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Ecological networks in forestry - ECNC

Ecological networks in forestry - ECNC

Ecological networks in forestry -

For new forests and woodlands: • creation of new corridors and stepping stones through afforestation, for biomass production or for landscape enhancement, linked to socio-economic benefits, but implemented to include measures for the movement of wildlife (e.g. grassland strips, use of native tree species as far as possible or at least in strips and areas within plantations, avoidance of planting on or incorporation of existing areas of wildlife interest); • planning at a landscape level and the engagement of key stakeholders in the process. Policy relevance The development of ecological networks and corridors is recognized as an effective policy instrument for promoting nature conservation at both the European and global levels. The following policy instruments acknowledge the importance of enhancing connectivity at pan-European level: • The Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy (PEBLDS, 1995) calls for the conservation of biodiversity in Europe by promoting the establishment and the maintenance of a Pan–European Ecological Network (PEEN). • The importance of the sustainable management of European forests for the implementation of the PEEN has been emphasized by cooperation between the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe and the PEBLDS (Kyiv Resolution on Biodiversity, 2003). Working together for a sustainable future ECOLOGICAL NETWORKS in FORESTRY • The Vienna Resolution (2003) emphasizes the prevention and mitigation of biodiversity loss in forests due to fragmentation or conversion to other land uses and the establishment and maintenance of ecological connectivity. • Resolution H2 of the Second Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe 16-17 June 1993, Helsinki, Finland, gives General Guidelines for the Conservation of the Biodiversity of European Forests. • The Habitats Directive (1992) and the Birds Directive (1979) acknowledge the importance of landscape elements that enhance connectivity. This brochure was produced as part of the SEENET programme. For more infor- mation please contact us at seenet@seenet.info or visit www.seenet.info ECNC-European Centre for Nature Conservation© 2007 Written, edited and compiled by Dzintra Ailte, Dr Lawrence Jones-Walters, Agnes Bruszik, Ana Nieto and Hanneke Wijnja Photographs: Brabants Landschap, English Nature, Lifescape your Landscape References Bennett A. F. (2003) Linkages in the Landscape: The Role of Corridors and Connectivity in Wildlife Conservation. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), Committee on Environmental Policy (CEP) (2006), Revised guidelines for the application of environmental indicators in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia Van der Sluis, T., Bloemmen, M., Bouwma I. M. (2004) European Corridors: Strategies for Corridor Development for Target Species. ECNC, Tilburg, The Netherlands & Alterra http://www.unece.org/env/europe/monitoring/Donetsk/Indicators.% 20Guidelines.%20Consolidated.15.09.06.En.pdf www.seenet.info dam r o a d link water sea nature fish a g r i c u l t u re walking path forest bridge river water bog biodiversity buffer zone tourism tree ecological corridor feeding ponds region ecology policy dams sustainable development restoration area flower bat ecosystems core area bird transport law butterfly plants connectivity highway urban frogtunnel spatial planning earth future

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