Dangerous Plants

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Dangerous Plants

Teacher EditionAlphaWorldDangerousPlantsWritten by James Talia

Published edition© Eleanor CurtainPublishing 2003First published 2003Apart from any fair dealingfor the purposesof study, research, criticismor review, as permittedunder the Copyright Act ofAustralia, no part of thisbook may be reproduced byany process, or transmittedin any form, withoutpermission of the copyrightowner. Where copies of partor the whole of this book aremade under Part VB of theCopyright Act, the lawrequires that records of suchcopying be kept and thecopyright owner is entitledto claim payment.Developed byEleanor Curtain PublishingText: Jenny FeelyConsultant: Susan HillDesigned byAlexander StittProduction byPublishing SolutionsPrinted in Hong KongISBN 0 7253 2946 7Pack ISBN 0 7253 2334 5(6 Student Books +1 Teacher Edition)1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 903 04 05?How to use this bookBefore reading: TalkthroughTalk through the book with the children. Encouragethem to predict the text from the pictures and tothink about the information they provide. Direct thechildren’s attention to aspects of the text that maychallenge them. Support the children to deal withthese challenges by asking the Talkthrough questionson each page.During reading: Observe and supportObserve the children as they read. As needed,support children by assisting them to discover anduse reading strategies and cues to solve problemsand respond to reading challenges that arise in thetext. Encourage them to monitor their own reading.Interruptions to the child’s reading should beminimal and focused on a specified learning need.After reading: Checkingcomprehension, responding to textTo further develop children’s understanding of thetext, select activities found on the inside back cover.These whole text, sentence and word level activitiesreinforce the teaching focus of this book. Assessmentideas are provided to assist with planning for furtherteaching.

Setting the contextAsk: Has anyone ever been hurt by aplant? Tell us about it.In what other ways can plants hurtpeople? How can we identify plants thatcan hurt us?Background informationPlants have a range of defencemechanisms to stop animals eating them.They use thorns, spikes, stinging hairsand poisonous sap. Many of these defencemechanisms are dangerous to people.Introducing the bookThis book is about some plants that aredangerous to people. It shows us the partof the plant that is dangerous and tells uswhy we should stay away from it. Some ofAlphaWorldDangerousPlantsWritten by James Taliathe plants in the book have spikes, othershave thorns or dangerous leaves. Someare dangerous because they have stingingleaves. Others have poisonous berries orflowers.Dangerous PlantsWritten by James TaliaPhotography by Michael CurtainAlphaWorldFront coverThe title of this book is ‘DangerousPlants’.Read the title together. Talk about thepicture.Why might this plant be dangerous? Whatshould we do if we see this plant?Title pageRead the title together. Look at thepicture.What are these called? Why are theydangerous?1

Dangerous PlantsSome plants are dangerousand can hurt you.Stay away from these plants.?2TalkthroughThis page tells us that some plants are dangerousbecause they can hurt us. It tells us to stay away fromthese plants.Talk about the different plants on the page.Why might this plant be dangerous?2

3Observe and supportCan the child understand the literal meaning of the text?What should you do if you see a dangerous plant?3

Dangerous PlantsThis plant has thorns.These thorns can hurt you.Stay away from these thorns.thorn?4TalkthroughThis plant is dangerous because it has thorns.Identify the label and the pointer.A label tells us what something is. The pointer points toit. This label says ‘thorn’.Can you see thorns anywhere else in the picture? Whatshould you do if you see a plant that has thorns?4

ose5Observe and supportCan the child use their knowledge of digraphs to supporttheir reading?Point to the word ‘thorns’.What does that word say? How did you work that out?What letters make the /th/ sound at the start of ‘thorns’?5

Dangerous PlantsThis plant is dangerousbecause it has spikes.You should stay away from the spikes.spike?6TalkthroughThis plant has spikes. They are dangerous. Can you seethe label that says ‘spike’? What should you do if yousee this plant?6

cactus7Observe and supportDoes the child understand the convention of labels?Point to the label.What is this? What does it tell us?What does the pointer do?7

Dangerous PlantsYou should stay away from this plant.Its leaves are dangerousand can hurt your skin.The leaves make you itch.leaves?8TalkthroughThis plant is dangerous because its leaves can hurt you.They can make your skin itch.8

poison ivy9Observe and supportCan the child read the text with expression?Can you make your voice sound like it is giving awarning? How would you say, “You should stay awayfrom this plant”, if you wanted to give a warning?9

Dangerous PlantsThis plant can sting you.Its leaves are dangerous and can hurt you.Stay away from it.leaves?10TalkthroughThis plant is dangerous because it can sting. Its leavesare dangerous. Can you see the little hairs on theleaves? They can sting you. It would hurt.10

stinging nettle11Observe and supportDoes the child monitor their own reading? Do they stopwhen they have made a mistake?What did you notice? How could you fix it up? Whatwould make sense? What would sound right there?11

Dangerous PlantsThis plant has poisonous berries.The berries are dangerous and can hurt you.Stay away from them!berries?12TalkthroughThis plant is dangerous because it has poisonousberries. Can you see them? What will you do if you findsome in the park?12

deadly nightshade13Observe and supportCan the child infer meaning from the text?How could the flowers of this plant hurt you?Why do you think that?13

Dangerous PlantsThis plant has poisonous flowers.These flowers are dangerous and can hurt you.Stay away from these flowers!flower?14TalkthroughWhat do you think is dangerous about this plant?What did you look at to work that out?Which part of the plant would you stay away from?14

foxglove15Observe and supportDoes the child interpret the meaning of the text?What is this book telling you about flowers?Are all flowers dangerous?15

Dangerous Plants?TalkthroughThis is the index. An index tells us where in thebook we can find different information. It isarranged in the same order as the alphabet. If wewant to look up spikes we can look at page 6.What page would we look at to find out aboutberries?Indexberries 12flowers 14leaves 8, 10spikes 6thorns 416Comprehension checkWhat should you do if you see a plant with spikes?Why are some plants dangerous?Are all plants dangerous? How do you know?16

Responding to textHave children make a chart withtwo columns: ‘Part of plant’ and‘How it can hurt you.’Have children choose a plantand make a warning sign for it.For example, “This plant has berries.These berries can poison you. Stayaway.” Encourage the children to drawthe plant and label the dangerous part.Make cards with the words thatare used as labels in the book(thorn, spike, leaves, berries, flower).Give a card to each child and ask themto find it in the book. When they havelocated the label have the children takeit in turns to give clues about whatplant part they have.For further literacy activities seethe accompanying book, AlphaWorldLiteracy Learning Activities: EarlyReading Levels 6–11. It contains tworeproducible blackline mastersspecifically related to this book.AssessmentCan the child:➤ understand the text at the literal,inferential and interpretive level?➤ use a range of cues to support theirreading?➤ use an index?

Dangerous PlantsTopic: Plants and environmentCurriculum link: Living Things;EnvironmentText type: ExplanationReading level: 6Word count: 115High-frequency words: some, are, you,from, stay, away, these, should, make, yourVocabulary: plants, hurt, thorns,dangerous, spikes, skin, itch, sting,leaves, poisonous, berries, flowersAlphaWorldDangerousPlantsWritten by James TaliaPossible literacy focusUnderstanding the language ofexplanations.Reading labels to identify the critical partto avoid on each of the identified plants.Using an index to find information.SummaryThis book is designed to warn readersabout a number of common plants thatcan be harmful unless care is taken indealing with them. The harmful effect ofeach plant is identified and explained inthe written text and shown in close-upphotographs.AlphaWorldISBN 0-7253-2946-79 780725 329464

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