 318.0159 322.5159

EE 41* 325.2625 329.7625 325.2625 329.7625 324.0162 328.5162

FF 42* 331.2750 335.7750 331.2750 335.7750 330.0165 334.5165

GG 43* 337.2625 341.7625 337.2625 341.7625 336.0168 340.5168

HH 44* 343.2625 347.7625 343.2625 347.7625 342.0168 346.5168

II 45* 349.2625 353.7625 349.2625 353.7625 348.0168 352.5168

JJ 46* 355.2625 359.7625 355.2625 359.7625 354.0168 358.5168

KK 47* 361.2625 365.7625 361.2625 365.7625 360.0168 364.5168

LL 48* 367.2625 371.7625 367.2625 371.7625 366.0168 370.5168

MM 49* 373.2625 377.7625 373.2625 377.7625 372.0168 376.5168

NN 50* 379.2625 383.7625 379.2625 383.7625 378.0168 382.5168

00 51* 385.2625 389.7625 385.2625 389.7625 384.0168 388.5168

PP 52* 391.2625 395.7625 391.2625 395.7625 390.0168 394.5168

QQ 53* 397.2625 401.7625 397.2625 401.7625 396.0168 400.5168

RR 54 403.2500 407.7500 403.2625 407.7625 402.0201 406.5201

SS 55 409.2500 413.7500 409.2625 413.7625 408.0204 412.5204

TT 56 415.2500 419.7500 415.2625 419.7625 414.0207 418.5207

UU 57 421.2500 425.7500 421.2625 425.7625 420.0210 424.5210

VV 58 427.2500 431.7500 427.2625 431.7625 426.0213 430.5213

WW 59 433.2500 437.7500 433.2625 437.7625 432.0216 436.5216

XX 60 439.2500 443.7500 439.2625 443.7625 438.0219 442.5219

YY 61 445.2500 449.7500 445.2625 449.7625 444.0222 448.5222

ZZ 62 451.2500 455.7500 451.2625 455.7625 450.0225 454.5225

AAA 63 457.2500 461.7500 457.2625 461.7625 456.0228 460.5228

* Means aeronautical channels visual carrier frequency tolerance ± 5KHz

128


Broadband Specification Guide

Frequency Charts (CATV, Analog)

CATV Channels

EIA Standard Incremental Harmonic

Chan. Chan. Video Audio Video Audio Video Audio

BBB 64 463.2500 467.7500 463.2625 467.7625 462.0231 466.5231

CCC 65 469.2500 473.7500 469.2625 473.7625 468.0234 472.5234

DDD 66 475.2500 479.7500 475.2625 479.7625 474.0237 478.5237

EEE 67 481.2500 485.7500 481.2625 485.7625 480.0240 484.5240

FFF 68 487.2500 491.7500 487.2625 491.7625 486.0243 490.5243

GGG 69 493.2500 497.7500 493.2625 497.7625 492.0246 496.5246

HHH 70 499.2500 503.7500 499.2625 503.7625 498.0249 502.5249

III 71 505.2500 509.7500 505.2625 509.7625 504.0252 508.5252

JJJ 72 511.2500 515.7500 511.2625 515.7625 510.0255 514.5255

KKK 73 517.2500 521.7500 517.2625 521.7625 516.0258 520.5258

LLL 74 523.2500 527.7500 523.2625 527.7625 522.0261 526.5261

MMM 75 529.2500 533.7500 529.2625 533.7625 528.0264 532.5264

NNN 76 535.2500 539.7500 535.2625 539.7625 534.0267 538.5267

000 77 541.2500 545.7500 541.2625 545.7625 540.0270 544.527C

PPP 78 547.2500 551.7500 547.2625 551.7625 546.0273 550.5273

- 79 553.2500 557.7500 553.2625 557.7625 552.0276 556.5276

- 80 559.2500 563.7500 559.2625 563.7625 558.0279 562.5279

- 81 565.2500 569.7500 565.2625 569.7625 564.0282 568.5282

- 82 571.2500 575.7500 571.2625 575.7625 570.0285 574.5285

- 83 577.2500 581.7500 577.2625 581.7625 576.0288 580.5288

- 84 583.2500 587.7500 583.2625 587.7625 582.0291 586.5291

- 85 589.2500 593.7500 589.2625 593.7625 588.0294 592.5294

- 86 595.2500 599.7500 595.2625 599.7625 594.0297 598.5297

- 87 601.2500 605.7500 601.2625 605.7625 600.0300 604.5300

- 88 607.2500 611.7500 607.2625 611.7625 606.0303 610.5303

- 89 613.2500 617.7500 613.2625 617.7625 612.0306 616.5306

- 90 619.2500 623.7500 619.2625 623.7625 618.0309 622.5309

- 91 625.2500 629.7500 625.2625 629.7625 624.0312 628.5312

- 92 631.2500 635.7500 631.2625 635.7625 630.0315 634.5315

- 93 637.2500 641.7500 637.2625 641.7625 636.0318 640.5318

- 94 643.2500 647.7500 643.2625 647.7625 642.0321 646.5321

- 100 649.2500 653.7500 649.2625 653.7625 648.0324 652.5324

- 101 655.2500 659.7500 655.2625 659.7625 654.0327 658.5327

- 102 661.2500 665.7500 661.2625 665.7625 660.0330 664.5330

- 103 667.2500 671.7500 667.2625 671.7625 666.0333 670.5333

- 104 673.2500 677.7500 673.2625 677.7625 672.0336 676.5336

- 105 679.2500 683.7500 679.2625 683.7625 678.0339 682.5339

- 106 685.2500 689.7500 685.2625 689.7625 684.0342 688.5342

* Means aeronautical channels visual carrier frequency tolerance ± 5KHz

129


Broadband Specification Guide

Frequency Charts (CATV, Analog)

CATV Channels

EIA Standard Incremental Harmonic

Chan. Chan. Video Audio Video Audio Video Audio

- 107 691.2500 695.7500 691.2625 695.7625 690.0345 694.5345

- 108 697.2500 701.7500 697.2625 701.7625 696.0348 700.5348

- 109 703.2500 707.7500 703.2625 707.7625 702.0351 706.5351

- 110 709.2500 713.7500 709.2625 713.7625 708.0354 712.5354

- 111 715.2500 719.7500 715.2625 719.7625 714.0357 718.5357

- 112 721.2500 725.7500 721.2625 725.7625 720.0360 724.5360

- 113 727.2500 731.7500 727.2625 731.7625 726.0363 730.5363

- 114 733.2500 737.7500 733.2625 737.7625 732.0366 736.5366

- 115 739.2500 743.7500 739.2625 743.7625 738.0369 742.5369

- 116 745.2500 749.7500 745.2625 749.7625 744.0372 748.5372

- 117 751.2500 755.7500 751.2625 755.7625 750.0375 754.5375

- 118 757.2500 761.7500 757.2625 761.7625 756.0378 760.5378

- 119 763.2500 767.7500 763.2625 767.7625 762.0381 766.5381

- 120 769.2500 773.7500 769.2625 773.7625 768.0384 772.5384

- 121 775.2500 779.7500 775.2625 779.7625 774.0387 778.5387

- 122 781.2500 785.7500 781.2625 785.7625 780.0390 784.5390

- 123 787.2500 791.7500 787.2625 791.7625 786.0393 790.5393

- 124 793.2500 797.7500 793.2625 797.7625 792.0396 796.5396

- 125 799.2500 803.7500 799.2625 803.7625 798.0399 802.5399

- 126 805.2500 809.7500 805.2625 809.7625 804.0402 808.5402

- 127 811.2500 815.7500 811.2625 815.7625 810.0405 814.5405

- 128 817.2500 821.7500 817.2625 821.7625 816.0408 820.5408

- 129 823.2500 827.7500 823.2625 827.7625 822.0411 826.5411

- 130 829.2500 833.7500 829.2625 833.7625 828.0414 832.5414

- 131 835.2500 839.7500 835.2625 839.7625 834.0417 838.5417

- 132 841.2500 845.7500 841.2625 845.7625 840.0420 844.5420

- 133 847.2500 851.7500 847.2625 851.7625 846.0423 850.5423

- 134 853.2500 857.7500 853.2625 857.7625 852.0426 856.5426

- 135 859.2500 863.7500 859.2625 863.7625 858.0429 862.5429

- 136 865.2500 869.7500 865.2625 869.7625 864.0432 868.5432

- 137 871.2500 875.7500 871.2625 875.7625 870.0435 874.5435

- 138 877.2500 881.7500 877.2625 881.7625 876.0438 880.5438

- 139 883.2500 887.7500 883.2625 887.7625 882.0441 886.5441

- 140 889.2500 893.7500 889.2625 893.7625 888.0444 892.5444

- 141 895.2500 899.7500 895.2625 899.7625 894.0447 898.5447

- 142 901.2500 905.7500 901.2625 905.7625 900.0450 904.5450

- 143 907.2500 911.7500 907.2625 911.7625 906.0453 910.5453

130


Broadband Specification Guide

Frequency Charts (CATV, Analog)

CATV Channels

EIA Standard Incremental Harmonic

Chan. Chan. Video Audio Video Audio Video Audio

- 144 913.2500 917.7500 913.2625 917.7625 912.0456 916.5456

- 145 919.2500 923.7500 919.2625 923.7625 918.0459 922.5459

- 146 925.2500 929.7500 925.2625 929.7625 924.0462 928.5462

- 147 931.2500 935.7500 931.2625 935.7625 930.0465 934.5465

- 148 937.2500 941.7500 937.2625 941.7625 936.0468 940.5468

- 149 943.2500 947.7500 943.2625 947.7625 942.0471 946.547

- 150 949.2500 953.7500 949.2625 953.7625 948.0474 952.5474

- 151 955.2500 959.7500 955.2625 959.7625 954.0477 958.5477

- 152 961.2500 965.7500 961.2625 965.7625 960.0480 964.5480

- 153 967.2500 971.7500 967.2625 971.7625 966.0483 970.5483

- 154 973.2500 977.7500 973.2625 977.7625 972.0486 976.5486

- 155 979.2500 983.7500 979.2625 983.7625 978.0489 982.5489

- 156 985.2500 989.7500 985.2625 989.7625 984.0492 988.5492

- 157 991.2500 995.7500 991.2625 995.7625 990.0495 994.5495

- 158 997.2500 1001.7500 997.2625 1001.7625 996.0498 1000.5498

131


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV, QAM Channel Center Frequency (54 MHz - 1000 MHz)

EIA

CH.

MHz

Center

Frequency

2 57

3 63

4 69

5 79

6 85

95 93

96 99

97 105

98 111

99 117

14 123

15 129

16 135

17 141

18 147

19 153

20 159

21 165

22 171

7 177

8 183

9 189

10 195

11 201

12 207

13 213

23 219

24 225

25 231

26 237

27 243

28 249

29 255

30 261

31 267

32 273

33 279

34 285

35 291

36 297

37 303

38 309

39 315

40 321

41 327

Bandwith

(MHz)

54 60

60 66

66 72

76 82

82 88

90 96

96 102

102 108

108 114

114 120

120 126

126 132

132 138

138 144

144 150

150 156

156 162

162 168

168 174

174 180

180 186

186 192

192 198

198 204

204 210

210 216

216 222

222 228

228 234

234 240

240 246

246 252

252 258

258 264

264 270

270 276

276 282

282 288

288 294

294 300

300 306

306 312

312 318

318 324

324 330

EIA

CH.

MHz

Center

Frequency

42 333

43 339

44 345

45 351

46 357

47 363

48 369

49 375

50 381

51 387

52 393

53 399

54 405

55 411

56 417

57 423

58 429

59 435

60 441

61 447

62 453

63 459

64 465

65 471

66 477

67 483

68 489

69 495

70 501

71 507

72 513

73 519

74 525

75 531

76 537

77 543

78 549

79 555

80 561

81 567

82 573

83 579

84 585

85 591

86 597

Bandwith

(MHz)

330 336

336 342

342 348

348 354

354 360

360 366

366 372

372 378

378 384

384 390

390 396

396 402

402 408

408 414

414 420

420 426

426 432

432 438

438 444

444 450

450 456

456 462

462 468

468 474

474 480

480 486

486 492

492 498

498 504

504 510

510 516

516 522

522 528

528 534

534 540

540 546

546 552

552 558

558 564

564 570

570 576

576 582

582 588

588 594

594 600

132


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV, QAM Channel Center Frequency (54 MHz - 1000 MHz)

EIA

CH.

MHz

Center

Frequency

Bandwith

(MHz)

EIA

CH.

MHz

Center

Frequency

Bandwith

(MHz)

87 603

88 609

89 615

90 621

91 627

92 633

93 639

94 645

100 651

101 657

102 663

103 669

104 675

105 681

106 687

107 693

108 699

109 705

110 711

111 717

112 723

113 729

114 735

115 741

116 747

117 753

118 759

119 765

120 771

121 777

122 783

123 789

124 795

125 801

126 807

127 813

128 819

129 825

130 831

131 837

132 843

133 849

134 855

135 861

136 867

600 606

606 612

612 618

618 624

624 630

630 636

636 642

642 648

648 654

654 660

660 666

666 672

672 678

678 684

684 690

690 696

696 702

702 708

708 714

714 720

720 726

726 732

732 738

738 744

744 750

750 756

756 762

762 768

768 774

774 780

780 786

786 792

792 798

798 804

804 810

810 816

816 822

822 828

828 834

834 840

840 846

846 852

852 858

858 864

864 870

137 873

138 879

139 885

140 891

141 897

142 903

143 909

144 915

145 921

146 927

147 933

148 939

149 945

150 951

151 957

152 963

153 969

154 975

155 981

156 987

157 993

158 999

870 876

876 882

882 888

888 894

894 900

900 906

906 912

912 918

918 924

924 930

930 936

936 942

942 948

948 954

954 960

960 966

966 972

972 978

978 984

984 990

990 996

996 1002

133


Broadband Specification Guide

Broadcast Channel Frequencies

DIGITAL

ANALOG

DIGITAL ANALOG

Center

Center

Broadcast

Visual Aural Broadcast

Visual Aural

BW (MHz) Freq

BW (MHz) Freq

Channel

Carrier Carrier Channel

Carrier Carrier

(MHz)

(MHz)

2 54 - 60 57 55.25 59.75 36 602 - 608 605 603.25 607.75

3 60 - 66 63 61.25 65.75 37 608 - 614 611 609.25 613.75

4 66 - 72 69 67.25 71.75 38 614 - 620 617 615.25 619.75

5 76 - 82 79 77.25 81.75 39 620 - 626 623 621.25 625.75

6 82 - 88 85 83.25 87.75 40 626 - 632 629 627.25 631.75

7 174 - 180 177 175.25 179.75 41 632 - 638 635 633.25 637.75

8 180 - 186 183 181.25 185.75 42 638 - 644 641 639.25 643.75

9 186 - 192 189 187.25 191.75 43 644 - 650 647 645.25 649.75

10 192 - 198 195 193.25 197.75 44 650 - 656 653 651.25 655.75

11 198 - 204 201 199.25 203.75 45 656 - 662 659 657.25 661.75

12 204 - 210 207 205.25 209.75 46 662 - 668 665 663.25 667.75

13 210 - 216 213 211.25 215.75 47 668 - 674 671 669.25 673.75

14 470 - 476 473 471.25 475.75 48 674 - 680 677 675.25 679.75

15 476 - 482 479 477.25 481.75 49 680 - 686 683 681.25 685.75

16 482 - 488 485 483.25 487.75 50 686 - 692 689 687.25 691.75

17 488 - 494 491 489.25 493.75 51 692 - 698 695 693.25 697.75

18 494 - 500 497 495.25 499.75 52 698 - 704 701 699.25 703.75

19 500 - 506 503 501.25 505.75 53 704 - 710 707 705.25 709.75

20 506 - 512 509 507.25 511.75 54 710 - 716 713 711.25 715.75

21 512 - 518 515 513.25 517.75 55 716 - 722 719 717.25 721.75

22 518 - 524 521 519.25 523.75 56 722 - 728 725 723.25 727.75

23 524 - 530 527 525.25 529.75 57 728 - 734 731 729.25 733.75

24 530 - 536 533 531.25 535.75 58 734 - 740 737 735.25 739.75

25 536 - 542 539 537.25 541.75 59 740 - 746 743 741.25 745.75

26 542 - 548 545 543.25 547.75 60 746 - 752 749 747.25 751.75

27 548 - 554 551 549.25 553.75 61 752 - 758 755 753.25 757.75

28 554 - 560 557 555.25 559.75 62 758 - 764 761 759.25 763.75

29 560 - 566 563 561.25 565.75 63 764 - 770 767 765.25 769.75

30 566 - 572 569 567.25 571.75 64 770 - 776 773 771.25 775.75

31 572 - 578 575 573.25 577.75 65 776 - 782 779 777.25 781.75

32 578 - 584 581 579.25 583.75 66 782 - 788 785 783.25 787.75

33 584 - 590 587 585.25 589.75 67 788 - 794 791 789.25 793.75

34 590 - 596 593 591.25 595.75 68 794 - 800 797 795.25 799.75

35 596 - 602 599 597.25 601.75 69 800 - 806 803 801.25 805.75

UHF Channels 52-69 are no longer licensed for broadcast TV.

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8VSB

8VSB is the 8-level vestigial sideband modulation method adopted for

terrestrial broadcast by the ATSC digital television standard in the United

States, Canada, and other countries. The 6 MHz channel used for ATSC

broadcasts carries 19.39 Mbit/s of usable data.

Absorption

In an optical fiber, loss of optical power resulting from conversion of that

power into heat.

Absorption Losses

Losses caused by impurities, principally transition metals and neighboring

elements (Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni), and also by water as well as intrinsic material

absorption.

AC Hum Modulation

See hum modulation.

Acceptance Angle

Half the vertex angle of that cone within which optical power may be

coupled into bound modes of an optical waveguide.

Acceptance Cone

A cone whose included angle is equal to twice the acceptance angle.

Access List

List kept by routers to control access to or from the router for a number

of services.

Active

Containing, or connected to and using, a source of energy.

Address Mask

Bit combination used to describe which portion of an address refers to the

network or subnet and which part refers to the host. mask.also subnet

mask.

Administrative Distance

A rate of the trustworthiness of a routing information source. The higher

the value, the lower the trustworthiness rating.

Aerial Cable

Cable suspended in the air on poles or other overhead structures. Usually

implies the use of a "messenger strand" to which the cable is lashed for

support.

Alternating Current (AC)

An electric current which continually varies in amount, and reverses its

direction periodically. The plot of current vs. time is usually a sine wave.

AML (Amplitude Modulated Link)

A registered trademark for microwave equipment that is manufactured by

Hughes Communications Products Co.

Ampere

Unit of electric current, or rate of flow of electricity. One coulomb per

second. One volt impressed across a resistance of one ohm causes a

current of one ampere to flow.

Amplification

The act of increasing the amplitude or strength of a signal.

Amplifier

A device that accepts a signal at it’s input and presents that same signal,

without appreciable distortion, but at higher level amplitude, at its output.

CATV amplifiers pass and amplify a relatively wide spectrum.

Amplifier Spacing

The spacing in transmission loss, expressed in decibels, between cascaded,

or serially connected, amplifiers. Also sometimes used to denote the linear

cable distance between amplifiers in a system.

Amplitude Modulation

A process whereby the amplitude of a single frequency carrier is varied in

accordance with the instantaneous values of a modulating wave.

Analog Signal

A signal which is continually variable and not expressed by discrete states

of amplitude, frequency, or phase.

Angle of Incidence

The angle between an incident ray and the normal to a reflecting or

refracting surface.

Angstrom (A)

10-11 meters. Its use as a unit of optical wavelength has largely been

supplanted in recent years by the nanometer (10-9 meter).

Anti-reflection Coating

A single or multiple layer of thin dielectric coating that reduces the

reflectivity of an optical surface.

Antenna Gain

The ratio, expressed in decibels, of the signal level received or transmitted

by an antenna, to the signal level received or transmitted by an isotropic

antenna at that same location which is subject to the same power level.

APD (See Avalanche Photodiode)

Armored Cable

A cable having one or two layers of steel tapes or steel wires spirally applied

to the sheath to provide mechanical protection.

Application Layer

Layer 7 of the OSI reference model. This layer provides services to

application processes (such as electronic mail, file transfer, and terminal

emulation). Provides user authentication.

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Asynchronous

Not synchronous.

ATSC (Advanced Television System Committee)

A digital television format standard that will replace the US analog NTSC

television system by February 17, 2009. The high definition television

standards defined by the ATSC produce wide screen 16:9 images up to

1920×1080 pixels in size, more than six times the display resolution of

NTSC. In lieu of an HD broadcast, up to six standard-definition “virtual

channels” can be broadcast over a 6 MHz TV station.

Attenuation

The decrease in signal strength along a conductor, cable, or optical fiber.

In an optical fiber acting as a waveguide, it is caused by absorption and

scattering. This parameter is usually measured in decibels per kilometer.

Attenuation-limited Operation

The condition prevailing when the received signal amplitude rather than

distortion limits performance.

Attenuator

A device or network for reducing the amplitude of a signal without

introducing distortion. May be fixed or variable, with the loss introduced

expressed in decibels. Often called a pad.

AGC

Abbreviation for Automatic Gain Control. Units with this feature maintain

a constant output level when the input signal level varies within a specified

AGC range.

Agile (Frequency Agile)

The capability to change channels quickly and easily, usually by setting

switches, i.e. agile modulator, agile processor.

Amplifier

Device used to increase strength of TV signals.

Attenuation

Reduction of signal strength.

Attenuator

Device used to receive radiated electro-magnetic signals such as radio or

TV.

Atmosphere

The gaseous envelope surrounding the Earth, composed of 78% nitrogen,

21% oxygen, 0.9% argon, plus some carbon dioxide and water vapor. The

atmosphere is divided into several layers, as follows:

Troposphere: 0-10 miles

Stratosphere: 10-50 miles

Ionosphere: 50-370 miles

Exosphere: 370 + miles

Automatic Gain Control (AGC)

A feature of some amplifiers and radio receivers which provides a

substantially constant output even though the signal input varies over

wide limits.

Automatic Level Control (ALC)

See Automatic gain control.

Automatic Slope Control (ASC)

A circuit that controls the slope of an amplifier automatically. See Slope.

Avalanche Effect

The cumulative multiplication of carriers in a semiconductor caused

by an electric field across the barrier region strong enough so that

electrons collide with valence electrons, releasing new electrons which

have more collisions, which release more electrons, etc.

Avalanche Photodiode (APD)

A photodiode designed to take advantage of avalanche multiplication of

photo-current. As the reverse-bias voltage approaches the breakdown

voltage, hole-electron pairs created by absorbed photons acquire

sufficient energy to create additional hole-electron pairs when they

collide with substrate atoms; thus a multiplication effect is achieved.

Amplification is almost noiseless, and this makes APD's 10 to 15 dB

more sensitive than PIN photodiodes. The problems with APD's are:

temperature sensitivity, high reverse bias voltages (200 to 400 V to

achieve current multiplication of 100), and prices higher than PIN

photodiodes.

Axial Mode

See longitudinal mode.

Axial Ray

A ray passing through the axis of the optical waveguide without any

internal reflection.

Azimuth

Degrees clockwise from true north. For a compass heading a

correction for local magnetic deviation is required.

Azimuth-Elevation Mount

Two pivot system consisting of separate azimuth and elevation adjustments

for aiming a satellite antenna.

Backscattering

The scattering of light in a direction generally reverse to the original one.

Balun

Acronym for Balanced- Unbalanced. Refers to a 75 ohm to 300 OHM

impedance matching transformer.

Bandwidth

1. A range of frequencies (a portion of spectrum) defined by upper and

lower frequency limits.

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2. The capacity of an optical fiber to transmit information expressed in

bits of information transmitted in a specific time period for a specific

length of optical waveguide. Usually expressed like 10 megabits/sec/

km. Bandwidth is limited by pulse spreading or broadening due to

dispersion, so that adjacent pulses overlap and cannot be distinguished.

3. The range of frequencies within which a fiber optic waveguide or

terminal device performs at a given specification.

Bandwidth-limited Operation

The condition prevailing when the system bandwidth, rather than the

amplitude (or power) of the signal, limits performance. The condition is

reached when the system distorts the shape of the wave form beyond

specified limits. For linear systems, bandwidth- limited operation is

equivalent to distortion -limited operation.

Beam Splitter

A device that divides an incident beam into two or more separate beams.

Prisms, thin films, sheets of glass, and partially silvered mirrors can be used

to split a beam.

Beat

1. To combine two carriers, so as to produce new sum and difference

frequency carriers.

2. A carrier generated by two or more carriers which have been passed

through a non-linear circuit.

Bel

The fundamental division of a logarithmic scale for expressing the ratio of

two powers, which are in the ratio of one to ten. The Bel is an awkwardly

large unit, so the "decibel" (one-tenth of a Bel) is used instead.

Bi-directional

Having equal effectiveness in two directions which are separated by 180

degrees in azimuth.

Bi-directional Transmission

Signal transmission in both directions along an optical waveguide or other

transmission medium.

Binary

Having two possible states or values.

Binary Digit

One unit of information in binary (two-level) notation.

Binary State

Either of the two conditions of a bi-stable device, the 11 one" state or the

"zero" state.

Bit

1. An electrical or light pulse whose presence or absence indicates data.

The capacity of the optical waveguide to transmit information through

the waveguide without error is expressed in bits per second per unit

length.

2. An acronym for "binary digit."

Bit-error Rate

In a digital communications system, the fraction of bits transmitted that are

received incorrectly. If BER is specified at 10 (-9) (a typical value), then an

average of one bit per one billion sent will be read wrong by the receiver.

Bit Rate

The speed at which digital information is transmitted, usually expressed

in bits per second.

Block Size

Number of hosts that can be used in a subnet. Block sizes typically can be

used in increments of 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 and 128.

Bridge

A device for connecting two segments of a network using identical protocols

to communicate and transmitting packets between them. Operates at the

Data Link layer, layer 2 of the OSI model. The purpose of the bridge is to filter,

send or flood any incoming frame, based on MAC address of that particular

frame.

Bridger Amplifier

An amplifier introduced into a system to transition from low transmission

levels in the trunk sub-system, to higher transmission levels in the feeder

sub-system, of a trunk plus feeder designed CATV system. Also used to

provide signal feed points to feeder cables from trunk cables.

Brightness

An attribute of visual perception in accordance with which a source

appears to emit more or less light; since the eye is not equally sensitive to

all colors, brightness cannot be a quantitative measure.

Broadband Radio Service (BRS)

Formerly known as MDS (Multi-point Distribution System) is a microwave

service in the 2150-2162 MHz frequency range consisting of (2) 6 MHz

channels used to deliver analog premium TV channel(s) to subscribers.

These two channels are in a FCC transition process to be re-located to

2496-2502 MHz and 2618-2624 MHz. Advanced wireless services (AWS)

will eventually occupy the former MDS spectrum.

Broadcast Address

Special address reserved for sending a message to all stations. Generally, a

broadcast address is a MAC destination address of all ones.

Broadcast Domain

The set of all devices that will receive broadcast frames originating from

any device within the set. Broadcast domains are typically bounded by

routers because routers do not forward broadcast frames.

Buffer

1. A device used as an interface between two circuits or pieces of

equipment to reconcile their incompatibilities or to prevent variations

in one from affecting the other.

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2. A circuit used for transferring data from one unit to another when

temporary storage is required because of different operating speeds or

times of occurrence of events.

Buffer Tube

An element that may be used to protect an optical fiber waveguide from

physical damage, providing mechanical isolation and protection.

Buried Cable

A cable installed directly in the earth without the use of underground

conduits.

Cabling

1. The act of twisting together two or more wires, pairs, or pair groups by

machine to form a cable.

2. The act of installing distribution cable, particularly in a new area.

Cable Equalizer

Device used to counter the effects of cable slope. Can be a stand alone device

or an optional plug-in module for an amplifier. dB values for equalizers can

be specified in two ways. First and most common is to specify the equalizer

dB value based upon the calculated high frequency loss of the cable run

to be equalized. The second way is to specify the dB value relating to

attenuation at 50 MHz as compared to upper frequency. Example: A 6 dB

450 MHz equalizer would have essentially 0 dB of insertion loss at 450 MHz

and gradually increase to its rated 6 dB at 50 MHz.

Cable Loss

The reduction in signal level introduced by passing the signal (or signals)

through a length of cable, expressed in decibels.

Carrier

A sinusoidal current which can be modulated with intelligence for

communications purposes.

Carrier-to-Noise Ratio (C/N Ratio)

The difference in amplitude of a carrier, and the noise power that is present

in that portion of spectrum occupied by the carrier. See Noise.

Carrier Frequency

1. The frequency of an un-modulated carrier wave.

2. Any of the frequencies, which are suitable for, use as carriers.

Carrier System

A method of transmitting electrical intelligence by modulating it onto

a higher frequency carrier wave, and then, at the receiving end,

recovering the original intelligence by the reverse process of demodulation.

Useful because many channels of intelligence can be modulated on one

carrier wave on a single transmission channel.

Carrier to Noise Ratio (CNR)

Ratio of carrier level to noise level measured in decibels. In TVRO systems

it is calculated from satellite power, antenna gain, and antenna/LNB noise

temperatures.

Carrier Transmission

A means of transmitting information electrically in which the transmitted

wave is a wave resulting from the modulation of a single- frequency

sinusoidal wave by a complex modulating wave.

Carrier Wave

The sinusoidal single-frequency wave which is modulated by a complex

intelligence wave (called the modulating wave) to obtain a modulated

wave capable of carrying much intelligence over a single channel.

Cascade

Term used when referring to amplifiers serially connected.

CATV

Community Antenna Television.

Cavity

The volume (resonator) which provides feedback for

laser oscillations. The most common configuration

consists of an active medium between two plane or curved mirrors, called

cavity mirrors or end mirrors.

C-Band

Range of microwave frequencies typically used in satellite uplink 5.9

to 6/4 GHz, downlink 3.7 to 4.2 GHz.

CCTV

Closed-Circuit Television. Television intended for controlled distribution

usually through cables.

Cherry Picker

Type of headend system where a desired limited number of channels are

selected from a CATV feed, rather than distributing all of the available

CATV channels. This system is common in schools since it allows educators

to distribute only those channels deemed accomplished with heterodyne

signal processors.

CIDR

CIDR allows routers to group routes together in order to cut down on the

quantity of routing information carried by the core routers. With CIDR,

several IP networks appear to networks outside the group as a single,

larger entity.

Circuit Reliability

The percentage of time a circuit was available to the user during a specified

period of time.

Class A Network

Part of Internet Protocal hierarchical addressing scheme. Class A networks

have only 8 bits for defining networks and 24 bits for defining hosts and

subnets on each network.

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Class B Network

Part of Internet Protocal hierarchical addressing scheme. Class B networks

have 16 bits for defining networks and 16 bits for defining hosts and

subnets on each network.

Class C Network

Part of Internet Protocal hierarchical addressing scheme. Class A networks

have 24 bits for defining networks and 8 bits for defining hosts and subnets

on each network.

Classful Routing

Routing protocols that do not send subnet mask information when a route

update is sent.

Classless Routing

Routing protocols that send subnet mask information in the routing

updates. Classless Routing allows Variable Length Subnet Mask (VLSM)

and supernetting.

Cladding

The low refractive index material, which surrounds the core of the fiber

and protects against surface contaminant scattering. In all-glass fibers the

cladding is glass. In plastic-clad silica fibers, the plastic cladding also may

serve as the coating.

Coaxial Cable

Two metallic conductors separated by a dielectric material, which share

the same axis.

Collimation

The process by which a divergent or convergent beam of radiation is

converted into a beam with the minimum divergence possible for that

system (ideally, a parallel bundle of rays).

Combiner

Device, which permits combining of several signals into one output with

a high degree of isolation between, inputs. Usually used for combining

outputs of processors and modulators. Combiners can be “passive”

(non-amplified output) or “active” (amplified output) with typically 8 or

12 input ports.

Community

In SNMP, a logical group of managed devices and NMSs in the same

administrative domain.

Community String

Text string that acts as a password and is used to authenticate messages

sent between a management station and a router containing a SNMP

agent. The community string is sent in every packet between the manager

and the agent.

Composite Triple Beat (CTB)

Spurious carriers that are generated by the sum and difference products of

any three carriers present, as many carriers are passed through a nonlinear

circuit or device. Composite triple beat is calculated as a voltage addition.

Conduit

A pipe or tube, of tile, asbestos-cement, plastic or steel, which is placed

underground to form ducts through which cables can be passed.

Connector

A reusable device for making temporary junctions between two optical

fibers.

Connectionless

Data transfer without the existence of a virtual circuit. It has low overhead,

uses best-effort delivery and is not reliable.

Connection-Oriented

Data transfer method that sets up a virtual circuit before any data is

transferred. Uses acknowledgement and flow control for reliable data

transfer.

Console

In SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol), a software program

that has the capability of interacting with an agent, including examining

or changing the values of the data objects in the agent's Management

Information Base (MIB).

CONUS

Contiguous United States (48 states)

Converter

A circuit or device that changes the frequency of a carrier by heterodyning

it against a locally generated carrier. See Heterodyne.

Converter, Set Top

See Converter, subscribers.

Converter, Subscribers

A unit or device that changes the frequency of carriers delivered at a

subscriber's premises from a CATV system, to a carrier (or carriers) that

can be tuned, detected, and displayed by conventional television receivers

at the subscriber's premises.

Core

The light conducting portion of an optical waveguide. It is composed

of a high refractive index material made typically of silicon tetrachloride

(SiC14). The addition of germanium tetrachloride (GeC14) increases

the refractive index of the core and creates an index gradient along a

waveguide.

Core Diameter

The diameter of the circle that circumscribes the core area.

Cross Modulation

Interference created by operating equipment beyond limitations. In TV

broadband RF amplifiers it produces a “windshield wiper” interference on

the screen. In severe cases video content from another channel can be seen.

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Couplers

In fiber optics, a device which links three or more fibers, providing two or

more paths for the transmission signal. In an "active" coupler, a switching

mechanism selects among several routes; in a "passive" coupler, routing is

determined by the geometry of the device.

Cross-modulation (X-Mod)

Modulation (intelligence or information) that is superimposed onto a

different modulated or un-modulated carrier, from another modulated

carrier that is present, when both signals are passed through a nonlinear

circuit.

Cycle

One complete sequence of values of an alternating wave starting at zero,

increasing to a maximum positive value, decreasing to zero, increasing

to a maximum negative value, and decreasing to zero again. Also called

a Hertz.

Data Link Layer

Layer 2 of the OSI reference model. This layer provides reliable transit of

data across a physical link. The data link layer is concerned with physical

addressing, network topology, line discipline, error notification, ordered

delivery of frames, and flow control. The IEEE has divided this layer into

two sublayers: The MAC sublayer and the LLC sublayer.

DBS

Direct Broadcast Satellite. Pending high power Ku-Band satellite service

to provide programming directly to home subscribers via small diameter

(3 feet or less) parabolic antennas.

Decibel (dB)

1. A logarithmic unit of measure expressing the ratio of two discrete levels,

input and output for example, of power, voltage, or current. May be

used to denote either loss (-dB) or gain (+dB). One cannot denote input

or output signal level in dB, but one can denote gain or loss in dB.

2. The standard unit used to express gain or loss of power.

Decibel-millivolts (dBmV)

A logarithmic unit of measure of absolute power, voltage, or current. The

dB denotes a ratio between two levels (see Decibel) but the qualifying

term mV establishes one of the levels as a reference. Zero dBmV (0

dBmV) is one millivolt (0.001 or 10-1 volts) measured across a 75 Ω

impedance. Since the impedance is specified and fixed (75 ohms), 0

dBmV is also a reference power level of 0.0133 microwatts. One cannot

denote cable loss or amplifier gain in dBmV, but one can denote input or

output signal levels in dBmV.

Decibel-milliwatt (dBm)

A unit of power. Decibels referenced to a unit of one milliwatt. Zero dBm

= I mW.

Decibel-Watt (dBW)

A unit of power. Decibels referred to a unit of one watt. Zero dBW = I Watt.

Demodulator

Device that provides baseband audio and video outputs from a TV channel

input.

Detect

To rectify a modulated carrier wave and thereby recover the original

modulating wave.

Detection

The process by which a wave corresponding to the modulating wave is

obtained from a modulated wave.

DHCP

A TCP/IP protocol that dynamically assigns an IP address to a computer.

Dynamic addressing simplifies network administration because the software

keeps track of IP addresses rather than requiring a network administrator

to do so.

Dielectric

A nonconducting (insulating) material, such as glass.

Digital Signal

A signal which is expressed by discrete states. For example, the absence or

presence of a voltage, the level of amplitude of a voltage, the duration of

the presence of a voltage, etc. Information or intelligence to be transported

may be assigned value or meaning by combinations of the discrete states

of the signal using a code of pulses or digits.

Directional Coupler

A network or device that diverts a predetermined amount of its input signal

to one of two outputs, with the remaining balance of the input energy

being presented to a second Output.

Dichroic Filter

An optical filter designed to transmit light selectively

according to wavelength (most often, a high-pass or

low-pass filter.

Dichroic Mirror

A mirror designed to reflect light selectively according to wavelength.

Diffraction

The deviation of light rays from the paths predicted by geometrical optics.

Diffraction Grating

An array of fine, parallel, equally spaced reflecting or transmitting lines that

mutually enhance the effects of diffraction to concentrate the diffracted

light in a few directions determined by the spacing of the lines and the

wavelength of the light.

Digital

Referring to the use of digits to formulate and solve problems, or to encode

information.

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Digital Data

Any data which is expressed in digits. Usually implies the use of binary

digits.

Digital Signal

A signal which is expressed by discrete states. For example, the absence or

presence of a voltage, the level of amplitude of a voltage, the duration of

the presence of a voltage, etc. Information or intelligence to be transported

may be assigned value or meaning by combinations of the discrete states

of the signal using a code of pulses or digits.

Diplexer

A device used to combine or separate two signals. A U/V band separator is

one example of a diplexer.

Direct Pickup Interference (DPI)

Interference displayed as a leading ghost (left of the main image) on a

TV. This occurs in “on-channel” installations in close proximity to the TV

transmitters (generally within 10 miles).

Directional Coupler

Type of tap that has a designated input and output port besides the tap

port(s). These devices exhibit high isolation between output and tap ports.

Unlike resistive MATV (non-directional) tapoffs, care must be taken during

installation for correct in/out connections.

Dish

A parabolic antenna used for satellite reception.

Dispersion

A term used to describe the chromatic or wavelength dependence of a

parameter as opposed to the temporal dependence, which is referred to as

distortion. The term is used, for example, to describe the process by which

an electromagnetic signal is distorted because the various wavelength

components of that signal have different propagation characteristics.

Domsat

Domestic Satellite System.

Downlink

Transmission from a satellite earthward. Can also refer to a TVRO receive

station.

Double Window

An optical fiber having desirable transmittance characteristics in both the

first and second window regions.

Also called adaptive routing.

Echo

Reflected energy confined to only a portion of the spectrum which is

occupied by the originating signal.

Educational Broadband Service (EBS)

(Formerly known as ITFS) Microwave Transmission in the frequency range

of 2500 MHz to 2686 MHz.

Electronic

Describing devices, which depend upon the flow of

electrons in vacuum or in semiconductors, such as

electron tubes, transistors, etc.

Electron Volt

The amount of energy gained by one electron in passing from a point to

another point which is one volt higher in potential.

Electromagnetic Wave

A wave capable of propagating energy through space at the speed of light,

consisting of electric and magnetic fields at right angles to each other and

to the direction of propagation. Depending upon its frequency it may be

known as a radio wave, a light wave, or a x-ray, etc.

ETV

Educational Television.

Equalize

To apply to a transmission facility a network, whose characteristics are

complementary, such that the loss or delay in the facility and in the

equalizing network combined, make the overall loss or delay almost the

same for all frequencies passed through the facility or network.

Equalizer

A network designed to compensate for an undesired frquency or delay

characteristic of a system or device.

Equalizer, Cable

A network designed to compensate for the frequency/loss characteristics

of a cable, so as to permit the system to pass all frequencies in a uniform

manner.

Ethernet

A specification for a transmission system including Layers 1 and2 of the

Dynamic Range

In a transmission system, the difference in decibels between the noise

level of the system and its overload level.

Dynamic Routing

Routing that adjusts automatically to network topology or traffic changes.

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OSI 7-layer model using the CSMA/CD access method and operates over

various types of cables at 10 Mbps. In common usage, "Ethernet" refers to

both the DIX (DEC - Intel - Xerox) version of this specification or to the IEEE

version, moreformally known as "802.3".

FCC

Federal Communications Commission. Regulatory agency that sets

communication standards in the US.

FCC Docket 21006

An FCC ruling which set forth frequency off-sets on certain CATV channels

to minimize potential interference to aeronautical communications.

Feeder

A sub-system within a trunk plus feeder designed CATV system, which

provides complete distribution of signals to subscribers within a limited

section of the CATV service area.

FET Photodetector

A photodetector employing photo-generation of carriers in the channel

region of a Field Effect Transistor structure to provide photo-detection

with current gain.

Filter

Device used to reject or pass a specified frequency or range of frequencies.

Some examples are band-pass filters, notch filters, channel elimination

filter, low & high pass filters.

Firewall

Router or access server, or several routers or access servers, designated as

a buffer between any connected public networks and a private network. A

firewall router uses access lists and other methods to ensure the security

of the private network.

FM

Frequency Modulation. Usually means stations in the 88-108 MHz band.

Footprint

The anticipated EIRP levels of a given satellite displayed upon a map. Used

to determine required antenna gain at a particular TVRO site.

Forbidden Conversion

Term used when referring to a particular UHF to VHF or VHF to VHF

channel conversion that cannot be performed due to interferences that

occur internal to the unit.

Frame

In data networks, the information packet and all of the preceding and

succeeding signals necessary (flag bytes, preambles, frame checks, abort

sequences, etc.) to convey it along the data link

Frequency Coordination

A computerized service using a database to resolve existing or potential

conflicts between users of microwave frequencies.

Frequency Reuse

A technique in which independent information is transmitted on horizontal

and vertical polarization’s to reuse a given band of frequencies.

FSM

Field Strength Meter. A test instrument for measuring RF signals.

Fusion Splicer

An instrument which permanently joins two optical fibers by welding their

cores together with a brief electric arc.

Gain

An increase in power produced by an amplifier and expressed in decibels.

See Amplifier.

Gain Control

A device on amplifiers to adjust the gain.

Gain Module

A mechanical sub-assembly within an amplifier housing which produces

gain.

Gain, Usable

The gain presented for use between the input and output connections of

an amplifier housing. Since several accessory items may be included inside

the housing, but external to the gain module, such as pads, equalizers,

two-way filters, etc., the gain provided by the gain module itself will

generally be somewhat higher than the usable gain actually available

between the housing cable connections.

Gallium Aluminum Arsenide (GaAlAs)

The compound used to make most semiconductor lasers that operate at

800 to 900 nanometers in wavelength.

Gateway

A TCP/IP router that routes packets between different network numbers.

Get

In SNMP, a command given by the Console to retrieve a single data

structure from a MIB.

Giga

A prefix used to represent one billion or 101 or 1,000,000,000; abbreviated

as G as in GHz, one billion cycles (Hertz) per second.

Gigacycle (Gc)

See Gigahertz.

Gigahertz (GHz)

One billion hertz. One billion cycles per second. See Hertz and Cycle.

Graded Index Fiber

An optical fiber which has a refractive index that gets progressively

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lower away from the center. This characteristic causes the light rays to

be continually refocused by refraction in the core. A fiber type wherein

the core refractive index decreases almost parabolically radially outward

toward the cladding. This type of fiber combines high-bandwidth capacity

with moderately high coupling efficiency.

G/T

Figure of merit of a TVRO system relating to gain divided by noise

temperature expressed in dB/K.

Ghost

Single or multiple images on a TV screen. Causes can be multi-path

reflections in the receiving path of an antenna, Direct Pick-Up interference

(DPI, or impedance mismatches.

Guard Band

A portion of spectrum left vacant and not utilized between two carriers or

bands of carriers, to provide a margin of safety against mutual interference.

Guided Wave

A wave which is concentrated between materials having different

properties, and is propagated within those boundaries.

Hard Line Cable

Semi-rigid coaxial cable consisting of a solid tubular aluminum outer shield

used in CATV trunk and feeder applications. Typical sizes range from .412”

OD to 1.0” OD.

Headend (HE)

The equipment where all signals are received, processed and combined

prior to distribution.

Hertz (Hz)

Frequency of periodic oscillations, expressed in cycles per second.

Heterodyne

The process of mixing (beating) two frequencies together to generate

frequencies of their sum and difference. This process is used for channel

conversion.

1. Combining two carriers to generate a new carrier which may be either

the sum or difference addition of the original frequencies.

2. To shift a carrier frequency to a new frequency by combining it with

another carrier which is locally generated.

Heterodyne Signal Processor

A unit employed in CATV systems to convert a

carrier frequency to an intermediate frequency (IF).

The intermediate frequency carrier may then be

filtered, regulated, or otherwise conditioned, and then

heterodyned back to either the original carrier frequency, or to a

completely new carrier frequency.

Highband

The radio spectrum between 174 and 216 megahertz (MHz). Standard

television channels 7 through 13 fall within this spectrum.

High-Split

Two-way cable communication frequency plan,

where the diplex filter’s cross-over frequency is in the

high-band. Consists of an incoming frequency range of 7-186 MHz and

an out-going of 222-450 MHz.

Home Run Cabling

Wiring method where each subscriber is fed via a dedicated drop cable.

Horsepower

A unit of mechanical power equivalent to 550 foot-pounds per second, or

to 745.7 Watts.

HRC

Harmonically Related Carriers. Frequencies plan used by some CATV

companies which provides for lower perceived distortion levels in cascaded

amplifiers. HRC channels assignments with the exception of channels 5

and 6 (.75 MHz higher than standard).

Hub

A common connection point for computers and devices in a network that

takes an incoming signal and repeats it on all other ports.

Hum Modulation

Undesired low frequency modulation of a carrier at the frequency of the

source of the interference, or a harmonic of that frequency, usually 60 Hz

or 120 Hz, for example.

Hybrid System

In Cable Television systems, this refers to a system that incorporates

lightwave transmission on optical fibers for a part of the system, and

extends the plant on RF broadband coaxial cables for distribution and

connection to subscribers.

Hydroxylion Absorption

Absorption of optical power in optical fiber due to hydroxyl (OH) ions. This

absorption has to be minimized for low fiber loss.

Hyperband

CATV channels AA thru YY (numeric equivalents -37 thru 61) falling in

the frequency range of 300 to 450 MHz.

IDF

Short for intermediate distribution frame, a cable rack that interconnects

and manages the telecommunications wiring between an MDF and

workstation devices. Cables entering a building run through a centralized

MDF, then each individual IDF and then on to specific workstations. For

example, an enterprise that encompasses a building with several floors may

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have one MDF on the first floor and one IDF on each of the floors that is

connected to the MDF.

Index Matching Material

A material, often a liquid or cement, whose refractive index is nearly equal

to an optical element index. Material with an index nearly equal to that of

an optical fiber's core is used in splicing and coupling to reduce reflections

from the fiber end face.

Index Profile

A characteristic of an optical fiber which describes the way its index of

refraction changes with its radius.

Impedance

Circuit characteristic voltage divided by current. TV distribution has

standardized on 75 ohm and 300 ohm.

Insertion Loss

The loss introduced into a cable or system by the Insertion of a device or

network expressed in decibels. See Loss.

Instructional Television Fixed Service (ITFS)

ITFS is a microwave transmission in the frequency range of 2500-2686

MHz used by educational entities for distributing programming employing

analog TV transmissions. This band was also referred to as MMDS and was

used by wireless cable operators. The FCC has since re-designated this

band as BRS (Broadband Radio Service) and EBS (Educational Broadband

Service) and has established provisions for digital transmissions.

Interference

Noise or other disturbances such as spurious signals

that, when introduced to a desired signal, reduce the

intelligibility of the information carried on that signal.

Intermodulation Distortion

The distortion introduced when several or many carriers are passed

through a nonlinear circuit. This includes the spurious signals (beats)

produced as sum and difference additions of the carriers present, and the

transfer or superimposition of modulating information from one carrier to

another.

Infrared

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelength between 0.7 micrometer

and about I millimeter. Wavelengths at the shorter end of this range

are frequently called "near" infrared, and those longer than about 20

micrometers, "far" infrared.

Intrinsic Noise

See Noise, intrinsic.

IP Address:

A 32-bit address assigned to hosts using the TCP/IP protocol. Each

computer/device on the public internet has a unique IP address. An

example of an IP address is 192.168.1.

IP Multicast

Routing technique that allows IP traffic to be propagated from one source

to a number of destinations or from many sources to many destinations.

Rather than sending one packet to each destination, one packet is sent

to a multicast group identified by a single IP destination group address.

Isolation

Electrical separation (or loss) between two locations or pieces of equipment.

Degree of isolation usually specified in dB.

Jacket

A layer of material, generally plastic, that surrounds an optical fiber

to protect it from physical damage. Unlike the cladding, the jacket is

physically distinct from the fiber core.

Joule

An international unit of work or energy. The work required to maintain a

current of one ampere through one ohm for one second. A Watt-second.

Kilo

A prefix for one thousand (1,000 or 101).

Kilobit

One thousand bits.

Kilocycle (Kc)

See Kilohertz.

Kilohertz (kHz)

1. One thousand hertz.

2. One thousand cycles per second.

Ku Band

Range of frequencies used in satellite transmissions. Common uplink

frequency for U.S. domestic satellites is 14 to 14.5 GHz with a downlink

frequency of 11.7 to 12.2 GHz.

LAN

A communication infrastructure that supports data and resource sharing

within a small area (


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV Terms & Definitions

medium plus all equipment necessary to produce the effect called lasing.

Lashed Cable

An aerial cable fastened to its supporting messenger by a continuous

spirally wrapped steel wire.

Light Emitting Diode (LED)

Acronym for light emitting diode.

Lightguide

Synonym for optical waveguide.

Light Source

A generic term that includes lasers and LED's.

Lightwave

Any electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength in the Range from 800

to 1,600 nanometers in the near infrared region.

Linear

The characteristic of a device or network whose output signal voltage is

directly proportional to its input signal voltage.

Line Extender

An unsophisticated amplifier operating at relatively high transmission levels

in the feeder sub-system of a trunk plus feeder designed CATV system.

LNA

Low Noise Amplifier. Provides initial amplification of downlink signal at

antenna location.

LNB

Low Noise Block (converter). Integrated LNA and down converter. Available

in either C or Ku band inputs. The most prevalent output frequency scheme

is 950-1450 MHz, however other schemes that have been used include 900-

1400, 1000-1500 and 270-770 MHz.

Local Origination

Channels that are generated on site, such as those that are derived from

character generators, laser disks, or VCR’s in the headend.

Long Wavelength

As applied to fiber optic systems, this term generally refers to operation

at wavelengths in the range of 1,100 nanometers to 1,700 nanometers.

Look Angle

TVRO term that refers to both the azimuth and elevation angles required

to sight or aim a dish to a given satellite.

Loss

Reduction in signal strength usually expressed in dB. Synonymous with

attenuation.

The radio spectrum between 54 and 88 MHz. Standard VHF television

channels 2 through 6 fall within this spectrum.

Loss

Power dissipated in a device, cable, or network expressed in decibels. See

attenuation.

Matching

Obtaining like impedances to provide a reflection free transfer of signal.

Matching Transformer

Device to transform signals from one impedance to another impedance.

IN TV systems usually 75 ohm unbalanced to 300 ohm balanced. Also

known as a balun.

MATV

Master Antenna Television.

MDF

Short for main distribution frame, a cable rack that interconnects and

manages the telecommunications wiring between itself and any number

of IDFs. Unlike an IDF, which connects internal lines to the MDF, the MDF

connects private or public lines coming into a building with the internal

network. For example, an enterprise that encompasses a building with

several floors may have one centralized MDF on the first floor and one IDF

on each of the floors that is connected to the MDF.

MDS

Is an acronym for Multipoint Distribution System. MDS is former line-ofsight

microwave transmission consisting of two 6 MHz analog channels

in the 2150-2162 MHz frequency range. It was typically used to provide

premium programming on a subscription basis. The FCC has subsequently

relocated this service to the BRS/EBS band. The 2150-2162 MHz band is

now allocated for Advanced Wireless Services (AWS).

Mechanical Splice

A fiber splice accomplished by fixtures or materials, rather than by thermal

fusion. Index matching material may be applied between the two fiber

ends.

Media Retrieval

Type of headend system used in educational facilities that allows remote

control of headend video playback equipment (VCR’s, laser disks, etc.)

from the classrooms.

Mega-

A prefix for one million (1,000,000 or 101).

Megabit (mb)

One million bits.

Low Band

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Megacycle (mc)

See Megahertz.

Megahertz (MHz)

One million hertz. One million cycles per second. See Hertz and Cycle.

Micron

The unit used for specifying the wavelength of light, equal to one millionth

of a meter.

Microwave

A term denoting radio waves which are in the electromagnetic spectrum

at frequencies approximately 1,000 MHz and higher.

Mid-band

The radio spectrum between 88 and 174 MHz, which lies between

standard VHF television, channels 6 and 7. CATV channels A through I

(nine channels) fall within the mid-band spectrum.

Mid-Split

Two way cable communications frequency plan, where the diplex filter’s

crossover frequency is in the mid-band. Consists of an incoming frequency

range of 5-108 MHz and an out-going of 150-450 MHz.

Micro-

A prefix for one millionth (10-').

Milli-

A prefix for one thousandth (10-1).

Milliwatt

One thousandth of a Watt.

Mixer

Device to combine signals while maintaining impedance.

MMDS

Abbreviation for Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service, also known

as Wireless Cable. Over-the-air subscription service transmitted on MDS

and ITFS frequencies now known as the BRS/EBS band.

Mode Field Diameter

A functional representation of the energy carrying region of the fiber. Also

referred to as Spot size.

Modem

A single unit of equipment which combines the

functions of modulator and demodulator. This is an

economical arrangement, since the two circuits can use common elements.

Modulation

MER is a measure used to quantify the performance of a digital

RF transmitter or receiver in a communications system using digital

modulation such as QAM or QPSK. It is caused by various system

imperfections such as noise, low image rejection ratio, phase noise, carrier

suppression, distortion, etc.

Modulation Error Rate (MER)

The process by which some characteristic of a wave such as amplitude,

frequency, or phase is varied in accordance with a modulating wave.

This term is also commonly used to refer to the information (intelligence)

present on a modulated carrier.

Modulator

A device, which produces a TV channel from baseband audio/video, inputs.

Monochromatic

Consisting of a single wavelength or color. In practice, radiation is

never perfectly monochromatic but, at best, displays a narrow band of

wavelengths. Monomode optical waveguide Synonym for single mode

optical waveguide.

MTS

Multiple Television Sound. Referred to as BTSC, system allows TV stereo

sound transmission with a second audio program (SAP). Similar to FM

stereo, composite baseband audio signal consists of L+R, L-R, and a 15,734

KHZ pilot carrier.

Multicast

Single packets copied by the network and sent to a specific subset of

network addresses. These addresses are specified in the destination

address field.

Multicast Group

Dynamically determined group of IP hosts identified by a single IP multicast

address.DIX (DEC - Intel - Xerox) version of this specification or to the IEEE

version, moreformally known as "802.3".

Multimode

Emission at several frequencies simultaneously, generally closely spaced,

each frequency representing a different mode of laser oscillation in the

resonant cavity. A term that describes optical waveguide that permits the

propagation of more than one mode.

Multimode Fiber

A fiber that supports propagation of more than one mode of a given

wavelength.

Multiplexer

A device which combines two or more optical signals onto one

communications channel. The signals can be of different wavelengths

(wavelength -division multiplexing) or can occupy different time slots

(time-division multiplexing). Combination of information signals from

several channels into one single optical channel for transmission.

Network Address

Network layer address referring to a logical, rather than a physical, network

device. Also called a protocol address.

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Network Layer

Layer 3 of the OSI reference model. This layer provides connectivity and

path selection between two end systems. The network layer is the layer at

which routing occurs. Corresponds roughly with the path control layer of

the SNA model.

Noise Figure (NF)

A measure of how much noise an active device, such as a TV amplifier,

adds to the thermal noise level constant of –59 dbmv

Off Channel Processsing

Processing a channel on a frequency other than its’ received frequency.

Example: Channel 40 UHF processed and distributed as Channel 5;

Channel 4 processed and distributed as Channel 10.

OMT

Orthomode Transducer. A section of waveguide connected to the feed at

the focal point of the TVRO antenna that separates horizontal and vertical

polarities. An OMT is required for simultaneous reception of even and odd

number transponders from a given satellite.

On Channel Processing

Processing a channel on its received frequency. Example: Channel 2 off air

being processed and distributed as Channel 2.

Optical Detector

A transducer that generates an output electrical signal when irradiated

with optical power.

Optical Fiber

Any filament or fiber, made of dielectric materials, that guides light,

whether or not it is used to transmit signals.

Optical Link

Any optical transmission channel designed to connect two end terminals

or to be connected in Series with other channels.

Optical Power

Colloquial synonym for radiant power.

Optical Spectrum

Generally, the electromagnetic spectrum within the wavelength region

extending from the vacuum ultraviolet at 40 nm to the far infrared at I

mm.

Optical Time-domain Reflectometer

An instrument which locates faults in an optical fiber by sending a short

pulse of light through the fiber, then timing the arrival of backscattered

signals, which originate at discontinuities in the fiber.

Opto-electronic

Pertaining to a device that responds to optical power, emits or modifies

optical radiation, or utilizes optical radiation for its internal operation.

Any device that functions as an electrical-to-optical or optical-to-electrical

transducer.

Note: Photodiodes, LED's, injection lasers and integrated optical elements

are examples of opto-electronic devices commonly used in optical

waveguide communications.

Oscillator

A circuit generating an alternating current wave at some specific frequency.

Output Capability

Defines the relationship between the intermodulation distortion introduced,

and the operating output signal levels of an amplifier, with the traffic

loading of the device as a factor.

Output Power

Radiant power, expressed in Watts.

Pad

See Attenuator.

Paired Cable

Cable in which the conductors are combined in pairs, i.e.: two wires

which are twisted about each other. Each wire of the pair has its

distinctive color of insulation.

Parabolic Antenna

Consists of a round (parabolic) reflector, which focuses all received RF

energy to a single point. Commonly referred to as a “dish.”

Passive

Describing a device which does not contribute energy to the signal it

passes.

Phase Lock

The control of an oscillator such that its output signal maintains a constant

phase angle relative to a second, reference signal.

Photodetector

Any device which detects light, generally producing an electronic signal

with intensity proportional to that of the incident light.

Photodiode

A diode designed to produce photo-current by absorbing light. Photodiodes

are used for the detection of optical power and for the conversion of optical

power to electrical power.

Photon

A quantum of electromagnetic energy.

Pico-

A prefix denoting one millionth of a millionth; one trillionth (10-11).

Pronounced "pie-ko."

Pigtail

A short length of optical fiber, permanently fixed to a component, used to

couple lightwave power between it and the transmission fiber.

PIN Photodiode

A diode with a large intrinsic region sandwiched between p-doped and

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n-doped semiconducting regions. Photons absorbed in this region create

electron-hole pairs that are then separated by an electric field, thus

generating an electric current in a load circuit.

PING (Packet Internet Groper)

A command used to test connectivity to a device over a TCP/IP network.

Plant

A general term applied to any of the physical property of a service

company, which contributes to the furnishing of power or communication

services.

Polarization

A waveform characteristic of electromagnetic radiation. Two types of

polarizations are used, linear (horizontal and vertical) and circular (right

and left hand).

Power

Energy per unit of time.

Pre-Amplifier

Low noise amplifier usually mounted in close proximity to a receiving

antenna. Used to compensate for down lead losses.

Pulse Broadening

An increase in pulse duration. Note: Pulse broadening may be specified

by the impulse response, the root-mean-square pulse broadening, or the

full-duration-half-maximum pulse broadening.

Pulse Decay Time

The time required for the instantaneous amplitude of an electrical wave to

go from 90% to 10% of the peak amplitude.

Pulse Length

The time duration of the burst of energy emitted by a pulsed laser; also

called pulse width. Usually measured at the "half-power" points (0.707

times the full height of a voltage or current pulse).

Pulse Rise Time

The time required for the instantaneous amplitude of an electrical wave to

go from 10% to 90% of the peak amplitude.

Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM)

QAM is a modulation technique employing both phase and amplitude

modulation. It is widely used to transmit digital CATV programs and cable

Internet service. There are different QAM levels based upon the number

of modulation states used. QAM64 utilizes 6 bits for 64 modulation states,

QAM128 uses 7 bits for 128 states, QAM 256 uses 8 bits for 256 states,

etc.

Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK)

QPSK uses four phase angles to represent each 2 bits input. It is similar

to QAM4 without amplitude modulation. QPSK is used in many CATV

satellite transmissions.

Radiant Energy

Energy (joules) which is transferred via electromagnetic waves; there is no

associated transfer of matter.

Ray

A geometric representation of a light path through an optical device: a line

normal to the wave front indicating the direction of radiant energy flow.

Rayleigh Scattering

Scattering of a lightwave propagating in a material medium due to the

atomic or molecular structure of the material and variations in the structure

as a function of distance. The scattering losses vary as the reciprocal of

the fourth power of the wavelength. The distances between scattering

centers are small compared to the wavelength. Rayleigh scattering is

the fundamental limit of fiber loss in the operating wavelength region

(0.8-1.6 um) of optical fiber systems.

Ratio

The relative size of two quantities indicated by the quotient

obtained by dividing one quantity by the other.

Receiver

A unit including a detector and signal-processing electronics that converts

optical input into electronic output; often used in communications.

Reflection

1. Reflected energy which substantially covers the spectrum occupied by

the originating signal.

2. The abrupt change in direction of a light beam at an interface between

two dissimilar media so that the light beam returns into the medium

from which it originated.

Refraction

The bending of a beam of light at an interface between two dissimilar

media or in a medium whose refractive index is a continuous function of

position (graded-index medium).

Refractive Index

The ratio of the velocity of light in a vacuum to the velocity of light in the

specified medium.

Remote Local Origination

Closed-circuit program generated some place other than the headend.

Example: Sub-channel origination.

Repeater

A signal amplification device, often used along cables to extend transmission

distances.

Response

The fidelity with which the output of a system, device, or network

corresponds to its input.

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Responsivity

The ratio of an optical detector's electrical output to its optical input, the

precise definition depending on the detector type; generally expressed in

Amperes per Watt or Volts per Watt of incident radiant power.

Return Loss

A ratio expressed in dB between the reflected signal and the total signal

applied to a device. In 75 ohm systems, the closer the device’s impedance

is to 75 ohms, the higher the return loss.

Return Loss, Structural

The return loss of coaxial cable as established by discrete discontinuities

introduced during the manufacturing process.

RFI

Radio Frequency Interference. Undesired RF signals.

Ribbon Cable

A cable whose conductors lie side by side in a single plane. Usually has a

molded polyethylene insulation.

Rise Time

For an emitter, the time it takes for light intensity to rise from 10% to 90%

of peak output. Detector rise time, also called response time, is the time in

which the detector output goes from 10% to 90% of peak.

Riser

Term generally used to describe a simplified single line distribution

drawing. In buildings, a riser refers to a location where cable routing can

pass from floor to floor.

Router

A device that routes/forwards data across a networks.

RTP

Defines a standardized packet format for delivering audio and video over

IP network.

Second-order Distortion

Spurious signals generated when two or more carriers are passed through

a nonlinear circuit. The spurious signals are sum and difference products of

any two carriers. Sometimes referred to as second-order "beats." Second

order distortion is calculated as a power addition.

Second Window

Characteristic of an optical fiber having a region of relatively high

transmittance surrounded by regions of low transmittance in the

wavelength range of 1200 to 1350 nanometers.

Semiconductor

A material whose resistivity is between that of conductors and insulators,

and whose resistivity can sometimes be changed by light, an electric field,

or a magnetic field. Current flow is sometimes by movement of negative

electrons, and sometimes by transfer of positive holes. Used in transistors,

diodes, photodiodes, photocells, and thermistors. Some examples are:

silicon, germanium, selenium, and lead sulfide.

Semiconductor, n-type

A semiconductor material, such as germanium or silicon, which has a small

amount of impurity, such as antimony, arsenic, or phosphorous added to

increase the supply of free electrons. Such a material conducts electricity

through movement of electrons.

Semiconductor, p-type

A semiconductor material which has been doped so that it has a net

deficiency of free electrons. It therefore conducts electricity through

movement of "holes," which see.

Sensitivity

Imprecise synonym for responsivity. In optical system receivers, the

minimum power required to achieve a specified quality of performance in

terms of output signal-to-noise ratio or other measure.

Session Layer

The layer in the OSI 7-Layer Model that is concerned with managing the

resources required for the session between two computers.

Scattering

The change in direction of light rays or photons after striking a small

particle or particles. It may also be regarded as the diffusion of a light beam

caused by the inhomogeneity of the transmitting medium.

Signal Level Meter (SLM)

A tuned radio frequency voltmeter, usually calibrated in decibels per

millivolt (dBmV) as well as voltage.

Signal-to-noise Ratio (S/N ratio)

The difference in amplitude of a signal (before modulation or after

detection of a modulated carrier), and the noise present in the spectrum

occupied by the signal, when both are measured at the same point in the

system.

Single-cable Design

A technique for designing CATV systems that utilizes a single type of

amplifier with identical transmission levels throughout the system. It

may, or may not, actually require some placement of paralleling cables in

portions of the system.

Single-mode Fiber

An optical waveguide through which only one mode will propagate.

Single-mode waveguide is produced by reducing the diameter of the

core of the waveguide to 2 to 10 microns. The diameter of the core

is dependent on the difference in the refractive index of the core and

cladding. As the difference in the refractive index of the core and cladding

decreases, the diameter of the core increases. Theoretically, the core

could be infinitely large as the difference in index become infinitely small.

Single-mode operation is desirable because all modes except the lowest

and simplest mode are excluded. This reduces time distortion of signals

propagating in unwanted modes, retains phase relationships, and reduces

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dispersion to the lowest possible value.

Slope

Difference in attenuation between specified low and high frequencies.

SLM

Signal Level Meter. Test equipment used to measure RF signal strengths in

CATV/MATV systems. Also referred to as FSM.

SNMP

A de facto standard for management of networked devices using a simple

request-response data retrieval mechanism.

Source

A device that, when properly driven (with electrical energy), will produce

information-carrying optical signals.

Sparklies

Black or white dots or streaks that may appear in a satellite program’s

picture. This condition is caused by an insufficient carrier-to-noise ratio.

Spectrum

A range of frequencies within which waves have common characteristics.

For example, audio spectrum, radio spectrum, etc. Radio spectrum is

generally accepted to include the range between 8 KHz and 300 GHz.

Splice

A permanent connection of two optical fibers.

Splitter

A network or device that divides its input energy equally between two

outputs. It is possible to cascade (serially connect) splitters to provide more

than two outputs, but usually the input energy is not then equally divided

across those outputs if the outputs are not multiples of two.

Star Coupler

A passive device in which power from one or several input waveguides is

distributed amongst a larger number of output optical waveguides.

Step-index Fiber

A type of fiber which has an abrupt change in index of refraction at the

core/cladding interface. Generally such fibers have larger cores, higher

losses, and lower bandwidths than graded-index types.

Step-index Profile

A refractive index profile characterized by a uniform refractive index within

the core and a sharp decrease in refractive index at the core-cladding

interface.

Strip Amplifier

Slang expression for a channelized high-output AGC’d amplifier used in

processing VHF or UHF channels in a headend.

The radio spectrum between 5 and 40 MHz.

Sub-Split

Two-way cable communication frequency plan. Consists of an incoming

frequency range of 5-40 MHz and an out-going of 50-450 MHz.

Subnet Address

Portion of an IP address that is specified as the subnetwork by the subnet

mask. See also IP address, subnet mask, and subnetwork.

Subnet Mask

A representation of a user's Internet address where all of the bit positions

corresponding to the user's network and subnetwork id are 1's and the bit

corresponding to the user's host id are 0's.

Subscriber Converter

See Converter, subscriber.

Subscriber’s Loop

Circuit between a local office and a subscriber's telephone set.

Super-Band

The radio spectrum between 216 and approximately 400 MHz.

Super-Trunk

A sub-system cable transmission link for transporting television signals

between two discrete locations.

Switch

A switch is a device that forwards packets between nodes based on the

packet's destination node address (either hardware or protocol).

Sync Pulse

Information included in a composite video signal to synchronize the

television receiver's picture tube electron beam with the electron beam in

the television camera which originated the video signal, or with any other

source of a video signal.

Tap, Subscriber

A device that diverts a predetermined amount of its input energy to one or

more tap outputs for the purpose of feeding energy into subscriber service

drop cables. The remaining balance of the input energy is presented to a

tap output port for propagation farther out into the system.

Tap, Optical

A device for extracting a portion of the optical signal from a fiber.

Tapoff

Device to provide a small amount of signal from a distribution line to feed

a TV set. Provides an asymmetrical signal split.

Sub-Band

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TASO

Television Allocation Study Organization, Industry group that advised the

Federal Communications Commission on TV matters.

Telnet

A Telnet program allows a user at a terminal or PC to log in to a remote

computer and run a program and execute other Unix commands.

Termination

Resistive device at end of distribution line or unused outputs of equipment

to avoid reflections (ghost).

Thru-Line Loss

Insertion loss of a tapoff.

Tilt Control

Circuit on an amplifier to compensate for cable slope. Also referred to as

slope control.

Transmitter

In a fiber optic system, the device which converts a modulated electrical

signal into an optical signal for transmission through a fiber. A transmitter

typically consists of a light source (LED or diode laser) and driving

electronics.

Transmitter-Fiber

In a fiber optic system, the device which converts a modulated electrical

signal into an optical signal for transmission through a fiber. A transmitter

typically consists of a light source (LED or diode laser) and driving

electronics.

Transponder

A frequency converter (translator) aboard a satellite that changes the

uplink signal to the downlink signal and provides amplifications. Typical

C-Band domestic satellites have 24 transponders.

Transport Protocol

The Protocol Layer of the OSI 7-Layer Model that is concerned with

management of the data flow between source and destination.

Trap

A device used to attenuate specific frequencies of channels.

Trap

In SNMP, a message sent from the Agent to the Console when the Agent

detects that condition defined by the network manager has occurred

Triple Beat Distortion

Spurious signals generated when three or more carriers are passed through

a nonlinear circuit. The spurious signals are sum and difference products of

any three carriers, sometimes referred to as "beats." Triple beat distortion

is calculated as a voltage addition.

Trunk

1. One telephone communication channel between (a) two ranks of

switching equipment in the same central office, (b) between central

office units in the same switching center, or (c) between two switching

centers. A trunk is for the common use of all calls of one class between

its two terminals.

2. A sub-system within a trunk plus feeder designed CATV system which

provides somewhat limited, arterial distribution of signals broadly

across the CATV service area.

Trunk Plus Feeder Design (trunk/feeder)

A technique for designing CATV systems which involves two or more

transmission levels, applied within different sub-systems of the same

system. Generally requires some significant amount of paralleling cable

placement.

TVRO

An abbreviation for "television receive only." Defines a facility which can

include antennas, preamplifiers, and receivers for the reception only of

television signals from a geostationary satellite in space.

Twinlead

A balanced transmission line usually of 300 ohm impedance.

Two-way

Describing a transmission system, which can transport signals in both

directions simultaneously.

Two-way Filter

A combination of low and high pass filters to subdivide spectrum in a CATV

system, allocating some spectrum for transmission in one direction, and

some spectrum for transmission in the opposite direction.

T-1 Carrier System

A 24-channel, transistorized, time-division, pulse-code modulation, voice

carrier used on exchange cable to provide short-haul trunks. Uses two

pairs, in one or two cables, for two directions of transmission. Requires

regenerative pulse repeaters at 6000 feet intervals.

UDP

A protocol within the TCP/IP protocol suite that is used in place of TCP

when a reliable delivery is not required. There is less processing of UDP

packets than there is for TCP. UDP is widely used for streaming audio and

video, voice over IP (VoIP) and videoconferencing, because there is no

time to retransmit erroneous or dropped packets.

UHF

Ultra High Frequencies TV channels 14-69 (479-806 MHz)

Ultra-high Frequency (UHF)

The radio spectrum between 300 and 3,000 MHz. The term UHF is also

commonly used to denote standard television channels 14 through 69,

which fall within this spectrum.

151


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV Terms & Definitions

Ultraviolet

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between about 40 and 400

nanometers. Radiation between 40 and 200 nm is termed "vacuum

ultraviolet" because it is absorbed by air and travels only through a

vacuum. The "near" ultraviolet has wavelengths close to those of visible

light; the "far" ultraviolet has shorter wavelengths.

Underground Cable

Cable installed in subsurface conduits terminating at intervals in manholes,

thus permitting the placing, replacing, or removal of cables at will.

Uplink

Transmission from earth to a satellite.

Usable Gain

See Gain, usable.

VHF

Very High Frequencies TV channels 2 thru 13 and FM (54-216 MHz).

Velocity of Light

The velocity of light in a vacuum is 2,997,925. meters per second or

186,280 miles per second. For rough calculations the figure of 3,000,000

meters per second is generally used.

Very High Frequency (VHF)

The radio spectrum between 30 and 300 MHz. The term VHF is also

commonly used to denote standard television channels 2 through 13,

which fall within this spectrum.

Vestigial Side Band (VSB)

In amplitude-modulated transmissions, a portion of only one sideband of a

modulated carrier. The modulated carrier is passed through a filter having

a graduated cut-off characteristic near the carrier frequency. A substantial

portion of the modulated carrier is suppressed in this fashion.

Video

1. Pertaining to the signal which carries a television picture.

2. Describing the four megahertz wide band of frequencies which

constitutes a television signal.

Video All-Call

Feature on a headend system which allows for all channels to be preempted

with an emergency message or program. The headend generally employs

heterodyne processors and/or modulators. Electronic A/B switches inserted

in the IF loops substitutes the emergency program IF signal when all-call is

invoked.

frequency band of 250-3400 Hz.

VSWR

Voltage Standing Wave Ratio. A measure of how much signal is reflected

from a device. If no signal is reflected the VSWR would be 1. This occurs

when the signal source and the device the signal is applied to have the

same impedance. This term is mostly used when referring to transmitters

and microwave components. For RF distribution systems see “return loss.”

Watt

The unit of electric power, equal to the rate of work when a current of

one ampere flows under a pressure of one volt. For direct currents, it is

equal to the product of the voltage and current, or the product of circuit

resistance by the square of the current. For alternating currents it is equal

to the product of effective volts and effective current times the circuit

power factor.

Wave

1. A periodic variation of an electric voltage or current.

2. A wave motion in any medium: mechanical as in water, acoustical as

sound in air, electrical as current waves on wires, or electromagnetic as

radio and light waves through space.

Waveguide

Any device which guides electromagnetic waves along a path defined by

the physical construction of the device.

Wavelength

The distance between three consecutive nodes of a wave, equal to 360

electrical degrees. It is equal to the velocity of propagation divided by the

frequency, when both are in the same units.

Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM)

The provision of two or more channels over a common optical waveguide,

the channels being differentiated by optical wavelength.

Wideband Passing

A Wide Range of Frequencies.

Windloading

Force exerted upon a structure based upon wind speed, direction and

projected area of the structure.

Visible Light

That part of the spectrum to which the human eye is sensitive, usually

defined as wavelengths between 390 and 780 nanometers.

Voice Channel

A transmission path suitable for carrying analog voice signals, covering a

152


Broadband Specification Guide

Blonder Tongue Acronyms

ACA Apartment Complex Amplifier

AD Agile Demodulator

AM Agile Modulator

AMCM Agile Micro Modulator

AP Agile Processor

AQD ATSC/QAM Demodulator

AQM Agile QAM Modulator

AQP ATSC/QAM Processor

AQT ATSC/QAM Transcoder

BIDA Broadband Indoor Distribution Amplifier

CDSR Commercial Digital Satellite Receiver

DA Distribution Amplifier

DAP Digital Analog Processor

DSR Digital Satellite Receiver

DQMx Digital QAM Multiplexer

EQAM EdgeQAM

FIBT Fiber Broadband Transmitter

FOC Fiber Optic Coupler

HDE High Definition Encoder

HPC Headend Passive Combiner

IPAT IP/ASI Transcoder

IPME IP MPEG-2 Encoder

FRDA Fiber Receiver/Distribution Amplifier

IRD Integrated Receiver Decoder

ITX Intelligent Transmitter

LA Launch Amplifier

LNBF Low Noise Block Converter Feed

MDDA Modular Digital Demodulator ASI

MDDM Modular Digital Demodulator

MICM Micro- Channel Modulator

MIDM Micro-Demodulator

MSBC Modular Subband Convertor

MUX Multiplexer

QTM QAM Transcoder Module

RMDA Rack Mounted Distribution Amplifier

RPR Remote Power Reset

SDE Standard Definition Encoder

SE Stereo Encoder

TVCB TV Channel Blocker

153


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV & IPTV Acronyms

1xRTT

3DES

3DTV

3G

3GPP

4C

5C

A/D

A/D/A

A/O

A/V

AAA

AAAA

AAC

AAC

AACS

ABSBH

AC

AC

AC_BE

AC_BK

AC_VI

AC_VO

AC-3

ACE

ACK

ACL

ACL

ACM

AD

ADI

Single

Carrier Radio

Transmission

Technology

Triple Data

Encryption

Standard

Three

Dimensional

Television

3rd Generation

Third Generation

Partnership

Project

Consortium

of Intel, IBM,

Matsushita, and

Toshiba

Consortium

of Intel, Sony,

Matsushita,

Toshiba, and

Hitachi

Analog to Digital

Analog to Digital

to Analog

Additional Outlet

Audio/Video

Authentication,

Authorization,

and Accounting

American

Association of

Advertising

Agencies

Advanced Audio

Codec

Advanced Audio

Compression

Advanced Access

Content System

Average Busy

Season Busy Hour

Access Category

Alternating Current

Access Category

– Best Effort

Access Category

– BacKground

Access Category

– VIdeo

Access Category

– VOice

Audio Coding

Revision 3

Advanced

Component

Exchange

Acknowledge

Access Control List

Applications

Connection-Less

Adaptive Coding

and Modulation

Activity Detection

Asset Distribution

Interface

ADI

Ad-ID

ADM

ADSL

AES

AF

AFF

AGC

AGW

AI

AIFS

AIN

AIS

AIT

AKA

ALG

AM

AM

AMA

AMOL

A-MPDU

AMS

ANA

ANC

ANF

ANP

ANSI

AOD

AoR

AP

AP

APD

API

Asynchronous

Digital Interface

Advertising-

Digital Interface

Add/Drop

Multiplexing

Administration

Asymmetric

Digital

Subscriber Line

Advanced

Encryption Standard

Assured Forwarding

Adaptive Field/

Frame

Automatic Gain

Control

Access Gateway

Artificial Intelligence

Arbitration

InterFrame Space

Advanced

Intelligent Network

Alarm Indication

Signal

Application

Information Table

Authentication and

Key Agreement

Application Layer

Gateway

Amplitude

Modulation

Application Manager

Automatic

Message

Accounting

Automated

Measurement Of

Lineup

Aggregated MAC

(Media Access

Control) Protocol

Data Unit

Asset

Management

System

Association

of National

Advertisers

Announcement

Aggregate Noise

Factor

Announcement

Player

American National

Standards Institute

Advertising On

Demand

Address of Record

Audio Processor

Automatic Power

Avalanche Photo

Diode

Application

Programming

Interface

APON

Apps

APS

APSK

ARCNET

ARDP

ARF

ARIN

ARP

ARPU

AS

ASAP

ASCII

ASF

ASF

ASI

AsiaPac

ASIC

ASM

ASP

ASP

ASR

ASTB

ASTD

AT

ATA

ATDMA

ATM

ATSC

ATTN

AUP

ATM-based

Passive Optical

Network

Applications

Automatic

Protection

Switching

Amplitude Phase

Shift Keying

Attached Resource

Computer Network

Advanced Return

Path Modulator

Advertising Research

Foundation and

Businesses

American Registry of

Internet Numbers

Address Resolution

Protocol

Average Revenue

per Unit (or User)

Application Server

As Soon As Possible

American

Standard Code

for Information

Interchange

Advanced

Streaming

Format

Advanced

Systems Format

Asynchronous

Serial Interface

Asia Pacific

Application-

Specific

Integrated Circuit

Asset

Management

System

Advanced

Streaming Profile

Average Selling

Price

Access Switch Router

Advanced Set-

Top Box

American Society

for Training and

Development

Advanced

Technology

Advanced

Technology

Attachment

Asynchronous

Time Division

Multiple Access

Asynchronous

Transfer Mode

Advanced Television

Systems Committee

Attenuator

Acceptable Use

Policy

AV

AV

AVC

AVI

AWGN

AWT

B2B

B2BUA

B2C

BA

BAF

BB

BB

BC

BC/NC

BC-BS

BCID

BDF

BDR

BE

BER

BERT

BFS

BFT

BGCF

BGP

BICSI

BIF

bits/

sym

BIU

BMS

BNC

BNN

BoD

BOM

Audio/Video

Audiovisual

Advanced Video

Coding

Advanced Video

Interface

Additive White

Gaussian Noise

Abstract Window

Toolkit

Business to

Business

Back-to-Back

User Agent

Business to

Consumer

Behavioral

Aggregate

Bellcore AMA

Format

Baseband

Broadband

Broadcast

Broadcast/

Narrowcast

Backwards-

Compatible

Broadcast Services

Billing Correlation

Identifier

Broadband

Digital Forward

Baseband Digital

Reverse

Best Effort

Bit Error Rate

Bit Error Rate Test

Broadcast File

System

Broadcast File

Transfer

Breakout

Gateway Control

Function

Border Gateway

Protocol

Building Industry

Consulting

Services

Binary Interchange

Format

Bits per Symbol

Broadband

Interface Unit

Business

Management

System

Broadcast Network

Bit-Error-Rate in

the Noise Notch

Broadcast on

Demand

Bill of Material

BOOTP

BP

BPDU

BPF

BPI

BPI+

BPL

B-PON

bps

BRAS

BRI

BRI

BRS

BS

BSAM

BSAM

BSC

BSCC

BSS

BSS

BTS

BTS

BTSC

BTU/hr

BW

BYOI

C/N

CA

CA

CA

CAB

CAC

CAD

CALA

CALEA

CAM

Bootstrap Protocol

Boundary Point

Bridge Protocol

Data Unit

Band-Pass Filter

Baseline Privacy

Interface

Baseline Privacy

Interface Plus

Broadband over

Power Line

Broadband

Passive Optical

Network

Bits Per Second

Broadband

Remote Access

Server

Basic Rate Interface

Brand Rating

Index

Broadband Radio

Service

Broadcast Services

Basic Sequential

Access Method

Broadband

Services Access

Multiplexer

Base Station

Broadcast Stream

Client Connector

Basic Service Set

Business Support

System

Base Transceiver

Station

Business Telecom

Services

Broadcast Television

Systems Committee

British Thermal

Unit Per Hour

Bandwidth

Bring Your Own

Infrastructure

Carrier-to-Noise

Ratio

Call Agent

Conditional Access

Content Archive

Cable Advertising

Bureau

Call Admission

Control

Computer Aided

Design

Central America

and Latin America

Communications

Assistance for Law

Enforcement Act

Content

Addressable

Memory

CAN

Canitec

CapEx

CAPMAN

CAS

CAS

CAT

Cellular Access

Network

Camara Nacional

de la Industria

Television por Cable

Capital

Expenditure

Capacity

Management

Conditional

Access Server

Conditional

Access System

Conditional

Access Table

CAT5 Category 5

CATV

CB

CB

CBR

CBT

CC

CCA

CCCM

CCDF

CCI

CCK

CCM

CCM

CCNR

CCS

CCS

CD

CD

CDC

CDC

CDL

CDMA

CDN

CDP

CDR

CD-ROM

CDT

Community

Antenna Television

(or Cable Television)

Channel Bonding

Citizen Band

Constant Bit Rate

Computer Based

Testing (or Training)

Closed Caption

Circuit Card

Assembly

CPE Controlled

Cable Modem

Complementary

Cumulative

Distribution Function

Copy Control

Information

Complimentary

Code Keying

Channel Change

Message

Constant Coding

and Modulation

Completion of

Calls No Reply

Centum Call

Seconds

Control Compact Disc

Chromatic

Dispersion

Compact Disc

Changed Data

Capture

Connected

Device

Configuration

Code DownLoad

Code Division

Multiple Access

Content Delivery

Network

Cisco Discovery

Protocol

Call Detail Record

Compact Disk-Read

Only Memory

Carrier Definition

Table

154


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV & IPTV Acronyms

CE

CE

CEA

CEBus

CEO

CEP

CEPCA

CER

CES

CFO

CFP

CH

Ch

CIDR

CIF

CIFS

CIM

CIN

CINIT

CIR

CLASS

CLDC

CLE

CLEC

CLI

CLI

CLR

CLV

CM

CMCI

CMLA

Consumer

Electronics

Customer

Equipment

Consumer

Electronics

Association

Consumer

Electronic Bus

Chief Executive

Officer

Cable Entry Point

Consumer

Electronics Powerline

Communication

Alliance

Codeword Error Ratio

Circuit Emulation

Service

Chief Financial

Officer

Contention Free

Periods

CableHome

Channel

Classless Inter

Domain Routing

Common Image

Format

Common Internet

File System

Common

Information Model

Call Indentity

Number

Centro de

Investigacion e

Innovacion en

Telecomunicaciones

Committed

Information Rate

Custom Local

Area Signaling

Services

Connection

Limited Device

Configuration

Customer

Located

Equipment

Common Local

Echange Carrier

Command Line

Interface

Cumulative

Leakage Index

Common

Language Runtime

Consumer

Lifetime Value

Cable Modem

CM (Cable Modem)

To CPE (Customer

Premises Equipment)

Interface

Content

Management License

Administrator

CMOS

CMS

CMTS

CNAM

CNIR

CNR

CNR

CO

CODEC

COFDM

COLD

COPS

CORBA

CoS

COT

CP

CPD

CPE

CPM

CPMS

CPPM

CPRM

CPTWG

CPU

CQoS

CQP

CRA

CRC

CRC

CRG

CRL

Complimentary

Metal-Oxide

Semiconductor

Call

Management

Server

Cable Modem

Termination

System

Calling NAMe

Carrier-to-Noise/

Ingress Ratio

Carrier-to-Noise Ratio

Chronic Non-

Responder

Central Office

Coder/Decoder

Coded Orthogonal

Frequency Division

Multiplexing

Central Office

Layout Design

Common Open

Policy Service

Common Object

Request Broker

Architecture

Class of Service

Central Office

Terminal

Copy Protection

Common Path

Distortion

Customer

Premises

Equipment

Cost per

Thousand

Impressions

Copy Protection

Management

System

Copy Protection

for Prerecorded

Media

Content

Protection for

Recordable Media

Copy Protection

Technical

Working Group

Central

Processing Unit

CableHome

Quality of Service

CableHome

QoS Portal

Contention

Resolution Algorithm

Cyclic Redundancy

Check

Cyclic

Redundancy

Check

CableHome

Residential

Gateway

Certificate

Revocation List

CR-LDP

CRM

CSA

CSCF

CSH

CSMA/

CA

CSMA/

CD

CSO

CSR

CS-RZ

CSS

CSU/

DSU

CSV

CTAM

CTB

CTIA

CTO

CVCT

CW

CW

CWDM

CWM

D&B

D/E

DA

DAB

DAC

DAC

Constraintbased

Label

Distribution

Protocol

Customer

Relationship

Management

Common

Scrambling

Algorithim

Call State/Session

Control(ler)

Function

Central Switch

Homerun

Carrier Sense

Multiple Access

with Collision

Avoidance

Carrier Sense

Multiple Access

with Collision

Detection

Composite

Second Order

Customer Service

Representative

Carrier-

Suppressed

Return-to-Zero

Content

Scrambling

System

Channel Service

Unit/Data

Service Unit

Comma

Separated Value

Cable &

Telecommunications

Association for

Marketing

Composite Triple

Beat

Cellular

Telecommunications

& Internet

Association

Chief Technology

Officer

Cable Virtual

Channel Table

Codeword

Continuous Wave

Coarse

Wavelength

Division

Multiplexing

Common

Warehouse

Metamodel

Dun & Bradstreet

Decrypt/Extract

Destination Address

Digital Audio

Broadcast

Descrambler

Authorization

Center

Digital Addressable

DAC

DANIS

DARPA

DAS

DASE

DAT

DAT

DAVIC

DB

dB

dBc

dBFS

dBm

dBmV

DBPSK

DBS

DC

DC

DC

DC

DCA

D-

CAPMAN

DCAS

DCC

DCC

DCD

DCD

DCE

DCF

DCF

DCII

DCM

DCP

DCP

Digital to Analog

Converter

Digital Addressable

Network Interface

System

Defense Advanced

Research Projects

Agency

Direct Attached

Storage

Digital TV Application

Software Environment

Digital Audio Tape

DOCSIS® Settop

Gateway

Address Table

Digital Audio

Visual Council

Database

Decibel

Decibel Referenced

to the Carrier

Decibel Below

Full Scale

Decibel milliwatt

Decibel milliVolt

Differential

Binary Phase

Shift Keying

Direct Broadcast

Satellite

DigiCipher®

Direct Current

Directional Coupler

Dispersion

Compensator

Digital Cable

Application

Dynamic Capacity

Management

Downloadable

Conditional

Access System

Data

Communication

Channel

Dynamic

Channel Change

Disconnection Delay

Downstream

Channel

Descriptor

Data Circuit

Comm Equipment

Dispersion

Compensating

Fiber

Distributed

Coordination

Function

DigiCipher® II

Dispersion

Compensation

Module

Device Control Protocol

Digital Convergence

Platform

DCR

DCS

DCT

DCT

DCT

DE

DeCSS

DEM

DENI

DES

DES

DF

DFAST

DFB

DHCP

DHEI

DHWG

DiffServ

Div

DIX

DLCI

DLL

DLNA

DLS

DM

DM

DM

DM

DMA

DMB

DMC

DMCA

DMH

Digital Cable Ready

Digital Crossconnect

System

Digital

Communications

(Cable) Terminal

Discrete Cosine

Transform

Discrete Cosine

Transform

Default

Defeat Content

Scrambling

System

DigiCipher Even

Manager

Digital

Entertainment

Networking

Initiative

Data Encryption

Standard

Digital

Encryption

Standard

Delivery Function

Dynamic Feedback

Arrangement

Scrambling

Technique

Distributed

Feedback

Dynamic Host

Configuration

Protocol

DigiCable

Headend

Expansion

Interface

Digital Home

Working Group

Differentiated

Services

Division

DEC-Intel-Xerox

Data Link

Connection Identifier

Data Link Layer

Digital Living

Network Alliance

Down Load Server

Degraded Modem

Demodulator

Device Manager

Dispersion

Mitigation

Designated

Marketing Area

Digital

Multimedia

Broadcasting

Dual Modem

Cards

Digital Millennium

Copyright Act

Degraded

Modem Hours

DMIF

DML

DNCS

DNS

DOA

DOCS

DIAG

DOCSIS ®

DOCSIS ®

-RFI

DoD

DoS

DPI

DPON

DPSK

DPT

DQoS

DQPSK

DRAM

DRC

DRM

DS

DS0

DSA

DSCP

DSE

DSG

DSL

DSLAM

DSM

DSM-

CC

DSM-

CC

DSP

DSP

Delivery

Multimedia

Integration

Framework

Direct Modulated

Distributed

Feedback Laser

Digital Network

Control System

Domain Name

System

Dead on Arrival

DOCSIS Diagnostic

Program

Data-Over-Cable

Service Interface

Specifications

DOCSIS® Radio

Frequency Interface

Department of

Defense

Denial of Service

Digital Program

Insertion

Deep-Fiber Passive

Optical Network

Differential Phase

Shift Keying

Dynamic Packet

Transport

Dynamic Quality

of Service

Differential Quadrature

Phase Shift Keying

Dynamic Random

Access Memory

Dynamic Range

Control

Digital Rights

Management

Downstream

Digital Signal 0 (zero)

Dynamic Service

Addition

Differentiated

Service Code Point

Digital Service

Encoder

DOCSIS® Settop

Gateway

Digital

Subscriber Line

Digital Subscriber

Line Access

Multiplexer

Digital Storage

Media, DNCS

Session Manager

Digital Storage

Medium Command

& Control

UN Digital Storage

Media Command

and Control Userto-Network

Digital Signal

Processing

Digital Signal

Processor

155


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV & IPTV Acronyms

DSR

DSSS

DSTB

DS-UWB

DS-x

DSx

DTCP

DTCP/5C

DTD

DTE

DTH

DTMF

DTV

DUN

DUT

DVB

Dual Tone Multifrequency

DVB-

ASI

DVB-

DSNG

DVB-H

DVB-

RCS

DVB-S

DVB-S

DVB-T

DVC

DVD

DVD+R

DVD+

RW

DVD

CCA

DVI

DVNR

DVR

DVS

Digital Satellite

Receiver

Direct

Sequencing

Spread Spectrum

Digital Set-top Box

Direct Sequence

Ultra-WideBand

Digital Signal (level)

Dynamic Service

Change

Digital

Transmission

Content Protection

Digital Transmission

Content Protection/5

Companies

Dial Tone Delay

Data Terminal

Equipment

Direct To Home

Digital Television

Dial-Up Networking

Device Under

Test

Digital Video

Broadcast

DVB (Digital

Video Broadcast)

Asynchronous

Serial Interface

DVB (Digital Video

Broadcast) Digital

Satellite News

Gathering

DVB Handheld

DVB (Digital

Video Broadcast)

Return Channel

via Satellite

DVB (Digital

Video Broadcast

Standard

DVB Satellite

DVB Terrestial

Digital Video

Compressor

Digital Versatile

Disc

Recordable

Digital Versatile

Disc

Rewritable Digital

Versatile Disc

Digital Versatile

Disc Copy Control

Association

Display Visual

Interface

Digital Vision

Noise Reducer

Digital Video

Recorder

Digital Video

Standard

DVS

DWDM

Digital Video

Subcommittee

Dense

Wavelength

Division

Multiplex

E/I Encrypt/Insert

EA-DFB

EAP

EAS

eBIF

EBITDA

ECC

eCM

ECM

ECR

ECR

EDC

EDCA

EDFA

EDGE

eDOCSIS

EEPROM

EF

EFM

EFMS

EFS

EHDR

EIA

EIC

EIGRP

EIR

Electro-Absorption

Modulator Integrated

Distributed Feedback

Laser

Extensible

Authentication

Protocol

Emergency Alert

System

Enhanced Binary

Interchange

Format

Earnings Before

Interest, Taxes,

Depreciation,

and Amortization

Encryption

Control Center

Embedded Cable

Modem

Entitlement

Control Message

Efficient Consumer

Response

Engineering

Change Request

Electronic

Dispersion

Compensator

Enhanced

Distributed

Channel Access

Erbium Doped

Fiber Amplifier

Enhanced Data

Rates for Global

Evolution

Embedded

Data-Over-Cable

Service Interface

Specifications

Electronically

Erasable

Programmable

Read Only

Memory

Expedited

Forwarding

Ethernet in the

First Mile

Error Free

Milliseconds

Error Free Seconds

Extended Header

Electronics Industry

Association

Entertainment,

Information, and

Communications

Enhanced

Interior Gateway

Routing Protocol

Excess

Information Rate

EIRP

EIS/SCS

ELA

E-LSP

EM

EMC

EMEA

EMI

EML

EMM

EMS

eMTA

ENDEC

ENUM

E-O

EoD

GNT

GOP

GPI

G-PON

GPRS

GPS

GQoS

GR

GRE

GRM

GRX

GS

GSM

GSMA

GSRM

GTP

Effective Isotropic

Radiated Power

Event Information

Scheduler/

SimulCrypt

Synchronizer

Ethernet Line

Aggregation

EXP-Inferred-PSC

Label Switch

Path

Element Manager

Encoder Monitor

and Control

Europe, Middle

East and Asia

Electro-Magnetic

Interference

Externally

Modulated Laser

Entitlement

Management

Message

Element

Management

System

Embedded

Multimedia

Terminal Adapter

Encode/Decode

Electronic

Numbering

Electrical-Optical

Everything on Demand

Grant

Group of Pictures

General Purpose

Interface

Gigabit Passive

Optical Network

General Packet

Radio Service

Global Positioning

System

Generic Quality

of Service

Generic Requirement

Generic Routing

Encapsulation

Global Resource

Manager

GPRS (General

Packet Radio

Service) Roaming

eXchange

Global Server

Global System

for Mobile

communications

Global System

for Mobile

communications

Association

Global System

Resource

Manager

GPRS Tunneling

Protocol

ES

ES

ESC

ESCON

ESF

ESM

ESP

ETS

ETSI

ETTH

ETTx

eTV

EVC

EV-DO

EVM

EVPL

EVPLAN

EXC

ExCCI

EX-MOD

EXP

FastE

FAT

FBI

FC

Errored Seconds

Exclusive Session

Embedded

Signaling

Channel

Enterprise System

Connection

Extended

SuperFrame

EOD Server Manager

Encapsulating

Security Payload

Event Trigger

System

European

Telecommunication

Standards Institute

Ethernet To The Home

Ethernet To The

x (end point)

Enhanced Television

Ethernet Virtual

Circuit

Evolution-Data Only

Error Vector

Magnitude

Ethernet Virtual

Private Line

Ethernet Virtual Private

Local Area Network

Electronic Cross

Connect

Extended CC

Externally

Modulated

Experimental

Fast Ethernet

File Allocation Table

Federal Bureau

of Investigation

Fiber Channel

FC-AL Fiber Channel –

Arbitrated Loop

FCC

FCP

FCRC

FDD

FDDI

FDIS

Federal

Communications

Commission

Fibre Channel Protocol

Fragment Cyclic

Redundancy

Check

Frequency

Division Duplexed

Fiberoptic Digital

Data Interface

Final Draft

International

Standard

FDP Face Description

FE

FEC

FEC

Fast Ethernet

Forward Error

Correction

Forwarding

Equivalence

Class

FF

FFT

FGPS

FHCS

FHSS

FICON

FIFO

FLR

FM

FN

FOADM

FOD

FOSC

FP

FPGA

FPM

FQDN

FR

FRAG

EoS

EP

EPG

EPL

EPON

EPRI

EPROM

EQAM

ER

ERIM

ERM

ERS

ES

ES

ESC

ESCON

ESF

Fast Forward

Fast Fourier

Transform

FEC, Guard

time, Preamble,

Stuffing bytes

Fragment

Header Check

Sequence

Frequency

Hopping Spread

Spectrum

Fiber Connection

First In First Out

Frame Loss Ratio

Frequency

Modulation

Fiber Node

Fixed Filter

Optical Add/

Drop Multiplexer

Free on Demand

Fiber Optic

Splice Closure

Fabry-Perot

Field-

Programmable

Gate Array

FEC and Packet

Multiplexer

Fully Qualified

Domain Name

Frame Relay

Fragmentation

Ethernet over

SONET

End Point

Electronic

Program Guide

Ethernet Private Line

Ethernet Passive

Optical Network

Electric Power

Research

Institute

Electrically

Readable

Programmable

Read Only Memory

Edge QAM

Edge Router

Erasmus Research

Institute of

Management

Edge Resource

Manager

Encryption

Renewal System

Errored Seconds

Exclusive Session

Embedded

Signaling Channel

Enterprise

System

Connection

Extended

SuperFrame

GBIC Module

Gbps

FS-

CWDM

FSN

FSO

Full Spectrum

– Coarse

Wave Division

Multiplexing

Full Service Network

Free Space Optical

FTA Free to Air

FTP

FTTB

FTTC

FTTH

FTTN

FTTP

FTTU

FTTx

FW

FWM

FXS

G2B

GaAs

GARP

GB

GB/s

GbE

GBIC

Gigabits per Second

GC Gateway

GCR

GDV

GE

GEM

GFL

GFP

GFP-F

GFP-T

GFP-T

GGSN

GHz

GigE

GIGO

GIS

GMPLS

Group

Configuration

Request

Group Delay Variation

Gigabit Ethernet

Globally

Executable MHP

Group Flow Label

Generalized

Framing Procedure

Generic Framing

Procedure-Framed

Generic Framing

Procedure-Transparent

Transparent

Generalized

Framing Procedure

Gateway GPRS

Support Node

Gigahertz

Gigabit Ethernet

Garbage In,

Garbage Out

Geographic

Information

System

Generalized

MultiProtocol

Label Switching

File Transfer

Protocol

Fiber to the Business

Fiber to the Curb

Fiber to the Home

Fiber to the Node

Fiber to the Premises

Fiber to the User

Fiber to the (endpoint)

Firewall

Four-Wave Mixing

Foreign

eXchange Station

Go2BroadbandSM

Gallium Arsenide

Generic Attribute

Registration Protocol

Gigabyte

Gigabits per Second

Gigabit Ethernet

Gigabit Interface

Converter

156


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV & IPTV Acronyms

GUI

GVRP

GW

GWC

H&S

HAN

HAVi

HCCA

HCF

HCM

HCRP

HCS

HCT

HD

HD

HDBH

HDCP

HDD

HDD

HDE

HDLC

Graphical User

Interface

GARP VLAN

Registration

Protocol

Gateway

Gateway

Hub and Spoke

Home Area Network

Home Audio Video

Interoperability

Hybrid

Coordination

function controlled

Channel Access

Hybrid Coordination

Function

Hardware Control

Message

Hard Copy Cable

Replacement

Header Check

Sequence

Headend

Configuration Tool

Hardware

High Definition

High-Day Busy Hour

High-bandwidth

Digital Content

Protection

Hard Disk Drive

High Definition

Decoder

High Definition

Encoder

High Level Data

Link Control

HDMI High Definition

Multimedia

Interface

HD-PLC

HDR

HDT

HDTV

HDVOD

HE

HEC

HEM

HF

HFC

HGW

High Definitionready

Powerline

Communications

Header

Host Digital

Terminal

High Definition

Television

High-Definition

Video on Demand

Headend

Headend Cable

Headend Modem

High Frequency

Hybrid Fiber/Coax

Home Gateway

HH HouseHold

HHP

HHR

Hi-PHY

Households Passed

Half Horizontal

Resolution

High Performance

Physical Layer

HIT

HITS

HLR

HMAC

HMS

HMS

HMS

HN

H-Net

HNv1

HOD

HOM

Home

PNA

HP

HPF

HPLMN

HPNA

HPOV

HQ

HRC

HSA

HSCI

HSD

HSDPA

HSE

HSI

HSP

HSRP

HSS

HSS/

HLR

HSUPA

HTML

HTPC

HTTP

HVAC

HVAC

HVC

Headend

Interface Terminal

Headend In The Sky

Home Location

Register

keyed-Hashing

for Message

Authentication Code

Headend

Management

System

Home Media Server

Hybrid Management

Sub-layer

Home Network

Home Network

Home

Networking

Version 1

HBO On Demand

High-Order

Modulation

Home Phoneline

Networking

Alliance

Homes Passed

High Pass Filter

Home Public Land

Mobile Network

Home Phoneline

Networking Alliance

Hewlitt Packard

Open View

High Quality

Harmonically

Related Carriers

High Speed Access

High Speed

Cable Interface

High Speed Data

High Speed Downlink

Packet Access

HD Service Encoder

High-Speed Internet

Headset Profile

Hot Standby

Router Protocol

Home Subscriber

Server

High Speed Serial/

Home Location Register

High Speed Uplink

Packet Access

Hyper Text

Markup Language

Home Theatre

Personal Computer

Hyper Text

Transfer Protocol

Heating, Ventilation,

and Air Conditioning

High Voltage

Alternating Current

HD Video Compressor

HVS

Hz

I/O

IAG

IAMS

IANA

IB

ICB

ICC

ICE

ICE

ICMP

ICO

i-CSCF

i-CSCF

ID

IDC

IDCT

IDE

IDE

iDEN

IDS

IDT

IEC

IEEE

IEEE-SA

IETF

IF

IFC

IGMP

IGRP

IKE

ILEC

Human Vision System

Hertz

Input/Output

Interactive Advertising

Guidelines

Intelligent Asset

Management System

Internet Assigned

Numbers Authority

In-Band

Independent

Customer Builds

Instant Channel

Change

Information &

Content Exchange

Inter Chip Encryption

Internet Control

Message Protocol

Incumbent Cable

Operator

Interrogating-

Call State

Control Function

Interrogating-Call

State/Session

Control(ler)

Function

Identifier

International

Data Group Inc.

Inverse Discrete

Cosine Transform

Integrated

Development

Environment

Integrated

Device

Electronics

integrated

Digital Enhanced

Network

Intrusion Detection

System

Integrated Digital

Terminal

International

Electrotechnical

Commission

Institute of Electrical

and Electronics

Engineers

Institute of Electrical

and Electronics

Engineers Standards

Association

Internet Engineering

Task Force

Intermediate

Frequency

Initial First Cost

Internet Group

Multicast Protocol

Interior Gateway

Routing Protocol

Internet Key Exchange

Incumbent Local

Exchange Carrier

ILMI

IM

IMD

IMS

INA

I-NET

INP

INA

INT

IntServ

IP

IPAT

IP-CAN

IPCDN

IPDR

IPDT

IPG

IPG

IPM

IPMP

IPPV

IPRM

IPSec

IPTA

IPTV

IPv4

IR

IRD

IRI

IRR

IRT

IRTDBG

IS

IS

Interim Link

Management

Interface

Instant Messaging

Intermodulation

Distortion

IP Multimedia

Subsystem

Interactive

Network Adaptor

Institutional

Network

Input

Interface Adaptor

International

Integrated Services

Internet Protocol

Internet Protocol

Access Terminal

Internet Protocol

Cellular Access

Network

IP over Cable

Data Network

Internet Protocol

Detail Record

Internet Protocol

Digital Terminal

Interactive

Program Guide

Inter-Packet Gap

Intelligent Policy

Management

Intellectual Property

Management &

Protection

Impulse Pay Per View

IP Rights

Management

System

Internet Protocol

Security

Internet Protocol

Transport

Agreement

Internet Protocol

Television

Internet Protocol

version 4

Infrared

Integrated

Receiver/Decoder

Industrial

Reporting Inc

Internal Rate of

Return

Integrated

Receiver/

Transcoder

Integrated Receiver

Transmitter

DeBuG

Information Systems

International

Standard

ISA

iSCSI

ISDB

ISDB-T

ISDN

ISI

IS-IS

ISM

ISMS

ISO

ISP

ISP

ISTP

ISUP

ISV

IT

ITA

ITU

ITU-T

iTV

IUC

IVR

IVRM

IWF

IWF

IXC

IXP

J2ME

Interactive

Service

Architecture

Internet Small

Computer

System Interface

Integrated

Service Digital

Broadcast

Integrated

Services Digital

Broadcasting

-Terrestrial

Integrated

Services Digital

Network

Inter-Symbol

Interference

Intermediate

System-to-

Intermediate

System

Industrial

Scientific Medical

Integrated Service

Management

System

International

Organization for

Standardization

Inside Plant

Internet Service

Provider

Internet

Signaling

Transport

Protocol

Integrated Services

Digital Network

User Part

Independent

Software Vendor

Information

Technology

Interactive

Television

Association

International

Telecommunications

Union

International

Telecommunication

Union -

Telecommunication

Standardization

Sector

Interactive Television

Interval Usage Code

Interactive Voice

Response

Intelligent

Video Resource

Manager

Internetworking

Function

InterWorking

Function

Interexchange

Carrier

Internet Exchange

Provider

Java2 MicroEdition

JCP

JMF

JND

JNI

JPEG

JSR

JTA

JVM

JVT

JVT

Java Community Process

Java Medium

Framework

Just Noticeable

Difference

Java Native Interface

Joint

Photographic

Experts Group

Java Specification

Request

Job Task Analysis

Java Virtual Machine

Java Vision Toolkit

Joint Video Team

k Kilo = 1000

kB

kb/s

kbps

KDC

KDCF

kHz

KLS

km

KP

KSA

ksym/s

ksym/

sec

Kilobyte

Kilobits per Second

Kilobits per Second

Key Distribution

Center

Korea Digital

Cable Forum

Kilohertz

Key List Server

Kilometer

Kernel Processor

Knowledge, Skills

& Abilities

Kilosymbols Per Second

Kilosymbols Per Second

KTTA Korean

Telecommunications

Technology

Association

kVA

kW

l

L/R

1000 Volt Amperes

Kilowatt

Current

Left/Right

L2 Level 2

L2TP

L2TPv3

LAeq

LAN

LATA

LC

LCAS

LCC

LCD

Layer-2

Tunneling

Protocol

Layer-2

Tunneling

Protocol

Version 3

Long-term

A-weighted

loudness

EQuivalent

Local Area

Network

Local Access and

Transport Area

Local Convergence

Link Capacity

Adjustment

Scheme

Life-Cycle Cost

Liquid Crystal Display

157


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV & IPTV Acronyms

LCP

LCS

LD

LDAP

LDP

LDPC

LDS

LEC

LED

LEN

LEO

LER

LF

LFA

LH

DWDM

LLC

L-LSP

LMDS

LMI

LMP

LNB

LNP

LO

LOADM

LOS

LOS

LovSAN

LP

LPCM

LRU

LSB

LSP

LSP

LSR

LTC

LTS

LUA

LVI

LWP

Local Convergence

Point

Line Code Signaling

Long Distance

Lightweight

Directory Access

Protocol

Label Distribution

Protocol

Low Density

Parity Check

Local Digital Switch

Local Exchange

Carrier

Light Emitting Diode

Length

Low Earth Orbit

Label Edge Router

Low Frequency

Long Format

Advertising

Long Haul Dense

Wave Division

Multiplex

Logical Link Control

Label-Only-

Inferred-PSC LSP

Local Multipoint

Distribution Service

Link Management

Interface

Link Management

Protocol

Local Number

Portability

Local Origination

Lightweight

Optical Add/

Drop Multiplexer

Line Of Sight

Loss of Signal

a.k.a The Blaster Worm

Long Play

Linear Pulse

Code Modulation

Least Recently

Used

Least Significant Byte

Label Switched Path

Legacy Set-top Profile

Label Switch Router

Longitudinal

Time Code

Long Term

Storage

Last User Activity

Low Voltage

Integrator

Low Water Peak

M/U

M3UA

MAC

MACD

MAN

MAP

MAS

MB

Mb/s

MB/s

MB-AFF

Mbaud

Mbits/

sec

MBOA

MB-

OFDM

Mbps

MBps

MGCF

MGCP

MGW

MHP

MHz

MIB

MIDP

MIMO

MIP

MIPS

ML@

MP

MLD

MM

MMD

MMI

MMT

MOCA

MOD

MOF

Modulator/

Upconverter

MTP-3 User

Adaptation

Media Access Control

Moves, Adds,

Changes, Deletes

Metropolitan

Area Network

Main Audio

Program

MPEG-Aware

Switch

Megabyte

Megabits per

Second

Megabytes per

Second

Macro Block Adaptive

Frame/Field

Megabaud

Megabits per

Second

MultiBand

OFDM Alliance

Multiband

Orthogonal

Frequency Domain

Modulation

Megabits per

Second

MegaByte per

Second

Media Gateway

Control(ler) Function

Media Gateway

Control Protocol

Media GateWay

Multimedia

Home Platform

Megahertz

Management

Information Base

Mobile Information

Device Profile

Multiple Input,

Multiple Output

Mobile IP

Million Instructions

Per Second

Main Level @

Main Profile

Multicast Listener

Discovery

Multimedia

Multipoint Microwave

Distribution

Man Machine Interface

Modulation

Mode Table

Multimedia Over

Coax Alliance

Movies on Demand

Meta Object Facility

MBS

MC

M-

CMTS

MC-PC

MCPC

MCTF

MDA

MDA

MDR

MDU

mDVR

MEMS

MEN

MER

MF

MF

MG

MGC

MOS

MP

MP@HL

Mission Bit Stream

Motion Compensation

Modular Cable Modem

Termination System

Media Center

Personal Computers

Multiple Channel

Per Carrier

Motion

Compensated

Temporal Filtering

Message-Digest

Algorithm

Model Driven

Architecture

Mobile Digital

Recorder

Multiple Dwelling Unit

Multi-TV Digital

Video Recorder

Low Noise Blockdownconverter

Micro-Electro-

Mechanical

Systems

Metro Ethernet

Network

Modulation Error Ratio

Multifield

Multifrequency

Media Gateway

Control(ler)

Media Gateway

Mean Opinion

Score

Media Player

Main Profile @

High Level

MP3 MPEG-2 Layer 3

MPAA

MPBGP

MPC

MPDU

MPE

MPEG

MPEG-

TS

MPLS

MPS

MPTS

MPTS-

TE

MQ

M-QAM

Motion Picture

Association of

America

MultiProtocol

Border Gateway

Protocol

Media Player

MAC (Media

Access Control)

Protocol Data Unit

Multi Protocol

Encapsulation

Moving Pictures

Expert Group

Moving Pictures

Expert Group

Transport Stream

Multiprotocol

Label Switching

Modular

Processing System

Multiple Program

Transport Stream

MPLS – Traffic

Engineering

Medium Quality

M-ary Quadrature

Amplitude Modulation

MRFC

MRFP

MRTG

MS

ms

Multimedia

Resource Function

Multimedia Resource

Function Processor

Multi Router

Traffic Grapher

Master Server

Millisecond

MSA300 Standard 10

Gigabit Ethernet

Connector

MSB

MSC

MSE

msec

MSFT

MSN

MSO

MSPP

Msps

MSR

MSRP

MTA

MTBF

MTP-3

MTTF

MTTR

MTTU

MUX

MV

MVNO

MVoD

MVP

MZ

NABTS

NANPA

NAP

NAPT

NAS

NAS

NASRAC

Most Significant Byte

Mobile Switching

Center

Multi-Standard

Encoder

Millisecond

Microsoft Corporation

Microsoft Network

Multiple System

Operator

Multi-Service

Provisioning Platform

Mega-Symbols

per Second

Multi-Standard

Receiver

Manufacturer’s

Suggested Retail Price

Multimedia

Terminal Adapter

Mean Time

Between Failures

Message Transfer

Part Level 3

Mean-Time-To-Failure

Mean Time- To- Repair

Mean Time to

Understand

Multiplexer

Motion Vector

Mobile Virtual

Network Operator

Mobile Video on

Demand

Multi-View Profile

Mach-Zehnder

North American

Broadcast Teletext

Standard

North American

Numbering Plan

Administration

Network Access Point

Network Address &

Protocol Translation

National

Authorization Service

Network

Attached Storage

National Authorization

Service–Regional

Access

NASS

NAT

NBC-BS

NBI

NC

NCM

NCS

NCS

NCTA

NDA

NDE

NDMH

NDVR

NE

NEBS

NEMA

NEMS

NETBIOS

NF

NFS

NG STB

Network Access

Attachment Function(s)

Network Address

Translation

Non Backwards-

Compatible

Broadcast Services

Northbound

Interface

Network

Next Century Media

Network Control System

Network-based

Call Signaling

National Cable &

Telecommunications

Association

Non-Disclosure

Agreement

Network

Dimensioning

Engine

Non-Degraded

Modem Hours

Network Digital

Video Recording

Network Element

Network

Equipment

Building System

National

Electrical

Manufactures

Association

Network Element

Management

System

Network Version

of Basic Input/

Output System

Noise Figure

Network File System

Next Generation

Set-Top Box

NG-L1 Next Generation Layer 1

NGN

NGNA

NGO

ngOSS

ng-

SONET

NI

NIC

NID

NIM

NIS

Next Generation

Network

Next Generation

Network Architecture

Non-Government

Organization

Next Generation

Operations

Support System

Next Generation

Synchronous

Optical NETwork

Network Interface

Network

Interface Card

Network

Interface Device

Network

Interface Module

Network Infrastructure

Solutions

NIST

NIT

NIU

NLOS

nm

NMS

NNI

NNOC

NNTP

NOC

NP

NPAC

NPR

NPT

nPVR

NRSS

National Institute

of Standards and

Technology

Network

Information Table

Network Interface Unit

Non-Line of Sight

Nanometer

Network

Management System

Network-Network

Interface

National Network

Operations Center

Network News

Transfer Protocol

Network

Operations Center

Number Portability

Number Portability

Administration

Center

Noise Power Ratio

Network

Performance Tool

Network-based

Personal Video

Recorder

Network

Renewable

Security Standard

NRTC National Rural

Telecommunications

Cooperative

nRTP

nrtPS

NRVC

NRZ

ns

NSI

NSP

NTIA

NTP

NTS

NTSC

NTSC

NVM

NVOD

NW

Non Real-time

Transport

Protocol

Non-Real Time

Polling Service

Noise Reduction

Video Compression

NonReturn to

Zero

Nanosecond

Network Side

Interface

Network Service

Provider

National

Telecommunications

and Information

Administration

Network Time

Protocol

Near Term

Storage

National

Television System

Committee

National

Television System

Committee

Non-Volatile

Memory

Near Video-On-

Demand

Network

158


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV & IPTV Acronyms

O/E

OADM

OAM

OAM&P

OCAP

OC-CC

Optical Signal-to-

Electrical Signal

Conversion

Optical Add/

Drop Multiplexer

Operations,

Administration, &

Maintenance

Operations,

Administration,

Maintenance &

Provisioning

OpenCable

Application

Platform

OpenCable

CableCARD

OC-CFR OpenCable -

Core Functional

Requirements

OCn

OCSP

OCST

OC-x

ODA

ODRL

OE

O-E

OEM

O-E-O

OEPL

Optical Carrier (level)

Online Certificate

Status Protocol

Office of Cable

Signal Theft

Optical Carrier (level)

Outlet Digital

Adapter

Open Digital

Rights Language

Optical Ethernet

Optical-Electrical

Original Equipment

Manufacturer

Optical-to-

Electrical-to-Optical

Optical Ethernet

Private Line

OEPLAN Optical Ethernet

Private Local

Area Network

OEVPL

OEV

PLAN

OFC

OFDM

OH

OIU

OJT

OLT

OM

OMA

OMG

ONDS

ONT

OOB

Optical Ethernet

Virtual Private Line

Optical Ethernet

Virtual Private

Local Area

Network

Optical Fiber

Communication

Orthogonal

Frequency

Division

Multiplexing

Overhead

Organizationally

Unique Identifier

On-The-Job Training

Optical Line Terminal

Out of Band

Modulator

Open Mobile Alliance

Object Management

Group

Optical Node

Distribution Switch

Optical Network

Termination

Out-of-Band

OOK

OOO

OpEx

OpLT

OpTN

ORX

OS

OSA

OSC

OSD

OSGi

OSI

OSMINE

OSNR

OSP

OSPF

OSS

On-Off-Keying

Optical-Optical-

Optical

Operations

Expenditure

Optical Line

Termination

Optical Transport

Network

Optical Receiver

Operating System

Open Service Access

Optical Supervisory

Channel

On-Screen Display

Open Services

Gateway

Initiative

Open Systems

Interconnect

Operations

Systems

Modification for

the Integration of

Network Elements

Optical Signal-to-

Noise Ratio

Outside Plant

Open Shortest

Path First

Operational

Support System

OSSI OSS Interface

PIN

PIN

PING

PIP

PKI

PKT

PL

PLC

PLC

PLMN

PLT

PM

PMB

PMD

PMI

PMK

PML

PMP

PMT

Personal Identification

Number

Positive-Intrinsic-

Negative

Packet Internet

Gopher

Picture In Picture

Public Key

Infrastructure

Packet

Packet Loss

Packet Loss

Concealment

Powerline

Communications

Public Land

Mobile Network

Powerline

Telecommunications

Performance

Monitoring

Permanent

Message Buffer

Polarization

Mode Dispersion

Packet Multiplex

Interface

Pairwise Master Key

Packet Multiplex

Link

Point to MultiPoint

Program Map Table

PN

PNA

PO

POD

POH

PON

POP

POP3

POS

POTS

POTS

PPD

PPE

PPP

PPPoA

PPPoE

PPT

PPTP

PPV

PRBS

PRBS

PRCF

PRI

PRM

PRNG

PRV

PS

PS

PS

PS

PSA

PSI

PSIP

PSK

PSK

PSNR

PSP

PSP

PSQ

Program Number

Phone Network

Alliance

Purchase Order

Point of

Deployment

Path Overhead

Passive Optical

Network

Point Of Presence

Post Office

Protocol 3

Packet Over SONET

Plain Old

Telephone Service

Plain Old

Telephone System

Post-pickup Delay

Programmable

Processing Element

Point-to-Point

Protocol

PPP over ATM

Point-to-Point Protocol

over Ethernet

Power Passing Tap

Point-to-Point

Tunneling Protocol

Pay per View

Pseudo-Random

Binary Sequence

Pseudo-Random

Bits Stream

Positioning Radio

Coordination Function

Primary Rate Interface

Polarization

Recovery Module

Pseudo Random

Number Generators

Privacy

Policy Server

Portal Services

Power Supply

Provisioning

Server

PacketCable

Service Agreement

Program Specific

Information

Program & System

Information Protocol

Phase Shift Keying

PreShared Key

Peak Signal to

Noise Ratio

Packet Streaming

Protocol

Packet Success

Probability

Packet Streaming

Queue

OSW

OTDR

OTN

OTU-N

OTX

OUI

OWG

OXC

P2P

P2P

PACM

PAL

PAN

PAR

PARM

PAT

PAT

PBIA

PBP

PBR

PBX

PC

PC

PCI

PCM

PCMCIA

PCMM

PCR

PCR

PCS

P-CSCF

PDA

PDD

PDF

PDF

Optical Switch

Optical Time

Domain

Reflectometer

Optical Transition Node

Optical Transport Unit

Optical Transmitter

Organizationally

Unique Identifier

OnRamp

Working Group

Optical Cross Connect

Peer to Peer

Point to Point

Provisioning,

Activation,

Configuration &

Management

Phase Alternating Line

Personal Area

Network

Project

Authorization

Request

Parameter

Port Address

Termination

Program Association

Table

Personal

Broadband

Industry

Association

Personal Basis Profile

Policy Based Routing

Private Branch

Exchange

PacketCable

Personal

Computer

Peripheral

Component

Interconnect

Pulse Code

Modulation

Personal

Computer

Memory Card

PacketCable

Multimedia

Peak Cell Rate

Program Clock

Reference

Personal

Communications

System

Proxy-Call

State/Session

Control(ler)

Function

Personal Digital

Assistant

Post-dial Delay

Policy Distribution

Function

Probability Density

Function

PDG

PDH

PDI

PDL

PDP

PDU

PDW

PEG

PEP

PER

PES

PESQ

PHB

PHS

PHY

PID

PID

PIM

PIM-SM

PSQM

PSTN

PSTN

PTK

PTS

PTT

PTV

PVC

PVC

PVR

PWE3

QAM

QBP

QCC

QCS

QEF

Packet Data Gateway

Plesiochronous

Digital Hierarchy

Path Defect Indicator

Polarization

Dependent Loss

Policy Decision

Point

Protocol Data Unit

Polarization

Dependent

Wavelength

Public, Education,

Government

Policy Enforcement

Point

Packet Error Rate

Packetized

Elementary Stream

Perceptual Evaluation

of Speech Quality

Per-hop Behavior

Payload Header

Suppression

Physical (layer)

Packet Identifier

Program Identifier

Protocol Independent

Multicast

Protocol Independent

Multicast – Sparse

Mode

Perceptual

Spec Quality

Measurement

Public Switched

Telephone

Network

Public Switched

Telephone

Network

Pairwise

Temporal Key

Program

Transport Stream

Postal, Telegraph

& Telephone

PowerTV

Permanent

Virtual Circuit

Private Virtual

Circuit

Personal Video

Recorder

Pseudo-Wire

End-to-End

Working Group

Quadrature Amplitude

Modulation

QoS Boundary Point

QoS Characteristics

Management Client

QoS Characteristics

Management Server

Quasi-Error Free

QFM

QL

QL/BR

QLP

QoE

QOS

QPSK

R&D

R.H.

RACF

RACS

RADD

RADIUS

RAID

RAM

RAN

RAP

RAP

RARP

RBOC

RBW

RCA

QoS prioritized

Forwarding and

Media Access

Quantization Level

Quantization

Level/Bit Rate

Quantization

Level Processor

Quality of

Experience

Quality of Service

Quadrature Phase

Shift Keying

Research and

Development

Relative Humidity

Resource Access

Control Facility

Resource &

Admission Control

Function(s)

Remote Addressable

DANIS/DLS

Remote Authentication

Dial-in User Service

Redundant Array Of

Inexpensive Disks

Random Access

Memory

Radio Access Network

Regional Access

Point

Resource

Allocation Protocol

Reverse Address

Resolution Protocol

Regional Bell

Operating Company

Resolution Bandwidth

Root Cause Analysis

RCV Receiver

RDI

ReTP

ReCOM

REL

REQ

ResApp

RF

RFC

RFP

RG

RIAA

RIM

RIN

Remote Defect

Indicator

Real Time Protocol

Rear-Chassis

Output Module

Rights Expression

Language

Request

Resident Application

Radio Frequency

Request for

Comment

Request for

Proposal

Residential

Gateway

Recording Industry

Association of

America

Rear-Chassis

Input Module

Relative Intensity

Noise

159


Broadband Specification Guide

CATV & IPTV Acronyms

RIP

RISC

RJ

RKS

RM

RMS

RMX

RNOC

RO

ROADM

ROAP

ROB

ROI

ROM

RPD

RPM

RPR

RS

RSA

RSA

RSM

RSU

RSVP

RSVP-

TE

RT

RTI

RTN

RTOS

RTP

RTSP

RTT

RU

RW

RX

RZ

RZ-DPSK

s.f.

S/I

Routing Information

Protocol

Reduced Instruction

Set Computer

Registered Jack

Record-Keeping

Server

Resource Manager

Root Mean Square

Remux

Regional Network

Operations Center

Read Only

Re-configurable

Optical Add/Drop

Multiplexing

Rights Object

Acquisition Protocol

Return on

Bandwidth

Return on

Investment

Read Only

Memory

Return Path

Demodulator

Revolutions per

Minute

Resilient Packet Ring

Reed-Solomon

Reed-Solomon

Association

Rivest-Shawir-Adleman

(crypto algorithm)

Remote Satellite

Modulator

Resynchronization

Software Utility

Resource reSerVation

Protocol

Resource Reservation

Protocol with Traffic

Engineering

Real Time

Real Time Ingest

Regional Transport

Network

Real Time

Operating System

Real-time

Transport Protocol

Real Time

Streaming Protocol

Round-trip Time

Rack Unit

Rewind

Receiver

Return to Zero

Return to Zero

Differential Phase

Shift keying

Square Foot

Signal-to-

Interference Ratio

S/IMP

S/N

SAC

SAG

SAN

SAP

SAP

SARA

SAS

SATA

SAW

SB

SBC

SBCA

SBM

SBS

SBS

SBV

SBW

SC/APC

SCADA

S-CDMA

SCE

SCM

SCM

SCMS

SCN

SCN

SCO

SCP

SCPC

SCR

SCS

s-CSCF

Signal-to-Impulse

Ratio

Signal-to-Noise Ratio

Subscriber

Authorization Center

Synthetic Analog

Gateway

Storage Area Network

Secondary Audio

Program

Service Access Point

Scientific-Atlanta

Resident Application

Subscriber

Authorization System

Serial Advanced

Technology Attachment

Surface Acoustic

Wave

Switched Broadcast

Switched

Broadcast Client

Satellite Broadcasting

Communication

Association

Switched Broadcast

Manager

Stimulated Brilliouin

Scattering

Switched

Broadcast Server

Switched

Broadcast Video

Signal Bandwidth

Standard

Connector/Angled

Physical Contact

Supervisory Control

& Data Acquisition

Synchronous

Code Division

Multiple Access

Single Channel

Encoder

Stored Content

Manager

Sub-Carrier

Multiplexing

Serial Copy

Management

System

Service Class Name

Shared Content

Network

Synchronous

Connection Oriented

Service Control

Platform

Single Channel

Per Carrier

Silicon Controlled

Rectifier

Service

Capability Server

Serving-Call State/

Session Control(ler)

Function

SCSI

SCTE

SD

SDB

SDH

SDI

SDIO

SDK

SDL

SDM

SDMH

SDMI

SDP

SDPF

SDRAM

SDTV

SDV

SDVOD

SE

SEM

SEP

SeRTP

SERDES

SES