Building New Traditions Using Traditional Concepts - Development ...
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Building New Traditions Using Traditional Concepts - Development ...

Building New Traditions Using Traditional ConceptsCourtesy of the Arizona Historical SocietyHimdag Ki: Library and Archives; 2006.0224:AZHIST001a, AZHIST005e,AZHIST021v, AZHIST040aoArizona Department of Commerce

Building New Traditions UsingTraditional Concepts – asustainable building workshopDavid Eisenberg, DirectorDevelopment Center for AppropriateTechnologySusan Buchan, Green Building ProgramManagerPima County3.28.2008

What Is Green Building?

Building in a way that enhances…HEALTH VITALITY PROSPERITYFor People, Communities and Nature

Green Building is about the Whole Lifecycle of Buildings

Goals of Green BuildingGreen building is an attempt to take responsibility for thenegative environmental impact of buildings.Greening the built environment means takingresponsibility for environmental stewardship by:Improving energy efficiencyReducing global warming impactsConserving material resourcesImproving water efficiencyReducing landfill depositsImproving indoor environmental and air qualityPreserving open space for wildlifeImproving community quality of life

Examining Green Building…better things and better thinking

Examining Green Building…better things and better thinking

Examining Green Building…better things and better thinkingA great example ofintegration is the LewisCenter at Oberlin College inOhio, for David Orr'senvironmental studiesprogram. The building aimsto generate its own power,clean its own wastewater,and be a teaching example ofmore sustainable architectureand construction. It is a bigstep in the right direction.

Examining Green Building…better things and better thinking

The Reach of Green BuildingSustainability requires balancing threespheres of concern - what many call the"Triple Bottom Line"

The Reach of Green BuildingMost people think "sustainability is just about theenvironment. It's all three.But ecology is the only one that can render the othertwo meaningless…

Experiencing Green Building• May be indistinguishable fromconventional building• Can be more comfortable, functional,create more awareness of therelationship to nature• Lower operating costs• Less vulnerable to resource volatility


I think we have a smallwindow of opportunity tosave ourselves as aspecies.

Most of the systemswe have created arefar beneath thedignity andmagnificence of thehuman species.These systemsdenature us.They override ourfundamental natureas a caring, creative,nurturing species.

In order to enableour survival wehave to evolve asa species.This will be the firsttime in history thatevolution takesplace as aconscious act.

Where We Are - Ecological FootprintEcological footprint is aconcept based oncarrying capacity. It's away to calculate theamount of productiveland required to supplyresources and absorbwastes from a givenactivity - of an individual,organization, community,nation or population,including the worldpopulation.

The Picture that is Emerging…There's credibleevidence that if eachperson on Earth usedresources & generated wastesat the rate of the average American,Canadian, or member of the EU wewould need several more Earths tosustain that level of human activity.And that's for Earth's current population.Our Ecological Footprint, Wackernagel and Rees

The Big Picture - Living Planet ReportDownload the Report:

www.footprintnetwork.orgFrom the 2006 Living Planet Report

Where We Are…REALITY - We're maintaining our high standard of livingby importing resources, cheap labor and ecologicalcapacity from the developing world.Surplus global ecological capacity no longer exists.Ecological footprint is increasing in both thedeveloped and developing world and worldpopulation is growing.Buildings account for a majority of this footprint andenergy accounts for much of that.

Where We Are - Climate ChangeCO 2 - 378 ppmTemperature (Gray Shaded Area)

Where We Are - Climate ChangeNow at 383 ppmGiven that current levelsof atmospheric CO 2exceed historic levels,and that few scientistsconclude that thecorrelation betweenglobal temperature andCO 2 levels will magicallydisappear, the questionis what will happen next.

Don't Trust Scientists?…How About Insurers?

Where We Are - Peak OilSource: Dr. Donald Aitken, ISES/ASES World Solar Congress 2005

Source: Energy Information Administration Statistics (Architecture 2030)

Source: Energy Information Administration Statistics (Architecture 2030)

Where we are - at a Crossroads

What Is Driving theDevelopment of GreenBuilding Programs?

What’s Driving the Development of GreenBuilding Programs?AwarenessofRealitiesVisionOf aDifferent FutureChange

What’s Driving the Development of GreenBuilding Programs?AwarenessofRealitiesVisionOf aDifferent FutureChangeVEHICLEOFCHANGE

Who are Creating Vehicles for Change?• Government Jurisdictions• Non-profit Organizations• Trade Organizations

Green Building Programsas Vehicle for ChangeThe first green building program, inAustin, TX, was narrowly focused onenergy. It was a response to realities ofa nuclear energy contract, a desire forchange, a vision of a different futurefor the city’s energy supply.

Green Building Programsas Vehicle for Change• Create awareness• Education and training• Standards and accountability• Incentives

What Issues Are MostCritical in Arizona?

Critical Issues in, Waseem,

Two Critical Issues are LinkedThere is a large energy component to water,and a large water component to energy…

Drought-Associated Press,

Subsidence• Groundwater accounts for 40% of AZ watersupplies• Groundwater pumping outstrips rechargeby a factor of 500 times in some AZ regions-Arizona Land Subsidence Group, 2007

Local Impacts of Global Issues• Dependence on imports of fossil fuelstranslates to economy, food and othercrops, transportation, tourism, etc.being vulnerable• We are not sovereign when we do notcontrol our energy sources

Where Energy Dollars Go“62.7% of the moneyArizona residentsspent on energy in2003 - $6.3 billion -left the state”

Low Income and High Utilities-Heschong Mahone Group, 2006

Local Impacts of Global Issues- National Wildlife Federation

Local Impacts of Global IssuesClimate Change• Change inrainfall &temperature• Loss of wildlife &habitat• Impacts ontourism economy- National Wildlife Federation

Local Impacts of Global Issues“Of any state, Arizona is particularlysusceptible already to climatevariability–and that vulnerability isincreasing dramatically with our rapidpopulation growth.”- Prof. C. Castro, Univ. of AZ- National Wildlife Federation

- Maricopa Association of Governments

Opportunities in ArizonaIt is also critical torealize theopportunities thatthese challengesrepresent anddevelop appropriateresponses for yourcommunity

What are the PotentialBenefits & Challenges ofGreen Building?


Green Collar Jobs by 2030• 40 million new greencollar jobs predicted inwide spectrum of areasand levels• As many as 1 of 4workers to be working inrenewable energy andenergy efficiency• Renewable energy andenergy efficiencyindustries predicted togenerate $4.5 trillion-ASES, 2007

Positive Impacts on Local EconomiesInvesting in energy efficiency allows• Additional money to be spent in thecommunity• Construction activity to infuse the localeconomy-Heschong Mahone Group, 2006

Local WealthGreen building and more sustainabledevelopment offer greater opportunities forlocal economic development, jobs creationand greater community self-sufficiency. Byreducing the amount of money flowing out ofthe local community for energy, materials,and business, while reducing the ongoingcosts of operating and maintaining greenerbuildings, more wealth is created locally andretained in the community.

Improved Human HealthThe green buildingmovement has beenthe driver of thereduction offormaldehydein manufactured products.It benefits occupants as well asmanufacturing employees, tradespeople and those living downstreamand downwind.

Increased productivity_5

Ecological Health•Wildlife habitatprotection•Enhanced biodiversity•Water and air quality•Reduced impacts fromenergy and materialproduction,transportation

Improved Land Use & PlanningLand use planningInfrastructureTransportationSolar accessWildlife habitat

Cultural AppropriatenessGreen buildingencourages contextbased design,appropriate to theland as well as thesocial and culturalfabric of acommunity.-Photo credit Redfeather Development Group

The Next GenerationGreen building, as part of a larger positiveshift in the culture, is more attractive tomany younger people than traditionalconstruction, because it is part of a set oflarger solutions to the problems that thewhole world now must face related toclimate change, energy insecurity, waterinsecurity and such.

Misconceptions• Perception that codes and regulationsprevent green building

MisconceptionsA recent survey by theWorld Business Council forSustainable Developmentfinds that green first costsare overestimated by 300%,as key players in real estateand construction estimatethe additional cost at 17%above conventionalconstruction, more thantriple the true average firstcost difference of about5%.

Results of the California study

Results of the Californiastudy_2

Results of theCaliforniaStudy:AverageBottom LineSavingsGREEN INPROVEMENTS PAY FORTHEMSELVES IN 3YEARSThe William andFlora HewlettFoundationMenlo Park CALEED Gold(ANNUAL RETURN ON INVESTMENT IS 25-40%)Test

Additional construction costs

MisconceptionsOur buildings can’t be that bad…The Union of ConcernedScientists ranks housing as the3 rd most destructive humanenterprise after transportationand agriculture.

Other Challenges• Local support and resources• Education and training• Material selection and availability• Rural distances and density

Why Is This Relevant toNative American and RuralCommunities?

Native Americans in Arizona• 4.8% of the state population• 28% of land base• 90 cents of every $1 spent goes offreservations-2006 US Census,, “The Economic Importance ofIndian Tribes in Arizona”, 2004.

Healthy CommunitiesSustainable & SovereignAn appropriate response to past andfuture realitiesHelping ensure the future ofcommunities and to redevelopcommunity self-sufficiency

The Role of Housing in CommunitiesBritish architect John F.C. Turner recognized thatwhat is most important is what a house does for itsoccupants rather than what it is physically…(providing tenure on land, shelter, security, readyaccess to economic and social networks, potentialfor improvement, etc.).Yet we tend to focus nearly all of our attention onthe physical attributes of the building, rather than itslocation, potential to serve as an economic andsocial foothold, the ease with which it can bealtered and improved, etc.

RelocalizationIf security is a goal, strengthening regional and localself-sufficiency is an essential strategy for us and foreveryone else, everywhere else.Enhancing the local capacity of people and theircommunities to meet their own needs, also:- shortens vulnerable supply lines- creates more robust & resilient supply systems- supports vital, durable local economies, and- supports healthy cultural, political, and socialstructures

RelocalizationWhen we don't have inexpensive, abundantenergy to drag materials around the world,process them as much as we imagine weneed to, and then drag them around somemore, it will become crucial that we learn,once again, how to use well those resourcesthat are available to us where we live…The rules and the way we think about risk andbenefit will have to change - to becomemore nuanced, more inclusive, and moreresponsive to these realities.

ValuesGreen building is based on similar valuesto Native American traditions in itsrespect for and honoring of the naturalworld and all things in it, and on greaterconnection to nature and naturalsystems, for everyone, not just thoseliving in rural settings.

What is HappeningElsewhere?

Growth of Green BuildingResidential Green Building to Increase by250-500% in 5 year PeriodBy 2010, the value of theresidential green buildingmarket is expected to boost itsmarket share from $7.4 billionand 2 percent of housing startsin 2005 to $19-$38 billion and 5-10 percent of residentialconstruction activity.

LEED for new constructionbuildings as of 07/06Distributionby geography200+100-19950-9920-491-19480186AK=10HI=16PR=113440941111 928 69 14882251255 (OK)22362357196120191197941122102186687317352951747423 (DE)24 (NH)3310561 27 129 (DE) 38 (DC)Test

Growth of Green BuildingMore than 100 municipalitiesare requiring or plan to requireLEED Certification of theirprojectsSeattle | Chicago | Portland | New York | Austin |Santa Monica | Denver | Kansas City

LEED for NewConstructionBuildingsDistributionby Building Typeas of 09/06Financial &CommunicationsSpecial NeedsHousing28Laboratory647CampusRecreation4224K-12Education166Public Order& Safety142Other9225HigherEducation199RetailMulti-UnitResidentialMulti-Use1074Test148HealthCare73CommercialOffice391NotClassified101MilitaryBase2018LibraryTransportation 9117InterpretiveCenter86StadiumArenaIndustrial391Assembly37121112Hotel/ResortDaycare8Community300+100-29950-993-49ParkAnimal Care

Nk’Mip Cultural CenterCanadaRammed Earth

Photo- Canelo Project

Green Affordable Housing DevelopmentSolara, Poway, CARents 40% below market rateZero utility costsWalkable community

Evolution ContinuesExamples of green building exist in sucha wide array of choices, there is noneed to reinvent the wheel.However, your community can still serveas a vehicle for its evolution

Is this Appropriate for YourCommunity?

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