No. 218JULY 2013NIRD EMPOWERING TRIBAL COMMUNITIES
Cover StoryNIRDTouching LivesJULY 2013A three-pronged Action Research wealth was becoming extinct officer V. Krishna Rao said that mostProject, aimed at ensuring food, due to over-exploitation and in of the tribal families, who have beenincome and health security to tribal the absence of regeneration har vesting, processing, andpeople apart from promoting initiatives. marketing the forest produce, wereforest-based livelihoods throughAs part of the joint initiative twounorganised and untrained leadingconservation and regenerationgram panchayats have beento their exploitation at differentstrategies in Eastern Ghats, has beenselected in the district and inlevels. Lack of technical know-howlaunched by Kovel Foundation inEast Godavari Agency. Multiplea n d tool k i t s a re c a u s i n gcollaboration with National Instituteplantations, including vempali, nallaunsustainable harvesting andof Rural Development.jeedi, tummeda, guava, papaya,processing practices resulting inThe project is aimed at making an silver oak , jamun, tamarind, amla,poor quality and low income to theinventory of the non-timber forest NM Bark, hill broom, border crops,NTFP.produce (NTFP) and to map, mango, cashew, pomegranate, As part of the project an inventory ofprioritise the economically custard apple, chikoo, drumsticks, NTFP will be done as it helps inimportant NTFPs for developing millets, and gum. Kharaya will bedeveloping workable strategies forappropriate strategies for livelihooddeveloped in five-acre models andbetter management of differentdevelopment. Fur ther, it isalso in one acre models by small andspecies. The inventory will let uscommitted to promote and supportmarginal farmers.know various critical informationregeneration of important NTFPs in The two panchayats, Valasi and such as species-wise quantification,tribal lands and forest lands as well. Devipatnam, will be presented as their seed falling status, capability ofThe project was launched atBuddappalu hamlet in the mandalby Dr M.V. Rao, Director GeneralNIRD. During an interaction withtribal men and women he said, theunique project will work for theconservation and regeneration offorest resources. He said, NTFProle models for the tribalcommunities to emulate the same inthe next three years. The plantationswill ensure food, income, and healthsecurity to the tribal families and willalso contribute to regeneration ofplants.Kovel Foundation chief executivenatural regeneration, quality ofproduce, endangered species andreasons for the same, he said. Thishelps in identifying NTFPs whichhave got good potential and marketopportunities so as to establishrequired institutional and marketlinkages.
JULY 2013the students have been exposed to all the ruraldevelopment programmes and have acquired adequateinsights and skills to tackle field level problems. Hepointed out that students with high motivation arepassing out of this institution to serve the rural poor. "Weare all part of this great mission of nation building. Andyou will be the frontline soldiers in carrying forward thisgreat mission at the grassroots level", he added.Dr. Rao advised the students to become agents ofchange and have a passion for the work which theyundertake. He exhorted to maintain the higheststandards of integrity in their personal and professionallives.Dr.S.M.Ilyas, Programme Director, NIRD welcomed theChief Guest and the invited audience. Presenting theCourse Report on the Fifth Batch of PGDRDM, he sharedthe Programme objectives, main highlights of the 5Batch and the placement status of the students. He saidththat the main objective of the one-year fast track PostGraduate Diploma in Rural Development Management(PGDRDM) is to develop a “committed and competentcadre of rural development management professionals”in the country. Elaborating the design of the PGDRDM,he said that “it rests on the tripod of i. RuralDevelopment Philosophy, Concepts, Principles, Policiesand Organisations ii. Rural Development Managementand Practices, and iii. Rural Social Sector. Theprogramme consists of three major components,namely, Classroom Teaching and interactive learning,Fieldwork (short visits and long visit), and a six-weeklong all India field Attachment and Rural OrganisationalInternships.A host of reputed organisations took the students for thesix-week FA or Rural Organisational Internship whichsensitised the students to the hard core problems of therural society and its dynamics. The internship
JULY 2013African Envoys Impressed with NIRDVisit of His Excellency Mr. JONATHAN WUTAWUNASHE,Ambassdor of Zimbabwe in India to Rural Technology Park (RTP),NIRDsolar energy as a scope for ruralsustainable and eco-friendlyenergy resource.As a part of his visit, he alsointeracted with the successfulentrepreneurs ofRTP nearby toHyderabad namely Reva SriIndustries - Vampuguda (Home-based products), Pravs soyaproducts - Dammaiguda (SoyaFood Processing), Leaf platemaking unit–Alwal, handmadeconversion unit –Nallakunta.His Excellency Mr. Jonathan Wutawunashe, Ambassadorof Zimbabwe to India visited Rural Technology Park(RTP), NIRD on 9 July 2013 keeping in view theestablishment of Rural Technology Park in Zimbabweproposed under India Africa Forum Summit-II (IAFS-II).Dr. M.V.Rao, Director General, NIRD cordially felicitatedthe Ambassador of Zimbabwe with a memento andboth of them exchanged their vision to establishment ofRTP in Zimbabwe.Mr. Jonathan Wutawunashe,Ambassdor also interacted with theparticipants of InternationalTraining Programme on “Rural Drinking water andsanitation projects” and delivered few words withregard to importance of rural drinking water andsanitation in rural development.The visit of His Excellency Mr. Jonathan Wutawunashe,Zimbabwe, Ambassdor of South Sudan was madesuccessful by the guidance of Dr.P.SivaRam, PD, RTP andDr. Y. Gangi Reddy, APD, RTP.During the visit Mr. Jonathan Wutawunashe has seenthe cost-effective building models in National RuralBuilding Centre (NRBC) & Sanitation Park, handmadepaper conversion unit, natural dyeing, honey processingpearls, soya processing, home based products , leafplate making units and interacted with the unit partners.Shri Dhana Raju, PJE (Civil) RTP, explained the costeffectivenessof various building & sanitation modelsand also shown a demo of CSE blocks and adobe mudblocks. Shri T. Uma Sankar, PJE (Elec)RTP explained theworking and cost saving factor on using biogas and
JULY 2013Visit of His Excellency Dr.Daniel Peter Othol Ambassdor ofSouth Sudan In India to Rural Technology Park (RTP),NIRDKeeping in view the establishment of Rural H.E Dr.Daniel Peter Othol interacted with a group ofTechnology Park in South Sudan proposed under India farmers in the training hall who has visited RTP andAfrica Forum Summit-II (IAFS), His Excellency delivered few words with regard to Agriculture andDr.Daniel Peter Othol, Ambassdor of South Sudan to farmers role in the rural development.India visited Rural Technology Park (RTP), NIRD on The visit of the His Excellency Dr.Daniel Peter Othol,18 July 2013. Ambassdor of South Sudan is made successful by theDuring the visit H.E Dr.Daniel Peter Othol has seen the guidance of Dr.P.SivaRam, PD RTP and Dr.Y.GangiCost effective building models in National Rural Reddy, APD,RTP.Building Centre (NRBC) & Sanitation Park, Handmadepaper, natural dyeing , Honey processing , pearls, soyaprocessing, home basedproducts , leaf plate makingunits and interacted with theunit partners.Shri Dhana Raju, PJE (Civil)RTP, explained the costeffectivenessof variousbuilding & sanitation modelsand also shown a demo ofCSE blocks and adobe mudblocks. Shri T.Uma SankarPJE (Elec) RTP explainedthe working and cost savingfactor on using biogas andsolar energy as a scope forrural sustainable and ecofriendlyenergy resource.
NIRD Programme Ignites Passion to Serve the Rural PoorParticipants at the programme on from different States participated. rural people in their service areas.r u r a l c r e d i t m a n a g e m e n t Slides-show and power-point Similarly, providing income modelsconducted during July 8-12presentations through relevant by encouraging growing ofdiscussed several subjects relatingmovie documentaries of success vegetables through scientificto SHG movements, functions ofstories from various States were method, mini dairy farm unitsSHG Federations, emergingpresented. The seminar provided establishment of schemesmodels in agriculture, financialan impetus to participants to work motivated participants to do muchanalysis and project appraisal, NPAwith dedication in their respective more in their area of operations.and recovery management inrural branches to initiate major Participants were delighted to seeagricultural finance, effect of minorbreakthroughs in disbursement of for themselves the empowermentirrigation on agriculture, financingrural credit under various of women through SHG activities inanimal husbandry schemes andgovernment sponsored schemes. the Shadnagar Mandal.revised procedures of KCC, JLC,GCC as well as finances to warebyDr.B.K.Swain, Professor andThe field trip to the Shadnagar The programme was coordinatedhousing projects. As many as 17 Mandal in the Ranga Reddy Districtagriculture field officers of Canara was a unique experience for all theHead of the Centre for Rural CreditBank working exclusively in rural officials. It was an eye openingand Development Banking, withand semi-urban bank branchesthe support of Project Consultantsstrategy to alleviate poverty riddenengaged in the Centre.NIRD Research Project Yielding Positive ResultsJULY 2013The CHRD-Action Research Project making. Participants were taughtof NIRD on Self-Help Groups every aspect of the activity in detailC o n v e r g e n c e w i t h A n i m a l with practical preparation of theHusbandry activities in Ipperu Gram products. Participants werePa n c h a y a t , K u d a i r M a n d a l , educated to explore the marketAnantapur district, AP, is reaping linkages, reliable local agencies torich dividends, thanks to the various have required material etc. Thetraining programmes for capacity t r a i n e e s w e re g i v e n s o m ebuilding of the SHG Groups assignments to-do during theparticipation certificate on theirco-ordinated by the Action training programme. With thesuccessful completion of theirResearch Team. Headed by knowledge acquired from thetraining programme.Dr. Gyanmudra, Project Director. training, the trainees were able toPeople are evincing keen interest in make the products on their own The main objective of the trainingthe training programmes. with confidence. programme was to give skill-basedtraining in their interested areas likeIn this process NIRD extended a A n o t h e r s i x - d a y t r a i n i n gH a n d - m a d e P a p e r B a g s .training programme on “Home- programme on Handmade PaperParticipants were taught to utilisebased Products” for CHRD Action Bags from 25 to 31 May 2013 at RTP,the opportunity to learn technicalgroup at RTP, NIRD, Hyderabad from NIRD was coordinated by CHRDaspectsinvolved in making14 May to 18 June, 2013. The AR. The training programme wast h e v a r i o u s p r o d u c t s a n dprogramme was aimed at ensuring attended by unemployed youthin making the paper bags,the participants to learn the from three villages (Antaragana,approximate cost of the finishedrequired skills in their interested Ipperu and P. Nagireddypalle) ofproducts, the reliable price at whichareas of home-based products like I p p e r u G r a m P a n c h a y a t ,the finished product to be sold outpin oil making, acid making, K u d a i r m a n d a l , A n a n t a p u rand sources of loan facility fromagarbathi making and candle district. Participants were givenlocal banks.
web technologies to rural masses. A Right to Education Act. The Appraisal of Project Reports andtotal of 32 participants from programme contents of this six-day Financial Analysis of different kindsdifferent States viz., Andhra training include the topics on of high value agricultural advancePradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Concept of Society and Community proposals. The participants wereHimachal Pradesh, Jammu and Development, Training Needs also taken to a big Poultry Farm forK a s h m i r, M a d h y a P r a d e s h , A s s e s s m e n t i n E l e m e n t a r y practical exposure and interactionMaharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Education, Concept of Community with agri-preneurs. A groupUttarakhand and West Bengal Participation, Steps of Social discussion on four important topicsparticipated in the programme. Mobilisation, Communication Skills, was conducted involving all theIntroduction to web technologies Target-oriented Community participants. The programme wasand web designing, various Mobilisation and Role of Animators. coordinated by Shri V. Ramasoftware used in website design and The programme was organised with Mohana Rao, Project Consultantdevelopment such as Front Page, 26 classroom sessions with one-day (CRCDB).Photoshop, MS Publisher, website field visit to Hatnoora, ChikmoddurThe Centre for Planning,hosting, maintenance, evaluation and Sripura villages of MedakMonitoring and Evaluation (CPME)and security were the topics District. The participants wereorganised a training programme oncovered during the training exposed to different methods of"Achieving Social Security for Ruralprogramme. Emphasis was given on community participation and thePoor" during 15 -19 July 2013 athands-on practices on different practice of Social MobilisationNIRD- NERC, Guwahati. Thissoftware with a view to developing through School Managementp r o g r a m m e r e g i s t e r e d 2 9re q u i re d s k i l l s a m o n g t h e Committees, Child protectionparticipants from Arunachalp a r t i c i p a n t s . T h e t r a i n i n g committees in the village forPradesh, Assam, Jharkhand,programme was coordinated by Dr. effective delivery of education. TheMeghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura. ItAnil Takalkar, Associate Professor field visit was facilitated by Shricovered all the major dimensions of(CMRD) and Dr. T. Rama Devi, Chikku Murali Mohan, Chiefsocial security including nutrition,Documentation Officer.Executive Officer and coordinatorsfood security; public distributiono f S A D H A N A , v o l u n t a r yThe Centre for Equity and Socialsystem, drinking water andorganisation. The programme wasDevelopment, NIRD organised thesanitation (panel discussion),coordinated by Dr. T.Vijayakumar,Course on Community Participationempowerment of women, electedFaculty (CESD) and Dr.R.R.Prasad,and Social Mobilisation forrepresentatives, community basedProfessor & Head (CESD).Universalisation of Elementarydisaster management, programmesEducation (July 2-7, 2013). Totally 36 NIRD-sponsored training and policies for disadvantagedparticipants from 12 States programme for Officers of Canara sections, insurances, employmentattended the training programme. Bank on Investment Credit and security, mid-day meal, etc.,The main objective of the Project Finance in Agriculture and including elaborating on socialprogramme is to orient the Allied Activities was conducted assistance programmes across thepar ticipants on concept of during 1-5 July 2013. Twenty six country. The participants ofcommunity participation and to participants from all over India the course visited Amar Gharexplain the strategies and attended the programme. Stress (Old Age Home). Dr. PC Sikligar,approaches of social mobilisation in was given in imparting training on Associate Professor coordinatedthe context of implementation of Investment Credit, Preparation and this programme.Faculty HonoursJULY 2013Dr.Ch.Radhika Rani, Assistant Professor, Centre for Water and Land Resources, NIRD was invited as a speaker for theNational Seminar on “ Emerging Challenges of Indian Agriculture with Special Reference to Institutional Credit andFarm Distress “ organised by the Council for Social Development (CSD) at India International Centre, New Delhiduring June 6-7, 2013. She presented a paper on “Institutions and Support Systems for Inclusive AgricultureDevelopment” in the Technical Session on “”Institutional Credit and Inclusive Agricultural Growth” . The Session waschaired by Dr.Prakash Bakshi, Chairman, NABARD.
When 'Self-Help' Proved to be Best HelpJULY 2013In Ipperu, remote village in got the income of more than ` c o n f i d e n c e b u i l d i n g . T h eAnantapur district, a group of 4000. With the sudden and participants have been undergoingseven members from different SHG surprising marketing, there was no training in various areas like HomeGroups of the same village have limit for their happiness. They are Based Products, Paper Bag Making,come forward to start phenyl and now very confident of making Handmade Soap Making, Vermisurf making collectively. Firstly they further product and extend the Compost and Leaf Plate Makingplanned to start phenyl making by marketing level for the product in etc. All these training programmescontributing ` 250/-per head as an nearby towns of Kudair and were being conducted by NIRD.initial investment. It was around Anantapur. The par ticipants of Ipperu` 1700 altogether. With this As part of NIRD-CHRD-Action Panchayat have also been engagedamount they bought some material Research Project on Self-Help in other training Programmesrequired and started the activity. Groups Convergence with Animal being conducted at district level byThey have made 101 bottles of Husbandry activities in Ipperu RDT and RUDSETI.phenyl. After finishing the product Gram Panchayat, Kudair Mandal, With the training, which was giventhe next step was how to sell or Anantapur district, AP, it has been to them, many of the participantsmarket it. They had this question in o r g a n i s i n g t h e t r a i n i n gtheir mind. Thinking that no onehave started some activity eitherprogrammes for Self-Help Groups'would buy their product at localindividually or collectively. Inmembers of Ipperu, Antaragangalevel, they decided to market itcontinuation of this, they haveand Nagireddypalle villages toeither at Kudair or Anantapur at thestarted activities such as Phenylstrengthen their skills andrate of ` 40 a bottle of one liter. But capacities for the betterment ofmaking, Hand Bag Making and Surfto their surprise all the bottles of their economic conditions and Making. Though they started few101, that were made initially, have livelihoods by way of providing activities, they are happy with thebeen sold out in Ipperu itself and them required inputs guidance and activity and the output.SnippetsCentre for Rural Infrastructure, and interact with the members of sanitation campaign: PanchayatiNIRD organised an International Mandal Samakhya or SHGs for Raj and Rural DevelopmentT r a i n i n g P r o g r a m m e o n upgrading knowledge and skills in Department; Kolkata ,West Bengal"Management of Rural Infra- the areas of IEC and women State has given a presentationstructure Projects on Drinking empowerment which play a pivotal followed by a discussion onWater and Sanitation" The role in drinking water and sanitation innovative experi-ments in drinkinginternational participants were on July 13 . water and sanitation. Shritaken to rural water supply andS.K.Behera, African - Asian RuralIndustrysanitation (RWS) Erramanzil,D e v e l o p m e n t O rg a n i s a t i o nHyderabad and were given practical The international participants were (AARDO), New Delhi delivered aexposure on testing of water quality taken to Ultra Tech Cement of presentation on Information,by different chemical methods, Aditya Birla Group, Kurnool to Education and Communicationwater quality testing mobile kits, provide exposure about the (IEC) in DW&SP in developingdetection of impurities in water by corporate social response activities countries on July 17.Gas liquid chromatography method (CSR) in the fields of health,(GLC) on July 11,2013.education, sustainable livelihood,RetirementMahila Mandalssocial causes and infrastructuredevelopment undertaken by theThe International Participants of the Aditya Birla group on July 14.Training Programme were taken tofield visit to Oorvakal MahilaPopdupu Lakshmi Ikya Sangam(OMPLIS), Oorvakal in Kurnooldistrict, Andhra Pradesh to studyInnovationAt the International ProgrammeShri Chandan Sengupta representingthe task force on totalConsequent upon attainment ofsuperannuation i.e., 60 years,Dr. D. Bidari, Professor & Head(RTD) retired from the services ofNIRD on the afternoon of31.07.2013.
JULY 2013Action Research Project in Vizag DistrictBook-Pocket (Contains Printed Matter)Director General : Dr. M. V. Rao, IASEditor: Anil Takalkar, Associate Professor and Head, CMRDEditorial Inputs for this issue: Ravi Prasad Benjamin, Media Consultant, CMRD,Photographs : P. Subrahmanyam; Cover Design : V. G. Bhat: Published by Anil Takalkar, Associate Professor & Head, CMRDon behalf of the National Institute of Rural Development, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030 and printed at Vaishnavi Laser Graphics, Hyderabad.