Almond Sustainability Program:Getting CreditGabriele Ludwig, Moderator
CEU CreditsContinuing Education Units areavailable for most sessions.Please check in at the CEU desk inthe Doubletree Hotel lobby fordetails and instructions.
Almond SustainabilityProgram: Getting CreditPresenters:Dan Sonke, SureHarvestAlmond Grower Participants
California Almond Sustainability ProgramGabriele Ludwig, ABC & Dan Sonke, SureHarvest
How To Play Our GameQ. Almonds grow…• SAMPLE QUESTION1. On vines and fruitunderground2. In every state of the US3. Hydroponically ingreenhouses4. On trees in the CentralValley of California
What is Sustainable Almond Farming?1. Only organic almondfarming2. Only almonds grownwithin 100 miles of wherethey are eaten3. Almond growing thatconsiders the long-termeconomics as well asimpacts to theenvironment and society0% 0% 0%1 2 3
Sustainable Almond FarmingAlmond Definition:• Sustainable almond farming utilizesproduction practices that are economicallyviable and are based upon scientificresearch, common sense & a respect forthe environment, neighbors & employees.The result is a plentiful, healthy & safefood product.
The Primary Driver of SustainableAgriculture Programs Today is…1. Michelle Obama2. Hippie communes3. Natural food storeshoppers4. SocialistEnvironmentalists5. Mainstream foodcompanies like Wal-Mart,Nestle, General Mills,Unilever0% 0% 0% 0% 0%1 2 3 4 5
Crop/Nut of Choice Continuum
What Happens In The FieldAffects The MarketA Cropof ChoiceThe Nutof Choice
Social LicenseSocial License: The privilege of operating withminimal formalized restrictions (legislation, regulation,or market requirements) based on maintaining publictrust by doing what’s right.Public Trust: A belief that activities are consistentwith social expectations and the values of thecommunity and other stakeholders.Source: Charlie Arnot (Center for Food Integrity)
The Social License To OperateFlexible ResponsiveLower CostSocial License• Ethics• Values• Expectations• Self-RegulationHigh TrustCompleteAutonomyTippingPointSingle triggering eventCumulative impactRigid BureaucraticHigher CostSocial Control• Regulation• Legislation• Litigation• ComplianceLow TrustProhibitionSource: Charlie Arnot (Center for Food Integrity)
Besides Farmers, the CASP Exists to Help theAlmond Industry Respond to What Group ofPeople?1. Buyers of almondsfor chocolatemanufacturers2. Buyers of almondsfor restaurantsuppliers3. Regulators &legislators4. Buyers of almondsfor breakfast cereal5. All of the above0% 0% 0% 0% 0%1 2 3 4 5
What Do I Need to Become a“Sustainable” Almond Grower?1. Spend lots of moneyon new technologies2. Give up modernpesticides & fertilizers3. Replace tractors withmule teams4. Most almond farmersprobably use manysustainable practicesalready25% 25% 25% 25%1 2 3 4
You are Practicing SustainabilityMost almond farmers are using manysustainable practices already.• 3,4,5 th generation almond farmsBut society doesn’t understand farminganymore. To “get credit,” we want to document whatyou do
Almond Farmers Never Change,Right?Almond harvest, 1939
Self-AssessmentHow do we document thatalmond growers are sustainable?‘Self-Assessment Tool’• Not a survey, a process bywhich you ‘assess yourself’• Based on grower and expertinput (UC, CSU, UCCE andprivate consultants)• Currently covers irrigation andnutrient management• Additional modules indevelopment• Air Quality• Energy• Pest Management
PanelWayne BrunsMerlyn Garber
Sample Self-AssessmentQuestionsIrrigation Infrastructure and MaintenanceWhat is the type of irrigation system for this orchard?1. Drip2. Micro-sprinkler3. Flood or furrow irrigation4. Sprinklers
Irrigation Infrastructure andMaintenanceA. Not familiar withthisFor my orchard, I amusing the followingpractices and/ortechnologies formaximizing my irrigationefficiency.B. I haven’t tried thisC. I have tried thisD. My current practiceA distribution uniformitytest has been done on theirrigation system at leastonce in the past year.Not familiar with thisI haven’t tried ItE. Not applicable1 2 3 4 5I have tried ItMy current practiceNot applicable20% 20% 20% 20% 20%A. B. C. D. E.
Scheduling Based onEvapotranspiration (ET)1.Not familiar withFor my orchard, I amthisusing the followingpractices and/or2.I technologies Haven’t for trieddetermining when to3.Iirrigate.have tries4.My CurrentI make Practiceirrigationdecisions by followingNot familiar with thishistorical ET.5.Not applicable1 2 3 4 5I haven’t tried itI have tried itMy Current practiceNot applicable20% 20% 20% 20% 20%1 2 3 4 5
Scheduling Based OnEvapotranspiration (ET)For my orchard, I am1.Not using the following familiar withpractices and/ortechnologies this fordetermining when toirrigate.2.I haven’t tried it3.I have tried itI make irrigation4.My currentreal practicetimedecisions by followingevapotranspiration5.Not(ETc) dataapplicableat leastweekly and calculatingthe water volumeleaving the plant andsoil.1 2 3 4 5Not familiar with thisI haven’t tried itI have tried itMy current practiceNot applicable20% 20% 20% 20% 20%1 2 3 4 5
Plant Stress MonitoringA. Not familiar withthisFor my orchard, I amusing the followingpractices and/ortechnologies fordetermining when toirrigate.B. I haven’t tried thisC. I have tried thisD. Current practiceE. Not applicableI decide when toirrigate based onmeasured plant stressby monitoring plantwater stress (stemwater potential) with apressure chamber.1 2 3 4 5Not familiar with thisI haven’t tried itI have tried itMy current practiceNot applicable20% 20% 20% 20% 20%A. B. C. D. E.
Soil Moisture MonitoringA. Not familiar withthisFor my orchard, I amusing the followingpractices and/ortechnologies fordetermining when toirrigate.B. I haven’t tried itC. I have tried itD. My current practiceE. Not applicableI monitor soil moisturewith devices such asneutron probes,dielectric device,tensiometers, etc.1 2 3 4 5Not familiar with thisI haven’t tried itI have tried itMy current practiceNot applicable0% 0% 0% 0% 0%A. B. C. D. E.
Tissue TestingA. Not familiar withthisFor my orchard, I amusing the followingpractices and/ortechnologies formaximizing nutrientmanagement efficiency.B. I haven’t tried itC. I have tried itD. My current practiceE. Not applicablePlant tissue tests havebeen taken prior to theapplication of nutrients& the test resultsactually guide theamount of nutrientsapplied in the orchard.1 2 3 4 5Not familiar with thisI haven’t tried itI have tried itMy current practiceNot applicable0% 0% 0% 0% 0%A. B. C. D. E.
What Kind of Things Would Attract Youto Do a Self-Assessment? Select all that apply1. Free meal at workshop2. Free beer or wine atworkshop3. Equipment/tradeshow/technicalinformation at workshop4. Ability to do theassessment online athome5. CEU credits for doingself-assessment0% 0% 0% 0% 0%1 2 3 4 5
Upcoming WorkshopsDecember 15, 2 - 6 p.m. (Beer & Appetizers provided)Waterloo Ca Restaurant10447 E. Waterloo Rd. (Hwy 99 to Waterloo Rd East 6 miles)Stockton, CADecember 17, 2 – 6 p.m. (Beer & Appetizers provided)Granzella’s Inn391 6th Street (next door to Granzella’s Restaurant)Williams, CA 95987
Sign Up to Get Workshop NoticesCardsVisit the ABC booth in the tentStand Tall!!Tell the Good Story
Wrap-Up, Discussionand Q&A
Rustler GiveawayGrowers:Win a New HollandRustler from GartonTractor andSmartCube PackagingSystem. Completeyour entry form andreturn to booth #81 or#82.
Sessions at 1:30 pm:Pollination Updates inGrand BallroomLeveraging ConsumerDemand to Become anEssential Ingredientin Arbor Theater