ICAN Imagine a World Without Nuclear Weapons - International ...

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ICAN Imagine a World Without Nuclear Weapons - International ...

the riskIt’s five minutes to midnightThe Doomsday Clock (left) is themost universally recognized indicatorof the world’s vulnerability to nucleardestruction. The minute hand movesforwards or backwards according toworld events. Midnight representsthe end of civilization.MIDNIGHT1947'60'70'80'90'00today5 mins10 mins15 minssupport forabolitionA staggering 73 per centof Americans and 63 percent of Russians supportthe complete eliminationof nuclear weapons.SOURCE: ARMS CONTROL ASSOCIATIONPP73% 63%AmericansRussians$spendingnuclear weapons spendingThe US alone spends $40 billion each year on its nuclearweapons—enough to eliminate extreme poverty by2030. All other nuclear-armed countries are also guilty ofhuge sums of money on their nuclear arsenals.4


why abolition is achievable12345A majority of nations want a nuclear weapons banAt least 127 countries—including China, India, Pakistan andNorth Korea—support the abolition of nuclear weaponsthrough a binding Nuclear Weapons Convention.There’s a draft treaty to make abolition happenThe Model NWC is a draft treaty that would ban theproduction, possession and use of nuclear weapons, as wellas establish ways to verify their elimination.We’ve outlawed other types of weaponsThese include chemical weapons, biological weaponsand landmines. Now we must turn our attention tobanning the worst weapons of all, nuclear weapons.Four countries have given up nuclear weaponsSouth Africa was the first, followed by former Soviet statesKazakhstan, Belarus and Ukraine. More than a dozen othercountries have abandoned nuclear weapons programs.More and more people are calling for abolitionMany former political leaders have begun urging theirgovernments to ban nuclear weapons, and some militaryheads have questioned the utility of these weapons of terror.5


MYTHNuclearweapons areno worse thanother weaponsNuclearweapons nolonger pose anyreal threatIt’s OK for somecountries tohave nuclearweaponsIt’s unlikelythat nuclearweapons will beused againNuclearweapons area deterrent toterroristsNuclearweaponscan be usedlegitimatelyPeople don’tcare aboutnucleardisarmamentFACTThey are the only weapons capable of destroyingthe entire planet in a matter of hours. A singlenuclear bomb, if dropped on a city, could killmillions of people.There are still 26,000 nuclear weaponsworldwide. Each directly threatens global securityand human survival, and thousands are ready tobe launched within minutes of an order.No country can be trusted with nuclear weapons.And so long as any country has them, others willwant them. Nuclear weapons threaten ratherthan enhance security.Unless we get rid of all nuclear weapons, they willbe used again—intentionally or by accident—andthe effect will be catastrophic. Abolition isnecessary and achievable.Terrorist groups and suicide bombers are notrational and cannot be deterred by counterthreats.Further, nations with nuclear weaponsare the most attractive targets for terrorists.Any use of nuclear weapons would killindiscriminately. It would cause long-term andwidespread human and environmental harmthrough radioactive fallout.Recent opinion polls show that the overwhelmingmajority of people across the globe believethat nuclear weapons should be banned andeliminated without further delay.


good newsbad news>> There are fewer nuclearweapons today than during theCold War: more than 40,000 havebeen dismantled.>> Most countries believe thatnuclear weapons threaten ratherthan enhance their security, andthat is why they have chosen notto pursue them.>> Cooperation among nationshas improved, including betweenthe United States and Russia,which possess 95 per cent of allnuclear weapons in the world.>> More countries than everbefore are calling for a NuclearWeapons Convention to bannuclear weapons.>> Most countries with nuclearweapons are building new onesand expanding plans to use them.>> Nine countries now have thebomb: the more fingers on thetriggers, the more likely it is theywill be used.>> Many nuclear weaponssystems have become old andfaulty, increasing the risk ofaccidental use.>> The spread of nuclear powermeans that many countries nowhave the know-how and meansto create nuclear weapons.>> Most of today’s nuclearweapons are much morepowerful than the bombsdropped on Japan in 1945.I CANBAN NUKES!“beings.A world free of nuclear weapons is a good, safeplace to be—a decent place, free of the dishonour ofthreatening to kill tens of millions of our fellow humanWe should go there. – Jonathan Schell7


United Kingdom200Russia15,000NorthKorea0–10France350Israel75–200Pakistan50 China130India50Question 3: Which country has conducted more nucleartest explosions than any other? (Answer p13)the nuclear-armed nationsn UNITED STATES. The US isthe only country to have usednuclear weapons in war. Severalthousand of its 10,000 nuclearweapons are kept on hair-triggeralert—ready to be launchedwithin minutes.n RUSSIA. Russia has thelargest nuclear arsenal of anycountry in the world, consistingof some 15,000 warheads.Many are on hair-trigger alert,while about 5000 are awaitingdismantlement.n UNITED KINGDOM. The UK’s200 or so nuclear weapons are allsubmarine-based. At any giventime, one such submarine is onpatrol. The service life for thesevessels will soon end, presentingan ideal opportunity for the UKto show leadership and disarm.n FRANCE. Most of France’s 350nuclear weapons are submarinebased.The government hasthreatened to use them againststates found to be supportingterrorism against France.10


Good news ...United States10,000Four nuclear-armedcountries—China,India, North Korea andPakistan—have expressedsupport for a NuclearWeapons Convention.numberof nuclearweaponsaround theworldCountries withnuclear weaponsn CHINA. China has an arsenalof roughly 130 nuclear weaponsand has said it would use themonly in response to a nuclearattack.n ISRAEL. Israel will officiallyneither confirm nor deny that ithas nuclear weapons, and littleis publicly known about the sizeand composition of its arsenal.It’s the only nuclear-armedcountry in the Middle East.n INDIA. India has roughly 50nuclear weapons and has said ithosting nukesSix European countries hostUS nuclear weapons on theirsoil as part of a North AtlanticTreaty Organization nuclearsharingarrangement. Theyare Belgium, Germany, Italy,the Netherlands, Turkey andthe United Kingdom.Countries without9 nuclear weapons 186would use them in retaliation foran attack involving any kind ofweapons of mass destruction.n PAKISTAN. Pakistan, whichborders India, has a stockpilethought to consist of about 50nuclear warheads. It has said itwould be willing to use nuclearweapons in response to an attackinvolving conventional weapons.n NORTH KOREA. The newestmember of the nuclear club,North Korea has no more than 10“small” nuclear warheads.11


victims ofthe nuclear ageThe only use of nuclearweapons in warfare occurredat the end of World WarII, when the United Statesdropped atomic bombson the Japanese cities ofHiroshima and Nagasaki. Atleast 145,000 innocent peopledied instantly, and a total of210,000 had died by the endof 1945. Due to radiation,rates of cancer in survivorsare still rising. The only wayto guarantee that this doesn’thappen again is to abolishnuclear weapons.Many thousands of peoplehave also become sick anddied because of the 2059nuclear test explosionsthat have taken place sincethe first atomic bombwas created. The nuclearpower and uranium miningindustries also have manyvictims.Question 4: What were “Little Boy”and “Fat Man”?(Answer p13)quotablenotables“““By far the single greatestdanger facing humankind—in fact, all livingbeings on our planet—isthe threat of nucleardestruction.The Dalai LamaWe are told by somegovernments thata Nuclear WeaponsConvention is prematureand unlikely. Don’tbelieve it. We were toldthe same thing about amine ban treaty.Jody Williams,Nobel laureateIn a nuclear war therewould be no victors,only victims. The truth ofpeace requires that all ...strive for a progressiveand concerted nucleardisarmament.Pope Benedict XVI12


UTHE EFFECTSof a 1-megaton nuclear bombwithin 3kmwithin 5kmwithin 10kmA radioactive fireball hotter than the sun and with the forceof one million tons of TNT kills and vaporizes everyone.The vast majority of people die quickly from blast injuries,asphyxiation in spreading fires or acute radiation sickness.About half die from trauma and burns. Many succumb soonafter to fires and radiation. No medical care functions.within 20kmwithin 80kmShattered windows and otherflying debris can be lethal.Anyone looking at the blast isblinded. Over the followingmonths and years, many tens ofthousands will die from radiationsickness or later cancers.Answers: 1) Mutually assured destruction; 2) Antarctica; 3) UnitedStates; 4) The atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.Today’s citiesA Hiroshima-size bombdropped on a moderncity could directlycause more than amillion casualties.13


The abolition of nuclearweapons is possible, necessaryand increasingly urgent. Be a part of themovement to make it happen.“A nuclear disaster will not hit at the speed of a glaciermelting; it will hit with a blast. It will not hit with thespeed of the atmosphere warming but of a city burning.Clearly, the attention focused on nuclear weapons shouldbe as prominent as that of global climate change.Arnold Schwarzenegger,Governor of CaliforniaFind out more:www.icanw.orgtrue or false?TEST YOURKNOWLEDGE!1.2.3.4.5.Several dozen countries currently possess nuclear weapons.The number of nuclear weapons worldwide is in the tens of thousands.Most countries that have acquired nuclear weapons have now given them up.There are more nuclear weapons today than at the height of the Cold War.Most nuclear weapons are in the arsenals of Russia and the United States.Answers: 1) False; 2) True; 3) False; 4) False; 5) True

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