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The Ecology of coastal Marshes of Western Lake Erie: A Community ...

The Ecology of coastal Marshes of Western Lake Erie: A Community ...

The Ecology of coastal Marshes of Western Lake Erie: A Community

  • Page 2 and 3: Cover, Aerial view of Uld Womn Gree
  • Page 5 and 6: PREFACEThis proti lc on the coastal
  • Page 7 and 8: CONTENTSPALTACE ...................
  • Page 9 and 10: Pap ai thc Great lakes drainage bas
  • Page 12 and 13: This report sl~oultl hc ci ttstl a'
  • Page 14 and 15: CONVERSlON FACTORSFOR METRIC (SI) U
  • Page 16 and 17: Dimensions of Western Lake Erie Coa
  • Page 18 and 19: Average monthly precipitation at fo
  • Page 20 and 21: TABLESNumber12345678910111213141516
  • Page 22 and 23: CHAPTER 1.INTRODUCTION1.1 COASTAL W
  • Page 24 and 25: Tabla 1. Cornparisor1 of ~oastai we
  • Page 26 and 27: Figure 2. Study droa in Vichlgan, O
  • Page 28 and 29: major wetland local l t fes. Reader
  • Page 30 and 31: Cedar Point marshes extend westward
  • Page 32 and 33: 0 WEST SISTER ISLANDFigure 8. Locat
  • Page 34 and 35: Figure 11. Heron and egret nests in
  • Page 36 and 37: Figure 13. East end of Sandusky Bay
  • Page 38 and 39: Figure 15. Big Island, an experir-i
  • Page 40 and 41: eds of floating-leaved species. In
  • Page 42 and 43: ?ark EnlrAncaSarlctuarv PondWest Cr
  • Page 44: -I he yortion of the Central Lowlan
  • Page 47 and 48: the northward plunging end of the F
  • Page 49 and 50: 'alJ3 ayP1 uJa$san ub steoqs pue 's
  • Page 51 and 52: GYPSUMPRESENTCAVESWDERGROUNDLAKE-P
  • Page 53 and 54:

    Figure 28. gap of promtnprit beach

  • Page 55 and 56:

    ?and surface had been depressed by

  • Page 57 and 58:

    (Herdendorf and Braidech 1972). Thl

  • Page 60 and 61:

    Redmond st a 1, 11971) mapped thema

  • Page 62:

    05- low pressure systems from the G

  • Page 67 and 68:

    indicate no regular, predictable cy

  • Page 69 and 70:

    Figure 40. Dontinant surface and bo

  • Page 71 and 72:

    of falling into the lake. The highe

  • Page 73 and 74:

    epresents a retrieved STORET summar

  • Page 75 and 76:

    Table 9.Mean dally solar radiation

  • Page 77 and 78:

    Table 10. Annual deposition of airb

  • Page 79 and 80:

    Table 11. Abundance of phaytoplankt

  • Page 81 and 82:

    * Monthly Means. .Figure 43. Season

  • Page 83 and 84:

    microcrustaceans (primarily cladoce

  • Page 85 and 86:

    * Monthly Means'.*.Figure 45. Seaso

  • Page 87 and 88:

    Typha angustifol ia (narrow-leaved

  • Page 89 and 90:

    --- Rusiex vertic 1 1 lqtljs - j 5w

  • Page 91 and 92:

    Figure 47. Emergent beds of America

  • Page 93 and 94:

    Eigurs 49. Gravel beach un the sout

  • Page 95 and 96:

    considerable fluctuation in size of

  • Page 97 and 98:

    Figure 5Q. Coastal landforms at Tou

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    especfally over the shallower areas

  • Page 101 and 102:

    Figure 53.Aerial photograph of Old

  • Page 103 and 104:

    Figure 55. Aquatic macrophytes in c

  • Page 105 and 106:

    Figure 56. Benthic invertebrate com

  • Page 107 and 108:

    Table 15. Benthic macroinvertebrate

  • Page 109 and 110:

    Table 17. Invertebrates col lected

  • Page 111 and 112:

    Table18. (concluded)P~pojatjon per

  • Page 113 and 114:

    p-dTable 3'3. Wsstarn Lake Erie unl

  • Page 115 and 116:

    marshes* apparent1 y making o~portu

  • Page 117 and 118:

    Most of the fish fauna fnbabiting t

  • Page 119 and 120:

    scfantfffraliy tntsrestlng blcl~glc

  • Page 121 and 122:

    Figure 62. Water level control stru

  • Page 123 and 124:

    own skln, The female" throat 1s afg

  • Page 125 and 126:

    wooded cliffs to marshy shorelines;

  • Page 127 and 128:

    Chio and East Sister, Middle Sister

  • Page 129 and 130:

    found that preferred natural foods

  • Page 131 and 132:

    Figure 68. Fal l rrligration corrid

  • Page 133 and 134:

    heron (1, and little blueheron (E.

  • Page 135 and 136:

    When northwestern Ohio was firstset

  • Page 137 and 138:

    one of the following helmfnths:Schf

  • Page 139 and 140:

    Table 21. Habitat and den character

  • Page 141 and 142:

    CHAPTER 4.ECOLOG1CAL PROCESSESThe e

  • Page 143 and 144:

    Delta wetlands form a significantor

  • Page 145 and 146:

    compounds, which then become source

  • Page 147 and 148:

    Lutz (1960) workjng In Erie Marsh o

  • Page 149 and 150:

    the Detroit River fn Aprll or May,

  • Page 151 and 152:

    significantly 1 imited theofphytopl

  • Page 153 and 154:

    Proclad& feeds on other chlronomlds

  • Page 155 and 156:

    ycottonwoodbulrushes Chara cattail

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    the smallest variety of invertebrat

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    may strong1 y affect the avadl abil

  • Page 161 and 162:

    1900, as coastal marshes were drain

  • Page 163 and 164:

    Recent wetland losses, In the pasth

  • Page 165 and 166:

    Water Level FluctuationsHiah water,

  • Page 167 and 168:

    Shrubs 0 0.5 1 Mi.t 4Hardwoods0 0.5

  • Page 169 and 170:

    plant. The combined impact of entra

  • Page 171 and 172:

    d\LIGHT = 100-999 Tubificidae per m

  • Page 173 and 174:

    portlon of thejr life history (Van

  • Page 175 and 176:

    (Ohio); Erie Marsh and Pointe Mouil

  • Page 177 and 178:

    Figure 91. Interior region of Winou

  • Page 179 and 180:

    WIthfn the last 50 years the marshe

  • Page 181 and 182:

    Bednarik, K.E. 1975. Environmental

  • Page 183 and 184:

    Dennfs, C.A. 1938. Aquatic gastropo

  • Page 185 and 186:

    tieraendorf, C.E., and S.t. Herdend

  • Page 187 and 188:

    iangj~lz, T.:!. 35a65. Foi-tage Ri$

  • Page 189 and 190:

    Reutter, V.M., and 3.M- Reutter*Pw,

  • Page 191 and 192:

    Sullivan, C.R, 1953. A phytoplankto

  • Page 193:

    The Ecoloav of Coastal Marshes of W

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