Decision support tool concept for assessment of biofuel ... - unido

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Decision support tool concept for assessment of biofuel ... - unido

International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationSecond generation biofuels (future)Generic name Chemical composition Feedstocks TechnologyCellulosicbioethanolEthanolCellulose andhemicellulosefrom wood andwasteAcid/enzymatichydrolysis & sugarfermentationSyntheticbiofuels IHydrocarbons (BTL/FT),Methanol (biomethanol),Mixed heavy alcohols (butanol),Dimethyl ether (bio-DME),Hydrogen (biohydrogen),Methane (SNG – substitute natural gas)Lignocellulosicbiomass or waste,syngas asintermediate(Pyrolysis), gasification,catalytic synthesisSyntheticbiofuels IIHydrocarbonsHydrogenLignocellulosicbiomass or waste,bio-oil asintermediatePyrolysis, extraction,upgrading(hydrocracking, steamreforming, etc.)AdvancedbiodieselHydrocarbonsVegetable oil andfatsHydrocrackingSpecial Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationBiorefinerygeneral conceptSpecial Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationBiofuel production technology evaluation- technical aspects, , 2 nd generationBiofuel 2 ndgenerationCurrent stage ofdevelopmentTech.effort aExpected plantcapacity [MW bf] bDistributionand use dConceptPilot10.......................1,000LiquidBioethanolFT-FuelsMethanolGaseousBiogasBio-SNGDimethyletherHydrogen++++++++++++++++(+)++++++++++++++++++a regarding system complexity (+ less promising….++++ very promising)brelated to biomass feedstockc suitability for current distribution and use (+ less promising….++++ very promising)Source: IEE Leipzig, 2007Special Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development Organization• Lack of industrial and human capacity• “Turn-key” solutions from industrialized to developingcountries• Problems with patenting/licensing• Lack of integrated approach in planning of scenarios fortechnology adaptation (assessment of sustainability,availability of resources, infrastructure, market, policy,technologies, …)• …Some problems related to development andadaptation of technologies in DCSpecial Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationDecision Support Tools (DST)The DST are designed for local decision-makers, authorities, and academicstakeholders involved in technology transfer activities and are aimed to• help decision-makers in assessment and adoption the mostenvironmentally friendly, efficient and economic technological approaches• create awareness towards environmental and sustainability issues• optimize the existing practices and production processesDST developed in ICS-UNIDO:• DARTS (Decision Aid for Remediation Technology Selection)• DAWTS (Decision Aid for Water Treatment Technology Selection)• SPORE (Spent Oil Regeneration Technology Selection)• ALT-POP(Alternative Technologies for POP Destruction)• MSW (Municipal Solid Waste Management)• BioAS (Biofuel Assessment and Selection)Special Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationBioAs: : DST for biofuel assessment and selection• Developed in the framework of the AFTUR project (in cooperation of ICS-UNIDO withthe Mihailo Pupin Institute, Belgrade, Serbia)• Focuses onliquid biofuels:– Vegetable oils (rapeseed)– Esters (Rapeseed Methyl Ester – RME)– Flash pyrolysis oilsgaseous biofuels:– Gasification from wood– Waste methanation– Slow pyrolysis (EDITTh process)• Criteria for assessment (49 criteria total):- Technological criteria (energy content, non renewable energy consumed,availability, carbon residue, sulfur content, viscosity, density)- Environmental criteria (CO 2 , CO, NO x , SO 2 , etc.)- Financial criteria (static, dynamic, risk)- Socio-economic criteria (source: FIDES software)Special Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationBioAS prototypeSoftware:Multi-Criteria Analysis(PROMETHEE II andELECTRE III algorithms),Internet/Intranetapplication, Java 2Platform, EnterpriseEdition (Eclipse 2.3, SUNJRE 1.4.0)Special Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationICS-UNIDOselected activities in biofuels for 2008• Research projects under development (India, LA, Africa, ...)• On-going research activities involving fellows andresearchers from India, Indonesia, Malaysia, LA, Africa,Germany, Italy• Fellowships (12 in 2008)• Capacity building:- Workshops: Argentina, Trieste, Senegal- Publications and DST- Networking (regional networks in Africa and SEA countries)Special Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationFollow-up from the Ghana Workshop• Capacity building (further events to be organized in cooperation with ICS and CSIR,developed DSTs to be validated and implemented for promotion of technology transferin African countries) – action plan in preparation• Training and fellowship programmes - participation of fellows and researchers fromCSIR/KNUST in the research and capacity building activities of ICSICS-UNIDO and itspartners on the topic linked to the proposed projects below• Proposed projects on R&D, feasibility, demonstration/validation, and implementation oftechnologies:- Assessment of Technologies for 1 st and 2 nd Generation Liquid Transportation Biofuelswith Focus on Potentials of Production in Ghana- Demonstration and validation studies on cultivation of oil crops and biodiesel production(Sunflower and Jatropha projects)- Extraction, Characterization and Examination of Seed Oils from Some SNon-TraditionalPlants for their Potential Use as Biodiesel in Ghana- Selected technology unit installation and operation (gasifier and d biogas projects)Partners:Institute of Industrial Research (CSIR-IIR), IIR), College of Engineering, Kwame NkrumahUniversity of Science and Technology (KNUST) , Other institutions s from Zambia,Tanzania,...Special Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationResearch projects• A research project on catalytic technologies for biofuel production andtechnology assessment in preparation in cooperation with LA countries(Argentina, Brazil, Chile), African counties and EU (Germany, Italy)• 2 projects under revision by GBEP & Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs –India, Ghana• Projects with Ghana (CSIR, KNUST) and India (NCL) – in preparation• 2 projects in preparation in cooperation with MPOB – Malaysian Palm OilBoard- New catalytic systems for transesterification (1 st generation biodieselproduction)- Second generation biofuels from bio-waste and by-products of biodieselproductionSpecial Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationFellowships and research stays in 2008• New heterogeneous catalytic systems and alternative reaction media for biodiesel production viatransesterification processPartners: ICS, MPOB (Malaysia), CSIR (Ghana) University of Messina (Italy)1 fellowship (7 months), 1 research stay (4 months)• 2 ndnd Generation biofuels and biogas (specific topics)Partners: ICS, IEE (Germany), Tanzania, fellowship (7 months)• New catalysts for aqueous phase reforming of oxygenates derived from biofeedstockPartners: ICS, NCL (India), University of Trieste (Italy)1 Fellowship (7 months)• Catalytic hydrolysis of lignocellulosePartners: ICS, MPOB (Malaysia), University of Messina (Italy)1 fellowship (7 months)• Synthesis of added-value chemicals based on glycerolPartners: Politecnico di Milano (Italy), Indonesia1 fellowship (7 months)• Biofuel technology evaluation study and Decision Support ToolsPartners: IEE (Germany), CSIR (Ghana), Zambia2 fellowships (11 months), 2 research stays (9 months)• Computational chemistry methods for modeling of reactions and processes involved in biofuelproductionPartners: ICS, IC (Slovenia), Brazil2 fellowships (14 months), 1 research stay (3 months)Special Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationEvents 2006/2007/2008• EGM on “Technologies for Exploitation of Renewable Feedstock and Waste ValorisationValorisation”Trieste, Italy, 20-30 May 2006• Workshop on “Sustainable Plastics and chemical products from renewable resourcesces”Belgrade, Serbia & Montenegro, June 2006• Workshop on “Bio-fuels from palm oil: emerging technologies and their assessment” KualaLumpur, Malaysia, 4 July 2007• Workshop on “Technologies for renewable feedstocks exploitation and bio-fuelsproduction” Accra, Ghana, 12-13 13 December 2007• Special Session on Biomass and Biofuels, Dakar, Senegal, 17 April l 2008• Workshop “Biofuels: A Global Challenge” and EGM “Expert Group Meeting: New trends inconversion technologies for biofuels and bio-based based chemicals and polymers ”,, Trieste,Italy, 18-19 19 September, 2008 (includes(a session dedicated to African countries)• Workshop “Biofuels, chemicals and polymers from bio-resourcesresources” Santa Fe, Argentina,27-29 29 October, 2008Special Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008


International Centre for Science and High Technology, United Nations Industrial Development OrganizationPublications 2007-20082008• BIO-FUELS Technology Status and Future Trends, Technology Assessment andDecision Support Tools (Updated version, ICS publication) www.ics.trieste.it• HANDBOOK OF FUTURE BIOFUEL OPTIONS AND BIOREFINERIES (ICS publication)• CATALYTIC APPLICATIONS IN BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM VEGETABLE OILS:Technology Status and Innovation (scientific review)• EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE SECOND GENERATION OF BIOFUELS: Surveyand assessment of technical, economic and environmental aspects (scientific review)• TECHNICAL BIOMASS-TOTO-BIOFUELS POTENTIALS IN AFRICAN AND LA REGIONSAND GLOBALLY (scientific review)Networking (link to UNIDO network)• African biofuels network of research and specialized institutions• Biofuel and bio-based based products network of research institutions in South and EastAsian countriesSpecial Session on Biomass and Biofuels, International Conference “Making Renewable Energy Markets Work for Africa: Policies,Industries and Finance for Scaling up” Dakar – Senegal – 16-18 April 2008

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