Kokiri 19 - Te Puni Kokiri

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Kokiri 19 - Te Puni Kokiri

CELEBRATING MÄORI ACHIEVEMENTPutanga192010Höngongoi – HereturikökaRä WHäNAU KITE TïMA MäORI!NZ Mäori Turns 100Rugby World Cup 2011Rau Tau Series


E WHAKANUI ANA I TE MÄORI46FROM THE CHIEF EXECUTIVE– LEITH COMERTe Puni Kökiri Chief Executive (right) celebrates a home-sidewin with NZRU Board member Bryan Williams at Rotorua.Putanga192010Höngongoi – HereturikökaTënä tätou katoaKi ngä aituä maha, haere, haere, haere atu ra.Ki a koutou nö ngä hau e wha, tënä koutou katoa.Welcome to the special edition of Kökiri, celebrating100 years of Mäori rugby.Te Puni Kökiri and its predecessors have had a longhistory with Mäori rugby and its players. Formerleaders Kara Puketapu and Tamati Reedy were MäoriAll Blacks and it’s my understanding that at one stage,virtually the whole Mäori backline were from theDepartment Mäori Affairs in Rotorua!Mäori rugby has contributed to our nation’s identityand shaped the game of rugby as we know it. TheNative team and the Mäori All Blacks established thesilver fern, black jersey and the haka – Ka Mate, thatare associated with this country and rugby worldwide– arguably this country’s oldest and best known brand.Like the ANZACs, and the 28 th Mäori Battalion, ourMäori All Blacks have carved out our unique place inthe world and created a legacy for future generations.Congratulations to Jamie Joseph and our Mäori teamwho did themselves proud during the recently completedSealord New Zealand Mäori Rugby Centenary Series.Congratulations too to the New Zealand Rugby Union fortheir leadership in making the Centenary series a reality. Iwould also like to acknowledge the most successful coachof the Mäori team – Matt te Pou, whom I had the privilegeover working with in recent years.It would be remiss to not pay accolades to our veryown All Whites star, Winston Reid (Te Rarawa, Tainui).Winston scored the tie breaker goal for the All Whites firstWorld Cup game and attracted huge international mediaattention. Ka pai hoki Winston.To all Mäori sportspeople, coaches, managers andsupporters alike, kia kaha, kia toa, kia manawa nui.Mauri ora ki a koutou katoa.Leith ComerTe Puni Kökiri – Manahautü2TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


NGÄ KAUPAPA6 32 44A History of Mäori Rugby 6This special edition of Kökiricelebrates and commemorates100 years of Mäori Rugby.Rugby World Cup 32Read about how Te Puni Kökiriis helping to prepare a Marae offour million.Mäori Rugby – 44past and presentKökiri pays tribute to the notableMäori rugby players.Rau Tau 6–312010 marks 100 years of Mäori rugbyin New Zealand. Through photos anda time-line Kökiri looks at how Mäorihave contributed to the sport, andhow this magical mix has added toNew Zealand’s cultural landscape.A Marae of Four Million 32–40In this edition, read about Te PuniKökiri’s work programme and learnabout how it’s assisting Mäori acrossthe motu to be a part of one of thegreatest sporting events to ever visitour shores.Rau Tau 41–47The Mäori All Blacks assertedtheir place in grass-roots rugby aswell as in the hearts and minds ofNew Zealanders. Read about someevents around the country thatmarked a very special huritau.This commemorative edition of Kökiri, celebrating a centenary of Mäori rugby,has been compiled by Malcolm Mulholland with the assistance of Huia Publishers.Cover image supplied by: Peter BushTE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 20103


From the desk of the Minister of Mäori AffairsThe Hon Dr Pita Sharples,Minister of Mäori Affairswith King Tuheitia after theNew Zealand Mäori vs Irelandmatch in Rotorua.E ngä hau e wha, e ngä pito o te ao, tënä koutou katoa.As a child, the big question in my life was: “Do I want tobe an All Black – or a Mäori All Black?” In our eyes, theirstatus was different, but equal, and we were really proudof the role Mäori played in the early national teams.Mäori have made a huge contribution to our nationalsport, from the first touring team to the present day.Not just in the form of individual champions and familydynasties, but in the distinctive open, flowing, creative style of play thatis such a pleasure to watch!The Mäori contribution to rugby starts at the very beginning. In 1892Tamati Rangiwahia Ellison, the first New Zealand rugby captainproposed the black jersey and silver fern as the uniform; this and thehaka are brands worth literally millions of dollars in today’s commercialworld of professional rugby.Mäori Rugby is a sport that I am passionate about, and I am so pleasedthere is a New Zealand Mäori Centenary series of matches.The New Zealand Rugby Union Board and the Mäori Rugby Boarddeveloped the programme to celebrate 100 years of Mäori rugby, andthey deserve our thanks, along with the sponsors of the centenarymatches, Sealord and Aotearoa Fisheries Limited.I am also happy to acknowledge the funding and support fromTe Puni Kökiri to strengthen grass-roots Mäori rugby among youngpeople during this centenary year in particular.The three-match series, against the Barbarians, the Irish and Englishteams kicked off close to the centenary of the first ever match of theofficial New Zealand Mäori team in 1910. Since their debut, the MäoriAll Blacks and New Zealand Mäori sides have played most provincialsides in New Zealand and many national sides, as well as touringoverseas. They have built up a record to be proud of, including victoriesover England, Argentina, Scotland and Fiji, and an historic win over the2005 British and Irish Lions.The Centenary series of matches will be remembered in history, andthey will be recounted for years to come. The matches bestow duerecognition and status on the team, and acknowledge the many playerswho have contributed to success and achievement of the game of rugbyfor the last 100 years and more.Heoi anö ki a koutou katoa, nei ra te mihi nui atu ki a koutou.Hon Dr Pita R Sharples,Minita MäoriKökiri is published bi-monthly byTe Puni Kökiri (The Ministry ofMäori Development). Its kaupapais to celebrate Mäori achievement,showcase Mäori success and realiseMäori potential.Kökiri is FREE.For all database enquiriesincluding new subscriptions,updates and/or amendmentsvisit www.tpk.govt.nz/kokiriFor all editorial enquiries pleasecontact the Kökiri Editor at,kokiri@tpk.govt.nzor visit www.tpk.govt.nzThis issue was compiled byJaewynn McKay and Verona-Meiana Putaranui, MalcolmMulholland and Huia Publishers.DESIGN AND ART: Cluster CreativePRINT PRODUCTION: Webstar LtdDISTRIBUTION: Datamail GroupISSN: 1177-8164CONTRIBUTIONS: Te Puni Kökiriwelcomes editorial andphotographic contributions toKökiri. Te Puni Kökiri reservesthe right not to publish anycontribution given. Unsolicitedmaterial will not be returned unlessaccompanied by a stamped, selfaddressedenvelope. While all careis taken, no liability is accepted forloss or damage.COPYRIGHT: Parts of thispublication may be reproduced orcopied with the editor’s approval.© Te Puni Kökiri 2010DISCLAIMER: Kökiri is publishedby Te Puni Kökiri, PO Box 3943,Wellington. While every care hasbeen taken in the preparation ofthis publication, neither Te PuniKökiri nor the individual writersaccept any responsibility orliability, whether in contract orin tort (including negligence) orotherwise, for anything done ornot done by any person in reliance,whether wholly or partially, on anyof the contents of this publication.Readers should also note that thematerials in this publication arethe personal views of the writersand do not necessarily reflectthe official policy or views ofTe Puni Kökiri.4TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


Maimai ArohaThe 1910 New Zealand Mäori Team.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumNei te rau wharawhara o te aroha, e pätukituki te ngäkau atangata. E koutou, te pakanga kiritahi i te tötara hoe o mate,haere, haere, e hoki atu rä. Hoki atu rä ki tua o täwauwau, ngäkänohi urunga o te rä kua ngaro, e … i, kua ngaro i te rä nei e!Whakairo ake e ngä toki waihanga i te tä moko kei te pö, pöte ao, ao te pö, ko te pö ara rau o taininihi. Ngä mata-ä-ririkiköwhekowheko mai. Ngä karu o Püanga, pürangiaho mai.Kua tïramarama ake!Otia te pö, nau mai e te ao!These are our sincere acknowledgements of endearment. Ourdearly beloved, you who have passed beyond the veil andgone forth unto the celestial realm. Our many faces of today,lest we forget in the genesis of tomorrow. Assemble in theheavenly divine, our myriad of stars that adorn the horizonand set in the dawning of a new day. Our illustrious ancestorsascend forth as we descend Beneath the Mäori Moon!TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 20105


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYA History ofMäori RugbyPioneersEver since rugby began in New Zealand, Mäori have featuredstrongly. Joseph Warbrick formed the legendary 1888 Natives, a sidethat toured over a 14-month period throughout the British Isles,nowadays regarded as the longest sports tour ever. Two early bookson how the game should be played – The Art of Rugby Football andThe Complete Rugby Footballer – were penned by Mäori players TomEllison and Billy Stead (along with Dave Gallaher). Ellison gave theAll Blacks their now famous black jersey withthe silver fern. In 1910, Ned Paratafinally had his wish granted with theNew Zealand Rugby Union (NZRU)sanctioning a Mäori team toassemble to sail to Australia.The very first New Zealand Mäori Team in 1910.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumAn original 1888 Native Cap.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumThe Art of Rugby Football by Tom Ellison.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumPeople flocked to watch New Zealand Mäori.Source: Papers PastSource: Puke Ariki–1860sMāori are seen playing rugby with the ArmedConstabulary at Waihi Redoubt, TaranakiSource: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1872Wirihana is the first recorded Māori toplay rugby at Aramoho, Whanganui.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1884The very first national rugby team departs forNSW. Amongst the team are Māori playersJack Taiaroa from Otago and Joe Warbrickfrom Matata.6TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUThe Three Maniapoto Brothers: Manu, Huri and Jim.Source: Rob TuckerYounger brother Hosea Gear.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSid, Brian and Ken Going practising the triple scissors.Source: Patricia GoingWhänauWhänau have been an integralpart of successive New ZealandMäori teams over the years. TheWarbrick and Wynyard brothersconstituted nearly two-thirdsof the Native 1888 side. Playersoriginating from Ngäpuhi, inparticular, have figured largein the indigenous side. Nofewer than five sets of brothershave come from the Far Northand have played for the AllBlacks: the Smiths, the Goings,the Dunns, the Woodmansand the Brookes have all setcrowds alight with moves theypractised in their backyards askids. Other whänau who haveplayed for New Zealand Mäoriinclude Hohaia, Marriner, Clarke,Maniapoto, Gemmell, Love,MacDonald and Winiata.Two of the Warbrick Brothers.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumAnd older brother Rico Gear.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1888Led by Joe Warbrick, the 1888 Natives play107 games in New Zealand, Australia, Egyptand the British Isles. They introduce an openstyle of game to the British.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1892The NZRU is formed and Tom Ellisonproposes a uniform consisting of a black jerseywith a silver fern, white knickerbockers andblack stockings. Ellison also wrote The Art ofRugby Football and invented the 2-3-2 scrum.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1893The first team to play under the NZRU travelsto Australia. Led by Ellison, the team alsocontains fellow Natives tourists Davy Gage andTabby Wynyard, as well as Hoeroa Tioperafrom Omahu.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 20107


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYSource: Hocken LibraryThe 1926–27 team plays a Lyons Selection at the magnificent Stade Municpale.Source: Hocken Library1926–27 Tour of New Zealand, Australia,Ceylon, France, England, Wales and CanadaIn the 1926–27 Tour, captainedby Wattie Barclay, the teamplayed 40 matches, winningthree-quarters of its games.Identities on this tour includedthe Robinson whänau from LittleRiver, Dick Pelham the championNew Zealand swimmer, and theman who possessed thecorkscrew run, Albert Falwasser.The Prince of Wales was soenamoured with the team hehad commemorative medalsdesigned for all members of thetour and donated a cup bearinghis name that was played for bythe various regional Mäori teamsover 66 years. At the conclusionof the tour, the French adoptedthe Mäori style of game as theirown.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1904A Rotorua First XV defeats the touring Britishteam. Te Aute becomes the first school in NZto tour overseas when they visit Australia.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1905Māori players Billy Stead and BillyCunningham form part of the 1905 OriginalAll Blacks. Vice Captain Stead co-authoredThe Complete Rugby Footballer, a tome onhow the game should be played.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1908A Te Arawa XV loses against the Anglo-Welsh visitors in Rotorua. Former Māori AllBlack, Opai Asher, captains a squad of menwho would play rugby league in Australia,providing the impetus for the NZRU toestablish a Māori team.8TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


Source: Canterbury Rugby Football UnionApartheidFor the three All Black tours of1928, 1949 and 1960 to SouthAfrica, the tourists took onthe Springboks without Mäoridue to the rules of apartheid.In return, New Zealand Mäoriwere sent on tours to Australia,Ceylon, France, England, Walesand Canada (1926), Australia(1949) and Western Samoaand Fiji (1960). Opposition toplaying South Africa or sendingAll Black teams without Mäoriplayers had been brewing since1925 when the Akarana MäoriAssociation openly criticised theNZRU. Further criticism grew andwas voiced by the Te Arawa TrustBoard in 1937, by Major GeneralBernard Freyberg in 1949, by the‘No Maoris – No Tour’ movementin 1960 and by those who puttheir bodies on the line in 1981.In 2010 both rugby unions ofSouth Africa and New Zealand,along with the South AfricanGovernment, issued an apologyregarding the treatment of Mäoriplayers under the Apartheidregime–1910Ned Parata’s request to the NZRU for ateam consisting solely of Māori is accepted.New Zealand Māori play their first gameagainst the Rotorua Sub-union on 21 May.They went on to tour Australia, exhibiting theway Parata thought rugby should be played“… a good, fast, open game”.Protest clouds gather over the dispatch of the 1960 ‘All White, All Blacks’ at Parliament Grounds.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumTear Gas is used to disperse a crowd of Black people at Capetown, 1976.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: Malcolm Mulholland–1911Ned Parata is appointed the foundingChairman of the Bay of Plenty Rugby Union.The Union would go on to provide the mostplayers to the New Zealand Māori Team.A Te Arawa Troupe plays a few games ofrugby in England.Source: Margaret Roberts–1913RAU TAUTe Kani Te Ua and Kobus Louw, Manager ofthe Springboks, embrace with a hongi atTe Poho ö Rawiri, 1965.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumTour of Australia. The New Zealand MāoriTeam gains its international scalp by beatingAustralia, albeit in a fundraiser.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 20109


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARY1935 Tour of AustraliaNew Zealand Mäori crossingthe Tasman Sea following theGreat Depression of the 1930swas a deliberate ploy to attractplayers and the public backto the sport of Rugby Unionand away from Rugby Leagueand Australian Rules. Withoutdoubt, the razzle-dazzle attitudeto playing the game from theMäori side contributed towardsthe enormous success of thetrip, with record crowds flockingto watch the tourists and gatetakings breaking previousrecords. Led by George Nepia,the team demonstrated somebrilliant phases of play thatcreated mammoth wins againstthe Australian sides.The 1935 New Zealand Mäori Team.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumLen Kawe plays the clarinet to his team mates.Source: Kawe WhänauSource: New Zealand Rugby MuseumThe Australian Press use the medium of cartoons to describe some of theMäori personalities on the 1935 Tour.Source: Nepia WhänauSource: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1918–19The Māori Pioneer Battalion Team toursEngland, Wales, France and New Zealand.It reinvigorates the game at home by playingthe provincial unions.Source: Hocken Library–1921New Zealand Māori play their first game insix years after the First World War, losingcontroversially by one point to the firstSpringbok team to tour NZ. Billy Stead isappointed as Coach of the All Blacks.Source: Margaret Roberts1922 –Tour of Australia. New Zealand Māori registera test series win against NSW, yet they losetheir game against the All Blacks. The MāoriAdvisory Board of the NZRU is formed byNed Parata.10TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUNepia practising his kicking atNewton Abbott, 1924.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumNepia in an all-too familiar pose during 1924.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: New Zealand Rugby MuseumGeorge NepiaGeorge Nepia is regarded asthe greatest Mäori player tohave ever taken the field. Heperfected the art of the torpedokick and the tackle, two facetsof the game that he executedto perfection. Nepia, aged only19, stamped his mark on theworld stage as fullback of the1924 Invincibles. In 1935, Nepiaswitched to rugby league for theBritish competition.In 1950 he captained theOlympian Club against Poverty–1923Tour of Australia. The first internal Māoriregional competition is organised and theteams play for the Te Mori Rosebowl.Bay and set three New Zealandrecords: with his son George‘Dedum’, it was the first timea father and son played in thesame first class fixture; aged45 years and 158 days, Nepiabecame the oldest player to takethe field in a first-class fixture;and the match gave Nepiathe longest first class rugbycareer. Nepia died in his sleep inRuatoria in 1986.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1924–25Nepia shakes the hand of an Indian Chief in Canada.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumThe legendary Invincible All Blacks playundefeated in 30 matches. Amongst the squadwas fullback George Nepia who played inall matches. He, Lui Paewai and Jimmy Millbecame household names overnight.Source: Hocken Library–1926–27Tour of NZ, Australia, Ceylon, France, GreatBritain and Canada. They play 40, winningthree-quarters of their games. After beatingthe French, France adopted the Māori style ofgame as their own. The squad was captainedby Wattie Barclay who would become theleading try-scorer for New Zealand Māoriwith 40. He is closely followed by fellow touristAlbert Falwasser, with 38.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201011


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYTom French, Snowy West and D Heather are interviewed by Australian Radio Station 2UE.Source: Marriner WhänauRon Bryers, B Beazley and Jack Marriner all decide to take a bite of a pig’s head.Source: Marriner Whänau1949 Tour of AustraliaNew Zealand Mäori fielded anextremely strong team in 1949,testimony to the depth of Mäorirugby shortly following the endof World War II. Players includedAll Blacks Brownie Cherrington,Peter Smith, Ben Couch, RonBryers, Kiwi Blake and Tori Reid.The year 1949 was a dour onefor the All Blacks. They lostfour tests against South Africaand two against Australia. NewZealand Mäori lifted the heartsof New Zealand rugby supportersby drawing the series againstthe Australians, with one a pieceand a draw. New Zealand rugbysupporters could now hold theirheads high.Jumping for the ball.Source: Kiwi BlakeSource: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: Harris Whänau–1927The Prince of Wales presents a cup bearinghis name in Dunedin. The Prince of WalesCup is played for by regional Māori teamsfor the next 66 years.Source: South Africa Archives–1928The All Blacks leave for their first tourof South Africa without Māori playersdue to Apartheid.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1930New Zealand Māori play Great Britain for thefirst time in Wellington.12TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUFiji and TongaFiji first toured and playedNew Zealand Mäori in 1939,returning the hosts’ tour of theprevious year. Of all opponentsfaced, the Fiji team has playedNew Zealand Mäori most timeswith 29 games, New ZealandMäori having twenty wins totheir credit. Tonga issecond in terms of games playedagainst New Zealand Mäoriwith 15, of which New ZealandMäori have won 11. Not only arematches extremely physical, theyare also great advertisements forthe sport as both Fiji and Tongalike to throw the ball around,much like New Zealand Mäori.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumMäori with spears, Fiji, 1948.Source: Kiwi BlakeClowning around on the sideline, Fiji, 1948.Source: Kiwi BlakeHenry Phillips chasing Joe Levula in 1957.Source: henry PhillipsSource: Bell Whänau–1931Led by Southland stalwart Wampy Bell,New Zealand Māori lose against Australia atPalmerston North.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1934Jack Ruru tragically dies while captain ofTe Tai Hauauru. The following year hismother gifts a memorial cup to be played forin conjunction with the Prince of Wales Cupand the Te Mori Rosebowl.Source: Nepia Whänau–1935Tour of Australia, an excursion that registersrecord gate takings and draws the Australianpublic back to the game of rugby union.They defeated NSW, 2-1. Captain GeorgeNepia, Charlie Smith and Jack Hemi wereamongst those who swapped codes to playrugby league.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201013


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARY1958 Tour ofAustraliaThe 1958 Tour was the neededlight that shone brightly duringthe 1950s for Mäori rugby,following some indifferentresults. Personalities on thetour included Keith Davis, EddieWhatarau, Muru Walters, AlbiePryor, Hau Paiaka, Bill Gray, RayKeepa and Bill Wordley. The menwere led superbly by Pat Walsh,the lad from Ahipara. It wouldbe the last full tour New ZealandMäori embarked on in Australia,having played 12 for nine wins,two losses and one draw – anadmirable performance. In acase of history repeating itself,they drew in the tests with onewin each and one draw.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumThe 1958 Team serving a hängi in Australia.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: New Zealand Rugby MuseumAt front is Teddy Thompson with theloudhailer and Albie Pryor. Encouragingthem are Ray Keepa, Morrie Raureti andHenry Phillips.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumHenry Phillips tries to break a tackle.Source: Henry PhillipsSource: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1938The first New Zealand Māori Tour of Fiji.They drew the series.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1943The Māori Battalion Team wins theFreyberg Cup, a competition played betweenNew Zealand Divisions. The team defeats theSpringboks, 13-9, in the Egyptian Desert.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum1945 –The Khaki All Blacks, who played 38 gamesfor 32 wins, tour Britain, Ireland, France,Germany and New Zealand. They containNew Zealand Māori players Kiwi Blake,Ike Proctor and J.B. Smith.14TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUCanterbury’s hard-man, Billy Bush.Source: Auckland Rugby UnionHonourary New Zealand Mäori breakaway,Kiwi Blake, contemplating an answer to giveto 2UE, Australia, in 1949.Source: Kiwi BlakeTwo 1982 forwards, Miah Melsom and Paul Tuoro, pose on the 1982 Tour of Wales and Spain.Source: Bruce HemaraForwardsMäori forwards have a long tradition of being tough, hard men,capable of matching it with the best of them in the lineout, scrum,maul and ruck. Yet despite being good at close quarters it is expectedthat Mäori forwards will demonstrate added dimensions: being ableto play like a back, to throw long passes, to sidestep and to drop-kickwhen required. Mäori rugby has had no shortage of forwards able toplay in this manner.Kent Lambert is on the charge against Fiji, 1973.Source: Kent LambertSource: Karl French–1946New Zealand Māori play for the first timesince the outbreak of World War II, againstAustralia at Palmerston North. New ZealandMāori win 20-0.Source: Kiwi Blake–1948Tour of Fiji. They win the test series, 2-1.Source: Marriner WhÄnau–1949Tour of Australia, drawing the test series withone a piece. Following the tour, one spectatorwas so enamoured with the efforts of coachTom French, he presented a cup in his honour.The cup is still presented to the best Māoriplayer each year. The All Blacks leave for SouthAfrica, again without Māori present.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201015


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYNew Zealand Mäori try to break the Fijian defence.Source: Wirepa WhänauMembers of the 1960 Tour pass the ball during a light jog.Source: Wirepa Whänau1960 Tour of Tonga and SamoaOn this tour Mäori players learnt to play with their heads and notto be intimidated by the, at times, more physically imposing Pacificplayers. Otahuhu and Auckland team mates Mac Herewini and WakaNathan toured, as did Johnny Porima, Ted Thompson, Henry Phillipsand the future Secretary of the Department of Mäori Affairs, TamatiReedy. Unfortunately they lost to Tonga in their first-ever test, avoodoo that would haunt the team for another 15 years, yet theygave fans a reason to celebrate when they returned home havingdefeated Western Samoa in two tests.New Zealand Mäori escape the rugby field for an opportunity to see some sights.Source: Wirepa WhänauSource: Wirepa WhänauNew Zealand Mäori Team members getout and mingle with the locals.Source: Wirepa WhänauSource: Alexander Turnbull Library–1950Loss to British Isles, 9-14, at Athletic Park,Wellington.Source: Hiwi Tauroa–1952Sir Ralph Love becomes the first appointedMāori representative on the NZRU Board, aposition he held for 21 years.Source: Hiwi Tauroa–1954Tour of Fiji. They win seven oftheir eight games.16TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


Tutekawa Wyllie, First Five Eight and formerNZ First MP, boarding the bus in Wales, 1982.Source: Bruce HemaraBacksMäori backs are thought of asthe Harlem Globetrotters ofinternational rugby. The no-lookpasses, the chip kicks off theknee and the triple scissors areall moves invented by greatplayers who have taken the fieldin the backline for New ZealandMäori. In the professional erawhere patterned play is the callof the day, these men are highlysought after by clubs as they areable to think outside the squarewhen it comes to attack. Theinventiveness of Mäori backs hasbeen nothing short of brilliant,leaving fans breathless as theywatch the games unfold.RAU TAUHosea Gear, Neil Brew and Chris Smylie at the 2006 Churchill Cup.Source: Mike StewartFormer Speaker of the House, Sir PeterTapsell, is still proud of his 1954 blazer.Source: Rob TuckerThe man with the corkscrew run,Albert Falwasser.Source: Bell CollectionFrano Botica in a familiar pose.Source: Auckland Rugby UnionSource: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1956A heavy loss at the hands of South Africa,37-0. Māori players Pat Walsh, Tiny Hill andBill Gray feature for the All Blacks in the firstevertest series win against South Africa.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1958Tour of Australia, drawing again withone test victory each. This would be the lastfull tour undertaken by New Zealand Māorito Australia.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1959Play British Isles at Eden Park, losing 12-6.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201017


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARY1973 Tour of Western Samoa,Fiji and TongaThe 1973 Tour signalled the re-emergence of Mäori rugby fromthe fluctuating results of the 1950s and 1960s. Despite some ofthe refereeing and illegal play encountered, New Zealand Mäorimanaged seven wins and three losses. The tourists enjoyed somemore light-hearted moments, including seeing the Fijian squadrucking New Zealand Mäori jerseys that were full of straw, the donorof the New Zealand Mäori jerseys believing they were required for araffle, and player Ron Lockwood having his broken leg mended by thelocal pothole man.New Zealand Mäori help themselves tosome fresh watermelon.Source: Billy BushNothing like an open changing shed inthe Pacific Islands.Source: Billy BushSombreros keep the heat of the sun away from these New Zealand Mäori players.Source: Billy BushLaly Haddon, Eddie Stokes and Pat Yates take it easy on a beach.Source: Billy BushComing off the plane.Source: Kent LambertSource: Wirepa Whänau–1960Tour of Tonga and Western Samoa, winningseven and loosing the test against Tonga.The All Blacks fly to South Africa for the lasttime without Māori. The ‘No Māori, No Tour’was the first large-scale protest movementagainst the NZRU having sporting contactwith South Africa.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1961They defeat France at McLean Park, Napier,by two points.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1964Tour of Fiji with New Zealand Māoriwinning all eight matches, including the testagainst Fiji. They posted 210 points for, with54 against.18TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUSouth AfricaIn 1921 New Zealand Mäori andthe Springboks butted headsfor the first time. Sixty yearslater they played each otherat the same venue, McLeanPark, Napier. Both games wereshrouded in controversy becauseof the referees’ decisions thatcost New Zealand Mäori thegames. The other two tourswhen New Zealand Mäori playedthe Boks were in 1956 and1965. South Africa was the oneside that New Zealand Mäorirequired no encouragementto play to their best. NewZealand Mäori players were wellaware of how the indigenouspopulation of South Africawas being treated under theapartheid system.Pat Walsh tries desperately to stop theSouth African attack, 1956.Source: Pat WalshHau Paiaka chases after the ballagainst the 1965 Boks.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumHuri Maniapoto and Bill Wordley fight Doug Hopwood and Don Walton for the ball in 1965.Source: John WatersFrank Shelford takes the ball up against the1981 Springboks with Richard Dunn andJim Love not far away.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: John Waters–1965Lose against the touringSpringboks at Athletic Park, 9-3.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1966Play Campbell-Lamerton’s Lions, losingby two points at Eden Park.Source: Patricia Going–1967The NZRU celebrates its 75 th Jubilee without NewZealand Māori facing an opponent. The proposed tourto South Africa was rejected by both the NZRU andthe NZ Government due to Māori not being allowedto join. Sid Going is named as the Tom French Cupchampion for the first of six consecutive wins.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201019


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYBuck Shelford giving his best pükana with Eddie Dunn, Warren McLean, Felix O’Carrolland Colin Cooper looking unmoved.Source: Bruce Hemara1982 Tour of Wales and SpainA bitterly disappointed contingent of 1200 Mäori rugby fanswitnessed New Zealand Mäori lose three games and draw one onthis tour, matches the team was expected to win. The upshot of themediocre results was that there was a surge of interest in Walesin the fifteen-man code of rugby. A very strong side that had nofewer than sixteen past, current or former All Blacks attributed theoutcome of the tour to a variety of reasons: from it being nothingmore than a retirement swansong for some of the players, to thecoach and manager needing to swap roles, and the team spendingtoo much time practising waiata.Billy Bush, Hud Rickitt, Robert Kururangiand Andy Baker take a break.Source: Bruce HemaraBruce Hemara dives for the ball with PaulTuoro, Paul Koteka and Paul Quinn in pursuit.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: Malcolm MulhollandSource: Bruce HemaraSource: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1969Play Tonga in two home tests, losing both.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1970Draw the home series against Fiji. The 1970All Black Tour departs for South Africa withfour ‘Honorary Whites’ Sid Going, BuffMilner, Blair Furlong and Bryan Williams.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1971Lose to the British Isles, 23-12, at Eden Park.Waka Nathan is appointed coach and theteam experiences a resurgence, better results,and more players in All Black squads duringhis tenure.20TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUAfter 75 years of trying, New Zealand Mäori finally defeat the mighty Lions.Source: PhotosportPlay during the 1930 Test.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumThe LionsNew Zealand Mäori and theLions have played against eachother eight times with thelatter being victorious on sevenoccasions. For New ZealandMäori, their sole triumph in2005 became a game embeddedin the fond memories of everyNew Zealand Mäori fan. GreatLions players such as LewisJones, Tony O’Reilly, J P RWilliams, Gareth Edwards andBrian O’Driscoll have gracedthe field with their presence.In return, George Nepia, WakaNathan, Butch Pickrang, SidGoing and Carlos Spencer havedealt their best hands againstthe Lions.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumLaly Haddon on the run with Mike Campbell-Lamerton in pursuit.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: Billy Bush–1973Tour of Western Samoa, Tonga and Fiji. They won fourtests against Western Samoa and Fiji. Also play against theAll Blacks, losing by 10 points. Prime Minister Norman Kirkpostpones a scheduled internal tour by the Springboks.Source: Rugby News–1974Win both tests against Fiji.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1975Win both tests against Tonga.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201021


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARY1988 TourThe 1988 Tour would beremembered for the champagnerugby that netted a solitary loss.The team was led by legendaryAll Black captain Buck Shelford.The tour was not controversyfree:an argument betweenthe captain and the NZRUerupted over the allowancesplayers were receiving; a $1500laundry bill became the focusof a disagreement betweenthe tourists and the FrenchRugby Union; games againstToulon and a Pyrenees Selectionbecame embroiled in dirty playcourtesy of the opposition, thelatter game almost resulting ina team walk-off; and after somebrutal fighting, the game againstTucuman was called off early,with players being injured byspectators as they left the field.Source: Bruce HemaraSource: Bruce HemaraNew Zealand Mäori players pose forthe camera.Source: Bruce HemaraEric Rush, Robin Brooke and John Timutake a seat around the pool.Source: Bruce HemaraSteve McDowell and Buck Shelford are the visible New Zealand Mäori players asthey rise from a ruck against Rosario.Source: Pablo MihalSource: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1976Win both tests against Western Samoa.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1977A proposed tour of South Africa by NewZealand Māori is cancelled. New ZealandMāori play the Lions at Eden Park, losing bythree points. Tane Norton is announced as theAll Black Captain, becoming the oldest playerto be so named.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum1978 –The 50 th anniversary of the Prince of WalesCup is celebrated.22TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


Waiata‘Hoki Mai’, ‘E Te Hokowhitu’ and‘Whakaaria Mai’ are some of thewaiata that have been part ofthe New Zealand Mäori team’srepertoire since its inception.In the early years New ZealandMäori were expected to performconcerts following their gameson tour. Pat Walsh recalledfrom the 1958 tour the level oforganisation required when themen sang. “I distinctly rememberRay Keepa being in charge ofour singing and he would justlisten to you and say, Righto boy,you go right in the corner, youare alto, and you are bass”. Thatexpectation has continued in themodern era, for instance, whenthe 1982 team sang with DameKiri Te Kanawa at the RoyalAlbert Hall. Regardless of wherethe players find themselves –on a ship, in an airport or in ahotel foyer – they can be foundgathered around the guitarsinging away to their hearts’content.Henry Phillips and Ginger Kapua sing a songfor a group of Australian showgirls.Source: Henry PhillipsEddie Dunn strums the guitar withCarl Baker and Scott Crichton in support.Source: Bruce HemaraThe 1960 Team does its best to sing in harmony.Source: Wirepa WhänauNew Zealand Mäori perform with Dame KiriTe Kanawa at the Royal Albert Hall.Source: Bruce HemaraRAU TAUThe 2006 New Zealand Mäori Teamin full voice.Source: Mike StewartSource: Rugby News1979 –New Zealand Māori embark on a tour ofAustralia, Fiji, Tonga and Western Samoa.They played undefeated, winning six anddrawing one.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1980Defeated Fiji in one home test at Rotorua.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1981Controversially draw against the Springboksat McLean Park, Napier. The 1981 SpringbokTour resulted in widespread protest, withsome Māori players faking injuries as theydid not want to play against the tourists.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201023


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYThe 1948 side perform the haka in Fiji.Source: Kiwi BlakeRua Tipoki leads his men with ‘Te Timatanga’.Source: Mike StewartThe haka in 1957.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumThe 1958 Team perform another haka for the Australian public.Source: Henry PhillipsHakaThe 1888 Native Team firstperformed the war dance in frontof a crowd of 50,000 in Surrey,chanting ‘Ake, ake, kia kaha!’.The two players responsible formaking sure that the ‘Ka Mate’haka was performed correctlyby the All Blacks were Hika Reidand Buck Shelford, the latterbeing convinced by a kaumätuato reintroduce ‘Ka Mate’ to NewZealand audiences for the 1987Rugby World Cup. NowadaysNew Zealand Mäori can eitherperform ‘Ka Mate’ or the hakathat was written for them,‘Te Tïmatanga’, by the teamkaumätua Whetu Tipuwai.Source: Bruce Hemara–1982Tour of Wales and Spain.Source: Auckland Rugby Union–1983Win both tests against Tonga.Source: Mana Media–1987The All Blacks win the inaugural RugbyWorld Cup that featured Māori playersincluding Wayne ‘Buck’ Shelford, ZinzanBrooke, Frano Botica, Steve McDowell andMark Brooke-Cowden.24TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


1992 TourBefore the team was able toboard the plane, the 1992 Tourwas facing difficulties. CoachBilly Bush faced selectiondifficulties, fans were not givena chance to book flights tosupport their men, the teamassembled only one day beforedeparting and the squad had nouniforms or blazers. Seven gamesin 21 days was a tall order, andthe side experienced a mid-tourslump, losing two on the trot.After some stern words werespoken by veterans Stu Forster,Jamie Joseph and Eric Rush, theteam did not lose any of theremaining matches. The 1992Tour won all the tests againstthe Cook Islands, Tongaand Fiji.RAU TAURomana Graham celebrates a victory.Source: Mana MagazineSome of the players rejoice in thechanging shed.Source: Gordon FalconEric Rush and Billy Bush pose with their 'eis in Rarotonga, with netballer Margaret Matenga.Source: Mana MagazineEric Rush practises his ukulele.Source: Gordon FalconSource: Bruce Hemara–1988New Zealand Māori tour France, Italy, Spainand Argentina, winning nine of 11 matches.In the game against Rosario, Brett Iti set a newNew Zealand Māori record for the number oftries scored in a match – six.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1990Wayne Shelford is dropped as All BlackCaptain, prompting the ‘Bring Back Buck’campaign. Shelford captained the All Blacksto 14 test wins.Source: Gordon Falcon–1992New Zealand Māori tour the Cook Islands,Western Samoa, Tonga and Fiji. The NZRUcelebrates its centenary with New ZealandMāori playing a Bay of Plenty side.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201025


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYCaptain Errol Brain on the charge against the Argentineans.Source: PhotosportSlade McFarland and Greg Feek get ready to engage in the scrum against England, 2003.Source: PhotosportWorld Beaters: France, Argentina,Scotland, England and AustraliaNew Zealand Mäori have twice faced the Tricolours and twice beenon the right side of the ledger when the full-time whistle was blown.Under coach Matt Te Pou the team took on the best the world hadto offer and gained a reputation for beating whoever stood in theirpath. New Zealand Mäori defeated both Argentina and Scotland ontwo occasions and England once. The only team to stand in their wayof victory during the reign of Te Pou was Australia, the 1999 RugbyWorld Cup holders. However, for both games, New Zealand Mäorialmost upset the hosts.Darryl Gibson attacks the Australiandefence, 2001.Source: photosportRoger Randle on the offensive againstArgentina, 2001.Source: photosportAdrian Cashmore playing againstScotland, 2000.Source: photosportSource: Mana Media–1993Lose against the British Isles by fourpoints at Wellington.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–1994Play in the M-Net Series, South Africa,New Zealand Māori losing in the semi-finalagainst Eastern Transvaal. They defeat Fiji athome in a solitary test.Source: Mike Stewart–1995Vietnam veteran Matt Te Pou is appointedas the coach. The Māori teams of Northern,Central and Southern play for the inauguralGeorge Nepia Trophy. The competition lastedfor two years.26TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUPaul ‘Orange Roughy’ Tito contests thelineout against Ireland A.Source: Mike StewartThe routine swapping of jerseys involvingNew Zealand Mäori player Neil Brew.Source: Mike StewartThe victorious Churchill Cup Winners of 2006, New Zealand Mäori.Source: Mike Stewart2006 Churchill CupNew Zealand Mäori haveenjoyed a proud record at theChurchill Cup competition.After winning the inaugural2004 derby, New Zealand Mäoridefeated Scotland A to onceagain hold aloft the ChurchillCup in 2006. Unfortunately, thefollowing season the defendingchampions were unable to beatthe English Saxons in the finalplayed at Twickenham. Somecritics lauded New ZealandMäori playing in what theyconsidered to be a low-levelcontest. However, forNew Zealand Mäori, their abilityto post high scores was moreattributable to their superiorskill level, rather than the poordefensive capabilities of theiropponents.Paul Tito, Callum Bruce, Kristian Ormsby andNeil Brew do a spot of mini golf.Source: Mike StewartSource: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: Photosport–1996New Zealand Māori beat WesternSamoa at Mt Smart Stadium. Tourof Fiji and Tonga, winning all threegames, including two tests againstFiji and Tonga.Source: Photosport–1997Win against Ireland A, Argentina andWestern Samoa. Two Māori sides titledIkaroa and Mangaroa play as theNew Zealand Māori Trial match.–1998Defeat Tonga by 59 points, England by 48 points andScotland by 16 points. New Zealand Māori win theirother two games on their short tour of Scotland. ANew Zealand Māori Colts side is first assembled, lasttaking the field in 2001. Both Eric Rush and DallasSeymour form part of the NZ Sevens Team that winsgold at the Kuala Lumpur Commonwealth Games,Rush repeating the feat four years later at Manchester.Taine Randell is appointed All Black Captain.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201027


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYAdministratorsMäori rugby has been blessed with long-serving administrators –from Ned Parata to Kingi Tahiwi, Ralph Love, Waka Nathan, MattieBlackburn and Matt Te Pou. They have all given their service toensure that Mäori participate at the highest level of New Zealandrugby. At times, they have been confronted with difficult issuesand have borne the brunt of Mäori frustrations in return. Thebalancing act of maintaining positive relationships with theNZRU Board, pushing for the team to take on top opposition anddeveloping the game at the grass-roots level is not easy and oftengoes without thanks.The founding father of the New ZealandMäori Team, Ned Parata, with a bronzerooster he was presented with when inFrance, 1926.Source: Hocken LibraryPast New Zealand Mäoriadministrators, circa 1960s.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumSource: Papers PastSource: Karl FrenchSource: Photosport–1999New Zealand Māori tour Fiji, winning bothgames against Fiji. Māori administrationof the game changes with the advent ofWhakapumautanga Inc., which focusses onproviding players with an educative pathwayas well as developing rugby skills.Source: Mike Stewart–2000Win against Scotland at New Plymouth.Source: Malcolm Mulholland–2001Lose to Australia at Sydney but defeatArgentina at Rotorua. At the match,New Zealand Māori perform their new haka,‘Te Timatanga’, composed by the team’skaumātua, Whetu Tipiwai.28TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUThe Black Ferns perform their haka against Australia, 2008.Source: PhotosportMäori WomenDuring World War Two, teams consisting largely of Mäori womenbegin appearing, especially in the Auckland region. While womentook the field to fill the void created by men at war overseas, itwould take over 40 years until the first national women’s team wasassembled. Since that time, Mäori women have constituted a largeportion of every Black Fern side. Mäori women who have taken thefield for the Black Ferns include three-time World Cup Captain DrFarah Palmer, Christine Ross, the mother of Issac Ross, sporting mediapersonality Melodie Robinson and former Labour MP Louisa Wall.Louisa Wall in full flight.Source: PhotosportHuriana Manuel scores another try.Source: PhotosportDr Farah Palmer kisses the Women’s Rugby World Cup for the third time.Source: Farah PalmerSource: Tü Mai Magazine–2002Narrowly lose to Australia in Sydney.Source: Photosport–2003Defeat Tonga at Albany, but loseagainst England at New Plymouth.Whakapumautanga is scrapped andrenamed the New Zealand Māori RugbyBoard. New Zealand Māori end their 2003season by touring Canada, scoring 23 triesin three games.Source: Malcolm Mulholland–2004New Zealand Māori win the inauguralChurchill Cup by defeating England A duringextra time. In the process of winning the Cup,they defeated British Columbia 111-3.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201029


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYA Mäori boy shows his best pükana whileproudly showing whom he supports.Source: Tü Mai MagazineCaptain Bill Wordley with Caroline Te Raunaand Henrietta Kaiwai, 1965.Source: John WatersWaka Nathan and Jimmy Taitoko take aphoto with a fan.Source: Wirepa Whänau.A couple of Australian women approach the players for autographs in 1958.Source: Henry PhillipsThe FansNew Zealand Mäori are unique because they enjoy a specialrelationship with the land of Aotearoa New Zealand as tangatawhenua and as representatives of a race of people. As such, theNew Zealand Mäori fans are unashamedly loyal, proud to a faultand the most vocal at grounds. They will most often have theirfaces adorned with moko and might be in full flight performing ahaka with no shortage of pükana. New Zealand Mäori have alwaysenjoyed a strong following and record crowds that flock to thematches to be entertained – the ardent followers provide themauri of the New Zealand Mäori team.Source: New Zealand Rugby Museum–2005Defeat Fiji and the British and Irish Lionsat Hamilton. This test was the last for Te Pouas coach. His record stands at 33 wins from38 matches.Source: Mike Stewart–2006New Zealand Māori return to the ChurchillCup, beating Scotland A with seven tries.Dr Farah Palmer captains the Black Ferns toanother World Cup victory, having done soin 1998 and 2002.Source: Mike Stewart–2007New Zealand Māori are unable to win theChurchill Cup for the third time, losingto the English Saxons.30TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUBronson Murray, Hosea Gear and Tamati Ellison bike together.Source: Mike StewartMac Herewini and Hau Paiaka lace their boots.Source: Wirepa WhänauTori Reid and Ben Couch enjoy a chat, later in life.Source: Rob TuckerThe BrotherhoodNo matter whether a player took the field season after season orcame on as a substitute for 10 minutes, the men share a commonbond – having worn a New Zealand Mäori jersey. The brotherhoodexperienced by Mäori players by pulling on a black jersey with asilver fern now spans a century. Players have a whakapapa to oneanother – by blood, from team to team, from position to position.Canterbury, All Black and New ZealandMäori team mates Billy Bush and TaneNorton snatch forty winks returning fromSouth Africa in 1976.Source: Billy BushJack Marriner, Ron Bryers and friend enjoy asnack with a beer at the kitchen table.Source: Marriner WhänauNew Zealand Mäori coach JamieJoseph congratulates his team aftertheir win against Ireland at Napier.SOURCE: PETER BUSHSource: Mike Stewart–2008The team wins the Pacific Nations Cupby beating Australia A in the final.Source: Dominion Post–2009The team is suspended for oneseason following cost-cuttingmeasures by the NZRU.–2010The New Zealand Māori rugby team turns 100 years old. Past-Māori All Black Jamie Joseph is appointed coach. He leads theteam to a clean sweep of the Centenary Series against New ZealandBarbarians, Ireland and England. In the same year an apology isissued by the South African Government, the New Zealand RugbyUnion and the South African Rugby Union over the exclusion ofMāori players from previous All Black tours to South Africa.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201031


Rugby World CupWaddaya mean it’snot just about rugby?In Kökiri 18, youmay have read ourstory profiling PaoraAmmunson, Te PuniKökiri’s Iwi and MäoriEngagement ProjectManager.In this edition,you can read aboutTe Puni Kökiri’s workprogramme andlearn about the othergovernment agenciesand organisationsinvolved in RugbyWorld Cup 2011.The Rugby World Cup (RWC) isone of the three most importantinternational sporting eventsalongside the Olympics and theFIFA World Cup. And next year,when Aotearoa hosts the RWC, itwill be the largest sporting eventever held in this country.It is estimated that Rugby WorldCup 2011(RWC 2011) will:• contribute over $500 millionin additional Gross DomesticProduct to the New ZealandEconomy;• attract over 85,000international supporters aswell as international mediapersonnel and corporateguests; and• draw a worldwide televisionaudience of four billionviewers.This event presents plentyof opportunities to showcaseour culture and successes butalso leverage social, cultural,economic, and communitybenefits beyond the RWCand 2011.Key to this is Government’s roleensuring a successful eventand enduring benefits for NewZealanders. The Government andthe New Zealand Rugby Unionformed Rugby New Zealand 2011Limited (RNZ 2011 Ltd), led byCEO Martin Snedden. Martinand his team are responsible forplanning and delivering the RWC2011 tournament, alongsideRugby Cup Limited, thesubsidiary of the InternationalRugby Board which owns therights to the event.The Minister for Rugby WorldCup is the Hon Murray McCully.At the Ministry of EconomicDevelopment, the RWC CoordinationOffice coordinatescore Government services toensure New Zealand is readyto support the tournament onall fronts, from border controland security to transport andinfrastructure needs.Last year the Government alsoestablished the New Zealand2011 Office, to deliver on itsleverage and legacy goals aroundthe event. Its work includes coordinatinga nationwide festival,which will celebrate NewZealand’s people, landscapes,cultures and produce, anda Business EngagementProgramme which includes theNew Zealand 2011 BusinessClub – an on-line club which willmatch visiting business peoplewith locals hosts in similarindustries and businesses. Theoffice is also working with NewZealand Trade and Enterprise ona Sector Showcasing Programmeto ensure New Zealandbusinesses and industries makethe most of the opportunity toshow the world the things NewZealand does best.The New Zealand 2011 Officeincludes secondees from anumber of other Governmentagencies who will play a keyrole next year, including TourismNew Zealand, New Zealand Tradeand Enterprise, the Ministry forCulture and Heritage and theMinistry of Foreign Affairs andTrade.Many other government groupsare also working on RWC 2011.For example, a Major EventsBorder Steering Group has beenformed to ensure the smoothestpossible arrival process forteams and those 85,000 visitors.Police have their planningwell underway to ensure ourinternational visitors don’thave to worry about safety andsecurity. lnland Revenue willensure all those coming here toundertake paid employment aretaxed correctly and, ImmigrationNew Zealand will ensure thesame people have the correctworking visas.Local Government is also hardat work developing their ownregional festival events andattractions to ensure the wholecountry comes to life during thetournament.For more information on theGovernment’s work around RWC2011, visit: www.nz2011.govt.nzFor more information onthe tournament, visit:www.rugbyworldcup.com32TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


Rugby World CupThis event presents plenty of opportunitiesto showcase our culture and successes butalso leverage social, cultural, economic, andcommunity benefits beyond the RWC and 2011.Te Puni Kökiri’s game planEnsuring meaningful Mäori and iwi engagement in the planningand hosting of RWC 2011 is vital to the success of the tournament.As tangata whenua, the tournament will have a strong Mäoriinfluence and, therefore, it is essential that Mäori and iwi areinvolved in the planning and hosting of the Tournament.Effective Mäori and iwi engagement will help assist in gainingboth short-term and long-lasting benefits for Mäori. Essentially,RWC 2011 offers a significant opportunity to promote Mäorisuccess and showcase Mäori culture to the world.To assist in meaningful Mäori and iwi engagement, Te Puni Kökirihas a small RWC 2011 project team dedicated to implementing anoverarching Mäori engagement strategy, which is aligned with theGovernment’s RWC 2011 priorities.Based on the Mäori engagement strategy, Te Puni Kökiri hasidentified five key desired outcomes from the RWC 2011:• Te Reo Mäori and Mäori culture celebrated on the world stage;• Growth in Mäori tourism;• Mäori business showcased to the world;• Mäori leadership in event management; and• Mäori pride.Te Puni Kökiri has developed a work-programme to ensureeffective RWC 2011 iwi and Mäori engagement. The work-streams:• Central management of RWC 2011 Mäori and iwi engagement• RWC 2011 te reo Mäori language plan• Marae RWC 2011 leverage and legacy programme• RWC 2011 Mäori events and Haka campaign• Mäori television Service RWC 2011 Broadcast• RWC 2011 Volunteer and Host Programme• Leveraging RWC 2011 research project• Tämaki Makaurau involvement in RWC 2011• RWC 2011 Mäori Business engagement• Official RWC 2011 Mäori Retail Merchandise• RWC 2011 Mäori Tourism.Contact your Te Puni Kökiri regional office about RWC 2011activities and what’s planned in your rohe. See the back pageof this magazine for contact details to your Te Puni Kökiriregional office.The William Webb Ellis TrophySource: PhotosportTE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201033


Rugby World CupRWC 2011 Volunteer ProgrammeManager Brendan Ward andTe Puni Kökiri’s Ngapera Hoeraraafter a 600-strong turn-out atWellington’s Town Hall.5000 Volunteers wanted to helpAotearoa welcome the world in 2011Recruitment is underway tofind more than 5000 volunteersto help host the thousands ofinternational and local visitorswho will enjoy Rugby WorldCup 2011 (RWC 2011) whenthe Tournament kicks-off inSeptember next year.Prime Minister John Keylaunched the RWC 2011Volunteer Programme atthe Petone Rugby Club inWellington. TournamentOrganiser Rugby New Zealand2011 (RNZ 2011) began anationwide road-show to recruitvolunteers to work in a varietyof roles both within stadia andoutside in towns and citiesacross New Zealand.Te Puni Kökiri’s Ngapera Hoerarais part of the road-show withRNZ 2011’s volunteer team.Ngapera says during the monthshe’s on the road, the teamwould have convened 38 hui in26 locations around the motu.Ngapera says that for Mäorithe volunteer programme isanother channel for expressingour unique sense of hospitalityand manaakitanga. “Somepositions require people whoare passionate about theirlocal area and country – that’sus and we can share our localknowledge and history in a veryintimate way.”“We are already very active‘volunteers’,” says Ngapera.“But that’s just us helping ourchildren, mokopuna and whänauwhänui on the Marae, atschools, and in sports – whether“For Mäori the volunteer programme is anotherchannel for expressing our unique sense ofhospitality and manaakitanga.”34TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


Rugby World Cupthat’s making the cups oftea, washing uniforms orferrying teams around, it’s alldone for aroha and to supportour whänau.Michael Jones, one of the NewZealand’s greatest Rugby stars– a member of the RWC 1987winning New Zealand team andformer coach of Manu Samoa– is the face of the VolunteerProgramme. Michael backs upNgapera’s sentiment.“As a player I couldn’t haveachieved what I did withoutthe tireless support of so manyunpaid, enthusiastic peoplewho turned up to help me trainand play, who maintained theclubrooms, who made the teaand sliced the oranges – they allmade a difference.You must be at least 17 yearsold to participate in thisprogramme. It is not compulsoryto attend a forum. However,you are encouraged to attendas the forums will provide muchvaluable information about theexpectations, requirements,benefits, roles and registrationprocess to inform decisions. Formore information about theprogramme and a list of thelocations, dates and times ofthe public forums go to www.rugbyworldcup.com/volunteer“As a player I couldn’thave achieved what Idid without the tirelesssupport of so manyunpaid, enthusiasticpeople…”RWC 2011 Volunteer Roadshow ScheduleDate Location Time VenueThursday 1 July Taupo 12:30 - 1:30 Great Lake CentreThursday 1 July Rotorua 5:30 - 6:30 SoundShellFriday 2 July Rotorua 12:30 - 1:30 SoundShellMonday 5 July Whangarei 5:30 - 6:30 Northland Events CentreTuesday 6 July Kerikeri 5:30 - 6:30 Theatre Bar, The CentreWednesday 7 July Waitakere 12:30 - 1:30 Te Pai Netbal CentreWednesday 7 July Manukau 5:30 - 6:30 Manukau Council BuildingThursday 8 July Auckland 12:30 - 1:30 Sky CityThursday 8 July Auckland 5:30 - 6:30 Sky CityFriday 9 July North Harbour 12:30 - 1:30 North Shore – North Harbour StadiumFriday 9 July North Harbour 5:30 - 6:30 North Shore – North Harbour StadiumMonday 12 July Hawke’s Bay 12:30 - 1:30 Century TheatreMonday 12 July Hawke’s Bay 5:30 - 6:30 Century TheatreTuesday 13 July Gisborne 5:30 - 6:30 Rose Room, Lawson Field TheatreWednesday 14 July Tauranga 5:30 - 6:30 Queen Elizabeth Youth CentreTE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201035


Rugby World CupTe Kapu Whutupöro o te AoRugby World CupHei te tau 2011, katoa ngä whatu o te ao whutupöro ka aro mai kiAotearoa. Ko te tümanako, katoa ngä taringa ka areare mai ki te reoMäori. E matapaetia ana e ono tekau mano ngä manuhiri ka tau mai kitënei whenua, ko te Kapu Whutupöro o te Ao te take. Ko te tümanako aTe Puni Kökiri ka kuhu atu te Mäori ki ngä nekeneke o te wä – mä rotoi ngä mahi täpoi, ngä mahi päkihi, ngä mahi hokohoko rawa me ngämahi whakatairanga i te ahurea me te reo Mäori.E rua tekau ngä tïma whutupöro, tekau mä iwa ngä whenua kawhakaeke mai. Ko te nuinga o ërä iwi, he iwi reo rua. Hei te 9 oMahuru te këmu tuatahi, ä, ka kitea ko wai te toa o ngä toa a te 23 oWhiringa-ä-rangi 2011. Ahakoa, e rua marama noa iho te roanga atuo te whakataetae nei, e ono marama pea ëtahi o ërä tängata e nohoturuhi ana ki Aotearoa. Ko ëtahi ka tae moata mai, ko ëtahi ka wehe imuri atu o te whakataetae nei.E ai ki a Danica Waiti, Kaitätari Kaupapa, kua whakarite mahere aTe Puni Kökiri hei whakatairanga i te reo Mäori i taua wä. E whaiana rätou kia rangona, kia kitea hoki te reo Mäori ki ngä wähi mahao te whakataetae nei. Kei te rärangi mahi a te hunga e kökiri ana itënei kaupapa ngä wawata, arä, kia kitea te reo Mäori ki runga i ngäpänui, ki ngä tiketi mö ngä këmu, ki ngä rawa hokohoko, ki ngä papatatauranga anö hoki. E whai ana hoki rätou kia tika te whakahua o tereo Mäori a ngä kaimahi o te Kapu o te Ao.Rua tekau mä toru ngä rohe ka whakanöhia e ngä tïma whutupöronei me ö rätou kaitautoko. Hei könei ka kitea ka whai wähi hokipea ngä iwi me ngä hapü o ia rohe ki te manaaki i ngä manuhirinei. E tino tautokona ana te whakamahinga o te reo Mäori e teInternational Rugby Board. E meatia ana ko te painga atu mënäka whai wähi te Mäori i roto i ngä röpü whakahaere ä-rohe. Ko tetümanako ka kuhu atu te Mäori ki ngä kaupapa përä i ngä pöhiriä-marae, i ngä tümomo hui, i ngäkaupapa katoa ka whakahaerengia etënä hapori, e tënä hapori.He wähi nui ki ngä mahi päpäho heiwhakatairanga i te reo i te wä o te Kapunui o te Ao. Ka whakapäohotia te reoMäori ki ngä whenua maha o te ao. Kuawhai wähi a Whakaata Mäori ki ngämahi whakapäho nei, ä, ko te tümanakoka whakapähotia ngä këmu ä-rohe, ngäkëmu nui hoki e ngä reo irirangi Mäori.Ko te tümanako a te kaihautü o te röpükökiri i te kaupapa nei ki Te Puni Kökiri,a Paora Ammunson, ka uru mai a ngäitäua ki te kaupapa, ä, ka kaha rangonate reo Mäori ki ngä papa whutupöro ataua wä!Martin Snedden, CEO for Tournament Organiser, Rugby New Zealand 2011(RNZ 2011), discusses te reo project with Danica Waiti from Te Puni Kökiri.In 2011 all the eyes of the world will focus on NZ, the hope is that allthe ears of the world will hear te reo Mäori. Around 60,000 visitors areexpected to visit for Rugby World Cup 2011. Te Puni Kökiri hopes thatMäori will be engaged in the various Rugby World Cup work streams,from tourism, to business engagement, to retail sales, to show-casingMäori creativity and language.There will be 20 rugby teams and 19 visiting nations. Many ofthese people will be multi-lingual. The opening game will be on 9September and the world champion will be known on 23 October.Even though the tournament is only two months long, the tourismimpacts could be felt over as long as a six month period – somevisitors may arrive earlier than the tournament and others will leavemuch later.Danica Waiti, policy analyst, says that Te Puni Kökiri is developinga specific plan to promote te reo Mäori in 2011.The objective is forMäori to be seen and heard in as many places as possible aroundRugby World Cup 2011. The Te Puni Kökiri team hopes that te reowill have a place in areas like promotional materials, match tickets,retail products and even scoreboards. The team hopes that the Mäorilanguage will also be used correctly.Teams and their supporters will visit around 23 locations across thecountry. The hope is that iwi and hapü will be part of making thesevisitors feel welcome. The IRB (International Rugby Board) has alreadyindicated support for use of te reo Mäori. The hope is that Mäoriwill now get involved in regional coordination groups for RugbyWorld Cup 2011. It is also hoped that Mäori will be part of welcomeceremonies, other major events, and community level activities.Broadcasters may have a major role to play in promoting te reoduring the Rugby World Cup. Mäori language may even be part ofthe globally broadcast. Mäori TelevisionService is likely to have a role inbroadcasting, the hope is that they willbe able to work with Mäori radio tobroadcast pool games. Te Puni KökiriRugby World Cup Project ManagerPaora Ammunson hopes Mäori peoplewill be fully engaged in Rugby WorldCup 2011 and te reo Mäori will featurein tournament place.Reproduced with thekind permission ofTe Taura Whiri i Te Reo Mäori36TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAURWC free-to-air onMäori TelevisionNew Zealand’s national indigenous broadcaster will be the leadfree-to-air broadcaster of the Rugby World Cup 2011.Past New Zealand Mäori and All Black players Taine Randall with Glenn Osbourneon the side-line at McLean Park, Napier.Mäori Television will be theonly free-to-air broadcaster ofall 48 games of the tournament,of which 16 games will be liveand 32 will be televised on adelayed basis.All 16 live games – including theopening match, both semi-finals,the Bronze Final and the Final– will also be simulcast on the100 per cent Mäori languagechannel, Te Reo, and madeavailable to iwi radio stationsthroughout New Zealand.Mäori Television chief executiveJim Mather says viewers canexpect insightful, unique andinnovative coverage of theworld’s third-largest sportsevent. Commentary will includefive to 10 per cent Mäorilanguage on the Mäori Televisionchannel.“As lead free-to-air broadcaster,Mäori Television will ensure ourcoverage of this event is secondto-none,”Mr Mather says.“As lead free-to-air broadcaster, MäoriTelevision will ensure our coverage of thisevent is second-to-none.”Beneath the Mäori MoonA landmark documentary series on Mäori Television tracesthe evolution of Mäori rugby and examines its place inNew Zealand society.Beneath the Mäori Moon (Thursday at 8 pm) is an all areas accesspass to Mäori rugby. The 15-episode series profiles important playersand colourful characters, and examines the times in which they lived– both world wars, the Great Depression and the urban migrationof the '50s and '60s through to the modern professional era of thegame. The series expands on the critically acclaimed book of thesame name by Malcolm Mulholland.Beneath the Mäori Moon book author Malcolm Mulholland (right) with Beneaththe Mäori Moon series producer Bailey Mackey.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201037


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYTe Ao HöuThe New Zealand Mäorirugby Centenary JerseyThe centenary jersey with itsornate Mäori imagery payshomage to the past 100 yearsof Mäori rugby. It representsa journey from the past to thepresent — the dawning of a newera, lighting a pathway for thefuture of New Zealand Mäorirugby.Mai i te whaiao ki te ao märama“From the dim light of morningto the bright light of a new day.”The centenary jersey is based ontwo iconic features of the Mäoriworld: the Korowai (cloak) andthe Wharenui (meeting house).Both the wharenui and thekorowai provide warmth, shelterand protection, calmness, peaceand mana (prestige).KorowaiKorowai are ornate cloaksholding significant importancewithin the Mäori world, oftenelaborately designed andpainstakingly manufactured.The korowai is usually wornon special occasions by thosewith mana (high ranking),most of whom have earnedthe right through either birthor exceptional deeds. Playersselected in the New ZealandMäori team 2010 gain selectionboth through birth, namely, theirMäori whakapapa (genealogy),and through their deeds on therugby field which validate theirright to wear the centenaryjersey.38TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAU“The New Dawn”Front of JerseyHe ao te rangi ka uhia, hehuruhuru te manu ka tau – naTamaterangi“It requires clouds to clotheheaven and feathers to make abird fly” by Tamaterangi.WharenuiWharenui are ancestralmeeting houses holding prideof place on tribal marae(communal gathering facilities).The wharenui is the literalrepresentation of an illustrioustribal ancestor and is oftennamed after that person.The köruru (head) sits at theapex of the two downwardslanting maihi (arms) andraparapa (fingers) splayed ina welcoming pose above twoupright supports, amo (legs). Thetwo amo represent the earthlyand human domains. The tatau(doorway) of the wharenuiallows entry into te puku o tetupuna (the inner sanctum ofthe ancestor). Inside, the tähuhu(ridgepole) is clearly visible asthe spine running the length ofthe wharenui with heke (ribs) inthe form of köwhaiwhai (paintedpanels) slanting diagonallydownwards to poupou (uprightcarved figures) representingboth tribal ancestors andvarious deities of the Mäoriworld. In between the poupouare tukutuku (woven panels)depicting environmental andspiritual elements.The inside of the wharenuiis deemed to be the realm ofRongo (god of Peace), while theoutside ground in front of themeeting house, the marae ätea,is the realm of Tümatauenga(god of War).He whare tü ki te wä kei tepaenga, he kai nä te ahi; Hewhare maihi tü roto ki te pätüwatawata, he tohu nö terangatira – na Taharäkau.A house standing alone is foodfor the fire, a finely carved housewithin a fortified village is thesign of a chief – by TaharäkauThe Wearer of the JerseyAs you put the jersey on, yourarms become the maihi, yourfingers the raparapa your legsthe amo your backbone thetähuhu, your ribs the heke andat the apex your head becomesthe köruru.In wearing this jersey your mauri(life force) and the spirits of yourtupuna (ancestors) bring it tolife and it becomes the korowaiwhich supports you for thechallenges that lay before you inthis life… whatever they may be !AcknowledgementsThe New Zealand MäoriRugby TeamNew Zealand Rugby UnionAdidasTe Puni KökiriWhetu Tipiwai, NZ Mäori RugbyTeam KaumätuaLuke Crawford, KaumätuaTiki Edwards, NZ Mäori RugbyLiaison OfficerDave Burke, Creative and DesignDirector, MCK Design & Print,Dunedinwww.maori.org.nzwww.teara.govt.nzBack of JerseyDave BurkeGraphic Designer and ArtistDave is a New Zealand Artist of Spanish, French, English, Scottish,Irish and Mäori heritage – Kai Tahu is his iwi. Born in Dunedin heis a graduate from the Otago School of Fine Art. He is a FormerCreative Director of the Otago Daily Times, and Creative anddesign Director for Mck Design in Dunedin. Today he works as botha designer and as an artist.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201039


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYNew Zealand Post’sMatariki stamps flying highHe manu tukutuku te rangi ka uhia he huruhuru te manu ka tauKites adorn the sky as feathers adorn the birds‘Manu tukutuku’ is the theme of the third annual New Zealand PostMatariki stamp series, marking the dawn of the new Mäori year.James Te Puni, Marketing and Commercial Director for Stamps, Coinsand REAL Aotearoa said: “The symbolic connection of manu tukutukuduring Matariki has historically been interpreted in many ways.”“They have rich cultural significance and as anintegral part of Mäori tradition and rituals,manu tukutuku continue to play a strong partin Matariki celebrations across the country.”The stamps are a collaboration between New Zealand Post, culturalorganisations, specialist designers and artists, including leadingtraditional and contemporary weaver, Veranoa Hetet.Both stamp issues are available now from PostShops,REAL Aotearoa stores, by free-phone 0800 782 677,or by visiting www.nzpost.co.nz/stamps.100 Years of Mäori Rugbyfeatures on StampsNew Zealand Post recentlyrecognised the achievementsof 100 Years of Mäori Rugbythrough two commemorativestamps.carries the centenary logo,Hei whakanui i te Rau Tau.The specially commissionedcentenary jersey features onNew Zealand Post’s most popularstamp – the 50c. The secondstamp issued, $1.80 stamp,James Te Puni, Marketing andCommercial Director of Stampsat New Zealand Post said:“Since first taking the field,New Zealand Mäori teams haveestablished a playing style andculture that is now famousaround the world. We issuedthese two special stamps,including one carrying theimage of the centenary jersey, tohonour the past and celebratethe future of Mäori rugby.”The release of the 100 Yearsof Mäori Rugby stamp rangecoincided with the launch of thecentenary jersey, celebrationsand matches.40TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


MAI I NGä ROHEThis commemorative edition of Kökiri profiles Mäoriplayers who through the sport of rugby have contributedto their whänau, hapü, iwi and community.Te ArawaThe 1904 Rotorua Mäori Team.Source: Rotorua Museum of Art and History, Te Whare Taonga o Te ArawaTe Arawa has been hugely instrumental in thedevelopment of Mäori rugby. In 1904, Te Arawa welcomed the touringBritish at Öhinemutu and then invited them to play a game of rugby.This was the first time since 1888 that a team consisting solely ofMäori had attempted to be formed. When Tuoro Pango kicked thewinning conversion, the crowd erupted into a frenzy. Unfortunately,the game is not recorded in official records as it was deemed to beunofficial. In 1908, an Arawa XV played the visiting Anglo-Welsh side.On this occasion they couldn’t repeat the same result as four yearsearlier, yet like their predecessors the game does not appear on theofficial record for the same reason. The first team the New ZealandMäori played was the Rotorua Sub-Union in 1910.Ned ParataNed Parata receives a life membership from the NZRU, in 1943 for services to Mäori rugbyfrom the President of the NZRU DM Speeding.Source: Hocken LibraryThe contribution Wiremu ’Ned’ Tehoka Parata (Ngäi Tahu) madeto Mäori rugby is unequalled. After having petitioned the NZRU toestablish the New Zealand Mäori Men’s Rugby Team in 1910, thefollowing year Parata became the founding President of the Bay ofPlenty Rugby Union until 1925. He managed four New Zealand Mäoritours to Australia and held the same position for their epic tour toAustralia, Ceylon, France, England, Wales and Canada in 1926–27.He was also the first President of the Mäori Advisory Board andrepresented Mäori interests for four years on the NZRU Board. Outsideof rugby, Parata was an active member of the Ngäi Tahu Trust Board.He was awarded an OBE in 1948 and passed away the following year.Bill GrayThe Bay of Plenty Rugby Union has provided the most representativeswho have played for New Zealand Mäori, that number now standingat over one hundred. Players have included Ray Keepa, Bill Potae,Eddie Stokes, Hika Reid, Frank Shelford and Steve McDowell. Onesuch player, Bill Gray, from Tapuika and Te Arawa, was a good tennisplayer before turning his attention to playing at second five eight.He was an integral part of the All Blacks first test series win againstthe Springboks in 1956, and after suffering a near play-ending injury,returned to almost defeat the Lions of 1959 when playing for acombined provincial side.Bill Gray, standing, with Pat Walsh checking the ankle of awinger on the 1958 Tour of Australia.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumTE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201041


MAI I NGä ROHETe TaiRäwhitiJimmy MillJimmy Mill, from Ngäti Porou, entered rugby as atop-class halfback. Mill was regarded by his peers as thebest in his position during the era in which he played and he wouldoften comment on his ability to take a photograph in his mind ofwhere every player stood on the field before he fed the scrum.He, along with George Nepia, toured with the 1924 Invincibles andsubsequently became a household name. Mill was described as beingas ‘elusive as an eel’.Jimmy Mill.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumTäkitimuSam GemmellSam Gemmell hails from Ngäti Pähauwera. He once heldthe New Zealand record for the highest number of first class gameswith 145. Fifty-seven of those matches were for New Zealand Mäori,the record for the most played by a representative. As George Nepiawrote in his autobiography, ‘He was a great forward. He was astrong, four square sort of build, especially powerful in the shoulders,and he hadn’t a friend in the world, on the other side at any rate,while he was playing.’Sam Gemmell.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumTe Tai HauäuruAlex TakarangiAlex Takarangi, of Te Äti Haunui-ä-Päpärangi, led thefirst New Zealand Mäori Team. After being the first New Zealandrugby player to amass 100 first class games, he served as a selectorand administrator of Mäori rugby. Such were the size of his calfmuscles, children used to contemplate sticking pins in them to see ifthey could deflate that part of his body. It was he who told a youngGeorge Nepia to play at fullback rather than at first five eight in 1924.The first New Zealand Mäori Captain, Alex Takarangi from Whanganui.Source: Jim Takarangi42TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


MAI I NGä ROHETe Whanganui ä TaraHarry JacobHarry Jacob, of Ngäti Huia and Ngäti Porou, was thefirst All Black to come from the Horowhenua. A Military Cross holderfrom World War One and captain of New Zealand Mäori, he used hisleadership skills to wrestle the Ranfurly Shield off the Wairarapa.He named his son Ran Furly. Jacob’s contribution to Horowhenuarugby is immense – the centenary publication of Horowhenua rugbyis titled In Jacob’s Shadow and the Harry Jacob Memorial Trophy isawarded every season for the Best and Fairest Horowhenua player.Harry Jacob.Source: Rachael SelbyTe WaipounamuTane NortonTane Norton, from Ngäi Tahu, led both the All Blacksand New Zealand Mäori during the 1970s. The Linwood stalwart,who played at hooker, was the most capped All Black fromCanterbury when he retired. Norton also held the record for beingthe oldest All Black Captain (35 years, 136 days). Winner of the TomFrench Cup on two occasions, Norton was President of the NZRUfrom 2003 until 2005.Tane Norton.Source: Tane NortonTe TaiTokerauMuru WaltersMuru Walters, from Te Aupöuri and Te Rarawa, is the record holderfor the most points scored for New Zealand Mäori with 211. He alsobecame the first Mäori rugby player to rack up over 500 points,scoring over 150 first class games playing in the position of fullback.Walters has gone on to become a respected sculptor and is now theAnglican Bishop of Te Upoko O Te Ika.Muru is presented with the Tom French Cup for the bestMäori player of the 1957 season.Source: Muru WaltersTE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201043


MAI I NGä ROHETämaki MakaurauPat WalshPat Walsh initially played rugby for Auckland and thenfor Counties. He was a pioneering utility back who figured largelyin successive All Black teams of the mid-1950s through to themid-1960s, after debuting at the young age of 19 years and 106days, becoming the second youngest player to wear an All Blacksjersey. Walsh captained New Zealand Mäori in 1958, 1959, and 1961and was an ambassador for Mäori rugby who made many peoplewelcome at his Wanderer’s Hotel at Mängere.Pat Walsh on the run in Australia, 1958.Source: New Zealand Rugby MuseumWaikatoTom FrenchTom French, from Ngäti Hikairo, played for New ZealandMäori during the 1910s, being Buller’s sole representative in thenational squad and he has the distinction of taking the field inthe first game ever played at Eden Park. After having lost his armduring World War One, French turned his attention to coachingNew Zealand Mäori. His contribution was recognised in 1949 witha cup that bears his name being presented to the best Mäori rugbyplayer of each season.Tom French coaches the finer details of the scrum in Australia, 1949.Source: Karl FrenchTe Moana ä ToiAlbie PryorAlbie Pryor, of Ngäti Awa and Ngäti Rangitihi, played inevery position in the forward pack apart from hooker. He was hardand uncompromising in the way he played, yet he possessed a goodsense of humour, one such example being when he charged WakaNathan and his family the entry fee at the Mäori Sports Awards afterinviting Nathan to present the main award. After having retired hepursued a career in sports administration, becoming the foundingfather of the Mäori Sports Awards.Pryor running in typical devastating fashion.Source: Auckland Rugby Union44TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUMalcolm MulhollandMalcolm Mulholland (Ngäti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa, Rangitaane,Ngäti Kahu, Te Arawa) is a staff member at Te Pütahi-a-Toi, MäoriStudies, Massey University. He has written Beneath the Mäori Moon:An Illustrated History of Mäori Rugby (Huia, 2009) and has been aneditor of the following publications: State of the Mäori Nation (Reed,2006), Weeping Waters: The Treaty of Waitangi (Huia, 2010) andMäori and the Environment: Kaitiaki (Huia, 2010).Professor Margaret Mutu, comments, “An author who can get myrugby mad cousins who rarely read books engrossed in a book forhours on end, occasionally shaking their heads, or laughing orcrying, is really special. Malcolm Mulholland has ensured that themassive contribution Mäori have made to rugby is now getting therecognition it deserves. Professor Ranginui Walker adds, “MalcolmMulholland has done an excellent job of writing the history of Mäorirugby. Malcolm is a welcome addition to the new generation ofMäori writers who are writing our suppressed stories to inform thenation and the world that Mäori culture is alive and flourishing”.Author Malcolm Mulholland and Beneath the Mäori Moon, winner of the Best MäoriSports Book category at the inaugural Ngä Kupu Ora Mäori Book Awards 2009.Source: Massey University.Former Mäori Affairs staff members and New Zealand Mäori players, Doug Hauraki andEmertus Professor Tamati Reedy, the latter being the Secretary for the Department from1983 to 1989, being interviewed at the launch of Beneath the Mäori Moon.Source: Malcolm MulhollandBeneath theMäori MoonBeneath the Mäori Moon isthe story of nearly 100 years ofMäori rugby – the songs, thejoys, the battles, the teams andalways the pride of pulling onthe black jersey.In this book, Malcolm Mulholland details the major matches ofeach decade, describes the developments in the game and profilesprominent players and administrators. This is the complete story ofthe New Zealand Mäori rugby team, including analysis of the politicsbehind the side. Malcolm has left no stone unturned in his quest tounearth the true story behind the New Zealand Mäori rugby team.A comprehensive array of unique photographs, memorabilia, cartoonsand game and player statistics complement the text. The bookculminates with a panel of well-known rugby personalities selectingthe best Mäori XV of all time. This is a must have for all rugby fans.TE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201045


MäORI RUGBY CENTENARYMäori All Blacks – WorldClass in New ZealandProving age ain’t nothing but a number, the New Zealand Mäori Rugbyteam marked its 100th birthday with a clean sweep of the SealordNew Zealand Mäori Centenary Series.Congratulations boys!Win against New Zealand Barbarians, 37-31Played 12 June 2010 at Whängarei Stadium, WhängareiWin against Ireland, 31-28Played 18 June 2010 at Rotorua International Stadium, RotoruaWin against England, 35-28Played 23 June 2010 at McLean Park, NapierWayne Peters, New ZealandRugby Union Mäori BoardChair with Associate Ministerof Mäori Affairs Hon GeorginaTe Heuheu at Rotorua.Luke McAlister shows the winning form that saw the New ZealandMäori win against England at Napier.Source: Peter BushPast Black Fern and three-timeWorld Cup Captain Dr FarrahPalmer with past All BlackKees Meuws at Rotorua.Talented Te Taitokerautaitamariki Ngaru,Xena and Maia Deanentertain guests at apre-match function ofthe New Zealand Mäorivs Barbarians match inWhängarei.New Zealand Mäori’s captain Liam Messam celebrates the win over Ireland with the team.Sealord New Zealand Mäori Centenary Series rugby union match, New Zealand Mäori v Irelandat Rotorua International Stadium, Rotorua.Source: Photosport46TE PUNI KöKIRI | KöKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 2010


RAU TAUNew Zealand Mäori perform the haka, New Zealand Maori v New Zealand Barbarians, New Zealand Mäori Centenary Series, rugby union. Toll Stadium, Whangarei.Source: PhotosportNew Zealand Mäori’s Robbie Robinson fends off Ireland’s Paddy Wallace. SealordNew Zealand Mäori Centenary Series rugby union match, New Zealand Mäori v Irelandat Rotorua International Stadium, Rotorua.Source: PhotosportPause, touch and engage! New Zealand Mäori vs England at Napier.Source: Peter BushTE PUNI KÖKIRI | KÖKIRI | Höngongoi – Hereturiköka 201047


Te Puni Kökiri, Te Puni Kökiri House143 Lambton Quay, Wellington 6011, PO Box 3943, Wellington 6140, New ZealandPHN Waea 04 819 6000 FAX Waea Whakaahua 04 819 6299WEB Paetukutuku www.tpk.govt.nzTe Puni Kökiri REGIONAL OFFICESNATIONAL OFFICETe Puni Kökiri, Te Puni Kökiri House143 Lambton Quay, Wellington 6011,PO Box 3943, Wellington 6140, New ZealandPHN Waea 04 819 6000 FAX Waea Whakaahua 04 819 6299WEB Paetukutuku www.tpk.govt.nzTE TAITOKERAU REGION AWHANGÄREI PHN Waea 09 430 3731FAX Waea Whakaahua 09 430 3160Level 2, Taitokerau Mäori Trust Board Building3–5 Hunt Street, Whangärei 0110Private Bag 9026, Whangärei 0148Kaitaia PHN Waea 09 408 2391Level 2, REAP Building,33 Puckey Avenue, Kaitaia 0410PO Box 200, Kaitaia 0441Tämaki Makaurau REGION BAuckland PHN Waea 09 571 2940FAX Waea Whakaahua 09 571 2941Level 2, Te Puni Kökiri House12–14 Walls Road, Penrose, Auckland 1061Private Bag 92010, Auckland 1142Waikato REGION CHamilton PHN Waea 07 834 7100FAX Waea Whakaahua 07 839 2579Level 2, Waitomo House,6 Garden Place Hamilton 3204.Private Bag 3020, Hamilton 3240TE MOANA Ä TOI REGION DWhakatÄne PHN Waea 07 307 1057FAX Waea Whakaahua 07 307 103358 Commerce Street, Whakatäne 3120PO Box 26, Whakatäne 3158Tauranga PHN Waea 07 577 6254FAX Waea Whakaahua 07 577 6155Cnr Christopher Street & 11th AvenueTauranga 3110PO Box 69, Tauranga 3140Te Arawa REGION ERotorua PHN Waea 07 349 7810FAX Waea Whakaahua 07 349 0950Level 1, Te Puni Kökiri House1218–1224 Haupapa Street, Rotorua 3010Private Bag 3017, Rotorua 3046Te Tairäwhiti REGION FGisborne PHN Waea 06 868 0208FAX Waea Whakaahua 06 868 0217Level 1, Ngä Wai E Rua,Cnr Lowe Street & Reads QuayGisborne 4010PO Box 140, Gisborne 4040Wairoa PHN Waea 06 838 7913FAX Waea Whakaahua 06 838 790654b Queen Street, Wairoa 4108PO Box 92, Wairoa 4160Takitimu REGION GHastings PHN Waea 06 878 0757FAX Waea Whakaahua 06 878 0756Ground Floor, Lowe House304 Fitzroy Avenue, Hastings 4122PO Box 1440, Hastings 4156Featherston PHN Waea 06 308 6240FAX Waea Whakaahua 06 308 624014 Wakefield Street, Featherston 5710PO Box 6, Featherston 5740Te Tai Hauäuru REGION HWhanganui PHN Waea 06 348 1400FAX Waea Whakaahua 06 348 9400Te Taurawhiri Building,357 Victoria Avenue, Whanganui 4500PO Box 436, Whanganui 4540Taranaki PHN Waea 06 759 5450FAX Waea Whakaahua 06 759 4601Level 1, Cnr Devon and Currie StreetsNew Plymouth 4310PO Box 744, New Plymouth 4340Taumarunui PHN Waea 07 895 7356FAX Waea Whakaahua 07 895 7381Te Tititihu House, 32 Miriama StreetTaumarunui 3920PO Box 192, Taumarunui 3946Palmerston PHN Waea 06 354 1706North FAX Waea Whakaahua 06 354 7031109 Princess StreetPalmerston North 4410PO Box 12029, Palmerston North 4444Te Whanganui ä Tara REGION ILower Hutt PHN Waea 04 570 3180FAX Waea Whakaahua 04 570 3181Level 1, Bloomfield House46–50 Bloomfield Terrace, Lower Hutt 5010PO Box 31520, Lower Hutt 5040Nelson PHN Waea 03 546 9701FAX Waea Whakaahua 03 579 416913 Selwyn PlaceNelson 7010PO Box 1830, Nelson 7010Levin PHN Waea 06 367 3814FAX Waea Whakaahua 06 367 3814Cnr Durham & Salisbury StreetLevin 5510Te Waipounamu REGION JChristchurch PHN Waea 0800 875 839FAX Waea Whakaahua 03 365 3641Level 3, 115 Kilmore Street, Christchurch 8013PO Box 13546, Christchurch 8141Dunedin PHN Waea 0800 875 839FAX Waea Whakaahua 03 474 9576Level 1, Colonial House, 258 Stuart StreetDunedin 9016PO Box 180, Dunedin 9054Invercargill PHN Waea 0800 875 839FAX Waea Whakaahua 03 214 9179Level 1, Menzies Building, 1 Esk StreetInvercargill 9810PO Box 1769, Invercargill 9840

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