Managed by Lend LeaseGuM@ t© Cricket SkillsBy John Carr
Published by:Weston Creek Cricket ClubandWoden Shopping Square© Weston Creek Cricket Club14 Hyndes CrescentHolder ACT 2611Australia
WODENINTRODUCTIONThe game of cricket originated in England in the 16th Centuryand was within the province of the aristocracy.With the passing of time the game has gained popularity and isnow played, watch and enjoyed the world over by most peoplein most countries.The game is a great character developer not only in respect ofteamwork but also the art of conversation and yet still providesa forum for the skill and flair of the individual.This booklet has been compiled by players and officials of thegame and I commend them, the Weston Creek Cricket Cluband the Management of Woden Shopping Square on theproduction.Peter CunninghamPromotions ManagerWoden Shopping Square
PrefaceI am most grateful to Woden Shopping Square for enablingme to come to Canberra to conduct their SchoolsIntroductory Coaching Programme.I consider myself very lucky to be missing what willinevitably be a cold and wet English winter and look forwardto a good summer's cricket.It will be interesting to see how the Ashes 'battle' unfolds - itseems almost certain to be a closely fought and absorbingTest series.My chief aims are to encourage youngsters I visit in schoolsand to assist them in developing the basic skills required toenjoy the game of cricket to the full.I also welcome this opportunity to develop my own gamethrough playing in Canberra.I hope that you have an enjoyable cricketing summer!John Carr
BATTINGThe following will apply to a right handed batsman.The Grip (Fig. 1)Rest the bat handle on your left knee with the face of the batdownwards.Place the hands above the handle with palms facing downwards.Move hands towards the ground and meet the handle with the palms,closing hands round the handle.Helpful Hints1. Check right hand above left.2. Both hands are close together.3. 'V' of left hand above 'V' of right hand.The Stance (Fig. 2)Place feet either side of, and parallel to, the crease. The left side of thebatsman points towards the bowler. Bend the knees slightly to allow foreasy movement. Keep the head upright and the eyes level.Helpful Hints1. Feet comfortably, but not too farapart.2. Bat rests behind back (right)foot.3. Left shoulder towards bowler.4. Head turned to face bowler witheyes level.figure 2
The Bock LiftAs the bowler is about to deliver the ball, push the bat back towardsthe stumps with the left arm and hand.Open the face of the bat at the top of the back lift with the wrists.It is important to remember that the back lift need not be very high, i.e.just above stump level, but must be straight to ensure a straight followthrough.Forward DefensiveBasic ShotsPLAYED TO A BALL PITCHED UP TO THE BATSMAN BUT NOT QUITE AHALF VOLLEY, IN FACT A GOOD LENGTH BALL.The left foot moves as close to the pitch of the ball as possible.The left shoulder and left elbow lead the bat towards the ball.Bend the left knee so that the head is over the ball as the bat plays theball into the ground in front of you.Drives (Fig. 3)THE STRAIGHT DRIVE IS PLAYED TO A HALF-VOLLEY, OR FULL TOSSPITCHING ON, OR |UST OUTSIDE THE OFF STUMP.This is just an extension of the forward defensive shot.Left foot steps to the pitch of the ball.Lead with the head and the left shoulder.The weight is now on the front (leftl foot and the head is over the line ofthe ball.The left knee is bent to hit the ball along the ground.The full face of the bat goes through the ball. The bat finishes uppointing to where the ball has to be hit.THE COVER DRIVE IS PLAYED TO A HALF VOLLEY THAT PITCHESWIDER OF THE OFF STUMP.The left foot is moved further across to allow the head to be in line withthe ball.Lead with the left shoulder (turn your back towards the bowler) toensure that the shot is played in a sideways position.The full face of the bat hits through the ball and points in the directionyou wish the ball to go.
THE ON DRIVE IS PLAYED TO A HALF VOLLEY THAT PITCHES ON, OR)UST OUTSIDE, THE LEG STUMP.The left shoulder is dipped and the left foot has opened to moveforward and outside (legside) the line of the ball.Again, the full face of the bat comes through the ball, which is hitbetween mid-on and the bowler.Figure 3Backward Defence (Fig. 4)Helpful Hints1. Pick bat up straight.2. Get left foot close to pitch of ball.3. Lead with left shoulder.4. Left hand controls the shot.5. Full face hits through line of ball.6. Don't try to hit the ball too hard asyou will overbalance and lose power.PLAYED TO A SHORT PITCHED STRAIGHT BALL.The right foot moves back towards the stumps and across so that thehead is in line with the ball.The right foot remains parallel to the crease so that the body stays in asideways position.The left elbow points towards the bowler, so that the left hand controlsthe shot.The head is directly over the ball on contact ensuring that the ball goesdown.Helpful Hints1. Right foot back and across.2. Head over ball.3. Left elbow high.4. Ball played inside body.Figure 4
Bockfoot drivePLAYED TO A SHORT BALL, SLIGHTLY WIDE OF THE OFF STUMP.This again, is an extension of the defensive stroke.The back lift is higher and the bat comes through more quickly.The weight of the body is transferred forward into the stroke.The right hand punches the ball to give more power.The head is still kept in line.The left arm still controls the shot and the full face of the bat hitsthrough the ball in the intended direction of the shot.Hitting to leg.I. THE FULL TOSS — ON OR OUTSIDE BATSMAN'S PADS (Fig. 5)The head is moved towards and over the line of the ball — and keptstill. The left foot moves forward pointing straight down the pitch.The left knee is bent so that body weight is forward.The bat comes across the line of the ball in a full swing to meet theball in front of the left leg.2. THE LONG HOP — SHORT PITCHED BALL GOING DOWN THE LEGSIDE (Fig. 6).Move the right foot back and across but pointing towards the bowler.Bring the left foot back so that they are '/2 metre apart, and alsopointing towards the bowler.The head should now be in line with the ball.The body weight is towards the bowler.Swing the bat across the line of the ball, and turn your wrists over oncontact with the ball to hit it down.Helpful Hints (For both shots)1. Watch ball onto bat (keep head in line).2. Allow full swing of bat in front of body.3. Aim to hit ball in front of square leg.4. Do not try to hit ball too hard as you will overbalance and losecontrol and power.
Cut Off the Back Foot (Fig. 7)PLAYED TO A SHORT PITCHED BALL WIDE OF THE OFF STUMP.The right foot moves back and across, bringing the head in line with theball.The right toe points in the direction of the intended stroke.Bring the bat down and over the ball GUIDING it square of the wicket.Turn the wrists on contact to ensure the ball goes down.Helpful Hints1. Make sure bat is high enough to geton top of the ball.2. Do not try to cut too hard, or youmay get under the ball.3. Use the pace of the ball and try notto hit too early.BOWLINGThe fundamentals of good bowling are:1. A correct grip.2. A smooth, economical run-up.3. An easy, rhythmical and well balanced delivery, making full use ofyour height and body.4. A deliberate and fluent follow through.1. The GripThe grip varies according to the type of delivery, but for all types ofbowling, the ball is held in the fingers and not the palm.2. The Bun UpThe run up should start slowly, gradually increase speed, and over thelast few strides, full pace should be reached.3. The DeliveryThe last stride, a jump off the left foot turning the body sideways andthe left arm stretching upwards.The right foot lands behind and parallel to the crease.The body turns so that the left shoulder points towards batsman.
The left arm extends upward, and the bowler looks at the batsman overhis left shoulder.The weight is on the right foot and the body is leaning away from thebatsman.The left foot lands in front of the right foot pointing to long leg, toensure a sideways position.Keep left arm pointing towards batsman.Transfer body weight onto left leg.Allow left arm to come through, across and then behind the body.Bring the right arm over, as high and as straight as possible, letting go ofthe ball.The right arm then continues past the left thigh.The eyes are looking down the pitch and the head is still.The follow through continues taking the bowler to the off side and offthe wicket.Helpful HintsFigure 8Figure 91. Run up must be consistent and gradual.2. Land with the right foot parallel to crease.3. Look down wicket from behind left shoulder.4. Keep left shoulder pointing down wicket for as long as possible.5. Keep left leg braced (do not let it collapse).6. Get right arm high on delivery.7. Follow through.8. Concentrate eyes and mind on the spot where ball is meant to drop.There are too many different methods of bowling to discuss in detailhere, but by following the basic steps, success can be obtainedwhatever the type of bowler.The aim of any bowler is to defeat the opposing batsman and to dothis, he must be able to command accuracy in length and direction.This can only be acquired by will power and practice.ii. ft. i
FIELDINGFielding is very important in the modern game and should be fun, evenmore so if everyone tries.The fielder's first job is to stop the ball and there are two methods ofdefensive fielding.1. The Orthodox PositionGet in line with the ball early.Form a 'V' with the heels touching when facing the ball.Bend the knees and keep the head above your hands.Point the fingers down and stop the ball in front of your feet.The following will apply to right handed throwers2. The Long Barrier Position (Fig. 10)Get into the line of the ball as quickly as possible.Turn sideways to the line of the ball.Drop onto the left knee, so that the knee overlapswith right foot. (Lower left leg and right foot form abarrier to act as second line of defence.)Head is above the hands, with fingers pointingdown, when the ball is stopped.Offensive FieldingThis method allows the throw-in to follow picking up the ball, almostimmediately; in fact becomes the last part of the one action and couldresult in running the batsman out.Move onto and towards the line of the ball early.Get sideways to the line of the ball.Bend both hips and knees.The right foot is at right angles to the line of the ball at the moment ofstopping.The head is over the hands; fingers pointing down, which are just infront of the right foot.Once the ball is fully under control, point the left arm in the directionof the throw, take the right arm back and throw to your team-mate,aiming for his chest.CatchingCatches are vital in that they could win or lose a match.When catching, do not move until you have seen the ball.Move quickly then to the line of the ball.Figure 10
Keep the head still and watch the ball all the way.Make a wide 'web' with the hands, interlocking the little fingers.For high catches, try to catch at eye-level.for catches below chest level, point fingers down.When fielding, all fielders apart from the first slip and leg slip, willwatch the batsman.Close catchers, such as slips and gully, remain crouched and still, withhands ready to catch.Outfielders, such as mid-off, square leg and third man, walk in as thebowler runs in.All fielders will expect the ball to come to them.BE BALANCED, RELAXED and EXPECTANT.UICK€T-K€€PINGOf all the positions in the field, the wicket-keeper is the most importantand the most demanding.A wicket keeper should make sure that his stance:1. Is comfortable and not strained.2. Allows him the best possible sight of the ball.3. Enables him to take the ball with the minimum of movement.4. Is close enough to the wicket, so that he can stump the batsmanwithout having to reach for the stumps.The following feet movements allow wicket keepers to take balls onthe offside and down the legside whilst keeping the body facing andclose to the stumps.Helpful HintsOFF SideLeg Side1. The body and head must be kept still.2. Stay down for as long as possible, only rising to meet the rise of theball off the pitch.
3. The feet should move as little as possible, just making sure that thebody is behind the ball.4. Always take the ball with the fingers pointing down, never at the ball.5. When catching, 'give' slightly with the ball. (Never move the handstowards the ball or snatch at it!)CAPTAINCYOf all sports, the cricket captain's task is the most demanding. It canalso be the most rewarding. For every cricketer, knowledge of everyfielding position should be studied. As the captain's job is sodemanding requiring bowling changes and fielding changes, it is up tothe other nine players to help him by remembering their fieldingpositions and keeping an eye on the captain if he wants to move themduring an over.€QUIPM€NTG€N€RRL TIPS1. The size of bats are always a problem. Dad, don't buy your son thebest bat on the market. That may not be the correct size for him. Afair guidline of size of bat is that is that the bat should not reachhigher than the boy's hip bone when held against his leg.2. For a very keen junior cricketer, it is always good for him to have hisown equipment. It makes nice Christmas and birthday presents. Bat,batting gloves, pads and box are necessary.3. Always be prepared for a long hot day with drinks and zinc cream forthe face.4. White clothing for match day is very important. Looking the part onthe field is half the battle of becoming a good cricketer. So boys, letslook the part by wearing the proper gear.• TAKING GUARDIMPORTANT HINTSAsk for a guard that allows you to look down the wicket from middlestump to middle stump, with the eyes level (see 'The Stance').* When batting in a match, always talk to the other batsman at the endof each over to see how the game is progressing and to help eachother to concentrate.
RUNNING B€TUJ€€N TH€ UJICKCTSThere are three basic calls to use: YES, NO and WAIT, followed byYES or NO.Try and call as early and as clearly as possible.When the ball goes behind the wicket at which the batsman isplaying, the non-striking batsman (one at bowler's end) calls for therun. All other calls should be made by the batsman facing the bowler.When there is a chance of taking more than one run, always run facingthe side of the field where the ball is, even if it means changing thebat into your other hand. Never turn to run when you cannot seewhere the ball is.Neverquestion the umpire's decision.DO NOT USE bad language on the field.Cheer and encourage the members of your team always. Never usediscouraging words.Learn to enjoy the game and make it enjoyable for others.
PERSONAL CRICKCT R€CORDFor Season:.Name: — Cricket Club:.DateMatch Batting Bowling FieldingOpponentsRunsScoredOversWicketsRunsAgainstCatchesRun Outs
Cover Photo:JOHN CARRWeston Creek Cricket ClubOxford University Cricket ClubMiddlesex County Cricket ClubManaged by Lend LeasePrinted by Lowes—Printer