Untitled - Vysoká škola technická a ekonomická v Českých ...

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Untitled - Vysoká škola technická a ekonomická v Českých ...

Typology and landscapestructuralizationJan Váchal 1 , Jarmila Straková 1 , Jana Moravcová 2 , Monika Koupilová 21 Vysoká škola technická a ekonomická v Českých Budějovicích2 Jihočeská univerzita v Českých BudějovicíchAbstractThe method presented for the anthropoecological stabilization of landscape(ASL) consists of four interconnected stages. The implementationof the method involves the delimitation of new landscape units within thestudy territory (AELU-landscape units, Os-objective subsystems, GESgeoecologicalsites, Geis-indication sites for landscape components monitoring).This was carried out according to earlier methodologies whichwere already published, and the spatial and functional projection is computeraidedand digitized. The proposed methodology has been verified in severalterritories in the Czech Republic (Šumava Mts.- Křivoklátsko area -Novohradsko area). The study presents the results from two model territories,namely the Jenín-Babí catchment and the Ostřice-Šumava catchment,where the methodology was successfully verified. The aim is tocontrol the stability of the function of territory and possible changes inthis function. This could facilitate taking appropriate measures to preventundesirable destabilizing processes leading to ecological crises. 1Keywords: zoning, basic structures, basic zones, geoecological sites, ecocriticalzonesTheoretic base1. Anthropoecological landscape system - AELS and ecocritical situationsTo the farming ecological optimalization solution in landscape it is possibleto have different approaches. In this work it is used the ecosystemanthropoecologicalapproach, which has analytic-synthetic character, and it isaimed at studying of structures and functions of landscape as whole. In thisapproach the landscape is defined as systemic complex, which is combined fromthree main subsystems: biosphere - technical sphere - social sphere (Fig. 1.).Such characterized landscape is defined as anthropoecological landscape system.1 Článek je zpracován jako jeden z výstupů výzkumného projektu QI 91C200 a MSM6007665806.161

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