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Christopher Columbus

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Christopher Columbus

Lucas


Overview

India

4 big travels

Importance of his travels


„India“

He thought it was India

Quinsay (Quin-Sai)

Caribbean islands

Kuba

San Salvador


4 big travels


Importance of his travels

New products from America

Potatoes

Tabaco

Knowledge from the Indians


BARTOLOMEU DIAZ

Adhuresa


SYNOPSIS

• born in 1450

• explored the coast of Africa


Exepedition Around South Africa

• 1488 sailed off the coast of South Africa

• lost at sea during another expedititon


Ferdinand Magellan


Magellan

• Portuguese sailor

• born in 1480

• wanted to try to reach south-east

Asia by sailing westwards through

South America

• left Spain in 1519 with 5 ships & 260

men


What happened in the Pacific?

• Magellan and his men suffered

terrible hunger

• they ran out of fresh food

• many died of scurvy (an illness

caused by a lack of the vitamin C)


His death

• He was killed in a fight with islanders

on 27 th of April 1521

• He had masterminded the first

expedition to sail around the world, but

he didn‘t complete the voyage himself


Jacques Cartier

TANJA


Early life

• was a French navigator

• he was born in Saint-Malo, France in 1491

• died in Saint-Malo in 1557


First voyage

• explored the west coast of Newfoundland

• saild through the Gulf of St. Lawrence

• was sure to have reached an Asian land


Second voyage

• king was impressed

• was welcomed by the Iroquois

• diamonds and gold


John Cabot

L AU R A


facts

•Italian explorer

•→ England – voyages for King Henry


voyages

•1497 sent to find a way to Asia

•found Canada instead

•claimed for England

•1497 – reach Japan – vanished


One of the Greatest Sailors in History


Biography

• 1728 village of Marton Yorkshire England

• He also was an:

• Astronomer

• Explorer

• Marine surveyor

• Simple live

• 18 years

• 14th February (morning)

• Killed by native warriors in Hawai


Places he traveled to

• Australia

• Asia

• Canada

• France

• Hawaii

• Antarctica

• South Africa- and America

• Tahiti

• Myterious statues on Easter Island

and much more

• India

• Norway


LIVING ON A SHIP

Sandra


Content

• What did they wear?

• Where did they sleep?

• What did they eat?


They wore…

• tight, fitted breeches with stocking und buckled

shoes

• white shirts with a vest called waistcoat

• long sleeved jacket

• common sailors dress more casually:

• slops and shirts


Where did they sleep?

• high-ranking members own privat room

• not large but they did offer the men a little bit of privacy

• sailors slept on the mess deck in hammmocks

• they also ate and relaxed there


What did they eat?

• fruits and vegetables were difficult to keep fresh

• dried, hard bread (hard tack)

• dried, salted meat


Marco Polo

A Venetian traveller


Early Life

• Born on 15 September 1254 in Venice

• Born in a family of traders

• family stories of travel and adventures

• two of the biggest loves of his life:

– traveling and trading


The Trip


The later life

• Involved in a naval conflict between Venice and Genoa

• Captured by the Genoese

• Prison meet with the writer Rustichello

• Dictate his story of the travel to China

• Died on 8 January 1324 in Venice


The books

• Extremely popular

• Translated into many other languages

• Under many titles

– The Million

– The Travels of Marco Polo


PEDRO CABRAL

MATTHIAS


• was born 1467 in Belmonte, Portugal

• died 1520 in Santarèm, Portugal

• was a Portuguese navigator and explorer

• He was the discoverer of Brazil

• Portugal set up colonies in Brazil and farmed sugar

cane

• That's the reason why Portuguese is spoken in Brazil


PIRATES OF THE

CARIBBEAN

Magdalena


INFORMATION

Producer: Jerry Bruckheimer

Life and adventures of Captain Jack Sparrow

Famous actors: Johnny Depp, Orlando Bloom, Keira Knightley

4 films till now

2017 – 5th film


THE CURSE OF THE BLACK PEARL

Plans of Sparrow to capture the Black Pearl back

Love between Will Turner and Elizabeth Swann

Curse of Captain Barbossa and his crew


DEAD MAN’S CHEST

Sparrow races to recover the Heart of Davy Jones – avoid

enslaving his soul

Friends and foes search for the heart as well


AT WORLD’S END

Saving Jack Sparrow from the land of the dead

Final fight between Davy Jones and Jack Sparrow


ON STRANGER TIDES

Without Will Turner and Elizabeth Swann

Sparrow crosses paths with a woman from past

Love or ruthless con artist?

Fountain of Youth

Pirate Blackbeard


PIRATES


WHAT ARE PIRATES?

Robbers on the sea


HISTORY

First Pirates more than 3000 years ago

Starting point = Mediteranian sea

Big danger for the trading

Romans started a war against the Pirates

Fighted in the „Holy war“ between the Muslims and Christians


Sir Francis Drake

1540–1596


Sir Francis Drake

• He was an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and

politician of the Elizabethan era.

• Drake carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a

single expedition, from 1577 to 1580.


• 1580: arrived back in England’s Plymouth Harbor

• was honored as the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe

• Queen Elizabeth personally knighted him aboard the Golden Hind


Sir Walter Raleigh

Christian


His Life

*1554

29 th of October 1618 executed

1595 South America expedition

1603 sentenced to death

13 years in prison, free again

Guayana expedition, arrested again

executed

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