Higher Education for the NationUniversities for Wales

IntroductionIntroductionWhat have Wales’s universities done for us?Welsh universities impact on the livesof everyone in the nation. If peopleare at the heart of a nation, ouruniversity network is its circulatorysystem, pumping knowledge andwealth and well-being around thecountry, sustaining and maintainingits health and ensuring a living,vibrant nation.Our hospitals and general practices offer the expertise ofnurses and doctors who were educated at universities inWales and further afield. Government policy is influenced byresearch carried out at universities. Engineers, accountants,lawyers, town planners, social workers, teachers…manyof them have been trained at Wales’s higher educationinstitutions.Universities offer a life-changing experience for students,and offer indispensable contributions to society,communities and the economy. And it’s not limited toWales; Welsh higher education has an impact globally, withuniversities forging alliances around the world. Indeed,the results of the recently published Research ExcellenceFramework 2014 show that research in Wales has moreimpact on our daily lives than in any other country in theUK. The impact of research into illnesses such as dementiaand cancer will be felt globally. This attracts interestto Wales from business around the world, as well asinternational students who wish to study in Wales.Welsh Universities:• employ some 25,000 people. They have generated almost40,000 jobs in the Welsh economy by being majorpurchasers, and through the buying power of theiremployees.• contribute more than £3 billion in gross expenditure to theWelsh economy, with a turnover of £1.3 billion.• have stimulated economic growth through research andinnovation and linking with businesses, and by producinghighly-skilled graduates.• produce researchers of considerable international reachwho collaborate internationally more than any other UKconstituent country.“Universities offer a lifechangingexperiencefor students, and offerindispensable contributions tosociety, communities and theeconomy.”Their overseas and EU students – almost 25,000 a year -contribute even more to the Welsh economy than Cardiff’srestaurant and hotel sector, investing more than £100 millionon tuition fees, generating a value added contribution of£140 million and contributing some £150 million to Wales’sGDP thanks to living costs and subsistence expenditure.A circulatory system needs to be kept nourished. At a timewhen more sectors are competing for scarcer resources inpost-recession Wales, the universities will be making theircase for continued investment. Higher education impactspositively on social cohesion, crime rates, social mobility, civicengagement, health and life expectancy, economic growth,personal earnings and employment. It also produces incomefor Wales. This report barely scratches the surface of whatuniversities do in any one year to contribute to the wellbeingand prosperity of our nation. We hope that this tasterof the varied work carried out by our universities – includingproviding high quality research and an excellent studentexperience – will be encouraging, illuminating and sometimeseven surprising, and will underscore the substantialcontribution of higher education in Wales.David Allen OBEChair, Higher Education Funding Council for Wales(HEFCW)3

Higher Education for the NationWhat is HEFCW’s role?The Higher Education Funding Council for Wales – HEFCW –is a body which sits between universities and Government.HEFCW administers funds for higher education (HE), ensuresthat the quality of HE is assessed and gives expert advice tothe Welsh Government.Universities in Wales, while being autonomous bodies,have traditionally received some two-fifths of their incomedirectly from HEFCW, but this direct funding has reduced toaround a fifth as universities have been permitted to chargeup to £9,000 a year in full-time undergraduate tuition feesfor students from the UK and the EU. The fees paymentsare normally raised through Government-backed loans (forstudents from England, Scotland and Northern Ireland) or acombination of a loan and a non-repayable grant from theWelsh Government (students from Wales and the EU).While the total of universities’ public and fees funding hasremained constant in recent years, the Welsh Government’sforthcoming Higher Education (Wales) Bill will seek tostrengthen HEFCW’s regulatory powers over universitiesin the absence of HEFCW’s funding conditions, to secureaccountability for public investment.We expect universities in Wales to continue to address thepriorities articulated by HEFCW and by Government, namelystudent experience, quality, equality, research, teaching,Welsh medium provision, widening access, employability, andso on. But universities are also addressing other governmentpriorities, in areas such as the economy and society, as thisreview of the contribution of higher education in 2013-14illustrates.Interested in knowing more?The sections in the publication are guided by the WelshGovernment’s programme of government. Originallypublished in 2011, it guided Welsh Government’s prioritiesover the life of the current government. The index at theback of the publication links to further information about theactivities mentioned in this digest (correct at January 2015).Higher Education inWales by numbersMore than28,000postgraduateregistrationsMore than 5,500students receivingsome of theirteaching through themedium of WelshEntire highereducation sectorhas an incomeof nearly£1.3 billionMakes uparound 5%of UK highereducation3,365 sciencepostgraduatestudentsMore than44,000part-timeenrolments137,508 studentregistrations, withalmost 30,000new full-timeundergraduateentrants a year4

71% of graduates • 10% returned to study,Universities for Wales1. What universities do for growth andsustainable jobsIt was reported this year that universities in Wales aremore important to the Welsh economy than universitiesin the other UK regions and nations. Interaction betweenuniversities and businesses stimulates innovation andeconomic growth. Research and innovation create high-valueindustrial clusters and the Welsh universities’ science base iskey for the country’s economic development.As well as being major employers, universities create the rightconditions for their staff and students to set up their ownbusinesses and become employers themselves. High-level andemployability skills are built into university curricula.• Cardiff University announced that its spin-out companyMedaphor, which provides ultrasound education andtraining simulators for medical professionals, would befloated on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM).• Cardiff Metropolitan University was revealed as the locationof Wales’s first MIT-accredited Fab Lab, which allowsinnovators in different countries to share knowledge andturn ideas into prototypes. The University also teamed upwith training and recruitment company Acorn Group tooffer a foundation degree in Applied Professional Practice,which allows students to continue working while studying.• The University of Wales Trinity Saint David became aglobally approved International Institute for CreativeEntrepreneurial Development (IICED), which focuses ondeveloping enterprise and entrepreneurship educationinternationally.• The University also announced its plans to create a £100million Swansea waterfront learning and research campusto attract further attract investment to the city, and developbusinesses, jobs and wealth.• Glyndŵr University and Glyndŵr Innovations were awarded£600K by the Welsh Government to boost research anddevelopment collaboration in the optics industry.Challenges• How to continue to build employability skills into thecurriculum, including arts and humanities, engaging withemployers.• How to secure appropriate work placements and encouragestudents to undertake them.• How to harness the influence and links of internationalstudents on other areas such as inward investment andtourism.71% of graduates wereemployed at the end oftheir placement:• 55% by their host466graduatesreceived placementsthroughGOWales• 10% returned to study,volunteered or took time outActive spin-off COMPANIES in Wales(as a % of UK total)• with some HE ownership 6.5%• with no HE ownership 18.3%• which are staff start-up companies 14.1%• that are graduate start-ups 10.3%Active(as a % of• with some• with no H• which are• that are g100%• 16% employed elsewhereincluding self employmentWales’s share of HE spin-off and start-up companies that have survived at least three years is higherthan expected for a country of our size5

Higher Education for the NationCardiff University6

Universities for Wales2. What universities do for public services in WalesAround half of university courses are vocational orprofessional, and train our teachers, lawyers, doctors, nursesand social workers, as well as public servants of the future.Universities provide research and expertise to the publicsector in a variety of disciplines, such as policy developmentor service improvement. They work in partnership withbusinesses, organisations and unions on staff developmentopportunities for public sector employees.• Aberystwyth, Bangor, South Wales, and SwanseaUniversities (along with Liverpool) work with CardiffUniversity, which is at the helm of the new Public PolicyInstitute for Wales. They have been joined by The BevanFoundation, the Institute of Welsh Affairs and Wales PublicServices 2025.• The same Welsh universities are also partners in the WalesInstitute of Social and Economic Research, Data andMethods (WISERD), which won more than £7 million fromthe Economic and Social Research Council to carry out afive-year programme of policy-relevant research on CivilSociety in Wales and beyond.• The University of South Wales received funding to researchhow children and adults with Dyspraxia can best learn howto cross the road safely.1,357enrolmentsChallenges• How to ensure that graduates are appropriately equipped todeal with the changing needs of the Welsh public sector, aswell as changes in the workplace and in the professions.• How to provide appropriate continuing professionaldevelopment for public sector staff.• How to ensure standards and comparability of traineeexperience given cross-border flows of trainee and trainedteachers.1,114enrolmentsPrimaryInitial teacher training in 2012/13(46% of these tPrimary1,357enrolmentsSecondary1,114enrolmentsPrimarySecondaryPriority secondary subjectsPriority(46% of these throughthe medium of Welsh)(19% of these throughthe medium of Welsh)(46% of these through the medium of Welsh)Welsh – 61Priority secondary subjects(19% of these through the medium of Welsh)Science – 187ModernForeign Languages – 75Welsh - 617

End Notes1 Students without a high school diploma are three times more likely to be unemployed compared to individualswith a bachelor’s degree, see the Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections for 2012(http://www.bls.gov/emp/ep_chart_001.htm). In terms of lifetime earnings, an individual with a bachelordegree could expect to earn approximately $900,000 more than a high school drop out and about $700,000more than a high school graduate throughout his/her lifetime, see US Census American Community SurveyReport “Education and Synthetic Work-Life Earning Estimates” (http://www.census.gov/prod/2011pubs/acs-14.pdf). Additional information about impact of public schools can be found in Weiss, Johathan D. (2004),“Public Schools and Economic Development: What the Research Shows,” Knowledge Works Foundation. Alsosee Action Plan v2.0 section on “The Case for Investment.” www.philasd.org/actionplan/.2 Baum, S., Ma, J., and Peyea, K. (2013). “Education Pays 2013: The Benefits of Higher Education for Individualsand Society.” The College Board. Retrieved fromhttp://trends.collegeboard.org/sites/default/files/education-pays-2013-full-report.pdf3 “The Consequences of Dropping Out of High School: Joblessness and Jailing for High School Dropouts and theHigh Cost for Taxpayers,” 2009. http://www.northeastern.edu/clms/wpcontent/uploads/The_Consequences_of_Dropping_Out_of_High_School.pdf4 Education Law Center (2004). “Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card”. Retrieved fromhttp://www.schoolfundingfairness.org/ExecutiveSummary_2014.htm5 The World Bank. “Social Capital and Education.” Retrieved fromhttp://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTSOCIALDEVELOPMENT/EXTTSOCIALCAPITAL/0,,contentMDK:20186584~isCURL:Y~menuPK:418214~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:401015,00.html6 Alliance for Excellent Education (2013). “Saving Futures, Saving Dollars: The Impact of Education on CrimeReduction and Earnings.” Retrieved from http://all4ed.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/SavingFutures.pdf7 National Institutes of Health (2011). “High-quality preschool program produces long-term economic payoff.”Retrieved from http://www.nih.gov/news/health/feb2011/nichd-04.htm.8 The Pew Charitable Trust (2004). “Millennials in Philadelphia: A Promising but Fragile Boom.” Retrieved fromhttp://www.pewtrusts.org/uploadedFiles/wwwpewtrustsorg/Reports/Philadelphia_Research_Initiative/Philly_Millennials_Report_012214.pdf9 The Pew Charitable Trust (2004). “Millennials in Philadelphia: A Promising but Fragile Boom.” Retrieved from.http://www.pewtrusts.org/uploadedFiles/wwwpewtrustsorg/Reports/Philadelphia_Research_Initiative/Philly_Millennials_Report_012214.pdf10 The statewide per pupil funding table can be accessed here:http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/summaries_of_annual_financial_report_data/7673/afr_excel_data_files/50904711 The funding required to provide SDP with similar resources was calculated by taking the difference in per pupilexpenditures and multiplying it to the number of students currently served by SDP.12 Steinberg, M. and Quinn, R., (2013). “Assessing Adequacy in Education Spending: A Summary of Key Findingsfrom Pennsylvania and Philadelphia.” Retrieved fromhttp://www.gse.upenn.edu/pdf/school_funding_summary_findings_steinberg_quinn.pdf13 The $770 million dollar estimate was derived by multiplying the adequacy funding gap ($5,478) by the number ofK-12 students currently served by SDP (131,362) and converting a 2010 dollar value to a 2013 dollar value.The cumulative rate of inflation between 2010 and 2013 is approximately 6.8%. It is important to note thatbetween 2010 and 2013, the District has cut more than $200 million in expenditures, if this was added back toour operating budget the gap would be closer to $970 million. This calculation also excludes Pre-K students,alternative education students, and students who are placed in alternative settings – all of whom are paid forby SDP.14 These estimates were derived by subtracting the 2011 state per pupil spend as estimated by the US Census fromSDP’s 2012 per pupil spend as provided by PDE.15 Decreasing the student to counselor ratio to 250:1 has shown to have decreased the probability of disciplinaryinfraction or recurrences, see Carrell, S.(2006). “Do Lower Student-to-Counselor Ratios Reduce School8 | P age

Universities for Wales4. How universities contribute towards21 st Century HealthcareUniversities in Wales help reduce health inequalities inpartnership with the NHS and Welsh Government. As wellas training health professionals such as nurses, doctors,physiotherapists, chiropractors and speech therapists, theyalso produce world-leading medical research to help thefuture health of the nation.Universities also carry out multidisciplinary research intoimportant public health issues and engage with public bodieson interventions in these areas.• Mencap Cymru has benefited from research produced bypostgraduate students on an ESF-funded, Bangor Universityledinitiative, which has impacted on the families of peoplewith a learning disability in Wales and further afield.• Cardiff University unveiled a new medical curriculum, C21,with a greater focus on community-centred learning, and agreater concentration of training in under-served areas. C21aims to benefit the future health of the nation by combiningcutting edge education and training with more emphasis onthe patient.• Cardiff University’s School of Postgraduate Medical andDental Education and Asalus Medical Instruments Ltd wonthe 2014 PraxisUnico Business Impact Aspiring Award fordeveloping a new technique to remove smoke producedduring keyhole surgery.• The Sêr Cymru network in Life Sciences and Health,comprising Aberystwyth, Bangor, Cardiff and SwanseaUniversities, was created to build on existing research capacityin this area and to attract PhDs and fellows to work on drugdiscovery and development for “unmet medical needs”.• In 2013, universities worked with the Welsh Government todevelop a Healthy and Sustainable FE and HE Programmefor Wales, to improve the physical and mental well-being ofstudents and staff.• Bangor and Cardiff Universities are part of a £4 millioncollaboration looking at support for people who live withdementia. Cardiff University also reported it would leada £6 million worldwide project to look at the relationshipbetween genetics and lifestyle in the development ofAlzheimer’s disease.• Meanwhile, Cardiff Metropolitan University’s National Centrefor Product Design and Research is providing service designexpertise to the three-year Cardiff and the Vale Dementia Plan.• Glyndŵr University introduced a new course aimed atattracting experienced, qualified NHS and care home stafffrom north-east Wales back into nursing.• Forensic psychologists at Cardiff Metropolitan Universityreported how psychology could be used to reduce alcoholrelatedviolent crime.Challenges• How to find continuing, and appropriate levels of investmentfor clinical provision, which is significantly more expensiveto teach at full-time undergraduate level than the £9,000 feelevel, in the context of the fees and funding arrangements.• Universities must continue to ensure that they successfullytranslate their research into medical practice and evidencebasedlearning.The Sêr Cymru network aimsto co-fund up to10030andPhDsfellowsfrom 2014 to 2019.Number of graduates from Welsh universitiesin 2012/13 having studied:The network aims to co-fund up toNursing/midwifery – Medicine – 388 Dentistry – 611,247Number of graduates from Welsh universities in 2012/13 having studied:Nursing/midwifery – 1,247 Medicine – 388 Dentistry – 619

Higher Education for the NationUniversity of Wales Trinity Saint David10

Universities for Wales5. How universities support the well-being ofpeople in our communitiesUniversities provide training and education for professionalssuch as early years teachers, and research into childcare.They train counsellors and psychologists. They encouragevolunteering opportunities where their students work onprojects involving disabled or homeless people, to make adifference to communities. Through their training hubs, theyoffer dental or chiropractic healthcare to communities.Universities have been positive adopters and advocates ofusing technology for learning, and distance and open learningcourses offer excellent opportunities to tap into knowledgeand expertise from afar. Their commitment to embed the useof online resources placed Wales as one of the first – if notthe first – national higher education sectors in the world todeclare itself an open education nation.• The University has also launched a long-term communitypartnership with the Grangetown area of Cardiff. TheUniversity and the community will work together on newand existing mutually beneficial projects in areas such aseducation, well-being and the environment.Challenges• How to encourage students to volunteer in addition tostudying and undertaking paid work.• How to provide the best and most appropriate support forcare leavers or more vulnerable individuals.• Swansea University’s Discovery Student VolunteeringGroup received the Queen’s Award for Voluntary Servicein recognition of the contribution of 300 students whorun projects working with disabled children, mental healthservice users, refugee and asylum seekers and homelesspeople.• All universities in Wales received the Buttle UK QualityMark for Care Leavers, which recognised good practice ininstitutions providing a framework of support for youngpeople leaving care.• Cardiff University has taken an active role in reaching outto the Muslim community. In partnership with the MuslimCouncil for Wales, it created an identified Muslim Chaplainas part of a multi-faith approach to chaplaincy, and hostsinformal meetings with their student Islamic Society.Between 1 June 2012and 31 May 2013Between 1 June 2012and 31 May 2013Between 1 June 2012259and 31 May 2013with either a Bachelor’s or Master’s degreestudents qualified in social work from Welsh universities.with either a Bachelor’s or Master’s degreewith either a Bachelor’s or Master’s degreein social work from Welsh universities.students qualifiedin social work from Welsh universities.Bangor University11

Higher Education for the Nation6. What universities do for our homesUniversities train civil engineers, planners and architects. They carry outresearch to minimise the environmental impact of new homes, and, aslarge institutions, aim to be energy efficient and set an example. They areplugged into the Welsh Government’s Education for Sustainable Developmentand Global Citizenship initiative, which aims to increase awareness ofsustainability issues – such as consumption and waste – among studentsthrough the curriculum, and enables them to become ambassadors for theseissues. Universities awarded the Buttle UK Quality Mark for Care Leavers havebeen recognised for commitments including providing student care leaverswith year-round accommodation if they do not have a permanent residenceoutside term time.• The Low Carbon Research Institute, comprising six partner universities,was involved in data gathering, research and scenario modelling forpolicy-makers that involved retrofitting public housing to improve energyefficiency.• Led by Aberystwyth and Bangor Universities, the National Research Networkfor Low Carbon, Energy and the Environment was launched to considernatural resource management and the connections between land, water, theprovision of food and energy production.• Cardiff University teamed up with Shelter Cymru to host a conference onresearch, policy and practice in Housing.• Research and practical expertise at the University of South Wales has placedthe University at the forefront of developing community regeneration policyin Wales.ChallengesAberystwyth University• Universities are continuing to work with communities to ensure that thestudent population has a positive local impact, encouraging student tenantsand landlords to work as partners to help realise this.• Universities will play their own part in the ongoing challenge of ensuringenergy efficiency for our homes.12

Universities for Wales7. How universities help make our communitiessaferUniversities work with students in deprived areas and helpreduce health inequalities in partnership with the NHS andWelsh Government. As well as training professionals for theNHS they produce world-leading research to help the futurehealth of the nation, and offer a range of courses that havean impact on communities, from social work to police studies.Students themselves consider personal safety as an importantfactor in choosing their university, and Wales’s relativelylow crime rates are often cited as a factor in attractinginternational students. University student unions are activein ensuring their students have a safe higher educationexperience, providing advice and support on areas such asdomestic violence, private renting, gas safety, cyber-securityand card fraud. The Criminal Investigation Research Network(CIRN), a worldwide network which brings researcherstogether with experts in investigating and policy making,originated in Wales.• Swansea University signed up to the National Union ofStudents Alcohol Impact project to run a pilot schemeaimed at encouraging responsible drinking among students.• Cardiff University’s Violence and Society Research Groupaimed to reduce community violence by sharing datacollected in hospital emergency units. The impact has beenso great that the ‘Cardiff Model’ – which cut local A&Evisits in half and has saved the city £7 million a year - isnow being implemented in the UK and internationally.• Swansea University Student Union teamed up with itslocal Community Liaison Officer to launch an initiative onreporting hate crime.• Universities across south Wales work, with other agencies,to help keep students and the wider community safeunder the Prevent banner. The universities and theirstudent unions have developed a traffic light system toassess external speakers coming onto campus. This meansinstitutions can be confident speakers are contributingto the academic debate and free thinking; and be equallyconfident those speakers are not putting forward positionsthat are counter to the HE sector’s well establishedcommitment to equal opportunities for all.Challenges• How universities continue to tackle the ongoingsensitivities and practicalities of dealing with extremism orradicalisation on campus.• The new Counter Terrorism Bill creates challenges for theHE sectors in the UK. In particular, provisions which look atIT and other aspects of university could be highly resourceintensive and difficult to enforce.University of South Wales13

Higher Education for the NationSwansea University14

Universities for Wales8. How universities contribute toa fair and equal societyCardiff Metropolitan UniversityUniversities are large employers, and play an important rolein encouraging and developing good practice in equalityand diversity. This includes work to improve gender equalitythrough equal pay and recruitment policies, encouragingmore women into science and engineering researchand tackling the number of women in senior positions.Universities have signed up to an agreement to supportthe career development of researchers, which includespromoting equality and diversity in their recruitment andcareer management. Six universities have been awarded theEuropean Commission’s HR Excellence in Research award inrecognition of their good practice in this respect.Universities are expected to tackle issues of harassment orsupport, such as those relating to disabled or transgenderstaff and students. They also look at their own studentrecruitment profiles and how they could be improved. Theydevelop research and policies in areas including the humanrights of children.• Researchers at Bangor University, along with partners, werefunded to the tune of £1.1 million by the Medical ResearchCouncil to investigate new pharmacological treatment forpsychiatric illnesses.• The Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomicsat Cardiff University has led global research intoschizophrenia, with findings on the genetic links publishedin Nature.• Aberystwyth and Bangor Universities and Student Unionssigned up to the Time to Change Wales pledge to end thestigma and discrimination faced by people with mentalhealth conditions.• Aberystwyth University achieved Bronze level in theEquality Challenge Unit’s (ECU) trial gender equality chartermark, recognising progress in advancing gender equality inarts, humanities and social science careers in HE.• Aberystwyth, Cardiff, Cardiff Metropolitan and SwanseaUniversities are members of charity Stonewall Cymru’sDiversity Champions programme, which gives them accessto expertise to help create working environments wherelesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people can ‘be themselves’.Aberystwyth, Cardiff and Swansea Universities have alsoscored highly in Stonewall’s Gay by Degree university guide,which identifies publicly accessible information aboutengagement with and support for LGB students, fromapplication to graduation.Challenges• Universities – like many bodies – are facing the challenge ofensuring more diverse governing body membership.• How to ensure that universities are not intrusive when theycollect data about religion, sexual orientation or pregnancyfrom students, which impacts on disclosure.• How to ensure that data in this area is robust.% of students in receipt ofa Disabled Students’ Allowance in 2012/137.3%2.9%WALESFull-timeundergraduatestudentsPart-timeundergraduatestudents% of studentsin receipt ofa Disabled Students’Allowancein 2012/136.5%3.5%UK15

Higher Education for the Nation9. How universities help to tackle povertyHigher education and skills have a key role in breaking the cycleof poverty as they can improve employability and employmentopportunities. Universities in Wales play their part in wideningaccess from low-participation areas through aspiration-raisinginitiatives and opportunities for family learning. They offerflexible and accessible provision such as foundation degrees,part-time courses and work-based or bite-sized learning.Universities also offer considerable financial support suchas bursaries and scholarships, demonstrated through theirfee plans. Areas of research interest include social policy andcommunity regeneration. The National Union of Students,meanwhile, is integral to providing welfare advice and supportto a diverse student population.• Universities outlined in their fee plans how they planned toinvest some £35 million to improve equality of opportunityfor students.• The Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research, Data& Methods appointed PhD students to analyse data on fuelpoverty and energy efficiency.• The National Union of Students Wales and the OpenUniversity in Wales launched It’s About Time, a report whichhighlighted the contribution of part-time study to skillsdevelopment and opening up educational opportunities inWales. The partners described part-time students as highlydiverse, covering all ages and including a high proportion ofdisabled students, carers or students in employment.• Through its Strategic Alliance with local FE colleges,the University of South Wales is supports inwardinvestment and workforce up-skilling in south eastWales. Developments create and sustain employmentopportunities, provide access to bespoke higher level skillsand signposting to local FE provision.Proportion of young full-time undergraduate entrantsto Welsh HE institutions from low participationneighbourhoods.13.1%WALES11.1%UKOpen University in Wales• The First Campus collaboration, led by University of SouthWales and whose partners include Cardiff Metropolitan andCardiff Universities, and the Royal Welsh College of Musicand Drama, piloted the From Potential to Performanceprogramme to help young people in care or at risk of goinginto care to realise their potential, build confidence andself-esteem and raise aspirations towards FE and HE.• Cardiff University has expanded some of its successfulprogramme to support care leavers who would haveotherwise been unlikely to succeed in HE without itssupport to work with young people who are estranged fromtheir families. Furthermore, the University supported itsChaplaincy in offering a £1 healthy hot meal once a week tostudents.Challenges• How to tackle issues about access to the professions forthose from groups underrepresented in universities.• How to encourage those from widening access backgroundsto take up work placements and other opportunities toimprove employability.• How to retain students that require more persuasion toattend university, such as those from low-participationbackgrounds.• How to secure part-time provision to meet the needs oflearners and employers in Wales.16

Universities for Wales10. How universities contribute to ourrural communitiesUniversities in rural locations are significant, high-qualitylocal employers and providers of services and infrastructure.Developments such as High Performance Computing Wales,which includes universities as its partners, give businessesand researchers access to quality supercomputing powerand skills wherever they are in Wales. Universities carry outresearch into transport, tourism, forest management andenergy planning, which potentially have a huge impact onrural communities. They are involved in public engagementactivities such as lectures, classes and business workshops,and pair graduates with good quality jobs in SMEs throughgraduate employment initiatives.• Aberystwyth University’s Institute of Biological,Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS) was awardednearly £15 million in research council funding as part ofa £35 million innovation campus development. Researchareas include innovation in agriculture and food, waterand energy security and sustainability. The Institute’scontribution to innovation and technology was recognisedwhen it won that category at the Times Higher EducationAwards.• The Open University in Wales launched a free Welshmedium online learning site, OpenLearn Cymru, to improveskills or to offer a ‘taster’ of a higher education course.• Coleg Sir Gâr and Coleg Ceredigion joined the University ofWales Trinity Saint David Group to offer a range of furtherand higher education opportunities in localities aroundsouth west Wales.• University courses are delivered by further educationcolleges across Wales thanks to franchise arrangementswith universities.Challenges• How to ensure businesses and universities will have anongoing engagement with graduate employment initiatives– the most recent being GO Wales, which matched SMEswith graduates– to help with higher skills deployment and,ultimately, economic recovery.• How to maintain effective partnerships to deliver positiveoutcomes for rural communities.5,000HE studentsare enrolled in colleges, includingColeg Ceredigion, Grŵp Llandrillo Menaiand Pembrokeshire College.17

Higher Education for the NationAberystwyth University18

Universities for Wales11. What universities do for the environment andsustainabilityThe environment and sustainability are major areas of researchfor Wales’s universities. This has been a particularly fruitful areafor partnerships between higher education institutions and otherbodies. They include the Sêr Cymru National Research Networkin Low Carbon, Energy and Environment, the Climate ChangeConsortium for Wales and the Low Carbon Research Institute.Universities also specialise in areas such as the forest, coastal andmarine environments, and clean energy. Universities themselveshave their own plans for how they consider environmentalfactors in areas such as buildings and the curriculum. TheNational Union of Students recognises institutions which havemade positive environmental changes in the workplace.• The SEACAMS project, led by Bangor University inpartnership with Aberystwyth and Swansea Universities,helps to develop the coastal marine economy in Wales.The project was awarded an additional £1 million in EUfunding in 2014. The funding will contribute to further datacollection, which businesses, including those involved intidal and wave technologies, will be able to access to informfuture offshore developments.• Bangor University also became part of a £4.9 milliondoctoral training partnership to train environmentalscientists equipped to deal with a changing environmentin complex economic, social and political contexts. Theinstitution earned a place in the top 20 of the UK GreenUniversities League Table in 2014.• The University of South Wales’s Centre for Storytelling waspart of a consortium which received a £1.5 million AHRCresearch grant to examine and revive conversations withcommunities about energy.Live LIVE greenerGREENER6,000studentsvolunteering9,000hours= = significant reductions reductions in the in electricity the electricity and waterand water used used in halls, in halls, and in and carbon in carbon emissions emissions• Swansea University teamed up with universities in China,India and Indonesia to receive a Global Innovation Initiativeaward to research flood risks in changing climates.• Cardiff University received a €1.5 million grant to explorethe ‘spillover’ effect in tackling climate change, and whethersmall changes lead to other green behavioural changes.• The University of South Wales’s Wales Centre of Excellencefor Anaerobic Digestion was awarded nearly £900,000by the Welsh Government to improve its capacity tocollaborate with industry on converting biodegradableorganic waste into biogas energy, an1,357important part ofrecycling waste in Wales.• The National Union of Students Wales, in partnership withspecialists in green innovation TYF, was enrolmentsawarded £68,000to deliver HE sector-leading greening initiatives as part ofthe Live Greener project. Initiatives are designed to makemeasurable differences to institutions, students and theenvironment, and also save student unions money, makestudents more employable, and engage more students withtheir unions.ChallengesPrimary• Universities will have to continue to rise to the challenge ofclimate concerns, both as large, resource-using institutionsand as part of their research priorities. They will also needto respond to the ambitions of the Welsh Government’sforthcoming Well-being of Future Generations Bill.19

Higher Education for the Nation12. How universities are important to the cultureand heritage of WalesUniversities in Wales have amongst them a RoyalConservatoire, and offer courses in areas like Film, Media,Music, Performance, Tourism, Sport Science and ReligiousStudies. They contribute to the body of knowledge of WelshHistory and Geography, and Welsh and English languageliterature from Wales in the developing area of Welsh Studies/Astudiaethau Cymreig. They provide high level skills and astream of graduates for Wales’s thriving creative industries.They offer an increasing number of course options throughthe medium of Welsh, supported by the Coleg CymraegCenedlaethol.University buildings are often historical structures that thepublic can view, and as part of the community often haveshared facilities such as arts centres, libraries and sportsfacilities.Universities promote Wales and the reputation of its highereducation offering internationally.• The Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol’s notable achievementsduring the year included funding a Swansea University appon Caring Through Welsh. In partnership with WikimediaUK it appointed its own Wikipedian in Residence to lookat how Welsh medium education resources, developed byuniversities across Wales, can be shared under appropriateopen licences. The Coleg also funded resources for BangorUniversity to create Welsh language Law textbooks. It alsoprovided funding to allow students study elements ofMedicine in Welsh at Cardiff and Swansea Universities.• Cardiff University launched the world’s first widelyaccessible,free, online course – known as a MOOC – incommunity journalism.• The online University of Wales Dictionary – GPC (GeiriadurPrifysgol Cymru) Online – was unveiled, making it freelyavailable electronically for the first time.• Cardiff University joined forces with local residents andschools in Caerau and Ely to explore the city’s prehistoricpast. The CAER heritage project was so successful it won amajor UK-wide public engagement prize.• Bangor University launched a research project to lookat the reasons behind children attending Welsh mediumschools being reluctant to use the language outside of theclassroom.• A third of Wales’s Commonwealth Games Athletic Squadand three quarters of Wales’s Netball Squad were CardiffMetropolitan University students or alumni.• The higher education sector in Wales considered how tofurther define, develop and safeguard ‘Welsh Studies’teaching and research, work which the Learned Society ofWales will take forward in the future.• S4C and the University of Wales Trinity Saint Davidconfirmed that they would establish a new headquarters forthe Welsh language television channel in Carmarthen.Challenges• Higher education institutions understand that they mustwork with the Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol to stimulateinterest and demand for courses or modules through themedium of Welsh, while increasing their own offer in andresources for quality Welsh medium provision.• There is ongoing pressure for universities to invest inand upgrade their estate, at a time when public fundingearmarked for capital projects has diminished.2,183modules2,183 modules arerecognised as having aWelsh Studies componentwithin Welsh HE institutions.7.5%This is 7.5% of the overallnumber of modulesprovided within the highereducation sector.20

Universities for WalesUniversity of South Wales21

Higher Education for the NationSOURCES AND FURTHER READINGPlease click on the sources below to be takento the appropriate web pageP3 What have Wales’s universities done for us?UK Investment Summit Wales conference underlines importance of Welsh HE tothe economyThe Impact of International and EU students in WalesP4 What is HEFCW’s role?www.hefcw.ac.ukP4 Higher Education in Wales by numbersSource: Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) 2012/13HEFCW Circular W14/27HE: Analysis of the financial position of the HE sector 2012/13P5 What universities do for growth and sustainable jobsSource: GO (Graduate Opportunities) Wales. About GO WalesSource: Higher Education Business and Community Interaction Survey 2012/13Cardiff University and MedaphorCardiff Metropolitan University Fab LabUniversity of Wales Trinity Saint David’s International Institute for CreativeEntrepreneurial DevelopmentUniversity of Wales Trinity Saint David’s learning and research campusGlyndŵr University research grantP7 What universities do for public services in WalesSource: Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) student record 2012/13Public Policy Institute for WalesWales Institute of Social and Economic Research, Data and Methods (WISERD)University of South Wales road safety researchP8 What universities do to help everyone reach their educationalpotentialSource: Performance Indicators in Higher Education in the UK 2012/13Universities Heads of the Valleys InstituteAberystwyth University’s Summer UniversityReaching Wider initiativeP9 How universities contribute towards 21st Century HealthcareSource: Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) student record 2012/13Bangor University and Mencap CymruCardiff University and C21Cardiff University’s PraxisUnico AwardSêr Cymru network in Life Sciences and HealthLiving with dementiaNational Centre for Product Design and ResearchCardiff Metropolitan University and alcohol-related violenceReturn to nursingP11 How universities support the well-being of people in ourcommunitiesSource: Care Council for WalesDiscovery Student Volunteering GroupCardiff University community partnershipP12 What universities do for our homesLow Carbon Research InstituteNational Research Network for Low Carbon, Energy and the EnvironmentCardiff University and Shelter Cymru22

Universities for WalesP13 How universities help make our communities saferNUS alcohol impact projectViolence and Society Research Group’s Cardiff ModelSwansea University Students’ Union and reporting hate crimeP15 How universities contribute to a fair and equal societySource: Performance Indicators in Higher Education in the UK 2012/13Bangor University and psychiatric illnessesCardiff University and schizophreniaTime to Change WalesAberystwyth University and the gender equality charter markStonewall University Guide 2015P16 How universities help to tackle povertySource: Performance Indicators in Higher Education in the UK 2012/13Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research, Data & MethodsIt’s About TimeUniversity of South Wales Strategic AllianceFirst CampusP19 What universities do for the environment and sustainabilitySEACAMSBangor University Doctoral Training PartnershipCardiff University and green behavioursCentre of Excellence for Anaerobic DigestionCentre for StorytellingLive Greener projectP20 How universities are important to the culture and heritage of WalesSource: Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) 2012/13The Coleg Cymraeg CenedlaetholCardiff University course in community journalismUniversity of Wales Dictionary – GPC (Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru) OnlineBangor University and children using Welsh outside of the classroomLearned Society of WalesS4C and the University of Wales Trinity Saint DavidCAER heritage projectP17 How universities contribute to our rural communitiesSource: Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) student record 2012/13Aberystwyth University’s Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences(IBERS)Open University in Wales’s OpenLearn CymruUniversity of Wales Trinity Saint David Groupwww.hefcw.ac.uk23

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