The Bulletin from Johnny Cake Hill, Winter/Spring 2011

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The Bulletin from Johnny Cake Hill, Winter/Spring 2011

BullTHEetinWINTER/SPRING 2011fromJohnnyCake HillInventory Flensing25%–75% Off


Cape Verdean Maritime Exhibition, a PreviewBy michael P. Dyer, Maritime Curator and Gregory J. Galer, Ph.D., Vice President, Collections & ExhibitionsThe Cape Verde Islands and the portof New Bedford share an ocean anda maritime culture. e Atlantic Ocean, long thesea of commerce for mariners of the early AmericanRepublic, was the highway of trade. Amongthe most significant ports of call in this vast sea,from the middle of the 18th century, were theCape Verde Islands. e ten main islands, all volcanic,are Santo Antão, São Vicente, Santa Luzia,São Nicolau, Sal, Boa Vista, Maio, Santiago,Fogo and Brava.R“rowing themselves on thewings of fortune.”— e Secretary-General of the Cape Verde Government,Eduardo Augusto de Sá Nogueira Pinto de BalsemãoTrade between Cape Verde and New Bedford dates to the 1790sand earlier when New Bedford merchant vessels, bound for sealskins taken in the southern ocean, stopped in Cape Verde for supplies.From the middle of the 18th century the islands were alsoan important trade destination as the Isle of Sal provided salt, animportant commodity, and American merchant vessels stoppedthere frequently to fill their holds with this valuable produce.Clothing and cloth were the most commonly traded Americanproducts.Located off the westernmost cape of the continent of Africa, theirgeography also placed the islands in the direct path of whalingvessels sailing to the southern capes. As whalers and traders visitedthe islands for foodstuffs, water, and salt, the islanders themselvesoften joined the passing vessels.New Bedford whaling agents commonly instructed their mastersto transship oil home from the “Cape de Verdes.” Americanwhalers from New Bedford visited the islands beginning as earlyas the 1790s and began more regular trade in the early 19thAbove: “e Isle of Fogo (the Isle of Fire) one of the Cape Verde Islands” from Benjamin Russelland Caleb Purrington’s “Grand Panorama of a Whaling Voyage Round the World,” 1848.Called the Isle of Fire since time immemorial the periodically active volcano at Fogo was anatural beacon to mariners in the eastern North Atlantic. (1918.27)Sponsored by ECHO (Education through Cultural and Historical Organizations)a program administered by the U.S. Dept. of Education.Cape Verdean immigrants aboard the “Savoia”, October 4, 1914. (1981.61.725)century, mostly for fruit (principally oranges, bananas, coconutsand watermelons) as well as hogs, chickens and goats.Free Cape Verdean men sometimes joined the vessels as crew,often sought deliberately by whaling shipmasters eager to fillberths on their ships.e island men left their arid homeland; a homeland oftenplagued by disease and active volcanoes as well as a just horrorof enforced military service, and “throwing themselves on thewings of fortune,” emigrated to New England onboard theconvenient vehicle of the passing whaler. As the men left, atthe rate of as many as one hundred a year, the women wereoften left behind. e Secretary General of Cape Verde, reportingin 1874 on the status of women in the islands, noted“Wanderer” deck view on sailing day with Captain Antone T. Edwards and some of his crew,August 25, 1922. (2000.100.86.3)Cape Verdean MaritimeExhibitionOpening Tuesday, July 5, 2011that due to so many men leaving onboard visiting whalers,“there is a great disproportion between the male and femalesexes,” and that many women sought passage to the U.S.A.on packet ships either in search of a husband or to join theirhusbands and family members.Continued on page 17Committee issues call to the community for historical itemse story of Cape Verdean Whaling and the Cape Verdean American experience is diverse, and like all exhibits, a story best toldwith a wide range of artifacts and documents. e Museum’s Cape Verdean Maritime Exhibition Committee has turned to thecommunity for assistance. Committee co-chairs Gene Monteiro and Dr. Patricia Andrade kindly ask people with ties to CapeVerde to look around their homes, to scour closets and attics, for material to strengthen the exhibition.“Within the Museum’s vast collections are many significant artifacts, photos and documents which help tell the unique andcompelling story of these islands, Cape Verdeans’ journey to America, and their contributions to this region,” said Mr. Monteiro.“However, we believe that within the homes of the Cape Verdean American community there are important items to be discoveredand perhaps featured in this exhibit,” he added.Dr. Patricia Andrade noted, “Historical photographs will be key in telling this story, so we are issuing a call to the communityto dust off their family albums and look through their attics for any items, documents, photographs or artifacts which might beuseful in more fully telling the story of the people of Cape Verde and their journey as Americans.”“Building the Museum’s collection of materials of Cape Verdean heritage in New Bedford and onboard New Bedford vesselswill greatly enhance this exhibit and allow the Museum to better incorporate Cape Verdean history within broader New Bedfordhistory,” said Dr. Greg Galer, the Museum’s Vice President of Collections & Exhibitions, who is working with the Committeewith Michael Dyer, the Museum’s Maritime Curator.ose with materials for the exhibition – photographs, items from Cape Verde, artifacts representing Cape Verdean culture andits continuance in New Bedford – including musical instruments, domestic objects, clothing, crafts, artwork, early immigrationdocuments, scrimshaw and other artifacts related to whaling and the maritime trades – should contact Michael Dyer:(508) 997-0046, ext. 137, or by email: mdyer@whalingmuseum.org2 winter/spring bulletin 2011winter/spring bulletin 2011 3


NEyes on the WhaleCollecting Visual Images of Moby-DickBy Elizabeth Schultz, Ph.D.o work of American literature hasinspired a more diversified responsefrom artists than Herman Melville’sMoby-Dick. Although written about anow obsolete and often vilified industry,Melville’s novel has inspired innumerableartworks, ranging from popular crafts toimmense canvases and sculptures positionedin the nation’s major art museums. Sincethe 1980s when my students at the Universityof Kansas began bringing me cartoonsand advertisements referencing Moby-Dick,I have been committed to tracking downthese Moby-Dick-connected artworks, tocontemplating them in relation to the noveland, above all, to attempting to understandwhy this novel, unlike any other, hasgenerated these astonishing and ostensiblynever-ending visual responses. My endeavorsresulted in a 1995 book, Unpaintedto the Last: Moby-Dick and Twentieth-Century American Art, and a nationaltraveling exhibition.It is with great joy that I pass on to theMuseum and the Melville Society Archiveshoused there my collection of Moby-Dickartworks which grew out of that book. Itcontains representative pieces from theamazing range of works created in responseto Melville’s novel. e collection includesetchings, silkscreens, lithographs, paintings,watercolors, photographs, a computerphoto montage, and a range of three-dimensionalobjects, including an exactreplica of a sperm whale’s eye. Althoughseveral of the pieces in the collection arefeatured in the book, the majority werediscovered or created after the book’s publicationand have not been shown to the8 winter/spring bulletin 2011public. e earliest work in the collection,an ink sketch of Ahab, is drawn by KarlKnaths, whom I identified as the first artistto do a free-standing painting based onMoby-Dick. Among more recent works inthe collection are two 2005 paintings froma series of avian Moby-Dick portraits,created by George Klauba—one of Pip asa small blackbird, the other of Fedallah asa falcon.Moby-Dick inspired several artists in thecollection to design books. Wallace Putnamlets his reflections about the novel flow togetheracross the page in words and imagesin Moby Dick Seen Again, while in herbook, the Whiteness of the Whale, ClareIllouz responds to a single chapter in thenovel by white-on-white printing, black-onwhiteetchings, and two pages of gorgeous,explosive color. In addition to Illouz, who isFrench, artists from three countries beyondthe United States are represented in thecollection—Charley Reuvers (the Netherlands),Athanasis Christodoulou (Greece),and Xiaoguang Qiao (China). Qiao’s largepapercuts reflect the first time a Chineseartist has responded to Moby-Dick. Donein 2009, in a centuries-old Chinese papercuttingstyle, they express Qiao’s sense ofthe White Whale’s capacity to embracecreativity, beauty, and mystery.With Moby-Dick art continuing to proliferate,I feel that it is imperative to share thewonder of this phenomenon. My experienceas a collector of visual responses toMoby-Dick has been comparable to Ishmael’sexperiences as he attempts to trackdown and to understand whales, realizing“Ahab”, Karl Knaths, circa 1935, from the collection ofElizabeth Schultz“e Story of Moby Dick”, Xiaoguang Qiao, 2009, from thecollection of Elizabeth Schultzthat while his task can never be completed,it remains one of endless fascination as heseeks to discover images of whales amongprairie grasses and constellations. In passingon my collection to the Museum, it is myhope not only to share it with visitors tothis distinguished museum where whalesand Melville have long been cherished, butalso to encourage others to join me in seekingto understand Moby-Dick through theeyes of the world’s artists.Erin McGough, Experienced Registrar Comes Onboarde Museum’s new Registrar, Erin McGough, comes from the Concord Museum, and holds a Master’sDegree in Art History and Museum Studies from Tufts University and a B.A. in Art History from Williamand Mary. She has extensive internship experience at museums including the Corcoran, the Smithsonian,and Harvard’s Peabody Museum. Erin is a rare find, someone who decided early on that a museum registrarwas her career goal. She has a wide range of experience from object handling to deep knowledge ofcollection databases, object loans and climate control systems.Sailors’ SeriesReception 6:30 pmLecture 7:30 pmEach Lecture: $15/Non-Member $20Series: $50/Non-Member $75Schooner Niña during the 1958 New York Yacht Clubcruise, Norman Fortier, 1958. (2004.11.10492)Sponsored by CE Beckman and Citizens-Union Savings BankECHO Performing Arts Festival March 11, 2010.Photo: Kate Mello.Scrimshaw WeekendFriday, May 13 – Sunday, May 15Sea Unicorn Crimper. (1923.7.2)Scrimshaw experts, collectors and fans will cometogether May 13-15 at the Museum for the22nd annual Scrimshaw Weekend, a 3-dayinternational event that has something foreveryone, from the curious-minded to the seriouscollector. Join us for the only forum dedicatedto the indigenous shipboard art of whalemen.Founded in 1989, this event attracts enthusiastsfrom four continents, all gathering to share theenjoyment of collecting and researching thisbeautiful artwork.Celebrating its 21st year, this series of illustrated lectures presents a wide variety of experiences andadventures by individuals with lifelong commitments to sailing, boats, and the seaTuesday, February 22Bill Cook is a yacht designer living in Barnstable.His designs range from a 10’ frostbite dinghy to an85’ world champion maxi; in recent years his officehas focused on blue water cruising boats. He willshow a 30-minute video of his 2010 cruise to SouthGreenland, home of some of the world’s mostdramatic ords, as well as the Norse settlementsof the Middle Ages.Tuesday, March 22Commander andrew Norris is the U. S. CoastGuard representative to the International Law Departmentstaff. Commander Norris is also a collateral-dutyCoast Guard military judge. As such, hepresides over special courts-martial of Coast Guardpersonnel throughout the country. He will discussmodern piracy issues including problem areas andthe national and international response.C. E. Beckman, Co.ECHO Performing Arts FestivalTuesday, April 26A native of South Dartmouth, llewellyn HowlandIII is an editor, yachting historian, and antiquarianbookseller. Mr. Howland will talk about some of themajor figures in the sport of yachting on BuzzardsBay–designers, builders, sailmakers, and sailing professionals,as well as owners and amateur skippersand crew.Tuesday, May 24Wareham native Dr. laura Pires Hester is a championof the Schooner Ernestina and will speak aboutthe history of the Brava Packets and their role in relationsbetween Cape Verde and New Bedford. eBrava Packets, owned and operated by Cape Verdeans,sailed between the Islands and the United Statestransporting immigrants, goods and drought relief.Dr. Pires Hester is a graduate of Smith and earneda Master’s Degree and Doctorate at Columbia University.She has worked with the Friends of the Ernestinafor decades.Thursday, March 10 | 7:00 pm | Cook Memorial Theater | Freee ECHO Performing Arts Festival (PAF) troupe comes to the New Bedford Whaling Museum on AHA!Night, ursday, March 10 at 7:00 pm with their multicultural performance, Celebrate – Song, Dance &Story! is 45-minute performance will take the audience on a journey down life’s paths, from childhood tolove and marriage and beyond. rough song, dance and stories, life’s challenges and triumphs are viewedthrough the lens of many cultures to reveal the commonality of the human experience.e troupe includes PAF veterans Stephen Blanchett (Yu’pik) – Alaska Native Heritage Center, Ani Lokomaika’iLipscomb (Hawaiian) – Bishop Museum, and Annawon Weeden (Wampanoag) – Peabody EssexMuseum. Ed Bourgeois is Stage and Tour Manager. e troupe will be available after the performance totalk with the audience.e ECHO Performing Arts Festival will also include performances in Hawaii, Mississippi, Washington, DC,Alaska, and in Mashpee, Aquinnah and Salem, Massachusetts.Sponsored by ECHO (Education through Cultural and Historical Organizations) a program administered by the U.S. Dept. of Education.Friday, may 13 | Noon - 5:00 pm2nd Annual Scrimshaw Antiques Showand Swap-MeetPlease contact Richard Donnellyredonnelly46@gmail.com for vendor informationSaturday, may 14 | 9:00 am - 8:00 pmPlenary sessions and BanquetSaturday, may 14 | 8:00 pmConsignment Auction open to the publicPlease contact Richard Donnellyredonnelly46@gmail.com for donor informationSunday, may 15Field Trip to be announcedEvent activities• Pirates and Female Pirates on Scrimshaw• “Built” Scrimshaw: Types, Tools, andConstruction Methods• Care and Feeding: Taking Care of Your Scrimshaw• Pictorial Sources of Scrimshaw in the NewBedford Whaling Museum• Pictorial Sources of Scrimshaw in Institutional andPrivate Collections• New insights into the works of several individualscrimshaw artistsSponsored by Northeast Auctions• Scrimshaw Market Report• Special Exhibition of Scrimshaw for Saleat Auction• Update on the Grand Catalogue of Scrimshawin the New Bedford Whaling Museum• Collectors’ Show-and-TellScrimshaw Weekend, including admission to theMuseum and the Scrimshaw & Marine AntiquesShow, scheduled meals, and all plenary sessions is$335 (Museum members $295) prior to May 1st.After May 1st the fee is $370 (Museum members$330). Saturday banquet only, $75.For the full schedule of events and program updates,please visit the Museum website atwww.whalingmuseum.org. For logistical informationor to register, please contact visitor services at(508) 997-0046, ext. 100 oremail: frontdesk@whalingmuseum.orgFull Scholarships are available for studentsScrimshaw 101Saturday, January 29, 10:00 am - 5:00 pmAn Introduction for Newcomers and RefresherCourse for Seasoned Collectors. $50.upcoming eventswinter/spring bulletin 2011 9


upcoming eventsWinter and Spring School Vacation WeeksMuseums are a great gathering place for families to learn together while having fun. Our staff and our artifacts can bring history and science to lifeand connect you to the important role New Bedford played in American history and plays in whale conservation. We invite you to begin the schoolvacation weeks at the Whaling Museum as we celebrate important people and big whales.12 winter/spring bulletin 2011Presidents’ Day Birthday CelebrationMonday, February 21 | 10:00 am – 2:00 pm | Jacobs Family Galleryere was a ‘resolute’ connection between the Yankee whaling industry and the White House throughout the industry’s history. eMuseum will celebrate this relationship with our Founding Fathers by hosting a Presidents’ Day Birthday Celebration on Monday,February 21st. Visitors of all ages will be invited to participate in arts and crafts, a scavenger hunt and related activities and, of course,there will be birthday cake! Scrimshaw and other artifacts depicting several presidents, from the Museum’s collections, will be on display.In addition you can be photographed next to the Grinnell Desk, created from the timbers of the HMS Resolute, which became trappedin the Arctic in 1854, and ultimately dismantled in 1879. Two other desks, fashioned from the same ship, reside in England’s RoyalNaval Museum and in the Oval Office. FREE event.Modified portrait of Abraham Lincoln, Kate Mello. (2000.100.2246)Right Whale DayMonday, April 18 | 10:00 am – 2:00 pm | Jacobs Family GalleryRight Whale (Eubalaena glacialis), Richard Ellis, circa 1989.(2001.100.8332)Right whales are a critically endangered species. eir survival as a species depends upon people using coastalwaterways more wisely. Shipping traffic, fishing gear and coastal runoff all threaten the health of these animals.Hundreds of individuals representing universities, agencies, aquaria and non-profit organizations are collaboratingto study and then share the new knowledge with both policy makers and the general public. e Museumis part of this very large team that is teaching the public about these endangered giants.So, we would like you to join us for our second annual Right Whale Day. Walk inside a life-sized inflatableright whale and stand next to a life-sized inflatable right whale calf. Challenge yourself in the coastal obstaclecourse as you attempt to survive the dangers right whales face in their migrations. Test your observation skillsby identifying individual whales based on their markings. Participate in several craft activities, and sign the pledge to help right whales by keeping your trash out ofour oceans. We’ll top off the day’s festivities with some cake and punch. FREE event.Man and Whales: Changing Views Through TimeReception 6:30 | Lecture 7:30Jacobs Family Gallery, FREE event“Stranded Whale Near Beverwyck, 1601”, Jan Jansson,1618. (2001.100.6108)is series delves into whaling and whaleconservation topics through the juxtaposedviewpoints of the historical and the modern.Our presenters take turns at the podium as theyshare their knowledge of a specific aspect ofwhales and whaling. is year we look atstranded whales, tagged whales, oiled whalinggrounds, and launch a new, comprehensivebook on sperm whales.Sponsored by ECHO (Education throughCultural and Historical Organizations) aprogram administered by the U.S. Dept. ofEducation. Offered in partnership with theWhale and Dolphin Conservation Society.Wednesday, February 16D-tag is D-thing: From Discovery Tags to DTaGSDr. Stuart Frank, Senior Curator, NBWM, willexplain the methods, terminology, and protocols ofmarking whales and whaling implements in the Ageof Sail to minimize disputes over commodities on thehigh seas. Stuart will bring examples of this hardware.Dr. Peter Tyack, Senior Scientist, Woods HoleOceanographic, is co-creator of the DTAG (DigitalAcoustic Recording Tag) technology that wasdeveloped to monitor the behavior of marine mammals,and their response to sound, continuouslythroughout the dive cycle. Peter will share excitinginsight about whales’ lives that is gained by usingthis non-invasive tagging.Wednesday, March 16e Gulf of mexico: Spilling Crude Oil WhereWe Once Spilled Sperm OilJudith N. lund, Advisory Curator, NBWM, willprovide us with an historical overview of whaling inthe Gulf of Mexico, an endeavor that until recentlywas not well documented. Using her soon-to-bepublishedpaper as the foundation, Judy will explainhow this smaller whale fishery fit in with the largerAtlantic whale fishery.Deborah Cramer, MIT Visiting Scholar, will exploreshort term impacts of the BP oil spill and the longerterm impacts of oil drilling and shipping on themarshes of southeastern Louisiana and the widerGulf, sharing her recent visit there and showingstunning photographs from her book, SmithsonianOcean: Our Water Our World. Books will be availablefor purchase and signing.Wednesday, April 20e Great Sperm WhaleRichard Ellis will discuss his latest book on the mostimportant species in the history of whaling; the subjectof America’s greatest novel; an animal that candive a mile below the surface, hold its breath for anhour, and make the loudest sounds ever heard innature to debilitate its prey. And of course, the veryreason this Museum exists.is lecture will be the official launching of e GreatSperm Whale to the general public. Bookswill be available for purchase and signing.Wednesday, May 18Stranded Whales: Commodity and Conservationmichael P. Dyer, Maritime Curator, NBWM, willtake us back in history to when littoral peoplesscanned the shorelines in hopes of finding a strandedwhale or dolphin. is discussion will then shiftahead to when stranded animals offered the rudimentsof scientific understanding and ultimately theimpetus toward actual whale hunting for commercialproducts and profit.Katie Touhey moore, Marine Mammal Rescue andProgram Research Manager, IFAW, is actively involvedin rescue and rehabilitation of strandedcetaceans, as well as investigating and documentingthe reasons for these animals’ deaths. Katie will guideus through the process of assessment and attemptedrescue and release, and elaborate on the knowledgegained from necropsies.T15th AnnualMoby-Dick Marathon, the biggest everReading brings wider attention to restoration efforts at the Seamen’s Bethelhe late Irwin Marks, docent-extraordinaire and founder of theMarathon in 1995, doubtless must be smiling down on theevent, which has grown steadily in size and stature. Now, three daysof activities add fun and excitement to this 25-hour communityhappening, but reading aloud and celebrating Melville remain at theheart of the event. On Friday, January 7, the eve of the Marathon,a ticketed dinner buffet at 5:30 pm is followed by a free lecture at7:15 pm by Melville Society scholar, Dr. Elizabeth A. Schultz. Aspecial exhibit, Visualizing Melville, and a relic from Melville’s ship,New this year is an entertaining prelude to the Marathon, “Stump e Scholars,” SaturdayJanuary 8 at 10:00 am. Along the lines of National Public Radio’s popular program, “Wait, wait,don’t tell me,” the audience will quiz Melville Society scholars on all matters Moby-Dick.Illustration: Daniel Vasconcellos.Acushnet, will also be on display. On January 8th at 10:00 am, as anentertaining prelude to the noon start of the Marathon, a new program,“Stump the Scholars” allows the audience to quiz Melville Societymembers on all matters Moby-Dick. In the Cook Memorialeater images related to and concurrent with the reading inprogress are presented by the Museum’s apprentices. Finally, vialive streaming the Marathon will circumnavigate the globe andeveryone is invited to tweet the event at #MDM15.In the last issue of the Bulletin, it was reported that the Seamen’sBethel is undergoing extensive structural repairs. Despite the work,the Bethel continues to host chapters 7, 8 and 9, which describe theBy arthur motta, Director, Marketing & Communications“Whaleman’s Chapel.” e New Bedford Port Society has appliedfor several grants, which must be matched with private dollars andthe Marathon’s growing national profile brings added awareness tothe restoration.In a nod to Hollywood, the Bethel’s congregation of readers sing thehymn, “e ribs and terrors in the whale” from Chapter 9 – “eSermon,” using music from John Huston’s 1956 movie version ofMoby-Dick, which starred Gregory Peck as Ahab. Part of the filmscore by British composer, Philip Sainton, the hymn was also Huston’stest for the composer, who had not yet written film music,but the dirge-like chant won Sainton the job.Many people assume Huston filmed in the Bethel. But in 1952Warner Brothers scouted the city and other ports for locations andfound none suitable. Huston announced no American site wasacceptable. He chose Youghal, Ireland, where a village set was constructed.A matte painting was created for the exterior of the Betheland merged with footage of live actors. e interior was a set constructedat Shepperton Studios, England.People everywhere saw Huston’s film in cinemas and later on television.Tourists stopping at the Museum and the Bethel expresseddisappointment that the pulpit did not resemble the movie version.To end the complaints, the Port Society hired Palmer Scott & Co.Matte painting from John Huston’s 1956 film version of “Moby-Dick,” fancifully depicting the“Whaleman’s Chapel.” Extensive restoration of the real Bethel is underway.Paul P. Swain of the Port Society Board of Managers, inspectsdeterioration in the foundation of the Bethel along the southwall of the “Old Salt Box” meeting room. Visitors are able to seethe work in progress, including the original rubble masonry.to build a ship’s prow pulpit. In 1958,the Museum commissioned a study onits neighborhood, from which emergedthe Waterfront Historic Area League in1961. e area became the city’s firsthistoric district in 1966. irty yearsafter that, it was designated a nationalpark.winter/spring bulletin 2011 13


WAn Anthropologist’s Viewof Risk and Whalinghaling agents and masters were the decision makers incharge of every aspect of a voyage, from the initial outfittingof the vessel and the choice of officers and crew, to thewhaling grounds that were to be hunted including the length oftime the vessel would be out to the handling of the oil and bonebrought back from the hunt.Whaling agents were individuals who operated independently orin small business groups to manage vessels and prepare them forwhaling voyages. Because they were responsible for raising thecapital for the voyage, they typically assumed the largest financialBy Suzanne S. Finney, Ph.D.Risk in whaling usually conjures up images of real dangers faced by whalers during the hunt—whalemen falling outof broken boats that were smashed to pieces by the massive jaws of a sperm whale, or shipwrecked survivors trapped inthe Arctic forced to watch as ice crushed their ship. ere was another measure of risk, however, including but fartranscending these physical hazards. is type of risk was borne by the owners and investors in deep-sea whalingvoyages. It concerned innumerable variables that contributed to either a successful or unsuccessful voyage. e understandingand acceptance of those risks by whaling agents and whaling masters (or captains), and the impact of theirrespective decisions on the success or failure of a whaling voyage was the focus of my dissertation in anthropology.risk of the voyage. Whaling masters were those individuals incharge of a vessel at sea.Agents and masters were grouped by inferred levels of experience.For agents, experience was measured by the number of voyagesattributed to each. ose agents with the highest number of voyageswere considered more experienced and labeled “long-term”.ose agents with the least number of voyages were consideredless experienced and labeled “short-term”.Whaling masters could not be classified simply according tonumber of voyages since a master’s career was more limited than“Sealers Crushed by Icebergs”, William Bradford, 1855. (1972.33)an agent’s, both in scope and time. Moreover, agents could engagein multiple voyages simultaneously, while masters couldonly engage in one voyage at a time. Likewise, agents couldconduct business for decades, whereas masters generally did notengage in whaling for longer than fifteen or twenty years.Consequently, for masters a distinction was made between thosewho were able to purchase a share of the voyage, and those whowere not. Masters who were able to negotiate with the agentsand purchase a share were labeled “master-owners” and wereconsidered more experienced than those masters who were notowners. ese were labeled “master-nonowners.”e initial assumption was that agents and masters would be lessrisk averse with increasing experience. Forexample, we expect agents and masterswho were less experienced to have lessinformation about the environment andtherefore less certainty moving throughthat environment. So, short-term agentsand master-nonowners would be more riskaverse than long-term agents and masterowners.More risk averse strategies includeusing smaller vessels for shorter voyages,or choosing whaling grounds closer to ahome port. More experienced agents andmasters would be less risk averse, use largervessels for longer periods, and go to moredistant whaling grounds. If this less riskaverse behavior was successful, we wouldexpect to see more oil and bone returnedon these voyages.e units of measurement included vesselsize (tonnage), vessel type by rig, whalinggrounds, voyage duration, the catch(measured by sperm oil, whale oil andwhalebone), and the amount of oil andbone that was shipped home (usually by engaging another vesselto transship). Agent and master groups were tested to see if therewas variability between the groups.Results show that there was a definite difference between the behaviorsof long-term versus short-term agents. Long-term agentsTotal returns (in barrels) of sperm oil for short-termand long-term agents by decade, 1800-1899Bark Wanderer on the rocks at Sow and Pigs Reef, Cuttyhunk,August 16, 1924. (2000.100.86.1016)used larger vessels for longer voyages and returned home withmore sperm oil, whale oil, and whalebone. ey were also morelikely to send home oil and bone in advance of the vessel returning.Transshipping required strong relationships with trustedpeople to ship goods safely. Short-term agents did not have thetime to develop these relationships.Similarly, within the groups of masters, master-owners usedlarger vessels and continued their voyages for about two and ahalf months longer than master-nonowners. Master-owners weremore likely to bring home a larger amount of whale oil andwhalebone than master-nonowners. ere was little differencebetween master groups for transshipping. is supports the beliefthat transshipping was only a viableoption when agents were able to developrelationships with overseas merchants.e relationships between agents andmasters showed that the influence of theagents outweighed the latter in mostcases. Long-term agents were more successfulthan short-term agents regardlessof whether they engaged master-ownersor master-nonowners, but within thelong-term agent groups there was littledifference between the use of masterownersor master-nonowners.It is tempting to assume that once thevessel left port and the immediatecontrol of the agent, it would be the decisionsmade by the master that woulddetermine the results of the voyage. Infact, my findings showed that it is theinfluence of the agents and their decisionmaking that is more likely to determinethe outcome. To be sure, an agent wouldneed to choose a master who could be trusted to follow theagent’s instructions once he was on his own. But the conclusionfrom this research is that agents were influential throughout thewhole voyage and that early decision making, in the form of vesselchoice, outfitting, hunting strategies, etc. was more significantthan perhaps previously considered.Total returns (in barrels) of whale oil for short-termand long-term agents by decade, 1800-189914 winter/spring bulletin 2011winter/spring bulletin 2011 15


Learning Lessons from Banking History and theMerchants (National) Bank of New BedfordBy Robert E. Wright, Ph.D., Historical ConsultantText below excerpted and edited from: “Not All Banks Are Bad: e Merchants Bank of New Bedford and Community Banking in America,”by Robert E. Wright, Nef Chair of Political Economy, Augustana College, South Dakota, and Historical Consultant to the New Bedford WhalingMuseum Merchants (National) Bank Archive Project. is paper will be presented at the Business History Conference in St. Louis, Missouri,Spring, 2011 and was funded in part by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS).The Merchants (National) Bank ofNew Bedford was not a badbank. Various shysters exploited it butit did not prey on its note-holders,depositors, borrowers, or minorityshareholders. It remained loyal to itscommunity and its community to it,which, combined with high qualitygovernance, helped it to weather theCivil War, both World Wars, the IndustrialRevolution, financial panics,recessions, and, most impressively ofall, the Great Depression. 1At the outset of the Great Depressionthe Bank’s balance sheet was veryconservative compared to a reasonablyrandom sample of fifty other Massachusettsbanks. On December 31,1929, the Bank’s capital to asset ratiostood at 29.81 percent, well abovethe average (12.71%) and median(14.38%) of the fifty sampled banks.It also maintained above average(36.03% vs. 29.90%) total reservesto assets, probably because it heldmuch less actual cash (9.35% of assets)than the average (18.38%) and median(12.11%) banks sampled. e Bankwas a good size to weather the comingstorm because although it was dwarfedby big Boston banks, it was much larger than most otherMassachusetts community banks. With almost $15 million intotal assets it was the fourteenth largest of the one hundred andfifty-two Massachusetts banks that reported their financialstatements at the end of 1929. 2Conservative lending practices cultivated by experience ensuredthat the Bank’s crucial loan portfolio was of high quality butover the years the Bank did suffer a few large, high profiledefaults. In 1858, for instance, Lawrence, Stone and Companyfailed owing the Bank $38,449. 3 In 1877 railroad magnate H.A. Blood went bankrupt indebted to the Bank $90,000. 4 A. E.Bosworth of Fall River discounted his note for $22,250 at theBank before absconding to California in 1888, leaving behind16 winter/spring bulletin 2011Top: A selection of some unprocessed volumes from the collection.ese books would form the backbone of daily bank functionsand are a valuable source about the financial state of NewBedford. Merchants (National) Bank Archive. Photo byKate Mello.Bottom: A variety of citizen lists, pamphlets and bank paperworkrelated to the sale of liberty bonds during World War I,prior to archival evaluation and organization. Merchants(National) Bank Archive. Photo by Kate Mello.his “aged mother, who had perfect faithin him and loved him devotedly.” Shereportedly sold her furniture andmoved to a “distant city” in the hopesof having “fewer reminders of her son’sguilt.” 5Overall, however, the Bank mademostly good loans by concentrating onthe short-term borrowing needs ofsubstantial southern Massachusettsbusinesses. Its success was directly attributableto the quality of its directors,presidents, and cashiers, most of whomwere above reproach and extremelyaccomplished. e high quality of theBank’s leadership is directly attributableto the stockholders who electedthem. Unlike stockholders today, nineteenthcentury stockholders typicallyused their voting rights to exert considerableinfluence over the conduct oftheir institutions. e Bank’s stockholderswere usually local, fromsouthern New England if not NewBedford proper, and most were longterminvestors as well as borrowers anddepositors. As such, they had incentivesto monitor the Bank’s operationscarefully because if the Bank failed theywould lose their deposits and access toloans as well as their shareholdings and the subsequent disruptionto the local economy could also have imposed considerableindirect costs upon them.1By the count of the National Bureau of Economic Research (26 for 1857through 1961) plus the 6 dips in real per capita income thought to haveoccurred between 1825 and 1857. http://www.nber.org/cycles.html;http://www.measuringworth.org/datasets/usgdp/ both accessed 1 September 2010.2United States. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Individual Statements ofNational Banks, Massachusetts, 1929, 80-84. e sample consisted of the firstfifty banks listed, which the source arranged by location and name of bank.3“Meeting of the Creditors of Lawrence, Stone & Co.,” New York Herald(February 6, 1858).4“A Heavy Failure,” Cincinnati Daily Gazette (June 12, 1877), 2.5“Fall River’s Last Defaulter,” Massachusetts Ploughman and New EnglandJournal of Agriculture (October 20, 1888), 4.Cape Verdean Maritime Exhibition continuedContinued from page 3Once landed in New Bedford opportunities opened up for peoplewilling to work. e city by the middle of the 19th century was adynamic industrial maritime center. Its burgeoning growth supporteda diverse demographic with peoples from all over the Atlanticworld building new communities in the old colonialwhaling port. ese opportunities included shoreside labor, textileand cordage factories, agricultural work in the nearby cranberryand blueberry fields, and the opportunity to join a deep-sea vesseland apply innate skills and talents to work up through the ranks.e whale fishery provided Cape Verdeans various means to notonly make a living but to excel. Not only Cape Verdean men benefitedfrom the fishery. Immigrant women as well worked in thesail lofts of the city. Cape Verdean harpooners, of course, werelegendary in the fishery. Men like João da Lomba and Bras Lopes,eophilus Freitas and José Gomes were not only lead boatheaders,skilled whalemen, but officers onboard such famous vesselsas the bark Sunbeam, the bark Wanderer, the brig Daisy and thebark Charles W. Morgan. ese were the men who populatedNew Bedford’s sperm whale fishery of the early 20th century.Opportunity in New Bedford was certainly not limited to factoriesand whalers. As the 20th century went on and the ties betweenthe islands and the port strengthened, entrepreneurs likeRoy Teixeira, Henrique Mendes, Louis Lopes, Frank Lopes andAntonio Cardoza purchased, managed and owned packet shipslike the Coriolanus, the Savoia, and the Arcturus. ese packetships plied the Atlantic waters to and from the islands and NewBedford making the ports of Mindelo in São Vicente and Furnain Brava important points of embarkation for thousands of CapeVerdean immigrants to the United States. e majority settledin New England. Importantly, not only did Cape Verdeans settlein New Bedford, but between 1860 and 1965 41% of the packetstrading between New England and the Islands were ownedby Cape Verdeans.In July 2011 a new exhibition will open at the Museum that willJames Lopes named Vice President, Education and ProgrammingJames Lopes has been named Vice President,Education and Programming of the Museum.In making the announcement, James Russell,Museum President said, “Jim has a deep passionfor local history and culture that promisesto bring the Museum more closely in touchwith the diverse communities in the city. Moreover,his legal background as an entertainmentlawyer is perfectly suited to leading a capableeducation team and volunteer corps. Jim will lead the institution tothe next level with engaging and meaningful programs.”Jim Lopes, a fourth generation New Bedford native, graduated withhonors from Harvard College and Harvard Law School. He hasView of street scene in Ribeira Brava, São Nicolau, in the Cape Verde Islands, Clifford W. Ashley,1904. (1974.3.1.4)explore the Republic of Cape Verde, its people, maritime history,connections to New England, and the legacies that continue to tieNew Bedford and its culture to Cape Verde. is exhibition willcapture the essence of the important connections between NewBedford and Cape Verde, the unique characteristics of CapeVerdean culture, and the special legacy of that culture and historyhere in New Bedford.practiced entertainment law in both Los Angeles and New YorkCity, where he was also a professor in the MBA Program at theGraduate School of Media Management, Metropolitan Collegeof New York (MCNY). He is an award-winning documentaryfilmmaker and currently is an adjunct professor in EntertainmentLaw at UMass School of Law at Dartmouth, a trustee of MassHumanitiesand a member of the Advisory Council of Greater NewBedford Regional Vocational Technical High School.Lopes will head the education department, with an annual budgetof $1 million, which oversees several key activities of the Museum,including public programming, apprenticeship and internshiptraining, and the volunteer and docent corps.winter/spring bulletin 2011 17


Anonymous, Four DonorsMrs. Richard S. AldrichDr. & Mrs. Alexander AltschullerMr. & Mrs. Joel B. AlvordMr. & Mrs. Francis C. AnginoMr. Richard I. ArthurMr. & Mrs. Gregory AvisMr. & Mrs. John I. Babbitt, Jr.Mr. & Mrs. Benjamin B. BakerMr. Talbot Baker, Jr.Mr. & Mrs. David B. BarkerMr. & Mrs. Joseph M. Barry, Jr.Mr. & Mrs. Charles E. BascomMr. & Mrs. Jim BevilacquaMr. & Mrs. Nathaniel J. BickfordMr. & Mrs. R. William BlasdaleMr. Jonathan D. BlumMr. & Mrs. John W. BraitmayerDr. & Mrs. Robert G. BraytonMr. & Mrs. Hans BrenninkmeyerMr. & Mrs. Richard M. BresslerMr. & Mrs. Lawrence D. BrownellMrs. Mary R. BullardMr. & Mrs. Truman S. CasnerMr. & Mrs. Roger P. CheeverMrs. H. Peter ConverseMr. & Mrs. David D. CrollMr. Michael DuryMr. & Mrs. Lincoln EkstromMr. & Mrs. Ford ElsaesserMr. & Mrs. Roy EnoksenMr. & Mrs. David FerkinhoffHon. & Mrs. Armand Fernandes, Jr.Mr. & Mrs. Paul J. FerriDr. & Mrs. C. Douglas FoggDr. Stuart Frank & Ms. Mary MalloyMr. & Mrs. Richard D. FrisbieMr. & Mrs. John N. Garfield, Jr.Mr. Nelson S. GiffordMr. & Mrs. Nicholas GrevilleDr. Timothy G. Haydock & Ms.Barbara Moss* as of December 15, 2010The Cupola Societye Cupola Society recognizes the Museum’s most generous annual individual supporters.*Ms. Hope P. HickokMr. & Mrs. William C.S. HicksMr. & Mrs. Prentiss C. HigginsMr. & Mrs. Robert HildrethMr. & Mrs. Frederic C. HoodMr. & Mrs. Edward M. Howland IIMr. & Mrs. Llewellyn Howland IIIMr. & Mrs. James HughesMr. & Mrs. Arthur W. Huguley IIIMs. Elizabeth HuidekoperMr. & Mrs. Lawrence HuntingtonMs. Millicent K. HurleyDr. & Mrs. Irwin JacobsMs. Sarah JacksonMr. & Mrs. John S. JohnsonMr. Ed Kane & Ms. Martha WallaceMr. & Mrs. Keith W. KauppilaMr. & Mrs. George KechesMr. & Mrs. Morris W. KelloggMr. & Mrs. William T. KennedyMr. Roger KingMs. Rosemary F. KotkowskiMr. & Mrs. Robert A. LawrenceMr. H.F. LenfestDr. & Mrs. Clinton N. LevinMr. Morgan LevineDr. & Mrs. Edward G. Lund, Jr.Hon. D. Lloyd Macdonald & Ms.Michele TaipaleMr. Timothy Mahoney & Ms. PamelaDonnellyMr. John MannixMr. & Mrs. Peter H. McCormickMr. & Mrs. Joseph E. McDonoughMs. Laura E. McLeodMr. & Mrs. Dexter MeadMr. & Mrs. Albert W. MerckMr. & Mrs. Edward W. MerrillMs. Cathy Minehan & Mr. E.Gerald CorriganMr. & Mrs. George B. Mock IIIMr. & Mrs. Michael J. MooreMr. & Mrs. Richard L. MorningstarMs. Barbara MulvilleMr. & Mrs. C. W. Nichols IIIMr. & Mrs. Robert OsteenMs. Rita M. PachecoMr. & Mrs. Jeffrey RaymonMr. John Sherburne ReidyMr. & Mrs. Donald S. RiceMs. Frances D. RicketsonMs. Louise C. RiemerMrs. James O. RobbinsMr. & Mrs. Louis M. RusitzkyMr. & Mrs. James P. RussellMr. Jules R. RyckebuschMr. & Mrs. Norman J. ShachoyDr. & Mrs. Gilbert L. ShapiroMr. & Mrs. Steven ShusterMr. & Mrs. Calvin SiegalMr. Louis SilversteinMr. & Mrs. Hardwick SimmonsMr. & Mrs. omas H. SlaightMs. Dola Hamilton StembergMr. & Mrs. Bernard A.G. TaradashMr. & Mrs. William O. TaylorMr. & Mrs. Daniel VerdierCapt. & Mrs. Robert G. Walker, USNMr. & Mrs. Gurdon B. WattlesMr. & Mrs. H. St. John WebbMr. & Mrs. Richard D. WebbMr. & Mrs. John Webster, Jr.Mrs. Elizabeth H. WeinbergMr. & Mrs. Dean WhitlaMrs. Alice H. WilliamsMr. Herbert Gilman WingMr. & Mrs. Harvey WolkoffMr. & Mrs. William F. Wyatt, Jr.Mr. & Mrs. David A. Wysse Museum’s Cupola is one of the most recognizable landmarks in downtown New Bedford,exemplifying the ongoing effort to preserve the region’s unique history. Photo: John Robson.Corporate Memberse Museum thanks its valued supporters*from the business communityCorporate PartnersAcushnet CompanyB&H ManagementBabbitt Steam Specialty Co.Bank FiveBank of AmericaBay State DrywallC. E. Beckman Co.Cardoza’s Wine & SpiritsCitizens-Union Savings BankEastern FisheriesEye Health Vision CentersFiber Optic CenterLafrance Hospitality GroupLockheed Martin SippicanN.C. HudonNew Bedford Medical AssociatesNortheast AuctionsNye LubricantsRaymon Pielech Zexter PCReynolds DeWaltSkinner Auctioneers and AppraisersSovereign - Santander BankSylvia Group of Insurance Agenciese Herb Chambers CompaniesU.S. Trust - Bank of America PrivateWealth ManagementWilliam Vareika Fine ArtsCorporate MembersABC DisposalArthur Moniz GalleryBeverly Yacht ClubBrewer Banner DesignsBristol County Savings BankBurr Brothers BoatsSusan M. Camacho DMD, M.S.Cape Air/Nantucket AirlinesCarabiner’s Indoor ClimbingCarters of New BedfordCastelo Real EstateBarbara Chadwick DesignsConcordia CompanyCornell Dubilier ElectronicsDescendants of Whaling MastersDiversified Marketing GroupDowney & Downey, PCDupre Realty Corp.Dyer Capital ManagementEdie and Marie Boat Settlementse Emery BagFairhaven Lumber Co.Fernandes & Charest, P.C.First Citizens’ Federal Credit UnionFisher & RochaFoliaFrank Corp. Environmental ServicesGaspar’s Sausage Co.Glaser Glass Corp.Greater New Bedford CommunityHealth FoundationGreater New Bedford VocationalTechnical High SchoolH. J. Saulnier Oil Co.Harbor Blue Seafood, Inc.Hawthorn Medical AssociatesJoyce D. Lopes Realty Corp.Lang, Xifaras & BullardLuzo Auto CenterM. Cabarrus DesignsMarshall Marine Corp.Matouk Textile WorksMattapoisett BoatyardMaximum Weather InstrumentsMcDonald’s of New BedfordMcGowan MarineNew Bedford Credit UnionNew Bedford Mother’s ClubNew Bedford Ship Supply Co.New Bedford read Co.New Bedford Yacht ClubNSTARPartridge Snow & Hahn LLPPaul & Dixon InsurancePen and PendulumPeter Blatchford CompanyPoyant SignsR & W Rope WarehouseR. A. Mitchell Co.R. P. Valois & CompanyRegal House FurnitureRex Monumental WorksRichard’s Antiques & ArtRobert B. Feingold & Associates, P.C.Rockland TrustRoger King Fine ArtsSalt Marsh PotterySandwich Glass MuseumSaunders-Dwyer Home for FuneralsSolomon + Bauer ArchitectsSouthcoast Hospitals GroupSoutheastern Insurance AgencySt. Anne Credit Unione Fence Specialiste Preservation Society of NewportCountyompson FarlandUnited Lens CompanyWaring-Sullivan Funeral HomeWestport Rivers Winery and BuzzardsBay BrewingWhalemen’s Shipping ListWhaling City Launch ServiceWhaling City SoundFor information on corporate giving, contact Alison Smart at(508) 997-0046 ext. 115 or asmart@whalingmuseum.org.* as of December 15, 2010navigatingtheworldCo-Chaired by Jack Braitmayer and Barbara Ferriis remarkably successful capital campaign raised$14,000,000 in funds that allowed the institution todramatically expand the size and breadth of its collections,educational programs, and plant.Barbara B. Ferri and John (Jack) W. BraitmayerHighlights and Achievements 2001-2010phase 1• Renovated and rededicated the historic Bourne Buildingpreparing it for another 100 years of service to the community• Refurbished the Lagoda and made her shipshape for thenext generation of crew members• Built up the Museum’s endowment with the infusionof funds• Recaptured dramatic gallery space with the renovationof the ODHS Wattles Family Gallery• Unveiled dramatic new exhibitions including From Pursuitto Preservation and The Azorean Whaleman Gallery• Successfully integrated the spectacular gift of the KendallCollection, virtually doubling the size of the Museum’scollection• Produced and facilitated exceptional research andpublications through the Museum’s Research Library andKendall Institute• Invested in building necessary climate controlled spaces forthe collection and archives—now 965,000 items includingart, artifacts, maps and manuscriptsThank you to the hundreds of donors whocontributed to this campaign. Your investmentis meaningful today and will be incalculable100 years from now.18 winter/spring bulletin 2011winter/spring bulletin 2011 19


$500,000 Endowment Challenge Awarded from theNational Endowment for the Humanitiese Museum has been selected to receive a $500,000 NEH Challenge Grant. e prestigious grant is the result of ahighly-competitive national application process.The NEH Challenge is designed to encourage broad supportfor a new endowment to fund the Museum’s arts, culture,history, and science programming. e Museum will have fouryears to raise $1.5 million in new gifts in order to receive the$500,000 NEH grant.“is level of recognition from the National Endowment forthe Humanities is a great honor, and I have every confidencethat the Museum’s supporters will step up to meet this ambitiouschallenge,” said James Russell, President and CEO of theMuseum.Senator John Kerry, Congressman Barney Frank, New BedfordMayor Scott Lang and a host of local officials contributed lettersof support for the Museum’s application.The Bourne Societye Bourne Society permanently honors those who have includedthe Old Dartmouth Historical Society – New Bedford WhalingMuseum in their wills or other estate plans. All bequests andplanned gifts are applied to the Museum’s endowment, helping tosupport the Museum’s mission for perpetuity.AnonymousHope AtkinsonRuth S. AtkinsonRobert AustinRobert O. BoardmanMr. and Mrs. Edward C. Brainard IIJohn W. BraitmayerSally BullardEndowment Valueanks to generous contributions and conservative investment policies, the endowment hasgrown consistently in recent years and now provides for 7% of annual operating expenses.GoalDr. and Mrs. Norbert P. FragaDr. Joseph and Berna HeymanFrederic and Johanna HoodMr. and Mrs. Peter HuidekoperMr. William N. Keene and sonsRobert A. and Patricia P. LawrenceAlbert E. Lees IIIJ. Greer and Elizabeth McBratneyAccording to the Museum’s bylaws, the Board of Trustees’ FinanceCommittee, and an active Investment Committee, guide a conservativeendowment investment strategy, designed to preserveand grow endowment principal in perpetuity. A small percentageof the endowment’s value (between 4.5% and 4.75%, based on arolling three-year average value) is then disbursed each year tosupport the Museum’s annual operations.In 2010, endowment disbursements funded 7% of the Museum’s$3.5 million operating budget. “e Museum relies on charitablecontributions for more than 75% of our expenses each year,” saidRussell, “e endowment helps relieve some of that pressure byproviding a sustainable annual income stream, which is why endowmentgrowth will be a key priority for the second phase ofthe Museum’s Navigating e World capital campaign.”Peter H. McCormickLaura E. McLeodArthur H. ParkerDaniel A. and Rev. Diana W.PhillipsPolly Duff PhippsJudith Westlund RosbeIrving Coleman RubinLouis M. RusitzkyMrs. Frank J. RyderRoderick and Sandra TurnerE. Andrew Wilde, Jr.In MemoriamSylvia omas BairdShort Term Debte Museum operates with a balanced budget, and short term debt has been eliminatedentirely.Kay and John C. Bullard, M.D.Leland CarleEd and Joan HicksMargaret C. HowlandMargaret P. LissakLouise A. MellingGratia Rinehart MontgomeryCraig ReynoldsLouis O. St. Aubin, Jr.Josephine Ashley ayerSuzanne UnderwoodMr. and Mrs. omas C. WeaverEdward H. Wing, Jr.For more information on planned giving and the Bourne Society, contact Alison Smart at (508) 997-0046 ext. 115 or asmart@whalingmuseum.org.Save the dateOver the Topour annual summer celebrationSaturday, August 6, 2011Travel to the Azores with the WhalingMuseum | May 10 – 17The Museum plans two special trips to the Azores in May and September2011 to coincide with the opening of a traveling exhibition.Experience the splendor of these stunningly beautiful islands deep inthe Atlantic, learn about their culture and history and enjoy VIPtreatment reserved for Museum members!may Travel Itinerary:May 10 Evening departure from Logan International AirportMay 11 Connect in Ponta Delgada, late morning arrival in Horta, Faial.Accommodations: Horta Hotel do CanalMay 12 Day trip to PicoMay 13 Horta (or optional side-trip overnight in Terceira)May 14 Horta (or Terceira)May 15 Travel to Ponta DelgadaAccommodations: São Miguel Marina AtlânticoMay 16 Ponta DelgadaMay 17 Depart from Ponta DelgadaEvening arrival at LoganPricing:$2,300 per person for double occupancy$2,700 per person for single occupancyPrice includes airfare, hotels, transfers to and from airports and hotels, city tours,Museum admissions, all breakfasts, and some arranged dinners. Optional activityadd-on packages will be available, more details to come.Reservations:$200 deposit per personReservation deadline and full payment due by april 1To insure your vacation will be highly personalized, the trip is limited to30 people, so make your reservation today!Contact alison Smart for more informationasmart@whalingmuseum.org / 508 997-0046 ext. 115From the Helm ContinuedI make a habit of spending time at the Front Desk where itis encouraging to listen to visitors as they express satisfactionand admiration as they conclude their visit. Over a year’speriod, these comments were quantitatively captured via asurvey with the following results: visitation is up 16% overlast year; 81% of first-time visitors stated that their visit“exceeded expectations”; 80% stated that their overallimpression was “excellent”; 84% described the quality ofexhibits as “excellent”. Perhaps most importantly, 48% ofthe respondents were from out of state. For all the hardwork by volunteers, committees, board and staff over somany years, it is most gratifying to know that these effortsare being well received and appreciated. Let us all resolvein 2011 to advocate and be the very best ambassadors forthis venerable institution. Your endorsement is the mosteffective way for the Museum to flourish.President & CEOSpectacular SpacesFor weddings, corporate functions,and memorable occasionsContact the Event Manager at 508-997-0046 ext. 133or specialevents@whalingmuseum.orgwww.whalingmuseum.org20 winter/spring bulletin 2011Arrangements courtesy of Fran’s Travel, Inc. andBensaude Turismo - North AmericaPhoto: Matthew A. Poyant


18 Johnny Cake Hill • New Bedford, Massachusetts 02740-6398508 997-0046 • www.whalingmuseum.orgnonprofit org.u.s. postage paidnew bedford, mapermit no. 29WINTER HOURS (January - April): Daily 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Until 8:00 p.m. every second ursday of the monthMuseum is fully accessiblee New Bedford Whaling Museum is governed by the Old Dartmouth Historical Society.Subscription to this publication is a benefit of membership. For more information about membership,call 508 997-0046 ext. 115 or visit www.whalingmuseum.org.All rights reserved. is publication may not be reproduced in whole or part without the expressed written consent of the New Bedford Whaling Museum.A celebration to wishaway the winter bluesFriday, March 11Join us for the Museum’s annualBermuda-themed fundraiser!Pull up your socks, put on yourshorts, grab a dark ‘n’ stormy,and celebrate the end of winterin true Bermudian style!informationbermudashorts&knobblykneesContact Alison Smart(508) 997-0046 ext. 115asmart@whalingmuseum.org

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