TABLE OF CONTENTS - Water Research Commission

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TABLE OF CONTENTS - Water Research Commission

5.5.1. Kimberley 1595.5.2. Johannesburg 1605.6. Water Resources De\elopment after the Establishment of the Union of South Africa 1655.7. National Schemes 1675.8. Lewis's Caution 1685.9. Sudden Instructions: Irrigation Projects as Relief Works 1705.10. The Orange-Fish Project 1735.11. Large Schemes. Small Schemes, the Raising of Dams and Betterments 1745.1 1.1. The Sand-Yet Go\ernment Waterworks 1745.11.2. The Douglas Irrigable Areas Board Water Scheme 1755.11.3. The Hardap Dam 1765.11.4. The Naute Dam 1775.11.5. The Klerksdorp Irrigation Board Betterment Works 1785.11.6. Reconstruction of the Smartt Irrigation Board Dam 1795.11.7. The Schoonspruit Irrigation Board Scheme 1805.11.8. Lower Riet Ri\er Government Waterworks 1815.11.9. The Orange Ri\er Project 1835.11.10. The Northern Free Stale Water Board Scheme 1905.11.11. TheKrugersdrifDam 1925.11.12. Raising of Koppies Dam 1935.11.13. The Mooi River Canals 1935.11.14. The Klipdrifi Government Waterwork 1945.11.15. The Vaal-Gamagara Water Supply Scheme 1955.11.16. 7~he Kakamas Government Waterwork 1975.11.17. The Oppermansdrift Dam 1985.11.18. The I'pington Island Scheme 1995.11.19. The Vaal Dam Ancillary Pipeline 2025.11.20. The OFS. Goldfields Water Extension Scheme 2025.11.21. Extension of Buchuberg-Karos Scheme 2035.11.22. lleilbron's Water Supply 2045.11.23. Water Supplied to Mafeking 2045.11.24. The Spitskop Dam 2085.11.25. The Tugela-Vaal River Scheme 2095.11.26. Water Supplied to Springbok 2175.11.27. The Douglas Weir 2195.11.28. The Noord-Oranje Irrigation Board 2205.11.29. Betterments to the OFS. Goldfields Government Water Scheme 2215.11.30. The Modder River Weirs 2235.11.31. The I'sutu-Vaal River Government Water Scheme 2245.11.32. Drainage Works for the Vaal-llartz Scheme 2275.1 1.33. The Koppies Canals 2285.11.34. Betterment Works for the Hoeko Irrigation Board 2295.11.35. Betterments to the Kalkfontein Dam 2305.11.36. Vaal Dam Betterments 2315.11.37. Douglas Irrigation Scheme Betterments 2335.11.38. The Lesaka Government Water Scheme 2345.11.39. The Total Water Strategy for the Yaal Triangle 2355.11.40. Water Supply for the Lethabo Power Station 2385.11.41. The Kalahari West Rural Water Supply Scheme 2395.11.42. The Lesotho Highlands Water Project 2415.11.43. The Zaaihoek Dam ." 2555.11.44. The Caiedon-Modder River Scheme 2565.11.45. The Kalahari East Rural Water Supply Scheme 2575.12. The World Commission on Dams' Hearings 2585.12.1. The Gariep and Van der Kloof Dams 2585.12.2. TheLHWP 2585.13. Conclusion 2616. THE LIMPOPO RJVER BASIN 263


7. THE INCOMATI RIVER BASIN 3247.1. Introduction 3247.2. Physical Description of the Incomati Ri\er Basin 3257.3. Early Developments 3267.4. Large Schemes. Small Schemes, the Raising of Dams and Betterments 3267.4.1. The Ranch Karino Irrigation District 3267.4.2. Gorge-Impala 3277.4.3. The Malelane Irrigation Board Scheme 3277.4.4. The Sand River Government Waterwork 3297.4.5. The White River Estates Irrigation Board 3307.4.6. The Louws Creek Irrigation Board Water Scheme 3327.4.7. The While Ri\er Conservation Scheme 3:7.4.8. The Crocodile River Irrigation District 3!7.4.9. The Burgershall Irrigation Board Scheme 3357.4.10. The Da Gama Dam 3367.4.11. TheCurleus Irrigation Board Water Scheme 3377.4.12. The Kaalrug Irrigation Board Water Supply Scheme 3387.4.13. The Sterkspruit Dam 3397.4.14. Storage on the Upper Inkomati: Water for Electricity Generation 3417.4.15. The Driekoppies Dam 3467.4.16. The Injaka Dam and Bosbokrand Transfer Pipeline 3487.5. The World Commission on Dams Hearings 3507.5.1. TheMagugaDam 3507.6. Conclusion 3508. THE MAPUTO RIVER BASIN 3528.1. Introduction 3528.2. Physical Description of the Maputo River Basin 3538.3. Early Developments 3548.4. Water Resources Development Projects 3548.4.1. The Pongola Irrigation Project 3548.4.2. The Pongola-Makatini Flats Government Water Scheme 3598.4.3. TheBivaneDam 3608.5. The World Commission on Dams' Hearings 3628.5.1. The Pongolapoort Dam 3628.6. Conclusion 3639. LEGISLATION AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY PERTAINING TO THE WATER RESOURCESOF SOUTH AFRICA 3649.1. Introduction 3649.2. The Origin of South African Water Law 3649.2.1. Early Developments of the Water Lau in South Africa 3659.2.2. The Foundations of South African Water Law 3679.2.3. From Irrigation Law to Water Law and Departmental Responsibilities 3759.2.4. The National Water Act (Act 36 of 1998) : 3KI9.2.5. Rural Water Supply 3849.3. The South African "Namibian Border Disagreement 3849.4. International Agreements and Treaties 3869.5. Conclusion 39110. DISCUSSION. RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION'S 39310.1. Discussion 39310.1.1. State-of-the-art 39410.2. Recommendations 39410.3. Conclusion 39511. REFERENCES 40212. NEWSPAPER AND MAGAZINE ARTICLES 438

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