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ong>Ghentong>putsknowledgeto workKnowledge,a driver forprosperityp 7A dense networkof knowledgeactorsInvesting in theong>Ghentong> knowledgeregionp 17 p 39Living andworking in ong>Ghentong>p 575

Knowledge,a driver forprosperityThe importance of knowledge as aresource for social development andeconomic activity is huge. Knowledge isgaining more and more importance inboth the industry and services sectors.The City of ong>Ghentong> has therefore setitself the goal of joining forces and isturning the conurbation into a powerfulknowledge region.Gent BC ©7

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Knowledge,a driver forprosperityA smart growthstrategyp 11From efficiency toinnovation throughknowledgeGet to knowong>Ghentong>p 11 p 12A never-endinginflux of new talentp 14 p 14Working in aknowledgeintensivecityRoom forinnovationp 149

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Knowledge, a driver forprosperityA smart growth strategyLife is good in Flanders. Having paid greatattention to efficiency and increased productivitylevels, over the past decades we have producedmore wealth than the other Belgian regions,neighboring countries and the rest of Europe.On a global scale, our high labor productivity haseven elevated Flanders to the status of productivitychampion, while explaining, to a large extent,our high standard of living. Furthermore, ourmultilingualism and our eagerness to learnhave allowed us to look beyond our borders foreconomies of scale to reduce the cost of ourindustrial processes.From efficiency to innovationthrough knowledgeFlanders has chosen to switch to aninnovation-driven economy, based on thevalorization of the available knowledge.In this growth strategy, creativity andentrepreneurship are important conditions forcompetitiveness. Investing in the application ofknowledge and innovation, in the broadest sense,is required to ensure sustainable growth and jobcreation.In Flanders, we therefore spare no effort to findways to translate R&D results into concretemarket applications. In this process, we also seek toinvolve as many foreign companies and knowledgeworkers as possible, because we believe thatworking together leads to a win-win situation for all.The location of Flanders in the heart ofEuropean decision-making centers certainly makesour region the ideal hub from which foreignpartners can tap new markets.However, due to the rapid emergence of a numberof new players in the world economy such as Chinaand India, unprecedented competition has beenraging in Europe for a number of years. This meansthat cost competitiveness remains a growingchallenge for Flanders.In fact, the new economic players enjoy significantcost advantages, which puts pressure on the pricesof the traditional European industries. If weare to maintain the competitiveness of Flemishcompanies, we must fully invest in a smarter way tocreate added value. Knowledge and innovation mustbe the basic ingredients in this recipe for success.Given our high level of training and education, ourcentral location and our well-established talent forconstantly looking for synergies and partnerships,we already have a lot of assets to turn the tide ofnew economic challenges in our favor.VIB ©Ugent ©11

Get to know ong>Ghentong>Thanks to its leading position in basic research andknowledge acquisition, ong>Ghentong> is a strong economicdriver for growth in Flanders. The city has placedthe development of the knowledge economy onits agenda as a valuable area of policy, aimed atfostering innovation and supporting entrepreneurswith expert>Ghentong> is the birthplace of biotechnology in theregion. In recent years the city of Artevelde hasemerged as the pivot of the Flemish biotech.The clustering of high-tech bio-business (includingInnogenetics, Devgen, CropDesign), in synergy withthe laboratories of the ong>Ghentong> University Associationand VIB in the Ardoyen Science Park has played amajor part in this development.During the last century, the port was a majoreconomic hub for Belgium and Europe; it isnow poised to act as a vital link in the emergingknowledge industry. With a workforce of over70,000 people, it handles around 48 million tons offreight annually.In addition, ong>Ghentong> has managed to strengthenits economic assets in recent decades with a verystrong reputation for hospitality, open-mindednessand quality of life. ong>Ghentong> is a young city with avibrant cultural life that pays tribute to its>Ghentong> is a wonderful and compact city,complete with medieval castles. ong>Ghentong>people are very friendly, polite,andlittle reserved. I find it always difficultto choose from the wide varietyof breads, beers and chocolate.Amir-Behzad Samii (Iran), Professor ofOperations Management, Vlerick Leuven GentManagement School.Alongside advanced industrial biotechcompanies, ong>Ghentong> Bio-Energy Valley (GBEV)also accommodates service providers and publicpartners. GBEV will expand the Port of ong>Ghentong>,among others, into an internationally recognizedgrowth area of industrial bio-energy products andactivities.VIB © Stad Gent ©12

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A never-ending influx of newtalentDue to the wide variety of third-level institutions inong>Ghentong>, the city has the largest student populationin Flanders. Every year, as many as 67,000students prepare themselves here for the workinglife. Each college offers a broad range of socialservices, allowing students to blossom in optimumconditions.Young people will flock en masse to ong>Ghentong>, mainlyto attend its renowned university. ong>Ghentong> Universityis recognized worldwide as one of the best scientificresearch institutes.The university was honored in the scientificmagazine The Scientist, specifically for itsachievements in the field of life sciences. Inaddition to the University, ong>Ghentong> also boastsseveral colleges and a high number of otherresearch institutes. The large influx of students notonly has an important rejuvenating effect on thedemographic pyramid of the City, it also ensuresthat the knowledge pool is constantly supplied withfresh talent. The knowledge companies that cometo ong>Ghentong> to set up activities are assured of a smoothcooperation with various universities. For instance,this is illustrated by the growing numbers of PhDstudents and of doctorates awarded, the numberof publications, and the number of patents that aregranted each year within the city limits.Working in a knowledgeintensivecityIn ong>Ghentong>, paid employment is characterized bya specialization in knowledge-intensive sectors.92,000 workers are employed by companies whichuse knowledge as their main raw material. That’s60% of the total number of wage earners. This ratiois well above the average in Flanders. Furthermore,12,000 self-employed professionals are also activein knowledge-intensive sectors.A significant portion of knowledge workers areemployed in the high and medium tech productionsectors, where the automotive sector and itssuppliers in particular would play a major role. Thestrong presence of biotech companies in the ong>Ghentong>region is also crucial.The wealth creation in the ong>Ghentong> region (based ongross domestic product per capita) is among thehighest in Flanders. This is particularly good newsfor a prosperous future. Indeed, it is necessary toensure significant wealth creation to structurallyimprove competitiveness and guaranteeemployment with full-fledged, quality jobs.Room for innovationong>Ghentong>’s local government is well aware that itsambition to see the region grow into an economicarea of knowledge and innovation at internationallevel is only possibly through cooperation. It isimperative that all actors in the city join forces.The City of ong>Ghentong> has therefore entered keypartnerships.In 2006, for example, an agreement wasconcluded with the university to work closely onthe development of a favorable environment forthe further development of knowledge activity.This involved, among other things, putting moreemphasis on increasing the supply of infrastructurefor the establishment of knowledge-intensive firms.It goes without saying that the availability, todayand in the future, of space for knowledge activityin science parks, sites earmarked for knowledgecompanies and incubators is certainly crucial for acity that embraces the knowledge economy.Science is everywhere in this universitytown, and is supported by the government.As a researcher I have access to a largerange of facilities such as libraries,different faculties, conferences andseminars.Dmitriy Borodin (Russia), PostdoctoralResearcher at Production Information SystemsLaboratory, ong>Ghentong> University14

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A densenetwork ofknowledgeactorsong>Ghentong> BCp 20Hogeschool GentUniversity Collegeong>Ghentong> Universityp 21ArteveldehogeschoolUniversity Collegep 24 p 24 p 26Vlerick LeuvenGent ManagementSchool p 23KaHo Sint-Lievenong>Ghentong> TechnologyCampusInterdisciplinaryInstitute forBroadbandTechnology (IBBT)p 26ong>Ghentong> UniversityHospitalResearch Center forthe Application ofSteel (OCAS)p 27 p 29 p 29Center forResearch inMetallurgy (CRM)Clustap 30 p 30Belgian WeldingInstituteStrategic InitiativeMaterials (SIM)Flanders MaterialsCenter (Flamac, adivision of SIM)p 30 p 31 p 32CentexbelFlanders Institute forBiotechnology (VIB)ong>Ghentong> Bio EnergyValley(ILVO)p 34 p 36 p 36Institute forAgriculture andFisheries Research19

A dense network ofknowledge actorsong>Ghentong> BCThe agreement concluded in 2006 between the Cityof ong>Ghentong> and ong>Ghentong> University not only focuses oncollaboration on “Space for a knowledge economy”.it also entails the promotion of entrepreneurshipand innovation in the ong>Ghentong> region and raising theprofile of ong>Ghentong> as a knowledge region.specific workshops and conferences are held tospeed up the transfer of knowledge from researchinstitutions to industrial applications.As a knowledge platform, ong>Ghentong> BC is supportedand partly financed by the European RegionalDevelopment Fund (ERDF).One of the actions toward this goal was to launchthe ong>Ghentong> Big in Creativity (ong>Ghentong> BC) knowledgeplatform. ong>Ghentong> BC is an online and real-lifenetwork that brings together all the actors inthe field of technological entrepreneurshipand innovation and provides information onentrepreneurship and innovation.The ong>Ghentong> region has secured a significant leadin terms of technological knowledge. The aimof the knowledge platform is to build on to thatadvance by combining and reinforcing the effortsof the actors in the ong>Ghentong> knowledge economy,boosting technological entrepreneurship in theong>Ghentong> knowledge region and promoting the ong>Ghentong>knowledge region in Flanders and abroad.Once a month, ong>Ghentong> BC organizes a BusinessCafé where researchers and entrepreneurscan exchange views on technology, innovationand entrepreneurship. In addition, often incollaboration with partners in the region as well,www.gentbc.beDribbling with Science in 2009 Theevent was attended by over 180 participants(athletes, trainers, physiotherapists,coaches, physicians, researchers). Itsobjective: bring together those involved insoccer in Flanders and the Netherlands toinform them on how research can contributein the world of football. Renownedresearchers from ong>Ghentong> University, theUniversity of Groningen and VU UniversityAmsterdam presented recent scientificfindings and practical tips on talent identification,injury prevention, the analysis oftraining and competition and technologicaldevelopments in that sport.Exchange for Feed, Food and HealthInternational conference with over 150participants from research institutes inFlanders and from the industry (food, feedand health sector).Gent BC ©Gent BC ©20

ong>Ghentong> UniversityAt ong>Ghentong> University more than 130 research groupsspread across 11 departments offer high qualityresearch-based courses in all scientific disciplines.The campuses are scattered across the city, fromthe historical center to the green suburbs.Renowned research centers and specializedlaboratories attached to the university are active ina variety of scientific fields. A number of projectsUgent ©Ugent ©in disciplines such as history, biotechnology,aquaculture and microelectronics have attainedinternational recognition and even world fame.Moreover, many innovative companies are rooted inresearch stemming from ong>Ghentong>.A very strong international presenceThe active internationalization policy is, on theone hand, reinforced by strategic alliances withuniversities in neighboring countries and, on theother, by a targeted commitment towards growthpoles such as China and India. The universityboasts a long-standing tradition when it comes tocooperating in research and development. Manycollaborative development projects are basedon research work in the Bioscience Engineeringand Science faculties. The number of doctoratesawarded by the university has been growingsteadily in recent years. As many as 20% of the 438doctoral theses in 2009 were defended by foreignPhD students. Meanwhile, the number of spin-offscontinues to rise year after year: in 2008 there were5, in 2009 already 7.Close ties with the industryApproximately 30% of research funds come fromthe private sector, a figure that clearly illustratesthe close interdependency between the universityand industry. Research-based companiesseeking infrastructure and support can establishthemselves in two purpose-built science parks.Because of the high concentration of researchgroups from the university and the presence ofVIB (biotech), IMEC (nanotechnology), IBBT(broadband and ICT) and SIM (materials), theArdoyen science park in ong>Ghentong> (Zwijnaarde) is anideal location for high-technology, R&D-basedcompanies. In Ostend, about 60 km from ong>Ghentong>, onthe North Sea coast, the Greenbridge Science Parkfacilitates research into and applications of newenergy technologies.A university with global ambitionsFive multi-disciplinary research platforms wereselected over the past years in order to takethe lead at international level. On average, theyreceive 2.5 million Euro in research funding and5 additional professor positions. This researchis directed at the areas of inflammation andimmunity, neurosciences, nano- and biophotonics,bioinformatics, and biotechnology for a sustainableeconomy. ong>Ghentong> University is conductingother projects ranking it among the world topinstitutions. These include building a new datacenter with a high-performance supercomputer forscientific research and the creation of five doctoraltraining centers. The relaunch of TechTransfer,which detects opportunities for technologicalinnovation and is responsible for the developmentand commercialization of knowledge andtechnologies out of university research, is bound toreinforce the university’s activities.21

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ong>Ghentong> University in shortong>Ghentong> University is one of the leadinguniversities in the Dutch speakingregion. It is an open, socially committedand pluralistic university with a broadinternational perspective.With over 33,000 students, ong>Ghentong>University is one the largest universities inFlanders and Belgium. Many of its researchgroups are world-famous. A researchposition there is appealing, also due to theavailable research budgets and relativelylow teaching load.• Staff: 7,500 employees, including 67%researchers (more than 80 nationalities)• R&D budget in 2009: 212 million Eurowww.UGent.beVlerick Leuven GentManagement SchoolWith the Vlerick Leuven Gent ManagementSchool, ong>Ghentong> boasts an international academicbusiness school with international standing.The research into and training in management,entrepreneurship and leadership developmentbegan back in 1953 under the auspices of ong>Ghentong>University. Today, the autonomous businessschool enjoys a unique partnership with the twolargest Belgian universities, ong>Ghentong> and Leuven,and involves more than 250 organizations in itsresearch work. Its campuses are located in Leuven,ong>Ghentong> and St Petersburg (Russia). The School hasalso entered partnerships with Beijing University(China) and the University of Stellenbosch BusinessSchool (South Africa). The school’s researchersare in contact with many international researchcenters. In this context, it is mainly through peerVlerick Leuven Gent ManagementSchool in shortThe Vlerick Leuven Gent ManagementSchool offers three accreditations:AACSB, Equis and AMBA. It is also makingits way up business school rankings,such as those established by the FinancialTimes or the Economist. Every year,some 800 students follow master’s andMBA studies, while approximately 6,000executives attend management developmentprograms.• Staff: 180 employees, including 116researchers• R&D budget in 2009: 6 million Eurowww.vlerick.be23networks that they develop fruitful collaborations.They present the knowledge in their specific fieldat leading world conferences. For many foreignworkers, the attraction of the business school liesin the widely available financial and technologicalresources it offers and its exceptional reputation>Ghentong> is a wonderful city for expats tolive in. The rich history and tradition,combined with the lively atmosphere of acollege town offer an academic like me astimulating environment for my stay here.There are no typical urban problems here;instead there are loads of great places todiscover.Deva Rangarajan (India), Associate Professor,Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School.Ugent ©

Hogeschool Gent UniversityCollegeThe wide range of professional bachelor andacademic bachelor studies, as well as master’sprograms in various disciplines, from Engineeringto arts, offered at the Hogeschool Gent UniversityCollege creates a strong added value for researchand potential collaborations. Some 450 researchersparticipate in more than 300 national andinternational research projects.These focus mainly on applied training andresearch aimed at the social, economic andcultural fabric of the region. Drawing fromimmediately applicable expertise, HogeschoolGent is increasingly profiling itself as a partner ininnovation for SMEs and nonprofit organizations.Arteveldehogeschool UniversityCollegeArteveldehogeschool University College provideseducation, research and services in health, socialcommunity work, education, commercial sciencesand business administration, industrial sciencesand technology. It offers a comprehensive choice ofcourses with 15 professional bachelor’s programs.The largest Catholic university college in Flanderswith 9,600 students, Arteveldehogeschoolputs specific emphasis on projects relating tosustainability and entrepreneurship. It boastsmany achievements as regards the developmentof methodologies and materials for practicalapplications.On the international scene, the university collegehas recently been in the limelight following:--The making of the short film Candy Darlingby Sylvia Defrance, which has won manyinternational awards;--The optimization of the cultivation of the kiwiberry;--The development of an equipment bag forNASA, premiered by ong>Ghentong> born astronaut ISScommander Frank De Winne.Ugent ©24

Hogeschool Gent in shortEducation, research and the provision ofsocial services are the key objectives ofHogeschool Gent University College.It seeks to promote a critical, creative andopen society through the expertise of itsstaff and graduates, and the valorizationof its research. Hogeschool Gent hasa strong research profile and, with its17,000 students, 22 professional bachelorcourses, 14 academic bachelor coursesand 25 master’s programs is the largestuniversity college in Belgium.• Staff: 2,300 employees, including 487researchers (72 international staff,including 26 researchers• R&D budget in 2009: 16 million EuroArteveldehogeschool in shortNot only is ArteveldehogeschoolUniversity College deeply embedded in theong>Ghentong> network regrouping the University,knowledge centers and industry, it hasalso concluded strategic alliances withorganizations in Canada, Ecuador, Turkey,Vietnam and South Africa. Under theSixth European Framework Programme,it is pioneering ‘ALADDIN’, a SpecificTargeted Research Project in e-health,with 10 partners from Belgium, Hungary,Slovenia, the United Kingdom, Ireland,Italy and Greece.• Staff: 1,050 employees, including 53researchers• R&D budget in 2009: 1.7 million Euroin 2007 (the last years: 5% of operatingincome from projects)www.hogent.bewww.arteveldehs.beStad Gent ©25

KaHo SintLievenong>Ghentong> Technology CampusThe ong>Ghentong> Technology Campus of the CatholicUniversity College Hogeschool Sint-Lieven (KaHoSint-Lieven) offers courses in industrial engineeringand a variety of bachelor’s programs in fieldssuch as agriculture and biotechnology, businessmanagement, biomedical laboratory technology,chemistry, electromechanics and electronics-ICT.The education-related technological research ishighly focused on implementation.KaHo Sint -Lieven ong>Ghentong>Technology Campus in shortTogether with companies and/or theFlemish agency for Innovation by Scienceand Technology (IWT), KaHo Sint-Lievenconducts basic research in the fields ofsustainable building and geomatics; meattechnology; enzyme, fermentation andbrewing technology; materials mechanics;products and processes; mechanicsand control of drive systems; electricalenergy, data mining and process control;wireless & mobile communications andsecurity; automated planning, schedulingand timetabling (IT). Collective researchis carried out into scent and flavortechnology, as well as energy saving usinglight (lighting technology).Yet, through its direct link to basic researchon the one hand and business experience andentrepreneurship on the other, it constitutesan ideal breeding ground for innovation. 3,300students attend KaHo Sint-Lieven. In 20 years’ timeKaHo Sint-Lieven ong>Ghentong> Technology Campus hasgrown into a renowned research center involvedin regional, national and international R&Dpartnerships.Three spin-offs were born out of theKaHo campus: Indurium EngineeringServices, which analyzes the influence ofmechanical and thermal loads on complexstructures and products; the biotechcompany Fugeia, which (together withK.U.Leuven) has developed a methodto extract fiber from wheat bran; andEngineering and Solutions in Transportand Logistics (ESTL), which developssolutions for cargo lost during transport.• Staff: 500 employees, including 180researchers• R&D budget in 2009: 4.5 million Eurowww.kahosl.beInterdisciplinary Institute forBroadband Technology (IBBT)To achieve economic and social impact throughinnovation in ICT, that is the IBBT’s mission.Maintaining a close cooperation with industrialpartners, nonprofit organizations and governmentis key in this respect. This ensures that researchfindings are translated smoothly into marketableproducts and services. To that end, the researchinstitute also participates in many ICT relatedconsultation structures and network organizationsin Flanders and Europe. Since its inception in 2005,the IBBT has given birth to six spin-offs. Because oftheir close link with IBBT, some of them are housedin iCubes, the IBBT’s business center in the heart ofong>Ghentong>. VRT-medialab, the technology research unitof the Flemish public TV broadcasting company,and other innovative starter enterprises are alsoestablished>Ghentong> looks like a fairytale city withgingerbread houses and two rivers thatseem to lap quietly along the streets. Butunderneath this facade, ong>Ghentong> is bubblinglike a steamy research and educationfactory, which challenges you to lookfurther, to ask questions and dare to think.Nora Srzentic (Croatia), Research Assistant inFinancial Economics, ong>Ghentong> University26

ong>Ghentong> University HospitalIBBT in shortIBBT stimulates innovation in ICTthrough over 100 projects with more than300 organizations. Its goal? The jointdevelopment of innovative applications byinterdisciplinary teams in a whole rangeof areas: from healthcare, mobility andlogistics, culture and media to green ICT.In addition to technology, at every stage ofthe research consideration is given to suchissues as usability, policy, legislation andbusiness models.• Staff: 120 employees, including 90researchers (9 nationalities)• R&D budget in 2009: 23.2 million Eurowww.ibbt.beong>Ghentong> University Hospital is a leading care andresearch center in Flanders. With more than 1,000beds and over 5,600 employees it stands for highlyspecialized, quality and patient-friendly care. Everyday about 3,000 patients are diagnosed, monitoredor treated in a wide range of specialties.The provision of optimum care and comfort topatients is the number one priority of all physicians,ong>Ghentong> University Hospital in shortThe hospital’s annual budget is approximately500 million Euro. The hospitalhas state-of-the-art technology at its disposal,both for care and research: 3 CTscans, 4 CAT labs, 2 angiography rooms,3 MRI scanners (1 Tesla, 1.5 Tesla and 3Tesla), 4 linear accelerators, 1 EP examroom, 1 PET scanner, 1 PET-CT scanner,and 1 cyclotron.Each year, there are about 500,000 outpatientsat the hospital, while 30,000procedures are carried out in theoperating theaters.• Staff: 5,600 employees• Budget: 500 million Euronurses and other health experts there.As a teaching hospital, ong>Ghentong> University Hospitalalso plays an important part in scientific researchand training. It therefore works in close cooperationwith the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences ofong>Ghentong> University. Over 400 medical specialists aretrained at ong>Ghentong> University Hospital.As a research center, ong>Ghentong> University Hospitalaccounts for more than 1,000 A1 publications eachyear based on translational and clinical researchin several laboratories and directly in the clinic.The research focuses on genetics, immunology/inflammation, neurosciences and oncology amongother fields.www.uzgent.beChristophe Vander Eecken©27

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The ong>Ghentong> area has traditionally been home to athriving steel industry. It has produced a rich knowledgenetwork over the years.Research Center for theApplication of Steel (OCAS)OCAS was set up to develop skills and knowledgein the areas of steel and metal. On this basis, theresearch center works together with its customerson steel applications and solutions.OCAS valorizes its knowledge through spinoffs,joint ventures and licensing. OCAS employsresearchers representing 16 different nationalitiesto answer research questions from all over theworld. It collaborates closely with ArcelorMittal andother companies in the industry, with non-profitorganizations and several Belgian and internationaluniversities.Center for Research inMetallurgy (CRM)CRM studies the synergy between process andproduct aspects of the steel industry. It has amodern laboratory equipped with state-of-theartsimulators used to optimize products andprocesses. Enjoying an excellent reputation, theresearch center maintains close ties with industrialpartners at home and abroad and participatesactively in European projects. A recent partnershipwith OCAS and the establishment of the jointventure Metal Processing Center with ArcelorMittalwill allow the center to expand further its expertiseinternationally.OCAS in shortOCAS, the high-tech, market-orientedresearch center for steel applications islocated in the Port of ong>Ghentong>. It is a jointventure between the Flemish governmentand ArcelorMittal that is very activein ong>Ghentong>. It offers strong expertise inmetallurgy, coating development and steelapplications research.• Staff: 140 employees, including 75researchers (16 nationalities)• R&D budget in 2009: 17 million Euro• Locations: Headquartered in Zelzate,metallurgical lab in Zwijnaarde with anextension under construction also inZwijnaarde (opening planned in 2011)www.ocas.beong>Ghentong> may look like a medieval city,but by contrast, it is mainly populatedby young people.For me it is the most vibrant andlivable city in Belgium.Farhan Azmat Ali (Pakistan), student, ong>Ghentong>UniversityCRM in shortCRM carries out demand driven researchfor the metals industry. The emphasisis on developing new products whosemechanical properties are improvedthrough new compositions and processinnovation, and on the optimization ofrolling processes (improved productivity,lower energy consumption, lessmaintenance, etc.).• Staff: 21 employees, including 10researchers (4 from abroad)• R&D budget in 2009: 2.6 million Euro(for the Zwijnaarde department)www.crmeur.com29

ClustaBelgian Welding InstituteClusta is the recognized umbrella organization forthe steel plating industry. The organization strivesto raise knowledge among the Flemish metal SMEsby conducting R&D with them and hence creatinga lever for innovation. Based on its own research,Clusta also organizes training and seminars topromote innovation. Wanting to keep its finger onthe pulse, Clusta is a member of regional, Flemishand European innovation networks. In the shortterm, the local network is set to become evenstronger through an intensive collaboration withOCAS, BWI (Belgian Welding Institute) and SIM(Strategic Initiative Materials).The Belgian Welding Institute (BWI) conductsresearch on welding and joining of metals andalloys. It focuses on new processes, test capabilitiesand applications. The BWI is planning to setup a Metal Structures Center in Zwijnaarde, incollaboration with OCAS and ong>Ghentong> University.Bringing together 200 researchers, the center willwork on durable metal constructions for the energymarket.Strategic Initiative Materials(SIM)Clusta in shortThanks to its scale and knowledge of theFlemish market, Clusta is able to meetnew needs rapidly. The experiencedClusta consultants focus mainly on smallbusinesses, as they can best use thesupport offered by organization.• Staff: 7 employees including 4 FTEresearchers)• R&D budget in 2009: 500,000 Eurowww.clusta.beBWI in shortThe BWI conducts highly specializedresearch and is affiliated to a networkof global exchange laboratories. Theorganization is also an active memberof the International Institute of Welding(IIW) and the European Federation forWelding, Joining and Cutting (EWF).• Staff: 24 employees, including 18 researchers• R&D budget in 2009: 2.8 million Eurowww.bilibs.beSIM is a virtual research organization groupingexisting research centers on materials in Flanders.Its primary goal is to conduct theme-based strategicresearch within international partnerships forthe benefit of Flemish companies. All the Flemishuniversities and companies from the Flemishmaterials industries are represented on the SIMmanagement board.The open innovation structure was designed toallow a maximum of Flemish companies, especiallySMEs, to market the knowledge thus developed.Research centers involved in SIM projects are fullyreimbursed. Participating companies are directlysubsidized by the IWT (agency for Innovation byScience and Technology).30

SIM is headquartered in the ZwijnaardeTechnology Park, where in 2011 a numberof materials-related research centers (e.g.OCAS, Sirris, Clusta, BWI, CRM, ong>Ghentong>University’s Department of Metallurgy andMaterials Science, and ong>Ghentong> University’sMagnel Laboratory for Concrete Research)will be united under one roof.Stad Gent ©Flanders Materials Center(Flamac, a division of SIM)Flamac specializes in developing high-throughputtechnologies for accelerated materials research andin conducting research based on these technologies.To this end Flamac has established a number ofunique automated systems. Flamac belongs to aninternational network of universities, collectivecenters and industrial partners. Every year,the research center organizes an internationalconference on high-throughput materialsresearch involving many researchers and industryrepresentatives.SIM in shortSIM is the virtual research organizationgrouping all existing Flemish knowledgecenters on materials. The three centralresearch themes are Materials for Lightand Energy, Sustainable StructuralMaterials and Nanomaterials.Within each of these areas, sustainabilityand ‘cradle-to-cradle’ constitute thepriority issues and constraints.• R&D budget for the period May 2009 toDecember 2011: 14.47 million Eurowww.sim flanders.beFlamac in shortAs a department within the StrategicInitiative Materials (SIM), Flamac focuseson high-throughput technologies.Its aim is to significantly accelerate andbroaden innovative research on newmaterials. With this in mind, it employspurpose-designed equipment and itsstrong expertise towards the highthroughputdevelopment of coatings, inks,cosmetics, detergents, alloys and ceramicmaterials to name but a few.• Staff: 9 employees, including 8 researchers• R&D budget in 2009: 1 million VIB ©31

Already back in the 13th century, ong>Ghentong> was renownedin Europe for its textile industry. Today the city stillholds extensive textile know-how that has beensuccessfully applied in areas such as agriculture,industry, construction, road building, transport, sportsand composites.technical textiles, a niche market with huge growthpotential. The close collaboration with Flamac andthe Composites laboratory of ong>Ghentong> University aimsto increase the cooperation between the fields ofcomposites and textiles and promote it as a growthsector.CentexbelWith over 800 member companies Centexbelembodies the vast knowledge of the Belgian textileindustry. Centexbel, a research center with 140highly skilled employees, carries out collective ordemand-driven research, having at its disposaladvanced laboratories to test the chemical,physical, microbiological, and fire behavior ofall kinds of textile. It also provides technologyconsulting, stimulates innovation and providessupport to companies, with patent applications,standardization and product certification forinstance. Due to the large involvement of thetextile producers , which, on such a scale is uniquein Europe, many Belgian companies are active inEuropean research and Centexbel itself is a valuedscientific partner in many international privateresearch projects.A global network with manyramificationsCentexbel is part of numerous local, national andEuropean innovation and technology networksand professional associations. Truly, networks areessential for the applied research carried out there,usually at European level.Centexbel is a driving force behind textilesinnovation. This research is heavily applied toCentexbel in shortIn addition to its 800 membercompanies from the Belgian textileindustry, Centexbel has about 130associate member companies. Theseare European companies involved inresearch and services. Members mainlyinclude companies from the textile,engineering and chemistry sectors, aswell as major textile customers such asautomobile, garment and distributioncompanies. More than 1,450 customersin 35 countries rely on the expertise ofCentexbel’s accredited testing laboratory.32It is also recognized as a ‘notified body’for product certification including theCE labeling of protective textiles, carpet,toys and bus upholstery. Furthermore, itis an accredited laboratory for labels suchas Oeko-Tex, Ecoflower, made in Green,GUT, Ecopur and Cradle to Cradle.• Staff: 140 employees, including 90university-trained researchers• R&D budget in 2009: 11 million Eurowww.centexbel.beStad Gent ©

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Flanders Institute forBiotechnology (VIB)As a research institute, VIB has carried outgroundbreaking research in life sciences. VIBresearchers explore the molecular mechanisms thatcontrol the functions of the human body, plants andmicroorganisms. VIB then draws new conclusionsout of these studies on normal and abnormal orpathological life processes.A constant supply of fresh bloodVIB works closely with four Flemish universitiesand has forged many ties, both nationally andinternationally, leading to a high staff rotation ofabout 17% a year. This ensures a constant supply offresh blood into the organization.This high turnover is largely due to the outflow ofdoctoral students, as a further step in their career,either in the biotech industry or in academia.VIB is very keen to attract new talent at all levels,especially when it comes to group leaders.VIB strives to give young scientists with onlya few years postdoctoral experience, but withextraordinary potential, the chance to start anddevelop their own group as an independent juniorgroup leader. In 2009, 13 new group leaders wereappointed, some below the age of 35.As a result, the level of internationalizationwithin VIB has now increased dramatically.For instance, the internationalization rate of allscientific positions is currently 40%, spread over56 nationalities. There are 20% foreigners amongthe group leaders and experts, 45% among thepostdocs, and 42% among the PhD students.Work leads to major economic activityVIB’s innovative basic knowledge is a continuoussource of new technologies and discoveries.These can form the basis for new social andindustrial applications such as diagnostics andpharmaceuticals. VIB aims to translate its scientificdiscoveries and conclusions into applications thatwill benefit society and lead to a better quality oflife. Consequently, VIB’s inventions are protectedby patents. These patents are actively licensed tocompanies at home and abroad which are eagerto convert the inventions into useful products orapplications. Alternatively, VIB may develop newfindings into technology platforms that form thebasis for a new biotech company.When establishing a new biotech company, VIBbuilds technology platforms in close consultationwith the researchers. Following a concept stage,VIB draws up a business plan. This is followedby a search for experienced managers to run thecompany, and for domestic or foreign investorslikely to invest in the start-up.34VIB ©Vibrant and relaxing. Dynamic andromantic. Historical and ultramodern.Whatever you want, you can find it inong>Ghentong>. The famous French fries, beerand chocolate do the rest!Massimo Marzorati (Italy), PhD, ong>Ghentong>University

VVTHE PORTFOLIO OF VIB START-UPSINCLUDES:Devgen: develops high yielding seeds andenvironmentally friendly crop protectiontechnology by using a portfolio of advancedbiotechnology and molecular breedingtechniques. Devgen was established in1997 and has offices in ong>Ghentong> (Belgium),Singapore, Hyderabad (India), GeneralSantos (The Philippines) and Delaware (USA);it employs over 280 people worldwide.VIB in shortVIB embraces a unique concept in whichthe strong partnership with the fourFlemish universities of ong>Ghentong>, Leuven,Antwerp and Brussels plays a key role.In cooperation with these institutions,VIB employs over 1,200 scientists andtechnicians organized in 72 researchgroups. These are located on the campusof either of the four partner universitiesand are structured into eight departments.Through this unique collaboration, VIBbrings together a broad expertise andscientific experience in the field of lifesciences.In 2009, VIB published 470 papers ininternational journals, 282 of which inhigh ranking journals. 106 were evenpublished in top journals. Furthermore,CropDesign: is a plant biotechnologycompany focused on identifying genes thatimprove the development, production andyield of crops. CropDesign started in 1998as a spin-off from VIB and is part of BASFPlant Science since 2006.Ablynx: is a biopharmaceutical companyfocused on the research into anddevelopment of Nanobodies, a new kind oftherapeutic proteins based on single-domainantibody fragments, for a range of seriousthe number of publications in the highestranking journals such as Nature, Cell andScience has grown exponentially in recentyears. For the first time in its history,VIB achieved more than 100 scientificbreakthroughs in 2009.VIB also implements an active technologytransfer policy. The creation of new jobsis an important objective of technologytransfer within VIB. In 2009, the numberof positions for highly skilled workers inVIB start-ups rose by 30 to 460.• Staff: 1,200 employees, including 723researchers from 56 nationalities• Revenues in 2009: 68.1 million Euro• Expenditure in 2009: 61.9 million Eurowww.vib.beand life-threatening human diseases. Ablynxwas set up in 2001 in ong>Ghentong> and currentlyhas over 230 employees.Pronota: a high-tech biomarker company, itis developing a new generation of diagnosticproducts. Pronota employs 28 people.Actogenix: is a biopharmaceuticalcompany focused on the developmentand commercialization of ActoBiotics,a new class of orally administeredbiopharmaceuticals for the targetedtreatment of severe diseases with highmedical need.VIB ©35

ong>Ghentong> Bio Energy Valleyong>Ghentong> Bio-Energy Valley is a public-privatepartnership set up to develop sustainable bioenergyactivities and support t he ensuingeconomic growth in the ong>Ghentong> region.The non-profit association promotes thedevelopment of the bio-based economy throughclose cooperation programs and the creationof synergy between the partners involved inR&D, logistics, structural measures and policy.Communication with the general public is also partof its remit.In addition, ong>Ghentong> Bio-Energy Valley bringstogether scientific expertise from nine researchgroups at ong>Ghentong> University. This expertiseencompasses knowledge on the entire productionchains of bio-based products, ranging from theimprovement of crops, the transformation of theagricultural raw material through green chemistryand industrial biotechnology, to bio-based endproducts.Recently Flanders, the Netherlands and Europeinvested 21 million Euro in the construction of BioBase Europe. This pilot plant in the Port of ong>Ghentong>focuses on scaling up bio-based technologies andprocesses to semi-industrial production levels.Read more about Bio Base Europe on page 55.Institute for Agriculture andFisheries Research (ILVO)The Institute for Agriculture and FisheriesResearch (ILVO) carries out high quality researchand provides services to both policy-makersand the sector. The research is divided into nineprograms: Sustainable Plant Production; InnovativeAgriculture, Fisheries and Product Processing;Quality Animal Husbandry; SustainableExploitation of Marine Resources; Agricultureand Fisheries in a Changing Climate; Agricultureand the Natural Surroundings; Agriculture andFisheries for Safe and High-Quality Food; DynamicRural Areas; and Competitive AgriculturalSystems. To that end, the institute enjoys a uniqueinfrastructure: over 200 hectares (494 acres) ofexperimental fields, 5,000 m² of stables, 20,000m² of greenhouses, accredited laboratories,a pilot plant... ILVO also runs internationallyrecognized reference laboratories for GMOs andplant pathogens. What’s more, the Fisheries Unit isunique in Belgium and neighboring countries.GBEV ©36

ong>Ghentong> Bio Energy Valley in shortong>Ghentong> Bio-Energy Valley is the result of acollaboration between ong>Ghentong> University,the City of ong>Ghentong>, the Port of ong>Ghentong>, theProvincial Development Agency of EastFlanders and local businesses.The organization is also stronglyembedded in a regional network. InEurope, ong>Ghentong> Bio-Energy Valley is oneof the leading clusters and the largestport-cluster for the production of biofuels.With Bio Base Europe, which seamlesslyintegrates the supply of raw materials inthe production chain, the cluster has apilot plant for Industrial Biotechnologyand Biorefining that is unique in theworld.• Staff: 8 employees• More than 200 researchers• R&D budget in 2009: approx. 50million EuroILVO in shortILVO researchers are working togetherwith Flemish and Walloon universities,colleges and research centers.They are also involved in a number ofEuropean funded research projects withEuropean partners.• Staff: 550 employees, 50% of whomresearchers from 56 nationalities• R&D budget in 2009: 31.1 million ©

38Tom Dhaenens ©

Investing inthe ong>Ghentong>knowledgeregionFrom a historical viewpoint, ong>Ghentong> hasalways held an important cultural andeconomic place in Flanders.Today, the region is still creating theperfect conditions to strengthenthe city’s position as an attractivelocation for investment. The city ofong>Ghentong> intends to further enhancethese assets. How? With a strategicallylocated port, a sizeable knowledgepool with the university as a hub, andexcellent cooperation with local andinternational knowledge companieswhich are given enough space todevelop.Stad Gent ©39

40Tom Dhaenens ©

Investing in theong>Ghentong> knowledgeregionFlanders:an attractiveinvestment regionp 42ong>Ghentong> on theFlemish mapp 45Why – as aknowledge-intensivecompany – invest inong>Ghentong>?p 46ong>Ghentong> offers roomfor developmentp 5141

Investing in the ong>Ghentong>knowledge regionFlanders: an attractiveinvestment regionFlanders is likely to be well positioned whenever aranking is made of the most attractive investmentregions in the world. And we don’t owe this merelyto our strategic location, in the heart of the mostprosperous part of Europe. Nor is it simply becauseBrussels, the European nerve center, adds to theattraction. Our logistical strength, too, is an assetfor many investors:At the top in EuropeFlanders ranks 7th in the overallclassification established in the biannualstudy “European Cities & Regions ofthe Future 2010/11” of the FinancialTimes’ fDi magazine. Flanders wasalso recognized as the European regionwith the best strategy to attract foreigninvestment.According to the study, the City of ong>Ghentong>did very well. It actually ranked amongEurope’s top 10 most attractive microcities(fewer than 250,000 inhabitants) forforeign investment.Flanders is easily accessible through ports andairports. It also features a dense and extensivenetwork of roads, waterways and railways. As aresult, we traditionally rank among the best inEurope for logistical operations. Flemings alsoenjoy a good reputation: not only are we hardworkers and productive – in 2009 we ranked thirdin the Global Productivity Index –, we easily speakseveral languages and we are eager to learn. Thesequalities are underscored by our high qualityeducation, whose strength is reflected in numerousinternational comparative studies. These importantaspects of human capital are the deciding factors inmany investing cases.In addition, the fiscal and financial policy in ourcountry is business friendly. The notional interestdeduction, for example, decreases the tax burden toan attractive level. And the government also createsa favorable environment for the knowledge societywith a whole range of measures. Innovation andresearch are also backed by an extensive networkof universities, research centers, incubators andknowledge clusters. Different sectors are thereforewell represented: automotive, chemicals andplastics, life sciences, environmental technology,logistics, ICT, food, and lifestyle.This picture would not be complete without thehigh quality of life, so valued by the Flemings:our region is known for its ‘Burgundian lifestyle’,for its excellent medical facilities, and for itsexcellent and diverse study programs. Advantagesthat every expatriate and his or her family will nodoubt appreciate...What makes ong>Ghentong> a perfect city for business?A large pool of skilled and professional people,and authorities that work for local companiesin a both supportive and flexible way. Andif you add the friendly nature of ong>Ghentong>’sinhabitants, the rich culture and beauty of thecity and the cozy restaurants and cafés, youwill feel right at home here in no time.Jens Holtinger (Sweden), Managing Director,Volvo Europa Truck.Tom Dhaenens ©42

What do surveys on researchexpats tell us?A survey carried out by ong>Ghentong> University (2008)on 50 foreign researchers working in Flemishuniversities and research centers shows that theyare very satisfied with the quality of life that ourregion has to offer, both for themselves and fortheir families. They mention, however, many otherpositive aspects:--The attractiveness of a number of researchpositions (BOF-ZAP and Odysseus) is oftenmentioned. Through Odysseus, for example,top researchers can take up a position witha Flemish ‘guest research center’. The FWO(Research Foundation - Flanders) earmarks12 million Euro – over five years – to providestart-up funding for the research projects ofOdysseus Researchers.--Many researchers choose a specific researchgroup based on its scientific reputation. In fact,many research groups in Flanders have built areputation that gives them great appeal on theinternational scene.Stad Gent ©--Flanders’ central location in Europe alsomakes it a very attractive region for foreignresearchers to travel or stay in touch withfamily (especially for European researchers).--The multilingualism of the Flemings is oftenmentioned by researchers as an importantasset. The fact that foreigners can expressthemselves in English in everyday life (in shopsfor example) facilitates their integration.Innovation, life sciences &pharmaceuticals: preferentialtreatment in FlandersIn our knowledge society, researchand innovation take a central place.Flanders has developed a variety ofincentives to encourage research staff,investments directed at R&D andincome from patents.• Those companies which submittedor purchased a patent after a 2007are able to deduct from their taxableearnings 80% of the income generatedout of it. This allows them toquickly recover their investment inR&D.• Investment in patents and R&Dare eligible for a higher investmentallowance.--Since many foreign researchers come toFlanders with their partners, the presence ofinternational business gives Flanders a majoradvantage. It increases the chances of finding ajob for the partner.--The accessibility of the high quality Flemishhealth system is also seen as very positive.• Companies in Flanders have to pay upto 75% less social security contributionsfor highly skilled staff, engineers andresearchers.Flanders is also one of Europe’s topregions for the number of companiesconducting (pre)clinical trials.The close cooperation between hospitals,universities, research centers andpharmaceutical players has created anideal environment for this vital stagein the development of any innovativetherapy. National legislation providesfor very short approval times inexperiments on humans: 15 days for PhaseI, and 28 days for Phases II to IV.This gives a significant competitive edgeto life sciences companies conductingtrials in Flanders.43

44Haven van Gent - Tom Dhaenens ©

Easily available R&D fundsThe Flemish Government set up the IWT, theFlemish agency for Innovation by Science andTechnology ( in a bid to sustaininnovation by industry in Flanders. Any companythat is active within the Flemish territory can callon the IWT’s support, whether in the form of adviceor grants for research and innovative activities.In 2009, IWT awarded almost 300 million Euroto projects run by companies and/or knowledgecenters. IWT promotes networking and cooperationamong all innovative actors in Flanders andthroughout the European Union.Before a company sets up a business in Flanders,it can consult with the IWT over possible support.If the IWT decides not to support a given project,the applicant receives a detailed explanation andadvice as to why and where the application file fallsshort. IWT also knows how to offer added value toinnovative players.The next stage: helpful venture capitalFlanders also has a lot of business angels andventure capitalists that help innovative businessesgrow. With 30 years of experience, Gimv(, for example, is the mostimportant venture capital provider in ourcountry and a major player on the European andinternational investment market.Listed on Euronext Brussels, Gimv manages aportfolio of 1.7 billion Euro in assets, includingthird party funds. Besides Gimv, there are dozens ofother venture capitalists in the Flemish landscapewho provide local and international companies withstart-up>Ghentong> on the Flemish mapFlanders is the economic heart of the Europeanpentagon linking Milan, Paris, London, Munichand Hamburg. Approximately 50% of the EuropeanGDP is generated in this pentagon. ong>Ghentong> holds astrategic position within the pentagon, as it liesbetween several powerful economic regions: theNetherlands Randstad (Amsterdam, Rotterdam,The Hague and Utrecht) in the north, the GermanRuhr region in the east, London in the west andthe French cities of Paris and the Lille-Roubaix-Tourcoing conurbation in the south. Its strategiclocation gives ong>Ghentong> huge potential. Otherlarge cities such as Brussels and Antwerp andneighboring France and the Netherlands are amere one hour’s drive from the city. While BrusselsInternational Airport is only 60 km away, Brusselsand Antwerp are hubs of the European HSTnetwork.The Port of ong>Ghentong> is an ideal gateway for logisticaloperations. It lies at the intersection of busy inlandwaterways and occupies a central place in theimportant transport corridor between ong>Ghentong> andParis. The ambitious Seine-Nord canal project isplanned for this high-capacity waterway link. Thiswill improve inland access via the Upper Scheldt,the Canal Seine-Nord and Seine River.The City of ong>Ghentong> has 243,155 inhabitants and hasseen its population increase by 8% over the pasteight years. The ever-growing number of studentsand schoolchildren in ong>Ghentong> – currently over100,000 – makes investing even more appealing.Nowadays, the city welcomes 38,000 commuterson a daily basis; extension work has now begun onSint-Pieters railway station to make it the largest inFlanders. Once completed, commuter traffic is setto rise to 60,>Ghentong> records over 610,000 hotel overnight stayseach year: 71% are for holiday purposes, and 29%for conferences, seminars and business. The factthat ong>Ghentong> is a city with growing appeal for foreigninvestors is demonstrated by the recent biennialsurvey conducted by the Financial Times’ fDiMagazine. In the 2010/2011 survey of attractiveEuropean regions and cities for investors, ong>Ghentong>ranks in the top 10 in the category of cities withfewer than 250,000 inhabitants. An excellentperformance that perfectly reflects the city’sambitions.Zoom in on the Port of ong>Ghentong>The socioeconomic importance of the Port of ong>Ghentong>for the ong>Ghentong> and Flemish region as a whole shouldnot be overstated . 70,000 people are employed inor around the port by over 300 companies. 70,000people are employed in or around the port by over300 companies. With an annual throughput ofmore than 48 million tons of cargo, the Port ofong>Ghentong> is the third largest in the country. It is amedium, congestion-free port with 28 km of quaywalls and 220 km of railway tracks, spread over4,700 hectares (about 11,610 acres). The seaportof ong>Ghentong> offers a perfect balance between sailingtime and feeder traffic. 17 km inland, only a fewhours’ sailing from the North Sea, it helps savemany kilometers and hours of road transport to thehinterland. Furthermore, the harbor is also locatedbehind a sea-lock, creating calm, tide free access.45

The Port Authority ( seeksto diversify its activities, choosing to strengthenexisting industries, and focuses heavily on marketswith growth potential. As a result, by 2020 the Portaims to achieve an annual maritime cargo traffic of30 million tons and 20 million tons through inlandwaterways.Stad Gent ©While preserving existing industrial activities, thePort Authority intends to further expand the harborinto a logistics platform.Providing fast sea access to Panamax ro-roships, the ong>Ghentong> seaport is a preferred locationfor industrial groups in the steel, automotivemanufacturing, food, paper production, energy andchemical sectors. ong>Ghentong> is a renowned seaport forhandling grain, coal, cars, chemicals, steel, timber,petroleum products, and building materials.The famous slogan “Large enough tocope, small enough to care”, fits thePort of ong>Ghentong> like a glove. ong>Ghentong> is notaffected by the congestion problems thatmany major European ports are facing.A smooth connection to variousEuropean highways is a plus.Stad Gent ©The Port of ong>Ghentong> also offers room for furtherexpansion. With the new Kluizendok terminal andsurrounding business parks where 600 hectares(close to 1,500 acres) remain available, ong>Ghentong>certainly holds yet another asset for investors whoare keen to develop new activities in the harborarea. As a medium sized harbor, the Port of ong>Ghentong>is strategically located in the logistics heart ofEurope: a unique location therefore for investorslooking for new, ready-to-build lots within theport area. The Port of ong>Ghentong> intends to maintainits position as the seaport with the largest biofuelcluster in Europe. At the Kluizendok terminal, 80hectares (198 acres) have been reserved for the biobasedchemical industry.Why – as a knowledge-intensivecompany – invest in ong>Ghentong>?ong>Ghentong> offers a lot of advantages for internationalknowledge-intensive firms. As a large knowledgepool, the city offers a strong network in whichcompanies and research institutions collaborate topush back the boundaries of innovation.The biggest and fastest growingknowledge poolThe third-level education population of over67,000 students makes ong>Ghentong> by far the largeststudent city in Flanders. With 33,000 students,ong>Ghentong> University plays a leading role. The number46of students of the second largest university inFlanders has dramatically increased by 22% overthe past four years. Thanks to the University,ong>Ghentong> has a large, steadily growing knowledge poolat its disposal. For instance, 3,198 PhD studentsregistered at ong>Ghentong> University for the academicyear 2010/2011: a 46% increase over the past 5years. The University launched Doctoral Schoolsin order to deliver a high level and internationallyrecognized education and scientific training tothese students. The development of these schools isset to help recruit researchers from the four cornersof the world.

Gent BC ©For me, ong>Ghentong> is the Burgundian version ofSilicon Valley. The convivial atmosphere of thegourmet restaurants, beautiful squares andgreat pubs. But there’s something even greaterthan that: the innovative start-ups, the hugeconcentration of interesting people and analmost Dutch entrepreneurial spirit!Polle de Maagt (Netherlands), MarketingConsultant, InSites ConsultingForeign companies involved in researchactivitiesIn recent years, ong>Ghentong> has succeeded in convincinga number of major foreign companies to startresearch activities within its boundaries.• As a result, it is in ong>Ghentong> that Yakult set up itsfirst European scientific research center. Yakultis a global pioneer and innovator in preventivehealthcare and probiotics, and plans to expandits scientific platforms in this European center.To that end the Japanese company has decidedto establish itself at the VIB bio incubator inong>Ghentong>.• Pfizer also chose ong>Ghentong> for the establishmentof a research center: PARC or Pfizer AnalyticalResearch Center. This ‘Center of Excellence’combines the expertise of the research groupon separation techniques in organic chemistryat ong>Ghentong> University with Pfizer’s expertise. Thecenter aims to develop rapid techniques forpharmaceutical analysis and the discovery ofnew drugs.Flourishing cooperation betweenbusinesses, universities and collegesong>Ghentong> University scores high in terms ofcooperation between industry and business as thelevel of services and collaborative research ranksrelatively high. Indeed, many research groupsconduct applied research. This is also felt by theknowledge-intensive firms in ong>Ghentong>; they indicatethat close partnerships have to be forged in mattersof innovation.These collaborations primarilyUgent ©involve other companies and universities and/orcolleges, and, to a lesser extent, public or privateresearch institutes.The many research institutes also generate spinoffs.Thus, ong>Ghentong> University, together with VIB,creates two or three spin-offs every year and thenumber of spin-offs is expected to increase in thecoming years.Life sciences focusing on biotech27 life sciences companies are currentlyestablished in ong>Ghentong>. The presence of atechnology park and two bioincubatorscertainly explains this. Furthermore,the biotech sector benefits tremendouslyfrom the close proximity of ong>Ghentong>University Hospital, Flanders Institutefor Biotechnology (VIB) and ong>Ghentong>University. The presence of ong>Ghentong> Bio-Energy Valley (and the Bio Base Europeproject) for the further development ofwhite biotechnology is equally important.47

Huge IWT support to the ong>Ghentong> regionCompanies and research centers and institutionscan rely on government assistance for thedevelopment of new knowledge. In Flanders, theIWT awards project grants for R&D. In the periodfrom 2007 to 2009, 240 different companies fromthe ong>Ghentong> district received funding from IWT assole applicants or partners in a project. Concretely,this resulted in 1272 IWT projects in that>Ghentong>. The non-profit association ong>Ghentong> Web Valleywas founded in 2010. It seeks to market ong>Ghentong>as theonline knowledge center’, and thus attractinternational investors and new talent to jointlyexpand the online event. The Waalse Krook centerof knowledge and culture, scheduled for completionin 2015, will reinforce this movement even more.Strong patent position in technologyareas such as biotech, chemicals,pharmaceuticals and telecomsThe annual number of patents from ong>Ghentong>University has risen steadily from 2002 to 2008.If the patents in the portfolio are linked to theirtechnology domain based on their InternationalPatent Classification, over one third seems to belinked to biotechnology.Still, ong>Ghentong> does not rely solely on the universityfor its patents. Large companies and knowledgeinstitutions like Innogenetics and VIB havedeveloped and patented new technologies andprocesses. Taking this into account, the patentposition in biotechnology is even>Ghentong> also ranks high in the field oftelecommunications, a situation that is certainlyattributable to the presence of IBBT. In addition tobig names like TomTom and Netlog, many fledglingICT companies choose to establish themselves inEmeritus ProfessorMarc Van Montagu: the birth ofplant biotechnologyong>Ghentong> is the birthplace of biotechnology.Indeed, it was Professor Marc VanMontagu who along with his colleagueJoseph Schell discovered the mechanismof “gene transfer”, which is paramountfor the genetic modification of plants.Van Montagu is the founder of twospin-offs: Plant Genetic Systems (PGS)and CropDesign. In 2000 he foundedthe Institute of Plant Biotechnology forDeveloping Countries (IPBO) at theUniversity of ong>Ghentong>. The mission of theinstitute includes training, technologytransfer and research in plantbiotechnology aimed at meeting theneeds of less developed countries. He ischairman of the PRRI (Public Researchand Regulation Initiative) and EFB(European Federation of Biotechnology).Marc Van Montagu has received sixhonorary doctorates and several awards,including the prestigious Japan Prize.48

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Focus on some of the foreignknowledge companies in ong>Ghentong>:• ArcelorMittal Gent is part ofthe steel giant ArcelorMittal. It isa maritime and integrated steelcompany and one of the mostintegrated steel producers within thegroup.• Kronos Europe is part of KronosWorldwide and produces titaniumdioxide pigments on an industrialscale.• Esko Graphics is a world leader ininnovative software and hardwaresolutions for the design, production,communication and managementstages of the full graphics andpackaging chains.• Milliken Europe is part of Milliken& Company, one of the largest textileand chemicals manufacturers. Thegroup holds more than 2,200 patents.• TomTom took over the ong>Ghentong>-basedcompany TeleAtlas in June 2008.Since then, TeleAtlas is part of themarket leader in GPS and navigationapplications.• Bayer Bioscience was foundedin 1982. The company is thebiggest innovation center in plantbiotechnology of Bayer CropScience.• Yakult Belgium, expert in the fieldof health products and probiotics,introduced in 1995 in Belgiumthe probiotic dairy drink Yakult,containing the Lactobacillus caseiShirota (LcS) bacteria. The LcSbacterium in Yakult is a lactic acidbacterium that helps support theimmune system.Stad Gent ©50

The role of FlandersBioLocated near the future RijvisscheScience Park, FlandersBio is the industryorganization for life sciences andbiotechnology in Flanders.A non-profit association, FlandersBiowas founded in 2004 as a membershiporganization and currently has over 180members. “Building Biotech Bridges” isthe slogan of FlandersBio.Bridges between biotech companies,government and academia. BetweenFlanders and other countries.The organization represents the industry,provides a positive working environmentand seeks to be the driving forcebehind the sustained growth of Flemishknowledge-based biotech business.Its main activities are networking,information and advocacy.FlandersBio in figures:• 140 members, including 95 biotechcompanies;• 600 to 700 visitors at the annual‘Knowledge for Growth’ convention;• Represents about 10,000 workersin life sciences in Flanders (the totalturnover of the biotech sector in Flandersamounts to 2.9 billion Euro, with0.5 billion Euro earmarked for R&D).www.flandersbio.beThe science park is part of the Groenpool Parkbosarea, and is located south of ong>Ghentong>, near theUniversity and Technology Park. Situated close tothe E40 motorway, it provides businesses with goodaccess to the harbor, Antwerp and Brussels.Eiland ZwijnaardeBordered by three waterways, the EilandZwijnaarde area is being developed as asustainable regional business park. Not only willit accommodate offices, but also transportation,logistics and distribution. The total allocable areacovers some 35 hectares (86 acres), over a total areaof 60 hectares (148 acres). High quality natural andlandscape framing is also taken into considerationin the layout of the site.The site is being developed as a ‘smart logisticspark’, with:--14 hectares (34.5 acres) for knowledgebasedactivity with room for the R&D of bigcompanies or for knowledge companies withproduction and storage;--18.6 hectares (46 acres) for logistic and mixedactivity, waterborne wherever possible;--A flexible area of 3.1 hectares (7.66 acres), filledwith either knowledge activity, or with logisticsactivities; this area is to be allocated last.Eiland Zwijnaarde is accessible by highway,waterway and an extensive bicycle network;the industrial sites will also be accessible via publictransport. The first companies will be able to opentheir doors in late 2014.53

The Loop‘ong>Ghentong> The Loop’ is the public-private developmentof a new district. Laid out over 145 hectares (358acres), it is aiming for an international atmosphere.It will provide a concentration of professional andretail activities, as well as leisure and residentialamnenities in a high quality and stimulatingenvironment. The first stage includes theconstruction of 336,500 m² of floor space out of aplanned total of 552,500 m². In addition to 150.000m² dedicated to office-like premises, there is alsoroom for 155.000 m² of new offices.The development is phased over a period of about20 years. Furthermore, The Loop is located in thesouthern part of ong>Ghentong>, near the E17/E40 motorwayinterchange.The project also includes the restoration of theformer Winter Circus which is part of the site sothat it can accommodate the Flemish Institutefor Archives and Access to Audiovisual Heritage(VIAA). The Center for new media will also offerspace to young, innovative companies.Furthermore, housing, thematically related retail,catering and leisure initiatives will get a place inand around the former circus. The constructionwork will start in 2012, with the opening of theLibrary of the Future and the Center for New Mediaplanned for late 2015.The Waalse KrookThe City of ong>Ghentong> is planning to create the ‘Libraryof the Future’ and the ‘Center for new media’ on the“Waalse Krook” site. There, knowledge and culturewill be collected, stored, accessed and used on bothtraditional (paper) and high-tech media. To keep upwith the latest developments, the library will workwith ong>Ghentong> University and the IBBT. The IBBT andsome departments of the University have expressedgreat interest in the possibility of establishingthemselves on the site. This will allow a direct flowof innovations towards the library, where theywill be available for every visitor. Researchers andusers will also be able to meet there. As a result theWaalse Krook will be a living laboratory from whichall parties can draw direct knowledge.Ugent ©54

Bio Base Europe: Pilot Plant for IndustrialBiotechnology and BiorefiningBio Base Europe is a partnership between ong>Ghentong>Bio-Energy Valley and Biopark Terneuzen inthe Netherlands. Both organizations have longcampaigned for the development of a bio-basedeconomy in the border region of Flanders andthe Netherlands. This economy is not justabout biofuels; it also involves the developmentof bio-based products such as natural dyes,bioplastics, biochemicals and biological detergents.Bio Base Europe is a progressive Europeaninitiative aimed at developing the bio-basedeconomy of the future.Bio Base Europe is the first initiative of this kindin Europe. It seeks to develop a unique platformfor the promotion of sustainable bioprocesses,which facilitate the development of bio-energy andbio-based products from renewable biomassresources and reduces the dependence on limitedfossil fuels. This transition is considered one of themain paths toward industrial sustainability.Bio Base Europe consists of two parts: a pilotplant and a training center. The Bio Base EuropePilot Plant will focus mainly on second-generationtechnologies. It will be used to convert agriculturalbyproducts and crops not intended for consumptionsuch as wheat straw, corn cobs, wood chips,Jatropha and algae oils into biofuels, bioplasticsand other bio-based products. The Bio Base Europepilot installation is a flexible and diverse pilot plantcovering the entire value chain in a single location,from green sources to the final product.It acts as an open innovation center for commercialcompanies and research institutions that focus onbio-based activities the world over. Even thoughscientists have already demonstrated the potentialof these technologies in laboratory trials,the difficulty lies in scaling these processes up formass production. The Bio Base Europe Pilot Plantis designed to overcome this hurdle, by creatingpilot facilities that make it possible to develop newbioprocesses to an industrial scale.The Pilot Plant (commissioned in the first halfof 2011) is located in the Port of ong>Ghentong>, in theRodenhuizekaai area, right by the biorefinery.In addition, the Bio Base Europe initiative willinclude a state-of-the-art training center, the BioBase Europe Training Center, in order to tacklethe industry-wide shortage of skilled processoperators and technical maintenance experts.The Bio Base Europe Training Center will belocated in Terneuzen, just across the border in theNetherlands and 30 km from the Pilot Plant.www.biobaseeurope.org55

Living andworking inong>Ghentong>National Geographic Traveler Magazinecalled ong>Ghentong> the third most authenticdestination in the world. And in 2010the Lonely Planet guide wonderedaloud why Europe had kept ong>Ghentong>hidden for so long. The biggesttravel guide in the world promptlyranked Artevelde’s city among theworld’s top 10.Both publications describe ong>Ghentong> asan authentic destination, full of wellpreserved buildings and art treasures,but that is not always the main reasonwhy they praise the city. Time aftertime, the authors reveal that ong>Ghentong>has not become a living museum,despite its historical assets, but instead“combines brilliantly the past and amodern, bustling city.”And that’s exactly why the city and itsinhabitants are so in tune with eachother. ong>Ghentong> people are naturallyprogressive and open-minded. Thisis certainly due to the presence ofthe University and various colleges,totaling a population of 67,000students. In ong>Ghentong>, we live to the full,work hard and know how to have agood time. Day and night.57Stad Gent ©

58Tom Dhaenens ©

Living andworking inong>Ghentong>Great shoppingp 60A school forevery childMultimodal mobility Never-endingchoice of deliciousfoodp 60 p 60Made for cultureloversAttractive museumsp 61p 62 p 62For (professional)sports and leisureReady to come toong>Ghentong>?p 63p 63Work permitp 65Visap 65And your family?p 6559

Living and working inong>Ghentong>Great shoppingEven though ong>Ghentong>, with over 240,000 inhabitants,is the second largest city in Flanders, it never feelsovercrowded. A sophisticated traffic managementplan respects both motorists and vulnerable roadusers. As a result, the historic heart of the cityhas turned a pedestrian area of approximately 36hectares (89 acres) into a lovely retail center. Nextto an extensive choice of specialty food stores andsupermarkets, almost all popular clothing chainscan be found near the pedestrian Veldstraat. Allover the city, fans of top designer brands, originalclothing, jewelry and home decoration items findwhat they are looking for in the many boutiques setup by local and creative entrepreneurs.Never-ending choice ofdelicious foodong>Ghentong> is a proud Flemish city. It is therefore theideal place to find out why so many Flemings aredescribed as ‘Burgundians’. It’s because good foodis part of our national DNA. The aromas and flavorswafting from the numerous eateries in the city area case in points. The traditional Flemish cuisinewins every battle, whether the appetite is large or asmall.Stad Gent ©Multimodal mobilityIn the city, cycling is a popular mode of transport.Walking, too. Actually, the main services, thecommercial center and tourist attractions arelocated in the city center, within walking distanceof each other. The other side of town can also bereached in time via the dense public transportnetwork of buses, trolleybuses and trams. Carscan be parked in one of the many underground>Ghentong> may well be a smaller version of Flanders, yetthere is ample room for the rest of the world. Thehospitality of the city is reflected in the wide rangeof restaurants and eateries serving internationalcuisine. Just name an exotic corner of the worldand you will promptly be served its national dish.Stad Gent ©60

A school for every childAccording to the OECD, for years now, the Flemisheducation system ranks among the best in theworld. This is reflected in the choice of schools inong>Ghentong>. The city boasts a large number of schoolswith a variety of courses, philosophies andmethodologies. The urban education system aloneincludes about 30 primary schools (nursery andprimary schools) with 44 locations in the center andthe suburbs of the city. Secondary establishmentsin the city offer a wide range of courses, bothin mainstream and in technical and vocationaleducation, thus giving every young personthe chance to reach their full potential. Evennon-Dutch speaking newcomers and young peoplewho want to work part-time and study can attendsecondary education.Some expatriates choose to send their children tointernational schools. A number of private schoolsin Flanders and around Brussels cater for this typeof education. The City of ong>Ghentong> also has plans for aninternational school.There is always something to do in ong>Ghentong>,both socially and culturally. It is largeenough to offer a wide range of activitiesand small enough to keep everything withinreach. The city’s cosmopolitan charactermakes me feel right at home here.Daniel Ruiz Romera (Spain), Research Engineer,OCAS NV/ArcelorMittal Global R&D ong>Ghentong>.Stad Gent ©Stad Gent ©Stad Gent ©Stad Gent © Stad Gent ©61

Made for culture loversIn ong>Ghentong> culture lovers are never disappointed.For each classical play, there must be at least fivesmall theaters continuously showing independentproductions. For every commercial cinema complexthere is a cinema showing art-house films andquality productions from around the world. Andthe nightlife in ong>Ghentong> offers both traditional pubsand trendy, original events that draw young peoplefrom across Europe. ong>Ghentong> radiates art, culture andentertainment.September and October are traditionally themonths focusing on classical music. FlandersFestival then organizes a wide range of concertsusually held in the numerous historic buildingsand churches adorning the city. However, ong>Ghentong>’scultural season never stops. There is something forthe culture lover all year round.The ong>Ghentong> Festival in July and the FlandersInternational Film Festival ong>Ghentong> in October aretwo must-see events. The ong>Ghentong> Festival seeksto encompass all kinds of cultural events, andhas succeeded admirably in doing so for decades.Music, theater, multicultural encounters, streettheater, gourmet paradise, carnival, circus andunique folklore performances: because of thiswonderful mix, this is an unmissable event forthose looking for authentic art, endless fun andunpretentious entertainment. The old town is takenover by the festivities for ten days and activities areplanned around the clock. Every year half a millionpeople visit the ong>Ghentong> Festival over the 10 days. Theong>Ghentong> Film Festival has been attracting interestevery year since 1974. The festival focuses primarilyon film music, which has given it a solid positionamong Europe’s top film events. Every year, thepresentation of the World Soundtrack Awards andthe traditional movie awards draw internationalmovie stars and over 130,000 film buffs to the redcarpet in ong>Ghentong>.Attractive museumsThe city holds a number of renowned museums.The Municipal Museum of Contemporary Art,S.M.A.K. in short, is perhaps the most famous ornotorious. The collection features mostly modernEuropean art from 1950 up to now. The museumcovers art movements such as Cobra, Pop Art,Minimal Art, Conceptual Art and Arte Povera, withworks by some of the world’s top artists.Across the street, stands the Museum of FineArts. One of the oldest museums in the country,it gives a broad picture of Flemish art from theMiddle Ages until the first half of the 20th century.Two paintings by Hieronymus Bosch feature amongthe masterpieces of ancient art.The permanent collection of the ong>Ghentong> DesignMuseum does includes a number of important17th and 18th century interiors, but the museumfocuses on 20th century and contemporary design.The Dr. Guislain Museum occupies a uniqueposition in the international museum world.It is housed in what used to be the psychiatricinstitution. It describes life in psychiatry from 1860up to the present and shows the evolution of theunderstanding of the mentally ill and people withdisabilities. Outsider Art is another aspect of thisfascinating>Ghentong> was a major textile center from the MiddleAges until the 19th century. The Museum ofIndustrial Archaeology and Textiles, MIAT, givesa unique insight into the dramatic technologicalchanges that our society has undergone overthe past 250 years. The top floor of the museumbuilding offers a magnificent view over the city.Alijn House displays every-day life in ong>Ghentong> from1880 to 1970.Since 2010, the story of the development of theCity is being told in the brand new STAM. It isthe perfect place to look at ong>Ghentong> in its historicalcontext, as today’s real city reveals itself in aninnovative and interactive way.62

For (professional) sports andleisureIn ong>Ghentong>, you can keep moving. The city offersa wide range of modern sports halls and fields.In addition to an extensive sports infrastructurespread over the greater ong>Ghentong> area, there is aconcentration of sports amenities in and aroundthe Blaarmeersen nature and recreation park. Thisis where you will find the city’s sporting lung. Theextensive sports and leisure infrastructure, thelake with its beach and sunbathing meadow, thecamping with its hikers’ cabins and on-site cateringfacilities offer an ideal setting for all kinds of sportsactivities.Every athlete will find what they need in the widerange of outdoor and indoor sports facilities,including Flanders Top Sports Hall, the FlemishEddy Merckx Cycling Center with the brandnew BMX track, the Omnisport Hall, the TopGymnastics Hall and the Trampoline andRythmics Hall. Rowers are well catered for in theWatersportbaan rowing race course.And the choice of activities for sports lovers doesnot stop there: go kayaking through the historiccity; admire the Belgian top football club AA Gentor even play football in one of the many clubsaround ong>Ghentong>; experience the cycling madnessduring the Six Days of ong>Ghentong> and the Flemishclassic “Omloop Het Nieuwsblad” cycle race,participate in the ong>Ghentong> City Run, or take part inthe many sports camps the city organizes for itsresidents: the possibilities for the active or passiveenjoyment of sports are just as diverse as the peopleof ong>Ghentong> themselves.Ready to come to ong>Ghentong>?If you plan to come and work in ong>Ghentong>, you mayfind the following checklist useful. To ensure thatyou can get here stress-free, you might want to startby giving yourself plenty of time to apply for certaindocuments.6 months beforehand--Gather your tax assessments for the pastfew years. They will come in handy whencompleting your first tax return in Belgium,especially if you have worked part of thecurrent year in another country.Stad Gent ©Useful Gent © Stad Gent ©63

--Collect your bank statements and credit card2 months beforehand--Submit your visa application to the Belgianembassy or Belgian consulate in your country(not for EU citizens and residents of theEuropean Economic Area (EEA)). It takes aboutfour weeks before you receive the document inyour mailbox.--Contact the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of yourcountry to see if there are bilateral treaties thatapply to nationals working in Belgium.--Check that your passport is valid for 15 months.--Make copies of your birth, marriage or divorcedocuments, which may be useful for yourregistration in Belgium.--Notify your bank of your plans to come andwork in Belgium and ask what is the best way tocarry out your banking transactions.- - Open a non-resident bank account inBelgium which will provide limited financialpossibilities upon your arrival.--Collect your children’s school certificates. Thatwill make it easier to find the right school inBelgium.2 weeks beforehand--At the local authority where you live, get acertificate of good conduct, a requirement toobtain a residence permit.--Find out how your health insurance cansupport the transition to the Belgian socialsecurity system.--Make sure all the pets you wish to bring toBelgium are vaccinated against rabies.1 month beforehand--If you don’t live in the EU, you have to requestyour work permit in time. To that end, youwill need to contact your (future) employer inBelgium.Stad Gent ©Stad Gent ©Stad Gent ©64

1 week beforehand--Pets must have a health certificate issued atmost one week before leaving for Belgium.--Buy French and Dutch dictionaries or phrasebooks to facilitate your first formalities inBelgium. In ong>Ghentong>, besides their mother tongue(Dutch) and their second language (French),people usually speak English quite fluently.--Collect medical certificates and documents thatcan testify to your registration with a socialinsurance fund in your country.Work permitAs a foreign worker, you must hold a valid workpermit to be able to work in Belgium. Thisprerequisite does not apply if you are a nationalof an EEA State or Switzerland, and for somecategories of workers. Belgian employers mustrequest a work permit type B if they want to employa foreign worker. Based on this work permit you canthen apply for a visa.If you are not an EU national (except EEAnationals and citizens of Iceland, Norwayand Liechtenstein) who intends to exercise aself-employed activity in Belgium, you need aprofessional card. You can apply for this cardeither with the Belgian diplomatic or consularrepresentation in the country of last residence orwith the local authority of the municipality whereyou are already legally residing in Belgium.VisaIf you come from a country outside the EuropeanUnion, Iceland, Monaco, Norway, Liechtensteinor Switzerland and want to stay in Belgium formore than three months, you are subject to visarequirements. You must first have obtaineda Schengen visa type D. You must submit theapplication to the Belgian diplomatic or consularrepresentation in your home country.If you want to come to Belgium to work, you musthold a passport valid for at least one year, a recentcertificate of good conduct covering the last fiveyears, a medical certificate and a work permit.This work permit must be requested by a Belgianemployer and is delivered together with theprofessional card type B. When the visa is issuedand you arrive in Belgium as a foreign national, youmust register with the municipal authority of yourplace of residence in order to further regularizeyour stay.And your family?homosexual partners of people who are legally inthe country. Obviously, their stay will also involvesome paperwork. Your partner must be over 18years of age and in possession of a passport thatis valid for 15 months; a copy of your ID card;documents that show that you are (not) married;documents that show that you are in a stablerelationship (photographs, letters, bills, etc.);a birth certificate; proof that your partner hassufficient financial means to live in Belgium;proof that you will be living together in Belgium; adeclaration of good character; a medical certificateand a declaration stating that you are financiallyresponsible for your traveling partner. Once thatarrives in Belgium with a visa type D, he/she shouldregister with the municipality where you will staytogether.Children under the age of 16 may stay in Belgiumwithout their own travel documents providedthey are accompanied by their parents. If youare divorced, you must be in possession of anadmission certificate signed by your former partnerand that was authorized by the authorities of yourplace of residence.Stad Gent ©Belgium has a progressive legislation with flexibleprovisions for the long-term heterosexual or65

Useful websitesGeneral information:www.diplomatie.beVisas and residence permits: website of Aliens’Office –https://dofi.ibz.bee-mail: helpdesk.dvzoe@dofi.fgov.beWork permits: website of Immigration andNaturalization Services – www.werk.bee-mail: Online / ong>Ghentong> City – population/foreign nationals/foreign students/ E countere-mail: burgerzaken.expats@gent.beStudying in ong>Ghentong>: www.studentingent.beNo part of this publication may be reproducedor published by print, photocopy, microfilm,electronically or by any other means, withoutthe prior written consent of the City of ong>Ghentong>.Chief EditorSofie Bracke, City of ong>Ghentong> Deputy-Mayor forInnovation and Employment, Botermarkt 1, 9000ong>Ghentong>Photographic materialFoto cover : Tom DhaenensProject leaderCity of ong>Ghentong>Annemie De TremerieProductionFishtankCoordination: Remi Maddenswww.fishtank.beDesign & layout6+1Studio director: Philippe De WulfGraphic designers: Karolien Pletinck, JeisonMalagon and Sophie Koch.www.sixplusone.beTexts & translationsCom&coCopy: Hans Vandenberghewww.comco.beContact:+32 9 210 10 60ondernemen@gent.bewww.investingent.beinfo@gentbc.bewww.gentbc.beThis publication is also available in EnglishCette publication est également disponible enfrançaisIssue date: March 201166

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