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eSafety Compendium

eSafety Compendium

eSafety

eSafety CompendiumMay 2006

  • Page 2: eSafety CompendiumMay 2006Produced
  • Page 6 and 7: 6.1 Acronym list ..................
  • Page 8 and 9: INTRODUCTIONPage 6 of 490
  • Page 10 and 11: The eSafety Forum created several W
  • Page 12 and 13: The Forum now has more than 150 act
  • Page 14 and 15: CHAPTER I -THE 28 ESAFETYRECOMMENDA
  • Page 16 and 17: 1.1 Final Report of the eSafety Wor
  • Page 18 and 19: 1. INTRODUCTION1.1. Towards a safe
  • Page 20 and 21: Increasing co-operation between the
  • Page 22 and 23: Programme, administered by Director
  • Page 24 and 25: 2.2. Taking an integrated approach
  • Page 27 and 28: Develop validation methodology and
  • Page 29 and 30: Lane supportLane keeping, lane depa
  • Page 31 and 32: Safe speed and speed warningThese s
  • Page 33 and 34: Active pedestrian protection system
  • Page 35 and 36: Need for further RTD in technologie
  • Page 37 and 38: 3.8. Emergency Calls (e-Calls) and
  • Page 39 and 40: Recommendations:(12) After consulta
  • Page 41 and 42: There is also the forum of the Unit
  • Page 43 and 44: Vehicle-to-infrastructure communica
  • Page 45 and 46: Overridable intervention systemsThe
  • Page 47 and 48: The Short Range Automotive Radar Fr
  • Page 49 and 50: Towards a positive business caseThe
  • Page 51 and 52: User Perception of Costs and Benefi
  • Page 53 and 54:

    GSM Global System for Mobile Commun

  • Page 55 and 56:

    Human-Machine Interaction5 Assess t

  • Page 57 and 58:

    13 Establish a European Emergency C

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    22 Undertake the standardisation in

  • Page 61 and 62:

    1.2 Progress of the 28recommendatio

  • Page 63 and 64:

    Progress of the 28 RecommendationsL

  • Page 65 and 66:

    European R&D:APROSYS (www.aprosys.c

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    Impact assessment of safety systems

  • Page 69 and 70:

    Recommendation number and title:4)

  • Page 71 and 72:

    5. Nomadic devices6. Criteria and V

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    Road Map for Intelligent Integrated

  • Page 75 and 76:

    The priority infrastructure-related

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    o. Concerning dynamic traffic manag

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    The group presented its final resul

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    European R&D:- ADASE II (http://www

  • Page 83 and 84:

    eSafety Working Groups:The Internat

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    European R&D:ActMAP (www.ertico.com

  • Page 87 and 88:

    Emergency Calls (e-Calls) and E-112

  • Page 89 and 90:

    The Commission also supports the wo

  • Page 91 and 92:

    RDS-TMC receiver deployment is grad

  • Page 93 and 94:

    Motor vehicle type-approval legisla

  • Page 95 and 96:

    Legal issues of market introduction

  • Page 97 and 98:

    Ultra wide-band 24 GHz short range

  • Page 99 and 100:

    Societal aspectsRecommendation numb

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    eSafety Working Groups:The Working

  • Page 103 and 104:

    The different business casesRecomme

  • Page 105 and 106:

    Future actions:To support the busin

  • Page 107 and 108:

    The group has analysed some consume

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    National activities:(not available)

  • Page 112:

    CHAPTER II -EUROPEAN COMMISSIONESAF

  • Page 115 and 116:

    CHAPTER III -ESAFETY FORUM HIGHLEVE

  • Page 117 and 118:

    3.1 First eSafety High Level Meetin

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    6. Collaboration on issues relating

  • Page 121 and 122:

    eCalleCall is a major priority for

  • Page 123 and 124:

    3.3 First eSafety Forum PlenaryMeet

  • Page 125 and 126:

    The next steps identified for the m

  • Page 127 and 128:

    3.4 Second eSafety Forum PlenaryMee

  • Page 129 and 130:

    3.5 eSafety Forum Summary Report200

  • Page 131 and 132:

    1.3.1 The Working GroupsThe Working

  • Page 133 and 134:

    Road MapsThe market introduction of

  • Page 135 and 136:

    a) Existing Data SourcesThe working

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    Workplan and Longer term initiative

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    • Having recognised the absolute

  • Page 141 and 142:

    The approach taken by the WG-HMI ca

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    2.) There is a firm basis for Inter

  • Page 145 and 146:

    4. The International Working Group

  • Page 147 and 148:

    Broadcast frequencies and capacity:

  • Page 149 and 150:

    RecommendationsThe analysis of arou

  • Page 151 and 152:

    2.7 Road Maps WGCo-chairsRisto Kulm

  • Page 153 and 154:

    ImpactBased on results of Road Maps

  • Page 155 and 156:

    Josef HeimannJuhani JaaskelainenJü

  • Page 157 and 158:

    Research and Technology Development

  • Page 159 and 160:

    2.5 The following Working Groups wi

  • Page 161 and 162:

    ANNEX III: Conclusions of the 2nd e

  • Page 163 and 164:

    ERTICO invited its Public Authoriti

  • Page 165 and 166:

    The automotive industry is to co-op

  • Page 167 and 168:

    The In-Vehicle Emergency Call (eCal

  • Page 169 and 170:

    Real-Time Traffic And Travel Inform

  • Page 171 and 172:

    4. Take measures (for example legis

  • Page 173 and 174:

    Progress in eSafetyAs many eSafety

  • Page 175 and 176:

    It was also suggested that the Comm

  • Page 177 and 178:

    3.9 Fourth eSafety Forum PlenaryMee

  • Page 179 and 180:

    3.10 The Second eSafety High LevelM

  • Page 182 and 183:

    CHAPTER IV -ESAFETY WORKINGGROUPS H

  • Page 184 and 185:

    4.1 Accident Causation AnalysisWork

  • Page 186 and 187:

    2. Links with other connected initi

  • Page 188 and 189:

    Annex 1 - ANALYSIS OF EXISTING DATA

  • Page 190 and 191:

    2. Statistical overview of descript

  • Page 192 and 193:

    Annex 2: Questions to be Answered D

  • Page 194 and 195:

    Parameter Generic Question Detailed

  • Page 196 and 197:

    2.2 EvaluationEvaluation in this co

  • Page 198 and 199:

    Annex 3: Accident Causation Analysi

  • Page 200 and 201:

    Annex 4: Accident Causation Analysi

  • Page 202 and 203:

    The Communications Working Group is

  • Page 204 and 205:

    The eSafety partners have also agre

  • Page 206 and 207:

    In addition, the Final Report of th

  • Page 208 and 209:

    Advice applications do not change t

  • Page 210 and 211:

    From the discussions held within MA

  • Page 212 and 213:

    The expected fatality reduction is

  • Page 214 and 215:

    4.1 EuroRoadS4.1.1 DescriptionEuroR

  • Page 216 and 217:

    esults of this survey have to be ma

  • Page 218 and 219:

    4.6 SafeMAP4.6.1 DescriptionThe Saf

  • Page 220 and 221:

    9. When public authorities introduc

  • Page 222 and 223:

    Time planning, meetings and activit

  • Page 224 and 225:

    NameJuhani JaaskelainenElina Holmbe

  • Page 226 and 227:

    The eSafety partners have also agre

  • Page 228 and 229:

    2. Involved PartiesMoving forward w

  • Page 230 and 231:

    To achieve the objectives each part

  • Page 232 and 233:

    Annex A - Relevant European Resolut

  • Page 234 and 235:

    4.5 Heavy Duty Vehicles Working Gro

  • Page 236 and 237:

    4.5.1 Final Report of Heavy Duty Ve

  • Page 238 and 239:

    It was not the role of the Working

  • Page 240 and 241:

    Not all participants were able to a

  • Page 242 and 243:

    The measures were evaluated in qual

  • Page 244 and 245:

    4. Results of the “Accident Resea

  • Page 246 and 247:

    Fatalities1,400Absolute frequency1,

  • Page 248 and 249:

    Fig. 4: “Other party involved”

  • Page 250 and 251:

    4.2.2 Truck accidents with killed o

  • Page 252 and 253:

    Most truck/pedestrian accidents occ

  • Page 254 and 255:

    4.2.5 Basic concept of an EU-wide c

  • Page 256 and 257:

    5.1.4 Seat-belt warningIn spite of

  • Page 258 and 259:

    5.2 Evaluation of the available sys

  • Page 260 and 261:

    5.3.3 Pedestrian protection systemI

  • Page 262 and 263:

    5.4.1 AvailabilityGiven the product

  • Page 264 and 265:

    Fig. 7: System costs of effective a

  • Page 266 and 267:

    5.4.4 AcceptanceAnother important c

  • Page 268 and 269:

    6.1.2 Action prioritiesGiven that t

  • Page 270 and 271:

    6.2.3 Action prioritiesFor all OEMs

  • Page 272 and 273:

    We are grateful for the constant su

  • Page 274 and 275:

    Action Items for the ECCommission A

  • Page 276 and 277:

    Safety Measures Working List - eSaf

  • Page 278 and 279:

    The Working Group took a balanced r

  • Page 280 and 281:

    The importance of a safe human mach

  • Page 282 and 283:

    Finally the Working Group identifie

  • Page 284 and 285:

    1. BackgroundThe importance of a sa

  • Page 286 and 287:

    The attitude of those member states

  • Page 288 and 289:

    The U.S. National Highway Traffic S

  • Page 290 and 291:

    2.3.1 After-Market SystemsDefinitio

  • Page 292 and 293:

    2.4 Multiple Actors - a shared resp

  • Page 294 and 295:

    As already mentioned, specific issu

  • Page 296 and 297:

    The product-responsible organisatio

  • Page 298 and 299:

    Regarding after-market systems and

  • Page 300 and 301:

    R-ESoP-5 Add specific criterion to

  • Page 302 and 303:

    As shown in Annex E some principles

  • Page 304 and 305:

    A certain level of driver workload

  • Page 306 and 307:

    Apart from the nomadic device manuf

  • Page 308 and 309:

    6.4 Authorities6.4.1 Situation Anal

  • Page 310 and 311:

    R-ESoP-7R-ESoP-8R-ESoP-9criteria wo

  • Page 312 and 313:

    R-MS-6R-MS-7R-MS-8R-MS-9R-MS-10R-MS

  • Page 314 and 315:

    ANNEX BESoP - VerificationEU Statem

  • Page 316 and 317:

    3. Information Presentation Princip

  • Page 318 and 319:

    5.1 Visual information not related

  • Page 320 and 321:

    ANNEX CSummary of Member State Resp

  • Page 322 and 323:

    ANNEX DEmployers Responsibilities a

  • Page 324 and 325:

    ANNEX EESoP - AAM-Guideline Compari

  • Page 326 and 327:

    4. Principles on Interaction with D

  • Page 328 and 329:

    EU Statement of Principles AAM-guid

  • Page 330 and 331:

    EU Statement of Principles NPSC Not

  • Page 332 and 333:

    5. System Behaviour PrinciplesEU St

  • Page 334 and 335:

    ANNEX G Installation Recommendation

  • Page 336 and 337:

    Test procedureThe vehicle must be a

  • Page 338 and 339:

    ANNEX HDefinitionsafter-market syst

  • Page 340 and 341:

    C. Evaluation of findings and best/

  • Page 342 and 343:

    • cost for information infrastruc

  • Page 344 and 345:

    j. The industry, European Commissio

  • Page 346 and 347:

    B Qualified ranking for identificat

  • Page 348 and 349:

    Table 2. Description of infrastruct

  • Page 350 and 351:

    5. Assessment of safety impactsIndi

  • Page 352 and 353:

    Table 5. Estimates of new car marke

  • Page 354 and 355:

    7. Implementation issuesThe impleme

  • Page 356 and 357:

    As with all of the driver assistanc

  • Page 358 and 359:

    7.7 eCallOne of the most complex sy

  • Page 360 and 361:

    - take steps to ensure roaming and

  • Page 362 and 363:

    The demand for speed alert is expec

  • Page 364 and 365:

    9. Conclusions and recommendationsT

  • Page 366 and 367:

    The following recommendations were

  • Page 368 and 369:

    Annex 1: Safety effect overviewsPri

  • Page 370 and 371:

    Collision warnings systems are curr

  • Page 372 and 373:

    Dynamic traffic management and loca

  • Page 374 and 375:

    Speed alert systems signalling with

  • Page 376 and 377:

    Nishimura, Y. AND Nagaya, R. (1997)

  • Page 378 and 379:

    Attempt to assess the impact of Tel

  • Page 380 and 381:

    Lane KeepingAssistant andLaneDepart

  • Page 382 and 383:

    Comparing the different values for

  • Page 384 and 385:

    The table below shows the full safe

  • Page 386 and 387:

    % TERN/motorway length covered with

  • Page 388 and 389:

    FBusiness Case / Customer Awareness

  • Page 390 and 391:

    Implementation Issues for Blind Spo

  • Page 392 and 393:

    Blind Spot MonitoringVery highHighM

  • Page 394 and 395:

    technical availability: givenorgani

  • Page 396 and 397:

    Implementation Issues for Obstacle

  • Page 398 and 399:

    Obstacle and collision warningVery

  • Page 400 and 401:

    According to the V analysis of the

  • Page 402 and 403:

    Implementation Issues for eCallASys

  • Page 404 and 405:

    GHKey Success FactorsThe commitment

  • Page 406 and 407:

    Implementation Issues for Extended

  • Page 408 and 409:

    HFeasible Deployment Strategiestech

  • Page 410 and 411:

    Implementation Issues for RTTIASyst

  • Page 412 and 413:

    FBusiness Case / Customer Awareness

  • Page 414 and 415:

    Real-Time Traffic InformationVery h

  • Page 416 and 417:

    - Speed management /speed harmonisa

  • Page 418 and 419:

    can be estimated to be in the range

  • Page 420 and 421:

    A crude estimate of the benefits of

  • Page 422 and 423:

    delivery of safety quality-assured

  • Page 424 and 425:

    A crude estimate of the benefits of

  • Page 426 and 427:

    4. ReportingThe Road Map group repo

  • Page 428 and 429:

    4.8 International Cooperation Worki

  • Page 430 and 431:

    4.9.1 Final Report and Recommendati

  • Page 432 and 433:

    12. The Council of the Transport Mi

  • Page 434 and 435:

    Broadcasted traffic Information to

  • Page 436 and 437:

    This work is still under way. There

  • Page 438 and 439:

    5. Results and Recommendations1. Th

  • Page 440 and 441:

    Annex 1European RDS/TMC-Services in

  • Page 442 and 443:

    4.10.1 Progress Report of the eSafe

  • Page 444 and 445:

    Figure 1: A summary of theEU R&D pr

  • Page 446 and 447:

    • A European/Global market for sa

  • Page 448 and 449:

    Concluding remarksTo reach the ambi

  • Page 451 and 452:

    CHAPTER V -OTHER ESAFETY RELATEDTOP

  • Page 453 and 454:

    5.2 Intelligent Cooperative Systems

  • Page 455 and 456:

    5.2.1 Working Paper on Intelligent

  • Page 457 and 458:

    The Intelligent Transport Standards

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    If frequencies in the 5.9 GHz band

  • Page 461 and 462:

    5. Intelligent Cooperative Systems

  • Page 463 and 464:

    CVIS is a 48-month Integrated Proje

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    The goal of VII is to evaluate the

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    Deployment strategiesFrom the above

  • Page 470 and 471:

    CHAPTER VI -APPENDIXESPage 463 of 4

  • Page 472 and 473:

    ANB: Automatic emergency brake assi

  • Page 474 and 475:

    ECDIS: Electronic Chart Display and

  • Page 476 and 477:

    IETF: Internet Engineering Task For

  • Page 478 and 479:

    RDWS: Road Departure Warning System

  • Page 480 and 481:

    VII: Vehicle-Infrastructure Integra

  • Page 482 and 483:

    ADC (Automatic Distance Control):Th

  • Page 484 and 485:

    BSM (Blind Spot Monitor):Vehicle-ba

  • Page 486 and 487:

    Dynamic control systemsActive Front

  • Page 488 and 489:

    FCW (Front-end Collision Warning):A

  • Page 490 and 491:

    Integral handling control:The syste

  • Page 492 and 493:

    On-Board Safety Monitoring:Manageme

  • Page 494 and 495:

    Traffic information:The provision o

  • Page 497:

    CHAPTER VII -ANNEXESPage 489 of 490

  • Page 500 and 501:

    COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNIT

  • Page 502 and 503:

    and actuators, more and more of the

  • Page 504 and 505:

    1. INTRODUCTION1.1. The transport s

  • Page 506 and 507:

    During the last decade, we have mad

  • Page 508 and 509:

    2. REAPING THE BENEFITS OF INFORMAT

  • Page 510 and 511:

    knowledge required to address major

  • Page 512 and 513:

    maintenance typically accounts for

  • Page 514 and 515:

    These systems, when deployed in suf

  • Page 516 and 517:

    Systems 21 , which has been largely

  • Page 518 and 519:

    Commission actions:• To facilitat

  • Page 520 and 521:

    Systems for accelerated standardisa

  • Page 522 and 523:

    oth system design specifications an

  • Page 524 and 525:

    ANNEX 1: GLOSSARY OF TERMSABSACEAAD

  • Page 526 and 527:

    ANNEX 2: SUMMARY OF CONSULTATIONSAl

  • Page 529 and 530:

    ANNEX II - 2ND ESAFETYCOMMUNICATION

  • Page 531 and 532:

    COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION T

  • Page 533 and 534:

    2.2 Why do we need eCall ?According

  • Page 535 and 536:

    The Directive on Privacy and Electr

  • Page 537 and 538:

    3. The Member States should upgrade

  • Page 539:

    The eSafety Forum User Outreach Wor

  • Page 542 and 543:

    COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNIT

  • Page 544 and 545:

    Concerning energy efficiency and em

  • Page 546 and 547:

    A survey done by EUROTEST 11 on a r

  • Page 548 and 549:

    (2) Produce Commission Recommendati

  • Page 550 and 551:

    will investigate the most appropria

  • Page 553 and 554:

    ANNEX IV - RADIOSPECTRUM POLICY FAC

  • Page 555:

    equipment, typically operated witho

  • Page 558 and 559:

    24.4.2002 L 108/1Official Journal o

  • Page 560 and 561:

    24.4.2002 L 108/3Official Journal o

  • Page 562 and 563:

    24.4.2002 L 108/5Official Journal o

  • Page 565 and 566:

    ANNEX VI - COMMISSIONDECISION ON TH

  • Page 567 and 568:

    ENL 21/16 Official Journal of the E

  • Page 569 and 570:

    ENL 21/18 Official Journal of the E

  • Page 571:

    ENL 21/20 Official Journal of the E

  • Page 574 and 575:

    EUROPEAN COMMISSIONDirectorate-Gene

  • Page 576 and 577:

    frequency range would not be feasib

  • Page 578 and 579:

    d) A review mechanism. The RSC to u

  • Page 581 and 582:

    ANNEX VIII - CEPTREPORT TO THE ECUN

  • Page 583 and 584:

    CEPT1.1.1.1.ECCElectronic Communica

  • Page 585 and 586:

    6 AFTERMARKET FITMENT .............

  • Page 587 and 588:

    − A review process would allow al

  • Page 589 and 590:

    whether the area of such country is

  • Page 591 and 592:

    4. 0 INTRODUCTIONThis draft report

  • Page 593 and 594:

    The FCC Regulation was a controvers

  • Page 595 and 596:

    of the ECC Decision in order to ens

  • Page 597 and 598:

    mandatory after a transitional peri

  • Page 599 and 600:

    In addition, the so-called “2 pha

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    Darnhall 53°09'22" N 02°32'03" WJ

  • Page 603 and 604:

    3.3.1 Radio Astronomy ServiceThe sh

  • Page 605 and 606:

    this basis, it is understood that t

  • Page 607 and 608:

    • It is not possible to record in

  • Page 609 and 610:

    Another difficulty is that no gener

  • Page 611 and 612:

    As SRR will operate on non-interfer

  • Page 613 and 614:

    The ECC Decision at 24 GHz is adopt

  • Page 615:

    Committee should establish the nece

  • Page 618 and 619:

    For this to happen, radio spectrum

  • Page 620 and 621:

    ) Harmonised standards. A new harmo

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    March/July 2004 ECC Decisions Adopt

  • Page 625 and 626:

    ECC/DEC/(04)03EXPLANATORY MEMORANDU

  • Page 627 and 628:

    ECC Decisionof 19 March 2004on the

  • Page 629 and 630:

    ECC/DEC/(04)03DECIDES1. that for th

  • Page 631 and 632:

    ECC/DEC/(0a)xxEUROPEAN CONFERENCE O

  • Page 633 and 634:

    With regard to Fixed Service, altho

  • Page 635 and 636:

    ECC Decisionof DD/MM/YYon the frequ

  • Page 637 and 638:

    percentage of vehicles equipped wit

  • Page 639 and 640:

    DECIDES1. that for the purpose of t

  • Page 643 and 644:

    ANNEX IX -EXPLANATORYMEMORANDUM TO

  • Page 645 and 646:

    10 March 2005Explanatory Memorandum

  • Page 647 and 648:

    The 24 GHz range radio spectrum ban

  • Page 649 and 650:

    CEPT has concluded that protection

  • Page 651 and 652:

    (see below) for the vehicle’s Cer

  • Page 654 and 655:

    ANNEX X - COMMISSIONRECOMMENDATION

  • Page 656 and 657:

    L 189/50ENOfficial Journal of the E

  • Page 658:

    The eSafety InitiativeeSafety websi

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