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Tibet BriefA report of the International Campaign for TibetJuly 2012Human RightsWatch’s new report:“China: attempts toseal off Tibet fromOutside Information”An armored vehicle rolls down a street in Lhasa. Hanging on theside of the vehicle is a banner that reads: "See the people asyour mother and father"Human Rights Watch has reportedthat restrictions on news, media, andcommunications in Tibet have beenstepped up by Chinese authorities in thelead-up to the 18 th Party Congress, dueto take place in late 2012.The new restrictions reflect a broaderand deeper strategy by the Chineseauthorities not only in an attempt toprevent continuing unrest and selfimmolationsin Tibet, but also to strikeat the roots of Tibetan allegiances tothe Dalai Lama and their national andcultural identity.According to the report, measuresinvolve significantly increased controls,particularly in the Tibet AutonomousRegion (TAR), on internet use, textmessages, phone ownership, musicpublishing, and photocopying, as wellas intensified government propagandathrough new TV channels, villageeducation sessions, film showings,distribution of books, and the provisionof satellite television receivers withfixed reception to government channels.As a result, Tibetans have virtuallyno access to independent news, arebeing subjected to intensifying politicaleducation and propaganda in villages,schools, and monasteries, and faceincreasing limitations on travel into theTAR from other provinces. ■You can read the full report at: http://tinyurl.com/cuqtv6rEurope, US, Canada raise Tibet at UN HumanRights Council; call on China to grant rightsand access to outside observersOn 28 June 2012, government delegations to the U.N. Human RightsCouncil spoke publicly about the worsening human rights situation in Tibetas part of Item 4 on the Council’s agenda (20th session), "Human rightssituations that require the Council's attention." The countries raising Tibetwere: Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Swedenand the United States. Denmark's statement on behalf of the EuropeanUnion was also supported by non-EU members Croatia, Macedonia,Montenegro, Iceland, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Liechtenstein.Governments expressed specific concerns about the current crisis in Tibet.They condemned the severe repression of Tibetan demonstrations by Chineseauthorities and expressed concern about the news of mass arrests anddetentions following self-immolations in Lhasa and elsewhere. Moreover,governments denounced Chinese government’s policies restricting religiousactivities and regarded Tibetan self-immolations as an expression of a beliefthat their cultural and religious rights are not being fully respected. Theycalled on the Chinese government to bring a halt to policies that undermineTibetan linguistic, religious and cultural traditions. Finally, governments askedthe Chinese government to allow unhindered access to all Tibetan areas forindependent monitoring, including by diplomats and journalists.In addition to government’s statements tackling Tibet, representatives from ICTwere active at this session of the HRC, delivering oral statements to the Counciland meeting with UN officials regarding the situation in Tibet. ICT-Germany’sExecutive Director, Kai Mueller delivered a statement condemning China’s useof force against peaceful protesters earlier this year, while Ngawang Choephel,ICT staff in Geneva, delivered a statement highlighting the PRC’s marginalizationof the Tibetan language and a statement under Item 4 presenting differentaspects of the worsening of the situation of human rights in Tibet. The Chinesedelegation’s common response to these statements was that they represented a“distortion of the facts” and that “China is a country of rule of law.” ■See also:▶ ICT report: http://tinyurl.com/d9xz9yf▶ Statement by ICT-Germany Executive Director, Kai Mueller: http://tinyurl.com/ca5eblo▶ Statements by ICT staff, Ngawang Choephel: http://tinyurl.com/ctu9vnr and http://tinyurl.com/cmgr6fvwww.savetibet.org 2


Tibet BriefA report of the International Campaign for TibetJuly 2012ICT Report on Cultural Genocidepresented in Brussels and UN HumanRights Council in GenevaTibetan MonkTortured, Dies inCustodyAccording to the TibetanCentre for Human Rights andDemocracy (TCHRD), 36-yearsold Nyagrong Monastery monkKarwang has died after beingtortured in police custody inNyagrong (Chinese: Xinlong)County, Kardze (Chinese: Ganzi)Tibetan Autonomous Prefecturein Sichuan Province.From the left, José Elías Esteve Moltó, Alan Cantos, Andrew Swan, Mary Beth Markey, Kelley Currie and Jean-Marie Rogue.On 20 June 2012, the ICT office in Brussels organized an expert paneldiscussion on cultural genocide in Tibet at the Brussels Press ClubEurope. On the same day, ICT President Mary Beth Markey spoke at theEuropean Parliament’s Sub-Committee on Human Rights on the occasionof the Sub-Committee’s hearing on the situation of human rights in China.ICT’s new report “60 Years of Chinese Misrule: Arguing Cultural Genocide in Tibet”was presented to the audience. ICT President and Kelley Currie, Senior Fellowat the Project 2049 Institute, discussed the report's approach to the notion ofcultural genocide, the report’s methodology and key findings, including that thereare elements of cultural genocide currently taking place in Tibet. Moderator wasMr. Andrew Swan, Programme Manager at Unrepresented Nations and PeoplesOrganization (UNPO), and other panelists included Jean-Marie Rogue from FIDH(International Federation for Human Rights), Alan Cantos, Director of the TibetSupport Group “Comite de Apoyo al Tibet” in Spain (CAT) and José Elías EsteveMoltó, international lawyer and Tibet legal expert. Mr. Rogue gave an assessmentof the 31st round of the EU-China Human Rights Dialogue (May 2012), whileMr. Cantos and Mr. Esteve Moltó explained the two cases in the Spanish Courtsagainst Chinese authorities for crimes committed in Tibet, in which genocide,crimes against humanity and torture are foremost. In the context of ICT’s report,panelists also tried to clarify and discuss the application of International Law andUniversal Jurisdiction as peaceful methods for resolving conflicts and seekingAccording to the same source, in May2012, posters calling for freedomwere posted on the walls of a Chinesegovernment building in NyagrongCounty. Few days later Karwang wasarrested on suspicion of hanging thoseposters. He was taken to Dartsedo(Chinese: Kangding) County where hewas detained for approximately eightdays. The authorities tried to forcehim to confess but Karwang deniedposting the posters. It is believedthat Karwang was then beaten andtortured and died in detention a fewdays later.Karwang’s relatives in Nyagrong Countywere contacted by the police and told tocollect Karwang’s body. Seven relativesof Karwang, including his uncle andbrothers, went to Dartsedo and cameback with the body, accompanied bypolice vehicles. ■> Continued on page 4www.savetibet.org 3


Tibet BriefA report of the International Campaign for TibetJuly 2012> Continued from page 3accountability and reconciliation in emerging democracies during or after severetrauma. The following day, 21 June, ICT President Ms. Markey and Senior Fellowat the Project 2049 Institute, Ms. Currie, presented the same report in Geneva atthe UN Human Rights Council.ICT President Mary Beth Markey presents ICT’s report “60 Years of Chinese Misrule | Arguing Cultural Genocide in Tibet”.The panel discussion, entitled “Human Rights in the People’s Republic of China(PRC): Report Finds Elements of Cultural Genocide against the Tibetan People”,was attended by representatives of official member delegations, NGOs andat least one self-proclaimed “private individual” from the People’s Republic ofChina. Moderated by international human rights lawyer and scholar, Dr. MichaelVan Walt van Praag, the panel was a timely opportunity to bring the subject ofcultural genocide to the UN Human Rights Council and to present the issuedirectly with governments, NGOs and “individuals” working with the People’sRepublic of China to improve its human rights record. ■Land seizure protests prompt Tibetanwoman’s self-immolation in KyegudoA Tibetan woman in her forties, identified as Dickyi Choezom, a mother of two,set herself on fire on 27 June, at around 2PM (local time) in Kyegu town near theDhondupling Monastery. Chinese security personnel at the scene of the protestdoused the flames and took her away, reportedly to a hospital in Siling, but nofurther information is available. An exile monk with contacts in the region saidthat police arrested two of Choezom’s relatives. Many Tibetans then gatheredand threatened to set themselves on fire if the two relatives were not released.They were reportedly released later in the day but carried injuries from severebeatings. Tibetans from Kyegudo have been protesting China’s redevelopmentplans in the region following the devastating earthquake in April 2010. DickyiChoezom’s self-immolation is the 42 nd Tibetan self-immolation since 2009. ■See also:▶ Article on Phayul: http://tinyurl.com/c6b5f5bChina’s secondNational HumanRights Action PlanreleasedIn June 2012 China released its secondNational Human Rights Action Plan(NHRAP) covering the period from2012-2015 (the first spanned 2009-2010). According to an analysis byDui Hua Foundation published in theHuman Rights Journal (see: http://tinyurl.com/dxg2f2h), the new NHRAPsignals a cooling of human rightsexchanges with the United Nations andWestern countries, a shift towardscooperation with developing nations,and little movement on ratification ofthe International Covenant on Civil andPolitical Rights (ICCPR).It is particularly interesting to noticethat although China had previouslyindicated its willingness to host theUN High Commissioner for HumanRights, Navanethem Pillay, by early2012, that enthusiasm seems havevanished. China was among thosecountries that refused to endorse theextension of Pillay’s mandate for fouryears and only agreed to a two-yearextension. This may be in response toPillay’s public and straightforward wayto address human rights concerns,including in China. China has been oftenthe subject of the High Commissioner’sand Special Procedures of the HumanRights Council’s statements since late2011. For example, High CommissionerPillay wrote a letter to Tibetan hungerstrikers camped outside the UN buildingin New York and Special Rapporteur (SR)on the Right to Food Olivier De Schuttermentioned Tibetan nomadic herders as a“vulnerable group” while praising Chinafor “lifting several hundred millionsout of poverty.” Dui Hua concludes thatperhaps in light of the sensitive topicsraised by different SRs and the HighCommissioner, China’s 2012 NHRAPdoes not specify how many SRs it willconsider inviting, despite having about adozen requests pending. ■www.savetibet.org 4

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