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Part 2FARM ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES - Daic.dk

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<strong>2FARM</strong> <strong>ANIMAL</strong><strong>GENETIC</strong> <strong>RESOURCES</strong><strong>Part</strong>Llama and Alpaca are raised together in Argentina


EUROPEThe European region includes 44 countries and 2 dependent territories(see list in Table 2.1.6.9) of varied political, religious and culturalbackgrounds. Geographically, Cyprus, Israel and Turkey fall withinNear East. However FAO includes them in its European region and they willbe considered as such here. The former Union of Soviet Socialist Republicsare considered partly under Europe and partly under Near East. Included inthe European region are the three Baltic Republics (Estonia, Latvia andLithuania), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, Moldova and the RussianFederation.TABLE 2.1.6.9THE 46 COUNTRIES AND DEPENDENT TERRITORIES IN THEEUROPEAN REGIONALBANIAARMENIAAUSTRIAAZORES AND MADEIRA (PORTUGAL)BELARUSBELGIUMBOSNIA & HERZEGOVINABULGARIACROATIACYPRUSCZECH REPUBLICDENMARKESTONIAFINLANDFRANCE (OVERSEE DEPARTMENTS SEERESPECTIVE GEOGRAPHIC REGION)GEORGIAGERMANYGIBRALTAR (UK)GREECEHUNGARYICELANDIRELANDISRAELITALYLATVIALIECHTENSTEINLITHUANIALUXEMBOURGTHE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OFMACEDONIAMALTAMOLDOVANETHERLANDSNORWAYPOLANDPORTUGALROMANIARUSSIAN FEDERATIONSLOVAKIASLOVENIASPAINSWEDENSWITZERLANDTURKEYUKRAINEUNITED KINGDOMYUGOSLAVIA<strong>Part</strong>2145


Europe is the second smallest continent - Australasia being the smallest - yetit is one of the most important and influential in world affairs. In 1994 thetotal human population size of the region was 802 million of which only10.8 percent were directly involved in agriculture. The proportion involvedin agriculture has decreased significantly from 16.8 percent in 1975,principally due to increased urbanization and to the mechanization offarming systems. Urbanization and industrialization tend to conceal the highlevels of agricultural production and the importance of this sector to manyof the region’s economies.Geographically, the continent is quite complex and despite its small sizepresents a wide variety of land-forms ranging from the highland regions ofthe Alps to the lowland plains of the Netherlands. Whereas the northernregion beyond the Urals rises towards the Pacific Ocean in three giganticsteps - the lowlands of western Siberia, the highlands of Central Siberia andthe mountainous ranges towards Far East. Vast areas of the north of theRussian Federation are too cold for farming, other areas are too dry, tooswampy or infertile. The former USSR countries are also host to a large rangeof climates, from the very hot deserts in south-central Asia to the arcticregions of Siberia. Consequently many of agro-ecological zones haveemerged requiring a large range of livestock breeds each adapted to copewith the challenges of a different environment.A large portion of the region’s land is suitable for agriculture, especially inthe north where the moist cool climate is conducive to the growth of richpastures. These can support a high density of livestock and consequently alarge portion of the livestock industry is concentrated here. For example, inIreland there are almost two cows for every human, whereas in Portugalthere are almost eight humans for every cow. Politically, the region may besubdivided into East and West, the countries in the West having adoptedfree-market economies whereas those in the East have, until recently,embraced a more socialist ideology and are currently under transition. Thesemarkedly different philosophies have had a significant effect on the region’sagricultural sector. The economies of Western Europe have directedagricultural policy either through the provision of subsidies or throughmarket forces, whereas those in Eastern Europe, with the exception ofPoland, have developed the concept of socialized farming. In thesecountries the livestock industry is dominated by large state farms where thecentral theme has been standardization rather than diversification.With the exception of the horse, most major livestock species were firstdomesticated in the Near East region. From this centre of domestication, thespread of animals north to Europe was facilitated by military conquests andthe movements of nomadic tribes. Early archaeological finds (circa 7 000 BC)show the presence of cattle, sheep and goats in the Balkans and Macedonia,2146<strong>Part</strong>


from where they spread north to cover the rest of Europe. The horse wasfirst domesticated in Eastern Europe during the Neolithic period and unlikeother species was primarily used for draught. The replacement of the ox bythe horse as a draught animal enabled more specialized breeding of cattleand accelerated the process of intensification.Reindeer are first thought to have been domesticated in the Altai area ofSiberia (this theory is still controversial) where they acted as a source oftransport and meat for local peoples. Bactrian camels, now found mainly inMongolia, were first husbanded in southern Turkmenistan and Iran. Theyare believed to have first operated the ancient silk route from China throughCentral Asia and northern Iran to Baghdad. Reindeer are included in <strong>Part</strong> 3of this WWL-DAD:2.During the Middle Ages animals of each country tended to be typical of thatregion. Local varieties were selected for specific colour types, productivityand environmental influences. These animals, although not highlyproductive were quite well adapted to local conditions. However thedemands of the growing urban population and later, of the industrialrevolution, necessitated an increase in milk and meat production and hencemore organized breeding programmes. This was facilitated by theimprovement of roads and increased communications and led to thehybridization of many local varieties to give rise to modern breeds.Today there are a number of infectious diseases which affect Europeanlivestock populations. They include hog cholera, brucellosis, Newcastledisease, mastitis and rabies. Although these may cause chronic decreases inproductivity or even death, they generally do not effect breeding policy tothe same extent as in developing regions.Other factors such as sociology and economics have played a much greaterrole in shaping contemporary European breeds. The greater emphasis puton the productivity of animals has led to increased specialization for traitssuch as milk, meat, wool, etc. For example, the growing demand for carpetsand luxury items led to the specialization of a range of sheep breeds, fromcoarse to fine wool types. In many cases local breeds have been mixed withintroduced breeds to produce the desired phenotypes. This process ofhybridization has continued unabated and has resulted in increased relianceon a small number of breeds to meet the region’s food requirements. Forexample, the concentration on the Holstein both in the East and West hasdramatically narrowed the genetic base of dairy cattle populations.<strong>Part</strong>2147


PLATE 2.1.6.3PHYSICAL MAP OF THE EUROPEAN REGION (HIGHLIGHTED) SHOWING THE RANGE OF ENVIRONMENTS FACED BY LIVESTOCK; AND EXAMPLES OF THE DIVERSITY AND UTILITY OF DOMESTIC <strong>ANIMAL</strong>S IN THE REGION:from top left clockwise:■ A family of Skånegas geese in Sweden - endangered■ Yakut horses in Siberia are extremely resistant to very low temperatures(-70°C) and can graze on grass covered by 50 cm of snow■ Finnsheep in Finland are early maturing and very prolific■ A pair of Istrian cattle pulling a cart in Croatia - critical-maintained2148<strong>Part</strong>■ Sardinian goat in the hilly and stony landscape of Sardinia Island, Italy- endangered■ Mangalitsa pigs, found in some Eastern European countries, are woollyand well adapted to harsh environments - endangered-maintained■ Gascon Areole cattle in France are known for their excellent fertility andlongevity - endangered-maintained■ Dülmen Pony in Germany is known for its hardiness and longevity - endangered2149<strong>Part</strong>


Consumer trends, such as the desire to eat leaner meat or the demand forspecialized milk products, also affect breeding policy and breeds that meetthese requirements tend to be favoured. In some cases, sophisticatedmanagement systems have standardized the environment giving littleattention to traits such as disease resistance, adaptability to climate, etc. Thepoultry and pig industries are a good example of this. The White Leghornbreed now accounts for practically all of the commercial hybrid layers ofwhite eggs whereas commercial piggeries have tended to rely more andmore on a handful of breeds such as Large White, Duroc and Landrace.A large number of European breeds are now under threat of extinctionbecause of their perceived lack of economic competitiveness. Ancientbreeds have only survived in marginal areas where conditions areunfavourable for intensification and views on breeding and the economyare more conservative. For example, the North Ronaldsay sheep breed,found in the Orkney islands off the coast of Scotland, survives on mossesand seaweed found along the seashore. Winter storms throw great amountsof seaweed onto the beaches and consequently this is one of the few breedsthat actually fattens during the winter period.In Eastern Europe the situation is especially critical as there are few activeconservation programmes in place. Under the previous socialist ideologylarge farms were developed in order to standardize production. Indigenousbreeds, often highly adapted to local conditions, were upgraded with asmall number of highly specialized exotic breeds, thus considerablynarrowing the genetic base. The current uncertain political climate in theregion will accelerate the loss of many breeds, the former Yugoslavia beingan extreme example. Many valuable breeds such as the highly prolificOlkusksz or Wrzosowka sheep breeds from Poland may become extinct ifimmediate action is not taken.State-owned farms developed new breeds by the crossing of internationallyrecognized breeds with indigenous animals in an attempt improveproductivity. This led to the formation of breeds such as the Black Piedcattle or the Ukrainian Spotted Steppe and Russian Black Pied pigs, nowquite popular in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Manyother local populations, such as the Mingrelian, Mezen and Pechora horsebreeds were driven close to extinction by the extensive crossbreedingprogrammes.Changing consumer tastes may require a greater range ofproducts from livestock species in the future. The Racka sheep breed inHungary is noted for its tasty meat and could prove valuable. The Jerseybreed of cow, once prized for its creamy milk is now confined to fewer andfewer farms. In the north of Italy the Reggina and Bianca Valpadana breedsare highly suited to the production of Parmesan cheese because of the highconcentration of the B-allele of k-Casein in their milk. However, these2150<strong>Part</strong>


eeds are under threat of extinction as their levels of milk production arenot as high as that of the Holsteins’. Some local breeds of sheep appear tobe resistant to diseases such as scrapie and piroplasmosis and could proveuseful if these diseases were to become widespread.The need to maintain these breeds is clear. For example, vast areas of theCIS are suitable for extensive husbandry only and many of the specializedhigh-production breeds are ill-equipped for the limited feed resources andclimatic conditions found in these areas. Breeds such as Yakut cattle foundin northern Siberia can sustain winter temperatures as low as -60°C underpoor nutritional conditions, detrimental to most other livestock. Yetextensive crossing with Simmental has almost resulted in the extinction ofthis breed. Furthermore, recent changes in consumer requirements haveresulted in a dramatic reduction in the numbers of lard and semi-lard pigs(over 20 breeds lost), whereas the increased use of mechanized transporthas caused a decline in horse and ass numbers.Throughout the CIS a few state farms have been used to maintain purebreeding stock of some of the region’s indigenous livestock. However, giventhe current political and economic climate, as it is not quite clear how thesewill be maintained in the future. Finally, it should be emphasized that dueto the current difficulty in obtaining accurate census data in all thesecountries in transition, the status of much of the region’s animal geneticresources is unknown and a number of the breeds currently thought to existmay already be extinct.Relative to its size, Europe is home to a large proportion of the world’sdomestic animal diversity - over a quarter of the world’s cattle, sheep, pigsand horses (Table 2.1.6.10). This reflects both the early interest in breeddevelopment, specialization for particular products and the more advancedinventory and description of breeds in Europe. Recently there has beengreater enthusiasm to maintain rare breeds and a number of nongovernmentalorganizations (NGOs) have been set up to try and documenttheir plight. Unfortunately such associations are operating on the peripheryand have not been able to gain the attention of the public at large. Activitiessuch as those carried out by these societies need to gain more impetus ifmuch more of the region’s domestic animal diversity is to survive (seesection 2.2 on Extinct Breeds).Apart from the major livestock breeds, Europe is home to a number of minorspecies. These include a number of deer species such as reindeer, Sika deerand Marals in the Russian Federation, as well as carnivore species,husbanded for their fur, e.g. silver fox, blue fox, sable, and martin in thenorthern parts. <strong>Part</strong> 3 of WWL-DAD:2 includes descriptions of the deerspecies.2151<strong>Part</strong>


TABLE 2.1.6.10TOTAL POPULATION SIZE AND NUMBER OF BREEDS OF THEMAJOR LIVESTOCK SPECIES IN THE EUROPEAN REGION, ANDTHEIR PERCENTAGE SHARE OF THE WORLD TOTALSPECIES POPULATION NUMBER SHARE OF WORLDSIZE (000’S) OF BREEDS POPULATION (%) BREEDS (%)Buffalo 629 2 < 1 3Cattle 201 423 305 16 39Goat 28 822 113 5 32Sheep 219 998 42 20 46Pig 220 744 129 25 37Ass 1 811 16 4 21Horse 8 262 185 14 48Camel 1 22 n/a < 1 n/aChicken 2 209 475 406 18 67Duck 2 63 382 35 9 46Turkey 120 880 14 49 45Dom. goose 13 454 40 7 681 Dromedary and Bactrian Camels2 Domestic Duck and Muscovy Duckn/a Not available<strong>Part</strong>2152


DESCIPTION LISTThe following pages provide most of the available information on critical(C), endangered (D), critical-maintained mammalian and endangeredmaintainedmammalian breeds in the European region. Within thesedescription lists, breeds are listed by country, by species group (see Table1.3.1), by risk status (critical followed by critical-maintained, endangeredand endangered-maintained) and finally in alphabetical order by name. Foreach breed the total population size, list of names or synonyms, populationsize trend and range of uses are highlighted (when available). These arefollowed by a brief description of the breed indicating origin, currentlocation and other relevant information. Colour varieties especially of avianspecies are listed under the breed. In some cases the information requiredwas not available or was not provided and validated prior to preparation ofthis edition of the WWL-DAD. In these situations, the respective sectionshave been left blank.Europe possesses around two-thirds of Earth’s animal genetic resources forthe chicken, duck and goose species, half of the cattle, horses and turkeys,and one-third of its goat, pig and quail breeds.TABLE 2.1.6.11 MAMMALIAN BREEDS AT RISK IN THE EUROPEAN REGION -BY SPECIESSPECIESON FILEWITH MAINTAINED NOT MAINTAINEDPOPULATIONDATA CRITICAL a ENDANGERED b CRITICAL c ENDANGERED dAT RISK*Buffalo 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0Cattle 305 283 26 26 19 23 42 94Goat 113 108 0 7 7 19 26 33Sheep 226 155 0 0 4 11 15 15Pig 129 117 9 8 8 15 23 40Ass 16 10 0 0 7 0 7 7Horse 185 169 7 17 13 48 61 85TOTAL 1 172 1 039 49 84 71 137 208 341*c + d, shaded: a + b + c + d; a, b, c, and d estimated from breeds with population data2153<strong>Part</strong>


TABLE 2.1.6.12 AVIAN BREEDS AT RISK IN THE EUROPEAN REGION -BY SPECIESSPECIESON FILEWITH MAINTAINED NOT MAINTAINEDPOPULATIONDATA CRITICAL a ENDANGERED b CRITICAL c ENDANGERED dAT RISK*Chicken 406 363 5 127 34 70 104 236Dom.Duck 33 30 0 9 10 6 16 25Turkey 14 14 0 1 4 2 6 7Musc.Duck 21 0 0 0 0 0 0Dom. Goose 40 35 0 1 7 15 22 23Guineafowl 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0<strong>Part</strong>ridge 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0Pheasant 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0Quail 8 8 4 0 0 0 0 4Pigeon 6 4 0 0 2 0 2 2Ostrich 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 1TOTAL 516 462 9 138 57 93 150 297*c + d, shaded: a + b + c + d; a, b, c, and d estimated from breeds with population dataOf the 1 688 mammalian and avian breeds on The Global Databank, 1501or 89% have population size data recorded and of these 358 or 24% arecategorized as at high risk of loss (Table 2.1.6.11 and 2.1.6.12). A further 280breeds remain at critical or endangered population sizes but are beingmaintained in conservation programmes. The total number of breedresources at risk level population sizes then is 638 or 43% of those withpopulation size data.<strong>Part</strong>2154


OBERINNTALENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :VALBONA, GRAUVIEH (GER.)1 040•1994STABLEMILK, MEATEUROPEALBANIAOberinntal are grey in colour. Adult males weigh on average 395 kg andfemales 335 kg with an average wither height of 140 cm and 130 cmrespectively. There are 470 breeding females and 20 breeding males remainingwith 2 males in AI.COMMONENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :COMUNE (ALBAN.)1 750•1994STABLEMEATEUROPEALBANIACommon pigs are brown in colour. Adult males weigh on average 165 kg andfemales 145 kg with an average wither height of 61 cm and 53 cm respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2155


HAVASICRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :120•1994INCREASINGMILKEUROPEALBANIAThis breed is light brown in colour with large, pendulous ears. Adult malesweigh on average 38 kg and females 33 kg with an average wither heightof 64 cm and 59 cm respectively. There are 110 breeding females and 5breeding males remaining.LOCAL TIRANACRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :50•1993NOT AVAILABLEEGGSEUROPEALBANIALocal Tirana Chicken have black, red, or white plumage colour, the skin maybe yellow, white or blue-black while the shanks are yellow, blue or white.The comb may be of single type or rose type. These chicken are mainly keptunder backyard management conditions or as scavengers. Mature body weightis 2.1 kg in males and 1.6 kg in females.<strong>Part</strong>2156


LOCAL TROPOJA PACCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :128•1991NOT AVAILABLEEGGSEUROPEALBANIALocal Tropoja Pac chicken have black, red, or white plumage colour, the skinmay be yellow, white or blue-black and the shanks are yellow, blue or white.The comb may be single type, pea or rose type. These chicken are mainly keptunder backyard management conditions or as scavengers.LOCAL BLACK TROPOJA LEKBIBAJENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :309•1991NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEALBANIAAn indigenous breed originated in Albania, these chicken have several typesof plumage colour while the skin is predominantly white and the comb issingle. Mainly kept under backyard management conditions or as scavengers.<strong>Part</strong>2157


AZERBAIJANENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEARMENIAAZERBAIDZHANSKAYA (RU.), LONG- HAIREDCAUCASIAN, SOUTH CAUCASIAN, TRANSCAUCASIANRARE•1988NOT AVAILABLEMEAT, MILKFound in Armenia and Azerbaijan, these goats are usually black dappledwith some red, black, red, grey or pied in colour. Azerbaijan are usuallyhorned.FOREST MOUNTAINENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LESOGORNAYA PORODNAYA GRUPPA (RU.),NEW LESOGOR, NOVAYA LESOGORNAYA (RU.)579•1980DECREASINGMEAT, LARDEUROPEARMENIACreated in the 1950’s from Mangalitsa, Large White and local breeds, ForestMountain are found in Armenia. They are white or occasionally black incolour with long hair in winter. Adult males weigh on average 260 kg andfemales 165 kg. The breed is known for its hardiness and can survive solelyon pasture. The total number of breeding females and males is 75 and 16respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2158


BOZAKHENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :BOZAKHSKAYA (RU.)RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEARMENIABozakh are Caucasian fat tailed sheep, found on individual holdings in Armenia,Azerbaijan and Georgia. They are polled and white, yellow-white, tan, grey or red incolour. Adult males weigh on average 65 kg and females 50 kg with an averagewither height of females of 62 - 65 cm.JOCHBERG HUMMELNCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :JOCHBERGER HUMMELN (GER.)34•1994INCREASINGMEATEUROPEAUSTRIAFound in Kitzbühel, Tyrol, Jochberg Hummeln are a polled variety ofPinzgauer. Adult males weigh on average 1 200 kg and females 700 kg withan average wither height of 151 cm and 139 cm respectively. There are 30breeding females (all registered in the herdbook) and 4 breeding malesremaining in 3 herds, 40% of females are bred pure. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2159


TUXCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEAUSTRIATUXER, TIROLENSE, TUX-ZILLERTALER (GER.)113•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTThis breed, found in Tyrol, probably descended from Herens (Switzerland).Tux are grey or brown in colour with white markings on pelvis, base of thetail, hypogastrium and udder. Adult males weigh on average 850 kg andfemales 575 kg with an average wither height of 140 cm and 125 cmrespectively. There are 28 herds of this breed in Austria with 102 breedingfemales, 80% of which are bred pure and 11 breeding males, 10 of which inAI. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.AUSTRIAN BLONDENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEAUSTRIAKÄRNTNER BLONDVIEH (GER.),LAVANTTAL (GER.),MARIAHOF (GER.), MARIAHOFER-LAVANTTALER(GER.), PLAVA, STYRIAN BLOND210•1994INCREASINGMEAT, MILK, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTFound only in Carinthia, this breed descended from Keltenrinder andMitteldeutsches Bergvieh with some Simmental blood. Austrian Blond are white,blond or yellow in colour. Adult males weigh on average 825 kg and females550 kg with an average wither height of 141 cm and 131 cm respectively. Thebreed is known for its excellent meat quality and fertility. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 195 and 15 respectively with 190 femalesregistered in a herdbook. Austrian Blond is raised in 19 herds. AI is used.2160<strong>Part</strong>


MURBODENENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEAUSTRIAMURBODNER (GER.), MURBODEN-MÜRZTAL (GER.),SVETLOLISATA (SLOVENIA), POMURSKA457•1994INCREASINGMEAT, MILK, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTMurboden, found in Styria, resulted from crossing Bergschecken and MürztalerSchlag in the 19th century. They were officially recognized as a breed in 1869.They are pale yellow or brown in colour with darker spots and slate-bluemuzzle surrounded by white. Adult males weigh on average 950 kg andfemales 600 kg with an average wither height of 141 cm and 135 cmrespectively. The total number of breeding females and males is 443 and 14respectively, distributed across 20 herds with 50% females being bred pure and8 males in AI.BROWN (ORIGINAL)ENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ORIGINAL BRAUNVIEH (GER.)256•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEAUSTRIAFound in Vorarlberg, Tirol, Original Brown cattle have a dark pigmentedmuzzle and hooves. Adult males weigh on average1 100 kg and females650 kg with an average wither height of 155 cm and 140 cm respectively.The breed is known for its hardiness and good adaptation to the Alps. Thetotal number of breeding females and males is 240 (140 registered inherdbook) and 16 respectively, with 50% females being bred pure. AI isused. The breed is kept in 153 herds. An in-situ conservation programmehas been established.<strong>Part</strong>2161


WALDVIERTELENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :WALDVIERTLER VIEH (GER.), WALDVIERTLERBLONDVIEH (GER.), MANHARTSBERG (GER.),SCHILTERN (CZECH)277•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTEUROPEAUSTRIAThis breed, found in Lower Austria, descended from Keltenrinder and MitteldeutschesBergvieh with some input from Glan-Donnersberger and Gelbes Frankenvieh fromGermany since 1950. Waldviertel are white or pale yellow in colour with waxcoloured horns. Adult males weigh on average 900 kg and females 575 kg with anaverage wither height of 140 cm and 132 cm respectively. The breed is known for itsexcellent meat quality, adaptability to rough climate and hard hooves. There are 50herds in Austria with a total number of breeding females and males of 133 (129registered) and 11 respectively. About 40% of females are bred pure and 11 males arein AI. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.PINZGAUENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :PINZGAUER ZIEGE (GER.)327•1994INCREASINGMILK , MEATEUROPEAUSTRIAThis goat breed, found in Carynthia, Salzburg, Styria and Tyrol, originated fromlocal landraces selected for colour. They are brown to red-brown in colour withblack legs, black head and black dorsal stripe. Pinzgau goats are horned orpolled. Adult males weigh on average 80 kg and females 75 kg with an averagewither height of 65 cm and 45 cm respectively. The breed is known for its highmilk yield and good fertility. It is very robust and well adapted to Alps conditions.There are only 290 breeding females and 37 breeding males in 40 herdsremaining. A total number of 64 females is registered in the herdbook and an insituconservation programme is in place.2162<strong>Part</strong>


TAUERNSCHECKENENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDOLD AUSTRIAN WARMBLOODCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :TAUERNSCHECKEN (GER.)310•1994INCREASINGMEATAutochthon Tauernschecken, found in Salzburg, Styria, Osttirol, have beenunder controlled breeding for over 60 years. They are horned and brownwhiteor black-white pied in colour and have frequently a blaze. Adult malesweigh on average 65 kg and females 45 kg with an average wither height of80 cm and 75 cm respectively. The breed is very fertile and robust. There are280 breeding females and 30 breeding males remaining in 22 herds. A totalnumber of 145 females is registered in the herdbook. An in-situ conservationprogramme is in place.HORSEALTÖSTERREICHISCHES WARMBLUT (GER.)134•1994NOT AVAILABLEMULTI PURPOSEEUROPEAUSTRIAEUROPEAUSTRIAOld Austrian Warmblood, descended from local horses upgraded with Araband English Halfbred, is found in eastern Austria. They are black, chestnut, bayor brown in colour. Adult males and females weigh on average 500 kg withan average wither height of 160 cm. The total number of breeding females andmales is 130 and 4 respectively raised in 105 herds, with 115 mares registeredin the studbook. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2163


KRAINER STEINSCHAFCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :42•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEAT, PELTEUROPEAUSTRIAA native breed found on the Alps of Styria and Carinthia which originatedfrom Zackelschaf. Krainer Steinschaf is mainly white in colour with short lopears, polled or horned. Adult males weigh on average 80 - 100 kg and females70 - 85 kg with an average wither height of 70 - 80 cm and 80 - 85 cmrespectively. There are 35 (all registered) breeding females and 7 breedingmales remaining in 6 herds. The breed is robust, with hard hooves and hasa high milk yield. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.WILDSCHAFCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :84•1994INCREASINGWOOL, MEATEUROPEAUSTRIAFound in the Austrian part of Bohemia, Wildschaf originated from Zackel. Theyare mainly white in colour with a straight head, a slightly roman profile anderect ears. Adult males weigh on average 60 - 70 kg and females 45 - 50 kgwith an average wither height of 65 - 75 cm and 60 - 65 cm respectively. Thenumber of breeding females and breeding males, kept in two herds, is 80 and4 respectively. All females are registered in a herdbook. The breed is robust,adapted to rough weather and undemanding. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2164


ZACKELCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ZACKELSCHAF (GER.)45•1994INCREASINGMEAT (LAMB), WOOLEUROPEAUSTRIAZackel sheep are found in the northern part of the Burgenland. They are whitein colour with a small body size and are highly fertile. The number of breedingfemales and breeding males is 36 and 9 respectively kept in 5 herds. Allfemales are registered in a herdbook. An in-situ conservation programme hasbeen established.CARINTHIANENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEAUSTRIAKÄRNTNER BRILLENSCHAF (GER.), SEELÄNDERSCHAF (GER.)408•1994INCREASINGMEAT,VEGETATION MANAGEMENT, WOOLFound in Carynthia, southern Austria near the border to Slovenia, this breeddescended from local sheep, Paduaner and Bergamasca. A herdbook has beenestablished in 1988. Carinthian are polled and have a white head and body,black spots around the eyes and black ears, although some animals may betotally black. Adult males weigh on average 80 kg and females 60 kg with anaverage wither height of 75 cm and 65 cm respectively. The breed is known forits gamy flavoured meat and is well adapted to montainous regions, maintainingthe ability to lamb in the snow. The total number of breeding females and malesis 351 and 57 respectively with 331 females registered in the herdbook. Thesesheep are raised in 26 herds and 5 males are used in AI.2165<strong>Part</strong>


POLESIANENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :POLESSKAYA (RU.)RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEBELARUSA Konik type pony breed, found in Belarus.BELGIAN FAWNENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :CHAMOISÉE (FR.), HERTEGEIT (FLEM.)AROUND 380•1993STABLEMILK, HOBBY, MEATEUROPEBELGIUMDescended from Chamois Coloured, Belgian Fawn have had an establishedherdbook since 1931. These goats are horned, black or brown in colour witha black hide. Adult males weigh on average 65 kg and females 60 kg with anaverage wither height of 81cm and 71cm respectively. The total number ofregistered breeding females and males is 300 and 80 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2166


BLANCHEENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :CAMPINE (FR.), BELGIAN WHITE> 650•1993STABLEMILK, HOBBY, MEATEUROPEBELGIUMOriginated from Swiss Saanen and local goats in North Campine, Blanche arefound in northern Belgium. This breed has an associated herdbook since 1930.Blanche goats are horned or polled and uniform white in colour. Both adultmales and females weigh on average 60 kg with an average wither height of80 cm and 71 cm respectively. The total number of registered breeding femalesand males is 550 and 110 respectively.HOUTLANDSCHAAPCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :125•1994NOT AVAILABLEWOOLEUROPEBELGIUMHoutlandschaap are white with black-grey spots around the nose. They arepolled, with a roman nose and bare legs. Adult males weigh on average100 kg and females 60 kg. The breed is known for the good fleece quality.<strong>Part</strong>2167


LAKENS KUDDESCHAAPCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :15•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEBELGIUMThis breed is light beige-brown in colour with erect ears and polled. LakensKuddeschaap are known for their good fertility. There are 10 breeding femalesand 5 breeding males remaining.SAMBRE ET MEUSECRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :25•1995NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEBELGIUMThis breed is brown-grey to blue-grey spotted in colour with erect ears andpolled. The number of breeding females and males is 20 and 5 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2168


VLAAMS KUDDESCHAAPCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :125•1994NOT AVAILABLEWOOLEUROPEBELGIUMFound in east and west Flandres, this breed is polled with erect ears and ispigmented around the nose. Adult rams weigh 100 kg on average. The numberof breeding females and males is 100 and 25 respectively. The breed is knownfor its very good wool quality and fertility.VLAAMS SCHAAPCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :45•1994NOT AVAILABLEUSED IN CROSSBREEDINGEUROPEBELGIUMThis breed is black or black spotted around the nose and polled. Adult malesweigh on average 100 kg and females 60 - 80 kg. The number of breedingfemales and males is 40 and 5 respectively. The breed is known for its goodfertility.<strong>Part</strong>2169


BELGIAN MILKENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBELGIUMMOUTON LAITIER BELGE (FR.), MELKSCHAAP(DUTCH)745•1993STABLEMILK, HOBBY, WOOLBelgian Milk Sheep are scattered country-wide. A herdbook has beenestablished in 1930. They are polled and uniform white in colour with athin,woolless long tail. Adult males weigh on average 113 kg and females 75kg with an average wither height of 82 cm and 73 cm respectively. There are700 breeding females, 310 of which registered and 45 breeding malesremaining.ARDENNECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBELGIUMARDENNER (GER.), ARDENNAISE (FR.), ARDENNERBALSTAART (DUTCH), SANS-QUEUE (FR.), POULE DEHAIES (FR.)< 100•1994DECREASINGMEAT, EGGS, FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSArdenne is a very old breed originated from Ardenne Region. These chickenare very hardy and may also be kept in semi-feral conditions. The plumage iswild-type, the skin white and the shanks blue. The comb is single. Maturebody weight is 2.5 kg in males and 2.0 kg in females. It exists also a rumplessvariety. In 1994 less than 100 females and less than 25 males were used forreproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2170


FLEMISH CUCKOOCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBELGIUMVLAENDERSE KOEKOEK (DUTCH), COUCOU DESFLANDRES (FR.), DEUCHER KOEKOER (GER.)< 50•1994DECREASINGEGGS, MEAT, DOWNSDeveloped from local fowls, these chicken are found in Dender region, southeast Flandres. The plumage is barred cuckoo, skin and shanks are white. Thecomb is single type. They are kept under backyard management conditions.Mature body weight is 2.5 kg in males and 2.0 kg in females. The breed isvery close to extinction. This type of chicken has been used to create theMalines chicken breed by crossing with Antwerp Brahma.HERVECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :HERVEHOEN (DUTCH)< 100•1994DECREASINGEGGS, MEAT, FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEBELGIUMHerve is a small chicken originated from eastern Belgium. It is related toArdenne. The plumage is black, the skin white and the shanks are black. Thecomb is of single type. Mature body weight is 2.0 kg in males and 1.5 kg infemales. This breed might be already extinct.<strong>Part</strong>2171


HESBAYECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBELGIUMVALE VEUR HASPENHAUER (DUTCH), FAUVE DEHESBAYE (FR.), VALE VEUR MEHAIGNE, FAUVE DEMEHAIGNE (FR.), MEHAIGNE (FR.)< 50•1994DECREASINGFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, EGGSRecreated, in a small number, as bantam by fancy breeders, Hesbaye has paleplumage with white skin and shanks. The comb is of single type. They arekept under backyard management conditions or not for production. Maturebody weight is 3.5 kg in males and 3.0 kg in females. The original breed isprobably extinct.SOTTEGEMCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBELGIUMZOTTEGEMS HAEN, ZWENT-KOPS (BLACK-HEAD,DUTCH)< 100•1994STABLESottegem may be considered as a separate breed or as a variety of Braekel. Itoriginated from south east Flandres in western Belgium. The plumage patternis predominantly characterized by black bars on silver, but black bars on goldmay also occur. These chicken have white skin, blue shanks and a single typecomb. In 1994, 50 females and 10 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2172


ZINEGEMCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :POULET Á CHAIR DE ZINGEM (FR.), ZINGEMULCESHOEN (DUTCH)< 50•1994DECREASINGMEATEUROPEBELGIUMZinegem was created in the 60’s as a meat chicken using White Cornish andWhite Malines. It never became popular because the market demand at thattime was for yellow meat instead of the white meat produced by this breed.The plumage, the skin and the shanks are white. The comb is of pea type.They are kept under intensive production or backyard managementconditions. Mature body weight is 5.5 kg in males and 4.0 kg in females.BASSETTEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LUKSE BASSETTE (LIEGEOISE)300•1994DECREASINGEGGSEUROPEBELGIUMBassette seems to be related to the ‘Brabant’, but is smaller and without crest.It originated in Liege region, eastern Belgium. The plumage is of wild-typepattern, the skin white, the shanks blue and the comb single. Adult bodyweight is about 1.0 kg for males and 0.9 kg for females. Mainly kept underbackyard management conditions, they produce an average of 180 whiteshelled eggs per year. Chicken of this breed prefer to live under semi-feralconditions. Less than 200 females and 50 males were used for reproduction in1994.<strong>Part</strong>2173


BRABANTENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :BRABANTER BOERENKOEN (DUTCH),BRABANÇONNE (FR.), TOPMAN, HOUPETTE200•1994STABLEEGGS, FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, MEATEUROPEBELGIUMThe Brabant is a very old breed originated from Brabant in central and southeastern Belgium. This breed is characterized by a wild-type plumage pattern,white skin, blue shanks and a single comb. The adult body weight is about2.5 kg for males and 2.0 kg for females. Mainly kept under backyardmanagement conditions, they produce an average of 150 - 200 white shelledeggs per year. 150 females and 50 males were used for reproduction in 1994.TOURNAISISENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBELGIUMDOORMIKSE KRIEL, POULE DE BATELIER (FR.), MILLEFLEURS DU TOURNAISIS (FR.), TIQUETÉE (FR.)200•1994DECREASINGMEAT, EGGS, DOWNS, GAME, TOURISTIC POTENTIAL,FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSThis bantam chicken breed was kept in little villages along the river Scheldt.They seem to be related to Old English Game bantam. The plumage is of wildtypepattern, the skin white and the comb single. Adult body weight is about0.75 kg for males and 0.65 kg for females. Mainly kept under backyardmanagement conditions, they produce an average of more than 100 whiteshelled eggs per year. In 1994, 150 females and 30 males were used forreproduction.2174<strong>Part</strong>


BLUE TERMONDECRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :DENDERMONDSE EEND (DUTCH)< 100•1994DECREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEBELGIUMOriginated from Dendermonde in the Scheldt region, western Belgium, theseducks have blue plumage, white skin and blue shanks. They are kept underbackyard management conditions. Adult males and females weigh 3.0 kg and2.5 kg, respectively. In 1994, less than 50 females and less than 10 males wereused for reproduction.MERCHTEMCRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES ::MERCHTEUSE EEND (DUTCH)< 100•1994DECREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEBELGIUMMerchtem originated from northern Brussels, central Belgium. The breed mightbe related to Aylesbury. These ducks are kept under backyard managementconditions and the adult weight for males and females is 3.0 kg and 2.5 kg,respectively. On average 200 white shelled eggs are produced every year perbird. In 1994, less than 50 females and less than 10 males were used forreproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2175


FLEMISHCRITICALDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBELGIUMOIE FLAMANDE (FR.), VLAEMSE GAUS (DUTCH)< 100•1994STABLEMEAT, EGGS, GUARDAn old breed originated from the western part of Flandres, Flemish goose haswhite-grey plumage and white skin. They are kept under backyardmanagement conditions and weigh at maturity 6.0 kg and 4.5 kg for males andfemales respectively. In 1994, less than 30 females and less than 20 males wereused for reproduction.ANTWERP SNIERELCRITICALPIGEONLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES ::SNIEREL


RONSENAEURCRITICALPIGEONLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :1 000•1994STABLEMEAT, FANCY, HOBBYEUROPEBELGIUMRonsenaeur originated from the city of Ronse and the surrounding area. Thesepigeons have white plumage and are kept under backyard managementconditions.RED ARDENNECRITICALTURKEYLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBELGIUMROUGE DES ARDENNES (FR.), RODE ARDENNER< 100•1994DECREASINGMEATOriginated from the Ardennes region, southern Belgium, Red Ardenne areprobably related to Roquieres, but are even hardier. Their plumage is red andtheir skin and the shanks are white. They are kept under backyardmanagement conditions. The mature body weight is 8.0 -10.0 kg for males and4.0 - 5.0 kg for females. They produce more than 100 tinted eggs per year. In1994, less than 50 females and less than 10 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2177


ROUQUIÈRESENDANGEREDTURKEYLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ROUQUIÈRES KALKOEN (DUTCH),DINDON DE ROUQUIÈRES (FR.)200•1994STABLEMEATEUROPEBELGIUMPopular at the beginning of the century, the Rouquières turkey originated inthe Hainant region, south western Belgium. It is the basis of the Crollurtzerturkey found in Germany. The plumage is white, yellow, red or variants ofthese, skin and shanks are white. Their adult body weight is 10 -12 kg formales and 5 - 6 kg for females. They are very hardy and can live outside allyear round. In 1993, 100 females and 25 males were used for reproduction.BOSNIAN PONYCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBOSNIA & HERZEGOVINABOSNIAK, BOSNIAN MOUNTAIN, BOSANSKI BRDSKIKONJVERY FEW•1995NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEThis primitive Karst Balkan breed originated from Buša Ponies in the 18thcentury and was later improved by Arab horses. Bosnian Pony are usuallybrown or dun in colour, taller varieties may be white (28%), brown (30%),black (18%) or chestnut (13%).<strong>Part</strong>2178


ISKAR GREYCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBULGARIAISKURSKO GOVEDO (BULG.), GEY ISKAR CATTLE,GREY NATIVE CATTLE, BULGARIAN GREY125•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTIskar, a variety of Grey Steppe with some brachyceros blood, may be foundaround the Iskar, Vit and Ossam rivers. They are descended from local Greycattle (1926) and are black-grey and white in colour with lyre-shaped horns.Adult males weigh on average 750 kg and females 350 kg with an averagewither height of 140 cm and 118 cm respectively. The breed is known for itsadaptability to harsh climate and ability to graze on marginal land. A herdbookhas been established in 1929. The total number of breeding females and malesis 120 and 5 respectively with 120 females registered in the herdbook and 5males in AI. The animals are raised in 42 herds.RODOPICRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBULGARIARODOPSKA (BULG.), KUSOROGA (BULG.), RHODOPASHORT HORNED16•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTThis dwarf cattle breed (brachyceros type) is found above 1 800 m in theRhodopa region of south west Bulgaria. A herdbook has been established in1956. The cattle are brown-black in colour with white or grey back line andlyre-shaped horns. Adult males weigh on average 350 kg and females 240 kgwith an average wither height of 115 cm and 97 cm respectively. The breed isknown for its adaptability to mountainous areas. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 14 and 2 respectively. There is only one remaining herdwith all females registered.2179<strong>Part</strong>


KARAKACHANCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :CARAKACHANSKI KON (BULG.)30•1994STABLEGENE POOLEUROPEBULGARIAKarakachan is a very old native bulgarian horse breed and is found in theforest in the area of Shumen, north eastern Bulgaria. They are black or darkbrown in colour. Adult males and females have an average wither height of137 cm and 136 cm respectively. The total number of breeding females andmales is less than 13 and 2 respectively, all kept in one herd.COPPER - REDENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :MEDNO-CHERVENA OVSTA (BULG.),KARNOBATOSHUMENSKA (BULG.)12 000•1994STABLEMILK, MEATEUROPEBULGARIACopper-Red are selected from local sheep in the area of Shumen and Karnobat.A herdbook has been established in 1970. They are fawn, copper red or blackin colour. Females are polled and males are horned. Adult males weigh onaverage 60 kg and females 40 kg. There are two herds remaining with 12breeding males and 350 breeding females. All females are registered in theherdbook.<strong>Part</strong>2180


PANAGYURISHTEENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEBULGARIASRIEDNOGORSKA OVSTA (BULG.), SREDNA GORA(BULG.)5 000•1994STABLEGENE FUND AND LOCAL USEThis breed originated from the old breeds Tsigai and Tsakel and is found inthe Sriedna Gora mountain area in southern Bulgaria. They are polled,medium size and white or coloured with big black spots around the eyes.Adult males weigh on average 60 kg and females 45 kg with an average witherheight of 65 cm and 55 cm respectively. There are 800 breeding females and19 breeding males remaining. All females are registered in the herdbook. Thebreed is very well adapted to mountainous conditions up to 1 200 m abovesea level.STARA ZAGORAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :STAROZAGORSKA OVTSA10 000•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEBULGARIAThis local sheep originated from the old breeds Tsigai and Tsakel and is foundin the Stara Zagora area. Stara Zagora are white in colour with white bare head,floppy sideways ears and a convex head profile. Adult males weigh on average70 kg and females 46 kg with an average wither height of 71 cm and 68 cmrespectively. The breed is well adapted to the local conditions. There are 1 110breeding females and 14 breeding males remaining with 50% of the femalesbeing bred pure. All breeding females are registered in the herdbook.<strong>Part</strong>2181


ISTRIANCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ISTARSKO GOVEDO (CROAT.)110•1995STABLEMEAT, TRACTIVE POWER, MILK, TOURISMEUROPECROATIAFound in central Istria, Croatia and Gorizia, north east Italy, Istrian descendedfrom Podolian cattle, with some input from Romagnola and Maremmana,Austrian and German Brown Swiss (> 20%) in 1950 and American Brown Swissin 1980. A herdbook has been established in 1988. They are white-grey in colourwith very long horns. Adult males weigh on average 900 kg and females 625 kgwith an average wither height of 148 cm and 138 cm respectively. The breed iswell adapted to karst regions with very poor vegetation, tolerant to heat, is alsoknown for its longevity. There are 103 breeding females and 7 breeding malesremaining in less than 10 herds, with 3 males in AI, 30% of females bred pureand all females registered in the herdbook. An in-situ conservation programmehas been established.MUR ISLANDCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPECROATIAMEDJIMURSKI KONJ (CROAT.), MURINSULANER(GER.)AROUND 30•1994DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWERThe breed descended from native Croatian horses and Warmblood mares,Norik, Percheron, Ardennais and Brabant in the 19th century and is found inthe northern part of Croatia (Medimuurje). Mur Island are brown, black or greyin colour. They have a strong, well-proportioned body, stocky compact, deepgirth and a broad chest. The breed is known for its adaptability and hardworking capacity. Adult males weigh on average 800 kg and females 650 kgwith an average witherheight of 165 cm and 158 cm respectively. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is less than 30 and 2 respectively.2182<strong>Part</strong>


POSAVINAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDTUROPOLJECRITICAL-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :HRVATSKI POSAVAC (CROAT.), POSAVAC (CROAT.)550•1995STABLEDRAUGHT POWER, MAINTENANCE OF GRAZING LANDPosavina is found in the flood plains of the river Sava and its tributaries (Odra, Lonjain),in the region of Posavina, central Croatia. Their ears are elliptic and distant from eachother. The head is noble in profile. Shoulders are medium long, hooves are flat, broadand concave. The body is compact and firm. Posavina is bay, dark bay, grey or sometimesblack in colour. The breed is very well adapted to harsh conditions, especiallyflooded areas, and resistant to diseases. Adult males and females weigh on average 600kg and 500 kg respectively with an average wither height of 150 cm and 143 cm respectively.The total number of breeding females and males is 430 (60% being bred pure)and 20 respectively raised in 110 herds, with 403 mares registered in the studbook thathas been established this year. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.PIGTUROPOLJSKA SVINJA (SERBO-CRO.)50•1995DECREASINGMEATEUROPECROATIAEUROPECROATIAThis lard breed, found in Turopolje and Posavina (Croatia), descended fromŠiška and Berkshire (c.1780). Turopolje are black and white in colour with 5 - 9hand-size black spots. They are curly haired with semi-lop ears. Adult males andfemales weigh on average 246 kg and 240 kg respectively with a wither height of 74cm and 69 cm. The breed is well adapted to harsh climate, especially high and lowtemperatures, and to wet and marshy land. Moreover they are known for their abilityto pass the winter outdoors and to survive on a minimal diet. Turopolje are able toswim very well. There are 30 breeding females and 10 breeding males remaining,with 80% of females bred pure. A herdbook has been established in 1993 and an insituconservation programme is in place.2183<strong>Part</strong>


DUBROVNIKCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPECROATIADUBROVACKA, DUBROVACKA RUDA (SERBO-CRO.)60•1994DECREASINGWOOL, MILKFound along the coastal area of Dubrovnik in Dalmatia, this breed is similar toPag Island. Dubrovnik descended from Pramenka, probably with some Merinoblood (c.1700). They are white (90%), black or brown in colour andapproximately 10% of the animals are spotted. Dubrovnik are mediumcrossbredwooled and are usually polled. Adult males weigh on average 43 kgand females 33 kg with an average wither height of 63 cm and 59 cmrespectively. The breed is fairly heat tolerant and can withstand lack of water.There are 55 breeding females and 5 breeding males remaining in 30 herds,with 70% of females bred pure.ISTRIAN MILKENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPECROATIAISTARSKA OVCA (SERBO-CRO.), ISTARSKA PRAMENKA(SERBO-CRO.), ISTARSKA MLJECNA (SERBO-CRO.)1 030•1995DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, WOOLThis Mediterranean type of Pramenka has been influenced by ItalianBergamasca and is found in East Istria and along the Croatian coast. IstrianMilk sheep are coarse wooled. Adult males weigh on average 70 kg andfemales 60 kg with an average wither height of 72 cm and 69 cmrespectively. There are 15 herds remaining herd with 1 000 breeding femalesand 30 breeding males.<strong>Part</strong>2184


YUGOSLAV DRAFTCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPECROATIAHRVATSKI HLADNOKRVNJAK (YUG.), DOMACHLADNOKRVAN (YUG.), CROATIAN COLDBLOOD,YUGOSLAVIAN DRAFT155•1986STABLETRACTION, MEATThis heavy draught breed, found in north western Croatia, is descended fromBelgian and Pinzgau horses (c.1820). Two varieties exist: Mura, which isheavier, and Posavina, which is lighter. Yugoslav Draft are usually chestnut orbrown in colour. Adult males weigh on average 700 kg and females 625 kgwith an average wither height of 165 cm and 160 cm respectively. There are100 breeding females and 55 breeding males remaining, with 80% of femalesbred pure. 45 females are registered.CYPRUSENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :151•1995DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWER, MEATEUROPECYPRUSCyprus cattle originated from Zebu (Bos indicus) and Humpless (Bostaurus) cattle and are similar to Damascus, Egyptian and Lebanese cattle.They are fawn to black in colour, adult males weigh on average 567 kg andfemales 517 kg. The total number of breeding females and males is 135 and16 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2185


CYPRUS MOUFLONENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPECYPRUSCYPRIAN MOUFLON, CYPRIAN RED, CYPRIAN WILD,CYPRIAN URIAL, OVIS MUSIMON, AGRINON (GR.)1 200•1994NOT AVAILABLETOURISM ATTRACTIONA wild variety of Red Sheep (Ovis orientalis aphion), found in the TrodosMountains.CZECH REDCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :CESKÁ CERVINKA (CZECH)58•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPECZECH REPUBLICThis breed was formerly spread over Bohemia and middle Europe. At thebeginning of 20th century Czech Red Cattle have been crossed with Bern andSimens bulls. They are red in colour and medium framed. Adult males weighon average 950 - 1 100 kg and females 520 kg with an average wither heightof 145 cm and 130 cm respectively. The breed is known for its hardiness andadaptability to natural conditions of Bohemia and Moravia. There are 30remaining females and 4 males.<strong>Part</strong>2186


CZECH BRINDLEDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :CESKY STRAKATY SKOT (CZECH.)2 100•1993DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPECZECH REPUBLICThis breed originated from Czech Red Cattle and Simens (Bern) fromSwitzerland. No Simens bulls have been used since 1930. Czech BrindledCattle are medium framed. Adult males weigh on average 1 100 kg andfemales 550 - 600 kg with an average wither height of 150 cm and 135 cmrespectively. The breed is known for its high milk fat and milk protein content.An in-situ conservation programme has been establishedOLD KLADRUBY WHITECRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :STAROKLADRUBSKY BELORUS (RUS.)220•1993STABLEPULLING POWEREUROPECZECH REPUBLICThe breed descended from Lipitsa horses imported from Spain and Italy(Neapolitan horses) in 1579. Adult males weigh on average 600 kg and females575 kg with an average wither height of 165 cm and 162 cm respectively. Thebreed has a big body frame and slightly convex head profile. The total numberof breeding females and males is 95 and 17 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2187


OLD KLADRUBY BLACKENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :STAROKLADRUBSK Ȳ URANIK (CZECH)280•1993STABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPECZECH REPUBLICOld Kladruby Black is a robust horse with a slightly convex head profile. Adultmales and females weigh on average 600 kg and 575 kg respectively with anaverage wither height of 165 cm and 162 cm. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 125 and 14 respectively with 40 - 60% females being bredpure.KLADRUBYENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPECZECH REPUBLICKLADRUBSK Ȳ (CZECH), STAROKLADRUBSK Ȳ KUN,KLADRUBER (GER.)500•1995DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBY,TRACTIVE POWER,COACH HORSEThis autochthon Czech breed originated from Spanish and Neapolitan horsesaround 1579. Since this time immigration has taken place from Lipitsa(Hungary), Orlov Trotter (Czech Republic and Slovakia), Friesian(Netherlands) and Andalusian (Portugal). A stud was founded for the breed in1562. A studbook has been established in 1579. Kladruby can be found inKladruby nad Labem (white variety) and Slatinany (black variety). They areblack, grey and sometimes white in colour. Adult males weigh on average595 kg and females 570 kg with an average wither height of 166 cm and162 cm respectively. The breed is known for its late maturity (5 - 6 years). Thetotal number of breeding females and males is 320 and 31 respectively withsemen from 6 males in storage. There are four herds remaining. An in-situconservation programme has been established.2188<strong>Part</strong>


BOHEMIANENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :CZECH GOOSE200•1994INCREASINGFEATHERS, DOWNSEUROPECZECH REPUBLICThis old native breed was bred pure until the end of the last century and wasthen almost replaced by the importation of large foreign breeds. Experimentalkeeping of the Bohemian goose under large-scale production system wascarried out after World War II, but the low egg production and light live weightled to its replacement by other breeds. These geese are white with pinkshanks, the mature body weight is 5.5 kg in males and 4.5 kg in females.Mainly kept under backyard management conditions, they are good sitters andrear gosslings twice a year. In 1994, 150 females and 50 males were used forreproduction.JUTLANDENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEDENMARKDEN JYDSKE HEST (DAN.), DANISH HORSE289•1993DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTThis breed, found in Jutland, descended from Danish Country horses around1850. They have had some input from various draught breeds (UK) in 1950 andSuffolk (< 5%) in 1984. A studbook has been established in 1881. They arechestnut in colour, sometimes sorrel or roan, with a white star or blaze on theface. Adults weigh on average 800 kg with an average wither height of 158 cm(males) and 155 cm (females). The total number of breeding females and malesis 241 (with 29 registered females) and 48 respectively with semen from 3 malesin storage. There are more than 10 herds remaining. An in-situ programme hasbeen established.2189<strong>Part</strong>


FREDERIKSBORGENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDDANISH BLACK PIEDCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :FREDERIKSBORGHESTE (DAN.)338•1993DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBYEUROPEDENMARKFound mainly in Zealand and Funen, Frederiksborg descended from a Danishcountry breed around 1500. They were developed in the 17th and 18th centuryfrom Andalusian (Spain), Arab, Thoroughbred (UK) and local Zealand mares.There has also been some Oldenburg, East Friesian (1939), Warmblood andArabian (1960) input. A studbook has been established in 1890. Frederiksborghorses are chestnut in colour with red skin. Adult males weigh on average650 kg and females 600 kg with an average wither height of 164 cm and 160 cmrespectively. The total number of breeding females and males is 295 and 43respectively with semen from 3 males in storage. There are more than 10 herdsremaining with 48 registered females. An in-situ conservation programme hasbeen established.PIGEUROPEDENMARKSORTBROGET (DAN.), DANISH BLACK SPOTTED,DANISH WHITE AND BLACK120•1992DECREASINGMEATDanish Black Pied probably descended from unimproved Landrace with someinput from coloured English breeds e.g. Berkshire (1800). A herdbook hasbeen established in 1920. They are black and white in colour and often havetassels. Adult males weigh on average 350 kg and females 300 kg with anaverage wither height of 80 cm and 70 cm respectively. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 100 and 20 respectively with 80% females beingbred pure. There are 20 herds remaining. Semen is stored from 2 males. Anin-situ conservation programme has been established.2190<strong>Part</strong>


MARSHENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :HVIDHOVEDET MARSK (DAN.)1 225•1992DECREASINGMEAT, WOOLEUROPEDENMARKDanish Marsh, found in Jutland are polled and white in colour. Adult malesweigh on average 75 kg and females 60 kg with an average wither height of80 cm and 75 cm respectively. There are 12 herds remaining with 1 000breeding females and 225 breeding males. The breed is known for its weatherresistance and high fertility.DANISH LANDRACEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEDENMARKDANSK LANDFÅR (DAN.), KLITFÅR (DAN. = DUNESHEEP)220•1992INCREASINGMEAT, WOOL, SPORT/HOBBYDanish Landrace, found in Jutland, originated from Danish Heath and Merino(18th century) with some Leicester Longwool and Oxford Down input (1900).They are polled and white in colour with a grey head. Adult males weigh onaverage 70 kg and females 50 kg with an average wither height of 75 cm and70 cm respectively. There are 20 herds remaining with 200 breeding femalesand 20 breeding males. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.<strong>Part</strong>2191


DANISH BLACK WHITE-BREASTEDENDANGEREDDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :SORT HVIDBRYSTET DANSK AND (DAN.)200 FEMALES•1994STABLEMEATEUROPEDENMARKDanish Black White-Breasted is an indigenous breed, very hardy with a maturebody weight of 3.5 kg in males and 3.0 kg in females. These ducks have a highegg yield and good broodiness. In 1994, 200 females and 70 males were usedfor reproduction.GRÅ OG GRÅBRUGEDE DANSKE GAESENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :200 FEMALES•1994STABLEMEAT, FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEDENMARKGrå og Gråbrugede Danske Gaes is an indigenous breed, very hardy, grey orgrey and white in colour. Mature body weight is 6.0 kg in males and 4.5 kg infemales. These geese are kept under backyard management conditions andshow good broodiness. In 1994, 200 females and 50 males were used forreproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2192


ESTONIAN NATIVEENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEESTONIAMESTNAYA ESTONSKAYA (RU.), EESTI MAAKARI(RU.), LOCAL ESTONIAN, ESTONIAN ABORIGINAL900•1994DECREASINGMILKOriginated from north European polled type with some input from WestFinnish and Jersey Blond during 1955 - 1967. A herdbook was established in1914. Estonian Native are mainly polled, red, brown or yellow in colour,sometimes with white patches. Adult males weigh on average 800 kg andfemales 500 kg with an average wither height of 134 cm and 125 cmrespectively. The breed is known for its high resistance against leucosis andtuberculosis, its high butterfat content and as a valuable base for crossing. Thetotal number of breeding females and males is 620 and 5. Purebreds are kepton 3 farms: Pyarivere State Farm, Vakhenurme Collective Farm in PyarnuDistrict and Lekhste Collective Farm in Paides District.ESTONIAN DRAFTENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ESTONIAN ARDENS, ESTONSKII TYAZHELOVOZ400•1994DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWEREUROPEESTONIAThis breed originated from Estonian Native and Ardennes horses mainlyimported from Belgium and later from Sweden. They are bay, light bay or roanin colour. Adult males weigh on average 750 kg and females 700 kg with anaverage wither height of 160 cm and 158 cm respectively. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 120 and 15 respectively. The breed is mainlyused for agriculture.<strong>Part</strong>2193


ESTONIAN NATIVEENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MESTNAYA ESTONSKAYA (RU.), ESTONSKAYALOSHAD (RU.), ESTONIAN PONY, ESTONIANKLEPPER (GER.), EESTI HOBUNE500•1994DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWER, SPORT, HOBBYEUROPEESTONIAOne of the few breeds retained the characteristic features of the nativeNorthern horse. Estonian Native have contributed towards the formation ofObva and Vyatka breeds, yet they have not been significantly influenced bycrossbreeding. They are found on the islands of Saarema, Hiyumaa and Mukhuin Estonia and are similar to Zemaitukai. A studbook has been established forthe breed. Estonian Native are chestnut, bay, light bay, dun or grey in colour.Females and males have an average wither height of 140 cm and 142 cmrespectively. This breed is known for its working abilities and highadaptability, but has become less competitive due to modern farmingpractices.WHITE MALLARDENDANGEREDDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:259•1994DECREASINGMEATEUROPEESTONIAThe common Mallard has been raised since 1986 in a duck farm of KaarepereForestry Experiment Station. In 1987 some mutants, with totally whiteplumage, were unexpectedely hatched out in an incubator, thereafterseparated from the general flock and multiplied. White Mallard ducks arekept under backyard management conditions, they have a live mature weightof 1.7 kg and 1.2 kg for males and females respectively. In 1994, 150 femalesand 25 males were used for reproduction.2194<strong>Part</strong>


EAST FINNCATTLECRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEFINLANDITÄSUOMENKARJA (FIN.), RED-AND-WHITE FINNISH,RED PIED KARELIAN, EAST FINNISH100•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATA variety of Finnish developed from local breeds (1898) with some SwedishFriesian (5-20% of matings) and Ayrshire blood since 1950. East Finncattle had abreed society from 1898 to 1950. They are polled, and red and white in colour,sires having a white back. Adult males weigh on average 600 kg and females 440 kgwith an average wither height of 135 cm and 118 cm respectively. The breed isknown for its high frequency of the k-casein B allele (80%). There are 75 breedingfemales and 25 breeding males remaining with 20 males in AI Two females areregistered and semen has been stored from 20 males as well as embryos from 2sires and one dam. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.NORTH FINNCATTLECRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEFINLANDPOHJOISSUOMENKARJA (FIN.), NORDFINSK (SWE.),NORTH FINNISH85•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATA variety of Finnish cattle. North Finncattle descended from White cattle of NorthFinland (aboriginal breed) around 1905 with some input from Swedish Friesian(< 5% of matings), Ayrshire (5-20% of matings) and Swedish Fjällras (> 20% ofmatings) in 1960. They had a breed society from 1905 - 1950. They are polled, whiteand black in colour with black spots. Adult males weigh on average 650 kg andfemales 400 kg with an average wither height of 128 cm and 118 cm respectively.The breed is known for its high frequency of the k-casein B allele (80%). There are 65breeding females and 20 breeding males remaining in more than 10 herds, with 18males in AI. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.2195<strong>Part</strong>


CONNEMARA PONYENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:400•1993STABLESPORT/HOBBYEUROPEFINLANDConnemara Pony is scattered all over Finland and has a studbook since 1971.These horses are usually dun with dark legs, but may also be grey, bay,black, brown and rarely roan or chestnut in colour. Adult males and femalesweigh on average 400 kg with an average wither height of 144 and 140 cmrespectively. There are more than 10 herds remaining with 50 registeredfemales.WHITE ITALIANENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:VALKEA ITALIALAINEN (FIN.)100 - 1 000•1994STABLEMEAT, FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEFINLANDWhite Italian was imported from Sweden and in the 1920’s crossed withGerman landrace and Emden. They have white (70%) or grey (30%) plumage,white skin and yellow shanks. Mature body weight is 7.5 kg for males and6.5 kg for females. These geese are kept under backyard productionconditions. They produce an average of 40 white shelled eggs per year. In1994, 500 females and 100 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2196


FINISH BRONZEENDANGEREDTURKEYLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PRONSSIKALKKUNA (FIN.)100 - 1 000•1994STABLEMEAT, FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEFINLANDBronze originates from Spain in the 17th century. They have a wild-typeplumage with a spangled pattern within the feathers and yellow skin andshanks. Their mature body weight is 9.0 kg for males and 5.0 kg for females.These turkeys are kept under backyard production conditions. They producean average of 20 white shelled eggs per year. In 1994, 200 - 300 females and50 males were used for reproduction.POITOUCRITICALASSLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BAUDET DU POITOU (FR.), POITEVIN (FR.)< 200•1994STABLEFOR MULE PRODUCTIONEUROPEFRANCEFound in western France and also in USA, Poitou is black or dark brown incolour with long hair. A herdbook has been established for the breed. Thebreed is nearly extinct in France. A population with less than 200 animalsexists in USA.<strong>Part</strong>2197


ARMORICANCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:ARMORICAINE (FR.)30•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEFRANCEThis breed, found in central Brittany descended from Froment du Léon, PieRouge de Carhaix and Shorthorn around 1880, with some input from DairyShorthorn (UK) in 1963. A herdbook has been established in 1919. Armoricanare usually red but may also be red - white, roan or irregularly spotted with awhite belly. They have curved horns pointing forwards. Adult females weighon average 650 kg with an average wither height of 138 cm. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 24 (all females registered in theherdbook) and 6 respectively with 60% females being bred pure. Semen hasbeen stored from 14 males. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.AURE ET SAINT-GIRONSCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEFRANCERACE DES PYRÉNÉES CENTRALES (FR.), AUROIS,CASTA, RACE DE ST GIRONS ET D'AURE (FR.),CENTRAL PYRENEAN138•1994INCREASINGMEAT, MILK,TRACTIVE POWERDescended from local cattle in the Upper Pyrénées, Aure et Saint - Girons arechestnut, grey-fawn or fawn with black-tipped lyre-shaped horns. Adultfemales weigh on average 600 kg with an average wither height of 135 cm.The breed is known for its high adaptability to harsh environments. Aherdbook has been established in 1919. There are 111 breeding females and27 breeding males remaining in 24 herds with 80% of females being bredpure and 14 males in AI. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.2198<strong>Part</strong>


BÉARNAISECRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BASCO-BÉARNAISE (FR.)101•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEAT,TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEFRANCEBéarnaise are descended from local blond cattle of the Pyrénées, with someinput from Blonde d'Aquitaine (< 5%) (1965 to 1980) and Limousin (< 5%)(1960 to 1980). Found in the western Pyrénées, they are yellow-brown incolour with lyre-shaped horns. Adult females weigh on average 550 kg withan average wither height of 132 cm. The total number of breeding femalesand males is 84 and 17 respectively with 80% females being bred pure.Semen has been stored from 11 males. The breed is known for its hardinessand adaptability to high altitude pastures. An in-situ conservation programmehas been established.FROMENT DU LÉONCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:93•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEFRANCEFound in northern Brittany, Froment du Léon are descended from localbreeds with some input from British Guernsey (1965). A herdbook has beenestablished in 1907. These cattle are corn coloured, adult females weighingon average 550 kg with an average wither height of 135 cm. The breed isknown for its high milk fat percentage and yellow coloured butter. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 83 and 10 respectively with 80% offemales being bred pure and 8 males in AI. There are 19 herds remaining. Anin-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2199


LOURDAISCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LOURDAISE (FR.)80•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEAT,TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEFRANCEFound in the central Pyrénées, Lourdaise are descended from local Pyreneanblond cattle with some input from French Limousin (5-20%) from 1965 till1980. These cattle are brown in colour with light extremities and pinkmucous membranes. Adult females weigh on average 600 kg with an averagewither height of 135 cm. The total number of breeding females and males is70 (all registered in the herdbook) and 10 respectively with 80% femalesbeing bred pure and 9 males in AI. They are kept in 15 herds. An in-situconservation programme has been established.NANTAISCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100•1994INCREASINGMEAT, MILK, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEFRANCEThis local breed is related to <strong>Part</strong>henais and is found in the department ofLoire Atlantique. The Nantais are uniform brown in colour with a darkmuzzle. They are known for their meat and milk quality. There are 84breeding females and 16 breeding males remaining with 80% females beingbred pure, raised in 23 herds, with 6 males in AI and all females registered ina recently established herdbook. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.<strong>Part</strong>2200


BRETON BLACK PIEDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEFRANCEBRETONNE PIE NOIRE (FR.), BRITTANY BLACK-AND-WHITE, MORBIHAN609•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATFound in Brittany, Breton Black Pied are descended from local cattle breeds(c.1850) with some input from French Frisonne Pie Noire (1960). Aherdbook was established in 1919. They are black with a white beltedthorax and abdomen, and lyre-shaped horns which point upwards. Adultmales weigh on average 600 kg and females 400 kg with an average witherheightof 123 cm and 117 cm respectively. The breed is known for its highmilk fat and milk protein percentages, its hardiness and calving ease(valuable for crossing with Friesian heifers). The total number of breedingfemales and males is 591 (all registered in herdbook) and 18 respectivelywith 80% females being bred pure and 23 males in AI. The breed is kept inmore than 100 herds. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.<strong>Part</strong>2201


FRENCH HERENSENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:HÉRENS (FR.)210•1994INCREASINGMILK, COW FIGHTS, MEATEUROPEFRANCEDeveloped from Swiss Herens around 1800, Herens cattle are found in theChamonix valley and also in USA. They are fawn or red in colour with ablack belly and with horns pointing forwards. Adult females weigh onaverage 500 kg with a wither height of 132 cm. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 200 and 10 respectively with 60% of the females beingbred pure and 2 males in AI.FERRANDAISENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:FERRANDAISE (FR.)297•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEFRANCEFerrandais, found in the north Massif Central are descended from Auvergne.A herdbook has been established in 1905. They are brick-red and white incolour with lyre-shaped horns pointing downwards. Adult females weigh onaverage 650 kg with an average wither height of 138 cm. The total numberof breeding females and males is 225 and 15 respectively raised in 55 herds,with 75% females being bred pure and 19 males in AI. The breed is knownfor its longevity. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2202


FLEMISH (ORIGINAL)ENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:FLAMANDE ORIGINELLE (FR.)AROUND 310•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEFRANCEFlemish (Original) is a native cattle breed of northern France with some inputfrom Danish Red and Belgian Red since 1950. A herdbook has beenestablished in 1886. They are uniform black or red in colour. Adult femalesweigh on average 650 kg with an average wither height of 135 cm. The totalnumber of breeding females is 280 (all registered in herdbook) raised in 50herds, half of them being bred pure; 30 males are in AI. An in-situconservation programme has been established.GASCON AREOLEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GASCON ARÉOLÉ (FR.), MIRANDAIS (FR.)221•1994INCREASINGMEAT, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEFRANCEGascon Areole is a native cattle breed of Gascogne with influence fromItalian Piemontese since 1950. They are found in the department of Gers. Aherdbook has been established in 1894. This cattle is grey, white or blond incolour with long horns. The calves born red and change colour later. Adultmales weigh on average 900 kg and females 650 kg with a wither height of150 cm and 140 cm respectively. The total number of breeding females is 206(all registered in herdbook) raised in 38 herds, with 60% females being bredpure and 8 males in AI. The breed is known for its excellent fertility andlongevity. An in-situ conservation programme2has been established.203<strong>Part</strong>


VILLARD DE LANSENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:199•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEAT, TRACTIVE POWERDescended from local Fémeline and Bressane (c.1820), Villard de Lans wererecognized as a breed in 1862. They are found in the mountains of Vercors,in the south eastern French Alps. In 1965 there was some immigration intothe breed from Blonde d'Aquitaine (< 5%). A herdbook has been establishedin 1978. Villard de Lans are yellow-brown in colour. Adult females weigh onaverage 700 kg with an average wither height of 140 cm. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 174 and 25 respectively, raised in 32 herdswith 80% females being bred pure and 17 males in AI. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.POITOUENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLEGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:POITEVINE (FR.)1 100•1993DECREASINGMILK, MEATPoitou is an autochthon goat breed, found in the Poitou region, in thewestern part of France between Massif Central and the Atlantic Ocean. Aherdbook has been established in 1952. They are long-haired, horned andbrown in colour with white belly and head like Toggenburg. Adult malesweigh on average 72 kg and females 55 kg with an average wither height of80 cm and 75 cm respectively. There are only 1 000 breeding females and100 breeding males with 90% females being bred pure and 6 males in AIremaining in more than 10 herds. An in-situ conservation programme hasbeen established.2204<strong>Part</strong>EUROPEFRANCEEUROPEFRANCE


PYRENEANENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PYRÉNÉENNE (FR.)1 090•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEFRANCEThis autochthon breed of the French Swiss Alps is long-haired and appears inall colours. There are only 1 000 breeding females and 90 breeding malesremaining in more than 120 herds. An in-situ conservation programme hasbeen established.AUXOISENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:TRAIT AUXOIS (FR.)485•1993INCREASINGMEAT, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEFRANCEFound in Bourgogne, Auxois is an autochthon breed with an establishedbreed society since 1913. This is a heavy breed, bay, roan, grey or chestnut incolour. Adult males and females weigh on average 900 kg with an averagewither height of 164 cm. The total number of breeding females and males is456 and 29 respectively raised in 117 herds, with 304 mares registered in thestudbook.<strong>Part</strong>2205


CAMARGUEENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEFRANCE654•1993INCREASINGHERDSMAN HORSE, SPORT/HOBBY,VEGETATIONMANAGEMENTThis horse breed is autochthon and found in Camargue, with an establishedstudbook since 1978. Horses are born light grey but become white when theyreach adulthood. Adult males and females weigh on average 350 kg with anaverage wither height of 140 cm. The total number of registered breedingfemales and males is 572 and 82 respectively raised in 145 herds.HIGHLAND PONYENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:HIGHLAND123•1993STABLESPORT/HOBBYEUROPEFRANCEHighland Pony has been imported as a breed from United Kingdom and isfound in Brittany and Normandy. A studbook has been established in 1969.They are mainly grey, sorrel, chestnut or isabelle and rarely dun in colourwith zebra-striped legs. Adult males and females weigh on average 550 and500 kg respectively with an average wither height of 134 cm. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 108 and 15 respectively raised in 50herds, with 98 mares registered in the studbook and 90% females being bredpure.<strong>Part</strong>2206


LANDAISENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PONEY LANDAIS (FR.)158•1993STABLESPORT/HOBBYEUROPEFRANCELandais is an autochthon breed, found in the region of Aquitaine, with anestablished studbook since 1967. They are bay, black, brown or chestnut incolour. Adult males and females have an average wither height of 128 cm. Thetotal number of breeding females and males is 137 and 21 respectively raisedin 42 herds. A total number of 96 mares are registered in the studbook and70% females bred pure.NORTHERN ARDENNESENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEFRANCENORTHERN ARDENNAIS, ARDENAIS DU NORD (FR.),TRAIT DU NORD (FR.)468•1993DECREASINGMEAT, TRACTIVE POWERA variety of French Ardennes, Northern Ardennes may be found in Picardie innorthern France. They have had a studbook since 1913 and are considered tobe descended from Trait du Nord (c.1900) with some input from Belgian TraitBelge in 1953. Northern Ardennes are bay, roan or grey and rarely chestnut incolour. Adult males weigh on average 1 000 kg and females 775 kg with anaverage wither height of 165 cm and 160 cm respectively. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 437 and 31 with 76% females being bred pureraised in 113 herds. 335 females are registered. AI is used.2207<strong>Part</strong>


POTTOKENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:736•1993DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, MEATEUROPEFRANCEPottok breed is found in the Basque country, in Spain and France. They arebay, brown, chestnut, piebald or scewbald in colour. These horses haveshown resistance against piroplasmosis. Adult males and females weigh onaverage 300 kg with an average wither height of 130 cm. In France the totalnumber of breeding females and males is 141 and 25 respectively with 75%females being bred pure, raised in 44 herds. In Spain there are 400 breedingfemales and 170 breeding males kept in 150 herds.WELSH PONYENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:WELSH889•1993INCREASINGSPORT/HOBBYEUROPEFRANCEWelsh Pony, scattered country-wide in France and Finland, has been importedfrom United Kingdom. They are found in any colour except piebald orscewbald and have a light head and hard legs. Adult males and females weighon average 200 kg with an average wither height of 125 cm. In France the totalnumber of breeding females and males is 652 and 93 respectively raised in 141herd, while in Finland there are 40 breeding females and 4 breeding males inmore than 10 herds.<strong>Part</strong>2208


BOULONNAISENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:638•1993DECREASINGMEAT, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEFRANCEBoulonnais, found in the department of Picardie in northern France, wasdeveloped around 1650. Horses are generally grey, but also chestnut incolour and may have light shading. The breed has a studbook since 1886.Adults weigh on average 900 kg with an average wither height of 163 cm.The total number of breeding females and males is 602 and 36 respectivelywith 76% females being bred pure and 462 mares registered in the studbook.An in-situ conservation programme has been established.POITOUENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEFRANCEPOITEVIN (FR.) , MULASSIER (FR.)179•1993DECREASINGMEAT, TRACTIVE POWER, PRODUCTION OF MULESPoitou are found in the Pays de Loire and Poitou-Charentes and weredeveloped from local mares crossed with Friesian stallions (c.1600) and havehad a studbook since 1885. They are mainly dun in colour. Adult malesweigh on average 900 kg and females 800 kg with an average adult witherheight of 168 cm. There are 157 breeding females (96 registered) and 22breeding males in 52 herds with 60% of females being bred pure. An in-situconservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2209


BASQUE BLACK PIEDCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PIE NOIR DU PAYS BASQUE (FR.)129•1994STABLEMEAT, SPORT/HOBBYEUROPEFRANCEBasque Black Pied are Iberian type pigs similar to Limousin. They aredescended from varieties of Béarnais and Basque and are found in theBasque province in the Pyrénées of south west France. They have a breedsociety since 1921. Basque Black Pied are black pied in colour with a whitesaddle and a black head and rump and lop ears. Adult males weigh onaverage 180 kg and females 150 kg with an average adult wither height of75 cm. The total number of breeding females and males is 107 (all registeredin the herdbook) and 22 respectively with 90% females being bred pure and3 males in AI. Semen has been stored from 12 males. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.BAYEUXCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:71•1994INCREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPEFRANCEBayeux is a native breed of Normandy. They are black and white in colour.Seven boars are in AI and 80% of the females are bred pure. An in-situconservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2210


LIMOUSINCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PORC DE SAINT YRIEX (FR.)111•1994INCREASINGMEAT, SPORT/HOBBYEUROPEFRANCEFound in Limousin, central France, Limousin were developed from localbreeds around 1700. A herdbook has been established in 1935. They arewhite in colour with a black head and rump, frequently with small spots ontheir bodies and have erect ears. Adult males weigh on average 180 kg andfemales 150 kg with an average adult wither height of 75 cm. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 90 and 21 respectively with 3 malesin AI and 50 females registered in the herdbook. Semen has been stored from12 males. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.NORMANDCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BLANC DE L’OUEST (FR.)144•1994DECREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCEAn autochthon Celtic type pig, Normand are found in Normandy and have aherdbook since 1935 and a breed society since 1937. They are uniform whitein colour. Adult males weigh on average 350 kg and females 300 kg with anaverage adult wither height of 100 cm. The total number of breeding femalesand males is 114 and 30 respectively with 3 males in AI. Semen has beenstored from 13 males. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.<strong>Part</strong>2211


GASCONYENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GASCON (FR.)393•1994INCREASINGMEAT, SPORT/HOBBYEUROPEFRANCEGascony have originated from local Gascon, Miélan and Cazères pigs. Allthree breeds are now extinct. They are found in the Pyrénées and are blackin colour. Adult males weigh on average 200 kg and females 180 kg, bothwith an average wither height of 75 cm. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 311 (all registered) and 82 respectively, with 90% offemales being bred pure and 14 males in AI.BERRICHON DE L’INDRECRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:AROUND 200•1993DECREASINGMEAT, WOOLEUROPEFRANCEBerrichon de l’Indre is found in the subregion Champagne Berrichonne ofBerry region. A herdbook has been established in 1895. They are uniformwhite in colour and polled. Adult males weigh on average 90 kg and females60 kg with an average wither height of 83 cm and 78 cm respectively. Thereare two remaining herds with less than 30 breeding males and 180 femalesregistered in the herdbook. Half of the females are bred pure and 27 malesare in AI. The breed is known for its ability to walk long distances.<strong>Part</strong>2212


RAMBOUILLETCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MÉRINOS DE RAMBOUILLET (FR.)105•1993STABLEWOOL, MEAT,EUROPEFRANCEThese fine wool sheep, only bred at the "Bergerie Nationale de Rambouillet"near Paris, descended from a number of Spanish Merino strains imported tothe region in 1786 and from 1799 to 1803. Rambouillet are white in colour,rams have spiral horns and females are polled. Adult males weigh on average80 kg and females 50 kg with an average wither height of 72 cm and 62 cmrespectively. The breed is known for its excellent thermo tolerance and isused to improve wool quality in crossbreeding. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 90 and 15 respectively, all kept in a single closed flock.Semen has been stored from 40 males, and embryos from 10 sires and 17dams.ROUSSILLON REDCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:ROUGE DU ROUSSILLON (FR.)AROUND 70•1994DECREASINGMEAT, WOOLEUROPEFRANCEThis breed, found in Roussillon, near the Pyrénées-Orientales coast, in France andin Bavaria, southern Germany, was developed from Barbary sheep, early Merinocrosses and local breeds. Roussillon Red has been exported to Germany in 1981.These sheep are white in colour with a red or pied head and legs and red kempunder the neck. Lambs are lighter in colour than mature sheep. Adult males weighon average 90 kg and females 60 kg. The number of breeding females and malesin Germany is 22 and 7 respectively, raised in 4 flocks. In France there are 40breeding females and an unknown number of breeding males raised in 2 herds.The breed is known for its adaptability to arid rangelands and poor feeding. In-situconservation programmes have been established in Germany and France.2213<strong>Part</strong>


BOULONNAISENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MOUTON BOULONNAIS (FR.)NOT AVAILABLE•1993STABLEMEAT, WOOLEUROPEFRANCEFound along the northern coast of France, Boulonnais are descended fromlocal sheep crossed with Leicester Longwool, New Kent and Dishley-Merinos(c.1850). They are white in colour with slightly blue or red extremities and ablack nose. They have long, medium-fine wool and are registered with abreed society. Adult males weigh on average 100 kg and females 70 kg withan average female wither height of 75 cm. The total number of breedingfemales is 1 000 raised in 11 herds of which 457 females are registered.AVRANCHINENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:NOT AVAILABLE•1993DECREASINGMEAT, WOOL, CROSSBREEDINGEUROPEFRANCEAvranchin are a composite of local sheep, Leicester, Kent and South Down,mainly found in western Calvados. A herdbook has been established in 1928.The breed is uniform white in colour with brownish face and feet. Adultmales weigh on average 75 kg with an average wither height of 105 cm. Thetotal number of breeding females is 500 and the number of breeding malesunknown. Avranchin are raised in 30 herds with 90% females being bredpure and 2 males in AI. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.<strong>Part</strong>2214


CAUSSENARD DES GARRIGUESENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDLANDAISENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CAUSSENARD DES GARRIGUES (FR.)NOT AVAILABLE•1993STABLEMEAT, WOOLFound in the department of Gard and Hérault in southern France, Caussenarddes Garrigues are descended from a southern strain of Caussenarde (c. 1800)with some input from French Blanc du Massif Central (5-20%) in 1960. Theyare coarse wooled and uniform white in colour. Males are horned and weighon average 65 kg. The total number of breeding females is 1 000 and thenumber of breeding males unknown. Caussenard des Garrigues are raised inless than 10 herds. The breed can thrive on poor quality arid rangelands. Anin-situ conservation programme has been established.SHEEPLANDAISE (FR.)225•1993INCREASINGMEAT, WOOL, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTEUROPEFRANCEEUROPEFRANCEDeveloped from local breed, Landais are found in the department Landes insouth west France. They are medium-coarse wooled sheep, mainly white incolour, sometimes black or brown, with brown or black spots on the headand legs. Adult males weigh on average 70 kg and females 45 kg with anaverage wither height of 70 cm and 65 cm respectively. The males arenormally horned and the females polled. The breed is very well adapted toheath and moor rangelands. The total number of breeding females and malesis 205 and 20 respectively kept in 4 herds only. Landais are under threat dueto crossbreeding with Berrichon and other breeds. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.2215<strong>Part</strong>


OUESSANTENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BRETON DWARF, USHANT1 140•1993INCREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, MEAT, WOOL, VEGETATIONMANAGEMENTEUROPEFRANCEThis dwarf breed, originally found on Ouessant Island, is now present only inthe Loire valley and Brittany in western France.ARDENNAISECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:POULE DES HAIES (FR.)< 100•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCEArdennaise originated from Ardenne. These chicken have a dark coloured face(especially hens) and dark red ear lobes. The skin is white, the shanks are blueand the comb is single type. They are of medium size, proud, sharp, slenderand hardy. Kept under backyard management conditions, they attain a maturebody weight of 2.0 - 2.5 kg in males and 1.7 - 2.0 kg in females. There areseveral varieties, namely white Ardennaise, black with golden neck and stripedchest Ardennaise, black with silver neck and striped chest Ardennaise, silverpartridge Ardennaise, golden partridge Ardennaise, silver salmon Ardennaise,silver salmon with golden stripes Ardennaise and golden salmon Ardennaise.2216<strong>Part</strong>


COUCOU DES FLANDRESCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:COUCOU DES FLANDRES< 100•1995INCREASINGEGGS, MEATEUROPEFRANCECoucou des Flandres originated from northern Picardie region in France andFlandres region in Belgium. This breed has been recently recreated. There areanalogies with Coucou de Rennes (French) and Coucou de Malines (Belgian).The plumage is cuckoo with a sex linkek barred pattern within the feathers,shanks are pinkish-white and the comb is of single type. These chicken havered ear lobes and the cock is lighter in colour than the hen. They are keptunder backyard management conditions. Mature body weight is 3.0 -3.5 kgfor males and 2.5 - 3.0 kg for females.COUCOU SOIECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:COUCOU SOIE< 100•1995NOT AVAILABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEFRANCEA mongrel created from Negre Soie and Bantam De Pekin breeds. It waspresented at the Agriculture Exhibition in 1989 - 1990, but it seems extinctsince. The plumage is cuckoo with a sex linked barred pattern within thefeathers, white skin and a red rose comb. These chicken have spurs and silkyplumage. Mature body weight is 1.2 kg for males and 1.0 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2217


COURTES-PATTESCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:KRÜPER (GER.)< 100•1995STABLEMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCECourtes-Pattes is an old breed from western France and north westernGermany, coming from scattered poultry with short legs. They have anapproved standard since 1912, became extinct afterwards and have beenre-bred since 1980. The plumage may be white, cuckoo, black, black flintywhite or black flinty golden, with a sex linkek barred or mottled pattern withinfeathers. The skin is white, the shanks short (lethal factor) and blue. They havea single comb and white ear lobes. Mature body weight is 1.75 - 2.25 kg formales and 1.5 - 2.0 kg for females. There are five varieties, namely whiteCourtes-Pattes, cuckoo Courtes-Pattes, black Courtes-Pattes, black flinty whiteCourtes-Pattes and black flinty golden Courtes-Pattes.JANZÉCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 100•1995INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCEJanzé is a very rare breed originated from Janzé, department of IIe-et-Villaine in France. These chicken have black plumage well stuck to thebody, light skeleton, red or slightly greyish ear lobes. The skin is white, theshanks blue and the comb is single type. They are kept under backyardmanagement conditions or as scavengers. Mature body weight is 2.5 kg formalesand 2.0 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2218


LANDAISECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LANDAISE GRISE (FR.)< 100•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCELandaise is a very rare breed that originated from Landes region and someparts of Gascogne. It was created in 1922-23 and is related to Bresse,Caussade and Gasconne. These chicken have black plumage, light skeleton,white/yellowish ear lobes. The skin is white, the shanks black and the combis of single type. They are kept under backyard management conditions oras scavengers. Mature body weight is 2.0 - 3.0 kg for males and 2.0 kg forfemales.LE MANSCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 100•1995INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCELe Mans is a very old breed (16th - 17th century), related to La Fleche. It ismainly found in Le Mans, Sarthe department. These chicken have blackplumage, white skin and blue shanks. The comb is of rose type. They are keptunder backyard management conditions. Mature body weight is 3.0 - 3.5 kgfor males and 2.5 - 3.0 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2219


LYONNAISECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 100•1995DECREASINGFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, EGGSEUROPEFRANCELyonnaise was created by Etienne Tamburini at Vaul-en-Velin, Lyon regionand its standard was approved in 1969. Now, they are nearly extinct. Thesechicken have black, frizzle plumage, white skin and blue shanks. The combis rose type. Mature body weight is 2.5 kg for males and 1.5 kg for females. Adwarf variety also exists.PAVILLYCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 100•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCEPavilly went extinct in 1940, has then been re-created, but is still rare. It isrelated to Crèvecoeur, Caumont and Merlerault. The plumage is black, theskin is white, the shanks are blue with a single comb. They are kept underbackyard management conditions or as scavengers. The mature body weightis 3.0 - 3.5 kg in males and 2.0 - 2.5 kg in females.<strong>Part</strong>2220


SANS-QUEUECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 100•1995STABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEFRANCESans-Queue is often considered as a sub-variety of Ardennaise. These chickenmay have different plumage colours, i.e. bright black, white, red, wild-type,silver columbian or golden columbian. The skin is white, while the shanks maybe blue, black or pink. They are kept as scavengers or not for production. Atmaturity the males weigh 3.0 - 3.5 kg and the females 2.0 - 2.5 kg.BARBEZIEUXENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCEBarbezieux is an old breed (at least 19th century), originated from Charenteand is found in the Barbezieux region. This is a black chicken with whiteskin, blue shanks and a single comb. Strong and powerful, this chicken ismainly kept under backyard management conditions. Mature body weight isabout 4.5 kg for males and 3.5 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2221


BOURBOURENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCEBourbour has an uncertain ancestral background, probably descended fromBrahma. These chicken are mainly found in the north of France. This breed ischaracterized by a silver columbian plumage, creamy-white skin, pinky-whiteshanks, red ear lobes and a single comb. The adult body weight is about 3.0 -4.0 kg for males and 2.5 - 3.0 kg for females. They are mainly kept underbackyard management conditions.CAUMONTENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CAUMONT100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCECaumont has common origins with Pavilly, Crèvecoeur and Merleraultbreeds. This breed is mainly found around Caumont L’Eventé in thedepartment of Calvados. This is a black chicken with white skin, black orblue shanks and a crown comb. It has a cylindrical body and the matureweight is about 3.5 - 4.0 kg for males and 2.5 - 3.0 kg for females. They aremainly kept under backyard management conditions.<strong>Part</strong>2222


CAUSSADEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CAUSSADE100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCECaussade is an old local breed (19th century), related to Gasconne breed,mainly kept in Tarn-et-Garonne department. It has a black plumage, whiteskin, blue shanks and a single comb. It is of small size with light skeleton andan adult body weight of about 1.5 - 2.0 kg for males and 1.5 kg for females.Chicken of this breed are hardy and mainly kept as scavengers.CHAROLLAISEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995STABLEMEATEUROPEFRANCECharollaise chicken originate from Charolles region, Saône-et-Loire. Thestandard for this breed has been defined in 1964. This white chicken has alarge breast, horizontal back line, red ear lobes and a rose type comb. Mainlykept under backyard management conditions, they have a mature weight ofabout 3.5 kg for males and 2.5 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2223


COTENTINEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCECotentine is a black chicken bred for a long time and found mainly in thepeninsula of Cotentin and in the Normandy region. First proposition of thestandard was in 1925. It is a black, middle size chicken, having white skinand blue shanks. The eyes have a golden-yellow iris, red ear lobes and asungle comb. Mainly kept under backyard management conditions, adultmales and females have a mature body weight of about 3.0 - 3.5 kg and 2.0 -2.5 kg respectively.COU-NU DU FOREZENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:COU-NU DU FOREZ100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCECou-nu du Forez was bred by a breeder in Saint-Etienne after the SecondWorld War. They are mainly found in the department Loire. It has a whiteplumage well stuck to the body, white skin, pinkish-white shanks and asingle comb. Adult live body weight is 3.0 - 3.5 kg for males and 2.3 - 2.8 kgfor females. These chicken have a naked neck with a feathered tuft in themiddle (heterozygous) and seem to be heat resistant.<strong>Part</strong>2224


COUCOU DE RENNESENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:COUCOU DE RENNES100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCECoucou de Rennes has been bred and selected by Dr Ramé since 1880. Thisbreed, whose standard was approved in 1914, is mainly found in the regionRennes. This breed is characterized by a cuckoo-like plumage with autosomalbarred pattern within the feathers, white skin and shanks and a single comb.The adult body weight is about 3.5 kg for males and 3.0 kg for females. Theyare mainly kept under backyard management conditions.CRÈVECŒURENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCECrèvecœur is a chicken of Normandy, related to other local breeds: Caumont,Pavilly, Caux and also La Flèche. It is one of the oldest French breeds. Almostextinct after the Second World War it has been re-bred since 1976. Mainlyfound in Crèvecoeur-en-Auge, Normandy region, it has a plumagepredominantly black, but white, blue or cuckoo pattern may also occur. Theskin is white, the shanks blue and the comb is V-shaped. It has a welldeveloped crest, mufflings and beard, and rudimentary wattles. Mainly keptunder backyard management conditions, these chicken have a mature bodyweight of about 3.0 kg for both males and females. There are four varieties ofthis breed, namely, white Crèvecœur, blue Crèvecœur, cuckoo Crèvecœurand black Crèvecœur.2225<strong>Part</strong>


ESTAIRESENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCEEstaires chicken originated from common fowls, Combattant du Nord andLangsham breeds. Estaires went extinct after the Second World War, but hasbeen re-created by some breeders of northern France. These chicken haveblack, silver-columbian or golden columbian plumage, white skin, blue,slightly feathered shanks, red ear lobes and a single comb. Mainly kept underbackyard management conditions, these chicken have a mature body weightof about 3.5 - 5.0 kg for males and 2.5 - 3.5 kg for females. There are threevarieties of this breed, namely, black Estaires, black silver-coated Estaires andblack golden-coated Estaires.FLÈCHE (BANTAM)ENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LA FLÈCHE (NAINE)100 - 1 000•1994NOT AVAILABLEMEATEUROPEFRANCEA very old breed (15th century) originated in Flèche, Sarthe region. Flèchechicken have white skin, blue shanks and a V-shaped comb. This breed ismainly kept under backyard management conditions.<strong>Part</strong>2226


GASCONNEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GASCOGNE (FR.)100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCEGasconne originated in Garonne valley, south western France. It is similar toCaussade breed, but larger. It is a black, middle sized, round shaped chickenwith white skin, blue shanks, red ear lobes and a single comb. Mainly keptunder backyard management conditions or as scavengers, these chicken havea mature body weight of about 2.5 - 3.5 kg for males and 2.0 - 2.5 kg forfemales.GAULOISE DOREEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GAULOISE DORÉE (FR.)100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCEGauloise Doree is the oldest free-range french breed. It is the breed of thenational French emblem: the Gallic Cock. The plumage of these chicken isgolden-columbian with white skin, blue shanks and single comb. They aremainly kept as scavengeres and not for production. Gauloise Doree chickenhave an adult live weight of 2.5 kg for males and 2.0 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2227


GÉLINE DE TOURAINEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCEGéline de Touraine is an old black hen of Touraine, Berry and Limousinregions, crossed with Langshan. The standard for this breed was establishedin 1913. It has black plumage, white skin, blue shanks and a single comb.The ear lobes are red with white dust spots in the middle. Mainly kept underbackyard management production or as scavengers they have an adult liveweight of 3.0 - 3.5 kg for males and 2.5 - 3.0 kg for females.GOURNAYENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995STABLEMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCEGournay breed is the result of crossing Houdan and Brahma (1870-1880).These chicken have a silver columbian plumage pattern, white skin colourand pink-black marbled shanks. The comb is single and the ear lobes arewhite, sometimes with red spots. They are kept under backyard managementproduction or as scavengers. Gournay have an adult live weight of 2.5 kg inmales and 2.0 kg in females.<strong>Part</strong>2228


HOUDAN (BANTAM)ENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:HOUDAN (NAINE)100 - 1 000•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEFRANCEOne of the oldest French breeds (17th century), originated from Houdan andthe surrounding region, west of Paris. It has white skin, mottled shanks and aV-shaped comb type.MANTESENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCEMantes is an old French breed obtained by crossing Houdan and Brahmabreeds in the 19th century. It disappeared after the Second World War, buthas been recreated. It is found in Ile-de-France region. The plumage is blackflinty-white, with a mottled pattern within feathers, white skin and mottledblack-grey shanks. Comb type is single, beard and mufflings are also present.Kept under backyard management production, they have an adult live weightof 2.5 - 3.5 kg in males and 2.0 - 2.5 kg in females.<strong>Part</strong>2229


MERLERAULTENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGS, FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEFRANCEMerlerault is an old breed found in Normandy Region and is rare since itsorigin. It is a sub-variety of Crèvecoeur breed with a slightly smaller crest, nobeard, neither mufflings. These chicken have black plumage, blue-black skin,blue shanks. The comb type is V-shaped and ear lobes are white. Kept underbackyard management conditions they have an adult live weight of 3.0 kg inmales and 2.0 - 2.5 kg in females.MEUSIENNEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCEMeusienne breed has been created recently starting from Faverolles Foncée inGincrey, Meuse in France. The standard was approved in 1987. The plumageis wheat color, the skin and shanks white. These chicken have a large size, 5spurs slightly feathered, developed wattles and red ear lobes. Kept underbackyard management conditions they have an adult live weight of 3.4 -4.8 kg in males and 2.4 - 3.4 kg in females.<strong>Part</strong>2230


NOIRE DE CHALLANSENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCENoire de Challans has been obtained by crossing local breeds with Langshanand Black Orington. The standard was approved in 1967. It is found inChallans, Machecoul, Beauvoir-sur-Mer and Bouin Marah regions, Vendéedepartment. They are black in colour, with a spangled pattern within thefeathers, white skin and blue shanks. These chicken have a single comb anddark-brown to black iris. Kept under backyard management conditions, theyhave an adult live weight of 3.0 - 3.5 kg in males and 2.0 - 2.5 kg in females.NOIRE DU BERRYENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPEFRANCENoire du Berry is a local breed, resulted from many crossings includingBrahma, Langsham, Orpington and other breeds. It is found in Indre andCher departments. The plumage is black, with white skin and blue shanks.The comb is single, ear lobes and iris are red. Kept under backyardmanagement conditions, they have an adult live weight of 3.0 kg in malesand 2.3 kg in females.<strong>Part</strong>2231


PICTAVEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1995INCREASINGFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEFRANCEPictave is a dwarf French breed without an equivalent in normal size. Createdaround 1900 by Raymond Leciontre to brood his pheasant eggs, it is found inthe Poitou region. The standard has been approved in 1928. These chickenhave a golden-columbian plumage, white skin and white-pinkish shanks witha single comb. Kept not for production or as scavengers, they have an adultlive weight of 0.8 kg in males and 0.6 kg in females.SMALL COMBATTANT DU NORDENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PETIT COMBATTANT DU NORD (FR.)100 - 1 000•1995STABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEFRANCESmall Combattant du Nord is mainly found in the department North and inthe Calais region. It has yellow or green shanks and a single comb. Themature live body weight is 1.25 - 1.5 kg for males and 1.0 - 1.25 kg forfemales.<strong>Part</strong>2232


BLANC DE L’ALLIERCRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 100•1994INCREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPEFRANCEBlanc de l’Allier originated from the Bourbonnaise region and is similar to theAylesbury duck. They have white plumage with orange shanks. Body weightat maturity is 4.0 kg for males and 3.5 kg for females. These ducks are rusticand grow fast.D’ESTAIRESCRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:ALMOST EXTINCT•1994NOT AVAILABLEMEATEUROPEFRANCECreated from Pekin duck, in the department Nord, D’Estaires is similar toBourbourg duck, but smaller. The plumage colour is white-yellowish and thebody weight at maturity is 2.0 - 2.5 kg for both males and females.<strong>Part</strong>2233


DE BOURBOURGCRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 100•1994INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCEDe Bourbourg breed has been created around the city of Bourbourg, Norddepartment, from Mertchem duck (Belgium) and Aylesbury duck (UnitedKingdom). The plumage colour is white and the shanks are yellow-orange.The body weight at maturity is 3.0 - 3.5 kg for males and 3.0 kg for females.DE CHALLANSCRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RARE•1994STABLEMEATEUROPEFRANCEDe Challans originated from the Challans swamp, Beauvoir in Nantaise andGrand-Brière regions, by crossing Rouen Clair and Wild Duck Colvert. Theseducks have wild-type plumage colour and yellow-orange shanks. At maturitythe males weigh 3.0 kg and the females 2.5 kg.<strong>Part</strong>2234


DUCLAIRCRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 100•1994INCREASINGMEATEUROPEFRANCEDuclair originated from Normandy region. The breed standard wasestablished in 1923. These ducks have white skin and brown-black shanks.The live body weight at maturity is 3.0 kg for males and 2.5 kg for females.There are two varieties, namely Duclair Blue and Duclair Black.BLANCHE DE BOURBONNAISCRITICALDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:VERY RARE•1994STABLEMEATEUROPEFRANCEThe Blanche de Bourbonnais originated from Allier region. These geese havewhite plumage and red-orange shanks. Adult body weight is 9.0 - 10.0 kg formales and 7.0 - 8.0 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2235


ROUENENDANGEREDDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:ROUEN FONCÉ (FR.)100 - 1 000•1994INCREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPEFRANCERouen Duck originates around the city of Rouen in Normandy. They have redshanks and an adult body weight of 3.5 kg in males and 3.0 kg in females.FLAMANDE BICOLORECRITICALDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:NOT AVAILABLE•1994NOT AVAILABLEMEAT, FEATHERSEUROPEFRANCEOriginated from the french-belgian region of Flanders. Flamande Bicolorehave grey and white plumage colour and yellow shanks.These geese are keptas scavengers and attain an adult body weight of 5.0 - 6.0 kg and 4.0 - 4.5 kg,for males and females respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2236


FLAMANDE BLANCHECRITICALDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:NOT AVAILABLE•1994NOT AVAILABLEMEAT, FEATHERSEUROPEFRANCEOriginated from the french-belgian region of Flandres. These geese havewhite plumage colour and yellow shanks. Flamande Blanche are kept asscavengers and are slightly smaller and lighter than the Bicolore variety.BLANCHE DU POITOUENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1994STABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEFRANCEBlanche du Poitou geese originate in the Poitevine region. They are whitewith yellow-orange shanks. Live body weight at maturity is 6.5 kg for malesand 6.0 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2237


NOIR DE SOLOGNECRITICALTURKEYLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RARE•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEFRANCENoir de Sologne are black in colour with orange shanks. Their mature bodyweight is 10.0 - 12.5 kg for males and 6.0 - 7.5 kg for females.NOIR DU BOURBONNAISCRITICALTURKEYLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RARE•1994NOT AVAILABLEMEATEUROPEFRANCENoir du Bourbonnais is similar to the Noir de Sologne, but more elegant andlighter.<strong>Part</strong>2238


MINGRELIAN REDENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:KRASNYI MEGRELSKII SKOT (RU.), MEGREL,MEGRELIAN, MINGRELIAN2 600•1990DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEGEORGIAThese cattle are brown, rust, grey and red (of various shades) in colour. Adultmales weigh on average 450 kg and females 300 kg with an average witherheight of 124 cm and 115 cm. The breed is known for its resistance todiseases, its adaptation to hot climate and its hardiness. Mingrelian Red canthrive on poor alpine pastures in summer and exploit water logged meadowsin winter. The total number of breeding females and males is 862 and 4, with43% females being bred pure and 2 males in AI Since 1984 the breed hasbeen conserved on Zemo Aketi Collective Farm in Lanchkhut District,Georgia.MINGRELIANENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MINGREL'SKAYA (RU.), MEGREL'SKAYA (RU.)861•1990DECREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGEORGIAThis pony breed is found in west Georgia. Adult males have an averagewither height of 130 cm. The total number of breeding females and males is511 and 82 respectively with 60% females being bred pure.<strong>Part</strong>2239


TUSHINENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:TUSHINSKAYA (RU.)1 496•1990STABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGEORGIAA light pony breed with an average wither height of 134 cm (adult males).Tushin are found in east Georgia.GEORGIAN MANGALITSAENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MANGALITSKAYA (RU.)5 000•1980DECREASINGLARDEUROPEGEORGIACreated by crossing Mediterranean curly hair pigs and improved Chineseanimals, Mangalitsa are found in the Georgian mountains. They are dingywhite or dark tan in colour with black head, legs, snout, eye lids, teats andhooves. The breed is well known for its hardiness and adaptability to pasturefeeding in mountainous forest conditions. They are used in crossing with theKakhetian breed group. The total number of purebreds is 670 with 166 and38 breeding females and males, respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2240


KAKHETIANENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:KAKHETINSKAYA (RU.)< 3 000•1990DECREASINGLARD, MEATEUROPEGEORGIAA variety of Georgian developed from the European short-eared wild boar.Kakhetian are found in Georgia. Adult males weigh on average 250 kg andfemales 155 kg. The breed is known for its strong constitution and diseaseresistance. The total number of breeding females and males is 429 and 40respectively.IMERETIANENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:IMERETINSKAYA (RU.), IMERITIAN1 825•1990STABLEMEAT, WOOL, MILKEUROPEGEORGIAImeretian are Caucasian fat tailed sheep found in the Abkhasia and Ajarianregions of western Georgia. They are horned and usually white in colour.They are the smallest of the Caucasian mountain breeds. Adult males weighon average 22 - 35 kg and females 20 - 28 kg with an average wither heightof 52 and 48 cm respectively. This breed comes in heat throughout the year.The total number of breeding females and males is 1 200 and 92 respectively,with 21 males in AI. Imeretian are conserved in a state breeding center in theTerzhol District (established in 1977) where semen is collected for long termstorage.2241<strong>Part</strong>


HARZCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:HARZER ROTVIEH (GER.)383•1993STABLEMILK, MEAT, TOURIST ATTRACTIONEUROPEGERMANYFound in Lower Saxony, Harz descended from local cattle and Red Angeln(original type) and have had some input from German Angler (1950). Theyare red in colour with black hoofs and muzzle and have had a herdbooksince 1911. Adult males weigh on average 1 100 kg and females 650 kg withan average wither height of 150 cm and 140 cm respectively. The breed isknown for its high milk fat and milk protein content. There are 380 breedingfemales and 3 breeding males remaining in 14 herds with all females beingregistered in the herdbook. Semen has been stored from 60 males andembryos from 5 sires and 42 dams. Since 1972 a breeding programme hasbeen organized by VDR (German Cattle Breeder Asssociation).RED ANGELN (OLD TYPE)CRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:DEUTSCHES ROTVIEH (ALTE ANGLERZUCHTRICHTUNG) (GER.)825•1994NOT AVAILABLEMILK, MEATEUROPEGERMANYRed Angeln cattle are found in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany. Theyare uniform red-brown in colour with black hooves and muzzle. Adult malesweigh on average 1 100 kg and females 600 kg. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 823 and 2, raised in 353 herds. Semen has been storedfrom 10 bulls .<strong>Part</strong>2242


ANSBACH - TRIESDORFERCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:30•1994DECREASINGMILK AND MEATEUROPEGERMANYAnsbach-Triesdorfer, descended from Friesian, Simmentaler, Allgäuer andBreitenburger, are found in Bavaria, around Ansbach. They are yellow andred in colour with a tiger like pattern. Adult males weigh on average 900 kgand females 400 - 700 kg. There are 9 remaining herds with 27 breedingfemales and 3 breeding males. Less than 30% of females are bred pure. An insituconservation programme has been established.GERMAN SHORTHORNCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:DEUTSCHES SHORTHORN (GER.)110•1993STABLEMEAT, MILKEUROPEGERMANYFound in Schlewig-Holstein, around Eiderstedt, German Shorthorn descendedfrom an imported English population (1843 - 1899). A herdbook has beenestablished in 1899. They are medium size beef type cattle, red, white or redwhitein colour with red mouldy patches on the abdomen region. Adultmales weigh on average 850 - 1 000 kg and females 550 - 650 kg with anaverage wither height of 135 - 140 cm and 131 cm respectively. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 74 and 16 respectively, raised inless than 10 herds, with all females being registered in the herdbook and 8males in AI. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.2243<strong>Part</strong>


LIMPURGERCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LEINTÄLER (GER.)300•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTEUROPEGERMANYThese cattle, found in Württemberg in the south of Germany, descended fromlocal red cattle and Allgäuer Vieh (c.1700) with some input from GermanYellow, Simmental and Glan-Donnersberger. Limpurger are brown in colourwith light muzzle and hooves and a light back stripe. They have had aherdbook since 1890. Adult males weigh on average 1 050 kg and females 625kg with an average wither height of 145 cm and 135 cm respectively. The breedis known for its good quality meat and hard hooves. There are 149 breedingfemales and 5 breeding males remaining in 30 herds with semen from 11 malesin storage. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.PUSTERTALER SPRINZENCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEGERMANYPUSTERTALER SCHECKEN (GER.), PUSTERIA (IT..),PUSSTATALER (GER.)60•1993, 1994DECREASINGMEAT, MILKA variety of Pinzgauer with red or black-pied sides, Pustertaler Sprinzen are found insouthern Bavaria (Germany) and in the north east of Bolzano (Italy). They aredescended from Grey Podolian cattle, Red Celtic Alpine and Hérens (c.1700). ItalianPustertaler Sprinzen have some Pinzgauer and Simmental blood (> 20%) whereasGerman Pustertaler Sprinzen have had some input from South Tyrolean Pustertaler(1984). Adult males weigh on average 800 - 900 kg and females 500 - 550 kg with anaverage wither height of 137 - 140 cm and 128 - 130 cm respectively. The breed iswell adapted to mountainous environments. The total number of Italian andGerman breeding females and males is 25 and 4 with 2 males in AI, and 24 and 6respectively . The Italian population is raised in one conservation herd.2244<strong>Part</strong>


DONNERSBERGENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :DONNERSBERGER ROTVIEH (GER.)1 517•1993STABLEMILK, MEATEUROPEGERMANYFound in the administrative district of Rheinland-Pfalz, this breed is a varietyof German Red. Its herdbook was established in 1898. Donnersberg areuniform red in colour with black hooves and muzzle. Adult males weigh onaverage 1 100 kg and females 600 kg with an average wither height of 145 cmand 135 cm respectively. The total number of breeding females and malesis 1 500 and 17 respectively with 90% of the females registered in theherdbook. There is some semen in storage and embryos from 6 sires and 12dams.GLANENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :GLANRIND (GER.)250•1993INCREASINGMEAT, MILK, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEGERMANYFound in the provinces of Rheinland-Pfalz and Saarland, this breed originatedfrom local red cattle, Berner Vieh and Limpurger. A herdbook has beenestablished in 1898. Glan are yellow in colour with a light muzzle and nose.Adult males weigh on average 1 000 kg and females 650 kg with an averagewither height of 148 cm and 140 cm respectively. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 208 and 10 respectively raised in 27 herds, with 80% offemales bred pure and 96 females being registered in the herdbook. The breedis known for its good meat quality and high percentage of red muscle fibres.There is semen of 8 bulls in storage.2245<strong>Part</strong>


VOGELSBERGENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :VOGELSBERGER RIND (GER.), ROTVIEH(ZUCHTRICHTUNG HÖHENVIEH) (GER.)AROUND 265•1993INCREASINGMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTEUROPEGERMANYVogelsberg are a variety of German Red, subvariety of Hesse-Westphalen,found in the Vogelsberg-Hessen region. They were developed from localRed Landrace (c.1800) with some input from German Angler and DanishRed (both > 20%) in 1955. They are red in colour with a light muzzle, andlight horns with dark tips. Adult males weigh on average 600 kg and females500 kg with an average wither height of 138 cm and 128 cm respectively.The breed has very hard hooves. There are 250 breeding females and morethan 15 breeding males (all registered) remaining, raised in 30 - 40 herds,with 95% of females bred pure and 7 males in AI. Semen has been storedfrom 7 males and embryos from a single sire and dam.<strong>Part</strong>2246


GERMAN BLACK PIED (ORIGINAL)ENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYDEUTSCHE SCHWARZBUNTE (ORIGINAL) (GER.),GERMAN BLACK AND WHITE, GERMAN BLACK PIED315•1994STABLEMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTGerman Black Pied are descended from local Black and White cattle in thenorth of Germany (c.1810) with some input from Dutch Black and White in1987, without HF-incrossing. They are found in the provinces of Schleswig-Holstein, Niedersachsen, Brandenburg, Nordrhein Westfalen and Rheinland-Pfalz. The breed has an associated herdbook since 1883. German Black Piedare large framed with a black face and white forehead and may have redspots on the muzzle. The horns point forwards. Adult males weigh onaverage 900 - 1 000 kg and females 600 - 700 kg with an average witherheight of 155 cm and 136 cm respectively. The breed is known for its goodmeat quality and adaptability to marshlands. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 300 and 15 respectively. All females are registered in theherdbook. Semen from 105 males and embryos from 304 sires and 765 damsare in storage. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2247


GERMAN BROWN (ORIGINAL)ENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ORIGINAL ALLGÄUER BRAUNVIEH (GER.)360•1994STABLEMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTEUROPEGERMANYFound in the Allgäu region of south east Bavaria, these brown mountaincattle originated from local Allgäuer (c.1800) and Schweizer Torfrind, withsome input from Brown Swiss and Austrian Voralberger in 1900. Aherdbook has been established in 1893. They are brown with a darkermuzzle, hooves and horn tips. Adult males weigh on average 900 kg andfemales 550 kg with an average wither height of 145 cm and 135 cmrespectively. The breed is known for its adaptability to various climates, itslongevity and good walking abilities (hard hooves). The total number ofbreeding females and males is 350 and 10 respectively with 8 males in AIand 200 females registered. Semen from 26 males is in storage. An in-situconservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2248


MURNAU-WERDENFELSENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDERZGEBIRGENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :MURNAU-WERDENFELSER (GER.)1 200•1993INCREASINGMILK, MEATMurnau-Werdenfels are found in ‘Werdenfelser Land’ in Bavaria anddescended from Oberinntal Grey, Swiss Brown, Murboden and Elling (c.1800).Murnau-Werdenfels are polled and similar to German Brown but smaller insize. They are uniform yellow in colour with a white rim around the darkmuzzle. Adult males weigh on average 925 kg and females 525 kg with anaverage wither height of 138 cm and 128 cm respectively. Murnau-Werdenfelsare known for their longevity and adaptability to marshlands. There are 500breeding females and 14 - 16 breeding males remaining in less than 10 herds,with 12 males in AI and 114 females registered. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.GOATERZGEBIRGSZIEGE (GER.)662•1992NOT AVAILABLEMILKEUROPEGERMANYEUROPEGERMANYFound in Saxony in the Upper Erzgebirge, Erzgebirg were developed fromlocal goats. A herdbook has been established in 1936. They are red-brown incolour with a black dorsal stripe, black belly, legs and face mask. They arepolled. Adult males weigh on average 73 kg with an average wither height of53 cm. The total number of breeding females and males is 650 and 12respectively with 38 of the females registered.<strong>Part</strong>2249


THURINGIAN FORESTENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :THÜRINGER WALDZIEGE (GER.)272•1993STABLEMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTEUROPEGERMANYThuringian are a variety of German Improved Fawn found in Thüringen,eastern Germany. They were developed from Toggenburg, Harzerziege,Rhönziege and Thüringer Landziege (c.1885), with further inputs from SwissToggenburg, Harzerziege and Rhönziege (c.1900) and again Swiss Toggenburgin 1988. A herdbook has been established in 1935. They are chocolate-brownin colour with white markings on head and legs, a light face mask and whiteflash on the rump. They may be either polled or horned. Adult males weighon average 55 kg and females 48 kg with an average wither height of 78 cmand 74 cm respectively. The breed is known for its adaptability to mountainousregions and its ability to walk long distances. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 250 and 22 respectively raised in 41 herds with 90% offemales bred pure and 124 registered.ALTWUERTTEMBERGCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ALTWÜRTTEMBERGER (GER.)43•1994INCREASINGSPORT/HOBBY,TRACTIVE POWER,VEGETATIONMANAGEMENTFound in Baden-Württemberg, Altwürttemberg are descended from localmares crossed with Anglo-Norman stallions with some German Trakehnerblood. A studbook has been established in 1927. They are predominantlychestnut, bay, brown or black in colour often with white markings on face andlimbs. Adult males weigh on average 600 kg and females 550 kg with anaverage wither height of 165 cm and 159 cm respectively. The breed is knownfor its longevity and high fertility. There are 23 registered breeding females and3 breeding males remaining in more than 10 herds. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.2250<strong>Part</strong>EUROPEGERMANY


MECKLENBURG COLDBLOODCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :MECKLENBURGER KALTBLUT (GER.)115•1993DECREASINGAGRICULTURAL WORK, SPORT/ HOBBYEUROPEGERMANYFound in Mecklenburg and western Pomerania, Mecklenburg Coldblood weredeveloped from Rhenish Westphalian Draught Horse. They are black, bay orchestnut in colour. Adult males and females have an average wither height of160 cm. There are 109 registered breeding females and 6 breeding malesremaining. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.ROTTALCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ROTTALER (GER.)16•1993DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBYEUROPEGERMANYFound in Bavaria, Rottal originated from local horses improved withOldenburg (1866). They are mainly bay with a few marks, sometimes black orchestnut in colour. Rottal has had a stud book till 1907, which has beenreestablished in 1994. Adult males and females weigh in average 700 kg and650 kg respectively with an average wither height of 175 cm and 170 cm. Thebreed is known for its fertility. There are only 14 breeding females and 2breeding males both under AI remaining. An in-situ conservation programmehas been established.<strong>Part</strong>2251


ALTMÄRKISCHE COLDBLOODENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYALTMÄRKISCHE KALTBLUT (GER.)235•1993NOT AVAILABLEAGRICULTURAL WORK, SPORT/HOBBY, DRAUGHTFound in Saxony-Anhalt, Brandenburg, Altmärkische Coldblood weredeveloped from Rhenish Westphalian Draught Horse. A studbook has beenestablished in 1904. They are black, bay or chestnut in colour. Adult males andfemales have an average wither height of 160 cm. There are 211 registeredbreeding females and 14 breeding males remaining.BLACK FORESTENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYSCHWARZWÄLDER FÜCHSE (GER.), ST. MÄRGENERFÜCHSE (GER.), SCHWARZWÄLDER KALTBLUT (GER.)AROUND 500•1993STABLETRACTIVE POWER, SPORT/HOBBY, VEGETATIONMANAGEMENTFound in Baden-Württemberg, Black Forest originated from local horses withsome contributions from Austrian Noriker in 1960, 1970 and Swiss Freibergerin 1980. They are light chestnut to dark chestnut or rarely bay in colour witha light mane. Only one grey family is registered in the studbook which wasestablished in 1896. Adult males weigh on average 680 kg and females 610 kgwith an average wither height of 156 cm and 152 cm respectively. The breedis known for its longevity and hardiness, and is well adapted to hillytopography. The total number of registerd breeding females and males is 443and 35 respectively with 5 males in AI.2252<strong>Part</strong>


DÜLMEN PONYENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYDÜLMENER WILDPFERD (GER.), DÜLMENER (GER.)296•1992STABLESPORT/HOBBYDülmen Pony, descended from feral and wild horses with some later inputof different European primitive horse breeds, is found in Merfelder Bruchnear Dülmen in Nordrhein-Westfalen. They are dun in all variations with‘wild markings’. Adult males and females weigh on average 140 kg with anaverage wither height of 125 cm. The total number of registered breedingfemales and males is 289 and 7 respectively. The breed is known for itshardiness and longevity.RHEINISHENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :RHEINISH-WESTFÄLISCHES KALTBLUT (GER.)557•1993INCREASINGDRAUGHT POWER, SPORT/ HOBBYEUROPEGERMANYRheinish, descended from Belgian Draught Horses, are found in Nordrhein-Westfalen, western Germany. The breed has an established studbook since1892. They are bay, chestnut, grey or black in colour. Adult males andfemales have an average wither height of 165 cm and 158 cm respectively.The total number of breeding females and males is 504 (all registered) and53 respectively, with one stallion in AI. An in-situ conservation programmehas been established.<strong>Part</strong>2253


SAXON-TURINGA COLDBLOODENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYSÄCHSISCH-THÜRINGISCHES KALTBLUT (GER.)288•1993DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWER, SPORT/ HOBBYSaxon-Turinga Coldblood is found in the counties of Turinga and Saxonyand descended from Rhenish Westfalian Draught Horse. They are bay,chestnut, grey or black in colour. Adult males and females have an averagewither height of 158 - 165 cm. The total number of breeding females (allregistered in the studbook) and males is 275 and 13 respectively. An in-situconservation programme has been established.SAXONY WARMBLOODENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYSCHWERES WARMBLUT (GER.), SÄCHSISCHESWARMBLUT (GER.)803•1993STABLESPORT/HOBBY, TRACTIVE POWER, VEGETATIONMANAGEMENTSaxony Warmblood are descended from Old Oldenburger and Ostfriesenhorses (c.1870), with some further contributions (5-20%) from German Old-Oldenburger in the 1950's. A studbook has been established in 1873. Theyare found in any solid colour and are mainly found in the counties ofThuringa and Saxony, eastern Germany. Adult males weigh on average650 kg and females 600 kg with an average wither height of 163 cm and160 cm respectively. The breed is known for its longevity.There are 769breeding females and 34 breeding males remaining in less than 15 herds,with 450 females registered in the studbook. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.2254<strong>Part</strong>


SCHLESWIG COLDBLOODENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYSCHLESWIGER KALTBLUT (GER.), SCHLESWIG HEAVYDRAFT140•1993INCREASINGNOT AVAILABLEFound in north west Germany, Schleswig Coldblood was developed fromBauernlandpferd and Jutland Kaltblut (c.1860) with some further inputs fromDanish Jutland Kaltblut. The breed, usually chestnut, black or grey in colourhas had a studbook since 1891. Adult males weigh on average 850 kgandfemales 700 kg with an average wither height of 163 cm and 158 cmrespectively. Schleswig Coldblood are well adapted to swampy areas. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 130 and 10 respectively in 12 herds.An in-situ conservation programme has been established.BENTHEIM BLACK PIEDCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYSCHWARZ-WEIßES BENTHEIMER (GER.), BUNTESSCHWEIN (GER.), WETTRINGER (GER.)74•1994DECREASINGMEATA local Bentheim and Emsland breed, officially recognized in 1958, withsome input from Dutch pigs in 1985. A herdbook has been established in1987. Bentheim Black Pied are uniform black or white or black and whitepied or spotted, with lop ears. Adult males weigh on average 250 kg andfemales 180 kg with an average wither height of 75 cm and 70 cmrespectively. The breed is known for its prolificacy and piglets do not sufferfrom iron deficiency as commonly occurs in industrial management systems.The total number of breeding females and males is 59 and 15 respectivelykept in 10 herds. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.2255<strong>Part</strong>


ANGELN SADDLEBACKENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDGERMAN SADDLEBACKENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ANGLER SATTELSCHWEIN (GER.)79•1994INCREASINGMEAT, HOBBY, DAM LINEAngeln Saddleback descended from local pied land pigs and Wessex Saddleback(c.1850), with further inputs from German Landrace and Dutch Landrace (1960),German Piétrain and Hampshire (1970) and Hungarian Saddleback (1980). Theyare found in Schleswig-Holstein and have had a herdbook since 1937. They areblack in colour with a white saddle. Adult males weigh on average 350 kg andfemales 300 kg with an average wither height of 90 cm and 85 cm respectively.The breed is known for its high intramuscular fat content and its adaptation toextensive outdoor management systems. The number of registered breedingfemales and males is 73 and 6 respectively, raised in 11 herds. An in-situconservation programme has been established.PIGDEUTSCHES SATTELSCHWEIN (GER.)318•1993STABLEMEATEUROPEGERMANYEUROPEGERMANYFound in Sachsen, Thüringen and Brandenburg, German Saddleback aredescended from Chinese Mask, Landrace, Wessex Saddleback, AngelnSaddleback and Swabian-Hall (c.1840), with later inputs (< 5%) from GermanAngeln Saddleback and Prestice. They are black in colour with a white saddleand lop ears. Adult males weigh on average 350 kg and females 300 kg with anaverage wither height of 92 cm and 86 cm respectively. The breed is halothanenegative, has high intramuscular fat content and is well adapted to outdoormanagement. The total number of breeding females and males is 292 (107registered) and 26 respectively, with 40% of females being bred pure and 2 malesin AI. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.2256<strong>Part</strong>


STEINSCHAFCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYAROUND 44•1994INCREASINGHOBBY/SPORT, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTOriginated from Zaupelschaf, Steinschaf is found in Bavaria, southernGermany. This breed is white or brown-black spottedin colour with hardhooves and thin legs. Adult males weigh on verage 60 kg and females 45 kg.The number of breeding females and males is 32 and 10 or 12 respectively.They are raised in 7 herds with 70% females being bred pure. All females areregistered in a herdbook that has been established in 1990. The breed isknown for its high fertility and good adaptation to high mountainous regions.BAVARIAN FORESTENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGERMANYWALDSCHAF (GER.), BAYERNWALDSCHAF (GER.)339•1993INCREASINGMEAT, WOOL, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTBavarian Forest are descended from Zaupel, Bergschaf and Merinoland sheep(c.1930) with some input from Böhmerwaldschaf in 1988. They are found inBavaria, southern Germany. These sheep are polled and brown in colour.Adult males weigh on average 64 kg and females 47 kg with an average witherheight of 70 cm and 62 cm respectively. The breed is known for its highfertility, good feed conversion and adaptation to mountainous environments.There are 320 breeding females and 19 breeding males remaining in 15 herdswith 90% of females bred pure. 177 females are registered and semen has beenstored from 4 rams. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.2257<strong>Part</strong>


BENTHEIMENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDPOMERANIAN COARSEWOOLENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :BENTHEIMER LANDSCHAF (GER.)1 045•1994INCREASINGMEAT,VEGETATION MANAGEMENT, WOOLDescended from Dutch Heath and German Heath (c.1900) with further inputfrom Causses du Lot (1987), these sheep are found in the Bentheim district,Lingen and Diepholz Moorland. A herdbook has been established in 1934. Theyare coarse wooled with a white body and head, black ears and eyes andpigmented legs and polled. Adult males weigh on average 80 kg and females60 kg with an average wither height of 72 cm and 67 cm respectively. The breedis known for its hardiness and has good meat quality with a gamey flavour; it islow demanding and has good suckling performance as well as good motheringabilities. The total number of breeding females and males is 1 000 (920 registered)and 45 respectively kept in 21 herds with 90% of females bred pure. Semen hasbeen stored from 2 males. An in-situ conservation programme is in place.SHEEPEUROPEGERMANYRAUHWOLLIGES POMMERSCHES LANDSCHAF (GER.)813•1993INCREASINGVEGETATION MANAGEMENT, WOOL, HOBBYFound in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Rauhwolliges Landschaf originated fromcoarse wooled local sheep such as Zaupelschaf, Hannoversches Schaf andSkudde. They are polled, grey or blue-grey in colour with black legs and head,and a dark dorsal stripe. Lambs are born black. Adult males weigh on average65 kg and females 50 kg with an average wither height of 75 cm and 70 cmrespectively. The breed is resistant to helminths and foot rot and is known forits prolificacy and adaptability to marginal lands. There are 15 remaining herdswith 800 breeding females and 13 breeding males. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.2258<strong>Part</strong>EUROPEGERMANY


SKUDDEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDALTSTEIRER WHITECRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :No further information.AROUND 1 000•1993STABLEHOBBYSkudde is a northern heath sheep originated from East Prussia and the Balticsand is found country-wide in Germany. They are white or black, rarely brown,in colour with a short tail, strong legs and hard hooves. Males have twowinding horns and a mane. Females may be horned or polled. Adult malesweigh on average 35 - 50 kg and females 25 - 40 kg with an average witherheight of 55 - 60 cm and 45 - 50 cm respectively. The breed is very hardy andlow demanding. The meat has a gamy taste. There are 1 000 breeding femalesremaining in 71 herds and 700 of them are registered in the herdbook. Thenumber of breeding males is unknown. An in-situ conservation programmehas been established.CHICKEN60•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYEUROPEGERMANY<strong>Part</strong>2259


BARTHÜHNER BARREDCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :50•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYThis variety of Barthühner is characterized by the autosomal barred pattern ofthe feathers.BARTHÜHNER BLUECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :30•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA variety of indigenous Barthühner.<strong>Part</strong>2260


BARTHÜHNER PARTRIDGE COLOURCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :50•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA variety of indigenous Barthühner.BARTHÜHNER SILVER-BLACK MOTTLEDCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :50•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA variety of indigenous Barthühner.<strong>Part</strong>2261


BARTHÜHNER WHITECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :50•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA variety of indigenous Barthühner.BERGISCHE SCHLOTTERKÄMME BLACKCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :75•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA variety of indigenous Bergische Schlotterkämme.<strong>Part</strong>2262


BERGISCHE SCHLOTTERKÄMME BLACK/WHITECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :60•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA variety of indigenous Bergische Schlotterkämme.KRÜPER BLACK AND WHITECRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :18•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous chicken variety of Krüper. In 1994, 15 females and 3 males wereused for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2263


KRÜPER BLACK AND YELLOWCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :18•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous chicken variety of Krüper. In 1994, 15 females and 3 males wereused for reproduction.ALTSTEIRER WILD-TYPE BROWNENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :600•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA german indigenous chicken variety with wild-type plumage pattern.<strong>Part</strong>2264


BARTHÜHNER GOLD-BLACK MOTTLEDENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :200•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA variety of indigenous Barthühner. The plumage is golden columbian andmottled.BERGISCHE KRÄHERENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :260•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA german indigenous chicken breed.<strong>Part</strong>2265


DEUTSCHE SPERBERENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :315•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous german chicken breed with autosomal barred plumage.KRÜPER BLACKENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :102•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous black chicken variety of Krüper. In 1994, 85 females and 17males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2266


LAKENFELDERENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :350•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous black and white chicken breed. In 1994, 280 females and 70males were used for reproduction.MÖWENENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :200•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous chicken breed. The plumage pattern is golden columbian. In1994, 160 females and 40 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2267


RAMELSLOHERENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :450 - 600•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA white and yellow indigenous chicken breed.SULMTALERENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :120•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous chicken breed with yellow plumage.<strong>Part</strong>2268


THÜRINGERENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :400•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA black indigenous chicken breed.VORWERKHÜHNERENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :430•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous chicken breed with black, dark or yellow plumage colour. In1994, 344 females and 86 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2269


WESTFÄLISCHE TOTLEGERENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :720•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous chicken breed with silver columbian plumage and goldenmottled pattern within the feathers. In 1994, 600 females and 120 males wereused for reproduction.ORPINGTONCRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :60•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYOrpington have yellow plumage. In 1994, 45 females and 15 males were usedfor reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2270


POMMERNENDANGEREDDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :200•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYA blue indigenous chicken breed. In 1994, 150 females and 50 males wereused for reproduction.DIEPHOLZERENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :150•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYDiepholzer is a white indigenous geese breed. In 1994, 115 females and 35males were used for reproduction in Germany and 85 females and 61 malesin Switzerland .<strong>Part</strong>2271


LIPPEGANSCRITICALDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :50•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEGERMANYAn indigenous white goose breed.KATERINICRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :85•1995DECREASINGMEAT, TRACTIVE POWER, MILKEUROPEGREECEA larger variety of Greek Steppe, Katerini are found in Macedonia and Thrace,north eastern Greece. They are descended from local cattle with somecharacteristics of the ancient Aurochs (Bos taurus primigenius). They are greybrownor red and brown in colour with lyre-shaped horns.Adult males weighon average 400 kg and females 285 kg with an average wither height of 123cm and 113 cm respectively. There are 80 breeding females and 5 breedingmales remaining. Katerini are adapted to marginal lands with limited feedingand are considered a valuable base for crossing with exotic beef bulls.<strong>Part</strong>2272


SYKIACRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :95•1995DECREASINGMEAT, TRACTIVE POWER, MILKEUROPEGREECEThis breed is a smaller variety of Greek Steppe found in Sykia village,Khalkidiki, north east Greece. Sykia are descended from local cattle with somecharacteristics of the ancient Aurochs (Bos taurus primigenius). They are greyin colour with lyre-shaped horns. Adult females have an average wither heightof 116 cm. The breed is known for its high adaptability to marginal lands andability to thrive on low quality feed. There are 90 breeding females and 5breeding males remaining.SKYROS PONYCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :79•1993STABLESPORT/HOBBY, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEGREECEA variety of Greek Pony found on Skyros island. Skyros ponies are grey, dun,chestnut or bay in colour. Adult males weigh on average 130 kg and females120 kg with an average adult wither height of 104 cm. There are 3 remainingherds with 53 breeding females and 26 breeding males. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2273


PINEIAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGREECEGEOGALIDIKO (GR.), GEORGALUDIKO (GR.)1 000•1994DECREASINGTRANSPORT, RIDING, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTPineia descended from Arab stallions and autochthon Greek Mountain horseand has been created at the beginning of this century. They are grey, white,bay or brown in colour. Adult males and females have an average witherheight of 140 and 138 cm respectively. The total number of breeding femalesand males is 380 and 6 respectively.KYMIENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :950•1993DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, WOOLEUROPEGREECEKymi, originated from Skopelos Island, is found around Kymi village on theIsland of Euboea. They are uniform white or brown in colour with black spotson face and feet and a thin tail. Males have spiral horns while females arepolled. Adult females weigh on average 55 kg with an average wither heightof 64 cm. There are more than 10 herds remaining with 900 breeding femalesand 50 breeding males. 500 females are registered in the herdbook. The breedis known for its high twinning rate and long breeding season.<strong>Part</strong>2274


PELLAGONIAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :FLORINA (GR.)420•1993DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, WOOLEUROPEGREECEFound in north west Macedonia, Pellagonia are descended from indigenoussheep, probably as a result of the crossing of lowland with local mountainsheep. They are white in colour with black spots around eyes and nose. Maleshave spiral horns whereas females are polled. Adult females weigh on average43 kg with an average wither height of 67 cm. There are 400 breeding femalesand 20 breeding males remaining. The breed is adapted to harsh mountainconditions and its milk is used in cheese production.ZAKYNTHOSENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :475•1993DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, WOOLEUROPEGREECEFound on the island of Zakynthos, these local sheep are probably related tothe Italian Bergamasca breed. Zakynthos have coarse carpet wool and arewhite in colour, occasionally with black spots on the head. Adult males weighon average 63 kg and females 50 kg with an average female wither height of70 cm. The breed is used to produce ‘ladotyri’ hard cheese and is known forits high twinning rate and long breeding season. There are 450 breedingfemales, 95% of which are bred pure and 25 breeding males.<strong>Part</strong>2275


GIDRANCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :GIDRÀN (HUN.)118•1986STABLESPORT/HOBBY, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEHUNGARYFound in the Kaposvar region of Hungary, Gidran originated from local breedsand one Arab Halfbred stallion at the Mezöhegyes stud (c.1800), with laterinputs (< 5%) from Shaggya-Arab, Thoroughbred and Kisbér Halfbred. Astudbook has been established in 1785. They are chestnut in colour. Adultmales weigh on average 500 kg and females 400 kg with an average witherheight of 170 cm and 160 cm respectively. Gidran are adapted to extremes inclimate. There are more than 10 herds remaining with 18 breeding males and100 breeding females, 80% of which are bred pure. A total number of 86females are registered. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.HUNGARIAN DRAFTENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :MAGYAR HIDEGVÉRU (HUN.)395•1994INCREASINGDRAUGHT POWEREUROPEHUNGARYHungarian Draft are descended from Hungarian, Norik, Percheron,Ardennes in the late 19th century. They are bay, yellow or grey in colour.Adult males and females weigh on average 650 kg with an average witherheight of 155 cm. The total number of breeding females and males is 255and 140 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2276


NONIUSENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :NÒNIUSZ (HUN.)AROUND 1 000•1994STABLETRACTIVE POWEREUROPEHUNGARYNonius is found in eastern Hungary, in Novȳ Tekov, Slovakia, in Yugoslavia andin Albania and descended from local horses and Thoroughbred. A studbookhas been established in Hungary in 1785. They are light chestnut to black incolour without any marking and with a slightly convex nose. Adult males weighon average 600 kg and females 550 kg with an average wither height of 165 cmand 162 cm respectively. The breed is known for its stamina, handling ease,frugality, sure footedness and adaptability to marginal lands. Thepopulation isspread over several countries. The number of breeding females and males is380 and 110 respectively in Hungary, 55 and 35 respectively in Yugoslavia, 190and 10 respectively in Slovakia, and 55 and 63 respectively in Albania.MEZÖHEGYES HALFBREDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEHUNGARYMEZÖHEGYESI FELVER (HUNG.), FURIOSO - NORTHSTAR410•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, TRACTIVE POWERMezöhegyes Halfbred originated from local horses, English Halfbred andThoroughbred stallions ‘Furioso’ (introduced 1841) and ‘North Star’ (introduced1852), with later inputs (5-20%) from German Hanoverian (1962-1980) and againThoroughbred (1867). A studbook has been established in 1850. They are red incolour. Adult males weigh on average 520 kg and females 480 kg with an averagewither height of 165 cm and 161 cm respectively. The total number of registeredbreeding females and males is 350 and 60 respectively with 80% females beingbred pure. There are 60 registered females and semen from 2 males in storage. Anin-situ conservation programme has been established.2277<strong>Part</strong>


SHAGYA ARABENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :BÁBOLNA ARAB (HUNG.), SHAGYA ARABER (GER.),ARABSKȲ KÔN (SLOV.)70•1986DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBYEUROPEHUNGARYShagya Arab originated from a strain of Arab horses with some local blood(c.1850). They are grey in colour with a silky mane and tail, a fine coat, asmall head and long neck and are found in western Hungary, easternAustria and Slovakia. Adult males weigh on average 450 kg and females 400kg with an average wither height of 155 cm and 152 cm respectively. InHungary there are 4 remaining herds with 60 breeding females and 10breeding males with 70% of females being bred pure. In Slovakia there are40 females and 4 males remaining and in Austria there are 30 remainingherds with 70 breeding females and 9 breeding males with 35% of femalesbeing bred pure. In-situ conservation programmes have been established inAustria and Hungary.<strong>Part</strong>2278


MANGALITSAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEHUNGARYMANGALICA (HUN.), MANGALITA (ROM.), MANGULICA(YUG.)485•1993, 1994INCREASINGMEAT, LARDFound in Pusztaegres, B. Szentgyörgy and Szalkszentmarton in Hungary, inTransilvania, Romania and in Yugoslavia, Mangalitsa descended fromSumadia and native Hungarian breeds. In Yugoslavia there are two strains:White Mangalitsa (Beli Soj Mangulice) and Sirmium Mangalitsa (Lasasti SojMangulice). Another variety, the Swallow-Bellied Mangalitsa is found inSwitzerland. A herdbook has been established in 1922 in Hungary and in1958 in Romania. They have a wool coat, curly hair, lop ears and blacknails, nose and teats, and are uniform white in colour with a reddish-brownbelly. Adult males weigh on average 350 kg and females 300 kg with anaverage wither height of 76 cm and 68 cm respectively. There are 300breeding females and 50 breeding males remaining in Hungary, 30 breedingfemales and 5 breeding males in Romania and 100 Mangalitsa pigs inYugoslavia. The breed is generally resistant to harsh environment andadapted to dry and hot summers as well as to severe winters. Mangalitsa isof late maturity and has good fat and meat quality and is known for itssoundness, vitality, resistance and longevity. In-situ conservationprogrammes have been established in Hungary and Romania.<strong>Part</strong>2279


CIKTAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :300•1994STABLEMEATEUROPEHUNGARYFound in Nagydorog, this breed was established from importations of GermanZaupel c.1700. Cikta are coarse wooled sheep, white in colour with erect ears.Males have Merino-like horns and females are polled. Adult males weigh onaverage 45 kg and females 37 kg with an average wither height of 55 cm and47 cm respectively. The breed is known for its adaptability to extreme climatesand its good meat quality. There is a single herd remaining with 30 breedingmales and 270 breeding females. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.COPPERCRITICALTURKEYLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :RÉZPULYKA (HUN.)50•1994INCREASINGMEATEUROPEHUNGARYIt is considered that the original population came from Bosnia in the 18thcentury. They have been mixed later with imported Bronze, resulting in theCopper. Their plumage colour is black, red or white barred and their skin iswhite and the shanks are slate-grey. The mature body weight is 8.0 kg formales and 6.0 kg for females. In 1994, 40 females and 10 males were used forreproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2280


ICELANDIC COLOURED POULTRYENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ISLANSKI HÆNSNASTOFNINN100 - 1 000•1994INCREASINGEGGS, FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, MEATEUROPEICELANDIcelandic Coloured Poultry are of Norwegian origin, since the settlement ofIceland 1 100 years ago. Unfortunately there is a lack of detailed research onthe characteristics of this old coloured population. They produce fewer eggsper year than the modern breeds, but their longevity is probably greater.KERRYENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :AROUND 1 000•1994STABLEMILK, MEATEUROPEIRELANDOriginally from the county of Kerry, south west Ireland, Kerry cattle aredescended from local Celtic Black cattle. They were first recognized as a breedin 1839 and a herdbook was established in 1887. A part of the population hasbeen imported from Canada in early 1800’s and in 1971. They are black incolour, with occasional white markings on the udder. The horns are white withblack tips. Adult males weigh on average 590 kg and females 375 kg with anaverage wither height of 140 cm and 122 cm respectively. The breed is knownfor its hardiness and adaptability to mountainous climate and thrives well evenunder low feeding. There are 50 herds remaining with 30 breeding males and550 breeding females, 70% of which are bred pure. There are 320 registeredfemales and 13 males in AI. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.2281<strong>Part</strong>


KERRY BOG PONYCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :14•1994NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPEIRELANDKerry Bog Pony is an old, unique and very small horse breed. There are 12breeding females and 2 breeding males remaining.GALWAYENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :1 240•1994DECREASINGMEAT, WOOLEUROPEIRELANDFound in western Ireland, this native polled sheep breed is uniform white incolour with a tuft of wool on the forehead. A herdbook has been establishedin 1923. Adult males weigh on average 100 kg and females 74 kg with anaverage wither height of 80 cm and 72 cm respectively. There are 1 200breeding females and 40 breeding males remaining in 10 herds with 10%females being bred pure and 204 females registered. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2282


AMIATINACRITICALASSLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ASINO DELL’AMIATA (IT.)53•1994DECREASINGPACK, DRAUGHT POWER, TRANSPORTEUROPEITALYThis breed is found on Mount Amiata, Grosseto, Italy. Amiatina are agouti(dark grey) in colour with striped limbs and shoulder belt. The average adultmale and female wither heights are 136 cm and 134 cm respectively. There are45 breeding females and 8 breeding males remaining. The breed is known forits disease resistance and adaptation to marginal lands.ASINARACRITICALASSLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ASINO DELL’ASINARA (IT.)43•1994DECREASINGTRANSPORTEUROPEITALYThis breed is found on the Asinara island, close to Sardinia, Italy. Asinara assesare white in colour with pink muzzle and pink-light blue eyes. There are 35breeding females and 8 breeding males remaining. The breed is known for itsdisease resistance and adaptation to marginal lands.<strong>Part</strong>2283


ASINO SARDOCRITICALASSLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :45•1994DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWEREUROPEITALYThis breed, descending from Phenigan and Nubian, is found in Sardinia, Italy.Asino Sardo is grey with striped shoulders and limbs. The average adult maleand female wither heights are 125 cm and 110 cm respectively. There are 40breeding females and 5 breeding males remaining. The breed is known for itsdisease resistance and adaptation to marginal lands.MARTINA FRANCACRITICALASSLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ASINO DI MARTINA FRANCA (IT.), APULIAN(IT. PUGLIESE), MARTINESE (IT.)80•1994STABLETRACTIVE POWER RIDINGEUROPEITALYFound in Apulia, Martina Franca asses are blackish in colour with greyabdomen. They have had a herdbook since 1943 and a breed society since1948. The average adult male and female wither heights are 153 cm and148 cm respectively. The total number of breeding females and males is 70and 10 respectively. The breed is known for its disease resistance andadaptation to marginal lands.<strong>Part</strong>2284


RAGUSANCRITICALASSLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEITALYASINO RAGUSANO (IT.), RAGUSANA (IT.), SICILIAN58•1994DECREASINGPACK, DRAUGHT POWER, PRODUCTION OF MULESFound mainly in Ragusa, Modica, Scilli and S. Croce Camerina in Sicily,Ragusan are dark bay with stag like abdomen and white muzzle. Theyoriginated from Martina Franca and Catalan crossed with native asses andPantelleria. The breed has had a herdbook since 1953. The average adult maleand female wither heights are 145 cm and 138 cm respectively. There are 50breeding females and 8 breeding males remaining. The breed is known for itsdisease resistance and adaptation to marginal lands.CALVANACRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :67•1994STABLEMEATEUROPEITALYFound in the Calvana mountains, province of Florence, Tuscany, Calvana are asmall variety of Chianina. A herdbook has been established in 1985. They arewhite in colour with pigmented skin and mucous membranes. Hooves, horntips and tail are dark. Adult males weigh on average 1 025 kg and females 700kg with an average wither height of 155 cm and 145 cm respectively. The breedis known for its good adaptation to marginal lands and poor quality pastures.There are 7 remaining herds with 60 breeding females and 7 breeding males.All breeding females are registered. Semen has been stored from 1 bull. An insituconservation programme has been established.2285<strong>Part</strong>


GARFAGNINACRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEGRIGIA APPENNINICA (IT. = GREY APENNINE),MODENESE DI MONTE (IT.), MONTANARA (IT.),NOSTRANA (IT.)80•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATITALYFound in the province of Lucca, Garfagnina are under serious threat due toindiscriminate crossing with Italian Brown. A herdbook has been established in1985. They are bluish in colour. Adult males weigh on average 600 kg andfemales 425 kg with an average wither height of 140 cm and 125 cm respectively.The breed is well adapted to forest pastures and hilly and mountainousenvironments. There are 70 breeding females and 10 breeding males remaining,with 50% of females being bred pure. Semen has been stored from 6 bulls. Allfemales are registered. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.MONTANACRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEITALYTORTONESE (IT.) , VARZESE (IT.), OTTONESE (I.),CABELLOTTA (IT.), RED MOUNTAIN140•1994STABLEMILK, MEATMontana are found along the borders of Lombardy, Emilia, Liguria and Piedmontregions. They are similar to Pontremolese but smaller in size. The breed is underserious threat due to indiscriminate crossbreeding with Reggiana and ItalianBrown. Montana are pale straw coloured. Calves are born brown. Adult malesweigh on average 700 kg and females 500 kg with an average wither heightof 140 cm and 130 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to forest pasturesand mountainous environments. There are 30 breeding males and 110 breedingfemales remaining, with 50% females being bred pure and 32 breeding femalesregistered. Semen of 20 bulls has been stored. An in-situ conservation programmehas been established.2286<strong>Part</strong>


PISANACRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :122•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYThis breed originated from Italian Brown and Chianina in the mid 19th century.Found in the province of Pisa, in Tuscany, it is under serious threat due toindiscriminate crossbreeding with Italian Brown. A herdbook has beenestablished in 1985. Pisana are chestnut to black in colour. Adult males weighon average 800 kg and females 525 kg with an average wither height of150 cm and 145 cm respectively. There are 97 breeding females and 25breeding males remaining with 30% of females bred pure and 21 bulls in AI.An in-situ conservation programme has been established.PONTREMOLESECRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :23•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYSimilar to Montana, Pontremolese are found in the Magra river valley (Lucca,Massa Carrara and La Spezia provinces) and in the Ligurian Apennines. Aherdbook and breed society were established in 1935. They are under seriousthreat due to indiscriminate crossbreeding with Italian Brown. Pontremoleseare yellowish-brown (corn colour) with a pale dorsal stripe. Adult males weighon average 750 kg and females 500 kg with an average wither height of145 cm and 125 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to poor pasturesand mountainous environments. The total number of breeding females andmales is 16 (all registered) and 7 respectively with 6 males in AI. All animalsare kept in one conservation herd.2287<strong>Part</strong>


AGEROSEENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :AGEROLESE (IT.)306•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYAgerose were developed from Italian Brown, Jersey, Friesian, Podolian andothers (c.1850). Found in the province of Naples, in Campania, they arebecoming rare as a result of crossing with Italian Brown and Friesian. They arechestnut to black in colour with a light rim around the dark muzzle. Adultmales weigh on average 650 kg and females 450 kg with an average witherheight of 135 cm and 125 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted tomountains, hills and marginal lands and can survive on tree-clippings. Thereare 300 breeding females and 6 breeding males remaining.BURLINAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :EUROPEITALYASIAGO (IT.), BINDA (IT.), BOCCARDA (IT.), PEZZATADEGLI ALTIPIANI (IT.= PIED HIGHLAND)233•1994STABLEMILK, MEATA local breed, found around Mt. Grappa, in Treviso, Vicenza and Veneziaprovinces, becoming rare due to crossing with Friesian. A herdbook has beenestablished in 1985. Burlina cattle are black pied in colour with a light colouredrim around the black muzzle. Calves until 2 months of age are red and blondin colour. Adult males weigh on average 625 kg and females 525 kg with anaverage wither height of 130 cm and 120 cm respectively. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 220 and 13 respectively with 12 males in AI.Embryos have been stored from 6 dams. The breed is known for its adaptationto marginal land and its good production qualities. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.2288<strong>Part</strong>


CABANNINAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDMODENESEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :356•1994STABLEMILKA local breed, found in the province of Genoa, becoming rare as a result ofcrossing with Italian Brown. A herdbook has been established in 1985.Cabannina are brown in colour with a pale dorsal stripe. Adult males weighon average 500 kg and females 375 kg with an average wither height of 125cm and 120 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to marginal areas,forest pastures and mountainous environments. There are 366 breedingfemales and 20 breeding males remaining with 60% of the females bred pure.Semen has been stored from 8 bulls. An in-situ conservation programme hasbeen established.CATTLECARPIGIANA (IT.), BIANCA VAL PADANA (IT.)750•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYEUROPEITALYThis breed, found in the provinces of Modena and Reggio Emilia, probablydescended from Reggiana and Romagnola. Both a herdbook and a breedsociety were established in 1963. Modenese are white in colour with blackhooves, black muzzle and black-tipped white horns. Adult males weigh onaverage 1 050 kg and females 650 kg with an average wither height of 155 cmand 154 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to hilly land. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 680 and 70 respectively with 90% offemales bred pure. The number of registered females is 250 and semen from 10bulls has been stored. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.2289<strong>Part</strong>


REGGIANAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDBENEVENTOCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :FROMENTINA (IT.)825•1994DECREASINGMILKFound in the province of Reggio Emilia, Reggiana have had a herdbook since1935. They are red to yellow-brown in colour with light muzzle and blacktippedhorns. Adult males weigh on average 650 kg and females 500 kg withan average wither height of 145 cm and 140 cm respectively. The milk fromthis breed is popular for cheese making due to the high levels of k-casein Ballele in its milk and for its reproductive qualities and good adaptation tomarginal land. There are 745 breeding females and 80 breeding malesremaining with 70% of females bred pure. An in-situ conservation programmehas been established.GOATEUROPEITALYEUROPEITALYBASTARDA (IT.), DI BENEVENTO (IT.), CAPRA DELFORTORE (IT.)> 100•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATFound in the province of Benevento (Campania),this breed probablyoriginated from Maltese, Garganica, Alpine and local breeds. Benevento arepolled, tawny or white in colour with lop ears. Adult males weigh on average70 kg and females 60 kg with an average wither height of 85 cm and 75 cmrespectively. They are well adapted to hilly land. There are two remainingherds with 100 breeding females.<strong>Part</strong>2290


CILENTANA FULVACRITICALGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :DEL CILENTO (IT.)150•1994DECREASINGMILK AND MEATEUROPEITALYThese goats, found in Salerno and Potenza provinces (Campania and Basilicataregions), descended from local goats with some Red Syrian blood. They maybe horned or polled and are well adapted to marginal lands, hills and arid soils.CILENTANA NERACRITICALGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :DEL CILENTO (IT.)180•1994DECREASINGMILK AND MEATEUROPEITALYThese goats descended from local goats with some Garganica blood. They areblack in colour and horned.<strong>Part</strong>2291


ISTRIANCRITICALGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :ISTRIANA (IT.)80•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYFound in the province of Gorizia (Friuli), north east Italy, Istrian goats areprobably of Croatian origin. They are polled and white in colour. Both adultmales and females weigh on average 55 kg with an average wither height of65 cm in males and 60 cm in females. The breed is well adapted to karst soils.NAPOLETANACRITICALGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :180•1994DECREASINGMILK AND MEATEUROPEITALYNapoletana goats are found in the provinces of Napoli, Salerno, Benevento, inthe Campania region, southern Italy. They are horned or polled and knownfor their disease resistance and adaptation to marginal lands.<strong>Part</strong>2292


SEMPIONECRITICALGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :100•1994STABLEMEATEUROPEITALYSempione, developed from a local population, is now highly inbred. Found inthe province of Vercelli (Piedmont), they are white in colour and horned. Adultmales weigh on average 62 kg and females 52 kg with an average witherheight of 75 cm and 60 cm respectively. They are well adapted to mountainousenvironments.VALLESANACRITICALGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :203•1994DECREASINGMEAT, MILKEUROPEITALYFound in the province of Novara (Piedmont), Vallesana goats are descendedfrom Valais Blackneck. They have black forequarters with white hindquarters.Adult males weigh on average 72 kg and females 55 kg with an average witherheight of 82 cm and 65 cm respectively. They are well adapted to hilly land.There are 3 breeding males and 200 breeding females remaining.<strong>Part</strong>2293


CAMPOBASSOENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :DI CAMPOBASSO (IT.)800•1994STABLEMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYFound in the province of Campobasso (Molise), these goats are probablydescended from Maltese, Garganica, Alpine and local breeds. Campobassohave long hair and are usually white in colour but may also be grey or brown.They are horned. Adult males weigh on average 60 kg and females 47 kg withan average wither height of 70 cm and 60 cm respectively. The breed is welladapted to mountainous areas.GIRGENTANAENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :722•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYFound in the province of Agrigento (Sicily), Girgentana was developed fromlocal goats. A herdbook has been established in 1976. They are white incolour, occasionally with a brown spotted face and have big screw-shapedhorns. Adult males and females weigh on average 65 kg and 50 kg respectivelywith an average wither height of 80 cm and 70 cm. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 700 and 22 respectively with 258 of the femalesregistered. The breed is very well adapted to hilly areas.<strong>Part</strong>2294


POTENZAENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :DI POTENZA (IT.)1 000•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYFound in the province of Potenza (Basilicata), this breed probably originatedfrom local goats crossed with Maltese, Alpine and Garganica. Potenza areusually horned, brown, grey or black in colour and may have either long orshort hair. Adult males weigh on average 75 kg and females 50 kg with anaverage wither height of 80 cm and 70 cm respectively. They are well adaptedto hilly and arid lands.ROCCAVERANOENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :500•1994STABLEMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYThis local breed, found in the province of Asti (Piedmont), is white, chestnutor pied in colour. Roccaverano are usually polled and may have either long orshort hair. Adult males weigh on average 75 kg and females 52 kg with anaverage wither height of 82 cm and 72 cm respectively. They are well adaptedto hilly land.<strong>Part</strong>2295


SALERNOENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :DI SALERNO (IT.), CILENTANA GRIGIA (IT.)200•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYSalerno goats are named after the province in which they are found. They aredescended from local goats with some Maltese, Alpine and Garganica blood.They are black in colour with short hair, or brown with long hair. Adult malesweigh on average 60 kg and females 40 kg with an average wither height of65 cm and 55 cm respectively. They are well adapted to hilly land.SARDINIANENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :SARDA (IT.)500•1994STABLEMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYSardinian, found on Sardinia island, are uniform white or black and white incolour and horned. Adult males weigh on average 60 kg and females 47 kgwith an average wither height of 67 cm and 60 cm respectively. They are welladapted to hilly land. A herdbook has been established in 1981.<strong>Part</strong>2296


TERAMOENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :DI TERAMO200•1994DECREASINGMILKEUROPEITALYThis long haired local breed, found in the province of Teramo (Abruzzo), isgrey, black or brown in colour. It is becoming rare due to cross breeding withGarganica. Adult males weigh on average 70 kg and females 45 kg with anaverage wither height of 72 cm and 65 cm respectively. Teramo is well adaptedto hilly land.CAVALLO DEL VENTASSOCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :40•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBYEUROPEITALYCavallo del Ventasso, descended from local horses, Maremmana and Lipizzan,are found in the area around the town of Reggio Emilia. The breed is knownfor its disease resistance and adaptability to marginal lands and climate. Thenumber of breeding males and females is 35 and 5 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2297


MONTERUFOLI PONYCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS :TOTAL POPULATION SIZE :POPULATION TREND :RANGE OF USES :CAVALLINO DI MONTERUFOLI (IT.)40•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBYEUROPEITALYMonterufoli Pony is a variety of Maremmana and is found in the provinces ofPisa, Livorno and Grosseto. A studbook has been established in 1980. They aredark bay in colour. The breed is known for its adaptability to marginal lands.The number of breeding males and females is 35 and 5 respectively.PERSANOCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:18•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBYEUROPEITALYPersano, descended from Sardinian, Salernitana, Arab and Thoroughbred, isfound in the valley of the river Sele, in the province of Salerno and inTuscany. They are light to dark bay or light to dark sorrel in colour. Thenumber of breeding males and females is 15 and 3 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2298


SAMOLACACRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SAMOLACO(IT.)12•1994DECREASINGEUROPEITALYLocal population of Andalusian horse found in Sondrio, in the Lombardyregion.CAVALLO DEL CATRIAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:210•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, TRAINING, MEATEUROPEITALYCavallo del Catria, descended form local horses and Maremmana, is found inthe provinces of Pesaro, Ancona and Perugia, with an established studbooksince 1980. They are bay in colour with a few pigmented areas. These horsesare known for their adaptability to marginal lands and to local climate.<strong>Part</strong>2299


ESPERIA PONYENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PONY DELL’ESPERIA (IT.)280•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEITALYEsperia Pony is found in the Lepini and Aurunci mountains in the province ofFrosinone in central Italy. They are blackish in colour and known for theirdisease resistance and adaptation to marginal lands and climate. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 250 and 30 respectively.GIARA PONYENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CAVALLO DELLA GIARA (IT.)450•1994STABLESPORT/HOBBY, MEATEUROPEITALYGiara Ponies originated from local horses around 1800 and are found on thetableland of Giara, Sardinia. They are bay, brown or black in colour. Adultmales and females have an average wither height of 135 cm and 130 cmrespectively. They are well adapted to marginal lands and harsh dryenvironment. There are 50 breeding males and 400 breeding femalesremaining in 40 herds.<strong>Part</strong>2300


LIPITSAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEITALYLIPIZZANO (IT.), LIPICANAC (CROATIA), LIPIZZANER(GER.), LIPIZZAN (FR.), LIPICAI (HUNGAR.),LIPICAN (SLOV.), LIPICANSKA RASA (YUG.)996•1994STABLESPORT/HOBBY, TRACTIVE POWER, CEREMONIAL(SPANISH HORSESCHOOL)The breed is found in Lazio (Tormancina, Roma) Italy, Yugoslavia, in Topol’cianky,Vel’k˛ Šariš in Slovakia, Styria and Vienna in Austria, northern Hungary, Franceand eastern Croatia. Lipitsa horses originated from Spanish and Arab at Lipitsa Studnear Trieste which has been founded in 1580. They are usually grey or white incolour with sleek coat, silky mane and tail. The foals are born black and become,later, white or grey. Adult males weigh on average 550 kg and females 500 kg withan average wither height of 158 cm and 156 cm respectively. The breed is knownfor its excellent temperament and resistancy. It is undemanding and of latematurity. The population is spread over several countries. The number of breedingfemales and males is 450 and 150 respectively in Yugoslavia, 100 and 35respectively in Austria, 40 and 6 respectively in Slovakia, 140 and 24 respectively inHungary, 26 and 6 respectively in France, 200 and 97 respectively in Croatia and 6males only in Italy.SALERNITANAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SALERNITANO (IT.)160•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBYEUROPEITALYSalernitana, descended from local horses, Andalusian, Arab andThoroughbred (early 1900s), is found in the valley of river Sele in theprovince of Salerno. This breed is blackish in colour with round lighterpatches. The total number of breeding females and males is 140 and 20respectively.2301<strong>Part</strong>


SANFRATELLANAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CAVALLO SANFRATELLANO (IT.)310•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, MEAT, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPEITALYThis light semi-feral horse breed, is found in San Fratello, Messina, in theNebrodi mountains, on the island of Sicily. Sanfratellana are bay, brown orblack in colour. Both adult males and females have an average wither heightof 156 cm. There are 20 breeding males and 290 breeding females remainingin 240 herds. The breed is very well adapted to marginal land and localmountain climate.TOLFETANAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:TOLFETANO (IT.)NOT AVAILABLE•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, MEATEUROPEITALYTolfetana is found in the region of Lazio in central Italy. They are bay, darkbayor blackish in colour and known for their disease resistance andadaptability to marginal lands.<strong>Part</strong>2302


CASERTANACRITICALPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PELATELLA (IT.. = PLUCKED, I.E. HAIRLESS),NAPOLITANA (IT..)25•1994DECREASINGMEATEUROPEITALYFound in provinces of Napoli, Caserta, Benevento and Salerno in theCampania region, southern Italy, Casertana is of Roman origin with someThai or Indo-Chinese blood. They are grey in colour with only few hair.Adult males weigh on average 190 kg and females 130 kg. The total numberof breeding females and males is 20 and 5 respectively, kept in 10 herds. Thebreed is known for its high quality meat.ROMAGNOLACRITICALPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEMORA ROMAGNOLA (IT.), MORA (IT.), BOLOGNACASTAGNANA (IT.= CHESTNUT), MOOR11•1994DECREASINGMEATITALYRomagnola are found in the Romagna region, in north central Italy. Formervarieties of the breed include Faentina, Forlivese and Riminese. Romagnolaare dark brown or copper in colour. There are only two herds left with 3breeding males and 8 breeding females, 3 of which registered. The breed isknown for its adaptation to marginal land and climate.<strong>Part</strong>2303


SIENA BELTEDCRITICALPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPECINTA SENESE (IT.), CINTA (IT.), CINTA ITALIANA(IT.)70•1994DECREASINGMEATITALYFound in Tuscany, Siena Belted are black in colour with a white belt and lopears. The total number of breeding females and males is 60 (50 registered)and 10 respectively kept in 10 herds. The breed is known for its adaptation tomarginal lands and climate and its reproductive qualities.SUINO DELLE NEBRODI E MADONIECRITICALPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:NERO DELLE MADONIE (IT.)50•1994DECREASINGMEATEUROPEITALYSuino delle Nebrodi e Madonie is found in the provinces of Messina andCatania in Sicily, southern Italy. They are black in colour sometimes with awhite dorsal stripe (cresta cinghialina) and have well developed fore legs.Adult males weigh on average 230 kg and females 130 kg. There are 10breeding males and 40 breeding females remaining. The breed is known forits adaptation to marginal lands and climate and its productive andreproductive qualities.<strong>Part</strong>2304


CALABRIANCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CALABRESE (IT.)60•1994DECREASINGMEATEUROPEITALYFound in the region of Calabria, in southern Italy, Calabrian originated fromthe old type of Pugliese. They are black in colour with a long head, front lopears and strong fore legs. Adult males weigh on average 280 kg and females150 kg. The total number of breeding females is 20. The breed is known forits adaptability to marginal lands and climate and its productive andreproductive qualities. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.BELLUNESECRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LOCAL NAME20•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYThis breed, found in Mansué, in the province of Treviso, belongs to the lopearedAlpine group. Bellunese are probably descended from Alpagota andLamon. They are a medium-wooled breed, black in colour with black spotson the face and legs. Adult males weigh on average 52 kg and females 42 kgwith an average wither height of 65 cm and 57 cm respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2305


CORNELLA WHITECRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CORNELLA BIANCA (IT.)85•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEITALYFound in the province of Bologna (Emilia Romagna), this local breed belongsto the Apennine group of sheep. Cornella White is a medium wooled breed,white in colour. Adult males weigh on average 82 kg and females 67 kg withan average wither height of 87 cm and 77 cm respectively. There is oneremaining herd with 80 breeding females and 5 males.CORNIGLIESECRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:DI CORNIGLIO (IT.)50•1994DECREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPEITALYFound in Corniglio in the region Emilia Romagna, Cornigliese descendedfrom Vissana, Merino and Bergamasca. This breed is very well adapted tomarginal lands.<strong>Part</strong>2306


MARRANECRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100•1994DECREASINGMEAT, WOOLEUROPEITALYFound in the Ligurian Alps, north east of Genova, Marrane are descendedfrom Appenninica. They are polled and may be light brown or straw incolour. Adult males weigh on average 52 kgand females 42 kg with anaverage wither height of 65 cm and 60 cm respectively. The breed is welladapted to hilly land.SAVOIARDACRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CUORGNÈ50•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, WOOLEUROPEITALYThis local breed, found in the western part of the province of Turin(Piedmont), is now being crossed with Biellese. Savoiarda are coarse wooledsheep, yellow in colour with semi-lop ears and black spots on face and legs.Males are horned and females may be either horned or polled. Adult malesweigh on average 67 kg and females 60 kg with an average wither height of77 cm and 67 cm respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2307


LAMONCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:120•1994STABLEMEAT, MILKEUROPEITALYThis breed, found in the province of Belluno (Veneto region), belongs to thelop-eared Alpine group. Lamon probably descended from Bergamasca andhave had a herdbook since 1942. They are coarse wooled sheep, light incolour with dark spots on face and legs. Adult males weigh on average 77 kgand females 67 kg with an average wither height of 82 cm and 72 cmrespectively. The total number of breeding females and males, kept in 4herds, is 100 and 20 respectively. The breed is well adapted to hilly andmountain lands. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.ALPAGOTAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PAGOTA (IT.)510•1994DECREASINGMEAT, MILK, WOOLEUROPEITALYThis breed, found in the provinces of Belluno and Venezia, belongs to thelop-eared Alpine group and descended from Lamon, Vicentina and Istriana.Alpagota are polled, medium wooled and uniform white in colour with darkspots on face and legs. Adult males weigh on average 52 kg and females42 kg with an average wither height of 67 cm and 57 cm respectively. Thenumber of breeding females and males is 500 and 10 respectively. The breedis very well adapted to hilly and mountainous areas.<strong>Part</strong>2308


CIAVENASCAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:300•1994DECREASINGMEATEUROPEITALYCiavenasca sheep are found in the province of Sondrio in the region ofLombardy in northern Italy. They are uniform white in colour and polled.Adult males weigh on average 50 kg and females 42 kg with an averagewither height of 60 cm and 52 cm respectively. The breed is very welladapted to mountain climate.GARESSINAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RAZZA DI GARESSIO (IT.), MUMA (IT.)500•1994DECREASINGMEAT, WOOLEUROPEITALYGaressina are similar to Sambucana, but smaller and with finer wool. Theywere developed from Appenninica and are found in the Tanaro, Inferno andNegrone valleys of the Ligurian Alps. They are polled and white in colour.Adult males weigh on average 52 kg and females 47 kg with an averagewither height of 62 cm and 57 cm respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2309


MATESINAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:250•1994DECREASINGMEAT, WOOLEUROPEITALYFound in the province of Caserta (Campania), this breed is descended fromGentile di Puglia. Matesina are medium wooled and dirty white or light hazelin colour. Males are horned and females polled. Adult males weigh onaverage 70 kg and females 60 kg with an average wither height of 65 cm and60 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to hilly and marginal lands.POMARANCINAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:1 000•1994STABLEMILK, MEAT, WOOLEUROPEITALYA member of the Apennine group, this breed is found in Pomarance, Pisaprovince (Tuscany). Pomarancina are white in colour and usually polled.Adult males weigh on average 57 kg and females 47 kg with an averagewither height of 72 cm and 60 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted tohilly land.<strong>Part</strong>2310


PUSTERESEENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEITALYNOBILE DI BADIA (IT.), PUSTERA GIGANTE (IT.),TEDESCA DI PUSTERIA (IT.), VAL DI PUSTERIA (IT.),SEXTNER (GER.), TAUFERER (GER.), GADERTALER (GER.)250•1994DECREASINGMEAT, MILKDeveloped from Tirolese and Lamon (c.1750), Pusterese are found in ValPusteria, Bolzano. They are polled, lop-eared Alpine sheep, yellowish incolour with coarse wool. Adult males weigh on average 57 kg and females50 kg with an average wither height of 75 cm and 67 cm respectively. Thebreed is very well adapted to hilly and mountainous areas.QUADRELLAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:500•1994DECREASINGMEAT AND MILKEUROPEITALYDeveloped from local sheep, Appeninica and Barbaresca, Quadrella is foundin the provinces of Avellino and Benevento in Campania region. They arepolled or horned and white in colour. Adult males weigh on average 90 kgand females 65 kg with an average wither height of 85 cm and 65 cmrespectively. The breed is very well adapted to marginal lands.<strong>Part</strong>2311


TACOLAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:300•1994DECREASINGMEATEUROPEITALYTacola is a smaller variety of Biellese found in the province of Vercelli(Piedmont). These sheep are polled and white in colour.ALTAMURANAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:DELLE MURGE (IT.)483•1994DECREASINGMILK, WOOLEUROPEITALYThis local Moscia (it. dialect = very long and coarse wool) type breed, foundin Altamura, Bari and Foggia provinces (Apulia), has had a breed standardsince 1858 and a herdbook since 1972. Altamurana are polled, coarse wooledand light in colour, occasionally with dark spots on the face. Adult malesweigh on average 52 kg and females 37 kg with an average wither height of70 cm and 65 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to arid soils. Thereis only one herd remaining with 471 breeding females and 12 breedingmales. 134 females are registered. An in-situ conservation programme hasbeen established.2312<strong>Part</strong>


GARFAGNINA WHITEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GARFAGNINA BIANCA (IT.)200•1994STABLEMILKEUROPEITALYFound in Garfagnana, north west Tuscany, this Apennine type breed issimilar to Massese, but white in colour and larger in size. Garfagnina Whiterams are horned and also females are usually horned. Adult males weigh onaverage 52 kg and females 42 kg with an average wither height of 67 cm and62 cm respectively. The population is kept in one herd only. An in-situconservation programme has been established.PADUAN FOWLENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PADOVANA (IT.), POLISH, PADOUE (FR.),100 - 1 000•1994STABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEITALYThe Paduan Fowl is a very old breed, whose origin is claimed by manyEuropean countries. Most probably it comes from Poland or Italy (maybecrossed with Polverara). These chicken are black, white, gold, silver or buff inplumage colour with white skin and blue shanks. The comb type is V-shaped. It is crested, with a very pronounced protuberance of the skull,mufflings and beards are present as well. Kept not for production, they havean adult live weight of 2.0 kg in males and 1.8 kg in females. They producean average number of 220 eggs per year.<strong>Part</strong>2313


POLVERARA - SCHIATTAENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1994INCREASINGFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEITALYThis od breed is named after the village of Polverara near Padua and oncethey were used in the local farmyard for both meat and egg production.These chicken are white (50%) or black (50%) in plumage colour with whiteskin and green shanks. They have a V-shaped comb. Mufflings and beardsare also present. Kept not for production, they have an adult live weight of3.0 kg for males and 2.0 kg for females and produce an average number of190 eggs per year.VALDARNOENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:200•1994INCREASINGFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEITALYValdarno is an indigenous chicken breed reared in Tuscany in the Arno rivervalley. In the last century this breed was kept very successfully in the farmyards of the countryside for egg and meat production. These black chickenhave white skin, black shanks and a single comb. Kept now not anylongerfor production, adult females and males have a live weight of 3.0 kg and2.6 kg respectively. They produce in average 220 white shelled eggs per year.In 1994, 150 females and 50 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2314


LITHUANIAN WHITE BACKCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LIETUVOS BALTNUGARIAI459•1994STABLEMILK, MEATEUROPELITHUANIALithuanian White Back cattle are found in south western Lithuania. Adultmales weigh on average 700 kg and females 400 kg with an average witherheight of 135 cm and 125 cm respectively. The breed is known for its goodadaptation to the Lithuanian climate, its strong constitution and good milkquality. There are 300 - 400 breeding females and 2 breeding malesremaining with 50% females being bred pure and semen from 2 males instorage. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.LITHUANIAN LIGHT GREYENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LIETUVO ŠEMIEJI400•1995DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPELITHUANIALithuanian Light Grey cattle are found in south western Lithuania. Adult malesweigh on average 700 kg and females 450 kg with an average wither heightof 130 cm and 125 cm respectively. The breed is known for its goodadaptation to the Lithuanian climate, its strong constitution and good milkquality. There are 300 breeding females and 10 breeding males remaining,raised in 3 herds, with 20% females being bred pure and semen from 2 malesin storage. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2315


ZEMAITUKAICRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPELITHUANIALITHUANIAN LANDRACE, SAMOGITIAN, ZMUDZKI(POL.), SMUDISCH (GER.), ZHEMAICHU (RU.),ZHMUD (RU.), ZHMUDKA (RU.)< 100•1994DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWER, SPORT, HOBBYZemaitukai is similar to Estonian Native and has been improved with NorthSwedish since 1963. Adult males weigh on average 410 kg and females 400 kgwith an average wither height of 136 cm and 135 cm respectively. They areblack, grey, bay or brown in colour. The total number of breeding femalesand males is 26 and 6 respectively.NATIVE LITHUANIANENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:VIETINES KIAULES (LITH.)1 000•1994DECREASINGMEAT, LARDEUROPELITHUANIANative Lithuanian is found in south west Lithuania. They are bearded andwhite, black or tan in colour. Adult males weigh on average 180 kg andfemales 150 kg with an average wither height of 79 cm and 71 cmrespectively. The breed is known for its tolerance against high sun radiationand adaptation to the local environment. There are 200 breeding females(15% bred pure) and 20 breeding males remaining in one herd only.<strong>Part</strong>2316


NATIVE COARSEWOOLEDCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:VIETINES ŠIURKŠCIAVILNES74•1993DECREASINGWOOL, MEAT, SKINEUROPELITHUANIAAn indigenous breed from south east Lithuania, these sheep are grey, white,black or light brown in colour. They have thin legs and may be horned orpolled. Adult males weigh on average 40 kg and females 30 kg with anaverage wither height of 62 cm and 60 cm respectively. There is only oneherd left with a total number of 70 breeding females and 4 breeding males.The breed is known for its disease resistance.VISHTINESCRITICALDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:86•1994INCREASINGDOWNS, MEATEUROPELITHUANIAVishtines is the result of crossing local Lithuanian and Prussian geese. Theplumage is predominantly white, but silver columbian may also occur. Thesegeese have yellow skin and orange shanks. They are kept under backyardmanagement conditions. Adult males and females weigh in average 5.0 - 5.5 kgand 6.0 - 6.5 kg respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2317


DJUMAJLISKAENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:447•1994DECREASINGMEAT, LARDEUROPETHE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIAThis pig breed is white with black spots and lop ears. Adult males weigh onaverage 65 kg and females 63 kg with an average wither height of 110 cmand 92 cm respectively.MOLDOVIAN ESTONIAN REDCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:ROSIE ESTONA (RUM.)400•1994DECREASINGMILKEUROPEMOLDOVAMoldovian Estonian Red has been created through absorption crossing oflocal cows with bulls imported from Estonia. Adult male weigh on average800 kg and females 550 kg with an average wither height of 128 cm and125 cm respectively. The total number of breeding females and males is 200and 2 respectively, with 90% females being bred pure and 2 males in AI.<strong>Part</strong>2318


FRIESIAN RED AND WHITECRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:FRIES ROODBONT (DUTCH)48•1994NOT AVAILABLEMILKEUROPENETHERLANDSFriesian Red and White are found in the northern part of Holland. Aherdbook has been established in 1984. Adult males and females weigh onaverage 900 kg and 700 kg respectively with a wither height of 150 cm and140 cm. There are 40 breeding females and 8 breeding males remaining in 10herds. The breed is known for its high milk protein percentage. An in-situconservation programme has been established.DUTCH BELTEDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LAKENVELDER (DUTCH)795•1994INCREASINGMILK, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTEUROPENETHERLANDSA local breed, found throughout the Netherlands and also in Canada andUSA, developed around 1700 with some input (5-20%) from British BeltedGalloway (1960) and Dutch Belted, USA (1979). Dutch Belted are black witha white belt (65%) or red with a white belt (35%). Adult males weigh onaverage 700 kg and females 550 kg with an average wither height of 137 cmand 132 cm respectively. The breed has hard hooves and is known for itseasy calving. There are more than 10 remaining herds with 750 breedingfemales (90% bred pure) and 45 breeding males, 12 of which are in AI. Atotal of 500 cows are registered in the herdbook. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.2319<strong>Part</strong>


DUTCH LANDRACEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPENETHERLANDSNEDERLANDSE LANDGEIT (DUTCH), VELUWSE(DUTCH)760•1994INCREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, MILK, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTThis local breed, found throughout the Netherlands, was developed around1650 and has had a breed society since 1982 and a herdbook since 1972.Dutch Landrace males have long hair. They are uniform grey, blue or whitein colour or a combination of those and sometimes spotted. Bucks havetwisted horns and females are also horned. Adult males weigh on average 55kg and females 35 kg with an average wither height of 79 cm and 67 cmrespectively. There are 700 breeding females and 60 breeding malesremaining in more than 10 herds. 95% of females are bred pure. An in-situconservation programme has been established.GRONINGENCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GRONINGER PAARD (DUTCH)102•1994STABLESPORT/HOBBY, TRACTIVE POWER, FOR HALFBREDBREEDING.Found in Groningen province, north east Netherlands, Groningen weredeveloped from local horses with some Friesian influence around 1850. Theyare similar to Gelderland, but heavier. They have had a studbook since 1880-90 which was reorganized in 1985 and a breed society since 1982. Groningenhorses are usually black or brown in colour with pigmented skin. Adult malesweigh on average 700 kg and females 600 kg with an average wither heightof 175 cm and 160 cm respectively. There are 90 breeding females and 12breeding males remaining. 75% of females are bred pure and 60 areregistered. A programme to save this breed 2was established in 1978.320<strong>Part</strong>EUROPENETHERLANDS


GELDERLANDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GELDERS PAARD (DUTCH)509•1994STABLESPORT/HOBBY,TRACTIVE POWEREUROPENETHERLANDSFound in central Netherlands, Gelderland were developed from Oldenburg,Anglo-Norman and local horses (c.1875), with some input (> 20%) fromAnglo-Norman, German Holstein (1950) andThoroughbred (1970). Astudbook, which was reorganized in 1979, was established for the breed in1880-90. There is also a breed society. Gelderland are usually chestnut orgrey in colour with pigmented skin and white markings on legs and face.Adult males weigh on average 700 kg and females 600 kg with an averagewither height of 175 cm and 165 cm respectively. Mares may be used ashalfbred sport horses. There are 500 breeding females and 9 breeding malesremaining in more than 10 herds with 20% females being bred pure and 450females registered. Semen has been stored from 5 males and an in-situconservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2321


MERGELLANDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSCHOONEBEKERENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MERGELLAND SCHAAP (DUTCH)1 080•1994STABLEVEGETATION MANAGEMENT, SPORT/HOBBY, WOOLA variety of Dutch Heath developed from Meuse and Kempen Heath(c.1850), Mergelland are found in Limburg province, southern Netherlandsand in Belgium. They are polled and light in colour with slightly pigmentedskin and a roman nose. Adult males weigh on average 70 kg and females60 kg with an average wither height of 72 cm and 68 cm respectively. Thereare 400 breeding females and 70 breeding males remaining in more than10 herds in the Netherlands and 500 females in Belgium. 90% of females arebred pure and 350 are registered in the Netherlands. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established in the Netherlands.SHEEPEUROPENETHERLANDSEUROPENETHERLANDSSCHOONEBEKER HEIDESCHAAP (DUTCH)1 060•1994STABLEVEGETATION MANAGEMENT, SPORT/HOBBY, MEATA variety of Dutch Heath found mainly in Drenthe province in north Holland,Schoonebeker were developed from local breeds and Drenthe Heath Sheep(c. 1850). They are polled and usually white with red or grey on the face andlegs, but may also be black, brown or pied. Adult males weigh on average68 kg and females 60 kg with an average wither height of 74 cm and 68 cmrespectively. There are 5 remaining herds with 1 000 breeding females and60 breeding males. 80% of females are bred pure and 100 are registered. Anin-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2322


BLACKSIDED TRONDHEIMENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPENORWAYSIDET TRØNDERFE OG NORDLAND (NOR.), RØROS(NOR.), COLOURSIDED TRONDHEIM NORDLANDNOT AVAILABLE•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEATSimilar to Swedish Mountain and North Finnish, Blacksided Trondheimdescended from Sidet Trønderfe og Nordlandsfe and Røros Nordland cattle,with some input (< 5%) from Swedish Mountain in 1960 and 1970. They arefound in the county of Sor-Trondelag, in northern Norway. A herdbook wasestablished in 1952. These cattle are polled and white in colour with black(occasionally red) or spots on side. Adult males weigh on average 650 kg andfemales 350 kg with an average wither height of 140 cm and 119 cmrespectively. The total number of breeding females is 400 and the number ofbreeding males unknown, with 90% females being bred pure and semen hasbeen stored from 48 males. An in-situ programme has been established.TELEMARKENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:TELEMARKFE (NOR.)NOT AVAILABLE•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPENORWAYFound in the county of Telemark, this local breed had some input (


DØLE DRAUGHTENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDNORDLANDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:TYNGRE DØLEHEST (NOR.), DØLE-GUDBRANDSDAL(NOR.), GUDBRANDSDAL (NOR.), ØSTLAND (NOR.)311•1994DECREASINGSPORT/HOBBY,VEGETATION MANAGEMENTDescended from Frederiksborg and local horses in the 18th century, thisbreed is found in north eastern Norway. Døle have given rise to both DøleTrotter and North Swedish and include varieties such as Gudbrandsdal (darkbrown in colour) and Østerdal (black in colour). They were recognized as abreed in 1880 and have had a studbook since 1896. Døle horses are usuallybay or brown in colour but may also be black and occasionally chestnut witha profuse mane and tail. Adults weigh on average 425 kg with an averagewither height of 151 cm. The total number of breeding females and males is284 and 27 respectively. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.HORSEEUROPEEUROPENORDLANDSHEST (NOR.), LYNGSHEST (NOR.),LYNGEN (NOR.)181•1993INCREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTNORWAYNORWAYDescended from North Ponies, Nordland are found in northern Norway andare similar to Lofoten. They have a studbook since 1969. They have nocharacteristic colour, but are mainly dark in colour. Adults weigh on average275 kg with an average wither height of 130 cm. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 154 and 27 respectively raised in less than 10herds. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2324


OLD NORWEGIANENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPENORWAYGAMMELNORSK (NOR.), UTEGANGARSAU (NOR.),VILDSAU (NOR.= WILD SHEEP)NOT AVAILABLE•1994STABLEMEAT, WOOLThis old Northern short-tailed breed may be found in Selbjorn, Austevoll andHorda (Sunnhordland ) in western Norway. Old Norwegian can be horned orpolled and have no characteristic colour. Adult males weigh on average 43 kgand females 32 kg. The breed is known for its hardiness. There were 450breeding females and 40 breeding males remaining in 1992, with semen fromone male in storage. The recent number is not known. There are 15 herdsremaining in 1994.NORWEGIAN YORKSHIREENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:NORSK YORKSHIRE (NOR.)325•1992DECREASINGMEATEUROPENORWAYThis breed, found in south east Norway, was developed from Landrace andEnglish Yorkshire (c.1900) with some input from Finnish and SwedishYorkshire in 1950 and Swedish Yorkshireagain in 1985. Norwegian Yorkshireare light in colour. Adult males weigh on average 200 kg and females 165 kgwith an average wither height of 100 cm and 80 cm respectively. The breed isknown for its high meat quality. There are 300 breeding females and 25breeding males remaining, with semen from 75 males in storage.<strong>Part</strong>2325


POLISH KONIKENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEPOLANDKONIK POLSKI (POL.), PANJEPFERD (GER.), POLISHPONY, POLISH PRIMITIVE HORSE,600•1994DECREASINGDRAUGHT POWER, SADDLE, RECREATION,VEGETATION MANAGEMENTAn old local Konik type pony breed found in the eastern parts of Poland,Polish Konik originated from Tarpan horses around 1500. A studbook hasbeen established in 1962. They are grey and brown in colour with a blackdorsal stripe and may have striped legs. Adult males weigh on average 420 kgand females 400 kg with an average wither height of 136 cm and 134 cmrespectively. The total number of breeding females and males is 200 (allregistered in studbook) and 40 respectively in 6 herds, with 70% femalesbeing bred pure. This breed is very well adapted to local conditions, robustwith a compact constitution and suits to small scale farming. An in-situconservation programme has been established.ZLOTNIKI BLACK AND WHITEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:ZLOTNICKA PSTRA (POL.)< 1 000•1993DECREASINGMEAT, MEAT BACKFATEUROPEPOLANDFound in the Mazurian region, northern Poland, Zlotniki Black and White area variety of Zlotniki, selected from Large Polish Long-eared, with some inputfrom Large White (1942 - 62). A herdbook has been established in 1962. Theyare black and white pied in colour with lop ears. Adult males weigh onaverage 260 kg and females 220 kg. The breed is well adapted to continentalclimate, halothane negative and known for its very good meat quality. Thereare 120 breeding females and 20 breeding males remaining in 5 herds. An insituconservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2326


SWINIARKACRITICAL-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SWINIARKA (POL.)100•1993STABLEMULTI-PURPOSEEUROPEPOLANDThis indigenous, primitive type of sheep is found in one flock only, near Kilrein Poland. This breed is white in colour, with horned rams and polledfemales. Adult males weigh on average 50 - 60 kg and females 45 - 50 kg.The number of breeding females and breeding males is 90 (70 registered) and7 respectively. The breed is hardy and very well adapted to poormanagement conditions. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.OLKUSZENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:OLKUSKA (POL.), OWCA OLKUSKA (POL.)200•1993DECREASINGWOOL, MEAT, FUREUROPEPOLANDDescended from local sheep, Pomeranian and Friesian (c.1900), Olkusz maybe found in the Krakow region, southern Poland. They are a variety of PolishLong-Wooled, white in colour with white skin. Adult males weigh on average100 kg and females65 kg. The breed is highly prolific (1-5 lambs) and itissuspected to carry a single gene increasing the ovulation rate (1-10) andlitter size (1-6). It is well-suited to small-scale farms. There are 130 breedingfemales and 24 breeding males remaining in 9 herds, with 19 males in AI.Some semen and embryos are in storage. A nucleus has been created.<strong>Part</strong>2327


POLISH BLACKHEADED MUTTON SYNTHETIC LINEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CZARNOGLOWKA OWCA MIGSNA (POL.)500•1993STABLEMEATEUROPEPOLANDDeveloped at the Pormani Agricultural University, the breed is found in thearea of Pormani. They are white in colour and polled. Adult males andfemales weigh on average 120 - 140 kg and 80 - 90 kg respectively. There are300 breeding females and 60 breeding males raised in 3 herds. A totalnumber of 274 females are registered in the herdbook. An in-situconservation programme has been established.POLISH WHITEHEADED MUTTON SYNTHETIC LINEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BIALOGLOWA OWCA MIGSMA (POL.)1 200•1993STABLEMEATEUROPEPOLANDDeveloped at the Pormani Agricultural University from Polish Merino andWielkopolska Sheep, East Friesian and meat breeds (Berrichon du Cher, Ilede France, Texel), this breed is found in the area of Pormani. They are whitein colour and polled with small ears. Adult males and females weigh onaverage 110 - 130 kg and 70 - 80 kg respectively. There are 700 (571registered) breeding females and 160 breeding males raised in 6 herds. Thebreed is known for its early maturing, well-filled thighs, well developed backand loin. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2328


MINI DUCKENDANGEREDDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MINIKACZKA (POL.), KACZKA POMNIEJSZONA(K-2)(POL.)180•1994STABLEMEAT, GUARDEUROPEPOLANDMini Duck is found in the west central part of Poland. They have whiteplumage, white skin and yellow shanks. These ducks are kept underbackyard management conditions and reach a mature body weight of 1.6 kgand 1.45 kg in males and females, respectively. They have very welldeveloped muscles and low fat content. In 1994, 120 females and 60 maleswere used for reproduction.POLISH PEKINENDANGEREDDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEKACZKA POLSKA (POL.), PEKIN KRAJOWY (POL.)180•1994STABLEMEAT, GUARDPOLANDPolish Pekin is a white duck found in central Poland. These ducks have whiteskin and yellow shanks, are kept under backyard management conditionsand reach a mature body weight of 2.6 kg and 2.5 kg for males and females,respectively. They have a good musculature and good reproductionperformance. In 1994, 120 females and 60 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2329


BILGORAJCRITICALDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:263•1972STABLEFEATHERS, MEAT, EGGSEUROPEPOLANDBilgoraj is a white goose variety with white skin and yellow pink shanks.They have a small head, well-built figure and short orange/pink beak. Adultbody weight is 5.1 - 6.0 kg for males and 4.5 - 5.0 kg for females. Thesegeese have good feed conversion rate and dressing percentage.GARBONOSAENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LABEDZIOWA (POL.)200•1994STABLEFEATHERS, MEAT, RESEARCH, GUARDEUROPEPOLANDGarbonosa is a white goose variety found in Krakow region. These geesehave white skin, yellow shanks and often a knob on the beak. Mainly keptunder backyard management conditions, they reach a mature body weight of4.2 kg and 3.6 kg for males and females, respectively. These geese have leanmeat. In 1994, 120 females and 80 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2330


KIELECKAENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:200•1994STABLEMEAT, RESEARCH, GUARDEUROPEPOLANDKielecka is an indigenous goose, originated from Kielce, Przemysl andRzeszów regions. This white goose is characterized by a high percentage ofbreast muscle in the carcass and limited fatness. Mainly kept under backyardmanagement conditions, adult males nad females weigh 4.3 kg and 3.6 kgrespectively. In 1994, 120 females and 80 males were used for reproduction.LUBELSKAENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:200•1994STABLEMEAT, GUARDEUROPEPOLANDLubelska is an indigenous white goose variety found in south east Poland.This geese are characterized by a high percentage of breast muscle in thecarcass and limited fatness. Mainly kept under backyard managementconditions, these geese weigh at maturity 4.2 kg and 3.8 kg for males andfemales respectively. In 1994, 120 females and 80 males were used forreproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2331


NATIVE POMERANIANENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEPOLANDKARTUSKA (POL.)200•1994STABLEMEAT, FATTY LIVER, FEATHERS, RESEARCH, GUARDNative Pomeranian is an heavy built goose found in the north part of Poland.These geese have white plumage, white skin, yellow shanks and someindividuals are tufted. Mainly kept under backyard management conditions,they reach a mature body weight of 5.1 kg and 4.3 kg in males and females,respectively. They are producing a lean carcass. In 1994, 120 females and 80males were used for reproduction.NATIVE POMERANIAN (P-33)ENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:POMORSKA (P-33)(POL.)200•1994STABLEMEAT, GUARDEUROPEPOLANDThe Native Pomeranian Strain P-33, kept in the northern part of Poland, hasself-white, roan grey or white plumage, white skin and yellow shanks. Mainlykept under backyard management conditions, they have very well developedmuscles and reach a live body weight of 4.7 kg in males and 4.1 kg infemales with 12 weeks. In 1994, 120 females and 80 males were used forreproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2332


NATIVE POMERANIAN-RYPINSKAENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEPOLANDRYPINSKA (POL.)200•1994STABLEMEAT, FATTY LIVER, FEATHERS, RESEARCH, GUARDRypinska is a variety of Native Pomeranian with white plumage, white skin,yellow shanks and some individuals are tufted. Mainly kept under backyardmanagement conditions, they are characterized by heavy body weight (4.5 kgin males and 3.8 kg in females), good musculature, easy fattening. In 1994,120 females and 80 males were used for reproduction.SUB-CARPATIANENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PODKARPACKA (POL.)200•1994STABLEMEAT, FEATHERS, RESEARCH, GUARDEUROPEPOLANDSub-Carpatian is an indigenous white goose variety found in the highlands ofsouthern Poland. This geese are characterized by a high percentage of breastmuscle in the carcass, limited fatness and a high dressing percentage. Mainlykept under backyard management conditions, males weigh at maturity 4.3 kgand females 3.7 kg. In 1994, 120 females and 80 males were used forreproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2333


SUWALSKAENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEPOLAND200•1994STABLEMEAT, FATTY LIVER, FEATHERS, RESEARCH, GUARDSuwalska is a goose variety found in the north eastern part of Poland. Thesegeese have white plumage, white skin, yellow shanks and are often tufted.Mainly kept under backyard management conditions, they are characterizedby heavy body weight, 4.7 kg for males and 4.2 kg for females, goodmusculature, easy fattening and fast growth rate. In 1994, 120 females and 80males were used for reproduction.RAMO GRANDECRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:101•1994DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWER, MEATEUROPEPORTUGALRamo Grande cattle descended from Alentejana, Mirandesa and Shorthornand are found on the Azores Islands. They are brown and white in colour.Adult males weigh on average 800 kg and females 550 kg. The total numberof breeding females and males is 98 and 3 with 50% females being bred pure,raised in 10 herds. A herdbook has been established in 1994.<strong>Part</strong>2334


SORRAIACRITICAL-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SORRAIANA (SP.)70•1994STABLESPORT/HOBBYEUROPEPORTUGALFound in R. Sorraia, Elias (Alentejo), Portugal and also in Spain, Sorraia areusually dun in colour with a dorsal stripe and zebra striped legs (Tarpan-like).Adult males weigh on average 400 kg and females 350 kg with an averagewither height of 145 cm and 140 cm respectively. The breed is well adaptedto harsh conditions. There are 2 remaining herds with 60 breeding femalesand 10 breeding males. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.GARRANOENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:1 030•1994STABLETRACTIVE POWER, SPORT/HOBBYEUROPEPORTUGALGarrano is an autochthon breed found in the mountainous areas of northwestern Portugal. These horses are brown in colour. Adult males and femalesweigh on average 350 kg and 300 kg respectively with an average witherheight of 128 cm and 120 cm. The total number of breeding females andmales is 1 000 and 30 respectively raised in 3 herds. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2335


BISAROCRITICALPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:200•1994DECREASINGMEATEUROPEPORTUGALBisaro is an autochthon Celtic type breed with some Large White blood andis found in northern Portugal. A herdbook has been established in 1994. Theyare black and white spotted in colour. The population is raised in more than10 herds and 30% of the females are bred pure. The breed is known for itshigh quality ham.ROMANIAN STEPPEENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SURA DE STEPA (ROM.)362•1993DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWER, MEAT, MILKEUROPEROMANIAThis old local Grey Steppe breed may be found around the Moldova river andin the Danube delta. A herdbook has been established in 1924. RomanianSteppe are uniform grey in colour with black muzzle, black tail’s tip and hugehorns. Adult males weigh on average 600 kg and females 300 kg with anaverage wither height of 130 cm and 118 cm respectively. The breed is knownfor its longevity, resistance to tuberculosis and leucosis and adaptability todiverse environments. There are 3 herds with 350 breeding females (65% bredpure and 16 registered in herdbook) and 12 breeding males remaining, 5 ofwhich in AI. An in-situ conservation programme is in place.2336<strong>Part</strong>


BAZNAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PORCUL DE BANAT (ROM.)295•1993STABLEMEATEUROPEROMANIABazna, descended from Berkshire and Mangalitsa, is found in centralTransilvania. They have a herdbook since 1958 and are black in colour with awhite saddle. Adult males weigh on average 170 kg and females 150 kg withan average wither height of 74 cm and 72 cm respectively. The breed isknown for its adaptability to extensive management and feeding systems.There is only one herd left with 265 breeding females (all registered in theherdbook) and 30 breeding males. An in-situ conservation programme hasbeen established.BRAHMA DARK COLUMBIANENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BRAHMA HERMINAT INCHIS1 000•1993STABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, RESEARCHEUROPEROMANIABrahma Dark Columbian is a chicken variety created by 2 fancy breeders inTransylvania and Banat regions in 1969-1971. These chicken have silvercolumbian plumage with laced feathers, white skin and shanks and a peacomb. This ornamental bird has feathered legs and a live body weight atmaturity of 3.5 kg and 2.4 kg, for males and females respectively. 150 femalesand 30 males were used for reproduction in 1993.<strong>Part</strong>2337


BRAHMA LIGHT COLUMBIANENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BRAHMA HERMINAT DESCHIS1 000•1993STABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, RESEARCHEUROPEROMANIABrahma Light Columbian is a chicken variety created by 6 fancy breeders inTransylvania and Banat regions in 1969-1971. These chicken have silvercolumbian plumage with laced feathers, white skin and shanks and a peacomb. This ornamental bird has feathered legs and a live body weight atmaturity of 3.5 kg and 2.3 kg, for males and females respectively. 100 femalesand 15 males were used for reproduction in 1993.BROWN RED MODERN GAMEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:COMBATANT MALAEZ ROSU INCHIS500•1993STABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPEROMANIABrown Red Modern Game is an indigenous chicken breed. It has redplumage, white skin, yellow shanks and a walnut comb. It is usually not keptfor production and at maturity attains a live body weight of 3.1 kg and 2.4 kgfor males and females respectively. 75 females and 6 males were used forreproduction in 1993.<strong>Part</strong>2338


COCHIN BUFFENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CHOCHINCHINA GALBENA1 000•1993STABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, RESEARCHEUROPEROMANIACochin Buff is a chicken variety created by 2 fancy breeders from Banatregion, 1967-1968. These chicken have buff plumage, white skin, yellowshanks, single comb and feathered legs. Mainly not kept for production, theyreach a mature body weight of 4.8 kg and 4.0 kg, males and femalesrespectively. In 1993, 150 females and 25 males were used for reproduction.PECHORACRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONPECHORSKII TIP KHOLMOGORSKOGO SKOTA (RU.)ALMOST EXTINCT•1987NOT AVAILABLEMILKOriginated from Zyryanka, Pechora has been improved by Kholmogoryduring 1930 - 47 and is found in Komi, northern Russia. Pechora cattle areblack and white or red and white in colour.<strong>Part</strong>2339


YURINOCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:YURINSKAYA (RU.), NIZHEGOROD (RU.)1 000•1990DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONThis breed, found in Gorno-Mari District of the Mari ASSR, has beeninfluenced by Tyroliean and Swiss Brown cattle. A herdbook for Yurino wasestablished in 1934. These cattle are red and brown in colour (nothomogenous). Adult males weigh on average 750 kg and females 480 kg withan average wither height of 132 and 123 cm respectively. The breed isresistant to a number of diseases. The total number of breeding females andmales is 200 and 4 respectively with 50% females being bred pure. The breedis under threat due to back crossing with sires of other breeds. A number ofpurebreds is conserved on Yurinski State Farm and Smena Collective Farm.KHEVSURIANENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:KHEVSURSKAYA GRUPPA (RU.)RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA variety of Georgian Mountain.<strong>Part</strong>2340


SIBERIAN WHITEENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BELIY SIBIRSKIY SKOT (RU.)RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONNo further information.YAKUTENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:YAKUTSKII SKOT (RU.), EAST SIBERIAN900•1990DECREASINGMEAT, MILKEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONThis breed, found only in Yakutia, appears to be the last remaining variety ofSiberian cattle. They were bred pure till 1929, then crossed with Simmentaland Kholmogory. Yakut are black or red in colour or spotted with a whiteback line. They have a thick coat with numerous guard hairs. Adult malesweigh on average 525 kg and females 375 kg. The breed is extremely welladapted to cold (can tolerate temperatures as low as to -60°C) underconditions of poor feeding. Animals are also thought to be resistant totuberculosis, leucosis and brucellosis. They are known for their high milk fat.The total number of breeding females and males is 351 and 21 respectively.Pure Yakut cattle are conserved at Leninskii State Farm in VerkhoyanskDistrict, Yakut ASSR.2341<strong>Part</strong>


DAGESTANENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:DAGESTANSKAYA (RU.), EAST CAUCASIANRARE•1988NOT AVAILABLEMEAT, MILKEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONThere exist two types of Dagestan, a short haired type, red or black in colour(similar to Karachai) and a long haired type, black, white and grey in colour.GORKIENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GORKOVSKAYA (RU.)RARE•1988INCREASINGMILKEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONThis breed, now found in north west and central Russia, originated fromSaanen. Gorki goats are similar to Russian White goats. Adult males weigh onaverage 67 kg and females 45 kg, with an average wither height of 64 cm and62 cm respectively. Females usually have two kiddings per year and caseswith up to six normal kids per kidding have been recorded.<strong>Part</strong>2342


KARACHAIENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:KARACHAEVSKAYA (RU.), NORTH CAUCASIANRARE•1988NOT AVAILABLEMEAT, MILK, CASHMEREEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONFound in northern Caucasus, Karachai are horned and have hair. They arepied, red, grey, black or white in colour. These goats are used for theproduction of cashmere.RUSSIAN WHITEENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONRUSSKAYA BELAYA (RU.), IMPROVED NORTHRUSSIAN, RUSSIAN DAIRY, RUSSIAN WHITE DAIRY2 206•1990INCREASINGMILKThis breed originated from Saanen goats, is similar to the Gorki breed and isfound in north, west and central Russia. Adult males weigh on average 67 kgand females 45 kg with an average wither height of 64 cm and 62 cmrespectively. They have usually two kiddings per year. Cases with up to sixnormal kids per kidding have been recorded. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 1 069 and 185 respectively with 88% of the femalesbeing bred pure.<strong>Part</strong>2343


VOLGOGRAD WHITEENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA variety of Don. These goats are hairy and horned.CHARYSHENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA local variety of horse in Siberia.<strong>Part</strong>2344


CHUMYSHENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CHUMYSHSKAYA PORODNAYA GRUPPA (RU.)3 135•1990DECREASINGSPORT, HOBBY, TRACTIVE POWEREUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA light breed, descended from Siberian Pony, Russian (1770-1850) andTrotters Draft (1850-1917) horses. Chumysh are found in north eastern Altai.Adults have an average wither height of 155 cm. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 1 145 and 62 respectively.DAGESTAN PONYENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:DAGESTANSKII PONI (RU.)456•1990DECREASINGMILKEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONThis breed is found in north Caucasus. The total number of breeding femalesand males is 186 and 43 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2345


KALMYKENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:KALMYTSKAYA (RU.), ASTRAKHAN (RU.)2 048•1990DECREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA light breed, found in Astrakhan and Volgograd. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 1 270 and 82 respectively, with 50% femalesbeing bred pure.KUZNETSKENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:KUZNETSKAYA PORODNAYA GRUPPA (RU.)RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA Siberian Pony type improved by Trotter, Saddle and Draft found inKemerovo and Novosibirisk in western Siberia.<strong>Part</strong>2346


MEZENENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MEZENSKAYA (RU.)1 339•1990DECREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA member of the North Russian Pony Group, found in north east Archangeland Komi. Adult Mezen males have an average wither height of 138 cm. Thetotal number of breeding females and males is 556 and 45 respectively with60% females being bred pure.NARYMENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA variety of Siberian pony found in Tomsk, Siberia.<strong>Part</strong>2347


OBENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PRIOBSKAYA (RU.), OSTYAK- VOGUL (RU.)RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONOb horse is part of the North Russian Pony Group and is found in westSiberia.PECHORAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PECHORSKAYA (RU.)RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONPechora horse is part of the North Russian Pony Group and is found in Komi.<strong>Part</strong>2348


RUSSIAN ARABENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CHISTOKOVNAYA ARABSKAYA (RU.)2 442•1990STABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONBreeding of Arab horses in the former USSR started in 1925. Since then theArab horses have been upgraded with animals imported from Hungary andFrance in 1930 and from Britain and Poland in 1936. The breed has beenseparated into a number of varieties and is now concentrated in 5 studs and 2horse breeding farms. Adults have an average wither height of 151-154 cm.The total number of breeding females and males is 861 and 136 respectively,with 67% females being bred pure. The breed is known for its fertility andlongevity.TAVDAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:TAVDINSKAYA (RU.)1988•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA member of the North Russian Pony Group, found in west Siberia.<strong>Part</strong>2349


TERSKENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:TERSKAYA (RU.)1 905•1990DECREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA light breed developed during the 19th century from Strelets, Arab, Don,and Kabarda horses. Tersk are found in north Caucasus. The breed iscomposed of 5 sire lines and 5 mare families. These are split into 3 types:original, eastern and heavy. All are silver-grey, bay or chestnut in colour withan average wither height of 157 -160 cm. The breed is known for itsremarkable endurance. The total numbers of breeding females is 250, all arekept in one stud in Stavropol.TUVAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:TUVINSKAYA (RU.)RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA member of the Siberian Pony Group.<strong>Part</strong>2350


UPPER YENISEIENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:VERKHNE - ENISEISKAYA (RU.)983•1990DECREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA light breed descended from Tuva and Mongolian and improved by RussianTrotter and Draft in 1893. Upper Yenisei are found in Tuva. The total numberof breeding females and males is 294 and 20 respectively, with 29% femalesbeing bred pure.VYATKAENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:VYATSKAYA (RU.)1 840•1980NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONA member of the North Russian Pony Group. Adult females weigh on average400 kg with a wither height of 140 cm. They are often roan in colour withblack back stripe and zebra-striped legs. Only 11 animals seem to be purebred.<strong>Part</strong>2351


MIKHNOVCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MIKHNOVSKAYA (RU.)100•1989DECREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONDescended from Russian Long-Tailed, purebred Mikhnov are found only in theEvdakov District of Voronezh. They have chestnut sometimes black tospeckled faces and a long tail (35 - 49 cm). Males have coiled horns whilstfemales are polled. Adult males weigh on average 80 kg and females 56 kgwith an average wither height of 70 and 67 cm respectively.STEPPE VOLOSHIANCRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONVALAKHSKAYA (RU.), VOLOSHSKAYA (RU.), VAGAS,VALACHIAN, VALA(K)HIAN, VOLOSH, WALACHIAN,WOLOSCHIAN100•1989DECREASINGMEAT, WOOLDescended from Zackel with some fat-tail blood. Voloshian are now raised onindividual holdings of north Caucasus. They are white in colour (occasionallyblack) and males are horned or polled, whereas females are always polled.They are coarse carpet wool type with a long, sometimes fat, tail which maysometimes touch the ground. Voloshian are a large breed, adult males weighon average 60 - 80 kg and females 43 - 46 kg with an average wither heightof 61 cm.2352<strong>Part</strong>


BAKURENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLEWOOLEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONOriginated from Voloshian, Bakur is found in Saratov region. These sheep aretall with very good wool quality (thick coarse wool). They no longer exist onstate breeding centres.PECHORAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PECHORSKAYA PORODNAYA GRUPPA (RU.),PECHORSKAYA POLUTONKORUNNAYA (RU.)RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLEWOOL, MEATEUROPERUSSIAN FEDERATIONNo further information.<strong>Part</strong>2353


BROWN SHORTEAREDENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:HNEDÀ KRÀTKOSRSTÀ KOZA (SLOV.)650•1994INCREASINGMILKEUROPESLOVAKIABrown Shorteared Goats are found in the Slovakian sub-mountain region anda herdbook was established in 1928. They are uniform brown in colour andhorned or polled. Adult males weigh on average 80 kg and females 50 kg withan average wither height of 75 cm and 70 cm respectively. There are 442breeding females and 13 breeding males remaining.SLOVAK SPORT PONYCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESLOVENSKȲ (SLOV.), ŠPORTOVȲ PONY (SLOV.)145•1994STABLESPORT/HOBBY, DRAUGHTSLOVAKIASlovak Sport Pony, found in the areas of Vel’ké Pole and Nitra, are descendedfrom light mares with Welsh Pony ‘B’. A studbook has been established in1984. They are mainly dun or bay in colour, sometimes also white. Adult malesweigh on average 354 kg and females 248 kg with an average wither heightof 143 cm and 140 cm respectively. The number of breeding males andregistered females is 34 and 6 respectively with 25% of females being bredpure, raised in 2 herds only.<strong>Part</strong>2354


NEW HAMPSHIREENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:280•1993STABLEMEAT, EGGSEUROPESLOVAKIAThis New Hampshire strain has been imported from England in 1970. Plumagecolour may be red or golden columbian, skin and shanks are yellow with asingle comb. Kept under backyard management conditions, these chickenattain a mature live weight of 4.0 kg and 2.8 kg for males and femalesrespectively. They produce an average of 190 brown shelled eggs per year. In1993, 250 females and 30 males were used for reproduction.RHODE ISLAND REDENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:170•1993STABLEEGGSEUROPESLOVAKIARhode Island Red strain has red plumage, yellow skin and shanks and a singlecomb. Kept under backyard management conditions, these chicken attain amature live weight of 2.4 kg and 1.7 kg for males and females respectively.They produce an average of 200 brown shelled eggs per year. In 1993, 150females and 20 males were used for reproduction. A part of the population(100 - 1 000 birds) is raised in Canada.<strong>Part</strong>2355


SUSSEX WHITEENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:220•1993STABLEEGGSEUROPESLOVAKIAThis Sussex White strain has been imported from England in 1973. Plumagecolour is silver columbian, skin and shanks are white and they have a singlecomb. Kept under backyard management conditions, these chicken attain amature live weight of 2.7 kg and 1.9 kg in males and females respectively.They produce an average of 180 brown shelled eggs per year. In 1993, 200females and 20 males were used for reproduction.CIKACRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BOHINJSKA CIKA, TOLMINSKA CIKA55•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPESLOVENIACika was developed from local cattle of the Bušatype. After 1960 the majorityof cows have been mated to Pinzgau (Salzburg) bulls. They are reddish incolour with a white stripe broadening from the middle of the back backwardsand with white markings on the hind legs. Cika cattle are very similar toPinzgau in colour but smaller framed. Adult males weigh on average 700 -850 kg and females 450 - 550 kg with an average wither height of 135 -138 cmand 125 - 130 cm respectively. There are less than 50 remaining females and5 males.<strong>Part</strong>2356


LJUTOMER TROTTERCRITICALHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LJUTOMERSKI KASACVERY FEW•1995NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPESLOVENIAThis light breed, found in north east Slovenia, is descended from AmericanTrotter and Anglo Arab.BLACK SLAVONIANCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESLOVENIACRNA SLAVONSKA, FAJFERICA, PFEIFER SCHWEIN(GER.)< 100•1994DECREASINGMEAT, LARDBlack Slavonian descended from Mangalitsa, Berkshire, Poland China andCornwall and is found in Slovenia, Croatia and Yugoslavia. In general thegreater part of sows is mated with other breeds, e.g. Large White, SwedishLandrace etc., consequently the number of purebred sows is small now. Theyare uniform black in colour with lop ears. Adult males weigh on average140 kg and females 125 kg with an average wither height of 70 cm and 66 cmrespectively. The breed is very well adapted to harsh field conditions and hightemperature and is able to thrive the whole year semi-wild in forests. Theyhave good meat quality and are known for their vitality, resistance andlongevity. An in-situ conservation programme has been established inSlovenia.2357<strong>Part</strong>


NEMŠ KA LANDRACEENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:1 100•1994STABLEMEATEUROPESLOVENIAThis breed is white in colour with lop ears. Adult males weigh on average 280kg and females 200 kg. There are 900 breeding females and 130 breedingmales with 65% females being bred pure.SLOVENIAN WHITEENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BELA ZLAHTNA, YORKŠIR750•1994STABLEMEATEUROPESLOVENIAFound in Pomurje, Slovenia, these pigs are descended from AustrianEdelschwein and German Edelschwein (c.1900) with some input (< 5%) fromSwedish Yorkshire (1983). Slovenian White have erect ears. Adult males weighon average 220 kg and females 180 kg with an average wither height of 80 cmand 70 cm respectively. There are 650 breeding females and 100 breedingmales remaining, with 90% of females bred pure .<strong>Part</strong>2358


KRŜKOPOLJE SADDLEBACKENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESLOVENIAKRSKOPOLJSKI CRNOPASASTIPRASIC(SERBOCRO.)KRŠKOPOLŠKA CERNO PASASTA PRASICA (SERBO-CRO.)160•1994DECREASINGMEATFound in Slovenia, Dolenjska and Krš ko Polje Krš kopolje Saddleback aredescended from Krš polski Prasic (c.1900) with some input from improvedGerman Landrace (1958). They are black in colour with a white belt. Adultmales weigh on average 185 kg and females 170 kg with an average witherheight of 70 cm and 62 cm respectively. The total number of breeding femalesand males is 150 and 10 respectively, with 50% females being bred pure. Anin-situ conservation programme has been established.BOVECENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:TRENTARKA, BOVŠA OVCA1 050•1994DECREASINGMILK, MEAT, WOOLEUROPESLOVENIABovec, originated from Steinschaf, are scattered country-wide. A herdbook hasbeen established in 1983. They are mainly white in colour, sometimescombinations of black and white appear. These sheep have small ears, ahairless belly and short and thin legs. The back legs are inclinated forward sothat animals are adapted for walking on steep meadows. Adult males weighon average 58 kg and females 44 kg with an average wither height of 65 cmand 58 cm respectively. The total number of breeding females and males is980 and 70 respectively raised in 50 herds of which 456 females are registered.<strong>Part</strong>2359


ASNO DE LAS ENCARTACIONESCRITICALASSLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:55•1995DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWEREUROPESPAINThis breed is found in Bizkaia (Basque Country), Spain. Asno de LasEncartaciones are black, grey, white or chestnut in colour. There are 50breeding females and 5 breeding males remaining in 6 herds with 80% femalesbeing bred pure. The breed is known for its hardiness.ANDALUSIAN GREYCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:23•1991DECREASINGMEAT, CASTRATES LEAD FIGHTING CATTLEEUROPESPAINThis Iberian breed, found in Córdoba and Huelva, Andalucia, is a colourvariant of Andalusian. Andalusian Grey have a black muzzle and whiteabdomen, with strong, slightly spiraled horns. Adult males weigh on average900 kg and females 500 kg with an average wither height of 165 cm and 160cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to marginal land and is known forits excellent meat quality (although animals fatten slowly). Castrated bulls areused to lead herds of fighting bulls. There are 20 breeding females and 3breeding males remaining, with 1 male in AI. 11 females are registered andsemen from 14 males has been stored.2360<strong>Part</strong>


BETIZUAKCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:157•1995DECREASINGMEAT, ‘CORRIDAS’, FOLKLOREEUROPESPAINBetizuak cattle are found in Gipuzkoa (Basque Country) and Navarra. They arecorn coloured. Adult females and males weigh on average 200 kg and 250 kg,respectively with an average wither height of 110 cm and 115 cm. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 150 and 7 respectively, with 20% offemales being bred pure. There are 25 herds remaining. The breed is knownfor its hardiness and longevity. Betizuak cattle have a quite aggressivetemperament.FRIEIRESACRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:120•1994DECREASINGMEAT, TRACTIVE POWER, MILKEUROPESPAINFrieiresa are found in south eastern Ourense, Galicia. A herdbook has beenestablished in 1990. They are chestnut in colour, although males maysometimes be darker with long horns, small short head, long hair at breast,broad front with a long golden-blond fringe. Adult males and females weighon average 865 kg and 490 kg respectively with a wither height of 141 cm and131 cm. The breed is well adapted to cold and humid climates and is knownfor its hardiness, easy calving and ability to make use of thicket’s resources.There are 112 breeding females and 8 breeding males remaining in 50 herds,with 13 males in AI. 80% of females are bred pure and 98 are registered. Semenhas been stored from 13 males and embryos from 4 sires and 3 dams.2361<strong>Part</strong>


MAJORCANCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MALLORQUINA (SP.)47•1991NOT AVAILABLEMEATEUROPESPAINFound on the island Mallorca, Majorcan are descended from Red ConvexIberic. They have no characteristic colour, which may range from blond to redor chestnut. Adult males weigh onaverage 600 kg and females 325 kg. Thebreed is well adapted to the Mediterranean climate and extensive systems, andis known for its hardiness. There are 2 remaining herds with 44 breedingfemales and 3 breeding males.MINORCANCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MENORQUINA (SP.), MAHONESA (SP.)186•1991NOT AVAILABLEMILK, CHEESE ‘MAHON’EUROPESPAINDescended from Red Convex Iberic and Marinera, Minorcan are usually polled(80%) and blond to red in colour. They are found on the Balearic island ofMenorca. Adult males weigh on average 800 kg and females 475 kg. The breedis known for its hardiness and longevity. Its milk is used to produce the‘Mahon’ cheese. There are 7 remaining herds with 173 breeding females (65%bred pure) and 13 breeding males, 2 of which in AI.<strong>Part</strong>2362


MURCIANCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MURCIANA (SP.), LEVANTINA (SP.= EASTERN)70•1991STABLEMEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTEUROPESPAINMurcian found in eastern Spain (Valencia to Almeria) . They are dark red incolour with a black dorsal line. Adult males weigh on average 800 kg andfemales 550 kg with an average wither height of 141 cm and 131 cmrespectively. The breed is well adapted to marginal land and is known for itshardiness. There are 65 breeding females and 5 breeding males remaining,with 2 males in AI and 40% of females are bred pure.PALMERACRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PALMEÑA (SP.)152•1993STABLEMEAT, TRACTIVE POWER, MILKEUROPESPAINPalmera, found on La Palma, Canary islands, are descended from RubiaGallega. They are blond in colour. Adult males weigh on average 800 kg andfemales 500 kg. There are 140 breeding females (90% bred pure) and 12breeding males remaining, raised in 55 herds, with 2 bulls in AI. A total of 130females are registered in the herdbook.<strong>Part</strong>2363


CACHENACRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:140•1994DECREASINGMEAT, DRAUGHT POWER, MILKEUROPESPAINThis semi-wild dwarf breed, found in Entrino, south Ourense, Gallicia, is similarto Barrosã. A herdbook has been established in 1990. Cachena are uni-colouredchestnut with long horns. The mucous membranes, hooves and tips of the hornsare black. Adult males weigh on average 585 kg and females380 kg with an average wither height of 122 cm and 117 cm respectively. Thebreed is well adapted to marginal and cold mountainous environments and isknown for its good meat quality. There are 13 remaining herds with 115breeding females and 25 breeding males with 90% of the females bred pure. Allfemales are registered. Semen has been stored from 32 males and embryos from7 sires and 11 dams. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.LIMIANACRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:60•1994DECREASINGMEAT, TRACTIVE POWER, MILKEUROPESPAINThese cattle, found in Ourense, Gallicia are chestnut-brown in colour, darker inthe anterior part of the body and whitish around the muzzle. Bulls have hornslike short hooks, while females have long, spiral horns with diverging tips. Adultmales weigh on average 925 kg and females 490 kg with an average wither heightof 143 cm and 137 cm respectively. The breed is known for its hardiness, goodadaptability to high temperatures, for its ability to make use of thicket’s resourcesand for the good meat conformation. There are 46 breeding females (40registered in herdbook) and 14 breeding males remaining in 15 herds with semenfrom 11 males and embryos from 2 sires and 2 dams in storage. A herdbook hasbeen established in 1990 and an in-situ conservation programme is in place.2364<strong>Part</strong>


ALBERESENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:ALBERA (SPA.), MASSANAISE (FR.)906•1991NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPESPAINAlberes are semi-feral cattle found in the Alberes mountains along the borderof France and Spain. They are black, red and white in colour with short halfmoon shaped horns. Adult males weigh on average 350 kg and females 275kg. The breed has a long calving interval and is known for its hardiness andlongevity. There are 6 remaining herds with 900 breeding females (50% bredpure) and 6 breeding males.ANDALUSIAN BLACKENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESPAINNEGRA DE LAS CAMPINAS ANDALUZAS (SP.),SERRANANEGRA (SP.), NEGRA IBERICA (SP.), SERRANA (SP.)918•1991DECREASINGMEAT, DAM LINE FOR CROSSINGAndalusian Black are found in the Sierra Morena, Campina de Córdoba, Sevilleand Huelva in western Andalucia. They are back or black-brown in colourwith large horns. Adult males weigh on average 875 kg and females 600 kg,with an average wither height of 140 cm and 135 cm respectively. The breedis well adapted to marginal ‘dehesa’ and, high temperatures, cold winters, andis known for its ease in calving and good mothering ability. There are 897breeding females and 21 breeding males remaining. 30% of the females arebred pure and there is 1 male in AI.<strong>Part</strong>2365


BLACK BERRENDOENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESPAINBERRENDA NEGRA ANDALUZA (SP. = BLACK PIED),BERRENDO EN NEGRO (SP.)423•1991DECREASINGMEAT, TO HANDLE FIGHTING CATTLE, TRACTIVEPOWERFound in Andalucia (Huelva, Sevilla), Black Berrendo were developed fromIberian cattle breeds with some input from North African cattle in 1916.They have a black head and legs (Pinzgauer pattern). Adult males weigh onaverage 950 kg and females 600 kg with an average wither height of 143 cmand 138 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to arid and hot climatesand is known for its hardiness and good mothering abilities. There are 5remaining herds with 389 breeding females (90% bred pure) and 34breeding males. Semen from one male has been stored .RED BERRENDOENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESPAINBERRENDA ROJA ANDALUZA (SP.), CAPRIOTE (SP.)1 061•1991INCREASINGTO HANDLE FIGHTING BULLS, MEAT, TRACTIVE POWERDeveloped from Iberian breeds, Red Berrendo are found in Andalucia (Sevilla,Cadiz, Jaen). They have large open horns and are white in colour with a redor roan head andforequarters. Adult males weigh on average 1 000 kg andfemales 600 kg with an average wither height of 143 cm and 138 cmrespectively. The breed is well adapted to the Mediterranean climate,specifically to ‘dehesa’ lands and can walk long distances. They are kepttogether with Fighting Bull cattle. There are 971 breeding females and 90breeding males remaining with 90% of females bred pure. Semen has beenstored from 2 males.2366<strong>Part</strong>


SERRANA BLACKENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SERRANA NEGRA (SP.), NEGRA IBERICA (SP.)664•1991NOT AVAILABLEMEAT, CROSSING FOR MEAT PRODUCTIONEUROPESPAINFound in Teruel, in the mountains of central Spain, Serrana Black descendedfrom Serrana Iberique and Avilena-Negra. In 1980 the breed was joined withAvilene to form Avilena-Black Iberian. Serrana Black are black or red in colour.Adult males weigh on average 825 kg and females 475 kg. The breed is welladapted to extreme continental climates, semi-desert conditions and altitudesof around 1 300 m, and is known for its hardiness. There are 26 herdsremaining with 660 breeding females and 4 breeding males. Only 15% offemales are bred pure.TERREÑAENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPE208•1991DECREASINGTRACTIVE POWER, MEAT,FOLKLORE, PULLINGCOMPETITIONSPAINTerreña have long hair and are brown in colour with black skin. There are 12remaining herds with 200 breeding females and 4 breeding males, all in AI.<strong>Part</strong>2367


VIANESAENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:2 197•1994STABLEMEAT,TRACTIVE POWER, MILKEUROPESPAINFound in Viana del Bollo, south east Ourense, Gallicia, this breed belongs tothe Morenas de Nordeste group of cattle. A herdbook has been established in1990. Vianesa are chestnut brown in colour, females have long spiral hornswhereas males have hooked half moon shaped horns. Sires are darker incolour and calves lighter. Adult males weigh on average 910 kg and females590 kg with an average wither height of 138 cm and 133 cm respectively.There are 2 190 breeding females and 7 breeding males remaining, raised in41 herds, with 70% of females bred pure. Semen has been stored from 16 bulls.WHITE CACERESENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESPAINBLANCA CACERENA (SP.), BLANCA GUADIANESE (SP.)224•1991NOT AVAILABLEMEATFound in Extremadura (Caceres and Badajoz), White Caceras are probably awhite variety of Retinta. They are light in colour with hook shaped horns.Adult males weigh on average 900 kg and females 500 kg. Well adapted toarid lands, White Caceres cattle tolerate heat stress and are known for theirhardiness. There are 11 remaining herds with 205 breeding females and 19breeding males. Only one bull is in AI. Both semen and embryos have beenstored from 4 bulls.<strong>Part</strong>2368


DOÑANAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDPAJUNAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:LOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MOSTRENCA (SP.), PALURDA (SP.)320•1991INCREASINGMEATThis breed, found in the marshes of Doñana in Andalucia, originated fromNegra de las Campinas and Fighting bull, with additional inputs (>20%) fromCharolais and Limousin (1980). They have no characteristic colour. Adult malesweigh on average 900 kg and females 550 kg with a wither height of 145 cmand 135 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to swampy lands. Thereare 4 remaining herds with 300 breeding females (80% bred pure) and 20breeding males. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.CATTLESERRANA (SP.= MOUNTAIN)321•1991STABLETRACTIVE POWER, MEATEUROPESPAINEUROPESPAINFound in the mountains of eastern Andalucia (Granada, Jaen) and Almeria, Pajunaare descended from African Atlas cattle. They had some influence from Retinto,Spanish Murcian and Limousin (> 20%). These cattle have open hooked horns andare black or red in colour with a white fringe bordering the muzzle. Adult malesweigh on average 600 kg and females 375 kg with an average wither height of165 cm and 160 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to cold mountainousconditions and is known for its good meat quality and hardiness. The total numberof breeding females and males is 310 and 11 respectively with 10% of the femalesbeing bred pure. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2369


ANDALUSIAN SPOTTEDCRITICALPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESPAINMANCHADA DE JABUGO (SP.), ANDALUZA MANCHADA(SP.), JABUGO SPOTTED15•1994DECREASINGMEATThis variety of Iberian may be found in Jabugo, Huelva, Andalucia. AndalusianSpotted were developed from Iberico Negro, Retinto and other breeds, withan additional input (>20%) from Iberico in 1980. They are whitish in colourwith some black speckles, especially on the head and rump. Adult malesweigh on average 250 kg and females 140 kg with an average wither heightof 55 cm and 48 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to ‘dehesa’ landsand is known for its good meat quality. There are 2 remaining herds with 30breeding females and 28 breeding males.PALMERACRITICALSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:64•1991NOT AVAILABLEMEAT, WOOLEUROPESPAINPalmera are found on La Palma in the Canary Islands. They are light in colour,sometimes with black spots, but may also be totally black. The breed is welladapted to humid climates and steep slopes. The total number of breedingfemales and males remaining is 55 and 9 respectively kept in 6 herds, with 80%of females bred pure and 25 females being registered in a herdbook.<strong>Part</strong>2370


IBIZAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:IBICENCA (SP.)955•1991NOT AVAILABLEMILKEUROPESPAINIbiza are found on the Balearic islands of Ibiza and Formentera. They arecoarse wooled and light in colour, and may have a pigmented head. Ibiza arepolled with a big head and erect ears. The breed is known for its hardiness,fertility and is well adapted to the Mediterranean climate. There are 36remaining herds with 950 breeding females and 5 breeding males with 10%females being bred pure.VASCA CARRANZANAENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CARRANZANA (SP.= BLACK FACE)320•1995DECREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPESPAINThis breed is found in Bizkaia (Basque Country) near the France and Spainborder. They are black in colour and very hardy. Adult males and femalesweigh on average 90 - 100 kg and 60 - 70 kg respectively. There are 300breeding females and 20 males remaining in 4 herds.<strong>Part</strong>2371


ANDALUSIAN CHURROENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CHURRA LEBRIJANA (SP.), ATLANTICA (SP.),LEBRIJANA (SP.), MARISMEÑA (SP.)863•1991INCREASINGMEATEUROPESPAINThe largest variety of Spanish Churro, Andalusian Churro are found along thecoast of Huelva and Cadiz in Andalucia, in the marshes of the Guadalquivirdelta. They are coarse wooled, polled, mainly white in colour, with black eyes,ears and lips. Adult males weigh on average 80 kg and females 60 kg with anaverage wither height of 69 cm and 65 cm respectively. The breed is resistantto foot rot and fascioliasis and is well adapted to marshy and saline conditions.There are 6 remaining herds with 828 breeding females and 35 breeding males.80% of females are bred pure and 72 are registered. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.CATALANA DEL PRATENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:1 000•1994INCREASINGMEATEUROPESPAINCatalana del Prat is an indigenous chicken variety found in Cataluña, BaixLlobregat. These chicken have red plumage colour, white skin, blue shanksand a single comb. Females and males weigh at maturity 2.5 kg and 2.0 kg,respectively. In 1994, 560 females and 56 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2372


EMPORDANESA BLANCA (CATALÁN)ENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:AMPURDANESA BLANCA (CASTELLANO)160•1994INCREASINGEGGSEUROPESPAINEmpordanesa Blanca variety has been obtained through selection within anheterogenous population of Emporada (Cataluña, Spain) in 1986. Thesechicken have white plumage, yellow skin and shanks. The comb is single andabout 70% of the individuals carry appendices in the rear-lateral part. Keptunder intensive production, at maturity they attain a live body weight of 2.2kg and 1.8 kg in males and females, respectively. In 1994, 100 females and 20males were used for reproduction.EMPORDANESA ROJA (CATALÁN)ENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:AMPURDANESA RUBIA (CASTELLANO)350•1994INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPESPAINEmpordanesa Roja (Catalán) has been obtained through selection within anheterogenous population of Emporada (Cataluña, Spain) in the period from1986-1988. These chicken have red plumage, yellow skin and shanks. Thecomb is single and about 70% of the individuals carry appendices in the rearlateralpart. Kept under backyard management conditions, they attain atmaturity a live body weight of 2.5 kg and 2.0 kg for males and females,respectively. In 1994, 100 females and 20 males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2373


EMPORDANESA ROSSA (CATALÁN)ENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:AMPURDANESA RUBIA (CASTELLANO)160•1994INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPESPAINEmpordanesa Rossa (Catalán) has been obtained through selection within anheterogenous population of Emporada (Cataluña, Spain) in the period 1986-1988. It constitutes a population segregated for Blue ‘Bl’ character and it givesalso phenotypes pigeon-like with gold and blue, black or white feathers. Thesechicken have red plumage, yellow skin and shanks. The comb is single andabout 70% of the individuals carry appendices in the rear-lateral part. Keptunder backyard management conditions, they attain at maturity a live bodyweight of 2.5 kg and 2.0 kg for males and females, respectively. In 1994, 100females and 20 males were used for reproduction.EUSKAL OILOA-BELTZAENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:900•1995DECREASINGMEAT, EGGS, FEATHERS (FOR FISHING)EUROPESPAINAn Atlantic chicken found in the Basque country. These chicken have blackplumage, yellow shanks and red ears. The comb is single. Females and malesweigh at maturity 3.5 kg and 2.5 kg respectively. In 1995, 600 females and 300males were used for reproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2374


EUSKAL OILOA-ZILLARAENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:290•1995DECREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPESPAINAn Atlantic poultry found in the Basque country. These chicken have silveryplumage, yellow shanks and red ears. The comb is single. Females and malesweigh at maturity 3.5 kg and 2.5 kg, respectively. In 1995, 200 females and 90males were used for reproduction.PENEDESENCA APERDIZADAENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:340•1994INCREASINGEGGSEUROPESPAINPenedesenca Aperdizada is a variety and has been obtained through selectionwithin an heterogenous population of Penedes (Cataluña, Spain) in 1986 -1988. These chicken have a wild-type plumage, white skin and blue shanks.They have a single comb with appendices in the rear-lateral part. Kept underbackyard management conditions, females and males weigh at maturity 2.2 kgand 1.8 kg, respectively. In 1994, 100 females and 20 males were used forreproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2375


PENEDESENCA BARRADAENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:420•1994INCREASINGEGGSEUROPESPAINPenedesenca Barrada is a variety and has been obtained through selectionwithin an heterogenous population of Penedes (Cataluña, Spain) in 1986 -1988. These chicken have wild-type plumage with sex linked barred feathers,white skin and blue shanks. They have a single comb with appendices in therear-lateral part. Kept under backyard management conditions, females andmales weigh at maturity 2.2 kg and 1.8 kg, respectively. In 1994, 100 femalesand 20 males were used for reproduction.PENEDESENCA NEGRAENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:VILAFRANQUINA NEGRA (SPA.)450•1994INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPESPAINPenedesenca Negra is a variety and has been obtained through selectionwithin an heterogenous population of Penedes (Cataluña, Spain), in 1986.These chicken have black plumage, white skin and black shanks. They havea single comb with appendices in the rear-lateral part. Kept under backyardmanagement conditions, females and males weigh at maturity 2.5 kg and2.0 kg, respectively. In 1994, 170 females and 20 males were used forreproduction.<strong>Part</strong>2376


PENEDESENCA TRIGUEÑAENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PENEDESENCA COLOR BLAT (SPA.)340•1994INCREASINGEGGSEUROPESPAINPenedesenca Trigueña is a variety and has been obtained through selectionwithin an heterogenous population of Penedes (Cataluña, Spain) in 1986 -1988. These chicken have wild-type plumage, white skin and blue shanks.They have a single comb with appendices in the rear-lateral part. Kept underbackyard management conditions, females and males weigh at maturity 2.2 kgand 1.8 kg, respectively. In 1994, 100 females and 20 males were used forreproduction.SWEDISH RED POLLEDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESWEDENRÖD KULLIG LANTRAS (SWED.), SVENSK KULLIGBOSKAP (SKB) (SWED.)190•1994STABLEMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTFound in central and northern Sweden, Swedish Red Polled are descendedfrom North Swedish cattle (c.1890) with some input from East & West FinnishPolled (1960), Ostlandskulla (1981) and Norwegian Red Polled (1980). Aherdbook and a breed society was established in 1912. They are uniform redor red and white in colour. Adult males weigh on average 650 kg and females400 kg with an average wither height of 130 cm and 120 cm respectively. Thebreed is well adapted to marginal lands. There are 175 breeding females and15 breeding males remaining, raised in more than 10 herds, with 25 males inAI. Embryos have been stored from 3 sires and 2 dams. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.2377<strong>Part</strong>


ÖLÄNDSKT DVÄRGHÖNSCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100•1993INCREASINGEGGSEUROPESWEDENÖländskt Dvärghöns is a local dwarf landrace chicken population found onÖland Island. They have a wild-type plumage with mottled feathers and whiteskin and shanks. At maturity they weigh 0.6 - 0.8 kg and 0.5 - 0.7 kg for malesand females respectively. They produce of 150 - 200 white shelled eggs peryear on average.ORUSTSHÖNSCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:65•1993STABLEMEAT, EGGSEUROPESWEDENOrustshöns is a local dwarf landrace chicken population found on OrustIsland. Their plumage is black with mottled feathers, black shanks and a singlecomb. At maturity males and females weigh 1.5 - 2.0 kg and 1.0 - 1.5 kgrespectively. They produce an average of 150 - 200 white shelled eggs peryear.<strong>Part</strong>2378


ÅSBOHÖNSENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:500•1993INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPESWEDENÅsbohöns is a local landrace population found in southern Sweden. Thesechicken may be of wild-type (50%), black (25%) or blue (25%) plumagecolour, the skin is white and the comb type single. About 1% dwarfism and1% feathered legs occur within the population.They are mainly kept underbackyard management conditions.Mature body weight is 1.5 - 2.0 kg for malesand 1.0 - 1.5 for females.GOTLANDSHÖNSENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:170•1993INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPESWEDENGotlandshöns is a local landrace population found on the island Gotland.These chicken may have wild-type (60%), black (30%) or blue (10%) plumagecolour, the skin is white and the comb of single (90%) or rose (10%) type. Theyare mainly kept under backyard management conditions. Mature body weightis 2.5 - 3.0 kg for males and 2.0 - 2.5 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2379


HEDEMORAHÖNSENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:250•1993INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPESWEDENHedemorahöns is a local landrace population found in north Sweden. Thesechicken may have black (40%), blue (40%) or wild-type (20%) plumage colour,the skin is white and the comb of single type. They have feathered legs andsilky plumage. Mature body weight is 2.0 - 3.0 kg for males and 1.5 - 2.0 kgfor females.ÖLANDSHÖNSENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:250•1993INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPESWEDENÖlandshöns is a local landrace population found on the island of Öland. Thesechicken may have black or wild-type plumage colour, with barred feathers(80%), white skin and a single comb. They are mainly kept under backyardmanagement conditions. Mature body weight is 2.0 - 3.0 kg for males and1.5 - 2.0 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2380


SKÅNSKT BLOMMEHÖNSENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:530•1993INCREASINGMEAT, EGGSEUROPESWEDENSkånskt Blommehöns is a local landrace population found in southernSweden. These chicken may have wild-type (40%), black (40%) or blue (20%)plumage colour, with mottled feathers, white skin, yellow or black shanks anda single comb. They are mainly kept under backyard management conditions.The mature body weight is 2.5 - 3.5 kg for males and 2.0 - 3.0 for females.SVENSK BLÅ ANKACRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:110•1993INCREASINGMEAT, FANCY, HOBBY, SPORTSEUROPESWEDENSvensk Blå Anka, found in south Sweden, were first standardized in 1920s. Theplumage may be black, blue or white and blue. At maturity they weigh 3.5 kgand 3.0 kg, for males and females respectively. They produce an average of100 eggs per year.<strong>Part</strong>2381


SVENSK GUL ANKACRITICALDOMESTIC DUCKLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:65•1993INCREASINGFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, MEATEUROPESWEDENSvensk Gul Anka, found in south Sweden, were first standardized in 1920s.They are mainly kept under backyard management conditions. At maturitythey weigh 3.5 kg and 3.0 kg for males and females respectively. They producean average of 100 eggs per year.SKÅNEGÅSENDANGEREDDOMESTIC GOOSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:240•1993INCREASINGMEATEUROPESWEDENSkånegås is a local landrace population found in southern Sweden. Thesegeese have white and brown plumage and orange shanks. They are mainlykept under backyard management conditions. The mature body weight is8.0 - 10.0 kg for males and 7.0 - 9.0 kg for females.<strong>Part</strong>2382


RAETIAN GREYENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RÄTISCHES GRAUVIEH (GER.)643•1994INCREASINGMILK, MEAT, VEGETATION MANAGEMENTEUROPESWITZERLANDRaetian Grey cattle, descended from Bündener Bergviehschläge, is found inthe mountainous regions of Switzerland. They are grey in colour. Adult malesweigh on average 600 kg and females 450 kg with an average wither heightof 125 cm and 120 cm respectively. The breed is well adapted to mountainousenvironments and known for its good meat quality. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 553 and 90 respectively raised in more than 10herds. A herdbook has been established in 1992 and all females are registered.An in-situ conservation programme has been established.GRISONS STRIPEDENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BÜNDNER STRAHLENZIEGE (GER.)775•1994STABLEMILK, MEATEUROPESWITZERLANDFound in the province of Graubünden, Grisons Stripped are polled or hornedand uniform black with white markings on head, tail and legs. A herdbook hasbeen established in 1935. Adult males and females weigh on abverage 65 kgand 45 kg respectively with an average wither height of 80 cm and 75 cm. Thetotal number of breeding females and males is 740 and 35 respectively with248 of the females registered and 1 male in AI. An in-situ conservaitonprogramme has ben established.<strong>Part</strong>2383


PEACOCKENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PFAUENZIEGE (GER.), GRAU-SCHWARZEGEBIRGSZIEGE (GER.)170•1994STABLEVEGETATION MANAGEMENT, MILK, MEATEUROPESWITZERLANDThese Swiss Mountain goats are found in Graubünden. They have whiteforequarters, hind legs and tail, and black hindquarters, feet and face stripes.Adult males weigh on average 75 kg and females 56 kg with an average witherheight of 80 cm and 73 cm respectively. There are 150 breeding females and20 breeding males remaining in more than 10 herds, with 100 of the femalesregistered and 80% females being bred pure. One buck is used in AI. An insituconservation programme has been established.ST. GALLEN BOOTEDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESWITZERLANDST GALLENER STIEFELGEIß (GER.), SARDONAZIEGE(GER.)200•1994INCREASINGVEGETATION MANAGEMENT, MEAT, MILKSimilar to the Grisons Striped, these Swiss Mountain goats are found in northeastern Switzerland. They descended from Gebirgsziegen. St Gallen arehorned and black-brown in colour with a black dorsal stripe and markings onlegs, feet and head. Adult males weigh on average 73 kg and females 42 kgwith an average wither height of 80 cm and 73 cm respectively. The breed isvery well adapted to high mountainous environments, but is a carrier of CAEV(caprine arthritis & encephalitis virus). There are 163 breeding females and 37breeding males remaining in more than 10 herds. An in-situ conservationprogramme has been established.2384<strong>Part</strong>


SWALLOW-BELLIED MANGALITSAENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SCHWALBENBAUCH MANGALITZA (GER.),WOLLSCHWEIN (GER.)245•1994INCREASINGHOBBY, MEAT, FUREUROPESWITZERLANDScattered country-wide in Switzerland, Swallow-Bellied Mangalitsa has beenimported from Hungary. A herdbook has been established in 1985. Thebreed is swallow-bellied and black, rarely blond, in colour and woolly withtick hairs and lop ears. The piglets are striped like wild ones. Adult malesweigh on average 180 kg and females 140 kg with an average wither heightof 75 cm and 72 cm respectively. There are 200 breeding females (125registered in the herdbook) and 45 breeding males remaining in more than10 herds with 3 males in AI. The breed can stand very cold temperatures.An in-situ conservation programme has been established.VALAIS REDCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:ROUX DU VALAIS (FR.), WALLISER LANDSCHAF (GER.)155•1994INCREASINGVEGETATION MANAGEMENT, HOBBY, MEATFound in Wallis and western Switzerland, Valais Red is reddish brown incolour with white markings on the head, backside and tail tip. They have spiralhorns that point side- and outwards. Adult males weigh on average 70 kg andfemales 50 kg with an average wither height of 75 cm and 70 cm respectively.The number of breeding females and breeding males is 123 and 32respectively kept in more than 10 herds. All females are registered in aherdbook. The breed is aseasonal breeder and well adapted to cold climateand poor feeding. An in-situ conservation programme is in place.<strong>Part</strong>2385EUROPESWITZERLAND


ROUX-DE-BAGNESENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESWITZERLANDBAGNES (FR.), ROUX-DU-PAYS (FR.), BAGNERSCHAF(GER.)175•1992INCREASINGVEGETATION MANAGEMENT, HOBBY, MEATRoux-De-Bagnes, one of the ancestors of Swiss Black-Brown Mountain, arefound in Val de Bagnes, Wallis. They have spiral horns and are red-brown incolour, although they may occasionally have white patches on the head and awhite tail tip. Adult males weigh on average 70 kg and females 50 kg with anaverage wither height of 75 cm and 70 cm respectively. The breed is welladapted to mountainous environments. There are 150 breeding females and 25breeding males remaining, with 95% of females bred pure.BÜNDNER OBERLANDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:BÜNDNER OBERLÄNDERSCHAF (GER.),GRAUBÜNDEN (GER.), GRISONS (IT.)294•1994INCREASINGVEGETATION MANAGEMENT, HOBBY, MEATEUROPESWITZERLANDDescended from Vrinerschaf, Medelserschaf and Tavetscherschaf, this breed isfound in Graubünden and Raeto-Romanian Switzerland. Bündner Oberland havesmall horns and are similar to Steinschaf. A herdbook has been established in1985. They are coarse wooled and black, grey, brown or white in colour. Adultmales weigh on average 52 kg and females 40 kg with an average wither height of62 cm and 58 cm respectively. Bündner Oberland have a wild character, are welladapted to mountainous pastures, have high twinning rates and rarely contractfoot rot. The total number of breeding females and males remaining is 248 and 46respectively kept in more than 10 herds. All females are registered in theherdbook. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.2386<strong>Part</strong>


ENGADINE REDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPESWITZERLANDENGADINER FUCHSSCHAF (GER.), ENGADINERLANDSCHAF (GER.), PATERSCHAF (GER.), BESCHDA PADER (FR.)490•1994INCREASINGHOBBY, VEGETATION MANAGEMENT, MEATFound in the German speaking part of Switzerland, this lop-eared Alpinebreed is descended from local breeds, Steinschaf and Bergamasca. Aherdbook has been established in 1985. Engadine Red are red-brown incolour, and occasionally have white patches on the head and a white tail tip.Adult males weigh on average 80 kg and females 65 kg with an averagewither height of 75 cm and 68 cm respectively. The breed is highly fertile,well adapted to cold wet weather and is known for its lean meat. EngadineRed seldomly catch foot rot. There are 415 breeding females and 75 breedingmales remaining in more than 10 herds. All females are registered. An in-situconservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2387


SPIEGELENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SPIEGELSCHAF (GER.)229•1992INCREASINGVEGETATION MANAGEMENT, HOBBY, MEATEUROPESWITZERLANDThis local breed is found in Graubünden, eastern Switzerland. Spiegel arewhite with black spectacles and ear tips. Lambs have white-brown patches butbecome white after the first shear. Adult males weigh on average 75 kg andfemales 60 kg with an average wither height of 70 cm and 65 cm respectively.The breed is well adapted to high mountainous regions. There are 191breeding females and 38 breeding males remaining in less than 10 herds. Allfemales are registered in the herdbook. An in-situ conservation programme hasbeen established.APPENZELLER BARTHUHNCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:60•1995NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPESWITZERLANDIn the 60tees of last century this indigenous breed has been selected fromlocal landraces.They are related to German Barthuhn. The breed is bearted andtherefore very well adapted to cold winters and has a small rose comb. Twocolour variants are mainly found, a golden-necked partridge coloured variety,that is nearly extinct and a black variety. Adult males and females weigh onaverage 2.0 - 2.3 kg and 1.6 - 1.8 kg respectively. There are 60 birds raised in15 flocks left.<strong>Part</strong>2388


SCHWEIZER HUHNCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:95•1995NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPESWITZERLANDThis breed has been created from white Orpington and Wyandotte in thevillage Amriswil. The breed has been used as a basis for the GermanDeutsches Reichshuhn. The breed was widely spead before the creation oflaying hybrids because of its high egg production. They have a dark-red rosecomb and are uniform white in colour. Their eggs are creme/beige colouredwith purple spots or purple shining. The birds are well musceled and adultmales and females weigh on average 3.0 kg and 2.5 kg respectively. There are95 birds remaining raised in 25 flocks.SPITZENHAUBENCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:APPENZELLER SPITZENHAUBE (GER.)80•1995NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPESWITZERLANDThis indigenous breed has been bred in the 15th century by monastries and isfound in the Alpes region. At the beginning of the 50tees only a few indivialswere left. Brakel from the Netherlands and Hamburger Silberlack fromGermany have been used to broaden the genetic basis. Last century more than10 colour varieties existed from which only three are left. The majority of thepopulation is silver-black spotted in colour. Rarely golden-black spotted birdsare found and very rarely uniform black chicken. They are adapted tomountainous climate and are good flyers and very good climbers. The breedis characterized by a feather crest. Adult males and femlaes weigh 1 kg and1.5 kg respectively. 80 birds are left raised in 23 flocks.2389<strong>Part</strong>


MALAKANENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEEUROPETURKEYA light-heavy breed descended from Native Russian horses. Malakan are foundin north east Turkey.UKRAINIAN GREYENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEUKRAINESERAYA UKRAINSKAYA (RU.), SEROUKRAINSKAYA(RU.), UKRAINIAN GREY STEPPE1 500•1990DECREASINGMEAT, MILK, TRACTIVE POWERThis native breed is found in Ukraine with an established herdbook since 1935.Cattle are grey or light grey in colour. Adult males weigh on average 780 kgand females 480 kg with an average wither height of 137 and 129 cmrespectively. The breed is known for its hardiness, high viability, diseaseresistance, high butterfat content and good working abilities. The total numberof breeding females and males is 684 and 13 respectively with 73% femalesbeing bred pure. Ukrainian Grey are under threat due to replacement crossingwith bulls of Red Steppe, Simmental, Swiss Brown and other breeds. UkranianGrey semen is stored in several leading institutes and a small number ofanimals are maintained at Polivanovka Experiment Farm in theDnepropetrovsk region and at the Askania Nova Nature Reserve in theKherson region, Ukraine.2390<strong>Part</strong>


UKRAINIAN WHITEHEADEDENDANGEREDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEUKRAINEUKRAINSKAYA BELOGOLOVAYA (RU.),BELOGOLOVOKOLONISTSKAYA (RU.), WHITEHEADEDCOLONIST,6 600•1990DECREASINGMILKA composite breed from Groningen Whiteheaded, Ukrainian Grey andPolesian found in Kiev, Zhitomir and Khmelnitski, north western Ukraine.Ukrainian Whiteheaded are red or black in colour with white head, feet andbelly and black spectacles around the eyes. Adult males weigh on average 750kg and females 460 kg with an average wither height of 136 cm and 127 cmrespectively. These cattle have a high feed-conversion efficiency. The totalnumber of breeding females and males is 4 100 and 10 respectively.UKRAINIAN SPOTTED STEPPEENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:UKRAINSKAYA STEPNAYA RYABAYA (RU.)< 5 000•1990DECREASINGLARD, MEATEUROPEUKRAINEDeveloped by crossing selected spotted pigs of the Ukrainian White Steppewith Berkshire and Mangalitsa boars. Ukrainian Spotted Steppe is consideredsuperior to Ukrainian White Steppe in its hardiness and adaptability to the hotclimate of southern Ukraine. These pigs are spotted black and white or blackand tan in colour. Adult males weigh on average 322 kg and females 238 kgwith a body length of 183 cm and 164 cm respectively. The total number ofbreeding females and males is 329 and 297 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2391


CHERKASSYENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEUKRAINECHERKASSKAYA (RU.), CHERKASSKY, CHERKASY,CIRCASSIANRARE•1988NOT AVAILABLENOT AVAILABLEA variety of Russian Long-Tailed developed from local coarse wool ewes andEnglish meat rams, possibly with some Merino blood. Cherkassy are found inthe Kuibyshev region, Ukraine. They are white in colour with some brownspots on the head and weigh on average 50 kg.WHITEBRED SHORTHORNCRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CUMBERLAND WHITE230•1994DECREASINGMEAT, CROSSBREEDINGEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMFound in Cumbria, northern England, Whitebred Shorthorn are descendedfrom Cumberland Dairy Shorthorn (c.1960). They have had a herdbook since1961 and a breed society since 1962. They are pure white in colour with a pinknose. Adult males weigh on average 800 kg and females 400 kg. The breed isused together with Galloway to produce Blue Grey. There are 150 breedingfemales and 80 breeding males remaining in more than 10 herds, with 20% offemales being bred pure. There is one bull in AI.<strong>Part</strong>2392


IRISH MOILEDCRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:IRISH POLLED80•1994DECREASINGAS A RARE BREED, MEAT, MILKEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMThis old local breed, found in Northern Ireland (Down and Antrim counties),has some blood from Scandinavian cattle (1950). Irish Moiled had a herdbook(and breed society) from 1926 until 1966 which was revived in 1983. They arepolled and are usually red or roan in colour, with a white line on the back.Adult males weigh on average 600 kg and females 450 kg. The total numberof breeding females and males remaining is 68 and 12 respectively raised inmore than 10 herds, with 95% of females being bred pure. There are 8 malesin AI. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.GLOUCESTERENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GLOUCESTERSHIRE, OLD GLOUCESTER548•1994INCREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, MILK, MEATFound in England, Gloucester originated from local cattle and Glamorgan around1600. A herdbook, already existing during 1920 to 1966, has been revived in 1973.Gloucester are black-brown in colour with a white dorsal part and underline andblack spots. Adult males and females have an average wither height of 130 cm and125 cm respectively. Adult females weigh on average 612 kg. There are 500breeding females and 48 breeding males remaining, with 10 males in AI The milkis very good for cheese production and the breed is known for its high twinningrate. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2393EUROPEUNITED KINGDOM


WHITE PARKENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEUNITED KINGDOM346•1994INCREASINGMEAT, SPORT/HOBBY, AMENITY CENTRES- TOURISTATTRACTIONThis ancient breed was developed around 1250 and is now a touristattraction in national parks around Britain. A population with less than 500females is raised in Canada, where White Park were introduced in 1938 andin 1987. White Park has been used to develop the American White Park. Aherdbook was established in 1921 and a breed society in 1983. White Parkare white in colour with black ears, nose and feet. Black pigment is alsopresent around the eyes and at the horn tips. This characteristic colourpattern is predominant to any other colour. Adult males weigh on average955 kg and females 635 kg. The breed is known for its growth rate which is5% superior to Limousin and its low-cholesterol meat and lean carcass. Notclosely related to other British breeds, crossbred calves show greater hybridvigour. There are 320 breeding females and 26 breeding males remaining inUnited Kingdom, with 22 males in AI. An in-situ conservation programmehas been established in United Kingdom.<strong>Part</strong>2394


BRITISH TOGGENBURGENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:PURE TOGGENBURG300•1986INCREASINGMILKEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMBritish Toggenburg descended from Swiss Toggenburg imported to Britain in1884 and since then bred independently. They were recognized as a breed in1921 and a herdbook was established in 1925. They are brown in colour withlighter spots and face stripes, and may be horned or polled. Adult males weighon average 70 kg and females 60 kg with an average wither height of 80 cmand 70 cm respectively. There are 300 breeding females (95% bred pure) and60 breeding males remaining. Some semen has been stored.CLEVELAND BAYENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 500•1994INCREASINGDRIVING, RIDINGEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMCleveland Bay horses are found in England and in USA. They are descendedfrom local horses with some input from Thoroughbred and Chapman Horse. Astudbook was established for the breed in 1884. They are bay with black pointsand the only acceptable marking is a small star. Both adult males and femalesweigh on average 700 kg with an average wither height of 161 cm. There are200 breeding females and 42 breeding males remaining in United Kingdomwith 80% of the females being bred pure and less than 500 animals globally.<strong>Part</strong>2395


DALES PONYENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:RARE•1994NOT AVAILABLEPACKEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMNative of the north of England, this breed is also found in Canada. Traditionallyit is used for weight-carrying, especially lead, over long distances. They arevery sound, docile, strong and extremely hardy.SUFFOLKENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SUFFOLK PUNCH< 800•1993INCREASINGTRACTIVE POWEREUROPEUNITED KINGDOMThis breed of Norfolk and Suffolk is found in England, USA and Canada (< 350animals), and is the only draft horse breed developed exclusively for farmwork. A studbook has been established in 1878. The characteristic shortnessof legs and rounded appearance was the reason for their nickname: ‘SuffolkPunch’. Coat colour is chestnut in various shades and tones. They are thesmallest of the draft horses, characterized by a friendly, willing disposition fullof endurance and heart. Adult males weigh on average 800 kg and females680 kg with an average wither height of 170 cm and 160 cm respectively. InUnited Kingdom there are less than 10 remaining herds with 100 breedingfemales and 25 breeding males.2396<strong>Part</strong>


EXMOOR PONYENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 800•1994STABLESPORT/HOBBYEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMThis is one of the oldest known types of horses found in United Kingdom,Canada and USA. They are descendants of the Moor Pony which has beenimproved with other breeds. These horses are extremely hardy, agile, andintelligent, capable of thriving outdoors on meager rations. They were originallydomesticated during the late Neolithic period by the warlike inhabitants of theSteppes. The Northern Pony existed in Alaska at least 100 000 years ago and isnow represented in its three varieties by the Exmoor Pony, the Konik of Polandand Przewalski’s horse. A studbook has been established in 1921. They are bay,brown or dun in colour never with white markings and may have mealy patcheson muzzle, belly and around the eyes. Adult males and females weigh on average227 kg with an average wither height of 130 cm. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 250 and 40 respectively raised in 20 herds with 80% femalesbeing bred pure. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.MIDDLE WHITECRITICALPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEUNITED KINGDOMCOLESHILL, MIDDLE WHITE YORKSHIRE, MIDDLEYORKSHIRE, WINDSOR167•1992DECREASINGMEAT,VEGETATION MANAGEMENTFound in England, Middle White were developed from Large White and SmallWhite around 1850. They were recognized as a breed in 1852 and have had aherdbook since 1884. They are white in colour with erect ears. The totalnumber of breeding females and males, kept in 48 herds, is 124 and 43respectively.2397<strong>Part</strong>


GLOUCESTERSHIRE OLD SPOTENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:GLOUCESTER404•1986INCREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMFound in England, Gloucestershire Old Spot have had a herdbook since 1914.They are white in colour with black spots. The total number of breedingfemales and males is 345 and 59 respectively.LARGE BLACKENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CORNWALL, DEVON, LOP-EARED BLACK286•1992INCREASINGMEAT, SPORT/HOBBYEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMLarge Black are similar to British Lop but black in colour. They weredeveloped from Small Suffolk, Black Dorset and local pigs around 1880 andhave had a herdbook since 1898. There are 247 breeding females and 39breeding males remaining in 91 herds. The breed is known for its goodmothering ability.<strong>Part</strong>2398


WELSHENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:OLD GLAMORGAN470•1992DECREASINGNOT AVAILABLEEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMWelsh were developed from local pigs and British Landrace around 1950, andcrossed with Swedish Landrace since 1953. A breed society and a herdbookwere established for the breed in 1918. They are white in colour with lop ears.There are 373 breeding females and 97 breeding males remaining in 40 herds,with 5 males in AIBRITISH SADDLEBACKENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:491•1992INCREASINGMEAT, SPORT/HOBBYEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMFound in England, British Saddleback were developed from Essex and WessexSaddleback. A herdbook has been established for the breed in 1920. They areblack in colour with a white saddle and lop ears. Known for their hardinessand strong territorial instinct, these pigs are suitable for outdoor farrowing.There are 415 breeding females and 76 breeding males remaining in 91 herds.An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2399


BADGER FACED WELSH MOUNTAINENDANGEREDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEUNITED KINGDOMWELSH BADGER-FACED, DEFAID IDLOES (WELSH)1 150•1986INCREASINGMEATFound in Wales (Powys-Dyfed), Badger Faced Welsh Mountain are a colourvariant of Welsh Mountain. They have had a breed society since 1976. Theyare medium-crossbred wooled and white in colour with black belly, legs andface stripes. Males are horned whereas females are polled. Adult males weighon average 55 kg and females 45 kg. The breed is known for its hardiness.There are 1 000 breeding females and 150 breeding males remaining.CASTLEMILK MOORITENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:CASTLEMILK SHETLAND, MOORIT SHETLAND175•1989INCREASINGSPORT/HOBBY, WOOL, MEATEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMFound in Scotland, this breed was developed on Castlemilk Estate fromShetland and Soay, with some input from Manx Loaghtan and possiblyMouflon (c.1900). A herdbook and a breed society were established forCastlemilk Moorit in 1974 and 1983 respectively. These sheep are mediumcrossbredwooled, pale red-brown in colour, similar to Mouflon, with brownlegs and a white belly. The breed is easy to manage and is known for its lightbrown wool. There are 150 breeding females and 25 breeding males remainingkept in 20 herds. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.<strong>Part</strong>2400


HEBRIDEANENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:ST. KILDA1 189•1993INCREASINGWOOL, MEAT, SPORT/HOBBYEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMThese northern short-tailed sheep are found in Scotland. The Hebrideanhave had a herdbook since 1973 and a breed society since 1987. They areblack or dark brown in colour and have 4 horns. Adult females weigh onaverage 36 kg. The breed is easy to manage and is known for its colouredwool. There are 1 088 breeding females and 101 breeding males remaining,with 75% of females bred pure. All females are registered. An in-situconservation programme has been established.MANX LOGHTANENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEUNITED KINGDOMLOAGHTAN, MANX LUGH DHOAN (MANX = MOUSEBROWN)986•1993INCREASINGWOOL, MEAT, SPORT/HOBBYFound on the Isle of Man, this northern short-tailed breed is similar toHebridean. Manx Loaghtan have had a herdbook since 1973 and a breedsociety since 1976. They are brown in colour with 4 - 6 horns (usually 4).Adult females weigh on average 40 kg. The breed is easy to manage and isknown for its unusual coloured wool. There are 895 breeding females and91 breeding males remaining, with 80% of females bred pure. All femalesare registered in the herdbook. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished.2401<strong>Part</strong>


NORFOLK HORNENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEUNITED KINGDOMBLACKFACE, NORFOLK HORNED, OLD NORFOLK509•1993INCREASINGMEATFound in East Anglia, Norfolk Horn are descended from local sheep. Thebreed was almost extinct in 1973 but was revived by grading up Suffolk,Wiltshire Horn and Swaledale. Subsequently a herdbook was established in1974. Norfolk Horn are white in colour with a black face and legs. Adultfemales weigh on average 70 kg. There are 458 breeding females and 51breeding males remaining in more than 10 herds. All females are registeredin the herdbook. An in-situ conservation programme has been established.PORTLANDENDANGERED-MAINTAINEDSHEEPLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:899•1993INCREASINGMEAT, SPORT/HOBBY, WOOLEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMFound in southern England, Portland were developed around 1800 andhave had a herdbook since 1973. They are reddish in colour with a tan face.Adult females weigh on average 40 kg. There are 795 breeding females and104 breeding males remaining. An in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished. The breed has a low fertility, but is not seasonal.<strong>Part</strong>2402


SCOTS GREYCRITICALCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:< 100•1993DECREASINGFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, EGGS, MEATEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMScots Grey is a breed of chicken known for about 200 years. This farmyardfowl has autosomal barred feathers and a single type comb.CORNISH GAME (LARGE)ENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:INDIAN GAME/JUBILEE GAME500 - 1 000•1994STABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, MEATEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMCornish Game (large), imported from India to Cornwall by early traders, wereused as the foundation of the modern broiler chicken. Breeders exageratedthe size and distance between legs, consequently resulting in poor fertility,poor liveability and a high proportion of death in shell. Adult body weight ison average 3.8 kg for both sexes.<strong>Part</strong>2403


CROAD LANGSHANENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:800•1993NOT AVAILABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, EGGS, MEATEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMA fancy breed of chicken imported by Major Croad in 1904 from LangshamChina. This heavy breed is hardy and thrives in most conditions. Theplumage may be black (75%) or white (25%) with a single comb. Thesechicken have feathered legs. They are mainly kept under backyardmanagement conditions and reach a mature live body weight of 4.5 kg and3.6 kg for males and females respectively. There are two varieties, namelyblack Croad Langshan and white Croad Langshan.DERBYSHIRE REDCAPENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:100 - 1 000•1993DECREASINGFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, EGGSEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMThe Derbyshire Redcap is a farmyard fowl, originally very hardy, with a wellmuscled breast. For exhibition purposes they have been bred for massiverose combs and this character may be linked to the poor fertility shown bythis breed.<strong>Part</strong>2404


DORKINGENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SURREY FOWL500•1993NOT AVAILABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, EGGS, MEATEUROPEUNITED KINGDOMThis type of bird was described by a Roman writer in 47 AD and then foundin England by the Romans under Julius Caesar. This heavy breed is essentiallya table bird, and kept for crossing purposes. It is difficult to find exampleslike the Dorking that are retaining true utility characteristics,and do thrive onpoor quality feed and enjoy confinement or extra lighting to extend daylength. These chicken have five spurs and single or rose comb. At maturitymales and females weigh 4.5 kg and 3.6 kg respectively. There are threevarieties, namely dark Dorking, red Dorking and silver-grey Dorking.OLD ENGLISH PHEASANT FOWLENDANGEREDCHICKENLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:EUROPEUNITED KINGDOMYORKSHIRE PHEASANT (PRIOR TO 1914), OLDFASHIONED PHEASANT100 - 1 000•1993NOT AVAILABLEFANCY, HOBBY, SPORTS, EGGS, MEATThis breed, of unknown origins, is called Pheasant Fowl because of itsplumage pattern that is similar to English Game Pheasant. It is a truebackyard fowl, able to find most of its own diet, if allowed to forage widely.They produce an average of 130 - 150 white shelled eggs per year.<strong>Part</strong>2405


COLUBARACRITICALCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:KOLUBARSKA (YUG.), KOLUBARA (YUG.),COLUBARSKA (YUG.)100•1993DECREASINGDRAUGHT POWER, MEAT, MILKEUROPEYUGOSLAVIAColubara was developed from Podolyan and Buša They are uni grey incolour. Males are generally darker than females. Adult males weigh onaverage 550 kg and females 400 kg with an average wither height of 127 cmand 124 cm respectively. They are typical draft animals with strongconstitution, known for their hardiness, disease resistance and goodadaptability.YUGOSLAV STEPPECRITICAL-MAINTAINEDCATTLELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:YUGOSLAV PODOLIAN, SLAVONIAN PODOLIAN,PODOLSKA, SIVO-STEPSKA (YUG.)60•1993, 1995DECREASINGDRAUGHT POWER, MEAT, MILKEUROPEYUGOSLAVIAYugoslav Steppe are found in Yugoslavia and Croatia. They are grey incolour with huge horns that are up to 1 m long. Males are darker and calvesare more reddish in colour. Adult males weigh on average 800 kg andfemales 500 kg with an average wither height of 150 cm and 135 cmrespectively. It is a typical draft animal with strong constitution, very hardy,disease resistant and well adapted to extreme conditions. The total number ofYugoslavian and Croatian breeding females and males is 35 and 5, and 12and 3 respectively. In Croatia an in-situ conservation programme has beenestablished and 3 males are in AI.2406<strong>Part</strong>


YUGOSLAV SAANENENDANGEREDGOATLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:DOMACA SANSKA (YUG.)995•1993INCREASINGMILK, MEATEUROPEYUGOSLAVIAYugoslav Saanen are a composite of local goats and Saanen from Switzerlandand Bulgaria. They are white in colour and polled. Adult males weigh onaverage 55 kg and females 45 kg with an average wither height of 75 cm and67 cm respectively. There are 45 breeding males and 950 breeding femalesremaining.YUGOSLAV TROTTERENDANGEREDHORSELOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:JUGOSLOVENSKI KASAC (YUG.)530•1993INCREASINGRACE, SPORT/HOBBY, LIGHT FARM WORKEUROPEYUGOSLAVIAYugoslav Trotter descended from Anglo-Arab and American Trotter. They arebay in colour and often have white markings. Adult males and females weighon average 500 kg and 400 kg respectively with an average wither height of167 cm and 165 cm. The total number of breeding females and males is 500and 30 respectively.<strong>Part</strong>2407


SUBOTICKA MANGALITSACRITICALPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:SUBOTICKA MANGULICA (YUG.), BIKOVACKAMANGULICA (YUG.)100•1993DECREASINGLARD, MEATEUROPEYUGOSLAVIASuboticka Mangalitsa descended from Mangalitsa, Lincoln and Large White.They are uniform white in colour with curly hair and lop ears. Adult malesweigh on average 180 kg and females 150 kg with an average adult witherheight of 78 cm and 69 cm respectively. The breed is known for its good fatmeatquality, soundness, vitality, resistance and longevity and is very welladapted to hot and dry summer and severe winter.MORAVAENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:MORAVKA (YUG.)1 000•1993DECREASINGMEAT, LARDEUROPEYUGOSLAVIAFound in the Srbija region, Morava are descended from Šumandinka,Mangalitsa, Berkshire and Yorkshire. They are black in colour with lop ears.Adult males weigh on average 135 kg and females 120 kg with an averagewither height of 71 cm and 65 cm respectively. The breed is known for itsgood meat quality, soundness, vitality, resistance, longevity and goodadaptation to adverse management conditions and feeding.<strong>Part</strong>2408


YUGOSLAV SPOTTEDENDANGEREDPIGLOCAL NAMES OR SYNONYMS:TOTAL POPULATION SIZE:POPULATION TREND:RANGE OF USES:OPLEMENJENA ŠARENA MESNATA RASA (YUG.)350•1993INCREASINGMEATEUROPEYUGOSLAVIAYugoslav Spotted originated from Mangalitsa, Large White, Swedish andDutch Landrace and Pietrain. They are white and black spotted with lop ears.Adult males weigh on average 250 kg and females 200 kg with an averagewither height of 89 cm and 78 cm respectively. There are 150 breedingfemales and 15 breeding males remaining. The breed is known for itssoundness, vitality and resistance.<strong>Part</strong>2409


ANNEX 2.2NATIONAL COORDINATORS FORFAO’S GLOBAL ANGR PROGRAMMEThe Global Framework for FAO’s new Programme for the Management ofFarm Animal Genetic Resources (known hereafter as the Global AnGRProgramme) incorporates a country-based structure of National Focal Points;acknowledging the key role countries have in managing these resources.This role is also highlighted by the Convention on Biological Diversity, theintergovernmental treaty which clearly recognizes national sovereignty overcountries’ genetic resources. It is also accepted that the national communitiesand their representative governments have responsibility for the datadescribing their national resources.Accordingly, FAO is proceeding to invite governments of countries withineach region, on a sequential regional basis, to nominate a National TechnicalFocal Point and, within this institution, a Coordinator, to serve as the directtechnical contact for FAO’s Global AnGR Programme. These National FocalPoints have the responsibility for implementing and maintaining an incountrynetwork associated with the Global AnGR Programme at the countrylevel. Many of the Informal Country Contacts (see Annex 2.3) who havecontributed over the years providing information on breeds, willundoubtedly form part of this in-country network which connects thecountry to the Global AnGR Programme. Each of these Informal CountryContacts have been informed in respect to any changes regarding thisnetwork.At this early stage in the Global AnGR Programme, identification of NationalFocal Points has just begun, but already 50 countries throughout Europe andAsia and the Pacific have nominated Focal Points; and the NationalCoordinators concerned have actively taken on the additionalresponsibilities. All technical exchanges between FAO and these countriesregarding the Global AnGR Programme are now conducted through NationalFocal Points. For countries and regions where FAO has not yet invitedgovernments to establish Focal Points direct contact with the InformalCountry Contacts will continue.To facilitate activities, all national parties dealing with technical mattersconcerning the management of animal genetic resources should endeavourto inform and involve these National Coordinators for the AnGR Programme.The National Coordinators established to date are:<strong>Part</strong>2573


EUROPEAlbaniaDr. Y. BiçokuDirector Animal Production ServiceMinistry of Agriculture & FoodTiranaDr. Kristaq KumeThe Institute of Zoological ResearchShqiperi-TiranaAustriaBelgiumDr. KrutzlerFederal Ministry of Agriculture &Forestry, Division II C 13Stubenring 1A - 1012 WienDr. M.S. Van den MaegdenbergDirecteur du Service Elevage et ViandesMinistère d’AgricultureManhattan CenterOffice Tower - 3e étageavenue du Boulevard 21 - 11e étageB - 1210 BruxellesBosnia & HerzegovinaDr. Salko MuratovicChief of Livestock SectorFaculty of AgricultureLivestock SectorTrg Oslododenja 171000 SarajevoBulgariaDr. Jouri PetrovService National des selection et reproduction dansl’elevagerue “Bistrichko Chaussee” numero 51176-Sofia, quartier “Malinova Dolina”<strong>Part</strong>2576


CroatiaCyprusDr. Marijan PosaviFaculty of AgronomyDepartment of Livestock ProductionUniversity of ZagrebSvetosimunska 2541000 ZagrebDr. A. P. MavrogenisAgricultural Research InsituteMinistry of Agriculture & Natural ResourcesP.O. Box 2016CY - NicosiaCzech RepublicDoc. Ing. František UrbanProf. Dr. Ing. Jan VáchalResearch Institute for Animal ProductionPřátelství 815104 00 Prague 10 - UhrǐněvesDenmarkEstoniaFinlandDr. Lars Gjøl ChristensenDirector of Research LaboratoryStatens HusdyrforsøgForskningscenter FoulumPostbox 398830 TjeleProf. Dr. Rein TeinbergScientific Adviser to the Ministry of AgricultureMinistry of AgricultureAnimal Breeding Inspection Office39-41 Lai StreetEE - 0100 TallinnProf. Dr. Asko Mäki-TanilaAgricultural Research CentreInstitute of Animal ProductionAnimal Breeding SectionFIN - 31600 Jokioinen2577<strong>Part</strong>


France(for Overseas Departments see respective geographic region)Ms. Marianne LefortBRG - Bureau Des Ressources Génétiques57, rue CuvierF - 75231 Paris, cedex 05GermanyGreeceHungaryDr. Wilbert HimminghofenCoordination of Biotechnology & Conservation of GeneticResourcesBundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft undForstenReferat 625Rochusstr. 1D - 53123 BonnProf. Dr. Andreas GeorgoudisAristotle University of ThessalonikiInstitute of Geotechnical ScienceFaculty of AgronomyAnimal Production DivisionThessaloniki 54006Mr Gábor KoppányNational Insitute for Agricultural Qualification (OMMI)Keleti Károly u. 241024 BudapestDr. István SzalayDirectorInstitute for Small Animal ResearchP.O. Box 417Gödöllö H-2101IcelandDr. Olafur R. DyrmundssonThe Agricultural Society of IcelandBaendahöllin v/HagatorgIS-107 Reykjavik<strong>Part</strong>2578


IrelandIsraelItalyLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgDr. T. TeehanDepartment for Agriculture, Food & ForestryAgriculture HouseKildare StreetIRL-Dublin 2Dr. E. GootwineInstitute of Animal ScienceAgricultural Research Organisation (ARO)Ministry of AgricultureVolcani CenterP.O. Box 6Beit Dagan 50250Prof. Dr. Donato MatassinoConsorzio per la Sperimentazione, Divulgazione,Applicazione di Biotecniche Innovative (ConSDABI)Azienda CasaldianniI-82020 Circello, BeneventoMrs. D. BerkeHeadPedigree Animal DepartmentLatvian Ministry of Agriculture2 Republikas sqRiga LV 1981Mr. Arunas SvitojusHeadMinistry of AgricultureAnimal Husbandry & Breeding DivisionGedimino 19VilniusDr. E. WagnerAdministration des Services Techniques de l’Agriculture16, route d’EschL-1019 Luxembourg2579<strong>Part</strong>


The Former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaMr. Vladimir Dzabirski (agronomist, MSc.)Faculty of AgricultureUniversity “St. Cyril & Methodius”SkopjeMaltaNetherlandsNorwayPolandPortugalRomaniaDr. G. CamilleriDirectorDepartment of Agriculture & FisheriesGovernment Farm, GhammieriMarsaDr. Ir. J. Kor OldenbroekInstitute for Animal Science & HealthP.O. Box 65NL - 8200 AB LelystadProf. Dr. Odd VangenThe Agricultural University of NorwayDepartment of Animal ScienceP.O. Box 5025N-1432 Aas-NLHDr. Elzbieta MartyniukDep. of Animal Genetics & BreedingSGGW-AR a WarszawieUl. Rakowiecka 26/30PL-02-528 WarszawaDr. Luis Telo da GamaInstituto de Estruturas Agrárias e Desenvolvimento RuralAv. António Serpa, 26, 1 o1000 LisboaProf. Dr. Condrea DraganescuInstitutul de Biologie si Nutritie Animala BalotestiSoseaua Bucuresti - Ploiesti Km. 18Cod 8113, Bucuresti2580<strong>Part</strong>


SlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandTurkeyDr. J. BullaResearch Institute for Animal ProductionHlohovská 2949 92 NitraNitraProf. Dr. Franc HabeUniversity of LjubljanaBiotechnical FacultyZootechnic DepartmentGroblje 3, 61230 DomzaleMr. D. Antonio Rodero FranganilloSociedad Española Pro-Recursos Genéticos Animales(SERGA)Departamento de GenéticaFacultad de VeterinariaAvda. Medina Azahara, 9E - 14005 CórdobaDr. Agneta BraschByrådirectörThe National Board of AgricultureLantbruksstyrelsenS - 551 83 JönköpingMr. R. Michlig, ing.agr.Section Elevage et ÉcoulementOffice Fédéral de l’AgricultureMattenhofstr. 53003 BerneMr. Tahir GoncagülChief of Section of Animal ResearchDepartment of Research on Breeding & ImprovementGeneral Directorate of Agricultural ResearchMinistry of Agriculture & Rural AffairsP.O.Box 78, YenimanalleAnkara2581<strong>Part</strong>


United KingdomMr. J.P. GarnierMeat & Livestock AdviserMinistry of Agriculture, Fisheries & FoodWhitehall Place (West)London SW1A 2HH<strong>Part</strong>2582


ANNEX 2.3LIST OF INFORMAL COUNTRY CONTACTSINVOLVED IN THE BREEDS SURVEYTo introduce FAO’s new Global Programme for the Management of FarmAnimal Genetic Resources and to harmonize with the Convention onBiological Diversity, particularly its recognition of countries’ sovereigntyover genetic resources, FAO is establishing National Technical Focal Points,and Coordinators, to serve as the contact point for FAO on all mattersassociated with the Global AnGR Programme. The National Coordinatorsestablished to date are listed in Annex 2.2.In countries and regions where FAO has not yet invited governments toidentify their National Focal Points for the Global Programme, FAO willcontinue to work with the Informal Country Contacts, particularly forupdating the global breed surveys. Undoubtedly, Informal Country Contactslisted in this Annex 2.3 will help the National Coordinators establish aneffective network for better managing the animal genetic resources withintheir country.The cooperation and dedication of each Informal Contact who hascontributed information to the Global Databank is gratefully acknowledged.Without their willingness to complete the questionnaires and to answer theinevitable follow-up questions, the Databank and WWL-DAD:2 would nothave been possible.Following is a list of all countries represented in the Global Breed Survey.Countries are listed alphabetically within region. Overseas Departments ordependent overseas territories are listed in the respective geographic region.Where available, contact names and addresses are given. “No contact” aftera country name indicates that no data has been received directly from thiscountry. For such countries contact with interested persons willing toprovide data would be appreciated (see Annex 2.1).The following abbreviations are used to distinguish provision of informationfrom each of the three survey groups.ICM = informal contact for 8 mammalian speciesICC = informal contact for camelidaeICA = informal contact for avian speciesorNo contact<strong>Part</strong>2583


Some European countries that have for mally established NationalCoordinators did not have time before The Global Databank wa s analyzedto produce WWL-DAD:2 to validate and update data obtained fr om theEAAP Databank. For these cases the original data has been us ed, aspublished in Simon and Buchenauer (1993).The Informal Country Contacts involved to date in the surveying work are:<strong>Part</strong>2584


EUROPEAlbaniaICAMr. Thanas PiuChief of Poultry & Pig SectorAnimal Husbandry Research InstituteTiranaArmeniaICM collected by:Dr. N.G. DmitrievResearch Institute for Farm Animal Breeding & GeneticsMoskovskoye Shosse, 55aSt. Petersburg-Pushkin 189620Russian FederationAustria see Annex 2.2Azores and Madera (Portugal)No contactBelarusICM collected by:Dr. N.G. DmitrievResearch Institute for Farm Animal Breeding & GeneticsMoskovskoye Shosse, 55aSt. Petersburg-Pushkin 189620Russian FederationBelgiumICAMr. Ronny de ClercqVereniging voor het behoud van zeldzame huisdierrassen(VBZH)Stokstraat 54B-9688 MaarkedalBosnia & Herzegovina Simon and Buchenauer (1993)Bulgaria Simon and Buchenauer (1993)<strong>Part</strong>2597


Croatia Simon and Buchenauer (1993)ICA Prof. Dr. Pavo CaputFaculty of AgronomyDepartment of Livestock ProductionUniversity of ZagrebSvetosimunska 2541000 ZagrebCyprus Simon and Buchenauer (1993)ICADr. K. CharalambousDepartment of AgricultureMinistry of Agriculture & Natural ResourcesP.O. Box 2016NicosiaCzech RepublicICM Prof. Dr. I.J. MáchaVysoká v BrnoZemedelská 161300 BrnoICADr. Miloslava VilhelmováAcademy of Sciences of Czech RepublicInstitute of Molecular Genetics AS CRLaboratory Animals Production Unit273 29 Kolec o. KladnoDenmark Simon and Buchenauer (1993)ICAEstoniaICAsDr. Knud Kristensen & Dr. Hans RanvigThe Danish Committee On Farm Animal ConservationNational Institute Of Animal ScienceResearch Centre “Foulum”P.O. Box 39DK - 8830 TjeleProf. Dr. H. TikkInstitute of Animal BreedingEstonian Agricultural University30 Lai StreetEE- 0100 Tallinn<strong>Part</strong>2598


EstoniaDr. Matti PiirsaluGeneral ManagerEstonian Poultry Society39/41 Lai StreetEE-0100 TallinnFinland see Annex 2.2France see Annex 2.2(for Overseas Departments see respective geographic region)GeorgiaICM collected by:Dr. N.G. DmitrievResearch Institute for Farm Animal Breeding & GeneticsMoskovskoye Shosse, 55aSt. Petersburg-Pushkin 189620Russian FederationGermanyICADr. Steffen WeigendInstitute for Small Animal Research (FAL)Celle/Merbitz/Höfer. Research Station MerbitzO6193 MerbitzNauendorf/Saalkrs.Gibraltar (UK)No contactGreece see Annex 2.2Hungary Simon and Buchenauer (1993)Iceland see Annex 2.2IrelandICADr. P.J. McArdleDepartment of Agriculture & FoodAgriculture HouseKildare StreetIRL-Dublin 2Israel see Annex 2.2<strong>Part</strong>2599


ItalyICAProf. Dr. Giulia GiordaniIstituto di ZoocoltureFacoltà di AgrariaUniversità di BolognaVia S. Giacomo 940126 BolognaLatvia see Annex 2.2LiechtensteinNo contactLithuania see Annex 2.2Luxembourg see Annex 2.2The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia see Annex 2.2Malta see Annex 2.2MoldovaICMDr. N. BuctaruUniversity of AgricultureMircesti str. 8/1 ap.71277049 ChisinauNetherlands see Annex 2.2Norway Simon and Buchenauer (1993)ICA Mr. Sandrup NordvollOfficer at Norwegian Poultry Breeders’ AssociationPoland see Annex 2.2Portugal see Annex 2.2ICM Dr. Luis Telo da GamaInstituto de Estruturas Agrárias e Desenvolvimento RuralAv. António Serpa, 26,1°1000 Lisboa<strong>Part</strong>2600


Romania Simon and Buchenauer (1993)ICA Dr. Stan TârleaPresident of WPSA Romanian BranchStr. Jandarmerieri nr.2 Sect.1BucharestorAvicola Bucharest S.A.Buouresti Str.Prislop nr. 2Sector 1cod. 71 586BucharestRussian FederationICMSlovakiaICADr. N.G. DmitrievResearch Institute for Farm Animal Breeding & GeneticsMoskovskoye Shosse, 55aSt. Petersburg-Pushkin 189620Dr. Jana Benkova & Dr. Jan BaumgartnerResearch Institute for Poultry BreedingNitra, 900 28 Ivanka pri DunjiSlovenia Simon and Buchenauer (1993)ICADr. Antonija HolcmanUniversity of LjubljanaBiotechnical FacultyZootechnical Department61230 DomzaleGrublje 3Spain Simon and Buchenauer (1993)ICADr. Amadeu FranceschUnitat de Genètica AvícolaCentro de Mas BovéI.R.T.A.Apartat 41543280 Reus (Tarragona)Sweden see Annex 2.2<strong>Part</strong>2601


Switzerland Simon and Buchenauer (1993)ICM, ICA Mr. Hans-Peter GrunenfelderPro Specie RaraSchneebergstrasse 17CH-9000 St.GallenTurkeyICADr. A. Nazim UluocakFaculty of AgricultureUniversity of GukurovaAdanaUnited Kingdom Simon and Buchenauer (1993)ICAMr. Peter KingRare Breeds Survival TrustNational Agriculture CentreKenilworthWarwickshire CV8 2LGUkraineICM collected by:Dr. N.G. DmitrievResearch Institute for Farm Animal Breeding & GeneticsMoskovskoye Shosse, 55aSt. Petersburg-Pushkin 189620Russian FederationICAYugoslaviaICMMr. M.N. RomanovPoultry Research InstituteBorkiZmiyov DistrictKharkov Region 313410Prof. Dr. Z. GajicPoljoprevredni FekultetNemanjina 6Zemun 11.081<strong>Part</strong>2602

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