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Christopher Columbus

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<strong>Christopher</strong> <strong>Columbus</strong><br />

Lucas


Overview<br />

India<br />

4 big travels<br />

Importance of his travels


„India“<br />

He thought it was India<br />

Quinsay (Quin-Sai)<br />

Caribbean islands<br />

Kuba<br />

San Salvador


4 big travels


Importance of his travels<br />

New products from America<br />

Potatoes<br />

Tabaco<br />

Knowledge from the Indians


BARTOLOMEU DIAZ<br />

Adhuresa


SYNOPSIS<br />

• born in 1450<br />

• explored the coast of Africa


Exepedition Around South Africa<br />

• 1488 sailed off the coast of South Africa<br />

• lost at sea during another expedititon


Ferdinand Magellan


Magellan<br />

• Portuguese sailor<br />

• born in 1480<br />

• wanted to try to reach south-east<br />

Asia by sailing westwards through<br />

South America<br />

• left Spain in 1519 with 5 ships & 260<br />

men


What happened in the Pacific?<br />

• Magellan and his men suffered<br />

terrible hunger<br />

• they ran out of fresh food<br />

• many died of scurvy (an illness<br />

caused by a lack of the vitamin C)


His death<br />

• He was killed in a fight with islanders<br />

on 27 th of April 1521<br />

• He had masterminded the first<br />

expedition to sail around the world, but<br />

he didn‘t complete the voyage himself


Jacques Cartier<br />

TANJA


Early life<br />

• was a French navigator<br />

• he was born in Saint-Malo, France in 1491<br />

• died in Saint-Malo in 1557


First voyage<br />

• explored the west coast of Newfoundland<br />

• saild through the Gulf of St. Lawrence<br />

• was sure to have reached an Asian land


Second voyage<br />

• king was impressed<br />

• was welcomed by the Iroquois<br />

• diamonds and gold


John Cabot<br />

L AU R A


facts<br />

•Italian explorer<br />

•→ England – voyages for King Henry


voyages<br />

•1497 sent to find a way to Asia<br />

•found Canada instead<br />

•claimed for England<br />

•1497 – reach Japan – vanished


One of the Greatest Sailors in History


Biography<br />

• 1728 village of Marton Yorkshire England<br />

• He also was an:<br />

• Astronomer<br />

• Explorer<br />

• Marine surveyor<br />

• Simple live<br />

• 18 years<br />

• 14th February (morning)<br />

• Killed by native warriors in Hawai


Places he traveled to<br />

• Australia<br />

• Asia<br />

• Canada<br />

• France<br />

• Hawaii<br />

• Antarctica<br />

• South Africa- and America<br />

• Tahiti<br />

• Myterious statues on Easter Island<br />

and much more<br />

• India<br />

• Norway


LIVING ON A SHIP<br />

Sandra


Content<br />

• What did they wear?<br />

• Where did they sleep?<br />

• What did they eat?


They wore…<br />

• tight, fitted breeches with stocking und buckled<br />

shoes<br />

• white shirts with a vest called waistcoat<br />

• long sleeved jacket<br />

• common sailors dress more casually:<br />

• slops and shirts


Where did they sleep?<br />

• high-ranking members own privat room<br />

• not large but they did offer the men a little bit of privacy<br />

• sailors slept on the mess deck in hammmocks<br />

• they also ate and relaxed there


What did they eat?<br />

• fruits and vegetables were difficult to keep fresh<br />

• dried, hard bread (hard tack)<br />

• dried, salted meat


Marco Polo<br />

A Venetian traveller


Early Life<br />

• Born on 15 September 1254 in Venice<br />

• Born in a family of traders<br />

• family stories of travel and adventures<br />

• two of the biggest loves of his life:<br />

– traveling and trading


The Trip


The later life<br />

• Involved in a naval conflict between Venice and Genoa<br />

• Captured by the Genoese<br />

• Prison meet with the writer Rustichello<br />

• Dictate his story of the travel to China<br />

• Died on 8 January 1324 in Venice


The books<br />

• Extremely popular<br />

• Translated into many other languages<br />

• Under many titles<br />

– The Million<br />

– The Travels of Marco Polo


PEDRO CABRAL<br />

MATTHIAS


• was born 1467 in Belmonte, Portugal<br />

• died 1520 in Santarèm, Portugal<br />

• was a Portuguese navigator and explorer<br />

• He was the discoverer of Brazil<br />

• Portugal set up colonies in Brazil and farmed sugar<br />

cane<br />

• That's the reason why Portuguese is spoken in Brazil


PIRATES OF THE<br />

CARIBBEAN<br />

Magdalena


INFORMATION<br />

Producer: Jerry Bruckheimer<br />

Life and adventures of Captain Jack Sparrow<br />

Famous actors: Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightley<br />

4 films till now<br />

2017 – 5th film


THE CURSE OF THE BLACK PEARL<br />

Plans of Sparrow to capture the Black Pearl back<br />

Love between Will Turner and Elizabeth Swann<br />

Curse of Captain Barbossa and his crew


DEAD MAN’S CHEST<br />

Sparrow races to recover the Heart of Davy Jones – avoid<br />

enslaving his soul<br />

Friends and foes search for the heart as well


AT WORLD’S END<br />

Saving Jack Sparrow from the land of the dead<br />

Final fight between Davy Jones and Jack Sparrow


ON STRANGER TIDES<br />

Without Will Turner and Elizabeth Swann<br />

Sparrow crosses paths with a woman from past<br />

Love or ruthless con artist?<br />

Fountain of Youth<br />

Pirate Blackbeard


PIRATES


WHAT ARE PIRATES?<br />

Robbers on the sea


HISTORY<br />

First Pirates more than 3000 years ago<br />

Starting point = Mediteranian sea<br />

Big danger for the trading<br />

Romans started a war against the Pirates<br />

Fighted in the „Holy war“ between the Muslims and Christians


Sir Francis Drake<br />

1540–1596


Sir Francis Drake<br />

• He was an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and<br />

politician of the Elizabethan era.<br />

• Drake carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a<br />

single expedition, from 1577 to 1580.


• 1580: arrived back in England’s Plymouth Harbor<br />

• was honored as the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe<br />

• Queen Elizabeth personally knighted him aboard the Golden Hind


Sir Walter Raleigh<br />

Christian


His Life<br />

*1554<br />

29 th of October 1618 executed<br />

1595 South America expedition<br />

1603 sentenced to death<br />

13 years in prison, free again<br />

Guayana expedition, arrested again<br />

executed

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