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RESEARCH IN ITALY - Innova

RESEARCH IN ITALY - Innova

01Valle

01Valle d’AostaLombardiaTrentinoalto adigeFriuliVeneziaGiuliaPiemonteCalabriaBasilicata5,58,8VenetoSardegnaMolise1,17,9LiguriaEmiliaRomagnaPuglia11,7MarcheCampaniaSicilia14,711,6ToscanaAbruzzoValle d’AostaAbruzzo39,750SardegnaUmbriaMolisePugliaLazioLiguria33,260,4LazioUmbriaMarche41,456,9CampaniaToscana66Friuli Venezia GiuliaTrentino-Alto Adige61,3132,3SiciliaBasilicataPiemonte102,3CalabriaVeneto117Lombardia132Emilia Romagna170among Italian regions 10 . As shown in Fig.2, in2006, Emilia Romagna leads with 170 patentsper million of inhabitants, followed by FriuliVenezia Giulia (132.3), Lombardia (132),Veneto (117), Piemonte (102.3) and Toscana(66). Italian southern regions such as, Molise,Sardegna, Basilicata and Calabria, each filedless than 10 patents per million inhabitants.Together, all the analyzed results indicate apositive trend of growth for the country andthis is particularly true for certain Italian regionsin which an outstanding research population,the proximity of good universities andcreative companies are coming together toform smart clusters that are indeed serving asinnovation forges.Technology Balance of PaymentsThe technological balance of payments measuresinternational transfers of technology,such as: patents; inventions; license fees;purchases and royalties paid; trademarks;know-how; patterns and designs; and serviceswith technological content, like technical assistance,engineering, training of personnel,R&D services and technology exchange. UnlikeR&D expenditure, these are paymentsfor production-ready technologies. The outboundflow indicates a certain country’s abilityto commercialize its technological competencesand know-how in the internationalmarket, while the inbound flow indicates theability to use and integrate foreign technologiesin its system. In the last years, Italy showedan increase in both the inbound and outboundflows and the balance has a positive value in Italy,likewise in almost all European countries.10 StatExtract, Patents by region database, OCSE 2008Figure 2: Regional Distribution of Patentsfiled at the EPO (data are normalizedon 1 million inhabitants)8

02TechnologyParks & ResearchInfrastructuresA large network of science parks, business incubators,and public and private research infrastructures underpin Italy’sresearch activities.As outlined in the executive summary,in Italy, research is conductedthrough a network of ScienceParks, Business Incubators,several Private Research Institutes and PublicResearch Organizations (PRO). These “entities/organizations”can work autonomouslyor come together to develop research andbusiness ideas within public-private consortia.2.1 Research Institutes and UniversitiesIn Italy the Ministry for Education Universityand Research (MiUR) coordinates nationaland international scientific activities,allocates funding to universities and researchcenters, and establishes the guidelines for thesupport of public and private research andtechnological development funding. Furthermore,MiUR coordinates the preparation ofthe triennial National Research Programme(NRP), the main governmental document forR&D planning that sets the strategic lines forthe national system.• Universities - Research activity in Italy ismainly carried out by universities- in 2006universities spent 30.3% of total R&D nationalexpenditure as discussed in the previousparagraph. There are 95 universitiesin Italy, the majority of which – over 70%11Web Portal “Italian Research”: http://www.ricercaitaliana.it/universita_chifaricerca.html- is public (67 State universities) 11 ; however,Public Research Organizations (PROs) playan extremely important role in the ItalianTable 1: Italian University RankingItalian University RankingPublic Universities1 Politecnico di Milano2 Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia3 Università degli Studi di Trieste4 Politecnico di Torino5 Università di Pavia6 Università degli Studi di Ferrara7 Università degli Studi di Trento8 Università degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale9 Università degli Studi di Padova10 Università Politecnica delle MarcheItalian University RankingPrivate Universities1 Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi- Milano2 Università San Raffaele- Milano3 Libera Università Internazionale degliStudi Sociali (LUISS)- Roma4 Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (Milano)5 Università Carlo Cattaneo (LIUC)(Castellanza –Varese)9

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