Sep-Oct, Nov, Dec 1962-Jan 1963 - Navy League of Australia

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Sep-Oct, Nov, Dec 1962-Jan 1963 - Navy League of Australia

THESEA-FRIEND OR FOE?H) the Minister for tin- Xnvx. ISenator, The Hon, /. (>. Gorton, jBig Jim has the reputation all right. Never has to tell ahout the "one that got away," but seemsto haul in a beauty every time he wets his line. That's luck if you like ... or is it? Couldbe Jim's just a born fisherman with a keen nose for fish. Certainly luck plays no part in hisdaily work. Jim's a Bell's man—working with cold hard facts, figures and experience to makehis contribution to industry and progress. If "Lady Luck" should happen along during theweek, she's welcome because that simply means getting the answer to a problem faster.But, by and large, the vast Bell's organisation pays no attention to luck. We rely on"know-how" ... on research ... on the latest technological advances ... on the wideexperience of our many internationally-known associates in providing Australian industry withover 420 products and services . . . and to carry out such assignments as the design andlayout of complete boiler house instrumentation, including Smoke Density Measuring andControlling equipment, with full technical services available for steam trapping, air venting andthermostatic controls. We're as near as your phone and we'd be truly pleased to help you.BELIESASBESTOS ANDENGINEERING(AUSTRALIA) LTD.Sydney, Melbourne. Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, Tawnxville.Kalgoorlte, Newcastle. Darwin, Hobart. Launceiton. BurnleBA8N7In these days ol orbital flights.mil great scientific achievement,I feel that Navy Week comes.IN .! timely reminder. It serves,uerhaiu, to bring our thinkingdown to earth", and to locusnili attention on the sea thatsurrounds us.For, despite the "space age"achievements, the sea is stiil aprimary factor in the securityoi nations. This applies particularlyto Australia .... ourisolated island continent, withiis 12,000 miles ol coastline.Sea communications a reessential to Australia's veryexistence. On any one clay ofthe year there are 150 ships inVustralian waters, and the port1 Sydnc\ alone handles nearly5,000 sltips in a single year.These vessels earn oil and otherstrategic materials and general])consti i ute a maritime lifelifethat is \ital to the economyMU\ security ol the country.In time of war. the sea canbe an ally or a foe .... a mantleol strength and safety, or anoose strangling life horn anisland continent. The RoyalVustralian Navy, assisted In hersister Services, has the mainresponsibility of deciding theallegiance of the seas encompassingout shores.During Navy Week, manyAustralians will have a chanceto see something of their Nav\it first-hand. I hope they takelull advantage of this opportunity.They should be proudof what they see.September-October, 1962Australia has a small buthighly-efficient and mobile Navy.Our combat ships arc among theworld's best, and frequentlyprove themselves in internationalexercises.The Navy to-day is attractingfine young men, who are lookingfor a career that offers realsatisfaction of service to thenation.You can give increasedstrength to your Navj throughyour interest and appreciation.These factors are important tothe prestige and morale of theServices on whom our survivalcould one day depend.


BATTLE OF THE NILEMaster's MedalThe medal reproduced here bycourtesy of Mr. Kenneth C. BruitMjcdonnel, of Sydney, grandson ofMr. firuff, Mister of one of Nelson'sships, "Orion," at the Battle of theNile, has come down to Mr. Macdonnel as a family legacy."Orion" carried 74 guns with acomplement of 500 men and wascommanded by Captain Sir JamesSaumarez, of Norman descent butborn in the Island of Guernsey.A distinguished naval officer, hewas a member of Nelson's Band ofBrothers.A commemorative victory medal ingold to Admirals and Captains engagedin naval actions was notexceptional, but the gift after theVol. 25 SEPT.-tXTT., 1962The Officii Organ of the Njvy League of AustraliaCONTENTSPageMESSAGE BY THE MINISTER FOR NAVY5AUSTRALIA STRENGTHENS ITS ANTI-SUBMARINE DEFENCES9YOUTH IN THE NAVY15RAN. SURVEY SHIP RETURNS FROM NEW GUINEA17H.M.A.S. WATSON — PROGRAMME FOR OPEN DAY18H.M.A. SHIPS AND GARDEN ISLAND — PROGRAMME Of DISPLAY 20NEW DESTROYERS FROM UNITED STATESNEW BRITISH DEFENCE POLICY2333Plus Sundry Stories and Photographs of H.M.A. ShipsBattle of the Nile of gold medalsto Admirals and Captains, silverto Lieutenants and Officersrankingwith them, copper • gilt to inferiorofficers and copper - bronze to themen by a private individual, Mr.Alexander Davison, an intimatefriend ofNelson's, was exceptional.Mr. Davison was, in this case,agent for sale of the prizes. Thedevice is remarkable in anotherway; the engraver is said to havemade the mistake, on the reverseside, of showing the French Fleetat anchor with the British Fleetadvancing to the attack and thesun set»ing in the East. Thefigure supporting Nelson's profile onthe face of the medal is that ofHope.rhis page is sponsored, in support l theNavy League of Australia. L>\COUPLAND & WADDELL PTY. LTDElectrical & Mechanical Engineers615-23 Day Street, SydneyTHE NAVYPublished by the Navy League of Australia66 Clarence Street, Sydney, MA 8784. Postal Adress, Box 3850, G.P.O.Printed by Jno. Evans & Son Printing Co. Pty. Ltd., 486 Kent Street. Sydney. 'Phone: MA 2674.THE NAVY LEAGUE OF AUSTRALIAPATRON:The Governor General. His Excellency. The Right Honourable Viscount I>e Lisle. V.C., PC, G.C.M.G., Kl. of St. J.FEDERAL COUNCIL:President: Rear Admiral H. A. Showers,C.B.EI)r[)uij President: Lieut. Cdr. J. B.House. V.R.D.. R.A.N. V.R.Secretary: Lieutenant L. Mackay-Cruise,R.A.N.R.New South Wales Division:Patron: His Excellency. The Governorof New South Wales.President: Read Admiral H. A.Showers. C.B.E.Secretary: Lieut. Cdr. A. A. A.Andrews. M.B.E.. R.A.N.. 28 RoyalStreet. Chalswood, Sydney.Victorian Division:Patron: His Excellency. The Governorof Victoria.President: R. H Collins. Esq.Sfcretar*: Miss E. C. Shorrocks, S28Collins Street. Melbourne.Representatives of the Naval Board:Director of Naval Reserves, CommanderM. G. Pechey. D.S.C.. R.A.N.Lieut. E. D. Sandberg. R.A.N.September-October, 1962Queensland Division:South Australian Division:Patron: His Excellency, The Governor Patron: His Excellency, The Governorof Queensland.of South Australia.'President: Cdr. N. S. Pixley. Mill.., President: Surgeon Cdr. Sir FrancisV.R.I)., R.A.N.R. (Retd.).Mailers. R.A.N.V.R. (Retd.).Hon. Sec.: G. R. O'Neill. Esq., Box Hon. Sec.: R. R. Sutton. Esq.. 30376E.. G.P.O.. Brisbane.Piric Street, Adelaide.Australian Capital Territory Division:President: Ll. Cdr. J. B. Howse.V.R D.. R.A.N.V.R.Hon. Sec.: Lieut. Cdr. D. M. Blake.R.A N.V.R.. 60 Limestone Avenue.Ainslie. A.C T.Northern Territory Division:Patron: His Honour the Administrator.President: O. J. Cameron. Esq.Hon. Sec.: Mrs. V. M. Slide, c/-H.M.A.S. •Melville". Darwin. N.T.AUSTRALIAN SEA CADET COUNCIL:Navy League:Rear Admiral H. A. Showers. C.B.E.Lieut. Cdr. J. B. Howse. V.R.D.,R.A.N.V.R.Tasmanian Division:Patron: Vice Admiral Sir Guy Wyatl,K.B.E., C.B., R.N.President: Cdr. A. H. G«en. O.B.E.,D.S.C.. R.A.N. (Retd.).Hon. Sec.: Lt. Cdr. A. K Wenhcjmer,R.A.N.R., 112 Main Rd.. Lindisfame.Hobart.Western Australian Division:Patron: His Excellency, The Governorof Western Australia.President: Roland Smith, Esq.Hon. See.: K R. Olson Esq.. 62Blcncowe Street. West Leedcrville,W.A.A Representative from each Navy LeagueDivision, also—S.C. Cdr L. E. Forsythe.Lieut. Cdr. F. G. Evans. R.A.N.V.R.Hon. Sec.: Lieutenant L. Mackay-Cruise. R.A.N.R.


NAPIER "DELTIC"ENGINES TO POWERR.A.N. SHIPSAUSTRALIA STRENGTHENS ITSANTI-SUBMARINE DEFENCESBy 'i Spet mlAiisii.tii.i U on iIK- threshold | a new erain ihe defem e against the stibmai inc — theweapon h hi* h • nuld pose the biggesi singlethreat to (IH nation in the event ol war.I lu- liisi ol a force | 27 anti-submarine hclicopterswill be delivered in the Ro\al AustralianN.iw ilii^. year, enabling the R.A.N, to adopt theHUM advanced tti hnujues ol anti - submarinewarlare. In addition. Australia will soon bereaping the benefits ol a < eincentrated programmeo| scientific research in the anti-submarine field.Ilu submarine has long been recognised asilu- main threat to Australia's extended sea communications.Ilu- development ol ail transporth.ts dime little to reduce ilu- nation's dependence• in sea supplies. On am da) ol the year, 150ships .in- on ilu Australian roast, handling iluSH million tons ol sea cargo on which the nationdepends eat h year.Correspondent.The Naw puis its greatest effort into antisubmarinewarfare. The R.A.N, has an elfettheami -submarine force comprising live frigates,lour destroyers, anil the (.annet squadrons 1the Fleet Air Arm.NEW WEAPONThe Royal Australian Nav\ has not beendevoting all its resources to the preparednessol ships and men. Simultaneously with its antisubmarinetraining programmes, the R.A.N, hasbeen carrying out underwaiei research, experimentingwith new techniques, ami developing aradical new anti-submarine missile.Royal Australian Naw scientists, togetherwith scientists ol the Austialian Department ofSupply, are working on a surface-to-sub-surfacemi'silt" that tould prove to be (he Invest postwaradvance in weapons to combai the modernNapier "Deltic" diesel engines have beenordered by Hie Royal Australian Navy as replacementpower plants for six of their "TON" Classminesweepers. The ships are to be re-enginedwith "Deities" as part of a modernisation programmestarting mid-1961. They will be readyto be sailed back to Australia by l^.N. crewsby t!ie summer of 1962.This R.A.N, order brings the total number ofEE620.FP"Deities' ordered to nearly 500, and there arealready more than 400 of these 9 and 1 8-cylinderdiesels in service in marine, rail traction andindustrial installations in many parts of the world.THE ENGLISH ELECTRIC COMPANY OF AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITEDSYDNEY AND NEWCASTLE • MELBOURNE • BRISBANE • ADELAIDE . HOBART . PERTHSeptember-October, 1962Bristol SycamoreAir Sea RescueHelicopters withH.M.A.S. MEL­BOURNE is a futureglimpse of howthe ship will lookin her new role.


The Management and StaffRACEofcongratulateBROS.THEROYALAVSTHALiAHNAVYsubmarine. The Minister lor Defence, Mr.Town lev, has said that (he missile will have along range, ami will home on to its target. TheI'niled Stales has been sufficiently impressedwith the weapon's potential to invest 4,000,000dollars in its development.Meanwhile, operational research teams havebeen making a detailed scientific analysis ofanti-submarine warfare, using an Action SpeedTactical Tea* her. which simulates the conditionsand (ircurmtances ot anti-submarine warfare.These scientific studies have provided informationon different tactics to meet various typesill submarine attat k..Australia's two oceanographu research ships.DIAMAMINA and GASCOYNE. besides doinga great deal ol scientific research, have also collectedinformation with a bearing on submarinedetection. Their records ol sea characteristics,such as temperatures, salinity and currents, aremaking a contribution to Australia's anti-submarinedefences.HI'S TEH - KILLER" HELICOPTERThe Hist operational squadron of anti-submarinehelicopters will be in the air next year,giving new strength to the R.A.N.'s anti-submarinecapability. The "hunter-killer" helicopterhas proved one of the most effectiveanswers to the modem submarine. It combinesspeed and manoeuvrability in finding and attacking,and the submarine has little chance ofpredicting its tactics. The helicopter can bearmed with homing torpedoes.Moving swiftly from point to point, thehovering helicopter can susjK'nd an "active"asdic device that sends signals probing beneaththe sea. These signals seek out the underwaterraider, ami can strip away the cloak of invisibilityfrom the most advanced submarines,even those of the nuclear variety.Operating from an aircraft carrier likeH.M.A.S. MELBOURNE, helicopters can helpscreen convoys against submarine attack. Thehelicopters can work in various defensive patternsaround the convoy, supplementing theescort ships. They can also be used ahead ofthe convoy, listening for any submarine thatmay be waiting to jxmnce on the approachingships.The helicopter's proven ability to find andattack serves as a strong deterrent to the submarine.Once aware that anti-submarine helicoptersare in the vicinity, the submarine captainfinds its prudent to take evasive action. He cankeep track of a frigate's course and speed withhis listening devices, but there is no anticipatingthe darting movements of the deadly "chopper".GOLDENon the occasion of it$JUBILEEand icish them the best of good luckNAVYWEEKduring< III I Its fromGRACE BROS.BROADWAY, BONDI, PARRAMATTA, CHATSWOOl)September-October, 1962THE NEW WESTLAND WESSEX ANTI-SUBMARINE HELICOPTER11


•Then* is (he ever-pre eni danger thai the helilopter'sasdic device will descend near him.The K AN. \ lust O|K i.itiottal stpiadton ol.1 ini-stiliiii.it hie hcluopiers uill be formed nextu*ar. I In West la ml \\V M \ helicopters beingobtained U\ the \.IV\ i.HI operate In da\ andnight and in \irtualh .ill weather conditions,\ self* led giiiiip nl \i V.N. pilots and observershave been until rgoing |n< i.il training in Britain.I IK\ will hnin ihe nucleus ol the Australianheluoplci sent ad ton and stall an aiiti-Mihmai imhelitopleiOpei; iiioti.il Fking S< honl KI he ci.ililishelat (lit \a\al \n Station at Nowra la leithis war.\ttirs i\/t \tt xI he Rosa I Atistialian Navy's escort ships arc.ilit .idv eciuipixtl with modern devices foi detecting ami destroying submarines. ^ ARRA amiV \RRAMA I I A. two new Irigale* designedsix'c ifically lot anti-submarine warfare, joinedthe Kleet last \ear. lhc\ rank among the mosta'.1 vanted anti-submarine frigates in the woi Id.I wo more ol these ships. SIL'AR I and DER-WENT, are Hearing completion in Australianshipyards.Officers am! men are trained in the ait olantisubmarine warfare -it the lotpedo AmiSubmarine School in Sydney (H.M.A.S. WAT*SON). This is the basic training establishmentloi detection devices and weapons.Also located in tlit S\dne\ area is a MaritimeHeadquarters, where the Navy and Air ForceCommanders can maintain joint control ol seaand air forces.The close co-operation between the Nawami (he- Ait Force- is moulded at the Australian|oint Anti-Submarine School at the Naval AirStation at Nowra. This School was started in1951 specifically to intergrate the anti-submarineforces of the two Services. It teaches joint tacticsto ensure efficient co-operation between Nav\ships and aircraft and the Maritime Squadronsol the R.A.A.1-. The School organises frequentjoint exercises in the Tasman Sea with ships, andNaval and R.A-A.F. aircraft.To provide realistictraining, the R.A.N.maintains a Royal Navv submarine squadron inSydney. The Fourth Submarine Division, comprisingthree British "T" Class submarines(TAPIR, TRUMP and TABARD) provides theessential year-round practical training for theNa\\ ami K.A.A.F.International exercises with Allied navies arenow- an integral pari tit the R.A.N.'s annualtraining programme. Ships and aircraft takepartin several international exercises each year,and in palticulai gain valuable exjH'iience workingwith modern submarines ol the UnitedStates' Navy.With the new weapons ol tomorrow, Australia'shighly-trained anti-submarine forces willbe in a still stronger position to cope with theirdual responsibilit) of escorting convoys to battleareas and protecting Australia's sea lifelines.ANTI-SUBMARINE WEAPON "LIMBO'Skipperyour ownHALVORSENon your nextholidayYou leave all your worries ashore when you boarda Halvorsen cruiser from Bobbin Head. Swim, fishor just relax along the calm and tranquil waterwaysof The Hawkesbury, Cowan and beautiful Pittwater.Easy to handle Halvorsen Cruisers are fully equipped,and boats sleeping up to 9 are available by theday or for as long as you please. Book now foryour next holiday (Summer or Winter).Write or phone for full detoiliSENCruiserHiilvatscn Boats. P.O. Box S3. Tuiramurni. 'Phone: JJ 1227,H-ihnr-m rruKero ate huili b> L»r* Halvonen snn« Pty.l.ld.. contractor io the Royal Australian Navy.Distributors (or Chrysler and B.M.C marine engines.Dealers for Johnson outboard motors.LH.S.V42aTHE NAVYRatings at H.M.A.S. WATSON wearing anti-flash equipment closed up waiting to fire the antisubmarineweapon, "LIMBO." This weapon automatically sets the mortars to fire at thedepth at which the submarine has been detected.September-October, 1962 13


CUSILMAN'TOUGH AS STEEL-ENDURING AS BRONZE'The b*r*i non-frrrous alloy forwelding. CUSILMAN is theregistered trade name of AustralBronze Company for its hiyh-•trcngth Silicon Bronze Alloy 801.The name Cusilman is derivedfrom its component metals:COPPER—SILICON-MANGANESE. When alloyedwith copper, these metals markedlyincrease strength andendurance limits to valuesequivalent to structural steel whileretaining excellent ductility,durability and fabricatingCusilman can be readily welded by any of thecharacteristics. Most important,conventional processes, including oxy-acetylene, carbonthe deoxidising effect of manganesearc, metallic arc. argon arc and resistance methods. Itand silicon combined ensurescan readily be spot or seam welded on resistance weldingexcellent weldability.machines, particularly in the lighter gauges. Cusilmanwelding rods are supplied for specific use as filler* Cusilman welding rods arerods in welded Cusilman construction in high-strength,marketed exclusively throughoutcorrosion resistant hot water storage tanks, calorifiers,pickling tanks, evaporators, chemical plant, stills,Australia by The Commonwealthreaction kettles and pressure vessels.Industrial Gases Limited underMost lads who leave school ;it15 or so have no specific careertraining. There arc insufficientapprenticeships in industry tomeet the demand, and mainjobs open to youths do not leadto a worthwhile career,Hecause ol this situation, theNavy has two training schemesfor youths. Firstly, an apprenticetraining school near Sydney hasbeen opened where lads ol 15-17start a five-year apprenticeshipas litters and turners, electricalfitters, or naval shipwrights. Astraining is a full-time job lor anaval apprentice, he is consider*ably better oil than his civiliancolleague, who has usually onlythe evenings (or theoreticalu.titling.After four years at the ApprenticesTraining Establishment,the Naval apprentice has anextra year's training on the job.after which he becomes a |KMtyofficer. To discharge his res|K>nsibilitiesas a petty officer,and because he will have oppor-YOUTH IN THE NAVYtunities for gaining commissionedrank, a good deal of trainingat the Apprentices' Establishmentis designed to improve hiscapabilities as a leader.The second training schemewhich is of great interest tovoting school leavers is thejunior Recruit Training Scheme.Since the Junior Recruit TrainingEstablishment was opened atFiematitlc in I960, it lias grownsteadil) in popularity. So greathas been the demand for entryto this School that it isplanned to open a second Schoolat Hinders Naval Base in 1963.The Junior Recruit enters theNavy aged between 15$ and Ki 1 ,and spends his first 12 monthsat the Junior Recruit School.His instructional time is dividedbetween Naval and academicsubjects, for a sound basic educationis becoming more andmore important for naval ratingsif they are to master their futuretechnical training.In many ways, the Junior RecruitEstablishment resembles aboarding school rather than aNaval establishment, and life isnot all drudgery and no fun.The year at the Establishmentis broken up into two terms,wiili home leave between them.There are week-end camps andopportunities for boatwork andmany kinds of sports — evendancing.Alter leaving the Junior RecruitTraining Establishmentthe ex-Junior Recruit is absorbedinto one of the manybranches of the Navy, and soonfinds himself at sea, playing hisfull part as a member of a snip'scompany in the Fleet.It is expected that these twojunior entries into the Navy willthis year be more jxipular thanever, because a record number ofyouths are expected to leaveschool.WREATH LAYING AT CENOTAPHthe trade name Comweld Cusilman.MISTRAL® BRONZECOMPANY PTY. LIMITEDHead Office: 15-23 O'Riordsn Strvtt, Altf*ndn«. Phone: 69-1091. Salt. Offices—N.S.W.: 15-23 O'Rlordan Street, Alei«ndrie. Phone: 69-3323VIC: 473-479 Swan Street, Burnley. Phone: 42-4324. OLD.: 224-230 Montague Roed, West End. Phone: 4-6562. S.A.: 463 Torrens Roed. Kill in*Phone: 45-5366. W.A.: 48 Short Street, East Perth. Phone: 28-4126. TAS.: Glenorchy, Hobert. Phone: 7-6887.on the Cenotaph .t Martin PI.ce reeently, „ part of £ S * w 3 «ti*uS W ° * pUce ttt wr " UuStplcmbsr-October, 196215


MARITIMEMAINTENANCEPTY. LTD.ForAH• Rust Elimination9 Tink Cleaning• Flame Scaling• Cleaning and PaintingMdforms of Ships' HusbandryandServiceConsult:MARITIMEMaintenancePly. Ltd.SHELL HOUSE. SYDNEY25-1159 'Day. 82 3640 'Night'Diesel FuelInjectionEquipment* Repair*fNUTTALL, LATHES* MilililHiiilNrNorfolk IslanderJoins R.A.N.The tins Australian territoryill Norfolk' Island, in du- PacificOcean. II.IN provided OIK- ol itsfust recruits lot tin- Royal Alls*Italian Navy.A 15-year-old youth from theisland has IK-^UII (I,lining at theRoval Australian Navv's Apprenlici'training Establishment .it* ( oii-Mhin^ andOuaker's Hill. IU*;II Sydnev.ManufacturingI IK* luturc nav;d ai tihtei is|.iii l>t (.hestu. whose lathei isEngineerstin ilu'tnisi «>n Norfolk Island.I AH, i>| Belgian descent, hits lived..II his lit* on the small Pacificisl.md. M'Mi tnilis noith t.isi olXEPTIWES\dtu \.Kiiftinrerini: CompanyIK wis brought to Australiaspvciallv to en let the .Apprentices'Establishment aftet suc­Lavender Bay.North Sydneycessful!) completing an entrancelest. After rtvc years ol train*XB 2004 Phones XB 2695 ing lu- will become a PettyOfficer artificer in the R.A.N.Some of the 76 NUTTALL All Geared Head, CENTRELATHES at the R.A.N. Apprentice Training Establishment,"H.M.A.S. Nirimba." Quakers Hill, N.S.W.R.A.N. SURVEY SHIP RETURNSFROM NEW GUINEAA small Royal AustralianNavy survey ship with a trig retponsibilit)in the developmento| New Guinea returned toS\dne\ itiititU.She is the .WO-ion H.M.A.S.I'M.IMA. which has the task• •I ensuring safe, navigation inilw waters around New Guinea.I IK- small ship, with a crew of[firic ollutis ,i11l a five-ycai programme to prodint- a< ( unite new t hai is amimaps o| the area.11K- Minister) lot the Navy,Senatoi Gorton, said recent!)that since leaving Sydney lastDecember. PALUMA had carriedout a number ol surveysthat were essential to the developmentol New Guinea*OIK- of hei major tasks thisyear has been in New Britain.she has been surveying inRabaul Harbour and the associatedwains ol Blanche Bay andMatupi Maibmii. to assist therecover) ol Rabaul as a majorport. The re-development olRahaul's j«ni facilities has beenmade | MIS a bit b\ itttiii salvageoperations to cleai the Harbourol |apanese wrecks.However. P \I.l'\l\"S survevshowed thai the salvage workwas noi entirely successful. Shepin-pointed seven ships and JHsmaller wrecks on the Harbouibed. The smaller wrecks couldhave been plants oi landingcraft.Senator Gorton said that duringher survcv in the Rabaularea. PALUMA also found that:• The bottom oi Ma tupi Harbourhas risen S5 feet sincethe last survey, f>0 years ago;• The Matupi coastline is stillhot as a result of volcanicactivity, and the surveyors sufferedfrom "hot feet"; and• The Beehives, an importantlandmark in Rabaul Harbour,is the victim ol subsidence orerosion. lis height has reducedb\ 25 feet. The Beehives arosefrom the sea bed during a volcaniidisturbance in the 19thcentury.The last detailed survey in theRabaul ana was matte In Germanhvdrographers before thesiait ol the First World War.In some plates in Papua,PALUMA is making charts toreplace those based on the datagathered by Captain OwenStanley. 110 years ago.PALUMA will undergo herannual refit while in Sydney, andwill return to New Guinea inDecember. She is under thecommand oi 31-year-old Lieutenant- Commander Michael(.alder, ol Melbourne.Diesel and Steam Tug and Waterboat OwnersiDittinguilhing Marks: GREEN Hulls, BLACK FunnelslDIESEL TUGSCONTRACTORS TO THE ADMIRALTY_ ^ ^ _ ^ ^ _ _Sydney Cove MBp-- V •T^^%t^^(^ •?' ^M PflOllPS:Manly CoveFarm CoveBU 5072414 BOTANY ROAD, ALEXANDRIA. N.S.W. MX43274. TelegramsH00T00LS", Sydney.THE NAVYSTEAM TUGSHerosLindfieldHeroicHimmaHeroineCables:"FENWICK"Water Boat:Ceres, 100 tonsJ. FENWICK & CO. PTY. LIMITEDieptember-Octobrr, 1962UNION HOUSE, 247UNION HOIJSK OA-7 GEORGEAnd at II Watt Street. Newcastle, am /-?r/~.n/-r- STREET, SYDNEYc/o Adelaide S.S. Co. Ltd., Port Kembla, N.S.W.


H.M.A.S. WATSON -OPEN DAYIs, OVTOBEH. HMi'JThe first major tunction duringthe 1%- Nav\ Week inSydney will be at H.M.A.S.WATSON, when this establishmentwill U open for publicim|M'


NAVY WEEK IN SYDNEY — DISPLAY AT GARDEN ISLAND, OCTOBER 6PROGRAMME OF EVENTSP.M.1.30 Dockyard Rates to be opened.2.00 Dockyard mil II MA. Ships open lo Jvisitors; Crane Rides commence. \2.00 Helicoptct Display, .mil Diving Display jin W'onlkxHnooloo Bay. (6). !2.15 H.M.S. I Al'IR. diving and surfacing.(i). !2.25 II MAS. f.)l IICKMATCH fires A S Imorurs. {">). \2.30 Diving Display, South hast Pound, (16).li.'tn Kire Fighting Display. (8).2.40 Hclrcoptet Display in WttollootnoolotiBay. (ti).2.50 Diver "Drop and Pick-up" Drill, smithol South I'asi Pound. (7).3.00 Fly-past hs Fleet Air Arm.3.15 H.M.A.S. 'Ql'lCKMATCH fires ASmortars. (5).3.30 H.M.S. TAPIR. Diving and Surfacing(I).5.30 Helicopter Display in WoolloomoolooBay. (6).3.15 Fire Fighting Display. (8).3.15 Diving Dtsplav in South Fast Pound.(16).1.00 Helicopter Displas in WIKIIIIMIIIUIOIIIIIBay. (ti).1.05 H.M.A.S. Ql'lCKMATCH lilts A smortars. (5).1.10 Diver Attack from Submarine. (I).1.30 Fire Fighting Display. (8).1.30 Diving Display ai South East Pound.(16).1.15 Helicopter Display, (ti).1.50 H.M.S. TAPIR. Diving and Surfacing.(I)-5.005.10H.M.A. Ships closed to visitors.Diver "Drop and Pick-up" Drill southol South Fast Pound. (7).5.30 Ceremonial Sunset hv Massed Bands.(10).6.00 Dockyard dosed to visitors.H.M.A. Dockyard Church, Garden IslandThe first known Church ser- mination of the South Africanvice to be held in the present War. This would make theChurch was a Thanksgiving date of the present ChurchService for peace on the ter- about 1902.DIMENSIONS OF THE CAPTAIN CO- 'DOCKLeafta: l.ljtft. Sias.laaer Doclt: 70611. Slas.Outer Dock: 393ft. IMas.14711. 71ln>.Vlatinura Puraplaa Rale:•la. per paaip.THE NAVYLOCATION OF DISPLAYS AND1. Submarine Diving and Surfacing — OuterCaptain Cook Dock.2. Floating Dock.3. Main Workshops.4. Apprentices' Display.5. H.M.A.S. QU1CKMATCH Fires AntisubmarineMortars.li. Helicopter and Diving Display.7. Navy Clearance Divers — Drop and PickupDrill.8. Fire Fighting Display.September October, 1962NAVY WEEK1962DISPLAYS ATGARDEN ISLANDAMENITIES AT GARDEN ISLAND9. Crane Rides.10. Ceremonial Sunset — Massed Bands.11. Ferry Landing.12. Lost Children.13. Ladies' Rest Room.14. First Aid.15. Ladies' Toilets.16. Clearance Diver, South East Pound.17. Film Screening.18. Dockyard Chapel.19. Sail Loft.21


B AVQI^ ^ ^J m Tlii- i- your chance to take a part inAustralia's ever-developing Naval Programme and learn an interestingand usefultrade.NAVAL DOCKYARD APPRENTICESP A R E N T S Here i- an op|*>ltiinil\ Inl \m Mill 111 l>< apprenticedand receive training iti alt branches l Naval Repair ami Refitting work in thelargest and best-equipped Naval Yard and l)i\ Dock in the Southern Hemisphere.APPRENTICESHIP >^ available at Garden Island Dockyard. Sydney,controlled by the Commonwealth Government, untlei conditions which willenable you not only to become an efhcteni tradesman, but give you the opportunityol qualifying as a Draughtsman or Professional Orhcci in Mechanical orElectrical Engineering, or Ship Construction. The period ol apprenticeship islor 5 years, and subject to satisfactory progress. Technical College lees will Inpaidby the Commonwealth Government.RATES OF PAY » r * '" accordance with the Arbitration CourtAward made between the Department and the Trade Unions. On completionof the first year, an additional weekly payment is made, subject to satisfactoryprogress. Three weeks' annual leave and liberal sick leave are granted, and anallowance is payable to apprentices who are obliged to live away from homeowing to distance.NEW DESTROYERS FOR R.A.N.Australia recently ordered plating installed and welding parallel steel tracks. Cables arefrom the United States two undertaken. By using tin's then thrown around the hull inguided missile destrovers. These method it is |x>ssible to eliminate opposite directions and lead todestroyers are to be built by approximately 90% of the overheada steam locomotive crane. Thisthe Defoe Shipbuilding Companywelding, thereby saving crane, by pulling on one cablewho. during the last war. greath in man-hours, as downintroduced a new method t hand welding can be done muchand holding back on the other,rolls the vessel on the two wheelsshipbuilding.faster, and results in better workmanship.and tracks into an upright posi­When the vessel is in tion. The whole line of processThe new s\stem is describedas follows:—the upside down position all takes no more than two and aIn order to lulfil sub-chaser machinery which normally half minutes. When the vesselcontracts in the shot test |x>ssible hangs or is attached to the is upright, additional machinerytime, an entire.) new type and underside ol the deck is installed,because it then merely placed in place. This systemis installed and deckhousesmanner ol ship construction wasoriginated and perfected by Mr. drops into position. The erection was highly perfected during theH. J. Defoe. This has come to sequence lor hull steel can be construction of 58 submarinebe Widely known as the upside arranged so as to eliminate virtuallyall of the conventionalchasers.down and rollover method ofThe first destroyer escortconstruction. A cradle is built ship scaffolding, thereby savingattempted by Defoe on the conventionalplan of an uprightto the exact shape of the main additional man-hours.deck o| the vessel. On this When the hull has been completedas far as necessary in the interval. However, the companyhull throughout the constructioncradle the deck is laid, andframes and bulkheads are erectedbottom side up. The comcirclesteel wheels are clamped method of the bottom-up hullbottom-up position two semi­decided that the highly-efficientplete bottom section of the vessel,including keel, floors, and mentioned above, is dropped could also be adapted to thearound it, and the deck cradle, utilized in the PC constructionfrom tour to six strakes ol shell into an out-of-the-way position.The hull is then support­on, all destroyer escorts andlarger ship. From that pointplating, is then dropped in placeon top of the frames and bulkheads.The remaining shell which in turn rest on two heavy bottom-up and rolleded entirely on these two wheels, high-speed transports were builtover.ELIGIBILITY ^K2.THE NAVYSeptember-October, 1962GUIDED MISSILE DESTROYER LAUNCHED BY ROLLOVER METHOD


AGAROL has been designed to produce soft, natural stools withoutgriping or purging. AGAROL is, above all, a safe laxative.AGAROL is gentle and dependable in its action, and pleasant to take,-it helps to re-educate the intestine to normal function.AGAROL treats everyone gently, irrespective of age. It is the idealfamily laxative and is particularly valuable in pregnancy.You may safely recommend AGAROL to your patients.COMPOSITIONPhenolphthalein and mineral oil in a thoroughly homogenised emulsioncontaining agar-gel, tragacanth, egg albumen, acacia, glycerin andwater.WILLIAM R. WARNER & CO. PTY. LTD.10-28 BILOELA STREET, VILLAWOOD, N.S.W.A CAKE FOR A RECORD — Maintenance Crew who looked after the aircraft which first logged 1,000hours flying time are presented with a cake to mark the occasion.WATSON CRANE PTY. LIMITED• MANUFACTURERS AND DISTRIBUTORS OFAll Standard and Special Brassware Finings, including ilit- "WATCRAXE"Spring Cock, for the Plumber anil Hot Water Engineer.• SUPPLIERS ofFull range of Cunmctal, Cast Iron and Steel Valves for Water. Air, Oil andSteam: Baths, Basins. Lowdown Suites, Heaters anil ' IDEAL" Hot W'ateiBoilers.• ELECTROPLATING SPECIALISTS inChrome, Silver, Niekel, Cadmium anil Tin.• FOUNDERS ofNon-ferrous Castings and Hot Pressings, etc., in Brass, Cuumclal, PhosphorBronze, Aluminium Alloys.• DIE MAKERSWORKS AND FOUNDRY:Fairfield Street, Villawood, N.S.W. 'Phone: 07-7171WAREHOUSE :1037-1047 Bourke Street, Waterloo, N.S.W. 'Phone: 69-5761September-October, 1962 25


AT YOUR SERVICEFor YourHolidayRequirementsINFORMATION AND BOOKINGSCall or TelephoneHOWARD SMITH TRAVELCENTRESSYDNEY:269 Gu)[|C Street. Tel.: 27 5611MELBOURNE:522 Collins Street. Tel.: 62.1711PORT ADELAIDE:3 Todd Street Tel.: 4 1461FREMANTLE:1 Moualt Street. Tel.: L 1071NEWCASTLE:16 Watt Street. Tel.: 2 4711CAIRNS:in Abbott Street. Tel.: 211576BALLARAT:Cor. Lydiard and Mair Streets.Tel.: B5442I GARDEN ISLAND |DOCKYARDrequire Tradesmen in thefollowing classifications:Electrical Fitter]£20 STradesman Radio £20 5Ccppenmiths £20 8Scientific InstrumentMakers £21 4666plus 5/- per week clothingallowance. Increments of10/- per week after 1st and2nd year. Good leave conditions.Cafeteria and Canteen.Continuity of employmentto right men.Applicants must haveserved an apprenticeshipor hold a Certificate underthe Tradesmen's RightsRegulations.Apply personally, or inwriting, to the GeneralManager, Garden IslandDockyard, or telephoneFL0444, Ext. 281.6Services HelpEmpire GamesMore than 1000 members of thethree services will contributeabout 10,000 man-days of workduring the CommonwealthGames in Perth, Western Australia,in November.The Armed Services LiaisonOfficer at the Perth GamesOffice, Lieut-Col. J. K. Murdoch,says that service personnelwill hold a number of keypositions in the Games Village.They would be used as guardsof honour, marshals and ushersfor ceremonial duties, for manningthe Results Centre, and formedical and nursing duties andwork as storemen, clerks, cooksand orderlies.SEA CATGUIDEDMISSILEA short range Surface to AirMissile which is to be fitted inH.M.A.S. PARRAMATTA andYARRA.It is understood that the launcherfor the Missile has already beenfitted in H.M.N.Z.S. OTAGO.inuuiiininiiniiin iiiiiiniH milium minium niton m nntiimiiiinniniimitililinil.liillnnniiiiiiiimiimiilll.i..mill.mint mill iiiiiiiii.niiuimininniii i iiiiiiiinmu


GAMLEN CHEMICALS & SOLVENTSThe Gamlen Che nical Co., of South San Francisco. U.S.A.. has been formulating andmanufacturing chemicals to serve the Marine and industrial field for over half a centuryand have established offices throughout the world to give a 'World Wide' representation.They are backed by the most modern laboratory and equipment to ensure the users aresupplied with the correct material for the application and to cope with new and advancedmethods of engineering.Gamlen Chemicals market degreasing emulsifying solvents, steam cleaning compounds,electrical solvents, decarbonising solvents, descaling solvents and compounds, evaporatoradditives, boiler fireside combustion preventatives, fuel oil additives, sludge removal, refractorycoatings, ships' tank cleaning at sea w thout labour, feed water treatments, recirculatingcooling water system treatments in addition to which is provided a complete cleaningand maintenance service to handle every requirement.Our engineers will be glad to assist you in the development of any special chemical 01solvent that you need to meet a particular problem.AustralianDistributors:H. G. THORNTHWAITE PTY. LTD.CALTEX HOUSE. 167 KENT STREET. SYDNEYA'S FRIGATEH.M.A.S. QUICKMATCHH.M.A.S. OUICKMATCH: Anti-Submarine Frigate (sister ships, QUEENBOROUGH, QUIBE-RON and QUADRANT). These ships were built as destroyers, but have been converted to A/SFrigates.Displacement tonnage, 2,700 tons fully loaded; 358 feet in length; 35 feet in breadth; anda mean draught of 94 feet max.These ships are fitted with the most modern anti-submarine equipment and with a speed inexcess of 30 knots are capable of dealing with a nuclear submarine.RIGBY Kl'liKKK TORCHESContinuous!) supplied toThe Royal Australian Navy|ANOTHER UPSON VICTORYThe ALL RUBBER RUGBYLANTERN• Guaranteed # Unbreakable • Shockproof• Rustproof • Waterproof • Will floatCompliments 10 "THE NAVY" and theR.A.N. Establishments.Kirby BookCompany Pty. Ltd.356b Military RoadCREMORNEThe Kirby Book Co.. well known throughoutall R.A.N, establishments, featuresEncyclopaedias, Dictionaries, Motor Manualsand all Educational and TechnicalBooksAVAILABLE ON SMALL DEPOSITImmediate Delivery and Balance byEasy Monthly InstalmentsPHONE: 90-5248September-October, 1962


A new Roman CatholicChurch in Brisbane is to bededicated as a war memorial,honouring the Ro\al AustralianNavy. Ii will he the first memorialchurch ol its kind in Australia.The only other Navalt ..£HONOURS R.A.N.memorial chapels are those atNaval Kstahlisments in NewSouth Wales ami Victoria.The Minister lor the Navy,Senator Gorton, said recent!)that the unique R.A.N, memorialwas the Chuxh ol St. John,iiDftmnCOMPRESSED YEASTVACUUM PACKED"Driharin" is a special hum ol compressed yeast,dried under scientific conditions and carefully com*pounded with a suitable yeast food. It's the qualit)yeast that is as constant as to-morrow and is parkedto the high s|K'


A Company of the Vickers GroupCOCKATOO DOCKS &ENGINEERING CO. PTY. LTD.Builders of Many of the Mary's Finest righting ShipsCOCKATOO ISLAND, SYDNEYTELEGRAPHIC ADDRESS: CODOCKTELEPHONE: 824)6611Are you denying yourself RELAXATION%UA*£$U«>§MMRelaxation, both mental and physical, is according tothe world'; leading physicians, essential. Yet howmany people today, due to constant mental pressurebrought about by the ever-increasing tempo of businessand life *n general, are finding themselves "run-down."Well, the old adage, "Don'i let this happen to you,"still stands good.Picture yourself relaxing on board Southern Cross orNorthern Star on a wonderful round-the-world vacation.A cruise pleasure planned for you by ShawSavill Line, with no worries whatsoever, leaving youcompletely free to recuperate and to enjoy your choiceof either a passive or active vacation.The round-the-world itinerary of the 20,000-ton, oneclass < Tourist' liners. Southern Cross and NorthernStar, includes calls at New Zealand, Fiji, Tahiti, Panama,Curacao, Trinidad, England, Las Palmas, Capetown andDurban, whilst amenities include swimming pools,cinema, air-conditioning in every cabin, spaciouslounges, orchestra, stabilisers, unencumbered sportsdecks, children's playrooms, and air-conditioneddinirg rooms.FARE TO ENGLAND FROM SA144.THENA'The New British Defence PolicyTHE ROYAL NAVY'S ROLEFrom anAlthough the ExplanatoryStatement on this year's NavyEstimates added little to whathad already been said in theDefence White Paper about therole o| the Nav\ in the newdefence policy, the Navy EstimatesDebate in the House ofCommons produced a great (tealot interesting information) andproved to be one of the mostenlightened and constructive discissionson Naval affairs in retentmemory; "As good a Navydebate as we have had for along time," said the Civil Lordin his winding-up speech. Particularlyencouraging were thegrasp of current naval problemsdisplayed by Members on bothsides ot ihe House, and the obviousinterest in the subject reflectedin the good attendancethroughout.table I gives the vital statisticsilit\ol the Board of Admiraltyto do much to remedy it.A gradually increasing amountof money spent, a small butstead) reduction in the total ofoperational warships, a vastnumber of civilians in Admiraltyemployment, and no improvementin the proportion ofofficers and men serving afloat:these have become the unchangingfeatures of each year's Estimates,to which several Membersrightly drew attention in thedebate, urging that more radicalsteps be taken to improve matters.The Explanatory Statementcontains the usual table of"Ships in the Operational FleetSeptember-October, 1962rticle in the "British Novy League Magazine"or Preparing for Service withit," and this is reproduced inColumn A of Table J J. The fullTable contains the welcome additionsot the second Commandoship (H.M.S. ALBION), the firstTABLE 11THE OPERATIONAL FLE IT. 1962-3TypeAircraft CarriersCommando ShipsCruisersQui ded- WeaponDestroyersDestroyersFrigates . ...Despatch VesselsIce Patrol ShipSubmarinesMinesweepersAmphibious WarfareVesselsTABLE 1THE VITAL STATISTICSKern 1960-61 1961-62A.124220322lIn377B2I31 ( we Text)16242I2530A—Total number of ships in The OperationalFleet, or preparing for ifc (fromThe Navy Estimates).B—Estimated numbers of ships at immediatereadiness for service at any given time.two "County" class guidedweapons destroyers, the first ofthe new general purpose frigates,and. of course. H.M.S. DREAD­NOUGHT, the first Britishnuclear submarine. But howmany of these newcomers willbe actually in operational serviceon their assigned stationsround the world complete withfully-trained crews on any givenday i" the next 12 months?The Civil Lord has admittedthat H.M.S. BULWARK willgo in for a refit as soon as H.M.S.ALBION relieves her cast ofSue/ in the autumn of this year.As for the guided wea|)ons destroyers,H.M.S. DEVONSHIRE5100.00028.0001962-6328,550commissions this summer, whilstH.M.S. HAMPSHIRE followsher next autumn; the sea trialsand working-up of these extremelycomplex new warships, includingthe first Seaslug firings,will lake at least four months,which means that the latter shipis unlikely to be ready for theoperational fleet during the currentfinancial year. The samecan be said of H.M.S. DREAD­NOUGHT, which does not evencommission until next winter.When considering this questionof operational availability,we must also take account olthose of the ships listed whicharc exchanging crews in home|>oris, working up new crews, orcarrying out maintenance ordocking |K*riods. In an emergencythey also would not beimmediately available for service.Probably some 25 per centol the total number of ships inthe operational Heel are occupiedin these ways at any giventime. Having taken account ofthese lactors we are left withan overall availability figurewhich is very different from thatgiven in the Explanatory Statement;column B of Table IIgives an estimate of the actualnumbers of each type of warshipwhich are likely to be availableat instant readiness for serviceon any given day duringthe coming year. It cannot beregarded as a satisfactory or33


Always ask for . . .SHELLEY'SFAMOUS DRINKSObtainable from leadingshops and saloonsCORDIAL FACTORYSHELLEY & SONSPTYLTDMURRAY STREETMARRICKVILLEN.S.W.'Phone: LA 5461worth while return for the expenditureof over lour hundredmillion pounds ol public, money,iKir cm this number ol shipseven begin to compete with ourortship; these ships will have a vitalrole to play in enabling theForce to o|>craic lor long periodsaway from its main base, andwill also require protectionagainst the same scale of attack.The complement of aircraft embarkedin the aircraft carriermust cater for close support audstrike reconnaisance for thetroops ashore, as well as for theair defence of the whole force;the carrier will also have "Wessex"A/S helicopters. For sustainedair operations lastingmore than a few days a secondaircraft carrier would certainlybe necessary.embarked troops with armour,guns and vehicles, and about 70aircraft and helicopters. Onefinal point must be made. Tobe effective, the whole force willhave to remain c oncen t rated,and the absence of even oneship could seriously reduce itsefficiency. At Kuwait last yearthe troops landed without airTABLE inTHE JOINT SERVICE TASK FORCETypeAssault Croup:Assault Ship •li.u--.inpiCommando ShipAir Defence Group:Aircraft Carrier"County" Class G.W. DestroyersAircraft Direction Frigates orDestroyer PicketsAfloat Support Group:Fast Replenishment TankersFleet Replenishment ShipMine-sweeper Support ShipA/S and General Escort Group:(for all above Groups)A/S or General PurposeFrigatesA/S HelicoptersMinc-swecplnc Groups;Coasial Mine-sweepers30 per cent of the total numbersof the major types in the presentoperational fleet (excluding submarinesand mine-sweepers),whilst if we take the immediateavailability numbers in ColumnB of Table II we find this figureincreased to about 50 per cent.For the defence of our vitalAtlantic lifeline, for the Medi-Army Tanks. Guns. Vehicles andCrews — or 1 Battalion Infantryt Royal Marine Commando (750men) and 1 Battery R.A.Gun Support. May carry additionaltroops.V.T.O.L.-S.T.O.L. Aircraft. WessexAS Helicopters"Tide" ClassAmmunition and StoresA/S Defence. General Escort, SurfacePatrols. Gun Support if required.THE UNITED SHIP SERVICESPTY. LTD.88-102 Normanby Road, South Melbourne,Victoria, Australia.MELBOURNE — GEELONG —PORTLANDand all VictorianPortsThe largest organisation in Victoria (or thefabrication aud installation of fittings forevery description of cargo. Bulk grain fittingsa speciality. Dunnage Supplied. Holdscleaned. Decks caulked. All trades availableand include:Shipwrights, Carpenters, Joiners,Dockers, Painters, RiggersTelephone: MX 5231Telegrams and Cables: "UNISTEVE,"MelbourneTHE NAVYAircraft direction frigates orpicket destroyers, such as therecently converted "Battle" classdestroyers, and G.W. destroyers,will be needed to complete theait defence of the Force; theycould be stationed at some distancefrom the main body toprovide early warning and defencein depth.For anti-sumbarinc defencethere will be needed a sufficientnumbei of frigates or destroyersto protect the whole force eitherwhen concentrated or with eachgroup acting on its own. Thefigure given is considered to bethe minimum which will safelymeet this essential requirement.The escorts will also be requiredfor general patrol and supportduties within the force, as wellas for gun support and to augmentthe anti-aircraft defences asnecessary.Here then is the Joint ServiceTask Force, some 30 ships, 1,500September-October, 1962cover; the only aircraft carriereast of Sue/ was thousands ofmiles away when the threatarose. In I95(>, during the Sue/operations our aircraft carriersoperated for long periods withoutescorts; there were insufficientdestroyers and frigates inthe area at the time. These deficienciescannot be repeated,nor can our Naval strength inother no less important areasbe still further reduced to makeup the needs of the Joint ServiceTask Force.But can the Royal Navy continueto meet its existing worldwidecommitments and providefor even one, let alone two, ofthese Task Forces without anincrease in its operationalstrength, and thus in its manpowerand financial budgets?One glance at the Tables in thisarticle must prove that thiswould be impossible. One TaskForce will require approximatelyterranean, for the whole FarEast area and for the SouthAtlantic and West Indies, wewould be left with two aircraftcarriers, one Commando ship,three cruisers, and some 30 to•10 frigates and destroyers. Thisis clearly an impossible situationfor a great maritime nation.The conclusion is clear. Therun down of our armed forceshas left the Royal Navy far toosmall, inadequate for our existingcommitments, and totallyunable to make an effective contributionto the new defencepolicy towards which Mr. Watkinsonis slowly groping his way.This is indeed a dangerous situation,and nothing short of amajor change of attitude towardsour defence problems canremedy it. The prime responsibilityrests with the Cabinet,which alone can provide themeans, financial and by deliberatepolicy decisions, to increase35


the sue «»l ihe N;i\\. But thereafterthe Board ol Admiraltywill need t« tan*) out .1 drasticreform l its too conservativeand traditional methods oladministering the Service lorw hit h it is responsible Wernusi have more ships anil menat sea lot the same amount lmoney, less waste


GANNBT A/S AIRCRAFT IS CATAPULTEDFROM H.M.A.S. MELBOURNENavy Pilot ToCommand FrigateA Fleet Air Arm pilot is IDtake command ol one olAustralia's last anti-submarinefrigates, H.M.A.S. QUICK-MATCH.The Minister lot the Navy.Senator (torton, has announcedthe a|>|>iiininient ol Lieutenant-Commander C:. II. C. Spurgeonas Captain nl Ol'ICKM A I CI I.Lieutenant-Commander Spurgconwill be the onl) pilot commandinga ship in the .Australiancom! at fleet, although it isnot the first time that formerait crew have been given a seagoingcommand.Lieut. - Commander Spurgconis a career oflicei who graduatedfrom the Royal Australian NavalCollege ill 1947. He later qualifiedas a pilot in the newly-Formed Fleet Air Arm. andserved in aircraft carriers inBritain and Australia. lie isat present the Executive Officerin the frigate which he willcommand. His home is at lastBentleigh, Melbourne.In H.M.A.S. QUICKMATCHhe takes command from CommanderP. II. Doyle, who is oneol two R.A.N, officers selectedio undertake radical and NavalStall Courses in Britain. CommanderDoyle, of West Pymble,has been Captain of QUICK-MATCH for the past twelvemonths.The other officer to undertakethe courses in the UnitedKingdom is Commander J. A.Robertson, of North Sydney,who is Executive Ollicer of11.MAS. VOYAGER.R.A.N. TANKER RENAMEDThe Governor-General, on behallnl tlu- Queen, has approvedihe if ii,tilling ol the Royal AustralianNavy's last replenishmenttanker, which is due to arrivefrom Hi itain lain this year.The Minister for the Navy,Senator (.niton, said recent!)that the name ol the ship wouldbe changed from TIDE AUS­TRAL to H.M.A.S. SUPPLY.He said the shin, of 17,000tons, had been on cnartet to theAdmiral 1} since being built forAustralia in 1955. The nameTIDE AUSTRAL conformedwith style Jor Admiralty-operatedauxiliary vessels. However,now that the tanker was tojoin tin Australian Fleet as anR.A.N, ship, the new name ofH.M.A.S. SUPPLY was moreappropriate.The name SUPPLY lias historicalassociations with the beginningol Australia. H.M.S.SUPPLY was a unit of the FirstFleet which arrived in Port Jacksonwith Governor Phillip in17HS.E. BOLAND & SONS Pty. Ltd.* 512109 ¥y rvW , ^ ««Funeral DirectorsandMorticiansAgents throughout !\.S.W.Funerals and Cremations arrangedand conducted anywhere.4fl BROWN ST., NEWTOWN512109A Sea Venom, with wings folded, on the flightdeck of H.M.A.S. MELBOURNE.38THE NAVYSeptember.October, 196239


ii tiumiuuiiiiiniiiit: ;NAVAL FIREFIGHTERSNaval firefighters display their skill in fightinga fire on a dummy aircraft.WARATAH FESTIVAL GROWSThe Waratah Spring Festival, firstheld in 1956, has rapidly become theoutstanding annual Sydney attraction.Crowds totalling 300,000 viewed thefirst Festival and Pageant. This year'scelebrations, to be held between October1 and October 6, 1962. will attractmore than 1,500,000 people.The Festival and particularly thePageant which forms the highlight ofthe week's celebrations, is constantlybeingaugmented by new and excitingfeatures and attractions, in order tomake each one better than the last.Every possible taste has been cateredfor and many of the events aretoday recognised as being amongstthe leaders in their fields.The Royal Australian Navy itselfhas recognised the community valueof the Waratah Festival by incorporatingits Navy Week celebrations in theFestival programme.This close liaison was initiated bvRear-Admiral G. C. Oldham. C.B.E.,D.S.C., A.D.C., former Flag Officer-in-Charge, East Australian Area, and isbeing carried on bv his successor,Rear-Admiral G. G. O. Gatacre, C.B.E.,D.S.O.. D.S.C.-The Waratah Festival takes i t splace as one of the world's major1 celebrations of Spring.BABCOCKMARINE BOILERS FORA THOUSAND SHIPS— a proud five-year record. Over the past 5 yearsBabcock marine boilers have been ordered for the mainpropulsion of nearly 1,000 vessels, of up to 87,000 tonsd.w. ond for both merchant and noval service, while a growingnumber of ships, including motor vessels, is being equippedwith Babcock watrr-tube boilers for auxiliary service, e.g.,supplying steam for hotel services, tank cleaning ondmanoeuvring in harbour.BABCOCK & WILCOX OF AUSTRALIA PTY.Head Office & Works: Regents Park, N.S.W.LTD.JOIN THE NAVY LEAGUEThe object of the Navy League in Australia, likeits older counterpart, the Navy League in Britain,is to insist by all means at its disposal upon thevital importance of Sea Power to the BritishCommonwealth of Nations. The League sponsorsthe Australian Sea Cadet Corps by giving technicalsea training to and instilling naval training in boyswho intend to serve in Naval or Merchant servicesand also to those sea-minded boys who donot intend to follow a sea career, but who, giventhis knowledge will form a valuable Reserve forthe Naval Service.The League consists of Fellows (Annual or Life) and Associates.All British subjects who signify approval to the objects of the League are eligible.MAY WE ASK YOU TO JOIN and swell our members so that the Navy League in Australia may bewidely known and exercise an important influence in the life of the Australian Nation?For particulars, contact The Secretary. 66 Clarence Street, Sydney, N.S.W.,or The Secretary, Room 8, 8th Floor, 528 Collins Street, Melbourne, C.l, Victoriaor one of the Hon. Secretaries at:• Box 376E, G.P.O., Brisbane, Queensland• 726 Sandy Bay Rd., Lower Sandy Bay, Hobart• P.O. Box 90, Darwin, N.T.• 30 Pirie Street, Adelaide, S.A.• 62 Blencowe St., West Leederville, W.A.• 60 Limestone Ave., Ainslie, Canberra, A.C.T.Zinc provides effective and economicalprotection against Corrosion.Metallic Zinc Coatings — hoc-dipgalvanizing, zinc spraying, sherardizing,and zmc-rich paints — to protect iron andsteel sheets, tubes, pipes, wire, bolts andnuts, holloware, nails, and structural steelfor television and electrical transmissiontowers.Zinc in Sacrificial Anodes — toprotect underwater steel structuresand ships' hulls.High grade electrolytic line (guaranteed f?.9S , *'l produced byELECTROLYTIC ZINC CO. OF A'SIA LTD,,390 Lonsdale Street. MELBOURNE. C.I.40THENAVY


•Jfc*I Wa,„ tl HHMHItlt"tMHHNI WWIkJ~*Vf• * i»^ 3>^7 v- .c~ " ' 'Sun-drenched Aden, ablaze HIIII CHIUHI a I'lclllliM/lif yflllnv Ull lilt flipcrltllrl '( II/I/'I i Hi".Like a page from the Arabian Nights .The magic array of stepping stones on P & O -Orient's traditional route to England via Suez,reads like a page from the "Arabian Nights'.Our varied sequence of ports of call on thisgreat sealane includes places of such top touristinterest as Singapore. Colombo. Bombay. AdenPort Said, Piraeus. Istanbul, Naples. Malta.Barcelona, Gibraltar and Lisbon. + Whicheverway you travel to Europe with us. via Suez orvia Pacific, you'll be on a world-wide voyageP & 0-ORIENTwith a wonderful 'cruise' element about it . . .enjoying en route the best of foreign travel.'-fa The arrangements on hoard for yourpleasure . . . the delectable cuisine (a memorableculinary experience every mealtime) andthe traditional British service are some of themany reasons why you receive far and awaymore value when you travel to Europe by thebig stabilized and fully air-conditioned P & O -Orient Liners.LIMESWOKI.D-WIDK KKKVK KS TO El ROPE VIA SI EJfc, FAR EAST AND NOR'III AMERICA


*NOVEMBER, 1962


-..=! IN PEACEj IN WARIT HAS BEEN A GREAT HONOUR AND* PRIVILEGE TO ASSISTJjjTheRoyal Australian Navy* *ij| CONGRATULATIONS| TO ALL PAST AND PRESENT WHO HAVE SERVEDTHIS NATION SO UNSELFISHLY AND• MAGNIFICENTLY IN THIS SENIOR SERVICE1i *1 While Row Flour Milting Co. Ply. LimitediSydney. AuMraliaKw»*»« m » ._. „, _"*»4••4•••••.T••••*•JTHE NAVYVol. 25 NOVEMBER, 1962 No. 8The Official Organ of the N«»y League of AmtraliaCONTENTSNAVY DOCTORS KEEP UP-TO-DATENEW VIEWS ON ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATIONSURGEON REAR-ADMIRAL LOCKWOOD — BIOGRAPHY -GARDEN ISLAND SICK BAYSUBMARINE DEEP WATER ESCAPESTASMAN SEA BATTLES — "TUCKERBOX"REPORT CF FEDERAL PRESIDENT OF NAVY LEAGUEST. 'PALUMA' COMMISSIONEDNEW CHIEF OF NAVAL CONSTRUCTIONTRAFALGAR COMMEMORATION SERVICESUBMARINE DAY IN AUSTRALIAAUSTRALIA AND SEA POWER —ADDRESS BY REAR ADMIRAL SHOWERS 29Plus Sundry Stories and Photographs of H.M.A. ShipsPublished by the Navy League of Australia66 Clarence Street, Sydney. MA 8784. Postal Adress, Box 3850, G.P.O.rrinled by Jno. Evans A Son Priming Co. Ply. Lid., 486 Kent Street. Sydney. 'Phone: MA 2674.THE NAVY LEAGUE OF AVSTRAUAPATRON:The Governor General. His Excellency, The Right Honourable Vitcounl De Lisle, V.C.. P.C., G.C.M.G.. Kt. of Si. I,FEDERAL COUNCIL:President: Rear Admiral H. A. Showers,C.B.E.Deputy President:: Lieut. Cdr. J. B.Howse. V.R.D.. R.A.N.V.R.Secretary: Lieutenant L. Mackay-Cniisc,R.A.N.R.New South Wales Division:Patron: His Excellency. The Governorof New South Wales.President: Read Admiral H. A.Showers, C.B.E.Secretary: Lieut. Cdr. A. A. A.Andrews, M.B.E.. R.A.N.. 28 RoyalStreet. Chatswood, Sydney.Victorian Division:Patron: His Excellency, The Governorof Victoria.President: R. H. Collins. Esq.Secretaryi Miss E. C. Shorrocks, 528Collins Street, Melbourne.Representatives of the Naval Board:Director of Naval Reserves, CommandoM. G. Pechey. D.S.C., R.A.N.Lieut. Cdr. E. D. Sandberg, R.A.N.NOVEMBER, 1962Queensland Division:Patron: His Excellency, The Governorof Queensland.President: Cdr. N. S. Pixley, M.B.E..V.R.D., R.A.N.R. (Rctd.).Hon. Sec.: G. B. O'Neill, Esq.. Box376E.. G.P.O.. Brisbane.Austrian Capital Territory Division:President: Lt. Cdr. J. B. Howse,V.R.D.. R.A.N.V.R.Hon. Sec.: Lieut. Cdr. D. M. Blake.R.A N.V.R. -SO Limestone Avenue,Ainslie, A.C.T.Northern Territory Division:His Honour the Admini-O. J, Cameron, Esq.Hon. Sec.: Mrs. V. M. Slide, c/-MM AS "Melville", Darwin. N.T.AUSTRALIAN SEA CADET COUNCIL:Navy LeagnctRear Admiral H. A. Showers. C.B.E.Lieut. Cdr. J. B. Howse. V.R.D..R.A.N.V.R.Page3567891316192123South Australian Division:Patron: His Excellency, The Governorof South Australia.President: Surgeon Cdr. Sir FrancisMatters, R.A.N.V.R. (Retd.).Hon. Sec.: R. R. Sutton, Esq.. 30Pirie Street, Adelaide.Tasmanian Division:Patron: Vice Admiral Sir Guy Wyatt,K.B.E.. C.B., R.N.President: Cdr. A. H. Green. O.B.E.,D.S.C.. R.A.N. (Retd.).Hon. Sec.: Lt.-Cmdr. J. C. Mahon.R.A.N.R.. 11 Quorn Street. SandyBay, Hobart, Tas.Western Australian Division:Patron: His Excellency, The Governorof Western Australia.Ptiatdiott Roland Smith. Esq.Hon. Stc.t K. R. Olson Esq.,


This is one of the hull screwsspecially fabricated for the constructionof G RET EL.What makes this wood screw different?GRETEUs designer, Alan Payne, specified the high*strength, corrosion*resistant alloy EVERDUR for the fabrication of the challenger's hullscrews and keel bolts.EVERDUR is the name licensed by AnacondaAmerican Brass Co. for use by Austral BronzeCompany to identify its alloy of copper,silicon and manganese in rod and wire form.Also well known in this country asCUSILMAN in the form of sheet and strip,this famous alloy is now available as rodand wire stock to manufacturers of bolls,nuts, screws, nails and corrosion-resistanthardware.EVERDUR—"strong as steel, enduring asbronze"—is first choice by naval architects forthe fabrication of wood screws in many of theworld's finest sail and power vessels.in detail, products used in GRETEL andapproved by Lloyd's Register of Shipping wereas follows:—AUSTRALCOMPANY IWarahouMiEVERDUR* wood screws. 2J" x .262" and.276" dia.. manufactured from Austral Bronzecoiled rod, were used for securing doubleskinplanking to laminated-wood frames.EVERDUR* round rod. i" and U" dia.,for keel bolts, and i" dia. for bolts to securedeck shelf and bilge stringers to frames;hexagon bar for nuts.CUSILMAN* sheet. 14 S.W.G. (.080*"). forwashers.* These trade names identify alloys of copper,silicon and manganese (silicon bronzes),and are registered by their owners . . .EVERDUR—Anaconda American Brass Co.,Waterbury, Connecticut, U.S.A.CUSILMAN—Austral Bronze Company Pty.Limited, Alexandria. N.S.W.BRONZELIMITS*. fit all States of ffca CommomwmalHiNAVY DOCTORSKEEP UP-TO-DATEll is sometimes said that adoctor really starts li> learn medicinethe day he receives his degree:that is to say. the formaltraining ol the medical M1I.MIImust he supplemented by practicalexperience, under su|x.'rlionat first, of the clay-to-daytreatment ol patients. The storydoe. not end there, however, andthe most experienced practitionerhas lo return to (helecture room Irom time to limeto keep abreast of progress inmedical knowledge: a gcxxldoctor goes on learning 10 intendof his days.Doctors in the Navy have theirshare ol interesting cases anduseful experience, and also ihcirshare of unexciting hut neverunimportant routine: they haveplenty of opportunity, more sothan the general practitioner orbusy specialist, to study privatelyor to attend courses, conferences,and lectures. Medical officersjoining the Navy have usuallyat least a year's experience in acivil hospital behind them, andsome have spent time in generalpractice or a spec ialtv as well.Their immediate need is trainingin the spec ial conditions ofNaval medical practice, and thisis provided by shori coursesarranged or concluded by theNaval authorities. All new medicalothcers are given an op|x»rtunity,as soon as possible- afterjoining, of a month's specialtuition in Anaesthetics in a civilhospital: as further opportunitiesarise during their service, theymay also undergo courses inAviation Medicine and in themedical aspects of Atomic, Biologicaland Chemical warfare.The latter courses are conductedat the R.A.N. Air Station atNOVEMtEK, 1962Nowra, N.S.W., and at BalmoralNaval Depot, Sydney, respectively:it is intended shortly toopen a School of UnderwaterMedicine, also in Sydney, wherecourses in the speii.il physiologicalproblems of diving willbe taught. Doctors who are interested,and physically qualified,may undergo the standardtraining course for Naval divers.While the special aspects ofNaval medicine are naturallyemphasised in the early years olan officer's service, refreshertraining in general medicine isnot neglected. Clinical meeiingsare held regularly in bothFlinders and Balmoral NavalHospitals, at which visitingspeakers lecture on recent advancesin all fields of medicine:these meetings are open tocivilian practitioners as well asNaval medical oflicers. Doctorsin sea-going ships are encouragedto call on medical authorities,civil as well as Service, in allpenis of call, and to study localmedical problems. Since R.A.N.• hips spend a good deal of timein the Pacific and Far East areas,Naval doctors have npixirtunities to study tropical diseasesthat arc denied to their shoreboundcolleagues.- Lectures and pe isonal discussionpaint a broad picture of asubject and provide a stimulusto learning, but detailed studygenerally requires the writtenword, in the form of professionaljournals and textbooks. A smalllibrary of medical texlbcxiks isincluded in the medical storesof every ship and establishmentthat carries a doctor, and thereis a more comprehensive libraryin each base Hospital; a wellequippedCentral ReferenceLibrary is maintained at theNavy Medical Directorate inMelbourne, Irom which bookscan be borrrowed as required.All R.A.N, medical oflicers receivethe Royal Naval MedicalBulletin, and they may subscribeto the Journal of the RoyalNaval Medical Service, inaddition lo any civilianmedical journals they mayobtain privately. The MedicalDirectorate receives theMedical Newsletter of the U.S.Navy and other overseas militarymedical journals, as well as aselection of the most importantcivilian medical |K'riodicals ofthe world. Mailers of specialinterest to Naval medical officersare abstracted from these journalsand promulgated either inthe font! of Medical TechnicalInstructions, or in the R.A.N.Medical Newsletter which isshortly to lie- issued.In the Navy, as in all Services,it is inevitable that the moresenior Medical officers spend anincreasing proportion of theirtime in administrative andsupervisory duties, and have corres]x>ndinglyless opixirtunity tokeep their hands in with clinicalwork. They are not encouragedto stagnate, however, and areaccorded every facility to attendmedical |x>st-gi adnaie events andlo keep in touch with medicalprogress. The Medical DirectorCentral and his staff regularlyattend clinical meetings and lecturesin Melbourne, and attend,or are represented at, the moreimportant interstate medicalgatherings. This year, the firstAustralian Medical Congress inAdelaide was attended by theMedical Director General, membersof his staff, and severalmedical officers, who contributeda number of papers on subjectsof Naval and Military interest,as well as taking part in thegeneral proceedings of the Congress.The M.D.G. and membersof his staff also appear regularlyat medical conferences heldin Melbourne. Naval medical3


Always ask for . . ,SHELLEY'SFAMOUS DRINKSObtainable from leadingshops and saloons(ORDIAL FACTORYSHELLEY & SONSPTY LTDMURRAY STREETMARRICKVILLEN.S.W.'Phone: LA 5461WATSONVICTORLTD.Australia - !\etc ZealandScientific & MedicalEquipment since 1888.WATSONHOUSE9-13 BLICH ST.. SYDNEY.officers attended this year'sNorth Queensland Medical Conferenceand an Industrial Healthcourse in Sydney. Doctors inthe R.A.N.R. ami R.A.N.V.R.are included amongst the Navyrepresentatives at meetings olthis nature, such attendancecounting as service lor pay andallowances. Medical membersof the Reserves also get togetherever) three months in Melbournefor a meeting with servingmedical officers, lot lecturesl>\ medical and othei divlanguished \ isitors.The Medical Branch ol theR.A.N, is frequent!) representedat overseas congresses, notablythose ol the Association ol MilitarySurgeons ami the AerospaceMedical Association, anda good deal ol information onoverseas m e d it a 1 progressreaches the Medical DirectorGeneral through officers whohave attended such gatherings. Representation overseasis mainly by Reserve medicalofficers who happen to be visitingthe countries concerned, andare happy to be accredited asofficial representatives ol theR.A.N.A period ol setvice in theNavy offers the young dottoi antun i vailed op|xu lutiity tobroaden Ills outlook, to visitout-ol-lhe-way plates, and indeedto study out of-t he-way diseases;,n the sured ol an interesting andsatisfying career, but also olLit i liiit-s to maintain contactwith, and to contribute to, themainstream ol medical thought.During YARRA'S visit to Penang Island, membersof the ship's company went to the General Hospitalin response to an appeal for blood donors. Thispicture shows Surgeon Lieutenant Cilento, assistedby one of the nurses, taking blood from one ofYARRA'S volunteers.THENAVYThe Medical Branch oi theNavy undertakes First - Aidtraining not only ol their ownpersonnel, but ol ill the officersand nun in the Service, Themost important part ol thistraining is Artificial Respiration,with, ol course, particulai referenceto the resuscitation ol personsappatt nils diowned. Recentscientific investigations intothe effectiveness ol variousmethods ol artificial respirationhave letl in considerable changesin ilu utommended methods:the Navy ha* been in the fore*• '-•Mi DI this work, and was oneol ilu- lii •[ aiilhoiities to adopt' mouth lo-motith", or expiredailit susi union as the methodol choice,Many methods ol resuscitationhave been devised since Biblicaltimes, some frankly absurd,nine logical in theory but poolin plat in e. and others neglci ten loi long periods hut nowknown to he more edit tent thaneven then inventors realised.Mauv patients survived altertreatment, ami claims ol successweie made without anyoneleally knowing whether they lecovcicdbecause ol, or in spiteof. the method employed. Itwas hot possible to measure tht(fleet ol artificial respiration inan experimental setting, becausethere was no way of paralysingNOVEMBER, 1962NEW VIEWS ONARTIFICIAL RESPIRATIONtunes. It never caught cm.however, probably for aestheticreasons, ami was used onlysporadically until Dr. Salarshowed ii to he 1>\ far the mostelhcieiu method yet described.In the eighteenth century allthe subject's voluntary breathingefforts which interfered withthe measurements. In recentyears, however, drugs have beenintroduced which do just that.and experiments have been carriedout in main pails ol theworld: notably by Dr. PeterSalar in America, and also inAustralia. Some rather surprisingresult, have been obtained.The Biblical writers who tiescribed expired-air resuscitationas used l>\ the prophet Elishaprobably regarded ii as a ritualprocedure, rather than a practicalphysiological method; butthe method was re-introduced bymedical men on various occasionsduring the succeeding cen-ships of the Royal Navy tarrieda complicated apparatus lorinjecting the smoke ol burningtobacco into (he body, as arespiratory stimulant. There islittle record o! its successful use,however, and the method mostrommonl) used by seamen olthat time appears to have beento roll the victim backwards andforwards across a barrel. Thisprobably did have an effect,similar to thai of Eve's rockingmethod ol the 1930's. The latieienjoyed some vogue in the Navy.where the necessary equipmentcould be more readily improvisedthan on shine. Sylvesterintroduced his method in 1852,and ii was popular at first, butwas soon eclipsed b) Sc baler's.The latter was taught almost extlusivckthroughout the lastDan o| the nineteenth and firsthalt ol the twentieth centuries.often with Sylvester's as thesecond choice. It is ironic thaiSafar's investigations have reversedthe position, showingStealer's method to be almostcompletely useless, whereas Sylvester'snow appears to be thesud most efficient method-.to.i mouth-to-mouth resuscitatat ion.The Holgei-Nielsen methodand its several variations wereintroduced shortly before theSecond World War, and heldpride of place until the recentexperiments. It is only slightlyless efficient than- Sylvester'smethod, and has the advantagethat it is easier to maintaina clear air-way. ft is certainlya great deal more effective thanSi baler's method which it replaced.Medical authorities in theR.A.N, at present recommendinouthto-mouih resuscitation asthe standard method to be usedwhenever possible: Sylvester'smethod is the second choice,when the mouth - to - mouthmethod is absolutely ruled out,as for example by facial injuries;and the Holger-Nielsenmethod is retained lor use whenSylvester's is inapplicable.Nothing has yet been saidabout the use of mechanical appliancesfor resuscitation. Thesevary from the simple plastic"lesusituhe" introduced by Or.Salar to aid in keeping a clearair-way during mouth-to-moulhresuscitation, to elaborate equipmentfor giving oxygen underpressure.Several ol these devices arein use in the Navy, but greatemphasis is laid on the need tostart artificial respiration immediately,without waiting lorspecial apparatus to be obtained.Oxygen equipment, used bytrained operators, is consideredto be essential for the treatmentol both fresh and salt-waterdrowning cases, but expired-airartificial respiration will title thepatient over until it can be obtained.All members of the Sick-berthstall are trained to operatethe simple oxygen equipmentwhich is tarried in all ships,diving boats, ambulances, etc.Artificial respiration, properlyapplied, tan maintain life indefinitely,as long as the circulationcontinues. When theheart has stopped, however, oris beating ineffectively (fibrillating)it is necessary to establishan artificial circulation as5


well as respiration. For manyyears it has been thought thaithis could only be done by owningthe chest and massaging theheart directly, a procedure thatcould scarcely he carried out inthe absence ol medical facilities.The recent introduction olexternal, or "closed i he-it" cardiacmassage has made it possiblc-to institute an artificial circulationin the same (ileumstances and at the same timeas artificial respiration; the vietime can he kept alive by thismeans until a normal heartbeatis restored, b\ injee ling drugsor pas.ing an elect!i( currentthrough the heart. This procedurerequires a little moreknowledge ol anatomy andphysiology than artificial respiration,and there is still some differenceo| uiedit a I opinionwhether ii should be taught toeveryone, or restricted to medicalpersonnel. In the R.A.N.,external cat chat massage istaught only to members of theSick-berth branch, bul dims amitraining aids ale available toteach it to all personnel whenit is thought desirable to do so.BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE —SURGEON REAR ADMIRAL L. L0CKW00DC.B.E., M.V.O.. D.S.C.. M.I), B.S.. F.R.A.C.P., Q.H.S.The Medical Director Generalol the R.A.N., Surgeon RearAdmiral Lionel Lockwood,C.B.E.. M.V.O.. D.S.C., M.D..US.. F.R.A.C.P.. Q.H.S., wasburn at Natimuk. in the W'immcradistrict of Victoria, in1902. Educated at Ballaral Highs» hool and the University ofMelbourne, w h e r e he disiingiiished hmiscll both at .1deiiicalh and on the footballheld, he joined the R.A.N, asSurgeon Lieutenant in l°2l.Sea service in H.M.A.S. Moresby,surveying the Barrier Reel humI 'iL'"> to 1927. and a period inH.M.A.S. Penguin. I°27-H, wasfollowed b\ a shore job in \av\Ollue from 1928 to 1930.Ac cetera let I promotion iSurgeon Lieutenant Commandeicame in 1930 alter he obtainedthe degree of M.I). (Melbourne),then an appointment to FlindersNaval Hospital until 1932. andback to sea in H.M.A.S. Australia.His time in (his shipincluded the Royal cruise, lorFor the NAVY and YOU!As contractors to the Royal Australian Navy, we providethem with all classes ol Electrical Installations and Repairs,Motor and Generator Winding, Radar Installations, etc.These services are also available to Private Enterprisefor Ships, Factories, Commercial Buildings, etc.Electrical Installations Ply. Ltd.6 NAPOLEON STREET, SYDNEYBXS311 (4 lines)BX5311 (4 lines)'I'll'IIIIMIMMIlllllllMIl 17which he was awarded theMA'.O. in 19.15. Nineteen thirtysixfound him in England toundergo ihe course (or promotionto Surgeon Commander.held at the Loudon Hospitaland the Royal Naval College,Green wit h. In this he was sosuccessful as to earn his promottoii with 12 mouths ante-dateol seniority. Surgeon CommanderLot kwood returned toAustralia in 1937, to becomeSurgical Specialist at the NavalWing, Prince ol Wales Hospital.Randwick, N.S.W.. where be remaineduntil MMI.An appointment to H.M.A.S.Hobari took him into the (hickol the sea-war, fust in the Mediterraneanin MM I. later in the|ava and South China Seas, theBattle of the Coral Sea. and theSolomon Islands. Following theaward ol the D.S.C. in 1942. hesaw further sea service in (heSouth West Pacific.In 1946 the then SurgeonCaptain Lockwood "swallowedthe anchor" and directed histalents to medical administration,firstly as Medical Officerin Charge ol Flinders Naval Hospital.In 1950 he was transferredto Sydney as Command MedicalOfficer, Fast Australia Area, andMedical Officer in Charge olBalmoral Naval Hospital. In1955 he returned to Melbourneas Director ol Naval MedicalServices, with the rank of SurgeonRear Admiral: the title ofthat appointment was laterchanged to Medical DirectorGeneral. The C.B.E. was conferredon Surgeon Rear AdmiralLockwood in HI57, and in 1958he was admitted to the Fellowshipof the Royal AustralasianCollege of Physicians, for distinguishedservices to Medicine.THE NAVYGardenIslandSickBayTHE NAVY-CIVILIAN SICKBAY AT GARDEN ISLANDhas proved it- value duringthe two years it has Iteenoperating. The Navy andrivilian sides have averaged20 outpatients a day whilethe former also has an additional10 patients a dayunder treatment.•NOVEMBER. 1962Surgeon Rear Admiral L. Lockwood during a recent visitto the Sick Bay discussed with SB.A. R. Price the X-raymachine. It is estimated that over 4,000 photographs ayear, including personnel from H.M.A. Ships and ShoreEstablishments, are taken on this machine.X-Ray MachineSurgeon Commander 1. Davenport, Rear Admiral Lockwoodwith S.B.A. R. Noonan during a recent inspection.


A team "I Royal Naval officer*and ratings have successfullycompleted seven days ol trialsin the Mediterranean to totnew techniques for escapingfrom submarines ai depths upto 260 Icct.The team comprised submarinebranch officers andratings, and Royal Naval dm misspecialising in the physiology o|deep diving .mil escapes.MM. Submarine TIP I OKhad been used a few miles eastol Malta • investigate sonicol the problems entailed in getting nun to the surface Iromgreatci depths than is praciisetlat the moment. British policyhas always been to concentratethe lull escape facilities withinthe submarine itsell and to trainall submarine personnel IM.I|Ktechnique from depths down lo1(H) leet. This training is < uried out without am indhidualbreathing apparatus.The present series ol trials —"Upshot One" — hey.in in i!ieMediterranean on 'Jh'i September,and ended 1th October.They employed the currentBritish Buoyant Ascent Method,as well as trying out a new typeol cseajx- suit incor|>oia(ing aspecially - developed "hood".which enables the escaper toRoyal Naval Submarine Escape TrialsSuccessfulESCAPES FROM H.M.S. TIPTOE 260 FEETbreathe the "trapped" air duringhis passage to the surface.Km a I Naval medical spec ialists believe that individual e\ctpes Irom 450 her, oi evendec pei, need no longei he regaided as an impossibility intears io tome, even without tluuse ol breathing apparatus, hutmuch hit the i researt h will beneeded before such a icchniuuci on Id become standard practiceloi all submariners.To earn out the trials, thesubmarine H.M.S. I If I OK w.i*supported In the Tmpedo RecoversVessel, H.M.S. MINERVI, which was used as hate shiplor the trials and the divers,who ensured safei\ in the e\cniof difficulties.Four da\s were given o\ei tn aseries ol esc apt s. stai ting .H K0leet, io test eciuipmeni and personnel,and using buoyant ascentmethods, up to ihe maximumdepth ol 2M leet.The personnel returned toMalta, having spent threefurther days ol trials using theWE ARE SUPPLIERS OF SEA FRESH LOCAL FISHandDirect Importers of United Kingdom and ContinentalQUICK-FROZEN FISHWholesale Suppliers to Hotels and RestaurantsWE SPECIALISE IN SHIPS PROVIDORINGBULK COLD STORE AND WHOLESALE DEPT.:Corner of Gibbons and Marian Streets, Redfern — 69-6828A. A. MURRELLS FISH SUPPLYHead Office:195 George St, Sydney — BIT 5945. After Hours — 663-2064DOWNescape hood technique, againdown lo -0 leet.EM a per s were Howled ma predeterminedlevel at atmospheric[iiessiiie in tlu submarine. I hc\were then iMisitioned at theesc .MM h.iti h and pit paled lorsurfacing In accurate prcv»urisation.IsiajKis then Mir I at cdin pails.OHicer-itwhaige ol tlu trialsu as 1,11111 ( onim.nnlei |ohuMeiewelh< t. R.N. (aged :U\). olDeath IIM! Lodge. I*et\v«iilh,Suv»e\. lie has been l!' tears inthe Rn\.tl \.t\\. and has spent 17nl ilicii in subtnai inevI he i' .tin ol voiuiiiceis who( at i it-d out ihe ac tual est .ipeswas It «l lis Lieutenant ComtuandeiLawrence llatnhn. R.N.I i •,.! !_'.. ol :>S Monklon Road.Alwistokc. Lieutenant -CommantIti I l.i!i! i\ n has In en L'">\eais in the Naw. and I'll vialsin submarines. Me i- (ami ma ml1st apt OHuei on stall ol FlagOfhcei Suhmaiines at H.M.S.DOLPHIN. OosporeSi\ othei voluntcci s tint leitook the lull sei ies ol first-everescape* I torn British submarinesat 260 feet.In addition to these. SurgeonLieutenant M. M. Parsons. R.N..of til UI well Road. Swanage,and an Admiralty civilian submarinespecialist, Mr. KennethTaylor, ol IS Shaws Way, Bath,carried out some escapes fromequipshallower depths, to testmem.Studying medical aspects ofthe trials was Surgeon Lieutenant- Commander E. E. P.Barnard (.15). of 16 King's Road,Southsca. He is on the staffof the Royal Naval PhysiologyLaboratory, and for the pastthree years has been a specialistin diving and submarine medicine.THE NAVYBritish-Australian Navies and Air ForcesI he batiks' were lough Iduring September in the Exercise" I ut ketho\ II. and bee aitiethe most realistic anii-suhiuarincengage mem staged b\ VlistraliaReai \ilnural \ W. R. Mi-\iioll. ( It.l .. CM.. HagOllueicoinuiandiug t lit VustialianHi et. dire* led tlu I \en i tbom his llagship. ILM.A.S.MIlUOl KMI Iu inoveiiieui and ail proleetion o| tlu- (ouvo\s was tooiilinaled Irom I he Mai itiineI It .idou.it li is ileal Sublet .when Reai Vdmital I K, Moiiivm.Oil! . D.S.C.. and \ii\ ice Maishal A. M. Murdoch.in Tasman Sea " Battles"were in joint operational control.Real Admiial C. (..


X-RayEquipment youcan depend onll will be month-, before tin- retain of the"battle" will be officially known, as sciential!have tlu- gigantic task at analysing volume! olinformation compiled by the participatinggroups.CANADA andUSA••»»»»»»»»»»»


Well done, Navy!Congratulations fromJOHNCARRITHERS


IRVINEandMcATEE• GENERAL SHIP REPAIRS• BULK WHEAT FITTINGS A!SI)LIVESTOCK FITTINGS10 Dirk Si.. Balmain WB 1506Cochrane and Co.Pty. Ltd.Rep.: Messrs. J. & K WILSON& Co. (Aust.) Ltd.INTERNATIONAL RIFLE COMPETITION.I knew it would happen sooner or later,and 1 was very pleased to learn that Australiahail gained a position in the first lour platinginthe Mlti'J International Ride Competition.We extend our heartiest congratulations onan ext client pcrlormaiuc to the team Irotll T.S.VOVAGER and the Victorian Division. It ishoped thai at the Federal Council Meeting areplica ol the Trophy to he presented by Aus-Italia lot third pii/e will he available lorpctus.il and comment.INTERNATIONAL .VII) I.EAC.IE SEACADET TRAININC, CAMP. Ii.l.this proposal, whit It remains in the preliminarystage, will receive yotn considerationat the (ioiimil Meeting lot whit It we now arcassembled.FINANCE:I he audited .mount, will he tahled diningthe Federal Council Meeting, and to our HonoraryAuditors. Messrs. Robertson, Crane &Gibbons, we would convey our sincere appreciationol their continued service.Payment ol Personal Accident ami LegalLiability Insurance Polities paid on IK hall olDivisions amounted to 1251 15 II.Finally, may 1 ask you to areept my thankslor your continued co-operation throughout theyear, and to you all I wish success and continuedhappiness.REAR ADMIRAL H. A. SHOWERS. C BE..ATJWAVYLEAGUEHALL*Right:The president of theNavi League. REARADMIRAL H. A.SHOWERS withLADY OLIVER.The British High-Commissioner, SIRWILLIAM OLIVER,with MRS. GALFREYG A T A C R E. MRS.REG GASKELL andMR. JOHN BOVILLat the Navy LeagueBall at Prince's. SirWilliam and LadyOliver were guests ofhonour.Poulterera, Fruiterera, Greengrocer*,Shipping Butcher; Ship Chandlers125A Sussex Street, Sydney. 29-6726After Hours: 89-1031NOTEThe Ai inu.-il Report of the V.S.W.Divisiot i will be publi Bhed nextmonth.illationAnnual Reports and inforfromother States woi •Id beappreciated.THE NAVYNOVEMIEK, 1962


SEA CADET PARADEJet Crashes In"PS Paluma Commissioned Sydney HarbourSaturday, July 14th, dawnedwith heavy rain and overcastconditions; in fact, typical Sea(..idet weather. Nothing daunted,however, all hands turnedto with preparations lor thefirst ceremonial parade of thenew Australian Sea Cadet CorpsUnit, "T/S PALUMA".This optimistic outlook wasjustified, when, an hour beforeparade, the rain stopped, andthe weather began to < tear. Thelast clouds were blown awayIn the heartfelt sighs ol relief,particularly from the Guardmembers.These lads hail given muchol their spare time in the lastlew weeks to constant practiceunder the Gunnery Instructor.Sub-Lieut. J. Skennerton, and1CAT YOUR SERVICEFor YourHolidayRequirementsINFORMATION AND IOOKINGSCJH or TelephoneHOWARD SMITH TRAVELCENTRESSYDNEY:269 George Street. Tel.: 27 5611MELBOURNE:522 Collins Street. Tel.: 62 3711PORT ADELAIDE:3 Todd Street. Tel.: 4 1461FREMANTLE:1 Mount Street. Tel.: L1071NEWCASTLE:16 Wilt Street. Tel.: 2 4711CAIRNS:IS Abbott street. Tel.: 2115/6•ALLARAT:Car. Lydi.rd sad Mair Streets.Tel.: B5462richly deserved a chance to demonstratetheir ability. At 'lp.m.. the "Guard ami Officers"tall was given by the bugler,Cadet Owen (allies, and theGuard fell in, under GuardCommander Cadel Petty OfhcciHum The remainder ol theMl Cadets ol I S PALUMA andHO Cadets ol the Dolphin SeaCadet Corps tell in by wait lies.before a crowd ol some .tonparents ami friends. Watcheswere proved and drcs.cd. and11 it Guard marched on withbayonets fixed.The parade then stood l>\ loithe arrival ol the InspectingOfficer, Commander N. s. Pixies.M.B.F.. V.R.f).. RAN.R.whose arrival was marked b\appropriate honours. The Commander,who is State Presidentof the Nav\ League, inspectedihc Guard and Divisions, speakingto mans ol ihe Cadets, amicomplimented the Guard Commanderon tile turn-out of hisGuard,Because ol the association withto 0_.G.N., he was most pleasedlo present a trained photographof the builder's model of theoriginal gunboat. PALUMA,which now makes an interestingcomparison with a similar l\mounted photograph of the presentH.M.A.S. PALUMA. which,it may IK 1 recalled, was oflicialvisiting naval vessel for the Catsof Brisbane Centenary.The State President then formallyhanded to the CommandingOfficer of the Unit its first SeaCadet Knsign. This was passedto the duty signalman. CadetRees and Watson, and used forthe ceremonial raising of"Colours".This ceremony provided a fittingclosure to a very fine day.SEA VENOMS INCOLLISIONTwo pilots ol the Royal AustralianNass's Fleet Air Annescaped death .diet a collisionabout O.IHHI leet over SydneyshoriU allet 1 p.m. on Tuesday.October -.Lieutenant MIH-II Rilesguided his damaged Sea Venominto Sydney Harbour, neal FoilDenison. before being ejectedfrom his seat and parachutinginto IIH- Harbour.Lieutenant barty R«l>citsmanaged to retain sufficient controlmet his damaged SeaVenom in IK- able 10 return loNowr.t. wtlete he landed safely,but was touetl lo use his arresteiequipment.Rear-Admiral G. G. O. Gatacre,C.B.F.. D.S.O.. D.S.C. andBar, Flag Officer in Charge. FastAustralia Area, said ihe accidentoccurred when a group of fourSea Venoms were giving an acrobatictlisplas over Sydney as partol the W'araiah Festival amiNavy Week.Ii appeared that the aircrafttouched while Hying in closeformation and one plummetedinto the Harbour after the pilothatl taken steps to ensure thatthe plane would not create ahazard for the public or craftusing Sydney Harbour.Sea Cadet Corps OnSeeneTheIt was a strange coincidencethat the Australian Sea CadetCorps, T.S. SYDNEY', was wellrepresented on the scene by coxswains(serving, or ex-membersof T.S. SYDNEY) in charge offour of the small craft involvedin rescue or other duties on thescene.THENAVYR.A.A.F. MR-SEA RESCUELAUNCH, i/c Warrant OfficerGeoff CONSTABLE (ex-member),which was carrying outtrials on the Harbour when thecrash was observed, the launchwas immediately opened up to50 knots, and reached the scene,rescuing the pilot. Lieut. Riley.R.A.N.. after he had been inthe water lor only two minutes.c.A.n. OEPT. OF Cll'll.AVIATION LAUNCH, i c Mr.Wallace llughsou (ex-member),was alerted lis radio from theSydney Control Towel and instructedi proceed lo ihe sceneto rendci any assistance needed.NAVY OEPT. TUG. i c Tug-Mastei John HAMPSON (SeisingMember, 1st Lieut.), wasnearby with an ammunitionlighlel in low. He reported thecrash In tadio to the Deputy-Captain l the Pons office. Onberthing alongside H.M.A.S.VENDETTA was instructed totransport "Vendetta's" disingteam to die scene.S T A -V N A lit) H R O s:1.41 SCH. i c Coxswain Mr.William Jackson (Serving Member.Divisional Sub Lieut.), wassent to ihe scene with the Pressreporters lor the "Daily Telegraph."As founder ol the T.S. SYDNF.Y, the pan played above byserving and ex-members morethan repays all who have givenme their stip|x>rl over the yearsin my endeavour to keep alivethe Sea Spirit of the British racein our Australian youth, and 1sincerely hope that the abovecan be published ill "Navy", asan example of what the AustralianSea Cadet Corps has donefor many youths over the pastforty yean of its existence inN.S.W.NOVEMIER, 1WZL. E. FORSYTHE.Lt. Riley waves after his rescue.


18"SBACAT" — THE CHOICE OF FIVE NAVIESSHORT BROTHERS & HARLAND LTD. — LONDON AND BELFAST"SEACAT" — ROYAL AUSTRALIAN NAVY'S GUIDED MISSILE* Scaral b Ihr AwatTattaa Na*y'» MM rkm-f**** Mll-aircrmfl wtmpom.* Stxit bu ciimpkird acceptance triab.* Seacal eaten *»nk( t.nl> fit* >ear\ troaa coalracf.* Scacal Is abo on order Tor the Royal \»>», Swedes, Germany aad Ntl Zealand.Developed by Short'* under BniMi Ministry of \>iation contract. Ike Seaeat. capable of exceptional accuracynanoeavraMIHy, b acknowledged to be tbe m»l effective clo*e-raiwe defence weapon n* io-da>.BEGG & GREIGPTY. LTD.Marine. General anil ElerlriralEngineers20 ERSKINE STREET, SYDNEY29-1208 29-7087After Hours:D. W. REED JW4095C. O. WILKS LM236924 Hr. Service in following Trades:•OILER MAKERS. FITTERS. ELECTRICIANS.MACHINISTS. PLUMIERS ini COPPERSMITHS,SHIPWRIGHTS mi JOINERS,PAINTERS andDOCKERSTHE UNITED SHIP SERVICESPTY. ITD.88-102 Norman by Road, South Melbourne,Victoria, Australia.MELBOURNE — GEELONG —PORTLANDand all Victorian PorteThe largest organisation in Victoria for thefabrication aiid installation of fittings forevery description of cargo. Bulk grain fittingsa speciality. Dunnage Supplied. Holdscleaned. Decks caulked. All trades availableand include:Shipwrights.Dockers,Carpenters,Painters,Joiners,RiggersTelephone: MX 5231Telegrams and Cables: "UNISTEVE,"MelbourneNEW CHIEF OFNAVAL CONSTRUCTIONCaptain F. L. George, who and Lingayen.has been promoted to Rear-1 When *' 1 the "~~ ship *~* reached MatinsAdmiral and appointed u> the in a damaged condition (fiveK11\ .i 1 Australian Naval Hoard, Kamikaze attacks) he took oveihas been in the Service .since as Chief Kngineer. and steamed|anuary, 1924, when he entered the ship tit Sydney for repairs.the Royal Australian Naval College.|ems Bay, ai the age ol IS. appointed Assistant to the Engi­On arrival at Sydney, he wasneer Manager. H.M.A. Navalir.ii Srwirt' hi "Voyager" Doi kyard, Garden Island.unit ' Australia*'Vppuinted Chiel Engineer ofH.M.A.S. VOYAGER in February,1998, he served in thisship dining the carl\ part olthe 1939-45 War in the IndianOcean and Mediterranean untilMill.He was promoted In Lieuienant-Coimuandei (E.) on AugustI. 1940.He- returned to Australia andtook up appointment as NavalAssistant to the Director olEngineering, Nav\ Office. Melbourne.He was in H.M.A.S. At'SI RALIA, which lie joined inFebruary, 1944, during operationsat Hollandia, Wadke,Biak. Neomfoer, Morotai. LcyleO.t.c. Captain Cook DorkShortly afterwards he was appointedOfficer in Charge olCaptain Cook Dock, which wasthen nearing completion.During the next year he wasresponsible lor the docking andrepairs ol L'l capital ships, includingthe largest British battleshipsand aircraft carriers.Promoted to Captain in Oecember.1954, he subsequentlycompleted the long Atomic, Biologicaland Chemical Warfareami Damage Control Course atH.M.S. PHOENIX. April-May,1955.He carried out a full investigationol Planned Maintenancein the Royal Navy, and pre-NICOL BROS. PTY. LTD.ALL CLASSES OF STEAM, DIESELAND GENERAL ENGINEERINGBOILERMAKERS, OXY-ACETYLENEAND ELECTRIC WELDERSPLUMBING AND ELECTRICAL WORK10-20 WESTON ST., BALMAIN EASTNOVEMBER, 1962'Phones: 824)367 (3 lines)After Hours: 76-9385, 86-3225, .16-5708REAR-ADMIRAL GEORGEpared tin- necessary documentation,etc. lor its inception inthe Royal Australian Navy.From July to December, 1955,lie carried out the investigationol Artificer Apprentice Trainingin the Royal Navy andMarine Engineering Industry olGreat Britain.Struts XirhnbnThis led to Rear-AdmiralGeorge commissioning H.M.A.S.NIR1MBA as the Royal AustralianNavy Apprentice TrainingEstablishment on January6, 1956.He personally planned, documentedand set to workRoyal Australian Navy ArtificerApprentice Training, includingthe selection of the first 250apprentices.Rear-Admiral George wasAssistant Naval representative tothe High Commissioner for Australiain 1958, and on January9 he joined the Imperial DefenceCollege, completing the coursein December, 1959.Early in 1960 he re-organisedthe management of FlindersNaval Depot, and on February12 was appointed General Managerof the Garden Island Dockyard.


Pt f M31 Macquarie Place, SydneyCuMtomai Shipping and ForwardingAgentsCartageConlraelor$Also Aircraft Division Office:VICKERS AVENUE, MASCOTPhone: 67-1865PHONE BU 3551 for ServiceL 3•HE* &&• •*»•> •*&• -SB* ^C* -a** -SB- '9& *3fr•THE FAMOUSRock & RollHotelAll are Welcome to the famous Rock IFavourite Drinking Spot of all NavalPersonnel.2 BOURKE STREETEAST SYDNEYFA 5109 FA 5109 *• «fc.Superior Service—Monthly Sailingsflotta LAUROOFF-SEASON REDUCED FARESCalling at Singapore, Bombay,Port Said, Malta, Genoa — ThroughBookings to London, New York, etc.Apply to:—I.uigi Gariglio and Co.,35 Pitt Street, SydneyJames Patrick and Co. Pty. Ltd.,Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane.Trafalgar CommemorationCeremonySeveral hundred people watched as detachments of Sea Cadets,Sea Scouts and Sea Rangers commemorated TRAFALGAR DAY witha brief service at the Cenotaph, in Martin Place, Sydney.The President of the Navy League, in an address, said:"To-da\ we commemorate their>7ih anniversarj ol the Battleol Trafalgar — the last greatnaval battle to be [ought undeisail.This victor) :n Trafalgar, byremoving the liars ol invasion,ensured lot Australia the opporol France and Spain by alunilies ol uninterrupted tievelopmenithai we enjoy. Theuniversal acceptance ol thosebenefits, however, is stub that,:is a Nation, we Australians todayarc scil to lorgct thefundamental lessons ol thatHicat victor) - .•SKA POWER is vital to ourprotection, and ii is both urgentami essential that we shouldcease to neglect our national responsibilityto ensure its adequateprovision."The overwhelming defeat atTrafalgar ol the combined llectsNOVEMBER, 1962TASTE ABEER THAT'SREALLY BEERnuuiciicalh inlcrior MulishFleet, under the inspired leadershipol Admiral Lord Nelson,made England 'Mistress ol theSeas.' So crushing was this tieieatthat England remained theundisputed 'Mistress ol theSeas' lor more than 100 years.and the destiny ol Australia wasshaped under the protection olthat sure shield."Incidental to national protection,piracy was exterminatedwhilst oceans atrtl coastlineswere charted, and thus was ensuredthe safety ol the sea lanesU|xm which tile tratle and developmentof this country stillremains totally dependent"By this Sea Power, forged atTrafalgar, out Australian mainlandhas been spared the horrorsincident to invasion by anyhere's luck! here's cheers!here's two great beers!enemy, and our overseas tradegrown so abundantly that to-dayAustralia ranks sixth among thenations or the world for thevolume ol its overseas trade."Nothing is, nor can be, morevital to Australia than the maintenanceol Sea Power, which ensureslor us at all times freedomof the seas, but, in timesul emergency, denies thai freedomto (lie enemy."*To-day. Navy League of Australiais proud to welcome herethe representative detachmentsof the Australian Sea CadetCorps, which it sponsors, alsothe Sea Scouts and Sea Rangers,who, by their presence amithrough their organisations, proclaimthat youth m Australiais conscious ol the influence olSea Power, and that Sea Poweritsell is dependent on Manpower."Yes, we, the people of Australia,owe much to the victoryat Trafalgar for the great benefitsthat have been passed downto us. The future well beingand security of this great countryrests in our hands to-day, and,lor guidance in the discharge ofthat sacred duty, I commendLord Nelson's immortal signal,made early on the day of thism \battle we commemorate, 'Englandexpects that this day everyman will do his duty'."CanadaThe strength of Canada'sTwo great beers indeed — Foster's Lager and Victoriaarmed lorces stood at 126,850Bitter. No doubt you've downed a glass or two of bothat the end of April, the lastyourself — enjoyed their exhilarating flavour;month at which figures wereexperienced the smoothness nu other beer can match. Here'savailable. Latest totals are:real beer — the world's best beer! Make the mostNavy, 21,670; Army, 52,107; Ahof it — make yours Foster's Lager or Victoria Bitter!VICTORIA BITTERFOSTER'S LAGERDRAUGHT • BOTTLED • CANNEDForce, 53,073. Defence Departmentestimates for 1962-63 total$1,682 billion — 26 per cent ofCanada's scheduled spending inthe current fiscal year. Includedin this amount are major itemsfor building construction, $231,-000,000 for the Royal CanadianAir Force, and $65,000,000 each»for the Navy and the Army.21


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V. E. Osborne Pty. Ltd.IIV are proud to have carried out the steam, insulation, pipework, turbines andventilation tm the H.M.A.S. Parramatta aid the Stuart, now under construction atCockatoo Dockyard,The Company was appointed by the P. c O. Cotttpatty to do all lugging work ontheii ships in the Port tt\ Sydney.SYDNEY'S LEADING SPECIALISTS IN STEAM INSULATION,REFRIGERATION AND ACOUSTICSMARINE WORK OUR SPECIALTY4 St. Mary Street. East Balmain Telephone: 82-4446The front-line squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm prepare to take off from H.M.A.S. MELBOURNE. TheGannet anti-submarine aircraft, lined up on the right of the flight deck, played a major part in searchingfor the three British submarines trying to intercept the joint Australian-British task force.DieselInjectionFuelEquipment• Repairs* Maintenance* Consulting andManufacturingEngineers—NEPTIWEEngineering CompanyLavender Bay,North SydneyXB 2004 Phones XB 2695• ••'L k mWfMAUR 1 BRO THERS & THOMi »0N LI MITED2-6 Barrackr .C< IMPRESSED i 'EASTV/ kCUUM PACK ED•I)l -.harm" is a special form ol romp! essed yeast,ill il d under scientific conditu ns and cai efully comthequalitypou nded with a suitable yeast food. It's\ea t that is as constant as to-i norrow an d is packedin he high specifications of the Austr; lian NavyPINNACLE HOUSEStreet, Sydney.j.•t 5Teleph< me: 29-2 601.." -;~. AMCNEILL & SHEERANPTY. LTD.SAIL M A K E R S55 DOWLING STREETWOOLLOOMOOLOOFOR TRADE ENQUIRIESPhone 31 - 6980•I MILLIGAN'S1 BAKERY:BERRY STREET, NOWRA" JUNCTION STREET, NOWRAI• Contractori to the R.A.N.• Bread Baked Oven Fresh Daily onPremises• Delivery Service Available Throughoutthe AreaFor Trade InquiriesPhone 2-2098-••-i24 THE NAVY.iiiiluiiitiiiiiNOVEMBER. 19621 1.1I!1MMIIII1IIIIIIII. V


COCKATOO DOCKSft ENGINEERINGCO.PTY. LTD.•ShipbuildersMarineamiGeneral EngineersContractors to . . .II M AUSTRALIAN NAVYInquiries InvitedCOCKATOO DOCKSYDNEYPhone: 82 0f>(il(10 lines)BURGESS FURNITURECO. PTY. LTD.57 George St., Parramatta(Down lane oppositeThe Gas Company)635 7046635 - 9661(or New and ReconditionedFurniture — FloorCoverings — Refrigerators— Venetian BlindsTrade-ins a SpecialtySPECIAL TERMS FORNAVY PERSONNELCHINESE NATIONALIST NAVY GROWSThe Chinese Nationalist Navyis reported to IK- building up avery strong force ol landing shipsand landing trait.lis tin- end ol last year 27tank landing ships ol 1,653 tons.15 medium landing ships ol 713tons, nine landing trait ol 227tons, and seven landing traitol LSI tons had been acquiredFrom the United States.I'.ui now the Chinese Nationalistson Taiwan ate acquiringmans more amphibious ships[ram the U.S.A.Until recently the I'.s. Navymaintained I5ti tank laudingships, I7K medium landing ships.and 57 landing craft. Many olthese have now been declaredsurplus to U.S. Navy requiremenu,and it is these ships, togetherwith more that had beenlaid up in ready reserve in Japanthat the Chinese Nationalists atenow starting to acquire lor theirrapidly expanding navy.The Chinese Nationalist Navyhas also acquired four destroyers,five destroyer escorts, a highspeedtransport, 15 Heet minesweepers,2fi submarine chasers,two motor gunboats, four coastalminesweepers, two repair shipsantl a dock lauding ship (amphibiousassault ship) from theUnited States.The Chinese Nationalist Navyis undergoing training with theaiil of officers and men of theUnited States Military AssistanceAdvisory Group on Formosa(Taiwan). A small detachmentol United State, Marine Corpsadvisers train Chinese marines inTaiwan in amphibious operations.The Chinese Nationalist Navynow comprises over 200 warshipsand over (iL'.Otlll officers and men.It is reported that ChineseNationalist naval officers andmarine officers consider thatafter long training and with thewarships acquired from theUnited States during the lastlew seats and with the recentlyacquired landing ships, any waroperation or invasion could bemounted on the mainland towhich they have all so longaspired to return.New Captain ForOreanographir FrigateA new captain has been appointedlor the Royal AustralianNavy's training and ocean-(•graphic frigate, H.M.A.S.GASCOYNE.Lieutenant-Commander Rust,who is at present serving atNavy Office in Canberra on thestall ol the Director ol Tactics.Trials and Stall Requirements,will lake over command fromCommander R. G. Loosli, whowill be leaving for Britainshortly 10 undertake courses antlto work with the Admiralty.Lieutenant -Commander Rustgraduated trom the Royal AustralianNaval College in I'M),and was assigned to Britain'sLast Indies Fleet for the finalyear of the Second World War.In the Korean campaign, serviceashore at Ktire, Japan, wasfollowed bv tours of dutyin H.M.A.S. BATAAN andH.M.A.S. TOBRUK.A specialist in the navigationand direction branch. Lieut.-Commander Rust went to NavyOffice two years ago. afteradvanced training in Britain.At 34. GASCOYNE will be hisfirst command.H.M.A.S. GASCOYNE is usedto give sailors their first seagoingexperience, and is alsoequipped with laboratories foroceanographic research.THE NAVYNavy-Minded Youngsters Set NewPattern For R.A.N. Recruitment1 he Royal Australian Navyis to expand its Junior TrainingScheme to take advantageof the enthusiastic responsefrom potential recruits of schoolleavingage.The Minister for the Navy,Senator Gorton, said recentlythat the Navy had decided toestablish a second Junior RecruitTraining School, and toenlarge the existing establishmentin Western Australia.The new Junior RecruitSchool will be at Flinders NavalDepoi in Victoria, and the firstintake of 114 boys will enterthe establishment in March olnext year.The first Junior RecruitSchool (H.M.A.S. LEEUWIN)was set tip Fre.nantle only twoyears ago. The establishmentwas designed to give 12 months'educational and naval instructionto boys aged between 15}-ItiJ who wanted to make theNavy their career.The scheme proved an immediatesuccess, and hundredsof suitable applicants have hadto be rejectee! because of lackof training space. The last intakein July attracted 770 boysfor the 155 vttancies.Senator Gorton said the newJunior Recruit School in Victoriaantl the expansion of theestablishment at Fremantlcwould enable the Navy to takegreater advantage of this richsource of recruits. The extensionof the Junior Recruit schememarked a new phase in Navalrecruitment. In future, it wasintended that the Junior Schoolsshould produce about 40 percent of the men for the R.A.N.Between them, the two Schoolswould train 550 junior recruitsevery year.NOVEMIER, 1962Many junior recruits are expectedto become the seniorratings of the future, and duringtheir basic training a carefulwatch is kept for officer potential.After completing their JuniorRecruit Course, they arc givenHe said the success of thescheme augured well for thefuture of the Navy. Junior recruittraining was part of the branches of the Service. Thespecialised training in variousR.A.N.'s programme to raise junior recruits undertake tostandards to meet the challenge serve an initial period of 12ol increasingly complex ships years in the Royal Australianand weapons,Navy.SHIPPING CONTROL EXERCISEBEGINSObservers from six SEATOnations gathered in Canberrafor the naval control of shipping exercise. "Seascape".The observers watched theprogress of "Seascape" from theAustralian national capital,where a joint Australian-UnitedStates staff co-ordinated theexercise."Seasca|)c" was destined toevaluate the naval control ofshipping organisations ofManila Pact members, and wasa part of SEATO's long-termtraining programme for collectivedefence against aggression.During the two-week exercise,naval control of shippingofficers directed, theoretically,the movement of some 1,200available and simulated ships,to ensure their safe and timelyarrival in friendly ports.Observers who watched theexercise from Canberra were:France (Lieutenant de VaisseauGravelin); (Pakistan (CommanderS. A. Hussan; thePhilippines (Commander C. C.Guerrero); Thailand (Rear-Admiral K. Satap and CaptainT. Tawaichai); United Kingdom(Captain T. W. Stocker); UnitedStates (Commander H. V.Weldon). The SEATO MilitaryPlanning Office was representedby Commander Tariq B. Retiman.The Deputy-Director of theExercise, Rear-Admiral T. K.Morrison, of Australia, told anews conference that efficientnaval control of shipping wasa basic essential in SEATO'sdefensive concept.Without proper control olshipping no nation could fulfillogistic requirements to sustainoperations against aggressiveforces.Admiral Morrison said therewas no substitute for sea communications.The ships mustget through with their essentialcargoes of supplies and men.He said the great bulk of theworld's goods had to be movedby sea. Australia alone dependedon the sea for the transportationof 99 per cent of ail herimports and exports.The Exercise Director of Seascapewas Vice-Admiral J. S.Thach, the Commander of theUnited States' Pacific Fleet antisubmarinewarfare force.27


RobertLundieCustoms and ShippingAgentsBy-Law and TariffSpecialistsAlso Specialising '»HEAVYTRANSPORTANYWHERE26 BRIDGE STREET.SYDNEYBU 6114 lit 1019With Compliments of ...Nowra••fSteamLaundry %Pty. Ltd.I•M. - u I MM in MANAGER ••NAVY SPECIALLYCATERED FOR "57 Kinghorn Stre«t, •NOWRAI•" m'Phone: Nowra 2-2299 |••i'B.'StKiat'BMB'B:*:!*^LUCKYESCAPEWithin nine minutes of falling overboard fro n the Britishdestroyer. CASSANDRA, during Tuckerbox II exercise, a youngseaman was safe in the sick bay of H.M.A.S. MELBOURNEThe incident occurred just after dawn, with a heavy searunning while the two parts of the task fleet taking part inthe exercise were making their final rendezvous for replenishmentwhile in a submarine danger area.The seaman, seventeen-year-old David Michael Hudson, ofYork. England, fell overboard during a manoeuvre of thescreening ships. Fortunately, he was seen falling and immediatelya lifebuoy was dropped, a helicopter was "scrambled"from H.M.A.S. MELBOURNE, three miles away, and H.M.A.S.QUIBERON was sent to assist.The helicopter, piloted by Lieutenant R. C. O'Day, ofNowra. N.S.W. and the helicopter winchman, Leading AirmanMechanic L. E. Ackerley, of Bomaderry, N.S.W.. winched Hudsonto safety and carried him to H.M.A.S. MELBOURNE,where doctors treated him.The picture shows Leading Airman Ackerley. LieutenantO'Day and Hudson in the sick bay.THENAVAUSTRALIAand SEA POWERAn Address by REAR-ADMIRAL H. A. SHOWERS, President of the NAVY LEAGUE, to theMi President, DistinguishedGuests. Rotarians,- -I am greatly honoured to liavethe opportunity lo address youlitis evening, and wish to dunkMi. Sheridan, the ProgrammeChairman, li his invitation.In conjunction with the Want'tali Kcsti\al. Sydiu-s (his weekis celebrating Navy Week, and.latei in the month, will commemorateLord Nelson's victoryat tin Battle ol Trafalgar,[ought on 21st October. 1805a date thai should be engravedvery deeply in ihr heart andmind ol every Australian,NOVEMBER, 1962PARRAMATTA ROTARY CLUBSuccessfully exert ised by anisland nation, it means survival.whereas failure to maintain seapnwei can mean defeat evenwithout invasion.To-day die Value of Australia'sannual overseas tiade approximates£2.000 million, being11.100 million ol exports '""'£900 million ol imports, and, onthe IK. - European trade routesalone require some 200 ships loIK- continually employed. Approximatelythree-quarters ol theimports aie raw materials, toruse in llie secondary industriesthai provide employment, directly,and online il\. for HO pi iieni ol the country's work force.Additional to this vast overseastrade is the not inconsiderableAustralian coastal trade, amountingto some 20 million tons perannum, carried in 132 ships olhalf-million gross tons. Onesixth,or 3.1/3 million tons olthis Australian coastal Hade isIt. therefore, is Biting thatto-nigh I 1 should talk about theKma! Australian Navy, its puriKne,and its history.Being an island continent, itis essential that Australia possesssea power. Ever since manfust mastered the ability to traversethe high seas, sea power hasbeen the dominant factor controllingthe destinies ol men and re-shipment ol petroleumnations. The early Britons, becauseducts.pro­they did not possess sea Thus, sea |M>WCT is absolutely|M>wer, were conquered l>\ both vital to us if we are to preservethe Romans and the Vikings. our Australian freedom.Later, by the development *»l Nowadays, in the exercise olits sea power, Britain, through sea power, there are sevenout the middle ages, was able integrated elements. Combatto exert a major influence upon surface ships, submarines, aircraft,bases, a mercantile marine,European history, and. ultimately,by the mastery achieved the industrial potential to providethe needs of those elements,at Trafalgar, reigned for morethan 100 years following as and, finally, the trained manpower(jx-rsonnel) to man theMistress of the Seas and theworld's greatest nation.sea-going services.What, then, is this decisive (manges in the format offactor. Sea Power? "Sea Power those elements must occur inis effectively exercised by a order to take advantage of, andnation, when, in times of peril, thus obtain full benefit fromit is able to keep the sea communicationsopen for its ownuses and. at the same time, substantiallyexploitation of man's ever increasinglycomplex technologicalknowledge; the importance oldeny them to its sea jx>wer, however, does not,enemy."and cannot, change, because thegeography ol the earth remainsunchanged more than 70 |>eireni ol its surface is water.The ies|M>iisii>ility to ensureprovision ol oil elements olsea power rests with theFederal (•oveiuuieni that weelect, ami the fumlion ol theKoval Australian Navy is tomaintain those elements providedto it at maximum efficiency:immediately ready at alltimes lo tans out its tasks.l.el us now irate briefly thegenesis ami development ol theK.A.N.From the founding of theColony in 17XK until 1869, theprotection of Australia and NewZealand was an liiipcn.il responsibility,and the Naval requirementwas entrusted by theAdmiralty to the hast IndiaStation. Ships of thai station,however, had a prune preoccupationwith suppression olthe gentle art ol piracy, andin the earlier days neither thevalue ol the seaborne trade northe stage of development of theColonics "at the antipodes" warranteda strong squadron beingstationed in Australasian waters.However, development is anatural consequence, and in theearly 1850*8 the first NavalSquadron, consisting ol the sailingfrigate. "Calliope", of 2figuns, a brig, two sloops, and twosmall paddle steamers, was basedat Sydney, although still part ofthe East India Station fleet.Incidentally, speaking ofpiracy, it may interest you tokmm that the present owneiof a property at the junction ofthe Colo and Hawkesbury Rivershas informed me that attachedto the original title to the landwas a warrant, charging the recipientwith responsibility to29


Mip|iK ss piracy on the rivers, andauthorising him to obtainassistance from the Navy byhoisting the White Ensign.The gold-rushes of 185*2-53provided tremendous impetus tothe development of Australia,and, due to wild rumours, theOimean War of I85 produceda state of near panic. For selfprotection,Sydney (NSW.)built the wooden ketch. "Spitfire",of ti'i tons, and armed itwith a 32-poumter mounted atthe stern, while Melbourne(Victoria) ordered from Knglaudan armed vessel, the "Victoria",a screw steamer of 580 tons,armed with six )2*pounders anda swivel o-iu. gun.The passage ol the "Victoria"to Port Phillip, although itselluneventful, provided a trulymammoth legal battle lor (heLaw Offices of the Crown. Thedetermination was not reacheduntil four years later, in I860,and remained effective untilJOINTHEThe object of the Navy League in Australia, likeits older counterpart, the Navy League in Britain,is to insist by all means at its disposal upon thevital importance of Sea Power to the BritishCommonwealth of Nations. The League sponsorsthe Australian Sea Cadet Corps by giving technical1911. The ruling given governedthe position at the timeof the Boxer Rebellion, in 1900.when the South Australian ship,"Protector", was sent to Chinesewaters to serve under the BritishC.-in-C, China Station. In brief,the legal opinion was thatColonial vessels of war Operatingoutside of territorial watersmust wear the While Ensign andbe commanded by officers holdingcommissions from the Crownil they are to possess theprivileges incident to InternationalLaw. the major privilegebeing a distinc tionin International Law between(he law of pri/e for captures atsea and outright piracy. Trusta woman to beat the gun!Some .100-odcl years earlier. GoodQueen Bess, who could notafford to maintain the RoyalNavy, had used this stratagemto give legal standing to theremunerative acts of pirac\ practisedin the West Indies againstThe League consists of Fellows (Annual or Life) and Associates.the Spaniards by Drake andother buccaneers.In 1859, the Admiraltyapproved of the formation oft h e Australia Station, independentot C.-in-C. in India,and ap|M>inted Captain Loring,of H.M. Sailing Frigate' "Iris",26 guns, to be Commodore, withfour smaller ships under hiscommand.In IKt>2 it was resolved, inthe House of Commons, that:—"Colonies exercising the lightstil sell-government should undertakeilie main responsibility lortheir own internal order andsecurity, and ought to assist intheir own external defence."This was a fundamental changethai brought aboul the gradualwithdrawal of all Imperialtroops, completed in 1873, andthe passing ol the ColonialNaval Defence Act of .«(.">. Italso became (he cardinal conceptloi British strategic thinkingduring the next 15 years.NAVY LEAGUEsea training to and instilling naval training in boyswho intend to serve in Naval or Merchant servicesand also to those sea-minded boys who donot intend to follow a sea career, but who, giventhis knowledge will form a valuable Reserve forthe Naval Service.All British subjects who signify approval to the objects of the League are eligible.MAY WE ASK YOU TO JOIN and swell our members so that the Navy League in Australia may bewidely known and exercise an important influence in the life of the Australian Nation?For particulars, contact The Secretary, 66 Clarence Street, Sydney, N.S.W.,or The Secretary, Room 8. 8th Floor, 528 Collins Street, Melbourne, C.l, VictoriaJO• one of the Bon, Secretaries at:Box 376E, G.P.O., Brisbane, Queensland7J6 Sandy Bay Rd., Lower Sandy Bay, HobartP.O. Box N, Darwin. N.T.• 30 Flrie Street, Adelaide, S.A.• 62 Blencowe St., West Leederville, W.A.• SO Limestone Ave, Alnslie, Canberra, A.C.T.THENAVY.mil undoubtedly, still intlu the Colonies and the Mother list than it was as a formidableences our Australian Defence Country.force to protect the country.allocations, when* the R.A.N. This resolution did not produceWithin it year ihe weaknessanother "Boston lea party", receive-) approximately one-sixthwas admitted by the Colonialot tlit- Defence Voir.but stirred Queensland. N.S.W.. Governments, anil the advice ofHy this Ad ol 1865, l In Victoria and South Australia Admiral Tryon, C.-in-C. of theColonies were able it> provide, into providing lor their own (Imperial) Australian Station,maintain, and use their own local Naval Defence, ami withinwas sought. His advice was thatvessels ol war lot local Navaltwo years the combined Meets the Colonies antl New Zealanddefence, also to raise and main consisted ol ii> ships, the most join together antl bear the costlain seamen to serve in slid) sea-worthy being the South Australianof a sea-going Colonial Fleet,vessels.steel cruiser, "Protector", luruishetl, manned antl main­Despite all the earlier cUunoui ot 'Hill tons, II knots, with an tained by the Admiralty, whichl>\ tlu-ir Governments lor additionalarmament of one 8-in., five 6-in, would operate with the ImperialNaval protection, only breech-loading, and lour Hotch-Australian Squadron, but itsone Colony. Victoria, availed itselfkiss machine-guns. In 1900, she ships, chosen by the Colonies inol these new powers, andacquired the "Cerebus", whichserved in China, and later, duringWorld War 1. tlitl service inconsultation with the Admiralty.would remain permanently onpromptl) was relegated to barboutNew Guinea, where she con­the Australia Station.defence.voyed the Submarines AEI and This advice was pigeon-holed,The changeover that had 2. She finally was sold out ol antl twice brought out lor dustingtaken plate at this period from the Navy in 192-1, alter 1(1 years'only. First, some 38 yearsships of wood and sail to iron* service. On their passage out. later, in 1883, when rumourst lads ami steam was proving very during the Soudan War ol 1884, became current that Germanyexpensive to the imperial the Victorian ships, "Victoria", intended to annex New Guinea,Government, and also, there was "Albert" and "Childers", whilst anil also, that the French werethe rising threat ol Russian at Malta, were ordered to reportopenly coveting the New Heb­Naval Power. In 1882. an Imperialio Admiral Hewitt, at rides; then, secondly, in 1885,Royal Commission was Suakint, but their services were when the Secretary of State forappointed, which recommended not required.the Colonies reported "that warthat the Australian Colonies This imposing number of with Russia ap|>earetl imminent."make a moderate contribution ships, comprising lour Colonialin money towards the cost of Navies, unfortunately, was incapableof rendering mutual antl provisional agreementHowever, it was resurrected,that squadron maintained by theMother Countr) lor the pro support, antl therefore was far reached at the first Colonial Conferenceheld in London in 1887 —let tion ol interests common to more impressive on paper as athe year of the Jubilee of QueenVictoria. In December of thatSUBSCRIPTION FORMyear, the House of Commonspassed the Australasian NavalTo "The Navy,"Defence Act, subject to theBox 3850, G.P.O.,ratification by the GovernmentsSydney, N.S.W.of the Australasian Colonies, butit was not until after the firstI enclose 23/- for Annual Subscription to "The Navy.*' National Australasian Conventionin 1891 that this Navalpost free, commencing January, 1963.agreement was ratified by allNameStreetAustralian legislatures, antl becameeffective for ten years, atleast. Under the agreement, theTownStateannual cost of £126,000 to maintainan Australian AuxiliaryDaleSquadron, additional to the ImPlease note that ill annul subscriptions now commence in January. Newpcrial Squadron, was allottedamong the Australasian Coloniessubscribers after January should send only i/11 for each month .-mainingon the basis of population.up to and including December. Otherwise back copies from January will be (Populations: N.Z., 743,463; Australianposted.Colonies, 3,733,688.Total, 4,477,151).NOVEMBER, 196231


Tlit Diamond Jubilee of "t>uten Victoria in 1897 affordedan onjMirtunity lo convene thesecond Colonial Conference inLondon. At this Conference theAustralasian Naval Agreementwas discussed, ami generallyagreed to be lunciioning satisfactorily.The Premier ol SouthAustralia, however, recommendedcon-.idera.ion should begi\cu, when the Agree nent wasreviewed, to reducing I'IC animalsub 14) In £5,C00, and that thisMini be expended in the Colonieslor the raising, and training inthe Imperial Squadron, ol aNaval Reserve Force, to beavailable tor service on the Australianand contiguous station*.With the approach ol Federationo| the Australian Colonies,this recommendation receivedmuch consideration. The Australiancensus ol I8!H had shownthat more than VMIIHI maleswere employed on sea and rivertraliu, ami full-time fishing.This provided a vast potentiallor Reserves, whereas in theUnited Kingdom, due lo the increasingemployment ol foreignersin the British Merchant Service,the Naval Reserve [^Hernialwas decreasing.Federation, in January, 1961,enabled a single Australian approachto i he problem to bemade, and it became clear thatthe country did not wish "to hireits Naval Defence", but to fostera Naval spirit "by having seagoingships of its own". CaptainCreswell, Naval Commandantof Queensland, and laterDirector of (Australian) NavalForces, strongly advocated theformation of an AustralianNavy.In 1902, the Prime Minister,Sir Edmund Barton, and theMinister for Defence, Sir JohnForrest, visited England for thecoronation of King Edward VII,and had preliminary discussionsprior to the Naval Agreement32ol 1903. Acknowledging thatGreat Britain was spending halfof its total Defence Vote of£50,000,000 p.a. — equivalent to25/- per head of population —on the Royal Navy, whereas inAustralia, ol the Defence Voteamounting to £800,000 p.a., or4 !• per head, less than onequarterwas V|H in on Naval Detente,they considered somethingmore equitable should bearranged at an Iin|>etial Conference.The) proposed the formationol an Empire Navy,wherein ships and personnel olthe Dominions and the RoyalNav) would be Irec!) exchanged,and. it agreement to tin's greatprinciple be obtained, then thequestion ol contributions touldbe afterwards arranged b\mutual agreement.The Colonial (Imperial) Conferenceol 1901* tailed to agreelo (his proposal, and a newNaval Agreement with Australiawas signed in 1903. I \cept that provision was made forthe local training ol Australianseamen, it was, in practice, arenewal of the expiring AustralasianNaval Agreement, substitutingmore modern ships,and increased the contributionfrom Australia to £200,000 petannum. It also allowed Australiaeight nominations annuallylor Naval Cadetships in theRo\at Navy.This agreement proved mostunpopular in the Federal Parliament,and in 1905 the new-Prime Minister, the Hon. AlfredDeakin, proposed to the BritishGovernment that it be revised,and made application to theImperial Defence Committee toconsider, and frame, a schemeof defence for Australia.TO BE CONCLUDEDSEXTISSUERffuseitalors ProvidfBreath of Life"Life in the Navy, lias, likeany other job. its share olhazard, ami, foremost amongthese, are the accident, wliiilicould happen in the water.Ol all the iyIJCS ol accident,that tan ounr there is. perhapsino emergent \ more criticalthan when a man is taken fromthe water ami has teased breath-On an average, the humanbods breathe, 25.920 times eachdas. inhaling alMiui 150 cubic[eel ol air. Interrupt this ruleand the brain tan be so severelydamaged that the subject willdie or become so permanentlydisabled [hat normal existencetan (ease from that lime.Thus there i* a great needto have on hand, read) lor immediateuse. an apparatus thatwill assist to restore normalbreathing.Ol tlu- apparatus in use. theRM resuseilator. with its attendantoxygen-actuated sucker unit,is ideal lor emergency resuscitation.(Manufactured by The CommonwealthIndustrial GasesLimited, the RM rcsuscitatorhas proved itself to be invaluablein emergencies which havearisen in Naval work. Theunit itsell is very simple, havingonly one moving part, and itoperates by the rhythmicalpressing ol a button.It is important to rememberthat SECONDS COUNT, andthat no time must be lost ingetting oxygen to the lungs. If aresuscitator is not readily available,commence resuscitation byother known methods (such asHolger Neilson, or mouth-tomouth),and continue themethod until resuscitation equipmentarrives.THI NAVY_ • 'SO ' iWishing R.A.N. Personnel Every, Success fromE. A. DAVIESNewsagent112 JUNCTION ST.,NOWRAPhone: 2-2153I• Deliver) Service Available throughoutArea.• L^arge Range ol Books and Periodicals lo Suit.illlaMcv• Omiplrir Stock o| Cards, Stationer) ands» hool Requisites.# To\, a Spr< iall)I Diesel at id Steam Tug and Waterboc it Owners'I Distinguishing Marks1 DIESEL TUGSi| Sydney Cove1 Sirius Cove1ManlyCove| Farm Cove!! STEAM THUSiHeros1 l.iiidticlilHeroic| HimmaHeroineGREEN Hulls, BLACK Funnels.A. TA*"Lak>*?»»Hk*-••• ffffr ' ' fffffffSffCi^Isfc^^ffflCONTRACTORS TO THE ADMIRALTYJ. FEN WICK & CO. PTY. LI MITEDtUNION HOUSE, 217 GEORGE STREET, SVDNE VJ And at 11 Watt Street, Newcastle, and c/o Adelaide S.S. Co. Ltd., Port Kc Tibia, N.S.W.ftttV^^^^^^^^_;Phones:Bt 5071Bl 5072Cables:"FENW1CK"•Water Boat:Ceres, 100 tons


NAPIER "DELTIC 99ENGINES TO POWERR.A.N. SHIPSNapier "Deltic" diesel engines have beenordered by the Royal Australian Navy as replacementpower plants for six of their "TON" Classminesweepers. The ships are to be re-enginedwith "Deities" as part of a modernisation programmestarting mid-1961. They will be readyto be sailed back to Australia by "'..A.N. crewsby the summer of 1962.This R.A.N, order brings the total number of"Deities" ordered to nearly 500, and there arealready more than 400 of these 9 and 1 8-cylinderdiesels in service in marine, rail traction andindustrial installations in many parts of the world.EE620.FPTHE ENGLISH ELECTRIC COMPANY OF AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITEDSYDNEY AND NEWCASTLE • MELBOURNE • BRISBANE • ADELAIDE • HOBART • PERTH


DEC. T962 JAN., 19631/6r^'_.•fc 3 **-


THE NAVYVol. 25 DEC, 1962 — JAN., 1963 No. 9The Official Org;n of the Navy League of AustraliaTHE BROKENlifeatseais a good life, better than everbefore, and in the MerchantNavy, more modern ships areappearing on the AustralianRegister each year.In addition to operating itsown fleet of cargo vessels, theB.H.P. Co. Ltd. has Australia'slargest shipbuildingyard at Whyalla, thereby providingemployment for a widevariety of trades and professions. . . producing thesteel, building the ships, thensailing them, surely a widespreadand vital national•project.MD SUBSIDIARIESHILL PROPRIETARY CO. LTDCONTENTSPageDEFENCE ESTIMATES 3CAPTAIN C. A. PARKER 6DEFENCE LCAN NEEDED FOR EQUIPMENT 7NAVY TEST FLIES FIRST ANTI-SUBMARINE HELICOPTER 9NAVY LEAGUE I NSW. DIVISION! ANNUAL REPORT 11U.S.S. ENTERPRISE — NUCLEAR CARRIER ISMINESWEEPERS ARRIVE 17ADDRESS BY REAR-ADMIRAL H. A. SHOWERS ... . 19K.M.A.S. SWAN "PAYS OFF" 21PAKISTAN NAVY 24SOUTH AFRICA NAVY LEAGUE 30Plus Sundry Stories and Photographs of H M.A. ShipsPublished by the Navy League ofAustralia66 Ciaronce Street, Sydney, MA 8784. P:st-I Adress, Box 3853, G.P.O.I'nnicd by Jno. Evans & Son Printing Co. Ply. Ltd.. 486 Kent Street. Sydney. 'Phone: MA 2674.THE iXAVY LEAGUE OF \lSI it Ml \Governor Central, Hi'FEDERAL COUNCIL:President: Rear AJmiral it A. Showers,C.B.E.Deputy President: Lieut. Cdr, J. B.Howie. V.R.D.. R.A.N.V.R.Sec-et-ry: Lieutenant L. Mackay-Cruise,R.A.N.R.New South Wiles Division:Patron: His Excellency, The Governorof New South Wales.President: Read Admiral H. A.Showers, C.B.E.Secretary : Lieut. Cdr. A. A. \Andrews. MM). R.A.N., 2ft RoyalStreet, Chatswood. Sydney.Victorian Division:Patron: His Excellency, The GovernorPresident: R. H. Collins. Esq.Secretary: Miss E. C. Shorrocks,Col.ins Slree:. Melbourne.Narthern Territory Division:Patron: His Honour the Administrator.President: O. J. Cameron. Eso.Hon. Sec.: M-s. V. M Slide, c •H.M.A.S. "Melville". Darwin. NT,Representatives or the N»*al lit.ant-Director of Nav?i Reserves. CommanderM. G. Pechc. D.S.C.. RAN.Lieui. Cdr. E. D. Sandbcrp, R.A.N.DEC, 1962 •- JAN., W3PATRON:Excellency, The Rijjht Honourable Viscount De Lisle,Queensland Division:Patron: His Excellency, The Governorof Queensland.President: Cdr. N. S. Pixlcy. M HiV.R.D.. R.A.N.R. (Reid.).Hon. Sec.: G. R. O'Neill. Esq.. Box376E.. G.P.O.. Brisbane.Australian Capital Territory Division:President: It. Cdr. J. B. House.V.R.D.. R.A.N.V.R.Hon. See.: Lieut. Cdr. D. M, B'ake.R.A N.V.R.. 60 Limes.one Avenue.Ainslie. A.C T.AUSTRALIAN SEA CADET COUNCIL:Navy I raiue:Rear Admiral H A Showers. C.B.E.Lieut. Cdr J. B Howte. V.R.D..R.A.N.V.RV.C.. PC. G.C.M.G.. Kt. of St. J.South Australian Division:Patron: His Excellency, The Governoru( South Australia.Preside it: Surccon Cdr. Sir FrancisMatters. R.A.N.V.R. (Retd.).Hon. Sec.: R. R. Sutton, Esq.. 30Pir:e Street. Adelaide.Tasmanian Division:Patron: Vice Admiral Sir Guv Wyait,K.B.E.. C.B.. R.N.President: Cdr. A. H. Green. O.B.E..DSC. R.A.N. (.Retd 1.Hon. Sec.: Lt.-Cmdr. J. C. Mahon.R A.N.R.. II Quota Street. SandyBay, Hobart. Tas.Western Australian Division:Patron: His Excellencv, The Governorof Western Australia.President: Roland Smith. Esq.Hon. See.: K. R. Olson Esq.. 62Blencowe Street. West Leederville,W.A.A Representative from each Navy LeagueDivision. ah>r*-SC. Cdr. L. E. ForsytheLieut. Cdr. F. G. Evans. R.A.N.V.R.Hon. Sec.: lieutenant I. Mackay-Cruise. R.A.N.R1


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H.M.A.S. SUPPLY —NEWTANKERH.M.A.S. SUPPLY, the Royal Australian Navy Fleet Replenishment Tanker, which arrived in Svdneyon the 6th December. The ship was built (or the Australian Navy, but was on charter to the RoyalNavy as the R.F.A. TIDE AUSTRAL.4•think4Zinc provides e fective and economicalprotection agai ist Corrosit in.AMetallic Zinc Coatings -- hot-dipgalvanizing, zinc spraying, s lerardizing,and zinc-rich pa nts — to p •otect iron andsteel sheets, tub es. pipes, w ire. botes andnuts, holloware. natls. and s tructural steelfor television an d electrical transmission~ = To = "* == w =^'£3IPpAfSta«l M.tS ;;,!'• produced byELECTROLYTIC * 'INC GO. OF A'SIA LTD.290 Lonsdale Sti eet. MELBCINC• LVH dWkfor protection•SHaataBk^k^k^k^BIILIIBIIIF•^•^•^••^•HWJT±*r4\xM^$>\r A ^ ^"• - -C, 'm**£._ *^ «•3»S«— "I7 III'111' »i ""*1 III:HI: *:-•n^L^-** lJir —"——p ^•r -V. •M^asrTHEr»NAVYIn addition, there will be the fast transport,H.M.A.S. SYDNEY, the Heel tanker, the flotillanl minesweepers, and a substantial number ofsupport units, including ships tor training,oceanograph.il and hydrographic survey, coastwatching and various miscellaneous duties.There are also destroyers. Frigates and otherships held in reserve. These, ol course, canhe brought into service to meet an) need lorexpansion in an emergency.B) arrangement with the United Kingdom,three modern Royal N.i\> T-class submarineswill he based on the Australian station lorsome years, and ihis satisfactorily meets presentrequirements for the anti-submarine trainingol the Royal Australian Navy and the maritimereconnaissance squadrons ol the R.A.A.F. Themajor refits ol these submarines are now undertakenin Australia, therein providing work andexperience for Australian dockyards. Theirpresence on this station also provides the opportunitylor R.A.N, personnel to gain experiencein submarine operations.The Navy requires additional personnel toman full) all operational ships and to provideessential shore hacking. Provision has thereforebeen made in the present programme to increasethe strength ol the permanent Naval forces Irotnthe present total ol approximately 11,1011 to12.500. Provision has also been made for themodernisation of units at present in service, asnecessary.The ships and men ol the Royal AustralianNavy are kept at the highest stale of readinessb\ constant exercises in all aspects ol NavalTo "The Navy,"Box 3850, G.P.O.,Sydney, N.S.W.SUBSCRIPTION FORMI enclose 23/- for Annual Subscription to "The Navy,"post free, commencing January, 1963.NameStreetTownDateStatePlease note that all annual subscriptions now commence in January. Newsubscribers after January should send only 1/11 for each month remainingup to and including December. Otherwise back copies from January will beposted.warfare. Two destroyers or frigates serve withBritish and New Zealand ships in the BritishCommonwealth Strategic Reserve, and the aircraftcarrier joins this force for a period eachvear. Our Naval forces participate regularlyin large-scale multi-national maritime exerciseswith other Sealo and Commonwealth navies.These provide most valuable experience for ourown units and are ol the inmost importanceIn ensuring thai the lories ol the various alliednations learn to work and operate together.The operational Beet of the Royal AustralianNavy, backed by its reserves and essential shoreestablishments, is a modern and effective Navallone at ready availability. With its specialemphasis on anti-submarine capability, it is wellconstituted to discharge iis strategic role — thedefence ol sea communications and co-operationwith allies and sister services in generaloperations of war.Expenditure on the Navy last financial yeartotalled £17.700,000; £48.890,000 is being providedin this year's Estimates, and this will riseto119.100,000 under the programme approvedsince the presentation of the Budget.NEW SEAMANSHIPYACHT FOR RANGA new seamanship trainingyacht ol the Royal AustralianNaval College was launched atGarden Island Dockyard inSydney recently.The Minister for the Navy,Senator Gorton, said that theyacht would be used primarilyto give the R.A.N.'s futureofficers a basic taste of the sea.It would also enable the RoyalAustralian Navy m resume competionin Australia's major oceanraces.The seamanship trainingyacht was named FRANKLIN.The name is a link with the earlyhistory of the Royal AustralianNaval College, which was giventhe ship name H.M.A.S.FRANKLIN when first establishedat Jervis Bay.DEC, 1962 - JAN., 1963 5


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AND R.A.N.A Naval officer who has devoted some sixtyyears to the service of the Royal AustralianNavy was honoured at a ceremony in Melbourneon October 21.He was Captain ('.. A. Parker, C.B.E., agedSt, who ietired only thi ee month\ ago fromhis post as Secretary of the RAX. Relief TrustFund.Captain Parkei was born ai Gloucester,England, in May. 1879.After entering the Royal \av) in !S!»s, hesaw service on the China and Australia Stationsbefore being invalided from tin- Service in 1912.However, he had l>\ no means finished hisNaval career.Two years later he joined the Royal Australian\av\ as a Stall Paymaster.Following six years in the R.A.N.'s LondonDepot, he was appointed i Navy OHuc inMelbourne, and served on the staff ol variousBoard members lor a total ol 2*> years.Alter six years l retirement, ai the age ol73, he resumed his association with the Navywhen he became the fir t Secretary of the R.A.N.Reliel Trusl FundMe continued his honorary position tor tenyears, until failing health forced his resignationlast |uly.Rear Admiral V. A. T. Smith, who made a specialvisit to Melbourne to make a presentation toCaptain Parker on behalf of officers and men ofthe Royal Australian Navy.THENAVYDEFENCE LOAN NEEDEDFOR EQUIPMENTBy CRASTER C. M. USHERReprinted From '"The Australian Liberal"The I962-6J Defence Vole ofi2lo nullum, compared with the£2«5 milium spent in 1961-62,represents an increase of only3> per cent. Although the usualtriennial statement on defencehas yet to be made when thiswas written, it is obvious thatsuch increase in the Vote cannotalter the pattern of our defencepreparations.Whether its majority is largeor small, it is a sound axiomthai the Government shouldkeep one eye on the electors.But, as in the case of the CommonMarket, keeping BOTHeves on the electors can meanthat we not only [ail to seethe wood for the trees, but alsofail to see the way out of thewood.On the principle that theA.L.P. must be kept out at allcosts, a large increase in theDefence Vote might not be avote-catcher. But surely the interestsof. the nation arc bestensured by committing thenation to a large increase in ourdefence forces which the A.LP.,if it gained ofhec. would findvery difficult to repudiate orcurtail?Mr. \V. C Wemworth gaveParliament, on March 28, somefigures which show the inadequacyol Australia's defencepreparations. Ten years agowe were spending 6 per cent, ofthe national income on defence.To-day we spend only 3| p.c,while the figures for the U.S.A.,Britain and Canada are 12 percent., 8 per cent, and fi per cent.,respectively.Consider also figures given bythe Institute of Strategic Studiesfor the mobilised man-power ofcountries, expressed in percent-KC, 1962 — JAN., 1963ages of their labour forces:U.S.A. 5.2(i. Britain 2.(>7, Canada2.40, Philippines 2.19, Thailand1.85, anil Australia 1.51.The breakdown of the DefenceVote is: Navy 2S per cent., Army32 |>er cent., R.A.A.F. 31.J percent.. Supply 11 per cent..Department of Defence andGeneral Services 2} per cent.Thus, for a great trailing nation,dependent on sea communicationsanil needing a maritimestrategy, the Vote is actuallyweighted against the Navy!The R.A.N, has the aircraftcarrier "Melbourne", six destroyersand nine frigates. There isalso the former aircraft carrier"Sydney'' relegated to the noncombatantrole of a troop andvehicle transport. Rear-AdmiralA. W, McNicoll (Commandingthe Australian Fleet) has recentlyremarked that when the "Melbourne"is converted to carryA/S helicopters the R.A.N, willhave to rely on the R.A.A.F.for "strike" aircraft. This is justnot good enough."ALL COPTERS IN ONEBASKET"Instead of thinking in termsof A/S helicopters carried infrigates, already the practice ofthe Royal Navy, and V.T.O.L.(vertical take-off and landing)fixed-wing aircraft being developedby the R.N., all the A/Scopters are to be in one basket("Melbourne").The Army has trained Commandos,but there is no Commandocarrier to get them tothe right place at the right time.Yet to be faced is the replacementof the "Melbourne". The"calculated indiscretion" of thevisiting R.N. Rear-Admiral. Submarines(Mackenzie) has notproduced a decision to acquiresubmarines.The R.A.A.F. has 14 squadrons,including one of 12 "Hercules"transport planes, whichhave considerably increased themobility of the R.A.A.F. It isdoubtful whether this leaves anymargin to lift and supply evenone battalion of troops. The reequipmentof fighter squadronswith Fiench "Mirage" is in hand,but some £40 million is requiredfor replacement of obsolescentbombers.The major success of theGovernment is the creation ofone Army in the form of twoPentropic Divisions in whichthe A.R.A. and the C.M.F. areintegrated.Some Parliamentary membersare advocating a return to UniversalNational Service training.Today this would entail anannual intake of over 80,000 andbog down the Regular Army inadministrative and trainingduties as it did in the 1950'swith only 50,000.The R.S.L. favours SelectiveNational Service, with an annualintake of 12,000. But failinga repeal of Section 49 of theDefence Act any scheme of N.S.,unless on a voluntary basis, createstwo armies — one to fightabroad and one to stay at home.The obvious answer is to increasethe A.R.A. and the C.M.F.to provide a third PentropicDivision.All the above adds up to theneed for a much larger DefenceVote. The climate is very favourablefor a ready response bypeople, as citi/ens rather than asvoters, to contribute more inmen, money and material. Muchof the cost is for capital equipment.The present Budget recognisesthis by allocating £98million for Defence from theLoan Fund. But unspent moneyfrom this Fund reverts to theTreasury each year. With aDefence Loan, the money wouldbe in trust for Defence purposesonly.


Such :i loan would be an invaginative appeal to the peopleof Australia, very mam of whomleel anxious and frustrated.Moreover, sooner or later thereut;t\ be a Labor (Government.It would not hud ii ea \ to repudiatec»i liquidate ,t Id.m touhi( h m;tu\ < iii/ciis max have«onti ibutecl.HOW THE"ENEMY"OPERATESOn board the R.N. submarine. H.M.S. TIRELESS. Australians atpresent undergoing A/S helicopter training in England, and whowill hunt submarines, are given a chance to see things from thesubmarine's view.NAVY TEST FLIES FIRSTHUNTER-KILLER" HELICOPTERThe successful test flight oltwo helicopters in N.SAV. onthe U3rd November marked thebeginning ol a new chapter inAustralian Naval aviation, andin Australia's defences againstthe submarine.The first Hight in Australiaol a Westland Wessex anti-submarinehelicopter took place atthe Royal Navy's air station atNowra. south of Sydney.The R.A.N, is obtaining atotal of 27 Wessex helicoptersequipped to detect and destroysubmarines. A squadron ol the"seek and kill'' helicopters willbe embarked in the Australianflagship, H.M.A.S. MEL-BOl'RNE. this year.The helicopters are beingbuilt at the Westland factory inBritain, and the componentscrated tor despatch to Australia.A team ol VI sjx'cially-irainedofficers and ratings ol the FleetAir Arm assembled the first twohelicopters in one week.Rotar blade checks and hoveringtests preceded the first day'stest High i, during which twoof the helicopters were putthrough their paces over theNaval air field.The first two machines arc tojoin the newly-formed anti-submarineoperational Hying schoolat Nowra. In January the schoolwill begin training air crews inthe techniques of anti-submarinewarfare conducted from helicopters.The introduction of the helicoptersgives a new dimensionto Australia's anti-submarine defences.The helicopter hasemerged as one of the mosteffective |>ost-war deterrents tothe submarine, its combinationof s|H*ed and mobility makingit a potent weapon against theunderwater enemy.The Wessex helicopters, whichare coming oft the productionline at the rate of about threea month, are socially designedlor the anti-submarine role.They can operate in virtually allconditions, and are fitted withautomatic hovering devices fornight patrols and to assist pilotsduring the dunking" of the submarinedetection equipment.From a cold start, the machinecan be in the air less than aminute alter the pilot pressesthe starter button.FOR EVERYTHING IN FIREPROTECTIONFIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT LTDH Hnpv St.. Krminffton. N.S.W. 8.1-1222MELBOURNEPhone 34-6185BRISBANE4-2961ADELAIDE71-1111PERTH88-2315HOBART2-4029NEWCASTLE68 364GTHE NAVYWith Anti-submarine Detection Devices lowered, the first two helicopters to arrive in Australia aretest flown at the Naval Air Station, Nowra.DEC, 1962 — JAN., 1963 9


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G. THORNTHWAITE PTY. LTD.AreCALTEX HOUSE. 167 KENT STREET. SYDNEYyou denying yourself RELAXATION?Relaxation, both mentjl and physical, is according tothe world'; leading physicians, essential. Yet howmany people today, due to constant mental pressurebrought about by the ever-increasing tempo of businessand life in general, are finding themselves "run down."Well, the old adage, "Don't let this happen to you/'still stands good.Picture yourself relating on board Southern Cross orNorthern Star on a wonderful round- the -world vacation.A cruise pleasure-planned for you by ShawSavill Line, with no worries whatsoever, leaving youcompletely free to recuperate and to enjoy your choiceof either a passive or active vacation.The round-the-world itinerary of the 20,000 ton, oneclass Tourist liners. Southern Cross and NorthernStar, includes calls at New Zealand, Fiji, Tahiti, Panama,Curacao, Trinidad, England, Las Palmas, Capetown andDurban, whilst amenities include swimming pools,cinema, air-conditioning in every cabin, spaciouslounges, orchestra, stabilisers, unencumbered sportsdecks, children's playrooms, and air-conditioneddinir.g rooms.Fare from Sydney to England from £A144.THETHE NAVY LEAGUE OF AUSTRALIAThe Committee's report forthe year ended 30th June, 1962.presented at the Annua) GeneralMeeting at P. fc O. House. 2.Spring Street, Sydney, at 8 p.m.on Monday. 27th August, I'ti.li.was as follows:—MembershipMembership ol the Leagueagain increased during the pastyear, there being 2!>5 Fellowsand 28 Associates, making atotal financial membership of253. There was a net increaseol 34. Unfortunately, we lostseven members, three due todeath, and four resignations.Thii increase in membershipis indeed gratifying; I would,however, ask you all to continueto increase your efforts toobtain new members. Upon ourtotal membership depends bothour strength ami ability to makeour objectives more widelyknown and acknowledgedthroughout this island continent.FinanceThe attached financial statementsagain record an increasein our funds. The HonoraryTreasurer shortly will presentthem in detail.The amount paid out for SeaCadet commitments was £311,with a further sum of £340 yetto be shown in respect to loansto units that have been approved.Increased expenditure for theestablishment of new Sea Cadetunits is anticipated, as well asgreater assistance to T.S. Australia(Waverton) in finding anew home when the BoomDepot doses.The cost for insurance of SeaCadet personnel should be reducedin future, as the Departmentof the Navy has now undertakenthe responsibility forcompensation of A.S.C.C personnelinjured on duty. However,DEC, 1962 — JAN., 1963NSW. Divisionrisks of Third Party and CommonLaw action remain, and itis prudent that the Leagueshould retain insurance coverlor these risks.EntertainmentThe Seminar held at H.M.A.S.WATSON proved most successful,over I(K) members ol theLeague spending a very enjoyableand instructive afternoon.Held in conjunction with the50lh anniversary of the R.A.N.Celebrations, this first Seminarwas made possible by the Ministerand the Department of theNavy, and for the excellence ofits execution your Committeewishe. again to express its gratefulappreciation to the FlagOflicer-in-Charge, East AustraliaArea, the Director of Naval Reserves,the Captain H.M.A.S.WATSON, the Commander 4thSubmarine Squadron and theirstaffs. A visit to one of the R.N.submarines is being arranged bythe Entertainment Sub - committee,and details will be madeavailable as soon as they arecompleted.Sea CadetsThe present number of SeaCadets on strength throughoutN.S.W. is as follows:—T.S. Warrego (Woolwich): SeaCadets, 40; Juniors, 12.The growth in numbers issatisfactory, and applications toform new units are occupyingthe attention of your Committeecontinuously.In July. I9fil, T.S. SIRIUSwas assessed the most efficientunit in the Division, with T.S.ALBATROSS second. This JulyT.S. ALBATROSS succeeded inreversing the assessment: bothA.S.C.C. Lt. Cdr. OConnell andhis stall in T.S. SIRIUS, andA.S.C.C. Lt. Lindsay and staffof T.S. ALBATROSS, are tobe congratulated.The usual sporting activitiesof swimming, regattas and athleticswere arranged, and werewell attended. In addition tolocal parades by units on occasionssuch as Youth Sunday,An/ac Day. Remembrance Day,the Annual Parades in MartinPlace on Trafalgar Day and theDockyard Church Service atGarden Island were held. Atthis latter, the Captain, H.M.A.S.PENGUIN, representing theFlag Ofhcer-in-Charge, East AustraliaArea, presented the CadetMedal to A.S.C.C. Lt. N. A. Mc-Pherson, A.S.C.C. Lt. Lindsay.A.S.C.C. Lt. Hampson, A.S.C.C.Lt. J. H. OConnell. andA.S.C.C. Sub.-Lieut. W. Jackson.A special parade of the Corps,for presentation of its newcolours,also was held in theDockyard when it was openedfor public inspection at the endT.S. Albatross (Wollongong):Sea Cadets. 60: Juniors, (i.T.S. Australia (Waverton): SeaCatlets, 50: Juniors, 0.T.S. Cimdamine (Manly): Sea of Waratah VVeek.Cadets, 22: Juniors. 0.T.S. Shropshire (Canterbury):Sea Cadets, 25: Juniors, 0.T.S. Sirius: Sea Cadets, 8fi;Juniors, 12.T.S. Sydney (Snapper Island):Sea Cadets, 58; Juniors, 0.T.S. Tobruk (Newcastle): SeaCadets, 58; Juniors, 9.This was amost impressive ceremony, andall connected with its planningand execution are deserving ofthe highest praise.The Federal Council of theLeague has made proposals tothe Federal Government that anInternational Navy League SeaScout Cadet Training Camp be


hearty welcome. Until his retirementfrom the R.A.N., Lt.(^Ir. Andrews volunteered forthis exacting job in an honorarycapacity. We are indeed fortunateto hail such a keen andenthusiastic successor.ConclusionP. and O. Lines of AustraliaPty. Ltd. have allowed us theprivilege oi meeting here tonight,and in addition have beenmost generous throughout theyear in providing Board Roomfacilities; we are indeed mostappreciative.Finally, ladies and gentlemen.I would like you to know thatthe Committee and 1 are mostgrateful for your continued supportWe are hojjelul that theforthcoming year will prove tobe a successful one. and that ourcause, which we are confident isessential, shall |>IOS|KT.ihalian ~J>ea L^aaet L^orpiPROMOTIONSThe following promotions are approved:—Sea Cadet Lieutenant Norman Allan McPHERSON toSea Cadet Lieutenant - Commander to date 14thSeptember, 1962 — Divisional Supply Officer,A.S.C.C.Sea Cadet Sub-Lieutenant Kenneth TOVEY to SeaCadet Lieutenant to date 29th September, 1962 —T.S. WARREGO.Sea Cadet Sub-Lieutenant Douglas Grange DRVSDALEto Sea Cadet Lieutenant to date 14th September,1962 — T.S. ALBATROSS.Sea Cadet Sub-Lieutenant William JACKSON to SeaCadet Lieutenant to date 14th September, 1962 —T.S. SYDNEY.£7,000,000SHOALHAVEN MILL. EXPANSIONWILL ASSIST AUSTRALIA'S PAPER NEEDSA heavs\g)To meet the ever-increasing demands for Australian-madeShoalhaven papers, the Shoalhaven Mill is being expanded toalmost treble its manufacturing capacity. By next year manyadditional grades of paper, including special types ofindustrial papers not at present made in Australia, wilt bein production at the Shoalhaven Mill.The £7,000,000 Shoalhaven Mill expansion will provideemployment for increased numbers of Australian workers inthe production of quality Australian-made papers.When you buy Shoalhaven papers, you can rely on the facithat they are made in Australia and are of a quality equalto papers produced anywhere in the world.specifySHOALHAVEN PAPERWIGGINS TEAPE SHOALHAVEN PTY. LTD.Coll., Houi., 147-U7 Kent 5lr..l, Sydn.y, T.l.phon.: 27-7091414 Sou.k. 5lr..i, M.lbou.n. T.l.phon. 67-1411Got.woy Hunt, 190 191 Shirt Sir..!, Ad.loid. T.l.phon. 51-433114 THE NAVYEXERCISE " RIPTIDE III "NUCLEAR CARRIER IN N.A.T.O. EXERCISEVice-Admiral Taylor, U.S.N.,who, in his national capacitycommands the U.S. -ml Fleet inthe Atlantic, and, as commanderol N.A.T.O.'s Striking Fleet,Atlantic, had overall directionol "Riptide III". the recent combinedair sea exercise oil Portugal,did not hesitate to saysome kind and well-deservedwords about the Royal Navy inhis Press conference on boardhis flagship, the 17,0011 tonheavv cruiser, NEWPORTNEWS."Britain is making a valuablecontribution in providingair defence lor the Meet." hesaid. "Particularly in that, andin anti-submarine warlare — inwhich direction she leads.'*Air defence ol the Fleet waschiefly the task ol II M.S.CENTAUR. 27.000 tons. Shewas one ol five aircraft carrierspresent in an "international"fleet ol forty ships from theFrench. United States and Britishnavies. Aircraft of Portugalalso took part.Other aircraft carriers werethe Royal Navy s H.M.S.DEC, 1962 - JAN., 1963HERMES, 27,000 tons, whichwore the Hag of Rear-AdmiralV. H. E. Hopkins, Flag OHicer,Aircraft Carriers; France's newCLEMENCEAU, of about 27,000tons, which had helicopters only;and two "giants' 1 from American|M>ns on passage to the U.S.Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean,the conventional FOR­RES! AL, 76,000 tons full load,and the nuclear-powered EN­TERPRISE, 86,000 tons.Undoubtedly this ship, whichwas appearing in Europeanwaters lor the first lime, was theprincipal interest of two Russian"trawler" observers arrivingfrom the nearest shipping laneat the outset of the exercise.They had a wealth of radiogear anil direction - finding apparatus.There is, tol course,no legal reason why they shouldnot go anywhere on the highseas, but their presence at thebiggest N.A.T.O. Air/Sea exerciseof 1962 was fortuitous, tosay the least."I'he exercise was especiallynotable lor three things: (1)Launching ol concerted longrangeair strikes in indifferentD.S.S. ENTERPRISEweather, which at one stagemade use of flight decks of thesmaller carriers a rather trickybusiness. (2) Particularly effectivefleet air defence, thanksmostly to the CENTAUR. (3)Cross-operating by fixed-wingaircraft and helicopters. Becauseof the advance of standardisationof equipment common techniquesthis is now practicallyroutine when carriers of thebigger N.A.T.O. navies meet atsea.The U.S.S. ENTERPRISE,whose flight deck covers nearly•U acres, is as high as a 23-slorey building from keel tomasthead, and with air groupembarked, has a complement of4,600 officers antl men.She took the opportunity tomake further tests with fierradar installation. This is anAmerican version of the 3Dradar in H.M.S. VICTORIOUSand H.M.S. HERMES, andwhich H.M.S. EAGLE is geltingduring her long refit atDevonport The efficiency ofthis set, making possible almost100 per cent, of aircraft interceptions,caused the Naval expertsboth surprise ami admirationwhen the VICTORIOUSdemonstrated it in Americanwaters of the "Riptide" exercises.IS


MINESWEEPERS ARRIVEAFTERLONG VOYAGEAustralia'!* new minesweeping squadron and the fleettanker, H.M.A.S. SUPPLY, arrived in Sydney on December6 and 7, on their delivery voyage from Britain.NEW MINESWEEPER BASE FOR R.A.N.The Navy U establishing abase in Sydney to provide shoresup|x>i i for its new minesweepingsquadron. The base willalso perpetuate the name of oneol the veterans of the R.A.N.'sfamed "Strap Iron" Flotilla.The Minister for the Navy,Senator Gorton, announced detailsol the minesweeper baserecently. He said it was beingset up at the Waverton BoomDe|x)t in Sydney Harbour. Itwould provide the essentialshore backing for the six vesselsof the newly-formed lfith MinesweepingSquadron.The base was commissionedon the 5th December, with thename of H.M.A.S. WATER-HEN. The selection of thisname lor the base means thatall five ships of the "Scrap Iron"Flotilla are now remembered bythe names ol current ships orestablishment in the R.A.N.VAMPIRE, VOYAGER andVENDETTA are modern Daring-classdestroyers, while thename of the World War II Flotillaleader. STUART, has beengiven to a new frigate to be commissionedin 1963.Senator Gorton said the nameWATERHEN also seemed particularly appropriate for a homebase maintaining a squadron ofships with bird names (HAWK,CURLEW. GULL, IBIS.SNIPE and TEAL).He said a central shore basewas a necessity for the maintenanceof the 150-ton coastalminesweepers and their minesweepingequipment.A Bay-class frigate, CULGOAwhich is not at present in commission, wilt be berthed aWaverton to provide accommodation for the base staffAbout 80 officers and men willserve at the mineswee|>er baseThe minesweepers arrived inSydney on the 7th December.THE NAVYProving the efficiency of theirDeltic engines, the minesweeperse.ich steamed for 900 hours withouttrouble.The minesweepers, generallyspeaking, had an uneventfulvoyage, but towards the end ofthe long run there was some"fun" and an unexpected incidentoutside Sydney Heads.After leaving Towusville wheremail was picked up and somepersonnel went on leave, thelorce proceeded leisurely downthe east coast.Being a lew hours ahead ofprogramme the ships decided topa) a short visit to Trial Bay,to "tidy up" and look shipshapeDEC, 1962 — JAN., 1963before making their Formalentry into Sydney.The arrival ol the ships inTrial Bay had an amusing altermath.As the ships anchored, about400 yards offshore, a section olshore-watchers, unaware ol theiridentity, thought a loreign forceof ships was invading that area.Many rushed to the districtofficer at South West Rock PilotStation, Mr. N. O'Keefe. andagitatedly told him the Indonesianswere landing.They were much relievedwhen Mr. O'Keefe informedthem all was well.H.M.A.S. HAWK leads the Minesweepers up HarbourAs the ships were enteringSydney Harbour line aheadIBIS, last ol the force, surprisedby breaking line and making adash, with the {Kilice launch,NEMESIS, to answer an S.O.S.call from a fishing boat.NEMESIS reached the boatahead ol IBIS, signalled shecould handle the position, andIBIS returned to station.I'he lorce received a warmwelcome.Hundreds of friends and membersol families were present,and the excasion was enlivenedby the presence of a Naval band.


M Y MERCY DASH ININDIAN OCEANA Royal Nav) dcsiro\cr on itswav to Fremaink- lor the CommonwealttiGames, was divertedfor a mtK \ mission in (hesouthern Indian Ocean.The warship. H.M.S. CAVA1 IhR. steamed south towardsremote St Paul Island, -2.200miles from Fremantle, for arendezvous with the UnitedStates research vessel, MORIZON.NAVY TO TRAIN MOREAPPRENTICESThe Royal Australian Navy isto make a 60 |x-r cent, increasein its apprenticeship trainingprogramme to produce moreHORIZON had reported thata member ol its crew was seriouslyill with internal bleeding,ami required urgent hospitalattention.HORIZON, which is registered b\ the Univcrait) ol Call*lornia at San Diego, is takingpart in the international oceanographitsurvey in the IndianOcean.skilled tradesmen to meet (hechallenge o( increasingly complexships and wcajKins.It is intended that M>0 youngmen should enter the Navy'sApprentice Training Establishmenteach year, compared with100 in the original annual intakes.New ships and equipmentweie becoming increasinglysophisticated, and this was atrend that would continue asthe R.A.N, entered the "missileage".The modern warshipwould he useless without theskilled artificers to keep it inlighting trim.The expanded training planmeans that the total numberof Naval apprentices undertraining at am one lime willincrease h\ more than 300, from500 to about H00.The Apprentice TrainingEstablishment, H.M.A.s. MR.IMBA, at Quaker's Hill, nearSydney, was hist set up sixyears ago to produce Xavyti.linedartificers. The apprentices,aged 15-17, train as shipwrightsand as electiical. engineroomand ordnance artificers.After an intensive five-year apprenticeshipashore and at sea,the\ become Petty Officers.1 his is the N'iiw's second mo\ewithin two mouths aimed at recruitingmore young men lotspecialised training. In Sepumbciit was announced that(he R.A.N. \ junior iccrttitnaming scheme would be expanded[o 550 junior ice t nitsevery year — 10 JKT cent, olthe Navy's total recruit intake.The Royal Australian NavyAn address by Rear-Admiral H. A. Showers,President of the Navy League.(Continued from previous issue).1 be Imperial Defence Committee,in l'HM). reported tbatit could not recommend amchangei to the Naval Agreementot 1903. This recommendationwas not acceptable to the AustralianGovernment, which alsoindicated that its intention to possessa Coastal Defence Squadrono| eight destroyers and tour torpedo boats under its own tontiol within six \eats, would bea mallet lor discussion at theImperial Conference envisagedtor the following year, l*M)7.Ibis strong line ol ac lion wasinspired by the rapid industrialand Naval growth of Germany,together with that country'speaceful penetrations into Holland.Austria, the Middle Eastaud Morocco, also the growingstrength of japan.These considerations, plus thechanges in design of .ships, alsoinfluenced the "strategic" thinkingot the Admirally, and atthe Colonial Conference H.M.Government agreed that its desirewas the cordial help ol theColonies in the most effectivemanner, and it was entirely amatter lor the Colonies how tarthe) would assist by subsidy, andhow far by local defence.This agreement led to theultimate abrogation of the NavalAgreement Act of 1903, but onlyafter much joint considerationby the two Governments.Before abrogation, though, thenewly-elected Fisher Government,in 1909, ordered from Englandthree "River" class Destroyers,which could be used forlocal defence under the NavalDefence Act of 1H(>5, two to becomplete outright, and the thirdto be erected, taken to pieces,aud then shipped to Australialot re-assembly there. At thesame time the British Governmentwas informed that, beingdesignated Coastal Defence, thevessels would be under Commonwealthcontrol, and, if desiredfor service in seas remote fromAustralia at any time, approvalof the Commonwealth shall firstbe obtained. Also, to ensure thehighest efficiency, the Admiraltywas requested to agree, both to^-SvotelNOWRA(Prop. Mr. and Mrs. S. G. Lawrence)MOST COMFORTABLE HOTELON THE COASTFULLY LICENSEDCATERING OUR SPECIALITYALL ENQUIRIES WELCOMED!JUNCTION STREET, NOWRAPhone: Nowra 20271THE UNITED SHIP SERVICESPTY. LTD.88102 Normanby Road, South Melbourne.Victoria. Australia.MELBOURNE — CEELONG —PORTLANDanil all Victorian PortsThe largest organisation in Victoria for thefabrication aud installation of fittings forevery description of cargo. Bulk grain fittingsa speciality. Dunnage Supplied. Holdscleaned. Decks caulked. AH trades availableand include:Shipwrights, Carpenters, Joiners,Dockers, Painters, RiggersTelephone: MX 5231Telegrams and Cables: "UNISTEVE,"MelbourneTHE NAVYAHOY THERE!All at Sea over a Houting Problem?Build, Buy or Rent ThroughCS.BOYNE&CaPTY. LTD.EST. 1919Head Office:183 Canterbury Road, Canterburyand BranchesTelephone: 78 8921Land, Homes and Finance AlwaysAvailablePlans and Specifications PreparedContemporary and Standard DesignsDEC, 1962 — JAN., 1963Edmunds I. & Co. Pty. Ltd.Building ContractorsBuilders of Better Class HomesPlans and Specifications Prepared161 VICTOR ROAD, DEE WHY'Phone: 98-5770J19


Always ask for . . .SHELLEY'SFAMOUS DRINKSObtainable from leadingshops and saloonsCORDIAL FACTORYSHELLEY & SONSPTY LTD.MURRAY STREET^HMARRICKVILLEN.S.W.'Phone: LA 5461the C.-in-C. Australia Stationmaking periodical inspections ofships and establishments, as wellas to approve of service on loanol sut h officers and ratings ofihe Royal Navj as may be mutuallyagreed upon.Two months later, due to thegrowing strength ol the GermanNavy, a Naval crisis occurred,and on 22nd March, the N.Z.Government cabled an offer toGreat Britain ol a first-classbattleship and the AustralianGovernment c heerfull) placedthe resources of the Commonwealthat the disposal of theMother Country. An ImperialConference in |ul\ was proposedh\ Canada, ami readil) accepted.In |une. however, the FisherGovernment was defeated, andi he Deakin Administration reinstated.It immediate!) otteredthe Empire an Australian Dreadnought,or such addition to itsNaval strength as ma\ tie determinedafter consultation inI .oiidon.COMPRESSED YEASTVACUUM PACKED^Driba!" is a special form of compressed yeast,dried under scientific conditions and carefully compoundedwith a suitable yeast food. It's the quality\east that is as constant as to-morrow and is packedto the high specifications of the Australian Navy.MAURI BROTHERS & THOMSON LIMITEDPINNACLE HOUSE2-6 Barrack Street, Sydney. Telephone: 29-2601.20Resulting from this ImperialConference, Australia agreed toprovide a Fleet Unit, to bemanned In Australian officersand men, as far as possible.During [jeace, this Fleet Unitwould he under CommonwealthGovernment control, and in wartime,when placed at the disposalol the Admiralty, underthe control ol the Naval C.-in-C.On 9th December, 1909, afterpassing the Naval Loan Bill,the Commonwealth Governmentrib led the Secretary of State, requestingthe Admiral t) toat range lor construction, withoutdela\, ol an "Indefatigable"upe armoured Cruiser, to belollowe.l h\ three unarmourcd,improved "Bristol - typeC.uisers. in their turn.In April. 1910, the FisherGovernment was returned toixiwer, and later in the yearplaced an order for two "F"Cias. Submarines and three more"River" Class Destroyers, to beassembled in Australia. ThisGovernment also decided not toaccept an oiler in the ImperialGovernment ol an annual contributionol £250,000 towardsthe cost of the complete FleetUnit, which amounted to£5,600,000.Thus were the foundations olt.'ie Royal Australian Navy laid.It came into being by RoyalDecree on 10th July. 1911, andon 4th October, 1913, the FleetUnit proud 1) steamed intoSydney Harbour.By its exploits in two WorldWars, in Korean waters, andcurrently in Malayan waters, theR.A.N, has proved itself capableol shouldering all responsibilities,and I am confident that itwill not lail in the future.The ships have changed, thepersonnel (manpower) is moretechnical, but our MercantileMarine is dwindling. Being oneof the integrated elements ofSea Power, it is essential for thesure defence of our country thatearly and firm action be takento eradicate the causes of decay.THE NAVYH.M.A.S. Swan —Pays OffH.M.A.S. SWAN was built byCockatoo Docks and EngineeringCompany, and was the 24thvessel ol her name in BritishNaval annals, dating from thelaunching ol the King's ship,SWAN, in 1420, during thereign ol Henry V.She was laid down on May I,1935, launched by Dame EnidLyons, D.B.E., on March 28,and commissioned on januan,1937.During her first commission,SWAN steamed over a quarterol a million miles, and was employedactively right throughoutthe war.Prior to World War II, SWANvisited Australian ports, NewZealand and the Pacific Islands,and completed one month's servicein the China Station.From 1939 to 1941, as leaderof the 20th Minesweeper Flotilla,she worked in Australianwaters.In 1942, SWAN operated asan anti-submarine escort vesselin the South-west Pacific.She experienced enemy bombingat Amboina and at Darwin.From 1943 to 1945, SWANwas again in the South - westPacific area, during 1943 escortingQueensland - New Guineaconvoys; dining 1944 engaged onanti-submarine escort duties oilNew Guinea.In 1949, at the end ol hostilities,she transported the G.l.C2nd Australian Division and hisstall to New Ireland to acceptthe surrender of the | a pane elorces in that area.During her life. SWAN steamed447,494 miles, equivalent to18 times around the world.H.M.A.S. SWAN W«*r!ng her "Paying Off" Pennant.In the immediate jxist-warperiod SWAN resumed her roleas leader of the 20th MinesweepingFlotilla until August 16,1948. when she paid off atSydney, bringing to a closealmost 12 years of service.\M. MiltsOn February 10, I95(i. SWANwas re-commissioned as theCadet Training Ship of theR.A.N.Each year since then she hastrained some 30 Cadet Midshipmen. giving them their firstpractical sea-going lessons in seamanship,navigation and engineering.Her last Cadets' cruise in thisyear of 1962, although the finalchapter in the life of a greatTitle ship, was by no means atired farewell.During this cruise ol 111 claysthe boilers were flashed up for100 days, and steam was on themain engines lor 97.DEC, 1962 — JAN., 1963 ••51


AT YOUR SERVICEFor YourHolidayRequirementsINFORMATION AND BOOKINGSCall or TelephoneHOWARD SMITH TRAVELCENTRESSYDNEY:269 George Street. Tel.: 27 3611MELBOURNE:522 Collin* Street. Tel.: 62 3711PORT ADELAIDE:.1 Todd Street. Tel.: 4 1461FREMANTLE1 Mouall Street. Tel.: L 1071NEWCASTLE:16 Watt Street. Tel.: 2 4711CAIRNS:IK Abbott street. Tel.: 2115 6BALLARAT:Cnr. Lydiard and Mair Streets.Tel : B 5462THOMASROBINSON &SON PTY. LTD.FLOUR MILL ANDWOODWORKINGENGINEERS.160 SUSSEX STREETSYDNEYN.S.W.The Minister for Defence in New Zealand, Mr. D. J. Eyre, right, whorecently visited Australia, looks at an outline of the shores of SydneyHarbour on a radar-scope at H.M.A.S. WATSON.TASTE ABEER THAT'SREALLY BEERhere's luck! here's cheers!here's two great beers!Two great beers indeed — Foster's Lager and VictoriaBitter. No doubt you've downed a glass or two of bothyourself — enjoyed their exhilarating flavour,-experienced the smoothness no other beer can match. Here'sreal beer — the world's best beer! Make the mostof it — make yours Foster's Lager or Victoria Bitter!VICTORIA BITTERFOSTER'S LAGERDRAUGHT • BOTTLED • CANNEDTwo R.A.N, frigates, QUEEN-BOROUGH and QUIBERON.were steaming from SingajMtreto Hong Kong when (hey weredirected to begin an immediatesearch lor a Panamanian vessel,KAMI, reported abandoned inthe South China Sea.QUEENBOROUGH, which isthe senior ship of Australia'sFirst Frigate Squadron, took controlof the operation, co-ordinatingthe search by wai ships,merchant vessels and R.A.F.planes from Singapore.Fiist sighting ot survivors wasmade b\ an RAF. Shackle-ton,and QUEENBOROUGH andQUIBERON raced to the reportedposition. Despite rapidlylailinglight, the two warshipsquickl) found the lifeboat, whichcontained I- survivors.HANTS crew being; transferred from QUIBERONto the BEN VORLICH.ABBCORemoval and Storage(N.S.W.)Pty. Ltd.Interstate. Loeal anil CountryHrmiivali-.tr.GET ABBCO-GET ACTION1162 Rocky Point Road, Ramsgate..8-I.26.5 529-8523R.A.N. FrigatesSeaThe search then continued fora second lifeboat, and an hourbefore dawn. H.M.A.S. QUIB­ERON sighted a distress flare.Twelve more survivors were soonreceiving a warm welcomeaboard an Australian warship.Among these survivors was thecaptain of KAWI, who reportedthat the vessel had been leftsinking after being swamped inheavy seas.However, KAWI did not sink,and QUIBERON took the survivorsto watch their vessel beingtaken under tow by the.Norwegian ship. MELBO.RescueIn ChinaThe survivors were latertransferred to merchant shipsb) QUEENBOROUGH andQUIBERON.QUEENBOROUCH is underthe command of Captain B. S.Murray, of Canberra, the seniorofficer of the First FrigateSquadron.QUIBERON'S cCommander V. A.Sydney.aptainParker,The two ship, left Australiain September to begin a tourof duty with the British CommonwealthStrategic Reserve.nTHENAVYDEC, 1962 — JAN., 1963


The training yacht, which is13 li long with a sloop rig, hasbeen built at the Garden IslandDockyard. Designed by MorganGiles, ol Britain, it is similar tothe craft purchased by theAdmiralty lor the Royal NavalCollege at Dartmouth.FRANKLIN is of IS tons, hasa draft of six and a hall feet, andaccommodation for seven.Senator Gorton said that evenin these days of "missile age"warships, it was essential thatNaval Officer! should have practicalexperience ol basic seamanship.There was no better wayof learning seamanship than toserve in trie crew of an oceangoingyacht. Battling with theelements also developed initiativeand self confidence.The new craft will replace theTAM OSHANTER, which isno longer suitable for oceanracing. It is hoped that FRANK­LIN will take part in the 1963Sydney-Hobart yacht race.NAVY MENBUYHOMESThe Roy;il Australian Navy istoday one of the biggest landlordsin the Commonwealth.Officers estimate that in all.States the Navy now rents,through the Department ofWorks or the State HousingCommissions, almost 2(MM)homes.Since, however, the sailor mustvacate these premises on his beingdrafted to another station.many men are now buying theirown homes.This is particularly so in thecase of the many teenagers whoare now joining the Navy asjunior recruits or apprentices.W.R.A.N.S.'GIFTThe Women's Royal AustralianNaval Service handed acheque for £1(100 to the RoyalChildren's Hospital in Melbourneon October 25.The money was raised as partol the W.R.A.N.S." twenty-firstanniversary celebrations thisyear.It was subscribed by Wrensthroughout Australia and byformer members of the Service,and will be used to place a giftcot in the new Children's Hospitalin Melbourne.Chief Officer Joan Streeter,Director of the W.R.A.N.S., saidrecently that Wrens felt it wasfitting to mark their anniversaryby some public-spirited gesture.R.N. STAFF COLLEGEPOST FOR AUSTRALIANAn Australian Naval officerhas been appointed to a senior|>osi at the Royal Navy's StaffCollege in London.He is Captain I). C Wells, olCanberra, and has been appoint*ed Deputy Director ol the RoyalNavy Staff College at Greenwich.Captain Wells has been madeavailable lor two \ears" exchangeof service with the Royal Navy,and the Admiral t\ had chosenhim for the Staff College appointment.It is gratifying tohave an Australian selected forsuch a significant postThe Greenwich College preparesselected officers for Navalstall appointments.Captain Wells is at presentDirector ol Officers' Appointmentsat Navy Office in Canberra.Until earlier this year,New R.A.N. Survey ShipNamedThe name (elected lor theRoyal Australian Navy's newsurvey ship is H.M.A.S.MORESBY.MORESBY was a name withproud associations with surveyingin Australia. It recalls thefamous explorer-surveyor, CaptainJohn Moresby, who, duringthe second half of the last century,charted (i(H) miles of theNew Guinea coast, and discoveredPort Moresby.he was captain of the Daringclassdestroyer, H.M.A.S. VOY­AGER, and he has also commandedthe fast anti-submarineIrigatc, H.M.A.S. QUEENS-BOROUGH.He will leave early in theNew Year for his exchange appointment.It will be the second generationof the name in the RoyalAustralian Navy. One of theR.A.N.'s first and best-knownsurvey ships, in commission between1925-11), was also calledMORESBY.The new MORESBY is beingbuilt at the Newcastle StateDockyard, and is due for completionnext September.Gosling £2,000,000, she will beol 2,300 tons, and will rankamong the best vessels of herkind in the world.MORESBY will be theR.A.N.'s first vessel designedspecifically for survey work, andwill enable the Navy to speedup its comprehensive programmeof charting the Australian coastline.PERFECTION HOMESPty. Ltd.MASTER BUILDERSBVILDERS OF FINE HOMESBranford ConstructionsPty. Ltd.Buildert of Quality HornetjoineryWork*luxury 3-bedroomhome and land—£350 deposit atCAMPBELLTOWNSTATION ROAD, SEVEN HILLS631-8660After Hours: 634-2662Plant and SpecificationsPreparedFree Quotation! and Advice16 JAMES STREET, HORNSBYPhone: 47-3554After Hours: 44-6216StuartH OMFinishes available:brick vencer, weatherboard or fibre No1 deposit if youland.Contact Mr. WhiteBANKSTOWN: 26 Greenfields Parade.Phone: 709-1179 (after hours: UB5141)CAMPBELLTOWN: 21 Railway Street.Phone: Campbelltown 2-123955 minutes from MartinPlace, 30 minutesfrom Southern beaches,Campbelltown hasall the advantages.Immediate finance onbest possible terms isavailable on all StuartHomes with a speciallow deposit for exservicemen.26DEC, 1962 — JAN., 1963 27


PAPUAN SAILOR SELECTEDFOR GAMESA member of ihe Papua-NewGuinea Division ol the RoyalAustralian Navt was selected icompete in the British CommonwealthGames in Pel th.The Papuan sailor, Able Seain.MI Laxeri Misikarim, waschosen as a sprinter in the Territoryol Papua-New Guinea team.The (t-lt. all-round athletetrained undo the team manager.Mr. K. Gosper, in RabauI.Able Seaman Misikarim joinidthe Navy two years ago, andworks in the shipwright shop althe Mantis Island Naval Base.He was born in Matupi, Rabaul,^:i years ago and educated ati'u- Lae Technical School.Sonic 1.000 sailors Iron) ISwarships were in Fremantle duringtlu- Games. Eight ol the\isiting warships were uiuler theoperational control ol theR.A.N.. while the others werefrom the Ro\al Navy, RoyalNew Zealand Navy, and thePakistan Navy.APPENDICITIS OPERATIONIN CHINA SEAAustralian Naval doctors performeda successful appendicitisoperation in the middle of theSouth China Sea recently.A report from the Australianfrigate. H.M.A.S. QUIBERON,said that the operation was carriedout in exceptionally difficultconditions, with the warshipsteaming through roughseas.Leading Steward T. V. Lawlex,ol Frankston, Victoria, wasadmitted to sickbay whenQUIBERON was on her wayfrom Singapore to Hong Kong.The ship's medical officer, SurgeonLieutenant A. W. Swain,of Mosniait, diagnosed (he illnessas acute appendicitis. Asthe frigate was still 500 milesfrom her destination, an immediateoperation at sea wasessential.The leader of the First FrigateSquadron, H.M.A.S. QUEEN-BOROUGH, was in company,and her doctor, Surgeon LieutenantW. A. Kemp, ol Melbourne,together with sick berthPetty Officer I. I). Mitchell, ofSydney, were transferred toQUIBERON. Assisted also bya member ol QUIBERON'S sickberth staff. Petty Officer L. E.Chivei ion, ol Sydney, the twoNaval doctors performed ihedifficult operation.Leading Steward Lawfey wasthen transferred to the HongKong Military Hospital.Earlier, the two Australianfrigates featured in the rescueof the crew of a Panamanianship which sank during a stormin the South China Sea.Australian Navy during the first World war.The QUIBERON andQUEENBOROUGH were on atour of duty with the BritishCommonwealth Strategic Reserve.?8THENAVYDEC, 1962 — JAN., 1963


SOUTH AFRICA NAVY LEAGUEAddress of the Federal I'resident to the Annual General MeetingAddressing ihe ExecutiveCommittee l the Navy Leaguent South Africa in Cape Townon October 19, the Federal Presidentthanked the Cape TownBranch and its Ladies' Committee,Vice-Admiral Sir NicholasCopcman, Commander-in-Chief,South Atlantic and SouthAmerica, and Mrs. Qq>cinan,Rear-Admiral Biermann, NavalChief of Staff, Captain Biermann,,commanding GeneralBotha, and the Naval Officers'Association for their hospitality.Owing to the death of theFederal President, Admiral SirHerbert Packer, the speech wasread by Captain (S.) G. A. P.Webster, O.B.E., D.S.C.. R.N.,Chairman of the BloemfonteinBranch of the Navy LeagueOur ActivitiesLast year was our first yearwith South Africa, a Republicoutside the Commonweath, and Iprophesied that our activitieswould take more or less the sameform as before: briefly and firstly,to sup|Jort our South AfricanNavy in every possible way, andsecondly, not to forget our oldfriends, the Royal Navy — and,for that matter, the Navies ofall friendly powers.That is how it has turned outso far, and I trust it will continue.Naval Co-operationIt is essential to South Africathat in time of war or emergencyher harbours and sea30routes leading to them be keptopen. That is the business ofthe ever-growing South AfricanNavy; but South Africa cannotgo it alone nasally. She mustlook lor someone with the sameinterests to help her. I ventureto say that it is ol great importanceto the United Kingdomthat the |xirts and ocean routesof South Africa be kept open.There is no better agreementor treaty than one based onmutual interests. That beingso, the Simon's Town agreementhas up to the present survived,and if l>oih sides continue toobserve it with the same goodwilland seamanlike honesty ashitherto it should prove an exampleof how mutual interestscan be served effectively andamicably. In fact, it would beMembershipThe membership continues tothe cornerstone u|xm which tobase vital naval co-operation.drop. This is a j>carctime consequenceIn many ways this vital co­hard to combat. We operation exists already. Thehave a fine, growing Navy and new ships of the South AfricanMercantile to support, so let Navy are being built in theeach of us try our best to get United Kingdom: it is Iromnew members who are willing there she gets her naval weapons,to lend a hand.ammunition and socialisedstores. Above all. South Africanofficers, who are required to manthese ships, are instructed in theBritish naval schools in thosehigher specialised subjects forwhich as yet no naval coursesexist in South Africa.Again it seems to me that thisgive and take is a matter ofmutual interests which shouldlong continue.The Royal NavyThe Commander - in - Chief,South Atlantic and South America,Vice-Admiral Sir NicholasCopeman, continues to Hy histlag at Combined Headquarters.He is to be relieved in December,1962, by Vice-Atlmiral A. A.F. Talbot. We shall be sorry tosay good-bye. Most of his activitiesand those of the shi|» underhis command are confined tocovering his vast station, whichincludes both sides of SouthAmerica. Antarctica and Westand Fast Alrita, including Mauritiusand Madagascar. It is olparticular interest that whilecruising on his station he has,on separate occasions, by localagreement, carried out exercisesat sea with the navies ol Chile.Peru. Ecuador, Columbia andBrazil.Capex, 1961R.N.. S.A.N, and U.S.N, unitstook part in combined operationCapex. Unlortunately, a technicalbreakdown in the R.N. submarineAmphon. affected the exercises,but she was able to takepart again in the later stagesalter repairs in dock in Simon'sTown. The exercises, in variousphases, lasted Irom the end ofSeptember to the beginning ofNovember.The South African NavyOnce again there is considerableprogress in both qualityand quantity ol the South AfricanNavy, both as regards manpowerand number of modernunits. The first of the threenew type 12 frigates being builton the Clyde, the PresidentKrugcr (Capt. M. Terry-Lloyd),was due to commission duringOctober. After weapon trialsand working up, she shouldarrive in South Africa bv lateFebruary. 1963.The President Steyn (Capt. J.Fairbairn) has been a bit delayedby a fire while still in thebuilders' hands. She shouldcommission in early March, 1963.The President Prelorius (Capt.J. Johnson), which was scheduledfor launching during September,1962, is due to commission in1964.THE NAVYConversionsThe destroyers, Simon VanHer Stel and Jan Ian Riebeeck.are being completely modernised,and should become availablelor service in 1963.The Pietermaritzburg has beenreconstructed as a navigationaland seamanship training ship,including the training of midshipmen.Her sister ship, theBloemfontein, now lunciions atSimon's Town as a hathmntraining ship lor new entries,and has proved a great successin this rede.Two or three years ago variousJeremiahs were saying, "It's allvery well ordering new ships,but where are the highly-trainedtechnical crews to come from?"I am glad to hear that recruitingill general is satisfactory, anda minimum of Standard 8 is nowbeing insisted upon for all newentries.By making full use of thespecialist naval schools in SouthAfrica and in the United Kingdom,the answer is this:* The greater bulk of the PresidentKruger's shin's company isnow in the United Kingdomattending pre-commissioning andcommand team training courses.Every non-sub rate (i.e.. socialisedrate) required by the R.N.standard has been filled, and insome departments over - subscribedas far as qualificationsare concerned.PersonnelNaturally, with these newships coming into commissionand considerable increase allover in jicrsonnel, there has beena call for more senior officers.Captains H. Fnugstcdt and I). W.Robertson have been promotedto Commodore, and 26 officers ofthe rank of Lieutenant andabove have been promoted. Thisflow ol promotions is encouragingto all. I understand thatthere are no fewer than 58 midshipmenunder instruction, andit is intended to enter a substantialnumber in |anuary nextyear.Citizen Forces"Ihe nine months' ballottectraining system is proving agreat success. After doing theirbasic training the lads are wellqualified in a specialist capacity,and then complete their trainingat sea. As a result of this newlife has come to the CitizenForce bases (or Reserve bases,as they used to be called).General BothaThough the General Bothacontinues to train cadets for theMercantile Marine with accustomedthoroughness, there is, asa result of South Africa becominga Republic and leaving theCommonwealth, some difficultyin placing them all at sea, wheretheir future careers in the highertrol, the future is being facedwith a greater degree of confidencethan at this time lastyear.The roaster rompanies seemto have had a surressful year,and one or two additions havebeen made to their fleets.Perhaps the most importantrecent item of news, asfar as South African shipping is concerned, was theannouncement by Safmarinethat the company had placed anorder in Holland for a fully re-Irigerated ship. This vessel,which, it is understood, is some10,000 tons deadweight, with aservice speed of about 17 knots,should be delivered to Safmarinetowards the end of 1963.The necessity of having afully stuffed and equippedNautical Academy in the Republicto deal with promotionat all stages is becoming moreand more obvious. With SouthAfrica leaving the Commonwealth,the question of interchangeabilityof certificated officersis becoming somewhat obscure,andalthough temporary arrangementshave been made, thelong-term position is not clearlydefined. In any case, however,it is only right and proper thatSouth Africa should rely moreand more on her own resourcesto man her vessels.There is no question that lifeat sea to-day, particularly in theliner trades, is a comfortable* The full complement of the ranks are assured. The matter and well-paid job and shouldPresident Steyn is available and is receiving attention.attract an increasing number ofready to sail when required. Theyoung South Africans. We must,advance parties are alreadyhowever, have the facilities toMercantile Marinestanding by the ships.prepare the young men for theMeanwhile an encouraging* No difficulty is envisaged invarious Certificates of Competency.// is therefore hopedfactor is the expansion of theproviding the complement of the South African Mercantile Marine,although this is still insuf­on with its plans for the estab­third ship.that Ihe Government will press* The demand for skilled ficient. The South African liner lishment of a complete Nauticalartificers to meet the requirementsof this highly technical months, weathered the storm al possible speed.companies have, in the past 12 Academy in South Africa withage. as exemplified by these new affecting shipping lines throughoutthe world, and, with the Overseas Coursesships, increases every year. Itis intended to increase threefold improvement of South Africa's To return to the essential cooperationbetween the Unitedthe number of apprentices under foreign exchange position and atraining in 1963.possible easement of import con­Kingdom and South Africa.DEC, 1962 — JAN., 196331


Three senior officers have attendedthe long. ta|M>rt ship to replaceH.M.N.Z.S. ENDEAV­OUR.When he announced this, theMinister for Defence, Mr. Eyre,said that the tanker was U.S.S.NAMAKAGON, at present inreserve on the West Coast olthe United States.Her acquisition marked mostsuccessful negotiations with theUnited States Government.Mr. Eyre said that the derisionto continue New Zealand's Antarcticoperations past the InternationalGeophysical Year meantfinding some method ol supplyingSeott Base at MeMurdoSound.This was achieved at first bvemploying H.M.N.Z.S. EN­DEAVOUR on a support andoccanographic: role, although shehad been obtained initially onlyfor two voyages associated withthe Trans-Antartic Expedition."ENDEAVOUR was not intendedfor this work, and afterthree more voyages it was apparentthat she could not continuewithout a complete and expensiverefit," Mr. Eyre said."We began looking for a replacement,and before long we32had settled on some form olmulti-purpose tanker."This t\|x- ol ship tan lakein the large quantities ol luelthai are essential in the Antarctic,and she can cany othertypes ol stores as well."In addition, when she is notneeded in the Antartic, she canservice island, and meteorologicalstations."Perhaps most important,her tanker capacity would he olthe greatest value ol our shipsin (he vast distances ol thePacific."Mr. Eyre said that a suitableship. NAMAKAGON, had beenlocated in the United State 1 ..She was a Palopasco classtanker, which was the si/e wewere looking lor. and could bemanned without difficulty by theRoyal New Zealand Navy.Similar ships — notablv L'.S.S.NESPELEN and ELKHORN —operated in New Zealand with"Deep Freeze", and examinationof them confirmed the suitabilityof the class."The United States most generouslyoffered her to us on along-term loan," Mr. Eyre said."However, she has been in reserve,and some work is requiredto make her ready lot" operationaluse. and to strengthen herlor employment in ice."New Zealand will accept thecost ol this, and this amountwill be an interest-free loan tothis country by the UnitedStates.However. NAMAKAGONwill not be completely employedsupplying Sioti Base during theAntarctic summer, and she willhave time to transport fuel onbehall of Deep Freeze'."This will mean a considerablesaving to the United Slates,and may even mean that theywill be able 10 reduce their owntanker support."They have generously agreedto apply this saving in costsagainst our loan, and it is hopedby this means to reduce it substantially."The new Antarctic supply shipwill he the second N.Z. ship tobear the name. The name isbeing retained because ol itsclose association with CaptainJames Cook, who, in H.M.S.EN DEAVOU R, r e d i s coveredNew Zealand in I7b9.On a subsequent voyage, Cookbecame the first explorer to crossthe Antarctic circle.THE NAVYJ TELEPHONE MX 5844116 CHALMERS STREET,AWWA^WVW^VWWM^SWAAAftWVWYW^^^YWAHSYDNEYIT'S NEW . . . IT'S FABULOUS . . . IT'S EXCITINGMAMA'S MOST MODERN LICENSED RESTAURANTSHANGRI-LATELEPHONE MX 5844 \Chinese, Continental, English Meals lor your |iersonal enjoyment.The Restaurant you have waited so long tot• OUR CHARGES ARE RIGHT• OUR MUSIC IS RIGHT• FULLY LICENSED TILL MIDNIGHT AND SUNDAYS• PARTIES. BIRTHDAYS, WEDDINGS CATERED FORDiscover us . . . Dine, Wine and Dance at theSll I X1.lt I-I 1(Mine Host: Syd Dawson, Late R.A.N.)11 BELGRAVE STREET, MANLYA few doors from Manly Council ChambersFOR RESERVATIONS . . . PHONE XU 4420THESE FACILITIES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE AT THE GOLDEN ROSEOpposite Collaroy Surf ShedsMMWVWVYWWyWhere Liquor Refreshments ure arranged by Phoning XW 5334


NAPIER "DELTIC"ENGINES TO POWERR.A.N. SHIPS• 1•f*Napier "Deltic" diesel engines have beenordered by the Royal Australian Navy as replacementpower plants for six of their "TON" Classminesweepers. The ships are to be re-enginedwith "Deities" as part of c modernisation programmestarting mid-1961. They will be readyto be sailed back to Australia by "i.A.N. crewsby the summer of 1962.This R.A.N, order brings the total number of"Deities" ordered to nearly 500, and there arealready more than 400 of these 9 and 1 8-cylinderdiesels in service in marine, rail traction andindustrial installations in many parts of the world.EE620.FPTHE ENGLISH ELECTRIC COMPANY OF AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITEDSYDNEY AND NEWCASTLE • MELBOURNE • BRISBANE • ADELAIDE • HOBART • PERTH

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