The Northeast - Embassy of Brazil in London

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The Northeast - Embassy of Brazil in London

BrazilThe North east


CONTENTS4 Salvador & Bahia10 Chapada Diamantina11 Paraíba12 Fernando de Noronha14 Recife & Olinda16 Porto de Galinhas17 Natal & Pipa20 Lençóis Maranhenses & São Luís22 Piauí24 Ceará28 Alagoas30 Sergipe31 Hints & HighlightsOn the cover: Snorkelling in Fernando de NoronhaPublished by the Tourist Office of the Embassy of Brazil in Londonwww.brazil.org.uk, email: tourism@brazil.org.ukAmbassador: H.E. Roberto JaguaribeHead of Investment, Trade and Innovation: Minister Rodrigo de Azeredo SantosHead of the Commercial Section: Secretary Daniel Costa FernandesEditor: Secretary Igor GermanoText: José Geraldo CostaProofreaders: Michael Marsden and Jesús MazoArt Director: J M AlkmimProduction: Tom FalcãoPrint: MPress(Sales)LtdAcknowledgments: Brazilian Tourist Office UK & Ireland,Embratur (Brazilian Tourist Board), and all state tourismauthorities in the Northeast© Tourist Office of the Embassy of Brazil in London 2011All rights reserved


The Northeast is one of the fiveregions of Brazil and an extraordinaryplace to visit. With a total area sixtimes larger than the United Kingdom, thenine states of Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará,Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Alagoas,Sergipe, Paraíba and Bahia contain anabundance of exciting destinations. Three ofthe ten Brazilian cities most visited byforeign tourists are here: Salvador, Fortalezaand Natal.Bathed by the Atlantic Ocean and blessedwith a warm, dry climate, the region boastsoutstanding beaches, impressive naturalbeauty and seven Unesco World HeritageSites. The Northeast will seduce you with itssensational carnival, delicious food, fantasticparties and beautiful handicrafts – and ofcourse the warmth of its people.


Salvador& BahiaSalvador is rhythm, flavours, street festivalsand amazing vivacity. It is one of those rareplaces that have a special energy you feelfrom the moment you arrive. The locals call itaxé, which means the vital power, or energy, ofeach being or thing. Closely associated withAfro-Brazilian culture, Salvador reflects a uniqueblend of European, African and Amerindianinfluences. It was the first capital of Brazil, from1549 to 1763, and the centre of the sugarindustry for many years. The city is the capital ofBahia state and one of Brazil’s cultural highlights.You are sure to see capoeira, an acrobatic artform somewhere between dance and martialart. Other attractions include a vibrant musicscene, carnival celebrations and wonderful localpeople – such as the baianas, with theirtraditional all-white clothing (left). And as forSalvador’s sensational cuisine, based ontraditional African ingredients such as palm oiland coconut milk, it alone will make your visitworthwhile.The city is also a starting point for exploringthe stunning Bahian coastline. Going 90km northyou reach Praia do Forte, with its coconut trees,coral reefs, rivers and natural pools. It is anexcellent spot for watersports and diving, andalso has interesting old architecture such as theCapela de São Francisco de Assis (right).


The Bahian capital of Salvador is steeped inhistory. From 1550 the first African slaves werebrought here from what is now Nigeria, Angola,Senegal and Mozambique, among other areas, and thecity became the first slave market in the New World. Asa port the city grew rich on the back of their toil –particularly through the trade in sugarcane, cotton andtobacco. As a symbol of the era the city has animpressive number of the finest colonial churches inthe country, with astonishingly decorated interiors thatshowcase the best artistic talent of the past.Today, Salvador is a large, modern city, but manyareas are still recognisably colonial. In spite of itsmodern urban development the city has managed topreserve several outstanding Renaissance buildings,and its historic centre has become a Unesco WorldHeritage Site.A special feature of the old town is the brightlycoloured houses, often decorated with fine stucco work– they surround the photogenic Pelourinho square, forexample. A protected site for tourism, culture andcelebrations, the Pelourinho is home to a large numberof carnival groups such as the Bloco Pierrot, picturedabove in the Largo do Cruzeiro.Carnival in Salvador is a hugely popular annualcelebration that takes place on an enormous scale:around 2 million revellers fill 25 kilometres of streets,6


avenues and squares, and there aremore than 200 performing groupsdivided into different styles such asblocos, trios elétricos, b locos afro, índiosand afoxés (see more on page 32).While many of the best beaches onthe stunning Bahian coastline lie withina couple of hours' drive, the city itselfalso boasts Praia da Barra (above),recently voted one of the best tenbeaches in the world by The Guardian.The city’s central area is divided intothe Cidade Alta (Upper City) and CidadeBaixa (Lower City), with the ElevadorLacerda (right) providing one means ofmoving between them. Nearby is theMercado Modelo, a vibrant market withan excellent selection of handicrafts.7


The mix of Catholic traditions and African heritage producespowerful celebrations in Salvador. A popular festival at theChurch of Senhor do Bonfim, famous for its miraculouscures, culminates with the ceremonial washing of its steps inperfumed water as chants are sung in the African language ofYoruba. At this church, as well as in many parts of Bahia, you canbuy colourful ribbons with the message 'Lembrança do Senhor doBonfim da Bahia' (Souvenir of Our Lord of Bonfim of Bahia). Theribbon is a typical souvenir from Bahia and is believed to give luckand protection to those who wear it.Travelling south from Salvador you will find magnificent beachesnear Porto Seguro, Arraial d’Ajuda and Trancoso. The region,known as Costa do Descobrimento because it was where thePortuguese explorers first landed in 1500, has 90km of coastlinefeaturing coral reefs, shallow ocean waters, creeks, groves ofcoconut trees and stunning Atlantic Forest. Praia do Rio da Barra(top right) is typical of the beaches in the south of Bahia.FROM THE TOWN OF CARAVELAS inthe south of the state of Bahia youcan reach the impressive AbrolhosMarine National Park. Around 70kmoff the coast, the Abrolhosarchipelago consists of coral reefs,small islands and remarkably clearwater. The islands can only beaccessed by authorised boats, withthe trip lasting between two-and-ahalfand four hours. Those who get tovisit the islands are dazzled by thediversity of colours and marinespecies found in the area. The mainattraction, though, can be seenbetween July and November whenthe archipelago is visited byhumpback whales, which migrate towarm waters to breed.8


MORRO DE SÃO PAULO. Once anisolated fishing village on an islandnear Valença, the region has become ahotspot for Brazilian and internationaltourists. Crystal-clear water, beachesand natural pools make this landscapea genuine spectacle.9


Chapada DiamantinaIn the heart of Bahia, 430km fromSalvador, lies the amazing ChapadaDiamantina, a huge area ofmountains, plateaus, rivers, waterfalls,caverns and transparent pools.Amongst the attractions is Morro do PaiInácio, a 300-metre-high formation30km from the city of Lençóis, withstunning views (top left). On the Rio daPratinha tour it is possible to visit theexternal lake and part of the river thatcrosses the cave (left).10


ParaíbaThe state ofParaíba containsBrazil’seasternmost point – thePonta do Seixas, nearCabo Branco (top left) –and its capital, JoãoPessoa, is one of theworld’s most forestedcities. The state offersmany attractions:beautiful and relaxingbeaches like Praia doJacaré, an excellent spotto appreciate the sunset(below left); historiccities and fine colonialchurches; sand dunes;rivers; waterfalls; andfascinating dinosaurfootprints. The state isalso famous for itscelebrations oftraditional customs,such as the Festa Junina(see more on page 33),and typical handicrafts.11


Fernando de NoronhaOne of the world’s most beautifulecological sanctuaries, the 21-islandarchipelago of Fernando deNoronha is a wonderful place to enjoynature.Its status as a Unesco Natural WorldHeritage Site is well deserved: theunbelievably clear waters are teeming withaquatic life – making the islands a mecca forscuba-divers – and there is also the largestconcentration of tropical seabirds in thewestern Atlantic. Nowhere in the world has ahigher resident population of dolphins: goingto the observation point above the Baía dosGolfinhos to watch hundreds of them at play– jumping from the ocean and spinning inthe air – is an unforgettable experience.Access to the islands is not difficult asthere are flights connecting the main islandto the cities of Natal and Recife.13


14Recife & Olinda


Recife, the capital ofPernambuco state, is one ofBrazil’s major touristdestinations. It is a city of water,bridges and several offshore reefsthat can be explored by scuba divingand snorkelling. Developed in the17th century, Recife has animpressive architectural heritage andits sister city Olinda boasts an evengreater number of colonial buildings.The street carnivals of Recife andOlinda, with their distinctive giantdolls (right), are considered to beamong the best in Brazil. The localpeople love to preserve theirtraditions through the dance rhythmsof frevo and maracatu (above).15


Situated 60km south ofRecife, Porto de Galinhashas become one of themost popular tourist destinationsin Brazil. Ten stunning beachesand year-round sunshine make itan ideal destination for thosewho want to relax or enjoysports such as diving and surfing.Porto de Galinhas stands outfor its calm, transparent waters,coconut trees and fine whitesand. The natural pools thatform on the beaches offer thechance to swim among severalspecies of colourful fish.Besides the daytimeattractions, Porto de Galinhas ischarming at night, with its manyrestaurants serving gastronomicdelights from the delicious localcuisine.Porto de Galinhas16


Natal & PipaThe state of Rio Grande doNorte has sand dunes,great beaches, cliffs andyear-round sun. The region wasfirst colonised by the Frenchduring the 16th century and laterby Portuguese and Dutch settlers.The capital, Natal, has becomethe point of departure for astring of beautiful beaches, ofwhich Praia de Ponta Negra isone of the most famous. Sightsinclude the Morro do Careca(pictured here), an enormoussand dune that has become awell known landmark.Beach-buggy rides through thedunes are one of the mostpopular activities.


Blessed with natural beauty andoffering a wide range of leisureoptions, Natal is among the mostvisited destinations in the Northeast.Known as the 'city of the sun', it is hometo many festivities and culturalcelebrations – not least its popularcarnival (known as 'carnatal'). Amongthe highlights are the Parque das Dunasand the star-shaped Fortaleza da Barrado Rio Grande (top left), also known asForte dos Reis Magos, which becameone of Natal’s first man-made landmarkswhen it was completed in 1599.Travelling 50km North of Natal youreach the natural pools of Maracajaúand Pirangi (above right), a snorkeller’sparadise. The food is also a majorattraction: jerked beef, paçoca de pilão(meat pounded with cassava flour), andnumerous seafood dishes reflect theculinary creativity of the local people,and there is also an array of exotictropical fruits to enjoy.18


Pipa is one of the mostfamous beaches in thewhole Northeast (left andabove). In the 1970s it became ameeting point for travellers insearch of adventure, and sincethen its natural beauty andoutdoor activities havecontinued to attract many youngpeople, particularly at weekendsand on bank holidays. Calmwaters, an ecological reserve,the richness of the Atlantic forestand the charming beaches ofPraia do Amor and Praia doMadeiro make Pipa an almostobligatory destination foranyone spending time in RioGrande do Norte.Around the beach there areexcellent bars and restaurants,offering international cuisine andregional specialities. Visitors canalso buy local artwork andhandicrafts, including paintings,sculptures, gems and lacework.And then there’s the nightlife,which includes plenty of liveforró, a highly popularnortheastern dance music.19


Lençóis Maranhenses& São LuísLENÇÓIS MARANHENSES, in Maranhão state, is one of the mostamazing sights on the whole Brazilian coastline – a huge, otherworldlyexpanse of white sand dunes interspersed with dazzlingblue-green pools, covering 70km of coastline and stretching50km inland.


São Luís, the capital of Maranhãostate, has great colonial charm.The late 17th-century core of thishistoric town, founded by the Frenchand occupied by the Dutch beforecoming under Portuguese rule, has anexceptional number of well-preservedhistoric buildings with facades coveredby colourful azulejos (painted tiles).The city is bathed by the warm watersof the Atlantic Ocean and has a rich anddistinctive folkloric tradition that iscelebrated through popular festivalssuch as the wonderfully atmosphericBumba-meu-boi (top right), which fillsthe streets with music and dance inJune. São Luís is also home to a vibrantBrazilian reggae scene.


PiauíPiauí is one of the largest statesin the Northeast and hasseveral attractions worthchecking out. One of the highlights isundoubtedly the Serra da CapivaraNational Park, a Unesco WorldHeritage Site. Many of its numerouscaves contain prehistoric paintings,some more than 25,000 years old,which are a fascinating testimony toone of the earliest humancommunities in South America.Located near São RaimundoNonato, 500km from the capitalTeresina, the park’s most impressiverock formation is Toca do Boqueirãoda Pedra Furada, a 15-metre-widehole in the rockface more than 60mabove the ground (left). There is animpressive variety of wildlife,including the rare onça suçuarana(panther) and colourful butterflies.22


Although its coastline ismuch shorter than that ofits neighbours, Piauí hasmore than its fair share of goodbeaches. And not far from thecoast is Lagoa do Portinho(below), a lagoon surrounded bydunes that provides the perfectspot for swimming, boating,sailing and fishing.Other highlights include thePoti river canyon (right) – nearBuriti dos Montes, 230km fromTeresina – which was created by aspectacular geological formation.The canyon is something of asecret: visited by travellers fromall over the world and yet still lesswell known than comparablebeauty spots elsewhere.Distinctive rock carvings andpaintings can be found at severalsites along the river.23


CearáPRAIA DA LAGOINHA, 100km fromFortaleza, is one of the bestbeaches in Ceará state. Its coconuttrees, lagoon and sand dunesconform to the classic image of atropical paradise.


The state of Ceará rewardsvisitors with spectacularlandscapes, glorious weatherand nearly 600km of superbbeaches. A good point of departurefor the fantastic coastline, thecapital Fortaleza also has vibrantnightlife and traditional regionalhandicrafts (right). The city has beenmodernised but still shows its pastin the form of museums, churches,fortresses and historic buildings.Along the coast there are manyactivities to enjoy, including theexperience of swimming with giantturtles (left). Kite-surfing and windsurfingenthusiasts need look nofurther than Paracuru beach, 90kmfrom Fortaleza, with its perfectwaves and constant winds. Sanddunes (above), natural pools andmangroves add to the local naturalbeauty.


CumbucoCumbucoCanoa Quebrada26


Cumbuco beach is oneof the best examples ofwhat Ceará can offer: along expanse of sand,coconut trees, a constantgentle breeze and a partyatmosphere. Located 40kmfrom Fortaleza, Cumbuco isthe first stop on the Costa doSol Poente. You can hop on ajangada (raft) to enjoy thesea or hire a buggy for a tourup and down the sand dunes.Canoa Quebrada, 170kmfrom the capital, is also a topdestination. Once a simplefishing village, it became afavourite spot for hippies inthe 1970s and now has abroader appeal. During theday you can enjoy the beach,buggy rides, sea rafts, horseridingand much more. Whenthe sun goes down it’s timefor music and dancing.Another unmissable spot isJericoacoara, considered oneof the world’s ten mostbeautiful beaches by the NewYork Times (right). Also, youcan't leave Ceará withouttrying the local seafood.27


Alagoas


Despite its size, the smalstate of Alagoas canlay claim to having thebest selection of beaches inthe Northeast. Its capital,Maceió, bordered by palmtrees, mangroves and theocean, stands out for itsbeauty. From Pajuçara, themain city beach (picturedhere), you can hire a jangada(raft) and head out to sea.Praia do Francês (top right),20km from Maceió, is oneof the most beautifulbeaches on the state’s southerncoast. Palm trees, white sand andwater ranging in colour from blueto green present a picture ofparadise. Heading north, the maindestination is Maragogi, with itscalm waters and huge naturalpools formed by coral reefs(opposite page).29


SergipeAMONG the hightlights of Sergipe are day trips to the historicsugar towns of Laranjeiras and São Cristóvão. The first capital ofthe state of Sergipe, São Cristóvão (below) is also the fourtholdest town in Brazil and preserves an impressive collection ofsacred art. São Francisco Square, in the heart of town, recentlybecame another of the Northeast’s Unesco World Heritage Sites.Sergipe is the smallest statein Brazil but has manyattractions: an amazingcoastline, historic monuments,and explosions of colour andsound in the form of popularfestivities such as the Reisado(top left) and the Dança dosParafusos (top right).Near the town of Canindé doSão Francisco (210km from thecapital Aracajú), you can take aboat down the São Franciscoriver, navigating throughspectacular stretches such as theXingó Canyon (left). One of themost famous rock formations inthe area, the canyon embellishesthe dry landscape of thenortheastern hinterland.30


Hints& Highlightseconomical option for those planning to travel aroundthe country. The 'Brazil Pass' sold by TAM BrazilianAirlines, for example, allows for up to nine economyclassflights.BUDGET TRAVELLERSBudget accommodation is available throughout theNortheast in the form of hostels, pousadas (smallguesthouses, typically family-run) and campsites.Travellers should be aware that prices go up in thesummer holidays (Dec-Feb), especially during carnival.ADVENTURE SPORTSThe coastline and national parks of northeast Brazilinclude fantastic locations for trekking, white-waterrafting, paragliding, rock climbing, abseiling, surfingand kite surfing.AIR TRAVELThe airports of Salvador, Fortaleza, Recife and Natalreceive a total of 28 flights per week from Europeancities, and the Northeast is also well served bydomestic flights from other parts of Brazil. Airpasses –sold only outside Brazil – are a convenient andBEVERAGESGiven the profusion of coconut trees along the coast, itmakes sense that one of the most commonrefreshments in the Northeast is água de coco (coconutwater), typically drunk direct from the coconut with astraw. Beer often comes in the form of chope, thegeneric term for draught lager, which is generallyserved with a head of foam and always very, very cold.Cachaça, made from sugarcane, is the most populardistilled beverage in Brazil. It is sometimes consumedneat but more often mixed with fruit juice – as is thecase with Brazil’s most famous cocktail, the caipirinha(cachaça, lime juice, sugarand crushed ice), which israpidly gaining in popularityworldwide. In a batida, thecousin of the caipirinha, thejuice and pulp of otherfruits – such as passion fruitor coconut – are usedinstead. The legal minimumage to purchase andconsume alcoholic drinks inBrazil is 18.31


CAATINGAThe Caatinga is the main ecosystem in the Northeast. Itcontains a variety of semi-arid landscapes and is hometo some distinctive flora and fauna. The most commonvegetation is twisted scrub, short trees andthornbushes.CAPOEIRAA playful, acrobatic blend of dance and martial art,capoeira is distinctively Brazilian and yet has its roots inAfrica. United in a fluidity of movement known asginga, two capoeristas perform a series of spins,cartwheels and kicks – narrowly avoiding makingcontact with each other – while the rest of the groupstand around them in a roda (circle) and set the tempowith singing, clapping, and the twang of the onestringedberimbau. This athletic game of guile andimprovisation – enjoyed by both men and women – istaught in Brazilian schools and is now becomingincreasingly well known abroad. Visitors to theNortheast are sure to come across it at some point.Salvador - Afoxé Filhos de GandhyCARNAVALCarnaval in Brazil, the biggest and most exuberantfestival of the year, is deservedly world famous. Tied tothe religious calendar, it gets underway on the lastFriday before Lent and winds down five days later onAsh Wednesday. The actual dates vary from year toyear, therefore, but are always either in February orearly March. Visitors should be aware that normal life issuspended during carnival, with many offices andbusinesses closing down for the entire duration of thefestivities.Although Rio de Janeiro’s carnival is probably themost famous in the world, many would say theNortheast can at least match it in terms of excitement.With around two million people partying in thestreets, Salvador’s carnival is the world’s biggest. At itsheart are the floats, known as trios elétricos, thatslowly transport a band and a sound system throughthe city centre or along the beachfront, constantlysurrounded by a dancing, singing crowd. Blocos –carnival 'clubs' united by a specific theme, wearing thesame clothes (often aT-shirt and headdress)and always includingdrummers and othermusicians – also play afundamental role in thefestivities. The blocosafro, particularlyimportant in Salvador,have their roots inAfrican traditions andmusic: Olodum, IlêAiyê, Ara Ketu andAfoxé Filhos de Gandhy(famously inspired byMahatma Gandhi) areamong the mostpopular. A luxurycarnival experience canbe had by renting acamarote (private box)along the parade route:this makes it possibleto watch the festivitiesin relative comfort but also join in whenever you wish.Recife starts getting into carnival mood in December,with the distinctive rhythms of maracatu and frevo verymuch to the fore. The party reaches fever pitch withthe Galo da Madrugada, a huge gathering of around 1.5million people in the old city centre on the Saturdaymorning. Trios elétricos, troças (jesters), samba schoolsand folk dancers all add to the colour of the occasion.A short hop along the coast from Recife, the beautifulcolonial city of Olinda has a hugely popular carnivalwhere everyone is welcome to throw themselves intothe celebrations. With their giant puppets and well-32


CRUISE TRIPSLarge cruise ships are regular visitors to Brazil’s shores.In the Northeast the most popular ports of call,especially during carnival, are Fortaleza, Recife andSalvador.FESTA JUNINAThe celebrations of three different saints fall during themonth of June, and the festivities traditionally have arural theme, featuring rustic costumes, square dancing,bonfires and quentão (mulled wine). In the Northeastthe parties are particularly lively: Caruaru in the stateof Pernambuco and Campina Grande in Paraíba, forexample, stage huge dance festivals with lots of forró.Recife - Galo da Madrugadaknown songs, the most traditional blocos attract aparticularly enthusiastic following, filling the narrowcobbled streets with a swaying mass of revellers.Elsewhere, expect to find some kind of street party,probably with at least a couple of trios elétricos, inevery town and city. Some Brazilians actually prefer aless hectic carnival experience and deliberately seekout the smaller, lesser-known parties along the coast,or indeed inland.Salvador - Trio ElétricoForthcoming Carnaval dates2011: 4-9 Mar / 2012: 17-22 Feb2013: 8-13 Feb / 2014: 28 Feb-5 Mar2015: 13-18 Feb / 2016: 5-10 Feb33


FOODThe cuisine of the Northeast reflects the mixture ofAfrican, Amerindian and Portuguese influences. Thestrongest African flavours are in Bahia, where you canenjoy delicious specialities such as moqueca, a seafoodstew, and vatapá, a creamy shrimp and peanut pastecooked with coconut milk and palm oil. The northeastcoast in general is known for its excellent seafood,including fresh lobster and king prawns. Anothertraditional food in the region is carne de sol, whichmeans salted beef that has been cured and preservedthrough exposure to the sun.FORRÓForró is a kind of dance music traditionally associatedwith Northeast, although it also has a following inother parts of Brazil. Its distinctive sound is usuallycreated by just three instruments: accordion, zabumba(a type of bass drum) and triangle. It is danced with apartner – usually very close together. The best tip forbeginners is to go with the flow, perhaps assisted by acaipirinha.GOLFGolf was introduced to Brazil by British railwayengineers in the nineteenth century. No fewer thantwelve Brazilian states have international-class courses– and the best in the Northeast are in Bahia: Costa doSauípe Golf Links; Trancoso - Terravista Golf Course;Ilha de Comandatuba - Comandatuba Ocean Course.MARKETSBustling feiras (outdoor markets) are found throughoutthe Northeast. Typically they sell a bit of everything,from fruit and vegetables to clothes, handicrafts andeven animals. The market in Caruaru, in Pernambuco,is considered to be of special cultural importance byBrazil’s National Institute of Historic and ArtisticHeritage (IPHAN).RESORTSThe Northeast has a growing number of five-starresorts, some of them already operating on an allinclusivebasis. Typically they have large swimmingpools, a range of sports options, eveningentertainment, and excellent bars and restaurants. Asyou would expect, they tend to be found in the mostspectacular locations along the coast.SÃO FRANCISCO RIVERAlmost 3,000km long, the São Francisco links northeastBrazil with the southeast of the country. It also has aspecial place in Brazilian folklore, being the subject ofcountless songs, stories and legends.SNORKELLING AND DIVINGExceptional diving and snorkelling can be enjoyed atnumerous spots along the coast, and even in somerivers and lakes. There are perhaps two places thatdeserve a special mention: Fernando de Noronha (page12), with an array of aquatic life including dolphins andgiant turtles, and Abrolhos (page 8), where it is possibleto see humpback whales.SURFINGSome stretches of the coastline offer superb conditionsfor surfing. Fernando de Noronha, for example, boastsconditions so good that it has hosted internationalcompetitions.WORLD HERITAGE LISTThe Northeast has more than its fair share of UnescoWorld Heritage Sites – seven in total. They entered theprestigious list either because of their architecturalimportance (the historic centres of Olinda, Salvadorand São Luis, and São Francisco Square in the town ofSão Cristóvão) or outstanding natural beauty (the Serrada Capivara National Park; the Atlantic Forest Reserveson the Costa do Descobrimento; and the BrazilianAtlantic Islands, including Fernando de Noronha).Picture Credits: Alexandre Diniz, Alexandre Campbell, Agência Reuters, André Stefano,Antônio Melcop, Aureliano José Nogueira Neto, A. Villela, BAHIATURSA-Empresa de Turismoda Bahia, Breno Laprovitera, Carlito Ferreira, César de Oliveira, Christian Knepper / Anima /EMBRATUR, Editora Peixes, EMBRATUR, EMPETUR-Empresa de Turismo de Pernambuco,EMSETUR-Empresa Sergipana de Turismo, Guilhermo Novolisio, Ivaldo Cavalcante, JoséGeraldo Costa, Jota Freitas/BAHIATURSA, J. Wagner da Silva, Local Foto/SETURCE, LuisOlarte, Luciano Candisani, Maps originated by Oxford Cartographers, Marcus Hirakawa,Markito, Marluce Roald Andretta / Loba do Mar, Maurício Correia, Maurício Moreira,Maurício Simonetti, Pavel Chernec, Pedro Paulo Capellossi, Plinio Bordin, Renata Victor,Ricardo Ribas, Rico, Rogério Monteiro, Sergio Fecuri Limbourg, Secretaria de Turismo doEstado de Alagoas, SETUR-Caucaia, SETURCE-Secretaria de Turismo do Estado do Ceará,Secretaria de Turismo do Estado do Maranhão, Secretaria de Turismo do Estado da Paraíba,Secretaria de Turismo do Estado do Piauí, Secretaria de Turismo do Estado do Rio Grande doNorte, Roberto Werner, Rogério Monteiro, Werner Zotz, Washington Siqueira.34


Brazil - The NortheastColombiaVenezuelaNegroAmazonBoa VistaRoraimaManausGeorgetownParamariboSurinamGuyanaCayenneFrenchGuianaMacapáAmazonAmapáA tl a n t i c O c e a nBelémSâo LuísAmazonasParáTeresinaCearaFortalezaRioGrandedo NorteFernando de NoronhaUcayaliP a c i fi c O c e a nAcrePeruRioBrancoChileLa PazPorto VelhoRondôniaBoliviaArgentinaMato GrossoCuiabáParaguayParanáParaguaiMato Grossodo SulCampoGrandeAsunciónParanáXinguFoz do IguaçuPorto AlegreAraguaiaGoiâniaGoiásParanáParanaibaGrandeSanta CatarinaRio Grande do SulTocantinsSão PauloCuritibaPalmasBrasíliaFlorianópolisSâo FranciscoBeloHorizonteBahiaRio de JaneiroParaíba NatalJoão PessoaPernambucoRecifeAlagoasMaceióSergipeAracajuVitóriaSalvadorSantiagoBuenos AiresUruguayMontevideoTocantinsMaranhãoSão PauloTocantinsPiauíMinas GeraisRio de JaneiroEspírito SantoBRAZILNational capitalState capitalStateInternational25 5025750kmBrazil - Northeast - average temperatures ( o C)State Capitals Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRECIFE 26.5 26.5 26.4 25.9 25.2 24.5 23.9 23.9 24.6 25.5 26.1 26.4 25.5MACEIÓ 26.5 26.5 26.4 26.0 25.2 24.3 23.6 23.6 24.3 25.3 25.9 26.2 24.8JOÃO PESSOA 27.1 27.2 27.0 26.7 26.0 25.2 24.2 24.3 25.1 26.3 26.7 26.9 26.1TERESINA 26.7 26.1 26.1 26.2 26.4 26.1 26.2 26.8 28.8 29.3 28.8 28.1 27.1FORTALEZA 30.6 30.2 29.7 29.8 29.9 29.6 29.6 30.0 30.2 30.5 30.7 30.8 30.1NATAL 27.0 27.2 27.0 26.6 26.0 24.9 24.3 24.3 25.1 26.0 26.4 26.7 26.0SALVADOR 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.2 25.2 24.3 23.7 23.6 24.3 25.1 25.5 25.9 25.3ARACAJÚ 27.0 27.1 27.1 26.7 26.0 25.1 24.4 24.4 25.0 25.9 26.3 26.6 26.0SÃO LUIS 26.1 25.7 25.6 25.8 25.9 25.9 25.6 25.9 26.3 26.6 26.9 26.7 26.1­Source: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia/INMETFortaleza30 o Cis the average yearlytemperature in FortalezaLargest cities PopulationSalvador 2,948,000Fortaleza 2,473,000Recife 1,550,000São Luís 987,000Maceió 924,000Natal 790,000Teresina 794,000João Pessoa 693,000Jaboatão dos Guararapes 678,000Feira de Santana 584,000Aracaju 536,000Olinda 394,00035


Genipabu beach, Natalwww.brazil.org.ukEmbassy of Brazilin Londonwww.braziltour.com36

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