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Guidance Document - Strategic Environmental Research and ...

Guidance Document - Strategic Environmental Research and ...

Guidance Document - Strategic Environmental Research and

Guidance ReportDiagnostic Tools For Performance Evaluation of InnovativeIn-Situ Remediation Technologies at ChlorinatedSolvent-Contaminated SitesESTCP Project ER-200318Michael KavanaughRula DeebMalcolm Pirnie, Inc.November 2011

  • Page 2 and 3: REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGEForm Appro
  • Page 6 and 7: TABLESTable 2-1. Field Sites for Ev
  • Page 8 and 9: ACRONYMS3-D Three-dimensionalAFB Ai
  • Page 10 and 11: ZISTZone Isolation Sampling Technol
  • Page 12 and 13: • Vandenberg AFB: Andy Edwards, K
  • Page 14 and 15: • Optimizing process performance
  • Page 16 and 17: Table ES-2. Potential Applicability
  • Page 18 and 19: compare the expected value of a dec
  • Page 20 and 21: Summary of ResultsA summary of reco
  • Page 22 and 23: 1.0 INTRODUCTIONThe work presented
  • Page 25 and 26: 2.0 BACKGROUND ON DIAGNOSTIC TOOLSD
  • Page 27 and 28: level. This designation establishes
  • Page 29 and 30: 2.1.2. Geologic SettingsThe geologi
  • Page 31 and 32: Figure 2-2. Six-Step Process for So
  • Page 33 and 34: accelerated. Finally, site closure
  • Page 35 and 36: Table 2-4. Recent Documents Address
  • Page 37 and 38: Table 2-5. Potential Applicability
  • Page 39 and 40: Finally, at Fort Lewis, a suite of
  • Page 41 and 42: 3.0 MULTI-LEVEL MONITORING SYSTEMSH
  • Page 43 and 44: Figure 3-1. Water FLUTe SchematicIn
  • Page 45 and 46: and bentonite layers placed via a t
  • Page 47 and 48: Operation• Within open-bedrock bo
  • Page 49 and 50: or motorized winch with a cable con
  • Page 51 and 52: 3.2. Status of Multi-Level Monitori
  • Page 53 and 54:

    Table 3-1. Initial Capital Cost Com

  • Page 55 and 56:

    areas during remedial design. Depth

  • Page 57 and 58:

    can be greatly retarded by the diff

  • Page 59 and 60:

    • Remedial action planning• Eva

  • Page 61 and 62:

    Based on this information, for frac

  • Page 63 and 64:

    solute concentration measured in sa

  • Page 65 and 66:

    MeasurementTechniqueTable 5-1. Mass

  • Page 67 and 68:

    mass fluxes in the aquifer may be n

  • Page 69 and 70:

    flow through each section of the tr

  • Page 71 and 72:

    mass discharge can be calculated us

  • Page 73 and 74:

    and Wheeldon (2008). A meso-scale v

  • Page 75 and 76:

    (2008) evaluated alternative method

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    Table 5-2. Summary of Mass Flux App

  • Page 79 and 80:

    Type Purpose Scale Measurement Meth

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    Table 5-3. Cost Components of Mass

  • Page 83 and 84:

    Cost Category Synoptic Sampling PFM

  • Page 85 and 86:

    5.2.5. Regulatory AcceptanceMass fl

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    cross-sectional plume area, even in

  • Page 89 and 90:

    dissolved plume(s) will also be dra

  • Page 91 and 92:

    Synoptic sampling is familiar to ma

  • Page 93 and 94:

    SynopticParameter PFMs SSP RFM IPT

  • Page 95 and 96:

    SynopticParameter PFMs SSP RFM IPT

  • Page 97 and 98:

    SynopticParameter PFMs SSP RFM IPT

  • Page 99 and 100:

    SynopticParameter PFMs SSP RFM IPT

  • Page 101 and 102:

    5.5. SummaryContaminant mass flux i

  • Page 103 and 104:

    6.0 COMPOUND SPECIFIC ISOTOPE ANALY

  • Page 105 and 106:

    Experimentally, the fractionation f

  • Page 107 and 108:

    degrade, its d 13 C cannot exceed t

  • Page 109 and 110:

    is especially a concern for fractur

  • Page 111 and 112:

    6.2.3. Regulatory AcceptanceThere a

  • Page 113 and 114:

    7.0 MOLECULAR BIOLOGICAL TOOLSAs in

  • Page 115 and 116:

    7.2.1. Gene-Based AnalysesGene-base

  • Page 117 and 118:

    gene sequences from different Dehal

  • Page 119 and 120:

    5. What other biological processes

  • Page 121 and 122:

    (bvcA)—associated with differing

  • Page 123 and 124:

    7.5. Advantages and Disadvantages C

  • Page 125 and 126:

    Table 7-2. Summary of Current Molec

  • Page 127 and 128:

    ToolsFrequencyof UseAdvantagesFISH

  • Page 129 and 130:

    7.5.1. Commercial StatusTable 7-3 p

  • Page 131 and 132:

    information that provides an unders

  • Page 133 and 134:

    • Development of a CSM including

  • Page 135 and 136:

    TΦ 1 Bt Ct Rt1 i WhereB(t)C(t)R(

  • Page 137 and 138:

    groundwater monitoring, which gener

  • Page 139 and 140:

    Table 8-1. Performance Evaluation o

  • Page 141 and 142:

    The use of MLM systems provides uni

  • Page 143 and 144:

    immobile due to low permeability. T

  • Page 145 and 146:

    • Documentation of TI evaluations

  • Page 147 and 148:

    Mass flux measurements helped the A

  • Page 149 and 150:

    tool for evaluating source treatmen

  • Page 151 and 152:

    Table 8-2. Applicability of Mass Fl

  • Page 153 and 154:

    Figure 8-1. Results of Compound Spe

  • Page 155 and 156:

    8.6.2. Attributes for SelectionCSIA

  • Page 157 and 158:

    adequate sensitivity. At Fort Lewis

  • Page 159 and 160:

    8.7.2. Attributes for SelectionAn e

  • Page 161 and 162:

    Recommendation #2: Evaluate standar

  • Page 163 and 164:

    A summary of recommendations for ea

  • Page 165 and 166:

    REFERENCESAbe, Y., Aravena, R., Zop

  • Page 167 and 168:

    Brusseau, M.L., DiFilippo, M.L., Ma

  • Page 169 and 170:

    D'Affonseca, F.M., Blum, P., Finkel

  • Page 171 and 172:

    Freeze, R.A., Bruce, J., Massman, J

  • Page 173 and 174:

    Hurley, J.C. and Parker, B.L. 2002.

  • Page 175 and 176:

    Kong, W. and Nakatsu, C.H. 2009. Op

  • Page 177 and 178:

    Malcolm Pirnie, Inc., UC Davis, and

  • Page 179 and 180:

    NRC. 2005. Contaminants in the Subs

  • Page 181 and 182:

    Reilly, T.E., O.L. Franke, and Benn

  • Page 183 and 184:

    Stroo, H.F., Leeson, A., Shepard, A

  • Page 185 and 186:

    Wackett, L.P., Brusseau, G.A., Hous

  • Page 187 and 188:

    POINT OFCONTACTNameBeth ParkerSures

  • Page 189 and 190:

    APPENDIX C. OVERVIEW OF IMPORTANT B

  • Page 191 and 192:

    growth and activity through biostim

  • Page 193 and 194:

    eductive-dechlorinating laboratory

  • Page 195 and 196:

    consortium that rapidly degrades tr

  • Page 197 and 198:

    He, J., Holmes, V.F., Lee, P.K.H.,

  • Page 199 and 200:

    Sung, Y., Ritalahti, K.M., Apkarian

  • Page 201 and 202:

    products. The enzyme probe assays,

  • Page 203 and 204:

    y homoacetogenic bacteria, and the

  • Page 205 and 206:

    lactose fermentation (Figure D-3).

  • Page 207 and 208:

    Figure D-4. Anaerobic Reductive Dec

  • Page 209 and 210:

    Table D-2. MBT Targets for Analysis

  • Page 211 and 212:

    Figure D-5. Average (n=8) Molar Con

  • Page 213 and 214:

    Date Well S (T-RFs) 2005 a Predomin

  • Page 215 and 216:

    Figure D-6 illustrates the response

  • Page 217 and 218:

    Figure D-7. qPCR Results for Bioaug

  • Page 219 and 220:

    it require amplification, as do PCR

  • Page 221 and 222:

    Figure D-9. Response of Methanogeni

  • Page 223 and 224:

    among populations, they were not ne

  • Page 225 and 226:

    gas combined still did not account

  • Page 227 and 228:

    Figure D-13. qPCR Results for Dehal

  • Page 229 and 230:

    strategy. The absence of Dehalococc

  • Page 231:

    Yu, Y., Lee, C., and Hwang, S. 2005

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